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nithpa

  • 121 וותר

    וָתַר, וָותַר(v. יָתַר) to be plentiful. Y.Succ.V, 55c (ref. to Jer. 2:13) הא וָותְרוּ לאלף (not וותרה) were they not numerous up to a thousand?; Cant. R. to I, 6 הא וותרו למאד (read: למֵאָה). Pi. וִיתֵּר 1) to do more than justice requires, to be liberal; to forego ones rights. Y.Ned.I, beg.39a if they had agreed על מנת לוַותֵּר to yield their rights (to allow each other the use of the entire court). B. Bath. 126a בכור … ו׳ if a first-born accepted an equal share (of a field) with his brothers, he has renounced his privilege; Y.Keth.IV, end, 29b חזקה וייתר (read: וִויתֵּר). Ib. וִיתֵּירָה (= וִיתְּרָה). B. Kam.9a ו׳ he has renounced his rights (cannot resort to his co-heirs for redress). Ruth R. to I, 8 שוִיתְּרוּ להוכ׳ they relinquished their claim on her ; a. fr. 2) to be indulgent, forgive. Y. Ḥag.I, 76c ו׳הקב״ה עלוכ׳ the Lord overlooked Israels idolatry, but did not ; Lam. R. introd. (R. Abba 2). Y.Sot.V, end, 20d שהיה מְוַותֵּר על קללתו he pardoned those who cursed him. Deut. R. s. 9 נְוַותֵּר לו עוד יוםוכ׳ (not עד) let us give him a respite of one day or two.Num. R. s. 21 לא יהא אדם מוותר על התורה man must not be more liberal than the Law; a. fr.Snh.XI, 5 (89a) המוו׳ על דברי נביא he who disobeys a prophet from mere soft-heartedness (v. 1 Kings 20:35, sq.). 3) to give additional space to a plant by removing surrounding plants, to make open space. Y.Shebi.II, 33d top מְוַותְּרִין בגפנים you may clear (in the Sabbatical year) between the grape vines; ib. מקום שנהגו לוותרוכ׳ where it is customary to clear before the festive month; Tosef. ib. I, 7 מְוַתְּרִין; ib. להתיר ed. Zuck. (read: לוַותֵּיר). Nif. הִוָּותֵר (v. נָתַר) 1) to be let loose, set free. Midr. Ptirath Mosheh אֶוָּותֵר (Jellinek Beth-ham-Midrash I, 125; v. Lattes Saggio 107). 2) to be outlawed, v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְוַתַּר, Nithpa. נִתְוַתֵּר (v. נָתַר) 1) to become loose (of bowels). 2) to be declared free, be outlawed. Cant. R. to III, 4 נִתְוַתְּרוּ מעיווכ׳ (Yalk. Is. 288 נתרזו בני מ׳) his bowels were loose that whole night. B. Kam.50a bot. יִתְוַותְּרוּ חייו Ms. M. (ed. יִוָּתְרוּ, Nif., v. supra) his life shall be let loose i. e. shall be outlawed; Ar. ed. Koh. יִתְיַתְּרוּן מעיו וחייו (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note); Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 26 יתותרון בני מעיו his bowels, v. next w.; Yalk. Ps. 648 יִוָּתְרוּ חייו his life be outlawed.

    Jewish literature > וותר

  • 122 וָתַר

    וָתַר, וָותַר(v. יָתַר) to be plentiful. Y.Succ.V, 55c (ref. to Jer. 2:13) הא וָותְרוּ לאלף (not וותרה) were they not numerous up to a thousand?; Cant. R. to I, 6 הא וותרו למאד (read: למֵאָה). Pi. וִיתֵּר 1) to do more than justice requires, to be liberal; to forego ones rights. Y.Ned.I, beg.39a if they had agreed על מנת לוַותֵּר to yield their rights (to allow each other the use of the entire court). B. Bath. 126a בכור … ו׳ if a first-born accepted an equal share (of a field) with his brothers, he has renounced his privilege; Y.Keth.IV, end, 29b חזקה וייתר (read: וִויתֵּר). Ib. וִיתֵּירָה (= וִיתְּרָה). B. Kam.9a ו׳ he has renounced his rights (cannot resort to his co-heirs for redress). Ruth R. to I, 8 שוִיתְּרוּ להוכ׳ they relinquished their claim on her ; a. fr. 2) to be indulgent, forgive. Y. Ḥag.I, 76c ו׳הקב״ה עלוכ׳ the Lord overlooked Israels idolatry, but did not ; Lam. R. introd. (R. Abba 2). Y.Sot.V, end, 20d שהיה מְוַותֵּר על קללתו he pardoned those who cursed him. Deut. R. s. 9 נְוַותֵּר לו עוד יוםוכ׳ (not עד) let us give him a respite of one day or two.Num. R. s. 21 לא יהא אדם מוותר על התורה man must not be more liberal than the Law; a. fr.Snh.XI, 5 (89a) המוו׳ על דברי נביא he who disobeys a prophet from mere soft-heartedness (v. 1 Kings 20:35, sq.). 3) to give additional space to a plant by removing surrounding plants, to make open space. Y.Shebi.II, 33d top מְוַותְּרִין בגפנים you may clear (in the Sabbatical year) between the grape vines; ib. מקום שנהגו לוותרוכ׳ where it is customary to clear before the festive month; Tosef. ib. I, 7 מְוַתְּרִין; ib. להתיר ed. Zuck. (read: לוַותֵּיר). Nif. הִוָּותֵר (v. נָתַר) 1) to be let loose, set free. Midr. Ptirath Mosheh אֶוָּותֵר (Jellinek Beth-ham-Midrash I, 125; v. Lattes Saggio 107). 2) to be outlawed, v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְוַתַּר, Nithpa. נִתְוַתֵּר (v. נָתַר) 1) to become loose (of bowels). 2) to be declared free, be outlawed. Cant. R. to III, 4 נִתְוַתְּרוּ מעיווכ׳ (Yalk. Is. 288 נתרזו בני מ׳) his bowels were loose that whole night. B. Kam.50a bot. יִתְוַותְּרוּ חייו Ms. M. (ed. יִוָּתְרוּ, Nif., v. supra) his life shall be let loose i. e. shall be outlawed; Ar. ed. Koh. יִתְיַתְּרוּן מעיו וחייו (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note); Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 26 יתותרון בני מעיו his bowels, v. next w.; Yalk. Ps. 648 יִוָּתְרוּ חייו his life be outlawed.

    Jewish literature > וָתַר

  • 123 וָותַר

    וָתַר, וָותַר(v. יָתַר) to be plentiful. Y.Succ.V, 55c (ref. to Jer. 2:13) הא וָותְרוּ לאלף (not וותרה) were they not numerous up to a thousand?; Cant. R. to I, 6 הא וותרו למאד (read: למֵאָה). Pi. וִיתֵּר 1) to do more than justice requires, to be liberal; to forego ones rights. Y.Ned.I, beg.39a if they had agreed על מנת לוַותֵּר to yield their rights (to allow each other the use of the entire court). B. Bath. 126a בכור … ו׳ if a first-born accepted an equal share (of a field) with his brothers, he has renounced his privilege; Y.Keth.IV, end, 29b חזקה וייתר (read: וִויתֵּר). Ib. וִיתֵּירָה (= וִיתְּרָה). B. Kam.9a ו׳ he has renounced his rights (cannot resort to his co-heirs for redress). Ruth R. to I, 8 שוִיתְּרוּ להוכ׳ they relinquished their claim on her ; a. fr. 2) to be indulgent, forgive. Y. Ḥag.I, 76c ו׳הקב״ה עלוכ׳ the Lord overlooked Israels idolatry, but did not ; Lam. R. introd. (R. Abba 2). Y.Sot.V, end, 20d שהיה מְוַותֵּר על קללתו he pardoned those who cursed him. Deut. R. s. 9 נְוַותֵּר לו עוד יוםוכ׳ (not עד) let us give him a respite of one day or two.Num. R. s. 21 לא יהא אדם מוותר על התורה man must not be more liberal than the Law; a. fr.Snh.XI, 5 (89a) המוו׳ על דברי נביא he who disobeys a prophet from mere soft-heartedness (v. 1 Kings 20:35, sq.). 3) to give additional space to a plant by removing surrounding plants, to make open space. Y.Shebi.II, 33d top מְוַותְּרִין בגפנים you may clear (in the Sabbatical year) between the grape vines; ib. מקום שנהגו לוותרוכ׳ where it is customary to clear before the festive month; Tosef. ib. I, 7 מְוַתְּרִין; ib. להתיר ed. Zuck. (read: לוַותֵּיר). Nif. הִוָּותֵר (v. נָתַר) 1) to be let loose, set free. Midr. Ptirath Mosheh אֶוָּותֵר (Jellinek Beth-ham-Midrash I, 125; v. Lattes Saggio 107). 2) to be outlawed, v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְוַתַּר, Nithpa. נִתְוַתֵּר (v. נָתַר) 1) to become loose (of bowels). 2) to be declared free, be outlawed. Cant. R. to III, 4 נִתְוַתְּרוּ מעיווכ׳ (Yalk. Is. 288 נתרזו בני מ׳) his bowels were loose that whole night. B. Kam.50a bot. יִתְוַותְּרוּ חייו Ms. M. (ed. יִוָּתְרוּ, Nif., v. supra) his life shall be let loose i. e. shall be outlawed; Ar. ed. Koh. יִתְיַתְּרוּן מעיו וחייו (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note); Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 26 יתותרון בני מעיו his bowels, v. next w.; Yalk. Ps. 648 יִוָּתְרוּ חייו his life be outlawed.

    Jewish literature > וָותַר

  • 124 זבל II

    זָבַלII, Pi. זִבֵּל (denom. of זֶבֶל) to deposit foliage in the field for manure, to manure. Shebi. III, 2 עד כמה מְזַבְּלִין is how many piles may be deposited? Ib. II, 2 מְזָבְּלִיןוכ׳ you may manure Keth.10b the rain waters ומְזַבֵּל and softens (corresp. to מוג, Ps. 65:11, cmp. בּוּל II). Cant. R. to I, 1 אנחנו לא נְזַבֵּלוכ׳ (not נזבלים) should we not improve (our minds) even as those carrying out foliage and straw?; a. fr.Part. pass. מְזוּבָּל manured. Y.M. Kat. I, 80b. Nif. נִזְבַּל, Nithpa. נִזְדַּבֵּל to be manured. Midr. Sam. ch. IV.Ab. Zar.49a שדה שנִזְדַּבְּלָהוכ׳ a field which has been manured with material connected with idolatry (foliage from a worshipped tree &c).

    Jewish literature > זבל II

  • 125 זָבַל

    זָבַלII, Pi. זִבֵּל (denom. of זֶבֶל) to deposit foliage in the field for manure, to manure. Shebi. III, 2 עד כמה מְזַבְּלִין is how many piles may be deposited? Ib. II, 2 מְזָבְּלִיןוכ׳ you may manure Keth.10b the rain waters ומְזַבֵּל and softens (corresp. to מוג, Ps. 65:11, cmp. בּוּל II). Cant. R. to I, 1 אנחנו לא נְזַבֵּלוכ׳ (not נזבלים) should we not improve (our minds) even as those carrying out foliage and straw?; a. fr.Part. pass. מְזוּבָּל manured. Y.M. Kat. I, 80b. Nif. נִזְבַּל, Nithpa. נִזְדַּבֵּל to be manured. Midr. Sam. ch. IV.Ab. Zar.49a שדה שנִזְדַּבְּלָהוכ׳ a field which has been manured with material connected with idolatry (foliage from a worshipped tree &c).

    Jewish literature > זָבַל

  • 126 זוג

    זָוַגPi. זִיוֵּוג, זִוֵּוג 1) to join, couple, match; to adjust. Tosef.Kil.V, 11 המְזַוֵּיג את הכלאים he who harnesses together two heterogeneous animals; B. Mets.90b המְזַ׳ בכל׳. Y.Gitt.III, 44d bot. הגע עצמך שזִיוֵּוג but supposed that one matched it, i. e. found a letter of divorce just containing the names of the persons under consideration (though not written for that special transaction). Ib. כיון שאינו מצוי לזַוֵּוגאפי׳ ז׳ כמי שלא ז׳ since it is so rare to find such a matching combination, even if one did, we consider it as if he had not done it, i. e. such rare chances are not taken into consideration. Y.Shek.V, 49a bot. הגע … שז׳ אותו היום supposed somebody produced a ticket with the mark of the same day of the week?Ib. אפי׳ לזויגוכ׳ (read as above: כיון שאינווכ׳). Y.M. Kat. l, end, 80d bot. מְזַוֵּוג את האומריות one who knots the fringes two by two (instead of making a regular network).Y.Shek.V, 48d bot. מְזַיֵּיג את הפתילות (Bab. ed. מְזַוֵּוג) he adjusted the length of the wicks (to the length of the time they had to burn); Y.Yoma II, 39d bot.Esp. 2) to join in wedlock, to wed. Sot.2a אין מְזַוְּוגִין לו לאדםוכ׳ a wife is selected (in heaven) for each man according to his deserts. Ib. קשין לזַיְּוגָןוכ׳ to wed couples is as difficult as the splitting of the Red Sea. Gen. R. s. 68; Lev. R. s. 8, beg. מְזַוֵּוג זִיוּוּגִיםוכ׳ He joins couples, decrees who should be married to whom. Ib. אני יכולה לזַיְּוגָםוכ׳ I can couple them in one hour. Ib. זווגן בלילהוכ׳ (read: זִוְּוגָתָן); a. fr. 3) to join in a hostile sense, to attack. Cant. R. to III, 6, v. לָבַב. 4) to match in misery, to comfort by pointing out a similar case (cmp. Lam. 2:13). Pesik. R. s. 30 מזדווג בהוכ׳ (read מְזַוֵּוג לה) He shows her (the country) a fellow-sufferer to comfort her. Ib. מזדווג לה אלכסנדריהוכ׳ (corr. acc.) he pointed out to her Alexandria. Ib. בא יואל וזי׳ לה Joel came and comforted her (by pointing to the Lords sympathy). Hithpa. הִזְדַּוֵּוג, Nithpa. נִזְדַּוֵּוג 1) to be joined; to join, meet. Y.Yoma VI, 43c top שיִזְדַּוֵּוג לו חבירו that the other bullock must be joined to him (they must belong to the same couple). Snh.V, 5 (40a) מִזְדַּוְּוגִין זוגותוכ׳ they met in couples (for consultation). Y.Taan.I, 64a top (ref. to Is. 21:11, play on אֵלַי) אֶלִי מאיכן נז׳ ליוכ׳ whence did my God join me again? From Seir (Rome); a. fr. 2) (in a hostile sense) to join in battle, attack. Ex. R. s. 1; Tanḥ. Shmoth 5 בוא ונִזְדַּוֵּוגוכ׳ come and let us plan how to get at that nation. Lev. R. s. 11 נִזְדַּוְּוגוּ לו שלשהוכ׳ three enemies attacked it jointly. Ib. באו ברבריים נ׳ לו barbarians attacked him; Esth. R. introd.; a. fr. 3) to be wedded. Cant. R. to I, 4 ( נגילח); Pesik. Sos, p. 147a> כשם שנִזְדַוַּוגְתֶּםוכ׳ as you have been married with festivities.

    Jewish literature > זוג

  • 127 זָוַג

    זָוַגPi. זִיוֵּוג, זִוֵּוג 1) to join, couple, match; to adjust. Tosef.Kil.V, 11 המְזַוֵּיג את הכלאים he who harnesses together two heterogeneous animals; B. Mets.90b המְזַ׳ בכל׳. Y.Gitt.III, 44d bot. הגע עצמך שזִיוֵּוג but supposed that one matched it, i. e. found a letter of divorce just containing the names of the persons under consideration (though not written for that special transaction). Ib. כיון שאינו מצוי לזַוֵּוגאפי׳ ז׳ כמי שלא ז׳ since it is so rare to find such a matching combination, even if one did, we consider it as if he had not done it, i. e. such rare chances are not taken into consideration. Y.Shek.V, 49a bot. הגע … שז׳ אותו היום supposed somebody produced a ticket with the mark of the same day of the week?Ib. אפי׳ לזויגוכ׳ (read as above: כיון שאינווכ׳). Y.M. Kat. l, end, 80d bot. מְזַוֵּוג את האומריות one who knots the fringes two by two (instead of making a regular network).Y.Shek.V, 48d bot. מְזַיֵּיג את הפתילות (Bab. ed. מְזַוֵּוג) he adjusted the length of the wicks (to the length of the time they had to burn); Y.Yoma II, 39d bot.Esp. 2) to join in wedlock, to wed. Sot.2a אין מְזַוְּוגִין לו לאדםוכ׳ a wife is selected (in heaven) for each man according to his deserts. Ib. קשין לזַיְּוגָןוכ׳ to wed couples is as difficult as the splitting of the Red Sea. Gen. R. s. 68; Lev. R. s. 8, beg. מְזַוֵּוג זִיוּוּגִיםוכ׳ He joins couples, decrees who should be married to whom. Ib. אני יכולה לזַיְּוגָםוכ׳ I can couple them in one hour. Ib. זווגן בלילהוכ׳ (read: זִוְּוגָתָן); a. fr. 3) to join in a hostile sense, to attack. Cant. R. to III, 6, v. לָבַב. 4) to match in misery, to comfort by pointing out a similar case (cmp. Lam. 2:13). Pesik. R. s. 30 מזדווג בהוכ׳ (read מְזַוֵּוג לה) He shows her (the country) a fellow-sufferer to comfort her. Ib. מזדווג לה אלכסנדריהוכ׳ (corr. acc.) he pointed out to her Alexandria. Ib. בא יואל וזי׳ לה Joel came and comforted her (by pointing to the Lords sympathy). Hithpa. הִזְדַּוֵּוג, Nithpa. נִזְדַּוֵּוג 1) to be joined; to join, meet. Y.Yoma VI, 43c top שיִזְדַּוֵּוג לו חבירו that the other bullock must be joined to him (they must belong to the same couple). Snh.V, 5 (40a) מִזְדַּוְּוגִין זוגותוכ׳ they met in couples (for consultation). Y.Taan.I, 64a top (ref. to Is. 21:11, play on אֵלַי) אֶלִי מאיכן נז׳ ליוכ׳ whence did my God join me again? From Seir (Rome); a. fr. 2) (in a hostile sense) to join in battle, attack. Ex. R. s. 1; Tanḥ. Shmoth 5 בוא ונִזְדַּוֵּוגוכ׳ come and let us plan how to get at that nation. Lev. R. s. 11 נִזְדַּוְּוגוּ לו שלשהוכ׳ three enemies attacked it jointly. Ib. באו ברבריים נ׳ לו barbarians attacked him; Esth. R. introd.; a. fr. 3) to be wedded. Cant. R. to I, 4 ( נגילח); Pesik. Sos, p. 147a> כשם שנִזְדַוַּוגְתֶּםוכ׳ as you have been married with festivities.

    Jewish literature > זָוַג

  • 128 זכי

    זכי, זָכָה(b. h.; cmp. זָךְ) (to be pure, clear, 1) to be acquitted, be right. B. Mets. 107b זוֹכֵה בדין he will be successful in his plea before court. Ber.7b זוכה בדין (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) he will be found righteous in Divine judgment; a. fr. 2) to be found worthy of, to be privileged, to succeed. Ib. I, 5 ולא זָכִיתִיוכ׳ I did not succeed (in proving) that Ib. 5b לא … זוכה לשתיוכ׳ not every one is privileged to enjoy two tables (this world and the hereafter). Ḥag.5b תִּזְכּוּ להקבילוכ׳ you will be privileged to receive Pes.19a זָכִינוּ שאיןוכ׳ it was a good thing for us that Erub.54a ז׳ תאווהוכ׳, if one is favored, ‘thou givest him the desire of his heart (without prayer), if less favored Yeb.63a, v. נֶגֶד; a. fr. 3) to take possession, have authority; to own (cmp. קָנָה); to gain, obtain a privilege. B. Mets.I, 3 אני זָכִיתִי בה I took possession of it for myself; ז׳ בה it is his. Ib. 4 זה שהחזיק בה ז׳ בה the one that took a hold of it, is the legitimate owner. Ib. זָכְתָה לי שדי my field (in which the object lies) has taken possession for me. Y.Kidd.I, 60a top הראוי לִזְכּוֹתע״י עצמווכ׳ he who is legally qualified to acquire ownership through his own act, can obtain ownership through another person.Erub.VII, 11 (81b), a. fr. זָכִין לאדם שלא בפניו you may obtain a privilege in behalf of a person in his absence, but you cannot act in his behalf to his disadvantage; a. fr. 4) (v. Pi.) to benefit another person by ones own merit, to transfer blessing Eduy. II, 9 האב זוֹכֶה לבןוכ׳ a (good) father transmits to his son the benefits of beauty Tosef. ib. I, 14 עד הפרק זוכה לו up to the age of majority the fathers merit stands by him, מכאן ואילך זוכה לעצמו after that he lives on his own merits. 5) to deserve well of, be of service to. Lev. R. s. 34 (ref. to Ps. 41:2) הוי … היאד לִזְכּוֹת עמו reflect well how to be of real service to him. Ib. לזכות בו to deserve divine reward through him. Ib. שיהו זָכִין אלו לאלו that they may deserve well of each other (the poor being the instrumentality of bliss to the giver); a. fr. Pi. זִכָּה, זִיכָּ׳ 1) to acquit, to argue or vote for acquittal. Erub.19a יפה זִבִּיתָוכ׳ thou wast right in acquitting, in condemning. Snh.III, 5 שנים מְזַכִּין if two vote for acquittal; a. fr. 2) to obtain a privilege for, take possession in behalf of; to transfer, make an assignment to. Y. Kidd. l. c. זה זי׳ לבן דעת the one obtained a privilege for a rational being. B. Bath.VIII, 6 זי׳ בה לאחר if in his will (found on his body) he made an assignment to somebody else (as executor); a. fr. 3) to transfer divine favor, to exercise a protecting influence on. Snh.111a מְזַכֶּה את כלוכ׳ protects the entire town. Yoma 87a לא דיין שזיכין לעצטן אלא שמְזַכִּיןוכ׳ Ms. M. not only do they obtain divine grace for themselves, but they also transfer the same on their children ; a. fr. 4) to lead to righteousness, to convert, make better, purer. Ib.; Ab. V, 18, a. e. כל המזכה אתוכ׳ whoever causes a community to do good. Macc.III, 16 רצההקב״ה לזַכּותוכ׳, the Lord desired to make Israel pure; a. fr. Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה 1) to he acquitted, to be found not guilty. Snh.30a מדבדיהם נז׳ פליני the defendant has been acquitted by their (the courts) verdict. Y. ib. V, 22d top ובאיזו מִזְדַּכֶּה פוטרין אותו and on which-soever (of the two counts) he is found not guilty, he is acquitted; a. fr. 2) to have favorable evidence or argument offered. Ib. 23a נ׳ מפי עצמו if the defendant himself offers Ib. הרישנ׳ מפי עצמו (read מפי עדו).

    Jewish literature > זכי

  • 129 זכה

    זכי, זָכָה(b. h.; cmp. זָךְ) (to be pure, clear, 1) to be acquitted, be right. B. Mets. 107b זוֹכֵה בדין he will be successful in his plea before court. Ber.7b זוכה בדין (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) he will be found righteous in Divine judgment; a. fr. 2) to be found worthy of, to be privileged, to succeed. Ib. I, 5 ולא זָכִיתִיוכ׳ I did not succeed (in proving) that Ib. 5b לא … זוכה לשתיוכ׳ not every one is privileged to enjoy two tables (this world and the hereafter). Ḥag.5b תִּזְכּוּ להקבילוכ׳ you will be privileged to receive Pes.19a זָכִינוּ שאיןוכ׳ it was a good thing for us that Erub.54a ז׳ תאווהוכ׳, if one is favored, ‘thou givest him the desire of his heart (without prayer), if less favored Yeb.63a, v. נֶגֶד; a. fr. 3) to take possession, have authority; to own (cmp. קָנָה); to gain, obtain a privilege. B. Mets.I, 3 אני זָכִיתִי בה I took possession of it for myself; ז׳ בה it is his. Ib. 4 זה שהחזיק בה ז׳ בה the one that took a hold of it, is the legitimate owner. Ib. זָכְתָה לי שדי my field (in which the object lies) has taken possession for me. Y.Kidd.I, 60a top הראוי לִזְכּוֹתע״י עצמווכ׳ he who is legally qualified to acquire ownership through his own act, can obtain ownership through another person.Erub.VII, 11 (81b), a. fr. זָכִין לאדם שלא בפניו you may obtain a privilege in behalf of a person in his absence, but you cannot act in his behalf to his disadvantage; a. fr. 4) (v. Pi.) to benefit another person by ones own merit, to transfer blessing Eduy. II, 9 האב זוֹכֶה לבןוכ׳ a (good) father transmits to his son the benefits of beauty Tosef. ib. I, 14 עד הפרק זוכה לו up to the age of majority the fathers merit stands by him, מכאן ואילך זוכה לעצמו after that he lives on his own merits. 5) to deserve well of, be of service to. Lev. R. s. 34 (ref. to Ps. 41:2) הוי … היאד לִזְכּוֹת עמו reflect well how to be of real service to him. Ib. לזכות בו to deserve divine reward through him. Ib. שיהו זָכִין אלו לאלו that they may deserve well of each other (the poor being the instrumentality of bliss to the giver); a. fr. Pi. זִכָּה, זִיכָּ׳ 1) to acquit, to argue or vote for acquittal. Erub.19a יפה זִבִּיתָוכ׳ thou wast right in acquitting, in condemning. Snh.III, 5 שנים מְזַכִּין if two vote for acquittal; a. fr. 2) to obtain a privilege for, take possession in behalf of; to transfer, make an assignment to. Y. Kidd. l. c. זה זי׳ לבן דעת the one obtained a privilege for a rational being. B. Bath.VIII, 6 זי׳ בה לאחר if in his will (found on his body) he made an assignment to somebody else (as executor); a. fr. 3) to transfer divine favor, to exercise a protecting influence on. Snh.111a מְזַכֶּה את כלוכ׳ protects the entire town. Yoma 87a לא דיין שזיכין לעצטן אלא שמְזַכִּיןוכ׳ Ms. M. not only do they obtain divine grace for themselves, but they also transfer the same on their children ; a. fr. 4) to lead to righteousness, to convert, make better, purer. Ib.; Ab. V, 18, a. e. כל המזכה אתוכ׳ whoever causes a community to do good. Macc.III, 16 רצההקב״ה לזַכּותוכ׳, the Lord desired to make Israel pure; a. fr. Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה 1) to he acquitted, to be found not guilty. Snh.30a מדבדיהם נז׳ פליני the defendant has been acquitted by their (the courts) verdict. Y. ib. V, 22d top ובאיזו מִזְדַּכֶּה פוטרין אותו and on which-soever (of the two counts) he is found not guilty, he is acquitted; a. fr. 2) to have favorable evidence or argument offered. Ib. 23a נ׳ מפי עצמו if the defendant himself offers Ib. הרישנ׳ מפי עצמו (read מפי עדו).

    Jewish literature > זכה

  • 130 זָכָה

    זכי, זָכָה(b. h.; cmp. זָךְ) (to be pure, clear, 1) to be acquitted, be right. B. Mets. 107b זוֹכֵה בדין he will be successful in his plea before court. Ber.7b זוכה בדין (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) he will be found righteous in Divine judgment; a. fr. 2) to be found worthy of, to be privileged, to succeed. Ib. I, 5 ולא זָכִיתִיוכ׳ I did not succeed (in proving) that Ib. 5b לא … זוכה לשתיוכ׳ not every one is privileged to enjoy two tables (this world and the hereafter). Ḥag.5b תִּזְכּוּ להקבילוכ׳ you will be privileged to receive Pes.19a זָכִינוּ שאיןוכ׳ it was a good thing for us that Erub.54a ז׳ תאווהוכ׳, if one is favored, ‘thou givest him the desire of his heart (without prayer), if less favored Yeb.63a, v. נֶגֶד; a. fr. 3) to take possession, have authority; to own (cmp. קָנָה); to gain, obtain a privilege. B. Mets.I, 3 אני זָכִיתִי בה I took possession of it for myself; ז׳ בה it is his. Ib. 4 זה שהחזיק בה ז׳ בה the one that took a hold of it, is the legitimate owner. Ib. זָכְתָה לי שדי my field (in which the object lies) has taken possession for me. Y.Kidd.I, 60a top הראוי לִזְכּוֹתע״י עצמווכ׳ he who is legally qualified to acquire ownership through his own act, can obtain ownership through another person.Erub.VII, 11 (81b), a. fr. זָכִין לאדם שלא בפניו you may obtain a privilege in behalf of a person in his absence, but you cannot act in his behalf to his disadvantage; a. fr. 4) (v. Pi.) to benefit another person by ones own merit, to transfer blessing Eduy. II, 9 האב זוֹכֶה לבןוכ׳ a (good) father transmits to his son the benefits of beauty Tosef. ib. I, 14 עד הפרק זוכה לו up to the age of majority the fathers merit stands by him, מכאן ואילך זוכה לעצמו after that he lives on his own merits. 5) to deserve well of, be of service to. Lev. R. s. 34 (ref. to Ps. 41:2) הוי … היאד לִזְכּוֹת עמו reflect well how to be of real service to him. Ib. לזכות בו to deserve divine reward through him. Ib. שיהו זָכִין אלו לאלו that they may deserve well of each other (the poor being the instrumentality of bliss to the giver); a. fr. Pi. זִכָּה, זִיכָּ׳ 1) to acquit, to argue or vote for acquittal. Erub.19a יפה זִבִּיתָוכ׳ thou wast right in acquitting, in condemning. Snh.III, 5 שנים מְזַכִּין if two vote for acquittal; a. fr. 2) to obtain a privilege for, take possession in behalf of; to transfer, make an assignment to. Y. Kidd. l. c. זה זי׳ לבן דעת the one obtained a privilege for a rational being. B. Bath.VIII, 6 זי׳ בה לאחר if in his will (found on his body) he made an assignment to somebody else (as executor); a. fr. 3) to transfer divine favor, to exercise a protecting influence on. Snh.111a מְזַכֶּה את כלוכ׳ protects the entire town. Yoma 87a לא דיין שזיכין לעצטן אלא שמְזַכִּיןוכ׳ Ms. M. not only do they obtain divine grace for themselves, but they also transfer the same on their children ; a. fr. 4) to lead to righteousness, to convert, make better, purer. Ib.; Ab. V, 18, a. e. כל המזכה אתוכ׳ whoever causes a community to do good. Macc.III, 16 רצההקב״ה לזַכּותוכ׳, the Lord desired to make Israel pure; a. fr. Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה 1) to he acquitted, to be found not guilty. Snh.30a מדבדיהם נז׳ פליני the defendant has been acquitted by their (the courts) verdict. Y. ib. V, 22d top ובאיזו מִזְדַּכֶּה פוטרין אותו and on which-soever (of the two counts) he is found not guilty, he is acquitted; a. fr. 2) to have favorable evidence or argument offered. Ib. 23a נ׳ מפי עצמו if the defendant himself offers Ib. הרישנ׳ מפי עצמו (read מפי עדו).

    Jewish literature > זָכָה

  • 131 זכי

    זְכֵי, זְכָאch. sam( Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה to he acquitted, to be found not guilty), 1) to be clear, pure. Targ. Job 9:15. Ib. 10:15 זְכִיתִי (some ed. זִכִּי׳, corr. acc.); a. e. 2) to go unpunished (h. נקה). Targ. Jer. 25:29; a. e. 3) to deserve welt, do good, to obtain a claim on divine favor. Lev. R. s. 34 (read:) אדם … זְכִי בי או דְכִי בי the beggar says … ‘obtain a claim through me, or ‘become pure through me, (which means) זַכֵּי גדמך בי benefit thyself through me. Ib. אנן זַכְיִין בן we shall give thee something. Ib. ז׳ בהאי אתתא give this woman (me) something. Y. Ḥag.I, 76b bot. שלח … מִזְכֵּיוכ׳ sent his son to Tiberias for his improvement (through study); Y.Pes.III, 30b bot. יזכי (corr. acc.); a. fr. 4) to become worthy of divine grace, to be privileged to enjoy, to live to see. Targ. Job 20:17; a. e.Ber.17a נשים בטאי זַכְיָין wherewith do women (who do not study the Law) deserve divine grace?Sabb.21b אי זְכָאִי if I had been worthy (if the Lord had permitted me). Lev. R. s. 25 אִי זָכִית אכלית if the Lord permit, I may eat thereof. Ib. אם זַכְיַת (תיכול) אכול if thou shalt live long enough to eat thereof. Ḥull.50a; Bets.27a, a. e. אִזְכֵּי ואסיקוכ׳ the Lord permitting I will go ; a. fr. 4) to take possession, acquire a title. B. Mets.8a מיגו דזָכֵי לנפשיה since he has a right to take possession for himself, v. מִיגּוֹ, s. v. גּוֹ.B. Kam.12b; a. fr. Pa. זַכֵּי 1) to clear (from rubbish). M. Kat. 10b; B. Bath.54a, v. זִיכֵּי. 2) to clear, acquit, justify; to leave unpunished. Targ. O. Ex. 20:7 (Y. מִזְכֵי, read: מְזַכֵּי). Targ. Cant. 7:3; a. fr. 3) to cleanse. Targ. Ps. 73:13 זַכָּאִית Ms. (ed. זַכִּית, ed. Wil. זַכְוַת, corr. acc.); a. e.Lev. R. s. 34, v. supra. 4) to win, defeat. Ab. Zar.10b; Snh.39a כל דז׳ מלכא Ms. M. (ed. למלכא) whosoever defeats the: king in argument. Ib. 107a עבדא ז׳ למריה (old ed. כפייה) the servant conquered his master. Bekh.8b אי זַכִּיתוּ לי if you defeat me: ואי זַכִּינָא בכו (read לכו) and if we defeat you. Ḥull.31b זַכַּנְהוּוכ׳ R. N. defeated the Rabbis; a. e. 5) to entitle, give possession to. Pes.78a שטרא מְזַכֵּי לבי תרי a document giving a title to both contestants, i. e. one agreeing with two opposite opinions. Ithpa. אִזְדַּכֵּי, Ithpe. אִזְדְּכֵי to be cleared, to go unpunished; to clear ones self, to defend ones self. Targ. Y. Gen. 24:8. Ib. 44:16; a. e.

    Jewish literature > זכי

  • 132 זכא

    זְכֵי, זְכָאch. sam( Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה to he acquitted, to be found not guilty), 1) to be clear, pure. Targ. Job 9:15. Ib. 10:15 זְכִיתִי (some ed. זִכִּי׳, corr. acc.); a. e. 2) to go unpunished (h. נקה). Targ. Jer. 25:29; a. e. 3) to deserve welt, do good, to obtain a claim on divine favor. Lev. R. s. 34 (read:) אדם … זְכִי בי או דְכִי בי the beggar says … ‘obtain a claim through me, or ‘become pure through me, (which means) זַכֵּי גדמך בי benefit thyself through me. Ib. אנן זַכְיִין בן we shall give thee something. Ib. ז׳ בהאי אתתא give this woman (me) something. Y. Ḥag.I, 76b bot. שלח … מִזְכֵּיוכ׳ sent his son to Tiberias for his improvement (through study); Y.Pes.III, 30b bot. יזכי (corr. acc.); a. fr. 4) to become worthy of divine grace, to be privileged to enjoy, to live to see. Targ. Job 20:17; a. e.Ber.17a נשים בטאי זַכְיָין wherewith do women (who do not study the Law) deserve divine grace?Sabb.21b אי זְכָאִי if I had been worthy (if the Lord had permitted me). Lev. R. s. 25 אִי זָכִית אכלית if the Lord permit, I may eat thereof. Ib. אם זַכְיַת (תיכול) אכול if thou shalt live long enough to eat thereof. Ḥull.50a; Bets.27a, a. e. אִזְכֵּי ואסיקוכ׳ the Lord permitting I will go ; a. fr. 4) to take possession, acquire a title. B. Mets.8a מיגו דזָכֵי לנפשיה since he has a right to take possession for himself, v. מִיגּוֹ, s. v. גּוֹ.B. Kam.12b; a. fr. Pa. זַכֵּי 1) to clear (from rubbish). M. Kat. 10b; B. Bath.54a, v. זִיכֵּי. 2) to clear, acquit, justify; to leave unpunished. Targ. O. Ex. 20:7 (Y. מִזְכֵי, read: מְזַכֵּי). Targ. Cant. 7:3; a. fr. 3) to cleanse. Targ. Ps. 73:13 זַכָּאִית Ms. (ed. זַכִּית, ed. Wil. זַכְוַת, corr. acc.); a. e.Lev. R. s. 34, v. supra. 4) to win, defeat. Ab. Zar.10b; Snh.39a כל דז׳ מלכא Ms. M. (ed. למלכא) whosoever defeats the: king in argument. Ib. 107a עבדא ז׳ למריה (old ed. כפייה) the servant conquered his master. Bekh.8b אי זַכִּיתוּ לי if you defeat me: ואי זַכִּינָא בכו (read לכו) and if we defeat you. Ḥull.31b זַכַּנְהוּוכ׳ R. N. defeated the Rabbis; a. e. 5) to entitle, give possession to. Pes.78a שטרא מְזַכֵּי לבי תרי a document giving a title to both contestants, i. e. one agreeing with two opposite opinions. Ithpa. אִזְדַּכֵּי, Ithpe. אִזְדְּכֵי to be cleared, to go unpunished; to clear ones self, to defend ones self. Targ. Y. Gen. 24:8. Ib. 44:16; a. e.

    Jewish literature > זכא

  • 133 זְכֵי

    זְכֵי, זְכָאch. sam( Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה to he acquitted, to be found not guilty), 1) to be clear, pure. Targ. Job 9:15. Ib. 10:15 זְכִיתִי (some ed. זִכִּי׳, corr. acc.); a. e. 2) to go unpunished (h. נקה). Targ. Jer. 25:29; a. e. 3) to deserve welt, do good, to obtain a claim on divine favor. Lev. R. s. 34 (read:) אדם … זְכִי בי או דְכִי בי the beggar says … ‘obtain a claim through me, or ‘become pure through me, (which means) זַכֵּי גדמך בי benefit thyself through me. Ib. אנן זַכְיִין בן we shall give thee something. Ib. ז׳ בהאי אתתא give this woman (me) something. Y. Ḥag.I, 76b bot. שלח … מִזְכֵּיוכ׳ sent his son to Tiberias for his improvement (through study); Y.Pes.III, 30b bot. יזכי (corr. acc.); a. fr. 4) to become worthy of divine grace, to be privileged to enjoy, to live to see. Targ. Job 20:17; a. e.Ber.17a נשים בטאי זַכְיָין wherewith do women (who do not study the Law) deserve divine grace?Sabb.21b אי זְכָאִי if I had been worthy (if the Lord had permitted me). Lev. R. s. 25 אִי זָכִית אכלית if the Lord permit, I may eat thereof. Ib. אם זַכְיַת (תיכול) אכול if thou shalt live long enough to eat thereof. Ḥull.50a; Bets.27a, a. e. אִזְכֵּי ואסיקוכ׳ the Lord permitting I will go ; a. fr. 4) to take possession, acquire a title. B. Mets.8a מיגו דזָכֵי לנפשיה since he has a right to take possession for himself, v. מִיגּוֹ, s. v. גּוֹ.B. Kam.12b; a. fr. Pa. זַכֵּי 1) to clear (from rubbish). M. Kat. 10b; B. Bath.54a, v. זִיכֵּי. 2) to clear, acquit, justify; to leave unpunished. Targ. O. Ex. 20:7 (Y. מִזְכֵי, read: מְזַכֵּי). Targ. Cant. 7:3; a. fr. 3) to cleanse. Targ. Ps. 73:13 זַכָּאִית Ms. (ed. זַכִּית, ed. Wil. זַכְוַת, corr. acc.); a. e.Lev. R. s. 34, v. supra. 4) to win, defeat. Ab. Zar.10b; Snh.39a כל דז׳ מלכא Ms. M. (ed. למלכא) whosoever defeats the: king in argument. Ib. 107a עבדא ז׳ למריה (old ed. כפייה) the servant conquered his master. Bekh.8b אי זַכִּיתוּ לי if you defeat me: ואי זַכִּינָא בכו (read לכו) and if we defeat you. Ḥull.31b זַכַּנְהוּוכ׳ R. N. defeated the Rabbis; a. e. 5) to entitle, give possession to. Pes.78a שטרא מְזַכֵּי לבי תרי a document giving a title to both contestants, i. e. one agreeing with two opposite opinions. Ithpa. אִזְדַּכֵּי, Ithpe. אִזְדְּכֵי to be cleared, to go unpunished; to clear ones self, to defend ones self. Targ. Y. Gen. 24:8. Ib. 44:16; a. e.

    Jewish literature > זְכֵי

  • 134 זְכָא

    זְכֵי, זְכָאch. sam( Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה to he acquitted, to be found not guilty), 1) to be clear, pure. Targ. Job 9:15. Ib. 10:15 זְכִיתִי (some ed. זִכִּי׳, corr. acc.); a. e. 2) to go unpunished (h. נקה). Targ. Jer. 25:29; a. e. 3) to deserve welt, do good, to obtain a claim on divine favor. Lev. R. s. 34 (read:) אדם … זְכִי בי או דְכִי בי the beggar says … ‘obtain a claim through me, or ‘become pure through me, (which means) זַכֵּי גדמך בי benefit thyself through me. Ib. אנן זַכְיִין בן we shall give thee something. Ib. ז׳ בהאי אתתא give this woman (me) something. Y. Ḥag.I, 76b bot. שלח … מִזְכֵּיוכ׳ sent his son to Tiberias for his improvement (through study); Y.Pes.III, 30b bot. יזכי (corr. acc.); a. fr. 4) to become worthy of divine grace, to be privileged to enjoy, to live to see. Targ. Job 20:17; a. e.Ber.17a נשים בטאי זַכְיָין wherewith do women (who do not study the Law) deserve divine grace?Sabb.21b אי זְכָאִי if I had been worthy (if the Lord had permitted me). Lev. R. s. 25 אִי זָכִית אכלית if the Lord permit, I may eat thereof. Ib. אם זַכְיַת (תיכול) אכול if thou shalt live long enough to eat thereof. Ḥull.50a; Bets.27a, a. e. אִזְכֵּי ואסיקוכ׳ the Lord permitting I will go ; a. fr. 4) to take possession, acquire a title. B. Mets.8a מיגו דזָכֵי לנפשיה since he has a right to take possession for himself, v. מִיגּוֹ, s. v. גּוֹ.B. Kam.12b; a. fr. Pa. זַכֵּי 1) to clear (from rubbish). M. Kat. 10b; B. Bath.54a, v. זִיכֵּי. 2) to clear, acquit, justify; to leave unpunished. Targ. O. Ex. 20:7 (Y. מִזְכֵי, read: מְזַכֵּי). Targ. Cant. 7:3; a. fr. 3) to cleanse. Targ. Ps. 73:13 זַכָּאִית Ms. (ed. זַכִּית, ed. Wil. זַכְוַת, corr. acc.); a. e.Lev. R. s. 34, v. supra. 4) to win, defeat. Ab. Zar.10b; Snh.39a כל דז׳ מלכא Ms. M. (ed. למלכא) whosoever defeats the: king in argument. Ib. 107a עבדא ז׳ למריה (old ed. כפייה) the servant conquered his master. Bekh.8b אי זַכִּיתוּ לי if you defeat me: ואי זַכִּינָא בכו (read לכו) and if we defeat you. Ḥull.31b זַכַּנְהוּוכ׳ R. N. defeated the Rabbis; a. e. 5) to entitle, give possession to. Pes.78a שטרא מְזַכֵּי לבי תרי a document giving a title to both contestants, i. e. one agreeing with two opposite opinions. Ithpa. אִזְדַּכֵּי, Ithpe. אִזְדְּכֵי to be cleared, to go unpunished; to clear ones self, to defend ones self. Targ. Y. Gen. 24:8. Ib. 44:16; a. e.

    Jewish literature > זְכָא

  • 135 זמם I

    זָמַםI (b. h.; cmp. דמם, דבב) to mumble; to meditate, plan (mostly in an evil sense, cmp. דִּבָּה).Part. זוֹמֵם planning evil, esp. (with ref. to Deut. 19:19) a) giving false testimony, amenable to the law of retaliation; b) rebutting witness. Tosef.Macc.I, 1 עד ז׳ a witness convicted of false testimony; a. fr.Fem. זוֹמֶמֶת (sub. עדות). Macc.I, 9 נמצאת אחת מהן ז׳ if one evidence (of one set of witnesses) has been disproved; a. e.Pl. זוֹמְמִין, זוֹמְמִים. Ib. 4 אין אלו ז׳ they do not come under the law of retaliation, Ib. נעשים ז׳ are declared amenable to the law a. fr.Tosef. Ib. I, 10 זוֹמְמֵיהֶן those witnesses on whose evidence they had been declared guilty of false testimony. Y. Ib. I, beg.31a זוֹמְמָיו those who witnessed falsely against him. Tosef.Snh.VIII, 2 העדים וזוממיהן וזוֹמְמֵי זוממיהן the original witnesses and their refuters, and the refuters of their refuters; a. fr. Hif. הֵזֵים to make a person a זוֹמֵם, to refute witnesses by testifying to an alibi, to rebut. Macc.I, 5 if other witnesses came again והֵזֵימּוּם and rebutted them. Keth.20a, v. כָּחַש; a. fr. Macc.I, 4 (5a) שיזימו Bab. ed., read שיזומו, v. infra. Hof. הוּזַם, Nif. נִיזּוֹם to be refuted, to be declared liable to the law of retaliation. Snh.10a פלוני … והוּזַמּוּ if witnesses declared, This man did, and were declared guilty Macc.3a הוּזַמְּנוּוכ׳ we have been convicted before that certain court, and made to pay. Ib. I, 4 עד שיִזּוֹמּוּ את עצמן (Ar. בעצמן, Bab. ed. שיזימו corr. acc.) unless an alibi is established against their own persons (not an alibi of any of the alleged actors in the case). Ib. 5b עד שיזומו שניהם unless both of them are refuted; a. fr. Pi. זִמֵּם to rebut. Part. מְזַמֵּם, pl. מְזַמְּמִין, contr. מְזַמִּים. Y. Ib. I, 31b top.Part. pass. מְזוּמָּם one accused by false witnesses. Snh.VI, 2 אם היה יודע שהוא מ׳ if he knew that he was innocent. Nithpa. נִזְדַּמֵּם 1) to be refuted, v. Hof. Y.Macc.1, beg.31a נִזְדַּמְּמוּ = נִיזוֹמּוּ. 2) to be mumbled. Gen. R. s. 81, beg. (ref. to זמות, Prov. 30:32) אם נִזְדַּמְּמוּ אחריך דבריםוכ׳ (Yalk. Prov. 964 נִזְמְמוּ Nif.) if thou hast been slandered, put thy hand to thy mouth; v. זָמַם II.Denom. זְמָם I.

    Jewish literature > זמם I

  • 136 זָמַם

    זָמַםI (b. h.; cmp. דמם, דבב) to mumble; to meditate, plan (mostly in an evil sense, cmp. דִּבָּה).Part. זוֹמֵם planning evil, esp. (with ref. to Deut. 19:19) a) giving false testimony, amenable to the law of retaliation; b) rebutting witness. Tosef.Macc.I, 1 עד ז׳ a witness convicted of false testimony; a. fr.Fem. זוֹמֶמֶת (sub. עדות). Macc.I, 9 נמצאת אחת מהן ז׳ if one evidence (of one set of witnesses) has been disproved; a. e.Pl. זוֹמְמִין, זוֹמְמִים. Ib. 4 אין אלו ז׳ they do not come under the law of retaliation, Ib. נעשים ז׳ are declared amenable to the law a. fr.Tosef. Ib. I, 10 זוֹמְמֵיהֶן those witnesses on whose evidence they had been declared guilty of false testimony. Y. Ib. I, beg.31a זוֹמְמָיו those who witnessed falsely against him. Tosef.Snh.VIII, 2 העדים וזוממיהן וזוֹמְמֵי זוממיהן the original witnesses and their refuters, and the refuters of their refuters; a. fr. Hif. הֵזֵים to make a person a זוֹמֵם, to refute witnesses by testifying to an alibi, to rebut. Macc.I, 5 if other witnesses came again והֵזֵימּוּם and rebutted them. Keth.20a, v. כָּחַש; a. fr. Macc.I, 4 (5a) שיזימו Bab. ed., read שיזומו, v. infra. Hof. הוּזַם, Nif. נִיזּוֹם to be refuted, to be declared liable to the law of retaliation. Snh.10a פלוני … והוּזַמּוּ if witnesses declared, This man did, and were declared guilty Macc.3a הוּזַמְּנוּוכ׳ we have been convicted before that certain court, and made to pay. Ib. I, 4 עד שיִזּוֹמּוּ את עצמן (Ar. בעצמן, Bab. ed. שיזימו corr. acc.) unless an alibi is established against their own persons (not an alibi of any of the alleged actors in the case). Ib. 5b עד שיזומו שניהם unless both of them are refuted; a. fr. Pi. זִמֵּם to rebut. Part. מְזַמֵּם, pl. מְזַמְּמִין, contr. מְזַמִּים. Y. Ib. I, 31b top.Part. pass. מְזוּמָּם one accused by false witnesses. Snh.VI, 2 אם היה יודע שהוא מ׳ if he knew that he was innocent. Nithpa. נִזְדַּמֵּם 1) to be refuted, v. Hof. Y.Macc.1, beg.31a נִזְדַּמְּמוּ = נִיזוֹמּוּ. 2) to be mumbled. Gen. R. s. 81, beg. (ref. to זמות, Prov. 30:32) אם נִזְדַּמְּמוּ אחריך דבריםוכ׳ (Yalk. Prov. 964 נִזְמְמוּ Nif.) if thou hast been slandered, put thy hand to thy mouth; v. זָמַם II.Denom. זְמָם I.

    Jewish literature > זָמַם

  • 137 זמם I

    זְמַםI. ch. sam( Nithpa. נִזְדַּמֵּם to be refuted). Af. אַזֵּים = preced. Hif. Targ. Y. Deut. 19:18 דמַזְמִין who rebut.B. Kam.73b bot. דאפכינהו ואַזְמִינְהוּ they reversed their statement of the case and also testified to an alibi as to time and place. Ithpa. אִיתַּזֵּים, אִיתַּזַּם to be proven a false witness. Ib. 73a כי מִתַּזְּמֵי אטביחה when they were proven false witnesses with reference to slaughtering; ואִיתַּזְּמוּ להו אגניבה and they are considered as false witnesses also with reference to stealing. Ib. אטביחה דקא מִיתַּזְּמֵי אִיתַּזּוּם as regards the testimony to slaughtering on which they were refuted, they are refuted; a. e.Ithpa. אִתְּזוֹם. Macc.3b א׳ חד מינייהו against one of them an alibi was proven.

    Jewish literature > זמם I

  • 138 זְמַם

    זְמַםI. ch. sam( Nithpa. נִזְדַּמֵּם to be refuted). Af. אַזֵּים = preced. Hif. Targ. Y. Deut. 19:18 דמַזְמִין who rebut.B. Kam.73b bot. דאפכינהו ואַזְמִינְהוּ they reversed their statement of the case and also testified to an alibi as to time and place. Ithpa. אִיתַּזֵּים, אִיתַּזַּם to be proven a false witness. Ib. 73a כי מִתַּזְּמֵי אטביחה when they were proven false witnesses with reference to slaughtering; ואִיתַּזְּמוּ להו אגניבה and they are considered as false witnesses also with reference to stealing. Ib. אטביחה דקא מִיתַּזְּמֵי אִיתַּזּוּם as regards the testimony to slaughtering on which they were refuted, they are refuted; a. e.Ithpa. אִתְּזוֹם. Macc.3b א׳ חד מינייהו against one of them an alibi was proven.

    Jewish literature > זְמַם

  • 139 זמן

    זָמַן(b. h.; cmp. זבן) to arrange, designate. Pi. זִימֵּן 1) to invite, esp. to a meal. B. Kam.79b; a. v. fr.Part. pass. מְזוּמָּן, f. מְזוּמֶּנֶת; pl. מְזוּמָּנִים, מְזוּמָּנוֹת a) invited. Pesik. R. s. 41, end מי שהוא מ׳ לסעודה he who is invited to the feast. Ib. (expl. מקראי, Is. 48:12) מְזוּמָּנִי my invited guest (Israel); a. e.b) designated, chosen. Ber.43a הוא מ׳ לברכה he is the one designated (by the host) to say grace. Ab. Zar.17a מז׳ לחייוכ׳ chosen for the bliss of futurity.Sub. 102a> עת היא מ׳וכ׳ there is a time designated for Ib. יום מזומן (not עת היא, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 8); Yalk Is. 330; Ib. Jer. 287.c) ready at hand, in ones possession. B. Mets. 102a; Sifré Deut. 227, a. e. כי יקרא פרט למ׳ ‘if it chance (Deut. 22:6) this excludes that which is at thy disposal (in thy court yard); a. e. 2) to appoint a meal in common, so as to say grace together; to preface the grace after meal by saying, Let us praise ; v. זִימּוּן. Ber.VII, 1 שלשה … חייבין לזַמֵּן if three dine together, they are bound to make an appointment for common grace. Ib. מְזַמְּנִין עליו common grace may be appointed by making him one of the party (offering him something to eat). Ib. אין מ׳ עליהן you cannot count them in (to make up the requisite number). Ib. 2 עד כמה מזמנין how much must one eat of the meal in order to be counted one of the company? Ib. 3 כיצד מ׳ how is the appeal for common grace made?; a. fr. Hif. הִזְמִין 1) to cause to prepare, to notify. Dem. VII, 1 המַזְמִין את חבירווכ׳ if one notifies his friend that he will dine with him (on the Sabbath). 2) to designate for use; v. הַזְמָנָה. Ber.26a הִזְמִינוֹוכ׳ if he designated a building for 3) to summon, v. next w. Nithpa. נִזְדַּמֵּן 1) to meet, to come to hand (providentially); to join ones self to. Snh.96a אותו מלאךשנ׳ לווכ׳ that angel who was commissioned to accompany Abraham. Ib. נ׳ לו רגלי אחד a footman was joined to him (to meet his challenge). Ab. Zar.25b ישראלשנ׳ לווכ׳ (Ḥull.91a שנטפל) an Israelite whom a gentile joins on the road. Shebi. VII, 4 שנִזְדַּמְּנוּ להםוכ׳ who accidentally caught unclean animals; a. fr. 2) to make an appointment for meeting one another. Pesik. R. s. 33, v. זִימּוּן.

    Jewish literature > זמן

  • 140 זָמַן

    זָמַן(b. h.; cmp. זבן) to arrange, designate. Pi. זִימֵּן 1) to invite, esp. to a meal. B. Kam.79b; a. v. fr.Part. pass. מְזוּמָּן, f. מְזוּמֶּנֶת; pl. מְזוּמָּנִים, מְזוּמָּנוֹת a) invited. Pesik. R. s. 41, end מי שהוא מ׳ לסעודה he who is invited to the feast. Ib. (expl. מקראי, Is. 48:12) מְזוּמָּנִי my invited guest (Israel); a. e.b) designated, chosen. Ber.43a הוא מ׳ לברכה he is the one designated (by the host) to say grace. Ab. Zar.17a מז׳ לחייוכ׳ chosen for the bliss of futurity.Sub. 102a> עת היא מ׳וכ׳ there is a time designated for Ib. יום מזומן (not עת היא, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 8); Yalk Is. 330; Ib. Jer. 287.c) ready at hand, in ones possession. B. Mets. 102a; Sifré Deut. 227, a. e. כי יקרא פרט למ׳ ‘if it chance (Deut. 22:6) this excludes that which is at thy disposal (in thy court yard); a. e. 2) to appoint a meal in common, so as to say grace together; to preface the grace after meal by saying, Let us praise ; v. זִימּוּן. Ber.VII, 1 שלשה … חייבין לזַמֵּן if three dine together, they are bound to make an appointment for common grace. Ib. מְזַמְּנִין עליו common grace may be appointed by making him one of the party (offering him something to eat). Ib. אין מ׳ עליהן you cannot count them in (to make up the requisite number). Ib. 2 עד כמה מזמנין how much must one eat of the meal in order to be counted one of the company? Ib. 3 כיצד מ׳ how is the appeal for common grace made?; a. fr. Hif. הִזְמִין 1) to cause to prepare, to notify. Dem. VII, 1 המַזְמִין את חבירווכ׳ if one notifies his friend that he will dine with him (on the Sabbath). 2) to designate for use; v. הַזְמָנָה. Ber.26a הִזְמִינוֹוכ׳ if he designated a building for 3) to summon, v. next w. Nithpa. נִזְדַּמֵּן 1) to meet, to come to hand (providentially); to join ones self to. Snh.96a אותו מלאךשנ׳ לווכ׳ that angel who was commissioned to accompany Abraham. Ib. נ׳ לו רגלי אחד a footman was joined to him (to meet his challenge). Ab. Zar.25b ישראלשנ׳ לווכ׳ (Ḥull.91a שנטפל) an Israelite whom a gentile joins on the road. Shebi. VII, 4 שנִזְדַּמְּנוּ להםוכ׳ who accidentally caught unclean animals; a. fr. 2) to make an appointment for meeting one another. Pesik. R. s. 33, v. זִימּוּן.

    Jewish literature > זָמַן


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