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nithpa

  • 101 גָּרַש

    גָּרַש(b. h.) 1) to stir up, to set in commotion. Sifré Deut. 39; Yalk. ib. 859 יכול יהו מים גּוֹרְשִׁין את העפר ממקום בקעהוכ׳ you might suppose the (rain) water will stir up the (fat) ground of the valley, and thus the valley will lack (drinking) water. 2) (cmp. טָרַד) to banish; to send off, divorce (a wife).Part. pass. גָּרוּש, f. גְּרוּשָׁה q. v. Pi. גֵּירַש, גֵּרַש to send off, banish. Gen. R. s. 21.Esp. to give a letter of divorce. Gitt.IX, 1 הַמְּגָרֵשוכ׳ if one divorces his wife and says, on handing her the letter, ; a. v. fr.Ib. VI, 5 if one says (to his delegates) … גָּרְשוּהָ garshuha, they are authorized to write and deliver to her a letter of divorce ( geresh being the colloquial term for divorcing). Pa. גּוּרָש to be banished, Pirké dR. El. ch. XIX; XX ג׳ ויצאוכ׳ he was banished and he left paradise. Part, מְגוּרָש, f. מְגוּרֶשֶׁת. Gitt.VII, 4 מג׳ ואינה מג׳ she is and is not divorced, i. e. her divorce is doubtful, and she has to suffer the disqualifications of a married and of a divorced woman. Ib. 5; a. v. fr. Hithpa. הִתְגָּרֵש, Nithpa. נִתְגָּרֵש 1) to be banished; to be divorced. Midr. Till. to Ps. 92. Gitt.65a מִתְגָּרֶשֶׁת בקידושיוכ׳ she is entitled to receive a letter of divorce for herself even though her father had contracted the marriage in her behalf; a. v. fr. ( 2) to be stirred up, become muddy, thick. Midr. dR. Akiba, Alef (Jellinek Beth Hammidrash III, 1 3).

    Jewish literature > גָּרַש

  • 102 גרש I

    גְּרַשI ch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְגָּרֵש, Nithpa. נִתְגָּרֵש to be banished; to be divorced). Pa. גָּרֵיש. Pes.110b דגָרְשָׁהּ לאיתתיה Ms. M. (ed. דגרשא, corr. acc.) who had divorced his wife. Ber.56a תרי נשי מְגָרְשַׁת it will be thy destiny to divorce two wives. Arakh.23a דלִיגָרֵש לדביתהו that he should divorce Ib. אטו כל דמִגָרֵשוכ׳ does every one who divorces his wife, give divorce in court?; a. fr. Ithpe. אִיגְּרַש, infin. אִיגְּרוּשֵׁי to be divorced. Gitt.78a בת אי׳ in a fit condition to receive a letter of divorce.

    Jewish literature > גרש I

  • 103 גְּרַש

    גְּרַשI ch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְגָּרֵש, Nithpa. נִתְגָּרֵש to be banished; to be divorced). Pa. גָּרֵיש. Pes.110b דגָרְשָׁהּ לאיתתיה Ms. M. (ed. דגרשא, corr. acc.) who had divorced his wife. Ber.56a תרי נשי מְגָרְשַׁת it will be thy destiny to divorce two wives. Arakh.23a דלִיגָרֵש לדביתהו that he should divorce Ib. אטו כל דמִגָרֵשוכ׳ does every one who divorces his wife, give divorce in court?; a. fr. Ithpe. אִיגְּרַש, infin. אִיגְּרוּשֵׁי to be divorced. Gitt.78a בת אי׳ in a fit condition to receive a letter of divorce.

    Jewish literature > גְּרַש

  • 104 גשש

    גָּשַׁש(b. h.; v. גּוּש) to touch a substance, to strike against. Ḥall. II, 2; Y. ib. 58c top הספינה גוֹשֶׁשֶׁת the ship touches the ground (in harbor). Pi. גִּישֵּׁש to feel, grope. Y.Yoma V, 42c היה מְגַשֵּׁשוכ׳ entered groping Pilp. גִּשְׁגֵּש (cmp. קשקש, כשכש) to beat, ring. Lev. R. s. 8 (ref. to Jud. 13:25, cmp. פַּעֲמֹן) התחילרוה״ק לגַשְׁגֵּשוכ׳ the holy spirit began to ring in Samson. Hithpa. הִתְגַּשֵּׁש, Hithpol. הִתְגּוֹשֵׁש, Hithpalp. הִתְגַּשְׁגֵּש, Nithpa. נִתְגַּשֵּׁש 1) to wrestle, fight. Gen. R. s. 22; s. 77; Cant. R. to III, 6. Ex. R. s. 28, beg. 2) to exercise ones strength, practice. Pesik. Sliḥoth. p. 166a> גבור שהוא מִתְגּוֹשֵׁשוכ׳ a warrior practicing on a stone-cutters stone.

    Jewish literature > גשש

  • 105 גָּשַׁש

    גָּשַׁש(b. h.; v. גּוּש) to touch a substance, to strike against. Ḥall. II, 2; Y. ib. 58c top הספינה גוֹשֶׁשֶׁת the ship touches the ground (in harbor). Pi. גִּישֵּׁש to feel, grope. Y.Yoma V, 42c היה מְגַשֵּׁשוכ׳ entered groping Pilp. גִּשְׁגֵּש (cmp. קשקש, כשכש) to beat, ring. Lev. R. s. 8 (ref. to Jud. 13:25, cmp. פַּעֲמֹן) התחילרוה״ק לגַשְׁגֵּשוכ׳ the holy spirit began to ring in Samson. Hithpa. הִתְגַּשֵּׁש, Hithpol. הִתְגּוֹשֵׁש, Hithpalp. הִתְגַּשְׁגֵּש, Nithpa. נִתְגַּשֵּׁש 1) to wrestle, fight. Gen. R. s. 22; s. 77; Cant. R. to III, 6. Ex. R. s. 28, beg. 2) to exercise ones strength, practice. Pesik. Sliḥoth. p. 166a> גבור שהוא מִתְגּוֹשֵׁשוכ׳ a warrior practicing on a stone-cutters stone.

    Jewish literature > גָּשַׁש

  • 106 דור

    דּוּרI (b. h.) to form a circle or enclosure (v. Fl. to Levy Talm. Dict. I, p. 440a> sq.).Denom. דּוּר II, דּוֹר, דִּירָה. 2) (denom. of דִּירָה) to reside, dwell. Ber.8a לעולם יָדוֹרוכ׳ one must try to live in the same place with his teacher. Keth.72a; a. fr. אין אדם דָּרוכ׳, v. כְּפִיפָה. Ib. 110b בל הדָּרבא״י whoever lives in Palestine.Succ.35a (ref. to hadar, Lev. 23:40) א״ת הָדָר אלא הַדָּר דבר שֶדָּרוכ׳ ed. (Ms. M. הָדָר דבר הַדָּרוכ׳) read not hadar but haddar, something which remains on its tree from year to year (without withering); a. fr. 3) to lodge, v. infra. Pi. דִּיֵּיר 1) to cause a circuit; ד׳ שדה to let cattle change folds within a field, to collect manure in a field, by letting cattle live on it. Shebi. III, 4. Y. ib. 34c bot. מְדַיְּירִין בטובה you may let your cattle live on ones field as a favor; a. e. 2) to lodge, v. infra. Hif. הֵדִיר to lodge. Pesik. R. s. 3, beg. (play on דָּֽ֗רְ֗בָ֗ן֗) שמֵדִ֗יר֗ ב̇ינ̇ה בפרה it (the goad) causes understanding to dwell in the cow; Pesik Bahod. p. 153a> שמורה (ed. O. שמדיר); Koh. R. to XII, 11 (read:) שהוא מְדַיֵּיר; Num. R. s. 14 שדָּר; Y. Snh. Tanḥ Bhaǎl 15 דָּר אצל הפרהוכ׳.(Num. R. l. c. the words of the wise דָּ֗רִ֗ים ב̇ינ̇הוכ׳ lodge understanding with men. Nithpa. נִדַּיָּיר to be manured by cattle living in folds, v. Piel. Shebi. IV, 2; M. Kat. 13a; a. e.

    Jewish literature > דור

  • 107 דּוּר

    דּוּרI (b. h.) to form a circle or enclosure (v. Fl. to Levy Talm. Dict. I, p. 440a> sq.).Denom. דּוּר II, דּוֹר, דִּירָה. 2) (denom. of דִּירָה) to reside, dwell. Ber.8a לעולם יָדוֹרוכ׳ one must try to live in the same place with his teacher. Keth.72a; a. fr. אין אדם דָּרוכ׳, v. כְּפִיפָה. Ib. 110b בל הדָּרבא״י whoever lives in Palestine.Succ.35a (ref. to hadar, Lev. 23:40) א״ת הָדָר אלא הַדָּר דבר שֶדָּרוכ׳ ed. (Ms. M. הָדָר דבר הַדָּרוכ׳) read not hadar but haddar, something which remains on its tree from year to year (without withering); a. fr. 3) to lodge, v. infra. Pi. דִּיֵּיר 1) to cause a circuit; ד׳ שדה to let cattle change folds within a field, to collect manure in a field, by letting cattle live on it. Shebi. III, 4. Y. ib. 34c bot. מְדַיְּירִין בטובה you may let your cattle live on ones field as a favor; a. e. 2) to lodge, v. infra. Hif. הֵדִיר to lodge. Pesik. R. s. 3, beg. (play on דָּֽ֗רְ֗בָ֗ן֗) שמֵדִ֗יר֗ ב̇ינ̇ה בפרה it (the goad) causes understanding to dwell in the cow; Pesik Bahod. p. 153a> שמורה (ed. O. שמדיר); Koh. R. to XII, 11 (read:) שהוא מְדַיֵּיר; Num. R. s. 14 שדָּר; Y. Snh. Tanḥ Bhaǎl 15 דָּר אצל הפרהוכ׳.(Num. R. l. c. the words of the wise דָּ֗רִ֗ים ב̇ינ̇הוכ׳ lodge understanding with men. Nithpa. נִדַּיָּיר to be manured by cattle living in folds, v. Piel. Shebi. IV, 2; M. Kat. 13a; a. e.

    Jewish literature > דּוּר

  • 108 דלדל

    דִּלְדֵּל, דִּיל׳(Pilp. of דָּלַל) to reduce, weaken. Sot.9b (play on דלילה) דִּילְדְּלָה את כחווכ׳ she weakened his strength, his understanding, his merits; Num. R. s. 9. Tanḥ. Bhar 3 מְדַלְדְּלוֹוכ׳ the Lord reduces his income, and he must sell his property. 2) to loosen, detach. Kidd.24b די׳ בו עצם he loosened a tooth in the slaves jaw.Part. pass. מְדוּלְדָּל a) loosely connected, hanging down, detached. Lev. R. s. 34 he is called dal מד׳ מן הנכסים which means detached from his property (homeless); Midr. Prov. ch. XXII דל מנכסיו (insert מדולדל). Ker.III, 8 אבר המ׳ (Talm. ed. 15a sq. המְדוּלְדֶּלֶת) a limb hanging down from the body (not yet entirely detached). Ḥull.IX, 7 האבר … המְדוּלְדָּלין limb or a part of flesh hanging down in tangles. Bekh.III, 4; v. דַּבְלוּל.b) poverty-stricken, beggarly. Succ.22b, v. דַּבְלוּל. Tanḥ. Vayakhel 7 עניים ומְדוּלְדָּלִים poor and miserable. Hithpalp. הִתְדַּלְדֵּל, הִידַּ׳; Nithpa. נִתְדַּלְדֵּל, נִידַּ׳ 1) to become thin, sparse; to be reduced. Num. R. s. 5 (play on דל, Prov. 22:22) והם מִתְדַּלְדְּלִיםוכ׳ they (the Levites) expose themselves to diminution for your sake. 2) to be detached, loosely connected, disarranged, parted into shreds. Y.Ab. Zar. V, 44d top ני׳ חותמן the berries are forcibly detached from the stalk, v. חוֹתָם. Ḥull.46a נִידַּלְדְּלָה כבדוכ׳ the liver is parted into shreds and mixed up with the fat layers. Ib. 44a סימנים שנִדַּלְדְּלוּוכ׳ gullet and windpipe which are torn loose from their connection so that the larger portion of their circumference is detached. 3) to be disregarded. Sot.IX, 15 (49a) נִדַּלְדְּלוּוכ׳ miracle workers are not appreciated.

    Jewish literature > דלדל

  • 109 דיל׳

    דִּלְדֵּל, דִּיל׳(Pilp. of דָּלַל) to reduce, weaken. Sot.9b (play on דלילה) דִּילְדְּלָה את כחווכ׳ she weakened his strength, his understanding, his merits; Num. R. s. 9. Tanḥ. Bhar 3 מְדַלְדְּלוֹוכ׳ the Lord reduces his income, and he must sell his property. 2) to loosen, detach. Kidd.24b די׳ בו עצם he loosened a tooth in the slaves jaw.Part. pass. מְדוּלְדָּל a) loosely connected, hanging down, detached. Lev. R. s. 34 he is called dal מד׳ מן הנכסים which means detached from his property (homeless); Midr. Prov. ch. XXII דל מנכסיו (insert מדולדל). Ker.III, 8 אבר המ׳ (Talm. ed. 15a sq. המְדוּלְדֶּלֶת) a limb hanging down from the body (not yet entirely detached). Ḥull.IX, 7 האבר … המְדוּלְדָּלין limb or a part of flesh hanging down in tangles. Bekh.III, 4; v. דַּבְלוּל.b) poverty-stricken, beggarly. Succ.22b, v. דַּבְלוּל. Tanḥ. Vayakhel 7 עניים ומְדוּלְדָּלִים poor and miserable. Hithpalp. הִתְדַּלְדֵּל, הִידַּ׳; Nithpa. נִתְדַּלְדֵּל, נִידַּ׳ 1) to become thin, sparse; to be reduced. Num. R. s. 5 (play on דל, Prov. 22:22) והם מִתְדַּלְדְּלִיםוכ׳ they (the Levites) expose themselves to diminution for your sake. 2) to be detached, loosely connected, disarranged, parted into shreds. Y.Ab. Zar. V, 44d top ני׳ חותמן the berries are forcibly detached from the stalk, v. חוֹתָם. Ḥull.46a נִידַּלְדְּלָה כבדוכ׳ the liver is parted into shreds and mixed up with the fat layers. Ib. 44a סימנים שנִדַּלְדְּלוּוכ׳ gullet and windpipe which are torn loose from their connection so that the larger portion of their circumference is detached. 3) to be disregarded. Sot.IX, 15 (49a) נִדַּלְדְּלוּוכ׳ miracle workers are not appreciated.

    Jewish literature > דיל׳

  • 110 דִּלְדֵּל

    דִּלְדֵּל, דִּיל׳(Pilp. of דָּלַל) to reduce, weaken. Sot.9b (play on דלילה) דִּילְדְּלָה את כחווכ׳ she weakened his strength, his understanding, his merits; Num. R. s. 9. Tanḥ. Bhar 3 מְדַלְדְּלוֹוכ׳ the Lord reduces his income, and he must sell his property. 2) to loosen, detach. Kidd.24b די׳ בו עצם he loosened a tooth in the slaves jaw.Part. pass. מְדוּלְדָּל a) loosely connected, hanging down, detached. Lev. R. s. 34 he is called dal מד׳ מן הנכסים which means detached from his property (homeless); Midr. Prov. ch. XXII דל מנכסיו (insert מדולדל). Ker.III, 8 אבר המ׳ (Talm. ed. 15a sq. המְדוּלְדֶּלֶת) a limb hanging down from the body (not yet entirely detached). Ḥull.IX, 7 האבר … המְדוּלְדָּלין limb or a part of flesh hanging down in tangles. Bekh.III, 4; v. דַּבְלוּל.b) poverty-stricken, beggarly. Succ.22b, v. דַּבְלוּל. Tanḥ. Vayakhel 7 עניים ומְדוּלְדָּלִים poor and miserable. Hithpalp. הִתְדַּלְדֵּל, הִידַּ׳; Nithpa. נִתְדַּלְדֵּל, נִידַּ׳ 1) to become thin, sparse; to be reduced. Num. R. s. 5 (play on דל, Prov. 22:22) והם מִתְדַּלְדְּלִיםוכ׳ they (the Levites) expose themselves to diminution for your sake. 2) to be detached, loosely connected, disarranged, parted into shreds. Y.Ab. Zar. V, 44d top ני׳ חותמן the berries are forcibly detached from the stalk, v. חוֹתָם. Ḥull.46a נִידַּלְדְּלָה כבדוכ׳ the liver is parted into shreds and mixed up with the fat layers. Ib. 44a סימנים שנִדַּלְדְּלוּוכ׳ gullet and windpipe which are torn loose from their connection so that the larger portion of their circumference is detached. 3) to be disregarded. Sot.IX, 15 (49a) נִדַּלְדְּלוּוכ׳ miracle workers are not appreciated.

    Jewish literature > דִּלְדֵּל

  • 111 דִּיל׳

    דִּלְדֵּל, דִּיל׳(Pilp. of דָּלַל) to reduce, weaken. Sot.9b (play on דלילה) דִּילְדְּלָה את כחווכ׳ she weakened his strength, his understanding, his merits; Num. R. s. 9. Tanḥ. Bhar 3 מְדַלְדְּלוֹוכ׳ the Lord reduces his income, and he must sell his property. 2) to loosen, detach. Kidd.24b די׳ בו עצם he loosened a tooth in the slaves jaw.Part. pass. מְדוּלְדָּל a) loosely connected, hanging down, detached. Lev. R. s. 34 he is called dal מד׳ מן הנכסים which means detached from his property (homeless); Midr. Prov. ch. XXII דל מנכסיו (insert מדולדל). Ker.III, 8 אבר המ׳ (Talm. ed. 15a sq. המְדוּלְדֶּלֶת) a limb hanging down from the body (not yet entirely detached). Ḥull.IX, 7 האבר … המְדוּלְדָּלין limb or a part of flesh hanging down in tangles. Bekh.III, 4; v. דַּבְלוּל.b) poverty-stricken, beggarly. Succ.22b, v. דַּבְלוּל. Tanḥ. Vayakhel 7 עניים ומְדוּלְדָּלִים poor and miserable. Hithpalp. הִתְדַּלְדֵּל, הִידַּ׳; Nithpa. נִתְדַּלְדֵּל, נִידַּ׳ 1) to become thin, sparse; to be reduced. Num. R. s. 5 (play on דל, Prov. 22:22) והם מִתְדַּלְדְּלִיםוכ׳ they (the Levites) expose themselves to diminution for your sake. 2) to be detached, loosely connected, disarranged, parted into shreds. Y.Ab. Zar. V, 44d top ני׳ חותמן the berries are forcibly detached from the stalk, v. חוֹתָם. Ḥull.46a נִידַּלְדְּלָה כבדוכ׳ the liver is parted into shreds and mixed up with the fat layers. Ib. 44a סימנים שנִדַּלְדְּלוּוכ׳ gullet and windpipe which are torn loose from their connection so that the larger portion of their circumference is detached. 3) to be disregarded. Sot.IX, 15 (49a) נִדַּלְדְּלוּוכ׳ miracle workers are not appreciated.

    Jewish literature > דִּיל׳

  • 112 דקדק

    דִּקְדֵּק(Pilp. of דוק or דקק) 1) to crush, grind; v. Nithpa.Part. pass, מְדוּקְדָּק broken, humiliated, afflicted. Ex. R. s. 31 מדו׳ בעניות afflicted with poverty. Gen. R. s. 100 עני מדו׳ a very poor man. 2) to even a woof by beating. Tosef.Sabb.VIII (IX):2; Sabb.75b; 97b (v. Rashi a. l.). 3) to examine minutely, search, investigate (charity cases); to trace genealogical records (corresp. to בָּדַק); in gen. to be very strict in religious observances; (with עם) to deal strictly with (esp. used of divine retribution). Y.Peah VIII, 21a מְדַקְדְּקִין בכסותוכ׳ you must make inquiries if one asks for clothes, but you must not, if food is asked for; Lev. R. s. 34 (B. Bath.9a בודקין).Y.Kidd.VI, 65d אין מד׳ אחריה you must not trace its past records. Y.B. Bath.IV, end, 14d it is the custom in sales להיות מְדַקְדְּקִין to be strict, opp. בעין יפה liberal. Ex. R. s. 31 מד׳ עמהם he is stinting (illiberal) towards the poor. Y.Succ.I, 52b top לא די׳ בה he paid no particular attention to its preparation. Ḥull.4a הרבה מד׳ בה יותרוכ׳ they are very strict in the observance, even more so than ; Tosef.Pes.I (II), 15.Yeb.121b (ref. to Ps. 50:3) הקב״ה מד׳ עםוכ׳ the Lord deals with those around Him (the good) strictly, to a hairs breadth; Y.Shek.VI, 48d. Lev. R. s. 27; a. fr.Tanḥ. Mishp. 11 למה אתה תְדַקְדֵּק בהכאתה why art thou so severe in punishing her? Nithpa. נִדַּקְדֵּק (= נִתְדַּ׳) to be crushed, powdered. Ohol. II, 7.

    Jewish literature > דקדק

  • 113 דִּקְדֵּק

    דִּקְדֵּק(Pilp. of דוק or דקק) 1) to crush, grind; v. Nithpa.Part. pass, מְדוּקְדָּק broken, humiliated, afflicted. Ex. R. s. 31 מדו׳ בעניות afflicted with poverty. Gen. R. s. 100 עני מדו׳ a very poor man. 2) to even a woof by beating. Tosef.Sabb.VIII (IX):2; Sabb.75b; 97b (v. Rashi a. l.). 3) to examine minutely, search, investigate (charity cases); to trace genealogical records (corresp. to בָּדַק); in gen. to be very strict in religious observances; (with עם) to deal strictly with (esp. used of divine retribution). Y.Peah VIII, 21a מְדַקְדְּקִין בכסותוכ׳ you must make inquiries if one asks for clothes, but you must not, if food is asked for; Lev. R. s. 34 (B. Bath.9a בודקין).Y.Kidd.VI, 65d אין מד׳ אחריה you must not trace its past records. Y.B. Bath.IV, end, 14d it is the custom in sales להיות מְדַקְדְּקִין to be strict, opp. בעין יפה liberal. Ex. R. s. 31 מד׳ עמהם he is stinting (illiberal) towards the poor. Y.Succ.I, 52b top לא די׳ בה he paid no particular attention to its preparation. Ḥull.4a הרבה מד׳ בה יותרוכ׳ they are very strict in the observance, even more so than ; Tosef.Pes.I (II), 15.Yeb.121b (ref. to Ps. 50:3) הקב״ה מד׳ עםוכ׳ the Lord deals with those around Him (the good) strictly, to a hairs breadth; Y.Shek.VI, 48d. Lev. R. s. 27; a. fr.Tanḥ. Mishp. 11 למה אתה תְדַקְדֵּק בהכאתה why art thou so severe in punishing her? Nithpa. נִדַּקְדֵּק (= נִתְדַּ׳) to be crushed, powdered. Ohol. II, 7.

    Jewish literature > דִּקְדֵּק

  • 114 דשן

    דָּשֵׁן(b. h.; cmp. דֶּשֶׂא) to be moist, sappy, fat. Pi. דִּשֵּׁן 1) to bless with rich pastures. Ber.29a דַּשְּׁנֵנוּ בנאותוכ׳ (cmp. Ps. 23:2) give us pasture on the meadows of thy land. 2) (b. h.; denom. of דֶּשֶׁן) to remove the ashes, to clean (the lamps). Tam. III, 9 מְדַשְּׁנָן trims them. Yoma II, 3 מי מְדַשֵּׁןוכ׳ who shall do the cleaning of the inner altar. Tam. III, 1; a. e. Nithpa. נִדַּשֵּׁן 1) to become sappy, vigorous. Pirké dR. El. ch. XXXII, end. 2) to be treated like the charred wick, to become unfit for sacred use. Men.88b ני׳ השמן נִידַּשְּׁנָהוכ׳ the oil as well as the wick has become unfit.

    Jewish literature > דשן

  • 115 דָּשֵׁן

    דָּשֵׁן(b. h.; cmp. דֶּשֶׂא) to be moist, sappy, fat. Pi. דִּשֵּׁן 1) to bless with rich pastures. Ber.29a דַּשְּׁנֵנוּ בנאותוכ׳ (cmp. Ps. 23:2) give us pasture on the meadows of thy land. 2) (b. h.; denom. of דֶּשֶׁן) to remove the ashes, to clean (the lamps). Tam. III, 9 מְדַשְּׁנָן trims them. Yoma II, 3 מי מְדַשֵּׁןוכ׳ who shall do the cleaning of the inner altar. Tam. III, 1; a. e. Nithpa. נִדַּשֵּׁן 1) to become sappy, vigorous. Pirké dR. El. ch. XXXII, end. 2) to be treated like the charred wick, to become unfit for sacred use. Men.88b ני׳ השמן נִידַּשְּׁנָהוכ׳ the oil as well as the wick has become unfit.

    Jewish literature > דָּשֵׁן

  • 116 הבהב I

    הִבְהֵבI (Pilp. of הבב to glow; cmp. הבל) 1) to Singe, parch. Y.Maasr.IV, beg., 51a המְהַבְהֵב שיבולין באור if one parches ears over the fire; Tosef. ib. III, 1 המה׳ בשדהוכ׳ (sub. שיבולין). Men.X, 66a). Bets.34a. Sabb.II, 3 ולא הִבְהֲבָהּ and did not singe it (to prepare it for a wick).Snh.37a is it possible for fire to be in contact with flax ואינה מְהַבְהֶבֶת and not to singe?Part. pass. מְהוּבְהָב lightly roasted. Y. ib. VIII, beg., 26a. 2) to be like coals giving heat without flame; to nod consent without showing anxiety. Ber.34a שנים מהבהב (Y. ib. V, 9c bot. מעמעם) if asked a second time, he must not consent Nithpa. נִתְהַבְהֵב to be affected by flames. Yoma 41b נ׳ הלשון if the band caught fire.

    Jewish literature > הבהב I

  • 117 הִבְהֵב

    הִבְהֵבI (Pilp. of הבב to glow; cmp. הבל) 1) to Singe, parch. Y.Maasr.IV, beg., 51a המְהַבְהֵב שיבולין באור if one parches ears over the fire; Tosef. ib. III, 1 המה׳ בשדהוכ׳ (sub. שיבולין). Men.X, 66a). Bets.34a. Sabb.II, 3 ולא הִבְהֲבָהּ and did not singe it (to prepare it for a wick).Snh.37a is it possible for fire to be in contact with flax ואינה מְהַבְהֶבֶת and not to singe?Part. pass. מְהוּבְהָב lightly roasted. Y. ib. VIII, beg., 26a. 2) to be like coals giving heat without flame; to nod consent without showing anxiety. Ber.34a שנים מהבהב (Y. ib. V, 9c bot. מעמעם) if asked a second time, he must not consent Nithpa. נִתְהַבְהֵב to be affected by flames. Yoma 41b נ׳ הלשון if the band caught fire.

    Jewish literature > הִבְהֵב

  • 118 הפךְ

    הָפַךְ(b. h.) 1) (act. verb) to turn; to change; to reverse; to pervert, subvert, destroy. Ex. R. s. 18 הָפְכָה המדינה שעבודהוכ׳ a country perverted the rules of forced labor for the captives (treating them inhumanely); ה׳ עליהם את הדיןוכ׳ he changed the law against them and put them to death by night (against the Jewish law, v. Snh.IV, 1). Ib. ה׳ סדום He destroyed Sodom. Ber.55b כשם שהָפַכְתָּוכ׳ as thou didst turn the curse … into blessing, כן הֲפוֹךְוכ׳ so do thou turn B. Kam.III, 3 ההוֹפֵךְ את הגלל he who upturns (changes the place of) the dung (taking possession); a. v. fr.Part. Pass. הָפוּךְ. Pes.50a עולםה׳ ראיתיוכ׳ I saw a reversed world, the uppermost below Sabb.108b הֲפוּכָה סדוםוכ׳ Sodom is subverted and what is said about it is perverted. Sifra Thazr. Par. III, ch. 3 הפוך, הפוכה when its color is changed; a. v. fr.Y.Naz.V, end, 54b לשון הפוך, v. הֶפֶךְ. 2) (neut. verb) to change. Sifra ch. IV אי כוליה׳ לבן if i the whole of it has turned white. Neg. IV, 3; a. fr. Nif. נֶהְפַּךְ 1) to be upturned, destroyed; to be changed. Yalk. Esth. 1056 כשנ׳ סדום when Sodom was subverted. Gen. R. s. 50 ומדינה נֶהְפֶּכֶת, v. אִדְרַבְלָא. Tanḥ. Shmoth 25 נ׳ להם מןוכ׳ the voice turned around, as if coming from ; a. fr. 2) to roll about, v. Hithpa. Pi. הִיפֵּךְ 1) to reverse, pervert, turn. Gen. R. s. 20 שהי׳ דבריםוכ׳ who spoke perversely of the Creator. Kidd.59a עני מְהַפֵּךְוכ׳ a poor man turns the cake, and another comes and takes it, i. e. one who buys away what another is negotiating for. 2) to scheme, v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְהַפֵּךְ, Nithpa. נִתְהַפֵּךְ 1) to be changed, disguise ones self. Gen. R. s. 21 end שהם מִתְהַפְּכִים they (the angels) assume various shapes. 2) to turn ones self around. Ib. שהיא מִתְהַפֶּכֶתוכ׳ for it (the fiery sword) turns around man Yeb.35a; Keth.37a מתהפכת she turns herself (makes violent motions). Ib. נִתְהַפְּכָה (Keth. l. c. נֶהֶפְכָה).Tanḥ. Vayetsé 11 היה מ׳ עליו prevaricated (changing terms). 3) to scheme. Ruth R. introd. 3 שהוא מִתְהַפֵּךְ ובאוכ׳ he (Esaw = Rome) schemes and comes against ; Yalk. Prov. 959 בא ומְהַפֵּךְ עלוכ׳. Ib. שהם מִתְהַפְּכִיםוכ׳; Ruth R. l. c. שמְהַפְּכִין.

    Jewish literature > הפךְ

  • 119 הָפַךְ

    הָפַךְ(b. h.) 1) (act. verb) to turn; to change; to reverse; to pervert, subvert, destroy. Ex. R. s. 18 הָפְכָה המדינה שעבודהוכ׳ a country perverted the rules of forced labor for the captives (treating them inhumanely); ה׳ עליהם את הדיןוכ׳ he changed the law against them and put them to death by night (against the Jewish law, v. Snh.IV, 1). Ib. ה׳ סדום He destroyed Sodom. Ber.55b כשם שהָפַכְתָּוכ׳ as thou didst turn the curse … into blessing, כן הֲפוֹךְוכ׳ so do thou turn B. Kam.III, 3 ההוֹפֵךְ את הגלל he who upturns (changes the place of) the dung (taking possession); a. v. fr.Part. Pass. הָפוּךְ. Pes.50a עולםה׳ ראיתיוכ׳ I saw a reversed world, the uppermost below Sabb.108b הֲפוּכָה סדוםוכ׳ Sodom is subverted and what is said about it is perverted. Sifra Thazr. Par. III, ch. 3 הפוך, הפוכה when its color is changed; a. v. fr.Y.Naz.V, end, 54b לשון הפוך, v. הֶפֶךְ. 2) (neut. verb) to change. Sifra ch. IV אי כוליה׳ לבן if i the whole of it has turned white. Neg. IV, 3; a. fr. Nif. נֶהְפַּךְ 1) to be upturned, destroyed; to be changed. Yalk. Esth. 1056 כשנ׳ סדום when Sodom was subverted. Gen. R. s. 50 ומדינה נֶהְפֶּכֶת, v. אִדְרַבְלָא. Tanḥ. Shmoth 25 נ׳ להם מןוכ׳ the voice turned around, as if coming from ; a. fr. 2) to roll about, v. Hithpa. Pi. הִיפֵּךְ 1) to reverse, pervert, turn. Gen. R. s. 20 שהי׳ דבריםוכ׳ who spoke perversely of the Creator. Kidd.59a עני מְהַפֵּךְוכ׳ a poor man turns the cake, and another comes and takes it, i. e. one who buys away what another is negotiating for. 2) to scheme, v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְהַפֵּךְ, Nithpa. נִתְהַפֵּךְ 1) to be changed, disguise ones self. Gen. R. s. 21 end שהם מִתְהַפְּכִים they (the angels) assume various shapes. 2) to turn ones self around. Ib. שהיא מִתְהַפֶּכֶתוכ׳ for it (the fiery sword) turns around man Yeb.35a; Keth.37a מתהפכת she turns herself (makes violent motions). Ib. נִתְהַפְּכָה (Keth. l. c. נֶהֶפְכָה).Tanḥ. Vayetsé 11 היה מ׳ עליו prevaricated (changing terms). 3) to scheme. Ruth R. introd. 3 שהוא מִתְהַפֵּךְ ובאוכ׳ he (Esaw = Rome) schemes and comes against ; Yalk. Prov. 959 בא ומְהַפֵּךְ עלוכ׳. Ib. שהם מִתְהַפְּכִיםוכ׳; Ruth R. l. c. שמְהַפְּכִין.

    Jewish literature > הָפַךְ

  • 120 ותר

    וָתַר, וָותַר(v. יָתַר) to be plentiful. Y.Succ.V, 55c (ref. to Jer. 2:13) הא וָותְרוּ לאלף (not וותרה) were they not numerous up to a thousand?; Cant. R. to I, 6 הא וותרו למאד (read: למֵאָה). Pi. וִיתֵּר 1) to do more than justice requires, to be liberal; to forego ones rights. Y.Ned.I, beg.39a if they had agreed על מנת לוַותֵּר to yield their rights (to allow each other the use of the entire court). B. Bath. 126a בכור … ו׳ if a first-born accepted an equal share (of a field) with his brothers, he has renounced his privilege; Y.Keth.IV, end, 29b חזקה וייתר (read: וִויתֵּר). Ib. וִיתֵּירָה (= וִיתְּרָה). B. Kam.9a ו׳ he has renounced his rights (cannot resort to his co-heirs for redress). Ruth R. to I, 8 שוִיתְּרוּ להוכ׳ they relinquished their claim on her ; a. fr. 2) to be indulgent, forgive. Y. Ḥag.I, 76c ו׳הקב״ה עלוכ׳ the Lord overlooked Israels idolatry, but did not ; Lam. R. introd. (R. Abba 2). Y.Sot.V, end, 20d שהיה מְוַותֵּר על קללתו he pardoned those who cursed him. Deut. R. s. 9 נְוַותֵּר לו עוד יוםוכ׳ (not עד) let us give him a respite of one day or two.Num. R. s. 21 לא יהא אדם מוותר על התורה man must not be more liberal than the Law; a. fr.Snh.XI, 5 (89a) המוו׳ על דברי נביא he who disobeys a prophet from mere soft-heartedness (v. 1 Kings 20:35, sq.). 3) to give additional space to a plant by removing surrounding plants, to make open space. Y.Shebi.II, 33d top מְוַותְּרִין בגפנים you may clear (in the Sabbatical year) between the grape vines; ib. מקום שנהגו לוותרוכ׳ where it is customary to clear before the festive month; Tosef. ib. I, 7 מְוַתְּרִין; ib. להתיר ed. Zuck. (read: לוַותֵּיר). Nif. הִוָּותֵר (v. נָתַר) 1) to be let loose, set free. Midr. Ptirath Mosheh אֶוָּותֵר (Jellinek Beth-ham-Midrash I, 125; v. Lattes Saggio 107). 2) to be outlawed, v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְוַתַּר, Nithpa. נִתְוַתֵּר (v. נָתַר) 1) to become loose (of bowels). 2) to be declared free, be outlawed. Cant. R. to III, 4 נִתְוַתְּרוּ מעיווכ׳ (Yalk. Is. 288 נתרזו בני מ׳) his bowels were loose that whole night. B. Kam.50a bot. יִתְוַותְּרוּ חייו Ms. M. (ed. יִוָּתְרוּ, Nif., v. supra) his life shall be let loose i. e. shall be outlawed; Ar. ed. Koh. יִתְיַתְּרוּן מעיו וחייו (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note); Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 26 יתותרון בני מעיו his bowels, v. next w.; Yalk. Ps. 648 יִוָּתְרוּ חייו his life be outlawed.

    Jewish literature > ותר


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