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nithpa

  • 481 עָצַם

    עָצַם(b. h.) 1) to press; to close (the eyes). Yalk. Is. 304 זה העוֹצֵם עיניו כשעומדותוכ׳ he who closes his eyes when (he sees) Israelitish girls stand washing. Sifra Kdosh., Par. 3, ch. VII יַעֲצוֹם, v. infra. 2) (to be compressed, hard, to be strong, v. עָצוּם a. עֶצֶם. 3) (denom. of עֶצֶם) to acquire, possess. Gen. R. s. 64 שעָצַמְתָּ, v. עֶצֶם. Hif. הֶעֱצִים to close (the eyes). Kidd.32b יכול יַעֲצִים עיניווכ׳ perhaps a man might think, he will close his eyes and pretend not to see him (the old man); Yalk. Lev. 617; Sifra l. c. יעצום. Sabb.XXIII, 5 מַעֲצִים, v. עָמַץ. Pi. עִיצֵּם to close (a dead bodys eyes), v. עָמַץ. Hithpa. הִתְעַצֵּם, Nithpa. נִתְעַצֵּם 1) to be closed, v. עָמַץ. 2) to be headstrong towards one another. Snh.31b שנים שנִתְעַצְּמוּ בדיןוכ׳ if both parties to a law-suit are stubborn, one saying, let us go to law here, and the other saying, let us go to the circuit court. 3) v. עִיצּוּם 3) to fortify each other, i. e. to enter an agreement with the condition of forfeiture. Tosef.B. Mets. I, 16 שנים שנתעצמו זה בזה ואמרוכ׳ if two made an agreement wherein one said, if I do not come

    Jewish literature > עָצַם

  • 482 עקר

    עָקַר(b. h.; cmp. עקב) (to be curved, bent; denom. עִיקָּר root, 1) to uproot, tear loose, detach, remove; to eradicate, undo, abolish, abrogate. Hor.14a עוֹקֵר הרים; Snh.24a עוקר הרי הרים, v. הַר. Ab. III, 17 הרוח באה ועוֹקַרְתּוֹוכ׳ a wind comes and uproots it and turns it Pesik. Ekha, p. 123a> כל מקום שנאמר ארון עוקר דיורין ומכניסוכ׳ wherever Adon (Master) is mentioned in the Bible, it means (the landlord) that displaces tenants and imports tenants; ib. עוקר כנעניםוכ׳ who drives out the Canaanites and brings in the Israelites. Y.Yeb.I, 2d; ib. XIII, beg.13b ממאנת … לַעֲקוֹר זיקת המת she may (on arriving at majority) refuse the Yabam, which has the effect of annulling her relation to her deceased husband. Ib. כל עמה מודיי שהיא עוֹקֶרֶת all agree that by doing so she annuls her marriage to her deceased husband. Pes.101b עָקְרוּ רגליהן לצאת when they detached their feet, in order to go. Sabb.5a ע׳ ממקומווכ׳ (sub. רגליו) he moved from his place and received it. Y.Bets. V, 63a bot., v. קִיפּוּץ. Meg.5b בקש לעקור תשעהוכ׳ wanted to abolish the fast of the Ninth of Ab. Pes.115b אין עוֹקְרִין את השלחן we do not remove the table (v. comment.); a. v. fr.Part. pass. עָקוּר; f. עֲקוּרָה; pl. עֲקוּרִים, עְקוּרִין; עֲקוּרוֹת a) uprooted, torn out. Peah VI, 9 תבואה ע׳ loose (cut) grain, שאינה ע׳ still in the ground.b) = עָקָר ( rootless, barren, impotent. Yeb.64a יצחק אבינו ע׳ היה Isaac was impotent; שניהם ע׳ היו both of them (Isaac and Rebecca) were impotent. Ib. מפני מה היו אבותינו ע׳ wherefore were our ancestors childless (until they prayed)?; a. fr.Bekh.44b (ref. to Deut. 7:14 ועקרה) שלא תהא תפלתך ע׳וכ׳ that thy prayer shall not be fruitless before the Lord; Yalk. Deut. 884 שלא … ע׳ מלפני המקום that thy prayer shall not be removed from before the Lord; שלא יהא ביתך עקור מו התלמידים (not עקורה) that thy house shall not be deprived of scholars. 2) to mutilate, hamstring; to make barren, v. infra. Nif. נֱעֶקַר to be uprooted; to be removed, eradicated, destroyed. Y.Kil.III, 28c bot. נֶעֶקְרוּ הראשונים if the first seeds have been taken out. Ber.IX, 1 הרואה … מקום שנֶעֶקְרָהוכ׳ he who sees … a place from which an idol has been removed (by destruction). Ib. 12b לא שתֵּעָקֵר … ממקומהוכ׳ not that the memory of the going out from Egypt will be removed from its place (entirely extinct), v. עִיקָּר. Ib. b לא שיֵעָקֵר יעקבוכ׳ not that the name of Jacob will entirely fall into disuse; a. fr. Hif. הֶעֱקִיר to make barren (עָקָר). Cant. R. to II, 14 מפני מה הֶעֱקַרְתִּי אתכן why did I decree that you be childless? Because I desired to hear your prayer; Gen. R. s. 45 עִקּרְתִּי Pi. (or עָקַרְתִּי Kal). Pi. עִיקֵּר 1) to uproot; to tear loose Ib. s. 42 מְעַקַּר בגפנים tried to uproot the vines (destroy the entire nation); Lev. R. s. 11. Ib. המן … לעַקֵּרוכ׳ Haman … undertook to destroy the vines; Gen. R. l. c. ביקש לַעֲקוֹר הגפן כלה. Ḥull.V, 3 המעקר he who tears loose the organs to be cut at slaughtering (v. סִימָן); a. fr. 2) to unfit, mutilate, hamstring; to make barren. Treat. Smaḥ. ch. VIII שורפין ומְעַקְּרִין לפני מלכים you may burn (clothes) and hamstring horses at a kings death; Ab. Zar.11a עיֹקְרִין; Tosef.Sabb.VII (VIII), 19 עוקרין; v. עִיקּוּר. Gen. R. s. 45, v. supra; a. e. Nithpa. נִתְעַקֵּר to be made barren. Ib. למה נִתְעַקְּרוּ האמהותוכ׳ why were the Mothers allowed to be childless? Because the Lord desired to hear their prayers; Cant. R. l. c.; a. e.

    Jewish literature > עקר

  • 483 עָקַר

    עָקַר(b. h.; cmp. עקב) (to be curved, bent; denom. עִיקָּר root, 1) to uproot, tear loose, detach, remove; to eradicate, undo, abolish, abrogate. Hor.14a עוֹקֵר הרים; Snh.24a עוקר הרי הרים, v. הַר. Ab. III, 17 הרוח באה ועוֹקַרְתּוֹוכ׳ a wind comes and uproots it and turns it Pesik. Ekha, p. 123a> כל מקום שנאמר ארון עוקר דיורין ומכניסוכ׳ wherever Adon (Master) is mentioned in the Bible, it means (the landlord) that displaces tenants and imports tenants; ib. עוקר כנעניםוכ׳ who drives out the Canaanites and brings in the Israelites. Y.Yeb.I, 2d; ib. XIII, beg.13b ממאנת … לַעֲקוֹר זיקת המת she may (on arriving at majority) refuse the Yabam, which has the effect of annulling her relation to her deceased husband. Ib. כל עמה מודיי שהיא עוֹקֶרֶת all agree that by doing so she annuls her marriage to her deceased husband. Pes.101b עָקְרוּ רגליהן לצאת when they detached their feet, in order to go. Sabb.5a ע׳ ממקומווכ׳ (sub. רגליו) he moved from his place and received it. Y.Bets. V, 63a bot., v. קִיפּוּץ. Meg.5b בקש לעקור תשעהוכ׳ wanted to abolish the fast of the Ninth of Ab. Pes.115b אין עוֹקְרִין את השלחן we do not remove the table (v. comment.); a. v. fr.Part. pass. עָקוּר; f. עֲקוּרָה; pl. עֲקוּרִים, עְקוּרִין; עֲקוּרוֹת a) uprooted, torn out. Peah VI, 9 תבואה ע׳ loose (cut) grain, שאינה ע׳ still in the ground.b) = עָקָר ( rootless, barren, impotent. Yeb.64a יצחק אבינו ע׳ היה Isaac was impotent; שניהם ע׳ היו both of them (Isaac and Rebecca) were impotent. Ib. מפני מה היו אבותינו ע׳ wherefore were our ancestors childless (until they prayed)?; a. fr.Bekh.44b (ref. to Deut. 7:14 ועקרה) שלא תהא תפלתך ע׳וכ׳ that thy prayer shall not be fruitless before the Lord; Yalk. Deut. 884 שלא … ע׳ מלפני המקום that thy prayer shall not be removed from before the Lord; שלא יהא ביתך עקור מו התלמידים (not עקורה) that thy house shall not be deprived of scholars. 2) to mutilate, hamstring; to make barren, v. infra. Nif. נֱעֶקַר to be uprooted; to be removed, eradicated, destroyed. Y.Kil.III, 28c bot. נֶעֶקְרוּ הראשונים if the first seeds have been taken out. Ber.IX, 1 הרואה … מקום שנֶעֶקְרָהוכ׳ he who sees … a place from which an idol has been removed (by destruction). Ib. 12b לא שתֵּעָקֵר … ממקומהוכ׳ not that the memory of the going out from Egypt will be removed from its place (entirely extinct), v. עִיקָּר. Ib. b לא שיֵעָקֵר יעקבוכ׳ not that the name of Jacob will entirely fall into disuse; a. fr. Hif. הֶעֱקִיר to make barren (עָקָר). Cant. R. to II, 14 מפני מה הֶעֱקַרְתִּי אתכן why did I decree that you be childless? Because I desired to hear your prayer; Gen. R. s. 45 עִקּרְתִּי Pi. (or עָקַרְתִּי Kal). Pi. עִיקֵּר 1) to uproot; to tear loose Ib. s. 42 מְעַקַּר בגפנים tried to uproot the vines (destroy the entire nation); Lev. R. s. 11. Ib. המן … לעַקֵּרוכ׳ Haman … undertook to destroy the vines; Gen. R. l. c. ביקש לַעֲקוֹר הגפן כלה. Ḥull.V, 3 המעקר he who tears loose the organs to be cut at slaughtering (v. סִימָן); a. fr. 2) to unfit, mutilate, hamstring; to make barren. Treat. Smaḥ. ch. VIII שורפין ומְעַקְּרִין לפני מלכים you may burn (clothes) and hamstring horses at a kings death; Ab. Zar.11a עיֹקְרִין; Tosef.Sabb.VII (VIII), 19 עוקרין; v. עִיקּוּר. Gen. R. s. 45, v. supra; a. e. Nithpa. נִתְעַקֵּר to be made barren. Ib. למה נִתְעַקְּרוּ האמהותוכ׳ why were the Mothers allowed to be childless? Because the Lord desired to hear their prayers; Cant. R. l. c.; a. e.

    Jewish literature > עָקַר

  • 484 ערב I

    עָרַבI (b. h.; cmp. אָרַב) (to insert, press into, interweave, 1) to mix, confuse. Yalk. Deut. 808 עָרְבוּ את העיסה (or עֵרְבוּ Pi.; not ערכו), v. עִיסָה. 2) to substitute, put in place of, to vouch for. Cant. R. to I, 4 אבותינו עוֹרְבִים אותנו let our ancestors be our surety (for our observance of the Law); Yalk. Cant. 982. Deut. R. s. 3 מבקשים אתם שנַעֲרוֹב אתכסוכ׳ do you want us to guarantee to you that, if you separate your tithes properly, the mice will not attack your grain any more? Ib. ע׳ אותן והלכו he did guarantee to them, and the mice went Tanḥ. Vayigg. 5 מפני מה לא עָרַבְתָּ אתוכ׳ why didst thou not pledge thyself for thy brother &c?; a. fr. Pi. עֵירֵב 1) to mix. Gitt.52b שמואל אמר מְעָרֵב Samuel explains ( המנסך ib. V, 4, v. נָסַךְ), he who mixes forbidden wine with his neighbors permitted wine. Koh. R. to IX, 13, a. e. המערב מים בייןוכ׳ who puts water into wine, v. גְּלַבְקְיָא. M. Kat. 8b אין מְעָרְבִין שמחה בשמחה you must not mix one rejoicing with another (e. g. celebrate a wedding during the Festive Week); Gen. R. s. 70. Y.Ber.II, 4d top; Y.Meg.I, 71c עי׳ את האותיות if one made the letters of a word of uneven sizes (so that they are not in a line). Gen. R. s. 15 שלא לעָרֵב את האותיות he said המוציא in order not to confound the letters (by saying העולם מוציא); Y.Ber.VI, 10a bot. ראשי אותיות; a. fr.Part. pass. מְעוּרָב; f. מְעוּרֶבֶת; pl. מְעוּרָבִים, מְעוּרָבִין; מְעוּרָבוֹת. Yalk. Deut. 808 וראה הפת מע׳ קיבר and saw that the bread was mixed with coarse flour. Erub.27a כשקרבי דגים מע׳ בהן when entrails of fish are mixed up with the brine; a. e.Lev. R. s. 20 (in Chald. dict.) מעורב, v. עַרְבֵּב. 2) (denom. of עֵירוּב 2) to lay an ʿErub, to create a symbolical community of residence or continuity of action. Erub.III, 1 מערבין לנזיר ביין you may use wine for an ʿErub for the benefit of a Nazarite. Ib. 84b; 87b עד שיְעָרְבוּ until they connect them symbolically by an ʿErub; a. v. fr.Part. pass. as ab. Sabb.XVI, 3 חצר המע׳ a court which has been made available for Sabbath movements by means of an ʿErub; a. e. 3) to pledge. Part. pass. as ab. Esth. R. to I, 1 (ref. to בני התערבות, 2 Chr. 25:24) שהיו מְעוּרָבוֹתֵיהֶן של אבותיהן they were the hostages for their fathers. Hithpa. הִתְעָרֵב, Nithpa. נִתְעָרֵב to be mixed. Ḥull.VI, 5 דםשנ׳ במים if blood (which requires covering up, v. כִּיסּוּי) has been mixed with water. Tosef.Ter.V, 15 פרוסות … שנִתְעָרְבוּוכ׳ if pieces of show-bread have become mixed up with a hundred times as many pieces of secular bread; Yeb.81b פרוסה … שנִתְעָרְבָהוכ׳; Y.Orl.II, 61d bot. Cant. R. to I, 3 מה השמן הזה אין מִתְעָרֵב … אין מִתְעָרְבִיםוכ׳ as oil cannot be mixed with other liquids, so Israel should not be mixed with the nations of the world; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > ערב I

  • 485 עָרַב

    עָרַבI (b. h.; cmp. אָרַב) (to insert, press into, interweave, 1) to mix, confuse. Yalk. Deut. 808 עָרְבוּ את העיסה (or עֵרְבוּ Pi.; not ערכו), v. עִיסָה. 2) to substitute, put in place of, to vouch for. Cant. R. to I, 4 אבותינו עוֹרְבִים אותנו let our ancestors be our surety (for our observance of the Law); Yalk. Cant. 982. Deut. R. s. 3 מבקשים אתם שנַעֲרוֹב אתכסוכ׳ do you want us to guarantee to you that, if you separate your tithes properly, the mice will not attack your grain any more? Ib. ע׳ אותן והלכו he did guarantee to them, and the mice went Tanḥ. Vayigg. 5 מפני מה לא עָרַבְתָּ אתוכ׳ why didst thou not pledge thyself for thy brother &c?; a. fr. Pi. עֵירֵב 1) to mix. Gitt.52b שמואל אמר מְעָרֵב Samuel explains ( המנסך ib. V, 4, v. נָסַךְ), he who mixes forbidden wine with his neighbors permitted wine. Koh. R. to IX, 13, a. e. המערב מים בייןוכ׳ who puts water into wine, v. גְּלַבְקְיָא. M. Kat. 8b אין מְעָרְבִין שמחה בשמחה you must not mix one rejoicing with another (e. g. celebrate a wedding during the Festive Week); Gen. R. s. 70. Y.Ber.II, 4d top; Y.Meg.I, 71c עי׳ את האותיות if one made the letters of a word of uneven sizes (so that they are not in a line). Gen. R. s. 15 שלא לעָרֵב את האותיות he said המוציא in order not to confound the letters (by saying העולם מוציא); Y.Ber.VI, 10a bot. ראשי אותיות; a. fr.Part. pass. מְעוּרָב; f. מְעוּרֶבֶת; pl. מְעוּרָבִים, מְעוּרָבִין; מְעוּרָבוֹת. Yalk. Deut. 808 וראה הפת מע׳ קיבר and saw that the bread was mixed with coarse flour. Erub.27a כשקרבי דגים מע׳ בהן when entrails of fish are mixed up with the brine; a. e.Lev. R. s. 20 (in Chald. dict.) מעורב, v. עַרְבֵּב. 2) (denom. of עֵירוּב 2) to lay an ʿErub, to create a symbolical community of residence or continuity of action. Erub.III, 1 מערבין לנזיר ביין you may use wine for an ʿErub for the benefit of a Nazarite. Ib. 84b; 87b עד שיְעָרְבוּ until they connect them symbolically by an ʿErub; a. v. fr.Part. pass. as ab. Sabb.XVI, 3 חצר המע׳ a court which has been made available for Sabbath movements by means of an ʿErub; a. e. 3) to pledge. Part. pass. as ab. Esth. R. to I, 1 (ref. to בני התערבות, 2 Chr. 25:24) שהיו מְעוּרָבוֹתֵיהֶן של אבותיהן they were the hostages for their fathers. Hithpa. הִתְעָרֵב, Nithpa. נִתְעָרֵב to be mixed. Ḥull.VI, 5 דםשנ׳ במים if blood (which requires covering up, v. כִּיסּוּי) has been mixed with water. Tosef.Ter.V, 15 פרוסות … שנִתְעָרְבוּוכ׳ if pieces of show-bread have become mixed up with a hundred times as many pieces of secular bread; Yeb.81b פרוסה … שנִתְעָרְבָהוכ׳; Y.Orl.II, 61d bot. Cant. R. to I, 3 מה השמן הזה אין מִתְעָרֵב … אין מִתְעָרְבִיםוכ׳ as oil cannot be mixed with other liquids, so Israel should not be mixed with the nations of the world; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > עָרַב

  • 486 ערטל

    עִרְטֵל( Parel of עטל; cmp. Arab, ʿaṭal, a. עֲטַר II) to strip, denude. Gen. R. s. 6 מְעַרְטְלוֹ, v. נַרְתֵּק; Koh. R. to I, 5, v. השתק. Hithpa. הִתְערְטֵל, Nithpa. נִתְעַרְטֵל to be stripped; to denude ones self. Gen. R. s. 19 (ref. to עירמם, Gen. 3:7) אפי׳ מצוה … נִתְעַרְטְלוּ הימנה they had stripped themselves even of the merit of obeying the only command given them. (Yalk. Job 913 והיו רגליו מִתְעַרְטְלוֹת his feet were stripped of their skin (by scalding), v., however, עִרְכֵּל.

    Jewish literature > ערטל

  • 487 עִרְטֵל

    עִרְטֵל( Parel of עטל; cmp. Arab, ʿaṭal, a. עֲטַר II) to strip, denude. Gen. R. s. 6 מְעַרְטְלוֹ, v. נַרְתֵּק; Koh. R. to I, 5, v. השתק. Hithpa. הִתְערְטֵל, Nithpa. נִתְעַרְטֵל to be stripped; to denude ones self. Gen. R. s. 19 (ref. to עירמם, Gen. 3:7) אפי׳ מצוה … נִתְעַרְטְלוּ הימנה they had stripped themselves even of the merit of obeying the only command given them. (Yalk. Job 913 והיו רגליו מִתְעַרְטְלוֹת his feet were stripped of their skin (by scalding), v., however, עִרְכֵּל.

    Jewish literature > עִרְטֵל

  • 488 ערי

    ערי, עָרָהII (b. h.; cmp. עוּר I) to stir up. Hif. הֶעֱרָה 1) to stimulate, esp. to excite the sexual organ by contact (as the first stage of sexual connection), v. הַעֲרָאָה. Ker.II, 4 כל העריות עשה בהן את המַעֲרֶה כגומר in all illicit connections the text makes him who passes through the first stage as punishable as him that finishes. Y.Keth.III, 27d הֶעֱרוּ בה עשרהוכ׳ if ten persons came in carnal contact with her, and one of them consummated. Sot.42b (play on מע̇ר̇ות, 1 Sam. 17:23) שהכל הע̇ר̇ו באמו all the world had taken liberties with his mother; a. fr. 2) to intermix. Y.Yoma V, 42d top (צריך) זקוק להַעְרוֹת he must mix (the blood of the bull with that of the goat), v. Pi. Hof. הוּעֲרָה to be interwoven, entangled, caught. Y.Peah I, 16a bot. בסירה הוּעֲרַת it (the skirt) was caught, v. עָדָה I; ib. הוּעֲרוּ; Y.Sot.I, 17b (also הָעֳרַת). Pi. עֵירָה to intermix (of liquids), pour; to interweave, intertwine. Yoma V, 4 עי׳ דם הפר לתוךוכ׳ he poured the blood of the bullock to that of the goat, and put the full bowl in the empty one; expl. ib. 58a עי׳ מזרק מלאוכ׳ he poured the contents of the filled bowl into the empty bowl … in order to mix them thoroughly. Y. ib. V, 42d top (interch. with בָּלַל a. עָרַב). Y.Maasr.I, end, 49b לעָרוֹתוכ׳ to pour into (interch. with להַעֲרוֹת, Hif.); Y.Sabb.III, 6b. Nidd.X, 6 היתה מְעָרָה מים לפסח was permitted to pour water from vessel to vessel for Passover purposes (to wash the Passover meat without touching the water). Ab. Zar. V, 7 המְעָרֶה מכלי אל כלי if a Jew pours wine from one vessel into another (held by a gentile), את שעי׳ ממנו מותר the wine remaining in the vessel from which he poured is permitted; a. fr.Sifra Kʾdosh., Par. 2, ch. V עי׳ כל הפרשה כולה לכיוכ׳ the writer intended to join the whole paragraph (concerning emancipation) to ‘for she has not been set free (Lev. 19:20), to intimate that emancipation is consummated by a document only; (Gitt.39b אוֹרְעָהוכ׳ (fr. אָרַע I) the whole paragraph has been joined B. Bath. 113b אורעה … להיות דין, v. אָרַע II, a. corr. acc.) Y.Kidd.I, 58d bot. (ref. to Deut. 25:5) ת״ל ויבמה עי׳ הפרשה כולה לייבוםוכ׳ the text says, vyibbmah (‘and thus he shall be her levir); the whole paragraph is connected with yibbum (the word ויבמה), intimating that marital connection only consummates the levirate marriage; Y.Yeb.II, beg.3c עודה (Rabad to Sifra l. c. quotes עורה, corr. acc.). Y.Snh.VII, 24d עֵרָה את כלוכ׳ the whole paragraph depends on the word mother.Part. pass. מְעוּרֶה; f. מְעוּרָה; pl. מְעוּרִים, מְעוּרִין; מְעוּרוֹת intertwined, interwoven; mixed up. Tbul Yom III, 1 אוכל שנפרס ומע׳ מקצת if an eatable part of a fruit is broken off but partly hangs on (is not entirely severed). Ukts. III, 8 יחור של … ומע׳ בקליפה a shoot of a fig tree which is torn off but is still attached to the tree by the rind; Tosef.Kel.B. Kam.I, 13. Yoma 54a הכרובים שהיו מע׳ זה בזה the cherubs (in the Temple) whose bodies were intertwisted with one another. Ib. sq. (expl. כמער איש וליות, 1 Kings 7:36) כאיש המע׳ בלויה שלו like a man embracing his companion (wife). Ḥull.127b ומע׳ בהוט השערה attached by a hairs breadth. Bets.7a; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְעָרֶה, Nithpa. נִתְעָרֶה to be intertwined, come into intimate contact. Ruth R. to I, 14 (ref. to מערית, v. supra) ממאה … שנִתְעָרוּ בהוכ׳ on one hundred … that were in contact with her the whole night (interch. with נתערבו).

    Jewish literature > ערי

  • 489 ערה II

    ערי, עָרָהII (b. h.; cmp. עוּר I) to stir up. Hif. הֶעֱרָה 1) to stimulate, esp. to excite the sexual organ by contact (as the first stage of sexual connection), v. הַעֲרָאָה. Ker.II, 4 כל העריות עשה בהן את המַעֲרֶה כגומר in all illicit connections the text makes him who passes through the first stage as punishable as him that finishes. Y.Keth.III, 27d הֶעֱרוּ בה עשרהוכ׳ if ten persons came in carnal contact with her, and one of them consummated. Sot.42b (play on מע̇ר̇ות, 1 Sam. 17:23) שהכל הע̇ר̇ו באמו all the world had taken liberties with his mother; a. fr. 2) to intermix. Y.Yoma V, 42d top (צריך) זקוק להַעְרוֹת he must mix (the blood of the bull with that of the goat), v. Pi. Hof. הוּעֲרָה to be interwoven, entangled, caught. Y.Peah I, 16a bot. בסירה הוּעֲרַת it (the skirt) was caught, v. עָדָה I; ib. הוּעֲרוּ; Y.Sot.I, 17b (also הָעֳרַת). Pi. עֵירָה to intermix (of liquids), pour; to interweave, intertwine. Yoma V, 4 עי׳ דם הפר לתוךוכ׳ he poured the blood of the bullock to that of the goat, and put the full bowl in the empty one; expl. ib. 58a עי׳ מזרק מלאוכ׳ he poured the contents of the filled bowl into the empty bowl … in order to mix them thoroughly. Y. ib. V, 42d top (interch. with בָּלַל a. עָרַב). Y.Maasr.I, end, 49b לעָרוֹתוכ׳ to pour into (interch. with להַעֲרוֹת, Hif.); Y.Sabb.III, 6b. Nidd.X, 6 היתה מְעָרָה מים לפסח was permitted to pour water from vessel to vessel for Passover purposes (to wash the Passover meat without touching the water). Ab. Zar. V, 7 המְעָרֶה מכלי אל כלי if a Jew pours wine from one vessel into another (held by a gentile), את שעי׳ ממנו מותר the wine remaining in the vessel from which he poured is permitted; a. fr.Sifra Kʾdosh., Par. 2, ch. V עי׳ כל הפרשה כולה לכיוכ׳ the writer intended to join the whole paragraph (concerning emancipation) to ‘for she has not been set free (Lev. 19:20), to intimate that emancipation is consummated by a document only; (Gitt.39b אוֹרְעָהוכ׳ (fr. אָרַע I) the whole paragraph has been joined B. Bath. 113b אורעה … להיות דין, v. אָרַע II, a. corr. acc.) Y.Kidd.I, 58d bot. (ref. to Deut. 25:5) ת״ל ויבמה עי׳ הפרשה כולה לייבוםוכ׳ the text says, vyibbmah (‘and thus he shall be her levir); the whole paragraph is connected with yibbum (the word ויבמה), intimating that marital connection only consummates the levirate marriage; Y.Yeb.II, beg.3c עודה (Rabad to Sifra l. c. quotes עורה, corr. acc.). Y.Snh.VII, 24d עֵרָה את כלוכ׳ the whole paragraph depends on the word mother.Part. pass. מְעוּרֶה; f. מְעוּרָה; pl. מְעוּרִים, מְעוּרִין; מְעוּרוֹת intertwined, interwoven; mixed up. Tbul Yom III, 1 אוכל שנפרס ומע׳ מקצת if an eatable part of a fruit is broken off but partly hangs on (is not entirely severed). Ukts. III, 8 יחור של … ומע׳ בקליפה a shoot of a fig tree which is torn off but is still attached to the tree by the rind; Tosef.Kel.B. Kam.I, 13. Yoma 54a הכרובים שהיו מע׳ זה בזה the cherubs (in the Temple) whose bodies were intertwisted with one another. Ib. sq. (expl. כמער איש וליות, 1 Kings 7:36) כאיש המע׳ בלויה שלו like a man embracing his companion (wife). Ḥull.127b ומע׳ בהוט השערה attached by a hairs breadth. Bets.7a; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְעָרֶה, Nithpa. נִתְעָרֶה to be intertwined, come into intimate contact. Ruth R. to I, 14 (ref. to מערית, v. supra) ממאה … שנִתְעָרוּ בהוכ׳ on one hundred … that were in contact with her the whole night (interch. with נתערבו).

    Jewish literature > ערה II

  • 490 עָרָה

    ערי, עָרָהII (b. h.; cmp. עוּר I) to stir up. Hif. הֶעֱרָה 1) to stimulate, esp. to excite the sexual organ by contact (as the first stage of sexual connection), v. הַעֲרָאָה. Ker.II, 4 כל העריות עשה בהן את המַעֲרֶה כגומר in all illicit connections the text makes him who passes through the first stage as punishable as him that finishes. Y.Keth.III, 27d הֶעֱרוּ בה עשרהוכ׳ if ten persons came in carnal contact with her, and one of them consummated. Sot.42b (play on מע̇ר̇ות, 1 Sam. 17:23) שהכל הע̇ר̇ו באמו all the world had taken liberties with his mother; a. fr. 2) to intermix. Y.Yoma V, 42d top (צריך) זקוק להַעְרוֹת he must mix (the blood of the bull with that of the goat), v. Pi. Hof. הוּעֲרָה to be interwoven, entangled, caught. Y.Peah I, 16a bot. בסירה הוּעֲרַת it (the skirt) was caught, v. עָדָה I; ib. הוּעֲרוּ; Y.Sot.I, 17b (also הָעֳרַת). Pi. עֵירָה to intermix (of liquids), pour; to interweave, intertwine. Yoma V, 4 עי׳ דם הפר לתוךוכ׳ he poured the blood of the bullock to that of the goat, and put the full bowl in the empty one; expl. ib. 58a עי׳ מזרק מלאוכ׳ he poured the contents of the filled bowl into the empty bowl … in order to mix them thoroughly. Y. ib. V, 42d top (interch. with בָּלַל a. עָרַב). Y.Maasr.I, end, 49b לעָרוֹתוכ׳ to pour into (interch. with להַעֲרוֹת, Hif.); Y.Sabb.III, 6b. Nidd.X, 6 היתה מְעָרָה מים לפסח was permitted to pour water from vessel to vessel for Passover purposes (to wash the Passover meat without touching the water). Ab. Zar. V, 7 המְעָרֶה מכלי אל כלי if a Jew pours wine from one vessel into another (held by a gentile), את שעי׳ ממנו מותר the wine remaining in the vessel from which he poured is permitted; a. fr.Sifra Kʾdosh., Par. 2, ch. V עי׳ כל הפרשה כולה לכיוכ׳ the writer intended to join the whole paragraph (concerning emancipation) to ‘for she has not been set free (Lev. 19:20), to intimate that emancipation is consummated by a document only; (Gitt.39b אוֹרְעָהוכ׳ (fr. אָרַע I) the whole paragraph has been joined B. Bath. 113b אורעה … להיות דין, v. אָרַע II, a. corr. acc.) Y.Kidd.I, 58d bot. (ref. to Deut. 25:5) ת״ל ויבמה עי׳ הפרשה כולה לייבוםוכ׳ the text says, vyibbmah (‘and thus he shall be her levir); the whole paragraph is connected with yibbum (the word ויבמה), intimating that marital connection only consummates the levirate marriage; Y.Yeb.II, beg.3c עודה (Rabad to Sifra l. c. quotes עורה, corr. acc.). Y.Snh.VII, 24d עֵרָה את כלוכ׳ the whole paragraph depends on the word mother.Part. pass. מְעוּרֶה; f. מְעוּרָה; pl. מְעוּרִים, מְעוּרִין; מְעוּרוֹת intertwined, interwoven; mixed up. Tbul Yom III, 1 אוכל שנפרס ומע׳ מקצת if an eatable part of a fruit is broken off but partly hangs on (is not entirely severed). Ukts. III, 8 יחור של … ומע׳ בקליפה a shoot of a fig tree which is torn off but is still attached to the tree by the rind; Tosef.Kel.B. Kam.I, 13. Yoma 54a הכרובים שהיו מע׳ זה בזה the cherubs (in the Temple) whose bodies were intertwisted with one another. Ib. sq. (expl. כמער איש וליות, 1 Kings 7:36) כאיש המע׳ בלויה שלו like a man embracing his companion (wife). Ḥull.127b ומע׳ בהוט השערה attached by a hairs breadth. Bets.7a; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְעָרֶה, Nithpa. נִתְעָרֶה to be intertwined, come into intimate contact. Ruth R. to I, 14 (ref. to מערית, v. supra) ממאה … שנִתְעָרוּ בהוכ׳ on one hundred … that were in contact with her the whole night (interch. with נתערבו).

    Jewish literature > עָרָה

  • 491 ערף

    עָרַף(b. h.) 1) to divide, cut. Sifré Deut. 306 (ref. to יערף, Deut. 32:2) אין יַעֲרֹף … פרוט … אלא עֲרוֹף ליוכ׳ yaʿărof is a Phoenician (mercantile) term, e. g. one does not say to ones neighbor, pʾroṭ (break into small change) this Selʿa for me, but ʿărof for me Denom. עוֹרֶף. 2) (cmp. קָטַף a. קְטָף) to drop, distill. Taan.7a (ref. to Deut. l. c.) אםת״ח … ואם לאו עוֹרְפֵיהוּ כמטר if a scholar is worthy, he is like dew; if unworthy, drop him like rain; Yalk. Deut. 942 עָרְפֵהוּ. 3) (denom. of עוֹרֶף) to break the neck of; esp. to break the neck of a heifer to atone for a murder the author of which is unknown (Deut. 21:1–9); to perform the ceremony of atonement. Sot.IX, 2 לא היו עוֹרְפִין they did not perform the ceremony. Ib. 45b; a. fr.Ib. IX, 5 ועורפין אותה בקופיץוכ׳ and (if the ground is not hard and rough) they cut her head from behind with a hatchet.Part. pass. עָרוּף; f. עֲרוּפָה.עגלה ע׳, v. עֶגְלָה. 4) (cmp. אָחַר) (of copulations of animals) to cover ( from behind). Ib. 42b (play on עָרְפָּה) שהכל עורפיןוכ׳ all covered her from behind. Nif. נֶעֱרַף, Nithpa. נִתְעָרֵף to have the neck broken. Ib. IX, 7 (47a) נמצא … עד שלא נֶעֶרְפָּהוכ׳ (Y. ed. עד שלא תֵיעָרֵף) if the murderer was discovered before the heifer was put to death; משנִתְעָרְפָה העגלה Mish. (Y. a. Bab. ed. משנערפה) after the ceremony had taken place. Ib. 46a יבוא דבר ויֵעָרֵףוכ׳ … let there be brought a thing which has not yet produced fruit (a heifer) and be broken in a place which produces no fruit, and atone for the murder of him who was prevented from producing fruit (good deeds on earth). Ex. R. s. 42, end (play on קשה ערף, Ex. 32:9) ראויים הם להֵעָרֵף they deserve to have their necks broken; a. e.

    Jewish literature > ערף

  • 492 עָרַף

    עָרַף(b. h.) 1) to divide, cut. Sifré Deut. 306 (ref. to יערף, Deut. 32:2) אין יַעֲרֹף … פרוט … אלא עֲרוֹף ליוכ׳ yaʿărof is a Phoenician (mercantile) term, e. g. one does not say to ones neighbor, pʾroṭ (break into small change) this Selʿa for me, but ʿărof for me Denom. עוֹרֶף. 2) (cmp. קָטַף a. קְטָף) to drop, distill. Taan.7a (ref. to Deut. l. c.) אםת״ח … ואם לאו עוֹרְפֵיהוּ כמטר if a scholar is worthy, he is like dew; if unworthy, drop him like rain; Yalk. Deut. 942 עָרְפֵהוּ. 3) (denom. of עוֹרֶף) to break the neck of; esp. to break the neck of a heifer to atone for a murder the author of which is unknown (Deut. 21:1–9); to perform the ceremony of atonement. Sot.IX, 2 לא היו עוֹרְפִין they did not perform the ceremony. Ib. 45b; a. fr.Ib. IX, 5 ועורפין אותה בקופיץוכ׳ and (if the ground is not hard and rough) they cut her head from behind with a hatchet.Part. pass. עָרוּף; f. עֲרוּפָה.עגלה ע׳, v. עֶגְלָה. 4) (cmp. אָחַר) (of copulations of animals) to cover ( from behind). Ib. 42b (play on עָרְפָּה) שהכל עורפיןוכ׳ all covered her from behind. Nif. נֶעֱרַף, Nithpa. נִתְעָרֵף to have the neck broken. Ib. IX, 7 (47a) נמצא … עד שלא נֶעֶרְפָּהוכ׳ (Y. ed. עד שלא תֵיעָרֵף) if the murderer was discovered before the heifer was put to death; משנִתְעָרְפָה העגלה Mish. (Y. a. Bab. ed. משנערפה) after the ceremony had taken place. Ib. 46a יבוא דבר ויֵעָרֵףוכ׳ … let there be brought a thing which has not yet produced fruit (a heifer) and be broken in a place which produces no fruit, and atone for the murder of him who was prevented from producing fruit (good deeds on earth). Ex. R. s. 42, end (play on קשה ערף, Ex. 32:9) ראויים הם להֵעָרֵף they deserve to have their necks broken; a. e.

    Jewish literature > עָרַף

  • 493 עשר

    עָשַׁר(cmp. עְשַׁן) to be strong, substantial, wealthy. Hif. הֶעֱשִׁיר 1) (denom. of עָשִׁיר) to become wealthy. B. Bath.25b ושיַעֲשִׁיר and he who desires to become rich. Ber.33a הֶעֱשִׁירוּ קבעוהוכ׳ when they became wealthy, they made it a custom to recite the Habdalah over a cup. Meïl. 17a, v. עָנָה II, Hif. Ned.38a לאה׳ משהוכ׳ Moses became rich from the chips of the tablets; a. fr. 2) to make rich. Keth.48a לאו כל הימנו שיעשירוכ׳ he is not permitted to enrich his children and throw himself on the charities. Ḥull.84b (expl. עשתרת, Deut. 7:13) שמַעֲשִׁירוֹת את בעליהן Ar. (ed. שמְעַשְּׁרוֹת, Pi.) for they make their owners rich; Yalk. Deut. 848 שמעשרות. Cant. R. to VII, 11 (ref. to תעשרנה, Ps. 65:10) אם זכיתם תַּעֲשִׁיֶרנָּה ואם לאו תְּעַשְּׂרֶנָּהוכ׳ if you deserve well (it reads:) ‘thou makest her rich, if not, ‘thou reducest her to one-tenth, that she yield you only one-tenth; a. e. Pi. עִישֵּׁר same; v. supra. B. Bath. l. c., v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְעַשֵּׁר, Nithpa. נִתְעַשֵּׁר 1) to become rich. Sabb.119a; Taan.9a (play on עשר תעשר, Deut. 14:22) עַשֵּׂר בשביל שתִּתְעַשֵּׂרי give tithes in order that thou become rich. B. Bath. l. c. מתוך שמתחכם מִתְעַשֵּׁר for when he grows wise, he will also grow rich; (Ms. M. חכמתו מְעַשַּׁרְתּוֹ his wisdom makes him rich). Pes.50b עשרים … שלא יִתְעַשְּׁרוּ שאילמלי מִתְעַשְּׁרִיןוכ׳ the men of the Great Assembly held twenty-four fasts to pray that the copyists of sacred books might not become rich, for if they grew rich, they would not write; a. fr.( 2) (b. h.) to pretend to be rich, to pass for a rich man. Men.85b. Midr. Till. to Ps. 24.

    Jewish literature > עשר

  • 494 עָשַׁר

    עָשַׁר(cmp. עְשַׁן) to be strong, substantial, wealthy. Hif. הֶעֱשִׁיר 1) (denom. of עָשִׁיר) to become wealthy. B. Bath.25b ושיַעֲשִׁיר and he who desires to become rich. Ber.33a הֶעֱשִׁירוּ קבעוהוכ׳ when they became wealthy, they made it a custom to recite the Habdalah over a cup. Meïl. 17a, v. עָנָה II, Hif. Ned.38a לאה׳ משהוכ׳ Moses became rich from the chips of the tablets; a. fr. 2) to make rich. Keth.48a לאו כל הימנו שיעשירוכ׳ he is not permitted to enrich his children and throw himself on the charities. Ḥull.84b (expl. עשתרת, Deut. 7:13) שמַעֲשִׁירוֹת את בעליהן Ar. (ed. שמְעַשְּׁרוֹת, Pi.) for they make their owners rich; Yalk. Deut. 848 שמעשרות. Cant. R. to VII, 11 (ref. to תעשרנה, Ps. 65:10) אם זכיתם תַּעֲשִׁיֶרנָּה ואם לאו תְּעַשְּׂרֶנָּהוכ׳ if you deserve well (it reads:) ‘thou makest her rich, if not, ‘thou reducest her to one-tenth, that she yield you only one-tenth; a. e. Pi. עִישֵּׁר same; v. supra. B. Bath. l. c., v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְעַשֵּׁר, Nithpa. נִתְעַשֵּׁר 1) to become rich. Sabb.119a; Taan.9a (play on עשר תעשר, Deut. 14:22) עַשֵּׂר בשביל שתִּתְעַשֵּׂרי give tithes in order that thou become rich. B. Bath. l. c. מתוך שמתחכם מִתְעַשֵּׁר for when he grows wise, he will also grow rich; (Ms. M. חכמתו מְעַשַּׁרְתּוֹ his wisdom makes him rich). Pes.50b עשרים … שלא יִתְעַשְּׁרוּ שאילמלי מִתְעַשְּׁרִיןוכ׳ the men of the Great Assembly held twenty-four fasts to pray that the copyists of sacred books might not become rich, for if they grew rich, they would not write; a. fr.( 2) (b. h.) to pretend to be rich, to pass for a rich man. Men.85b. Midr. Till. to Ps. 24.

    Jewish literature > עָשַׁר

  • 495 עשר

    עֲשַׁרch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְעַשֵּׁר, Nithpa. נִתְעַשֵּׁר to become rich) (mostly עֲתַר). Ithpa. אִתְעַשֵּׁר to become rich. Gitt.30b, v. אֲשַׁר.

    Jewish literature > עשר

  • 496 עֲשַׁר

    עֲשַׁרch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְעַשֵּׁר, Nithpa. נִתְעַשֵּׁר to become rich) (mostly עֲתַר). Ithpa. אִתְעַשֵּׁר to become rich. Gitt.30b, v. אֲשַׁר.

    Jewish literature > עֲשַׁר

  • 497 עשר

    עָשַׂרPi. עִשֵּׂר (b. h.; denom. of עֶשֶׂר) 1) to give one-tenth, separate tithes. Sabb.119a עַשִּׁרוכ׳, v. עָשַׁר. Maasr. IV, 2 ושכחו לעַשְּׂרָן but had forgotten to pay the tithe of them. Sabb.II, 7 עִשַּׂרְתֶּם have you set aside tithes (of what you intend to use for the Sabbath)? Ib. ספק … אין מְעַשְּׂרִין את הודאי if it is doubtful whether or not night has set in, you must not separate the tithes of what is sure to be subject to tithes (v. דְּמַאי); a. v. fr.Part. pass. מְעוּשָּׂר; f. מְעוּשֶּׂרֶת; pl. מְעוּשָּׂרִים, מְעוּשָּׂרִין; מְעוּשָּׂרוֹת. Bekh.IX, 7 (קפץ אחד) מן המע׳ לתוכן if one of those (lambs) which have been set aside as tithe, leaped among the flock. Ib. הרי אלו מע׳ they (the flock) are considered as tithed; a. fr. 2) to reduce to one-tenth. Cant. R. to VII, 11, v. עָשַׁר. Nif. נֶעֱשַׂר, Hithpa. הִתְעַשֵּׂר, Nithpa. נִתְעַשֵּׂר to be tithed. Maasr. l. c. עד שיֵעָשְׂרוּ (Ms. M. שיִתְעַשְּׂרוּ) until they are tithed. Ib. 5 מִתְעַשֶּׂרֶת זרעוכ׳ must be tithed as seed, as vegetables (if the leaves are used) Bekh.IX, 1 ואינן מִתְעַשְּׂרִים מזה על זה and they (large cattle and small cattle) cannot be tithed one for the other. Ib. 53b אין דין שיִתְעַשְּׂרוּ זה מזה should we not conclude that they may be tithed one for the other?; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > עשר

  • 498 עָשַׂר

    עָשַׂרPi. עִשֵּׂר (b. h.; denom. of עֶשֶׂר) 1) to give one-tenth, separate tithes. Sabb.119a עַשִּׁרוכ׳, v. עָשַׁר. Maasr. IV, 2 ושכחו לעַשְּׂרָן but had forgotten to pay the tithe of them. Sabb.II, 7 עִשַּׂרְתֶּם have you set aside tithes (of what you intend to use for the Sabbath)? Ib. ספק … אין מְעַשְּׂרִין את הודאי if it is doubtful whether or not night has set in, you must not separate the tithes of what is sure to be subject to tithes (v. דְּמַאי); a. v. fr.Part. pass. מְעוּשָּׂר; f. מְעוּשֶּׂרֶת; pl. מְעוּשָּׂרִים, מְעוּשָּׂרִין; מְעוּשָּׂרוֹת. Bekh.IX, 7 (קפץ אחד) מן המע׳ לתוכן if one of those (lambs) which have been set aside as tithe, leaped among the flock. Ib. הרי אלו מע׳ they (the flock) are considered as tithed; a. fr. 2) to reduce to one-tenth. Cant. R. to VII, 11, v. עָשַׁר. Nif. נֶעֱשַׂר, Hithpa. הִתְעַשֵּׂר, Nithpa. נִתְעַשֵּׂר to be tithed. Maasr. l. c. עד שיֵעָשְׂרוּ (Ms. M. שיִתְעַשְּׂרוּ) until they are tithed. Ib. 5 מִתְעַשֶּׂרֶת זרעוכ׳ must be tithed as seed, as vegetables (if the leaves are used) Bekh.IX, 1 ואינן מִתְעַשְּׂרִים מזה על זה and they (large cattle and small cattle) cannot be tithed one for the other. Ib. 53b אין דין שיִתְעַשְּׂרוּ זה מזה should we not conclude that they may be tithed one for the other?; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > עָשַׂר

  • 499 עתק I

    עָתַקI (b. h.) to move. Gen. R. s. 52, beg. (expl. יעתק, Job 14:18) פנה ממקימו he (Abraham) moved from where he was; Yalk. ib. 87; Yalk. Job 906. Hif. הֶעְתִּיק to remove, transfer. Y. Ḥag.II, 77c top (ref. to Ps. 31:19 הדוברות … עתק) הדוברות על צדיקי של עולם דברים שה׳ מבריותיו who speak concerning the Righteous One of the world words which he has withheld from his creatures (esoteric philosophy); Yalk. Ps. 715; Gen. R. s. 1 שה׳ בבריותיו (corr. acc., v. ‘Rashi a. l.). Ruth R. to I, 1 (ref. to 1 Chr. 4:22) דברים הללו נאמרו ממַעְתִּיקוֹ של עולםוכ׳ these words were spoken by Him who moves the world (by ref. to ויעתק, Gen. 12:8); (Yalk. Chr. 1074 דברים הללו מעתיקו, v. עַתִּיק). Yalk. Prov. 961 (ref. to העתיקו, Prov. 25:1) העתיקו מלמד שגנוזים היו hʿetiḳu (they removed), this shows that they were suppressed (v. גָּנַז). Ib. דבר אחר אין העתיקו אלא פירשווכ׳ another interpretation is, hʿetiḳu means ‘they set aside (ref. to Gen. 12:8), i. e. translated, interpreted (v. פָּרַש, a. cmp. the later use of העתיק to edit, to translate); Ab. dR. N. ch. I, 2nd> Vers. (ed. Schechter, p. 3) אין העתיקו אלא שפרשו; ib. 1st> Vers. לא שהמתינו אלא שפירשו, v. next w. Hof. הוּעְתַּק to be removed. Koh. R. to I, 8 (in enigmatic speech) ואני הוּעְתַּקְתִּי לכאן להחיש מחיה and I have come here to accelerate the growth (of hair). Nif. נֶעְתַּק, Nithpa. נִתְעַתֵּק to be removed, transferred. Esth. R. to I, 1 הנֶעְתָּקִין, v. קִינְסִין. Yalk. Chr. 1076 (ref. to 1 Chr. l. c.) אפי׳ … שנִתְעַחְּקוּ מהם החזירם even things which had been removed from them (esoteric thoughts) did he bring back; Ruth R. l. c. (not שנתעסקו).

    Jewish literature > עתק I

  • 500 עָתַק

    עָתַקI (b. h.) to move. Gen. R. s. 52, beg. (expl. יעתק, Job 14:18) פנה ממקימו he (Abraham) moved from where he was; Yalk. ib. 87; Yalk. Job 906. Hif. הֶעְתִּיק to remove, transfer. Y. Ḥag.II, 77c top (ref. to Ps. 31:19 הדוברות … עתק) הדוברות על צדיקי של עולם דברים שה׳ מבריותיו who speak concerning the Righteous One of the world words which he has withheld from his creatures (esoteric philosophy); Yalk. Ps. 715; Gen. R. s. 1 שה׳ בבריותיו (corr. acc., v. ‘Rashi a. l.). Ruth R. to I, 1 (ref. to 1 Chr. 4:22) דברים הללו נאמרו ממַעְתִּיקוֹ של עולםוכ׳ these words were spoken by Him who moves the world (by ref. to ויעתק, Gen. 12:8); (Yalk. Chr. 1074 דברים הללו מעתיקו, v. עַתִּיק). Yalk. Prov. 961 (ref. to העתיקו, Prov. 25:1) העתיקו מלמד שגנוזים היו hʿetiḳu (they removed), this shows that they were suppressed (v. גָּנַז). Ib. דבר אחר אין העתיקו אלא פירשווכ׳ another interpretation is, hʿetiḳu means ‘they set aside (ref. to Gen. 12:8), i. e. translated, interpreted (v. פָּרַש, a. cmp. the later use of העתיק to edit, to translate); Ab. dR. N. ch. I, 2nd> Vers. (ed. Schechter, p. 3) אין העתיקו אלא שפרשו; ib. 1st> Vers. לא שהמתינו אלא שפירשו, v. next w. Hof. הוּעְתַּק to be removed. Koh. R. to I, 8 (in enigmatic speech) ואני הוּעְתַּקְתִּי לכאן להחיש מחיה and I have come here to accelerate the growth (of hair). Nif. נֶעְתַּק, Nithpa. נִתְעַתֵּק to be removed, transferred. Esth. R. to I, 1 הנֶעְתָּקִין, v. קִינְסִין. Yalk. Chr. 1076 (ref. to 1 Chr. l. c.) אפי׳ … שנִתְעַחְּקוּ מהם החזירם even things which had been removed from them (esoteric thoughts) did he bring back; Ruth R. l. c. (not שנתעסקו).

    Jewish literature > עָתַק


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