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opposes

  • 1 abogar

    v.
    to intercede, to mediate.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ LLEGAR], like link=llegar llegar
    1 to plead
    2 figurado to intercede
    \
    abogar a favor de to plead for
    abogar por (preconizar) to advocate, propose 2 (defender) to defend 3 (luchar por) to fight for
    * * *

    abogar por(=defender en juicio) to plead for, defend; (=propugnar) to advocate, champion

    * * *
    verbo intransitivo (frml)

    abogar por or en favor de alguien/algo — to defend somebody/something, to champion somebody/something

    * * *
    = contend, defend.
    Ex. The author contends that it is possible to view the search conducted with the aid of a series of menus as having strong similarities with the search through the hierarchy of a enumerative classification scheme.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    ----
    * abogar por = argue + in favour of, plead for, champion.
    * * *
    verbo intransitivo (frml)

    abogar por or en favor de alguien/algo — to defend somebody/something, to champion somebody/something

    * * *
    = contend, defend.

    Ex: The author contends that it is possible to view the search conducted with the aid of a series of menus as having strong similarities with the search through the hierarchy of a enumerative classification scheme.

    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    * abogar por = argue + in favour of, plead for, champion.

    * * *
    abogar [A3 ]
    vi
    ( frml) abogar PORor EN FAVOR DE algn to defend sb abogar PORor EN FAVOR DE algo to champion sth, fight FOR sth
    abogaba por los derechos de los inmigrantes he fought for o championed immigrants' rights
    * * *

    abogar verbo transitivo to plead
    abogar en favor de, to plead for, defend
    abogar por una causa, to advocate o champion sthg
    ' abogar' also found in these entries:
    English:
    advocate
    - campaign
    - champion
    - endorse
    * * *
    abogar vi
    1. Der
    abogar por alguien to represent sb
    2. [defender]
    abogar por algo to advocate o champion sth;
    abogar por alguien to stand up for sb, to defend sb
    * * *
    v/i
    :
    abogar por alguien defend s.o., plead for s.o.;
    abogar por algo advocate sth
    * * *
    abogar {52} vi
    abogar por : to plead for, to defend, to advocate

    Spanish-English dictionary > abogar

  • 2 contraponer

    v.
    1 to compare.
    2 to contrast, to confront.
    Ellos contrapusieron las opciones They contrasted the options.
    3 to oppose, to challenge.
    María contrapuso el proyecto Mary opposed the project.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ PONER], like link=poner poner (pp contrapuesto,-a)
    1 (oponer) to set in opposition (a, to)
    2 figurado (contrastar) to contrast (a, with)
    1 (oponerse) to be opposed
    * * *
    VT
    1) (=cotejar) to compare, set against each other
    2) (=oponer) to oppose

    a esta idea ellos contraponen su teoría de que... — against this idea they set up their theory that...

    * * *
    verbo transitivo ( contrastar) to contrast; ( como contrapartida)
    * * *
    = oppose, counterpoint, set against, counterpose, counterpoise.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex. The author uses a parallel story about Willis Joe to counterpoint the one about Slake, till the two are brought together to effect a satisfying resolution to Slake's underground life and his self-imposed 'limbo'.
    Ex. The same arguments set against state education in the early nineteenth century apply to the idea of state-supported public libraries.
    Ex. Multiculturalism is taken as being synonymous with cultural diversity and denotes the recent critical concepts that are counterposed to ethnocentrism, cultural monolithicism, and the assumption of epistemological universality.
    Ex. Sustainable development is seen as a measure to counterpoise economic growth with environmental concerns.
    ----
    * contraponerse a = stand in + opposition to.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo ( contrastar) to contrast; ( como contrapartida)
    * * *
    = oppose, counterpoint, set against, counterpose, counterpoise.

    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.

    Ex: The author uses a parallel story about Willis Joe to counterpoint the one about Slake, till the two are brought together to effect a satisfying resolution to Slake's underground life and his self-imposed 'limbo'.
    Ex: The same arguments set against state education in the early nineteenth century apply to the idea of state-supported public libraries.
    Ex: Multiculturalism is taken as being synonymous with cultural diversity and denotes the recent critical concepts that are counterposed to ethnocentrism, cultural monolithicism, and the assumption of epistemological universality.
    Ex: Sustainable development is seen as a measure to counterpoise economic growth with environmental concerns.
    * contraponerse a = stand in + opposition to.

    * * *
    vt
    1 (contrastar) to contrast
    2 (como contrapartida) contraponer algo A algo:
    a nuestra oferta ellos contrapusieron mejores precios y mayor rapidez de entrega they countered our offer with better prices and faster delivery
    a las tesis tradicionales el autor contrapone una teoría innovadora the author challenges traditional theses with an innovative theory
    * * *

    contraponer verbo transitivo
    1 (oponer) to oppose
    2 (comparar) to contrast: si contraponemos sus distintas personalidades, nos damos cuenta de que tienen mucho en común, if we compare their different personalities, we see that they have a lot in common
    ' contraponer' also found in these entries:
    English:
    set against
    * * *
    vt
    1. [oponer]
    a su postura intransigente contrapusimos una más flexible we responded to his intransigence by suggesting greater flexibility
    2. [cotejar] to compare
    * * *
    <part contrapuesto> v/t compare (a to)
    * * *
    contraponer {60} vt
    1) : to counter, to oppose
    2) : to contrast, to compare

    Spanish-English dictionary > contraponer

  • 3 defender

    v.
    1 to defend.
    defender los intereses de alguien to defend somebody's interests
    defendió su teoría con sólidos argumentos he supported his theory with sound arguments
    Elsa defiende su posición Elsa defends her position.
    Elsa defiende los derechos humanos Elsa defends human rights.
    2 to protect (proteger) (del frío, calor).
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ ENTENDER], like link=entender entender
    1 (gen) to defend (contra/de, against)
    2 (mantener una opinión, afirmación) to defend, uphold; (respaldar a alguien) to stand up for, support
    3 (proteger) to protect (contra/de, against/from)
    4 DERECHO (algo) to argue, plead; (a alguien) to defend
    1 (espabilarse) to manage, get by, get along
    ¿qué tal se defiende en inglés? how does she get by in English?, what's her English like?
    \
    defender una causa DERECHO to argue a case
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    1.
    VT (Mil) [+ país, territorio, intereses] to defend; [+ causa, ideas] to defend, champion; (Jur) to defend

    el Real Madrid defiende el título de campeón — Real Madrid are defending the championship title, Real Madrid are the defending champions

    defiendo la tesis doctoral el mes que vieneI'm having a viva on o (EEUU) I'm defending my doctoral thesis next month

    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) ( proteger) <guarnición/nación> to defend, protect; < persona> to defend

    siempre defiende a su hermanahe always defends o stands up for his sister

    defender a alguien de algo/alguien — to defend somebody against something/somebody

    b) < intereses> to protect, defend; <derechos/título> to defend
    c) (Der) to defend
    d) <idea/teoría/opinión> to defend, uphold; <causa/ideal> to champion, defend

    defender la tesis — ≈to defend one's dissertation ( in US), ≈to have a viva on one's thesis ( in UK)

    2.
    defenderse v pron
    a) (refl) ( contra una agresión) to defend o protect oneself; (Der) to defend oneself

    defenderse de algo/alguien — to defend oneself against something/somebody

    b) (fam) ( arreglárselas) to get by (colloq)
    * * *
    = advocate, argue, argue + in favour of, be + Posesivo + contention, contend, defend, espouse, maintain, make + apology, make + a case for, plead for, put + the case for, uphold, crusade for, preach, preach, champion, speak up for, speak up for, articulate + the case for, present + case for, mount + defence, strike + a blow for, raise + the flag of, come down in + favour of, stick up for, stand by, rally (a)round, rally behind, stand for.
    Ex. In order to understand the citation order that PRECIS indexing advocates it is necessary to examine the function of the operators more closely.
    Ex. Cutter argued that when it could be established that the second term was definitely more significant then inversion of headings was acceptable.
    Ex. Despite the present financial straits of developing countries, she argues in favour of long-term plan for the acquisition of relevant rare book material.
    Ex. It is our contention that an understanding of such basic principles is fundamental to an appreciation of the many and varied contexts that the individual is likely to encounter.
    Ex. The author contends that it is possible to view the search conducted with the aid of a series of menus as having strong similarities with the search through the hierarchy of a enumerative classification scheme.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex. Most respondents espoused the latter view as an appropriate response to IT developments to date.
    Ex. They maintain, in an article written for Library Resources and Technical Services (LRTS) 'that automated cataloging systems have addressed only half of the problems of maintaining a library catalog'.
    Ex. My perspective, for which I make no apology, is that of someone who works daily with the nitty-gritty of cataloging, as many of you do.
    Ex. This point-by-point evaluation makes a fairly convincing case for the public access online catalogue.
    Ex. I would plead for more standardization, not less, because I think whatever we do is going to be imperfect.
    Ex. A more moderate approach is found in the writings of Olding, who puts the case for multiple entry very concisely in a short pamphlet.
    Ex. It's about time that we go back to these principles and make sure that the quality of cataloging is upheld.
    Ex. There are also dedicated individuals within government who have found a niche from which to crusade for school libraries.
    Ex. A major failing of the information industry is that its members tend to preach to one another whereas what they should be doing is talking to everyone else outside the information industry.
    Ex. A major failing of the information industry is that its members tend to preach to one another whereas what they should be doing is talking to everyone else outside the information industry.
    Ex. In particular he championed free photoduplication of library materials as a natural extension of library services to patrons at a distance.
    Ex. Many people voiced fears that volunteers would be used to take over paid jobs from the workforce, but others spoke up for volunteers saying that in many cases they had created extra jobs for the permanent staff.
    Ex. Many people voiced fears that volunteers would be used to take over paid jobs from the workforce, but others spoke up for volunteers saying that in many cases they had created extra jobs for the permanent staff.
    Ex. Moreover, in addition to quantitative measures, qualitative indicators of benefits should be considered so as to present a complete picture when articulating the case for a library's total positive impact.
    Ex. An MP, a barrister, and a financial consultant present the case for charging Value Added Tax (VAT) on books.
    Ex. The author mounts a spirited defence of the National Library of Australia future collecting priorities.
    Ex. In an effort to save US culture, strike a blow for reading, and correct well intentioned but misguided notions about the Internet making libraries obsolete, offers ten reasons why the Internet is no substitute for a library..
    Ex. The Augustinian order kept his theological tradition, and raised the flag of the Augustinian thought before and after the German reformer.
    Ex. The author comes down in favour of adding notes to cataloguing records on the grounds that the educational purpose that they are intended to serve is clear.
    Ex. He states that he has always admired Woody Allen, explaining that when he first saw his films he was happy to see that someone was sticking up for the little guy.
    Ex. It's hard to believe she stands by a man who gets his kicks out of beating her black and blue everynight.
    Ex. I recalled how bereft we felt when we lost our son and how friends and neighbours rallied round and offered a shoulder to cry on.
    Ex. The second group, who rallied behind McCarthy, was composed of students and intellectuals who were vociferous against the war.
    Ex. I will stand for your rights as my forefathers did before me!.
    ----
    * defender a = put + a word in for.
    * defender a Alguien = stand up for.
    * defender Algo = argue + Posesivo + corner.
    * defender el fuerte = hold + the fortress.
    * defender el honor de Uno = defend + Posesivo + honour.
    * defender enérgicamente = be vociferous about/in.
    * defender la causa de = further + the cause of.
    * defender la necesidad = articulate + the need.
    * defender la necesidad de = support + the case for.
    * defender lo indenfensible = defend + the indefensible.
    * defender los derechos de Uno = stand up for + Posesivo + rights.
    * defender los intereses = defend + interests, lobby for + interests.
    * defender los intereses de = go to + bat for, bat for.
    * defender los principios de Uno = stand up for + Posesivo + principles.
    * defender + Posesivo + argumento = support + Posesivo + case, buttress + Posesivo + case.
    * defender + Posesivo + caso = take up + Posesivo + case.
    * defender + Posesivo + causa = advance + Posesivo + cause.
    * defender + Posesivo + idea = support + Posesivo + case.
    * defender + Posesivo + postura = argue + Posesivo + case.
    * defenderse = bite back, stand up, strike back, fight back, fight for + Posesivo + life.
    * defenderse de ataques = ward off + attacks.
    * defenderse por uno mismo = fend for + Reflexivo.
    * defender una causa = promote + cause, support + cause, champion + cause.
    * defender una idea = champion + idea.
    * defender un argumento = support + view.
    * defender un opinión = support + view.
    * saber defenderse = hold + Posesivo + own.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) ( proteger) <guarnición/nación> to defend, protect; < persona> to defend

    siempre defiende a su hermanahe always defends o stands up for his sister

    defender a alguien de algo/alguien — to defend somebody against something/somebody

    b) < intereses> to protect, defend; <derechos/título> to defend
    c) (Der) to defend
    d) <idea/teoría/opinión> to defend, uphold; <causa/ideal> to champion, defend

    defender la tesis — ≈to defend one's dissertation ( in US), ≈to have a viva on one's thesis ( in UK)

    2.
    defenderse v pron
    a) (refl) ( contra una agresión) to defend o protect oneself; (Der) to defend oneself

    defenderse de algo/alguien — to defend oneself against something/somebody

    b) (fam) ( arreglárselas) to get by (colloq)
    * * *
    = advocate, argue, argue + in favour of, be + Posesivo + contention, contend, defend, espouse, maintain, make + apology, make + a case for, plead for, put + the case for, uphold, crusade for, preach, preach, champion, speak up for, speak up for, articulate + the case for, present + case for, mount + defence, strike + a blow for, raise + the flag of, come down in + favour of, stick up for, stand by, rally (a)round, rally behind, stand for.

    Ex: In order to understand the citation order that PRECIS indexing advocates it is necessary to examine the function of the operators more closely.

    Ex: Cutter argued that when it could be established that the second term was definitely more significant then inversion of headings was acceptable.
    Ex: Despite the present financial straits of developing countries, she argues in favour of long-term plan for the acquisition of relevant rare book material.
    Ex: It is our contention that an understanding of such basic principles is fundamental to an appreciation of the many and varied contexts that the individual is likely to encounter.
    Ex: The author contends that it is possible to view the search conducted with the aid of a series of menus as having strong similarities with the search through the hierarchy of a enumerative classification scheme.
    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex: Most respondents espoused the latter view as an appropriate response to IT developments to date.
    Ex: They maintain, in an article written for Library Resources and Technical Services (LRTS) 'that automated cataloging systems have addressed only half of the problems of maintaining a library catalog'.
    Ex: My perspective, for which I make no apology, is that of someone who works daily with the nitty-gritty of cataloging, as many of you do.
    Ex: This point-by-point evaluation makes a fairly convincing case for the public access online catalogue.
    Ex: I would plead for more standardization, not less, because I think whatever we do is going to be imperfect.
    Ex: A more moderate approach is found in the writings of Olding, who puts the case for multiple entry very concisely in a short pamphlet.
    Ex: It's about time that we go back to these principles and make sure that the quality of cataloging is upheld.
    Ex: There are also dedicated individuals within government who have found a niche from which to crusade for school libraries.
    Ex: A major failing of the information industry is that its members tend to preach to one another whereas what they should be doing is talking to everyone else outside the information industry.
    Ex: A major failing of the information industry is that its members tend to preach to one another whereas what they should be doing is talking to everyone else outside the information industry.
    Ex: In particular he championed free photoduplication of library materials as a natural extension of library services to patrons at a distance.
    Ex: Many people voiced fears that volunteers would be used to take over paid jobs from the workforce, but others spoke up for volunteers saying that in many cases they had created extra jobs for the permanent staff.
    Ex: Many people voiced fears that volunteers would be used to take over paid jobs from the workforce, but others spoke up for volunteers saying that in many cases they had created extra jobs for the permanent staff.
    Ex: Moreover, in addition to quantitative measures, qualitative indicators of benefits should be considered so as to present a complete picture when articulating the case for a library's total positive impact.
    Ex: An MP, a barrister, and a financial consultant present the case for charging Value Added Tax (VAT) on books.
    Ex: The author mounts a spirited defence of the National Library of Australia future collecting priorities.
    Ex: In an effort to save US culture, strike a blow for reading, and correct well intentioned but misguided notions about the Internet making libraries obsolete, offers ten reasons why the Internet is no substitute for a library..
    Ex: The Augustinian order kept his theological tradition, and raised the flag of the Augustinian thought before and after the German reformer.
    Ex: The author comes down in favour of adding notes to cataloguing records on the grounds that the educational purpose that they are intended to serve is clear.
    Ex: He states that he has always admired Woody Allen, explaining that when he first saw his films he was happy to see that someone was sticking up for the little guy.
    Ex: It's hard to believe she stands by a man who gets his kicks out of beating her black and blue everynight.
    Ex: I recalled how bereft we felt when we lost our son and how friends and neighbours rallied round and offered a shoulder to cry on.
    Ex: The second group, who rallied behind McCarthy, was composed of students and intellectuals who were vociferous against the war.
    Ex: I will stand for your rights as my forefathers did before me!.
    * defender a = put + a word in for.
    * defender a Alguien = stand up for.
    * defender Algo = argue + Posesivo + corner.
    * defender el fuerte = hold + the fortress.
    * defender el honor de Uno = defend + Posesivo + honour.
    * defender enérgicamente = be vociferous about/in.
    * defender la causa de = further + the cause of.
    * defender la necesidad = articulate + the need.
    * defender la necesidad de = support + the case for.
    * defender lo indenfensible = defend + the indefensible.
    * defender los derechos de Uno = stand up for + Posesivo + rights.
    * defender los intereses = defend + interests, lobby for + interests.
    * defender los intereses de = go to + bat for, bat for.
    * defender los principios de Uno = stand up for + Posesivo + principles.
    * defender + Posesivo + argumento = support + Posesivo + case, buttress + Posesivo + case.
    * defender + Posesivo + caso = take up + Posesivo + case.
    * defender + Posesivo + causa = advance + Posesivo + cause.
    * defender + Posesivo + idea = support + Posesivo + case.
    * defender + Posesivo + postura = argue + Posesivo + case.
    * defenderse = bite back, stand up, strike back, fight back, fight for + Posesivo + life.
    * defenderse de ataques = ward off + attacks.
    * defenderse por uno mismo = fend for + Reflexivo.
    * defender una causa = promote + cause, support + cause, champion + cause.
    * defender una idea = champion + idea.
    * defender un argumento = support + view.
    * defender un opinión = support + view.
    * saber defenderse = hold + Posesivo + own.

    * * *
    defender [E8 ]
    vt
    1 (proteger) ‹guarnición/nación› to defend, protect; ‹persona› to defend
    siempre defiende a su hermana he always defends o protects o stands up for his sister
    defender a algn DE algo/algn to defend sb AGAINST sth/sb
    la defendió de las acusaciones/de sus atacantes he defended her against the accusations/against her attackers
    2 ‹intereses› to protect, defend; ‹derechos› to defend; ‹título› to defend
    3 ( Der) ‹caso› to defend; ‹acusado/cliente› to defend
    4 ‹idea/teoría/opinión› to defend, uphold; ‹causa/ideal› to champion, defend
    defender la tesis ≈ to defend one's dissertation ( in US), ≈ to have a viva on one's thesis ( in UK)
    1 ( refl) (contra una agresión) to defend o protect oneself; ( Der) to defend oneself defenderse DE algo/algn to defend oneself AGAINST sth/sb
    2 ( fam) (arreglárselas) to get by ( colloq)
    me defiendo bastante bien en francés I can get by quite well in French
    ¿sabes jugar al tenis? — bueno, me defiendo can you play tennis? — well, I'm not too bad ( colloq)
    * * *

     

    defender ( conjugate defender) verbo transitivo
    to defend;
    intereses to protect;
    defender a algo/algn de algo/algn to defend sth/sb against sth/sb
    defenderse verbo pronominal
    a) ( refl) ( contra una agresión) to defend o protect oneself;

    (Der) to defend oneself;
    defenderse de algo/algn to defend oneself against sth/sb
    b) (fam) ( arreglárselas) to get by (colloq);


    defender verbo transitivo to defend [contra, against] [de, from]
    ' defender' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    defensa
    - defensor
    - defensora
    - muerte
    - resguardar
    - uña
    - unirse
    - valedor
    - valedora
    - defienda
    English:
    argue
    - defend
    - defender
    - guard
    - leg
    - plead
    - speak up
    - stand up
    - stick up for
    - uphold
    - advocate
    - champion
    - speak
    - stand
    - stick
    * * *
    vt
    1. [país, ideas] to defend;
    [amigo] to stand up for; Dep [contrario, delantero] to mark;
    defender a alguien de algo to defend sb from o against sth;
    defender los derechos/intereses de alguien to defend sb's rights/interests;
    defendió su teoría con sólidos argumentos he supported his theory with sound arguments;
    defender la tesis [en universidad] Br ≈ to have one's viva, US ≈ to defend one's dissertation;
    Dep
    defender el título to defend the title;
    defender algo a capa y espada to defend sth tooth and nail
    2. [reo, acusado] to defend
    3. [proteger] [del frío, calor] to protect (de against)
    vi
    Dep to mark;
    defender al hombre to mark man for man, to man-mark;
    defender en zona to use a zone defence
    * * *
    I v/t
    1 defend (de against)
    2 en fútbol mark
    II v/i en fútbol mark
    * * *
    defender {56} vt
    : to defend, to protect
    * * *
    1. (en general) to defend
    2. (proteger) to protect

    Spanish-English dictionary > defender

  • 4 defensor

    adj.
    defending.
    m.
    1 defender, supporter, advocate, champion.
    2 counsel for the defense, lawyer, defense lawyer, legist.
    * * *
    1 defending
    nombre masculino,nombre femenino
    1 defender
    2 DERECHO counsel for the defence (US defense)
    \
    * * *
    (f. - defensora)
    noun
    * * *
    defensor, -a
    1. SM / F
    1) (=protector) [de territorio, intereses] defender; [de causa, idea, derechos] defender, champion
    2) (Jur) defence lawyer, defense attorney o lawyer (EEUU)

    el defensor interrogó al testigocounsel for the defence o defending counsel cross-examined the witness

    3) (Dep) [de título] defender
    2. ADJ
    1) (=protector)
    2) (Jur)

    abogado defensor — defence lawyer, defense attorney o lawyer (EEUU)

    * * *
    I
    - sora adjetivo
    a) < ejército> defending (before n)
    b) (Der) < abogado> defense* (before n)
    II
    - sora masculino, femenino
    a) (Mil) defender
    b) ( de una causa) champion
    c) (Der) defense counsel (AmE), defence lawyer (BrE)
    * * *
    = advocate, defendant, proponent, respondent, champion, defender, supporter, apologist, backer, crusader, freedom fighter, torchbearer [torch bearer], campaigner, standard-bearer.
    Ex. Sanford Berman has been an early, continuing, and outspoken advocate of user-oriented cataloging service.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex. The proponents do provide for an author added entry to show what the library has by an author.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex. NACs see their role as champions of the inarticulate by either taking up their case or providing groups with the information weaponry to campaign for their rights.
    Ex. It is very difficult to think of discreditable activities associated with books apart from the writing and selling of pornography and even that has its defenders.
    Ex. Then, a series of unfortunate circumstances (the outbreak of the war, family problems) deprived the project of its promoter and most passionate supporter.
    Ex. At the present time the misunderstandings that still persist, even among those who should know better, oblige any apologist of reference work to go out of his way to make clear what reference work is not.
    Ex. The author urges librarians and library backers to be more assertive in their requests for funding.
    Ex. This article reviews the work of Professor Kaula, the staunch crusader of librarianship in India.
    Ex. As a freedom fighter at the end of World War 2 he resisted Dutch efforts to regain control of their former colony.
    Ex. The mission of college libraries in India is to shoulder the responsibilities of a torch bearer.
    Ex. He was a tireless campaigner for high professional standards.
    Ex. He was a rebel and an anti-establishment standard-bearer of intellectualism and internationalism.
    ----
    * abogado defensor = defence attorney [defense attorney, -USA].
    * defensor de la ecología = eco-warrior.
    * defensor de la paz = peace activist.
    * defensor de la prohibición del aborto = pro-lifer.
    * defensor de la vida humana = pro-lifer.
    * defensor de los derechos de los animales = animal rights activist.
    * defensor de los derechos de los animales = animal rights campaigner.
    * defensor de los derechos de los ciudadanos = citizen activist.
    * defensor de los derechos humanos = human rights activist, human rights campaigner.
    * defensor de los intereses del ciudadano = watchdog.
    * defensor del pueblo = ombudsman [ombudsmen, -pl.].
    * defensor ecológico = eco-warrior.
    * defensor e impulsor = booster.
    * defensor incodicional = stalwart.
    * grupo defensor = interest group.
    * * *
    I
    - sora adjetivo
    a) < ejército> defending (before n)
    b) (Der) < abogado> defense* (before n)
    II
    - sora masculino, femenino
    a) (Mil) defender
    b) ( de una causa) champion
    c) (Der) defense counsel (AmE), defence lawyer (BrE)
    * * *
    = advocate, defendant, proponent, respondent, champion, defender, supporter, apologist, backer, crusader, freedom fighter, torchbearer [torch bearer], campaigner, standard-bearer.

    Ex: Sanford Berman has been an early, continuing, and outspoken advocate of user-oriented cataloging service.

    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex: The proponents do provide for an author added entry to show what the library has by an author.
    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex: NACs see their role as champions of the inarticulate by either taking up their case or providing groups with the information weaponry to campaign for their rights.
    Ex: It is very difficult to think of discreditable activities associated with books apart from the writing and selling of pornography and even that has its defenders.
    Ex: Then, a series of unfortunate circumstances (the outbreak of the war, family problems) deprived the project of its promoter and most passionate supporter.
    Ex: At the present time the misunderstandings that still persist, even among those who should know better, oblige any apologist of reference work to go out of his way to make clear what reference work is not.
    Ex: The author urges librarians and library backers to be more assertive in their requests for funding.
    Ex: This article reviews the work of Professor Kaula, the staunch crusader of librarianship in India.
    Ex: As a freedom fighter at the end of World War 2 he resisted Dutch efforts to regain control of their former colony.
    Ex: The mission of college libraries in India is to shoulder the responsibilities of a torch bearer.
    Ex: He was a tireless campaigner for high professional standards.
    Ex: He was a rebel and an anti-establishment standard-bearer of intellectualism and internationalism.
    * abogado defensor = defence attorney [defense attorney, -USA].
    * defensor de la ecología = eco-warrior.
    * defensor de la paz = peace activist.
    * defensor de la prohibición del aborto = pro-lifer.
    * defensor de la vida humana = pro-lifer.
    * defensor de los derechos de los animales = animal rights activist.
    * defensor de los derechos de los animales = animal rights campaigner.
    * defensor de los derechos de los ciudadanos = citizen activist.
    * defensor de los derechos humanos = human rights activist, human rights campaigner.
    * defensor de los intereses del ciudadano = watchdog.
    * defensor del pueblo = ombudsman [ombudsmen, -pl.].
    * defensor ecológico = eco-warrior.
    * defensor e impulsor = booster.
    * defensor incodicional = stalwart.
    * grupo defensor = interest group.

    * * *
    1 ‹ejército› defending ( before n)
    2 ( Der) ‹abogado› defense* ( before n)
    3
    (partidario): los delegados defensores del cambio the delegates in favor of o who advocate change
    masculine, feminine
    1 ( Mil) defender
    2 (de una causa) champion
    un defensor de nuestros recursos naturales a defender o champion of our natural resources
    un defensor de la fe a defender of the faith
    3 ( Der) defense counsel ( AmE), defence lawyer ( BrE)
    Compuestos:
    (CR) ombudsman
    ombudsman Defensor del pueblo (↑ defensor a1)
    * * *

    defensor
    ◊ - sora adjetivo


    b) (Der) ‹ abogado› defense( conjugate defense) ( before n)

    ■ sustantivo masculino, femenino
    a) (Mil) defender


    c) (Der) defense counsel (AmE), defence lawyer (BrE)

    defensor,-ora sustantivo masculino y femenino defender
    abogado defensor, counsel for the defence
    el defensor del pueblo, the ombudsman
    ' defensor' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    abanderada
    - abanderado
    - abogada
    - abogado
    - defensora
    - entusiasta
    - incondicional
    - paladín
    - acérrimo
    - ardiente
    - ferviente
    - guardián
    - protector
    English:
    advocate
    - campaigner
    - champion
    - consumer advocate
    - defender
    - ombudsman
    - proponent
    - protector
    - counsel
    - exponent
    - guardian
    * * *
    defensor, -ora
    adj
    1. [en tribunal]
    abogado defensor counsel for the defence
    2. [partidario]
    siempre fue defensor de una legislación más dura he always advocated tougher legislation;
    asociaciones defensoras de los consumidores consumer o consumers' associations
    nm,f
    1. [de ideal, persona] defender;
    [adalid] champion;
    un gran defensor de la paz a great campaigner for peace
    defensor del lector [en periódico] = person who represents the readership of a newspaper and deals with their complaints against the newspaper;
    defensor de oficio court-appointed defence lawyer;
    Esp defensor del pueblo ombudsman;
    defensor del soldado = public body created to defend the rights of soldiers, especially young soldiers doing military service
    2. [abogado] counsel for the defence
    * * *
    1 defender, champion;
    defensor de la naturaleza environmentalist
    2 JUR defense lawyer, Br
    defending counsel
    * * *
    defensor, - sora adj
    : defending, defense
    1) : defender, advocate
    2) : defense counsel

    Spanish-English dictionary > defensor

  • 5 enfrentar

    v.
    1 to bring face to face (poner frente a frente).
    2 to confront, to face (hacer frente a).
    enfrentan el futuro con inquietud they face the future with unease
    María enfrentó a la chismosa Mary confronted the gossip.
    María confrontó sus problemas Mary confronted her problems.
    * * *
    1 (poner frente a frente) to bring face to face, confront
    2 (encarar) to face, confront
    1 (hacer frente) to face (a/con, -), confront (a/con, -)
    2 DEPORTE to meet (a/con, -)
    3 (pelearse) to have an argument (a, with), fall out (a, with); (chocar) to clash (a/con, with)
    * * *
    verb
    to face, confront
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) (=enemistar) to set against
    2) (=afrontar) [+ dificultad] to face (up to), confront; [+ realidad] to face (up to)
    3) (=encarar)

    este partido enfrentará a los dos mejores tenistas — this match will bring together the two best tennis players, this match will bring the two best tennis players face to face

    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1) <problema/peligro/realidad> to confront, face up to; < futuro> to face
    2)
    a) <contrincantes/opositores> to bring... face to face
    b) ( enemistar) to bring... into conflict
    2.
    enfrentarse v pron

    enfrentarse a/con alguien: se enfrentaron con la policía they clashed with the police; se enfrentó con el enemigo he confronted the enemy; el equipo se enfrenta hoy a Paraguay today the team comes up against o meets Paraguay; enfrentarse a algo a dificultades/peligros to face something; no quiere enfrentarse a la realidad — he doesn't want to face up to reality

    b) (recípr) equipos/atletas to meet; tropas/oponentes to clash
    * * *
    = oppose, drive + a wedge between.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex. While the current problems associated with serial economics have driven a wedge between vendors, librarians and publishers, they should be cooperating and communicating in order to withstand the information explosion.
    ----
    * enfrentar a = pit against.
    * enfrentarse = struggle, tackle, come to + terms with, engage, come + face to face.
    * enfrentarse a = be faced with, come to + grips with, confront, face, face up to, meet, cope with, get to + grips with, clash with, grapple with, wrestle with, get + a grip on, go + head-to-head with, be up against, come up against, run up against, line up against, brave, breast, have + a go at, address, engage in + confrontation with.
    * enfrentarse a Algo cara a cara = address + Nombre + head-on, meet + Nombre + head-on, tackle + Nombre + head-on, face + Nombre + head-on.
    * enfrentarse a alternativas = be faced with choices, face + choices.
    * enfrentarse a la muerte = face + death.
    * enfrentarse a la realidad = confront + reality, face + (the) facts, face + reality.
    * enfrentarse a la realidad (de que) = face + (up to) the fact that, face + the truth (that).
    * enfrentarse a la vida = cope with + life, face + life, cope.
    * enfrentarse al futuro = face up to + the future, face + the future.
    * enfrentarse al hecho de que = face + (up to) the fact that.
    * enfrentarse a los cambios = cope with + change.
    * enfrentarse a los elementos = brave + the elements.
    * enfrentarse a una barrera = face + barrier.
    * enfrentarse a una crisis = face + crisis.
    * enfrentarse a una cuestión = run up against + issue.
    * enfrentarse a una limitación = face + constraint, face + limitation.
    * enfrentarse a una reacción + Adjetivo = meet with + Adjetivo + reaction.
    * enfrentarse a una situación = face + situation, meet + situation.
    * enfrentarse a una tarea = face + task.
    * enfrentarse a una traba = face + limitation, face + barrier.
    * enfrentarse a un dilema = face + dilemma.
    * enfrentarse a un impás = face + impasse.
    * enfrentarse a un obstáculo = address + barrier.
    * enfrentarse a un problema = challenge + threat, confront + question, cope with + problem, face + problem, confront + problem, come up against + problem, experience + problem, struggle with + issue, wrestle with + problem, deal with + issue.
    * enfrentarse a un reto = face + challenge, meet + challenge, undertake + challenge, handle + challenge, confront + challenge.
    * enfrentarse cara a cara con = go + eyball to eyeball with.
    * enfrentarse con una dificultad = face + difficulty.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1) <problema/peligro/realidad> to confront, face up to; < futuro> to face
    2)
    a) <contrincantes/opositores> to bring... face to face
    b) ( enemistar) to bring... into conflict
    2.
    enfrentarse v pron

    enfrentarse a/con alguien: se enfrentaron con la policía they clashed with the police; se enfrentó con el enemigo he confronted the enemy; el equipo se enfrenta hoy a Paraguay today the team comes up against o meets Paraguay; enfrentarse a algo a dificultades/peligros to face something; no quiere enfrentarse a la realidad — he doesn't want to face up to reality

    b) (recípr) equipos/atletas to meet; tropas/oponentes to clash
    * * *
    = oppose, drive + a wedge between.

    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.

    Ex: While the current problems associated with serial economics have driven a wedge between vendors, librarians and publishers, they should be cooperating and communicating in order to withstand the information explosion.
    * enfrentar a = pit against.
    * enfrentarse = struggle, tackle, come to + terms with, engage, come + face to face.
    * enfrentarse a = be faced with, come to + grips with, confront, face, face up to, meet, cope with, get to + grips with, clash with, grapple with, wrestle with, get + a grip on, go + head-to-head with, be up against, come up against, run up against, line up against, brave, breast, have + a go at, address, engage in + confrontation with.
    * enfrentarse a Algo cara a cara = address + Nombre + head-on, meet + Nombre + head-on, tackle + Nombre + head-on, face + Nombre + head-on.
    * enfrentarse a alternativas = be faced with choices, face + choices.
    * enfrentarse a la muerte = face + death.
    * enfrentarse a la realidad = confront + reality, face + (the) facts, face + reality.
    * enfrentarse a la realidad (de que) = face + (up to) the fact that, face + the truth (that).
    * enfrentarse a la vida = cope with + life, face + life, cope.
    * enfrentarse al futuro = face up to + the future, face + the future.
    * enfrentarse al hecho de que = face + (up to) the fact that.
    * enfrentarse a los cambios = cope with + change.
    * enfrentarse a los elementos = brave + the elements.
    * enfrentarse a una barrera = face + barrier.
    * enfrentarse a una crisis = face + crisis.
    * enfrentarse a una cuestión = run up against + issue.
    * enfrentarse a una limitación = face + constraint, face + limitation.
    * enfrentarse a una reacción + Adjetivo = meet with + Adjetivo + reaction.
    * enfrentarse a una situación = face + situation, meet + situation.
    * enfrentarse a una tarea = face + task.
    * enfrentarse a una traba = face + limitation, face + barrier.
    * enfrentarse a un dilema = face + dilemma.
    * enfrentarse a un impás = face + impasse.
    * enfrentarse a un obstáculo = address + barrier.
    * enfrentarse a un problema = challenge + threat, confront + question, cope with + problem, face + problem, confront + problem, come up against + problem, experience + problem, struggle with + issue, wrestle with + problem, deal with + issue.
    * enfrentarse a un reto = face + challenge, meet + challenge, undertake + challenge, handle + challenge, confront + challenge.
    * enfrentarse cara a cara con = go + eyball to eyeball with.
    * enfrentarse con una dificultad = face + difficulty.

    * * *
    enfrentar [A1 ]
    vt
    A ‹problema/peligro› to confront, face up to
    podemos enfrentar el futuro con optimismo we can face the future with optimism
    tienes que enfrentar la realidad you have to face up to reality, you have to face facts
    B
    1 ‹contrincantes/opositores› to bring … face to face enfrentar a algn CON algn to bring sb face to face WITH sb
    el combate enfrentará al campeón europeo con el africano the fight will bring together the European and African champions, the fight will bring the European champion face to face with the African champion, the European and African champions will meet in the fight
    2 (enemistar) to bring … into conflict
    1 (hacer frente a) enfrentarse A/ CON algn:
    se enfrentaron con la policía they clashed with the police
    se enfrentó con el enemigo he confronted the enemy
    se enfrentó duramente al or con el líder de la oposición she clashed with the leader of the opposition
    el equipo se enfrenta hoy a Paraguay today the team comes up against o meets Paraguay
    enfrentarse A algo:
    tuvieron que enfrentarse a múltiples dificultades/peligros they had to face many difficulties/dangers
    nunca ha querido enfrentarse a la realidad he has never wanted to face up to reality
    ya cambiará cuando tenga que enfrentarse a la vida he'll change when he has to face up to life
    2 ( recípr) «equipos/atletas» to meet; «tropas» to clash
    los dos líderes se enfrentaron en un duro debate the two leaders clashed in a fierce debate
    * * *

     

    enfrentar ( conjugate enfrentar) verbo transitivo
    1problema/peligro/realidad to confront, face up to;
    futuro to face
    2
    a)contrincantes/opositoresto bring … face to face

    b) ( enemistar) to bring … into conflict

    enfrentarse verbo pronominal
    a) ( hacer frente a) enfrentarse con algn ‹con rival/enemigo to confront sb;

    enfrentarse a algo ‹a dificultades/peligros to face sth;
    a realidad/responsabilidad to face up to sth
    b) ( recípr) [equipos/atletas] to meet;

    [tropas/oponentes] to clash
    enfrentar verbo transitivo
    1 (afrontar) to confront, face up to
    2 (enemistar) to set at odds: las diferencias políticas enfrentaron a los dos amigos, political differences set them at odds
    3 (poner frente a frente) to bring face to face
    ' enfrentar' also found in these entries:
    English:
    play off against
    - confront
    - pit
    - tackle
    * * *
    vt
    1. [enemistar] to bring into conflict
    2. [poner frente a frente] to bring face to face ( con with);
    un partido que enfrentará al actual campeón con sus antiguos rivales a game that will pit the current champions against their old rivals
    3. [hacer frente a] to confront, to face;
    enfrentan el futuro con inquietud they face the future with unease
    * * *
    v/t confront, face up to
    * * *
    : to confront, to face

    Spanish-English dictionary > enfrentar

  • 6 oponer

    v.
    1 to put up (resistencia).
    2 to put forward, to give.
    3 to oppose, to play off, to put opposite.
    4 to contest.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ PONER], like link=poner poner (pp opuesto,-a)
    1 to reply with, counter with
    1 (estar en contra) to oppose (a, -), be against (a, -)
    2 (ser contrario) to be in opposition (a, to), contradict (a, -)
    \
    oponer resistencia to offer resistance
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    ( pp opuesto)
    1. VT
    1) [+ resistencia] to put up
    2) [+ argumentos] to set out
    3) (=poner contra)
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo < resistencia> to offer, put up; < objeción> to raise

    oponer algo a algoto counter o answer something with something

    2.
    oponerse v pron
    a) ( ser contrario) to object

    nuestros caracteres se oponen — (recípr) we are opposites

    * * *
    = oppose.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    ----
    * oponer resistencia = put up + resistance.
    * oponerse = set against, buck.
    * oponerse a = be averse to, combat, contravene, resist, be set against, be contrary to, be hostile to, stand up to, argue against, go + head-to-head with, be negatively disposed to, object to, stand in + opposition to, run up against, line up against.
    * persona que se opone a Algo = opponent.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo < resistencia> to offer, put up; < objeción> to raise

    oponer algo a algoto counter o answer something with something

    2.
    oponerse v pron
    a) ( ser contrario) to object

    nuestros caracteres se oponen — (recípr) we are opposites

    * * *

    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.

    * oponer resistencia = put up + resistance.
    * oponerse = set against, buck.
    * oponerse a = be averse to, combat, contravene, resist, be set against, be contrary to, be hostile to, stand up to, argue against, go + head-to-head with, be negatively disposed to, object to, stand in + opposition to, run up against, line up against.
    * persona que se opone a Algo = opponent.

    * * *
    oponer [ E22 ]
    vt
    ‹resistencia› to offer, put up; ‹objeción› to raise oponer algo A algo to counter o answer sth WITH sth
    oponer la razón a la fuerza to counter force with reason
    a esto supo oponer convincentes argumentos he was able to argue convincingly against this, he was able to put forward o to present convincing arguments against this
    a los talentos individuales del Santa Cruz el Benadós opone un excelente juego de equipo Benadós relies on its excellent teamwork to counter the individual talents of the Santa Cruz players
    1 (ser contrario) to object
    sus padres no se opusieron his parents didn't object o raise any objections
    oponerse A algo to be opposed to sth
    su familia se opone a la boda her family is opposed o is against the marriage
    nadie se opuso al plan nobody objected to o opposed the plan
    2 (contradecir) oponerse A algo to contradict sth
    * * *

    oponer ( conjugate oponer) verbo transitivo resistencia to offer, put up;
    objeción to raise
    oponerse verbo pronominal ( ser contrario) to object;
    oponerse A algo to oppose sth;

    oponer verbo transitivo
    1 to put up: no opuso resistencia, he put up no resistance
    2 (un argumento, razón) to put forward

    ' oponer' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    contraponer
    - poner
    - resistir
    English:
    pit
    - play
    - resist
    - stand
    - struggle
    - weakly
    * * *
    vt
    1. [resistencia] to put up
    2. [argumento, razón] to put forward, to give
    * * *
    <part opuesto> v/t resistencia put up (a to), offer (a to); razón, argumento put forward (a against)
    * * *
    oponer {60} vt
    1) contraponer: to oppose, to place against
    2)
    oponer resistencia : to resist, to put up a fight
    * * *
    oponer vb to put forward [pt. & pp. put]

    Spanish-English dictionary > oponer

  • 7 opositor

    adj.
    opposing, opposition, contrarian, of the opposition.
    m.
    opponent, competitor, opposer, objector.
    El bote se fue a pique The boat sank all the way to the bottom.
    * * *
    nombre masculino,nombre femenino
    * * *
    opositor, -a
    1.
    ADJ (=contrario) opposing; (Pol) opposition antes de s, of the opposition
    2. SM / F
    1) (Univ) competitor, candidate (a for)
    2) (Pol) opponent
    * * *
    I
    - tora adjetivo opposition (before n)
    II
    - tora masculino, femenino
    1) (de partido, régimen) opponent
    2) (Esp, Ven) ( en concurso de oposición) candidate
    * * *
    = defendant, respondent.
    Nota: Opositor a titulación que defiende u opone un tema elegido a debate por el moderador académico.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    * * *
    I
    - tora adjetivo opposition (before n)
    II
    - tora masculino, femenino
    1) (de partido, régimen) opponent
    2) (Esp, Ven) ( en concurso de oposición) candidate
    * * *
    = defendant, respondent.
    Nota: Opositor a titulación que defiende u opone un tema elegido a debate por el moderador académico.

    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.

    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.

    * * *
    opposition ( before n)
    masculine, feminine
    A (de un partido, régimen) opponent
    esta fórmula no encontró opositores this formula did not meet with any opposition
    * * *

    opositor,-ora sustantivo masculino y femenino
    1 (en un examen público) candidate for a competitive examination
    2 (a un proyecto, una opinión, un régimen, etc) opponent
    ' opositor' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    opositora
    English:
    opponent
    * * *
    opositor, -ora nm,f
    1. [a un cargo] = candidate in a public entrance examination
    2. [oponente] opponent
    * * *
    I adj opposition atr
    II m, opositora f opponent
    * * *
    adversario: opponent

    Spanish-English dictionary > opositor

  • 8 propugnar

    v.
    1 to advocate, to support.
    2 to uphold, to encourage, to advocate, to champion.
    * * *
    1 to advocate
    * * *
    VT (=proponer) to advocate, propose, suggest; (=apoyar) to defend, support
    * * *
    verbo transitivo (frml) ( apoyar) to support; ( proponer) to advocate, propose
    * * *
    = espouse, foster, promote, defend, advocate, forward.
    Ex. Most respondents espoused the latter view as an appropriate response to IT developments to date.
    Ex. Among Mr. Welsh's professional activities and accomplishments are his successful efforts to foster an increased two-way communication between LC's Processing Department and his professional colleagues in the field.
    Ex. Initially, it is necessary that the scheme be published and available for purchase, and that its use is generally promoted.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex. In order to understand the citation order that PRECIS indexing advocates it is necessary to examine the function of the operators more closely.
    Ex. In order to forward the mission of the University, specific programs will be targeted for growth, consolidation, and possible elimination.
    ----
    * propugnado desde hace mucho tiempo = long-espoused.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo (frml) ( apoyar) to support; ( proponer) to advocate, propose
    * * *
    = espouse, foster, promote, defend, advocate, forward.

    Ex: Most respondents espoused the latter view as an appropriate response to IT developments to date.

    Ex: Among Mr. Welsh's professional activities and accomplishments are his successful efforts to foster an increased two-way communication between LC's Processing Department and his professional colleagues in the field.
    Ex: Initially, it is necessary that the scheme be published and available for purchase, and that its use is generally promoted.
    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex: In order to understand the citation order that PRECIS indexing advocates it is necessary to examine the function of the operators more closely.
    Ex: In order to forward the mission of the University, specific programs will be targeted for growth, consolidation, and possible elimination.
    * propugnado desde hace mucho tiempo = long-espoused.

    * * *
    propugnar [A1 ]
    vt
    ( frml) (apoyar) to support; (proponer) to advocate, propose
    los que propugnaron mi nombramiento those who supported my nomination
    la guerra que propugnan algunos extremistas the war which is advocated o proposed by a few extremists
    * * *

    propugnar verbo transitivo to advocate, propose
    * * *
    to advocate, to support
    * * *
    v/t advocate

    Spanish-English dictionary > propugnar

  • 9 replicar

    v.
    1 to answer.
    2 to answer back.
    Los chicos replican The boys answer back.
    3 to reply to, to answer back, to talk back to.
    María le replica a Ricardo Mary replies to Richard.
    4 to hit back, to answer back.
    El oponente replicó The opponent hit back.
    5 to oppose the claim, to defend the suit, to present one's allegation.
    El abogado replica The lawyer opposes the claim.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ SACAR], like link=sacar sacar
    1 (contestar) to answer, reply
    2 (poner objeciones) to argue, answer back
    3 DERECHO to answer
    1 (contestar) to reply, retort
    2 (poner objeciones) to argue, answer back
    3 DERECHO to answer
    * * *
    verb
    to retort, reply
    * * *
    VI
    1) (=contestar) to answer, retort
    2) (=objetar) to argue, answer back

    ¡no repliques! — don't answer back!

    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo (frml) to retort, reply
    2.
    1) ( argumentar) to argue
    2) (Der) to reply
    * * *
    = parry, rejoin, chime in, chime in with.
    Ex. 'What if we got the other departments to pay for their own services and materials?' she parried, seeing a faint ray of hope in the idea.
    Ex. And he rejoined: "Do as you please".
    Ex. A few members of this list have done this, so wait for them to chime in here.
    Ex. Thanks for chiming in with a wonderful explanation.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo (frml) to retort, reply
    2.
    1) ( argumentar) to argue
    2) (Der) to reply
    * * *
    = parry, rejoin, chime in, chime in with.

    Ex: 'What if we got the other departments to pay for their own services and materials?' she parried, seeing a faint ray of hope in the idea.

    Ex: And he rejoined: "Do as you please".
    Ex: A few members of this list have done this, so wait for them to chime in here.
    Ex: Thanks for chiming in with a wonderful explanation.

    * * *
    replicar [A2 ]
    vt
    ( frml); to retort, reply
    - claro que no -replicó of course not, he retorted
    ■ replicar
    vi
    A (argumentar) to argue
    hazlo tal como te lo he dicho y no me repliques do it the way I've told you and don't answer back o don't argue
    B ( Der) to reply
    * * *

    replicar ( conjugate replicar) verbo transitivo (frml) to retort, reply
    verbo intransitivo
    1 ( argumentar) to argue
    2 (Der) to reply
    replicar
    I verbo intransitivo
    1 (a una afirmación) to reply, retort: nos replicó de un modo muy ingenioso, she answered us with a witty remark
    2 (a una orden) to answer back: no le repliques a tu padre, don't talk back to your father
    II verbo transitivo Jur to answer, reply
    ' replicar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    contestar
    - diente
    - toser
    - responder
    English:
    answer back
    - retort
    - talk back
    - counter
    * * *
    vt
    1. [responder] to answer
    2. [objetar] to answer back, to retort
    vi
    [objetar] to answer back;
    hazlo ya, y sin replicar do it now, and no arguments!
    * * *
    v/t reply
    * * *
    replicar {72} vi
    1) : to reply, to retort
    2) : to argue, to answer back

    Spanish-English dictionary > replicar

  • 10 sistema

    m.
    por sistema systematically
    sistema circulatorio circulatory system
    sistema decimal decimal system
    sistema fiscal o impositivo tax system
    sistema inmunológico immune system
    sistema métrico (decimal) metric (decimal) system
    sistema monetario europeo European Monetary System
    sistema montañoso mountain chain o range
    sistema nervioso nervous system
    sistema periódico de los elementos periodic table of elements
    sistema de seguridad security system
    sistema solar solar system
    2 method.
    3 system (computing).
    sistema experto/operativo expert/operating system
    * * *
    1 system
    \
    por sistema as a rule
    sistema cableado hard-wired system
    sistema de ecuaciones simultaneous equations plural
    sistema experto expert system
    sistema métrico decimal decimal metric system
    sistema montañoso mountain chain
    sistema nervioso nervous system
    sistema operativo operative system
    sistema planetario planetary system
    sistema solar solar system
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=conjunto ordenado) system

    sistema binario — (Inform) binary system

    sistema de calefacción — heating, heating system

    sistema de fondo fijo — (Com) imprest system

    sistema frontal — (Meteo) front, frontal system

    sistema inmunitario, sistema inmunológico — immune system

    sistema rastreador[en investigaciones espaciales] tracking system

    2) (=método) method

    yo por sistema lo hago así — I make it a rule to do it this way, I've got into the habit of doing it this way

    * * *
    1) ( método) system
    2) ( conjunto organizado) system

    el sistema educativo/impositivo — the education/tax system

    * * *
    = framework, machinery, system, regime [régime], ways and means.
    Ex. The intention is to establish a general framework, and then to give exceptions or further explanation and examples for each area in turn.
    Ex. We can choose to turn our backs on these principles with fatuous arguments which posit their anachronism and the nonexistent intelligence of computing machinery.
    Ex. The training of users of On-line Public Access Catalogues (OPACs) should be attuned to the characteristics of the system = La formación de usuarios de los catálogos en linea de acceso público (CEAP) debería estar en consonancia con las características del sistema.
    Ex. This study found that online access to scientific serials is most appropriate in the third world, principally due to the presence of a small number of scientists with a broad range of interests which makes the fixed-price regimes of print, microform or CD-ROM disadvantageous.
    Ex. Teachers need to be more familiar with bibliographical ways and means: librarians should be more aware of problems from the teachers' perspective and make active efforts to inform teachers of sources of help.
    ----
    * abusar del sistema = game + the system, milk + the system.
    * activar un sistema = activate + system.
    * administrador del sistema = system administrator.
    * ADONIS (Distribución automática de documentos a través de sistemas de inform = ADONIS (Automated Document Delivery Over Networked Information Systems).
    * alterar el sistema = perturb + the system.
    * análisis de sistemas = system(s) analysis.
    * analista de sistemas = system(s) analyst.
    * analista de sistemas de gestión bibliotecaria = library systems analyst.
    * aprovecharse del sistema = game + the system, milk + the system.
    * auditoría de sistemas = systems audit, systems auditing.
    * auditoría de sistemas de información = information systems auditing, information systems audit.
    * bibliotecario de sistemas = systems librarian.
    * brecha del sistema de seguridad = security leak.
    * brecha en el sistema de seguridad = security hole.
    * burlar el sistema = beat + the system, game + the system.
    * caída del sistema = system crash.
    * catálogo del sistema = system catalogue.
    * Comité Conjunto para Sistemas de Información (JISC) = Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC).
    * configurador del sistema = system configurator.
    * controlador del sistema = system controller.
    * conversión al sistema decimal = decimalisation [decimalization, -USA].
    * conversión al sistema métrico = metrication.
    * convertir al sistema decimal = decimalise [decimalize, -USA].
    * copia de seguridad del sistema = system backup.
    * desafiar al sistema = beat + the system.
    * desarrollo de sistemas = system(s) development.
    * de todo el sistema = systemwide.
    * diseñador de sistemas = systems designer, system designer, system developer.
    * diseño de sistemas = systems design.
    * documentación del sistema = system documentation.
    * engañar al sistema = beat + the system, game + the system.
    * en todo el sistema = systemwide.
    * entre el hombre y el sistema = human-system.
    * en varios sistemas = cross-system.
    * evaluación de sistemas = system(s) evaluation.
    * fichero de existencias del sistema = system holdings file.
    * fichero de usuarios del sistema = system user file.
    * funcionar por un sistema de turnos = work on + a rota system, work on + a rota, work + shifts.
    * interfaz usuario-sistema = user/system interface.
    * ir en contra del sistema = buck + the system.
    * ISDS (Sistema Internacional de Datos sobre Publicaciones Seriadas) = ISDS (International Serials Data System).
    * mantener un sistema de turnos = hold + a rota of.
    * mostrar el prompt del sistema = prompt.
    * NISTF (Grupo de Trabajo sobre los Sistemas Nacionales de Información de la A = NISTF (Society of American Archivists National Information Systems Task Force).
    * nombre de acceso al sistema = system logon name.
    * organizar un sistema de turnos de + Nombre = organise + a rota of + Nombre.
    * PADIS (Sistema de Información para el Desarrollo de Africa) = PADIS (Pan-African Development Information System).
    * parecido a un sistema experto = expert-type.
    * promovido por el propio sistema de información = information-led.
    * prompt del sistema = system prompt.
    * propio del sistema = built-in.
    * protección del sistema = system security.
    * proveedor de sistemas = systems supplier, system supplier [systems supplier].
    * Proyecto para Sistemas Conectados (LSP) = Linked Systems Project (LSP).
    * responsable del sistema = system programmer.
    * seguridad del sistema = system security.
    * sistema abierto = open system.
    * sistema agrícola = farming system.
    * sistema anglosajón de medidas = imperial measures.
    * sistema anticuado = legacy system.
    * sistema antiguo = legacy system.
    * sistema antirrobo de libros = book security system, library security system.
    * sistema auditivo, el = auditory system, the.
    * sistema automatizado = data system, automated system, computerised system.
    * sistema automatizado de bibliotecas = automated library information system, library computer system.
    * sistema automatizado de indización = computer-based indexing system.
    * sistema automatizado de préstamo = automated lending system, computerised issue system.
    * sistema automatizado multimedia = multimedia computer system.
    * sistema automatizado para la recuperación = computerised document retrieval system, computerised information retrieval system.
    * sistema automatizado para la recuperación de documentos = computerised document retrieval system.
    * sistema automatizado para la recuperación de información = computerised information retrieval system.
    * sistema automatizado por microordenador = microcomputer-based system.
    * sistema bancario, el = banking system, the.
    * sistema basado en el conocimiento = knowledge-base system.
    * sistema basado en las imágenes = image-based system.
    * sistema bibliotecario = library system.
    * sistema bibliotecario automatizado = automated library system.
    * sistema bibliotecario de bibliotecas de un sólo tipo = single-type library system.
    * sistema bibliotecario de bibliotecas de varios tipos = multitype library system.
    * sistema bibliotecario nacional = national library system.
    * sistema bibliotecario regional = regional library system.
    * sistema bibliotecario universitario = university library system.
    * sistema + caerse = system + crash.
    * sistema cardiovascular = cardiovascular system.
    * sistema cerebroespinal, el = cerebrospinal system, the.
    * sistema circulatorio = circulatory system.
    * sistema comercial = market system, commercial system.
    * sistema de abastecimiento de agua = waterworks.
    * sistema de acceso mediante tarjeta = card access system.
    * sistema de aire acondicionado = air conditioning system, air cooling system.
    * sistema de alarma = alarm system, detection system.
    * sistema de alcantarillado = sewerage system, sewerage.
    * sistema de alerta = early warning system.
    * sistema de alerta de novedades tecnológicas = technology watch.
    * sistema de alerta temprana = early warning system.
    * sistema de alimentación = fuel system.
    * sistema de almacenamiento y recuperación de la información = information storage and retrieval system.
    * sistema de altas presiones = high-pressure system, ridge of high pressure.
    * sistema de alumbrado = lighting system.
    * sistema de apoyo a la toma de decisiones = decision support system, decision making system.
    * sistema de archivo = archiving system.
    * sistema de arranque = starting system.
    * sistema de asignaturas optativas = course elective system.
    * sistema de asistencia sanitaria = health care system.
    * sistema de autoedición = desktop system.
    * sistema de automatización de bibliotecas = library automation system.
    * sistema de aviso de reclamaciones = claims warning system.
    * sistema de ayuda = help system.
    * sistema de ayuda a la gestión = management support system (MSS).
    * sistema de bajas presiones = ridge of low pressure, low pressure system.
    * sistema de becas = grant scheme.
    * sistema de bibliotecas públicas = public library system.
    * sistema de búsqueda = paging system.
    * sistema de cableado = wiring system.
    * sistema de cables eléctricos = electrical wiring.
    * sistema de calefacción = heating system.
    * sistema de castas = caste system.
    * sistema de cierre = locking system.
    * sistema decimal = decimal system.
    * sistema de circulación automatizado = automated circulation system.
    * sistema de circulación del agua = water circulation system.
    * sistema de clases sociales = class system.
    * sistema de clasificación = classification scheme, scheme, classification system, classification schedules, grading system.
    * sistema de clasificación analítico = analytical classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación de Bliss = Bliss classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación decimal = decimal classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación de la Biblioteca del Congreso = LCC (Library of Congress Classification).
    * sistema de clasificación dicotomizado = dichotomized classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación enciclopédica = general classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación enumerativo = enumerative classification scheme, enumerative scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación especializado = special classification scheme, special scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación facetado = faceted classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación general = general scheme, general classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación jerárquico = hierarchical classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación lineal = linear classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación multidimensional = multidimensional classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación por disciplinas = discipline-oriented scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación sintético = synthetic classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación universal = universal classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación verbal = verbal classification system.
    * sistema de cobro por la información usada = information metering.
    * sistema de codificación = coding system.
    * sistema de compañías = companionship system.
    * sistema de comunicación = communication system.
    * sistema de comunicaciones = communication system.
    * Sistema de Comunicaciones y de Archivo Fotográfico (PACS) = Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS).
    * sistema de comunicación óptica = optical communication system.
    * Sistema de Comunicación por Paquetes (PSS) = Packet-Switching System (PSS).
    * sistema de conductos eléctricos = ducting system.
    * sistema de conferencia en línea = online conferencing system.
    * sistema de control = monitoring system, vetting system.
    * sistema de control de la salida = exit control system.
    * sistema de control de publicaciones seriadas = serials system, serials control system.
    * sistema de conversión de texto a voz = text-to-speech system.
    * sistema de copias de seguridad = backup system.
    * sistema de creencias = belief system.
    * sistema de criba = vetting system.
    * sistema de deducción de puntos = points system.
    * sistema de defensa = defence system.
    * sistema de detección = detection system.
    * sistema de detección de libros = book detection system.
    * sistema de digitalización de documentos = document imaging system.
    * sistema de discos ópticos = optical disc system.
    * sistema de distribución = distribution system.
    * sistema de drenaje = drainage system.
    * sistema de emergencia = backup supply, backup system.
    * sistema de emisión de gases = exhaust system.
    * sistema de emisión de humos = exhaust system.
    * sistema de encendido = ignition system.
    * sistema de entrada mediante tarjetas = card-entry system.
    * sistema de entrada múltiple = multiple entry system.
    * sistema de entrada única = single entry system.
    * sistema de escritura = writing system.
    * sistema de evaluación = rating system.
    * sistema de evaluación anónima = double-blind.
    * sistema de evaluación por paresanónima = double-blind refereeing system.
    * sistema de extinción de incendios mediante rociadores de agua = water sprinkler fire extinguishing system.
    * sistema de extinción de incendios = fire extinguishing system, extinguishing system.
    * sistema de extinción de incendios mediante gas halón = halon gas fire extinguishing system.
    * sistema de facturación = billing system.
    * sistema de facturación por uso = cost billing system.
    * sistema defensivo = defence system.
    * sistema de fichas = card based system.
    * sistema de fichas peek-a-boo = peek-a-boo system.
    * sistema de frenado = brake system, braking system.
    * sistema de frenado antibloqueo = antilock braking system.
    * sistema de frenos = brake system, braking system.
    * sistema de géneros = sex/gender system.
    * sistema de gestión bibliotecaria = library system, library management system.
    * sistema de gestión de documentos = record(s) system.
    * sistema de gestión de documentos electrónicos = electronic document management system (EDMS).
    * sistema de gestión de imágenes = imaging system, image-based system, image management system.
    * sistema de gestión de la información (SGI) = information management system (IMS).
    * sistema de gestión del conocimiento = knowledge management system (KMS).
    * Sistema de Gestión de Mensajes (MHS) = Message Handling System (MHS).
    * sistema de gestión de registros = record(s) system.
    * sistema de gestión documental = information retrieval system (IRS), record(s) system.
    * sistema de gobierno = polity.
    * sistema de iluminación = lighting system.
    * sistema de incentivos = reward system, system of incentives [incentive system].
    * sistema de indización = indexing system, index system.
    * sistema de indización con conservación del contexto (PRECIS) = PRECIS.
    * Sistema de Indización de Estructura Profunda (DSIS) = Deep Structure Indexing System (DSIS).
    * sistema de indización de fichas = card index system.
    * Sistema de Indización por Frases Anidadas (NEPHIS) = Nested Phrase Indexing System (NEPHIS).
    * sistema de indización postcoordinada = post-coordinate indexing system.
    * sistema de indización PRECIS = PRECIS indexing system.
    * sistema de indización precoordinada = pre-coordinate indexing system.
    * sistema de información = information system.
    * Sistema de Información Bibliotecario = LIBRIS.
    * sistema de información documental = document information system.
    * Sistema de Información Geográfica (SIG) = Geographic Information System (GIS).
    * sistema de información integrado = integrated information system.
    * sistema de información sectorial = sectoral information system.
    * Sistema de Información sobre Literatura Gris en Europa (SIGLE) = SIGLE (System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe).
    * sistema + dejar de funcionar = system + crash.
    * sistema de justicia penal = criminal justice system.
    * sistema de la ciencia, el = system of science, the.
    * sistema de lápiz óptico = data pen system.
    * sistema de llave en mano = turnkey system, turnkey software system.
    * sistema de lógica difusa = fuzzy system.
    * sistema del olfato = olfactory system.
    * sistema de medición de los recursos usados = metering system.
    * sistema de megafonía = public address system.
    * sistema de mercado = market system.
    * sistema de multas = fines system.
    * sistema de multiusuarios = multi-user system.
    * sistema de notas = grading system.
    * sistema de numeración = numbering scheme, numbering system.
    * sistema de petición de documentos = document delivery system.
    * sistema de préstamo = circulation system, issue system, lending system, book checking system, charge out system, library issue system.
    * sistema de préstamo automatizado = automated circulation system.
    * sistema de préstamo interbibliotecario = interlibrary loan system.
    * sistema de presupuestación mediante planificación y programación = planning programming budgeting system (PPBS).
    * sistema de primas = bonus scheme.
    * sistema de procesamiento de información = information processing system.
    * sistema de proceso de datos = data processing system.
    * sistema de proceso de imágenes = imaging system.
    * sistema de puntuación = point system.
    * sistema de reclamaciones = chasing system.
    * sistema de recompensa = reward system.
    * sistema de reconocimiento académico = academic reward(s) system.
    * sistema de recuperación = retrieval system.
    * sistema de recuperación de imágenes = image retrieval system.
    * sistema de recuperación de información = IR system.
    * sistema de recuperación de información por medio de menús = menu-based information retrieval system.
    * sistema de recuperación por relevancia = relevance system.
    * sistema de referencia = reference system, reference system.
    * sistema de referencia por coordenadas = grid reference.
    * sistema de refrigeración = cooling system.
    * sistema de registro = recording system.
    * sistema de reservas = booking system.
    * sistema de retransmisión = relay system.
    * sistema de rociadores de agua = sprinkler system, water sprinkler system.
    * sistema de saneamiento = sewerage system, sewerage.
    * sistema de seguimiento = monitoring system.
    * sistema de seguridad = security system, backup system.
    * sistema de selección = vetting system.
    * sistema de sonido cuadrafónico = quadrophonic system.
    * sistema de suministro de documentos = document supply system.
    * sistema de suministro de información = information supply system.
    * sistema de tarifas = charging system.
    * sistema de telecomunicaciones = telecommunication system.
    * sistema de televisión en color = colour system.
    * sistema de tiempo real = real-time system.
    * sistema de traducción automatizada = machine translation system.
    * sistema de transferencia de documentos = document delivery system.
    * sistema de transmisión de mensajes = messaging system.
    * sistema de transporte = transport system.
    * sistema de transporte público = public transport system.
    * sistema de tratamiento de imágenes = image processing system.
    * sistema de trueque, el = barter system, the.
    * sistema de tubos neumáticos = pneumatic tube system.
    * sistema de turnos = rota system.
    * sistema de valores = system of values, value system.
    * sistema de valores personales = personal value system.
    * sistema de valores sociales = social value system.
    * sistema de ventilación = ventilation system.
    * sistema de vídeodisco = video disc system.
    * Sistema de Vídeo Familiar (VHS) = VHS (Video Home System).
    * sistema de videotexto = videotext system.
    * sistema de videotexto público = public viewdata system.
    * sistema de vigilancia = surveillance system.
    * sistema de vigilancia electrónica = electronic surveillance system.
    * sistema digestivo = digestive system.
    * sistema documental = documentary system.
    * sistema económico = economic system.
    * sistema educativo = educational system, education system.
    * sistema electoral = electoral system.
    * sistema eléctrico = electrical system.
    * sistema electrónico de detección de robos = electronic theft detection system.
    * sistema endocrino, el = endocrine system, the.
    * sistema en el que el documento aparece representado en un único lugar del ín = one-place system.
    * sistema energético = energy system.
    * sistema en lenguaje natural = natural language system.
    * sistema en línea = online system.
    * sistema en red = network system.
    * sistema en uso = operational system.
    * sistema escolar, el = school system, the.
    * sistema ético = ethical system.
    * sistema experto = expert system, knowledge-base system.
    * Sistema General de Ordenación (SGO) = Broad System of Ordering (BSO).
    * sistema híbrido = hybrid system.
    * sistema ideológico = system of thought.
    * sistema informático = computing system, computer system.
    * sistema informático hecho por encargo = tailored system.
    * sistema inmunológico = immune system.
    * sistema integrado = integrated system.
    * sistema integrado de gestión bibliotecaria = integrated library package.
    * sistema inteligente = intelligent system.
    * sistema interactivo = interactive system.
    * sistema interactivo en línea = interactive online system.
    * sistema intermediario = backend system.
    * Sistema Internacional de Información sobre Agricultura (AGRIS) = AGRIS (International Agricultural Information System).
    * Sistema Internacional de Unidades, el = International System of Units, the.
    * sistema judicial = judicial system.
    * sistema legal, el = legal system, the.
    * sistema mercantil = market system.
    * sistema mercantilista = mercantile system.
    * sistema métrico decimal, el = metric system, the, decimal metric system, the.
    * sistema métrico, el = metric system, the.
    * sistema monetario = coinage.
    * sistema monetario, el = coinage system, the.
    * Sistema Monetario Europeo = European Monetary System.
    * sistema nervioso = nervous system.
    * sistema nervioso central = central nervous system.
    * sistema nervioso periférico = peripheral nervous system.
    * sistema numérico = numbering scheme, numbering system.
    * sistema obsoleto = legacy system.
    * sistema ofimático = office system.
    * sistema olfativo = olfactory system.
    * sistema operativo = operating system, operational system, computer operating system.
    * sistema operativo de disco = Disc Operating System (DOS).
    * sistema óptico = optical system, optical system.
    * sistema óptico de información = optical information system.
    * sistema orgánico = organ system.
    * sistema organizativo = organisational scheme, organisation scheme.
    * sistema para el análisis formal de documentos = markup code.
    * sistema para el análisis formal de documentos web = markup system.
    * sistema para información geográfica (SIG) = Geographical Information System (GIS).
    * sistema para la información de gestión = management information system (MIS).
    * Sistema para la Información Geográfica (SIG) = Geographic Information System (GIS).
    * sistema para la recuperación de texto libre = free text retrieval system.
    * sistema penal = penal system.
    * sistema penitenciario = penal system.
    * sistema personal = home system.
    * sistema político = political system.
    * sistema político unipartidista = one-party rule.
    * sistema precoordinado = pre-coordinate system.
    * sistema respiratorio = respiratory system.
    * sistema social = social system.
    * sistema solar, el = solar system, the.
    * sistema + venirse abajo = system + crash.
    * sistema virtual de gestión de cursos = course management system.
    * teoría de sistemas = systems theory.
    * vendedor de sistemas = systems vendor.
    * volver a levantar el sistema = restart.
    * * *
    1) ( método) system
    2) ( conjunto organizado) system

    el sistema educativo/impositivo — the education/tax system

    * * *
    = framework, machinery, system, regime [régime], ways and means.

    Ex: The intention is to establish a general framework, and then to give exceptions or further explanation and examples for each area in turn.

    Ex: We can choose to turn our backs on these principles with fatuous arguments which posit their anachronism and the nonexistent intelligence of computing machinery.
    Ex: The training of users of On-line Public Access Catalogues (OPACs) should be attuned to the characteristics of the system = La formación de usuarios de los catálogos en linea de acceso público (CEAP) debería estar en consonancia con las características del sistema.
    Ex: This study found that online access to scientific serials is most appropriate in the third world, principally due to the presence of a small number of scientists with a broad range of interests which makes the fixed-price regimes of print, microform or CD-ROM disadvantageous.
    Ex: Teachers need to be more familiar with bibliographical ways and means: librarians should be more aware of problems from the teachers' perspective and make active efforts to inform teachers of sources of help.
    * abusar del sistema = game + the system, milk + the system.
    * activar un sistema = activate + system.
    * administrador del sistema = system administrator.
    * ADONIS (Distribución automática de documentos a través de sistemas de inform = ADONIS (Automated Document Delivery Over Networked Information Systems).
    * alterar el sistema = perturb + the system.
    * análisis de sistemas = system(s) analysis.
    * analista de sistemas = system(s) analyst.
    * analista de sistemas de gestión bibliotecaria = library systems analyst.
    * aprovecharse del sistema = game + the system, milk + the system.
    * auditoría de sistemas = systems audit, systems auditing.
    * auditoría de sistemas de información = information systems auditing, information systems audit.
    * bibliotecario de sistemas = systems librarian.
    * brecha del sistema de seguridad = security leak.
    * brecha en el sistema de seguridad = security hole.
    * burlar el sistema = beat + the system, game + the system.
    * caída del sistema = system crash.
    * catálogo del sistema = system catalogue.
    * Comité Conjunto para Sistemas de Información (JISC) = Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC).
    * configurador del sistema = system configurator.
    * controlador del sistema = system controller.
    * conversión al sistema decimal = decimalisation [decimalization, -USA].
    * conversión al sistema métrico = metrication.
    * convertir al sistema decimal = decimalise [decimalize, -USA].
    * copia de seguridad del sistema = system backup.
    * desafiar al sistema = beat + the system.
    * desarrollo de sistemas = system(s) development.
    * de todo el sistema = systemwide.
    * diseñador de sistemas = systems designer, system designer, system developer.
    * diseño de sistemas = systems design.
    * documentación del sistema = system documentation.
    * engañar al sistema = beat + the system, game + the system.
    * en todo el sistema = systemwide.
    * entre el hombre y el sistema = human-system.
    * en varios sistemas = cross-system.
    * evaluación de sistemas = system(s) evaluation.
    * fichero de existencias del sistema = system holdings file.
    * fichero de usuarios del sistema = system user file.
    * funcionar por un sistema de turnos = work on + a rota system, work on + a rota, work + shifts.
    * interfaz usuario-sistema = user/system interface.
    * ir en contra del sistema = buck + the system.
    * ISDS (Sistema Internacional de Datos sobre Publicaciones Seriadas) = ISDS (International Serials Data System).
    * mantener un sistema de turnos = hold + a rota of.
    * mostrar el prompt del sistema = prompt.
    * NISTF (Grupo de Trabajo sobre los Sistemas Nacionales de Información de la A = NISTF (Society of American Archivists National Information Systems Task Force).
    * nombre de acceso al sistema = system logon name.
    * organizar un sistema de turnos de + Nombre = organise + a rota of + Nombre.
    * PADIS (Sistema de Información para el Desarrollo de Africa) = PADIS (Pan-African Development Information System).
    * parecido a un sistema experto = expert-type.
    * promovido por el propio sistema de información = information-led.
    * prompt del sistema = system prompt.
    * propio del sistema = built-in.
    * protección del sistema = system security.
    * proveedor de sistemas = systems supplier, system supplier [systems supplier].
    * Proyecto para Sistemas Conectados (LSP) = Linked Systems Project (LSP).
    * responsable del sistema = system programmer.
    * seguridad del sistema = system security.
    * sistema abierto = open system.
    * sistema agrícola = farming system.
    * sistema anglosajón de medidas = imperial measures.
    * sistema anticuado = legacy system.
    * sistema antiguo = legacy system.
    * sistema antirrobo de libros = book security system, library security system.
    * sistema auditivo, el = auditory system, the.
    * sistema automatizado = data system, automated system, computerised system.
    * sistema automatizado de bibliotecas = automated library information system, library computer system.
    * sistema automatizado de indización = computer-based indexing system.
    * sistema automatizado de préstamo = automated lending system, computerised issue system.
    * sistema automatizado multimedia = multimedia computer system.
    * sistema automatizado para la recuperación = computerised document retrieval system, computerised information retrieval system.
    * sistema automatizado para la recuperación de documentos = computerised document retrieval system.
    * sistema automatizado para la recuperación de información = computerised information retrieval system.
    * sistema automatizado por microordenador = microcomputer-based system.
    * sistema bancario, el = banking system, the.
    * sistema basado en el conocimiento = knowledge-base system.
    * sistema basado en las imágenes = image-based system.
    * sistema bibliotecario = library system.
    * sistema bibliotecario automatizado = automated library system.
    * sistema bibliotecario de bibliotecas de un sólo tipo = single-type library system.
    * sistema bibliotecario de bibliotecas de varios tipos = multitype library system.
    * sistema bibliotecario nacional = national library system.
    * sistema bibliotecario regional = regional library system.
    * sistema bibliotecario universitario = university library system.
    * sistema + caerse = system + crash.
    * sistema cardiovascular = cardiovascular system.
    * sistema cerebroespinal, el = cerebrospinal system, the.
    * sistema circulatorio = circulatory system.
    * sistema comercial = market system, commercial system.
    * sistema de abastecimiento de agua = waterworks.
    * sistema de acceso mediante tarjeta = card access system.
    * sistema de aire acondicionado = air conditioning system, air cooling system.
    * sistema de alarma = alarm system, detection system.
    * sistema de alcantarillado = sewerage system, sewerage.
    * sistema de alerta = early warning system.
    * sistema de alerta de novedades tecnológicas = technology watch.
    * sistema de alerta temprana = early warning system.
    * sistema de alimentación = fuel system.
    * sistema de almacenamiento y recuperación de la información = information storage and retrieval system.
    * sistema de altas presiones = high-pressure system, ridge of high pressure.
    * sistema de alumbrado = lighting system.
    * sistema de apoyo a la toma de decisiones = decision support system, decision making system.
    * sistema de archivo = archiving system.
    * sistema de arranque = starting system.
    * sistema de asignaturas optativas = course elective system.
    * sistema de asistencia sanitaria = health care system.
    * sistema de autoedición = desktop system.
    * sistema de automatización de bibliotecas = library automation system.
    * sistema de aviso de reclamaciones = claims warning system.
    * sistema de ayuda = help system.
    * sistema de ayuda a la gestión = management support system (MSS).
    * sistema de bajas presiones = ridge of low pressure, low pressure system.
    * sistema de becas = grant scheme.
    * sistema de bibliotecas públicas = public library system.
    * sistema de búsqueda = paging system.
    * sistema de cableado = wiring system.
    * sistema de cables eléctricos = electrical wiring.
    * sistema de calefacción = heating system.
    * sistema de castas = caste system.
    * sistema de cierre = locking system.
    * sistema decimal = decimal system.
    * sistema de circulación automatizado = automated circulation system.
    * sistema de circulación del agua = water circulation system.
    * sistema de clases sociales = class system.
    * sistema de clasificación = classification scheme, scheme, classification system, classification schedules, grading system.
    * sistema de clasificación analítico = analytical classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación de Bliss = Bliss classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación decimal = decimal classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación de la Biblioteca del Congreso = LCC (Library of Congress Classification).
    * sistema de clasificación dicotomizado = dichotomized classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación enciclopédica = general classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación enumerativo = enumerative classification scheme, enumerative scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación especializado = special classification scheme, special scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación facetado = faceted classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación general = general scheme, general classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación jerárquico = hierarchical classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación lineal = linear classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación multidimensional = multidimensional classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación por disciplinas = discipline-oriented scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación sintético = synthetic classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación universal = universal classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación verbal = verbal classification system.
    * sistema de cobro por la información usada = information metering.
    * sistema de codificación = coding system.
    * sistema de compañías = companionship system.
    * sistema de comunicación = communication system.
    * sistema de comunicaciones = communication system.
    * Sistema de Comunicaciones y de Archivo Fotográfico (PACS) = Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS).
    * sistema de comunicación óptica = optical communication system.
    * Sistema de Comunicación por Paquetes (PSS) = Packet-Switching System (PSS).
    * sistema de conductos eléctricos = ducting system.
    * sistema de conferencia en línea = online conferencing system.
    * sistema de control = monitoring system, vetting system.
    * sistema de control de la salida = exit control system.
    * sistema de control de publicaciones seriadas = serials system, serials control system.
    * sistema de conversión de texto a voz = text-to-speech system.
    * sistema de copias de seguridad = backup system.
    * sistema de creencias = belief system.
    * sistema de criba = vetting system.
    * sistema de deducción de puntos = points system.
    * sistema de defensa = defence system.
    * sistema de detección = detection system.
    * sistema de detección de libros = book detection system.
    * sistema de digitalización de documentos = document imaging system.
    * sistema de discos ópticos = optical disc system.
    * sistema de distribución = distribution system.
    * sistema de drenaje = drainage system.
    * sistema de emergencia = backup supply, backup system.
    * sistema de emisión de gases = exhaust system.
    * sistema de emisión de humos = exhaust system.
    * sistema de encendido = ignition system.
    * sistema de entrada mediante tarjetas = card-entry system.
    * sistema de entrada múltiple = multiple entry system.
    * sistema de entrada única = single entry system.
    * sistema de escritura = writing system.
    * sistema de evaluación = rating system.
    * sistema de evaluación anónima = double-blind.
    * sistema de evaluación por paresanónima = double-blind refereeing system.
    * sistema de extinción de incendios mediante rociadores de agua = water sprinkler fire extinguishing system.
    * sistema de extinción de incendios = fire extinguishing system, extinguishing system.
    * sistema de extinción de incendios mediante gas halón = halon gas fire extinguishing system.
    * sistema de facturación = billing system.
    * sistema de facturación por uso = cost billing system.
    * sistema defensivo = defence system.
    * sistema de fichas = card based system.
    * sistema de fichas peek-a-boo = peek-a-boo system.
    * sistema de frenado = brake system, braking system.
    * sistema de frenado antibloqueo = antilock braking system.
    * sistema de frenos = brake system, braking system.
    * sistema de géneros = sex/gender system.
    * sistema de gestión bibliotecaria = library system, library management system.
    * sistema de gestión de documentos = record(s) system.
    * sistema de gestión de documentos electrónicos = electronic document management system (EDMS).
    * sistema de gestión de imágenes = imaging system, image-based system, image management system.
    * sistema de gestión de la información (SGI) = information management system (IMS).
    * sistema de gestión del conocimiento = knowledge management system (KMS).
    * Sistema de Gestión de Mensajes (MHS) = Message Handling System (MHS).
    * sistema de gestión de registros = record(s) system.
    * sistema de gestión documental = information retrieval system (IRS), record(s) system.
    * sistema de gobierno = polity.
    * sistema de iluminación = lighting system.
    * sistema de incentivos = reward system, system of incentives [incentive system].
    * sistema de indización = indexing system, index system.
    * sistema de indización con conservación del contexto (PRECIS) = PRECIS.
    * Sistema de Indización de Estructura Profunda (DSIS) = Deep Structure Indexing System (DSIS).
    * sistema de indización de fichas = card index system.
    * Sistema de Indización por Frases Anidadas (NEPHIS) = Nested Phrase Indexing System (NEPHIS).
    * sistema de indización postcoordinada = post-coordinate indexing system.
    * sistema de indización PRECIS = PRECIS indexing system.
    * sistema de indización precoordinada = pre-coordinate indexing system.
    * sistema de información = information system.
    * Sistema de Información Bibliotecario = LIBRIS.
    * sistema de información documental = document information system.
    * Sistema de Información Geográfica (SIG) = Geographic Information System (GIS).
    * sistema de información integrado = integrated information system.
    * sistema de información sectorial = sectoral information system.
    * Sistema de Información sobre Literatura Gris en Europa (SIGLE) = SIGLE (System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe).
    * sistema + dejar de funcionar = system + crash.
    * sistema de justicia penal = criminal justice system.
    * sistema de la ciencia, el = system of science, the.
    * sistema de lápiz óptico = data pen system.
    * sistema de llave en mano = turnkey system, turnkey software system.
    * sistema de lógica difusa = fuzzy system.
    * sistema del olfato = olfactory system.
    * sistema de medición de los recursos usados = metering system.
    * sistema de megafonía = public address system.
    * sistema de mercado = market system.
    * sistema de multas = fines system.
    * sistema de multiusuarios = multi-user system.
    * sistema de notas = grading system.
    * sistema de numeración = numbering scheme, numbering system.
    * sistema de petición de documentos = document delivery system.
    * sistema de préstamo = circulation system, issue system, lending system, book checking system, charge out system, library issue system.
    * sistema de préstamo automatizado = automated circulation system.
    * sistema de préstamo interbibliotecario = interlibrary loan system.
    * sistema de presupuestación mediante planificación y programación = planning programming budgeting system (PPBS).
    * sistema de primas = bonus scheme.
    * sistema de procesamiento de información = information processing system.
    * sistema de proceso de datos = data processing system.
    * sistema de proceso de imágenes = imaging system.
    * sistema de puntuación = point system.
    * sistema de reclamaciones = chasing system.
    * sistema de recompensa = reward system.
    * sistema de reconocimiento académico = academic reward(s) system.
    * sistema de recuperación = retrieval system.
    * sistema de recuperación de imágenes = image retrieval system.
    * sistema de recuperación de información = IR system.
    * sistema de recuperación de información por medio de menús = menu-based information retrieval system.
    * sistema de recuperación por relevancia = relevance system.
    * sistema de referencia = reference system, reference system.
    * sistema de referencia por coordenadas = grid reference.
    * sistema de refrigeración = cooling system.
    * sistema de registro = recording system.
    * sistema de reservas = booking system.
    * sistema de retransmisión = relay system.
    * sistema de rociadores de agua = sprinkler system, water sprinkler system.
    * sistema de saneamiento = sewerage system, sewerage.
    * sistema de seguimiento = monitoring system.
    * sistema de seguridad = security system, backup system.
    * sistema de selección = vetting system.
    * sistema de sonido cuadrafónico = quadrophonic system.
    * sistema de suministro de documentos = document supply system.
    * sistema de suministro de información = information supply system.
    * sistema de tarifas = charging system.
    * sistema de telecomunicaciones = telecommunication system.
    * sistema de televisión en color = colour system.
    * sistema de tiempo real = real-time system.
    * sistema de traducción automatizada = machine translation system.
    * sistema de transferencia de documentos = document delivery system.
    * sistema de transmisión de mensajes = messaging system.
    * sistema de transporte = transport system.
    * sistema de transporte público = public transport system.
    * sistema de tratamiento de imágenes = image processing system.
    * sistema de trueque, el = barter system, the.
    * sistema de tubos neumáticos = pneumatic tube system.
    * sistema de turnos = rota system.
    * sistema de valores = system of values, value system.
    * sistema de valores personales = personal value system.
    * sistema de valores sociales = social value system.
    * sistema de ventilación = ventilation system.
    * sistema de vídeodisco = video disc system.
    * Sistema de Vídeo Familiar (VHS) = VHS (Video Home System).
    * sistema de videotexto = videotext system.
    * sistema de videotexto público = public viewdata system.
    * sistema de vigilancia = surveillance system.
    * sistema de vigilancia electrónica = electronic surveillance system.
    * sistema digestivo = digestive system.
    * sistema documental = documentary system.
    * sistema económico = economic system.
    * sistema educativo = educational system, education system.
    * sistema electoral = electoral system.
    * sistema eléctrico = electrical system.
    * sistema electrónico de detección de robos = electronic theft detection system.
    * sistema endocrino, el = endocrine system, the.
    * sistema en el que el documento aparece representado en un único lugar del ín = one-place system.
    * sistema energético = energy system.
    * sistema en lenguaje natural = natural language system.
    * sistema en línea = online system.
    * sistema en red = network system.
    * sistema en uso = operational system.
    * sistema escolar, el = school system, the.
    * sistema ético = ethical system.
    * sistema experto = expert system, knowledge-base system.
    * Sistema General de Ordenación (SGO) = Broad System of Ordering (BSO).
    * sistema híbrido = hybrid system.
    * sistema ideológico = system of thought.
    * sistema informático = computing system, computer system.
    * sistema informático hecho por encargo = tailored system.
    * sistema inmunológico = immune system.
    * sistema integrado = integrated system.
    * sistema integrado de gestión bibliotecaria = integrated library package.
    * sistema inteligente = intelligent system.
    * sistema interactivo = interactive system.
    * sistema interactivo en línea = interactive online system.
    * sistema intermediario = backend system.
    * Sistema Internacional de Información sobre Agricultura (AGRIS) = AGRIS (International Agricultural Information System).
    * Sistema Internacional de Unidades, el = International System of Units, the.
    * sistema judicial = judicial system.
    * sistema legal, el = legal system, the.
    * sistema mercantil = market system.
    * sistema mercantilista = mercantile system.
    * sistema métrico decimal, el = metric system, the, decimal metric system, the.
    * sistema métrico, el = metric system, the.
    * sistema monetario = coinage.
    * sistema monetario, el = coinage system, the.
    * Sistema Monetario Europeo = European Monetary System.
    * sistema nervioso = nervous system.
    * sistema nervioso central = central nervous system.
    * sistema nervioso periférico = peripheral nervous system.
    * sistema numérico = numbering scheme, numbering system.
    * sistema obsoleto = legacy system.
    * sistema ofimático = office system.
    * sistema olfativo = olfactory system.
    * sistema operativo = operating system, operational system, computer operating system.
    * sistema operativo de disco = Disc Operating System (DOS).
    * sistema óptico = optical system, optical system.
    * sistema óptico de información = optical information system.
    * sistema orgánico = organ system.
    * sistema organizativo = organisational scheme, organisation scheme.
    * sistema para el análisis formal de documentos = markup code.
    * sistema para el análisis formal de documentos web = markup system.
    * sistema para información geográfica (SIG) = Geographical Information System (GIS).
    * sistema para la información de gestión = management information system (MIS).
    * Sistema para la Información Geográfica (SIG) = Geographic Information System (GIS).
    * sistema para la recuperación de texto libre = free text retrieval system.
    * sistema penal = penal system.
    * sistema penitenciario = penal system.
    * sistema personal = home system.
    * sistema político = political system.
    * sistema político unipartidista = one-party rule.
    * sistema precoordinado = pre-coordinate system.
    * sistema respiratorio = respiratory system.
    * sistema social = social system.
    * sistema solar, el = solar system, the.
    * sistema + venirse abajo = system + crash.
    * sistema virtual de gestión de cursos = course management system.
    * teoría de sistemas = systems theory.
    * vendedor de sistemas = systems vendor.
    * volver a levantar el sistema = restart.

    * * *
    A (método) system
    necesitamos un nuevo sistema we need a new way of doing things o a new system
    trabajar con sistema to work systematically o methodically
    él se opone a todo lo que yo propongo, por sistema he systematically o invariably opposes everything I propose, as a matter of course he opposes everything I propose
    B
    el sistema educativo/impositivo the education/tax system
    el sistema de calefacción the heating system
    2 ( Inf) system
    entrar en or al sistema to log in o on
    salir del sistema to log out o off
    Compuestos:
    ( Mil) Electronic Counter Measures
    distribution system
    set of simultaneous equations
    satellite navegation system
    through-ticketing
    expert system
    metric system
    European Monetary System
    mountain range
    nervous system
    central nervous system
    operating system
    disk operating system
    solar system
    ( Esp) through-ticketing
    * * *

     

    sistema sustantivo masculino
    1 ( método) system;
    trabajar con sistema to work systematically o methodically

    2 ( conjunto organizado) system;

    sistema solar solar system;
    Ssistema Monetario Europeo European Monetary System
    3 (Inf) system;
    entrar en el/salir del sistema to log on/off

    sistema sustantivo masculino
    1 system
    sistema circulatorio, circulatory system
    sistema operativo, operating system
    2 (modo) tenemos que buscar un sistema para hacerlo, we have to find a way to do it
    ♦ Locuciones: por sistema, as a rule
    ' sistema' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    bicameral
    - decimal
    - dicotomía
    - educativa
    - educativo
    - enseñanza
    - inconveniente
    - instrumentación
    - inutilizar
    - LOGSE
    - métrica
    - métrico
    - monetaria
    - monetario
    - obsoleta
    - obsoleto
    - perfección
    - poner
    - refrigeración
    - salir
    - simulador
    - simuladora
    - SME
    - SMI
    - solar
    - subsistir
    - sufragio
    - tributación
    - tributaria
    - tributario
    - vía
    - vídeo
    - afianzar
    - afiliarse
    - alfabetizar
    - aparato
    - aplicar
    - cómodo
    - complicado
    - defecto
    - desbaratar
    - ejido
    - escritura
    - falla
    - fórmula
    - funcionamiento
    - impositivo
    - inadecuado
    - ineficaz
    - ingeniar
    English:
    advanced
    - Amtrak
    - antilock braking system
    - backup
    - change over
    - decimal system
    - develop
    - development
    - diagram
    - DOS
    - efficient
    - electronic
    - establishment
    - European Monetary System
    - flagship
    - glitch
    - GPA
    - imperial mile
    - instal
    - install
    - institute
    - log in
    - log off
    - log on
    - log out
    - machinery
    - metric
    - MIS
    - nervous system
    - operating system
    - operational
    - PA
    - piecemeal
    - plumbing
    - pony express
    - process
    - respiratory system
    - retrieval
    - sanitary
    - service
    - set-up
    - sewerage
    - system
    - tax system
    - unsystematic
    - unsystematically
    - comprehensive
    - day
    - decimalization
    - down
    * * *
    nm
    1. [conjunto ordenado] system
    sistema de apertura retardada time lock;
    sistema de apoyo support system;
    el sistema bancario the banking system;
    Astron sistema binario [de estrellas] binary system;
    sistema cegesimal [de unidades] CGS system;
    el Sistema Central = Spanish central mountain range;
    sistema de coordenadas coordinate system;
    sistema decimal decimal system;
    TV sistema dual bilingual broadcasting;
    sistema fiscal tax system;
    el Sistema Ibérico the Iberian chain;
    sistema impositivo tax system;
    sistema métrico (decimal) metric (decimal) system;
    Sistema Monetario Europeo European Monetary System;
    sistema montañoso mountain chain o range;
    sistema periódico (de los elementos) periodic table (of elements);
    sistema planetario planetary system;
    sistema político political system;
    sistema de referencia frame of reference;
    sistema de seguridad security system;
    sistema solar solar system;
    sistema de transportes transport system;
    sistema tributario tax system
    2. Anat system
    sistema cardiovascular cardiovascular system;
    sistema circulatorio circulatory system;
    sistema endocrino endocrine system;
    sistema inmunológico immune system;
    sistema linfático lymphatic system;
    sistema nervioso nervous system;
    sistema nervioso central central nervous system
    3. [método, orden] method;
    trabajar con sistema to work methodically
    4. Informát system
    sistema de alimentación ininterrumpida uninterruptible power supply;
    sistema de almacenamiento storage system;
    sistema de archivos jerárquicos hierarchical file system;
    sistema de autor authoring system;
    sistema binario binary system;
    sistema experto expert system;
    sistema de gestión de bases de datos database management system;
    sistema hexadecimal hexadecimal system, base 16;
    sistema multiprocesador multiprocessor system;
    sistema multiusuario multi-user system;
    sistema de nombres de dominio domain name system;
    sistema operativo operating system
    5. Ling system
    por sistema loc adv
    systematically;
    me lleva la contraria por sistema he always argues with everything I say
    SISTEMA EDUCATIVO
    The Spanish education system starts with free nursery school from 3 to 6. This is followed by primary school from 6 to 12, and compulsory secondary education from 12 to 16, successful completion of which entitles pupils to a “secondary school diploma”. There is then a choice of a general course of study (“bachillerato”) or a technical one, both of two years. The bachillerato allows access to university courses, which can lead to a diploma or degree. In Latin America, there is great variation in educational provision from country to country. The end of compulsory education ranges from age 11 in Honduras to 16 in Peru, though in most countries it is between 13 and 15. Actual enrolment in primary school is high, even in the poorer countries, but about a third of secondary-school-age Latin American children are not actually enrolled. In a poor country such as Guatemala this rises to two-thirds, compared with the high level of secondary enrolment in Argentina, Chile or Cuba.
    * * *
    m system
    * * *
    : system
    * * *
    sistema n system

    Spanish-English dictionary > sistema

  • 11 titulación

    f.
    1 awarding of title, entitlement.
    2 titration.
    * * *
    1 qualifications plural
    * * *
    SF (Univ) degrees and diplomas pl

    "se necesita titulación universitaria" — "university degree required"

    * * *
    femenino qualifications (pl)

    personas con titulación universitaria — university graduates, college graduates (AmE)

    * * *
    = degree, qualification, course of study, degree course, professional qualification.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex. At this point one of the trustees, scratching his head, raised the question of the qualifications of such a person.
    Ex. The notion that a course of study, whether academic or vocational/technical, prepares a person for a lifetime career is outdated and dangerous.
    Ex. This is the first degree course for library technicians offered in Australia.
    Ex. The minimum professional qualifications in archaeology are a graduate degree in archaeology, anthropology, or a closely related field.
    ----
    * con doble titulación = dually qualified.
    * con titulación previa = already-qualified.
    * con titulación profesional = professionally educated.
    * obtener titulación = receive + degree.
    * sin titulación = unqualified.
    * titulación académica = academic qualification.
    * titulación compuesta de clases y prácticas en empresas = sandwich degree.
    * titulación en biblioteconomía y documentación = library degree, library science degree.
    * titulación formal = formal degree programme.
    * titulación profesional = professional qualification.
    * titulación requerida = job specs.
    * titulación universitaria = degree programme, university degree.
    * trabajador sin titulación específica = non-professional [nonprofessional].
    * * *
    femenino qualifications (pl)

    personas con titulación universitaria — university graduates, college graduates (AmE)

    * * *
    = degree, qualification, course of study, degree course, professional qualification.

    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.

    Ex: At this point one of the trustees, scratching his head, raised the question of the qualifications of such a person.
    Ex: The notion that a course of study, whether academic or vocational/technical, prepares a person for a lifetime career is outdated and dangerous.
    Ex: This is the first degree course for library technicians offered in Australia.
    Ex: The minimum professional qualifications in archaeology are a graduate degree in archaeology, anthropology, or a closely related field.
    * con doble titulación = dually qualified.
    * con titulación previa = already-qualified.
    * con titulación profesional = professionally educated.
    * obtener titulación = receive + degree.
    * sin titulación = unqualified.
    * titulación académica = academic qualification.
    * titulación compuesta de clases y prácticas en empresas = sandwich degree.
    * titulación en biblioteconomía y documentación = library degree, library science degree.
    * titulaciones = certificate and degree programs.
    * titulación formal = formal degree programme.
    * titulación profesional = professional qualification.
    * titulación requerida = job specs.
    * titulación universitaria = degree programme, university degree.
    * trabajador sin titulación específica = non-professional [nonprofessional].

    * * *
    qualifications (pl)
    un profesor de titulación francesa a teacher who qualified in France
    personas con titulación universitaria university graduates, college graduates ( AmE), people with university o ( AmE) college degrees
    [ S ] se exige titulación universitaria or superior graduate required
    * * *

    titulación sustantivo femenino
    qualifications (pl);

    titulación f Educ qualifications pl

    ' titulación' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    licenciatura
    English:
    qualified
    - unqualified
    * * *
    [académica] qualifications titulación profesional professional qualifications
    * * *
    f qualifications pl

    Spanish-English dictionary > titulación

  • 12 título

    m.
    1 title, caption, headline, heading.
    2 diploma, title, degree, qualification.
    3 investment certificate, security.
    4 titer.
    * * *
    1 (de obra) title
    3 (dignidad) title
    4 (persona noble) noble (person)
    5 EDUCACIÓN (licenciatura) degree; (diploma) certificate, diploma
    6 (documento) title
    8 (banca) bond, security
    1 (titulación) qualifications; (méritos) qualities
    \
    título de nobleza nobility title
    * * *
    noun m.
    2) degree, qualification
    3) diploma, certificate
    4) bond
    * * *
    SM
    1) [de libro, película] title; [en periódico] headline; (Jur) heading
    2) [de campeón] title
    3) (Educ) (=diploma) certificate; (=licenciatura) degree; (=calificación) qualification; Caribe (Aut) driving licence, driver's license (EEUU)
    pl títulos qualifications
    4) (=dignidad) title; (=persona) titled person

    casarse con un título — to marry into the nobility, marry a titled person

    5) (=cualidad) quality

    tiene varios títulos honrosos — he has several noble qualities, he has a number of worthy attributes

    6) [en presupuesto] item
    7)

    a título de(=a modo de) by way of; (=en calidad de) in the capacity of

    a título de ejemplo,... — by way of example,..., for example,...

    a título particular o personal — in a personal capacity, in an unofficial capacity

    8) [de bienes] title
    9) (Econ) (=bono) bond
    10) (=derecho) right
    * * *
    1) (de libro, película) title, name; ( de capítulo) heading, title; ( de una ley) title

    un poema que lleva por título... — a poem called o (frml) entitled...

    2) (Educ) degree; ( diploma) certificate
    3) (que refleja honor, mérito, etc) title
    4) tb
    5) ( en locs)

    a título: esto lo digo a título personal I'm speaking personally here; les daré algunas cifras a título orientativo I'll give you a few figures to put you in the picture o to give you an idea; a título de ( a manera de) by way of; ( en calidad de): asiste a título de observador he's here as an observer; lo recibió a título de préstamo he received it as a loan; ¿a título de qué me dices eso ahora? — (fam) what are you telling me that for now?

    6) (Der) title, (Econ, Fin) security, bond
    * * *
    = address, degree, title, title, certification, diploma.
    Ex. Typically, the additions to the name will fall within the following categories: title of nobility, title of honour, address, date of birth, and date of death.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex. The title of a work is a word, phrase, character, or group of characters, normally appearing in an item, naming the item or the work contained in it.
    Ex. If the title is selected by a book club this helps boost the print-run and overall sales.
    Ex. It is remarkable how, in an economy with diminishing job opportunities, librarians compensate for their inability to demonstrate the value of their skills by seeking the protection of educational and certification requirements.
    Ex. The guidelines can be used as a tool for the recognition of LIS diplomas and degrees beyond a country's border.
    ----
    * acceso a la información por el título = title approach.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * área de título y de mención de responsabilidad = title and statement of responsibility area.
    * asiento de título = title unit entry.
    * asiento secundario de título = added title entry.
    * asiento secundario por autor y título = author-title added entry, name-title added entry.
    * asiento secundario por título = title added entry.
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * bloque funcional de títulos relacionados = related title block.
    * boletín de títulos = titles bulletin.
    * buscar por autor y título = search by + name-title key.
    * buscar por título = search by + title key.
    * búsqueda de títulos = title search.
    * búsqueda por autor = author/title search.
    * búsqueda por palabra del título = title word search.
    * cambiar el título = retitle.
    * cambio de título = title change.
    * catálogo de autores y títulos = author/title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos = title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos abreviados = short title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos sin abreviar = long-title catalogue.
    * ceremonia de entrega de títulos = graduation ceremony.
    * clave de búsqueda por el título = title key.
    * conceder un título = bestow + title.
    * con el título = entitled.
    * dar título = title.
    * encabezamiento de título = title entry.
    * encabezamientos de nombre y título = name-title headings.
    * entrada por el título = title main entry.
    * entrada por palabra clave del título = catchword entry.
    * frase a modo de título = title-like phrase.
    * ganar un título = win + title.
    * índice de títulos = title index.
    * índice invertido de las palabras del título = title word dictionary.
    * índice KWIT (Palabra Clave del Título) = KWIT (Keyword-in-Title).
    * índice permutado de títulos = permuted title index.
    * índices de títulos al estilo de los índices de materia = subject-type title indexes.
    * indización permutada de títulos = permuted title indexing.
    * indización por palabras clave del título = catchword indexing, catchword title indexing.
    * indización por palabras del título = title-term indexing.
    * inferior al título = sub-degree [subdegree].
    * lucha por el título = title race.
    * mención de título = title statement.
    * obtener un título = gain + a degree in.
    * ordenación por títulos = title-based arrangement.
    * otorgar el título de "sir" = elevate to + knighthood.
    * otorgar un título = confer + degree, bestow + title.
    * palabra del título = title word, title term.
    * pantalla de títulos = title display.
    * porcentaje de títulos servidos = title fill rate.
    * poseer un título = hold + degree.
    * presentación circular de títulos = wrap-around.
    * referencia de autor y título = author-title reference, name-title reference.
    * relacionado con la obtención de títulos = credential-granting.
    * sin título = untitled.
    * subtítulo y/o información complementaria sobre el título = other title information.
    * título abreviado = catch-title, abbreviated title.
    * título académico = professional degree, academic degree.
    * título alternativo = alternative title.
    * título buscado por el usuario = sought title.
    * título clave = key title.
    * título colectivo = collective title.
    * título comercial = trade title.
    * título común = common title.
    * título de cabecera = caption title.
    * título de cubierta = binder's title.
    * título de doctor = doctor's degree, doctoral degree.
    * título de la cubierta = cover title.
    * título de la funda = sleeve title.
    * título de la publicación periódica = serial title.
    * título de la revista = journal title.
    * título de la serie = series title.
    * título de la signatura = docket title.
    * título del capítulo = chapter heading.
    * título del lomo = spine title.
    * título del lomo descendente = descending spine title.
    * título de lord = peerage.
    * título de peluquero = hairdressing certificate.
    * título de publicación periódica = periodical title.
    * título de reconocimiento = honorary scroll.
    * título facticio = supplied title.
    * título honorífico = title of honour, honorific, honorific title.
    * título honoris causa = honorary degree, honoris causa.
    * título informativo = informative title.
    * título nobiliario = title of nobility.
    * título original = original title.
    * título paralelo = parallel title.
    * título por línea = title-a-line.
    * título profesional = professional degree, professional qualification.
    * título propiamente dicho = title proper.
    * título provisional = working title.
    * título repetido = running title.
    * título superior = advanced degree.
    * título uniforme = uniform title.
    * título universitario = university degree.
    * * *
    1) (de libro, película) title, name; ( de capítulo) heading, title; ( de una ley) title

    un poema que lleva por título... — a poem called o (frml) entitled...

    2) (Educ) degree; ( diploma) certificate
    3) (que refleja honor, mérito, etc) title
    4) tb
    5) ( en locs)

    a título: esto lo digo a título personal I'm speaking personally here; les daré algunas cifras a título orientativo I'll give you a few figures to put you in the picture o to give you an idea; a título de ( a manera de) by way of; ( en calidad de): asiste a título de observador he's here as an observer; lo recibió a título de préstamo he received it as a loan; ¿a título de qué me dices eso ahora? — (fam) what are you telling me that for now?

    6) (Der) title, (Econ, Fin) security, bond
    * * *
    = address, degree, title, title, certification, diploma.

    Ex: Typically, the additions to the name will fall within the following categories: title of nobility, title of honour, address, date of birth, and date of death.

    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex: The title of a work is a word, phrase, character, or group of characters, normally appearing in an item, naming the item or the work contained in it.
    Ex: If the title is selected by a book club this helps boost the print-run and overall sales.
    Ex: It is remarkable how, in an economy with diminishing job opportunities, librarians compensate for their inability to demonstrate the value of their skills by seeking the protection of educational and certification requirements.
    Ex: The guidelines can be used as a tool for the recognition of LIS diplomas and degrees beyond a country's border.
    * acceso a la información por el título = title approach.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * área de título y de mención de responsabilidad = title and statement of responsibility area.
    * asiento de título = title unit entry.
    * asiento secundario de título = added title entry.
    * asiento secundario por autor y título = author-title added entry, name-title added entry.
    * asiento secundario por título = title added entry.
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * bloque funcional de títulos relacionados = related title block.
    * boletín de títulos = titles bulletin.
    * buscar por autor y título = search by + name-title key.
    * buscar por título = search by + title key.
    * búsqueda de títulos = title search.
    * búsqueda por autor = author/title search.
    * búsqueda por palabra del título = title word search.
    * cambiar el título = retitle.
    * cambio de título = title change.
    * catálogo de autores y títulos = author/title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos = title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos abreviados = short title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos sin abreviar = long-title catalogue.
    * ceremonia de entrega de títulos = graduation ceremony.
    * clave de búsqueda por el título = title key.
    * conceder un título = bestow + title.
    * con el título = entitled.
    * dar título = title.
    * encabezamiento de título = title entry.
    * encabezamientos de nombre y título = name-title headings.
    * entrada por el título = title main entry.
    * entrada por palabra clave del título = catchword entry.
    * frase a modo de título = title-like phrase.
    * ganar un título = win + title.
    * índice de títulos = title index.
    * índice invertido de las palabras del título = title word dictionary.
    * índice KWIT (Palabra Clave del Título) = KWIT (Keyword-in-Title).
    * índice permutado de títulos = permuted title index.
    * índices de títulos al estilo de los índices de materia = subject-type title indexes.
    * indización permutada de títulos = permuted title indexing.
    * indización por palabras clave del título = catchword indexing, catchword title indexing.
    * indización por palabras del título = title-term indexing.
    * inferior al título = sub-degree [subdegree].
    * lucha por el título = title race.
    * mención de título = title statement.
    * obtener un título = gain + a degree in.
    * ordenación por títulos = title-based arrangement.
    * otorgar el título de "sir" = elevate to + knighthood.
    * otorgar un título = confer + degree, bestow + title.
    * palabra del título = title word, title term.
    * pantalla de títulos = title display.
    * porcentaje de títulos servidos = title fill rate.
    * poseer un título = hold + degree.
    * presentación circular de títulos = wrap-around.
    * referencia de autor y título = author-title reference, name-title reference.
    * relacionado con la obtención de títulos = credential-granting.
    * sin título = untitled.
    * subtítulo y/o información complementaria sobre el título = other title information.
    * título abreviado = catch-title, abbreviated title.
    * título académico = professional degree, academic degree.
    * título alternativo = alternative title.
    * título buscado por el usuario = sought title.
    * título clave = key title.
    * título colectivo = collective title.
    * título comercial = trade title.
    * título común = common title.
    * título de cabecera = caption title.
    * título de cubierta = binder's title.
    * título de doctor = doctor's degree, doctoral degree.
    * título de la cubierta = cover title.
    * título de la funda = sleeve title.
    * título de la publicación periódica = serial title.
    * título de la revista = journal title.
    * título de la serie = series title.
    * título de la signatura = docket title.
    * título del capítulo = chapter heading.
    * título del lomo = spine title.
    * título del lomo descendente = descending spine title.
    * título de lord = peerage.
    * título de peluquero = hairdressing certificate.
    * título de publicación periódica = periodical title.
    * título de reconocimiento = honorary scroll.
    * título facticio = supplied title.
    * título honorífico = title of honour, honorific, honorific title.
    * título honoris causa = honorary degree, honoris causa.
    * título informativo = informative title.
    * título nobiliario = title of nobility.
    * título original = original title.
    * título paralelo = parallel title.
    * título por línea = title-a-line.
    * título profesional = professional degree, professional qualification.
    * título propiamente dicho = title proper.
    * título provisional = working title.
    * título repetido = running title.
    * título superior = advanced degree.
    * título uniforme = uniform title.
    * título universitario = university degree.

    * * *
    A
    1 (de un libro, una película) title, name; (de un capítulo) heading, title
    2 (de una ley) title
    Compuesto:
    credits (pl)
    B ( Educ) degree; (diploma) certificate
    Compuestos:
    academic qualification
    university degree, college degree ( AmE)
    C (que refleja una dignidad, un mérito, etc) title
    se ganó el título de Miss Mundo she won the Miss World title
    D
    E
    (en locs): a título: esto lo digo a título personal, no en mi calidad de empleado de la empresa this is my personal view o I'm speaking personally here and not as an employee of the company
    a título informativo, éstas son las fechas de las reuniones for your information, these are the dates of the meetings
    a título anecdótico comentó que … by way of an anecdote he said that …
    les daré algunas cifras a título orientativo I'll give you a few figures to put you in the picture o to give you an idea
    a título de by way of
    a título de introducción by way of introduction
    en las tierras vivían a título de arrendatarias 352 familias 352 families lived on the land as tenants
    ¿a título de qué me dices eso ahora? ( fam); what are you telling me that for now?
    F (de un bien) title
    G ( Econ, Fin) security, bond
    Compuestos:
    bearer bond
    credit instrument
    title deed, document of title
    * * *

     

    Del verbo titular: ( conjugate titular)

    titulo es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    tituló es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) pretérito indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    titular    
    título
    titular 1 adjetivo ‹médico/profesor permanent
    ■ sustantivo masculino y femenino (de pasaporte, cuenta, cargo) holder
    ■ sustantivo masculino

    b) (Rad, TV) main story;


    titular 2 ( conjugate titular) verbo transitivo obra›:
    su novela titulada `Julia' his novel called o (frml) entitled `Julia'

    titularse verbo pronominal
    1 [obra/película] to be called, be entitled (frml)
    2 (Educ) to graduate, get one's degree;
    títulose EN/DE algo to graduate in/as sth
    título sustantivo masculino
    1 ( en general) title;
    un poema que lleva por título … a poem called o (frml) entitled …;

    el título de campeón juvenil the junior title;
    título nobiliario title;
    a título de: a título de introducción by way of introduction;
    asiste a título de observador he's attending as an observer
    2 (Educ) degree;
    ( diploma) certificate;

    título universitario university degree, college degree (AmE)
    título sustantivo masculino
    1 (de una obra, una ley) title
    2 Educ (cualificación) qualification
    (universitario) degree
    (documento impreso) degree certificate 3 título nobiliario, title
    4 Cine títulos de crédito, credits
    ♦ Locuciones: a título de, by way of
    a título de curiosidad, as a matter of interest
    ' título' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    concepto
    - conquistar
    - detentar
    - ducado
    - excelencia
    - existente
    - infante
    - nobiliaria
    - nobiliario
    - ostentar
    - poner
    - subtítulo
    - aspirante
    - barón
    - calificar
    - capacitar
    - ceder
    - conseguir
    - convalidar
    - despojar
    - dignidad
    - diplomarse
    - disputar
    - el
    - goce
    - grado
    - habilitar
    - heredar
    - llamar
    - pasar
    - poseedor
    - poseer
    - renunciar
    - revalidar
    - rótulo
    - tratamiento
    - usurpar
    English:
    approval
    - defending champion
    - degree
    - esquire
    - heading
    - honourable
    - knighthood
    - lady
    - liability
    - qualification
    - qualify
    - rubric
    - saint
    - second
    - share certificate
    - sir
    - title
    - title track
    - unqualified
    - caption
    - cost
    - dame
    - date
    - debar
    - defending
    - elevate
    - fellowship
    - graduate
    - knight
    - QC
    - right
    - succeed
    - untrained
    * * *
    nm
    1. [de obra, película] title
    Cine títulos de crédito credits;
    título de página running head, page title
    2. [licenciatura] degree;
    [diploma] diploma;
    tiene muchos títulos she has a lot of qualifications
    título académico academic degree;
    títulos profesionales professional qualifications;
    título universitario university degree
    3. [de concurso, competición] title;
    el título de la liga/de campeón the league/championship title
    4. [de derecho, obligación] [documento] deed;
    5. Fin security
    título de acción Br share o US stock certificate;
    título de deuda pública government bond;
    títulos del Estado government stock;
    títulos de renta fija fixed-income securities;
    títulos no cotizados unlisted securities
    7. [derecho] title, right
    a título (de) loc prep
    a título de amigo as a friend;
    a título de ejemplo podemos destacar… by way of example we can point to…;
    participar a título individual to take part on an individual basis;
    lo digo a título individual I'm speaking purely for myself;
    a título orientativo by way of guidance, for your guidance
    * * *
    m
    1 nobiliario, de libro title
    2 universitario degree;
    tener muchos títulos be highly qualified
    3 JUR title
    4 COM bond
    5
    :
    a título de introducción as an introduction, by way of introduction;
    a título de representante as a representative
    * * *
    1) : title
    2) : degree, qualification
    3) : security, bond
    4)
    a título de : by way of, in the capacity of
    * * *
    1. (nombre) title / name
    ¿cuál es el título de la película? what's the name of the film?
    2. (premio) title
    3. (estudios) degree
    4. (documento) certificate

    Spanish-English dictionary > título

  • 13 antisocialista

    adj.
    antisocialistic.
    f. & m.
    antisocialist, person who opposes socialism.

    Spanish-English dictionary > antisocialista

  • 14 contraventor

    adj.
    contravening, infringing.
    m.
    1 transgressor, offender.
    2 contravener, he who opposes another.

    Spanish-English dictionary > contraventor

  • 15 músculo antagonista

    m.
    1 antagonist muscle, antagonist, muscle which opposes another muscle, antagonistic muscle.
    2 antagonist muscle, antagonist, antagonistic muscle, muscle which opposes another muscle.

    Spanish-English dictionary > músculo antagonista

См. также в других словарях:

  • OPPOSÉS — Depuis les formes les plus archaïques de la pensée, jusqu’en ses schèmes les plus abstraits, se retrouvent des oppositions (chaud froid, bas haut, civilisé barbare, homme femme, plein vide, homogène hétérogène, etc.). Une même intuition… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Opposés — Feuille  Cet article concerne l utilisation du mot feuille en botanique. Pour l utilisation du mot en papeterie, voir Feuille de papier. Pour les autres significations, voir Feuille (homonymie). La feuille est l organe spécialisé dans la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • opposes — op·pose || É™ pəʊz v. resist; hinder; contend, be strong in a contradictory opinion; set against, contrast, counterbalance …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Angles opposés par le sommet — Les angles α et γ sont opposés par le sommet, ainsi que les angles β et δ. En géométrie, deux angles sont dits angles opposés par le sommet si : ils ont le même sommet et les côtés de l un sont les prolongements des côtés de l autre. Les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moteur avec cylindres opposés horizontalement — Boxer (moteur) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boxer. Photographie du moteur UL260i Flat 4 utilisé en aviation. Article principal  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • one who opposes — index foe, opponent Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Points diamétralement opposés — ● Points diamétralement opposés points qui sont aux extrémités d un même diamètre …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • PSYCHANALYSE ET CONCEPT D’OPPOSITION — La découverte des processus inconscients, liée à celle du conflit intrapsychique, se formule fréquemment sous la plume de Freud par le vocable d’opposition (Gegensatz ) et, à l’occasion, par l’un de ses dérivés, d’une importance théorique… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • opposer — [ ɔpoze ] v. tr. <conjug. : 1> • 1165 intr. « objecter »; lat. opponere, d apr. poser I ♦ 1 ♦ (1312) Alléguer (une raison qui fait obstacle à ce qu une personne a dit, pensé). ⇒ invoquer, objecter, prétexter. « Il refuse ? Quel prétexte… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008 — This article compares the presidential candidates in the United States 2008 presidential election. It does not cover previous elections. Because of ballot access restrictions in the United States, not all candidates appeared on the ballots in all …   Wikipedia

  • opposé — opposé, ée [ ɔpoze ] adj. et n. m. • 1549; de opposer 1 ♦ Se dit (au plur.) de choses situées de part et d autre et plus ou moins loin d un axe réel ou imaginaire et qui sont orientées face à face, dos à dos (⇒ symétrique); se dit (au sing.) d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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