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nithpa

  • 601 קטנות

    קַטְנוּתf. (preced.) 1) youth; inferior position. Lam. R. introd. (R. Joh. 1) אוי … שבקַטְנוּתוֹוכ׳ woe to the king who succeeded when he was young but failed in his old age. Meg.11a (ref. to הקטן, 1 Sam. 17:14) כשם שבקטנותו הקטיןוכ׳ as in his inferior position he (David) subordinated himself to one greater …, so when he was king ; a. e. 2) humility, modesty. Ib. הוא בקטנותו he was always the same as to his humility. 3) (sub. אמנה) want of faith, pusillanimity. Sot.48b (ref. to Zech. 4:10) מי גרם … ק׳ שהיתה בהן שלא האמינווכ׳ (not שהיה) what causes the table of the righteous in the hereafter to be contemptible? The pusillanimity that was in them, in that they had no faith in God; Yalk. Zech. 571. 4) the thinner end, tail-end (cmp. קוֹטֶן). Sot.IX, 15 (49a) Abba José was surnamed קטונתא, שהיה קַטְנוּתָן שלוכ׳ (Y. ed. תמצותן; Bab. ed. קטנתא) because he was the tail-end (the last) of the pious men (v. קָטֹן, Nithpa.); (ib. 49b שהיה מקטני חסידים, v. preced. w.).

    Jewish literature > קטנות

  • 602 קַטְנוּת

    קַטְנוּתf. (preced.) 1) youth; inferior position. Lam. R. introd. (R. Joh. 1) אוי … שבקַטְנוּתוֹוכ׳ woe to the king who succeeded when he was young but failed in his old age. Meg.11a (ref. to הקטן, 1 Sam. 17:14) כשם שבקטנותו הקטיןוכ׳ as in his inferior position he (David) subordinated himself to one greater …, so when he was king ; a. e. 2) humility, modesty. Ib. הוא בקטנותו he was always the same as to his humility. 3) (sub. אמנה) want of faith, pusillanimity. Sot.48b (ref. to Zech. 4:10) מי גרם … ק׳ שהיתה בהן שלא האמינווכ׳ (not שהיה) what causes the table of the righteous in the hereafter to be contemptible? The pusillanimity that was in them, in that they had no faith in God; Yalk. Zech. 571. 4) the thinner end, tail-end (cmp. קוֹטֶן). Sot.IX, 15 (49a) Abba José was surnamed קטונתא, שהיה קַטְנוּתָן שלוכ׳ (Y. ed. תמצותן; Bab. ed. קטנתא) because he was the tail-end (the last) of the pious men (v. קָטֹן, Nithpa.); (ib. 49b שהיה מקטני חסידים, v. preced. w.).

    Jewish literature > קַטְנוּת

  • 603 קטע

    קָטַע(cmp. גָּדַע) to cut off, lop, mutilate. B. Kam.VIII, 1. Ib. 7 האומר … קְטַע את ידיוכ׳ if one says to ones neighbor, cut my hand off, he (who did so) is bound to pay damages. Ab. Zar. I, 5 קוֹטֵעַ אתוכ׳ one may cut off its toe and sell the cock to the idolater. Ib. 10b יִקְטְעֶנָּה, v. נוֹמִי; a. fr.Part. pass. קָטוּעַ. Nidd.64b; Keth.10b דור ק׳, v. דּוֹרְקְטִי. Pi. קִיטֵּעַ same, also to cut through. B. Kam.83b יכול … מְקַטֵּעַ את ידו (Ms. M. נְקַטֵּעַ) (from Ex. 21:24) you might think, if a person cut a mans hand off, one (we, the court) should cut his hand off. Tanḥ. Ḥayé מְקַטְּעִין ויוצאיןוכ׳ they (the waters) cut through and come forth between the mountains. Part. pass. מְקוּטָּע; f. מְקוּטַּעַת; pl. מְקוּטָּעִים, מְקוּטָּעִין; מְקוּטָּעוֹת lopped, defective. Pesik. R. s. 31 שהיו אצבעותיהם מק׳ their fingers were mutilated (bitten off).חדשים מק׳ (or sub. חדשים) incomplete months, a fraction of the last month of pregnancy. Y.Bets. I, beg. 60a, v. סוּם I. Bekh.21a אינה יולדת למק׳ an animal does not give birth before the due number of months is completed; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְקַטֵּעַ, Nithpa. נִתְקַטֵּעַ to be cut off, crippled. Pesik. R. l. c. ונִתְקַטְּעוּ אצבעותינו our fingers were mutilated (by the handcuffs); Midr. Till. to Ps. 137; Yalk. Ps. 884. Taan.21a רגלי … יִתְקַטְּעוּ may my feet that paid no regard to thy feet be crippled.

    Jewish literature > קטע

  • 604 קָטַע

    קָטַע(cmp. גָּדַע) to cut off, lop, mutilate. B. Kam.VIII, 1. Ib. 7 האומר … קְטַע את ידיוכ׳ if one says to ones neighbor, cut my hand off, he (who did so) is bound to pay damages. Ab. Zar. I, 5 קוֹטֵעַ אתוכ׳ one may cut off its toe and sell the cock to the idolater. Ib. 10b יִקְטְעֶנָּה, v. נוֹמִי; a. fr.Part. pass. קָטוּעַ. Nidd.64b; Keth.10b דור ק׳, v. דּוֹרְקְטִי. Pi. קִיטֵּעַ same, also to cut through. B. Kam.83b יכול … מְקַטֵּעַ את ידו (Ms. M. נְקַטֵּעַ) (from Ex. 21:24) you might think, if a person cut a mans hand off, one (we, the court) should cut his hand off. Tanḥ. Ḥayé מְקַטְּעִין ויוצאיןוכ׳ they (the waters) cut through and come forth between the mountains. Part. pass. מְקוּטָּע; f. מְקוּטַּעַת; pl. מְקוּטָּעִים, מְקוּטָּעִין; מְקוּטָּעוֹת lopped, defective. Pesik. R. s. 31 שהיו אצבעותיהם מק׳ their fingers were mutilated (bitten off).חדשים מק׳ (or sub. חדשים) incomplete months, a fraction of the last month of pregnancy. Y.Bets. I, beg. 60a, v. סוּם I. Bekh.21a אינה יולדת למק׳ an animal does not give birth before the due number of months is completed; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְקַטֵּעַ, Nithpa. נִתְקַטֵּעַ to be cut off, crippled. Pesik. R. l. c. ונִתְקַטְּעוּ אצבעותינו our fingers were mutilated (by the handcuffs); Midr. Till. to Ps. 137; Yalk. Ps. 884. Taan.21a רגלי … יִתְקַטְּעוּ may my feet that paid no regard to thy feet be crippled.

    Jewish literature > קָטַע

  • 605 קלל

    קָלַל(b. h.) ( to swing) to be light, slender, unimportant.Part. קַל. Snh.VI, 5 (ref. to קללת, Deut. 21:23) בזמן … קַלַּנִי מראשיוכ׳ when man suffers punishment, what does the Shekhinah say? ‘I am lighter than my head, than my arm (euphem. for, I feel my head heavy); Y. ib. 23d bot. אנן תנינן קַלֵּינִי (= קל איני) we read ḳalleni, I am not lighter; אית תניי תני קל אני some Tannai reads ḳal ăni; מאן דאמר קליני לית הוא אלא קליל according to him that reads ḳalleni, it is a euphemistic expression for ‘light (i. e. my head is light, I feel giddy; my arm is light, I feel weak); מאן דאמר קלני … נטיל according to the version ḳallani, it is a euphemistic expression for ‘heavy (i. e. my head, my arm is heavy); Bab. ib. 46b Abbayi says כמאן דאמד קל לית (read ḳalleni) as one says, ‘light (I am) not (i. e. I feel heavy, without euphemism)(which is refuted by Raba, who explains the word in question) קליל לי עלמא, v. קַלִּיל II. Hif. הֵיקַל, הֵקַל, הֵקיל I) to lighten. M. Kat. 17b הכביד … מֵיקַלוכ׳ if the mourners hair is too heavy, he may make it lighter with a razor; Y. ib. III, 82a top. Erub.IV, 9 להָקֵל על העשיר to make it easy for the rich man; a. fr.Trnsf. ה׳ ראשו to be irreverent, talk frivolously (v. קַלּוּת). Ber.IX, 5 לא יָקֵל אדם את ראשו כנגדוכ׳ man (a pilgrim coming to Jerusalem) must not behave irreverently in sight of the eastern gate Yalk. Gen. 24 מֵיקֶלֶת ראשה she is frivolous (light-minded); Yalk. Is. 265 מֵקֶילֶת ראש; (Gen. R. s. 18 מיקרת, v. יָקַר). 2) to be lenient; to incline towards the less restrictive practice, opp. החמיר, v. חָמַר I. Y. M. Kat. l. c. הלכה כדברי מי שהוא מיקל the adopted practice follows the opinion of him who is more lenient; Erub.46a, a. fr. כדברי המיקלוכ׳. Yeb.88a הֵיקַלְתָּ עליה, v. חָמַר I. Pes.52b, v. מַגִּיד. Erub. l. c. wherever you find יחיד מיקל ורביםוכ׳ an individual scholar favoring the more lenient practice against several in favor of restriction. Sabb.129a, a. fr. ספק נפשות להָקל where there is a doubt involving the endangering of human life, the more lenient rule is applied; a. fr. 3) to be sparing, beggarly. Ib. כל המיקל … מְקִילִין לו מזוניתיווכ׳ he that stints himself at the meal taken after bloodletting, to him they in heaven will give his sustenance stintingly; a. e. Pi. קִלֵּל ( to diminish, to curse. Keth.VII, 6 מְקַלֶּלֶת, v. יִוֹלֵד. Sabb.62b שאשתו מְקַלַּלְתּוֹ בפניו whom his wife curses in his presence. Pes.87b (ref. to Prov. 30:10 sq.) אפו׳ דור שאביו יְקַלֵּלוכ׳ even if it be a generation of men that curse their father …, do not denounce Yoma 75a ק׳ את הנחשוכ׳ God cursed the serpent, yet it climbs up the roof and finds its food. Sot.11a (expl. ועלה, Ex. 1:10, as euphem. for ועלינו) כאדם שמְקַלֵּל את עצמווכ׳ like a man that wants to curse himself (express an ill omen about himself), and hangs his curse on others. B. Bath.88b הקב״ה בירך … וקִלְּלָןוכ׳ the Lord blessed Israel with the twenty-two letters of the alphabet (from א of אם, Lev. 26:3, to ת of קוממיות, ib. 13), and cursed them with eight letters (from ו of ואם, ib. 14, to ם of נפשם, ib. 43). Snh.70a מתוך שקלקלו … קִלְּלוֹ ברביעי because Ham injured him by (preventing his begetting) a fourth son, he (Noah) cursed him by his fourth son (Canaan). Ib. 91b כל המונע … שבמעי אמן מְקַלְּלִין אותו (not אמו) he that withholds a tradition from his pupil, even the embryos in their mothers womb will curse him; Yalk. Prov. 947; a. fr. Nithpa. נִתְקַלֵּל to be cursed. Ber.61a בתחלה נ׳ … נִתְקַלְּלָהוכ׳ the serpent was cursed first, and then Eve ; Gen. R. s. 20; Erub.18a. Ib. b נתקללה בבל נִתְקַלְּלוּוכ׳ when Babylon was cursed, her neighbors were cursed. Bekh.8a אם מבהמה נתקללהוכ׳ if she (Eve) was cursed (with prolonged pregnancy) more than cattle Ib. נ׳ הוא … אחת לשבע it (the serpent) was cursed seven times more than certain cattle. Ib. נ׳ הוא מחיה (not נתקלקל); a. fr.Tosef.Sot.II, 3 ניקללה ניוולה, Var. ניקל, read: ניקתה בניוולה, v. נָקָה Nif.)

    Jewish literature > קלל

  • 606 קָלַל

    קָלַל(b. h.) ( to swing) to be light, slender, unimportant.Part. קַל. Snh.VI, 5 (ref. to קללת, Deut. 21:23) בזמן … קַלַּנִי מראשיוכ׳ when man suffers punishment, what does the Shekhinah say? ‘I am lighter than my head, than my arm (euphem. for, I feel my head heavy); Y. ib. 23d bot. אנן תנינן קַלֵּינִי (= קל איני) we read ḳalleni, I am not lighter; אית תניי תני קל אני some Tannai reads ḳal ăni; מאן דאמר קליני לית הוא אלא קליל according to him that reads ḳalleni, it is a euphemistic expression for ‘light (i. e. my head is light, I feel giddy; my arm is light, I feel weak); מאן דאמר קלני … נטיל according to the version ḳallani, it is a euphemistic expression for ‘heavy (i. e. my head, my arm is heavy); Bab. ib. 46b Abbayi says כמאן דאמד קל לית (read ḳalleni) as one says, ‘light (I am) not (i. e. I feel heavy, without euphemism)(which is refuted by Raba, who explains the word in question) קליל לי עלמא, v. קַלִּיל II. Hif. הֵיקַל, הֵקַל, הֵקיל I) to lighten. M. Kat. 17b הכביד … מֵיקַלוכ׳ if the mourners hair is too heavy, he may make it lighter with a razor; Y. ib. III, 82a top. Erub.IV, 9 להָקֵל על העשיר to make it easy for the rich man; a. fr.Trnsf. ה׳ ראשו to be irreverent, talk frivolously (v. קַלּוּת). Ber.IX, 5 לא יָקֵל אדם את ראשו כנגדוכ׳ man (a pilgrim coming to Jerusalem) must not behave irreverently in sight of the eastern gate Yalk. Gen. 24 מֵיקֶלֶת ראשה she is frivolous (light-minded); Yalk. Is. 265 מֵקֶילֶת ראש; (Gen. R. s. 18 מיקרת, v. יָקַר). 2) to be lenient; to incline towards the less restrictive practice, opp. החמיר, v. חָמַר I. Y. M. Kat. l. c. הלכה כדברי מי שהוא מיקל the adopted practice follows the opinion of him who is more lenient; Erub.46a, a. fr. כדברי המיקלוכ׳. Yeb.88a הֵיקַלְתָּ עליה, v. חָמַר I. Pes.52b, v. מַגִּיד. Erub. l. c. wherever you find יחיד מיקל ורביםוכ׳ an individual scholar favoring the more lenient practice against several in favor of restriction. Sabb.129a, a. fr. ספק נפשות להָקל where there is a doubt involving the endangering of human life, the more lenient rule is applied; a. fr. 3) to be sparing, beggarly. Ib. כל המיקל … מְקִילִין לו מזוניתיווכ׳ he that stints himself at the meal taken after bloodletting, to him they in heaven will give his sustenance stintingly; a. e. Pi. קִלֵּל ( to diminish, to curse. Keth.VII, 6 מְקַלֶּלֶת, v. יִוֹלֵד. Sabb.62b שאשתו מְקַלַּלְתּוֹ בפניו whom his wife curses in his presence. Pes.87b (ref. to Prov. 30:10 sq.) אפו׳ דור שאביו יְקַלֵּלוכ׳ even if it be a generation of men that curse their father …, do not denounce Yoma 75a ק׳ את הנחשוכ׳ God cursed the serpent, yet it climbs up the roof and finds its food. Sot.11a (expl. ועלה, Ex. 1:10, as euphem. for ועלינו) כאדם שמְקַלֵּל את עצמווכ׳ like a man that wants to curse himself (express an ill omen about himself), and hangs his curse on others. B. Bath.88b הקב״ה בירך … וקִלְּלָןוכ׳ the Lord blessed Israel with the twenty-two letters of the alphabet (from א of אם, Lev. 26:3, to ת of קוממיות, ib. 13), and cursed them with eight letters (from ו of ואם, ib. 14, to ם of נפשם, ib. 43). Snh.70a מתוך שקלקלו … קִלְּלוֹ ברביעי because Ham injured him by (preventing his begetting) a fourth son, he (Noah) cursed him by his fourth son (Canaan). Ib. 91b כל המונע … שבמעי אמן מְקַלְּלִין אותו (not אמו) he that withholds a tradition from his pupil, even the embryos in their mothers womb will curse him; Yalk. Prov. 947; a. fr. Nithpa. נִתְקַלֵּל to be cursed. Ber.61a בתחלה נ׳ … נִתְקַלְּלָהוכ׳ the serpent was cursed first, and then Eve ; Gen. R. s. 20; Erub.18a. Ib. b נתקללה בבל נִתְקַלְּלוּוכ׳ when Babylon was cursed, her neighbors were cursed. Bekh.8a אם מבהמה נתקללהוכ׳ if she (Eve) was cursed (with prolonged pregnancy) more than cattle Ib. נ׳ הוא … אחת לשבע it (the serpent) was cursed seven times more than certain cattle. Ib. נ׳ הוא מחיה (not נתקלקל); a. fr.Tosef.Sot.II, 3 ניקללה ניוולה, Var. ניקל, read: ניקתה בניוולה, v. נָקָה Nif.)

    Jewish literature > קָלַל

  • 607 קלף

    קָלַף(cmp. גָּלַף) to scrape, peel, pare. Pes.VII, 2 (75b) יִקְלוֹף את מקומו (Bab. ed. יְקַלֵּף) let him pare off the place where it touched the wall of the stove. Ib. 3 יקלוף את החיצון let him pare off the surface. Tosef.Neg.VI, 8 היה קוֹלֵףוכ׳ he scraped off the sand (cement) between one stone and another; a. fr.Part. pass. קָלוּף; f. קְלוּפָה Nidd.17a שום ק׳ … וביצה ק׳וכ׳ peeled garlic, peeled onions or peeled eggs … which were let lie over night. Bicc. III, 8 ערבה ק׳ peeled willow twigs; a. e. Pi. קִילֵּף same. Maasr. IV, 5 המְקַלֵּף (ב)שעורים מקלףוכ׳ (Mish. ed. המקליף, corr. acc.) he who husks barley-corns (to eat them before tithes are given), must husk each singly and eat; Bets.13b. Y.Maasr.II, 50a bot.; Y.B. Mets.VII, beg.11b, שלא יְקַלֵּף v. מִצְמֵץ. Lam. R. introd. (R. Yoḥ. 1); Cant. R. to VIII, 4 מלאך היה יורד ומְקַלְּפוֹ an angel came down and scraped the Divine Name off. Sot.35b וקִילְּפוּ את הסיד they scraped the lime off (which covered the inscription); a. e. Nif. נֵקְלָף, Nithpa. נִתְקַלֵּף to be peeled off. Lam. R. l. c.; Cant. R. l. c. מאליו היה נ׳ it (the Divine Name) was erased of itself. Ḥull.III, 5, v. קוֹיְקְבָן. Ib. 49b מה חלב … קרום ונ׳וכ׳ as ‘the fat that covers the inwards has a skin which can be peeled off, so all fat with a skin that can be peeled off (is forbidden), v. תּוֹתָב; a. e.Kel. X, 5 חבית שנִתְקַלְּפָהוכ׳ an earthen jug which is peeled off (crumbled away), the pitch lining standing by itself; Tosef. ib. B. Kam.VII, 8 (read:) נתקלפה והזפתוכ׳.

    Jewish literature > קלף

  • 608 קָלַף

    קָלַף(cmp. גָּלַף) to scrape, peel, pare. Pes.VII, 2 (75b) יִקְלוֹף את מקומו (Bab. ed. יְקַלֵּף) let him pare off the place where it touched the wall of the stove. Ib. 3 יקלוף את החיצון let him pare off the surface. Tosef.Neg.VI, 8 היה קוֹלֵףוכ׳ he scraped off the sand (cement) between one stone and another; a. fr.Part. pass. קָלוּף; f. קְלוּפָה Nidd.17a שום ק׳ … וביצה ק׳וכ׳ peeled garlic, peeled onions or peeled eggs … which were let lie over night. Bicc. III, 8 ערבה ק׳ peeled willow twigs; a. e. Pi. קִילֵּף same. Maasr. IV, 5 המְקַלֵּף (ב)שעורים מקלףוכ׳ (Mish. ed. המקליף, corr. acc.) he who husks barley-corns (to eat them before tithes are given), must husk each singly and eat; Bets.13b. Y.Maasr.II, 50a bot.; Y.B. Mets.VII, beg.11b, שלא יְקַלֵּף v. מִצְמֵץ. Lam. R. introd. (R. Yoḥ. 1); Cant. R. to VIII, 4 מלאך היה יורד ומְקַלְּפוֹ an angel came down and scraped the Divine Name off. Sot.35b וקִילְּפוּ את הסיד they scraped the lime off (which covered the inscription); a. e. Nif. נֵקְלָף, Nithpa. נִתְקַלֵּף to be peeled off. Lam. R. l. c.; Cant. R. l. c. מאליו היה נ׳ it (the Divine Name) was erased of itself. Ḥull.III, 5, v. קוֹיְקְבָן. Ib. 49b מה חלב … קרום ונ׳וכ׳ as ‘the fat that covers the inwards has a skin which can be peeled off, so all fat with a skin that can be peeled off (is forbidden), v. תּוֹתָב; a. e.Kel. X, 5 חבית שנִתְקַלְּפָהוכ׳ an earthen jug which is peeled off (crumbled away), the pitch lining standing by itself; Tosef. ib. B. Kam.VII, 8 (read:) נתקלפה והזפתוכ׳.

    Jewish literature > קָלַף

  • 609 קלקל

    קִלְקֵל, קִילְקֵל(קָלַל, cmp. קְלַק) 1) to upset, disarrange, damage, ruin, opp. תקן. Gen. R. s. 98 ק׳ את היצועין upset the couches. Ḥull.8a מותר … מְקַלְקֵל הוא it is permitted to slaughter with a knife belonging to idolatrous service, because slaughtering is doing damage (a living animal being more useful than a dead one). Sabb.XIII, 3 כל המְקַלְקְלִין פטורין all those who perform an act (on the Sabbath) by which they do ruin, are exempt (from sin-offering); והמקלקלע״מ לתקןוכ׳ but he that undoes a thing for the purpose of reconstructing it is guilty. Keth.5b; a. fr. 2) (with or sub. מעשה = b. h. הִשְׁחִית) to be corrupt, to disgrace ones self by immorality. Y.Taan.I, end, 64d חם … קִילְקְלוּ מעשיהן Ham, the dog, and the raven acted mischievously (by sexual connection in the ark, v. Snh.108b; Gen. R. s. 3 6). R. Hash. 12a ברותחין קלקלווכ׳ with heat (of passion) they sinned, and with hot waters they were punished; Snh.108b. Tosef.Sot.II, 2 אפי׳ תְקַלְקֵלוכ׳, v. עָרַר; a. fr.(Midr. Till. to Ps. 7, ed. Bub. note 69 קלקלתי, v. כִּלְכֵּל.Part. pass. מְקוּלְקָל; f. מְקוּלְקֶלֶת; pl. מְקוּלְקָלִים, מְקוּלְקָלִין; מְקוּלְקָלוֹת. M. Kat. I, 2 (2a) ומתקנין את המקולקלת Y. a. Bab. ed. (Mish. המקולקלות, incorr.) and you may mend a channel that is out of order during the festive week. Snh.39b (ref. to Ez. 5:7) כמתוקנין … כמק׳ שבהם עשיתן you did not do according to the good usages among them, but according to their corrupt usages. B. Bath. 109b, v. קַלְקָלָה; a. fr. 3) (b. h.) to sharpen; trnsf. (cmp. חָדַד, שָׁנַן) to repeat, study. Koh. R. to X, 10 אם נקהה … קַלְקֵל עליו בחילך if thy lesson is as tough to thee as iron (v. קָהָה), and … none is on hand to explain it to thee, go over it studying with thy own strength. Hithpa. הִתְקַלְקֵל, Nithpa. נִתְקַלְקֵל 1) to be disarranged, ruined, spoiled. Y.Taan.IV, 68c bot. נִתְקַלְקְלוּ חשבונותיווכ׳ his dates were disarranged, and he said, let this begin a new era; נתקלקלו לשעבר the dates were disarranged (confused) with regard to the events of the past, v. קִילְקוּל. Dem. III, 6, v. חָלַף. Y.Shek.VII, 50c נִתְקַלְקְלָה צורתן (not נתקלקה), v. צוּרָה; a. e. 2) (v. קָלָה I) to commit a nuisance, to collapse under the influence of corporal punishment. Sifré Deut. 286; Macc.III, 14; a. e.Bekh.8a נתקלקל, v. קָלַל.

    Jewish literature > קלקל

  • 610 קילקל

    קִלְקֵל, קִילְקֵל(קָלַל, cmp. קְלַק) 1) to upset, disarrange, damage, ruin, opp. תקן. Gen. R. s. 98 ק׳ את היצועין upset the couches. Ḥull.8a מותר … מְקַלְקֵל הוא it is permitted to slaughter with a knife belonging to idolatrous service, because slaughtering is doing damage (a living animal being more useful than a dead one). Sabb.XIII, 3 כל המְקַלְקְלִין פטורין all those who perform an act (on the Sabbath) by which they do ruin, are exempt (from sin-offering); והמקלקלע״מ לתקןוכ׳ but he that undoes a thing for the purpose of reconstructing it is guilty. Keth.5b; a. fr. 2) (with or sub. מעשה = b. h. הִשְׁחִית) to be corrupt, to disgrace ones self by immorality. Y.Taan.I, end, 64d חם … קִילְקְלוּ מעשיהן Ham, the dog, and the raven acted mischievously (by sexual connection in the ark, v. Snh.108b; Gen. R. s. 3 6). R. Hash. 12a ברותחין קלקלווכ׳ with heat (of passion) they sinned, and with hot waters they were punished; Snh.108b. Tosef.Sot.II, 2 אפי׳ תְקַלְקֵלוכ׳, v. עָרַר; a. fr.(Midr. Till. to Ps. 7, ed. Bub. note 69 קלקלתי, v. כִּלְכֵּל.Part. pass. מְקוּלְקָל; f. מְקוּלְקֶלֶת; pl. מְקוּלְקָלִים, מְקוּלְקָלִין; מְקוּלְקָלוֹת. M. Kat. I, 2 (2a) ומתקנין את המקולקלת Y. a. Bab. ed. (Mish. המקולקלות, incorr.) and you may mend a channel that is out of order during the festive week. Snh.39b (ref. to Ez. 5:7) כמתוקנין … כמק׳ שבהם עשיתן you did not do according to the good usages among them, but according to their corrupt usages. B. Bath. 109b, v. קַלְקָלָה; a. fr. 3) (b. h.) to sharpen; trnsf. (cmp. חָדַד, שָׁנַן) to repeat, study. Koh. R. to X, 10 אם נקהה … קַלְקֵל עליו בחילך if thy lesson is as tough to thee as iron (v. קָהָה), and … none is on hand to explain it to thee, go over it studying with thy own strength. Hithpa. הִתְקַלְקֵל, Nithpa. נִתְקַלְקֵל 1) to be disarranged, ruined, spoiled. Y.Taan.IV, 68c bot. נִתְקַלְקְלוּ חשבונותיווכ׳ his dates were disarranged, and he said, let this begin a new era; נתקלקלו לשעבר the dates were disarranged (confused) with regard to the events of the past, v. קִילְקוּל. Dem. III, 6, v. חָלַף. Y.Shek.VII, 50c נִתְקַלְקְלָה צורתן (not נתקלקה), v. צוּרָה; a. e. 2) (v. קָלָה I) to commit a nuisance, to collapse under the influence of corporal punishment. Sifré Deut. 286; Macc.III, 14; a. e.Bekh.8a נתקלקל, v. קָלַל.

    Jewish literature > קילקל

  • 611 קִלְקֵל

    קִלְקֵל, קִילְקֵל(קָלַל, cmp. קְלַק) 1) to upset, disarrange, damage, ruin, opp. תקן. Gen. R. s. 98 ק׳ את היצועין upset the couches. Ḥull.8a מותר … מְקַלְקֵל הוא it is permitted to slaughter with a knife belonging to idolatrous service, because slaughtering is doing damage (a living animal being more useful than a dead one). Sabb.XIII, 3 כל המְקַלְקְלִין פטורין all those who perform an act (on the Sabbath) by which they do ruin, are exempt (from sin-offering); והמקלקלע״מ לתקןוכ׳ but he that undoes a thing for the purpose of reconstructing it is guilty. Keth.5b; a. fr. 2) (with or sub. מעשה = b. h. הִשְׁחִית) to be corrupt, to disgrace ones self by immorality. Y.Taan.I, end, 64d חם … קִילְקְלוּ מעשיהן Ham, the dog, and the raven acted mischievously (by sexual connection in the ark, v. Snh.108b; Gen. R. s. 3 6). R. Hash. 12a ברותחין קלקלווכ׳ with heat (of passion) they sinned, and with hot waters they were punished; Snh.108b. Tosef.Sot.II, 2 אפי׳ תְקַלְקֵלוכ׳, v. עָרַר; a. fr.(Midr. Till. to Ps. 7, ed. Bub. note 69 קלקלתי, v. כִּלְכֵּל.Part. pass. מְקוּלְקָל; f. מְקוּלְקֶלֶת; pl. מְקוּלְקָלִים, מְקוּלְקָלִין; מְקוּלְקָלוֹת. M. Kat. I, 2 (2a) ומתקנין את המקולקלת Y. a. Bab. ed. (Mish. המקולקלות, incorr.) and you may mend a channel that is out of order during the festive week. Snh.39b (ref. to Ez. 5:7) כמתוקנין … כמק׳ שבהם עשיתן you did not do according to the good usages among them, but according to their corrupt usages. B. Bath. 109b, v. קַלְקָלָה; a. fr. 3) (b. h.) to sharpen; trnsf. (cmp. חָדַד, שָׁנַן) to repeat, study. Koh. R. to X, 10 אם נקהה … קַלְקֵל עליו בחילך if thy lesson is as tough to thee as iron (v. קָהָה), and … none is on hand to explain it to thee, go over it studying with thy own strength. Hithpa. הִתְקַלְקֵל, Nithpa. נִתְקַלְקֵל 1) to be disarranged, ruined, spoiled. Y.Taan.IV, 68c bot. נִתְקַלְקְלוּ חשבונותיווכ׳ his dates were disarranged, and he said, let this begin a new era; נתקלקלו לשעבר the dates were disarranged (confused) with regard to the events of the past, v. קִילְקוּל. Dem. III, 6, v. חָלַף. Y.Shek.VII, 50c נִתְקַלְקְלָה צורתן (not נתקלקה), v. צוּרָה; a. e. 2) (v. קָלָה I) to commit a nuisance, to collapse under the influence of corporal punishment. Sifré Deut. 286; Macc.III, 14; a. e.Bekh.8a נתקלקל, v. קָלַל.

    Jewish literature > קִלְקֵל

  • 612 קִילְקֵל

    קִלְקֵל, קִילְקֵל(קָלַל, cmp. קְלַק) 1) to upset, disarrange, damage, ruin, opp. תקן. Gen. R. s. 98 ק׳ את היצועין upset the couches. Ḥull.8a מותר … מְקַלְקֵל הוא it is permitted to slaughter with a knife belonging to idolatrous service, because slaughtering is doing damage (a living animal being more useful than a dead one). Sabb.XIII, 3 כל המְקַלְקְלִין פטורין all those who perform an act (on the Sabbath) by which they do ruin, are exempt (from sin-offering); והמקלקלע״מ לתקןוכ׳ but he that undoes a thing for the purpose of reconstructing it is guilty. Keth.5b; a. fr. 2) (with or sub. מעשה = b. h. הִשְׁחִית) to be corrupt, to disgrace ones self by immorality. Y.Taan.I, end, 64d חם … קִילְקְלוּ מעשיהן Ham, the dog, and the raven acted mischievously (by sexual connection in the ark, v. Snh.108b; Gen. R. s. 3 6). R. Hash. 12a ברותחין קלקלווכ׳ with heat (of passion) they sinned, and with hot waters they were punished; Snh.108b. Tosef.Sot.II, 2 אפי׳ תְקַלְקֵלוכ׳, v. עָרַר; a. fr.(Midr. Till. to Ps. 7, ed. Bub. note 69 קלקלתי, v. כִּלְכֵּל.Part. pass. מְקוּלְקָל; f. מְקוּלְקֶלֶת; pl. מְקוּלְקָלִים, מְקוּלְקָלִין; מְקוּלְקָלוֹת. M. Kat. I, 2 (2a) ומתקנין את המקולקלת Y. a. Bab. ed. (Mish. המקולקלות, incorr.) and you may mend a channel that is out of order during the festive week. Snh.39b (ref. to Ez. 5:7) כמתוקנין … כמק׳ שבהם עשיתן you did not do according to the good usages among them, but according to their corrupt usages. B. Bath. 109b, v. קַלְקָלָה; a. fr. 3) (b. h.) to sharpen; trnsf. (cmp. חָדַד, שָׁנַן) to repeat, study. Koh. R. to X, 10 אם נקהה … קַלְקֵל עליו בחילך if thy lesson is as tough to thee as iron (v. קָהָה), and … none is on hand to explain it to thee, go over it studying with thy own strength. Hithpa. הִתְקַלְקֵל, Nithpa. נִתְקַלְקֵל 1) to be disarranged, ruined, spoiled. Y.Taan.IV, 68c bot. נִתְקַלְקְלוּ חשבונותיווכ׳ his dates were disarranged, and he said, let this begin a new era; נתקלקלו לשעבר the dates were disarranged (confused) with regard to the events of the past, v. קִילְקוּל. Dem. III, 6, v. חָלַף. Y.Shek.VII, 50c נִתְקַלְקְלָה צורתן (not נתקלקה), v. צוּרָה; a. e. 2) (v. קָלָה I) to commit a nuisance, to collapse under the influence of corporal punishment. Sifré Deut. 286; Macc.III, 14; a. e.Bekh.8a נתקלקל, v. קָלַל.

    Jewish literature > קִילְקֵל

  • 613 קלקל

    קַלְקֵלch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְקַלְקֵל, Nithpa. נִתְקַלְקֵל to be disarranged, ruined, spoiled). to ruin Targ. Is. 3:12 (h. text בלע). Targ. Jer. 2:36 (h. text שנה). Targ. II Sam. 15:31 (h. text סכל). Targ. II Chr. 27:2 (h. text השחית).Part. pass. מְקַלְקַל; f. מְקַלְקְלָא; pl. מְקַלְקְלִין, מְקַלְקְלַיָּא; מְקַלְקְלָתָא. Targ. Esth. 5:1 הוות מק׳ was soiled. Targ. Job 29:17 Ms. (ed. מְקַלְקִל; h. text עַוָּל). Targ. Koh. 4:12. Targ. Zech. 1:4. Targ. Jud. 2:19; a. e.Yeb.119b, sq. היא לא מְקַלְקְלָא נפשה she is not likely to injure her own case (by a false statement). Ib. לקַלְקָלָא לצרה היאוכ׳ she has the intention of injuring the case of her rival. Lev. R. s. 37 מְקַלְקְלֵי they ruin (play with), v. מְיַנּוֹק. Ithpalp. אִתְקַלְקֵל, אִיקַּ׳ to be disarranged, corrupted, ruined. Targ. Jer. 49:7. Targ. Y. Lev. 17:13 מִתְקַלְקְלָא ניכסתיה its slaughtering was ruined (illegal through faulty manipulation). Targ. Y. Deut. 14:21 מִיקּ׳ בניכסא made unfit through faulty slaughtering; a. e.Erub.49a bot. אתי עירוב לאִיקַּלְקוּלֵי the practice of ʿErub (v. עֵירוּב) may come to harm (get into disuse); a. e.

    Jewish literature > קלקל

  • 614 קַלְקֵל

    קַלְקֵלch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְקַלְקֵל, Nithpa. נִתְקַלְקֵל to be disarranged, ruined, spoiled). to ruin Targ. Is. 3:12 (h. text בלע). Targ. Jer. 2:36 (h. text שנה). Targ. II Sam. 15:31 (h. text סכל). Targ. II Chr. 27:2 (h. text השחית).Part. pass. מְקַלְקַל; f. מְקַלְקְלָא; pl. מְקַלְקְלִין, מְקַלְקְלַיָּא; מְקַלְקְלָתָא. Targ. Esth. 5:1 הוות מק׳ was soiled. Targ. Job 29:17 Ms. (ed. מְקַלְקִל; h. text עַוָּל). Targ. Koh. 4:12. Targ. Zech. 1:4. Targ. Jud. 2:19; a. e.Yeb.119b, sq. היא לא מְקַלְקְלָא נפשה she is not likely to injure her own case (by a false statement). Ib. לקַלְקָלָא לצרה היאוכ׳ she has the intention of injuring the case of her rival. Lev. R. s. 37 מְקַלְקְלֵי they ruin (play with), v. מְיַנּוֹק. Ithpalp. אִתְקַלְקֵל, אִיקַּ׳ to be disarranged, corrupted, ruined. Targ. Jer. 49:7. Targ. Y. Lev. 17:13 מִתְקַלְקְלָא ניכסתיה its slaughtering was ruined (illegal through faulty manipulation). Targ. Y. Deut. 14:21 מִיקּ׳ בניכסא made unfit through faulty slaughtering; a. e.Erub.49a bot. אתי עירוב לאִיקַּלְקוּלֵי the practice of ʿErub (v. עֵירוּב) may come to harm (get into disuse); a. e.

    Jewish literature > קַלְקֵל

  • 615 קנח

    קָנַחPi. קִינֵּחַ to wipe off, cleanse. Tosef.B. Bath.V, 4 קוֹנֵחַ מן האגן (ed. Zuck. קודח מן האגד, corr. acc.) he may wipe off (the wine or oil which is left after measuring) on the rim of the measure. Ber.VIII, 3 מְקַנֵּחַ ידיווכ׳ a person may wipe his hands with the napkin and let it lie on the table. Sabb.XXI, 3 מְקַנְּחִין בו you may wipe the table with it. Ib. 81b לקַנֵּחַוכ׳ to wipe off (the posteriors) with B. Bath. V, 10 הסיטון מקנחוכ׳ the wholesaler must cleanse (by rubbing) his measures once in thirty days; a. fr. Nithpa. נִתְקנֵּחַ to be wiped off. Ḥull.36a בנ׳ הדםוכ׳ when the blood was wiped off between the cutting of one organ (סִימָן) and the other.

    Jewish literature > קנח

  • 616 קָנַח

    קָנַחPi. קִינֵּחַ to wipe off, cleanse. Tosef.B. Bath.V, 4 קוֹנֵחַ מן האגן (ed. Zuck. קודח מן האגד, corr. acc.) he may wipe off (the wine or oil which is left after measuring) on the rim of the measure. Ber.VIII, 3 מְקַנֵּחַ ידיווכ׳ a person may wipe his hands with the napkin and let it lie on the table. Sabb.XXI, 3 מְקַנְּחִין בו you may wipe the table with it. Ib. 81b לקַנֵּחַוכ׳ to wipe off (the posteriors) with B. Bath. V, 10 הסיטון מקנחוכ׳ the wholesaler must cleanse (by rubbing) his measures once in thirty days; a. fr. Nithpa. נִתְקנֵּחַ to be wiped off. Ḥull.36a בנ׳ הדםוכ׳ when the blood was wiped off between the cutting of one organ (סִימָן) and the other.

    Jewish literature > קָנַח

  • 617 קנטר

    קִנְטֵר, קִנְתֵּר(cmp. קָנַט) ( to sting, to chide. Pes.66a התחיל מְקַנְטְרָן בדברים he began to chide them with words; Y. ib. VI, 33a מקנתרן. Gen. R. s. 98. Cant. R. to IV, 7 מפני שקִינְטְרָן ולפיוכ׳ because he rebuked them, and as they took their fathers rebuke (in silence), they were allowed to be recorded side by side with Aaron ; Num. R. s. 13 שקִינְתְּרָן. Ib. בירך … ומְקַנְתֵּרוכ׳ he blessed the tribes (his sons) and chided Reuben Y.Sot.I, 16d bot. מבריחן … ומקנתרן בקלה would he let them escape (un-rebuked) from the heavier sin, and rebuke them for the lighter? Y.Snh.VII, 24d bot. מבריחו … ומְקַנְתְּרוֹוכ׳ you cannot forego his heavier offence, and rebuke (punish) him for the lighter; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְקַנְטֵר, הִתְקַנְתֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְקַנְטֵר, נִתְקנְתֵּר 1) to be rebuked. Sifré Deut. 1 נ׳ עליר״עוכ׳ R. Ak. was rebuked on my account before R. G. ; Yalk. ib. 789. 2) to make ones self disagreeable; to vex. Num. R. s. 11 מִתְקַנְטְרִים לפניהםוכ׳ they (the angels of destruction) vex them (the wicked) and say, ‘no peace ; Yalk. ib. 711.

    Jewish literature > קנטר

  • 618 קנתר

    קִנְטֵר, קִנְתֵּר(cmp. קָנַט) ( to sting, to chide. Pes.66a התחיל מְקַנְטְרָן בדברים he began to chide them with words; Y. ib. VI, 33a מקנתרן. Gen. R. s. 98. Cant. R. to IV, 7 מפני שקִינְטְרָן ולפיוכ׳ because he rebuked them, and as they took their fathers rebuke (in silence), they were allowed to be recorded side by side with Aaron ; Num. R. s. 13 שקִינְתְּרָן. Ib. בירך … ומְקַנְתֵּרוכ׳ he blessed the tribes (his sons) and chided Reuben Y.Sot.I, 16d bot. מבריחן … ומקנתרן בקלה would he let them escape (un-rebuked) from the heavier sin, and rebuke them for the lighter? Y.Snh.VII, 24d bot. מבריחו … ומְקַנְתְּרוֹוכ׳ you cannot forego his heavier offence, and rebuke (punish) him for the lighter; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְקַנְטֵר, הִתְקַנְתֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְקַנְטֵר, נִתְקנְתֵּר 1) to be rebuked. Sifré Deut. 1 נ׳ עליר״עוכ׳ R. Ak. was rebuked on my account before R. G. ; Yalk. ib. 789. 2) to make ones self disagreeable; to vex. Num. R. s. 11 מִתְקַנְטְרִים לפניהםוכ׳ they (the angels of destruction) vex them (the wicked) and say, ‘no peace ; Yalk. ib. 711.

    Jewish literature > קנתר

  • 619 קִנְטֵר

    קִנְטֵר, קִנְתֵּר(cmp. קָנַט) ( to sting, to chide. Pes.66a התחיל מְקַנְטְרָן בדברים he began to chide them with words; Y. ib. VI, 33a מקנתרן. Gen. R. s. 98. Cant. R. to IV, 7 מפני שקִינְטְרָן ולפיוכ׳ because he rebuked them, and as they took their fathers rebuke (in silence), they were allowed to be recorded side by side with Aaron ; Num. R. s. 13 שקִינְתְּרָן. Ib. בירך … ומְקַנְתֵּרוכ׳ he blessed the tribes (his sons) and chided Reuben Y.Sot.I, 16d bot. מבריחן … ומקנתרן בקלה would he let them escape (un-rebuked) from the heavier sin, and rebuke them for the lighter? Y.Snh.VII, 24d bot. מבריחו … ומְקַנְתְּרוֹוכ׳ you cannot forego his heavier offence, and rebuke (punish) him for the lighter; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְקַנְטֵר, הִתְקַנְתֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְקַנְטֵר, נִתְקנְתֵּר 1) to be rebuked. Sifré Deut. 1 נ׳ עליר״עוכ׳ R. Ak. was rebuked on my account before R. G. ; Yalk. ib. 789. 2) to make ones self disagreeable; to vex. Num. R. s. 11 מִתְקַנְטְרִים לפניהםוכ׳ they (the angels of destruction) vex them (the wicked) and say, ‘no peace ; Yalk. ib. 711.

    Jewish literature > קִנְטֵר

  • 620 קִנְתֵּר

    קִנְטֵר, קִנְתֵּר(cmp. קָנַט) ( to sting, to chide. Pes.66a התחיל מְקַנְטְרָן בדברים he began to chide them with words; Y. ib. VI, 33a מקנתרן. Gen. R. s. 98. Cant. R. to IV, 7 מפני שקִינְטְרָן ולפיוכ׳ because he rebuked them, and as they took their fathers rebuke (in silence), they were allowed to be recorded side by side with Aaron ; Num. R. s. 13 שקִינְתְּרָן. Ib. בירך … ומְקַנְתֵּרוכ׳ he blessed the tribes (his sons) and chided Reuben Y.Sot.I, 16d bot. מבריחן … ומקנתרן בקלה would he let them escape (un-rebuked) from the heavier sin, and rebuke them for the lighter? Y.Snh.VII, 24d bot. מבריחו … ומְקַנְתְּרוֹוכ׳ you cannot forego his heavier offence, and rebuke (punish) him for the lighter; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְקַנְטֵר, הִתְקַנְתֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְקַנְטֵר, נִתְקנְתֵּר 1) to be rebuked. Sifré Deut. 1 נ׳ עליר״עוכ׳ R. Ak. was rebuked on my account before R. G. ; Yalk. ib. 789. 2) to make ones self disagreeable; to vex. Num. R. s. 11 מִתְקַנְטְרִים לפניהםוכ׳ they (the angels of destruction) vex them (the wicked) and say, ‘no peace ; Yalk. ib. 711.

    Jewish literature > קִנְתֵּר


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