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gratuitous

  • 1 a

    prep.
    1 to.
    voy a Madrid I'm going to Madrid
    me voy al extranjero I'm going abroad
    llegó a Buenos Aires/a la fiesta he arrived in Buenos Aires/at the party
    2 at (moment).
    a las siete at seven o'clock
    a los once años at the age of eleven
    al caer la noche at nightfall
    al oír la noticia se desmayó on hearing the news, she fainted
    Llegué al amanecer I arrived at dawn.
    3 per, every (frecuency).
    40 horas a la semana 40 hours per o a week
    tres veces al día three times a day
    4 to.
    dáselo a Ricardo give it to Ricardo
    dile a Ricardo que venga tell Ricardo to come
    5 to.
    entró a pagar he came in to pay
    aprender a nadar to learn to swim
    6 by, about to, for.
    * * *
    A, a
    nombre femenino (pl as o aes)
    1 (la letra) A, a
    ————————
    A
    1 ( Alteza) Highness; (abreviatura) H
    ————————
    A
    1 ( autopista) motorway; (abreviatura) M
    ————————
    A
    1 ( amperio) ampere, amp; (símbolo) A
    * * *
    prep.
    1) to
    2) into
    3) in
    4) at
    5) on
    6) with
    * * *
    SF = a (=letra) A, a
    * * *
    a femenino (pl aes) ( read as [a]) the letter A, a
    * * *
    = for, per, to.
    Ex. The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.
    Ex. Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
    Ex. Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
    ----
    * a + Adjetivo + escala = on a + Adjetivo + scale.
    * a alguna parte = someplace.
    * a alta presión = high-pressured, high-pressure.
    * a altas horas de la noche = late at night.
    * a ambas orillas del Atlántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de = on either side of.
    * a ambos lados del Altántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de + Lugar = on both sides of + Lugar.
    * a años luz de = light years away from.
    * a bajas temperaturas = at low temperature.
    * a bajo coste = low-cost.
    * a bajo costo = low-cost.
    * a bajo nivel = low-level.
    * a bajo precio = lower-cost, at a low price, on the cheap.
    * a base de = in the form of, on a diet of.
    * a base de carne = meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.].
    * a base de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a base de errores = the hard way.
    * a boca de jarro = at close range.
    * a bocajarro = point blank.
    * a bombo y platillo = fanfare, with a bang.
    * a bordo = aboard, on board ship.
    * a bordo de = aboard, onboard.
    * a bordo de un barco = shipboard, on board ship.
    * a buen recaudo = in a safe place, in safekeeping.
    * a caballo = on horseback, astride.
    * a caballo entre = astride... and..., midway between.
    * a caballo entre... y... = half way between... and....
    * a caballo regalado no se le mira el diente = never look a gift horse in the mouth.
    * a cada rato = every so often, every now and then, every now and again, every once in a while.
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * a cántaros = cats and dogs.
    * a cargo = in the saddle.
    * a cargo (de) = charged with, in charge (of), at the helm (of).
    * a cargo de Alguien = under supervision.
    * a cargo de las riendas = in the saddle.
    * a cargo del ayuntamiento = local authority-run.
    * a cargo del gobierno = government-operated, government-run.
    * a cargo de una sola persona = one-man band.
    * a cargo de voluntarios = volunteer-run.
    * a chorros = profusely.
    * a ciegas = blindfold, blindly, blindfolded, in the dark.
    * a ciencia cierta = for sure, for certain.
    * a cierta distancia = some distance away.
    * a cierta distancia de = off.
    * a cierta distancia de la costa = offshore.
    * a cierta distancia del litoral = offshore.
    * a cobro revertido = reverse charges.
    * a color = multi-colour [multi-color -USA].
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * a conciencia = deliberately, wilfully [willfully, -USA], by design, on purpose.
    * a condición de que + Subjuntivo = provided (that), providing (that), as long as.
    * a contenido enriquecido = content-enriched.
    * a continuación = next, then, in the following, herewith.
    * a continuación se enumeran = given below.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * a contraluz = against the light.
    * a contrapelo = against the grain, against the nap.
    * a coro = with one voice, in unison.
    * a corto plazo = before very long, short term [short-term], in the short run, short-range, at short notice, in the short term, short-run.
    * a costa de = at the cost of, at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense, at cost of.
    * a costa de mucho = at (a) great expense.
    * a costa de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a costa de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * a cualquier hora = anytime, around the clock.
    * a cualquier hora del día o de la noche = at any hour of the day or night, at any time of the day or night.
    * a cualquier precio = at any cost, at all costs, at any price.
    * a cuatro aguas = hipped.
    * a cuatro patas = on all fours, on four legs.
    * a cuenta de = at the expense of.
    * a cuenta de la empresa = at company expense.
    * a cuenta de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a cuenta de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a cuenta propia = at + Posesivo + expense, at + Posesivo + own expense.
    * a cuerpo de rey = the lap of luxury.
    * a cuestas = in tow.
    * a decir de todos = by all accounts.
    * a decir verdad = to tell the truth, if the truth be known, if the truth be told, in all truth, in truth, fact is, the fact is (that), to be fair.
    * a decir verdad... = the fact of the matter is that....
    * a demanda = pro re nata.
    * a deshora(s) = at odd times, out of hours.
    * a día de hoy = as of today.
    * a diario = every day.
    * a diestro y siniestro = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a dieta = on a diet.
    * a diferencia de = apart from, as opposed to, in contradistinction to, as contrasted with, in contrast (to/with), quite apart from, in sharp contrast (with).
    * a diferencia de + Nombre = unlike + Nombre.
    * a diferentes niveles = multi-tiered [multitiered], multi-tier [multitier].
    * a discreción = at will, no holds barred.
    * a disgusto = unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a disposición de = at the disposal of.
    * a distancia = remote, remotely, distantly.
    * a doble espacio = double-spaced.
    * a domicilio = domiciliary.
    * ¿a dónde se dirige(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde va(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde vas? = quo vadis, whither thou goest.
    * a dos niveles = two-tier.
    * a dos velas = skint, penniless, broke.
    * a duras penas = with great difficulty.
    * a efectos de = in terms of, for the purpose of + Nombre.
    * a efectos prácticos = to all intents and purposes, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes, to all intents.
    * a él = him.
    * a ellos = them.
    * a escala = drawn-to-scale.
    * a escala industrial = on an industrial scale, industrial-scale.
    * a escala mundial = globally, on a global scale.
    * a escala natural = full-scale.
    * a escondidas = by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the quiet, on the sly.
    * a eso = thereto.
    * a espaldas de = out of sight of.
    * a estas alturas = by now.
    * a este fin = to this end.
    * a este paso = at this rate.
    * a este respecto = in this respect.
    * a este ritmo = at this rate.
    * a estrenar = brand new.
    * a examen = under the microscope.
    * a excepción de = barring, except for, excepting, other than, with the exception of, short of.
    * a excepción de que = except that.
    * a excepción de uno = with one exception.
    * a expensas de = at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense.
    * a expensas de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a expensas de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a + Expresión Temporal = as of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a falta de = for want of, in the absence of, in default of, for lack of, short of.
    * a favor = in favour.
    * a favor de = in favour of.
    * a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto = pro-choice.
    * a favor de la esclavitud = pro-slavery.
    * a favor de la raza negra = pro-black [problack].
    * a favor de la vida humana = pro-life.
    * a favor y en contra = pro and con.
    * a + Fecha = as per + Fecha.
    * a finales de = by the end of, at the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Expresión Temporal = as of late + Expresión Temporal, at the end of + Expresión Temporal, by the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Fecha = in the late + Fecha, in late + Fecha.
    * a finales de los + Década = late + Década, the.
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo, late period of + Siglo.
    * a fin de cuentas = at the end of the day, in the end, in the final count, in the grand scheme of things, when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * a fondo = fully, thoroughly, full-scale.
    * a fondo perdido = non-refundable.
    * ¡a freír espárragos! = on your bike!.
    * a fuerza de = by dint of.
    * a fuerza de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a fuerza de errores = the hard way.
    * a gas = gas-powered.
    * a gatas = on all fours.
    * a grandes rasgos = broadly, rough draft.
    * a granel = in bulk.
    * a gran escala = large scale [large-scale], massive, on a wide scale, high-volume, wide-scale, on a broad scale, in a big way, on a grand scale.
    * a gran velocidad = at great speed.
    * a grito limpio = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a grito pelado = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a gritos = vociferously.
    * a groso modo = crudely.
    * a grosso modo = roughly, rough draft.
    * a gusto = at ease, at leisure.
    * a gusto de = to the liking of, at the pleasure of.
    * a horcajadas = astride.
    * a hurtadillas = surreptitiously, by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the sly.
    * a imitación de lo clásico = classicising [classicizing, -USA], classicised [classicized, -USA].
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * a instancia de = at the urging of.
    * a instancias de = at the instigation of, at the behest of, under the auspices of.
    * a intervalos = at intervals.
    * a intervalos + Adjetivo = at + Adjetivo + intervals.
    * a intervalos semanales = at weekly intervals.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * a jabón = soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.].
    * a juicio = on trial.
    * a juicio público = in the public eye.
    * a juzgar por = to judge by, judging by, judging from.
    * a la acuarela = water-coloured [water-colored, -USA].
    * a la alcaldía = mayoral.
    * a la altura de = of the stature of, equal to.
    * a la altura de la cintura = waist high, waist deep.
    * a la altura de la rodilla = knee-high.
    * a la altura de los hombros = shoulder-high.
    * a la anchura de los hombros = shoulder-width.
    * a la anochecida = at nightfall.
    * a la antigua = old-style.
    * a la antigua usanza = old-style.
    * a la atención de = c/o (care of).
    * a la baja = on the wane.
    * a la brasa = grilled.
    * a la buena de Dios = out in the cold.
    * a la cabeza de = in the forefront of/in.
    * a la caída de la noche = at nightfall, at twilight.
    * a la caída de la tarde = at twilight.
    * a la carta = a la carte.
    * a la defensiva = on the defensive.
    * a la derecha = at the right.
    * a la derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a la deriva = rudderless.
    * a la discreción de = at the discretion of.
    * a la disposición de Alguien = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a la expectativa de = on the lookout for, on the alert for.
    * a la + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * a la fuerza = forcefully, of necessity, forcibly, compulsorily.
    * a la fuga = on the run, on the lam.
    * a la hora de + Infinitivo = when it came to + Gerundio, when it comes to + Gerundio.
    * a la hora de la verdad = when push comes to shove, if it comes to the crunch, when it comes to the crunch, when the worst comes to the worst, if the worst comes to the worst, when the crunch comes to the crunch, if the crunch comes to the crunch.
    * a la hora del café = at coffee.
    * a la intemperie = in the open, exposed.
    * a la inversa = mirror-fashion, mirror image, in reverse.
    * a la izquierda = at the left.
    * a la larga = in the long term, over the long term, in the end, eventually, for the long pull, over a period of time, over the long haul, in the far term, ultimately, by and by.
    * a la ligera = lightly.
    * a la luz de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la luz de la luna = by moonlight, in the moonlight, moonlit.
    * a la luz de las estrellas = by starlight.
    * a la luz de las velas = by candlelight, candlelight, candlelit.
    * a la luz del día = in the light of day.
    * a la luz de una lámpara de gas = by gaslight.
    * a la misma altura que = in the same league as.
    * a la moda = trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.].
    * a la onda = in the know.
    * a la opinión pública = in the public eye.
    * a la par = in concert, in tandem, neck and neck, in a tandem fashion, in parallel.
    * a la par que = in tandem with, hand in hand (with), as the same time as.
    * a la parrilla = grilled, on the grill.
    * a la perfección = superbly.
    * a la plancha = griddled, on the griddle, on the hotplate.
    * a largo plazo = in the long term, over the long term, long-range, in the long run, long-term, over the long run, over the long haul, long-run, in the far term, far-term.
    * a la salida = on the way out.
    * a la sazón = at that time.
    * a las doce del mediodía = at high noon.
    * a la semana = a week, per week.
    * a las mil maravillas = marvellously [marvelously, -USA], famously, like a house on fire.
    * a la sombra de = in the shadow of.
    * a las puertas de = on the threshold of.
    * a la última = hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.], on the fast track, hipped.
    * a la vanguardia = on the cutting edge, on the leading edge, in the fast lane, on the fast track, at the leading edge, on the bleeding edge.
    * a la vanguardia de = in the vanguard of, at the forefront of, in the forefront of/in, at the vanguard of.
    * a la velocidad de la luz = at the speed of light.
    * a la velocidad del rayo = at the speed of lightning.
    * a la velocidad del sonido = at the speed of sound.
    * a la venta = on release.
    * a la vez = at once, at one time, at similar times, at the same time, concurrently, side-by-side, simultaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, in tandem, at the one time, in a tandem fashion, at a time, in unison.
    * a la vez que = hand in hand (with), cum, in conjunction with, in unison with.
    * a la vista = in sight, within sight.
    * a la vista de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la vuelta de = on the return leg of.
    * a la zaga = not far behind, in tow.
    * al azar = lucky draw, lucky dip.
    * al extremo norte = northernmost.
    * al extremo oeste = westernmost.
    * al hacer esto = in doing so.
    * al norte del estado = upstate.
    * a lo extremo = to the extreme.
    * a lo grande = in a big way, big time, grandly, on a grand scale.
    * a lo hecho, pecho = no use crying over spilt/spilled milk, you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!.
    * a lo largo de = along, down, throughout.
    * a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal = sometime + Expresión Temporal.
    * a lo largo de la historia = over time.
    * a lo largo de la ruta = along the way.
    * a lo largo del tiempo = longitudinal, longitudinally.
    * a lo largo de todo = the entire length of.
    * a lo largo y ancho del país = countrywide [country-wide].
    * a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar = up and down + Lugar.
    * a lo lejos = in the distance.
    * a lo loco = helter-skelter, like there's no tomorrow.
    * a lo máximo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * a lo mejor = perhaps.
    * a lo que salga = come what may.
    * a los ojos de = in the eyes of.
    * a lo sumo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * al otro lado del atlántico = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del charco = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del océano = across the pond.
    * a lo zombi = zombielike.
    * a mano = by hand, manually, nearby [near-by], handy, within reach, within easy reach.
    * a mano alzada = by a show of hands.
    * a mano derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a manojos = by the handful.
    * a manos de = at the hands of.
    * a marchas forzadas = in a rush, against the clock.
    * a mares = cats and dogs.
    * a más largo plazo = longer-term.
    * a más..., más... = the + Comparativo..., the + Comparativo....
    * a más tardar = at the latest.
    * a mata caballo = in a hurry, hurried, hurriedly, helter-skelter.
    * a media asta = at half-mast, at half staff.
    * a mediados de = in the middle decades of.
    * a mediados de + Fecha = in the mid + Fecha.
    * a mediados de semana = midweek.
    * a media jornada = half-time [half time].
    * a media mañana = mid-morning.
    * a medianoche = at midnight.
    * a medias = half-hearted [halfhearted], qualified.
    * a medias entre... y... = betwixt and between.
    * a medida = custom, bespoke.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que pasaba el tiempo = as time passed (by), as time went by.
    * a medida que pasa el tiempo = as time passes (by).
    * a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal = as + Expresión Temporal + go by.
    * a medida que + pasar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + pasar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que se necesite = on demand, on request, as required.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medio abrir = half-opened.
    * a medio camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a medio comprender = half-understood.
    * a medio formar = half-formed.
    * a medio fuego = medium heat.
    * a medio hacer = halfway done, half done.
    * a medio plazo = medium-term, near-term, in the medium term, in the mid-term, mid-term [midterm].
    * a medio rimar = half-rhymed.
    * a medio vestir = half dressed.
    * a menor escala = at a reduced rate.
    * a menos que = unless, short of.
    * a menudo = oftentimes [often times], ofttimes [oft-times].
    * a merced de = at the mercy of.
    * a mí = me.
    * a mi entender = to my mind.
    * a mi modo de ver = in my books.
    * a mi parecer = to my mind, methinks, in my books.
    * a mitad de = half way through, halfway through.
    * a mitad de camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = midway between, half way between... and....
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = astride... and....
    * a mitad de precio = at half price.
    * a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad = turnabout is fair play.
    * a modo de = by way of, in the vein of, as a kind of.
    * a modo de aclaración = in parenthesis, on a sidenote.
    * a modo de advertencia = cautionary.
    * a modo de ejemplo = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de explicación = parenthetically.
    * a modo de ilustración = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de inciso = in passing, by the way of (a) digression.
    * a modo de paréntesis = parenthetical.
    * a modo de prólogo = prefatory.
    * a modo de resumen = wrap-up.
    * a mogollón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montones = in droves, by the sackful.
    * a muchos niveles = many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA].
    * a muerte = bitter, bitterly.
    * a nadie le importa nada = nobody + gives a damn.
    * a nivel de barrio = neighbourhood-based.
    * a nivel de calle = on the ground level.
    * a nivel de la calle = at ground level.
    * a nivel del suelo = at ground level.
    * a nivel estatal = statewide [state-wide].
    * a nivel federal = federally, federally.
    * a nivel individual = privately.
    * a nivel local = locally, domestically.
    * a nivel multicultural = multi-culturally [multiculturally].
    * a nivel mundial = worldwide [world-wide], globally.
    * a nivel nacional = nationally, domestically, countrywide [country-wide].
    * a nivel privado = privately.
    * a nivel regional = regionally.
    * a nombre de = payable to.
    * a no ser que = unless.
    * a nosotros = us.
    * a ojo = ocular.
    * a ojos vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a orillas del océano = oceanfront.
    * a orillas del río = riverfront.
    * a orillas de un lago = lakeside, lakefront, by the lakeside.
    * a otro sitio = somewhere else.
    * a pares = in pairs.
    * a partes iguales = share and share alike, in equal measure(s).
    * a partir de = on the basis of, based on, working from, from, on a diet of, in response to.
    * a partir de ahora = from now on, from this point on, henceforth, as of now.
    * a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años = for + Cuantificador + years to come.
    * a partir de aquí = hereupon.
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * a partir de entonces = from this time on, hereafter, thereafter, whereafter, from then on, thenceforth, henceforth, from that moment on.
    * a partir de ese momento = from that moment on.
    * a partir de este momento = hereinafter.
    * a partir de esto = on this basis, on that basis.
    * a partir de + Fecha = from + Fecha, effective + Fecha.
    * a partir de hoy = as from today.
    * a partir de la medianoche = late night.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * a paso de tortuga = at a snail's pace.
    * a paso ligero = on the double.
    * a pasos agigantados = at an exponential rate, at exponential rates, by leaps and bounds.
    * a pedir de boca = without a hitch.
    * a pequeña escala = in a small way, small scale [small-scale].
    * a perpetuidad = in perpetuity.
    * a pesar de (que) = albeit (that), despite, in spite of, notwithstanding, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * a pesar de todo = all the same, in spite of everything, despite everything, despite it all, in spite of it all, all this said.
    * a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre = for all + Posesivo + Nombre.
    * a petición de = at the request of, at the urging of, at the behest of.
    * a petición del usuario = on demand, on request.
    * a petición popular = by popular demand.
    * a pie = on foot, afoot, dismounted.
    * a pilas = battery-operated.
    * a pique = sinking.
    * a placer = at will.
    * a plena luz del día = in broad daylight.
    * a poca distancia = not far behind.
    * a poca distancia andando = within walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a poca distancia a pie = within an easy walk, within walking distance.
    * a pocos minutos andando = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a pocos minutos a pie = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a porrillo = by the handful.
    * a + Posesivo + aire = to + Posesivo + heart's content.
    * a + Posesivo + alcance = in the ballpark for + Pronombre, in + Posesivo + ballpark range.
    * a + Posesivo + costa = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + cuidado = in + Posesivo + safekeeping.
    * a + Posesivo + discreción = at will, at + Posesivo + discretion.
    * a + Posesivo + disposición = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a + Posesivo + entender = to the best of + Posesivo + belief.
    * a + Posesivo + espaldas = behind + Posesivo + back.
    * a + Posesivo + expensas = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + favor = in + Posesivo + favour, to + Posesivo + credit.
    * a + Posesivo + juicio = in + Posesivo + estimation.
    * a + Posesivo + manera = in + Posesivo + own way.
    * a + Posesivo + saber = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge.
    * a + Posesivo + saber y entender = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief.
    * a + Posesivo + servicio = at + Posesivo + service.
    * a + Posesivo + sorprender = much to + Posesivo + surprise.
    * a + Posesivo + vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a posteriori = reactive, in retrospect, after-the-fact, hindsight, with hindsight, a posteriori, in hindsight.
    * a precio de coste = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de costo = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de ganga = at a steal.
    * a precio especial = at reduced cost, discounted, cut-rate, cut-price.
    * a precio razonable = at reasonable cost(s).
    * a precio reducido = at a discount.
    * a precios competitivos = competitively priced.
    * a precios especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a precios razonables = at affordable prices.
    * a presión = pressurised [pressurized, -USA].
    * a primera hora de la mañana = first thing in the morning.
    * a primera hora de + Período del Día = first thing + Período del Día.
    * a primeras horas de la tarde = late afternoon.
    * a primera vista = on first acquaintance, at first sight, on first inspection, on the face of it, at first blush, at first glance, on the surface, prima facie, first-blush.
    * a primeros de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de los + Década = early + Década, the.
    * a priori = proactive [pro-active], foresight, a priori, on the surface.
    * a prisa = quickly.
    * a propósito = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly.
    * a propósito de = apropos of.
    * a propósito de nada = for no specific reason, for no particular reason.
    * a prueba = on trial.
    * a prueba de bombas = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA], bomb-proof.
    * a prueba de conejos = rabbit-proof.
    * a prueba de fallos = fail-safe.
    * a prueba de incendios = fireproof [fire-proof].
    * a prueba de niños = childproof.
    * a prueba de robos = theft proof.
    * a prueba de tornados = tornado proof.
    * a prueba de un tratamiento duro = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA].
    * a prueba de viento = windproof.
    * a puerta cerrada = behind closed doors.
    * a punta de pistola = at gunpoint.
    * a punto de = on the verge of, a heartbeat away from.
    * a punto de + Infinitivo = about to + Infinitivo.
    * a punto de irse a pique = on the rocks.
    * a punto de morir = on + Posesivo + deathbed.
    * a puñados = by the sackful, by the handful.
    * a quemarropa = point blank.
    * a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda = the early bird catches the worm.
    * a quienquiera que = whomever.
    * a rachas = by fits and starts.
    * a ráfagas = in bursts.
    * a raíz de = in the wake of.
    * a rajatabla = to the letter.
    * a ras de = flush with.
    * a ras de la calle = ground-floor.
    * a ras del suelo = at ground level.
    * a rastras = in tow.
    * a ratos = intermittently.
    * a reacción = jet-assisted.
    * a rebosar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a regañadientes = grudgingly, grudging, begrudgingly, unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a régimen = on a diet.
    * a remolque = in tow.
    * a reventar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a saber = namely, viz, to wit.
    * a sabiendas = knowing, knowingly, wilfully [willfully, -USA].
    * a sabiendas de que = on the understanding that.
    * a sacudidas = jerkily.
    * a saltitos = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a salvo = in a safe place, in safekeeping, out of harm's way.
    * a sangre fría = cold-blooded.
    * a ser posible = if possible.
    * a simple vista = by the naked eye, superficially, on first thought.
    * a solas = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * a su debido tiempo = in due course, timely, in due time.
    * a sueldo = paid.
    * a su precio normal = at full price.
    * a su propio ritmo = at an individual pace.
    * a su tiempo = in a timely fashion, in due course, in a timely manner.
    * a su vez = Verbo + further, in turn, in its/their turn.
    * a tal efecto = to this effect.
    * a tales efectos = hereto.
    * a tarifa reducida = at reduced cost.
    * a tarifas especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a temperatura ambiente = at room temperature.
    * a tener en cuenta en el futuro = for future reference.
    * a tenor de = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of.
    * a ti = you, thee.
    * a tiempo = in timely fashion, on time, promptly, timely, just in time, in time.
    * a tiempo completo = full-time.
    * a tiempo parcial = part-time.
    * a tientas = in the dark.
    * a tientas y a ciegas = blindly, in the dark.
    * a ti mismo = yourself, thyself.
    * a tiro = within gunshot, within range.
    * a tirones = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * a toda costa = absolutely, at all costs, come what may, at any cost, at any price.
    * a toda máquina = in the fast lane, fast lane, full steam ahead, at full tilt, full-tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda marcha = at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda mecha = at a rate of knots, full steam ahead, at full blast, at full throttle, at top speed, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda pasta = at a rate of knots.
    * a toda pastilla = in the fast lane, on the fast track, fast lane, overdrive, full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at a rate of knots, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda prueba = unswerving.
    * a todas horas = at all hours, around the clock.
    * a todas luces = patently.
    * a todas partes = far and wide.
    * a toda velocidad = full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a todo alrededor = all round.
    * a todo color = full-colour, in full colour.
    * a todo gas = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo lo largo de = the length of.
    * a todo meter = full steam ahead, at full stretch, at full speed, at full blast, at top speed, at full throttle.
    * a todo ritmo = in full swing, in full force, in full gear.
    * a todos lados = far and wide.
    * a todos los efectos = to all intents and purposes, to all intents, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes.
    * a todos los niveles = at all levels.
    * a todos nosotros = us all.
    * a todos por igual = one size fits all.
    * a todo vapor = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo volumen = at full blast.
    * a tontas y a ciegas = headlong, runaway.
    * a tontas y locas = like there's no tomorrow, without rhyme or reason.
    * a tope = packed to capacity, in the fast lane, fast lane, choc-a-block, chock-full, in full swing, in full gear, packed to the rafters.
    * a trancas y barrancas = with great difficulty, by fits and starts.
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of, through the agency of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la TI = IT-enabled.
    * a través de la web = Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = over the years, down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * a través de operador = operator-assisted.
    * a tres bandas = three pronged.
    * a tres niveles = three-tiered.
    * a troche y moche = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a trompicones = by fits and starts.
    * a tropezones = falteringly, hesitantly, haltingly, jerkily.
    * a trozos = piecewise.
    * ¡A tu salud! = Here's to you!.
    * a última hora = at the last minute, at the eleventh hour, last minute [last-minute], at the very last minute, at the very last moment, at the very last.
    * a últimas horas de la tarde = late evening.
    [b]* a últ
    * * *
    a femenino (pl aes) ( read as [a]) the letter A, a
    * * *
    = for, per, to.

    Ex: The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.

    Ex: Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
    Ex: Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
    * a + Adjetivo + escala = on a + Adjetivo + scale.
    * a alguna parte = someplace.
    * a alta presión = high-pressured, high-pressure.
    * a altas horas de la noche = late at night.
    * a ambas orillas del Atlántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de = on either side of.
    * a ambos lados del Altántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de + Lugar = on both sides of + Lugar.
    * a años luz de = light years away from.
    * a bajas temperaturas = at low temperature.
    * a bajo coste = low-cost.
    * a bajo costo = low-cost.
    * a bajo nivel = low-level.
    * a bajo precio = lower-cost, at a low price, on the cheap.
    * a base de = in the form of, on a diet of.
    * a base de carne = meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.].
    * a base de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a base de errores = the hard way.
    * a boca de jarro = at close range.
    * a bocajarro = point blank.
    * a bombo y platillo = fanfare, with a bang.
    * a bordo = aboard, on board ship.
    * a bordo de = aboard, onboard.
    * a bordo de un barco = shipboard, on board ship.
    * a buen recaudo = in a safe place, in safekeeping.
    * a caballo = on horseback, astride.
    * a caballo entre = astride... and..., midway between.
    * a caballo entre... y... = half way between... and....
    * a caballo regalado no se le mira el diente = never look a gift horse in the mouth.
    * a cada rato = every so often, every now and then, every now and again, every once in a while.
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * a cántaros = cats and dogs.
    * a cargo = in the saddle.
    * a cargo (de) = charged with, in charge (of), at the helm (of).
    * a cargo de Alguien = under supervision.
    * a cargo de las riendas = in the saddle.
    * a cargo del ayuntamiento = local authority-run.
    * a cargo del gobierno = government-operated, government-run.
    * a cargo de una sola persona = one-man band.
    * a cargo de voluntarios = volunteer-run.
    * a chorros = profusely.
    * a ciegas = blindfold, blindly, blindfolded, in the dark.
    * a ciencia cierta = for sure, for certain.
    * a cierta distancia = some distance away.
    * a cierta distancia de = off.
    * a cierta distancia de la costa = offshore.
    * a cierta distancia del litoral = offshore.
    * a cobro revertido = reverse charges.
    * a color = multi-colour [multi-color -USA].
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * a conciencia = deliberately, wilfully [willfully, -USA], by design, on purpose.
    * a condición de que + Subjuntivo = provided (that), providing (that), as long as.
    * a contenido enriquecido = content-enriched.
    * a continuación = next, then, in the following, herewith.
    * a continuación se enumeran = given below.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * a contraluz = against the light.
    * a contrapelo = against the grain, against the nap.
    * a coro = with one voice, in unison.
    * a corto plazo = before very long, short term [short-term], in the short run, short-range, at short notice, in the short term, short-run.
    * a costa de = at the cost of, at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense, at cost of.
    * a costa de mucho = at (a) great expense.
    * a costa de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a costa de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * a cualquier hora = anytime, around the clock.
    * a cualquier hora del día o de la noche = at any hour of the day or night, at any time of the day or night.
    * a cualquier precio = at any cost, at all costs, at any price.
    * a cuatro aguas = hipped.
    * a cuatro patas = on all fours, on four legs.
    * a cuenta de = at the expense of.
    * a cuenta de la empresa = at company expense.
    * a cuenta de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a cuenta de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a cuenta propia = at + Posesivo + expense, at + Posesivo + own expense.
    * a cuerpo de rey = the lap of luxury.
    * a cuestas = in tow.
    * a decir de todos = by all accounts.
    * a decir verdad = to tell the truth, if the truth be known, if the truth be told, in all truth, in truth, fact is, the fact is (that), to be fair.
    * a decir verdad... = the fact of the matter is that....
    * a demanda = pro re nata.
    * a deshora(s) = at odd times, out of hours.
    * a día de hoy = as of today.
    * a diario = every day.
    * a diestro y siniestro = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a dieta = on a diet.
    * a diferencia de = apart from, as opposed to, in contradistinction to, as contrasted with, in contrast (to/with), quite apart from, in sharp contrast (with).
    * a diferencia de + Nombre = unlike + Nombre.
    * a diferentes niveles = multi-tiered [multitiered], multi-tier [multitier].
    * a discreción = at will, no holds barred.
    * a disgusto = unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a disposición de = at the disposal of.
    * a distancia = remote, remotely, distantly.
    * a doble espacio = double-spaced.
    * a domicilio = domiciliary.
    * ¿a dónde se dirige(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde va(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde vas? = quo vadis, whither thou goest.
    * a dos niveles = two-tier.
    * a dos velas = skint, penniless, broke.
    * a duras penas = with great difficulty.
    * a efectos de = in terms of, for the purpose of + Nombre.
    * a efectos prácticos = to all intents and purposes, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes, to all intents.
    * a él = him.
    * a ellos = them.
    * a escala = drawn-to-scale.
    * a escala industrial = on an industrial scale, industrial-scale.
    * a escala mundial = globally, on a global scale.
    * a escala natural = full-scale.
    * a escondidas = by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the quiet, on the sly.
    * a eso = thereto.
    * a espaldas de = out of sight of.
    * a estas alturas = by now.
    * a este fin = to this end.
    * a este paso = at this rate.
    * a este respecto = in this respect.
    * a este ritmo = at this rate.
    * a estrenar = brand new.
    * a examen = under the microscope.
    * a excepción de = barring, except for, excepting, other than, with the exception of, short of.
    * a excepción de que = except that.
    * a excepción de uno = with one exception.
    * a expensas de = at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense.
    * a expensas de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a expensas de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a + Expresión Temporal = as of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a falta de = for want of, in the absence of, in default of, for lack of, short of.
    * a favor = in favour.
    * a favor de = in favour of.
    * a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto = pro-choice.
    * a favor de la esclavitud = pro-slavery.
    * a favor de la raza negra = pro-black [problack].
    * a favor de la vida humana = pro-life.
    * a favor y en contra = pro and con.
    * a + Fecha = as per + Fecha.
    * a finales de = by the end of, at the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Expresión Temporal = as of late + Expresión Temporal, at the end of + Expresión Temporal, by the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Fecha = in the late + Fecha, in late + Fecha.
    * a finales de los + Década = late + Década, the.
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo, late period of + Siglo.
    * a fin de cuentas = at the end of the day, in the end, in the final count, in the grand scheme of things, when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * a fondo = fully, thoroughly, full-scale.
    * a fondo perdido = non-refundable.
    * ¡a freír espárragos! = on your bike!.
    * a fuerza de = by dint of.
    * a fuerza de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a fuerza de errores = the hard way.
    * a gas = gas-powered.
    * a gatas = on all fours.
    * a grandes rasgos = broadly, rough draft.
    * a granel = in bulk.
    * a gran escala = large scale [large-scale], massive, on a wide scale, high-volume, wide-scale, on a broad scale, in a big way, on a grand scale.
    * a gran velocidad = at great speed.
    * a grito limpio = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a grito pelado = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a gritos = vociferously.
    * a groso modo = crudely.
    * a grosso modo = roughly, rough draft.
    * a gusto = at ease, at leisure.
    * a gusto de = to the liking of, at the pleasure of.
    * a horcajadas = astride.
    * a hurtadillas = surreptitiously, by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the sly.
    * a imitación de lo clásico = classicising [classicizing, -USA], classicised [classicized, -USA].
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * a instancia de = at the urging of.
    * a instancias de = at the instigation of, at the behest of, under the auspices of.
    * a intervalos = at intervals.
    * a intervalos + Adjetivo = at + Adjetivo + intervals.
    * a intervalos semanales = at weekly intervals.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * a jabón = soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.].
    * a juicio = on trial.
    * a juicio público = in the public eye.
    * a juzgar por = to judge by, judging by, judging from.
    * a la acuarela = water-coloured [water-colored, -USA].
    * a la alcaldía = mayoral.
    * a la altura de = of the stature of, equal to.
    * a la altura de la cintura = waist high, waist deep.
    * a la altura de la rodilla = knee-high.
    * a la altura de los hombros = shoulder-high.
    * a la anchura de los hombros = shoulder-width.
    * a la anochecida = at nightfall.
    * a la antigua = old-style.
    * a la antigua usanza = old-style.
    * a la atención de = c/o (care of).
    * a la baja = on the wane.
    * a la brasa = grilled.
    * a la buena de Dios = out in the cold.
    * a la cabeza de = in the forefront of/in.
    * a la caída de la noche = at nightfall, at twilight.
    * a la caída de la tarde = at twilight.
    * a la carta = a la carte.
    * a la defensiva = on the defensive.
    * a la derecha = at the right.
    * a la derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a la deriva = rudderless.
    * a la discreción de = at the discretion of.
    * a la disposición de Alguien = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a la expectativa de = on the lookout for, on the alert for.
    * a la + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * a la fuerza = forcefully, of necessity, forcibly, compulsorily.
    * a la fuga = on the run, on the lam.
    * a la hora de + Infinitivo = when it came to + Gerundio, when it comes to + Gerundio.
    * a la hora de la verdad = when push comes to shove, if it comes to the crunch, when it comes to the crunch, when the worst comes to the worst, if the worst comes to the worst, when the crunch comes to the crunch, if the crunch comes to the crunch.
    * a la hora del café = at coffee.
    * a la intemperie = in the open, exposed.
    * a la inversa = mirror-fashion, mirror image, in reverse.
    * a la izquierda = at the left.
    * a la larga = in the long term, over the long term, in the end, eventually, for the long pull, over a period of time, over the long haul, in the far term, ultimately, by and by.
    * a la ligera = lightly.
    * a la luz de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la luz de la luna = by moonlight, in the moonlight, moonlit.
    * a la luz de las estrellas = by starlight.
    * a la luz de las velas = by candlelight, candlelight, candlelit.
    * a la luz del día = in the light of day.
    * a la luz de una lámpara de gas = by gaslight.
    * a la mano de = available at the fingertips of.
    * a la misma altura que = in the same league as.
    * a la moda = trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.].
    * a la onda = in the know.
    * a la opinión pública = in the public eye.
    * a la par = in concert, in tandem, neck and neck, in a tandem fashion, in parallel.
    * a la par que = in tandem with, hand in hand (with), as the same time as.
    * a la parrilla = grilled, on the grill.
    * a la perfección = superbly.
    * a la plancha = griddled, on the griddle, on the hotplate.
    * a largo plazo = in the long term, over the long term, long-range, in the long run, long-term, over the long run, over the long haul, long-run, in the far term, far-term.
    * a la salida = on the way out.
    * a la sazón = at that time.
    * a las doce del mediodía = at high noon.
    * a la semana = a week, per week.
    * a las mil maravillas = marvellously [marvelously, -USA], famously, like a house on fire.
    * a la sombra de = in the shadow of.
    * a las puertas de = on the threshold of.
    * a la última = hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.], on the fast track, hipped.
    * a la vanguardia = on the cutting edge, on the leading edge, in the fast lane, on the fast track, at the leading edge, on the bleeding edge.
    * a la vanguardia de = in the vanguard of, at the forefront of, in the forefront of/in, at the vanguard of.
    * a la velocidad de la luz = at the speed of light.
    * a la velocidad del rayo = at the speed of lightning.
    * a la velocidad del sonido = at the speed of sound.
    * a la venta = on release.
    * a la vez = at once, at one time, at similar times, at the same time, concurrently, side-by-side, simultaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, in tandem, at the one time, in a tandem fashion, at a time, in unison.
    * a la vez que = hand in hand (with), cum, in conjunction with, in unison with.
    * a la vista = in sight, within sight.
    * a la vista de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la vuelta de = on the return leg of.
    * a la zaga = not far behind, in tow.
    * al azar = lucky draw, lucky dip.
    * al extremo norte = northernmost.
    * al extremo oeste = westernmost.
    * al hacer esto = in doing so.
    * al norte del estado = upstate.
    * a lo extremo = to the extreme.
    * a lo grande = in a big way, big time, grandly, on a grand scale.
    * a lo hecho, pecho = no use crying over spilt/spilled milk, you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!.
    * a lo largo de = along, down, throughout.
    * a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal = sometime + Expresión Temporal.
    * a lo largo de la historia = over time.
    * a lo largo de la ruta = along the way.
    * a lo largo del tiempo = longitudinal, longitudinally.
    * a lo largo de todo = the entire length of.
    * a lo largo y ancho del país = countrywide [country-wide].
    * a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar = up and down + Lugar.
    * a lo lejos = in the distance.
    * a lo loco = helter-skelter, like there's no tomorrow.
    * a lo máximo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * a lo mejor = perhaps.
    * a lo que salga = come what may.
    * a los ojos de = in the eyes of.
    * a lo sumo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * al otro lado del atlántico = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del charco = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del océano = across the pond.
    * a lo zombi = zombielike.
    * a mano = by hand, manually, nearby [near-by], handy, within reach, within easy reach.
    * a mano alzada = by a show of hands.
    * a mano derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a manojos = by the handful.
    * a manos de = at the hands of.
    * a marchas forzadas = in a rush, against the clock.
    * a mares = cats and dogs.
    * a más largo plazo = longer-term.
    * a más..., más... = the + Comparativo..., the + Comparativo....
    * a más tardar = at the latest.
    * a mata caballo = in a hurry, hurried, hurriedly, helter-skelter.
    * a media asta = at half-mast, at half staff.
    * a mediados de = in the middle decades of.
    * a mediados de + Fecha = in the mid + Fecha.
    * a mediados de semana = midweek.
    * a media jornada = half-time [half time].
    * a media mañana = mid-morning.
    * a medianoche = at midnight.
    * a medias = half-hearted [halfhearted], qualified.
    * a medias entre... y... = betwixt and between.
    * a medida = custom, bespoke.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que pasaba el tiempo = as time passed (by), as time went by.
    * a medida que pasa el tiempo = as time passes (by).
    * a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal = as + Expresión Temporal + go by.
    * a medida que + pasar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + pasar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que se necesite = on demand, on request, as required.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medio abrir = half-opened.
    * a medio camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a medio comprender = half-understood.
    * a medio formar = half-formed.
    * a medio fuego = medium heat.
    * a medio hacer = halfway done, half done.
    * a medio plazo = medium-term, near-term, in the medium term, in the mid-term, mid-term [midterm].
    * a medio rimar = half-rhymed.
    * a medio vestir = half dressed.
    * a menor escala = at a reduced rate.
    * a menos que = unless, short of.
    * a menudo = oftentimes [often times], ofttimes [oft-times].
    * a merced de = at the mercy of.
    * a mí = me.
    * a mi entender = to my mind.
    * a mi modo de ver = in my books.
    * a mi parecer = to my mind, methinks, in my books.
    * a mitad de = half way through, halfway through.
    * a mitad de camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = midway between, half way between... and....
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = astride... and....
    * a mitad de precio = at half price.
    * a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad = turnabout is fair play.
    * a modo de = by way of, in the vein of, as a kind of.
    * a modo de aclaración = in parenthesis, on a sidenote.
    * a modo de advertencia = cautionary.
    * a modo de ejemplo = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de explicación = parenthetically.
    * a modo de ilustración = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de inciso = in passing, by the way of (a) digression.
    * a modo de paréntesis = parenthetical.
    * a modo de prólogo = prefatory.
    * a modo de resumen = wrap-up.
    * a mogollón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montones = in droves, by the sackful.
    * a muchos niveles = many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA].
    * a muerte = bitter, bitterly.
    * a nadie le importa nada = nobody + gives a damn.
    * a nivel de barrio = neighbourhood-based.
    * a nivel de calle = on the ground level.
    * a nivel de la calle = at ground level.
    * a nivel del suelo = at ground level.
    * a nivel estatal = statewide [state-wide].
    * a nivel federal = federally, federally.
    * a nivel individual = privately.
    * a nivel local = locally, domestically.
    * a nivel multicultural = multi-culturally [multiculturally].
    * a nivel mundial = worldwide [world-wide], globally.
    * a nivel nacional = nationally, domestically, countrywide [country-wide].
    * a nivel privado = privately.
    * a nivel regional = regionally.
    * a nombre de = payable to.
    * a no ser que = unless.
    * a nosotros = us.
    * a ojo = ocular.
    * a ojos vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a orillas del océano = oceanfront.
    * a orillas del río = riverfront.
    * a orillas de un lago = lakeside, lakefront, by the lakeside.
    * a otro sitio = somewhere else.
    * a pares = in pairs.
    * a partes iguales = share and share alike, in equal measure(s).
    * a partir de = on the basis of, based on, working from, from, on a diet of, in response to.
    * a partir de ahora = from now on, from this point on, henceforth, as of now.
    * a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años = for + Cuantificador + years to come.
    * a partir de aquí = hereupon.
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * a partir de entonces = from this time on, hereafter, thereafter, whereafter, from then on, thenceforth, henceforth, from that moment on.
    * a partir de ese momento = from that moment on.
    * a partir de este momento = hereinafter.
    * a partir de esto = on this basis, on that basis.
    * a partir de + Fecha = from + Fecha, effective + Fecha.
    * a partir de hoy = as from today.
    * a partir de la medianoche = late night.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * a paso de tortuga = at a snail's pace.
    * a paso ligero = on the double.
    * a pasos agigantados = at an exponential rate, at exponential rates, by leaps and bounds.
    * a pedir de boca = without a hitch.
    * a pequeña escala = in a small way, small scale [small-scale].
    * a perpetuidad = in perpetuity.
    * a pesar de (que) = albeit (that), despite, in spite of, notwithstanding, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * a pesar de todo = all the same, in spite of everything, despite everything, despite it all, in spite of it all, all this said.
    * a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre = for all + Posesivo + Nombre.
    * a petición de = at the request of, at the urging of, at the behest of.
    * a petición del usuario = on demand, on request.
    * a petición popular = by popular demand.
    * a pie = on foot, afoot, dismounted.
    * a pilas = battery-operated.
    * a pique = sinking.
    * a placer = at will.
    * a plena luz del día = in broad daylight.
    * a poca distancia = not far behind.
    * a poca distancia andando = within walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a poca distancia a pie = within an easy walk, within walking distance.
    * a pocos minutos andando = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a pocos minutos a pie = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a porrillo = by the handful.
    * a + Posesivo + aire = to + Posesivo + heart's content.
    * a + Posesivo + alcance = in the ballpark for + Pronombre, in + Posesivo + ballpark range.
    * a + Posesivo + costa = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + cuidado = in + Posesivo + safekeeping.
    * a + Posesivo + discreción = at will, at + Posesivo + discretion.
    * a + Posesivo + disposición = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a + Posesivo + entender = to the best of + Posesivo + belief.
    * a + Posesivo + espaldas = behind + Posesivo + back.
    * a + Posesivo + expensas = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + favor = in + Posesivo + favour, to + Posesivo + credit.
    * a + Posesivo + juicio = in + Posesivo + estimation.
    * a + Posesivo + manera = in + Posesivo + own way.
    * a + Posesivo + saber = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge.
    * a + Posesivo + saber y entender = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief.
    * a + Posesivo + servicio = at + Posesivo + service.
    * a + Posesivo + sorprender = much to + Posesivo + surprise.
    * a + Posesivo + vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a posteriori = reactive, in retrospect, after-the-fact, hindsight, with hindsight, a posteriori, in hindsight.
    * a precio de coste = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de costo = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de ganga = at a steal.
    * a precio especial = at reduced cost, discounted, cut-rate, cut-price.
    * a precio razonable = at reasonable cost(s).
    * a precio reducido = at a discount.
    * a precios competitivos = competitively priced.
    * a precios especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a precios razonables = at affordable prices.
    * a presión = pressurised [pressurized, -USA].
    * a primera hora de la mañana = first thing in the morning.
    * a primera hora de + Período del Día = first thing + Período del Día.
    * a primeras horas de la tarde = late afternoon.
    * a primera vista = on first acquaintance, at first sight, on first inspection, on the face of it, at first blush, at first glance, on the surface, prima facie, first-blush.
    * a primeros de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de los + Década = early + Década, the.
    * a priori = proactive [pro-active], foresight, a priori, on the surface.
    * a prisa = quickly.
    * a propósito = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly.
    * a propósito de = apropos of.
    * a propósito de nada = for no specific reason, for no particular reason.
    * a prueba = on trial.
    * a prueba de bombas = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA], bomb-proof.
    * a prueba de conejos = rabbit-proof.
    * a prueba de fallos = fail-safe.
    * a prueba de incendios = fireproof [fire-proof].
    * a prueba de niños = childproof.
    * a prueba de robos = theft proof.
    * a prueba de tornados = tornado proof.
    * a prueba de un tratamiento duro = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA].
    * a prueba de viento = windproof.
    * a puerta cerrada = behind closed doors.
    * a punta de pistola = at gunpoint.
    * a punto de = on the verge of, a heartbeat away from.
    * a punto de + Infinitivo = about to + Infinitivo.
    * a punto de irse a pique = on the rocks.
    * a punto de morir = on + Posesivo + deathbed.
    * a puñados = by the sackful, by the handful.
    * a quemarropa = point blank.
    * a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda = the early bird catches the worm.
    * a quienquiera que = whomever.
    * a rachas = by fits and starts.
    * a ráfagas = in bursts.
    * a raíz de = in the wake of.
    * a rajatabla = to the letter.
    * a ras de = flush with.
    * a ras de la calle = ground-floor.
    * a ras del suelo = at ground level.
    * a rastras = in tow.
    * a ratos = intermittently.
    * a reacción = jet-assisted.
    * a rebosar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a regañadientes = grudgingly, grudging, begrudgingly, unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a régimen = on a diet.
    * a remolque = in tow.
    * a reventar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a saber = namely, viz, to wit.
    * a sabiendas = knowing, knowingly, wilfully [willfully, -USA].
    * a sabiendas de que = on the understanding that.
    * a sacudidas = jerkily.
    * a saltitos = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a salvo = in a safe place, in safekeeping, out of harm's way.
    * a sangre fría = cold-blooded.
    * a ser posible = if possible.
    * a simple vista = by the naked eye, superficially, on first thought.
    * a solas = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * a su debido tiempo = in due course, timely, in due time.
    * a sueldo = paid.
    * a su precio normal = at full price.
    * a su propio ritmo = at an individual pace.
    * a su tiempo = in a timely fashion, in due course, in a timely manner.
    * a su vez = Verbo + further, in turn, in its/their turn.
    * a tal efecto = to this effect.
    * a tales efectos = hereto.
    * a tarifa reducida = at reduced cost.
    * a tarifas especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a temperatura ambiente = at room temperature.
    * a tener en cuenta en el futuro = for future reference.
    * a tenor de = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of.
    * a ti = you, thee.
    * a tiempo = in timely fashion, on time, promptly, timely, just in time, in time.
    * a tiempo completo = full-time.
    * a tiempo parcial = part-time.
    * a tientas = in the dark.
    * a tientas y a ciegas = blindly, in the dark.
    * a ti mismo = yourself, thyself.
    * a tiro = within gunshot, within range.
    * a tirones = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * a toda costa = absolutely, at all costs, come what may, at any cost, at any price.
    * a toda máquina = in the fast lane, fast lane, full steam ahead, at full tilt, full-tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda marcha = at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda mecha = at a rate of knots, full steam ahead, at full blast, at full throttle, at top speed, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda pasta = at a rate of knots.
    * a toda pastilla = in the fast lane, on the fast track, fast lane, overdrive, full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at a rate of knots, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda prueba = unswerving.
    * a todas horas = at all hours, around the clock.
    * a todas luces = patently.
    * a todas partes = far and wide.
    * a toda velocidad = full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a todo alrededor = all round.
    * a todo color = full-colour, in full colour.
    * a todo gas = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo lo largo de = the length of.
    * a todo meter = full steam ahead, at full stretch, at full speed, at full blast, at top speed, at full throttle.
    * a todo ritmo = in full swing, in full force, in full gear.
    * a todos lados = far and wide.
    * a todos los efectos = to all intents and purposes, to all intents, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes.
    * a todos los niveles = at all levels.
    * a todos nosotros = us all.
    * a todos por igual = one size fits all.
    * a todo vapor = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo volumen = at full blast.
    * a tontas y a ciegas = headlong, runaway.
    * a tontas y locas = like there's no tomorrow, without rhyme or reason.
    * a tope = packed to capacity, in the fast lane, fast lane, choc-a-block, chock-full, in full swing, in full gear, packed to the rafters.
    * a trancas y barrancas = with great difficulty, by fits and starts.
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of, through the agency of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la TI = IT-enabled.
    * a través de la web = Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = over the years, down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * a través de operador = operator-assisted.
    * a tres bandas = three pronged.
    * a tres niveles = three-tiered.
    * a troche y moche = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a trompicones = by fits and starts.
    * a tropezones = falteringly, hesitantly, haltingly, jerkily.
    * a trozos = piecewise.
    * ¡A tu salud! = Here's to you!.
    * a última hora = at the last minute, at the eleventh hour, last minute [last-minute], at the very last minute, at the very last moment, at the very last.
    * a últimas horas de la tarde = late evening.
    * a últ

    * * *
    a
    La preposición a suele emplearse precedida de ciertos verbos como empezar, ir, oler, sonar etc, en cuyo caso ver bajo el respectivo verbo.
    No se traduce cuando introduce el complemento directo de persona (ser humano, pronombres personales que lo representan como quien, alguien, etc) o un nombre con un objeto o animal personalizado: amo a mi patria = I love my country, pasear al perro = to walk the dog.
    En los casos en que precede al artículo definido el para formar la contracción al, ver bajo la siguiente entrada, donde también se encontrarán otros ejemplos y usos de a.
    A (en relaciones de espacio, lugar)
    voy a México/a la fiesta I'm going to Mexico/to the party
    voy a casa I'm going home
    dobla a la derecha turn right
    se cayó al río she fell into the river
    estaban sentados a la mesa they were sitting at the table
    a orillas del Ebro on the banks of the Ebro
    se sentó al sol he sat in the sun
    se sentó a mi derecha he sat down to the right of me o on my right
    a la vuelta de la esquina around the corner
    queda al norte de Toledo it's (to the) north of Toledo
    3
    (indicando distancia): está a diez kilómetros de aquí it's ten kilometers from here, it's ten kilometers away
    está a unos 20 minutos de aquí it takes o it's about 20 minutes from here, it's a 20 minute drive ( o walk etc) from here
    1 (señalando hora, momento, fecha) at
    abren a las ocho they open at eight o'clock
    ¿a qué hora vengo? what time shall I come?
    a eso de las dos at around o about two o'clock
    a mediados de abril in mid-April
    hoy estamos a 20 it's the 20th today
    al día siguiente the next o following day
    empezó a hablar a los diez meses he started talking when he was ten months old o at ten months
    llegó a la mañana/noche ( RPl); he arrived in the morning/at night
    2 al + INF:
    se cayó al bajar del autobús she fell as she was getting off the bus
    al verlo me di cuenta de que ya no lo quería when I saw him o on seeing him, I realized that I no longer loved him
    al salir de la estación torcí a la izquierda I turned left out of the station
    3
    (indicando distancia en el tiempo): a escasos minutos de su llegada (después) just a few minutes after she arrived; (antes) just a few minutes before she arrived
    trabajan de lunes a viernes/de una a cinco they work (from) Monday to Friday/from one to five
    a los diez minutos del primer tiempo ten minutes into the first half o after ten minutes of the first half
    estaré en París de martes a jueves I'll be in Paris from Tuesday until Thursday, I'll be in Paris Tuesday through Thursday ( AmE)
    C
    (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia): tres veces al día/a la semana three times a day/a week
    sale a 2.000 euros por cabeza it works out at 2,000 euros per person
    iban a 100 kilómetros por hora they were going (at) 100 kilometers per hour
    nos ganaron cinco a tres they beat us by five points to three, they beat us five three o ( AmE) five to three
    D
    (indicando modo, estilo): fuimos a pie/a caballo we walked/rode, we went on foot/on horseback
    pollo al horno/a la brasa roast/barbecued chicken
    un peinado a lo Rodolfo Valentino a Rudolph Valentino hairstyle
    a crédito on credit
    ilustraciones a todo color full-color illustrations
    una tela a rayas a piece of striped material
    1
    (introduciendo el complemento directo de persona): ¿viste a José? did you see José?
    la policía está buscando al asesino the police are looking for the murderer
    no he leído a Freud I haven't read (any) Freud
    busca una secretaria bilingüe he's looking for a bilingual secretary
    ]
    2
    (introduciendo el complemento indirecto): le escribió una carta a su padre he wrote a letter to his father, he wrote his father a letter
    dáselo/dáselos a ella give it/them to her
    les enseña inglés a mis hijos she teaches my children English
    suave al tacto soft to the touch
    agradable al oído pleasing to the ear
    3
    (indicando procedencia): se lo compré a una gitana I bought it from o ( colloq) off a gipsy
    F
    enséñale a nadar teach him to swim
    fue a preguntar he went to ask
    a que + SUBJ:
    los instó a que participaran he urged them to take part
    voy a ir a que me hagan un chequeo I'm going to go and have a checkup
    2 ( fam)
    (para): ¿a qué tanta ceremonia? what's all the fuss for?
    ¿a qué le fuiste a decir eso? what did you go and tell him that for?
    3
    a por ( Esp fam): bajo a por pan I'm going down to get some bread o for some bread ( colloq)
    ¿quién va a ir a por los niños? who's going to fetch o get the children?
    ¡a por ello! go for it!
    los puntos a tratar en la reunión de mañana the points to be discussed at tomorrow's meeting
    es una idea a tener en cuenta it's an idea to bear in mind o that should be borne in mind
    total a pagar total payable
    horario a convenir hours to be arranged
    H
    1
    (en órdenes): ¡a la cama, niños! off to bed, children!
    ¡a callar! shut up! ( colloq)
    vamos ¡a trabajar! come on, let's get some work done!
    a decir verdad to tell you the truth
    a juzgar por lo que tú dices judging from what you say
    3 ( fam)
    (en cuanto a): a tozudo no hay quien le gane when it comes to being stubborn there's nobody like him
    4
    (indicando causa): a petición del interesado ( frml); at the request of the interested party
    al + INF:
    al no saber idiomas está en desventaja as he doesn't speak any languages he is at a disadvantage, he's at a disadvantage not speaking any languages
    5
    (expresando desafío): ¿a que no sabes qué nota me puso? you'll never guess what mark she gave me!
    tú no te atreverías — ¿a que sí? you wouldn't dare — do you want to o a bet? ( colloq)
    ¡a que no puedes! bet you can't! ( colloq)
    * * *

    Multiple Entries:
    A    
    a
    A,
    a sustantivo femenino (pl aes) (read as /a/) the letter A, a

    a preposición Nota:
    La preposición a suele emplearse precedida de ciertos verbos como empezar, ir, oler, sonar etc, en cuyo caso ver bajo el respectivo verbo.No se traduce cuando introduce el complemento directo de persona (ser humano, pronombres personales que lo representan, como quien, alguien, algún etc) o un nombre con un objeto o animal personalizado: amo a mi patria = I love my country, paseo a mi perro = I walk my dog.En los casos en que precede al artículo definido el para formar la contracción al, ver bajo la siguiente entrada, donde también se encontrarán otros ejemplos y usos de a.
    1

    voy a México/la tienda I'm going to Mexico/to the shop;

    voy a casa I'm going home;
    se cayó al río she fell into the river


    a orillas del Ebro on the banks of the Ebro;
    se sentó al sol he sat in the sun;
    se sentó a mi derecha he sat down on my right


    2
    a) (señalando hora, momento) at;


    a la hora de comer at lunch time;
    ¿a qué hora vengo? what time shall I come?;
    a mediados de abril in mid-April;
    al día siguiente the next o following day

    hoy estamos a lunes/a 20 today is Monday/it's the 20th today

    c) al + inf:


    al enterarse de la noticia when he learnt o on learning the news



    ( antes) a few minutes before she arrived;

    3 (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia):

    sale a 100 euros cada uno it works out at 100 euros each;
    a 100 kilómetros por hora (at) 100 kilometers per hour;
    nos ganaron cinco a tres they beat us five three o (AmE) five to three
    4 (indicando modo, medio, estilo):
    a pie/a caballo on foot/on horseback;

    a crédito on credit;
    funciona a pilas it runs on batteries;
    a mano by hand;
    a rayas striped;
    vestirse a lo punk to wear punk clothes
    5

    ¿viste a José? did you see José?;

    no he leído a Freud I haven't read (any) Freud


    dáselo a ella give it to her;
    les enseña inglés a mis hijos she teaches my children English;
    le echó (la) llave a la puerta she locked the door

    se lo compré a una gitana I bought it from o (colloq) off a gipsy

    A, a f (letra) A
    'A' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    a. C.
    - a.m.
    - abajeña
    - abajeño
    - abanderada
    - abanderado
    - abandonar
    - abandonada
    - abandonado
    - abanico
    - abarquillada
    - abarquillado
    - abarrotada
    - abarrotado
    - abasto
    - abatida
    - abatido
    - abatirse
    - abdicar
    - aberración
    - abertura
    - abierta
    - abierto
    - abigarrada
    - abigarrado
    - abigarrar
    - ablandar
    - ablusada
    - ablusado
    - abnegada
    - abnegado
    - abobada
    - abobado
    - abocada
    - abocado
    - abogacía
    - abogada
    - abogado
    - abombada
    - abombado
    - abonar
    - abonada
    - abonado
    - abonarse
    - abono
    - abordar
    - abordaje
    - aborregar
    - abortar
    - abortiva
    English:
    A
    - A-level
    - a.m.
    - abandon
    - abandoned
    - abide by
    - ability
    - abject
    - abnormal
    - aboard
    - aborigine
    - abortion
    - abortive
    - about
    - above
    - above-board
    - above-mentioned
    - abrasive
    - abreast
    - abridged
    - abrupt
    - absent
    - absent-minded
    - absolute
    - absolutely
    - absorbed
    - abstemious
    - abstract
    - absurd
    - abundant
    - abuse
    - abusive
    - abysmal
    - academic
    - academy
    - accede
    - accent
    - acceptable
    - access
    - accident-prone
    - accidental
    - accidentally
    - acclimatized
    - accommodate
    - accommodation
    - accomplish
    - accomplished
    - account
    - account for
    - accountable
    * * *
    A
    1. (abrev de autopista) Br M, US freeway
    2. (abrev de alfil) [en notación de ajedrez] B
    A, a [a] nf
    [letra] A, a;
    si por a o por be… if for any reason…
    * * *
    a
    prp
    al este de to the east of;
    a casa home;
    ir a la cama/al cine go to bed/to the movies;
    ¡a trabajar! get to work!;
    vamos a Buenos Aires we’re going to Buenos Aires;
    voy a casa de Marta I’m going to Marta’s (house)
    a la mesa at the table;
    al lado de next to;
    a la derecha on the right;
    al sol in the sun;
    a treinta kilómetros de Cuzco thirty kilometers from Cuzco;
    está a cinco kilómetros it’s five kilometers away
    :
    ¿a qué hora llegas? what time do you arrive?;
    a las tres at three o’clock;
    de once a doce from eleven (o’clock) to twelve;
    estamos a quince de febrero it’s February fifteenth;
    a los treinta años at the age of thirty;
    a la llegada del tren when the train arrives
    :
    a la española the Spanish way;
    a mano by hand;
    a pie on foot;
    a 50 kilómetros por hora at fifty kilometers an hour
    :
    ¿a cómo o
    cuánto está? how much is it?;
    están a dos pesos el kilo they are two pesos a kilo
    :
    dáselo a tu hermano give it to your brother
    :
    vi a mi padre I saw my father
    :
    empezar a begin to;
    jugar a las cartas play cards;
    decidirse a hacer algo decide to do sth;
    voy a comprarlo I’m going to buy it;
    a decir verdad to tell the truth
    :
    ¿a que no lo sabes? I bet you don’t know;
    a ver OK, right;
    a ver lo que pasa ahora let’s see what happens now
    abr (= alias) aka (= also known as)
    * * *
    a nf
    : first letter of the Spanish alphabet
    a prep
    1) : to
    nos vamos a México: we're going to Mexico
    ¿llamaste a tu papá?: did you call your dad?
    como a usted le guste: as you wish
    3) : in the manner of
    papas a la francesa: french fries
    4) : on, by means of
    a pie: on foot
    5) : per, each
    tres pastillas al día: three pills per day
    enséñales a leer: teach them to read
    problemas a resolver: problems to be solved
    * * *
    a prep
    3. (distancia) away
    está a un kilómetro de aquí it's one kilometre from here / it's one kilometre away
    4. (tiempo) at
    5. (distribución, cantidad, medida, precio) a / at
    tocamos a 1.000 cada uno it works out at 1,000 each
    fui a pie I walked / I went on foot
    hecho a mano handmade / made by hand
    ¿has visto a Iván? have you seen Iván?
    9. (para) for
    10. (de) from

    Spanish-English dictionary > a

  • 2 a título gratuito

    (adj.) = gratuitous
    Ex. However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.
    * * *
    (adj.) = gratuitous

    Ex: However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.

    Spanish-English dictionary > a título gratuito

  • 3 adquisición

    f.
    acquisition, buy, purchase, acquirement.
    * * *
    1 acquisition (compra) buy, purchase
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=compra) acquisition, purchase
    oferta
    2) (=artículo comprado) acquisition
    3) (=persona) acquisition

    la cocinera ha sido una auténtica adquisición* the cook is a real find *

    4) [de conocimientos, datos] acquisition
    5) [de costumbres] adoption
    * * *
    a) (objeto, cosa) acquisition
    b) ( acción) acquisition
    * * *
    = accession, acquisition, acquisition, procurement, purchase, elicitation, buy-in, getting.
    Ex. Subject to local circumstances, the size of a reserve store should be limited to the accommodation required for about five years' accessions at current rates.
    Ex. Almost inevitably then, many libraries will have acquisitions for which records are not available in a centralised cataloguing service.
    Ex. Mergers and acquisitions are playing an increasing important part in corporate strategies, stimulated by the scramble for market position in the new Europe.
    Ex. In 1983 the EC funded contracts which entailed the procurement of goods and services amounting to 400 million pounds.
    Ex. These details are primarily useful as a record of expenditure or to organisations or individuals contemplating the purchase of a work.
    Ex. Procedures of knowledge elicitation are described.
    Ex. The seminar will deal with the processes of developing and ensuring corporate buy-in to a digital preservation policy.
    Ex. I am an associate director for collections development, and my responsibilities relate to the getting and keeping of collections = Soy subdirector encargado del desarrollo de la colección y mis responsabilidades están relaconadas con la adquisición y mantenimiento de las colecciones.
    ----
    * adquisición cooperativa = cooperative acquisition.
    * adquisición de libros = book supply, book purchasing.
    * adquisición en línea = online acquisition.
    * adquisición gratuita = free acquisition.
    * adquisición pendiente de examen y aceptación = on approval acquisition, sending on approbation, sending on approval.
    * adquisición por compra o intercambio = non-gratuitous acquisition.
    * adquisición por legado = bequest acquisition.
    * adquisición por ordenador = computerised acquisition.
    * área del número normalizado y de las condiciones de adquisición = International Standard Book Number and terms of availability area, standard number and terms of availability area.
    * Asociación Nacional para Adquisiciones (NAG) = National Acquisitions Group (NAG).
    * basado en la adquisición de contenidos teóricos = content based.
    * bibliotecario encargado de las adquisiciones = acquisitions librarian.
    * centro de adquisiciones = acquisition centre.
    * condiciones de adquisición = obtainability conditions.
    * condiciones de adquisición y = terms of availability and/or price.
    * control de adquisiciones = acquisition control.
    * departamento de adquisiciones = acquisitions department.
    * fichero de adquisiciones = acquisition(s) file.
    * lista de nuevas adquisiciones = acquisitions list.
    * lista de últimas adquisiciones = accessions list, list of current acquisitions, addition list.
    * módulo de adquisiciones = acquisitions system, acquisitions module.
    * Módulo de Adquisiciones y Pedidos = Acquisitions and Ordering System.
    * número de adquisiciones = acquisition rate.
    * plan de adquisición de material a vista = approval plan.
    * plan de adquisiciones = acquisitions plan.
    * política de adquisiciones = acquisition policy [acquisitions policy], collection development [collections development], selection policy, collection policy.
    * presupuesto de adquisiciones = acquisitions budget.
    * presupuesto para adquisición de material = capital budget.
    * Programa Nacional para las Adquisiciones y la Catalogación (NPAC) = National Program for Acquisitions and Cataloging (NPAC).
    * sección de adquisiciones = acquisitions department, order department.
    * servicio de adquisiciones = acquisition routines, acquisition(s) service.
    * * *
    a) (objeto, cosa) acquisition
    b) ( acción) acquisition
    * * *
    = accession, acquisition, acquisition, procurement, purchase, elicitation, buy-in, getting.

    Ex: Subject to local circumstances, the size of a reserve store should be limited to the accommodation required for about five years' accessions at current rates.

    Ex: Almost inevitably then, many libraries will have acquisitions for which records are not available in a centralised cataloguing service.
    Ex: Mergers and acquisitions are playing an increasing important part in corporate strategies, stimulated by the scramble for market position in the new Europe.
    Ex: In 1983 the EC funded contracts which entailed the procurement of goods and services amounting to 400 million pounds.
    Ex: These details are primarily useful as a record of expenditure or to organisations or individuals contemplating the purchase of a work.
    Ex: Procedures of knowledge elicitation are described.
    Ex: The seminar will deal with the processes of developing and ensuring corporate buy-in to a digital preservation policy.
    Ex: I am an associate director for collections development, and my responsibilities relate to the getting and keeping of collections = Soy subdirector encargado del desarrollo de la colección y mis responsabilidades están relaconadas con la adquisición y mantenimiento de las colecciones.
    * adquisición cooperativa = cooperative acquisition.
    * adquisición de libros = book supply, book purchasing.
    * adquisición en línea = online acquisition.
    * adquisición gratuita = free acquisition.
    * adquisición pendiente de examen y aceptación = on approval acquisition, sending on approbation, sending on approval.
    * adquisición por compra o intercambio = non-gratuitous acquisition.
    * adquisición por legado = bequest acquisition.
    * adquisición por ordenador = computerised acquisition.
    * área del número normalizado y de las condiciones de adquisición = International Standard Book Number and terms of availability area, standard number and terms of availability area.
    * Asociación Nacional para Adquisiciones (NAG) = National Acquisitions Group (NAG).
    * basado en la adquisición de contenidos teóricos = content based.
    * bibliotecario encargado de las adquisiciones = acquisitions librarian.
    * centro de adquisiciones = acquisition centre.
    * condiciones de adquisición = obtainability conditions.
    * condiciones de adquisición y = terms of availability and/or price.
    * control de adquisiciones = acquisition control.
    * departamento de adquisiciones = acquisitions department.
    * fichero de adquisiciones = acquisition(s) file.
    * lista de nuevas adquisiciones = acquisitions list.
    * lista de últimas adquisiciones = accessions list, list of current acquisitions, addition list.
    * módulo de adquisiciones = acquisitions system, acquisitions module.
    * Módulo de Adquisiciones y Pedidos = Acquisitions and Ordering System.
    * número de adquisiciones = acquisition rate.
    * plan de adquisición de material a vista = approval plan.
    * plan de adquisiciones = acquisitions plan.
    * política de adquisiciones = acquisition policy [acquisitions policy], collection development [collections development], selection policy, collection policy.
    * presupuesto de adquisiciones = acquisitions budget.
    * presupuesto para adquisición de material = capital budget.
    * Programa Nacional para las Adquisiciones y la Catalogación (NPAC) = National Program for Acquisitions and Cataloging (NPAC).
    * sección de adquisiciones = acquisitions department, order department.
    * servicio de adquisiciones = acquisition routines, acquisition(s) service.

    * * *
    1 (objeto, cosa) acquisition
    ¿has visto mi última adquisición? have you seen my latest acquisition o purchase?
    la última adquisición de los Lakers ( Dep) the Lakers' latest acquisition
    2
    (acción): la adquisición de la casa the purchase of the house
    la adquisición de la lengua materna acquisition of the mother tongue
    el Picasso es de reciente adquisición the Picasso is a recent acquisition o purchase
    Compuesto:
    leveraged buyout
    * * *

     

    adquisición sustantivo femenino
    acquisition;
    ( compra) purchase
    adquisición sustantivo femenino
    1 acquisition
    2 (compra) buy, purchase
    ' adquisición' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    OPA
    English:
    acquisition
    - takeover bid
    - accession
    - purchase
    - take
    * * *
    1. [compra] purchase;
    ayudas para la adquisición de viviendas financial assistance for house buyers
    2. [de empresa] takeover
    3. [cosa comprada] purchase;
    nuestra casa fue una excelente adquisición our house was an excellent buy
    4. [de hábito, cultura] acquisition;
    adquisición de conocimientos acquisition of knowledge
    Ling adquisición lingüística language acquisition
    5. Fam [persona]
    el nuevo secretario es toda una adquisición the new secretary is quite a find
    * * *
    f acquisition;
    hacer una buena adquisición make a good purchase;
    gastos de adquisición acquisition costs;
    adquisición de clientes client acquisition
    * * *
    1) : acquisition
    2) compra: purchase

    Spanish-English dictionary > adquisición

  • 4 adquisición por compra o intercambio

    Ex. The acquisition of documents through purchase or exchange is known as non-gratuitous acquisition.
    * * *

    Ex: The acquisition of documents through purchase or exchange is known as non-gratuitous acquisition.

    Spanish-English dictionary > adquisición por compra o intercambio

  • 5 compra

    f.
    purchase.
    por la compra de una enciclopedia te regalan un televisor if you buy an encyclopedia, they'll give you a television free
    esta impresora fue una excelente compra this printer was a really good buy
    algunos supermercados te llevan la compra a casa some supermarkets deliver your shopping to your home
    ir de compras to go shopping
    compra al contado cash purchase
    pres.indicat.
    3rd person singular (él/ella/ello) present indicative of spanish verb: comprar.
    imperat.
    2nd person singular (tú) Imperative of Spanish verb: comprar.
    * * *
    1 purchase, buy
    \
    hacer la compra to do the shopping, go shopping
    ir a la compra to go shopping
    ir de compras to go shopping
    compra a crédito credit purchase
    compra a plazos hire purchase, US instalment buying
    compra al contado cash purchase
    * * *
    noun f.
    purchase, buying
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=proceso) purchase, purchasing, buying

    tengo que ir a la compra — I've got to do the shopping, I've got to go shopping

    compra a granel — (Com) bulk buying

    compra a plazos — hire purchase, installment plan (EEUU)

    compra proteccionista — (Com) support buying

    2) (=artículo) purchase
    * * *
    a) ( acción)

    hacer las compras or (Esp) la compra — to do the shopping o (colloq) shop

    b) ( cosa comprada) buy, purchase (frml)

    fue una buena/mala compra — it was a good/bad buy

    * * *
    = acquisition, procurement, purchase, purchasing, shopping, buy-out, buying, shopping order, buy-in, propertisation [propertization, -USA].
    Ex. Mergers and acquisitions are playing an increasing important part in corporate strategies, stimulated by the scramble for market position in the new Europe.
    Ex. In 1983 the EC funded contracts which entailed the procurement of goods and services amounting to 400 million pounds.
    Ex. These details are primarily useful as a record of expenditure or to organisations or individuals contemplating the purchase of a work.
    Ex. Research libraries use them to fill in titles that may have been missed in the initial round of purchasing.
    Ex. CACs have dealt with pre- shopping advice, education on consumers' rights and complaints about goods and services, advising the client and often obtaining expert assessments.
    Ex. The book and serial industry has recently witnessed several takeovers, buy-outs, and mergers.
    Ex. The library has a centre for buying, cataloguing and storing microform, audio-visual media and other non-book material.
    Ex. This would herald the age of computer commuting, with customers dialling for bank statements and shopping orders.
    Ex. The seminar will deal with the processes of developing and ensuring corporate buy-in to a digital preservation policy.
    Ex. Of course, the open source zealots are still likely to be up in arms about what they perceive to be propertisation of communal intellectual resources.
    ----
    * adquisición por compra o intercambio = non-gratuitous acquisition.
    * agente inteligente de compras = shopping agent.
    * anuncio de compra-venta = classified advertisement.
    * anuncio de compra-venta = classified ad.
    * asesoramiento antes de la compra = pre-shopping advice.
    * bolsa de la compra = shopping bag, grocery bag, carrier bag.
    * bolsa para la compra = shopping bag, carrier bag.
    * buena compra = good buy.
    * carrito de la compra = shopping trolley, shopping cart.
    * carro de la compra = shopping cart, shopping trolley.
    * catálogo comercial de compra por correo = mail order catalogue.
    * cesta de la compra = food bill, shopping basket, food basket.
    * cesta de la compra, la = cost of living index.
    * compañía de compra por alquiler = hire-purchase company.
    * compra a plazos apartando el producto = layaway, lay-by.
    * compra compulsiva = impulse shopping.
    * compra de acciones = shareholding.
    * compra de libros = book buying [book-buying], book supply, book purchasing.
    * compra desaforada = shopping spree.
    * compra desde casa = armchair shopping.
    * compra de una compañía por otra = corporate takeover.
    * compra en línea = online shopping.
    * compra impulsiva = impulse buy.
    * compra por correo = mail-order.
    * compras de última hora = last-minute shopping.
    * compra-venta de coches = auto dealer.
    * comprobante de compra = proof of purchase.
    * derecho preferente de compra = preemption [pre-emption].
    * descuento por compra al por mayor = bulk deal, bulk rate, bulk rate discount.
    * día de compras = shopping trip.
    * fiebre de las compras = shopping fever.
    * garantía de compra = proof of purchase.
    * hábito de compra = shopping habit, buying habit, purchasing habit, consumption habit.
    * hacer compras = do + shopping.
    * hacer una compra = make + a purchase.
    * ir de compras = go + shopping.
    * lista de compra = shopping list.
    * mejor compra = best buy.
    * oferta de compra de una compañía por otra = takeover bid.
    * opción de compra = buying option, purchasing option.
    * opción de compra de acciones = stock option.
    * orden de compra = purchase order.
    * plan de compra = purchase plan.
    * política de compras = purchasing policy.
    * precio de compra = purchase price.
    * precio especial por compra al por mayor = bulk deal.
    * préstamo para compra de coche = car loan.
    * presupuesto para la compra de libros = book funds [bookfunds].
    * presupuesto para la compra de material = materials budget.
    * prueba de compra = proof of purchase.
    * sección de compras = acquisitions department, order department.
    * servicio de compra por televisión = teleshopping service.
    * servicio de compras = acquisition(s) service.
    * tienda de compras por Internet = online store.
    * viaje de compras = shopping trip.
    * * *
    a) ( acción)

    hacer las compras or (Esp) la compra — to do the shopping o (colloq) shop

    b) ( cosa comprada) buy, purchase (frml)

    fue una buena/mala compra — it was a good/bad buy

    * * *
    = acquisition, procurement, purchase, purchasing, shopping, buy-out, buying, shopping order, buy-in, propertisation [propertization, -USA].

    Ex: Mergers and acquisitions are playing an increasing important part in corporate strategies, stimulated by the scramble for market position in the new Europe.

    Ex: In 1983 the EC funded contracts which entailed the procurement of goods and services amounting to 400 million pounds.
    Ex: These details are primarily useful as a record of expenditure or to organisations or individuals contemplating the purchase of a work.
    Ex: Research libraries use them to fill in titles that may have been missed in the initial round of purchasing.
    Ex: CACs have dealt with pre- shopping advice, education on consumers' rights and complaints about goods and services, advising the client and often obtaining expert assessments.
    Ex: The book and serial industry has recently witnessed several takeovers, buy-outs, and mergers.
    Ex: The library has a centre for buying, cataloguing and storing microform, audio-visual media and other non-book material.
    Ex: This would herald the age of computer commuting, with customers dialling for bank statements and shopping orders.
    Ex: The seminar will deal with the processes of developing and ensuring corporate buy-in to a digital preservation policy.
    Ex: Of course, the open source zealots are still likely to be up in arms about what they perceive to be propertisation of communal intellectual resources.
    * adquisición por compra o intercambio = non-gratuitous acquisition.
    * agente inteligente de compras = shopping agent.
    * anuncio de compra-venta = classified advertisement.
    * anuncio de compra-venta = classified ad.
    * asesoramiento antes de la compra = pre-shopping advice.
    * bolsa de la compra = shopping bag, grocery bag, carrier bag.
    * bolsa para la compra = shopping bag, carrier bag.
    * buena compra = good buy.
    * carrito de la compra = shopping trolley, shopping cart.
    * carro de la compra = shopping cart, shopping trolley.
    * catálogo comercial de compra por correo = mail order catalogue.
    * cesta de la compra = food bill, shopping basket, food basket.
    * cesta de la compra, la = cost of living index.
    * compañía de compra por alquiler = hire-purchase company.
    * compra a plazos apartando el producto = layaway, lay-by.
    * compra compulsiva = impulse shopping.
    * compra de acciones = shareholding.
    * compra de libros = book buying [book-buying], book supply, book purchasing.
    * compra desaforada = shopping spree.
    * compra desde casa = armchair shopping.
    * compra de una compañía por otra = corporate takeover.
    * compra en línea = online shopping.
    * compra impulsiva = impulse buy.
    * compra por correo = mail-order.
    * compras de última hora = last-minute shopping.
    * compra-venta de coches = auto dealer.
    * comprobante de compra = proof of purchase.
    * derecho preferente de compra = preemption [pre-emption].
    * descuento por compra al por mayor = bulk deal, bulk rate, bulk rate discount.
    * día de compras = shopping trip.
    * fiebre de las compras = shopping fever.
    * garantía de compra = proof of purchase.
    * hábito de compra = shopping habit, buying habit, purchasing habit, consumption habit.
    * hacer compras = do + shopping.
    * hacer una compra = make + a purchase.
    * ir de compras = go + shopping.
    * lista de compra = shopping list.
    * mejor compra = best buy.
    * oferta de compra de una compañía por otra = takeover bid.
    * opción de compra = buying option, purchasing option.
    * opción de compra de acciones = stock option.
    * orden de compra = purchase order.
    * plan de compra = purchase plan.
    * política de compras = purchasing policy.
    * precio de compra = purchase price.
    * precio especial por compra al por mayor = bulk deal.
    * préstamo para compra de coche = car loan.
    * presupuesto para la compra de libros = book funds [bookfunds].
    * presupuesto para la compra de material = materials budget.
    * prueba de compra = proof of purchase.
    * sección de compras = acquisitions department, order department.
    * servicio de compra por televisión = teleshopping service.
    * servicio de compras = acquisition(s) service.
    * tienda de compras por Internet = online store.
    * viaje de compras = shopping trip.

    * * *
    1
    (acción): hemos estado muy ocupados con la compra de la casa we've been very busy with buying the house o ( frml) with the house purchase
    has hecho una excelente compra that was a good buy
    ir de compras to go shopping
    hicimos algunas compras we did some shopping o we bought a few things
    hacer la compra ( Esp) or ( AmL) las compras para la semana to do the weekly shopping o ( colloq) shop
    la lista de la compra ( Esp) or ( AmL) las compras the shopping list
    jefe de compras chief buyer
    la compra de dos o más artículos le da derecho a participar en nuestro sorteo if you purchase two or more items you will be eligible o the purchase of two or more items makes you eligible to take part in our draw
    estar de compras ( fam euf); to be in the family way ( colloq euph)
    2 (cosa comprada) buy, purchase ( frml)
    este vestido fue una buena/mala compra this dress was a good/bad buy
    pon la compra en la cocina ( Esp); put what you've bought in the kitchen, put the shopping in the kitchen ( BrE)
    * * *

     

    Del verbo comprar: ( conjugate comprar)

    compra es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) presente indicativo

    2ª persona singular (tú) imperativo

    Multiple Entries:
    compra    
    comprar
    compra sustantivo femenino
    a) ( acción):


    hacer las compras or (Esp) la compra to do the shopping;
    compra por teléfono teleshopping
    b) ( cosa comprada) buy, purchase (frml);


    comprar ( conjugate comprar) verbo transitivo
    a)casa/regalo/comida to buy, purchase (frml);

    comprale algo a algn ( a quien lo vende) to buy sth from sb;
    ( a quien lo recibe) to buy sth for sb
    b) (fam) ( sobornar) to buy (colloq)

    compra sustantivo femenino
    1 (acción) buying
    ir de compras, to go shopping
    2 (objeto comprado) purchase, buy
    (conjunto de alimentos) shopping
    comprar verbo transitivo
    1 to buy: compramos el ordenador a plazos, we bought the computer on hire purchase
    le compra el periódico a Lucía, (para Lucía) he buys the newspaper for Lucia
    (Lucía lo vende) he buys the newspaper from Lucia
    2 figurado (sobornar) to bribe, buy off
    ' compra' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    adquisición
    - amortizar
    - bolsa
    - carrito
    - comprar
    - desorbitar
    - dos
    - las
    - negociar
    - opción
    - salida
    - súper
    - barato
    - cambiar
    - canasta
    - catálogo
    - clavar
    - ganga
    - gestionar
    - hacer
    - importe
    - mandado
    - pilón
    - práctico
    - realizar
    - talón
    English:
    bag
    - bring up
    - buy
    - deposit
    - first-time
    - for
    - insider dealing
    - insider trading
    - leverage
    - outsourcing
    - purchase
    - shopping
    - shopping bag
    - throw in
    - trolley
    - any
    - business
    - deal
    - dealer
    - first
    - free
    - hire
    - take
    - teleshopping
    - whichever
    * * *
    compra nf
    1. [adquisición] purchase;
    están considerando la compra de un automóvil they are thinking about o considering buying a car;
    por la compra de una enciclopedia te regalan un televisor if you buy an encyclopedia, they'll give you a television free;
    hacer Esp [m5] la compra o Am [m5] las compras to do the shopping;
    hago Esp [m5] la compra o Am [m5] las compras los viernes I do the shopping on Fridays;
    ir de compras to go shopping
    compra apalancada leverage buyout;
    compra al contado [en efectivo] cash purchase;
    Am compra en cuotas Br hire-purchase, US installment plan;
    compra al por mayor bulk buying;
    compra a plazos Br hire-purchase, US installment plan
    2. [objeto adquirido] purchase, buy;
    esta impresora fue una excelente compra this printer was a really good buy;
    algunos supermercados te llevan la compra a casa some supermarkets deliver your shopping to your home;
    deja la compra sobre la mesa leave the shopping on the table
    compra impulsiva o por impulso impulse buy
    * * *
    f
    1 acción purchase;
    hacer la compra, ir a la compra do the shopping;
    ir de compras go shopping
    2 ( cosa comprada) purchase, buy
    * * *
    compra nf
    1) : purchase
    2)
    ir de compras : to go shopping
    3)
    orden de compra : purchase order
    * * *
    compra n (adquisición) purchase / buy

    Spanish-English dictionary > compra

  • 6 ello

    pron.
    no nos llevamos bien, pero ello no nos impide formar un buen equipo we don't get on very well, but it o that doesn't stop us making a good team
    no quiero hablar de ello I don't want to talk about it
    por ello for that reason
    * * *
    1 it
    \
    ¡a ello! to work!
    ello es que... the thing is that..., the fact is that...
    por ello that's why
    * * *
    pron.
    it
    * * *
    PRON
    1) it
    2) [locuciones]

    es por ello por lo que..., es por ello que... — that is why...

    ¡a por ello! — here goes!

    * * *
    I
    pronombre personal

    para ello hay que obtener un permiso — (frml) you need a permit for this

    debido a ello que... — for which reason..., owing to which...

    II
    masculino (Psic)
    * * *
    = it.
    Ex. It seems appropriate to take a retrospective look at the evolution of our catalog and the ideology which has shaped it.
    ----
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * aunque me fuera la vida en ello = for the life of me.
    * cargar con ello = live with it.
    * con ello = in doing so, thereto.
    * de camino, ya que estamos en ello = while we're at it.
    * de ello = thereof, therefrom.
    * derivado de ello = therefrom.
    * lo = it.
    * mientras estamos en ello = while we're at it.
    * para ello = to that end, to this end, to that effect, therefor.
    * por ello = on this basis, on that basis, accordingly.
    * sin necesidad de ello = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sobre ello = thereupon [thereon], thereupon [thereon].
    * * *
    I
    pronombre personal

    para ello hay que obtener un permiso — (frml) you need a permit for this

    debido a ello que... — for which reason..., owing to which...

    II
    masculino (Psic)
    * * *
    = it.

    Ex: It seems appropriate to take a retrospective look at the evolution of our catalog and the ideology which has shaped it.

    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * aunque me fuera la vida en ello = for the life of me.
    * cargar con ello = live with it.
    * con ello = in doing so, thereto.
    * de camino, ya que estamos en ello = while we're at it.
    * de ello = thereof, therefrom.
    * derivado de ello = therefrom.
    * lo = it.
    * mientras estamos en ello = while we're at it.
    * para ello = to that end, to this end, to that effect, therefor.
    * por ello = on this basis, on that basis, accordingly.
    * sin necesidad de ello = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sobre ello = thereupon [thereon], thereupon [thereon].

    * * *
    todavía queda mucho por hacer y somos muy conscientes de ello ( frml); much remains to be done and we are very aware of it o of the fact
    para ello hay que obtener un permiso especial ( frml); you need a special permit for this
    ya que estamos en ello while we're at it
    desde fresquísimos pescados a deliciosos postres, todo ello exquisitamente presentado from the freshest of fish to delicious desserts, all beautifully presented
    ( Psic):
    el ello the id
    * * *

    ello pron pers
    it;

    todo ello exquisitamente presentado all beautifully presented;
    para ello hay que obtener un permiso (frml) you need a permit for this
    ello pron pers neut it: no hay que preocuparse por ello, you don't have to worry about it
    por ello no volveré a verte, for that reason I'm not going to see you again

    ' ello' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    abundar
    - alma
    - conferencia
    - deducirse
    - disputar
    - encima
    - imprudencia
    - interés
    - larga
    - largo
    - lugar
    - meditar
    - porfiar
    - sobre
    - cierto
    - inclinar
    English:
    actually
    - bear
    - enthusiastic
    - feeling
    - go without
    - hold against
    - it
    - itself
    - last
    - stress
    - substantial
    - think
    - thought
    - to-do
    - very
    - any
    - bother
    - claim
    - go
    - good
    - push
    - put
    - unwittingly
    - work
    * * *
    ello1 pron personal
    [neutro]
    no nos llevamos bien, pero ello no nos impide formar un buen equipo we don't get on very well, but it o that doesn't stop us (from) making a good team;
    no quiero hablar de ello I don't want to talk about it;
    por ello for that reason;
    todo ello me hace pensar que… it all makes me think that…
    ello2 nm
    Psi id
    * * *
    pron it;
    por ello for this reason;
    ¿has reparado la televisión? – estoy en ello have you mended the television? – I’m working on it o I’m doing it
    * * *
    ello pron
    : it
    es por ello que me voy: that's why I'm going
    * * *
    ello pron it

    Spanish-English dictionary > ello

  • 7 gratuidad

    f.
    gratuitousness, freebie.
    * * *
    1
    2 (arbitrariedad) gratuitousness
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=cualidad de gratuito) cost-free status
    2) (=arbitrariedad) gratuitousness
    * * *
    * * *
    ----
    * principio de gratuidad, el = gratis principle, the.
    * * *
    * * *
    * principio de gratuidad, el = gratis principle, the.
    * * *
    1
    (calidad de ser gratis): ofrecen garantías sobre la gratuidad de la asistencia médica they are offering guarantees of free health care o that health care will remain free
    2 (arbitrariedad) arbitrariness
    * * *

    gratuidad sustantivo femenino (calidad de ser gratis) la gratuidad de la enseñanza garantiza una sociedad más justa, offering free education ensures a more just society
    * * *
    1. [de servicio]
    el gobierno ha prometido la gratuidad de los libros de texto the government has promised that textbooks will be free
    2. [de comentario] gratuitousness
    * * *
    f
    :
    gratuidad de la enseñanza/los medicamentos free education/medicine

    Spanish-English dictionary > gratuidad

  • 8 gratuito1

    = free, free of charge, giveaway [give-away], gratuitous, toll-free, complimentary, freebie, out of the goodness of + Posesivo + heart, freely available, costless, free for the taking, free of cost, no cost(s), on a complimentary basis.
    Ex. Late in 1986, the Medical Library took advantage of Cambridge Scientific Abstracts' free trial offer of its compact Medline on CD-ROM.
    Ex. Law centres employ qualified lawyers and they receive a waiver from the Law Society that allows them to provide their services free of charge.
    Ex. HUD publications range from give-away pamphlets to multi-volume research tomes = Las publicaciones HUD van desde los folletos gratuitos a tomos de investigaciones en varios volúmenes.
    Ex. It is the institutions' general practice to grant gratuitous permissions for photocopying except where substantial quantities of matter are involved.
    Ex. For access and price information concerning the electronic version of Everyman's, contact Dialog Information Services, Inc. 3460 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304 or telephone toll-free 1-800-227-1927 (outside California).
    Ex. This is a classified, annotated guide to magazines which fall into the general category of house magazines available to libraries on a complimentary basis.
    Ex. The article 'Professional reference service with ' freebie' librarians' discusses the free online reference service offered by the Internet Public Library.
    Ex. Thus, resources should be freely available, or at the very last charge only nominal fees for their use.
    Ex. Another property of DSMA protocols is a provision for a graceful dynamic reconfiguration and costless protocol recovery after a lost token.
    Ex. The short answer of course is 'yes,' simply because we now live in a world where these resources are expected to be there, and many expect them to be there free for the taking.
    Ex. An annexure reviews electronic journals available free of cost.
    Ex. Respondents who preferred CD-ROM searching did so because they liked doing their own searches and the fact that there were no costs involved.
    Ex. Mountain bikes are available on a complimentary basis for guests who wish to explore the scenic north coast of the island.
    ----
    * adquisición gratuita = free acquisition.
    * de forma gratuita = on a complimentary basis.
    * de modo gratuito = on a complimentary basis.
    * ejemplar gratuito = gift copy.
    * entrada gratuita = free ticket.
    * llamada gratuita = toll-free.
    * nada en la vida es gratuito = you cannot make an omelette without breaking eggs.
    * número de teléfono de llamada gratuita = toll free telephone number, toll-free number.
    * publicación gratuita = free publication.

    Spanish-English dictionary > gratuito1

  • 9 gratuito2

    2 = wanton, gratuitous.
    Ex. The book focuses on images where hideous atrocities -- e.g., murder, blasphemy, wanton destruction and even cannibalism -- are shown to be part of the daily life of the common people of Paris during the revolution.
    Ex. However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.
    ----
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.

    Spanish-English dictionary > gratuito2

  • 10 infundado

    adj.
    unfounded, groundless, ungrounded, unsupported.
    Toda esa situación pinta mal This whole situation looks bad.
    * * *
    1 unfounded, groundless
    * * *
    ADJ unfounded, groundless
    * * *
    - da adjetivo unfounded, groundless
    * * *
    = undue, unsupported, unfounded, ill-founded, ungrounded, misplaced, gratuitous.
    Ex. Some are poorly written giving either too much or too little data, and giving undue emphasis to the author's priorities.
    Ex. Even more reprehensible than the unsupported recollection is the guess, however well informed.
    Ex. The common fear of the computer is unfounded, as computers are merely an extension of man's capacity for thought and action.
    Ex. The society appears to have assumed that these bibliographies would remain valid indefinitely, an assumption that is unfortunately ill-founded.
    Ex. This is an ungrounded notion = Ésta idea es infundada.
    Ex. Because of the nature of AIDS, much misinformation, prejudice, and misplaced fear exist both within the general public and in professional communities worldwide.
    Ex. However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.
    ----
    * ser infundado = be unfounded.
    * * *
    - da adjetivo unfounded, groundless
    * * *
    = undue, unsupported, unfounded, ill-founded, ungrounded, misplaced, gratuitous.

    Ex: Some are poorly written giving either too much or too little data, and giving undue emphasis to the author's priorities.

    Ex: Even more reprehensible than the unsupported recollection is the guess, however well informed.
    Ex: The common fear of the computer is unfounded, as computers are merely an extension of man's capacity for thought and action.
    Ex: The society appears to have assumed that these bibliographies would remain valid indefinitely, an assumption that is unfortunately ill-founded.
    Ex: This is an ungrounded notion = Ésta idea es infundada.
    Ex: Because of the nature of AIDS, much misinformation, prejudice, and misplaced fear exist both within the general public and in professional communities worldwide.
    Ex: However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.
    * ser infundado = be unfounded.

    * * *
    unfounded, groundless
    * * *

    infundado
    ◊ -da adjetivo

    unfounded, groundless
    infundado,-a adjetivo unfounded, groundless

    ' infundado' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    infundada
    - gratuito
    English:
    groundless
    - ill-founded
    - unfounded
    * * *
    infundado, -a adj
    unfounded
    * * *
    adj unfounded, groundless
    * * *
    infundado, -da adj
    : unfounded, baseless

    Spanish-English dictionary > infundado

  • 11 injustificado

    adj.
    unexcused, unwarranted, unjustified.
    * * *
    1 unjustified
    * * *
    * * *
    - da adjetivo unwarranted, unjustified
    * * *
    = unwarranted, unjustified, uncalled-for, wrongful, ill-justified, gratuitous.
    Ex. Panizzi introduced what seemed to his critics unwarranted and capricious complications calculated to make the catalog much more difficult for the librarian to prepare and the reader to use.
    Ex. Many citation analyses draw conclusions unjustified by the evidence, which could mislead unwary librarians.
    Ex. Reserve services are not noticeably curtailed; but the added clerical burden on the staff is cited as a serious, expensive, and possibly uncalled-for consequence of compliance.
    Ex. Something must be done to resolve freelance authors' rights to remuneration for wrongful use of their property.
    Ex. Unfortunately, he supports President Bush's extravagances in his ill-named war on terror and ill-justified invasion of Iraq.
    Ex. However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.
    * * *
    - da adjetivo unwarranted, unjustified
    * * *
    = unwarranted, unjustified, uncalled-for, wrongful, ill-justified, gratuitous.

    Ex: Panizzi introduced what seemed to his critics unwarranted and capricious complications calculated to make the catalog much more difficult for the librarian to prepare and the reader to use.

    Ex: Many citation analyses draw conclusions unjustified by the evidence, which could mislead unwary librarians.
    Ex: Reserve services are not noticeably curtailed; but the added clerical burden on the staff is cited as a serious, expensive, and possibly uncalled-for consequence of compliance.
    Ex: Something must be done to resolve freelance authors' rights to remuneration for wrongful use of their property.
    Ex: Unfortunately, he supports President Bush's extravagances in his ill-named war on terror and ill-justified invasion of Iraq.
    Ex: However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.

    * * *
    unwarranted, unjustified
    despido injustificado unfair dismissal
    * * *

    injustificado
    ◊ -da adjetivo

    unwarranted, unjustified;
    despido injustificado unfair dismissal
    injustificado,-a adjetivo unjustified

    ' injustificado' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    injustificada
    English:
    gratuitous
    - unwarranted
    - unfair
    - unjustified
    * * *
    injustificado, -a adj
    unjustified
    * * *
    adj unjustified
    * * *
    injustificado, -da adj
    : unjustified, unwarranted

    Spanish-English dictionary > injustificado

  • 12 innecesario

    adj.
    unnecessary, needless, uncalled-for, unrequired.
    * * *
    1 unnecessary
    * * *
    1. (f. - innecesaria)
    adj.
    2. adv.
    * * *
    * * *
    - ria adjetivo unnecessary
    * * *
    = innecessary, needless, unnecessary, superfluous, gratuitous, uncalled-for, unneeded.
    Ex. The papers analysed were all published in biomedical or physical science journals, where the peer review process is strict with respect to verbosity and innecessary illustrations.
    Ex. It is becoming urgently necessary for all information agencies to develop the closest co-operation to avoid wasting their resources through needless duplication and friction.
    Ex. Consequently, it would be wasteful and unnecessary to list, or enumerate, Space and Time facets in every main class schedule.
    Ex. The business community began to see the institutions of the Community as meddlesome or, as in the case of the European Parliament, superfluous.
    Ex. However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.
    Ex. Reserve services are not noticeably curtailed; but the added clerical burden on the staff is cited as a serious, expensive, and possibly uncalled-for consequence of compliance.
    Ex. The author concludes that science libraries buy many unneeded books.
    ----
    * hacer innecesario = obviate + the need for, make + redundant.
    * hacer que Algo sea innecesario = render + unnecessary.
    * riesgo innecesario = unnecessary risk.
    * * *
    - ria adjetivo unnecessary
    * * *
    = innecessary, needless, unnecessary, superfluous, gratuitous, uncalled-for, unneeded.

    Ex: The papers analysed were all published in biomedical or physical science journals, where the peer review process is strict with respect to verbosity and innecessary illustrations.

    Ex: It is becoming urgently necessary for all information agencies to develop the closest co-operation to avoid wasting their resources through needless duplication and friction.
    Ex: Consequently, it would be wasteful and unnecessary to list, or enumerate, Space and Time facets in every main class schedule.
    Ex: The business community began to see the institutions of the Community as meddlesome or, as in the case of the European Parliament, superfluous.
    Ex: However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.
    Ex: Reserve services are not noticeably curtailed; but the added clerical burden on the staff is cited as a serious, expensive, and possibly uncalled-for consequence of compliance.
    Ex: The author concludes that science libraries buy many unneeded books.
    * hacer innecesario = obviate + the need for, make + redundant.
    * hacer que Algo sea innecesario = render + unnecessary.
    * riesgo innecesario = unnecessary risk.

    * * *
    ‹comentario› unnecessary; ‹gasto› unnecessary, needless
    * * *

    innecesario
    ◊ - ria adjetivo

    unnecessary
    innecesario,-a adjetivo unnecessary
    innecesario,-a adjetivo unnecessary: no quiero perder el tiempo en trámites innecesarios, I don't intend to waste time on unnecessary procedures

    ' innecesario' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    excusada
    - excusado
    - innecesaria
    - sobrar
    - superflua
    - superfluo
    - gasto
    English:
    needless
    - uncalled-for
    - unnecessary
    * * *
    innecesario, -a adj
    unnecessary
    * * *
    adj unnecessary
    * * *
    : unnecessary
    * * *
    innecesario adj unnecessary

    Spanish-English dictionary > innecesario

  • 13 insulto

    m.
    insult.
    insultos verbal abuse
    pres.indicat.
    1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: insultar.
    * * *
    1 insult
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=ofensa) insult ( para to)
    2) Méx * (=indigestión) bellyache *, stomachache
    * * *
    masculino insult
    * * *
    = insult, taunt, jeer, abuse, slap in the face, diss, slur.
    Ex. Some student users resorted to using an online conferencing system as the medium for insults and invective aimed at each other.
    Ex. Taunts from her Hispanic students spurred a Japanese-American teacher to develop a multicultural unit that helped children appreciate the culture they had previously jeered.
    Ex. Members of congress paid more attention to each other than to the president, responding with partisan jeers and cheers.
    Ex. I believe that the emphasis on abuse of title entry in the name of speeding up cataloging is not the question of a title entry versus other entries, it is the question of simplification.
    Ex. To reward him with a major committee chairmanship would be a slap in the face of millions of Americans who want to see real change in our country.
    Ex. I think the disses come from frustration with the way his work was handled rather than from desperation.
    Ex. I can also remember a time when slurs were uttered about Jewish people and if you didn't laugh you were considered a wet blanket.
    ----
    * insulto de género = sexual insult.
    * insulto machista = sexual insult.
    * insultos = name-calling.
    * insulto sexista = sexual insult.
    * insulto sexual = sexual insult.
    * insultos y amenazas racistas = hate speech.
    * ser un insulto a la inteligencia = be an insult to the intelligence.
    * tolerar insultos = tolerate + abuse.
    * * *
    masculino insult
    * * *
    = insult, taunt, jeer, abuse, slap in the face, diss, slur.

    Ex: Some student users resorted to using an online conferencing system as the medium for insults and invective aimed at each other.

    Ex: Taunts from her Hispanic students spurred a Japanese-American teacher to develop a multicultural unit that helped children appreciate the culture they had previously jeered.
    Ex: Members of congress paid more attention to each other than to the president, responding with partisan jeers and cheers.
    Ex: I believe that the emphasis on abuse of title entry in the name of speeding up cataloging is not the question of a title entry versus other entries, it is the question of simplification.
    Ex: To reward him with a major committee chairmanship would be a slap in the face of millions of Americans who want to see real change in our country.
    Ex: I think the disses come from frustration with the way his work was handled rather than from desperation.
    Ex: I can also remember a time when slurs were uttered about Jewish people and if you didn't laugh you were considered a wet blanket.
    * insulto de género = sexual insult.
    * insulto machista = sexual insult.
    * insultos = name-calling.
    * insulto sexista = sexual insult.
    * insulto sexual = sexual insult.
    * insultos y amenazas racistas = hate speech.
    * ser un insulto a la inteligencia = be an insult to the intelligence.
    * tolerar insultos = tolerate + abuse.

    * * *
    insult
    * * *

    Del verbo insultar: ( conjugate insultar)

    insulto es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    insultó es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) pretérito indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    insultar    
    insulto
    insultar ( conjugate insultar) verbo transitivo


    insulto sustantivo masculino
    insult
    insultar verbo transitivo to insult
    insulto sustantivo masculino insult
    ' insulto' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    inri
    - lanzar
    - ofensa
    - reparación
    - torpe
    - gratuito
    - guacho
    - largar
    - maricón
    - subnormal
    - vengar
    English:
    abuse
    - gratuitous
    - insult
    - intentional
    - offence
    - taunt
    * * *
    insult;
    proferir insultos to hurl insults;
    sus declaraciones son un insulto a la inteligencia his statements are an insult to people's intelligence
    * * *
    m insult
    * * *
    : insult
    * * *
    insulto n insult

    Spanish-English dictionary > insulto

  • 14 intercambio

    m.
    1 exchange.
    2 interchange, exchange, swapping, trade-in.
    3 intercourse.
    pres.indicat.
    1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: intercambiar.
    * * *
    1 exchange, interchange
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM [de impresiones, de presos, ideas, dinero] exchange; [de sellos, fotos] swap, exchange

    hice intercambio con una chica inglesaI went o did an exchange with an English girl

    me junto con un estudiante de español y hacemos intercambio de conversación — I get together with a Spanish student to exchange conversation

    * * *
    a) (de ideas, información, bienes) exchange
    b) (de sellos, revistas) swap; ( de estudiantes) exchange; ( de prisioneros) exchange
    c) ( en tenis) rally
    * * *
    = exchange, exchange acquisition, interchange, exchange visit, cross-pollination, barter, cross-fertilisation [cross-fertilization, -USA], transposition, sharing, bartering.
    Ex. National agencies creating MARC records use national standards within their own country, and re-format records to UNIMARC for international exchange.
    Ex. The 'on approval', 'gift', and ' exchange' types are useful for statistical purposes.
    Ex. Both UKMARC and UNIMARC comply with ISO 2709, the international standard for bibliographic record interchange on magnetic tape.
    Ex. The article 'To the Polar Circle on exchange visit' describes a 3 week exchange visit to the Regional Library in Rovaniemi, the largest of Finnish Lapland's 4 towns.
    Ex. The conference disappointed in there was little cross-pollination of ideas between librarians in the developed and the developing countries.
    Ex. International exchange of publications between libraries has long been a successful solution to the problem of barter where no absolute value is calculable.
    Ex. Results indicate that the patterns of cross-fertilization vary greatly among these scientific fields.
    Ex. Transposition of digits in a number is usually invisible to editors.
    Ex. There are other networks which support the sharing of cataloguing data.
    Ex. Holdings will become increasingly important as a bartering tool to gain additional access benefits.
    ----
    * adquisición por compra o intercambio = non-gratuitous acquisition.
    * Cinta de Intercambio de Regristros MARC = MARC Exchange Tape.
    * efectuar un intercambio = effect + exchange.
    * estudiante de intercambio = exchange student.
    * formato de intercambio = exchange format.
    * idioma de intercambio = exchange language.
    * intercambio cultural = cultural exchange.
    * intercambio de calor = heat exchange.
    * intercambio de conocimientos = learning exchange, cross-fertilisation [cross-fertilization, -USA], cross-fertilisation of knowledge.
    * intercambio de conversación = conversation exchange.
    * intercambio de direcciones = exchange of address.
    * intercambio de estudiantes = student exchange.
    * intercambio de experiencias = exchange of experience.
    * intercambio de fondos = stock exchange.
    * intercambio de ideas = fertilisation [fertilization, -USA], cross-fertilisation [cross-fertilization, -USA], cross-fertilisation of ideas, exchange of ideas.
    * intercambio de información = information exchange, information interchange.
    * intercambio de opiniones sobre = exchange of opinion on.
    * intercambio de puestos de trabajo = job exchange.
    * Intercambio Electrónico de Datos (EDI) = EDI (Electronic Data Interchange).
    * intercambio electrónico de información = electronic exchange of information.
    * intercambio internacional = international exchange.
    * intercambio lingüístico = language exchange.
    * intercambio nacional = national exchange.
    * intercambio verbal = exchange, verbal transaction, verbal exchange.
    * lengua de intercambio = exchange language.
    * programa de intercambio = exchange programme.
    * sesión de intercambio = swap shop.
    * visita de intercambio = exchange visit.
    * * *
    a) (de ideas, información, bienes) exchange
    b) (de sellos, revistas) swap; ( de estudiantes) exchange; ( de prisioneros) exchange
    c) ( en tenis) rally
    * * *
    = exchange, exchange acquisition, interchange, exchange visit, cross-pollination, barter, cross-fertilisation [cross-fertilization, -USA], transposition, sharing, bartering.

    Ex: National agencies creating MARC records use national standards within their own country, and re-format records to UNIMARC for international exchange.

    Ex: The 'on approval', 'gift', and ' exchange' types are useful for statistical purposes.
    Ex: Both UKMARC and UNIMARC comply with ISO 2709, the international standard for bibliographic record interchange on magnetic tape.
    Ex: The article 'To the Polar Circle on exchange visit' describes a 3 week exchange visit to the Regional Library in Rovaniemi, the largest of Finnish Lapland's 4 towns.
    Ex: The conference disappointed in there was little cross-pollination of ideas between librarians in the developed and the developing countries.
    Ex: International exchange of publications between libraries has long been a successful solution to the problem of barter where no absolute value is calculable.
    Ex: Results indicate that the patterns of cross-fertilization vary greatly among these scientific fields.
    Ex: Transposition of digits in a number is usually invisible to editors.
    Ex: There are other networks which support the sharing of cataloguing data.
    Ex: Holdings will become increasingly important as a bartering tool to gain additional access benefits.
    * adquisición por compra o intercambio = non-gratuitous acquisition.
    * Cinta de Intercambio de Regristros MARC = MARC Exchange Tape.
    * efectuar un intercambio = effect + exchange.
    * estudiante de intercambio = exchange student.
    * formato de intercambio = exchange format.
    * idioma de intercambio = exchange language.
    * intercambio cultural = cultural exchange.
    * intercambio de calor = heat exchange.
    * intercambio de conocimientos = learning exchange, cross-fertilisation [cross-fertilization, -USA], cross-fertilisation of knowledge.
    * intercambio de conversación = conversation exchange.
    * intercambio de direcciones = exchange of address.
    * intercambio de estudiantes = student exchange.
    * intercambio de experiencias = exchange of experience.
    * intercambio de fondos = stock exchange.
    * intercambio de ideas = fertilisation [fertilization, -USA], cross-fertilisation [cross-fertilization, -USA], cross-fertilisation of ideas, exchange of ideas.
    * intercambio de información = information exchange, information interchange.
    * intercambio de opiniones sobre = exchange of opinion on.
    * intercambio de puestos de trabajo = job exchange.
    * Intercambio Electrónico de Datos (EDI) = EDI (Electronic Data Interchange).
    * intercambio electrónico de información = electronic exchange of information.
    * intercambio internacional = international exchange.
    * intercambio lingüístico = language exchange.
    * intercambio nacional = national exchange.
    * intercambio verbal = exchange, verbal transaction, verbal exchange.
    * lengua de intercambio = exchange language.
    * programa de intercambio = exchange programme.
    * sesión de intercambio = swap shop.
    * visita de intercambio = exchange visit.

    * * *
    1 (de ideas, bienes) exchange; (de sellos, revistas) swap
    va a hacer un intercambio con un chico inglés he's going on an exchange with an English boy
    intercambio de opiniones/experiencias exchange of opinions/experiences
    intercambio cultural cultural exchange
    el debate terminó con un intercambio de insultos the discussion ended in an exchange of insults
    tuvieron un intercambio de palabras they exchanged words, they had an argument
    2 (en tenis) rally
    Compuesto:
    ( Inf) file sharing
    * * *

     

    Del verbo intercambiar: ( conjugate intercambiar)

    intercambio es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    intercambió es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) pretérito indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    intercambiar    
    intercambio
    intercambiar ( conjugate intercambiar) verbo transitivoimpresiones/ideas to exchange;
    sellos/revistas to swap
    intercambio sustantivo masculino
    a) (de ideas, información, bienes) exchange

    b) (de sellos, revistas) swap;

    (de estudiantes, prisioneros) exchange
    intercambiar verbo transitivo to exchange, swap
    intercambio sustantivo masculino exchange: el ambiente favorecía el intercambio de ideas, the atmosphere favoured the exchange of ideas
    ' intercambio' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    tiroteo
    English:
    cement
    - cultural exchange
    - exchange
    - interchange
    - intercultural
    - swap
    - switch
    - wife-swapping
    * * *
    [de objetos, ideas] exchange; [de cromos] swap;
    se ha producido un intercambio de lugares en la clasificación the two teams have swapped places in the table;
    la discusión acabó con un intercambio de puñetazos the argument ended with them trading punches;
    un alumno de intercambio an exchange student;
    hizo intercambio con una chica canadiense she did an exchange with a Canadian girl
    intercambio comercial trade;
    intercambio cultural cultural exchange;
    Fin intercambio de la deuda debt swap;
    intercambio de golpes [en tenis] rally;
    intercambio de ideas exchange of ideas;
    * * *
    m exchange, swap;
    intercambio de datos/opiniones exchange of information/ideas
    * * *
    canje: exchange, trade
    * * *
    intercambio n exchange

    Spanish-English dictionary > intercambio

  • 15 necesario

    adj.
    necessary, essential, indispensable, needful.
    * * *
    1 necessary
    \
    hacerse necesario,-a (algo) to be required 2 (persona) to become vital, become essential
    si fuera necesario if need be, if necessary
    * * *
    (f. - necesaria)
    adj.
    * * *
    ADJ
    1) [tras sustantivo] necessary
    2)

    hacer necesario: estos graves incidentes hicieron necesaria la intervención de la policía — these serious incidents made it necessary for the police to intervene, these serious incidents made police intervention necessary

    hacerse necesario: se hace necesaria una completa renovación antes de la próxima temporada — a complete overhaul is now necessary o required before next season

    3)

    ser necesario — to be needed, be necessary

    haremos huelga si es necesario — if necessary we will go on strike, we will go on strike if need be

    si fuera necesario — if necessary, if need be, if it should be necessary

    de ser necesario — if necessary, if need be

    4)

    es necesario hacer algo, es muy necesario tener una infraestructura sólida — it is essential o vital to have a solid infrastructure

    para ir a Francia no es necesario tener pasaporteyou don't need a passport o it is not necessary to have a passport to go to France

    es necesario que + subjun

    era necesario que continuara con el tratamientohe needed to continue o it was necessary for him to continue with the treatment

    * * *
    - ria adjetivo ( imprescindible) necessary

    si es necesario se lo llevaré personalmenteif necessary o if need be, I'll take it to him myself

    no es necesario que te quedesthere's no need o it isn't necessary for you to stay

    * * *
    = necessary, requisite.
    Ex. Minor editorial changes have been made as necessary, and comments which were unintelligible from the tapes have been deleted.
    Ex. They expressed dissatisfaction with graduates they had employed who, whilst possessing the requisite technical skills, lacked judgement and flexibility in information.
    ----
    * creer necesario = feel + need for.
    * cuando sea necesario = when necessary.
    * dar los pasos necesarios = take + steps.
    * demostrar ser necesario = prove + necessary.
    * habilidades necesarias para la vida cotidiana = life skills.
    * hacer esfuerzo necesario = pull + Posesivo + (own) weight.
    * hacer necesario = render + necessary.
    * muy necesario = much needed [much-needed], long overdue.
    * no ser necesario = there + be + no question of.
    * resultar ser necesario = prove + necessary.
    * según sea necesario = as required.
    * ser muy necesario = be long overdue.
    * ser necesario = be needed, it + take.
    * siendo necesario = resulting in the need for.
    * sin ser necesario = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * * *
    - ria adjetivo ( imprescindible) necessary

    si es necesario se lo llevaré personalmenteif necessary o if need be, I'll take it to him myself

    no es necesario que te quedesthere's no need o it isn't necessary for you to stay

    * * *
    = necessary, requisite.

    Ex: Minor editorial changes have been made as necessary, and comments which were unintelligible from the tapes have been deleted.

    Ex: They expressed dissatisfaction with graduates they had employed who, whilst possessing the requisite technical skills, lacked judgement and flexibility in information.
    * creer necesario = feel + need for.
    * cuando sea necesario = when necessary.
    * dar los pasos necesarios = take + steps.
    * demostrar ser necesario = prove + necessary.
    * habilidades necesarias para la vida cotidiana = life skills.
    * hacer esfuerzo necesario = pull + Posesivo + (own) weight.
    * hacer necesario = render + necessary.
    * muy necesario = much needed [much-needed], long overdue.
    * no ser necesario = there + be + no question of.
    * resultar ser necesario = prove + necessary.
    * según sea necesario = as required.
    * ser muy necesario = be long overdue.
    * ser necesario = be needed, it + take.
    * siendo necesario = resulting in the need for.
    * sin ser necesario = gratuitous, gratuitously.

    * * *
    1 (imprescindible) necessary
    no dispone del dinero necesario she doesn't have enough money, she doesn't have the necessary money
    me sentía necesario I felt needed
    la situación hizo necesario su regreso inmediato the situation necessitated o required o demanded his immediate return ( frml), the situation made it necessary for him to return immediately
    su apoyo me es muy necesario I really need her support, her support is vital to me
    si es necesario se lo llevaré personalmente if necessary o if need be, I'll take it to him myself
    no será necesario abrir todas las cajas it won't be necessary to open all the boxes, we/they won't need to o have to open all the boxes
    no es necesario que te quedes toda la noche there's no need o it isn't necessary for you to stay all night, you don't have to o you don't need to stay all night
    es necesario que cooperemos todos we must all cooperate
    no compres más de lo necesario don't buy more than you/we need, don't buy more than is necessary
    2 (inevitable) ‹consecuencia/efecto› inevitable
    * * *

     

    necesario
    ◊ - ria adjetivo ( imprescindible) necessary;

    haré lo que sea necesario I'll do whatever's necessary;
    si es necesario if necessary, if need be;
    no es necesario there's no need, it isn't necessary;
    me sentía necesario I felt needed
    necesario,-a adjetivo necessary: es necesario actuar, we must act
    es necesario que así suceda, it has to be this way
    no es necesario que grites, there is no need to shout
    si fuera necesario, if need be

    ' necesario' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    abundar
    - como
    - estimar
    - facilitar
    - imponerse
    - martirizar
    - necesaria
    - precisa
    - preciso
    - consigo
    - creer
    - haber
    - menester
    - parecer
    - someter
    English:
    essential
    - making
    - necessary
    - needful
    - now
    - push
    - required
    - arise
    - far
    - pinch
    - require
    - requisite
    * * *
    necesario, -a adj
    1. [que hace falta] necessary;
    me llevé la ropa necesaria para una semana I took enough clothes for a week;
    me eres muy necesaria I really need you;
    es necesario hacerlo it needs to be done;
    es necesario descansar regularmente you need to rest regularly;
    hacer necesario algo to make sth necessary;
    no es necesario que lo hagas you don't need to do it;
    si es necesario if need be, if necessary
    2. [inevitable] inevitable;
    el desempleo es consecuencia necesaria de la desindustrialización unemployment is an inevitable consequence of deindustrialization
    * * *
    adj necessary
    * * *
    necesario, - ria adj
    1) : necessary
    2)
    si es necesario : if need be
    3)
    hacerse necesario : to be required
    * * *
    necesario adj necessary
    es necesario hacer algo to have to do something / must do something

    Spanish-English dictionary > necesario

  • 16 necesidad

    f.
    1 need.
    tenemos una urgente necesidad de espacio we are in urgent need of more space
    no hay necesidad de algo there's no need for something
    no hay necesidad de hacer algo there's no need to do something
    tener necesidad de algo to need something
    obedecer a la necesidad (de) to arise from the need (to)
    2 necessity.
    por necesidad out of necessity
    3 hunger (hambre).
    pasar necesidades to suffer hardship
    * * *
    1 necessity, need
    2 (hambre) hunger
    3 (pobreza) poverty, want
    \
    de necesidad essential
    hacer sus necesidades familiar to relieve oneself
    no hay necesidad de... there's no need to...
    pasar necesidades to be in need, suffer hardship
    * * *
    noun f.
    1) need, necessity
    2) poverty, want
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=urgencia)
    a)

    la necesidad de algo — the need for sth

    la necesidad de hacer algo — the need to do sth

    tener necesidad de algo — to need sth

    tienen necesidad urgente de ayuda alimenticia — they urgently need food aid, they are in urgent need of food aid

    y ¿qué necesidad tienes de irte a un hotel habiendo camas en casa? — why would you need to go to a hotel when there are spare beds at home?

    b)

    de necesidad, en caso de necesidad — in an emergency

    artículos o productos de primera necesidad — basic essentials, staple items

    c)

    por necesidad, tuve que aprenderlo por necesidad — I had to learn it out of necessity

    el que se llame John no significa que tenga que ser inglés por necesidad — the fact that he is called John does not necessarily mean that he is English

    d)

    sin necesidad, no corra riesgos sin necesidad — don't take unnecessary risks

    podemos llegar a un acuerdo sin necesidad de que intervenga el director — we can come to an agreement without any need for the director to intervene

    e) (=cosa necesaria) [personal] need; [objetiva] necessity

    para un representante un coche no es un lujo, es una necesidad — for a sales rep, a car is not a luxury, it's a necessity

    2) (=pobreza) need
    3) (=apuro) tight spot
    a) (=privaciones) hardships

    pasar necesidades — to suffer hardship o hardships

    b)
    * * *
    1)
    a) (urgencia, falta) need

    en caso de necesidad — if necessary, if need be

    la necesidad hace maestros or aguza el ingenio — necessity is the mother of invention

    b) ( cosa necesaria) necessity, essential
    2) ( pobreza) poverty, need
    3) necesidades femenino plural
    a) ( requerimientos) needs (pl), requirements (pl)
    b) ( privaciones) hardship
    c)

    hacer sus necesidades — (euf) to relieve oneself (euph)

    * * *
    = necessity, need, requirement, want, exigency, urge, necessity.
    Ex. The main inconveniences of item record indexes arise from the necessity of searching the entire file.
    Ex. The need to become familiar with different command languages for different hosts is a considerable barrier to effective retrieval.
    Ex. The most appropriate type of abstract must be chosen in accordance with the requirements of each individual application.
    Ex. Several possible rules governing the reference interview are examined; one calls for inquiry into client's underlying wants, 'the face value rule', another for inquiry into underlying needs, 'the purpose rule'.
    Ex. The LA dangles between short-term exigencies and long-term potentials, and a call for cuts in library school output is trying to cure symptoms rather than diseases.
    Ex. The urge to mechanize paper-making came at first as much from the papermakers' desire to free themselves from dependence upon their skilled but rebellious workmen as from the pursuit of production economies.
    Ex. Books may be useful to many people, but it is by no means common for them to be necessities.
    ----
    * adaptable a las necesidades del usuario = customisable [customizable, -USA].
    * adaptar a las necesidades de = tailor to + the needs of, gear to + the needs of.
    * adaptar a una necesidad = time to + need, suit + requirement.
    * adaptarse a una necesidad = suit + need.
    * adecuar a una necesidad = suit + purpose, tailor to + demand.
    * ahorrarse la necesidad de = circumvent + the need to.
    * amoldarse a las necesidades de = bend to + the needs of.
    * análisis de necesidades = needs assessment, needs analysis.
    * apoyar la necesidad de = endorse + the need (for/to).
    * atender a una necesidad = meet + need, speak to + need.
    * atender las necesidades = provide for + needs.
    * atender una necesidad = address + need, cover + requirement, fulfil + requirement, serve + need.
    * comprobación de las necesidades económicas = means-testing, means test.
    * comprobar las necesidades económicas = means test.
    * confirmar la necesidad de = endorse + the need (for/to).
    * cuando le surja la necesidad = at + Posesivo + time of need.
    * cubrir la mayoría de las necesidades = go + most of the way.
    * cubrir las necesidades de = provide for.
    * cubrir una necesidad = cover + need, meet + need, serve + need, fill + need, fulfil + need, speak to + need.
    * defender la necesidad = articulate + the need.
    * defender la necesidad de = support + the case for.
    * diagnosticar las necesidades de = diagnose + needs.
    * dispositivo de ayuda a usuarios con necesidades especiales = assistive device.
    * eliminar la necesidad de = remove + the need for.
    * eludir la necesidad de = bypass + the need (for).
    * estrategia para enfrentarse a las necesidades diarias = coping strategy, coping skill.
    * estudiar una necesidad = analyse + need.
    * evaluación de las necesidades económicas = means-testing, means test.
    * evaluación de necesidades = needs assessment.
    * evaluar las necesidades económicas = means test.
    * existir una necesidad de = there + be + call for.
    * hacer frente a una necesidad = meet + need, serve + need.
    * hacer + Posesivo + necesidades = relieve + Reflexivo, go + potty.
    * hacer que Algo sea pertinente a las necesidades de Algo o Alguien = make + Nombre + relevant to.
    * insistir en la necesidad de = insist on + the necessity of, insist on + the need for.
    * justificar la necesidad de = justify + the case for.
    * la necesidad agudiza el ingenio = necessity mothers invention, necessity is the mother of invention.
    * librar de la necesidad de = relieve of + the necessity of, relieve of + the need to.
    * necesidad apremiante = desperate need.
    * necesidad corporal = bodily function.
    * necesidad de información = information need.
    * necesidad económica = economic necessity, economic need.
    * necesidades de espacio = space requirements.
    * necesidad extrema = dire need.
    * necesidad humana = human need.
    * necesidad imperiosa = desperate need.
    * necesidad informativa = information need.
    * necesidad urgente = desperate need, urgent need.
    * necesidad visceral = visceral need.
    * niño con necesidades especiales = special needs child.
    * no tener la necesidad de usar Algo = have + no use for.
    * orientado hacia unas necesidades = need oriented.
    * plantear la necesidad = articulate + the need.
    * por necesidad = of necessity, out of necessity.
    * prever una necesidad = project + need.
    * producto de la necesidad = born of necessity.
    * provisiones de primera necesidad = basic provisions, basic goods.
    * que se concede en función de las necesidades económicas = means-tested.
    * quien no malgasta no pasa necesidades = waste not, want not.
    * recalcar la necesidad = stress + the need.
    * regla de la necesidad = purpose rule.
    * resaltar la necesidad = stress + the need.
    * resaltar la necesidad de = imprint + the need for.
    * resolver una necesidad = address + requirement.
    * responder a una necesidad = address + need.
    * satisfacer las necesidades = provide for + needs.
    * satisfacer las necesidades de = provide for.
    * satisfacer una necesidad = match + need, match + requirement, meet + need, meet + requirement, satisfy + need, satisfy + requirement, accommodate + need, fulfil + need.
    * sentir la necesidad de = feel + need for, feel + the need to, get + the urge to.
    * sin necesidad de ello = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin necesidad de pensar = thought-free.
    * surgir una necesidad = need + arise.
    * tecnología adaptada a usuarios con necesidades especiales = assistive technology.
    * una necesidad cada vez mayor = a growing need.
    * verse en la necesidad = be constrained to.
    * verse en la necesidad de = be left with the need to.
    * verse en la necesidad urgente de = be hard pressed.
    * * *
    1)
    a) (urgencia, falta) need

    en caso de necesidad — if necessary, if need be

    la necesidad hace maestros or aguza el ingenio — necessity is the mother of invention

    b) ( cosa necesaria) necessity, essential
    2) ( pobreza) poverty, need
    3) necesidades femenino plural
    a) ( requerimientos) needs (pl), requirements (pl)
    b) ( privaciones) hardship
    c)

    hacer sus necesidades — (euf) to relieve oneself (euph)

    * * *
    = necessity, need, requirement, want, exigency, urge, necessity.

    Ex: The main inconveniences of item record indexes arise from the necessity of searching the entire file.

    Ex: The need to become familiar with different command languages for different hosts is a considerable barrier to effective retrieval.
    Ex: The most appropriate type of abstract must be chosen in accordance with the requirements of each individual application.
    Ex: Several possible rules governing the reference interview are examined; one calls for inquiry into client's underlying wants, 'the face value rule', another for inquiry into underlying needs, 'the purpose rule'.
    Ex: The LA dangles between short-term exigencies and long-term potentials, and a call for cuts in library school output is trying to cure symptoms rather than diseases.
    Ex: The urge to mechanize paper-making came at first as much from the papermakers' desire to free themselves from dependence upon their skilled but rebellious workmen as from the pursuit of production economies.
    Ex: Books may be useful to many people, but it is by no means common for them to be necessities.
    * adaptable a las necesidades del usuario = customisable [customizable, -USA].
    * adaptar a las necesidades de = tailor to + the needs of, gear to + the needs of.
    * adaptar a una necesidad = time to + need, suit + requirement.
    * adaptarse a una necesidad = suit + need.
    * adecuar a una necesidad = suit + purpose, tailor to + demand.
    * ahorrarse la necesidad de = circumvent + the need to.
    * amoldarse a las necesidades de = bend to + the needs of.
    * análisis de necesidades = needs assessment, needs analysis.
    * apoyar la necesidad de = endorse + the need (for/to).
    * atender a una necesidad = meet + need, speak to + need.
    * atender las necesidades = provide for + needs.
    * atender una necesidad = address + need, cover + requirement, fulfil + requirement, serve + need.
    * comprobación de las necesidades económicas = means-testing, means test.
    * comprobar las necesidades económicas = means test.
    * confirmar la necesidad de = endorse + the need (for/to).
    * cuando le surja la necesidad = at + Posesivo + time of need.
    * cubrir la mayoría de las necesidades = go + most of the way.
    * cubrir las necesidades de = provide for.
    * cubrir una necesidad = cover + need, meet + need, serve + need, fill + need, fulfil + need, speak to + need.
    * defender la necesidad = articulate + the need.
    * defender la necesidad de = support + the case for.
    * diagnosticar las necesidades de = diagnose + needs.
    * dispositivo de ayuda a usuarios con necesidades especiales = assistive device.
    * eliminar la necesidad de = remove + the need for.
    * eludir la necesidad de = bypass + the need (for).
    * estrategia para enfrentarse a las necesidades diarias = coping strategy, coping skill.
    * estudiar una necesidad = analyse + need.
    * evaluación de las necesidades económicas = means-testing, means test.
    * evaluación de necesidades = needs assessment.
    * evaluar las necesidades económicas = means test.
    * existir una necesidad de = there + be + call for.
    * hacer frente a una necesidad = meet + need, serve + need.
    * hacer + Posesivo + necesidades = relieve + Reflexivo, go + potty.
    * hacer que Algo sea pertinente a las necesidades de Algo o Alguien = make + Nombre + relevant to.
    * insistir en la necesidad de = insist on + the necessity of, insist on + the need for.
    * justificar la necesidad de = justify + the case for.
    * la necesidad agudiza el ingenio = necessity mothers invention, necessity is the mother of invention.
    * librar de la necesidad de = relieve of + the necessity of, relieve of + the need to.
    * necesidad apremiante = desperate need.
    * necesidad corporal = bodily function.
    * necesidad de información = information need.
    * necesidad económica = economic necessity, economic need.
    * necesidades de espacio = space requirements.
    * necesidad extrema = dire need.
    * necesidad humana = human need.
    * necesidad imperiosa = desperate need.
    * necesidad informativa = information need.
    * necesidad urgente = desperate need, urgent need.
    * necesidad visceral = visceral need.
    * niño con necesidades especiales = special needs child.
    * no tener la necesidad de usar Algo = have + no use for.
    * orientado hacia unas necesidades = need oriented.
    * plantear la necesidad = articulate + the need.
    * por necesidad = of necessity, out of necessity.
    * prever una necesidad = project + need.
    * producto de la necesidad = born of necessity.
    * provisiones de primera necesidad = basic provisions, basic goods.
    * que se concede en función de las necesidades económicas = means-tested.
    * quien no malgasta no pasa necesidades = waste not, want not.
    * recalcar la necesidad = stress + the need.
    * regla de la necesidad = purpose rule.
    * resaltar la necesidad = stress + the need.
    * resaltar la necesidad de = imprint + the need for.
    * resolver una necesidad = address + requirement.
    * responder a una necesidad = address + need.
    * satisfacer las necesidades = provide for + needs.
    * satisfacer las necesidades de = provide for.
    * satisfacer una necesidad = match + need, match + requirement, meet + need, meet + requirement, satisfy + need, satisfy + requirement, accommodate + need, fulfil + need.
    * sentir la necesidad de = feel + need for, feel + the need to, get + the urge to.
    * sin necesidad de ello = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin necesidad de pensar = thought-free.
    * surgir una necesidad = need + arise.
    * tecnología adaptada a usuarios con necesidades especiales = assistive technology.
    * una necesidad cada vez mayor = a growing need.
    * verse en la necesidad = be constrained to.
    * verse en la necesidad de = be left with the need to.
    * verse en la necesidad urgente de = be hard pressed.

    * * *
    A
    1 (urgencia, falta) need
    en caso de necesidad me lo prestará she'll lend it to me if necessary o if need be
    una imperiosa necesidad an urgent o a pressing need
    tengo necesidad de unas vacaciones I'm in need of o I need a break
    ¿qué necesidad hay de decírselo? do we/you have to tell her?, is there any need to tell her?
    no hay necesidad de que se entere there's no need for her to know
    subrayó la necesidad de que permaneciera secreto he emphasized the need for it to remain secret
    hacer de la necesidad virtud to make a virtue of necessity
    la necesidad tiene cara de hereje beggars can't be choosers
    la necesidad hace maestros or aguza el ingenio necessity is the mother of invention
    2 (cosa necesaria) necessity, essential
    no es un lujo sino una necesidad it is not a luxury but a necessity o an essential
    B (pobreza) poverty, need
    viven en la necesidad they live in poverty, they are very poor o needy
    la necesidad lo impulsó a robar he stole out of necessity o need, poverty drove him to steal
    su muerte los dejó en la más absoluta necesidad his death left them in extreme poverty
    C
    (inevitabilidad): tienen que hacer transbordo en Irún por necesidad you have no alternative but to change trains at Irún
    1 (requerimientos) needs (pl), requirements (pl)
    no podremos satisfacer sus necesidades we will be unable to meet your requirements o needs
    2 (privaciones) hardship
    sufrieron or pasaron muchas necesidades they suffered a great deal of hardship
    3
    hacer sus necesidades ( euf); to relieve oneself ( euph)
    saca al perro a hacer sus necesidades take the dog out to do his business ( euph)
    se hace sus necesidades encima he dirties o soils himself ( euph)
    * * *

     

    necesidad sustantivo femenino
    1
    a) (urgencia, falta) need;


    en caso de necesidad if necessary, if need be


    2
    necesidades sustantivo femenino plural




    c)


    necesidad sustantivo femenino
    1 necessity, need: sentí la necesidad de abrazarla, I felt the need to hug her
    tengo necesidad de llorar, I need to cry
    por necesidad, of necessity
    2 (dificultad económica) hardship: pasan mucha necesidad, they suffer hardship
    ' necesidad' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    acuciante
    - caso
    - haber
    - primera
    - primero
    - remediar
    - saciar
    - satisfacer
    - sueño
    - apremiante
    - artículo
    - creciente
    - cubrir
    - por
    - resaltar
    - tener
    English:
    basic
    - consuming
    - crying
    - demand
    - desperate
    - must
    - necessity
    - need
    - neediness
    - of
    - overwhelming
    - pinch
    - requirement
    - sore
    - staple
    - want
    * * *
    1. [en general] need;
    discutieron la necesidad de detener la violencia they discussed the need to stop the violence;
    en esta oficina tenemos una urgente necesidad de espacio we are in urgent need of more space in this office;
    no veo la necesidad de darle un premio I don't see any reason to give him a prize;
    nos recordaron la necesidad de ser discretos they reminded us of the need for discretion;
    no hay necesidad de que se lo digas there's no need for you to tell her;
    obedecer a la necesidad (de) to arise from the need (to);
    necesidad perentoria urgent need;
    puedes hablarme, sin necesidad de gritar there's no need to shout;
    se puede comer sin necesidad de calentarlo previamente can be eaten cold, needs no preheating;
    2. [obligación] necessity;
    por necesidad out of necessity;
    3. [hambre] hunger;
    [pobreza] poverty, need;
    pasar necesidades to suffer hardship;
    la necesidad la obligó a mendigar poverty forced her to beg
    4. Euf
    tengo que hacer mis necesidades I have to answer a call of nature;
    ya estoy harto de que los perros de los vecinos se hagan sus necesidades en la escalera I'm fed up of neighbours' dogs doing their business on the stairs
    * * *
    f
    1 need;
    en caso de necesidad if necessary;
    por necesidad out of necessity;
    hacer de la necesidad virtud make a virtue out of a necessity
    2 ( cosa esencial) necessity;
    3
    :
    hacer sus necesidades fam relieve o.s.
    4
    :
    pasar necesidades suffer hardship
    * * *
    1) : need, necessity
    2) : poverty, want
    3) necesidades nfpl
    : hardships
    4)
    hacer sus necesidades : to relieve oneself
    * * *
    1. (falta) need
    2. (cosa esencial) necessity [pl. necessities]
    3. (pobreza) poverty

    Spanish-English dictionary > necesidad

  • 17 sin

    prep.
    without.
    buscan gente sin experiencia previa they are looking for people with no o without previous experience
    sin alcohol alcohol-free
    ha escrito cinco libros sin (contar) las novelas he has written five books, not counting his novels
    está sin hacer it hasn't been done yet
    estamos sin vino we're out of wine
    muchos se quedaron sin casa a lot of people were left homeless, a lot of people lost their homes
    lleva tres noches sin dormir she hasn't slept for three nights
    sin que without
    sin que nadie se enterara without anyone noticing
    sin más (ni más) just like that
    m.
    INS, Immigration and Naturalization Service.
    * * *
    1 (carencia) without
    2 (además de) not counting
    \
    estar sin algo to be out of something
    estar sin + inf not to have been + past participle
    quedarse sin algo to run out of something
    seguir sin to still not
    sin casar unmarried
    sin lo cual otherwise
    sin más ni más without further ado
    sin que + subjuntivo without + - ing
    sin querer accidentally, by mistake
    sin vergüenza shameless
    * * *
    prep.
    * * *
    1. PREP
    1) [seguido de sustantivo, pronombre] without

    ¿puedes abrirla sin llave? — can you open it without a key?

    llevamos diez meses sin noticias — it's been ten months since we've had any news, we've been ten months without news

    parejas jóvenes, sin hijos — young couples with no children

    cerveza sin alcohol — alcohol-free beer, non-alcoholic beer

    estar sin algo, estuvimos varias horas sin luz — we had no electricity for several hours

    quedarse sin algo — (=terminarse) to run out of sth; (=perder) to lose sth

    sin papeles SMF illegal immigrant

    2) (=no incluyendo) not including, excluding

    ese es el precio de la bañera sin los grifos — that is the price of the bath, excluding o not including the taps

    cuesta 550 euros, sin IVA — it costs 550 euros, exclusive of VAT o not including VAT

    3) + infin
    a) [indicando acción]

    nos despedimos, no sin antes recordarles que... — (TV) before saying goodnight we'd like to remind you that...

    no me gusta estar sin hacer nada — I don't like having nothing to do, I don't like doing nothing

    b) [indicando continuidad]

    llevan mucho tiempo sin hablarse — they haven't spoken to each other for a long time

    seguir sin, las camas seguían sin hacer — the beds still hadn't been made

    c) [tras sustantivo pasivo]
    4)

    sin que+ subjun without

    sin que él lo sepa — without him knowing, without his knowing

    2.
    SF (=cerveza sin alcohol) alcohol-free beer
    * * *

    cerveza sin alcohol — non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer

    una pareja sin hijos — a couple with no children, a childless couple

    2)
    a)

    sin + inf — ( con significado activo) without -ing

    b)

    sin + inf — ( con significado pasivo)

    3)

    sin que + subj: no voy a ir sin que me inviten I'm not going if I haven't been invited; quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta — get it off him without his o without him noticing

    * * *
    Ex. Without AACR is doubtful whether computerised cataloguing would have been implemented so relatively painlessly and successfully = Sin las RCAA es dudoso que la catalogación automatizada se hubiera implementado tan fácilmente y con tanto éxito, relativamente hablando.
    ----
    * abogado sin escrúpulos = shyster.
    * acercarse sin ser visto = sidle up to.
    * afable pero sin sinceridad = suave.
    * agua sin gas = still water.
    * andar sin prisa = mosey.
    * arreglárselas sin = live without, get along without.
    * aunque sin ningún resultado = but (all) to no avail.
    * barato pero sin avergonzarse de ello = cheap and cheerful.
    * biblioteca sin muros = library without walls.
    * biblioteca sin paredes = library without walls.
    * bordado sin consido = needlepoint lace.
    * callejón sin salida = blind alley, catch 22, cul-de-sac, dead end, impasse.
    * camino sin rumbo = the road to nowhere.
    * casi sin previo aviso = without much notice.
    * coche sin caballos = horseless carriage automobile, horseless carriage.
    * colocado sin escalón entre pieza y pieza = edge-flush.
    * continuar sin detenerse = go straight ahead.
    * conversación sin trascendencia = small-talk.
    * decir rápidamente sin parar = rattle off.
    * dejar a Alguien sin aliento = leave + Nombre + breathless.
    * dejar sin cambiar = leave + unchanged.
    * dejar sin hacer = leave + undone.
    * dejar sin referente a una referencia anafórica = dangle + anaphoric reference.
    * dejar sin tocar = leave + Nombre + alone.
    * dejar sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * demanda sin variaciones = inelastic demand.
    * demostrar sin lugar a dudas = prove + conclusively.
    * demostrar sin ninguna duda = demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond all doubt.
    * demostrar sin ningún género de duda = demonstrate + beyond (all) doubt, demonstrate + emphatically, demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt.
    * desarrollarse sin problemas = go + smoothly.
    * estar sin vivir = be worried sick.
    * evaluación sin intervención del examinador = unobtrusive testing.
    * hablando sin rodeos = crudely put.
    * hablar sin parar = burble on.
    * hablar sin ser entendido = speak in + tongues.
    * hacerlo sin la ayuda de nadie = do + it + on + Posesivo + own.
    * homicidio sin premeditación = manslaughter.
    * ir a un Sitio sin prisa = mosey.
    * lanzarse sin ton ni son = dive + head-first.
    * más largo que un día sin pan = as long as (my/your) arm.
    * medicamento sin receta médica = over the counter medicine.
    * método de la media sin ponderar = unweighted means method.
    * nación sin estado = stateless nation.
    * noche sin poder dormir = sleepless night.
    * no hay dos sin tres = things + come in threes.
    * no miel sin hiel = no pain, no gain.
    * no sin fundamento = not without basis.
    * oficina sin papel = paperless office.
    * papel sin acidez = acid-free paper.
    * pasar desadvertido, pasar sin ser visto = sneak under + the radar.
    * pasar sin = live without, live without.
    * pasar sin ser visto = go + unnoticed.
    * película sin fin = filmloop [film loop/film-loop].
    * permanecer sin cambios = remain + unchanged.
    * permanecer sin especificar = remain + undefined.
    * pero sin conseguirlo = but no dice.
    * pero sin suerte = but no dice.
    * persona sin problemas de vista = sighted person.
    * personas sin hogar = homelessness.
    * personas sin techo = homelessness.
    * político sin escrúpulos = shyster.
    * pozo sin fondo = bottomless pit.
    * pregunta sin respuesta = unanswerable question.
    * publicación sin papel = paperless publishing.
    * quedarse sin aliento = run out of + breath.
    * quedarse sin habla = stun into + speechlessness.
    * quedarse sin negocio = go out of + business.
    * quedarse sin palabras = stun into + speechlessness.
    * rechazar sin más = dismiss + out of hand.
    * referencia anafórica sin referente = dangling anaphoric reference.
    * rima sin sentido = nonsense, nonsense verse.
    * salir sin ser visto = slip out.
    * sin abrir = unopened.
    * sin abrirse = unfolded.
    * sin abrochar = undone.
    * sin acabar = unfinished.
    * sin acentuar = unaccented.
    * sin acontecimientos que destacar = uneventful.
    * sin adornos = unadorned, unvarnished.
    * sin afectar = unaffected.
    * sin afeitar = unshaven.
    * sin afeitar desde hace varios días = stubbly [stubblier -comp., stubbliest -sup.].
    * sin afiliación a un partido político = non-partisan [nonpartisan].
    * sin afiliación religiosa = non-sectarian [nonsectarian].
    * sin agua = waterless.
    * sin aguja = needleless.
    * sin ajustar = unadjusted, loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin alcohol = alcoholfree.
    * sin aliento = breathlessly, breathless.
    * sin alinear = unjustified.
    * sin alterar = unaltered, unmodified.
    * sin ambigüedad = unambiguous.
    * sin amor = loveless.
    * sin analizar = unexamined, unanalysed.
    * sin ánimo = despondently.
    * sin ánimo de lucro = non-profit [nonprofit], non-profit making, not-for-profit, generously.
    * sin apenas ser oído = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin apoyo = unsupported.
    * sin apretar = loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin árboles = treeless.
    * sin arreglo = beyond repair.
    * sin arrepentimiento = no-looking-back.
    * sin asignar = unallocated.
    * sin asignar todavía = unassigned.
    * sin asimilar = undigested.
    * sin atajar = unconfronted.
    * sin atractivo = unattractive.
    * sin atrasos = paid-up, in good standing.
    * sin autorización = unauthorised [unauthorized, -USA], unlicensed.
    * sin avergonzarse = unashamed.
    * sin avisar = unannounced, out of the blue, like a bolt out of the blue, like a bolt from the blue.
    * sin aviso previo = without warning.
    * sin ayuda = unaided, unassisted.
    * sin ayuda de nadie = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * sin barba = beardless.
    * sin barnizar = unvarnished.
    * sin base = unsupported, ill-founded.
    * sin blanca = broke, skint.
    * sin blanquear = unbleached.
    * sin blindar = unshielded.
    * sin bombo(s) ni platillo(s) = without much ado.
    * sin brillo = dull, tarnished.
    * sin cabeza = headless, decapitated.
    * sin cables = wireless.
    * sin cafeina = decaffeinated.
    * sin calorías = calorieless.
    * sin cambio = inviolate.
    * sin cambios = monotone, stable, undisturbed, unchanged, unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * sin cancelar = uncancelled.
    * sin canjear = unredeemed.
    * sin cansancio = indefatigably.
    * sin capacidad de discernimiento = undiscriminating.
    * sin cara = faceless.
    * sin carácter = boneless, spineless.
    * sin carne = meatless.
    * sin castigo = impunitive, unpunished.
    * sin catalogar = uncatalogued [uncataloged, -USA].
    * sin causa alguna = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin causa aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin causa justificada = without justified reason.
    * sin causar daño = harmlessly.
    * sin ceremonias = unceremonious, unceremoniously.
    * sin cerrar con llave = unlocked.
    * sin certeza de cobrar = on spec.
    * sin cesar = steadily.
    * sin clases sociales = classless.
    * sin clavos = studless.
    * sin clemencia = mercilessly.
    * sin cobrar = free of charge, unredeemed, uncollected.
    * sin cohesión = scrappily, scrappy [scrappier -comp., scrappiest -sup.], bitty [bittier -comp., bittiest -sup.].
    * sin cohibiciones = unselfconsciously.
    * sin cola = ecaudate.
    * sin columnas = single-column.
    * sin comentar = unannotated.
    * sin comerlo ni beberlo = without having anything to do with it.
    * sin comérselo ni bebérselo = without having anything to do with it.
    * sin compasión = mercilessly.
    * sin complicaciones = smoothly, boilerplate [boiler plate], uncomplicated, straightforward, uncomplicatedly, hassle-free.
    * sin comprimir = uncompressed.
    * sin comprobar = untested.
    * sin compromiso = without obligation, fancy-free.
    * sin compromisos = with no strings attached.
    * sin concluir = unfinished.
    * sin concretar = to be decided.
    * sin condiciones = unconditionally.
    * sin condiciones especiales = with no strings attached.
    * sin confirmar = unconfirmed, unsubstantiated, unvalidated, to be confirmed.
    * sin conocer = ignorant of.
    * sin conocimiento = unconscious.
    * sin conocimiento de causa = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sin conservar información sobre las consultas realizadas anteriormente = stateless.
    * sin conservar información sobre las consultas realizadas anterior = stateless.
    * sin constancia de ello = unrecorded.
    * sin consumir = nonconsumptive.
    * sin contacto = non-contact.
    * sin contaminar = untainted, uncontaminated.
    * sin contar = not including, excluding.
    * sin contar con = in the absence of.
    * sin contenido = contentless, trivial.
    * sin contratiempos = smoothly.
    * sin control = uncontrolled.
    * sin controlar = unsupervised.
    * sin convicción = doubtfully, lamely.
    * sin coordinación = uncoordinated [unco-ordinated].
    * sin corregir = unamended, uncorrected, unrevised.
    * sin correlacionar = uncorrelated.
    * sin corroborar = unsubstantiated.
    * sin cortapisas = untrammelled.
    * sin cortar = uncut.
    * sin coscarse = without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin costas = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin coste alguno = at no personal cost, at no cost, without cost, costless, without charge, free of charge, free of cost, cost free, for free, at no charge.
    * sin costo adicional alguno = at no extra charge, at no extra cost, at no extra charge.
    * sin costuras = seamless.
    * sin crecimiento = non-growth.
    * sin créditos = non-credit.
    * sin criterio alguno = indiscriminate, indiscriminately.
    * sin cuajar = runny [runnier -comp., runniest -sup.].
    * sin cuantificar = unmeasured.
    * sin cubrir = unfilled.
    * sin cuestionarlo = uncritically.
    * sin cultura = uncultured.
    * sin daños = undamaged.
    * sin dar basto = left, right and centre.
    * sin darle importancia = airily.
    * sin darme cuenta = before I know what's happened.
    * sin darnos cuenta = out of sight.
    * sin darse cuenta = inadvertently, unwittingly, unknowingly, without realising, without noticing, unconsciously.
    * sin debatir = undiscussed.
    * sin decir nada = dumbly.
    * sin decir ni mú = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin decir ni pío = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin decir una palabra = without saying a word.
    * sin defecto = untainted, unblemished.
    * sin dejar huella = into thin air.
    * sin dejar nada fuera = the works!.
    * sin dejar rastro = into thin air.
    * sin dejarse amedrentar por = undaunted by.
    * sin dejarse amilanar por = undaunted by.
    * sin dejarse desanimar = undaunted.
    * sin dejarse intimidar por = undaunted by.
    * sin delimitar = unmapped.
    * sin demora = on the spot, straight away, without delay, at short notice, promptly, right away, at once.
    * sin demorarse un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin demoras = in a timely fashion, in a timely manner.
    * sin desarrollar = undeveloped.
    * sin descansar = without (a) rest.
    * sin descanso = relentlessly, restlessly, breathlessly, unabated, without a break, without (a) rest, day in and day out, without respite.
    * sin descanso, sin un descanso, sin parar, sin descansar, sin interrupción = without a break.
    * sin descubrir = undiscovered.
    * sin descuento = undiscounted.
    * sin desdoblarse = unfolded.
    * sin desearlo = unwantedly.
    * sin desgastar = unworn.
    * sin desperdiciar un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin determinación de culpabilidad = no-fault.
    * sin determinar = undefined.
    * sin detonar = unexploded.
    * sin deudas = debt free.
    * sin dientes = toothless.
    * sin diferencias = undifferentiated.
    * sin dificultad = without difficulty.
    * sin dificultad alguna = without a hitch.
    * sin diluir = undiluted.
    * sin dinero = impecunious.
    * sin dinero en metálico = cashless.
    * sin discapacidad = able-bodied.
    * sin discapacidades = able-bodied.
    * sin disciplina = undisciplined, ill-disciplined.
    * sin discriminar = indiscriminate, on equal terms.
    * sin discutir = no arguments!, undiscussed.
    * sin disminuir = non-decreasing, unabated.
    * sin disolver = undiluted.
    * sin disponer de = in the absence of.
    * sin división espacial = spatially unstructured.
    * sin doblarse = unfolded.
    * sin documentar = undocumented.
    * sin dolor = painless.
    * sin domicilio fijo = of no fixed abode.
    * sin drenar = undrained.
    * sin duda = doubtless, no doubt, of course, surely, to be sure, undoubtedly, indubitably, without a doubt, without doubt, no mistake, hands down.
    * sin duda alguna = without any doubt.
    * sin dudar = without a doubt.
    * sin dudarlo = without hesitation.
    * sin editar = unedited.
    * sin el menor asomo de duda = without a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin embargo = however, nevertheless, still, yet, that being said, all this said.
    * sin emitir humo = smokeless.
    * sin empleo = jobless.
    * sin encuadernar = unbound.
    * sin energía = lethargic.
    * sin engorros = hassle-free.
    * sin entallar = loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin enterrar = unburied.
    * sin entusiasmo = half-hearted [halfhearted].
    * sin envolver = unwrapped.
    * sin errores = error-free.
    * sin escatimar = without stint, unstintingly.
    * sin escenificar = unproduced.
    * sin escrúpulos = unscrupulous, unconscionable, without scruples, unprincipled.
    * sin escurrir = undrained.
    * sin esfuerzo = effortless, effortlessly.
    * sin esfuerzo alguno = effortlessly.
    * sin especializar = non-specialised.
    * sin especificar = unspecified.
    * sin esperanza = hopeless, dispiritedly, hopelessly.
    * sin esperarlo = out of the blue, like a bolt out of the blue, like a bolt from the blue.
    * sin espinas = boneless.
    * sin estar obstaculizado por = untrammelled by.
    * sin estilo = dowdy [dowdier -comp., dowdiest -sup.].
    * sin estructura = unstructured.
    * sin estudios = ill-educated.
    * sin evaluar = unevaluated.
    * sin examinar = unexamined.
    * sin exceder el presupuesto = budgetable.
    * sin excepción = without exception, without fail.
    * sin excesivo rigor = loosely.
    * sin excusa justificada = unexcused.
    * sin existencias = out-of-stock.
    * sin éxito = unsuccessful.
    * sin experiencia = inexperience, callow [callower -comp., callowest -sup.].
    * sin explicar = unexplained.
    * sin explorar = unexplored.
    * sin explotar = untapped, unexploded.
    * sin extras = no-frills.
    * sin fallar = without fail.
    * sin fallos = flawlessly.
    * sin falta = without fail.
    * sin fecha = undated.
    * sin fechar = undated.
    * sin fianza = without bail.
    * sin fin = never-finishing, never-ending, bottomless, interminably, unending.
    * sin finalidad = purposeless.
    * sin financiación = unfunded.
    * sin fines lucrativos = non-profit [nonprofit], non-profit making.
    * sin firma = unsigned.
    * sin firmar = unsigned.
    * sin fondo = bottomless.
    * sin forma = bodilessly, formless.
    * sin formación = ill-educated.
    * sin formación previa = untrained.
    * sin forrar = uncovered.
    * sin fronteras = borderless.
    * sin fundamento = unwarranted, unsupported, ungrounded, without foundation, without basis.
    * sin fundamento alguno = without any basis.
    * sin ganas = half-heartedly.
    * sin gastos = no cost(s).
    * sin grabar = unengraved.
    * sin gracia = dowdy [dowdier -comp., dowdiest -sup.].
    * sin grasa = nonfat.
    * sin grasas = nonfat, fat free.
    * sin guardar una correlación = uncorrelated.
    * sin haber contacto = non-contact.
    * sin haber pasado por la calandria = uncalendered.
    * sin habla = speechless.
    * sin hacer = undone.
    * sin hacer caso = regardless.
    * sin hacer distinciones = one size fits all.
    * sin hacer ruido = as quiet as a mouse, furtively, softly.
    * sin herrar = unshod.
    * sin hilación = rambling.
    * sin hogar = homeless.
    * sin hueso = boneless.
    * sin humo = smokeless.
    * sin humor = humourless [humorless, -USA].
    * sin humos = smoke-free.
    * sin idea = clueless.
    * sin ideas preconcebidas = open mind.
    * sin identificar = unidentified, unmapped, unnamed.
    * sin igual = unequalled, unexampled, unsurpassed, unique unto itself, unrivalled [unrivaled, -USA], without equal, matchless.
    * sin impedimentos = unimpeded.
    * sin importancia = negligible, unimportant, trifling, immaterial, of no consequence.
    * sin importar = regardless of, independently of, disregarding.
    * sin importar + Adjetivo/Adverbio + que sea = however + Adjetivo/Adverbio.
    * sin importar el tiempo = all-weather.
    * sin importar las consecuencias = regardless of the consequences.
    * sin importar qué = no matter what/which.
    * sin impuestos = duty-free, tax-free.
    * sin impurezas = purified.
    * sin incluir = unlisted, exclusive of, not including, excluding.
    * sin incluir las comidas = self-catering.
    * sin índice = indexless.
    * sin + Infinitivo = without + Gerundio.
    * sin información sobre el estado anterior = stateless.
    * sin inhibiciones = uninhibited.
    * sin inmutarse = undeterred, impassively, without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin intención = involuntarily.
    * sin interés = unexciting, uninteresting, unmoving, vapid.
    * sin interrupción = continuously, without a break, without (a) rest, in an unbroken line.
    * sin interrupciones = in a single phase.
    * sin intervención de un intermediario = disintermediated.
    * sin intervención directa = nonobtrusive.
    * sin investigar = unresearched.
    * sin justificación = unreasonably, unjustified.
    * sin justificación alguna = wantonly.
    * sin justificar = unjustified.
    * sin la amenaza de = unthreatened (by).
    * sin la ayuda de nadie = single-handed, single-handedly.
    * sin la debida autorización = unauthorised [unauthorized, -USA], warrantless.
    * sin la debida consideración = without due consideration.
    * sin la más mínima duda = without the shadow of a doubt, without a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la más mínima duda = beyond a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la menor duda = no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin la menor idea = clueless.
    * sin la menor sombra de duda = without a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la suficiente financiación = underfinanced [under-financed].
    * sin lavar = unwashed.
    * sin leer = unread.
    * sin levadura = unleavened.
    * sin licencia = unlicensed.
    * sin líder = leaderless.
    * sin limitaciones = without stint, without limit.
    * sin límite = without limit, without stint, interminably.
    * sin límite(s) = unbounded, unfettered, unstinting, unstintingly, the sky is the limit.
    * sin litoral = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin llamar la atención = inconspicuously.
    * sin lógica ni explicación = without rhyme or reason.
    * sin lugar a dudas = conclusively, undeniably, unquestionably, without any doubt, by all accounts, no mistake, no doubt, without a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt, to be sure.
    * sin lujos = no-frills.
    * sin luna = moonless.
    * sin luz de luna = moonless.
    * sin madera = woodfree.
    * sin madurar = unripened.
    * sin maldad = guileless.
    * sin malicia = guileless.
    * sin mancha = unblemished, untainted, stainless.
    * sin mangas = sleeveless.
    * sin mantenimiento = maintenance-free.
    * sin marcar = unpriced.
    * sin marca registrada = non-proprietary.
    * sin más = out of hand, unceremoniously, unceremonious.
    * sin más dilación = without (any) further ado, without (any) more ado, without warning.
    * sin más ni más = unceremoniously, unceremonious, for the love of it, without much ado.
    * sin más preámbulos = without (any) further ado, without (any) more ado.
    * sin medir = unmeasured.
    * sin mencionar = not to mention, not to say, not to speak of.
    * sin meternos en el hecho de que = to say nothing of.
    * sin mezcla = unmixed.
    * sin mezclar = unmixed.
    * sin miedo = with confidence.
    * sin miramientos = unceremoniously.
    * sin misericordia = ruthlessly.
    * sin modificar = unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * sin molestias = hassle-free.
    * sin motivo alguno = wantonly.
    * sin motivo aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin motivo justificado = without justified reason.
    * sin moverse del sitio = in place.
    * sin movimiento = unmoving, motionless.
    * sin mucha antelación = at short notice.
    * sin mucha anticipación = at short notice.
    * sin mucha dificultad = painlessly.
    * sin muchas contemplaciones = unceremoniously.
    * sin muchos inconvenientes = without much grudging.
    * sin nada de gracia = unfunny.
    * sin nada que destacar = uneventful.
    * sin necesidad de ello = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin necesidad de pensar = thought-free.
    * sin ninguna duda = without question, without any doubt, beyond doubt, beyond any doubt, no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin ningún cosste = without cost.
    * sin ningún coste = without charge, free of charge, at no cost, free of cost, cost free, for free, costless, at no charge.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo mental = thought-free.
    * sin ningún género de duda = without any doubt whatsoever, without any doubt whatsoever.
    * sin ningún género de dudas = indisputably.
    * sin ningún motivo = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin ningún nivel de especialización = unskilled.
    * sin ningún otro motivo = (just) for the hell of (doing) it.
    * sin ningún remedio posible = beyond redemption.
    * sin ningún reparo = unabashed.
    * sin ningún resultado = to no avail, without any avail, of no avail.
    * sin ningún tipo de restricciones = no holds barred.
    * sin nombrar = unnamed.
    * sin norte = aimless, off course, rudderless.
    * sin notar la diferencia = seamlessly, seamless.
    * sin nubes = unclouded, uncloudy, cloudless.
    * sin numeración = unnumbered.
    * sin numerar = unnumbered.
    * sin obligaciones = at leisure.
    * sin obstáculos = unchecked, unhindered, unimpeded, unobstructed.
    * sin obstáculos de por medio = uncluttered.
    * sin obstrucciones = unobstructed.
    * sin olor = odourless [odorless, -USA].
    * sin olvidar = not to mention.
    * sin operario = unmanned.
    * sin oposición = without opposition, unchallenged, unopposed.
    * sin orden = unordered.
    * sin ordenar = unordered, unsorted.
    * sin orden ni concierto = higgledy-piggledy, without rhyme or reason.
    * sin originalidad = unoriginal.
    * sin palabras = wordless.
    * sin papel = paperless.
    * sin par = unequalled, unexampled, unsurpassed, unique unto itself, unique, without peer, unrivalled [unrivaled, -USA], without equal, matchless.
    * sin paralelo = unparalleled.
    * sin parangón = unparalleled, unequalled, without peer, matchless.
    * sin parar = steadily, non-stop, without a break, without (a) rest, on-the-go, interminably, without respite, without stopping.
    * sin parar a pensárselo = off-hand [offhand].
    * sin pararse a pensar = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin patente = non-proprietary.
    * sin pausa = breathlessly.
    * sin peculio = impecunious.
    * sin peligro alguno = safely.
    * sin pelo = hairless.
    * sin pelos en la lengua = outspokenly.
    * sin pensar = mindlessly.
    * sin pensar (en) = unmindful of, with little or no thought of, without thinking (about).
    * sin pensarlo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensarlo demasiado = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo detenidamente = out of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo mucho = off the top of + Posesivo + head, right off the bat.
    * sin pensárselo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensárselo dos veces = without a second thought, spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment, at the drop of a hat.
    * sin pepitas = seedless.
    * sin percatarse = without realising, without noticing, unconsciously, unknowingly, unwittingly.
    * sin perder de vista = with an eye on.
    * sin perder un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin pérdida = lossless.
    * sin perjuicio de = notwithstanding.
    * sin perjuicios = open mind.
    * sin permiso = without permission, unlicensed.
    * sin pestañear = impassively, without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin pico = flat-topped.
    * sin piedad = ruthlessly, remorseless, mercilessly.
    * sin piel = skinless.
    * sin pies ni cabeza = without rhyme or reason.
    * sin pistas = clueless.
    * sin planificar = unplanned.
    * sin poblar = unpopulated.
    * sin poder contenerse = helplessly.
    * sin poder dormir = sleepless.
    * sin poder extinguirlo = inextinguishably.
    * sin poder hacer nada = helplessly.
    * sin poner en duda la veracidad de Algo temporalmente = suspension of disbelief.
    * sin poner en escena = unproduced.
    * sin ponerlo en duda = uncritically.
    * sin ponerse en duda = unquestioned.
    * sin precedente = unparalleled, unexampled.
    * sin precedentes = unprecedented, record breaking, record-high, all-time.
    * sin precio = unpriced.
    * sin preguntar = unasked.
    * sin prejuicios = open-minded, fair-minded [fairminded].
    * sin prentesiones = unpretentious.
    * sin preocupaciones = carefree, worry-free.
    * sin preparación técnica = non-technical.
    * sin préstamo = non-circulating [noncirculating].
    * sin prestar atención = mindlessly.
    * sin pretensiones = unassuming, humble [humbler -comp., humblest -sup.].
    * sin previo aviso = unannounced, without warning, without notice, without prior notice, without prior notification, on spec, at the drop of a hat, without (any) further notice.
    * sin principios = unscrupulous, unprincipled.
    * sin prisa(s) = unhurriedly, leisurely.
    * sin problemas = smoothly, smooth [smoother -comp., smoothest -sup.], problem-free, trouble free [trouble-free], without a hitch, unproblematically, carefree, without difficulty, in good standing.
    * sin problemas de vista = sighted.
    * sin procesar = unprocessed.
    * sin propiedades = propertyless.
    * sin propiedad rural = landless.
    * sin protección = unprotected.
    * sin provocación = unprovoked.
    * sin publicar = unpublished.
    * sin pulir = unpolished.
    * sin quejarse = uncomplaining, uncomplainingly.
    * sin quemar = unburned.
    * sin querer = involuntarily, unwilling, by accident, accidentally, unintentionally, unwantedly.
    * sin querer + Infinitivo = unwilling to + Infinitivo.
    * sin quererlo = unwantedly.
    * sin que se entienda = slurred.
    * sin que se note la diferencia = seamlessly.
    * sin rabo = ecaudate.
    * sin razón = wanton, for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón alguna = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin razón justificada = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón justificda = for no particular reason.
    * sin recelo = with confidence.
    * sin receta médica = over the counter.
    * sin reclamar = unredeemed.
    * sin recoger = uncollected.
    * sin reconocer = unrecognised [unrecognized, -USA].
    * sin reconocimiento de créditos = non-credit.
    * sin recopilar = uncollected.
    * sin recursos = resource-starved.
    * sin refinar = unrefined.
    * sin reflexionar = rashly.
    * sin registrar = unlisted.
    * sin reglamentar = unregulated.
    * sin regular = unregulated.
    * sin regularizar = unregulated.
    * sin relación = unrelated, unconnected.
    * sin relación con = unrelated to.
    * sin remedio = beyond repair, incurably, incorrigibly.
    * sin remordimientos = no-looking-back.
    * sin reparar = unrepaired.
    * sin reparo = unashamed.
    * sin reparos = unshielded.
    * sin representación = unrepresented.
    * sin reserva = unconditionally, unreserved.
    * sin reservas = unshielded, wholehearted [whole-hearted], go + the whole hog, the full monty, without reservation, wholeheartedly [whole-heartedly], forthright, categorical, uncompromising, uncompromisingly, unqualified, categoric, unmitigaged, unreserved, unreservedly.
    * sin residencia fija = of no fixed abode.
    * sin resistencia = unchallenged, unopposed.
    * sin resistirse = passively.
    * sin resolver = unresolved, unsolved, unsettled, uncleared.
    * sin respiro = without a break, without (a) rest, without respite.
    * sin responder = unanswered.
    * sin restricciones = unrestricted, unlimited, uninhibited, unrestrictive, unfettered, free-flowing, without stint, without limit, no holds barred, unencumbered.
    * sin restricciones de horario = unscheduled.
    * sin retirar = uncleared, uncollected.
    * sin retrasos = in a timely fashion, in a timely manner.
    * sin revelar = undisclosed, unrevealed.
    * sin revestir = uncoated.
    * sin revisar = unrevised.
    * sin riesgo = riskless.
    * sin rodeos = head-on, baldly, bluntly, outspokenly.
    * sin ruido = soundless.
    * sin rumbo = aimless, off course, rudderless.
    * sin saberlo = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sin saber qué decir = nonplussed [nonplused].
    * sin sabor = tasteless.
    * sin saldar = uncollected.
    * sin salida al mar = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin sanción = unsanctioned.
    * sin seleccionar = unselected.
    * sin semillas = seedless.
    * sin sentido = meaningless, purposeless, pointless, senseless, wanton, nonsensical, unconscious.
    * sin sentir ningún reparo = unashamed.
    * sin sentir vergüenza = shamelessly.
    * sin ser afectado = untouched.
    * sin ser anunciado de antemano = unannounced.
    * sin ser consciente de ello = unbeknownst to, unbeknown to.
    * sin ser detectado = undetected.
    * sin ser evaluado por expertos = unrefereed.
    * sin ser necesario = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin ser percibido = out of sight.
    * sin ser superado = unsurpassed.
    * sin ser visto = unseen, undetected, unobserved, out of sight.
    * sin significado = meaningless.
    * sin simplificar = unabridged.
    * * *

    cerveza sin alcohol — non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer

    una pareja sin hijos — a couple with no children, a childless couple

    2)
    a)

    sin + inf — ( con significado activo) without -ing

    b)

    sin + inf — ( con significado pasivo)

    3)

    sin que + subj: no voy a ir sin que me inviten I'm not going if I haven't been invited; quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta — get it off him without his o without him noticing

    * * *

    Ex: Without AACR is doubtful whether computerised cataloguing would have been implemented so relatively painlessly and successfully = Sin las RCAA es dudoso que la catalogación automatizada se hubiera implementado tan fácilmente y con tanto éxito, relativamente hablando.

    * abogado sin escrúpulos = shyster.
    * acercarse sin ser visto = sidle up to.
    * afable pero sin sinceridad = suave.
    * agua sin gas = still water.
    * andar sin prisa = mosey.
    * arreglárselas sin = live without, get along without.
    * aunque sin ningún resultado = but (all) to no avail.
    * barato pero sin avergonzarse de ello = cheap and cheerful.
    * biblioteca sin muros = library without walls.
    * biblioteca sin paredes = library without walls.
    * bordado sin consido = needlepoint lace.
    * callejón sin salida = blind alley, catch 22, cul-de-sac, dead end, impasse.
    * camino sin rumbo = the road to nowhere.
    * casi sin previo aviso = without much notice.
    * coche sin caballos = horseless carriage automobile, horseless carriage.
    * colocado sin escalón entre pieza y pieza = edge-flush.
    * continuar sin detenerse = go straight ahead.
    * conversación sin trascendencia = small-talk.
    * decir rápidamente sin parar = rattle off.
    * dejar a Alguien sin aliento = leave + Nombre + breathless.
    * dejar sin cambiar = leave + unchanged.
    * dejar sin hacer = leave + undone.
    * dejar sin referente a una referencia anafórica = dangle + anaphoric reference.
    * dejar sin tocar = leave + Nombre + alone.
    * dejar sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * demanda sin variaciones = inelastic demand.
    * demostrar sin lugar a dudas = prove + conclusively.
    * demostrar sin ninguna duda = demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond all doubt.
    * demostrar sin ningún género de duda = demonstrate + beyond (all) doubt, demonstrate + emphatically, demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt.
    * desarrollarse sin problemas = go + smoothly.
    * estar sin vivir = be worried sick.
    * evaluación sin intervención del examinador = unobtrusive testing.
    * hablando sin rodeos = crudely put.
    * hablar sin parar = burble on.
    * hablar sin ser entendido = speak in + tongues.
    * hacerlo sin la ayuda de nadie = do + it + on + Posesivo + own.
    * homicidio sin premeditación = manslaughter.
    * ir a un Sitio sin prisa = mosey.
    * lanzarse sin ton ni son = dive + head-first.
    * más largo que un día sin pan = as long as (my/your) arm.
    * medicamento sin receta médica = over the counter medicine.
    * método de la media sin ponderar = unweighted means method.
    * nación sin estado = stateless nation.
    * noche sin poder dormir = sleepless night.
    * no hay dos sin tres = things + come in threes.
    * no miel sin hiel = no pain, no gain.
    * no sin fundamento = not without basis.
    * oficina sin papel = paperless office.
    * papel sin acidez = acid-free paper.
    * pasar desadvertido, pasar sin ser visto = sneak under + the radar.
    * pasar sin = live without, live without.
    * pasar sin ser visto = go + unnoticed.
    * película sin fin = filmloop [film loop/film-loop].
    * permanecer sin cambios = remain + unchanged.
    * permanecer sin especificar = remain + undefined.
    * pero sin conseguirlo = but no dice.
    * pero sin suerte = but no dice.
    * persona sin problemas de vista = sighted person.
    * personas sin hogar = homelessness.
    * personas sin techo = homelessness.
    * político sin escrúpulos = shyster.
    * pozo sin fondo = bottomless pit.
    * pregunta sin respuesta = unanswerable question.
    * publicación sin papel = paperless publishing.
    * quedarse sin aliento = run out of + breath.
    * quedarse sin habla = stun into + speechlessness.
    * quedarse sin negocio = go out of + business.
    * quedarse sin palabras = stun into + speechlessness.
    * rechazar sin más = dismiss + out of hand.
    * referencia anafórica sin referente = dangling anaphoric reference.
    * rima sin sentido = nonsense, nonsense verse.
    * salir sin ser visto = slip out.
    * sin abrir = unopened.
    * sin abrirse = unfolded.
    * sin abrochar = undone.
    * sin acabar = unfinished.
    * sin acentuar = unaccented.
    * sin acontecimientos que destacar = uneventful.
    * sin adornos = unadorned, unvarnished.
    * sin afectar = unaffected.
    * sin afeitar = unshaven.
    * sin afeitar desde hace varios días = stubbly [stubblier -comp., stubbliest -sup.].
    * sin afiliación a un partido político = non-partisan [nonpartisan].
    * sin afiliación religiosa = non-sectarian [nonsectarian].
    * sin agua = waterless.
    * sin aguja = needleless.
    * sin ajustar = unadjusted, loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin alcohol = alcoholfree.
    * sin aliento = breathlessly, breathless.
    * sin alinear = unjustified.
    * sin alterar = unaltered, unmodified.
    * sin ambigüedad = unambiguous.
    * sin amor = loveless.
    * sin analizar = unexamined, unanalysed.
    * sin ánimo = despondently.
    * sin ánimo de lucro = non-profit [nonprofit], non-profit making, not-for-profit, generously.
    * sin apenas ser oído = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin apoyo = unsupported.
    * sin apretar = loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin árboles = treeless.
    * sin arreglo = beyond repair.
    * sin arrepentimiento = no-looking-back.
    * sin asignar = unallocated.
    * sin asignar todavía = unassigned.
    * sin asimilar = undigested.
    * sin atajar = unconfronted.
    * sin atractivo = unattractive.
    * sin atrasos = paid-up, in good standing.
    * sin autorización = unauthorised [unauthorized, -USA], unlicensed.
    * sin avergonzarse = unashamed.
    * sin avisar = unannounced, out of the blue, like a bolt out of the blue, like a bolt from the blue.
    * sin aviso previo = without warning.
    * sin ayuda = unaided, unassisted.
    * sin ayuda de nadie = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * sin barba = beardless.
    * sin barnizar = unvarnished.
    * sin base = unsupported, ill-founded.
    * sin blanca = broke, skint.
    * sin blanquear = unbleached.
    * sin blindar = unshielded.
    * sin bombo(s) ni platillo(s) = without much ado.
    * sin brillo = dull, tarnished.
    * sin cabeza = headless, decapitated.
    * sin cables = wireless.
    * sin cafeina = decaffeinated.
    * sin calorías = calorieless.
    * sin cambio = inviolate.
    * sin cambios = monotone, stable, undisturbed, unchanged, unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * sin cancelar = uncancelled.
    * sin canjear = unredeemed.
    * sin cansancio = indefatigably.
    * sin capacidad de discernimiento = undiscriminating.
    * sin cara = faceless.
    * sin carácter = boneless, spineless.
    * sin carne = meatless.
    * sin castigo = impunitive, unpunished.
    * sin catalogar = uncatalogued [uncataloged, -USA].
    * sin causa alguna = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin causa aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin causa justificada = without justified reason.
    * sin causar daño = harmlessly.
    * sin ceremonias = unceremonious, unceremoniously.
    * sin cerrar con llave = unlocked.
    * sin certeza de cobrar = on spec.
    * sin cesar = steadily.
    * sin clases sociales = classless.
    * sin clavos = studless.
    * sin clemencia = mercilessly.
    * sin cobrar = free of charge, unredeemed, uncollected.
    * sin cohesión = scrappily, scrappy [scrappier -comp., scrappiest -sup.], bitty [bittier -comp., bittiest -sup.].
    * sin cohibiciones = unselfconsciously.
    * sin cola = ecaudate.
    * sin columnas = single-column.
    * sin comentar = unannotated.
    * sin comerlo ni beberlo = without having anything to do with it.
    * sin comérselo ni bebérselo = without having anything to do with it.
    * sin compasión = mercilessly.
    * sin complicaciones = smoothly, boilerplate [boiler plate], uncomplicated, straightforward, uncomplicatedly, hassle-free.
    * sin comprimir = uncompressed.
    * sin comprobar = untested.
    * sin compromiso = without obligation, fancy-free.
    * sin compromisos = with no strings attached.
    * sin concluir = unfinished.
    * sin concretar = to be decided.
    * sin condiciones = unconditionally.
    * sin condiciones especiales = with no strings attached.
    * sin confirmar = unconfirmed, unsubstantiated, unvalidated, to be confirmed.
    * sin conocer = ignorant of.
    * sin conocimiento = unconscious.
    * sin conocimiento de causa = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sin conservar información sobre las consultas realizadas anteriormente = stateless.
    * sin conservar información sobre las consultas realizadas anterior = stateless.
    * sin constancia de ello = unrecorded.
    * sin consumir = nonconsumptive.
    * sin contacto = non-contact.
    * sin contaminar = untainted, uncontaminated.
    * sin contar = not including, excluding.
    * sin contar con = in the absence of.
    * sin contenido = contentless, trivial.
    * sin contratiempos = smoothly.
    * sin control = uncontrolled.
    * sin controlar = unsupervised.
    * sin convicción = doubtfully, lamely.
    * sin coordinación = uncoordinated [unco-ordinated].
    * sin corregir = unamended, uncorrected, unrevised.
    * sin correlacionar = uncorrelated.
    * sin corroborar = unsubstantiated.
    * sin cortapisas = untrammelled.
    * sin cortar = uncut.
    * sin coscarse = without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin costas = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin coste alguno = at no personal cost, at no cost, without cost, costless, without charge, free of charge, free of cost, cost free, for free, at no charge.
    * sin costo adicional alguno = at no extra charge, at no extra cost, at no extra charge.
    * sin costuras = seamless.
    * sin crecimiento = non-growth.
    * sin créditos = non-credit.
    * sin criterio alguno = indiscriminate, indiscriminately.
    * sin cuajar = runny [runnier -comp., runniest -sup.].
    * sin cuantificar = unmeasured.
    * sin cubrir = unfilled.
    * sin cuestionarlo = uncritically.
    * sin cultura = uncultured.
    * sin daños = undamaged.
    * sin dar basto = left, right and centre.
    * sin darle importancia = airily.
    * sin darme cuenta = before I know what's happened.
    * sin darnos cuenta = out of sight.
    * sin darse cuenta = inadvertently, unwittingly, unknowingly, without realising, without noticing, unconsciously.
    * sin debatir = undiscussed.
    * sin decir nada = dumbly.
    * sin decir ni mú = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin decir ni pío = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin decir una palabra = without saying a word.
    * sin defecto = untainted, unblemished.
    * sin dejar huella = into thin air.
    * sin dejar nada fuera = the works!.
    * sin dejar rastro = into thin air.
    * sin dejarse amedrentar por = undaunted by.
    * sin dejarse amilanar por = undaunted by.
    * sin dejarse desanimar = undaunted.
    * sin dejarse intimidar por = undaunted by.
    * sin delimitar = unmapped.
    * sin demora = on the spot, straight away, without delay, at short notice, promptly, right away, at once.
    * sin demorarse un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin demoras = in a timely fashion, in a timely manner.
    * sin desarrollar = undeveloped.
    * sin descansar = without (a) rest.
    * sin descanso = relentlessly, restlessly, breathlessly, unabated, without a break, without (a) rest, day in and day out, without respite.
    * sin descanso, sin un descanso, sin parar, sin descansar, sin interrupción = without a break.
    * sin descubrir = undiscovered.
    * sin descuento = undiscounted.
    * sin desdoblarse = unfolded.
    * sin desearlo = unwantedly.
    * sin desgastar = unworn.
    * sin desperdiciar un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin determinación de culpabilidad = no-fault.
    * sin determinar = undefined.
    * sin detonar = unexploded.
    * sin deudas = debt free.
    * sin dientes = toothless.
    * sin diferencias = undifferentiated.
    * sin dificultad = without difficulty.
    * sin dificultad alguna = without a hitch.
    * sin diluir = undiluted.
    * sin dinero = impecunious.
    * sin dinero en metálico = cashless.
    * sin discapacidad = able-bodied.
    * sin discapacidades = able-bodied.
    * sin disciplina = undisciplined, ill-disciplined.
    * sin discriminar = indiscriminate, on equal terms.
    * sin discutir = no arguments!, undiscussed.
    * sin disminuir = non-decreasing, unabated.
    * sin disolver = undiluted.
    * sin disponer de = in the absence of.
    * sin división espacial = spatially unstructured.
    * sin doblarse = unfolded.
    * sin documentar = undocumented.
    * sin dolor = painless.
    * sin domicilio fijo = of no fixed abode.
    * sin drenar = undrained.
    * sin duda = doubtless, no doubt, of course, surely, to be sure, undoubtedly, indubitably, without a doubt, without doubt, no mistake, hands down.
    * sin duda alguna = without any doubt.
    * sin dudar = without a doubt.
    * sin dudarlo = without hesitation.
    * sin editar = unedited.
    * sin el menor asomo de duda = without a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin embargo = however, nevertheless, still, yet, that being said, all this said.
    * sin emitir humo = smokeless.
    * sin empleo = jobless.
    * sin encuadernar = unbound.
    * sin energía = lethargic.
    * sin engorros = hassle-free.
    * sin entallar = loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin enterrar = unburied.
    * sin entusiasmo = half-hearted [halfhearted].
    * sin envolver = unwrapped.
    * sin errores = error-free.
    * sin escatimar = without stint, unstintingly.
    * sin escenificar = unproduced.
    * sin escrúpulos = unscrupulous, unconscionable, without scruples, unprincipled.
    * sin escurrir = undrained.
    * sin esfuerzo = effortless, effortlessly.
    * sin esfuerzo alguno = effortlessly.
    * sin especializar = non-specialised.
    * sin especificar = unspecified.
    * sin esperanza = hopeless, dispiritedly, hopelessly.
    * sin esperarlo = out of the blue, like a bolt out of the blue, like a bolt from the blue.
    * sin espinas = boneless.
    * sin estar obstaculizado por = untrammelled by.
    * sin estilo = dowdy [dowdier -comp., dowdiest -sup.].
    * sin estructura = unstructured.
    * sin estudios = ill-educated.
    * sin evaluar = unevaluated.
    * sin examinar = unexamined.
    * sin exceder el presupuesto = budgetable.
    * sin excepción = without exception, without fail.
    * sin excesivo rigor = loosely.
    * sin excusa justificada = unexcused.
    * sin existencias = out-of-stock.
    * sin éxito = unsuccessful.
    * sin experiencia = inexperience, callow [callower -comp., callowest -sup.].
    * sin explicar = unexplained.
    * sin explorar = unexplored.
    * sin explotar = untapped, unexploded.
    * sin extras = no-frills.
    * sin fallar = without fail.
    * sin fallos = flawlessly.
    * sin falta = without fail.
    * sin fecha = undated.
    * sin fechar = undated.
    * sin fianza = without bail.
    * sin fin = never-finishing, never-ending, bottomless, interminably, unending.
    * sin finalidad = purposeless.
    * sin financiación = unfunded.
    * sin fines lucrativos = non-profit [nonprofit], non-profit making.
    * sin firma = unsigned.
    * sin firmar = unsigned.
    * sin fondo = bottomless.
    * sin forma = bodilessly, formless.
    * sin formación = ill-educated.
    * sin formación previa = untrained.
    * sin forrar = uncovered.
    * sin fronteras = borderless.
    * sin fundamento = unwarranted, unsupported, ungrounded, without foundation, without basis.
    * sin fundamento alguno = without any basis.
    * sin ganas = half-heartedly.
    * sin gastos = no cost(s).
    * sin grabar = unengraved.
    * sin gracia = dowdy [dowdier -comp., dowdiest -sup.].
    * sin grasa = nonfat.
    * sin grasas = nonfat, fat free.
    * sin guardar una correlación = uncorrelated.
    * sin haber contacto = non-contact.
    * sin haber pasado por la calandria = uncalendered.
    * sin habla = speechless.
    * sin hacer = undone.
    * sin hacer caso = regardless.
    * sin hacer distinciones = one size fits all.
    * sin hacer ruido = as quiet as a mouse, furtively, softly.
    * sin herrar = unshod.
    * sin hilación = rambling.
    * sin hogar = homeless.
    * sin hueso = boneless.
    * sin humo = smokeless.
    * sin humor = humourless [humorless, -USA].
    * sin humos = smoke-free.
    * sin idea = clueless.
    * sin ideas preconcebidas = open mind.
    * sin identificar = unidentified, unmapped, unnamed.
    * sin igual = unequalled, unexampled, unsurpassed, unique unto itself, unrivalled [unrivaled, -USA], without equal, matchless.
    * sin impedimentos = unimpeded.
    * sin importancia = negligible, unimportant, trifling, immaterial, of no consequence.
    * sin importar = regardless of, independently of, disregarding.
    * sin importar + Adjetivo/Adverbio + que sea = however + Adjetivo/Adverbio.
    * sin importar el tiempo = all-weather.
    * sin importar las consecuencias = regardless of the consequences.
    * sin importar qué = no matter what/which.
    * sin impuestos = duty-free, tax-free.
    * sin impurezas = purified.
    * sin incluir = unlisted, exclusive of, not including, excluding.
    * sin incluir las comidas = self-catering.
    * sin índice = indexless.
    * sin + Infinitivo = without + Gerundio.
    * sin información sobre el estado anterior = stateless.
    * sin inhibiciones = uninhibited.
    * sin inmutarse = undeterred, impassively, without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin intención = involuntarily.
    * sin interés = unexciting, uninteresting, unmoving, vapid.
    * sin interrupción = continuously, without a break, without (a) rest, in an unbroken line.
    * sin interrupciones = in a single phase.
    * sin intervención de un intermediario = disintermediated.
    * sin intervención directa = nonobtrusive.
    * sin investigar = unresearched.
    * sin justificación = unreasonably, unjustified.
    * sin justificación alguna = wantonly.
    * sin justificar = unjustified.
    * sin la amenaza de = unthreatened (by).
    * sin la ayuda de nadie = single-handed, single-handedly.
    * sin la debida autorización = unauthorised [unauthorized, -USA], warrantless.
    * sin la debida consideración = without due consideration.
    * sin la más mínima duda = without the shadow of a doubt, without a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la más mínima duda = beyond a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la menor duda = no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin la menor idea = clueless.
    * sin la menor sombra de duda = without a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la suficiente financiación = underfinanced [under-financed].
    * sin lavar = unwashed.
    * sin leer = unread.
    * sin levadura = unleavened.
    * sin licencia = unlicensed.
    * sin líder = leaderless.
    * sin limitaciones = without stint, without limit.
    * sin límite = without limit, without stint, interminably.
    * sin límite(s) = unbounded, unfettered, unstinting, unstintingly, the sky is the limit.
    * sin litoral = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin llamar la atención = inconspicuously.
    * sin lógica ni explicación = without rhyme or reason.
    * sin lugar a dudas = conclusively, undeniably, unquestionably, without any doubt, by all accounts, no mistake, no doubt, without a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt, to be sure.
    * sin lujos = no-frills.
    * sin luna = moonless.
    * sin luz de luna = moonless.
    * sin madera = woodfree.
    * sin madurar = unripened.
    * sin maldad = guileless.
    * sin malicia = guileless.
    * sin mancha = unblemished, untainted, stainless.
    * sin mangas = sleeveless.
    * sin mantenimiento = maintenance-free.
    * sin marcar = unpriced.
    * sin marca registrada = non-proprietary.
    * sin más = out of hand, unceremoniously, unceremonious.
    * sin más dilación = without (any) further ado, without (any) more ado, without warning.
    * sin más ni más = unceremoniously, unceremonious, for the love of it, without much ado.
    * sin más preámbulos = without (any) further ado, without (any) more ado.
    * sin medir = unmeasured.
    * sin mencionar = not to mention, not to say, not to speak of.
    * sin meternos en el hecho de que = to say nothing of.
    * sin mezcla = unmixed.
    * sin mezclar = unmixed.
    * sin miedo = with confidence.
    * sin miramientos = unceremoniously.
    * sin misericordia = ruthlessly.
    * sin modificar = unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * sin molestias = hassle-free.
    * sin motivo alguno = wantonly.
    * sin motivo aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin motivo justificado = without justified reason.
    * sin moverse del sitio = in place.
    * sin movimiento = unmoving, motionless.
    * sin mucha antelación = at short notice.
    * sin mucha anticipación = at short notice.
    * sin mucha dificultad = painlessly.
    * sin muchas contemplaciones = unceremoniously.
    * sin muchos inconvenientes = without much grudging.
    * sin nada de gracia = unfunny.
    * sin nada que destacar = uneventful.
    * sin necesidad de ello = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin necesidad de pensar = thought-free.
    * sin ninguna duda = without question, without any doubt, beyond doubt, beyond any doubt, no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin ningún cosste = without cost.
    * sin ningún coste = without charge, free of charge, at no cost, free of cost, cost free, for free, costless, at no charge.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo mental = thought-free.
    * sin ningún género de duda = without any doubt whatsoever, without any doubt whatsoever.
    * sin ningún género de dudas = indisputably.
    * sin ningún motivo = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin ningún nivel de especialización = unskilled.
    * sin ningún otro motivo = (just) for the hell of (doing) it.
    * sin ningún remedio posible = beyond redemption.
    * sin ningún reparo = unabashed.
    * sin ningún resultado = to no avail, without any avail, of no avail.
    * sin ningún tipo de restricciones = no holds barred.
    * sin nombrar = unnamed.
    * sin norte = aimless, off course, rudderless.
    * sin notar la diferencia = seamlessly, seamless.
    * sin nubes = unclouded, uncloudy, cloudless.
    * sin numeración = unnumbered.
    * sin numerar = unnumbered.
    * sin obligaciones = at leisure.
    * sin obstáculos = unchecked, unhindered, unimpeded, unobstructed.
    * sin obstáculos de por medio = uncluttered.
    * sin obstrucciones = unobstructed.
    * sin olor = odourless [odorless, -USA].
    * sin olvidar = not to mention.
    * sin operario = unmanned.
    * sin oposición = without opposition, unchallenged, unopposed.
    * sin orden = unordered.
    * sin ordenar = unordered, unsorted.
    * sin orden ni concierto = higgledy-piggledy, without rhyme or reason.
    * sin originalidad = unoriginal.
    * sin palabras = wordless.
    * sin papel = paperless.
    * sin par = unequalled, unexampled, unsurpassed, unique unto itself, unique, without peer, unrivalled [unrivaled, -USA], without equal, matchless.
    * sin paralelo = unparalleled.
    * sin parangón = unparalleled, unequalled, without peer, matchless.
    * sin parar = steadily, non-stop, without a break, without (a) rest, on-the-go, interminably, without respite, without stopping.
    * sin parar a pensárselo = off-hand [offhand].
    * sin pararse a pensar = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin patente = non-proprietary.
    * sin pausa = breathlessly.
    * sin peculio = impecunious.
    * sin peligro alguno = safely.
    * sin pelo = hairless.
    * sin pelos en la lengua = outspokenly.
    * sin pensar = mindlessly.
    * sin pensar (en) = unmindful of, with little or no thought of, without thinking (about).
    * sin pensarlo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensarlo demasiado = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo detenidamente = out of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo mucho = off the top of + Posesivo + head, right off the bat.
    * sin pensárselo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensárselo dos veces = without a second thought, spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment, at the drop of a hat.
    * sin pepitas = seedless.
    * sin percatarse = without realising, without noticing, unconsciously, unknowingly, unwittingly.
    * sin perder de vista = with an eye on.
    * sin perder un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin pérdida = lossless.
    * sin perjuicio de = notwithstanding.
    * sin perjuicios = open mind.
    * sin permiso = without permission, unlicensed.
    * sin pestañear = impassively, without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin pico = flat-topped.
    * sin piedad = ruthlessly, remorseless, mercilessly.
    * sin piel = skinless.
    * sin pies ni cabeza = without rhyme or reason.
    * sin pistas = clueless.
    * sin planificar = unplanned.
    * sin poblar = unpopulated.
    * sin poder contenerse = helplessly.
    * sin poder dormir = sleepless.
    * sin poder extinguirlo = inextinguishably.
    * sin poder hacer nada = helplessly.
    * sin poner en duda la veracidad de Algo temporalmente = suspension of disbelief.
    * sin poner en escena = unproduced.
    * sin ponerlo en duda = uncritically.
    * sin ponerse en duda = unquestioned.
    * sin precedente = unparalleled, unexampled.
    * sin precedentes = unprecedented, record breaking, record-high, all-time.
    * sin precio = unpriced.
    * sin preguntar = unasked.
    * sin prejuicios = open-minded, fair-minded [fairminded].
    * sin prentesiones = unpretentious.
    * sin preocupaciones = carefree, worry-free.
    * sin preparación técnica = non-technical.
    * sin préstamo = non-circulating [noncirculating].
    * sin prestar atención = mindlessly.
    * sin pretensiones = unassuming, humble [humbler -comp., humblest -sup.].
    * sin previo aviso = unannounced, without warning, without notice, without prior notice, without prior notification, on spec, at the drop of a hat, without (any) further notice.
    * sin principios = unscrupulous, unprincipled.
    * sin prisa(s) = unhurriedly, leisurely.
    * sin problemas = smoothly, smooth [smoother -comp., smoothest -sup.], problem-free, trouble free [trouble-free], without a hitch, unproblematically, carefree, without difficulty, in good standing.
    * sin problemas de vista = sighted.
    * sin procesar = unprocessed.
    * sin propiedades = propertyless.
    * sin propiedad rural = landless.
    * sin protección = unprotected.
    * sin provocación = unprovoked.
    * sin publicar = unpublished.
    * sin pulir = unpolished.
    * sin quejarse = uncomplaining, uncomplainingly.
    * sin quemar = unburned.
    * sin querer = involuntarily, unwilling, by accident, accidentally, unintentionally, unwantedly.
    * sin querer + Infinitivo = unwilling to + Infinitivo.
    * sin quererlo = unwantedly.
    * sin que se entienda = slurred.
    * sin que se note la diferencia = seamlessly.
    * sin rabo = ecaudate.
    * sin razón = wanton, for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón alguna = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin razón justificada = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón justificda = for no particular reason.
    * sin recelo = with confidence.
    * sin receta médica = over the counter.
    * sin reclamar = unredeemed.
    * sin recoger = uncollected.
    * sin reconocer = unrecognised [unrecognized, -USA].
    * sin reconocimiento de créditos = non-credit.
    * sin recopilar = uncollected.
    * sin recursos = resource-starved.
    * sin refinar = unrefined.
    * sin reflexionar = rashly.
    * sin registrar = unlisted.
    * sin reglamentar = unregulated.
    * sin regular = unregulated.
    * sin regularizar = unregulated.
    * sin relación = unrelated, unconnected.
    * sin relación con = unrelated to.
    * sin remedio = beyond repair, incurably, incorrigibly.
    * sin remordimientos = no-looking-back.
    * sin reparar = unrepaired.
    * sin reparo = unashamed.
    * sin reparos = unshielded.
    * sin representación = unrepresented.
    * sin reserva = unconditionally, unreserved.
    * sin reservas = unshielded, wholehearted [whole-hearted], go + the whole hog, the full monty, without reservation, wholeheartedly [whole-heartedly], forthright, categorical, uncompromising, uncompromisingly, unqualified, categoric, unmitigaged, unreserved, unreservedly.
    * sin residencia fija = of no fixed abode.
    * sin resistencia = unchallenged, unopposed.
    * sin resistirse = passively.
    * sin resolver = unresolved, unsolved, unsettled, uncleared.
    * sin respiro = without a break, without (a) rest, without respite.
    * sin responder = unanswered.
    * sin restricciones = unrestricted, unlimited, uninhibited, unrestrictive, unfettered, free-flowing, without stint, without limit, no holds barred, unencumbered.
    * sin restricciones de horario = unscheduled.
    * sin retirar = uncleared, uncollected.
    * sin retrasos = in a timely fashion, in a timely manner.
    * sin revelar = undisclosed, unrevealed.
    * sin revestir = uncoated.
    * sin revisar = unrevised.
    * sin riesgo = riskless.
    * sin rodeos = head-on, baldly, bluntly, outspokenly.
    * sin ruido = soundless.
    * sin rumbo = aimless, off course, rudderless.
    * sin saberlo = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sin saber qué decir = nonplussed [nonplused].
    * sin sabor = tasteless.
    * sin saldar = uncollected.
    * sin salida al mar = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin sanción = unsanctioned.
    * sin seleccionar = unselected.
    * sin semillas = seedless.
    * sin sentido = meaningless, purposeless, pointless, senseless, wanton, nonsensical, unconscious.
    * sin sentir ningún reparo = unashamed.
    * sin sentir vergüenza = shamelessly.
    * sin ser afectado = untouched.
    * sin ser anunciado de antemano = unannounced.
    * sin ser consciente de ello = unbeknownst to, unbeknown to.
    * sin ser detectado = undetected.
    * sin ser evaluado por expertos = unrefereed.
    * sin ser necesario = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin ser percibido = out of sight.
    * sin ser superado = unsurpassed.
    * sin ser visto = unseen, undetected, unobserved, out of sight.
    * sin significado = meaningless.
    * sin simplificar = unabridged.

    * * *
    A without
    lo tomo con leche y sin azúcar I take milk but no sugar
    reserva garantizada sin recargo guaranteed reservation at no extra cost
    seguimos sin noticias we still haven't had any news
    solicite más información sin compromiso send for more details without obligation
    sin previo aviso with no advance warning
    ¡tírate! ¡sin miedo! jump! don't be scared!
    ¿qué harías tú sin mí? what would you do without me?
    agua mineral sin gas still mineral water
    cerveza sin alcohol non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer
    una pareja sin hijos a couple with no children, a childless couple
    un vuelo sin escalas a non-stop o direct flight
    me quedé sin pan I ran out of bread
    se quedó sin trabajo he lost his job
    una persona totalmente sin escrúpulos a completely unscrupulous person
    B
    1 sin + INF (con significado activo) without -ING
    se fue sin pagar she left without paying
    lo mandaron a la cama sin cenar they sent him to bed without any dinner
    somos diez sin contarlos a ellos there are ten of us not counting them
    estuvo una semana entera sin hablarme she didn't speak to me for a whole week, she went a whole week without speaking to me
    sigo sin entender I still don't understand
    la pisé sin querer I accidentally trod on her foot
    2 sin + INF
    (con significado pasivo): una camisa sin planchar an unironed shirt, a shirt that hasn't/hadn't been ironed
    esto está aún sin terminar this still isn't finished
    C sin QUE + SUBJ:
    los días pasan sin que dé señales de vida the days go by and there is still no word from him, the days go by with no word from him o without any word from him
    no voy a ir sin que me inviten I'm not going if I haven't been invited
    quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta get it off him without his o without him noticing
    Compuesto:
    * * *

     

    sin preposición
    1 without;

    seguimos sin noticias we still haven't had any news;
    agua mineral sin gas still mineral water;
    cerveza sin alcohol non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer;
    me quedé sin pan I ran out of bread
    2


    estuvo una semana sin hablarme she didn't speak to me for a week;
    sigo sin entender I still don't understand;
    la pisé sin querer I accidentally trod on her foot


    esto está aún sin terminar it still isn't finished
    3 sin que + subj:

    quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta get it off him without his o without him noticing;
    See Also→ embargo 2
    sin preposición without: se marchó sin ellos, he left without them
    costó mil pesetas, sin contar el IVA, it cost one thousand pesetas, not including VAT
    el edificio estaba sin terminar, the building was unfinished
    entre sin llamar, come in without knocking
    saldré sin que me vea, I'll go out without him seeing
    una bebida sin alcohol, a non-alcoholic drink
    ' sin' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    A
    - abierta
    - abierto
    - absoluta
    - absoluto
    - accidental
    - acéfala
    - acéfalo
    - agotar
    - agotada
    - agotado
    - agreste
    - ahora
    - ahorcarse
    - ajena
    - ajeno
    - alguna
    - alguno
    - aliento
    - alquilar
    - ambages
    - amorfa
    - amorfo
    - aparente
    - asesinar
    - aviso
    - ayunas
    - bagatela
    - baja
    - bajo
    - bañera
    - berrido
    - bien
    - blanca
    - blanco
    - bocado
    - bregar
    - bruta
    - bruto
    - burbuja
    - caldo
    - calle
    - callejón
    - calva
    - camino
    - caprichosa
    - caprichoso
    - causa
    - cazo
    - cero
    English:
    ability
    - accident
    - accidental
    - accidentally
    - accustom
    - ado
    - afraid
    - age
    - agree
    - aimless
    - aimlessly
    - all-time
    - ammunition
    - another
    - antsy
    - anyhow
    - arrogant
    - at
    - attach
    - away
    - AWOL
    - babble
    - backbencher
    - backing
    - bare
    - barge in
    - basic
    - bat
    - bean
    - begin
    - behave
    - beyond
    - blank
    - blind alley
    - blue
    - blunt
    - bluntly
    - blurt out
    - boarding card
    - boarding pass
    - book
    - boorish
    - bootstrap
    - bottomless
    - break
    - breath
    - breathless
    - broke
    - busywork
    - buzz off
    * * *
    SIN nf
    1. (abrev de Servicio de Inteligencia Nacional del Perú) = Peruvian national intelligence department
    2. (abrev de Servicio de Inmigración y Naturalización) INS [US Immigration and Naturalization Service]
    * * *
    prp without;
    sin preguntar without asking;
    sin decir nada without (saying) a word;
    sin paraguas without an umbrella;
    sin que without;
    y sin más and without further ado;
    me lo dijo así, sin más that’s all he said to me, just that
    * * *
    sin prep
    1) : without
    sin querer: unintentionally
    sin refinar: unrefined
    2)
    sin que : without
    lo hicimos sin que él se diera cuenta: we did it without him noticing
    * * *
    sin prep
    1. (en general) without

    Spanish-English dictionary > sin

  • 18 sin necesidad de ello

    = gratuitous, gratuitously
    Ex. However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.
    Ex. The proceedings of a conference are, under ISBD, to have the full name of the conference gratuitously repeated after the title only to encumber the entry and obscure the significant elements of its content.
    * * *
    = gratuitous, gratuitously

    Ex: However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.

    Ex: The proceedings of a conference are, under ISBD, to have the full name of the conference gratuitously repeated after the title only to encumber the entry and obscure the significant elements of its content.

    Spanish-English dictionary > sin necesidad de ello

  • 19 sin ser necesario

    = gratuitous, gratuitously
    Ex. However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.
    Ex. The proceedings of a conference are, under ISBD, to have the full name of the conference gratuitously repeated after the title only to encumber the entry and obscure the significant elements of its content.
    * * *
    = gratuitous, gratuitously

    Ex: However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.

    Ex: The proceedings of a conference are, under ISBD, to have the full name of the conference gratuitously repeated after the title only to encumber the entry and obscure the significant elements of its content.

    Spanish-English dictionary > sin ser necesario

  • 20 título

    m.
    1 title, caption, headline, heading.
    2 diploma, title, degree, qualification.
    3 investment certificate, security.
    4 titer.
    * * *
    1 (de obra) title
    3 (dignidad) title
    4 (persona noble) noble (person)
    5 EDUCACIÓN (licenciatura) degree; (diploma) certificate, diploma
    6 (documento) title
    8 (banca) bond, security
    1 (titulación) qualifications; (méritos) qualities
    \
    título de nobleza nobility title
    * * *
    noun m.
    2) degree, qualification
    3) diploma, certificate
    4) bond
    * * *
    SM
    1) [de libro, película] title; [en periódico] headline; (Jur) heading
    2) [de campeón] title
    3) (Educ) (=diploma) certificate; (=licenciatura) degree; (=calificación) qualification; Caribe (Aut) driving licence, driver's license (EEUU)
    pl títulos qualifications
    4) (=dignidad) title; (=persona) titled person

    casarse con un título — to marry into the nobility, marry a titled person

    5) (=cualidad) quality

    tiene varios títulos honrosos — he has several noble qualities, he has a number of worthy attributes

    6) [en presupuesto] item
    7)

    a título de(=a modo de) by way of; (=en calidad de) in the capacity of

    a título de ejemplo,... — by way of example,..., for example,...

    a título particular o personal — in a personal capacity, in an unofficial capacity

    8) [de bienes] title
    9) (Econ) (=bono) bond
    10) (=derecho) right
    * * *
    1) (de libro, película) title, name; ( de capítulo) heading, title; ( de una ley) title

    un poema que lleva por título... — a poem called o (frml) entitled...

    2) (Educ) degree; ( diploma) certificate
    3) (que refleja honor, mérito, etc) title
    4) tb
    5) ( en locs)

    a título: esto lo digo a título personal I'm speaking personally here; les daré algunas cifras a título orientativo I'll give you a few figures to put you in the picture o to give you an idea; a título de ( a manera de) by way of; ( en calidad de): asiste a título de observador he's here as an observer; lo recibió a título de préstamo he received it as a loan; ¿a título de qué me dices eso ahora? — (fam) what are you telling me that for now?

    6) (Der) title, (Econ, Fin) security, bond
    * * *
    = address, degree, title, title, certification, diploma.
    Ex. Typically, the additions to the name will fall within the following categories: title of nobility, title of honour, address, date of birth, and date of death.
    Ex. A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex. The title of a work is a word, phrase, character, or group of characters, normally appearing in an item, naming the item or the work contained in it.
    Ex. If the title is selected by a book club this helps boost the print-run and overall sales.
    Ex. It is remarkable how, in an economy with diminishing job opportunities, librarians compensate for their inability to demonstrate the value of their skills by seeking the protection of educational and certification requirements.
    Ex. The guidelines can be used as a tool for the recognition of LIS diplomas and degrees beyond a country's border.
    ----
    * acceso a la información por el título = title approach.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * área de título y de mención de responsabilidad = title and statement of responsibility area.
    * asiento de título = title unit entry.
    * asiento secundario de título = added title entry.
    * asiento secundario por autor y título = author-title added entry, name-title added entry.
    * asiento secundario por título = title added entry.
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * bloque funcional de títulos relacionados = related title block.
    * boletín de títulos = titles bulletin.
    * buscar por autor y título = search by + name-title key.
    * buscar por título = search by + title key.
    * búsqueda de títulos = title search.
    * búsqueda por autor = author/title search.
    * búsqueda por palabra del título = title word search.
    * cambiar el título = retitle.
    * cambio de título = title change.
    * catálogo de autores y títulos = author/title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos = title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos abreviados = short title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos sin abreviar = long-title catalogue.
    * ceremonia de entrega de títulos = graduation ceremony.
    * clave de búsqueda por el título = title key.
    * conceder un título = bestow + title.
    * con el título = entitled.
    * dar título = title.
    * encabezamiento de título = title entry.
    * encabezamientos de nombre y título = name-title headings.
    * entrada por el título = title main entry.
    * entrada por palabra clave del título = catchword entry.
    * frase a modo de título = title-like phrase.
    * ganar un título = win + title.
    * índice de títulos = title index.
    * índice invertido de las palabras del título = title word dictionary.
    * índice KWIT (Palabra Clave del Título) = KWIT (Keyword-in-Title).
    * índice permutado de títulos = permuted title index.
    * índices de títulos al estilo de los índices de materia = subject-type title indexes.
    * indización permutada de títulos = permuted title indexing.
    * indización por palabras clave del título = catchword indexing, catchword title indexing.
    * indización por palabras del título = title-term indexing.
    * inferior al título = sub-degree [subdegree].
    * lucha por el título = title race.
    * mención de título = title statement.
    * obtener un título = gain + a degree in.
    * ordenación por títulos = title-based arrangement.
    * otorgar el título de "sir" = elevate to + knighthood.
    * otorgar un título = confer + degree, bestow + title.
    * palabra del título = title word, title term.
    * pantalla de títulos = title display.
    * porcentaje de títulos servidos = title fill rate.
    * poseer un título = hold + degree.
    * presentación circular de títulos = wrap-around.
    * referencia de autor y título = author-title reference, name-title reference.
    * relacionado con la obtención de títulos = credential-granting.
    * sin título = untitled.
    * subtítulo y/o información complementaria sobre el título = other title information.
    * título abreviado = catch-title, abbreviated title.
    * título académico = professional degree, academic degree.
    * título alternativo = alternative title.
    * título buscado por el usuario = sought title.
    * título clave = key title.
    * título colectivo = collective title.
    * título comercial = trade title.
    * título común = common title.
    * título de cabecera = caption title.
    * título de cubierta = binder's title.
    * título de doctor = doctor's degree, doctoral degree.
    * título de la cubierta = cover title.
    * título de la funda = sleeve title.
    * título de la publicación periódica = serial title.
    * título de la revista = journal title.
    * título de la serie = series title.
    * título de la signatura = docket title.
    * título del capítulo = chapter heading.
    * título del lomo = spine title.
    * título del lomo descendente = descending spine title.
    * título de lord = peerage.
    * título de peluquero = hairdressing certificate.
    * título de publicación periódica = periodical title.
    * título de reconocimiento = honorary scroll.
    * título facticio = supplied title.
    * título honorífico = title of honour, honorific, honorific title.
    * título honoris causa = honorary degree, honoris causa.
    * título informativo = informative title.
    * título nobiliario = title of nobility.
    * título original = original title.
    * título paralelo = parallel title.
    * título por línea = title-a-line.
    * título profesional = professional degree, professional qualification.
    * título propiamente dicho = title proper.
    * título provisional = working title.
    * título repetido = running title.
    * título superior = advanced degree.
    * título uniforme = uniform title.
    * título universitario = university degree.
    * * *
    1) (de libro, película) title, name; ( de capítulo) heading, title; ( de una ley) title

    un poema que lleva por título... — a poem called o (frml) entitled...

    2) (Educ) degree; ( diploma) certificate
    3) (que refleja honor, mérito, etc) title
    4) tb
    5) ( en locs)

    a título: esto lo digo a título personal I'm speaking personally here; les daré algunas cifras a título orientativo I'll give you a few figures to put you in the picture o to give you an idea; a título de ( a manera de) by way of; ( en calidad de): asiste a título de observador he's here as an observer; lo recibió a título de préstamo he received it as a loan; ¿a título de qué me dices eso ahora? — (fam) what are you telling me that for now?

    6) (Der) title, (Econ, Fin) security, bond
    * * *
    = address, degree, title, title, certification, diploma.

    Ex: Typically, the additions to the name will fall within the following categories: title of nobility, title of honour, address, date of birth, and date of death.

    Ex: A respondent is a candidate for a degree who, in an academic disputation, defends or opposes a thesis proposed by the praeses (q.v.); also called the defendant.
    Ex: The title of a work is a word, phrase, character, or group of characters, normally appearing in an item, naming the item or the work contained in it.
    Ex: If the title is selected by a book club this helps boost the print-run and overall sales.
    Ex: It is remarkable how, in an economy with diminishing job opportunities, librarians compensate for their inability to demonstrate the value of their skills by seeking the protection of educational and certification requirements.
    Ex: The guidelines can be used as a tool for the recognition of LIS diplomas and degrees beyond a country's border.
    * acceso a la información por el título = title approach.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * área de título y de mención de responsabilidad = title and statement of responsibility area.
    * asiento de título = title unit entry.
    * asiento secundario de título = added title entry.
    * asiento secundario por autor y título = author-title added entry, name-title added entry.
    * asiento secundario por título = title added entry.
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * bloque funcional de títulos relacionados = related title block.
    * boletín de títulos = titles bulletin.
    * buscar por autor y título = search by + name-title key.
    * buscar por título = search by + title key.
    * búsqueda de títulos = title search.
    * búsqueda por autor = author/title search.
    * búsqueda por palabra del título = title word search.
    * cambiar el título = retitle.
    * cambio de título = title change.
    * catálogo de autores y títulos = author/title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos = title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos abreviados = short title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos sin abreviar = long-title catalogue.
    * ceremonia de entrega de títulos = graduation ceremony.
    * clave de búsqueda por el título = title key.
    * conceder un título = bestow + title.
    * con el título = entitled.
    * dar título = title.
    * encabezamiento de título = title entry.
    * encabezamientos de nombre y título = name-title headings.
    * entrada por el título = title main entry.
    * entrada por palabra clave del título = catchword entry.
    * frase a modo de título = title-like phrase.
    * ganar un título = win + title.
    * índice de títulos = title index.
    * índice invertido de las palabras del título = title word dictionary.
    * índice KWIT (Palabra Clave del Título) = KWIT (Keyword-in-Title).
    * índice permutado de títulos = permuted title index.
    * índices de títulos al estilo de los índices de materia = subject-type title indexes.
    * indización permutada de títulos = permuted title indexing.
    * indización por palabras clave del título = catchword indexing, catchword title indexing.
    * indización por palabras del título = title-term indexing.
    * inferior al título = sub-degree [subdegree].
    * lucha por el título = title race.
    * mención de título = title statement.
    * obtener un título = gain + a degree in.
    * ordenación por títulos = title-based arrangement.
    * otorgar el título de "sir" = elevate to + knighthood.
    * otorgar un título = confer + degree, bestow + title.
    * palabra del título = title word, title term.
    * pantalla de títulos = title display.
    * porcentaje de títulos servidos = title fill rate.
    * poseer un título = hold + degree.
    * presentación circular de títulos = wrap-around.
    * referencia de autor y título = author-title reference, name-title reference.
    * relacionado con la obtención de títulos = credential-granting.
    * sin título = untitled.
    * subtítulo y/o información complementaria sobre el título = other title information.
    * título abreviado = catch-title, abbreviated title.
    * título académico = professional degree, academic degree.
    * título alternativo = alternative title.
    * título buscado por el usuario = sought title.
    * título clave = key title.
    * título colectivo = collective title.
    * título comercial = trade title.
    * título común = common title.
    * título de cabecera = caption title.
    * título de cubierta = binder's title.
    * título de doctor = doctor's degree, doctoral degree.
    * título de la cubierta = cover title.
    * título de la funda = sleeve title.
    * título de la publicación periódica = serial title.
    * título de la revista = journal title.
    * título de la serie = series title.
    * título de la signatura = docket title.
    * título del capítulo = chapter heading.
    * título del lomo = spine title.
    * título del lomo descendente = descending spine title.
    * título de lord = peerage.
    * título de peluquero = hairdressing certificate.
    * título de publicación periódica = periodical title.
    * título de reconocimiento = honorary scroll.
    * título facticio = supplied title.
    * título honorífico = title of honour, honorific, honorific title.
    * título honoris causa = honorary degree, honoris causa.
    * título informativo = informative title.
    * título nobiliario = title of nobility.
    * título original = original title.
    * título paralelo = parallel title.
    * título por línea = title-a-line.
    * título profesional = professional degree, professional qualification.
    * título propiamente dicho = title proper.
    * título provisional = working title.
    * título repetido = running title.
    * título superior = advanced degree.
    * título uniforme = uniform title.
    * título universitario = university degree.

    * * *
    A
    1 (de un libro, una película) title, name; (de un capítulo) heading, title
    2 (de una ley) title
    Compuesto:
    credits (pl)
    B ( Educ) degree; (diploma) certificate
    Compuestos:
    academic qualification
    university degree, college degree ( AmE)
    C (que refleja una dignidad, un mérito, etc) title
    se ganó el título de Miss Mundo she won the Miss World title
    D
    E
    (en locs): a título: esto lo digo a título personal, no en mi calidad de empleado de la empresa this is my personal view o I'm speaking personally here and not as an employee of the company
    a título informativo, éstas son las fechas de las reuniones for your information, these are the dates of the meetings
    a título anecdótico comentó que … by way of an anecdote he said that …
    les daré algunas cifras a título orientativo I'll give you a few figures to put you in the picture o to give you an idea
    a título de by way of
    a título de introducción by way of introduction
    en las tierras vivían a título de arrendatarias 352 familias 352 families lived on the land as tenants
    ¿a título de qué me dices eso ahora? ( fam); what are you telling me that for now?
    F (de un bien) title
    G ( Econ, Fin) security, bond
    Compuestos:
    bearer bond
    credit instrument
    title deed, document of title
    * * *

     

    Del verbo titular: ( conjugate titular)

    titulo es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    tituló es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) pretérito indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    titular    
    título
    titular 1 adjetivo ‹médico/profesor permanent
    ■ sustantivo masculino y femenino (de pasaporte, cuenta, cargo) holder
    ■ sustantivo masculino

    b) (Rad, TV) main story;


    titular 2 ( conjugate titular) verbo transitivo obra›:
    su novela titulada `Julia' his novel called o (frml) entitled `Julia'

    titularse verbo pronominal
    1 [obra/película] to be called, be entitled (frml)
    2 (Educ) to graduate, get one's degree;
    títulose EN/DE algo to graduate in/as sth
    título sustantivo masculino
    1 ( en general) title;
    un poema que lleva por título … a poem called o (frml) entitled …;

    el título de campeón juvenil the junior title;
    título nobiliario title;
    a título de: a título de introducción by way of introduction;
    asiste a título de observador he's attending as an observer
    2 (Educ) degree;
    ( diploma) certificate;

    título universitario university degree, college degree (AmE)
    título sustantivo masculino
    1 (de una obra, una ley) title
    2 Educ (cualificación) qualification
    (universitario) degree
    (documento impreso) degree certificate 3 título nobiliario, title
    4 Cine títulos de crédito, credits
    ♦ Locuciones: a título de, by way of
    a título de curiosidad, as a matter of interest
    ' título' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    concepto
    - conquistar
    - detentar
    - ducado
    - excelencia
    - existente
    - infante
    - nobiliaria
    - nobiliario
    - ostentar
    - poner
    - subtítulo
    - aspirante
    - barón
    - calificar
    - capacitar
    - ceder
    - conseguir
    - convalidar
    - despojar
    - dignidad
    - diplomarse
    - disputar
    - el
    - goce
    - grado
    - habilitar
    - heredar
    - llamar
    - pasar
    - poseedor
    - poseer
    - renunciar
    - revalidar
    - rótulo
    - tratamiento
    - usurpar
    English:
    approval
    - defending champion
    - degree
    - esquire
    - heading
    - honourable
    - knighthood
    - lady
    - liability
    - qualification
    - qualify
    - rubric
    - saint
    - second
    - share certificate
    - sir
    - title
    - title track
    - unqualified
    - caption
    - cost
    - dame
    - date
    - debar
    - defending
    - elevate
    - fellowship
    - graduate
    - knight
    - QC
    - right
    - succeed
    - untrained
    * * *
    nm
    1. [de obra, película] title
    Cine títulos de crédito credits;
    título de página running head, page title
    2. [licenciatura] degree;
    [diploma] diploma;
    tiene muchos títulos she has a lot of qualifications
    título académico academic degree;
    títulos profesionales professional qualifications;
    título universitario university degree
    3. [de concurso, competición] title;
    el título de la liga/de campeón the league/championship title
    4. [de derecho, obligación] [documento] deed;
    5. Fin security
    título de acción Br share o US stock certificate;
    título de deuda pública government bond;
    títulos del Estado government stock;
    títulos de renta fija fixed-income securities;
    títulos no cotizados unlisted securities
    7. [derecho] title, right
    a título (de) loc prep
    a título de amigo as a friend;
    a título de ejemplo podemos destacar… by way of example we can point to…;
    participar a título individual to take part on an individual basis;
    lo digo a título individual I'm speaking purely for myself;
    a título orientativo by way of guidance, for your guidance
    * * *
    m
    1 nobiliario, de libro title
    2 universitario degree;
    tener muchos títulos be highly qualified
    3 JUR title
    4 COM bond
    5
    :
    a título de introducción as an introduction, by way of introduction;
    a título de representante as a representative
    * * *
    1) : title
    2) : degree, qualification
    3) : security, bond
    4)
    a título de : by way of, in the capacity of
    * * *
    1. (nombre) title / name
    ¿cuál es el título de la película? what's the name of the film?
    2. (premio) title
    3. (estudios) degree
    4. (documento) certificate

    Spanish-English dictionary > título

См. также в других словарях:

  • gratuitous — gra·tu·i·tous /grə tü ə təs, tyü / adj: not involving a return benefit, compensation, or consideration compare onerous gra·tu·i·tous·ly adv Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Gratuitous — Gra*tu i*tousa. [L. gratuitus, from gratus pleasing. See {Grate}, a., {Gratis.}] 1. Given without an equivalent or recompense; conferred without valuable consideration; granted without pay, or without claim or merit; not required by justice.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gratuitous — gra‧tu‧i‧tous [grəˈtjuːtəs ǁ ˈtuː ] adjective LAW given or done without receiving anything in return: • Inheritance tax is concerned with gratuitous transactions …   Financial and business terms

  • gratuitous — [adj1] free chargeless, complimentary, costless, for nothing, gratis, spontaneous, unasked for, unpaid, voluntary, willing; concepts 334,542 Ant. costly, expensive gratuitous [adj2] not necessary assumed, baseless, bottomless, causeless,… …   New thesaurus

  • gratuitous — (adj.) 1650s, freely bestowed, from L. gratuitus done without pay, spontaneous, voluntary, from gratus pleasing, agreeable, from gratia favor (see GRACE (Cf. grace)). Sense of uncalled for, done without good reason is first recorded 1690s …   Etymology dictionary

  • gratuitous — *supererogatory, uncalled for, wanton Analogous words: *voluntary, willing: unrecompensed, unremunerated (see corresponding affirmative verbs at PAY): unprovoked, unexcited (see affirmative verbs at PROVOKE): unjustified, unwarranted (see… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • gratuitous — ► ADJECTIVE 1) uncalled for. 2) free of charge. DERIVATIVES gratuitously adverb gratuitousness noun. ORIGIN Latin gratuitus given freely, spontaneous …   English terms dictionary

  • gratuitous — [grə to͞o′i təs, grətyo͞o′i təs] adj. [L gratuitus < gratus: see GRACE] 1. a) given or received without charge or payment; free b) granted without obligation 2. without cause or justification; uncalled for gratuitously adv …   English World dictionary

  • gratuitous — [[t]grətju͟ːɪtəs, AM tu͟ː [/t]] ADJ GRADED If you describe something as gratuitous, you mean that it is unnecessary, and often harmful or upsetting. There s too much crime and gratuitous violence on TV. ...his insistence on offering gratuitous… …   English dictionary

  • gratuitous — Given or granted without valuable or legal consideration. A term applied to deeds of conveyance and to bailments and other contracts. In old English law, voluntary; without force, fear, or favor. As to gratuitous bailment gratuitous contract… …   Black's law dictionary

  • gratuitous — Given or granted without valuable or legal consideration. A term applied to deeds of conveyance and to bailments and other contracts. In old English law, voluntary; without force, fear, or favor. As to gratuitous bailment gratuitous contract… …   Black's law dictionary

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