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Nithpa

  • 1 ברר

    בָּרַר(b. h.; √בר, contr. of באר, בור) (to clear, clean; to place outside, whence) 1) to make clear, prove, ascertain. Keth.46a (interpret. Deut. 22:17) ובוֹרְרִין את הדברוכ׳ and they make the fact as clear (bright) as a new garment.Part. pass. בָּרוּר q. v. 2) to single out, select, sift, assort. Maasr. II, 6 שאָבוֹר לי which I may select for me. Ib. בּוֹרֵר ואוכל he has a right to pick out and eat (one after the other). Kil. II, 1 יָבוֹר he must take it out entirely. Sabb.VII, 2 הבּוֹרֵר he who sifts (a labor forbidden on the Sabbath). Y. ib. VII, 10a, a. fr. משום בורר (is guilty) because it comes under the class of sifting. Bab. ib. 74a בורר ואוכלוכ׳ he may take out singly and eat, take out singly and put it down (rejecting it) ולא יִבְרוֹר but he must not assort (v. discussion ibid.). Gitt. V, 9 לא תָבוֹר she must not help her to sift the grain. Snh.45a בְּרוֹר לווכ׳ choose for the convict the most gentle method of execution; Sot.8b, a. fr.Snh.III, 1 זה בוררוכ׳ each party chooses one judge, and the two judges בּוֹרְרִיןוכ׳ elect a third. Pi. בֵּרַר, בֵּירַר 1) to prove, ascertain. Snh.23b צריך לבָרֵר the claimant must offer clear evidence. Kerith. 24a לב׳ עוון to ascertain whether or not the woman was guilty; Num. R. s. 9, v. בָּעַר. Y.Kidd.III, 63d, v. סִימְפּוֹן. Lev. R. s. 11; v. Nithpa. 2) to sift, select. Y.Ber.IX, 13c top דש זרה ובי׳ he threshed, winnowed and sifted. Y.Ned.I, beg.51a לשונות שביררו להןוכ׳ the terms (for oaths, vows) which the Mishnahs have selected (as substitutes for the real expressions of oaths); Bab. ib. 10b שבדו, v. בָּדָא. (Esth. R. to I, 22 (read:) בירר להם בלשון … רומי מלשון יוני interpreted for them (the Bible) in Latin, v. בָּדָא. The passage is defective; cmp. Y.Meg.I, 71c top. Y.Snh.X, 28a בחרו להם ביררו הברזלוכ׳, read בְּרִיּוּת, they selected (as similes for the Law) the soundness of the iron and the fixedness of the tree; cmp. Num. R. s. 14; Koh. R. to XII, 11. Hof. הוּבְרָר to be cleared up, to be decided (between two alternatives); v. בְּרֵירָה. Bets.4a (a hen is bought either for consumption or for breeding) נשחטה הובְרָרָהוכ׳ by its being killed, it appears that it was originally intended for slaughtering; Ḥull.14a. Nif. נִבְרָר to be selected. Tanḥ. Shlaḥ. 4 נִבְרְרוּ צדיקים they were righteous at the time they were selected. Nithpa. נִתְבָּרֵר 1) to desire clearness, to seek evidence, search for truth. Lev. R. s. 11 (ref. to 2 Sam. 22:26 sq.) בשעהשנ׳ על עסקיו הק״בה בירר לווכ׳ when he desired to be enlightened about his affairs (asking, ‘Whereby shall I know, Gen. 15:8), the Lord enlightened him (ib. 13). Ib. בשעהשנ׳וכ׳ (with ref. to Moses); Midr. Till. to Ps. 18:26 sq. 2) to be confirmed, established. Tanḥ. Ttsavveh 9, end (read:) נִתְבָּרְרָה כהונה בידם through them the priesthood became established. Pesik. Dibré p. 115b> (read as:) Yalk. Jer. 258 לא נ׳ … עד שעמדוכ׳ their prophecies were not fulfilled until Jer. arose.

    Jewish literature > ברר

  • 2 בָּרַר

    בָּרַר(b. h.; √בר, contr. of באר, בור) (to clear, clean; to place outside, whence) 1) to make clear, prove, ascertain. Keth.46a (interpret. Deut. 22:17) ובוֹרְרִין את הדברוכ׳ and they make the fact as clear (bright) as a new garment.Part. pass. בָּרוּר q. v. 2) to single out, select, sift, assort. Maasr. II, 6 שאָבוֹר לי which I may select for me. Ib. בּוֹרֵר ואוכל he has a right to pick out and eat (one after the other). Kil. II, 1 יָבוֹר he must take it out entirely. Sabb.VII, 2 הבּוֹרֵר he who sifts (a labor forbidden on the Sabbath). Y. ib. VII, 10a, a. fr. משום בורר (is guilty) because it comes under the class of sifting. Bab. ib. 74a בורר ואוכלוכ׳ he may take out singly and eat, take out singly and put it down (rejecting it) ולא יִבְרוֹר but he must not assort (v. discussion ibid.). Gitt. V, 9 לא תָבוֹר she must not help her to sift the grain. Snh.45a בְּרוֹר לווכ׳ choose for the convict the most gentle method of execution; Sot.8b, a. fr.Snh.III, 1 זה בוררוכ׳ each party chooses one judge, and the two judges בּוֹרְרִיןוכ׳ elect a third. Pi. בֵּרַר, בֵּירַר 1) to prove, ascertain. Snh.23b צריך לבָרֵר the claimant must offer clear evidence. Kerith. 24a לב׳ עוון to ascertain whether or not the woman was guilty; Num. R. s. 9, v. בָּעַר. Y.Kidd.III, 63d, v. סִימְפּוֹן. Lev. R. s. 11; v. Nithpa. 2) to sift, select. Y.Ber.IX, 13c top דש זרה ובי׳ he threshed, winnowed and sifted. Y.Ned.I, beg.51a לשונות שביררו להןוכ׳ the terms (for oaths, vows) which the Mishnahs have selected (as substitutes for the real expressions of oaths); Bab. ib. 10b שבדו, v. בָּדָא. (Esth. R. to I, 22 (read:) בירר להם בלשון … רומי מלשון יוני interpreted for them (the Bible) in Latin, v. בָּדָא. The passage is defective; cmp. Y.Meg.I, 71c top. Y.Snh.X, 28a בחרו להם ביררו הברזלוכ׳, read בְּרִיּוּת, they selected (as similes for the Law) the soundness of the iron and the fixedness of the tree; cmp. Num. R. s. 14; Koh. R. to XII, 11. Hof. הוּבְרָר to be cleared up, to be decided (between two alternatives); v. בְּרֵירָה. Bets.4a (a hen is bought either for consumption or for breeding) נשחטה הובְרָרָהוכ׳ by its being killed, it appears that it was originally intended for slaughtering; Ḥull.14a. Nif. נִבְרָר to be selected. Tanḥ. Shlaḥ. 4 נִבְרְרוּ צדיקים they were righteous at the time they were selected. Nithpa. נִתְבָּרֵר 1) to desire clearness, to seek evidence, search for truth. Lev. R. s. 11 (ref. to 2 Sam. 22:26 sq.) בשעהשנ׳ על עסקיו הק״בה בירר לווכ׳ when he desired to be enlightened about his affairs (asking, ‘Whereby shall I know, Gen. 15:8), the Lord enlightened him (ib. 13). Ib. בשעהשנ׳וכ׳ (with ref. to Moses); Midr. Till. to Ps. 18:26 sq. 2) to be confirmed, established. Tanḥ. Ttsavveh 9, end (read:) נִתְבָּרְרָה כהונה בידם through them the priesthood became established. Pesik. Dibré p. 115b> (read as:) Yalk. Jer. 258 לא נ׳ … עד שעמדוכ׳ their prophecies were not fulfilled until Jer. arose.

    Jewish literature > בָּרַר

  • 3 דקדק

    דִּקְדֵּק(Pilp. of דוק or דקק) 1) to crush, grind; v. Nithpa.Part. pass, מְדוּקְדָּק broken, humiliated, afflicted. Ex. R. s. 31 מדו׳ בעניות afflicted with poverty. Gen. R. s. 100 עני מדו׳ a very poor man. 2) to even a woof by beating. Tosef.Sabb.VIII (IX):2; Sabb.75b; 97b (v. Rashi a. l.). 3) to examine minutely, search, investigate (charity cases); to trace genealogical records (corresp. to בָּדַק); in gen. to be very strict in religious observances; (with עם) to deal strictly with (esp. used of divine retribution). Y.Peah VIII, 21a מְדַקְדְּקִין בכסותוכ׳ you must make inquiries if one asks for clothes, but you must not, if food is asked for; Lev. R. s. 34 (B. Bath.9a בודקין).Y.Kidd.VI, 65d אין מד׳ אחריה you must not trace its past records. Y.B. Bath.IV, end, 14d it is the custom in sales להיות מְדַקְדְּקִין to be strict, opp. בעין יפה liberal. Ex. R. s. 31 מד׳ עמהם he is stinting (illiberal) towards the poor. Y.Succ.I, 52b top לא די׳ בה he paid no particular attention to its preparation. Ḥull.4a הרבה מד׳ בה יותרוכ׳ they are very strict in the observance, even more so than ; Tosef.Pes.I (II), 15.Yeb.121b (ref. to Ps. 50:3) הקב״ה מד׳ עםוכ׳ the Lord deals with those around Him (the good) strictly, to a hairs breadth; Y.Shek.VI, 48d. Lev. R. s. 27; a. fr.Tanḥ. Mishp. 11 למה אתה תְדַקְדֵּק בהכאתה why art thou so severe in punishing her? Nithpa. נִדַּקְדֵּק (= נִתְדַּ׳) to be crushed, powdered. Ohol. II, 7.

    Jewish literature > דקדק

  • 4 דִּקְדֵּק

    דִּקְדֵּק(Pilp. of דוק or דקק) 1) to crush, grind; v. Nithpa.Part. pass, מְדוּקְדָּק broken, humiliated, afflicted. Ex. R. s. 31 מדו׳ בעניות afflicted with poverty. Gen. R. s. 100 עני מדו׳ a very poor man. 2) to even a woof by beating. Tosef.Sabb.VIII (IX):2; Sabb.75b; 97b (v. Rashi a. l.). 3) to examine minutely, search, investigate (charity cases); to trace genealogical records (corresp. to בָּדַק); in gen. to be very strict in religious observances; (with עם) to deal strictly with (esp. used of divine retribution). Y.Peah VIII, 21a מְדַקְדְּקִין בכסותוכ׳ you must make inquiries if one asks for clothes, but you must not, if food is asked for; Lev. R. s. 34 (B. Bath.9a בודקין).Y.Kidd.VI, 65d אין מד׳ אחריה you must not trace its past records. Y.B. Bath.IV, end, 14d it is the custom in sales להיות מְדַקְדְּקִין to be strict, opp. בעין יפה liberal. Ex. R. s. 31 מד׳ עמהם he is stinting (illiberal) towards the poor. Y.Succ.I, 52b top לא די׳ בה he paid no particular attention to its preparation. Ḥull.4a הרבה מד׳ בה יותרוכ׳ they are very strict in the observance, even more so than ; Tosef.Pes.I (II), 15.Yeb.121b (ref. to Ps. 50:3) הקב״ה מד׳ עםוכ׳ the Lord deals with those around Him (the good) strictly, to a hairs breadth; Y.Shek.VI, 48d. Lev. R. s. 27; a. fr.Tanḥ. Mishp. 11 למה אתה תְדַקְדֵּק בהכאתה why art thou so severe in punishing her? Nithpa. נִדַּקְדֵּק (= נִתְדַּ׳) to be crushed, powdered. Ohol. II, 7.

    Jewish literature > דִּקְדֵּק

  • 5 זמן I

    זְמַןI ch. sam( Nithpa. נִזְדַּמֵּן to join ones self to).Part. pass. זְמִין ready, prepared. Targ. Ex. 34:2 (Y. זַמִין, זַמְיַן, incorr.).Ib. 19:11; 15 זְמִינִין (Y. II מְזַמְנַן, v. infra).v. זְמִינָא. Pa. זַמֵּין 1) to invite; to appoint; to summon; to prepare. Targ. Mic. 3:5. Targ. Ex. 19:10; 14 (ed. Berl. זָמֵין, v. Berl. Targ. O. II, p. 2 5); a. fr. (Ib. 25:22 ואִיזַמָן, ed. Berl. ואֵיזָמֵין, Y. אֵיזְמַן, Ithpe..M. Kat. 16a מְזַמְּנִינָן ליהוכ׳ we summon him Cant. R. to V, 13 ביומוי דזַמְּנִינָןוכ׳ (not דזמניין) in those my days when we invited two parties of scholars (for discussions).Part. pass. מְזַמַּן (hebraism: מְזוּמָּן). Targ. Ps. 72:17 (h. text ינון).Pl. constr. מְזַמְּנֵי. Targ. Y. Num. 1:16 (h. text קריאי). (Ib. 26:9 מנמנמי Ar., read מזמני; ed. מערעי). 2) to appoint a meal in common, to say grace in common., Ber.45b ניהדר ונְזַמֵּן let us go back and agree (retrospectively) to make our meal a common one. Af. אַזְמֵין same. Targ. Y. Gen. 24:7. Targ. 1 Sam. 16:3. Targ. Ex. 19:10 ותַזְ׳ some ed. v. supra; a. fr.Ber.50b אַזְמוּן עלייהו they counted them in for common grace, v. preced. Pi.Snh.48a דאַזְמְנֵיהוכ׳ which one designated for B. Bath.58a sq. אי אתי אינש מעלמא ומַזְמִין ליה לדינא Ms. M. (ed. incorr.) if any unknown man will come and sue him; a. fr. Ithpa. אִזְדַּמֵּן 1) as preced. Nithpa. Targ. Job 33:23.Targ. Y. II Gen. 19:31 למִיזְדַּמְנָאוכ׳ to join us in wedlock (cmp. זְוַג).Targ. Am. 3:3; a. e. 2) to prepare ones self. Targ. Josh. 7:13; a. e. Targ. Y. II Gen. 22:8 יזדמן, read יְזַמֵּן.Contr. אִיזַּמֵּן, Ithpa. אִיזְּמִין, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > זמן I

  • 6 זְמַן

    זְמַןI ch. sam( Nithpa. נִזְדַּמֵּן to join ones self to).Part. pass. זְמִין ready, prepared. Targ. Ex. 34:2 (Y. זַמִין, זַמְיַן, incorr.).Ib. 19:11; 15 זְמִינִין (Y. II מְזַמְנַן, v. infra).v. זְמִינָא. Pa. זַמֵּין 1) to invite; to appoint; to summon; to prepare. Targ. Mic. 3:5. Targ. Ex. 19:10; 14 (ed. Berl. זָמֵין, v. Berl. Targ. O. II, p. 2 5); a. fr. (Ib. 25:22 ואִיזַמָן, ed. Berl. ואֵיזָמֵין, Y. אֵיזְמַן, Ithpe..M. Kat. 16a מְזַמְּנִינָן ליהוכ׳ we summon him Cant. R. to V, 13 ביומוי דזַמְּנִינָןוכ׳ (not דזמניין) in those my days when we invited two parties of scholars (for discussions).Part. pass. מְזַמַּן (hebraism: מְזוּמָּן). Targ. Ps. 72:17 (h. text ינון).Pl. constr. מְזַמְּנֵי. Targ. Y. Num. 1:16 (h. text קריאי). (Ib. 26:9 מנמנמי Ar., read מזמני; ed. מערעי). 2) to appoint a meal in common, to say grace in common., Ber.45b ניהדר ונְזַמֵּן let us go back and agree (retrospectively) to make our meal a common one. Af. אַזְמֵין same. Targ. Y. Gen. 24:7. Targ. 1 Sam. 16:3. Targ. Ex. 19:10 ותַזְ׳ some ed. v. supra; a. fr.Ber.50b אַזְמוּן עלייהו they counted them in for common grace, v. preced. Pi.Snh.48a דאַזְמְנֵיהוכ׳ which one designated for B. Bath.58a sq. אי אתי אינש מעלמא ומַזְמִין ליה לדינא Ms. M. (ed. incorr.) if any unknown man will come and sue him; a. fr. Ithpa. אִזְדַּמֵּן 1) as preced. Nithpa. Targ. Job 33:23.Targ. Y. II Gen. 19:31 למִיזְדַּמְנָאוכ׳ to join us in wedlock (cmp. זְוַג).Targ. Am. 3:3; a. e. 2) to prepare ones self. Targ. Josh. 7:13; a. e. Targ. Y. II Gen. 22:8 יזדמן, read יְזַמֵּן.Contr. אִיזַּמֵּן, Ithpa. אִיזְּמִין, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > זְמַן

  • 7 זקק

    זָקַק(b. h.; cmp. זכך a. דקק) (to make thin, fine, clear, 1) to distil, smelt, v. Pi. 2) (cmp. צָרַף) to rivet, forge; to chain, to join; to bind, obligate.Part. pass. זָקוּק, f. זְקוּקָה; pl. זְקוּקִים, זְקוּקִין, f. זְקוּקוֹת, with ל chained to, connected with, dependent on. Men.27a העושין פירות יהיו ז׳וכ׳ the fruit-bearing species of the festive wreath shall be combined with those which bear no fruits. Y.Ber.VI, 10a bot. כשהיו כולן ז׳וכ׳ when they were, all of them, dependent on one loaf (for saying grace). Pesik. R. s. 43 כנגד שלש … זקוקות להן (not זקוקין) corresponding to the three laws for which, our Rabbis taught, women are made responsible (Sabb.II, 6). Y.Ab. Zar. II, 41a top ז׳ למלכות in constant intercourse with the government.Num. R. s. 9 לשנים היא זקוקה she is responsible to two (her husband and the Lord).Shebu.VI, 3. נכסים … זוֹקְקִיןוכ׳ movable chattel binds the immovable with reference to the obligation of making oath, i. e. the two claims preferred in one suit are considered as one lawsuit, and the oath must refer to both; Y.Keth.XII, 36a bot. (read:) לזוֹקְקָן לשבועה to combine the two (as one lawsuit) with regard to the oath. Yeb.II, 5 זוֹקֵק אתוכ׳ he holds his brothers wife tied to the leviratical marriage, i. e. she cannot marry otherwise until released from him; a. fr. V. זִיקָה. Nif. נִזְקַק (cmp. זָוַג Nithpa.) 1) to join, meet; to be engaged in. Gen. R. s. 20 מעולם לא נ׳וכ׳ the Lord never engaged in communication with woman. Ib. s. 42; Pesik. R. s. 5; a. e. נ׳ המלךוכ׳ the king was attached to, took an interest in the affairs of the country. Sabb.12b אין מ״ה נִזְקָקִין לו the angels do not attend to his prayers.( 2) (in a hostile sense) to attack. Gen. R. l. c. באו ברברים לִיוָּקֵק לו (Pesik. R. l. c.; Ruth R. introd., a. e. להִזְדַּוֵּוג) Barbarians came to attack him. 3) to live with; to be coupled. Ruth R. to IV, 3 ע״מ שלא אֶזָּקֵק לה with the condition that I will not live with her. Gen. R. s. 20 איני נִזְקֶקֶתוכ׳ I shall never again live with Pesik. R. s. 15; Pesik. Haḥod., p. 43b> שיהא אדם נִזְקָק לביתו in order that man be attached to his house (love his wife); Yalk Ps. 738; a. e. Hif. הִזְקִיק to oblige. Succ.28a חִזְקַקְתּוּנִיוכ׳ will you force me to say ? Hof. הוּזְקָק to be made dependent on, to obligate ones self, to be obliged to regard. B. Bath. 170a אם הוּזְקָקוּוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. אם כתוב בו הוּזְקַקְנוּ) if they (the parties to the deed) bound themselves to depend on the signatures of witnesses, (ed. if it was written in the document, we obligate ourselves). Nithpa. נִזְרַּקֵּק 1) to be engaged in, to care. Tanḥ. Korah 6 לא נִזְדַּקְּקוּ לחשיבו (Yalk. Num. 750 נִזְקָקוּ) they did not care to answer him. 2) to attach ones self to, to make love to. Num. R. s. 9. 3) (in an evil sense) to get at, to harm. Ib. s. 5 בקש להִזְדּקֵּק להם wanted to harm them. Pi. זִיקֵּק (b. h.) to smelt, refine, distil. Lev. R. s. 31 עד שמְזַקְּקוֹ until he has refined the gold.Part. pass. מְזוּקָּק, f. מְזוּקֶּקֶת. Pesik. R. s. 14 התורה … ומז׳וכ׳ the Torah is clarified and distilled in forty nine ways. 2) to chain, tie, connect.Part. pass. as ab. Y. Ḥag.3, beg.78d במז׳ לקדש it treats of an object which is tied (has been made subject) to the law regulating sacred matter, i. e. treated as if it were sacred matter, v. טָהֳרָה.

    Jewish literature > זקק

  • 8 זָקַק

    זָקַק(b. h.; cmp. זכך a. דקק) (to make thin, fine, clear, 1) to distil, smelt, v. Pi. 2) (cmp. צָרַף) to rivet, forge; to chain, to join; to bind, obligate.Part. pass. זָקוּק, f. זְקוּקָה; pl. זְקוּקִים, זְקוּקִין, f. זְקוּקוֹת, with ל chained to, connected with, dependent on. Men.27a העושין פירות יהיו ז׳וכ׳ the fruit-bearing species of the festive wreath shall be combined with those which bear no fruits. Y.Ber.VI, 10a bot. כשהיו כולן ז׳וכ׳ when they were, all of them, dependent on one loaf (for saying grace). Pesik. R. s. 43 כנגד שלש … זקוקות להן (not זקוקין) corresponding to the three laws for which, our Rabbis taught, women are made responsible (Sabb.II, 6). Y.Ab. Zar. II, 41a top ז׳ למלכות in constant intercourse with the government.Num. R. s. 9 לשנים היא זקוקה she is responsible to two (her husband and the Lord).Shebu.VI, 3. נכסים … זוֹקְקִיןוכ׳ movable chattel binds the immovable with reference to the obligation of making oath, i. e. the two claims preferred in one suit are considered as one lawsuit, and the oath must refer to both; Y.Keth.XII, 36a bot. (read:) לזוֹקְקָן לשבועה to combine the two (as one lawsuit) with regard to the oath. Yeb.II, 5 זוֹקֵק אתוכ׳ he holds his brothers wife tied to the leviratical marriage, i. e. she cannot marry otherwise until released from him; a. fr. V. זִיקָה. Nif. נִזְקַק (cmp. זָוַג Nithpa.) 1) to join, meet; to be engaged in. Gen. R. s. 20 מעולם לא נ׳וכ׳ the Lord never engaged in communication with woman. Ib. s. 42; Pesik. R. s. 5; a. e. נ׳ המלךוכ׳ the king was attached to, took an interest in the affairs of the country. Sabb.12b אין מ״ה נִזְקָקִין לו the angels do not attend to his prayers.( 2) (in a hostile sense) to attack. Gen. R. l. c. באו ברברים לִיוָּקֵק לו (Pesik. R. l. c.; Ruth R. introd., a. e. להִזְדַּוֵּוג) Barbarians came to attack him. 3) to live with; to be coupled. Ruth R. to IV, 3 ע״מ שלא אֶזָּקֵק לה with the condition that I will not live with her. Gen. R. s. 20 איני נִזְקֶקֶתוכ׳ I shall never again live with Pesik. R. s. 15; Pesik. Haḥod., p. 43b> שיהא אדם נִזְקָק לביתו in order that man be attached to his house (love his wife); Yalk Ps. 738; a. e. Hif. הִזְקִיק to oblige. Succ.28a חִזְקַקְתּוּנִיוכ׳ will you force me to say ? Hof. הוּזְקָק to be made dependent on, to obligate ones self, to be obliged to regard. B. Bath. 170a אם הוּזְקָקוּוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. אם כתוב בו הוּזְקַקְנוּ) if they (the parties to the deed) bound themselves to depend on the signatures of witnesses, (ed. if it was written in the document, we obligate ourselves). Nithpa. נִזְרַּקֵּק 1) to be engaged in, to care. Tanḥ. Korah 6 לא נִזְדַּקְּקוּ לחשיבו (Yalk. Num. 750 נִזְקָקוּ) they did not care to answer him. 2) to attach ones self to, to make love to. Num. R. s. 9. 3) (in an evil sense) to get at, to harm. Ib. s. 5 בקש להִזְדּקֵּק להם wanted to harm them. Pi. זִיקֵּק (b. h.) to smelt, refine, distil. Lev. R. s. 31 עד שמְזַקְּקוֹ until he has refined the gold.Part. pass. מְזוּקָּק, f. מְזוּקֶּקֶת. Pesik. R. s. 14 התורה … ומז׳וכ׳ the Torah is clarified and distilled in forty nine ways. 2) to chain, tie, connect.Part. pass. as ab. Y. Ḥag.3, beg.78d במז׳ לקדש it treats of an object which is tied (has been made subject) to the law regulating sacred matter, i. e. treated as if it were sacred matter, v. טָהֳרָה.

    Jewish literature > זָקַק

  • 9 פשר

    פָּשַׁר(to divide, to spread, 1) to melt, dissolve. Mekh. Bshall., Vayassʿa, s. 4 (expl. ונמס, Ex. 16:21, cmp. פִּשְׁפָּש III) כיון … היה פוֹשֵׁי והולךוכ׳ when the sun shone upon it (the manna), it melted and formed rivulets which ran 2) to be stale, tepid. Tanḥ. Vayesheb 4 כוס פשור (prob. to be read פּוֹשֵׁר) a cup of wine mixed with stale water. Sifra Mtsorʿa, ch. I מים פושרים stale water (from pools), opp. מים חיים. Par. VIII, 9 (מים) המלוחים והפּוֹשְׁרִים salty water and pool water.In gen. פּוֹשְׁרִים, פּוֹשְׁרִין (sub. מים) tepid liquids. Y.Sabb.XX, 17c bot., opp. צונין. Gen. R. s. 86 when his master said to him מזיג פ׳ והיו פ׳ mix the wine with tepid water, it was tepid, opp. רותחין. Ber.16b; Y. ib. II, 5b bot.; v. כָּיָה. Y.Nidd.II. beg.50c; a. fr.Y.Keth.X, end, 34a, v. Pi.Yalk. Gen. 38 ופשרתי, v. Nithpa. Hif. הִפְשִׁיר 1) to make tepid; to temper, cool. Sabb.40b מפני שמַפְשִׁיר מים שעליו because (by standing against the fire after a cold bath) he tempers (warms) the water on his body. Ib. III, 5 (41a, sq.) כדי להַפְשִׁירָן enough to temper the cold water, opp. בשביל שיחמי to get hot. Y. ib. III, 6b top מותר להַפְשִׁיר במקום שהיד שולטת you may temper (cold water, on the Sabbath) by contact with a temperature which the hand can endure. Lev. R. s. 26 (ref. to Ez. 10:7) הִפְשִׁירָן ונתנןוכ׳ he lowered the temperature of the coals and handed them to him; Yalk. Kings 220; Tanḥ. Emor 3; Midr. Sam. ch. XXIV (Yoma 77a נצטננו). Pesik. R. s. 12 (ref. to קָרְךָ, Deut. 25:18) אשר קֵירְךָ הִפְשִׁירְךָוכ׳ ‘who cooled thee, he (Amalek) made thee lukewarm, he made thee cold like water (so that others were encouraged to attack thee); a. fr. 2) (v. פְּשָׁרָה) to compromise. Y.Sot.v.20c bot. אברהם עשה … וה׳ עמו וכרות עמווכ׳ Abraham changed the evil inclination within him into good …, he compromised with it, (as we read, Neh. 9:8,) and he made a covenant with it (his heart); Y.Ber.IX, 14b bot. והפסיד אלא (corr. acc.).Tosef.Erub.XI (VIII), 11, v. infra. Nif. נִפְשַׁר to be dissolved; to be tempered. B. Kam.28b אפי׳ נִפְשָׁרָה even if the vessel fell apart (and its contents made the ground slippery). Sabb.40b לא בשביל שיבשל … שיִפָּשֵׁר not that it (the oil) be heated to boiling, but only that it be tempered (or be made more liquid). Pi. פִּישֵּׁר 1) to separate, tear loose, disengage. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 1 את מְפַשֵּׁר אותהוכ׳ thou disengagest it (the thorn sticking to thy garments) here, and it sticks there; Pesik. R. s. 10 beg. והוא מפשר אותהוכ׳ (not אותם). Y.Sabb.VII, 10a bot. מְפַשְּׁרָןוכ׳ he may pick them (the thorns) out, … provided he does not tear the garment; Tosef.Erub.XI (VIII), 11 מפשר בידו Var. (ed. Zuck. מפשיר). Pesik. R. s. 13 עמד ופִשְּׁרוֹ הימנו he stood up and tore it (the dog) away from him. Ib. זכור היאך פִּישַּׁרְתִּי הימךוכ׳ remember how I tore the dog away from thee; a. e. 2) to temper. Lam. R. to I, 12 יום אחד היה תרון … פִּשְּׁרוֹ the glowing wrath of the Lord lasted one day; if Israel had repented, he would have cooled it off. 3) to compromise, arbitrate. Y.B. Mets.VI, 11a top באותו שיכול לפַשֵּׁר in a case of seizure for service ( אנגריא), when he might have compromised (pay a certain amount and release the seized animal). Y.Snh.I, 18b bot. שנים שפִּישְּׁרוּוכ׳ when two judges have arbitrated, the parties cannot retract. Y.Keth.X, end, 34a (read:) פי׳ מן השני חזקהוכ׳ if he compromised with the second creditor, it is taken for granted that the first creditor has a right to seize the debtors property (without regard to the claims of the second); פי׳ מן הראשון … פי׳ if he compromised with the first creditor …, he has compromised (the compromise is binding, and the second creditor cannot seize that portion of the property which the first would have had a right to claim, v. Asheri to Keth.91b). Nithpa. נִתְפַּשֵּׁר to be disentangled; trnsf. to be acquitted, pardoned. Gen. R. s. 22 עשיתי תשובה ונִתְפַּשַּׁרְתִּי I repented and was pardoned; Lev. R. s. 10; Midr. Till. to Ps. 100; Yalk. Gen. 38 ופשרתי (corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > פשר

  • 10 פָּשַׁר

    פָּשַׁר(to divide, to spread, 1) to melt, dissolve. Mekh. Bshall., Vayassʿa, s. 4 (expl. ונמס, Ex. 16:21, cmp. פִּשְׁפָּש III) כיון … היה פוֹשֵׁי והולךוכ׳ when the sun shone upon it (the manna), it melted and formed rivulets which ran 2) to be stale, tepid. Tanḥ. Vayesheb 4 כוס פשור (prob. to be read פּוֹשֵׁר) a cup of wine mixed with stale water. Sifra Mtsorʿa, ch. I מים פושרים stale water (from pools), opp. מים חיים. Par. VIII, 9 (מים) המלוחים והפּוֹשְׁרִים salty water and pool water.In gen. פּוֹשְׁרִים, פּוֹשְׁרִין (sub. מים) tepid liquids. Y.Sabb.XX, 17c bot., opp. צונין. Gen. R. s. 86 when his master said to him מזיג פ׳ והיו פ׳ mix the wine with tepid water, it was tepid, opp. רותחין. Ber.16b; Y. ib. II, 5b bot.; v. כָּיָה. Y.Nidd.II. beg.50c; a. fr.Y.Keth.X, end, 34a, v. Pi.Yalk. Gen. 38 ופשרתי, v. Nithpa. Hif. הִפְשִׁיר 1) to make tepid; to temper, cool. Sabb.40b מפני שמַפְשִׁיר מים שעליו because (by standing against the fire after a cold bath) he tempers (warms) the water on his body. Ib. III, 5 (41a, sq.) כדי להַפְשִׁירָן enough to temper the cold water, opp. בשביל שיחמי to get hot. Y. ib. III, 6b top מותר להַפְשִׁיר במקום שהיד שולטת you may temper (cold water, on the Sabbath) by contact with a temperature which the hand can endure. Lev. R. s. 26 (ref. to Ez. 10:7) הִפְשִׁירָן ונתנןוכ׳ he lowered the temperature of the coals and handed them to him; Yalk. Kings 220; Tanḥ. Emor 3; Midr. Sam. ch. XXIV (Yoma 77a נצטננו). Pesik. R. s. 12 (ref. to קָרְךָ, Deut. 25:18) אשר קֵירְךָ הִפְשִׁירְךָוכ׳ ‘who cooled thee, he (Amalek) made thee lukewarm, he made thee cold like water (so that others were encouraged to attack thee); a. fr. 2) (v. פְּשָׁרָה) to compromise. Y.Sot.v.20c bot. אברהם עשה … וה׳ עמו וכרות עמווכ׳ Abraham changed the evil inclination within him into good …, he compromised with it, (as we read, Neh. 9:8,) and he made a covenant with it (his heart); Y.Ber.IX, 14b bot. והפסיד אלא (corr. acc.).Tosef.Erub.XI (VIII), 11, v. infra. Nif. נִפְשַׁר to be dissolved; to be tempered. B. Kam.28b אפי׳ נִפְשָׁרָה even if the vessel fell apart (and its contents made the ground slippery). Sabb.40b לא בשביל שיבשל … שיִפָּשֵׁר not that it (the oil) be heated to boiling, but only that it be tempered (or be made more liquid). Pi. פִּישֵּׁר 1) to separate, tear loose, disengage. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 1 את מְפַשֵּׁר אותהוכ׳ thou disengagest it (the thorn sticking to thy garments) here, and it sticks there; Pesik. R. s. 10 beg. והוא מפשר אותהוכ׳ (not אותם). Y.Sabb.VII, 10a bot. מְפַשְּׁרָןוכ׳ he may pick them (the thorns) out, … provided he does not tear the garment; Tosef.Erub.XI (VIII), 11 מפשר בידו Var. (ed. Zuck. מפשיר). Pesik. R. s. 13 עמד ופִשְּׁרוֹ הימנו he stood up and tore it (the dog) away from him. Ib. זכור היאך פִּישַּׁרְתִּי הימךוכ׳ remember how I tore the dog away from thee; a. e. 2) to temper. Lam. R. to I, 12 יום אחד היה תרון … פִּשְּׁרוֹ the glowing wrath of the Lord lasted one day; if Israel had repented, he would have cooled it off. 3) to compromise, arbitrate. Y.B. Mets.VI, 11a top באותו שיכול לפַשֵּׁר in a case of seizure for service ( אנגריא), when he might have compromised (pay a certain amount and release the seized animal). Y.Snh.I, 18b bot. שנים שפִּישְּׁרוּוכ׳ when two judges have arbitrated, the parties cannot retract. Y.Keth.X, end, 34a (read:) פי׳ מן השני חזקהוכ׳ if he compromised with the second creditor, it is taken for granted that the first creditor has a right to seize the debtors property (without regard to the claims of the second); פי׳ מן הראשון … פי׳ if he compromised with the first creditor …, he has compromised (the compromise is binding, and the second creditor cannot seize that portion of the property which the first would have had a right to claim, v. Asheri to Keth.91b). Nithpa. נִתְפַּשֵּׁר to be disentangled; trnsf. to be acquitted, pardoned. Gen. R. s. 22 עשיתי תשובה ונִתְפַּשַּׁרְתִּי I repented and was pardoned; Lev. R. s. 10; Midr. Till. to Ps. 100; Yalk. Gen. 38 ופשרתי (corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > פָּשַׁר

  • 11 פתח

    פָּתַח(b. h.) 1) to open, begin. Y.Ber.VI, end, 10d על כל … שהיה פוֹתֵהַוכ׳ over each cask as he opened it he said the benediction Sabb.104a, a. e. פּוֹתְחִין לו (Var. פְּתָחִין), v. טָמֵא I. Ib. 48a מתירין … אבל לא פותחין you may untie the neck-hole of a shirt, but not cut it open (on the Sabbath). Y.Taan.I, 64b top (ref. to Is. 45:8) כנקבה … פוֹתַחַתוכ׳ like the female that opens for the male. Ned.III, 4 לא יִפְתַּח לו בנדר he must not begin (offer his willingness) to make a vow (in order to escape robbery, v. נָדַר); a. v. fr.Part. pass. פָּתוּחַ; פְּתוּחָה; pl. פְּתוּחִים, פְּתוּחִין, פְּתוּחוֹת. Yeb.71b, a. e. נסתם הפ׳, v. סָתַם. Snh.94a, v. סָהֵם (v. מנצפ״ך). Meg.3a, פ׳ באמצע, v. סָתַם. Erub.IV, 6 שלש חצירות הפ׳ זו לזו ופ׳וכ׳ three courts opening into (communicating with) one another and into the public road; a. v. fr. פתה פתוח, v. פֶּתַח.Esp. (פרשה) פְּתוּחָה a paragraph in the Torah beginning with a new, indented line, opp. סתומה. Treat. Sofrim I, 14 איזהו פ׳ כל שלאוכ׳ what is an open paragraph? Such as does not begin at the beginning of a line, וכמה … ותהא נקראת פ׳ and how much space must one leave … for a paragraph to be called open?; a. fr.Trnsf. (to open the door to,) to introduce (into learning). Y.M. Kat. III, 83b top איזהו רבו כל שפ׳ לו תחלה who is called ones (special) teacher? He who was the first to initiate him; a. e.Esp. to open an opportunity for retracting a vow, to suggest reasons which, if known at the time, would have prevented the person from making the vow, v. חֲרָטָה. Ned.IX, 1 פותחין לאדם בכביךוכ׳ the judges offer suggestions taken from the respect due to parents (saying, if you had known that this vow cast a reflection on your father). Ib. רִפְתְּחוּ לו בכבוד המקים why not suggest to him the reverence due to the Lord (‘if you had known that he who makes a vow is considered an evil-doer)? Ib. 4 פותחין לו מן הכתובוכ׳ we offer suggestions to him from what is written in the Law, saying to him, if you had known that (in fulfilling that vow) you would transgress the law forbidding revenge ; a. fr.B. Kam.27a פ׳ בכד וסיים בחבית the Mishnah begins with kad and closes with ḥabith! Ber.10a פ׳ בה באשריוכ׳ v. סוּם I h. Gen. R. s. 84 אתה פָתֵחְתָּ תחלה בהצלתוכ׳ thou wast the first man to speak of saving life; אתה פתחת בתשובהוכ׳ thou wast the first to do repentance, … one of thy descendants shall rise and be the first (prophet) to call for repentance; a. fr.Esp. to open a lecture with a (Biblical) text. Pesik. Aḥăré, p. 170a> ר׳ לוי פ׳וכ׳ R. Levi took up the text (Ps. 75:5) Gen. R. s. 1; a. v. fr.Pesik. R. s. 33 (an editorial gloss) פ׳ בכל אלו הפרשיות the author takes his texts from all those (quoted) passages. 2) to explain, speak plainly. Shek. V, 1; Men.65a (ref. to פתחיה as identical with מרדכי) he was named Pethahia, שהיה פותח דברים ודורשןוכ׳ (not בדברים) because he explained words and interpreted them (etymologically) and knew seventy languages.Part. pass. as ab. Sifré Aḥăré, beg., v. סָתַם. Nif. נִפְתַּח 1) to be opened. Yeb.71b, a. e., v. סָתַם. R. Hash. 16b שלשה … נִפְתָּחִין בר״ה three books are opened (for recording) on the New Years Day. B. Bath. 125b, v. סוּם I, Nithpa. Pesik. R. l. c. להִיפָּתֵחַ to have ones bowels opened, v. פְּסִיעָה; a. fr.Ib. (editorial gloss) ונ׳ עוד שם בפרשתוכ׳ and furthermore this section (Is. 61:1) was used as the opening text; a. fr.Esp. to have ones eyes opened, to become seeing. Pesik. R. s. 42 בשילדה שדה כל סומא … נ׳ when Sarah gave birth, every blind person in the world was restored to sight; a. e. Pi. פִּיתֵּהֵ 1) to open. Ib. פי׳ הפילקיות he opened the prisons. Par. III, 8 ועושין … ומְפַתְּחִין בה חלונות they piled wood in the shape of a tower and opened windows in it. Zeb.88b רימונים שלא פִיתְּחוּ פיהן (Ms. K. a. R. 2 נִפְתְּהוּ; Ms. R. 1 נִתְפַּתְּחוּ, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 5) pomegranates which have not yet burst open; a. e. 2) to engrave. Y.Ab. Zar. III, 43b Pl. פי׳ בה פיתוחים if he cut designs into it. 3) to dig, break ground. Pirké dR. El. ch. XXVIII; Gen. R. s. 76 כשיצמד … יְפַתְּחוּ וישדדווכ׳ when an ox and a cow are harnessed together, they will break and harrow all valleys. Hithpa. הִתְפַּתֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִתְפַּתֵּחַ 1) to be opened, v. supra. Pesik. R. s. 31 נִתְפַּתְּחוּ בדם they (their cavities) were opened with (discharged) blood; a. e. 2) to be cut into, graven. Tosef.Sot.XV, 1; Y. ib. IX, 24b וכיון … היו מִתְפַּתְּחוֹת לפניווכ׳ and when they let it (the Shamir, v. שָׁמִיר) look at the stones, they were engraven before it like the (wax-covered) tablets Y.Kil.VII, beg.30d מתפתחת R. S. to Kil. VIII, 1, v. פִּתְפֵּת.

    Jewish literature > פתח

  • 12 פָּתַח

    פָּתַח(b. h.) 1) to open, begin. Y.Ber.VI, end, 10d על כל … שהיה פוֹתֵהַוכ׳ over each cask as he opened it he said the benediction Sabb.104a, a. e. פּוֹתְחִין לו (Var. פְּתָחִין), v. טָמֵא I. Ib. 48a מתירין … אבל לא פותחין you may untie the neck-hole of a shirt, but not cut it open (on the Sabbath). Y.Taan.I, 64b top (ref. to Is. 45:8) כנקבה … פוֹתַחַתוכ׳ like the female that opens for the male. Ned.III, 4 לא יִפְתַּח לו בנדר he must not begin (offer his willingness) to make a vow (in order to escape robbery, v. נָדַר); a. v. fr.Part. pass. פָּתוּחַ; פְּתוּחָה; pl. פְּתוּחִים, פְּתוּחִין, פְּתוּחוֹת. Yeb.71b, a. e. נסתם הפ׳, v. סָתַם. Snh.94a, v. סָהֵם (v. מנצפ״ך). Meg.3a, פ׳ באמצע, v. סָתַם. Erub.IV, 6 שלש חצירות הפ׳ זו לזו ופ׳וכ׳ three courts opening into (communicating with) one another and into the public road; a. v. fr. פתה פתוח, v. פֶּתַח.Esp. (פרשה) פְּתוּחָה a paragraph in the Torah beginning with a new, indented line, opp. סתומה. Treat. Sofrim I, 14 איזהו פ׳ כל שלאוכ׳ what is an open paragraph? Such as does not begin at the beginning of a line, וכמה … ותהא נקראת פ׳ and how much space must one leave … for a paragraph to be called open?; a. fr.Trnsf. (to open the door to,) to introduce (into learning). Y.M. Kat. III, 83b top איזהו רבו כל שפ׳ לו תחלה who is called ones (special) teacher? He who was the first to initiate him; a. e.Esp. to open an opportunity for retracting a vow, to suggest reasons which, if known at the time, would have prevented the person from making the vow, v. חֲרָטָה. Ned.IX, 1 פותחין לאדם בכביךוכ׳ the judges offer suggestions taken from the respect due to parents (saying, if you had known that this vow cast a reflection on your father). Ib. רִפְתְּחוּ לו בכבוד המקים why not suggest to him the reverence due to the Lord (‘if you had known that he who makes a vow is considered an evil-doer)? Ib. 4 פותחין לו מן הכתובוכ׳ we offer suggestions to him from what is written in the Law, saying to him, if you had known that (in fulfilling that vow) you would transgress the law forbidding revenge ; a. fr.B. Kam.27a פ׳ בכד וסיים בחבית the Mishnah begins with kad and closes with ḥabith! Ber.10a פ׳ בה באשריוכ׳ v. סוּם I h. Gen. R. s. 84 אתה פָתֵחְתָּ תחלה בהצלתוכ׳ thou wast the first man to speak of saving life; אתה פתחת בתשובהוכ׳ thou wast the first to do repentance, … one of thy descendants shall rise and be the first (prophet) to call for repentance; a. fr.Esp. to open a lecture with a (Biblical) text. Pesik. Aḥăré, p. 170a> ר׳ לוי פ׳וכ׳ R. Levi took up the text (Ps. 75:5) Gen. R. s. 1; a. v. fr.Pesik. R. s. 33 (an editorial gloss) פ׳ בכל אלו הפרשיות the author takes his texts from all those (quoted) passages. 2) to explain, speak plainly. Shek. V, 1; Men.65a (ref. to פתחיה as identical with מרדכי) he was named Pethahia, שהיה פותח דברים ודורשןוכ׳ (not בדברים) because he explained words and interpreted them (etymologically) and knew seventy languages.Part. pass. as ab. Sifré Aḥăré, beg., v. סָתַם. Nif. נִפְתַּח 1) to be opened. Yeb.71b, a. e., v. סָתַם. R. Hash. 16b שלשה … נִפְתָּחִין בר״ה three books are opened (for recording) on the New Years Day. B. Bath. 125b, v. סוּם I, Nithpa. Pesik. R. l. c. להִיפָּתֵחַ to have ones bowels opened, v. פְּסִיעָה; a. fr.Ib. (editorial gloss) ונ׳ עוד שם בפרשתוכ׳ and furthermore this section (Is. 61:1) was used as the opening text; a. fr.Esp. to have ones eyes opened, to become seeing. Pesik. R. s. 42 בשילדה שדה כל סומא … נ׳ when Sarah gave birth, every blind person in the world was restored to sight; a. e. Pi. פִּיתֵּהֵ 1) to open. Ib. פי׳ הפילקיות he opened the prisons. Par. III, 8 ועושין … ומְפַתְּחִין בה חלונות they piled wood in the shape of a tower and opened windows in it. Zeb.88b רימונים שלא פִיתְּחוּ פיהן (Ms. K. a. R. 2 נִפְתְּהוּ; Ms. R. 1 נִתְפַּתְּחוּ, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 5) pomegranates which have not yet burst open; a. e. 2) to engrave. Y.Ab. Zar. III, 43b Pl. פי׳ בה פיתוחים if he cut designs into it. 3) to dig, break ground. Pirké dR. El. ch. XXVIII; Gen. R. s. 76 כשיצמד … יְפַתְּחוּ וישדדווכ׳ when an ox and a cow are harnessed together, they will break and harrow all valleys. Hithpa. הִתְפַּתֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִתְפַּתֵּחַ 1) to be opened, v. supra. Pesik. R. s. 31 נִתְפַּתְּחוּ בדם they (their cavities) were opened with (discharged) blood; a. e. 2) to be cut into, graven. Tosef.Sot.XV, 1; Y. ib. IX, 24b וכיון … היו מִתְפַּתְּחוֹת לפניווכ׳ and when they let it (the Shamir, v. שָׁמִיר) look at the stones, they were engraven before it like the (wax-covered) tablets Y.Kil.VII, beg.30d מתפתחת R. S. to Kil. VIII, 1, v. פִּתְפֵּת.

    Jewish literature > פָּתַח

  • 13 אבל III

    אָבֵלIII (foreg.) to mourn. Hithpa. הִתְאַבֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְאַבֵּל to observe mourning ceremonies, to be bound to mourn, be an אָבֵל. M. Kat. 20b כל שמִתְאַבֵּל עליו מתא׳ עמו over whom one is bound to mourn, with him he must mourn, i. e. one must share in the mourning ceremonies of a relation at whose death he would have to observe mourning; a. fr.Tanḥ. Shmini, 1 נתא׳. Pesik. Sos p. 148b>; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > אבל III

  • 14 אָבֵל

    אָבֵלIII (foreg.) to mourn. Hithpa. הִתְאַבֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְאַבֵּל to observe mourning ceremonies, to be bound to mourn, be an אָבֵל. M. Kat. 20b כל שמִתְאַבֵּל עליו מתא׳ עמו over whom one is bound to mourn, with him he must mourn, i. e. one must share in the mourning ceremonies of a relation at whose death he would have to observe mourning; a. fr.Tanḥ. Shmini, 1 נתא׳. Pesik. Sos p. 148b>; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > אָבֵל

  • 15 אבק

    אָבַקPi. אִבֵּק, אִיבֵּק (denom. of foreg.) to cover with powder, esp. plants, for fertilizing. Shebi. II, 2 מְאַבְּקִין (cmp. Y. Gem. a. l.). M. Kat. 3a. Y.Sabb.VII, 10a top.Part. pass. מְאוּבָּק powdered. Y.Bicc.I, 63d bot. מאונקות (read מְאוּבָּ׳) grapes fertilized with powder. (Ar. “to remove the dust” (?)) Hithpa. a. Nithpa. הִתְאַבֵּק, נִתְאַ׳ to be covered, or cover ones self with dust. Gen. R. s. 43.Metaph. to sit at ones feet as a disciple. Aboth. I, 4.

    Jewish literature > אבק

  • 16 אָבַק

    אָבַקPi. אִבֵּק, אִיבֵּק (denom. of foreg.) to cover with powder, esp. plants, for fertilizing. Shebi. II, 2 מְאַבְּקִין (cmp. Y. Gem. a. l.). M. Kat. 3a. Y.Sabb.VII, 10a top.Part. pass. מְאוּבָּק powdered. Y.Bicc.I, 63d bot. מאונקות (read מְאוּבָּ׳) grapes fertilized with powder. (Ar. “to remove the dust” (?)) Hithpa. a. Nithpa. הִתְאַבֵּק, נִתְאַ׳ to be covered, or cover ones self with dust. Gen. R. s. 43.Metaph. to sit at ones feet as a disciple. Aboth. I, 4.

    Jewish literature > אָבַק

  • 17 אוי

    אוי, אָוָהI (b. h., √או = אב, cmp. אָבָה), Pi. אִיוָּה to desire, covet. Snh.63a אִיוּוּ אלוהותוכ׳ (Ab. Zar.53b לאלוהוה, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 8) they had a desire for many deities. Denom. תַּאֲוָה). Cmp. אוּת. Hithpa. הִתְאַוֶּה (b. h.), Nithpa. נִתְאַוֶּה (denom. of תַּאֲוָה) to desire, to be seized with a desire. Num. R. s. 10 (play on י̇ת̇א̇ד̇ם̇ Prov. 23:31) the drunken man יִ̇תְאַוֶּה לד̇ם̇וכ׳ will covet blood (forbidden intercourse). Gen. R. s. 51. Ex. R. s. 24, end.Num. R. s. 2 התחילו מִתְאַוִּיםוכ׳ they began to express a desire for standards (in imitation of the angelic hosts). Ib. divide them into standards כמו שנִתְאַוּוּ as they desired.

    Jewish literature > אוי

  • 18 אוה I

    אוי, אָוָהI (b. h., √או = אב, cmp. אָבָה), Pi. אִיוָּה to desire, covet. Snh.63a אִיוּוּ אלוהותוכ׳ (Ab. Zar.53b לאלוהוה, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 8) they had a desire for many deities. Denom. תַּאֲוָה). Cmp. אוּת. Hithpa. הִתְאַוֶּה (b. h.), Nithpa. נִתְאַוֶּה (denom. of תַּאֲוָה) to desire, to be seized with a desire. Num. R. s. 10 (play on י̇ת̇א̇ד̇ם̇ Prov. 23:31) the drunken man יִ̇תְאַוֶּה לד̇ם̇וכ׳ will covet blood (forbidden intercourse). Gen. R. s. 51. Ex. R. s. 24, end.Num. R. s. 2 התחילו מִתְאַוִּיםוכ׳ they began to express a desire for standards (in imitation of the angelic hosts). Ib. divide them into standards כמו שנִתְאַוּוּ as they desired.

    Jewish literature > אוה I

  • 19 אָוָה

    אוי, אָוָהI (b. h., √או = אב, cmp. אָבָה), Pi. אִיוָּה to desire, covet. Snh.63a אִיוּוּ אלוהותוכ׳ (Ab. Zar.53b לאלוהוה, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 8) they had a desire for many deities. Denom. תַּאֲוָה). Cmp. אוּת. Hithpa. הִתְאַוֶּה (b. h.), Nithpa. נִתְאַוֶּה (denom. of תַּאֲוָה) to desire, to be seized with a desire. Num. R. s. 10 (play on י̇ת̇א̇ד̇ם̇ Prov. 23:31) the drunken man יִ̇תְאַוֶּה לד̇ם̇וכ׳ will covet blood (forbidden intercourse). Gen. R. s. 51. Ex. R. s. 24, end.Num. R. s. 2 התחילו מִתְאַוִּיםוכ׳ they began to express a desire for standards (in imitation of the angelic hosts). Ib. divide them into standards כמו שנִתְאַוּוּ as they desired.

    Jewish literature > אָוָה

  • 20 אחי

    אחי, אָחָה(√חו, cmp. חבב) to unite. Part. pass. אָחוּי united. Num. R. s. 13, beg. שיהיו אֲחוּיִים אצלו they shall be united with him (around his table). Pi. אִיחָה to join; to sew together (with fine stitches); cmp. חוּט; חוּד I. Gen. R. s. 39 beg. אברהם שאֹ׳ אתוכ׳ Abraham who united all mankind into a brotherhood (by the belief in one God), כזה שהוא מְאָחֶהוכ׳ like one who sews, v. infra. Ex. R. s. 40, end.Esp. to mend, by stitching, the rent of the garment torn in mourning. M. Kat. 22b; a. fr. Ib. 26a לאַחֹותָן to stitch them together. Hithpa. a. Nithpa. הִחְאָחֶה, נִתְאָחֶה 1) to be joined; to be stitched together. Num. R. s. 13, beg. (play on אחותי Cant. 5:1) נִתְאָחוּ ליוכ׳ they were joined to me (I joined them) in the captivity. Gen. R. s. 68 מִתְאָחֹות, v. אֶבֶן. M. Kat. 26a אין מתאחין must not be stitched together. 2) to be joined by grafting, to grow together. Y.Kil.I, 27a top הן נתא׳וכ׳ they (the two seeds) combine. Y.Shebi.II, end, 34a bot. Y.Orl.I, 61a bot.

    Jewish literature > אחי


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