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nithpa

  • 581 קְבַל

    קְבַלch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְקַבֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְקַבֵּל to be received, accepted), 1) (with אפי) to visit. Targ. Ps. 41:7. Ib. 45:10. 2) ק׳ למימרא to listen, obey, v. infra. Pa. קַבֵּל, קַבֵּיל to receive, take, accept. Targ. Ex. 23:8. Targ. II Sam. 14:14 (h. text ישא נפש!). Targ. Ps. 24:5. Targ. Is. 12:3. Targ. Lev. 20:17; a. fr.Targ. Ps. 62:11 ed. Lag. (ed. תהבלו = חבל׳ seize), v. הֲבַל.Esp. ק׳ למימרא to accept, consent, listen to, obey. Targ. Gen. 3:17 (Y. ed. Vien. קְבֵלַת Pe.). Ib. 16:2. Targ. Deut. 26:17; a. fr.B. Mets. 117a קַבִּילִי עלאי I took upon myself (consented to, was prepared for), v. עֲלִיָּה. Y.Ḥag.II, 77d מרתא דביתא דקַבַּלְתָּן the mistress of the house who received us (whose guests we were). Sabb.17a גזור וקַבְּלוּ מינייהו they decreed the prohibition, and the people accepted it of them. Bekh.38a בר קַבּוּלֶי טומאה susceptible of levitical uncleanness; a. fr. Ithpa. אִתְקַבֵּל 1) to be received, accepted. Targ. Num. 15:7; 10; 13. Targ. 2 Chr. 30:27; a. fr. 2) (v. preced. Hithpa.) to be made the recipient of, to have assigned to. Targ. O. Deut. 33:21 ויתקכל בקרמיתא דיליה ed. Berl. (oth. ed. ואתק׳) to him (to God) shall be (has been) assigned a share in the foremost part of it (of the land; h. text וירא ראשית לו).

    Jewish literature > קְבַל

  • 582 קבץ

    קָבַץ(b. h.) to press, gather. Ab. Zar.19a (ref. to Prov. 13:11) ואם קוֹבֵץ על יד ירבה but if he collects learning little by little, he will increase it, v. הֲבִילָה; Erub.54b (corr. acc.).Part. pass. קָבוּץ; pl. קְבוּצִים, קְבוּצִין. Y.Shebi.II, 33d top נוטל את הק׳ עמו (not עמה) he may take with him the collected rakings. Gitt.56b (ref. to Koh. 8:10) א״ת קבורים אלא קבוצים read not ḳburim (buried) but ḳbutsim (the wicked taking up heaps of spoil). Pl. קִבֵּץ same, to collect. Ib. 7a quot. in Ar. (ref. to Josh. 15:21 קבצאל ועדר ויגור) כל המְקַבֵּץ עדרים … יגורוכ׳ he who gathers flocks (students) to the study of the Law, shall dwell in the partition of the Lord. Midr. Till. to Ps. 107 אני אֲקַבֵּץוכ׳ I (the Lord) will gather you in due time; a. fr. Nif. נִקְבָּץ, Nithpa. נִתְקַבֵּץ to be collected, gathered. Snh.112a נִקְבָּצִין לתוכה those things which can be brought together to the condemned city (with ref. to Deut. 13:17). Meg.17b כיון שנִתְקַבְּצוּ גליותוכ׳ when the diasporas are collected, judgment is executed on the wicked. Zeb.116a נִתְקַבְּצוּ כולם אצלוכ׳ they all gathered themselves around Balaam; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > קבץ

  • 583 קָבַץ

    קָבַץ(b. h.) to press, gather. Ab. Zar.19a (ref. to Prov. 13:11) ואם קוֹבֵץ על יד ירבה but if he collects learning little by little, he will increase it, v. הֲבִילָה; Erub.54b (corr. acc.).Part. pass. קָבוּץ; pl. קְבוּצִים, קְבוּצִין. Y.Shebi.II, 33d top נוטל את הק׳ עמו (not עמה) he may take with him the collected rakings. Gitt.56b (ref. to Koh. 8:10) א״ת קבורים אלא קבוצים read not ḳburim (buried) but ḳbutsim (the wicked taking up heaps of spoil). Pl. קִבֵּץ same, to collect. Ib. 7a quot. in Ar. (ref. to Josh. 15:21 קבצאל ועדר ויגור) כל המְקַבֵּץ עדרים … יגורוכ׳ he who gathers flocks (students) to the study of the Law, shall dwell in the partition of the Lord. Midr. Till. to Ps. 107 אני אֲקַבֵּץוכ׳ I (the Lord) will gather you in due time; a. fr. Nif. נִקְבָּץ, Nithpa. נִתְקַבֵּץ to be collected, gathered. Snh.112a נִקְבָּצִין לתוכה those things which can be brought together to the condemned city (with ref. to Deut. 13:17). Meg.17b כיון שנִתְקַבְּצוּ גליותוכ׳ when the diasporas are collected, judgment is executed on the wicked. Zeb.116a נִתְקַבְּצוּ כולם אצלוכ׳ they all gathered themselves around Balaam; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > קָבַץ

  • 584 קדש

    קָדַש(b. h.) (to be cut off, separated, v. Ges. Hebr. Dict.12> s. v.; cmp. פָּרַש, to be, become pure, sacred, holy. Y.Sabb.III, 5d bot.; ib. IV, end, 7a ק׳ עליו היום the day became holy upon him, i. e. the Sabbath commenced while he was engaged in doing something. Meil.II, 8 (10a) קָרְשוּ בכלים (Talm. ed. קדשן) after they have become sacred by being put in a sacred vessel (v. infra); Shebu.11a (Ms. F. קירשן). Bekh.4b קדשו בכורותוכ׳ the firstborn in the desert were consecrated; a. fr. Pi. קִרֵּש, קִי׳ 1) to sanctify, esp. ק׳ שם שמים, or ק׳ את השם to sanctify the name of the Lord, to manifest fidelity to religion by noble deeds, by martyrdom Sot.10b; 36b יוסף שק׳ שםוכ׳ Joseph who sanctified the name … in secret (when he resisted temptation); יהודה שק׳וכ׳ Judah who sanctified … in public (when he admitted his guilt, Gen. 38:26); a. fr. 2) to sanctify, consecrate; to purify, keep pure. Ber.17a טהר וקַדֵּש עצמך מכלוכ׳ keep thyself clean and pure (aloof) from every guilt Yoma 39a (ref. to Lev. 11:44) אדם מְקַדֵּש … מְקַדְּשִׁין אותו הרבה if a man sanctifies himself a little (trains himself to self-restraint), they (the divine agencies) will help him much to sanctify him; מלמטה מקדשין אותו מלמעלה if he (sanctifies himself) below, they will sanctify him from above; בעולם הזה מקדשיןוכ׳ he in this world, they will declare him holy in the hereafter. Yeb.20a, a. e. קדש עצמך במותר לך sanctify thyself by self-restraint from what is permitted to thee. Ḥag.3b, a. e. קִדְּשָׁהּ לשעתה, v. קְדוּשָּׁה. Sebu. 15a כל הכלים … מְקַדַּשְׁתָּן is as regards all vessels that Moses made, the ointing of them gave them their sacred character; Snh.16b מקדשן (corr. acc.). Men.95b תנור מְקַדֵּש the oven (the baking of the showbread) gives it its sacred character. Ib. 100a כלי שרת מְקַרְּשִׁין the vessels of the service consecrate (the things put into them); a. v. fr.Part. pass. מְקוּדָּש; f. מְקוּדֶּשֶׁת; pl. מְקוּדָּשִׁים Sabb.55a (ref. to Ez. 9:6) א״ת מקדשי אלא מְקוּדָּשַׁיוכ׳ and not miḳdashi (my sanctuary) but mḳuddashai (my sanctified ones), that means those who fulfilled the whole Law ; Ab. Zar.4a. Zeb.115b (ref. to Ps. 68:36 מִמִּקְדָּשֶׁיךָ) read מִמְּקוּדָּשֶׁיךָוכ׳ ‘from thy sanctified ones, when the Lord passes judgment on his holy servants ; a. fr. 3) (with, or sub., ידיו ורגליו) to wash hands and feet prior to a sacred act. Yoma III, 6. Ib. IV, 5. Ib. 22a; a. fr. 4) to prepare the water of lustration (Num. 19). Par. VI, 1 המקדש ונפל הקִדּוּש על ידו if he prepares the lustration, and some of the consecrated water falls upon his hand. Ib. 2 נוטל נמקדש he may take (of the ashes) and prepare the water with them. Ib. 3 המקדש כשוקתוכ׳ he who puts ashes into a large vessel of water; a. fr. 5) (of seasons) to proclaim the sanctity of esp., a) (ק׳ החדש) to proclaim in court that the new month had begun (v. infra). R. Hash. II, 7 אם לא … אין מקדשין אותו שכבד קִדְּשוּשוּהוּ שמים unless the new moon is seen in its due time (on the evening of the twenty-ninth day), no announcement is made, for the heavens have already proclaimed it (and the new month begins with the thirty-first day). Ib. 24a בין כך … שנים אתה מקדשוכ׳ in neither case is the ceremony of announcement required, for we read (Lev. 25:10), ‘ye shall sanctify the fiftieth year, years thou must ‘sanctify Ex. R. s. 15 אני ואתם נְקַדֵּש את החדש I and you, let us (as a court) proclaim the month (of Nisan); a. fr.Part. pass. as ab. R. Hash. II, 7 ראשב״ד אומר מק׳וכ׳ the president of the court says, ‘(the new month is) proclaimed, and all the people say after him, ‘proclaimed, proclaimed. Ib. III, 1 נחקרו … ולא הספיקו לומר מק׳וכ׳ when the witnesses were examined, and the court had no time to say mḳuddash before night set in; a. e.b) ק׳ השבת, היום to pronounce the sanctity of the Sabbath, the Holy Day, to recite the Sabbath or the festive benediction (over wine), to say Ḳiddush. Pes.105a מי שלא ק׳ בע״ש מקדשוכ׳ he who fails to bless the Sabbath on the Sabbath eve, may do so during the entire day. Ib. 106b טעם אינו מקדש if a man tasted something without Ḳiddush, he must not bless the Sabbath; Ib. 107a טעם מקדש even if he has tasted something, he must bless the Sabbath. Ib. כגין זה ראוי לקַדֵּש עליו a beverage like this is fit for Ḳiddush; a. fr. 6) ק׳ אשה ( to consecrate a woman, a) to betroth (expl. Kidd.2b לישנא דרבנן דאסר לה … בהקדש the rabbinical term, in place of the Biblical קנה,because he makes her forbidden to others like a consecrated object, v. הֶקְרֵּש). Kidd.II, 1 האיש מקדש בווכ׳ a man may betroth a woman either in person or through a deputy. Ib. 41a אסור לאדם שיְקַדֵּש … עדוכ׳ a man is forbidden to betroth a woman to himself, before he has seen her. ib. II, 4 האומר … צא וקַיֵּש … והלך וקִרְּשָׁהּוכ׳ if a man said to his deputy, go and betroth to me that certain woman in that certain place, and he went and betrothed her in a different place, she is not betrothed (the betrothal is invalid); a. v. fr.Part. pass. מְקוּדֶּשֶׁת; pl. מְקוּדָּשוֹת. Ib. הרי זו מק׳ in such a case the betrothal is binding. Ib. 7; a. fr.b) (of the father of a minor נַעֲרָה) to accept a betrothal in behalf of ones daughter. Ib. 1 האיש מקדש את בתווכ׳ a man may accept his daughters betrothal, if she is a naʿărah, either in person or through a deputy. Ib. 41a אסור לאדם שיקדש את בתו יכ׳ a man is forbidden to betroth his daughter as a child, (but must wait,) until she is grown up and says, I like this man; a. fr.7) to cause a thing to be prohibited, esp. (by ref. to Deut. 22:9) by planting seeds in a vineyard, or vines among seeds; to cause condemnation. Kil. IV, 5 הזורע … ק׳ שורה אחת if a person sows within four cubits of a vineyard, he has caused the condemnation of one row of vines. Ib. V, 5 הרי זה מקדש ארבעיםוכ׳ he has made forty-five vines forbidden. Ib. VII, 2 גפן … ואינה מְקַרֶּשֶׁת to plant seeds near a dried-up vine is forbidden, but it (the vine) does not cause the condemnation of the seeds. Ib. אלו אוסרין ולא מְקַדְּשִׁין the following plants make the planting of seeds in their neighborhood forbidden, but do not cause condemnation of the seeds, if planted, or their own condemnation. Ib. 5 אין אדם מקדש דברוכ׳ no man can cause condemnation of a thing not his own. Ib. הרי זה ק׳וכ׳ he has caused the condemnation of his neighbors seeds and must pay damages; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְקַדֵּש, Nithpa. נִתְקַדֵּש 1) to be sanctified, glorified as holy. Yeb.79a מוטב … ויִתְקַדֵּש שםוכ׳ let a letter of the Law be uprooted (disregarded), but let the name of God be sanctified in public. Tanḥ. Shmini 1 מִתְקַדֵּש אני שם במכבדי: there (at the dedication of the Tabernacle) I shall be sanctified by (the death of) those that honor me. Lev. R. s. 12; a. fr. 2) to be consecrated, dedicated; (of the New Moon) to be proclaimed. R. Hash. 21b יכול … עד שיִתְקַדְּשוּוכ׳ you may have thought, as well as the Sabbath is to be disregarded (by the witnesses travelling to the seat of the court), until they (the months) are proclaimed, it may also be disregarded (by the messengers carrying the announcement), until they are established. Ex. R. s. 15 היה הכהן … והבלי מִתְקַדֶּשֶׁת the priest received in it some sacred object, by which the vessel was consecrated; וכלי חול מִתְקַדֵּש and a profane vessel became sacred. Shebu.15a אין העזרה מִתְקַדֶּשֶׁתוכ׳ the Temple hall was not consecrated, until the priests ate therein the remnants of the meal-offering. Ib. 16a תחתונה נִתְקַדְּשָׁה בכל אלו the lower reservoir became consecrated through all these (ceremonies mentioned); a. fr. 3) (of mixed seeds) to be condemnable, condemned. Kil. VII, 7 מאימתי … מתקרשת from what time are seeds of grain (planted among vines) to be condemned? Ib. אין מִתְקַרְּשוֹת are not to be condemned; a. fr. 4) to be betrothed. Kidd.II, 1 האשה מתקדשת בהוכ׳ a woman may be betrothed in person or through her deputy, Ib. האומר הִתְקַדְּשִׁי ליוכ׳ … if a man says to a woman, be betrothed to me with this fig. Ib. 45b נִתְקַדְּשָׁה לדעת אביה וניסתוכ׳ if she (the minor) was betrothed with her fathers consent, but was married without it; a. fr. 5) to sanctify ones self. Sifra Vayikra, Ndab., ch. II, Par. 2 מי שהוא עתיד להִתְקַדֵּש he that is ready to sanctify himself (by vowing a sacrifice). Nif. נִקְדַּש 1) to be sanctified; to become consecrated. Tem.14a כאן לִיקָּדֵש כאן ליקרב in the one case it refers to being consecrated (by being put in a sacred vessel), in the other to being offered. Bekh.4b הוזהרו … ליקדש they were admonished concerning the firatborn, that they be consecrated; a. e. 2) to be betrothed. Kidd.48a if she says, עשה לי … ואֶקָּדֵשוכ׳ make for me chains, and I shall be betrothed unto thee. Hif. הִקְדִּיש 1) to cause sanctification. Zeb.115b לא מתו … להַקְדִּיש שמווכ׳ thy (Aarons) sons died only in order to give thee an opportunity to sanctify the name of the Lord. 2) to sanctify, dedicate an object as Temple property (Lev. 27:14–24). Arakh.VI, 2 המַקְדִּיש נכסיווכ׳ if a person dedicates his property to the Temple, but owes his (divorced) wife her kthubah (כְּתוּבָּה) Ib. VII, 1 אין מַקְדִּישִׁין לפני היובלוכ׳ you cannot dedicate landed property within less than two or three years before the jubilee. Ib. 3 הִקְדִּישָׁהּ וגאלה if he dedicated and then redeemed it. Ib. 5 אין אדם מַקְדִּיש דברוכ׳ nobody can dedicate a thing not belonging to him. B. Kam.VII, 2; a. v. fr. Hof. הוּקְדַּש to be dedicated, consecrated. Meil.II, 8 המנחות … משהוּקְדָּשוּ the law concerning misappropriation of sacred things applies to meal-offerings as soon as they have been dedicated. Ib. 1 משהוּקְדָּשָׁה as soon as it has been designated for a sin-offering; a. fr.Part. מוּקְדָּש; f. מוּקְדֶּשֶׁת; pl. מוּקְדָּשִׁים Ned.V, 6 (48a) אם … הרי הם מוק׳ לשמים if they are mine, be they dedicated to the Lord. Ib. כל מתנה … מקודשת אינה מתנה (read: מוקדשת) a gift which is not made so that if the recipient dedicates it to sacred use, it is dedicated, is no gift. Bekh.V, 1 כל פסולי המוק׳ all dedicated sacrifices which became unfit for the altar; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > קדש

  • 585 קָדַש

    קָדַש(b. h.) (to be cut off, separated, v. Ges. Hebr. Dict.12> s. v.; cmp. פָּרַש, to be, become pure, sacred, holy. Y.Sabb.III, 5d bot.; ib. IV, end, 7a ק׳ עליו היום the day became holy upon him, i. e. the Sabbath commenced while he was engaged in doing something. Meil.II, 8 (10a) קָרְשוּ בכלים (Talm. ed. קדשן) after they have become sacred by being put in a sacred vessel (v. infra); Shebu.11a (Ms. F. קירשן). Bekh.4b קדשו בכורותוכ׳ the firstborn in the desert were consecrated; a. fr. Pi. קִרֵּש, קִי׳ 1) to sanctify, esp. ק׳ שם שמים, or ק׳ את השם to sanctify the name of the Lord, to manifest fidelity to religion by noble deeds, by martyrdom Sot.10b; 36b יוסף שק׳ שםוכ׳ Joseph who sanctified the name … in secret (when he resisted temptation); יהודה שק׳וכ׳ Judah who sanctified … in public (when he admitted his guilt, Gen. 38:26); a. fr. 2) to sanctify, consecrate; to purify, keep pure. Ber.17a טהר וקַדֵּש עצמך מכלוכ׳ keep thyself clean and pure (aloof) from every guilt Yoma 39a (ref. to Lev. 11:44) אדם מְקַדֵּש … מְקַדְּשִׁין אותו הרבה if a man sanctifies himself a little (trains himself to self-restraint), they (the divine agencies) will help him much to sanctify him; מלמטה מקדשין אותו מלמעלה if he (sanctifies himself) below, they will sanctify him from above; בעולם הזה מקדשיןוכ׳ he in this world, they will declare him holy in the hereafter. Yeb.20a, a. e. קדש עצמך במותר לך sanctify thyself by self-restraint from what is permitted to thee. Ḥag.3b, a. e. קִדְּשָׁהּ לשעתה, v. קְדוּשָּׁה. Sebu. 15a כל הכלים … מְקַדַּשְׁתָּן is as regards all vessels that Moses made, the ointing of them gave them their sacred character; Snh.16b מקדשן (corr. acc.). Men.95b תנור מְקַדֵּש the oven (the baking of the showbread) gives it its sacred character. Ib. 100a כלי שרת מְקַרְּשִׁין the vessels of the service consecrate (the things put into them); a. v. fr.Part. pass. מְקוּדָּש; f. מְקוּדֶּשֶׁת; pl. מְקוּדָּשִׁים Sabb.55a (ref. to Ez. 9:6) א״ת מקדשי אלא מְקוּדָּשַׁיוכ׳ and not miḳdashi (my sanctuary) but mḳuddashai (my sanctified ones), that means those who fulfilled the whole Law ; Ab. Zar.4a. Zeb.115b (ref. to Ps. 68:36 מִמִּקְדָּשֶׁיךָ) read מִמְּקוּדָּשֶׁיךָוכ׳ ‘from thy sanctified ones, when the Lord passes judgment on his holy servants ; a. fr. 3) (with, or sub., ידיו ורגליו) to wash hands and feet prior to a sacred act. Yoma III, 6. Ib. IV, 5. Ib. 22a; a. fr. 4) to prepare the water of lustration (Num. 19). Par. VI, 1 המקדש ונפל הקִדּוּש על ידו if he prepares the lustration, and some of the consecrated water falls upon his hand. Ib. 2 נוטל נמקדש he may take (of the ashes) and prepare the water with them. Ib. 3 המקדש כשוקתוכ׳ he who puts ashes into a large vessel of water; a. fr. 5) (of seasons) to proclaim the sanctity of esp., a) (ק׳ החדש) to proclaim in court that the new month had begun (v. infra). R. Hash. II, 7 אם לא … אין מקדשין אותו שכבד קִדְּשוּשוּהוּ שמים unless the new moon is seen in its due time (on the evening of the twenty-ninth day), no announcement is made, for the heavens have already proclaimed it (and the new month begins with the thirty-first day). Ib. 24a בין כך … שנים אתה מקדשוכ׳ in neither case is the ceremony of announcement required, for we read (Lev. 25:10), ‘ye shall sanctify the fiftieth year, years thou must ‘sanctify Ex. R. s. 15 אני ואתם נְקַדֵּש את החדש I and you, let us (as a court) proclaim the month (of Nisan); a. fr.Part. pass. as ab. R. Hash. II, 7 ראשב״ד אומר מק׳וכ׳ the president of the court says, ‘(the new month is) proclaimed, and all the people say after him, ‘proclaimed, proclaimed. Ib. III, 1 נחקרו … ולא הספיקו לומר מק׳וכ׳ when the witnesses were examined, and the court had no time to say mḳuddash before night set in; a. e.b) ק׳ השבת, היום to pronounce the sanctity of the Sabbath, the Holy Day, to recite the Sabbath or the festive benediction (over wine), to say Ḳiddush. Pes.105a מי שלא ק׳ בע״ש מקדשוכ׳ he who fails to bless the Sabbath on the Sabbath eve, may do so during the entire day. Ib. 106b טעם אינו מקדש if a man tasted something without Ḳiddush, he must not bless the Sabbath; Ib. 107a טעם מקדש even if he has tasted something, he must bless the Sabbath. Ib. כגין זה ראוי לקַדֵּש עליו a beverage like this is fit for Ḳiddush; a. fr. 6) ק׳ אשה ( to consecrate a woman, a) to betroth (expl. Kidd.2b לישנא דרבנן דאסר לה … בהקדש the rabbinical term, in place of the Biblical קנה,because he makes her forbidden to others like a consecrated object, v. הֶקְרֵּש). Kidd.II, 1 האיש מקדש בווכ׳ a man may betroth a woman either in person or through a deputy. Ib. 41a אסור לאדם שיְקַדֵּש … עדוכ׳ a man is forbidden to betroth a woman to himself, before he has seen her. ib. II, 4 האומר … צא וקַיֵּש … והלך וקִרְּשָׁהּוכ׳ if a man said to his deputy, go and betroth to me that certain woman in that certain place, and he went and betrothed her in a different place, she is not betrothed (the betrothal is invalid); a. v. fr.Part. pass. מְקוּדֶּשֶׁת; pl. מְקוּדָּשוֹת. Ib. הרי זו מק׳ in such a case the betrothal is binding. Ib. 7; a. fr.b) (of the father of a minor נַעֲרָה) to accept a betrothal in behalf of ones daughter. Ib. 1 האיש מקדש את בתווכ׳ a man may accept his daughters betrothal, if she is a naʿărah, either in person or through a deputy. Ib. 41a אסור לאדם שיקדש את בתו יכ׳ a man is forbidden to betroth his daughter as a child, (but must wait,) until she is grown up and says, I like this man; a. fr.7) to cause a thing to be prohibited, esp. (by ref. to Deut. 22:9) by planting seeds in a vineyard, or vines among seeds; to cause condemnation. Kil. IV, 5 הזורע … ק׳ שורה אחת if a person sows within four cubits of a vineyard, he has caused the condemnation of one row of vines. Ib. V, 5 הרי זה מקדש ארבעיםוכ׳ he has made forty-five vines forbidden. Ib. VII, 2 גפן … ואינה מְקַרֶּשֶׁת to plant seeds near a dried-up vine is forbidden, but it (the vine) does not cause the condemnation of the seeds. Ib. אלו אוסרין ולא מְקַדְּשִׁין the following plants make the planting of seeds in their neighborhood forbidden, but do not cause condemnation of the seeds, if planted, or their own condemnation. Ib. 5 אין אדם מקדש דברוכ׳ no man can cause condemnation of a thing not his own. Ib. הרי זה ק׳וכ׳ he has caused the condemnation of his neighbors seeds and must pay damages; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְקַדֵּש, Nithpa. נִתְקַדֵּש 1) to be sanctified, glorified as holy. Yeb.79a מוטב … ויִתְקַדֵּש שםוכ׳ let a letter of the Law be uprooted (disregarded), but let the name of God be sanctified in public. Tanḥ. Shmini 1 מִתְקַדֵּש אני שם במכבדי: there (at the dedication of the Tabernacle) I shall be sanctified by (the death of) those that honor me. Lev. R. s. 12; a. fr. 2) to be consecrated, dedicated; (of the New Moon) to be proclaimed. R. Hash. 21b יכול … עד שיִתְקַדְּשוּוכ׳ you may have thought, as well as the Sabbath is to be disregarded (by the witnesses travelling to the seat of the court), until they (the months) are proclaimed, it may also be disregarded (by the messengers carrying the announcement), until they are established. Ex. R. s. 15 היה הכהן … והבלי מִתְקַדֶּשֶׁת the priest received in it some sacred object, by which the vessel was consecrated; וכלי חול מִתְקַדֵּש and a profane vessel became sacred. Shebu.15a אין העזרה מִתְקַדֶּשֶׁתוכ׳ the Temple hall was not consecrated, until the priests ate therein the remnants of the meal-offering. Ib. 16a תחתונה נִתְקַדְּשָׁה בכל אלו the lower reservoir became consecrated through all these (ceremonies mentioned); a. fr. 3) (of mixed seeds) to be condemnable, condemned. Kil. VII, 7 מאימתי … מתקרשת from what time are seeds of grain (planted among vines) to be condemned? Ib. אין מִתְקַרְּשוֹת are not to be condemned; a. fr. 4) to be betrothed. Kidd.II, 1 האשה מתקדשת בהוכ׳ a woman may be betrothed in person or through her deputy, Ib. האומר הִתְקַדְּשִׁי ליוכ׳ … if a man says to a woman, be betrothed to me with this fig. Ib. 45b נִתְקַדְּשָׁה לדעת אביה וניסתוכ׳ if she (the minor) was betrothed with her fathers consent, but was married without it; a. fr. 5) to sanctify ones self. Sifra Vayikra, Ndab., ch. II, Par. 2 מי שהוא עתיד להִתְקַדֵּש he that is ready to sanctify himself (by vowing a sacrifice). Nif. נִקְדַּש 1) to be sanctified; to become consecrated. Tem.14a כאן לִיקָּדֵש כאן ליקרב in the one case it refers to being consecrated (by being put in a sacred vessel), in the other to being offered. Bekh.4b הוזהרו … ליקדש they were admonished concerning the firatborn, that they be consecrated; a. e. 2) to be betrothed. Kidd.48a if she says, עשה לי … ואֶקָּדֵשוכ׳ make for me chains, and I shall be betrothed unto thee. Hif. הִקְדִּיש 1) to cause sanctification. Zeb.115b לא מתו … להַקְדִּיש שמווכ׳ thy (Aarons) sons died only in order to give thee an opportunity to sanctify the name of the Lord. 2) to sanctify, dedicate an object as Temple property (Lev. 27:14–24). Arakh.VI, 2 המַקְדִּיש נכסיווכ׳ if a person dedicates his property to the Temple, but owes his (divorced) wife her kthubah (כְּתוּבָּה) Ib. VII, 1 אין מַקְדִּישִׁין לפני היובלוכ׳ you cannot dedicate landed property within less than two or three years before the jubilee. Ib. 3 הִקְדִּישָׁהּ וגאלה if he dedicated and then redeemed it. Ib. 5 אין אדם מַקְדִּיש דברוכ׳ nobody can dedicate a thing not belonging to him. B. Kam.VII, 2; a. v. fr. Hof. הוּקְדַּש to be dedicated, consecrated. Meil.II, 8 המנחות … משהוּקְדָּשוּ the law concerning misappropriation of sacred things applies to meal-offerings as soon as they have been dedicated. Ib. 1 משהוּקְדָּשָׁה as soon as it has been designated for a sin-offering; a. fr.Part. מוּקְדָּש; f. מוּקְדֶּשֶׁת; pl. מוּקְדָּשִׁים Ned.V, 6 (48a) אם … הרי הם מוק׳ לשמים if they are mine, be they dedicated to the Lord. Ib. כל מתנה … מקודשת אינה מתנה (read: מוקדשת) a gift which is not made so that if the recipient dedicates it to sacred use, it is dedicated, is no gift. Bekh.V, 1 כל פסולי המוק׳ all dedicated sacrifices which became unfit for the altar; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > קָדַש

  • 586 קהי

    קהי, קָהָה, קָהָא(b. h.; cmp. כָּהָה) 1) to be dull, blunt; (of a sword) to slide off a hard object. Y.Ber.IX, 13a וקָהַת החרב מעלוכ׳ and the sword slid off Moses neck and broke; Deut. R. s. 2; Yalk. Ex. 167 וקהית (corr. acc.). Gen. R. s. 78; Cant. R. to VII, 5 וקָהוּ שיניווכ׳ and the teeth of the wicked (Esau) became blunt and loose. 2) to be tough, unyielding, hard. Num. R. s. 3 (ref. to Koh. 10:10) אם ראית שקהו השמיםוכ׳, v. preced.Trnsf. to be difficult, unsolvable. Cant. R. to III, 7 שהיו כולן שונין … הלכה קוֹהָא להם they all sharpened the discussion like a sword, so that, when a case came before them, the decision might not be too difficult for them. Ib. to IV, 4 שאין הלכה קוהא להם never was there a subject too difficult for them to decide; a. e. 3) to be wearied; to faint; esp. to have a morbid appetite (caused by the smell of a dish). Ib. to I, 12 the Lord sent them a sweet scent from Eden והיתה נפשם קוהא לאכול and they were dying to eat (of the Passover sacrifice), v. עָיֵף; a. e. Hif. הִקְהָה (with שן) to make blunt and loose; trnsf. to refute; to break the power of; to grieve. Mekh. Bo, s. 18 אף אתה הַקְהֵה את שיניו thou, too, make his teeth blunt (refute his arguments). Gen. R. s. 99 (play on יקהת, Gen. 49:10) מי שמַקְהֶה שניוכ׳ he (the Messiah) that shall break the power of all nations; ib. s. 98. Sot.49a (read:) אימרים … למה הִקְהִיתָוכ׳ (v. Rashi) they (the children of the wicked that died in their parents lifetime) argue before him, … if thou intendedst to punish them in the hereafter, why didst thou cause them grief while living? Ib. שמחת … והקהית חשיני thou hast gladdened my heart (with the evidence of thy purity) and given me pain (by showing more affection for thy son than for myself). Snh.109b (play on בן קהת, Num. 16:1) בן שה׳וכ׳ a son that brought grief over his parents; a. e. Pi. קֵיהָה to pronounce unsolvable. Neg. IV, 11, v. כָּהָה. Nif. נִקְהָה 1) to become faint, powerless. Koh. R. to X, 10 אם נִקְהֵת אומהוכ׳ if the nation whose power was as hard as iron, has grown powerless. 2) to be tough, difficult. Ib. אם נ׳ תלמודךוכ׳ if thy lesson is as tough to thee as iron (v. preced). Hithpa. הִתְקָהֵא, הִתְקָהֶה; Nithpa. נִתְקָהֶה 1) to faint, long for. Yalk. Ex. 186 (ref. to מתלקחת, Ex. 9:24) מִתְקָהָא לעשות שליחותה (not שליחותיה) it (the fire) was dying to perform its mission; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 4a> מיתה מתקהאוכ׳ Ar. (ed. מתקריא, corr. acc.) dying, that is longing ; Cant. R. to III, 11 מיתה ומתקלהא בשביל לעשות רצון בוראם (corr. acc., a. read בוראה); Num. R. s. 12 (combining both versions) מיתה ומתקהלא לעשות … בוראה (corr. acc.). 2) to become tough, hard, unyielding, grievous, irksome. Koh. R. l. c. אם נִתְקָהוּ שמים שעלוכ׳ if the heavens above you have become hard as iron, v. supra. Ib. אם נתק׳ הרב על התלמידוכ׳ if the teacher has been unyielding to the pupil like iron (out of patience, and refusing to teach him) …, and the teacher shows not a friendly face (does not relent) Ib. אם נתק׳ התלמיד על הרבוכ׳ if the pupil has been annoying to his teacher (through his obtuseness or weavisome questions) …, and the teacher refuses to explain

    Jewish literature > קהי

  • 587 קהה

    קהי, קָהָה, קָהָא(b. h.; cmp. כָּהָה) 1) to be dull, blunt; (of a sword) to slide off a hard object. Y.Ber.IX, 13a וקָהַת החרב מעלוכ׳ and the sword slid off Moses neck and broke; Deut. R. s. 2; Yalk. Ex. 167 וקהית (corr. acc.). Gen. R. s. 78; Cant. R. to VII, 5 וקָהוּ שיניווכ׳ and the teeth of the wicked (Esau) became blunt and loose. 2) to be tough, unyielding, hard. Num. R. s. 3 (ref. to Koh. 10:10) אם ראית שקהו השמיםוכ׳, v. preced.Trnsf. to be difficult, unsolvable. Cant. R. to III, 7 שהיו כולן שונין … הלכה קוֹהָא להם they all sharpened the discussion like a sword, so that, when a case came before them, the decision might not be too difficult for them. Ib. to IV, 4 שאין הלכה קוהא להם never was there a subject too difficult for them to decide; a. e. 3) to be wearied; to faint; esp. to have a morbid appetite (caused by the smell of a dish). Ib. to I, 12 the Lord sent them a sweet scent from Eden והיתה נפשם קוהא לאכול and they were dying to eat (of the Passover sacrifice), v. עָיֵף; a. e. Hif. הִקְהָה (with שן) to make blunt and loose; trnsf. to refute; to break the power of; to grieve. Mekh. Bo, s. 18 אף אתה הַקְהֵה את שיניו thou, too, make his teeth blunt (refute his arguments). Gen. R. s. 99 (play on יקהת, Gen. 49:10) מי שמַקְהֶה שניוכ׳ he (the Messiah) that shall break the power of all nations; ib. s. 98. Sot.49a (read:) אימרים … למה הִקְהִיתָוכ׳ (v. Rashi) they (the children of the wicked that died in their parents lifetime) argue before him, … if thou intendedst to punish them in the hereafter, why didst thou cause them grief while living? Ib. שמחת … והקהית חשיני thou hast gladdened my heart (with the evidence of thy purity) and given me pain (by showing more affection for thy son than for myself). Snh.109b (play on בן קהת, Num. 16:1) בן שה׳וכ׳ a son that brought grief over his parents; a. e. Pi. קֵיהָה to pronounce unsolvable. Neg. IV, 11, v. כָּהָה. Nif. נִקְהָה 1) to become faint, powerless. Koh. R. to X, 10 אם נִקְהֵת אומהוכ׳ if the nation whose power was as hard as iron, has grown powerless. 2) to be tough, difficult. Ib. אם נ׳ תלמודךוכ׳ if thy lesson is as tough to thee as iron (v. preced). Hithpa. הִתְקָהֵא, הִתְקָהֶה; Nithpa. נִתְקָהֶה 1) to faint, long for. Yalk. Ex. 186 (ref. to מתלקחת, Ex. 9:24) מִתְקָהָא לעשות שליחותה (not שליחותיה) it (the fire) was dying to perform its mission; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 4a> מיתה מתקהאוכ׳ Ar. (ed. מתקריא, corr. acc.) dying, that is longing ; Cant. R. to III, 11 מיתה ומתקלהא בשביל לעשות רצון בוראם (corr. acc., a. read בוראה); Num. R. s. 12 (combining both versions) מיתה ומתקהלא לעשות … בוראה (corr. acc.). 2) to become tough, hard, unyielding, grievous, irksome. Koh. R. l. c. אם נִתְקָהוּ שמים שעלוכ׳ if the heavens above you have become hard as iron, v. supra. Ib. אם נתק׳ הרב על התלמידוכ׳ if the teacher has been unyielding to the pupil like iron (out of patience, and refusing to teach him) …, and the teacher shows not a friendly face (does not relent) Ib. אם נתק׳ התלמיד על הרבוכ׳ if the pupil has been annoying to his teacher (through his obtuseness or weavisome questions) …, and the teacher refuses to explain

    Jewish literature > קהה

  • 588 קָהָה

    קהי, קָהָה, קָהָא(b. h.; cmp. כָּהָה) 1) to be dull, blunt; (of a sword) to slide off a hard object. Y.Ber.IX, 13a וקָהַת החרב מעלוכ׳ and the sword slid off Moses neck and broke; Deut. R. s. 2; Yalk. Ex. 167 וקהית (corr. acc.). Gen. R. s. 78; Cant. R. to VII, 5 וקָהוּ שיניווכ׳ and the teeth of the wicked (Esau) became blunt and loose. 2) to be tough, unyielding, hard. Num. R. s. 3 (ref. to Koh. 10:10) אם ראית שקהו השמיםוכ׳, v. preced.Trnsf. to be difficult, unsolvable. Cant. R. to III, 7 שהיו כולן שונין … הלכה קוֹהָא להם they all sharpened the discussion like a sword, so that, when a case came before them, the decision might not be too difficult for them. Ib. to IV, 4 שאין הלכה קוהא להם never was there a subject too difficult for them to decide; a. e. 3) to be wearied; to faint; esp. to have a morbid appetite (caused by the smell of a dish). Ib. to I, 12 the Lord sent them a sweet scent from Eden והיתה נפשם קוהא לאכול and they were dying to eat (of the Passover sacrifice), v. עָיֵף; a. e. Hif. הִקְהָה (with שן) to make blunt and loose; trnsf. to refute; to break the power of; to grieve. Mekh. Bo, s. 18 אף אתה הַקְהֵה את שיניו thou, too, make his teeth blunt (refute his arguments). Gen. R. s. 99 (play on יקהת, Gen. 49:10) מי שמַקְהֶה שניוכ׳ he (the Messiah) that shall break the power of all nations; ib. s. 98. Sot.49a (read:) אימרים … למה הִקְהִיתָוכ׳ (v. Rashi) they (the children of the wicked that died in their parents lifetime) argue before him, … if thou intendedst to punish them in the hereafter, why didst thou cause them grief while living? Ib. שמחת … והקהית חשיני thou hast gladdened my heart (with the evidence of thy purity) and given me pain (by showing more affection for thy son than for myself). Snh.109b (play on בן קהת, Num. 16:1) בן שה׳וכ׳ a son that brought grief over his parents; a. e. Pi. קֵיהָה to pronounce unsolvable. Neg. IV, 11, v. כָּהָה. Nif. נִקְהָה 1) to become faint, powerless. Koh. R. to X, 10 אם נִקְהֵת אומהוכ׳ if the nation whose power was as hard as iron, has grown powerless. 2) to be tough, difficult. Ib. אם נ׳ תלמודךוכ׳ if thy lesson is as tough to thee as iron (v. preced). Hithpa. הִתְקָהֵא, הִתְקָהֶה; Nithpa. נִתְקָהֶה 1) to faint, long for. Yalk. Ex. 186 (ref. to מתלקחת, Ex. 9:24) מִתְקָהָא לעשות שליחותה (not שליחותיה) it (the fire) was dying to perform its mission; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 4a> מיתה מתקהאוכ׳ Ar. (ed. מתקריא, corr. acc.) dying, that is longing ; Cant. R. to III, 11 מיתה ומתקלהא בשביל לעשות רצון בוראם (corr. acc., a. read בוראה); Num. R. s. 12 (combining both versions) מיתה ומתקהלא לעשות … בוראה (corr. acc.). 2) to become tough, hard, unyielding, grievous, irksome. Koh. R. l. c. אם נִתְקָהוּ שמים שעלוכ׳ if the heavens above you have become hard as iron, v. supra. Ib. אם נתק׳ הרב על התלמידוכ׳ if the teacher has been unyielding to the pupil like iron (out of patience, and refusing to teach him) …, and the teacher shows not a friendly face (does not relent) Ib. אם נתק׳ התלמיד על הרבוכ׳ if the pupil has been annoying to his teacher (through his obtuseness or weavisome questions) …, and the teacher refuses to explain

    Jewish literature > קָהָה

  • 589 קָהָא

    קהי, קָהָה, קָהָא(b. h.; cmp. כָּהָה) 1) to be dull, blunt; (of a sword) to slide off a hard object. Y.Ber.IX, 13a וקָהַת החרב מעלוכ׳ and the sword slid off Moses neck and broke; Deut. R. s. 2; Yalk. Ex. 167 וקהית (corr. acc.). Gen. R. s. 78; Cant. R. to VII, 5 וקָהוּ שיניווכ׳ and the teeth of the wicked (Esau) became blunt and loose. 2) to be tough, unyielding, hard. Num. R. s. 3 (ref. to Koh. 10:10) אם ראית שקהו השמיםוכ׳, v. preced.Trnsf. to be difficult, unsolvable. Cant. R. to III, 7 שהיו כולן שונין … הלכה קוֹהָא להם they all sharpened the discussion like a sword, so that, when a case came before them, the decision might not be too difficult for them. Ib. to IV, 4 שאין הלכה קוהא להם never was there a subject too difficult for them to decide; a. e. 3) to be wearied; to faint; esp. to have a morbid appetite (caused by the smell of a dish). Ib. to I, 12 the Lord sent them a sweet scent from Eden והיתה נפשם קוהא לאכול and they were dying to eat (of the Passover sacrifice), v. עָיֵף; a. e. Hif. הִקְהָה (with שן) to make blunt and loose; trnsf. to refute; to break the power of; to grieve. Mekh. Bo, s. 18 אף אתה הַקְהֵה את שיניו thou, too, make his teeth blunt (refute his arguments). Gen. R. s. 99 (play on יקהת, Gen. 49:10) מי שמַקְהֶה שניוכ׳ he (the Messiah) that shall break the power of all nations; ib. s. 98. Sot.49a (read:) אימרים … למה הִקְהִיתָוכ׳ (v. Rashi) they (the children of the wicked that died in their parents lifetime) argue before him, … if thou intendedst to punish them in the hereafter, why didst thou cause them grief while living? Ib. שמחת … והקהית חשיני thou hast gladdened my heart (with the evidence of thy purity) and given me pain (by showing more affection for thy son than for myself). Snh.109b (play on בן קהת, Num. 16:1) בן שה׳וכ׳ a son that brought grief over his parents; a. e. Pi. קֵיהָה to pronounce unsolvable. Neg. IV, 11, v. כָּהָה. Nif. נִקְהָה 1) to become faint, powerless. Koh. R. to X, 10 אם נִקְהֵת אומהוכ׳ if the nation whose power was as hard as iron, has grown powerless. 2) to be tough, difficult. Ib. אם נ׳ תלמודךוכ׳ if thy lesson is as tough to thee as iron (v. preced). Hithpa. הִתְקָהֵא, הִתְקָהֶה; Nithpa. נִתְקָהֶה 1) to faint, long for. Yalk. Ex. 186 (ref. to מתלקחת, Ex. 9:24) מִתְקָהָא לעשות שליחותה (not שליחותיה) it (the fire) was dying to perform its mission; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 4a> מיתה מתקהאוכ׳ Ar. (ed. מתקריא, corr. acc.) dying, that is longing ; Cant. R. to III, 11 מיתה ומתקלהא בשביל לעשות רצון בוראם (corr. acc., a. read בוראה); Num. R. s. 12 (combining both versions) מיתה ומתקהלא לעשות … בוראה (corr. acc.). 2) to become tough, hard, unyielding, grievous, irksome. Koh. R. l. c. אם נִתְקָהוּ שמים שעלוכ׳ if the heavens above you have become hard as iron, v. supra. Ib. אם נתק׳ הרב על התלמידוכ׳ if the teacher has been unyielding to the pupil like iron (out of patience, and refusing to teach him) …, and the teacher shows not a friendly face (does not relent) Ib. אם נתק׳ התלמיד על הרבוכ׳ if the pupil has been annoying to his teacher (through his obtuseness or weavisome questions) …, and the teacher refuses to explain

    Jewish literature > קָהָא

  • 590 קהי

    קְהֵי, קְהאch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְקָהֵא, הִתְקָהֶה; Nithpa. נִתְקָהֶה to faint, long for), 1) to be blunt (and loose); to be dull, faint. Targ. Y. II Gen. 33:4 (Y. I אתמזמיזו). Ib. 32:26 וקהת (some ed. וקחת, v. קִחַח; Y. I זעזע; h. text ותקע).Targ. 1 Kings 14:4 קהאה (ed. Wil. כהאה; ed. Lag. קמא; h. text קמו. 2) to be stale, distasteful. Ber.56a קהא עסקךוכ׳ Ms. F. (ed. קָאוֵי fr. קְיָא; Ms. M. פסיר עסקך וקאזיל, read וקאוי) thy business (wine store) will be stale (and taste) like a pomegranate.Part. pass. קְהִיהַ, pl. קְהִיתִין (cmp. חֲמִי, a. חַמְת׳). Lev. R. s. 19 הא קהיתין are they (the vessels with wine you have been examining) spoiled?; (Ar. s. v. קה: הָקְהֵיתָה is it spoiled?). 3) to be unrelenting, rigorous. B. Mets.52b דקָהֵי אזוזי מקרי נפש רעה Ar. (ed. דמוקים) he who is rigorous in matters of coins (refusing a coin for slight imperfections) is called ‘a malevolent soul (v. נֶפֶש). Pa. קַהֵי to give an acrid taste to. Pes.116a צריך לְקַהוּיֵיה one must give the pap (הֲרוֹסֶה) an acrid taste (with apples and wine). Af. אַקְהֵי ( to blunt a persons teeth, to refute, argue. Yeb.110b מַקְהוּ Ar. a. Var. in Rashi (ed. מַקְווּ), v. אַקְוָוא.

    Jewish literature > קהי

  • 591 קהא

    קְהֵי, קְהאch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְקָהֵא, הִתְקָהֶה; Nithpa. נִתְקָהֶה to faint, long for), 1) to be blunt (and loose); to be dull, faint. Targ. Y. II Gen. 33:4 (Y. I אתמזמיזו). Ib. 32:26 וקהת (some ed. וקחת, v. קִחַח; Y. I זעזע; h. text ותקע).Targ. 1 Kings 14:4 קהאה (ed. Wil. כהאה; ed. Lag. קמא; h. text קמו. 2) to be stale, distasteful. Ber.56a קהא עסקךוכ׳ Ms. F. (ed. קָאוֵי fr. קְיָא; Ms. M. פסיר עסקך וקאזיל, read וקאוי) thy business (wine store) will be stale (and taste) like a pomegranate.Part. pass. קְהִיהַ, pl. קְהִיתִין (cmp. חֲמִי, a. חַמְת׳). Lev. R. s. 19 הא קהיתין are they (the vessels with wine you have been examining) spoiled?; (Ar. s. v. קה: הָקְהֵיתָה is it spoiled?). 3) to be unrelenting, rigorous. B. Mets.52b דקָהֵי אזוזי מקרי נפש רעה Ar. (ed. דמוקים) he who is rigorous in matters of coins (refusing a coin for slight imperfections) is called ‘a malevolent soul (v. נֶפֶש). Pa. קַהֵי to give an acrid taste to. Pes.116a צריך לְקַהוּיֵיה one must give the pap (הֲרוֹסֶה) an acrid taste (with apples and wine). Af. אַקְהֵי ( to blunt a persons teeth, to refute, argue. Yeb.110b מַקְהוּ Ar. a. Var. in Rashi (ed. מַקְווּ), v. אַקְוָוא.

    Jewish literature > קהא

  • 592 קְהֵי

    קְהֵי, קְהאch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְקָהֵא, הִתְקָהֶה; Nithpa. נִתְקָהֶה to faint, long for), 1) to be blunt (and loose); to be dull, faint. Targ. Y. II Gen. 33:4 (Y. I אתמזמיזו). Ib. 32:26 וקהת (some ed. וקחת, v. קִחַח; Y. I זעזע; h. text ותקע).Targ. 1 Kings 14:4 קהאה (ed. Wil. כהאה; ed. Lag. קמא; h. text קמו. 2) to be stale, distasteful. Ber.56a קהא עסקךוכ׳ Ms. F. (ed. קָאוֵי fr. קְיָא; Ms. M. פסיר עסקך וקאזיל, read וקאוי) thy business (wine store) will be stale (and taste) like a pomegranate.Part. pass. קְהִיהַ, pl. קְהִיתִין (cmp. חֲמִי, a. חַמְת׳). Lev. R. s. 19 הא קהיתין are they (the vessels with wine you have been examining) spoiled?; (Ar. s. v. קה: הָקְהֵיתָה is it spoiled?). 3) to be unrelenting, rigorous. B. Mets.52b דקָהֵי אזוזי מקרי נפש רעה Ar. (ed. דמוקים) he who is rigorous in matters of coins (refusing a coin for slight imperfections) is called ‘a malevolent soul (v. נֶפֶש). Pa. קַהֵי to give an acrid taste to. Pes.116a צריך לְקַהוּיֵיה one must give the pap (הֲרוֹסֶה) an acrid taste (with apples and wine). Af. אַקְהֵי ( to blunt a persons teeth, to refute, argue. Yeb.110b מַקְהוּ Ar. a. Var. in Rashi (ed. מַקְווּ), v. אַקְוָוא.

    Jewish literature > קְהֵי

  • 593 קְהא

    קְהֵי, קְהאch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְקָהֵא, הִתְקָהֶה; Nithpa. נִתְקָהֶה to faint, long for), 1) to be blunt (and loose); to be dull, faint. Targ. Y. II Gen. 33:4 (Y. I אתמזמיזו). Ib. 32:26 וקהת (some ed. וקחת, v. קִחַח; Y. I זעזע; h. text ותקע).Targ. 1 Kings 14:4 קהאה (ed. Wil. כהאה; ed. Lag. קמא; h. text קמו. 2) to be stale, distasteful. Ber.56a קהא עסקךוכ׳ Ms. F. (ed. קָאוֵי fr. קְיָא; Ms. M. פסיר עסקך וקאזיל, read וקאוי) thy business (wine store) will be stale (and taste) like a pomegranate.Part. pass. קְהִיהַ, pl. קְהִיתִין (cmp. חֲמִי, a. חַמְת׳). Lev. R. s. 19 הא קהיתין are they (the vessels with wine you have been examining) spoiled?; (Ar. s. v. קה: הָקְהֵיתָה is it spoiled?). 3) to be unrelenting, rigorous. B. Mets.52b דקָהֵי אזוזי מקרי נפש רעה Ar. (ed. דמוקים) he who is rigorous in matters of coins (refusing a coin for slight imperfections) is called ‘a malevolent soul (v. נֶפֶש). Pa. קַהֵי to give an acrid taste to. Pes.116a צריך לְקַהוּיֵיה one must give the pap (הֲרוֹסֶה) an acrid taste (with apples and wine). Af. אַקְהֵי ( to blunt a persons teeth, to refute, argue. Yeb.110b מַקְהוּ Ar. a. Var. in Rashi (ed. מַקְווּ), v. אַקְוָוא.

    Jewish literature > קְהא

  • 594 קום

    קוּם(b. h.) to stand up, rise; to stand, exist. Sifré Deut. 357 (ref. to Deut. 26:10) אבל באומות קָם וכ׳ but among the nations he (a prophet like Moses) has existed ; R. Hash. 21b בנביאים לא קםוכ׳ among the prophets never one arose like Moses, but among the rulers one did arise (Solomon). Tanḥ. Bshall. 16 שכל הַקָּם … כאילו קםוכ׳ whoever rises against Israel is considered as if he rose against the Shkhinah. Ib. (ref. to Ex. 15:7) הרבית … כל הקָּמִים לנגדך thou hast often shown thyself glorious over all that rose against thee; a. v. fr.קוּם עֲשֵׂה rise and do, a transgression of a prohibitive law which you must repair by an action, v. נָתַק. Ḥull.XII, 4. Macc.15b, v. infra; a. fr.V. קַיָּים. Pi. קִיֵּים 1) to establish; to attest, identify. Gitt.2b אין עדים מצויין לקַיְּימוֹ no witnesses are likely to be found to attest it (identify the signatures). Ib. 6a כולי עלמא בעינן לקיימו all agree that identifiation by witnesses is required. B. Mets.7a מודה בשטר … צריך לקיימו even if the debtor admits that he has written the note, the creditor must establish its identity (or else the debtor may maintain that the debt has been paid). Gitt.III, 4 וקיְּימוּ את דבריו and they sustained his opinion. Keth.20a אין מְקַיְּימִין … אלא משטרוכ׳ a document can be identified only by comparison of the signatures with those on a document that had been disputed and declared valid in court. Ib. אין מקיימין … משתי כתובותוכ׳ a document can be identified only by comparison of signatures with two marriage deeds or deeds of sale of two fields Ned.72a שמע וק׳ if he heard her vow and confirmed it. Y.R. Hash. I, 56c top קִיַּימְתִּיהָ כשחלוכ׳ I sustain that opinion for a case when ; a. fr.Part. pass. מְקוּיָּים. B. Mets. l. c. במק׳ דבריוכ׳ if the document has been identified, all agree ; a. e. 2) to fulfill, carry out, execute. Yoma 28b ק׳ אברהםוכ׳ Abraham fulfilled the whole Law. Macc. l. c. כל מצות … ק׳וכ׳ in the case of a transgression of a prohibitive law for which reparation is commanded, if the transgressor fulfills the prescribed reparation, he is free (from legal punishment), but if he made the reparation impossible Ib. ור״ש בן ל׳ קִיְּימוֹ ולא קִיְּימוֹ R. S. ben L. reads, if he makes reparation (he is free), and if he refuses, (he is punished); ib. 15a למאן דאמר ק׳ ולא ק׳ according to him who reads ḳiyymo vlo ḳiyymo (punishment can be executed as soon as one refuses to make reparation, although reparation is not made impossible); Ḥull.141a. Ab. IV, 9 … כל הַמְקַיֵּים לקַיְּימָהּ מעושר he who maintains (studies and observes) the Law in poverty, shall finally maintain it in wealth. Sot.13a sq. אמרו ק׳ זה כלוכ׳ they said, this one (Joseph in the coffin) has fulfilled what is written in this (the tablets in the ark of the covenant). Y.R. Hash. I, 57b top רצה מְקַיְּימָהּ if he so desires, he observes it (his own decree). Ber.9b ועבדום … ק׳ בהםוכ׳ the Lord fulfilled on them ‘and they shall make them serve (Gen. 15:14), but he did not fulfill on them ; a. v. fr. מה אני מקייםוכ׳ how can I maintain the words, i. e. in what way can this Scriptural verse which seems to conflict with my opinion be interpreted? R. Hash. 21b אלא מה אני מקיים ביקשוכ׳ and how do I interpret the verse biḳḳesh (Koh. 12:10)? Y.Kidd.I, 61c מה מקיים … בנים how does R. Elazar interpret banim (Deut. 14:1)?; a. fr. 3) to sustain, preserve alive, save. Snh.IV, 5 כל המקיים … כאילו ק׳וכ׳ he who saves one life … is considered … as if he had preserved the whole world; B. Bath.11a. Ab. V, 1 צדיקים שמקיימין את העילםוכ׳ the righteous who sustain the world which was created Kil. V, 8 המקיים קוצים בכרם he who keeps (cultivates) thorns in a vineyard. Ib. דבר שכמוהו מקיימין a plant of the kind that people are wont to cultivate; a. e. 4) to place ( on the chafing stove). Tosef.Sabb.III, 1 ואין מקיימין עליהוכ׳ (not לה) you must not place dishes on it, until it is swept or covered with ashes. Ib. 3; Y. ib. III, beg.5c; a. e. Hithpa. הִתְקַיֵּים, Nithpa. נִתְקַיֵּים 1) to be established, identified. Gitt.I, 3 יִתְקַיֵּים בחותמיו let the genuineness of the document be established through its signers (the witnesses subscribed or through others identifying their signatures); a. fr. 2) to be fulfilled, realized. Macc.24b עד שלא נִתְקַיְּימָה … שלא תִתְקַיֵּים נבואתווכ׳ is as long as the prophecy of Uriah (Mic. 3:12) was not fulfilled, I was afraid lest Zechariahs prophecy (Zech. 8:4) fail to come true; עכשיו שנתקיימה … מִהְקַיֶּימֶת now that Uriahs prophecy has been fulfilled, it is sure that Zechariahs will come true. Tosef.Snh.XI, 8; Y. ib. XI, 30a bot. וכולן נִתְקַיְּימוּ, v. מִדָּה. Ber.55a מקצתו מתקייםוכ׳ part of a dream may come true, but the whole of it will not. Midr. Till. to Ps. 1:3 מִתְקַיְּימוֹת are executed, v. עֵצָה II; a. fr. 3) to be preserved; to last, endure. Gitt.II, 3 בכל דבר שאינו מתקיים with any writing-ink which does not endure. Pes.68b אילמלא … לא נתקיימווכ׳ but for the Law, heaven and earth would not continue to exist. Taan.7a מה … מִתְקַיְּימִיןוכ׳ as these three liquids can he preserved only in the lowest kind of vessels, so will the words of the Law stay with him only whose mind is lowly. Erub.54a תלמודו מתק׳ בידו his learning will remain with him (in his memory). Shebi. VII, 2 מתק׳ בארץ plants the roots of which continue in the ground (perennials). Ab. IV, 11 כל כנסיה … סופה להִתְקַיֵּים every union for a sacred purpose is destined to last. Ib. V, 17 כל מחלוקת … סופה להתק׳ a contest for a sacred purpose is bound to have an enduring effect; a. fr. 4) to be maintained, be harmonised. Mekh. Mishp. s. 20 כיצד יִתְקַיְּימוּ שני מקראות הללו how can these two verses be harmonised?; a. fr. Hif. הֵקִים 1) to put up, erect. Ex. R. s. 52 בואו שנָקִיםוכ׳ come, for we will put up the Tabernacle. lb שרתה … והֵקִימוֹ the holy spirit came upon him, and he put it up. Tanḥ. Pḳudé 11 אני כותב עליך שאתה הֲקִימֹתוֹ I will record about thee, that thou didst put it up; a. fr. 2) to confirm ( a womans vow). Ned.67b איה׳ה׳ if he (the father) has confirmed it, it stands confirmed (the betrothed cannot annul it). Ib. 69a יש שאלה בהָקֵם can a confirmation (by one of the two, the father or the husband) be reconsidered? (v. שְׁאֵלָה), v. הָקֵם; a. e. Hof. הוּקַם to be put up. Tanḥ. l. c. כיון שה׳ המשכן מידוכ׳ as soon as the Tabernacle was erected, the Divine Presence came down Tanḥ. Naso 23. Num. R. s. 12; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > קום

  • 595 קוּם

    קוּם(b. h.) to stand up, rise; to stand, exist. Sifré Deut. 357 (ref. to Deut. 26:10) אבל באומות קָם וכ׳ but among the nations he (a prophet like Moses) has existed ; R. Hash. 21b בנביאים לא קםוכ׳ among the prophets never one arose like Moses, but among the rulers one did arise (Solomon). Tanḥ. Bshall. 16 שכל הַקָּם … כאילו קםוכ׳ whoever rises against Israel is considered as if he rose against the Shkhinah. Ib. (ref. to Ex. 15:7) הרבית … כל הקָּמִים לנגדך thou hast often shown thyself glorious over all that rose against thee; a. v. fr.קוּם עֲשֵׂה rise and do, a transgression of a prohibitive law which you must repair by an action, v. נָתַק. Ḥull.XII, 4. Macc.15b, v. infra; a. fr.V. קַיָּים. Pi. קִיֵּים 1) to establish; to attest, identify. Gitt.2b אין עדים מצויין לקַיְּימוֹ no witnesses are likely to be found to attest it (identify the signatures). Ib. 6a כולי עלמא בעינן לקיימו all agree that identifiation by witnesses is required. B. Mets.7a מודה בשטר … צריך לקיימו even if the debtor admits that he has written the note, the creditor must establish its identity (or else the debtor may maintain that the debt has been paid). Gitt.III, 4 וקיְּימוּ את דבריו and they sustained his opinion. Keth.20a אין מְקַיְּימִין … אלא משטרוכ׳ a document can be identified only by comparison of the signatures with those on a document that had been disputed and declared valid in court. Ib. אין מקיימין … משתי כתובותוכ׳ a document can be identified only by comparison of signatures with two marriage deeds or deeds of sale of two fields Ned.72a שמע וק׳ if he heard her vow and confirmed it. Y.R. Hash. I, 56c top קִיַּימְתִּיהָ כשחלוכ׳ I sustain that opinion for a case when ; a. fr.Part. pass. מְקוּיָּים. B. Mets. l. c. במק׳ דבריוכ׳ if the document has been identified, all agree ; a. e. 2) to fulfill, carry out, execute. Yoma 28b ק׳ אברהםוכ׳ Abraham fulfilled the whole Law. Macc. l. c. כל מצות … ק׳וכ׳ in the case of a transgression of a prohibitive law for which reparation is commanded, if the transgressor fulfills the prescribed reparation, he is free (from legal punishment), but if he made the reparation impossible Ib. ור״ש בן ל׳ קִיְּימוֹ ולא קִיְּימוֹ R. S. ben L. reads, if he makes reparation (he is free), and if he refuses, (he is punished); ib. 15a למאן דאמר ק׳ ולא ק׳ according to him who reads ḳiyymo vlo ḳiyymo (punishment can be executed as soon as one refuses to make reparation, although reparation is not made impossible); Ḥull.141a. Ab. IV, 9 … כל הַמְקַיֵּים לקַיְּימָהּ מעושר he who maintains (studies and observes) the Law in poverty, shall finally maintain it in wealth. Sot.13a sq. אמרו ק׳ זה כלוכ׳ they said, this one (Joseph in the coffin) has fulfilled what is written in this (the tablets in the ark of the covenant). Y.R. Hash. I, 57b top רצה מְקַיְּימָהּ if he so desires, he observes it (his own decree). Ber.9b ועבדום … ק׳ בהםוכ׳ the Lord fulfilled on them ‘and they shall make them serve (Gen. 15:14), but he did not fulfill on them ; a. v. fr. מה אני מקייםוכ׳ how can I maintain the words, i. e. in what way can this Scriptural verse which seems to conflict with my opinion be interpreted? R. Hash. 21b אלא מה אני מקיים ביקשוכ׳ and how do I interpret the verse biḳḳesh (Koh. 12:10)? Y.Kidd.I, 61c מה מקיים … בנים how does R. Elazar interpret banim (Deut. 14:1)?; a. fr. 3) to sustain, preserve alive, save. Snh.IV, 5 כל המקיים … כאילו ק׳וכ׳ he who saves one life … is considered … as if he had preserved the whole world; B. Bath.11a. Ab. V, 1 צדיקים שמקיימין את העילםוכ׳ the righteous who sustain the world which was created Kil. V, 8 המקיים קוצים בכרם he who keeps (cultivates) thorns in a vineyard. Ib. דבר שכמוהו מקיימין a plant of the kind that people are wont to cultivate; a. e. 4) to place ( on the chafing stove). Tosef.Sabb.III, 1 ואין מקיימין עליהוכ׳ (not לה) you must not place dishes on it, until it is swept or covered with ashes. Ib. 3; Y. ib. III, beg.5c; a. e. Hithpa. הִתְקַיֵּים, Nithpa. נִתְקַיֵּים 1) to be established, identified. Gitt.I, 3 יִתְקַיֵּים בחותמיו let the genuineness of the document be established through its signers (the witnesses subscribed or through others identifying their signatures); a. fr. 2) to be fulfilled, realized. Macc.24b עד שלא נִתְקַיְּימָה … שלא תִתְקַיֵּים נבואתווכ׳ is as long as the prophecy of Uriah (Mic. 3:12) was not fulfilled, I was afraid lest Zechariahs prophecy (Zech. 8:4) fail to come true; עכשיו שנתקיימה … מִהְקַיֶּימֶת now that Uriahs prophecy has been fulfilled, it is sure that Zechariahs will come true. Tosef.Snh.XI, 8; Y. ib. XI, 30a bot. וכולן נִתְקַיְּימוּ, v. מִדָּה. Ber.55a מקצתו מתקייםוכ׳ part of a dream may come true, but the whole of it will not. Midr. Till. to Ps. 1:3 מִתְקַיְּימוֹת are executed, v. עֵצָה II; a. fr. 3) to be preserved; to last, endure. Gitt.II, 3 בכל דבר שאינו מתקיים with any writing-ink which does not endure. Pes.68b אילמלא … לא נתקיימווכ׳ but for the Law, heaven and earth would not continue to exist. Taan.7a מה … מִתְקַיְּימִיןוכ׳ as these three liquids can he preserved only in the lowest kind of vessels, so will the words of the Law stay with him only whose mind is lowly. Erub.54a תלמודו מתק׳ בידו his learning will remain with him (in his memory). Shebi. VII, 2 מתק׳ בארץ plants the roots of which continue in the ground (perennials). Ab. IV, 11 כל כנסיה … סופה להִתְקַיֵּים every union for a sacred purpose is destined to last. Ib. V, 17 כל מחלוקת … סופה להתק׳ a contest for a sacred purpose is bound to have an enduring effect; a. fr. 4) to be maintained, be harmonised. Mekh. Mishp. s. 20 כיצד יִתְקַיְּימוּ שני מקראות הללו how can these two verses be harmonised?; a. fr. Hif. הֵקִים 1) to put up, erect. Ex. R. s. 52 בואו שנָקִיםוכ׳ come, for we will put up the Tabernacle. lb שרתה … והֵקִימוֹ the holy spirit came upon him, and he put it up. Tanḥ. Pḳudé 11 אני כותב עליך שאתה הֲקִימֹתוֹ I will record about thee, that thou didst put it up; a. fr. 2) to confirm ( a womans vow). Ned.67b איה׳ה׳ if he (the father) has confirmed it, it stands confirmed (the betrothed cannot annul it). Ib. 69a יש שאלה בהָקֵם can a confirmation (by one of the two, the father or the husband) be reconsidered? (v. שְׁאֵלָה), v. הָקֵם; a. e. Hof. הוּקַם to be put up. Tanḥ. l. c. כיון שה׳ המשכן מידוכ׳ as soon as the Tabernacle was erected, the Divine Presence came down Tanḥ. Naso 23. Num. R. s. 12; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > קוּם

  • 596 קוץ

    קָוַץ(cmp. כְּוֵץ) 1) to shrink, be dried up. Ḥull.43b שחותכו וקוֹוֵץ Ar., v. כְּוֵץ.Part. pass. קָווּץ. Succ.32a top (לולב) ק׳ a Lulab which is shrunk (Rashi: thorn-like, v. קוֹץ).V. קָווּץDenom. קוֹץ, קַיִץ. 2) the curl. Denom. קִיוֵּוץ, קְווּצּוֹת. Pi. קִוֵּוץ (denom. of קוֹץ) to clear of thorns, weed. M. Kat. 6a יוצאין לקַוֵּוץוכ׳ they go out to clear the roads (for the Passover pilgrims). Tosef.She bi. III, 7 מְקַוְּצִיןוכ׳ Var. ed. Zuck. (ed. Zuck. מְקַוְּסִין; oth. ed. מקומין, corr. acc.) you may remove the stones, thorns Nithpa. נִתְקַוֵּוץ, נִתְקַוֵּץ to be cleared. Shebi. IV, 2 שדה שנִתְקַוְּצִה (Y. ed. שנִתְקַוְּו׳) a field that has been cleared; Bekh.34b; M. Kat. 13b; Gitt.44b.

    Jewish literature > קוץ

  • 597 קָוַץ

    קָוַץ(cmp. כְּוֵץ) 1) to shrink, be dried up. Ḥull.43b שחותכו וקוֹוֵץ Ar., v. כְּוֵץ.Part. pass. קָווּץ. Succ.32a top (לולב) ק׳ a Lulab which is shrunk (Rashi: thorn-like, v. קוֹץ).V. קָווּץDenom. קוֹץ, קַיִץ. 2) the curl. Denom. קִיוֵּוץ, קְווּצּוֹת. Pi. קִוֵּוץ (denom. of קוֹץ) to clear of thorns, weed. M. Kat. 6a יוצאין לקַוֵּוץוכ׳ they go out to clear the roads (for the Passover pilgrims). Tosef.She bi. III, 7 מְקַוְּצִיןוכ׳ Var. ed. Zuck. (ed. Zuck. מְקַוְּסִין; oth. ed. מקומין, corr. acc.) you may remove the stones, thorns Nithpa. נִתְקַוֵּוץ, נִתְקַוֵּץ to be cleared. Shebi. IV, 2 שדה שנִתְקַוְּצִה (Y. ed. שנִתְקַוְּו׳) a field that has been cleared; Bekh.34b; M. Kat. 13b; Gitt.44b.

    Jewish literature > קָוַץ

  • 598 קטן

    קָטֹן, קָטַן(b. h.) to be short, small, inferior. Gen. R. s. 76 (expl. קטנתי, Gen. 32:11) איני כדאי … כדאי אני אכל קָטֹנְתִּי מכלוכ׳ I am not deserving (of any of the mercies); R. L. says, I am deserving, but I am too small for (unworthy of) all the mercies Hif. הִקְטִין 1) to make small; to subordinate. B. Bath.90b מַקְטִינֵי איפה those who make the Ephah (measure) small (Am. 8:5). Y.Sot.IX, 24b Samuel was surnamed ‘the small, לפי שהוא מַקְטִין את עצמו because he made himself small (bore himself humbly). Gen. R. s. 37 (play on יקטן, Gen. 10:25) מקטין את עסקיו made his affairs small (was contented with subordinate services); מקטין את עצמו ואת עסקיו subordinated himself and his affairs, v. צָעַר. Meg.11a, v. קַטְנוּת; a. e. 2) to grow smaller, be narrower. Lev. R. s. 31 מַקְטִינוֹת, v. רָחב; Pesik. Ḳumi, p. 145a>; ib.b> מקיטנות (corr. acc.). Hof. הוּקְטָן to shrink. Snh.81b) עד שיוּקְטָן, v. מַעְיָן. Nithpa. נִתְקַטֵּן to be reduced, become less. Tosef.Sot.XV, 5 Var. משמת … נִתְקַטְּנָה חסידותוכ׳ when Abba José ben Ḳiṭnith died, piety became rare in Israel; v. קִיטּוּנְתָּא.

    Jewish literature > קטן

  • 599 קָטֹן

    קָטֹן, קָטַן(b. h.) to be short, small, inferior. Gen. R. s. 76 (expl. קטנתי, Gen. 32:11) איני כדאי … כדאי אני אכל קָטֹנְתִּי מכלוכ׳ I am not deserving (of any of the mercies); R. L. says, I am deserving, but I am too small for (unworthy of) all the mercies Hif. הִקְטִין 1) to make small; to subordinate. B. Bath.90b מַקְטִינֵי איפה those who make the Ephah (measure) small (Am. 8:5). Y.Sot.IX, 24b Samuel was surnamed ‘the small, לפי שהוא מַקְטִין את עצמו because he made himself small (bore himself humbly). Gen. R. s. 37 (play on יקטן, Gen. 10:25) מקטין את עסקיו made his affairs small (was contented with subordinate services); מקטין את עצמו ואת עסקיו subordinated himself and his affairs, v. צָעַר. Meg.11a, v. קַטְנוּת; a. e. 2) to grow smaller, be narrower. Lev. R. s. 31 מַקְטִינוֹת, v. רָחב; Pesik. Ḳumi, p. 145a>; ib.b> מקיטנות (corr. acc.). Hof. הוּקְטָן to shrink. Snh.81b) עד שיוּקְטָן, v. מַעְיָן. Nithpa. נִתְקַטֵּן to be reduced, become less. Tosef.Sot.XV, 5 Var. משמת … נִתְקַטְּנָה חסידותוכ׳ when Abba José ben Ḳiṭnith died, piety became rare in Israel; v. קִיטּוּנְתָּא.

    Jewish literature > קָטֹן

  • 600 קָטַן

    קָטֹן, קָטַן(b. h.) to be short, small, inferior. Gen. R. s. 76 (expl. קטנתי, Gen. 32:11) איני כדאי … כדאי אני אכל קָטֹנְתִּי מכלוכ׳ I am not deserving (of any of the mercies); R. L. says, I am deserving, but I am too small for (unworthy of) all the mercies Hif. הִקְטִין 1) to make small; to subordinate. B. Bath.90b מַקְטִינֵי איפה those who make the Ephah (measure) small (Am. 8:5). Y.Sot.IX, 24b Samuel was surnamed ‘the small, לפי שהוא מַקְטִין את עצמו because he made himself small (bore himself humbly). Gen. R. s. 37 (play on יקטן, Gen. 10:25) מקטין את עסקיו made his affairs small (was contented with subordinate services); מקטין את עצמו ואת עסקיו subordinated himself and his affairs, v. צָעַר. Meg.11a, v. קַטְנוּת; a. e. 2) to grow smaller, be narrower. Lev. R. s. 31 מַקְטִינוֹת, v. רָחב; Pesik. Ḳumi, p. 145a>; ib.b> מקיטנות (corr. acc.). Hof. הוּקְטָן to shrink. Snh.81b) עד שיוּקְטָן, v. מַעְיָן. Nithpa. נִתְקַטֵּן to be reduced, become less. Tosef.Sot.XV, 5 Var. משמת … נִתְקַטְּנָה חסידותוכ׳ when Abba José ben Ḳiṭnith died, piety became rare in Israel; v. קִיטּוּנְתָּא.

    Jewish literature > קָטַן


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