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nithpa

  • 21 אני

    אני, אָנָה(= b. h. ינה, sec. r. of און, cmp. אָנַן a. b. h. ענה); Pi. (אִנָּה) אִינָּה to press, wrong, oppress; to impose, overreach in dealing, v. אֹונָאָה. B. Mets.59b את הגר המְאַנֶּה he who wounds a strangers (proselytes) feeling. Ib. 49b תן לי מה שאִינִּיתָנִי return to me the amount with which thou hast overreached me. Ib. 50a top שאניתני מה (Ms. R. 1 שנִתְאֹונַנְתִּי, v. infra). Ib. 51a שאניתני (Ms. M. שאֲנַנְתָּנִי, fr. אָנַן; Mish. IV, 2 שאֹונִיתָנִי, v. אֹונָאָה, Ms. R. 1 שהֹונִיתָנִי, v. הֹונָאָה, Ms. R. 2 שאוניתני, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note). Nithpa. נִתְאַנֶּה to be overreached. Ib. 49b מי נ׳ which of them has been overreached? Ib. 50b מישנ׳ (Ms. M. מִתְאֹונֶה); a. fr. (Nithpol. of אנן, נִתְאֹונֵן, v. supra. (In. Y. אֹונָה, v. אֹונָאָה.

    Jewish literature > אני

  • 22 אנה

    אני, אָנָה(= b. h. ינה, sec. r. of און, cmp. אָנַן a. b. h. ענה); Pi. (אִנָּה) אִינָּה to press, wrong, oppress; to impose, overreach in dealing, v. אֹונָאָה. B. Mets.59b את הגר המְאַנֶּה he who wounds a strangers (proselytes) feeling. Ib. 49b תן לי מה שאִינִּיתָנִי return to me the amount with which thou hast overreached me. Ib. 50a top שאניתני מה (Ms. R. 1 שנִתְאֹונַנְתִּי, v. infra). Ib. 51a שאניתני (Ms. M. שאֲנַנְתָּנִי, fr. אָנַן; Mish. IV, 2 שאֹונִיתָנִי, v. אֹונָאָה, Ms. R. 1 שהֹונִיתָנִי, v. הֹונָאָה, Ms. R. 2 שאוניתני, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note). Nithpa. נִתְאַנֶּה to be overreached. Ib. 49b מי נ׳ which of them has been overreached? Ib. 50b מישנ׳ (Ms. M. מִתְאֹונֶה); a. fr. (Nithpol. of אנן, נִתְאֹונֵן, v. supra. (In. Y. אֹונָה, v. אֹונָאָה.

    Jewish literature > אנה

  • 23 אָנָה

    אני, אָנָה(= b. h. ינה, sec. r. of און, cmp. אָנַן a. b. h. ענה); Pi. (אִנָּה) אִינָּה to press, wrong, oppress; to impose, overreach in dealing, v. אֹונָאָה. B. Mets.59b את הגר המְאַנֶּה he who wounds a strangers (proselytes) feeling. Ib. 49b תן לי מה שאִינִּיתָנִי return to me the amount with which thou hast overreached me. Ib. 50a top שאניתני מה (Ms. R. 1 שנִתְאֹונַנְתִּי, v. infra). Ib. 51a שאניתני (Ms. M. שאֲנַנְתָּנִי, fr. אָנַן; Mish. IV, 2 שאֹונִיתָנִי, v. אֹונָאָה, Ms. R. 1 שהֹונִיתָנִי, v. הֹונָאָה, Ms. R. 2 שאוניתני, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note). Nithpa. נִתְאַנֶּה to be overreached. Ib. 49b מי נ׳ which of them has been overreached? Ib. 50b מישנ׳ (Ms. M. מִתְאֹונֶה); a. fr. (Nithpol. of אנן, נִתְאֹונֵן, v. supra. (In. Y. אֹונָה, v. אֹונָאָה.

    Jewish literature > אָנָה

  • 24 אנן

    אָנַן(b. h.; sec. r. of און, v. אָוֶן) to press, oppress, wrong, v. אָנָה.אוֹנָן one who feels grieved, mourner, esp. Onan, mourner before the burial of a kinsman, contrad. to אָבֵל; v. אֲנִינָה. M. Kat. 14b מקריב א׳ may officiate at sacrifices though being an Onan.Pl. אוֹנָנִין. Snh.47b לא היו מתאבלין אלא א׳ they observed no mourning ceremonies but lived in silent and retired mourning.Fem. אוֹנֶנֶת. Keth.53a.Denom. אָנִין complaining, fastidious, feeble. Pl. אֲנִינֵי הדעת fastidious of taste, easily taking an aversion, delicate. Pes.113b. Cmp. אִיסְתְּנִיס. Nithpa. נִתְאוֹנֵן to feel wronged, complain of being overreached, v. אָנָה.

    Jewish literature > אנן

  • 25 אָנַן

    אָנַן(b. h.; sec. r. of און, v. אָוֶן) to press, oppress, wrong, v. אָנָה.אוֹנָן one who feels grieved, mourner, esp. Onan, mourner before the burial of a kinsman, contrad. to אָבֵל; v. אֲנִינָה. M. Kat. 14b מקריב א׳ may officiate at sacrifices though being an Onan.Pl. אוֹנָנִין. Snh.47b לא היו מתאבלין אלא א׳ they observed no mourning ceremonies but lived in silent and retired mourning.Fem. אוֹנֶנֶת. Keth.53a.Denom. אָנִין complaining, fastidious, feeble. Pl. אֲנִינֵי הדעת fastidious of taste, easily taking an aversion, delicate. Pes.113b. Cmp. אִיסְתְּנִיס. Nithpa. נִתְאוֹנֵן to feel wronged, complain of being overreached, v. אָנָה.

    Jewish literature > אָנַן

  • 26 ארח

    אָרַח(b. h.; √אר, v. ארר) 1) to go through; v. אָרִיחַ. 2) to go outside, to travel. Part. אוֹרֵחַ q. v.Denom. אוֹרַח path. Pi. אֵרַח (Denom. of אוֹרֵחַ) to receive a guest, to lodge. Ber.63b המְאָרֵחַ. Y.Ab. Zar. I, 39c bot. לאָרְחוֹ. Hithpa., a. Nithpa. הִתְאָרֵחַ, נִתְאָרֵחַ to be received, be the guest of. Sabb.13b a. fr. Y.Ḥall. IV, 60a מִתְאָ׳.

    Jewish literature > ארח

  • 27 אָרַח

    אָרַח(b. h.; √אר, v. ארר) 1) to go through; v. אָרִיחַ. 2) to go outside, to travel. Part. אוֹרֵחַ q. v.Denom. אוֹרַח path. Pi. אֵרַח (Denom. of אוֹרֵחַ) to receive a guest, to lodge. Ber.63b המְאָרֵחַ. Y.Ab. Zar. I, 39c bot. לאָרְחוֹ. Hithpa., a. Nithpa. הִתְאָרֵחַ, נִתְאָרֵחַ to be received, be the guest of. Sabb.13b a. fr. Y.Ḥall. IV, 60a מִתְאָ׳.

    Jewish literature > אָרַח

  • 28 ארמל

    אִרְמֵל(denomin. of next w.) Nithpa. נִתְאַרְמְלָה to become a widow (a Chaldaism). Keth.II, 1; V, 1; v. אִלְמֵן. Yeb.42b; a. e.

    Jewish literature > ארמל

  • 29 אִרְמֵל

    אִרְמֵל(denomin. of next w.) Nithpa. נִתְאַרְמְלָה to become a widow (a Chaldaism). Keth.II, 1; V, 1; v. אִלְמֵן. Yeb.42b; a. e.

    Jewish literature > אִרְמֵל

  • 30 ארס

    אָרַס(b. h. ארשׂ Pi.; √אר, v. ארר) to bind, join; to betroth. Part. pass. אָרוּס, f. אֲרוּסָה betrothed, engaged. Keth.13b אָרוּס וַאֲרוּסָתוֹ a betrothed couple. Y. Ḥag.II, 77d אֲרוּסִי my betrothed, i. e. my beloved citizen. Pi. אֵרַס, אֵירַס 1) to betroth to ones self, engage in marriage. Y.Bets. V, 63a bot. לְאָרֵס. Ib. הא לארס יְאָרֵס but betroth he may; a. fr.Yeb.VI, 4 אירסוכ׳ he betrothed a widow. Keth.I, 6 אֵרַסְתַּנִי, אֵרַסְתִּיךְ; a. fr. (As to the legal status of betrothal, v. אֵרוּסִין. 2) to give away in betrothal (of the brides father). Ib. IV, 2.Part. pass. מְאוֹרָסָה. Snh.VII, 9; a. fr.Ex. R. s. 33 (play on morashah, Deut. 33:4). Hithpa. a. Nithpa. הִתְאָרְסָה, נִתְאָרְסָה to be betrothed (only of the woman). Keth.III, 3; a. e.Yeb.IV, 10 הנשואות יִתְאָרְסוּוכ׳ those who have been married before, may get betrothed (before the expiration of three months after separation from their husbands by death or divorce), and those who have been betrothed (and not yet married), may get married (during the above term).

    Jewish literature > ארס

  • 31 אָרַס

    אָרַס(b. h. ארשׂ Pi.; √אר, v. ארר) to bind, join; to betroth. Part. pass. אָרוּס, f. אֲרוּסָה betrothed, engaged. Keth.13b אָרוּס וַאֲרוּסָתוֹ a betrothed couple. Y. Ḥag.II, 77d אֲרוּסִי my betrothed, i. e. my beloved citizen. Pi. אֵרַס, אֵירַס 1) to betroth to ones self, engage in marriage. Y.Bets. V, 63a bot. לְאָרֵס. Ib. הא לארס יְאָרֵס but betroth he may; a. fr.Yeb.VI, 4 אירסוכ׳ he betrothed a widow. Keth.I, 6 אֵרַסְתַּנִי, אֵרַסְתִּיךְ; a. fr. (As to the legal status of betrothal, v. אֵרוּסִין. 2) to give away in betrothal (of the brides father). Ib. IV, 2.Part. pass. מְאוֹרָסָה. Snh.VII, 9; a. fr.Ex. R. s. 33 (play on morashah, Deut. 33:4). Hithpa. a. Nithpa. הִתְאָרְסָה, נִתְאָרְסָה to be betrothed (only of the woman). Keth.III, 3; a. e.Yeb.IV, 10 הנשואות יִתְאָרְסוּוכ׳ those who have been married before, may get betrothed (before the expiration of three months after separation from their husbands by death or divorce), and those who have been betrothed (and not yet married), may get married (during the above term).

    Jewish literature > אָרַס

  • 32 ארר

    אָרַר(b. h.; √אר, sec. r. of אור, cmp. חָרַר, to break through, to make holes, meshes: v. ארב, ארג, ארה, ארז, ארח, ארך) 1) to dig, stab; v. אֲרָרָן. 2) to point out for execration, (or to set outside); (cmp. חרם a. נקב, a. also ברך); to curse.Part. pass. אָרוּר, f. אֲרוּרָה, pl. אֲרוּרִים Shebu.36a; a. fr.Y.Sot.II, 18a top מֵי יכול מראה מיםת״ל ארד (read אָרַר) you might infer from the word (Num. 5:18) that it must have the color of water, therefore the root arar is used in connection therewith (i. e. water in which the curse written with ink has been washed off and is recognizable in the mixture); אי ארדוכ׳ (read ארר) from arar again you might infer that the drink must have the color of ink, therefore we read , which means the color of water and the color of ink (a colored thin fluid); cmp. Bab.Sot.16b (where the same argument is used with reference to blood).Part. pass. f. אֲרוּרָה cacophem. for idol. Ab. Zar.51a לא׳ זו מיבעיא Ms. M. (ed. לע״ז) so much the more for that cursed (idol). Pi. אֵרַר, אֵירַר to curse. Gen. R. s. 36, end מְאָרֵר. Cant. R. to IV, 11 שאֵרְרָהּוכ׳ which Joshuah had cursed. Pesik. R. s. 26 שאֵירְרוּ; a. fr. Nif. a. Nithpa. נֶאֱרַר, נִתְאָרֵר to be cursed. Num. R. s. 14 לא נֶאֶרְרוּוכ׳ they were not cursed before seventy verses were completed (Gen. 1:1 to 3:14; Esth. 3:1 to 7:10). Y.Sot.IX, 24b bot.; Tosef. ib. XV, 2 נִתְאָרְרוּ.

    Jewish literature > ארר

  • 33 אָרַר

    אָרַר(b. h.; √אר, sec. r. of אור, cmp. חָרַר, to break through, to make holes, meshes: v. ארב, ארג, ארה, ארז, ארח, ארך) 1) to dig, stab; v. אֲרָרָן. 2) to point out for execration, (or to set outside); (cmp. חרם a. נקב, a. also ברך); to curse.Part. pass. אָרוּר, f. אֲרוּרָה, pl. אֲרוּרִים Shebu.36a; a. fr.Y.Sot.II, 18a top מֵי יכול מראה מיםת״ל ארד (read אָרַר) you might infer from the word (Num. 5:18) that it must have the color of water, therefore the root arar is used in connection therewith (i. e. water in which the curse written with ink has been washed off and is recognizable in the mixture); אי ארדוכ׳ (read ארר) from arar again you might infer that the drink must have the color of ink, therefore we read , which means the color of water and the color of ink (a colored thin fluid); cmp. Bab.Sot.16b (where the same argument is used with reference to blood).Part. pass. f. אֲרוּרָה cacophem. for idol. Ab. Zar.51a לא׳ זו מיבעיא Ms. M. (ed. לע״ז) so much the more for that cursed (idol). Pi. אֵרַר, אֵירַר to curse. Gen. R. s. 36, end מְאָרֵר. Cant. R. to IV, 11 שאֵרְרָהּוכ׳ which Joshuah had cursed. Pesik. R. s. 26 שאֵירְרוּ; a. fr. Nif. a. Nithpa. נֶאֱרַר, נִתְאָרֵר to be cursed. Num. R. s. 14 לא נֶאֶרְרוּוכ׳ they were not cursed before seventy verses were completed (Gen. 1:1 to 3:14; Esth. 3:1 to 7:10). Y.Sot.IX, 24b bot.; Tosef. ib. XV, 2 נִתְאָרְרוּ.

    Jewish literature > אָרַר

  • 34 בהל

    בָּהַל(b. h.; √בה, v. בהי) to hurry, be excited, anxious. Part. pass. בָּהוּל excited, pressed. Pes.11a sq. אדם ב׳ הואוכ׳ man is excited when his property is at stake. Ib. 72b זמנו ב׳ his time (for doing the thing) is pressed (it cannot be postponed). Yoma 85a, a. e. ב׳ על מתו anxious to save his dead relative from the fire. Pi. בִּיהֵל to agitate, frighten. Y.Yoma VI, 43c bot. למה אתה מְבַהֲלֵינוּ why dost thou agitate us. Hithpa. a. Nithpa. הִתְבָּהֵל, נִתְבָּהֵל to be excited, confounded. Num. R. s. 14 (ref. to tibbahel, Koh. 8:3) אל תִּתְבָּהֵלוכ׳ be not intimidated by his wrath, Ib. לא נ׳ מן מעשיה he was not carried away by her (tempting) actions. Ib. לא נ׳ מפנאיוכ׳ he was not confounded on account of his being alone in the house. Pesik. R. s. 36 מתרעשים ומִתְבַּהֲלִים were in commotion and alarm. Part. Hof. מוּבְהָל, or Pual מְבוֹהָל confounded, hard to pronounce or remember. Gitt.14b שמותיהן מוב׳וכ׳ Ar. (ed. מבו׳) their names are bewildering, beginning with Arda, Arta, Phile.(Deut. R. s. דעתו מובלגת, read מוּבְהֶלֶת his mind is confused, he cannot collect himself for prayer.

    Jewish literature > בהל

  • 35 בָּהַל

    בָּהַל(b. h.; √בה, v. בהי) to hurry, be excited, anxious. Part. pass. בָּהוּל excited, pressed. Pes.11a sq. אדם ב׳ הואוכ׳ man is excited when his property is at stake. Ib. 72b זמנו ב׳ his time (for doing the thing) is pressed (it cannot be postponed). Yoma 85a, a. e. ב׳ על מתו anxious to save his dead relative from the fire. Pi. בִּיהֵל to agitate, frighten. Y.Yoma VI, 43c bot. למה אתה מְבַהֲלֵינוּ why dost thou agitate us. Hithpa. a. Nithpa. הִתְבָּהֵל, נִתְבָּהֵל to be excited, confounded. Num. R. s. 14 (ref. to tibbahel, Koh. 8:3) אל תִּתְבָּהֵלוכ׳ be not intimidated by his wrath, Ib. לא נ׳ מן מעשיה he was not carried away by her (tempting) actions. Ib. לא נ׳ מפנאיוכ׳ he was not confounded on account of his being alone in the house. Pesik. R. s. 36 מתרעשים ומִתְבַּהֲלִים were in commotion and alarm. Part. Hof. מוּבְהָל, or Pual מְבוֹהָל confounded, hard to pronounce or remember. Gitt.14b שמותיהן מוב׳וכ׳ Ar. (ed. מבו׳) their names are bewildering, beginning with Arda, Arta, Phile.(Deut. R. s. דעתו מובלגת, read מוּבְהֶלֶת his mind is confused, he cannot collect himself for prayer.

    Jewish literature > בָּהַל

  • 36 בוש

    בּוֹש(b. h.; √בה, v. בְּהַת); (as adj.) m. confounded, abashed, ashamed. Zeb.101a הודה ולא בושוכ׳ he confessed and was not ashamed so as to say, ‘I have not learned it, but he said ; ib. b (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l.).Ḥag.22b בּוֹשְׁנִי = בוש אני; Tosef.Ohol.V, 11 בּוֹשְׁתִּי. Kidd.81b בּוֹשָׁה she is too bashful to Keth.VIII, 1 אנו בוֹשִׁין we are confounded (to find a reason); a. fr. בוש פנים (not בושת) bashful, chaste. Aboth V, 20. Pi. בִּיֵּיש to put to shame, insult, disgrace. B. Kam.VIII, 1 המְבַיֵּיש את הישן he who exposes a sleeping person to shame. Ib. הזיק וב׳ he injured and exposed (a person at the same time). Ib. הכל לפי המְבַ׳ והמתבייש all (the fine) according to the social position of the insulter and of the insulted. Succ.53a happy our youth שלא בִּיְּישָׁהוכ׳ which casts no reflection on our old age; a. fr. Hif. הוֹבִיש (cmp. הוֹבִיר fr. בור) to trouble, spoil. Tosef.B. Kam. V, 12 ed. Zuck. (Var. הבאיש, v. בָּאַש, as Mish. V, 3). Hithpa. a. Nithpa. הִתְבַּיֵּיש, נִתְבַּיֵּיש to be put to shame, be exposed, insulted; to be bashful. B. Kam. l. c. Ned.20a. Num. R. s. 15 התב׳ והטמין he felt ashamed (to offer the king common accommodations) and hid Ib. נִתְבַּיַּישְׁתִּי; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > בוש

  • 37 בּוֹש

    בּוֹש(b. h.; √בה, v. בְּהַת); (as adj.) m. confounded, abashed, ashamed. Zeb.101a הודה ולא בושוכ׳ he confessed and was not ashamed so as to say, ‘I have not learned it, but he said ; ib. b (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l.).Ḥag.22b בּוֹשְׁנִי = בוש אני; Tosef.Ohol.V, 11 בּוֹשְׁתִּי. Kidd.81b בּוֹשָׁה she is too bashful to Keth.VIII, 1 אנו בוֹשִׁין we are confounded (to find a reason); a. fr. בוש פנים (not בושת) bashful, chaste. Aboth V, 20. Pi. בִּיֵּיש to put to shame, insult, disgrace. B. Kam.VIII, 1 המְבַיֵּיש את הישן he who exposes a sleeping person to shame. Ib. הזיק וב׳ he injured and exposed (a person at the same time). Ib. הכל לפי המְבַ׳ והמתבייש all (the fine) according to the social position of the insulter and of the insulted. Succ.53a happy our youth שלא בִּיְּישָׁהוכ׳ which casts no reflection on our old age; a. fr. Hif. הוֹבִיש (cmp. הוֹבִיר fr. בור) to trouble, spoil. Tosef.B. Kam. V, 12 ed. Zuck. (Var. הבאיש, v. בָּאַש, as Mish. V, 3). Hithpa. a. Nithpa. הִתְבַּיֵּיש, נִתְבַּיֵּיש to be put to shame, be exposed, insulted; to be bashful. B. Kam. l. c. Ned.20a. Num. R. s. 15 התב׳ והטמין he felt ashamed (to offer the king common accommodations) and hid Ib. נִתְבַּיַּישְׁתִּי; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > בּוֹש

  • 38 בטבט

    בִּטְבֵּט(Pilp. of בוט or בטט, v. בטי) to swell.Hithpa. הִתְבַּטְבֵּט; Nithpa. נִתְבַּטְבֵּט to swell, grow. Tanḥ. Mishp. 9 as the bite of a snake is not felt עדשנ׳ עליו until a swelling sets in, so is usury not felt עד שמִתְבַּטְבֶּטֶת עליו until it has grown upon him (the debtor). Ex. R. s. 31 שמתבעט, corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > בטבט

  • 39 בִּטְבֵּט

    בִּטְבֵּט(Pilp. of בוט or בטט, v. בטי) to swell.Hithpa. הִתְבַּטְבֵּט; Nithpa. נִתְבַּטְבֵּט to swell, grow. Tanḥ. Mishp. 9 as the bite of a snake is not felt עדשנ׳ עליו until a swelling sets in, so is usury not felt עד שמִתְבַּטְבֶּטֶת עליו until it has grown upon him (the debtor). Ex. R. s. 31 שמתבעט, corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > בִּטְבֵּט

  • 40 בטל I

    בָּטֵלI (b. h.; v. בטי) ( to be hollow); 1) to be void, abolished, suspended; to cease to exist. Keth.103b בָּטְלָה קדושה sanctity of life ceased; (oth. opin.: the levitical law concerning the contact with a corpse was suspended in favor of Rabbi; v. Tosaf. a. l.. Ab. V, 16 ב׳ דבר בְּטֵלָהוכ׳ as soon as the (sensual) attraction disappears, love will disappear. Ib. 21 as if dead ועבר וב׳ מן העולם and passed away and disappeared from this world. Y.Meg.I, 70d top, a. e. בטלה מגלת תענית the Scroll of Fasts has been abolished (the festive commemorations enumerated therein are no more observed). Sot.IX, 9 (47a); a. fr. 2) to rest from labor, be at ease, be idle. Ab. IV, 10 אם בָּטַלְתָּ מןוכ׳ if thou choosest not to study the law, there will be many disturbances (excuses) to assist thee. Ib. I, 5 בּוֹטֵל מד׳׳ת he neglects the study of the Law; a. fr. Nif. נִבְטַל 1) to be abolished, suspended. Y.Meg.I, 70d bot. עתידין לִיבָּטֵל (= לְהִיבָּטֵל) shall in future be abolished (neglected). Gitt.32a, v. infra. 2) to be excused, be exempt, Ib. II, 16 thou art not a free man להִבָּטֵל ממנה so as to be exempt from lifes duties. 3) to remain single. Gitt.IV, 5 (41b) יִבָּטֵל shall he never marry? Pi. בִּיטֵּל, בִּטֵּל 1) to abolish, suspend, cancel, undo, neglect. Ab. II, 4 בַּטֵּל רצונךוכ׳ set aside thy will for the sake of the Lords will, in order that He may set aside the will of others (euphem. for His will) for the sake of thy will (withdraw evil decrees at thy prayer). Ib. IV, 9 המְבַטֵּלוכ׳ he who neglects the study of the Law on account of his wealth. Sot.IX, 10 (47a) אף הוא בִּטֵּל את המעוררין he also abolished (the custom of) the wakers, v. עָרַר. Sabb.63a מְבַטְּלָהּ he (the observer of the Law) will cancel it (avert Gods evil decree). Mekh. Bshall., Amalek, 2, v. אִיפָּטִיקוֹס. Macc.24a. Ab. Zar. IV, 7 למה מְבַטְּלָהּ why does He not destroy it (the objects of idol worship)?Gitt.IV, 1 שוב אינו יכול לבַטְּלוֹ he can no longer annul it (his letter of divorce). Ib. 2 in former times a man could summon a court in a strange place ובִּטְּלוֹ and declare it (the letter of divorce which he had sent off) void. Ib. 32b אתי דיבור ומבטל דיבור a word (declaration) comes and cancels a word.Ab. Zar.IV, 4 (42b) an idolator (gentile) מבטל אליל שלווכ׳ may (by mutilation) cancel his own or his neigbors idol (so that it is no longer subject to the law forbidding Jews to derive any benefits from idolatrous paraphernalia), but an Israelite cannot Ib. המב׳ אליל ב׳וכ׳ in cancelling an idol, one has at the same time cancelled its attachments; a. fr.ב׳ רשות to resign possession, a legal fiction by which the carrying of objects on the Sabbath from ones own place to one common to several persons, may be permitted. Erub.VI, 7 מְבַטֵּל את רשותו he (the brother who forgot to lay the Erub, v. עֵירוּב) must resign his share in the common property. Ib. 68b מבטלין ותוזרין ומב׳ you may resign your share to your neighbor, and then he may resign to you; a. fr.ב׳ חמץ to renounce (by declaration) the possession of anything leavened that may have remained undiscovered in ones possession. Pes.6b הבודק צריך שיְבַטֵּל after one has searched the house for leavened things, he most renounce (whatever he may have failed to find); a. fr.Part. pass. מְבוּטָּל, f. מְבוּטֶּלֶת. Erub.69b רשותי מב׳ לך my possession be resigned to thee (for Sabbath purposes). Gitt.32a if a recipient says, מתנה זו מב׳ ‘this donation be void, תִּיבָּטֵל ‘shall be void, opp. to בְּטֵלָה היא ‘is a void one, i. e. has been annulled.Eduy. I, 5; Gitt36b, a. fr. אין ב׳׳ד יכול לבַ׳וכ׳ no court can repeal (overrule) the decisions of another court, unless 2) to neutralize an admixture of forbidden food in a certain quantity. Ḥull.108a ושאינו מינו … ומבטלו and the portion of the mixture which is not its kind is prevailing and neutralizes the forbidden portion (as if did not exist at all); a. fr. 3) to disturb, cause suspense, interfere with. Erub.63b; Meg.3a בִּיטַּלְתֶּםוכ׳ ye interfered with the daily offering; a. fr.Ber.II, 5 לבטל ממניוכ׳ to suspend (shake off) the yoke of heavenly government even one minute. Hif. הִבְטִיל to cause interruption, to order suspension. Succ.V, 5 להַבְטִיל את העםוכ׳ to cause the people to cease working. Hithpa. a. Nithpa. הִתְבַּטֵּל, נִתְבַּטֵּל to be interrupted, v. Nif.Tan. dbe El. I, 5; II, 3.

    Jewish literature > בטל I


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