Перевод: с латинского на английский

obj

  • 1 ad-iuvō

        ad-iuvō iūvī    (adiuerō, old for adiūverō), iūtus, āre, to help, assist, aid, support, further, sustain: fortīs fortuna adiuvat, T.: maerorem orationis meae lacrimis suis: suā sponte eos, N.: pennis adiutus amoris, O.: in his causis: alqm ad percipiendam virtutem: si quid te adiuero, poet ap. C.: ut alqd consequamur, adiuvisti: multum eorum opinionem adiuvabat, quod, etc., Cs.—With ellips. of obj, to be of assistance, help: ad verum probandum: non multum, Cs.: quam ad rem humilitas adiuvat, is convenient, Cs.—Supin. acc.: Nectanebin adiutum profectus, N.—P. pass.: adiutus a Demosthene, N.—Fig.: clamore militem, cheer, L.: adiuvat hoc quoque, this too is useful, H.: curā adiuvat illam (formam), sets off his beauty, O.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-iuvō

  • 2 canō

        canō cecinī, —, ere (P. perf. supplied by canto)    [1 CAN-].    I. Intrans, to utter melodious notes, make music, sing, sound, play.—Of men: celebrare dapes canendo, O.: tibicen sine tibiis canere non possit: harundine, O.: imitari Pana canendo, V.: Movit Amphion lapides canendo, H.: ad tibicinem de virtutibus, etc.: ululanti voce more Asiatic<*> canere, to chant, use sing-song.—Prov.: non canimus surdis, preach to the deaf, V.—Of birds, etc.: galli victi silere solent, canere victores, to crow: gallina cecinit, interdixit hariolus (a bad omen), T.—Of the owl, to hoot, V.—Meton., of instruments or a piece of music, to sound, resound, be played: canentes tibiae: cum in conviviis symphonia caneret: maestae tubae, Pr.—Of signals, to sound, be sounded, resound: semel bisne signum canat in castris, L.: repente a tergo signa canere, S.: Signa canunt, V.: classicum apud eos cecinit, L.: receptui canere, to sound a retreat, Cs.: Hasdrubal receptui propere cecinit, L.: nisi receptui cecinisset, sounded a counter-march, L.—Fig.: revocante et receptui canente senatu.—    II. Trans. with cognate acc., to sing, play, rehearse, recite, compose: id carmen: in eum carmina incondita, L.: versūs: verba ad certos modos, O.: praecepta, H.: indoctum, H.: Haec super arvorum cultu, V. — Of frogs: veterem querellam, croaked, V. — Prov.: Cantilenam eandem canis, ever the old tune, T.—With definite obj, to sing, celebrate in song, sing of, praise: virorum laudes: suas laudes, L.: reges et proelia, V.: Quas strages Turnus Ediderit, V.: Herculem, Ta.: Liberum et Musas, H.: plectro graviore Gigantas, O.: arma virumque, V.: (fama) facta atque infecta canit, trumpets, V.—Prov.: vana surdis auribus, L.—Of oracles or diviners, to give response (in verse), prophesy, foretell, predict, utter: horrendas ambages, V.: fera fata, H.: Artificis scelus, V.: haec quae nunc fiunt: Sibylla quae senis fata canit pedibus, Tb.: te mater aucturum caelestium numerum cecinit, L.: quae nunc usu veniunt, N.: Hoc signum cecinit missuram creatrix (sc. se), V.: quaeque diu latuere, O.: cecinere vates, idque carmen pervenerat, etc., L. — Of signals, to blow, sound, give: tubicines signa canere, give the signal for battle, S.: classicum apud eum cani iubet, Cs.: bellicum, call to arms: Gallos adesse, signalled, V.—Poet.: (bucina) cecinit iussos receptūs, O.
    * * *
    I
    canere, cani, canitus V
    sing, celebrate, chant; crow; recite; play (music)/sound (horn); foretell
    II
    canere, cecini, cantus V
    sing, celebrate, chant; crow; recite; play (music)/sound (horn); foretell

    Latin-English dictionary > canō

  • 3 cantō

        cantō āvī, ātus, āre. freq.    [cano].    I. Intrans., of men, to produce melodious sounds, sound, sing, play: Pamphilam Cantatum provocemus, T.: saltare et cantare: Arcades ambo Et cantare pares, V.: cantando victus, V.: non est Cantandum, i. e. there is no occasion for fiction, Iu.: structis avenis, O.: ad chordarum sonum, N.: tibiis, N.: ad manum histrioni, to accompany the actor, L.: gallis signum dedisse cantandi, to crow.—Of instruments, to sound, resound: Cantabat fanis, cantabat tibia ludis, O. —    II. Trans., with cognate acc., to sing, play, recite: Hymenaeum, T.: haec versibus isdem, drawl, Iu.: Nil praeter Calvum (i. e. Calvi carmina), H.: cantatum carmen, an incantation, O. —With definite obj., to sing, celebrate, praise in song<*> amicam, H.: proelia virginum, H.: Pythia (sc. certamina), H.: deum, Tb.: cantari dignus, V.—To reiterate, harp upon, warn against: harum mores, T.: istum Caesarem: totā cantabitur urbe, become a byword, H.—To use enchantments, practise incantations, enchant, charm: cantando rumpitur anguis, V.: cantata Luna, exorcised by magic, Pr.
    * * *
    I
    cantare, cantavi, cantatus V
    sing; play (roles/music); recite; praise, celebrate; forewarn; enchant, bewitch
    II

    Latin-English dictionary > cantō

  • 4 ego

        ego (old and late, egō), gen. meī; dat. mihī, oftener mihi or mī; acc. and abl. mē; plur, nom., and acc. nōs; gen. nostrūm; gen obj. usu. nostrī; dat. and abl. nōbis; pron pers.    [cf. ἐγώ, ἐμέ, νωι+/], I, me, we, us (expressed only for emphasis or where distinction or contrast is suggested): his de causis ego exstiti, etc.: si vobis videtur, iudices, ego adfero, etc.: ut nos... sic ille: pars mei, H.: Pars melior mei, O.: mei imago, V.: amantes mei: causa restituendi mei: omnium nostrūm vitae: unus quisque nostrūm: odium nostri: mihi deferens: mihi carior: nova mi facies surgit, V.: nobis tradita: nobis certandum est: me audisse suspicatur: me accuset: O me miserum: nos dicere oporteat: contra nos dicendum: uti me defensore: me consule: me digna vox: prae me tuli: quid nobis laboriosius?: nobis absentibus: nobiscum actum iri.—With special emphasis: ego idem dixi: ab eodem me confici: me ipsum egisse: nemo erit praeter unum me: nos, nos consules desumus: Me, me, in me convertite ferrum, V.— In dat pleonast., to suggest the speaker's interest or feeling (ethical dative): quid enim mihi Pauli nepos quaerit, I should like to know: Quid mihi Celsus agit? H.: hic mihi quisquam misericordiam nominat? must I hear? etc., S.—With ab or ad, my house, our house: quis a nobis egreditur? T.: venit (Pompeius) ad me in Cumanum; cf. apud me, at home, V.—With the praep cum, always written mecum, nobiscum, see 1 cum.— Plur. for sing., often in official language, or poet.: nobis consulibus: Nos patriae finīs linquimus (opp. tu), V. — Hence, absente nobis, in my absence, T.: insperanti nobis, Ct.: nobis merenti, Tb.
    * * *
    I, me

    Latin-English dictionary > ego

  • 5 excūsō

        excūsō āvī, ātus, āre    [ex +*causo; 1 CAV-] —With pers. obj., to excuse, make an excuse for: Atticae me: se de consilio, Cs.: me apud Apuleium: ut excuser morbi causā: si iudex excusetur Areopagites esse, pleads as his excuse: dixi, cur excusatus abirem, H.: Titium excusavit, quod, etc.: cognatione Licini se, L.: verba excusantia, apologies, O.— To excuse, apologize for: Varroni tarditatem litterarum: missos ignīs, O.— To allege in excuse, plead, excuse oneself with: propinquitatem: inopiam, Cs.: verba excusandae valetudini solita, L.: Philippo laborem, H.— To decline, refuse, excuse the refusal of: reditum Agrippinae ob hiemem, Ta.: in cognitionibus se (iudices), Ta.: alcui rei excusari, to be relieved of, Ta.
    * * *
    excusare, excusavi, excusatus V TRANS
    excuse/justify/explain; make excuse for/plead as excuse; allege; absolve/exempt

    Latin-English dictionary > excūsō

  • 6 faciō

        faciō fēcī (old fut perf. faxo; subj. faxim), factus, ere; imper. fac (old, face); pass. fīō, fierī; pass imper. fī    [2 FAC-], to make, construct, fashion, frame, build, erect, produce, compose: Lectulos faciundos dedit, T.: navīs: candelabrum factum e gemmis: de marmore signum, O.: pontem in Arare, Cs.: (fanum) a civitatibus factum, founded, L.: duumviri ad aedem faciendam, L.: statuam faciendam locare: (valvae) ad cludendum factae: comoedias, T.: sermonem: epigramma: verbum, speak: carmina, Iu.: scutis ex cortice factis, Cs.: auri pondera facti, wrought, V.—Of actions, to do, perform, make, carry on, execute: Opus, T.: officium, T.: Si tibi quid feci quod placeat, T.: proelium, join, Cs.: iter, Cs.: clamores: clamor fit: eruptiones ex oppido, Cs.: gradum: imperata, Cs.: promissum, fulfil: iudicium: deditionem, S.: fac periclum in litteris, put (him) to the test, T.: me advorsum omnia, oppose me in everything, T.: omnia amici causā: multa crudeliter, N.: initium, begin: praeter aetatem Facere, work too hard for your years, T.: perfacile factu esse, conata perficere, Cs.— To make, produce, cause, occasion, bring about, bring to pass: turbam, T.: ignem ex lignis: iniuriam, Cs.: causas morae, S.: ducis admirationem, excite, L.: luxuriae modum, impose, S.: fugam ex ripā fecit (i. e. fugavit), L.: somnum, induce, Iu.: metum insidiarum, excite, L.: silentio facto, L.: ne qua eius adventūs significatio fiat, become known, Cs.: faciam ut intellegatis: facito, ut sciam: putasne te posse facere, ut, etc.?: fieri potest, ut recte quis sentiat, it may happen: ita fit, ut adsint, it happens: faciendum mihi est, ut exponam, is incumbent: me Facit ut te moneam, compels, T.: facere non possum, quin mittam, etc., I cannot forbear: di faxint ne sit alter (cui, etc.): fac ne quid aliud cures, take care: domi adsitis, facite, T.: ita fac cupidus sis, ut, etc., be sure: iam faxo scies, T.: nulla res magis talīs oratores videri facit, quales, etc. (i. e. ut viderentur): hoc me Flere facit, O.— To make, acquire, obtain, gather, accumulate, gain, take, receive, incur, suffer: rem, T.: praedam, Cs.: pecuniam: stipendia, earn, S.: corhortīs, form, Cs.: corpus, grow fat, Ph.: viam sibi, force, L.: alqm suum, win as a friend, T.: terram suam, i. e. conquer, Cs.: vitae iacturam, Cs.: naufragium: damnum.— To make, render, grant, give, impart, confer: arbitria, H.: potestatem dicendi: sibi iure iurando fidem, give assurance, Cs.: Romanis animum, inspire, L.: copiam pugnandi militibus, L.: audientiam orationi: cui si libido Fecerit auspicium, i. e. if the whim seize him, H.: cognomen colli, L.: mihi medicinam, administer: nobis otia, V.: alcui dolorem: desiderium decemviros creandi, L.— To celebrate, conduct, give, perform, represent: cenas: res divinas: sacra pro civibus: cui (Iunoni), make offerings: vitulā pro frugibus, make sacrifice, V.: cum pro populo fieret: ut fieret, edere, L. — To practise, follow: naviculariam: mercaturas.— To make, depict, represent, assert, say, pretend: in libro se exeuntem e senatu: pugnam ex auro, V.: me unum ex iis feci, qui, etc., pretended to be: ex industriā factus ad imitationem stultitiae, L.: inpendere apud inferos saxum Tantalo: Fecerat et fetam Procubuisse lupam, V.: facio me alias res agere, make as if.—To suppose, assume, grant, admit (only imper. with obj clause): fac audisse (Glauciam): fac ita esse: fac (me) velle, V.— To make, constitute, choose, appoint, render: senatum firmiorem vestrā auctoritate: heredem filiam: exercitum sibi fidum, S.: iter factum conruptius imbri, H.: hi consules facti sunt: ex coriis utres fierent, S.: Candida de nigris, O.: si ille factus esset, had been chosen (consul): alqm certiorem facere, inform ; see certus: ne hoc quidem sibi reliqui facit, ut, etc., does not leave himself so much character.—Pass., to become, be turned into, be made: fit Aurum ingens coluber, V.: sua cuique deus fit dira cupido? V.— To put in possession of, subject to, refer to: omnia quae mulieris fuerunt, viri fiunt: omnem oram Romanae dicionis fecit, L.: dicionis alienae facti, L.— To value, esteem, regard, appraise, prize: parum id facio, S.: te maxumi, T.: quos plurimi faciunt: voluptatem minimi: dolorem nihili: istuc Aequi bonique facio, am content with, T.— To do (resuming the meaning of another verb): cessas ire ac facere, i. e. do as I say, T.: oppidani bellum parare: idem nostri facere, S.: ‘evolve eius librum’—‘Feci mehercule:’ bestiae simile quiddam faciunt (i. e. patiuntur): aut facere aut non promisse, Ct.: Sicuti fieri consuevit, to happen, S.— To do, act, deal, conduct oneself: Facere contra huic aegre, T.: tuis dignum factis feceris, will act like yourself, T.: bene: adroganter, Cs.: per malitiam, with malice: aliter, S.: facere quam dicere malle, act, S.: mature facto opus est, prompt action, S. — To act, take part, take sides: idem plebes facit, S.: idem sentire et secum facere Sullam: cum veritas cum hoc faciat, is on his side: nihilo magis ab adversariis quam a nobis: eae res contra nos faciunt: adversus quos fecerint, N.— To arrange, adjust, set: Vela, spread, V.: pedem, brace, V.— To be fit, be useful, make, serve, answer, do: Ad talem formam non facit iste locus, O.: ad scelus omne, O.: Stemmata quid faciunt? avail, Iu.
    * * *
    I
    facere, additional forms V
    do, make; create; acquire; cause, bring about, fashion; compose; accomplish
    II
    facere, feci, factus V
    do, make; create; acquire; cause, bring about, fashion; compose; accomplish

    Latin-English dictionary > faciō

  • 7 interclūdō

        interclūdō ūsī, ūsus, ere    [inter+claudo], to shut out, shut off, cut off, hinder, stop, block up, intercept: virtus voluptatis aditūs intercludat necesse est: interclusis itineribus, Cs.: illos ponti Interclusit hiemps, V.: viam, L.: cum Pontum cervicibus interclusum suis sustinerent: multitudinis fugam, Cs.: hisce omnīs aditūs: his reditu interclusis, Cs.: interclusus itinere Caesar, Cs.— To shut off, cut off, stop, hinder, prevent: commeatūs hostibus, L.: spiritum, Cu.: dolor intercludit vocem: aestu anima interclusa, stifled, L.—With person. obj., to cut off, separate, divide, shut off, intercept: ne viros interclusos opprimeret hostis, L.: Pompeium ab eo, Cs.: interclusi ab suis, L.: tribunos a plebe, L.: hostem Hibero, Cs.: commeatibus nostros, Cs.: ille reliquis copiis intercludendus.—To shut in, blockade, hem in: ne iam intercludemur, ut cum velitis exire, non liceat: veriti, ne angustiis intercluderentur, Cs.—To hinder, prevent: intercludor dolore, quo minus, etc.
    * * *
    intercludere, interclusi, interclusus V
    cut off; blockade; hinder, block up

    Latin-English dictionary > interclūdō

  • 8 is

       is ea, id, gen. ēius (sometimes monosyl. in poetry), dat. ēī (rarely eī or monosyl. ei), pron. demonst.    [2 I-].    I. As a weak demonst. in simple reference.—As subst, he, she, it, the one mentioned (without emphasis): fuit quidam senex Mercator: navem is fregit, T.: venit mihi obviam tuus puer; is mihi litteras abs te reddidit: sine eius offensione animi, hurting his feelings, Cs.—As adj., this, that, the: ea res est Helvetiis enuntiata, Cs.: flumen est Arar... id flumen, etc., Cs.: ante eam diem.—    II. Special uses.—Attracted to the following subst: exsistit ea quae gemma dicitur (i. e. id, quod): quae pars maior erit, eo stabitur consilio (i. e. eius), L.—Pleonast.—After an obj subst.: urbem novam, conditam vi et armis, iure eam condere parat, L.—In the phrase, id quod, referring to a fact, thought, or clause: ratus, id quod negotium poscebat, as the situation required, S.: id quod necesse erat accidere, just as was unavoidable, Cs.: si nos, id quod debet, nostra patria delectat, and it must be the case; cf. id de quo, L. —With et, que, atque, neque, in explanation or climax, and that too, and in fact: inquit... et id clariore voce, and that, Cs.: cum unā legione eāque vacillante: vincula et ea sempiterna: legio, neque ea plenissima, and not even, Cs.—In place of the reflexive pronoun: persuadent Rauracis, uti unā cum iis proficiscantur (i. e. secum), Cs.—With emphasis, as correlative to qui, he, she, it, that, the one, that one: is, qui erit adductus: haec omnia is feci, qui sodalis Dolabellae eram: qui magister equitum fuisse tibi viderere, is cucurristi, etc.— Neut. as subst, that: idne estis auctores mihi? do you advise me to that? T.: quibus id consili fuisse, ut, etc., who had formed the plan, Cs.: quando verba vana ad id locorum fuerint, hitherto, L.: ad id quod natura cogeret, i. e. death, N.: id temporis, at that time: homo id aetatis, of that age.—Abl. with a comparative, so much, by so much: eo plus, quo minus, etc., the more.—Acc. adverb., therefore, for that reason, on that account: id operam do, ut, etc., T.: id ego gaudeo.—In phrases, aliquid id genus scribere (i. e. eius generis), of that sort: ad id quod sua quemque mala cogebant, evocati, for that purpose, L.: ad id, quod... erat, accendebatur, etc., besides the fact, that, etc., L.: in id fide a rege acceptā, to that end, L.: quod ad me de Lentulo scribis, non est in eo, is not come to that: cum iam in eo esset, ut, etc., just on the point of, etc., L.: totum in eo est tectorium, ut sit concinnum, depends on that: ex eo, quod, etc., from the fact that: civitas data, cum eo, ut, etc., with the stipulation that, etc., L.—    III. Praegn., that, such, of such a sort, of the character, so great: in id redactus sum loci, ut, etc., to such a pass, T.: neque is sum, qui terrear, Cs.: itaque ego is in illum sum, quem tu me esse vis: is status erat rerum, ut, etc., L.: quae causae sunt eius modi, ut, etc.: eā mecum consuetudine coniunctus est, quod, etc., such intimacy.
    * * *
    ea, id PRON
    he/she/it/they (by GENDER/NUMBER); DEMONST: that, he/she/it, they/them

    Latin-English dictionary > is

  • 9 iūrō

        iūrō āvī, ātus, āre    [2 ius], to swear, take an oath: si aram tenens iuraret: ex animi tui sententiā, without reservation: Boeotum in crasso iurares aëre natum, H.: falsum, swear falsely: vere: testari deos per quos iuravisset, S.: per Iovem, by Jupiter: aedilis, qui pro se iuraret, in his stead, L.: idem omnis exercitus in se quisque iurat, i. e. each soldier individually, L.: Numquam ducturum uxorem, T.: se eum non deserturum, Cs.: verissimum ius iurandum.—With in and acc, to swear to observe, swear allegiance, vow obedience, adopt under oath: in legem: in leges, L.: in haec verba iurat ipse, takes this form of oath, Cs.: cur in certa verba iurent: in haec verba iures postulo, in this form of words, L.: in verba magistri, echo the sentiments, H.—To swear by, attest, call to witness: Terram, Mare, Sidera, V.: Iovem lapidem: quaevis tibi numina, O.: Samothracum aras, Iu.: Iurandae tuum per nomen arae, H.: dis iuranda palus, the Styx, by which the gods swear, O.—To swear to, attest by an oath: morbum, to the fact of sickness: id (nomen) iurare in litem, swear to a debt.—With person. obj., to swear, bind by an oath, cause to swear (only perf pass.): iudici demonstrandum est, quid iuratus sit: lex, in quam iurati sitis: iuratus se eum interempturum, L.— To conspire: In me, O.: in facinus, O.—In the phrase: iurare calumniam, to swear that an accusation is not malicious, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > iūrō

  • 10 moror

        moror ātus, ārī, dep.    [mora], to delay, tarry, stay, wait, remain, linger, loiter: Eamus... Ubi vis; non moror, i. e. I have no objection, T.: Brundisi: amplius morando, S.: apud oppidum, Cs.: in quā (commemoratione) diutius non morabor: faciem capere morando, i. e. by slow degrees, O.: quid moror? H.: quid multis moror? why make a long story? T.: ne multis morer, to be brief: haud multa moratus, i. e. without long delay, V.: paulum lacrimis et mente morata, in tearful thought, V.: rosa quo locorum Sera moretur, may linger, H.: nec morati sunt quin decurrerent ad castra, L.: nihil ego moror quo minus decemviratu abeam, i. e. I will immediately, L.: cui bellum moremur inferre: in conubio natae, brood, V.— To delay, retard, impede, detain, cause to wait, hinder: impetum hostium, Cs.: eum: ab itinere hostem, L.: absiste morari, detain (me) not, V.: convivas, keep waiting, T.— To fix the attention of, delight, delay, amuse, entertain: Fabula populum moratur, H.: oculos aurīsque Caesaris, arrest, H.— P. pass.: novitate morandus spectator, H.— To hinder, prevent, impede: non moror quo minus in civitatem redeant, L.: moratus sit nemo, quo minus abeant, L.—In the phrase, nihil morari, with acc. of person, not to detain, let go, dismiss, release: C. Sempronium nihil moror, i. e. withdraw my accusation against, L.: negavit, se Gracchum morari, said he had nothing against, L.—In the phrase, nihil morari, with acc. of thing, or an obj clause, to let go, not value, disregard, care nothing for, have nothing to say against: profecto non plus biduom aut— Ph. Aut? nil moror, I don't care for that, T.: nam vina nihil moror illius orae, H.: nihil moror, eos salvos esse: invisum quem tibi esse Nil moror, I care not, V.: ut multum (sc. scripserit), nil moror, attach no value to quantity, H.
    * * *
    morari, moratus sum V DEP
    delay; stay, stay behind; devote attention to

    Latin-English dictionary > moror

  • 11 quī

        quī quae, quod, gen. cuius (old, quoius), dat. cui (old, quoi), abl. quō, quā (with cum, m. quīcum or quōcum, rarely cum quō; f quācum, rarely quīcum), plur. quibus or quīs (with cum, usu. quibuscum), pron.    [2 CA-].    I. Interrog, who? which? what? what kind of a? (mostly adj.; as subst., qui asks the nature or character, quis the name): Ubi alii? Sa. qui malum alii? T.: Th. Quis fuit igitur? Py. Iste Chaerea. Th. Qui Chaerea? what Chaerea? T.: qui locus est: qui tantus fuit labor?: rogitat, qui vir esset, L.: scire, qui sit rei p. status, what is the state of the country: quae cura boum, qui cultus habendo Sit pecori canere, V.: incerti quae pars sequenda esset, which side to take, L.—As subst: nescimus qui sis: nec qui poterentur, satis discerni poterat, L.: qui ille concessus! what an assembly!    II. Relat. (with a subst. or pron. as antecedent), who, which: habebat ducem, quīcum quidvis rectissime facere posset: ille vir, cui patriae salus dulcior fuit: haec, quae audistis: quod ego fui, id tu hodie es, L.: coloniam, quam Fregellas appellent, L.—The subst. is often attracted to the relat. clause, esp. when a pron dem. follows: quae res neque consilium... Habet, eam regere non potes, T.: ad quas res aptissimi erimus, in iis potissimum elaborabimus: quae augustissima vestis est, eā vestiti, L.: alii, quorum comoedia prisca virorum est, H.: si id te mordet, sumptum filii Quem faciunt, T.: Urbem quam statuo, vestra est, V.—The antecedent is sometimes repeated with the relat.: erant itinera duo, quibus itineribus, etc., Cs.: si quod tempus accidisset, quo tempore requirerent, etc.—The antecedent is often omitted: quicum res tibist, peregrinus est, T.: fecit quod Siculi non audebant: o beati, Quīs ante ora patrum... Contigit, etc., V.—An antecedent in apposition is regularly attracted to the relat. clause: Tolosatium fines, quae civitas est in provincia, Cs.: Amanus, qui mons erat hostium plenus.—So in relat. clauses giving a personal characteristic as a reason: copiam verborum, quae vestra prudentia est, perspexistis, with your usual intelligence: utrum admonitus, an, quā est ipse sagacitate, sine duce ullo, i. e. by his own peculiar instinct.—A verb of which the relat. is subject takes the person of the antecedent: ego enim is sum, qui nihil fecerim: neque enim tu is es qui, qui sis, nescias: vidistis in vincula duci eum, qui a vobis vincula depuleram, L.: Themistocles veni ad te, qui intuli, etc., N.—With ellips. of verb: et, quem ei visum esset (sc. facere), fecisset heredem: ad haec, quae visum est, Caesar respondit, Cs.: hostiaeque maiores, quibus editum est diis, caesae, L.—In comparative clauses with sup: sit pro praetore eo iure quo qui optimo (i. e. quo is est, qui optimo iure est): legioni ita darent, ut quibus militibus amplissime dati essent: provincia, ut quae maxime omnium, belli avida, L.—By attraction, in the case of the antecedent (Greek constr.): nos tamen hoc confirmamus illo augurio, quo diximus: sexcentae eius generis, cuius supra demonstravimus, naves, Cs.: notante Iudice quo nosti populo, H.: natus est patre, quo diximus, N.: cum quibus ante dictum est copiis, L.—In the gender and number of a subst predic.: Belgae, quam tertiam esse Galliae partem dixeramus, Cs.: carcer ille, quae lautumiae vocantur: leges, quae fons est iuris, L.—In the gender and number of an antecedent not expressed: vicinitas, Quod ego in propinquā parte amicitiae puto, T.: laudare fortunas meas, Qui gnatum haberem, T.: quod monstrum vidimus, qui cum reo transigat?: servitia repudiabat, cuius magnae copiae, etc., S.—One relat. in place of two in different cases: quem neque pudet Quicquam, nec metuit quemquam (i. e. et qui non), T.: omnia quae amisi aut advorsa facta sunt, S.: qui iam fatetur... et non timeo (sc. quem): tyrannus, quem pertulit civitas paretque mortuo.—Implying a restriction, who indeed, as far as, all that: omnium eloquentissimi, quos ego audierim: antiquissimi sunt, quorum quidem scripta constent: Catonem vero quis nostrorum oratorum, qui quidem nunc sunt, legit?— Sing n., what, as far as, as much as, to the extent that: quod potero, adiutabo, T.: cura, quod potes, ut valeas: quod ad me attinet, as far as depends on me: quod ad Pomponiam, scribas velim, etc. (sc. attinet), as respects Pomponia.—Implying a purpose: equitatum praemisit, qui viderent, to see, Cs.: qui eripiunt aliis, quod aliis largiantur, in order to bestow it: sibi urbem delegerat, quam haberet adiutricem: milites conduci, qui in Hispaniam traicerentur, L.—Implying a reason: Miseret tui me, qui hominem facias inimicum tibi, I am sorry for you, that you incur, etc., T.: Tarquinio quid impudentius, qui bellum gereret, etc.: at Cotta, qui cogitasset haec posse accidere... nullā in re deerat, Cs.: barbari dissipati, quibus nec certa imperia... essent, vertunt, etc., L.: Heu me miserum, qui spectavi, etc., T.—Implying a concession: rogitas? qui tam audacis facinoris mihi conscius sis? although you are, T.: hi exercitu luxuriem obiciebant, cui omnia defuissent, Cs.: quis est, qui Fabricii, Curii non memoriam usurpet, quos numquam viderit?: Rogitas? qui adduxti, etc., T.— Implying a result (qui consecutive): sapientia est una, quae maestitiam pellat ex animis, alone has power to drive: secutae sunt tempestates, quae nostros in castris continerent, Cs.: leniore sono uti, et qui illum impetum oratoris non habeat: haud parva res, sed quae patriciis potestatem auferret, L.—Esp., after a demonstr. pron., adj. or adv.: non sum ego is consul, qui arbitrer, etc., such a consul, as to suppose: neque tu is es, qui nescias, etc., no such man, as to be ignorant, etc.: nomen legati eius modi esse debet, quod inter hostium tela incolume versetur.—With quam, after a comp: non longius hostes aberant, quam quo telum adici posset (i. e. quam ut eo), Cs.: maiores arbores caedebant, quam quas ferre miles posset, L.—After an adj. of fitness: (Rufum) idoneum iudicaverat, quem mitteret, a fit person to send, Cs.: nulla videbatur aptior persona, quae loqueretur.—After a verb with indef subj. or obj. (described by the relat. clause): sunt qui mirentur, there are some, who, etc.: erunt qui audaciam eius reprehendant: si quis est, qui putet: ut invenirentur qui proficiscerentur: qui se ultro mo<*>ti offerant, facilius reperiuntur, quam qui dolorem patienter ferant, Cs.: haec habui, de amicitiā quae dicerem, had this to say: te unum habeo, quem dignum regno iudicem, L.: Nemost, quem ego magis cuperem videre, T.: nullum est animal, quod habeat, etc.—Where the relat. clause is conceived as a particular fact, it may take the indic: sunt bestiae quaedam, in quibus inest, etc. (i. e. in quibusdam bestiis inest, etc.): sunt, qui eorum sectam sequuntur, i. e. they have followers: Sunt quos... iuvat, H.: Sunt, qui non habeant, est qui non curat habere, some (in gen.)... one (in particular), H.—In place of a pron demonstr. and conj: res loquitur ipsa, quae semper valet plurimum, and it, etc.: ratio docet esse deos; quo concesso, confitendum est, etc., and if this is granted: centuriones hostīs vocare coeperunt; quorum progredi ausus est nemo, but no one of them, Cs.: perutiles libri sunt; quos legite, quaeso, therefore read them.    III. Indef, whoever, any one who, all that, anything that: qui est homo tolerabilis, Scortari nolunt, T.: quae res... post eum quae essent, tuta reddebat, all that was in his rear, Cs.: facilius quod stulte dixeris reprehendere... possunt: virgis caesi, qui ad nomina non respondissent, L.— Any one, any ; with si, num, ne ; see 2 quis.
    * * *
    I
    how?; how so; in what way; by what/which means; whereby; at whatever price
    II
    qua (quae), quod (qua/-quae P N) PRON ADJECT
    any; anyone/anything, any such; unspecified some; (after si/sin/sive/ne)
    III
    quae, quod (quae P N) PRON REL
    who; that; which, what; of which kind/drgree; person/thing/time/point that
    IV
    quae, quod (quae P N) PRON INTERR
    who/what/which?, what/which one/man/person/thing? what kind/type of?

    Latin-English dictionary > quī

  • 12 suī

        suī (gen.), dat. sibi or sibī, acc. and abl. sē or (more emphatic) sēsē (strengthened sēpse for sē ipse, C.; sēmet, L., H.), sing. and plur, pron. of 3d pers.    [suus].    I. Reflex.    A. Himself, herself, itself, themselves.—Referring to the grammatical subj —Acc., as direct obj: si is posset ab eā sese avellere, T.: per eos, ne causam diceret, se eripuit, Cs.: homo se erexit: se a Gallis auro redemisse, L.: se gerere, to behave: ipse enim se quisque diligit: se ipsum conligere.—With gerundive: ne sui in perpetuum liberandi occasio, Cs.: sui conservandi causā profugere: is sibi legationem ad civitates suscepit, Cs.: propositā sibi morte: Medus infestus sibi, H.: tantos sibi spiritūs sumpserat, Cs.: inimicus ipse sibi putandus est.— Gen obj.: amans sui virtus: dux oblitus sui: potens sui, H.: caecus amor sui, H.: facultatem sui insequendi ademerat, Cs.—Acc. or abl., with praepp.: ducit secum virginem, T.: pro se quisque sedulo Faciebant, each one singly, T.: cum pro se quisque tenderent ad portas, L.: equitatum ante se mittit, Cs.: litterae ad se ab amico missae: exercitus, quantum in se fuit, etc., L.—Referring to a logical subject.—To a definite subject: multis illi in urbibus reficiendi se et curandi potestas fuit: Faustulo spes fuerat regiam stirpem apud se educari, L.: invenere oppidanos vim hostium ab se arcentes, L.—To an indefinite subject, oneself: deforme est de se ipsum praedicare: ut, quanti quisque se ipse faciat, tanti fiat ab amicis.—    B. In dependent clauses, as pers. pron. 3 d pers., with reflex. reference, him, her, it, them, he, she, they.—In gen., referring to the grammatical subject of the principal clause: impetrat a senatu, ut dies sibi prorogaretur: Ubii legatos mittunt, qui doceant... neque ab se fidem laesam, Cs.: in urbibus, quae ad se defecerant, praesidia imposuit, S.— Referring to a logical subject: a regibus litterae, quibus mihi gratias agant, quod se reges appellaverim: cum legati ad eum venissent oratum, ut sibi ignosceret, Cs.—In orat. obliquā, referring to the person whose words are reported: nuntium mittit... sese diutius sustinere non posse, Cs.: non sese Gallis, sed Gallos sibi bellum intulisse, Cs.: dato responso (a Thyrreensibus), nullam se novam societatem accepturos, L.—In subordinate clauses, with subjunct.: qui abs te taciti requirunt, cur sibi hoc oneris imposueris: conclamavit, quid ad se venirent? Cs.: multa pollicens, si se conservasset, N.—With subj. (sub-oblique), expressing the view of the reported speaker: Caesarem iniuriam facere, qui vectigalia sibi deteriora faceret, Cs.: quod nec paratus... obsecutus esset, credidissetque, cum se vidissent Aetoli, omnia, etc., L. —Instead of the proper case of is or ipse (to suggest the point of view of the person referred to): Unum hoc scio, esse meritam, ut memor esses sui, T.: quem Caesar, ut erat de se meritus, donatum pronuntiavit, Cs.: statuit urbīs, quae... adversum se opportunissimae erant, circumvenire, S.: centum boves militibus dono dedit, qui secum fuerant, L.—    C. Idiomatic uses, with ad or apud, to one's house, at home: qui a me petierit ut secum et apud se essem cottidie: Num tibi videtur esse apud sese? in his senses, T.— Dat pleonast., of the person interested, for himself: quid sibi hic vestitus quaerit? T.: mirantes, quid sibi vellet, L.— Colloq., with suus (old): Suo sibi gladio hunc iugulo, his very own, T.—    II. As pron recipr., each other, one another: nuntiatum... patres ac plebem in semet ipsos versos, L.; usu. in the phrase, inter se, one another, each other, mutually, reciprocally: video eos inter se amare, T.: neque solum colent inter se ac diligent: ut neque inter se contingant trabes, Cs.: adhaesiones atomorum inter se: collīs duos propinquos inter se occupat, S.
    * * *
    (gen.) PRON REFLEX
    him/her/it/ones-self; him/her/it; them (selves) (pl.); each other, one another

    Latin-English dictionary > suī

  • 13 suus

        suus (suae, monosyl., T.; gen plur. suūm, T.), pron poss. 3d pers.    [cf. sui, ἕοσ].    I. In gen.    A. With reflex reference, of oneself, belonging to oneself, his own, her own, his, her, its, their.—Referring to a subst. expressed or understood, in any gender or case: Caesar copias suas divisit, his, Cs.: in suā sententiā perseverat, Cs.: anteposuit suam salutem meae: suos parentes reperire, T.: omne animal et se ipsum et omnīs partīs suas diligit, its: (legiones) si consulem suum reliquerunt, their: naves cum suis oneribus, with their several cargoes, L.: suae causae confidere: hunc sui cives e civitate eiecerunt, was exiled by his fellow-citizens: ipsum suo nomine diligere, for his own sake: suis flammis delete Fidenas, i. e. the flames kindled by the Fidenates, L.: (Siculis ereptae sunt) suae leges: Scipio suas res Syracusanis restituit, L.: inimicissimus suus: Clodius, suus atque illius familiaris, Cs.: diffidens rebus suis: Caesar, primum suo deinde omnium ex conspectu remotis equis, etc., Cs.: doloris sui de me declarandi potestas.—Rarely with a subj clause as antecedent: secutum suā sponte est, ut, etc., of course, L.—Without a grammatical antecedent, one's, one's own: si quidem est atrocius, patriae parentem quam suum occidere: in suā civitate vivere: levius est sua decreta tollere quam aliorum, L.—Referring to an antecedent determined by the context, and conceived as authority for the statement, or as entertaining the thought, his, her, its, their: (Clodius) Caesaris potentiam suam esse dicebat: hostes viderunt... suorum tormentorum usum spatio propinquitatis interire, Cs.: ne ea quae rei p. causā egerit (Pompeius) in suam (i. e. Caesaris) contumeliam vertat, Cs.: mulieres viros orantes, ne parricidio macularent partūs suos (i. e. mulierum), L.—    B. Without reflex reference, his, her, its, their.—To avoid ambiguity: petunt rationes illius (Catilinae), ut orbetur auxilio res p., ut minuatur contra suum furorem imperatorum copia (for eius, which might be referred to res p.).—For emphasis, instead of eius, own, peculiar: mira erant in civitatibus ipsorum furta Graecorum quae magistratūs sui fecerant, their own magistrates.—Rarely for eius without emphasis (poet. or late): Cimon incidit in eandem invidiam quam pater suus, N.: Ipse sub Esquiliis, ubi erat sua regia Concidit, O.    II. Esp.    A. Plur m. as subst., of intimates or partisans, one's people, their own friends: Cupio abducere ut reddam suis, to her family, T.: mulier praecepit suis, omnia Caelio pollicerentur, her slaves: vellem hanc contemptionem pecuniae suis reliquisset, to his posterity: naviculam conscendit cum paucis suis, a few of his followers, Cs.: inprimis inter suos nobilis, his associates: subsidio suorum proelium restituere, comrades, L.: bestias ad opem suis ferendam avertas, their young, L.— Sing f., a sweetheart, mistress: illam suam suas res sibi habere iussit.—Sing. and plur n., one's own things, one's property: ad suum pervenire: sui nihil deperdere, Cs.: meum mihi placebat, illi suum, his own work: expendere quid quisque habeat sui, what peculiarities: tibi omnia sua tradere, all he had: se suaque transvehere, their baggage, L.: Aliena melius diiudicare Quam sua, their own business, T.—    B. Predicative uses, under one's own control, self-possessed, composed: semper esse in disputando suus: Vix sua, vix sanae compos Mentis, O.—In gen., under one's control, his property, his own: causam dicere aurum quā re sit suum, T.: qui suam rem nullam habent, nothing of their own: ut (Caesar) magnam partem Italiae suam fecerit, has made subject, Cs.: exercitum senatūs populique R. esse, non suum: ne quis quem civitatis mutandae causā suum faceret, made any one his slave, L.: eduxit mater pro suā, as her own, T.: arbitrantur Suam Thaidem esse, devoted to them, T.: Vota suos habuere deos, had the gods on their side, O.—    C. In phrases, suā sponte, of one's own accord, voluntarily, by oneself, spontaneously, without aid, unprompted: bellum suā sponte suscipere: omne honestum suā sponte expetendum, for its own sake ; see (spons).—Suus locus, one's own ground: restitit suo loco Romana acies, in its own lines, L.: aciem instruxit suis locis, Cs.—    D. Praegn., characteristic, peculiar voluptatem suis se finibus tenere iubeamus, within the limits assigned to it.—Intrinsic, original. (Platoni) duo placet esse motūs, unum suum, alterum externum, etc.— Private: in suis rebus luxuriosus militibus agros ex suis possessionibus pollicetur, i. e. his private property, Cs.— Just, due, appropriate: imperatori exercituique honos suus redditus, due to them, L.: is mensibus suis dimisit legionem, i. e. in which each soldier's term ended, L.: suo iure, by his own right: lacrimae sua verba sequuntur, i. e. appropriate (to tears), O.— Own, peculiar, exclusive, special: mentio inlata est, rem suo proprio magistratu egere, i. e. a special officer, L.: ni suo proprio eum proelio equites exceptum tenuissent, i. e. in which they alone fought, L.: quae est ei (animo) natura? Propria, puto, et sua: equitem suo alienoque Marte pugnare, i. e. both as cavalry and as infantry, L.: Miraturque (arbos) novas frondes et non sua poma (of engrafted fruit), V.— Own, devoted, friendly, dear: habere suos consules, after his own heart: conlegit ipse se contra suum Clodium, his dear Clodius.—Own, chosen by himself, favorable, advantageous: suo loco pugnam facere, S.: suis locis bellum in hiemem ducere, Cs.: numquam nostris locis laboravimus, L.: suam occasionem hosti dare, L.: aestuque suo Locros traiecit, a favorable tide, L.: Ventis ire non suis, H.— Proper, right, regular, normal: si suum numerum naves haberent, their regular complement: numerum non habet illa (ratis) suum, its full number, O.: cum suo iusto equitatu, L.: cessit e vitā suo magis quam suorum civium tempore, the right time for himself: sua tempora exspectare, L.— Own, independent: ut suae leges, sui magistratūs Capuae essent, L.: in suā potestate sunt, suo iure utuntur.—    E. In particular connections, strengthened by ipse (agreeing with the antecedent): valet ipsum (ingenium eius) suis viribus, by its own strength: legio Martia non ipsa suis decretis hostem iudicavit Antonium? by its own resolutions: suāmet ipsae fraude omnes interierunt, L.: alios sua ipsos invidia interemit, L. —Distributively, with quisque, each... his own, severally... their own: suum quisque noscat ingenium, let every man understand his own mind: celeriter ad suos quisque ordines rediit, Cs.: ut omnes in suis quisque centuriis primā luce adessent, each in his own centuria, L.: sua cuiusque animantis natura est: ne suus cuique domi hostis esset, L.: trahit sua quemque voluptas, V.: in tribuendo suum cuique: clarissimorum suae cuiusque gentis virorum mors, L.: hospitibus quisque suis scribebant, L.—With quisque in the same case (by attraction): in sensibus sui cuiusque generis iudicium (i. e. suum cuiusque generis iudicium): equites suae cuique parti post principia conlocat (i. e. equites suos cuique parti), L.: pecunia, quae suo quoque anno penderetur (i. e. suo quaeque anno), each instalment in the year when due, L.—With uterque, distributively (of two subjects): suas uterque legiones reducit in castra, Cs.: cum sui utrosque adhortarentur, L.—Strengthened by sibi, own (colloq.): Suo sibi gladio hunc iugulo, his own sword, T.; cf. idem lege sibi suā curationem petet, for himself.—Strengthened by unius: ut sua unius in his gratia esset, that the credit of it should belong to him alone, L.: qui de suā unius sententiā omnia gerat, L.—With a pron, of his, of hers, of theirs: postulat ut ad hanc suam praedam adiutores vos profiteamini, to this booty of his: cum illo suo pari: nullo suo merito, from no fault of theirs, L.—With an adj. (suus usu. emphatic, preceding the adj.): suis amplissimis fortunis: simili ratione Pompeius in suis veteribus castris consedit, Cs.: propter summam suam humanitatem: in illo ardenti tribunatu suo.—For the gen obj. (rare): neque cuiquam mortalium iniuriae suae parvae videntur (i. e. sibi inlatae), S.: te a cognitione suā reppulerunt (i. e. a se cognoscendo).— Abl sing. fem., with refert or interest, for gen. of the pers. pron: neminem esse qui quo modo se habeat nihil suā censeat interesse; see intersum, rēfert.—Strengthened by the suffix - pte (affixed to suā or suo; never with ipse): ferri suopte pondere: locus suāpte naturā infestus, L. —Strengthened by the suffix - met (affixed to sua, sui, suo, suā, suos and suis; usu. followed by ipse): suomet ipsi more, S.: intra suamet ipsum moenia, L.: suosmet ipsi cives, L.
    * * *
    I
    sua, suum ADJ
    his/one's (own), her (own), hers, its (own); (pl.) their (own), theirs
    II
    his men (pl.), his friends

    Latin-English dictionary > suus

  • 14

        gen. tuī, dat. tibi or tibī, acc. and abl. tē; plur nom. and acc. vōs, gen. vestrūm or vostrūm, gen obj. vestrī or vostrī (fem. vostrarum, T.); dat. and abl. vōbis, pron pers.    [with sing. cf. Gr. σύ; Germ. du; Engl. thou], thou, you: Tu si hic sis, aliter sentias, T.: tu mihi etiam legis Portiae, tu C. Gracchi, tu horum libertatis mentionem facis: Neque postulem abs te, ni ipsa res moneat, T.: vosne veli<*> an me regnare era, Fors: vestri adhortandi causā, L.: Solve metūs, et tu Troianos exue caestūs, V.: nec amores Sperne puer neque tu choreas, H.—Made emphatic by a suffix (only in the forms tute, tutimet, tibimet, tete, vosmet, and vobismet): ut tute mihi praecepisti: tibi si recta probanti placebis, tum non modo tete viceris, etc.: tutimet mirabere, T.: quod (consilium) vosmet ipsi attuleritis, L.—Colloq. in dat., to suggest the interest of the person addressed in the remark ( dativus ethicus): scin ubi nunc sit tibi Tua Bacchis? T.: ecce tibi est exortus Isocrates: en vobis, inquit, iuvenem, etc., L.—Plur., when more than one person is addressed, though with a noun in the sing: vos, vero, Attice, et praesentem me curā levatis, et, etc.: vos, Romanus exercitus, ne destiteritis impio bello! L.: Vos, o Calliope, precor aspirate canenti, i. e. you, Muses, V.—As subst. (colloq.): mea tu, my darling, T.
    * * *
    you, thee

    Latin-English dictionary >

  • 15 tuus

        tuus pron poss.    [tu], thy, thine, your, yours: auditor Panaeti illius tui: de tuis unus est: tuae potestatis semper tu tuaque omnia sint, L.: Tuomst mihi ignoscere, it is your part, T.—As subst n., your property, what is yours, your own: tua nummo sestertio a me addicuntur?: pete tu tuum.— Abl sing. f. with the impersonal verb interest or re fert (for the gen. of tu): tuā et meā maxime interest te valere, it greatly concerns you and me: si quid interesse tuā putasses.— Your own, favorable to you, auspicious, proper, suitable, right for you: tempore tuo pugnasti, L.: neque occasioni tuae desis, L.— Of you (for tui, as gen obj.): neque neglegentiā tuā neque odio id fecit tuo, T.: desiderio tuo.
    * * *
    tua, tuum ADJ
    your (sing.)

    Latin-English dictionary > tuus

  • 16 addico

    ad-dīco, xi, ctum, 3, v. a. ( imp. addice, for addic, Plaut. Poen. 2, 50;

    addixti,

    Mart. 12, 16), orig., to give one's assent to a thing (“addicere est proprie idem dicere et approbare dicendo,” Fest. p. 13 Müll.), in its lit. signif. belonging only to augural and judicial language (opp. abdĭco).
    I.
    Of a favorable omen, to be propitious to, to favor, usually with aves as subj., and without obj.:

    cum sacellorum exaugurationes admitterent aves, in Termini fano non addixere,

    Liv. 1, 55, 3; so,

    Fabio auspicanti aves semel atque iterum non addixerunt,

    id. 27, 16, 15; also with auspicium as subj.:

    addicentibus auspiciis vocat contionem,

    Tac. A. 2, 14; cf. Drak. Liv. 1, 36, 3; 27, 16, 15.—And with acc. of obj.:

    illum quem aves addixerant,

    Fest. p. 241 Müll.—In judicial lang.: alicui aliquid or aliquem, to award or adjudge any thing to one, to sentence; hence Festus, with reference to the adjudged or condemned person, says:

    “alias addicere damnare est,” p. 13 Müll.: ubi in jus venerit, addicet praetor familiam totam tibi,

    Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 57:

    bona alicui,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 52:

    addictus erat tibi?

    had he been declared bound to you for payment? id. Rosc. Com. 14, 41; hence ironic.: Fufidium... creditorem debitoribus suis addixisti, you have adjudged the creditor to his debtors (instead of the reverse), id. Pis. 35:

    liberum corpus in servitutem,

    Liv. 3, 56.—Hence subst., addictus, i, m., one who has been given up or made over as servant to his creditor:

    ducite nos quo jubet, tamquam quidem addictos,

    Plaut. Bacch. 5, 2, 87:

    addictus Hermippo et ab hoc ductus est,

    Cic. Fl. 20 extr.; cf. Liv. 6, 15, 20. (The addictus, bondman, was not properly a slave = servus, for he retained his nomen, cognomen, his tribus, which the servus did not have; he could become free again by cancelling the demand, even against the will of his dominus; the servus could not; the addictus, when set free, was also again ingenuus, the servus only libertinus; v. Quint. 7, 3, 27. The inhuman law of the Twelve Tables, which, however, was never put in execution, that one indebted to several creditors should be cut in pieces and divided among them, is mentioned by Gell. 20, 1: Niebuhr, Rom. Gesch. 1, 638;

    Smith's Antiq.): addicere alicui judicium,

    to grant one leave to bring an action, Varr. L. L. 6, § 61 Müll.: addicere litem, sc. judici, to deliver a cause to the judge. This was the office of the praetor. Such is the purport of the law of XII. Tab. Tab. I.: POST MERIDIEM PRAESENTI STLITEM ADDICITO, ap. Gell. 17, 2:

    judicem or arbitrum (instead of dare judicium),

    to appoint for one a judge in his suit, Dig. 5, 1, 39, 46 and 80: addicere aliquid in diem, to adjudge a thing to one ad interim, so that, upon a change of circumstances, the matter in question shall be restored in integrum, Dig. 18, 2; 6, 1, 41; 39, 3, 9.—
    B.
    In auctions, to adjudge to the highest bidder, knock down, strike off, deliver to (with the price in abl.): ecquis est ex tanto populo, qui bona C. Rabirii Postumi [p. 31] nummo sestertio sibi addici velit, Cic. Rab. Post. 17; so id. Verr. 2, 1, 55; Suet. Caes. 50.—Addicere bona alicujus in publicum, i. e. to confiscate, Caes. B. C. 2, 18;

    hence in Plaut., of a parasite, who strikes himself off, as it were, i. e. promises himself to one as guest, on condition that he does not in the mean time have a higher bid, i. e. is not attracted to another by a better table,

    Plaut. Capt. 1, 2, 76 sq. —
    C.
    In gen., to sell, to make over to:

    addice tuam mihi meretricem,

    Plaut. Poen. 2, 50:

    hominem invenire neminem potuit, cui meas aedes addiceret, traderet, donaret, Auct. Or. pro Dom. 41. Antonius regna addixit pecunia,

    Cic. Phil. 7, 5, 15; so Hor. S. 2, 5, 109.—In a metaph. signif.,
    D.
    To deliver, yield, or resign a thing to one, either in a good or a bad sense.
    a.
    In a good sense, to devote, to consecrate to:

    senatus, cui me semper addixi,

    Cic. Planc. 39, 93:

    agros omnes addixit deae,

    Vell. 2, 25;

    hence, morti addicere,

    to devote to death, Cic. Off. 3, 10, 45:

    nolite... omnem Galliam prosternere et perpetuae servituti addicere,

    to devote to perpetual slavery, Caes. B. G. 7, 77.—
    b.
    In a bad sense, to give up, to sacrifice, to abandon (very freq.);

    ejus ipsius domum evertisti, cujus sanguinem addixeras,

    Cic. Pis. 34, 83:

    libidini cujusque nos addixit,

    id. Phil. 5, 12, 33; so id. Mil. 32; id. Sest. 17; id. Quint. 30; hence poet.:

    quid faciat? crudele, suos addicere amores,

    to sacrifice, to surrender his love, Ov. M. 1, 617 (where some read wrongly abdicere).—
    E.
    In later Latin, to attribute or ascribe a work to one:

    quae (comoediae) nomini eius (Plauti) addicuntur,

    Gell. 3, 3, 13.—Hence, addic-tus, P. a. (after II. D.), dedicated or devoted to a thing; hence,
    a.
    Destined to:

    gladiatorio generi mortis addictus,

    Cic. Phil. 11, 7, 16; cf. Hor. Epod. 17, 11.—
    b.
    Given up to, bound to:

    qui certis quibusdam destinatisque sententiis quasi addicti et consecrati sunt,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 2, 5:

    nullius addictus jurare in verba magistri,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 14:

    Prasinae factioni addictus et deditus,

    Suet. Cal. 55.— Comp., sup., and adv. not used.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > addico

  • 17 adspectus

    1.
    aspectus ( adsp-), a, um, Part. of aspicio
    2.
    aspectus ( adsp-), ūs, m. ( gen. aspecti, Att. ap Non. p. 485, 21; cf. Prisc. p. 712 P.; Rudd. I. p. 103, n. 46; dat. sing. aspectu, like jussu, manu, etc., Verg. A. 6, 465; cf. Schneid Gr II. 332) [aspicio].
    I.
    A.. Act., a seeing, looking at, a look, sight.
    a.
    Absol.: intellegens dicendi existimator uno aspectu et praeteriens de oratore saepe judicat, Cic Brut. 54, 200:

    e quibus (litteris tuis) primo aspectu voluptatem cepi, quod erant a te ipso scriptae,

    id. Att. 7, 3, 1 hic primo aspectu inanimum quiddam se putat cernere, id. N. D 2, 35, 90:

    urbs situ est praeclaro ad aspectum,

    id. Verr 2, 4, 52 fin.:

    voci tamen et aspectui pepercit,

    Tac. A. 15, 61 et saep.—
    b.
    With gen. of obj. or adj. for gen.:

    carere aspectu civium,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 7, 17:

    hominum aspectum lucemque vitare,

    id. Sull. 26, 74:

    aspectum civium gravari,

    Tac. A. 3, 59:

    se aspectu alicujus subtrahere,

    Verg. A. 6, 465:

    ab aspectu alicujus auferri,

    Vulg. Tob. 12, 21:

    aspectum alicujus fugere, Sen Hippol. 734: aspectum alicujus rei exuere,

    Tac. A. 16, 28:

    si te aspectus detinet urbis,

    Verg. A. 4, 347:

    in aspectu earum,

    Vulg. Gen. 30, 38:

    violare sacra aspectu virili, i. e. virorum,

    Cic. Har Resp. 5, 8. in aspectu tuo gaudebit, Vulg. Tob. 11, 8.—In plur.:

    sic orsus Apollo Mortales medio aspectus sermone reliquit, i. e. mortalium,

    Verg. A. 9, 657.—
    B.
    Physically, the sight, glance:

    lubricos oculos fecit (natura) et mobiles, ut aspectum, quo vellent, facile converterent,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 57, 142: si contendemus per continuationem, acri aspectu utemur, Auct. ad Her. 3, 15, 27.—
    C.
    The sense of sight: Sed mihi ne utiquam cor consentit cum oculorum aspectu, Enn. ap. Cic. Ac. 2, 17, 52' quicquid sub aspectum oculorum cadit, Vulg. Lev. 13, 12:

    caelum ita aptum est. ut sub aspectum et tactum cadat,

    Cic. Tim. 5:

    aspectum omnino amittere,

    id. Tusc. 1, 30, 73:

    res caecae et ab aspectūs judicio remotae,

    id. de Or. 2, 87, 357.—
    II.
    Pass. (i. e. transferred to the object seen).
    A.
    The visibility, appearance:

    adspectu siderum,

    Plin. 2, 68, 68, § 172:

    In sedecim partes caelum in eo adspectu divisere Tusci,

    id. 2, 54, 55, § 143, where Jan reads spectu.
    B. 1.
    In gen.: quadrupes aspectu truci, Pac. ap. Cic. Div 2, 64, 133:

    Horribili super aspectu mortalibus instans,

    Lucr. 1, 65:

    erat rotis horribilis aspectus,

    Vulg. Ezech. 2, 18: pomorum [p. 174] jucundus aspectus, Cic. N. D. 2, 63, 158; id. Phil. 2, 29:

    erat aspectus ejus sicut fulgur,

    Vulg. Matt. 28, 3:

    aspectus faciei illius immutatus est super Sidrach etc.,

    ib. Dan. 3, 19:

    fuit (Iphicrates) et animo magno et corpore imperatoriāque formā, ut ipso aspectu cuivis iniceret admirationem sui,

    Nep. Iphicr. 3, 1:

    Canidia et Sagana horrendae aspectu,

    Hor. S. 1, 8, 26:

    apes horridae adspectu,

    Plin. 11, 18, 19, § 59:

    (rex) erat terribilis aspectu,

    Vulg. Esth. 15, 9:

    lignum (erat) aspectu delectabile,

    ib. Gen. 3, 6:

    Bucephalus adspectu torvo,

    Plin. 8, 42, 64, § 154:

    Oceanus cruento aspectu,

    Tac. A. 14, 32 al. —Hence,
    2.
    Of shape, the form, appearance:

    herba adspectu roris marini,

    Plin. 24, 19, 113, § 173; 10, 39, 56, § 115:

    super similitudinem throni similitudo quasi aspectus hominis,

    Vulg. Ezech. 1, 26: quasi aspectus equorum, ib. Joel, 2, 4.—
    3.
    Of color, the color, appearance, look:

    carbunculi adspectūs nigrioris,

    Plin. 37, 7, 25, § 95:

    discolor,

    id. 31, 2, 20, § 30:

    Cum color albus in cute fuerit et capillorum mutaverit aspectum,

    Vulg. Lev. 13, 10; ib. Ezech. 1, 7; 1, 16.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adspectus

  • 18 alacritas

    ălăcrĭtas, ātis, f. [alacer], the condition or quality of alacer, liveliness, ardor, briskness, alacrity, eagerness, promptness, joy, gladness:

    alacritas rei publicae defendendae,

    Cic. Phil. 4, 1:

    mirā sum alacritate ad litigandum,

    Cic. Att. 2, 7; so id. ib. 16, 3:

    alacritas studiumque pugnandi,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 46:

    animi incitatio atque alacritas,

    id. B. C. 3, 92:

    alacritas animae suae,

    Vulg. Eccli. 45, 29:

    finem orationis ingens alacritas consecuta est,

    Tac. Agr. 35:

    (naves) citae remis augebantur alacritate militum in speciem ac terrorem,

    id. A. 2, 6.—Of animals:

    canum in venando,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 63. —Of a joyous state of mind as made known by external demeanor, transport, rapture, ecstasy:

    inanis alacritas, id est laetitia gestiens,

    Cic. Tusc. 4, 16, 36:

    vir temperatus, constans, sine metu, sine aegritudine, sine alacritate ullā, sine libidine,

    id. ib. 5, 16, 48. —With obj. gen., joy on account of something:

    clamor Romanorum alacritate perfecti operis sublatus,

    Liv. 2, 10 med.
    * In plur.
    :

    vigores quidam mentium et alacritates,

    Gell. 19, 12, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > alacritas

  • 19 alterno

    alterno, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. and n. [alternus]: aliquid, to do one thing and then another, to do a thing by turns, to interchange with something, to alternate (first in the poets of the Aug. per., later most freq. in Pliny):

    alternare vices,

    Ov. M. 15, 409:

    alternant spesque timorque fidem,

    make it at one time credible, at another not, id. H. 6, 38:

    hirundines in fetu summā aequitate alternant cibum,

    i. e. give to the young their food in succession, Plin. 10, 33, 49, § 92; so id. 15, 3, 3, § 12; 29, 4, 20, § 68; Col. 5, 6, 4; Sil. 1, 554; 9, 354; 11, 60; * Suet. Ner. 1.—Without an obj.:

    haec alternanti potior sententia visa est,

    hesitating, Verg. A. 4, 287:

    alternantes proelia miscent,

    fight by turns, id. G. 3, 220: arborum fertilitas omnium fere alternat, alternates, i. e. they bear every other year, Plin. 16, 6, 7, § 18; so id. 31, 3, 23, § 40; 37, 10, 60, § 167.—With cum:

    cum symphoniā alternāsse,

    Plin. 10, 29, 43, § 84.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > alterno

  • 20 amor

    ămor (old form ămŏs, like honos, labos, colos, etc., Plaut. Curc. 1, 2, 2; v. Neue, Formenl. I. p. 170), ōris, m. [amo], love (to friends, parents, etc.; and also in a low sense; hence in gen., like amo, while caritas, like diligere, is esteem, regard, etc.; hence amor is used also of brutes, but caritas only of men; v amo init.):

    Amicitiae caritate et amore cernuntur. Nam cum deorum, tum parentum, patriaeque cultus, eorumque hominum, qui aut sapientiā aut opibus excellunt, ad caritatem referri solet. Conjuges autem et liberi et fratres et alii, quos usus familiaritasque conjunxit, quamquam etiam caritate ipsā, tamen amore maxime continentur,

    Cic. Part. Or. 25, 88; cf. id. ib. 16, 56; Doed. Syn. IV. p. 100 (but amor is related to benevolentia as the cause to the effect, since benevolentia designates only an external, friendly treatment; but amor a real, internal love):

    amor, ex quo amicitia nominata, princeps est ad benevolentiam conjungendam,

    Cic. Am. 8, 26:

    nihil enim est, quod studio et benevolentiā, vel amore potius effici non possit,

    id. Fam. 3, 9; cf. Doed. Syn. IV. p. 105 (very freq. in all periods, and in every kind of style; in a low sense most freq. in the com. and eleg. poets, Petron., and similar authors; v. amo init.); constr. with in, erga, or the obj. gen. (with the gen. of the gerund, never in Cic., and perh. in no prose writer; but it is so found in Lucr., Ovid, and Hor.).
    I.
    Lit.: ab his initiis noster in te amor profectus, Cic. Fam. 13, 29:

    si quid in te residet amoris erga me,

    id. ib. 5, 5:

    amori nostro (i. e. quo a te amamur) plusculum etiam, quam concedit veritas, largiare,

    id. ib. 5, 12;

    Postquam primus amor deceptam morte fefellit,

    Verg. A. 4, 17:

    amabilis super amorem mulierum,

    Vulg. 2 Reg. 1, 26: in paternitatis amore, brotherly love (Gr. philadelphia), ib. 1 Pet. 1, 22; ib. 2 Pet. 1, 7 bis:

    amplecti aliquem amore,

    Cic. Att. 7, 1:

    habere amorem erga aliquem,

    id. ib. 9, 14:

    respondere amori amore,

    id. ib. 15, 21:

    conciliare amorem alicui,

    id. de Or. 2, 51 et saep.—Of sexual love, whether lawful or unlawful: Medea amore saevo saucia, Enn. Med. ap. Auct. ad Her. 2, 22 (as a transl. of the Gr. erôti thumon ekplageis Iasonos, Eur. Med. prol. 8):

    videbantur illi (septem anni) pauci dies prae amoris magnitudine,

    Vulg. Gen. 29, 20; 29, 30:

    is amore projecticiam illam deperit,

    Plaut. Cist. 1, 3, 43:

    amore perdita est,

    id. Mil. 4, 6, 38:

    in amore haec omnia sunt vitia,

    Ter. Eun. 1, 1, 14:

    aeterno devictus volnere amoris,

    Lucr. 1, 35:

    qui vitat amorem,

    id. 4, 1069:

    Nec te noster amor tenet?

    Verg. A. 4, 307; 4, 395; Ov. M. 4, 256:

    ne sit ancillae tibi amor pudori,

    Hor. C. 2, 4, 1:

    meretricis amore Sollicitus,

    id. S. 2, 3, 252:

    ut majus esset odium amore, quo ante dilexerat,

    Vulg. 2 Reg. 13, 15:

    ambo vulnerati amore ejus,

    ib. Dan. 13, 10 al. —In both significations also in the plur.:

    amores hominum in te,

    Cic. Att. 5, 10:

    amores sancti,

    id. Fin. 3, 20, 68; cf. id. Tusc. 4, 34, 72:

    Ille meos, primus qui me sibi junxit, amores Abstulit,

    Verg. A. 4, 28:

    est is mihi in amoribus, i. e. valde a me amatur,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 32:

    meos amores eloquar,

    Plaut. Merc. 1, 1, 2:

    meretricii amores,

    Ter. And. 5, 4, 10:

    quem amore venerio dilexerat,

    Nep. Paus. 4, 1:

    amores et hae deliciae, quae vocantur,

    Cic. Cael. 19:

    quando Dido tantos rumpi non speret amores,

    Verg. A. 4, 292:

    Tabuit ex illo dementer amoribus usa,

    Ov. M. 4, 259:

    insanos fateamur amores,

    id. ib. 9, 519 et saep.; Hor. C. 3, 21, 3 et saep.—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    For the beloved object itself:

    amores et deliciae tuae,

    Cic. Div. 1, 36;

    Pompeius, nostri amores,

    id. Att. 2, 19; 16, 6;

    and ironic.: sed redeo ad amores deliciasque nostras, L. Antonium,

    id. Phil. 6, 5; Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 79; Ov. M. 1, 617; 4, 137 al.—
    B.
    Personified: Amor, the god of love, Love, Cupid, Erôs:

    O praeclaram emendatricem vitae poëticam, quae Amorem flagitii et levitatis auctorem in concilio deorum collocandum putet,

    Cic. Tusc. 4, 32, 69:

    Deum esse Amorem turpis et vitio favens finxit libido,

    Sen. Phaedr. 195: Illum conjugem, quem Amor dederat, qui plus pollet potiorque est patre, vet. poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 4, 32, 69:

    Omnia vincit Amor, et nos cedamus Amori,

    Verg. E. 10, 69:

    Improbe Amor, quid non mortalia corpora cogis?

    id. A. 4, 412:

    Paret Amor dictis carae genetricis,

    id. ib. 1, 689:

    Amor non talia curat,

    id. E. 10, 28:

    nec quid Amor curat,

    Ov. M. 1, 480:

    Amori dare ludum,

    Hor. C. 3, 12, 1; Prop. 1, 2, 8:

    non tot sagittis, Spicula quot nostro pectore fixit Amor,

    id. 3, 4, 2:

    pharetratus,

    Ov. Tr. 5, 1, 22:

    Notaque purpureus tela resumit Amor,

    id. Am. 2, 9, 34:

    movit Amor gemmatas aureus alas,

    id. R. Am. 39 et saep.—Also in the plur., Cupids, Loves:

    corpora nudorum Amorum,

    Ov. M. 10, 516:

    lascivi Amores,

    Hor. C. 2, 11, 7:

    parvi Amores,

    Prop. 3, 1, 11:

    Amores volucres,

    Ov. Ep. 16, 201:

    pharetrati,

    id. R. Am. 519 al. —
    C.
    A strong, passionate longing for something, desire, lust:

    consulatūs amor,

    Cic. Sull. 26, 73:

    gloriae,

    id. Arch. 11, 28:

    amicitiae,

    id. Tusc. 4, 33, 70:

    lactis,

    Verg. G. 3, 394:

    vini,

    Liv. 9, 18:

    auri,

    Verg. A. 1, 349:

    argenti,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 78:

    nummi,

    Juv. 14, 138:

    laudum,

    Verg. A. 9, 197 et saep.:

    cognitionis,

    Cic. Fin. 4, 7, 18.—With gerund:

    edundi,

    Lucr. 4, 870:

    habendi,

    Ov. M. 1, 131, and Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 85:

    scribendi,

    id. S. 2, 1, 10.— Poet., with inf.:

    si tantus amor casus cognoscere nostros,

    Verg. A. 2, 10:

    seu rore pudico Castaliae flavos amor est tibi mergere crines,

    Stat. Th. 1, 698.—
    * D.
    Poet., a love-charm, philtre:

    quaeritur et nascentis equi de fronte revolsus Et matri praereptus amor,

    Verg. A. 4, 516; upon which passage Serv. remarks: Secundum Plinium, qui dicit in Naturali Historiā (8, 42, 66, § 163 sqq.) pullos equinos habere in fronte quandam carnem, quam eis statim natis adimit mater; quam si quis forte [p. 109] praeripuerit, odit pullum et lac ei denegat; v. hippomanes.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > amor

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