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nithpa

  • 501 עתק II

    עָתַקII to be substantial, strong; (cmp. יָשִׁיש) to be old.Denom. עַתִּיק. Hif. הֶעְתִּיק (denom. of עַתִּיק; cmp. זָקַן Nithpa.) to be long in deliberating, mature. Ab. dR. N. ch. I (expl. העתיקו, Prov. 25:1) ולא שהעתיקו אלא שהמתינו and hʿetiḳu means, ‘which they considered maturely; אבא שאול אומר לא שהמתינו אלא שפירשו Abba S. says, it does not mean ‘which they considered maturely, but ‘which they set aside, v. preced.

    Jewish literature > עתק II

  • 502 עָתַק

    עָתַקII to be substantial, strong; (cmp. יָשִׁיש) to be old.Denom. עַתִּיק. Hif. הֶעְתִּיק (denom. of עַתִּיק; cmp. זָקַן Nithpa.) to be long in deliberating, mature. Ab. dR. N. ch. I (expl. העתיקו, Prov. 25:1) ולא שהעתיקו אלא שהמתינו and hʿetiḳu means, ‘which they considered maturely; אבא שאול אומר לא שהמתינו אלא שפירשו Abba S. says, it does not mean ‘which they considered maturely, but ‘which they set aside, v. preced.

    Jewish literature > עָתַק

  • 503 פגל

    פָּגַל(cmp. פָּגַם) to mutilate; to make rejectable, loathsome; to unfit.Denom. פִּגּוּל. Pi. פִּיגֵּל (denom. of פִּגּוּל) to make a sacrifice rejectable through improper mental disposal (Lev. 19:7); to be the cause of becoming piggul. Zeb.13b טבילת אצבע מְפַגֶּלֶת בחטאת the act of dipping the finger in the blood of the sin-offering (with an inappropriate mental disposal, e. g. with the intention of offering the limbs the next day) unfits the sacrifice. Men.II, 3 התודה מפגלת את … אינו מְפַגֵּל את התודה an inappropriate intention connected with the thank-offering unfits also the bread (that goes with the thank-offering), but an inappropriate intention with regard to the bread does not affect the thank-offering. Ib. הכבשים מְפַגְּלִיןוכ׳ improper intentions connected with the offering of the lambs affect Ib. 13b אין מתיר מפגל את המתיר one act which fits the sacrifice for eating (v. מַתִּיר) cannot unfit another act of the same nature, e. g. if the priest on offering a handful of flour had in mind an unlawful application of the frankincense, the latter is not hereby made rejectable. Ib. עד שיְפַגֵּל בשתיהןוכ׳ until he had in his mind an improper application of both of them to the extent of the size of an olive. Ib. 17a הקטרה מפגלת הקטרה one offering burnt on the altar (if connected with an improper intention) may cause the unfitness of another offering. Ib. אין מפגלין בחצי מתיר you cannot create piggul with one portion of the mattir (s. supra); a. fr.Part. pass. מְפוּגָּל; f. מְפוּגֶּלֶת; pl. מְפוּגָּלִים, מְפוּגָּלִין; מְפוּגָּלוֹת. Ib. II, 3, sq. Tosef. ib. V, 5; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְפַּגֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְפַּגֵּל to be made rejectable, to become פִּגּוּל. Men.13b פיגל בירך … לא נ׳ של שמאל if he had an improper intention with regard to the right side of the offering, the left did not become piggul (the priest eating thereof is not guilty). Zeb.28b מה שלמים מפגלין ומִתְפַּגְּלִיןוכ׳ as in the peace-offerings there are parts which create piggul (e. g. the sprinkling of the blood with a wrong intention concerning the limbs or the flesh) and again parts liable to become piggul, so in all things liable to become piggul, there must be parts which make, and parts which become piggul; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פגל

  • 504 פָּגַל

    פָּגַל(cmp. פָּגַם) to mutilate; to make rejectable, loathsome; to unfit.Denom. פִּגּוּל. Pi. פִּיגֵּל (denom. of פִּגּוּל) to make a sacrifice rejectable through improper mental disposal (Lev. 19:7); to be the cause of becoming piggul. Zeb.13b טבילת אצבע מְפַגֶּלֶת בחטאת the act of dipping the finger in the blood of the sin-offering (with an inappropriate mental disposal, e. g. with the intention of offering the limbs the next day) unfits the sacrifice. Men.II, 3 התודה מפגלת את … אינו מְפַגֵּל את התודה an inappropriate intention connected with the thank-offering unfits also the bread (that goes with the thank-offering), but an inappropriate intention with regard to the bread does not affect the thank-offering. Ib. הכבשים מְפַגְּלִיןוכ׳ improper intentions connected with the offering of the lambs affect Ib. 13b אין מתיר מפגל את המתיר one act which fits the sacrifice for eating (v. מַתִּיר) cannot unfit another act of the same nature, e. g. if the priest on offering a handful of flour had in mind an unlawful application of the frankincense, the latter is not hereby made rejectable. Ib. עד שיְפַגֵּל בשתיהןוכ׳ until he had in his mind an improper application of both of them to the extent of the size of an olive. Ib. 17a הקטרה מפגלת הקטרה one offering burnt on the altar (if connected with an improper intention) may cause the unfitness of another offering. Ib. אין מפגלין בחצי מתיר you cannot create piggul with one portion of the mattir (s. supra); a. fr.Part. pass. מְפוּגָּל; f. מְפוּגֶּלֶת; pl. מְפוּגָּלִים, מְפוּגָּלִין; מְפוּגָּלוֹת. Ib. II, 3, sq. Tosef. ib. V, 5; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְפַּגֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְפַּגֵּל to be made rejectable, to become פִּגּוּל. Men.13b פיגל בירך … לא נ׳ של שמאל if he had an improper intention with regard to the right side of the offering, the left did not become piggul (the priest eating thereof is not guilty). Zeb.28b מה שלמים מפגלין ומִתְפַּגְּלִיןוכ׳ as in the peace-offerings there are parts which create piggul (e. g. the sprinkling of the blood with a wrong intention concerning the limbs or the flesh) and again parts liable to become piggul, so in all things liable to become piggul, there must be parts which make, and parts which become piggul; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פָּגַל

  • 505 פגם

    פָּגַם(cmp. פָּגַל) to cut, mutilate; to damage, lessen; trnsf. (cmp. פָּסַל) to disqualify, unfit. Num. R. s. 21 כל הפּוֹגֵם את עצמו פיגםוכ׳ he who tarnishes his reputation discredits his family at the same time; Tanḥ. Pinḥ. 2; Yalk. Num. 772. Y.Snh.II, 20b פְּגָמָהּ הכתוב the Bible text curtailed her name ( אביגל for אביגיל, 1 Sam. 25:32). Arakh.16b, v. אַכְסְנַאי. Gen. R. s. 6 חוזר ופוגם אותה (not אותם) the text reduces her (the moon) again (calling her ‘the small light). Pes.105b טעמו פְּגָמוֹ as soon as he tasted it (the wine in the cup), he rendered it unfit (for a cup of benediction); a. fr.Part. pass. פָּגוּם; f. פְּגוּמָה Sifré Deut. 320 בזוי ופ׳ contemptible and detested (Yeb.63b משוקץ ומתועב). Keth.40b בעל פ׳ if he had connection with an impaired woman (opp. שלימה). Y.Sabb.VI, 8a bot. כדי שלא … פ׳ (not פגימה) that it should not appear as if the right shoe were defective; a. e.Esp. (law) to impair the legal value of a document by admitting a receipt on account (cmp. שוֹבֵר). Keth.IX, 7 הפּוֹגֶמֶת כתובתה a woman that impairs her marriage contract. expl. ib. 8. Ib. 87b פוגמת כתובתה בעדים if she states that she has received partial payment in the presence of witnesses. Ib. פוחתת … היינו פוגמת if a woman lessens the amount in her marriage contract (declaring that it has been made out for a larger amount than had been agreed upon) …, is it the same as admitting partial payment or not? Y. ib. IX, 33b יורש שפ׳ אביו שטר חובו an heir whose father had admitted partial payment on a note of indebtedness in his possession; Tosef.Shebu.VI, 5. Gitt.18a עד שתִּפְגּוֹםוכ׳, v. זָקַף; Y.Shebi.IX, beg.39b; a. fr. Nif. נִפְגָּם, Nithpa. נִתְפַּגֵּם to be mutilated, diminished, impaired; to become defective, cracked, get out of order; to be discredited. Arakh.16b, v. אַכְסְנַאי. Bekh.VI, 1 נִפְגְּמָה אזנו if the ear of the first-born animal has become defective (lopped, bored through). Ib. 4 שנִפְגְּמוּ, v. גָּמַם. Arakh.10b והיה קולו ערב ונפ׳ and the sound of the flute was sweet, but it became impaired. Ib. אלו שני כלים … ונִתְפַּגְּמוּוכ׳ those were the two implements that had remained from the first Temple, but they became defective and could not he mended; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פגם

  • 506 פָּגַם

    פָּגַם(cmp. פָּגַל) to cut, mutilate; to damage, lessen; trnsf. (cmp. פָּסַל) to disqualify, unfit. Num. R. s. 21 כל הפּוֹגֵם את עצמו פיגםוכ׳ he who tarnishes his reputation discredits his family at the same time; Tanḥ. Pinḥ. 2; Yalk. Num. 772. Y.Snh.II, 20b פְּגָמָהּ הכתוב the Bible text curtailed her name ( אביגל for אביגיל, 1 Sam. 25:32). Arakh.16b, v. אַכְסְנַאי. Gen. R. s. 6 חוזר ופוגם אותה (not אותם) the text reduces her (the moon) again (calling her ‘the small light). Pes.105b טעמו פְּגָמוֹ as soon as he tasted it (the wine in the cup), he rendered it unfit (for a cup of benediction); a. fr.Part. pass. פָּגוּם; f. פְּגוּמָה Sifré Deut. 320 בזוי ופ׳ contemptible and detested (Yeb.63b משוקץ ומתועב). Keth.40b בעל פ׳ if he had connection with an impaired woman (opp. שלימה). Y.Sabb.VI, 8a bot. כדי שלא … פ׳ (not פגימה) that it should not appear as if the right shoe were defective; a. e.Esp. (law) to impair the legal value of a document by admitting a receipt on account (cmp. שוֹבֵר). Keth.IX, 7 הפּוֹגֶמֶת כתובתה a woman that impairs her marriage contract. expl. ib. 8. Ib. 87b פוגמת כתובתה בעדים if she states that she has received partial payment in the presence of witnesses. Ib. פוחתת … היינו פוגמת if a woman lessens the amount in her marriage contract (declaring that it has been made out for a larger amount than had been agreed upon) …, is it the same as admitting partial payment or not? Y. ib. IX, 33b יורש שפ׳ אביו שטר חובו an heir whose father had admitted partial payment on a note of indebtedness in his possession; Tosef.Shebu.VI, 5. Gitt.18a עד שתִּפְגּוֹםוכ׳, v. זָקַף; Y.Shebi.IX, beg.39b; a. fr. Nif. נִפְגָּם, Nithpa. נִתְפַּגֵּם to be mutilated, diminished, impaired; to become defective, cracked, get out of order; to be discredited. Arakh.16b, v. אַכְסְנַאי. Bekh.VI, 1 נִפְגְּמָה אזנו if the ear of the first-born animal has become defective (lopped, bored through). Ib. 4 שנִפְגְּמוּ, v. גָּמַם. Arakh.10b והיה קולו ערב ונפ׳ and the sound of the flute was sweet, but it became impaired. Ib. אלו שני כלים … ונִתְפַּגְּמוּוכ׳ those were the two implements that had remained from the first Temple, but they became defective and could not he mended; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פָּגַם

  • 507 פגש

    פָּגַש(b. h.; cmp. פָּגַע) to strike against, meet, v. infra. Nif. נִפְגַּש to meet; to wrestle, fight. Deut. R. s. 11 נִפְגַּשִׁתִּי עם המלאךוכ׳ I wrestled with the angel and defeated him; אתה נִפְגַּשְׁתָּוכ׳ thou didst meet the angel in thy territory; Yalk. ib. 951 פָּגַשְׁתִּי, פָּגַּשְׁתָּ. Hithpa. הִתְפַּגֵּש, Nithpa. נִתְפַּגֵּש same. Deut. R. s. 9; Yalk. Ps. 840. Ylamd. to Gen. 48:1, quot. in Ar. מִתְפַּגֵּש.

    Jewish literature > פגש

  • 508 פָּגַש

    פָּגַש(b. h.; cmp. פָּגַע) to strike against, meet, v. infra. Nif. נִפְגַּש to meet; to wrestle, fight. Deut. R. s. 11 נִפְגַּשִׁתִּי עם המלאךוכ׳ I wrestled with the angel and defeated him; אתה נִפְגַּשְׁתָּוכ׳ thou didst meet the angel in thy territory; Yalk. ib. 951 פָּגַשְׁתִּי, פָּגַּשְׁתָּ. Hithpa. הִתְפַּגֵּש, Nithpa. נִתְפַּגֵּש same. Deut. R. s. 9; Yalk. Ps. 840. Ylamd. to Gen. 48:1, quot. in Ar. מִתְפַּגֵּש.

    Jewish literature > פָּגַש

  • 509 פזר

    פָּזַר(b. h.; cmp. בָּזַר) to scatter, disperse. Part. pass. פָּזוּר; f. פְּזוּרָה; pl. פְּזוּרִים, פְּזוּרִין; פְּזוּרוֹת. Num. R. s. 7, end וכשהן פ׳ שכינה עמהם and when they (the Israelites) are scattered, the Divine Presence is with them; a. e.Ex. R. s. 15 היו פוזרין, read: חוזרין, v. Tanḥ. Hayé 3. Pi. פִּיזֵּר same. Tosef.Ber.VII (VI), 24 בשעת … פַּזֵּר ובשעת המְפַזְּרִיןוכ׳, v. כָּנַס. B. Bath.10b יְפַזֵּר מעותיו לעניים let him scatter his money (give liberally) among the poor. Pes.87b (ref. to צדקת פרזונו, Jud. 5:11) צדקה … שפִּזְּרָןוכ׳ (or שפְּזָרָן Kal) the Lord has done kindness to Israel in scattering it among the nations. B. Bath.10a רוח מְפַזַּרְתָּן the wind disperses them (the clouds). Midr. Sam. ch. XXV אם מְפַזֵּר הוא דברים whether he would scatter abroad (divulge) the affairs, v. קוּסְדַּרְיוֹת; a. e.Part. pass. מְפוּזָּר; f. מְפוּזֶּרֶת; pl. מְפוּזָּרִים, מְפוּזָּרִין; מְפוּזָּרוֹת. Neg. IV, 3 במפ׳ when the hairs on the leprous spot are wide apart, opp. מכונס, v. כָּנַס. Meg.13b מפ׳ הן בין העמים they are scattered among the nations (of the kingdom), v. פָּרַד. Tbul Yom II, 3 אם היה מפ׳וכ׳ if the garlic was scattered in the mortar; a. fr. Nif. נִפְזָר, Hithpa. הִתְפַּזֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְפַּזֵּר to be scattered, dispersed. Tosef.Sot.II, 3 מנחתה נִפְזֶרֶת אביתוכ׳ ed. Zuck. (Var. מִתְפַּזֶּרֶת בבית) her meal-offering is strewn on the ashes; Y. ib. III, 18d; Sifré Num. 17. Sabb.16b ונִתְפַּזְּרוּוכ׳ and the clouds were dispersed and then gathered again. Gen. R. s. 36; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פזר

  • 510 פָּזַר

    פָּזַר(b. h.; cmp. בָּזַר) to scatter, disperse. Part. pass. פָּזוּר; f. פְּזוּרָה; pl. פְּזוּרִים, פְּזוּרִין; פְּזוּרוֹת. Num. R. s. 7, end וכשהן פ׳ שכינה עמהם and when they (the Israelites) are scattered, the Divine Presence is with them; a. e.Ex. R. s. 15 היו פוזרין, read: חוזרין, v. Tanḥ. Hayé 3. Pi. פִּיזֵּר same. Tosef.Ber.VII (VI), 24 בשעת … פַּזֵּר ובשעת המְפַזְּרִיןוכ׳, v. כָּנַס. B. Bath.10b יְפַזֵּר מעותיו לעניים let him scatter his money (give liberally) among the poor. Pes.87b (ref. to צדקת פרזונו, Jud. 5:11) צדקה … שפִּזְּרָןוכ׳ (or שפְּזָרָן Kal) the Lord has done kindness to Israel in scattering it among the nations. B. Bath.10a רוח מְפַזַּרְתָּן the wind disperses them (the clouds). Midr. Sam. ch. XXV אם מְפַזֵּר הוא דברים whether he would scatter abroad (divulge) the affairs, v. קוּסְדַּרְיוֹת; a. e.Part. pass. מְפוּזָּר; f. מְפוּזֶּרֶת; pl. מְפוּזָּרִים, מְפוּזָּרִין; מְפוּזָּרוֹת. Neg. IV, 3 במפ׳ when the hairs on the leprous spot are wide apart, opp. מכונס, v. כָּנַס. Meg.13b מפ׳ הן בין העמים they are scattered among the nations (of the kingdom), v. פָּרַד. Tbul Yom II, 3 אם היה מפ׳וכ׳ if the garlic was scattered in the mortar; a. fr. Nif. נִפְזָר, Hithpa. הִתְפַּזֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְפַּזֵּר to be scattered, dispersed. Tosef.Sot.II, 3 מנחתה נִפְזֶרֶת אביתוכ׳ ed. Zuck. (Var. מִתְפַּזֶּרֶת בבית) her meal-offering is strewn on the ashes; Y. ib. III, 18d; Sifré Num. 17. Sabb.16b ונִתְפַּזְּרוּוכ׳ and the clouds were dispersed and then gathered again. Gen. R. s. 36; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פָּזַר

  • 511 פחד

    פָּחַד(b. h.) (to breathe, pant, to fear; to be anxious. Esth. R. to V, 1 למה תִפְחְדִי why art thou afraid? Midr. Till. to Ps. 14 שלא פָחֲדוּ מןוכ׳ that they were not afraid of the Lord; a. e. Nif. נִפְחָד to be frightened, excited. Esth. R. to IV, 15 היתה אסתר נִפְחֶדֶת מאודוכ׳ Esther was greatly excited on account of the evil Cant. R. to III, 8 מתיראין ומזדעזעין ונִפְחָדִין afraid, trembling, and excited; a. e. Hif. הִפְחִיד to frighten. Num. R. s. 16 כשמבקשין להַפְחִידוֹ when they want to frighten the child, v. רְצוּעָה; a. e. Pi. פִּיחֵד same. Part. pass. מְפיּהָד; pl. מְפוּחָדִים. Sifra Bhar, Par. 3, ch. IV (ref. to Lev. 25:19) לא מפוזרים ולא מפ׳ neither scattered, nor frightened. Hithpa. הִתְפַּחֵר, Nithpa. נִתְפַּחֵד: to be afraid; to be joyously excited; to await with anxiety. Pesik. R. s. 15 ולא היו מתיראים ולא מִתְפַּחֲדִים and they were neither afraid, nor excited; Yalk. Ps. 795. Deut. R. s. 1, end מתייראין ומִתְפַּחֲדִין מכם trembled and were afraid of you. Ab. dR. N. ch. IX שיהא לבו של־אדם מִתְפַּחֵדוכ׳ that a mans heart should be afraid (of an evil occurrence) every day. Gen. R. s. 48 זה מִתְפַּחֵד לומר איזו פרוקופיוכ׳ the one is excited thinking what the distinction will be which the king is to confer upon me; וזה מתפ׳ ואומר איזה דיןוכ׳ and the other is excited thinking what the judgment will be ; Yalk. Is. 304. Tanḥ. Lekh 15 אתם מתפחדין על הטובוכ׳ you will be excited with joy over the good which is reserved for you (ref. to ופחדו, Hos. 3:5). Cant. R. l. c.; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פחד

  • 512 פָּחַד

    פָּחַד(b. h.) (to breathe, pant, to fear; to be anxious. Esth. R. to V, 1 למה תִפְחְדִי why art thou afraid? Midr. Till. to Ps. 14 שלא פָחֲדוּ מןוכ׳ that they were not afraid of the Lord; a. e. Nif. נִפְחָד to be frightened, excited. Esth. R. to IV, 15 היתה אסתר נִפְחֶדֶת מאודוכ׳ Esther was greatly excited on account of the evil Cant. R. to III, 8 מתיראין ומזדעזעין ונִפְחָדִין afraid, trembling, and excited; a. e. Hif. הִפְחִיד to frighten. Num. R. s. 16 כשמבקשין להַפְחִידוֹ when they want to frighten the child, v. רְצוּעָה; a. e. Pi. פִּיחֵד same. Part. pass. מְפיּהָד; pl. מְפוּחָדִים. Sifra Bhar, Par. 3, ch. IV (ref. to Lev. 25:19) לא מפוזרים ולא מפ׳ neither scattered, nor frightened. Hithpa. הִתְפַּחֵר, Nithpa. נִתְפַּחֵד: to be afraid; to be joyously excited; to await with anxiety. Pesik. R. s. 15 ולא היו מתיראים ולא מִתְפַּחֲדִים and they were neither afraid, nor excited; Yalk. Ps. 795. Deut. R. s. 1, end מתייראין ומִתְפַּחֲדִין מכם trembled and were afraid of you. Ab. dR. N. ch. IX שיהא לבו של־אדם מִתְפַּחֵדוכ׳ that a mans heart should be afraid (of an evil occurrence) every day. Gen. R. s. 48 זה מִתְפַּחֵד לומר איזו פרוקופיוכ׳ the one is excited thinking what the distinction will be which the king is to confer upon me; וזה מתפ׳ ואומר איזה דיןוכ׳ and the other is excited thinking what the judgment will be ; Yalk. Is. 304. Tanḥ. Lekh 15 אתם מתפחדין על הטובוכ׳ you will be excited with joy over the good which is reserved for you (ref. to ופחדו, Hos. 3:5). Cant. R. l. c.; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פָּחַד

  • 513 פחם

    פָּחַם(denom. of פֶּחָם) to be black, v. infra. Pi. פִּיחֵם to blacken. Y.Maas. Sh. V, beg. 55d; Tosef. ib. V, 13 ביתע״ז מְפַחֲמִין אותו בפיחמין the site of an idolatrous temple is marked by blackening it (its debris) with coal. Y.Pes.VI, 33a bot. (read:) מה … ומפציע ומְפַחֵם כך אני יורד בו as a kettle (thrown at a person) scalds and wounds and blackens, so will I come down at him; a. e.Part. pass. מְפוּחָם; f. מְפיּחֶמֶת; pl. מְפיּחָמִים, מְפוּחָמִין; מְפוּהָמוֹת. Gen. R. s. 36, v. כָּעַר; Y.Taan.I, end, 64d חם יצא מפ׳ Ham came out (of the ark) black. Y.Sot.II, 17d bot. לא במפ׳ not in a sooty vessel. Cant. R. to I, 6 ידיה מפ׳ her hands were blackened. Ib. את שכולך מפ׳ thou (negress) who art black all over; a. e. Nif. נִפְחָם, Hithpa. הִתְפַּחֵם, Nithpa. נִתְפַּחֵם to be blackened. Yalk. Num. 764; Yalk. Cant. 982 נפ׳ בשמש became black through exposure to the sun, v. כּרְכֵּם. Gen. R. s. 18 נִתְפַּחֲמוּ פני הנשים מפני השמש the faces of the (Jewish) women had become black Ib. s. 19, beg. ככלי פשתן … מִתְפַּחֲמִין קימעאוכ׳ (a scholars reputation is) like the fine linen clothes from Bethshan, if they are in the least stained, they are ruined; Koh. R. to I, 18 אם נִתְפַּחֲמוּ וכ׳. Ib. אם פָּחֲמוּ ( Kal). Deut. R. s. 1 ונתפחמו ידיה and her hands were soiled with soot; אם מקנחת … מתפחם if she wipes her hands on the wall, the wall will be soiled; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פחם

  • 514 פָּחַם

    פָּחַם(denom. of פֶּחָם) to be black, v. infra. Pi. פִּיחֵם to blacken. Y.Maas. Sh. V, beg. 55d; Tosef. ib. V, 13 ביתע״ז מְפַחֲמִין אותו בפיחמין the site of an idolatrous temple is marked by blackening it (its debris) with coal. Y.Pes.VI, 33a bot. (read:) מה … ומפציע ומְפַחֵם כך אני יורד בו as a kettle (thrown at a person) scalds and wounds and blackens, so will I come down at him; a. e.Part. pass. מְפוּחָם; f. מְפיּחֶמֶת; pl. מְפיּחָמִים, מְפוּחָמִין; מְפוּהָמוֹת. Gen. R. s. 36, v. כָּעַר; Y.Taan.I, end, 64d חם יצא מפ׳ Ham came out (of the ark) black. Y.Sot.II, 17d bot. לא במפ׳ not in a sooty vessel. Cant. R. to I, 6 ידיה מפ׳ her hands were blackened. Ib. את שכולך מפ׳ thou (negress) who art black all over; a. e. Nif. נִפְחָם, Hithpa. הִתְפַּחֵם, Nithpa. נִתְפַּחֵם to be blackened. Yalk. Num. 764; Yalk. Cant. 982 נפ׳ בשמש became black through exposure to the sun, v. כּרְכֵּם. Gen. R. s. 18 נִתְפַּחֲמוּ פני הנשים מפני השמש the faces of the (Jewish) women had become black Ib. s. 19, beg. ככלי פשתן … מִתְפַּחֲמִין קימעאוכ׳ (a scholars reputation is) like the fine linen clothes from Bethshan, if they are in the least stained, they are ruined; Koh. R. to I, 18 אם נִתְפַּחֲמוּ וכ׳. Ib. אם פָּחֲמוּ ( Kal). Deut. R. s. 1 ונתפחמו ידיה and her hands were soiled with soot; אם מקנחת … מתפחם if she wipes her hands on the wall, the wall will be soiled; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פָּחַם

  • 515 פיס

    פִּיס(cmp. פָּסַס) to split, divide, distribute. Hif. הֵפִיס 1) to penetrate, (cmp. בָּדַק); to cause abdominal trouble. Pes.107a מִיסְרָן ומֵפִיס this drink is a tempter and then gives pain (Ms. M. ומֵיפֵיס; Ms. O. מייסרן ומיפיס, v. פָּסַס; ed. ומפייס, v. infra). מפיס מורסא, v. פָּסַס. 2) to break a persons anger or will, to pacify, persuade, comfort. Shebu.45a כדי להָפִיס דעתווכ׳ in order to satisfy the mind of the employer (to convince him that he was mistaken). Y. ib. VIII, 38d top; Y.Snh.III, 21c bot. מצוה להֲפִיסוֹ it is proper to give him (the owner of the lost animal) satisfaction (by stating the cause of the loss); v. Pi.Ab. Zar.71a צא והָפֵס עלי מנת המלך go and satisfy for me the royal taxes (settle for me as best you can), v. מְנָת. 3) to arbitrate, decide (cmp. פָּסַק). Sabb.33a מי מֵפִיס who will decide (as to the cause of my disease)? Ib. 54a מי מפיסוכ׳ who will decide which udders are tied up for the purpose of drying them up and which for the purpose of preserving the milk?Esp. to decide by chance, by drawing lots, counting a certain number (v. פַּיִיס). Tam.I, 2 מי שטבל יבוא ויָפִיס let those who have bathed, come and take part in the count of chance; הֵפִיסוּ זכהוכ׳ after they have drawn, he who has won, has won (no appeal is permitted). Yoma 24b למה מְפִיסִין וחוזריןוכ׳ why did they draw once and again (why not at once for all the functions to be distributed)? Ib. במה מפיסין (Rashi: מפייסין) what garments do they wear when drawing? Gen. R. s. 84 (play on פסים, Gen. 37:23) שהפיסו עליהוכ׳ they drew lots about it (the coat) as to who should carry it to his father Sabb.XXIII, 2 (148b) מפיס (אדם) עםוכ׳ a man may decide by lot (on the Sabbath) the shares of honor at the table ; ib 149b; a. e. Pi. פִּיֵּיס to pacify, conciliate, persuade. Pes. l. c. מְיַסְּרָן ומְפַיֵּיס (that drink) chastises us (gives us pain), and yet is so persuasive (tempting). Ber.28b אני יכול לפַיְּיסוֹ בדבריםוכ׳ I might appease him with words or bribe him with money. B. Bath.9b כל הנותן … והמְפַיְּיסוֹ בדבריםוכ׳ he who gives a poor man a coin will be blessed with six blessings, but he who speaks kindly to him, will be blessed with eleven blessings. Gen. R. s. 93, end כשם שלא פ׳ … אלאוכ׳ as Joseph pacified his brothers only by weeping Y. Snh. l. c. מצוה להפיסו … ואינו מְפַיְּיסוֹ על שקר it is right to satisfy his mind by stating the truth, but one must not do so by a falsehood; Y. Shebu. l. c. מפייסו … אינו מפייסווכ׳. Lev. R. s. 19, end נלך ונְפַיֵּיס לגדלת, v. גַּדֶּלֶת; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 94, end ופייליה, read: ופִיְּיסוּהוּ and they appeased him (Nebuchadnezzar).Part. pass. מְפוּיָּיס. Ex. R. s. 51 הריני מפ׳ שמחלתוכ׳ I am convinced that thou hast forgiven Israel. Hithpa. הִתְפַּיֵּיס, Nithpa. נִתְפַּיֵּיס to be appeased, satisfied, persuaded. Ib. אותה שעה נֵתְפַּיְּיסוּ … עלוכ׳ now all Israelites were satisfied with regard to the work of the Tabernacle (that everything was correct). Ber.33a נתפ׳ אותו השר that princes anger was appeased. Pesik. R. s. 10 הרי הגורן בא והכל מִתְפַּיְּיסִים בשבילוכ׳ when harvesting time comes, all (that now are disputing) will be convinced for whose sake the field has been sown. Yoma 86b ספק מִתְפַּיֵּיס הימנווכ׳ it is doubtful whether he will or will not accept his apology; ספק מתפייס בדבריםוכ׳ it is doubtful whether he will be appeased by mere words (without demanding a fine or public satisfaction) ; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פיס

  • 516 פִּיס

    פִּיס(cmp. פָּסַס) to split, divide, distribute. Hif. הֵפִיס 1) to penetrate, (cmp. בָּדַק); to cause abdominal trouble. Pes.107a מִיסְרָן ומֵפִיס this drink is a tempter and then gives pain (Ms. M. ומֵיפֵיס; Ms. O. מייסרן ומיפיס, v. פָּסַס; ed. ומפייס, v. infra). מפיס מורסא, v. פָּסַס. 2) to break a persons anger or will, to pacify, persuade, comfort. Shebu.45a כדי להָפִיס דעתווכ׳ in order to satisfy the mind of the employer (to convince him that he was mistaken). Y. ib. VIII, 38d top; Y.Snh.III, 21c bot. מצוה להֲפִיסוֹ it is proper to give him (the owner of the lost animal) satisfaction (by stating the cause of the loss); v. Pi.Ab. Zar.71a צא והָפֵס עלי מנת המלך go and satisfy for me the royal taxes (settle for me as best you can), v. מְנָת. 3) to arbitrate, decide (cmp. פָּסַק). Sabb.33a מי מֵפִיס who will decide (as to the cause of my disease)? Ib. 54a מי מפיסוכ׳ who will decide which udders are tied up for the purpose of drying them up and which for the purpose of preserving the milk?Esp. to decide by chance, by drawing lots, counting a certain number (v. פַּיִיס). Tam.I, 2 מי שטבל יבוא ויָפִיס let those who have bathed, come and take part in the count of chance; הֵפִיסוּ זכהוכ׳ after they have drawn, he who has won, has won (no appeal is permitted). Yoma 24b למה מְפִיסִין וחוזריןוכ׳ why did they draw once and again (why not at once for all the functions to be distributed)? Ib. במה מפיסין (Rashi: מפייסין) what garments do they wear when drawing? Gen. R. s. 84 (play on פסים, Gen. 37:23) שהפיסו עליהוכ׳ they drew lots about it (the coat) as to who should carry it to his father Sabb.XXIII, 2 (148b) מפיס (אדם) עםוכ׳ a man may decide by lot (on the Sabbath) the shares of honor at the table ; ib 149b; a. e. Pi. פִּיֵּיס to pacify, conciliate, persuade. Pes. l. c. מְיַסְּרָן ומְפַיֵּיס (that drink) chastises us (gives us pain), and yet is so persuasive (tempting). Ber.28b אני יכול לפַיְּיסוֹ בדבריםוכ׳ I might appease him with words or bribe him with money. B. Bath.9b כל הנותן … והמְפַיְּיסוֹ בדבריםוכ׳ he who gives a poor man a coin will be blessed with six blessings, but he who speaks kindly to him, will be blessed with eleven blessings. Gen. R. s. 93, end כשם שלא פ׳ … אלאוכ׳ as Joseph pacified his brothers only by weeping Y. Snh. l. c. מצוה להפיסו … ואינו מְפַיְּיסוֹ על שקר it is right to satisfy his mind by stating the truth, but one must not do so by a falsehood; Y. Shebu. l. c. מפייסו … אינו מפייסווכ׳. Lev. R. s. 19, end נלך ונְפַיֵּיס לגדלת, v. גַּדֶּלֶת; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 94, end ופייליה, read: ופִיְּיסוּהוּ and they appeased him (Nebuchadnezzar).Part. pass. מְפוּיָּיס. Ex. R. s. 51 הריני מפ׳ שמחלתוכ׳ I am convinced that thou hast forgiven Israel. Hithpa. הִתְפַּיֵּיס, Nithpa. נִתְפַּיֵּיס to be appeased, satisfied, persuaded. Ib. אותה שעה נֵתְפַּיְּיסוּ … עלוכ׳ now all Israelites were satisfied with regard to the work of the Tabernacle (that everything was correct). Ber.33a נתפ׳ אותו השר that princes anger was appeased. Pesik. R. s. 10 הרי הגורן בא והכל מִתְפַּיְּיסִים בשבילוכ׳ when harvesting time comes, all (that now are disputing) will be convinced for whose sake the field has been sown. Yoma 86b ספק מִתְפַּיֵּיס הימנווכ׳ it is doubtful whether he will or will not accept his apology; ספק מתפייס בדבריםוכ׳ it is doubtful whether he will be appeased by mere words (without demanding a fine or public satisfaction) ; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פִּיס

  • 517 פלל

    פָּלַל(b. h.) to separate, divide. Pi. פִּילֵּל to arbitrate, intercede; trnsf. to pray. Sabb.55b (ref. to פ̇ח̇ז̇, Gen. 49:4) פִּ֗ילַּלְתָּה ח̇לתה ז̇רחהוכ׳ thou didst plead, thou didst pray, thy prayer rose Hithpa. הִתְפַּלֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְפַּלֵּל (denom. of תְּפִלָּה) to pray. Ber.V, 1 להִתְפַּלֵּל, v. כּוֹבֶד. Ib. היו שוהים … ומִתְפַּלְּלִים used to tarry a while (in meditation) and then say the prayers. Ib. IV, 3 יִתְפַּלֵּל שמונה עשרה should pray the eighteen benedictions. Ib. 4 מִתְפַּלֵּל תפלה קצרה says a short prayer. Y. ib. 8b top ספק נתפ׳ ספק לא נ׳ if he is in doubt whether he has or has not said his prayers; a. v. fr.

    Jewish literature > פלל

  • 518 פָּלַל

    פָּלַל(b. h.) to separate, divide. Pi. פִּילֵּל to arbitrate, intercede; trnsf. to pray. Sabb.55b (ref. to פ̇ח̇ז̇, Gen. 49:4) פִּ֗ילַּלְתָּה ח̇לתה ז̇רחהוכ׳ thou didst plead, thou didst pray, thy prayer rose Hithpa. הִתְפַּלֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְפַּלֵּל (denom. of תְּפִלָּה) to pray. Ber.V, 1 להִתְפַּלֵּל, v. כּוֹבֶד. Ib. היו שוהים … ומִתְפַּלְּלִים used to tarry a while (in meditation) and then say the prayers. Ib. IV, 3 יִתְפַּלֵּל שמונה עשרה should pray the eighteen benedictions. Ib. 4 מִתְפַּלֵּל תפלה קצרה says a short prayer. Y. ib. 8b top ספק נתפ׳ ספק לא נ׳ if he is in doubt whether he has or has not said his prayers; a. v. fr.

    Jewish literature > פָּלַל

  • 519 פלץ

    פָּלַץ(b. h.) to split, shatter. Nithpa. נִתְפַּלֵּץ to be split, cracked. Midr. Till. to Ps. 60, ed. Bub. בשעה שאמר לו יואב הדברים האלו רעשה הארץ נִתְפַּלְּצָה עליהם ונתקפלה תחתיו ונמצא עומד דוד להכותו when Joab said to him (Moab) these words, the earth quaked; it was split around them, and folded itself under his feet, and presently David stood there to smite him (Moab).

    Jewish literature > פלץ

  • 520 פָּלַץ

    פָּלַץ(b. h.) to split, shatter. Nithpa. נִתְפַּלֵּץ to be split, cracked. Midr. Till. to Ps. 60, ed. Bub. בשעה שאמר לו יואב הדברים האלו רעשה הארץ נִתְפַּלְּצָה עליהם ונתקפלה תחתיו ונמצא עומד דוד להכותו when Joab said to him (Moab) these words, the earth quaked; it was split around them, and folded itself under his feet, and presently David stood there to smite him (Moab).

    Jewish literature > פָּלַץ


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