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nithpa

  • 461 עלל

    עָלַל(b. h. עוֹלֵל Pol. to bring about) to go about, 1) (cmp. סוּר I ch.) to superintend, be busy. Koh. R. to VI, 10 מלך … ומסרו לאריס לַעֲלוֹל בו a King that had a vineyard and gave it in charge of a tenant to attend to it (ed. Wil. לעֹמול).Part. pass, עָלוּל; f. עֲלוּלָה; pl. עֲלוּלִים, עֲלוּלִין; עֲלוּלוֹת ( brought about, liable, likely (cmp. רָגִיל). Nidd.7b ע׳ לקבל טומאה likely to catch uncleanness; Tosef.Makhsh.II, 11. 2) (with ל־; cmp. סוּר I) to ascend, land, enter. Koh. R. to VI, 5 למה לא עָלַלְתָּה למדינה why didst thou not visit the city?; ואת שירדת ועָלַלְתָּ and thou who didst go down (leave the ship) and visit; (Yalk. ib. 972 עאל, עלת, עיילת, v. עוּל, a. next w.). Ab. Zar.71a עוֹל תחתי לעוצר go for me to the collector (settle with him). Hithpa. הִתְעַלֵּל (b. h.), Nithpa. נִתְעַלֵּל ( to busy ones self, to sport, abuse. Gitt.58a; Yalk. Jer. 276; a. e.

    Jewish literature > עלל

  • 462 עָלַל

    עָלַל(b. h. עוֹלֵל Pol. to bring about) to go about, 1) (cmp. סוּר I ch.) to superintend, be busy. Koh. R. to VI, 10 מלך … ומסרו לאריס לַעֲלוֹל בו a King that had a vineyard and gave it in charge of a tenant to attend to it (ed. Wil. לעֹמול).Part. pass, עָלוּל; f. עֲלוּלָה; pl. עֲלוּלִים, עֲלוּלִין; עֲלוּלוֹת ( brought about, liable, likely (cmp. רָגִיל). Nidd.7b ע׳ לקבל טומאה likely to catch uncleanness; Tosef.Makhsh.II, 11. 2) (with ל־; cmp. סוּר I) to ascend, land, enter. Koh. R. to VI, 5 למה לא עָלַלְתָּה למדינה why didst thou not visit the city?; ואת שירדת ועָלַלְתָּ and thou who didst go down (leave the ship) and visit; (Yalk. ib. 972 עאל, עלת, עיילת, v. עוּל, a. next w.). Ab. Zar.71a עוֹל תחתי לעוצר go for me to the collector (settle with him). Hithpa. הִתְעַלֵּל (b. h.), Nithpa. נִתְעַלֵּל ( to busy ones self, to sport, abuse. Gitt.58a; Yalk. Jer. 276; a. e.

    Jewish literature > עָלַל

  • 463 עלם II

    עָלַםII (b. h.; v. preced.) (to surround, tie up, to conceal. Yalk. Cant. 981, v. infra.Part. pass. עָלוּם; f. עֲלוּמָה; pl. עֲלוּמִים, עֲלוּמִין, עֲלוּמוֹת. Ab. Zar.35b (play on עֲלָמוֹת, Cant. 1:3) קרי ביה עלומות read it ‘ălumoth (secret things). Pi. עִילֵּם same. Part. pass. מְעוּלָּם; f. מְעוּלֶּמֶת; pl. מְעוּלָּמִים, מְעוּלָּמִין; מְעוּלָּמוֹת. Midr. Till. to Ps. 46:1 (play on עלמות, ib.) מע׳ הן הדבריםוכ׳ the things we saw are hidden, we know not what we saw. Nef. נֶעְלָם, Hithpa. הִתְעַלֵּם, Nithpa. נִתְעַלֵּם to be concealed, to escape; to hide ones self. Num. R. s. 20 אין כל דבר נ׳ ממך nothing is unknown to thee. Y.Pes.VI, beg.33a נֶעֶלְמָה הלכה ממנו the law escaped his memory; Bab. ib. 66a נִתְעַלְּמָה. Y.Yoma III, 40d bot. לא … מִתְעַלֵּם מהן they did not move from there before it (the pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton) escaped their memory again. Y.Ab. Zar. IV, 44b top עד שיִתְעַלֵּם מעיניהם until he is left out of their sight. Y.Ber.IV, 8a ואל תִּתְעַלֵּם מתחינתנו do not hide thyself (turn away) from our prayer; a. fr. Hif. הֶעֱלִים 1) to conceal. Ex. R. s. 1 (ref. to העלמה Ex. 2:8) שהֶעֱלִימָהוכ׳ she kept her own secret. Cant. R. to I, 3 (play on עלמות, ib.) על שהֶעֱלַמְתָּ מהם יוםוכ׳ because thou hast concealed from them the day of death and the day of consolation, they love thee; על שהעלמת מתןוכ׳ because thou hast concealed from them the reward of the righteous ; Yalk. ib. 981 שעָלַמְתָּ (Kal); Midr. Till. to Ps. 9; a. fr. 2) (v. עָלַם I) הע׳ עינים to close the eyes, to lose sight of. Y.Ab. Zar. IV, 44a bot. Sot.10b ואל תַּעֲלֵם עיניך ממני do not avert thy eyes from me. Tosef.Peah IV, 20; B. Bath.10a, a. e. המעלים … מן הצדקה who closes his eyes to charity; a. fr. Hof. הוּעֲלָם to be concealed. Koh. R. to III, 11 (play on הָעֹלָם ib.) ה׳ מהם שםוכ׳ the pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton was concealed from them.

    Jewish literature > עלם II

  • 464 עָלַם

    עָלַםII (b. h.; v. preced.) (to surround, tie up, to conceal. Yalk. Cant. 981, v. infra.Part. pass. עָלוּם; f. עֲלוּמָה; pl. עֲלוּמִים, עֲלוּמִין, עֲלוּמוֹת. Ab. Zar.35b (play on עֲלָמוֹת, Cant. 1:3) קרי ביה עלומות read it ‘ălumoth (secret things). Pi. עִילֵּם same. Part. pass. מְעוּלָּם; f. מְעוּלֶּמֶת; pl. מְעוּלָּמִים, מְעוּלָּמִין; מְעוּלָּמוֹת. Midr. Till. to Ps. 46:1 (play on עלמות, ib.) מע׳ הן הדבריםוכ׳ the things we saw are hidden, we know not what we saw. Nef. נֶעְלָם, Hithpa. הִתְעַלֵּם, Nithpa. נִתְעַלֵּם to be concealed, to escape; to hide ones self. Num. R. s. 20 אין כל דבר נ׳ ממך nothing is unknown to thee. Y.Pes.VI, beg.33a נֶעֶלְמָה הלכה ממנו the law escaped his memory; Bab. ib. 66a נִתְעַלְּמָה. Y.Yoma III, 40d bot. לא … מִתְעַלֵּם מהן they did not move from there before it (the pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton) escaped their memory again. Y.Ab. Zar. IV, 44b top עד שיִתְעַלֵּם מעיניהם until he is left out of their sight. Y.Ber.IV, 8a ואל תִּתְעַלֵּם מתחינתנו do not hide thyself (turn away) from our prayer; a. fr. Hif. הֶעֱלִים 1) to conceal. Ex. R. s. 1 (ref. to העלמה Ex. 2:8) שהֶעֱלִימָהוכ׳ she kept her own secret. Cant. R. to I, 3 (play on עלמות, ib.) על שהֶעֱלַמְתָּ מהם יוםוכ׳ because thou hast concealed from them the day of death and the day of consolation, they love thee; על שהעלמת מתןוכ׳ because thou hast concealed from them the reward of the righteous ; Yalk. ib. 981 שעָלַמְתָּ (Kal); Midr. Till. to Ps. 9; a. fr. 2) (v. עָלַם I) הע׳ עינים to close the eyes, to lose sight of. Y.Ab. Zar. IV, 44a bot. Sot.10b ואל תַּעֲלֵם עיניך ממני do not avert thy eyes from me. Tosef.Peah IV, 20; B. Bath.10a, a. e. המעלים … מן הצדקה who closes his eyes to charity; a. fr. Hof. הוּעֲלָם to be concealed. Koh. R. to III, 11 (play on הָעֹלָם ib.) ה׳ מהם שםוכ׳ the pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton was concealed from them.

    Jewish literature > עָלַם

  • 465 עלף II

    עָלַףII (b. h.; cmp. חלף) to turn, change. Hithpa. הִתְעַלֵּף, Nithpa. נִתְעַלֵּף (interch. with הִתְעַלְפֶּה, formed fr. a noun עלפה, v. Ez. 31:15) 1) to change off, take turns. Tosef.Taan.I, 8 ולא היו מִתְעַלְּפִין עליהוכ׳ they did not change off (in watching) over it, but one sat 2) to be overcome, faint, swoon. Ḥull.3b שחט לפנינו … ולא נ׳ when he cut in our (the judges) presence, without being overcome (his hand not trembling); ib. שמא יִתְעַלֵּף (Ar. יִתְעַלְפֶּה) lest his hand tremble; ib. ברי לי שלא נִתְעַלַּפְתִּי I am sure that my hand did not tremble. Sabb.9b שמא יתעלפה he may swoon (in the vapor bath). Nidd.69b שמא יתעלפה he may be in a swoon (and not really dead). Midr. Sam. ch. 23 ומִתְעַלְּפִים, v. עוּף I; a. e. Pa. עוּלָּף same. Part. מְעוּלָּף; f. מְעוּלֶּפֶת; pl. מְעוּלָּפִים, עוּלָּפִין; מְאוּלָּפוֹת. Mekh. Bshall. Shir., s. 6 לא מוציאין ולא מכניסין מע׳ מריח הים neither inhaling nor exhaling, being overcome by the smell of the sea; Yalk. Ex. 248; Yalk. Job 927.Cant. R. to V, 14 (ref. to מעלפת, ib.) מעולפ׳ כחןוכ׳ (through the study of the Law) the strength of man is broken, though it had been as hard as sapphires; (prob. to be read: מְעַלֶּפֶת (Pi.) it makes faint.

    Jewish literature > עלף II

  • 466 עָלַף

    עָלַףII (b. h.; cmp. חלף) to turn, change. Hithpa. הִתְעַלֵּף, Nithpa. נִתְעַלֵּף (interch. with הִתְעַלְפֶּה, formed fr. a noun עלפה, v. Ez. 31:15) 1) to change off, take turns. Tosef.Taan.I, 8 ולא היו מִתְעַלְּפִין עליהוכ׳ they did not change off (in watching) over it, but one sat 2) to be overcome, faint, swoon. Ḥull.3b שחט לפנינו … ולא נ׳ when he cut in our (the judges) presence, without being overcome (his hand not trembling); ib. שמא יִתְעַלֵּף (Ar. יִתְעַלְפֶּה) lest his hand tremble; ib. ברי לי שלא נִתְעַלַּפְתִּי I am sure that my hand did not tremble. Sabb.9b שמא יתעלפה he may swoon (in the vapor bath). Nidd.69b שמא יתעלפה he may be in a swoon (and not really dead). Midr. Sam. ch. 23 ומִתְעַלְּפִים, v. עוּף I; a. e. Pa. עוּלָּף same. Part. מְעוּלָּף; f. מְעוּלֶּפֶת; pl. מְעוּלָּפִים, עוּלָּפִין; מְאוּלָּפוֹת. Mekh. Bshall. Shir., s. 6 לא מוציאין ולא מכניסין מע׳ מריח הים neither inhaling nor exhaling, being overcome by the smell of the sea; Yalk. Ex. 248; Yalk. Job 927.Cant. R. to V, 14 (ref. to מעלפת, ib.) מעולפ׳ כחןוכ׳ (through the study of the Law) the strength of man is broken, though it had been as hard as sapphires; (prob. to be read: מְעַלֶּפֶת (Pi.) it makes faint.

    Jewish literature > עָלַף

  • 467 עני

    עני, עָנָהII (b. h.; cmp. אָנָה) to press, be pressed; to be detained. Pi. עִינָּה 1) to detain, postpone, esp. ע׳ דין to delay execution of capital judgment (which should take place on the day of sentence). Snh.XI, 4 (89a) אין מְעַנִּין את דינו שלוכ׳ we must not put off his execution (opp. to the opinion משמרין אותו). Ib. 35a וליגמריה … נמצא אתה מְעַנֶּה את דינו shall we pass sentence on Friday and put him to death on Sunday? In such a case you would postpone his execution (against the law); v. עִינּוּי II. 2) to cause privation; to cause to fast. Yoma 77b (ref. to ויענה, Gen. 34:2) התם שעִינָּהּ מביאותוכ׳ this may be interpreted, that he deprived her of other connections. Ib. 8:4 התינוקות אין מענין אותןוכ׳ we must not let children fast on the Day of Atonement, v. חָנַךְ; a. e.Part. pass. מְעוּנֶּה fasting. Tosef.Taan.II, 7; Erub.41a כדי שלא יכנס לשבת כשהוא מע׳ that he may not begin the Sabbath fasting; Tanḥ. Bresh. 2. 3) to afflict, oppress, wrong. Mekh. Mishp., s. 18 (ref. to Ex. 22:22) עד שיְעַנֶּה וישנה until he practices oppression repeatedly; a. e.Part. pass. מְעוּנֶּה; pl. מְעוּנִּין. Yeb.48b מפני מה גרים בזמן הזה מע׳וכ׳ why are the proselytes of our days afflicted and subject to suffering? 4) to violate, outrage. Num. R. s. 9 (ref. to Mic. 2:9) שהיו מְעַנִּים נשיוכ׳ they violated married women and caused them to be forbidden to their husbands. Lev. R. s. 19; a. fr.Mekh. l. c.; Yalk. Ex. 349 אם כשלא תְעַנּוּן את הדיןוכ׳ if your wives will be spared from widowhood and your children from bereavement, because you do not violate justice, how much more, when you execute justice. Nif. נַעֲנֶה 1) to be afflicted, oppressed. Mekh. l. c. אלמנה … שדרכן לֵעָנוֹת בהןוכ׳ widows and orphans who are liable to be oppressed,of them the text speaks (Ex. 22:21); Yalk. l. c. שדרכן לֵיעָנוֹת (not שדרכו). 2) to humble ones self; to submit to a persons discretion, beg pardon. Ber.28a נַעֲנֵיתִי לך מחול לי I submit myself to thee, forgive me. Pesik. R. s. 38 נעניתי לו I beg his pardon. Yoma 22b נעניתי לכם עצמותוכ׳ I beg your pardon, bones of Saul!; Yalk. Sam. 117 נעניתי לך שאולוכ׳. Keth.67b נעניתי לך קום אכול I beg of thee, get up and eat. Tosef.Ohol.V, 12 נמניתי לכם עצמותוכ׳ ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. נמתי, read נעניתי) I beg your pardon, bones of Hithpa. הִתְעַנֶּה, Nithpa. נִתְעַנֶּה 1) to be afflicted, suffer. Sifré Deut. 130 שנִתְעַנּוּ, v. עִינּוּי II. 2) to afflict ones self, to fast. Ber.8b (ref. to Lev. 23:32) וכי בתשעה מִתְעַנִּין do men fast on the ninth (of Tishri)? R. Hash. 18b אין גזרת … רצו מתענין when there is no political persecution, but no peace, those who wish may fast Erub.41a והִתְעַנִּינוּ בו ולאוכ׳ we fasted, but not to the end of the day; a. fr. Hif. הֶעֱנִי (denom. of עָנִי) to become poor. Keth.VI, 6. Ber.33a חזרו והֶעֱנוּ when they (the Jews) became poor again. Meïl. 17a מי שיש לו אויב יַעֲנִי או יעשיר if one has an enemy, does one wish him to be poor or rich?; a. e.

    Jewish literature > עני

  • 468 ענה II

    עני, עָנָהII (b. h.; cmp. אָנָה) to press, be pressed; to be detained. Pi. עִינָּה 1) to detain, postpone, esp. ע׳ דין to delay execution of capital judgment (which should take place on the day of sentence). Snh.XI, 4 (89a) אין מְעַנִּין את דינו שלוכ׳ we must not put off his execution (opp. to the opinion משמרין אותו). Ib. 35a וליגמריה … נמצא אתה מְעַנֶּה את דינו shall we pass sentence on Friday and put him to death on Sunday? In such a case you would postpone his execution (against the law); v. עִינּוּי II. 2) to cause privation; to cause to fast. Yoma 77b (ref. to ויענה, Gen. 34:2) התם שעִינָּהּ מביאותוכ׳ this may be interpreted, that he deprived her of other connections. Ib. 8:4 התינוקות אין מענין אותןוכ׳ we must not let children fast on the Day of Atonement, v. חָנַךְ; a. e.Part. pass. מְעוּנֶּה fasting. Tosef.Taan.II, 7; Erub.41a כדי שלא יכנס לשבת כשהוא מע׳ that he may not begin the Sabbath fasting; Tanḥ. Bresh. 2. 3) to afflict, oppress, wrong. Mekh. Mishp., s. 18 (ref. to Ex. 22:22) עד שיְעַנֶּה וישנה until he practices oppression repeatedly; a. e.Part. pass. מְעוּנֶּה; pl. מְעוּנִּין. Yeb.48b מפני מה גרים בזמן הזה מע׳וכ׳ why are the proselytes of our days afflicted and subject to suffering? 4) to violate, outrage. Num. R. s. 9 (ref. to Mic. 2:9) שהיו מְעַנִּים נשיוכ׳ they violated married women and caused them to be forbidden to their husbands. Lev. R. s. 19; a. fr.Mekh. l. c.; Yalk. Ex. 349 אם כשלא תְעַנּוּן את הדיןוכ׳ if your wives will be spared from widowhood and your children from bereavement, because you do not violate justice, how much more, when you execute justice. Nif. נַעֲנֶה 1) to be afflicted, oppressed. Mekh. l. c. אלמנה … שדרכן לֵעָנוֹת בהןוכ׳ widows and orphans who are liable to be oppressed,of them the text speaks (Ex. 22:21); Yalk. l. c. שדרכן לֵיעָנוֹת (not שדרכו). 2) to humble ones self; to submit to a persons discretion, beg pardon. Ber.28a נַעֲנֵיתִי לך מחול לי I submit myself to thee, forgive me. Pesik. R. s. 38 נעניתי לו I beg his pardon. Yoma 22b נעניתי לכם עצמותוכ׳ I beg your pardon, bones of Saul!; Yalk. Sam. 117 נעניתי לך שאולוכ׳. Keth.67b נעניתי לך קום אכול I beg of thee, get up and eat. Tosef.Ohol.V, 12 נמניתי לכם עצמותוכ׳ ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. נמתי, read נעניתי) I beg your pardon, bones of Hithpa. הִתְעַנֶּה, Nithpa. נִתְעַנֶּה 1) to be afflicted, suffer. Sifré Deut. 130 שנִתְעַנּוּ, v. עִינּוּי II. 2) to afflict ones self, to fast. Ber.8b (ref. to Lev. 23:32) וכי בתשעה מִתְעַנִּין do men fast on the ninth (of Tishri)? R. Hash. 18b אין גזרת … רצו מתענין when there is no political persecution, but no peace, those who wish may fast Erub.41a והִתְעַנִּינוּ בו ולאוכ׳ we fasted, but not to the end of the day; a. fr. Hif. הֶעֱנִי (denom. of עָנִי) to become poor. Keth.VI, 6. Ber.33a חזרו והֶעֱנוּ when they (the Jews) became poor again. Meïl. 17a מי שיש לו אויב יַעֲנִי או יעשיר if one has an enemy, does one wish him to be poor or rich?; a. e.

    Jewish literature > ענה II

  • 469 עָנָה

    עני, עָנָהII (b. h.; cmp. אָנָה) to press, be pressed; to be detained. Pi. עִינָּה 1) to detain, postpone, esp. ע׳ דין to delay execution of capital judgment (which should take place on the day of sentence). Snh.XI, 4 (89a) אין מְעַנִּין את דינו שלוכ׳ we must not put off his execution (opp. to the opinion משמרין אותו). Ib. 35a וליגמריה … נמצא אתה מְעַנֶּה את דינו shall we pass sentence on Friday and put him to death on Sunday? In such a case you would postpone his execution (against the law); v. עִינּוּי II. 2) to cause privation; to cause to fast. Yoma 77b (ref. to ויענה, Gen. 34:2) התם שעִינָּהּ מביאותוכ׳ this may be interpreted, that he deprived her of other connections. Ib. 8:4 התינוקות אין מענין אותןוכ׳ we must not let children fast on the Day of Atonement, v. חָנַךְ; a. e.Part. pass. מְעוּנֶּה fasting. Tosef.Taan.II, 7; Erub.41a כדי שלא יכנס לשבת כשהוא מע׳ that he may not begin the Sabbath fasting; Tanḥ. Bresh. 2. 3) to afflict, oppress, wrong. Mekh. Mishp., s. 18 (ref. to Ex. 22:22) עד שיְעַנֶּה וישנה until he practices oppression repeatedly; a. e.Part. pass. מְעוּנֶּה; pl. מְעוּנִּין. Yeb.48b מפני מה גרים בזמן הזה מע׳וכ׳ why are the proselytes of our days afflicted and subject to suffering? 4) to violate, outrage. Num. R. s. 9 (ref. to Mic. 2:9) שהיו מְעַנִּים נשיוכ׳ they violated married women and caused them to be forbidden to their husbands. Lev. R. s. 19; a. fr.Mekh. l. c.; Yalk. Ex. 349 אם כשלא תְעַנּוּן את הדיןוכ׳ if your wives will be spared from widowhood and your children from bereavement, because you do not violate justice, how much more, when you execute justice. Nif. נַעֲנֶה 1) to be afflicted, oppressed. Mekh. l. c. אלמנה … שדרכן לֵעָנוֹת בהןוכ׳ widows and orphans who are liable to be oppressed,of them the text speaks (Ex. 22:21); Yalk. l. c. שדרכן לֵיעָנוֹת (not שדרכו). 2) to humble ones self; to submit to a persons discretion, beg pardon. Ber.28a נַעֲנֵיתִי לך מחול לי I submit myself to thee, forgive me. Pesik. R. s. 38 נעניתי לו I beg his pardon. Yoma 22b נעניתי לכם עצמותוכ׳ I beg your pardon, bones of Saul!; Yalk. Sam. 117 נעניתי לך שאולוכ׳. Keth.67b נעניתי לך קום אכול I beg of thee, get up and eat. Tosef.Ohol.V, 12 נמניתי לכם עצמותוכ׳ ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. נמתי, read נעניתי) I beg your pardon, bones of Hithpa. הִתְעַנֶּה, Nithpa. נִתְעַנֶּה 1) to be afflicted, suffer. Sifré Deut. 130 שנִתְעַנּוּ, v. עִינּוּי II. 2) to afflict ones self, to fast. Ber.8b (ref. to Lev. 23:32) וכי בתשעה מִתְעַנִּין do men fast on the ninth (of Tishri)? R. Hash. 18b אין גזרת … רצו מתענין when there is no political persecution, but no peace, those who wish may fast Erub.41a והִתְעַנִּינוּ בו ולאוכ׳ we fasted, but not to the end of the day; a. fr. Hif. הֶעֱנִי (denom. of עָנִי) to become poor. Keth.VI, 6. Ber.33a חזרו והֶעֱנוּ when they (the Jews) became poor again. Meïl. 17a מי שיש לו אויב יַעֲנִי או יעשיר if one has an enemy, does one wish him to be poor or rich?; a. e.

    Jewish literature > עָנָה

  • 470 עסק

    עָסַק(cmp. b. h. עָשַׂק) (with ב) to work at, be engaged in. Sifra Kdosh., ch. VIII, Par. 4 ועוֹסֵק בו; Yalk. Lev. 619 ועוֹסְקֵנִי בו and busy myself with him (to punish him), v. עֵסֶק II. Ber.11a (ref. to Deut. 6:7, ‘when thou sittest in thy house) פרט לעוסק במצוה this exempts (from reading the Shma) him who is engaged in a religious work; Succ.25a Ib. והעוסק במצוה פטור מן המצוה מהכא נפקאוכ׳ is it from here (Deut. l. c.) that we derive the rule, that he who is engaged in a religious act is exempt from other religious duties? Ib. 26a. Pes.50b לעולם וַעֲסוֹק אדם בתורהוכ׳ let man by all means be engaged in the study of the Law and the pursuit of religious work, even if not for their own sake, v. שֵׁם. Ib. וכל העוֹסְקִין במלאכת שמים and all those who make a living of religious work (deal in objects used for religious ceremonies); ib. ואם עוסקין לשמהוכ׳ but if they do so from a religious motive ; a. fr.Part. pass. עָסוּק; pl. עֲסוּקִון. Keth.103b ר׳ חייא ע׳ במצות הוה R. Ḥ. was always engaged in some good work (charity). Tosef.Bicc.II, 15 וכל העסוקין לגכוה all whose business is connected with religion, v. supra. Ib. אם היו ע׳ לשום שמים, v. supra. Ex. R. s. 20 (ref. to Ex. 13:19) כל ישראל היו ע׳ בכסףוכ׳ while all Israel were busy taking along silver and gold, Moses was busy getting the bones of Joseph; a. fr. Hif. הֶעֱסִיק to engage, keep interested, entertain. Yoma I, 7 ומַעֲסִיקִין אותו and they entertain him (to keep him awake); ib. 19b לא היו מעסיקין אותווכ׳ they did not entertain him with music, but with their mouth (speech); Tosef. ib. I, 9. Ib. לעַסְּקוֹ בהברה (not בהברא, Pi.) to keep him awake with noise (recitations). Midr. Till. to Ps. 7 הין מַעֲסִיקוֹת אותי עד שיבוא שמואל they kept him engaged (in talk) until Samuel came; a. e. Pi. עִיסֵּק same, v. supra. Hithpa. הִתְעַסֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְעַסֵּק 1) to occupy ones self, to attend. Sot.I, 9 מי לנו גדול מיוסף שלא נ׳ בו אלא משה who is greater than Joseph, to whose body none attended but Moses himself? (v. supra); מי גדול ממשה שלא ני בווכ׳ who is greater than Moses in whose burial none but the Lord himself was engaged? Lev. R. s. 25 מתחלת ברייתו … לא נ׳וכ׳ soon after the creation the Lord was first of all engaged in planting (Gen. 2:8), אף אתם לא תִתְעַסְּקוּוכ׳ even so, when you enter the land, you shall apply yourselves first of all to planting (Lev. 19:23). Y. Ḥag.II, 77b וישבו ונִתְעַסְּקוּ, v. next w. Tanḥ. Vaëra 5 (play on הָעשֶׁק, Koh. 7:7) עסקשנ׳ שלמה … הטעהו (not הטעוהו) the occupation with vain things in which Solomon engaged, led him astray; ib. כשהחכם מִתְעַסֵּק בדברים הרבה מערבביןוכ׳ when a scholar engages in too many affairs, they confound him so that he loses his wisdom; ib. חכם המתעסק בצרכי צמור משכחיןוכ׳ if a scholar busies himself with public affairs, they cause him to forget his learning; a. fr.Tosef.Arakh.IV, 27 מִתְעַסֵּק בירק בקדרה בכל יום may arrange to have vegetables in the pot every day; מתעסק ירק בקדרה ואלפסוכ׳ (read: בירק) may have vegetables in the pot and stew 2) to do a thing without a direct practical purpose; to practice, experiment. Sabb.157b מתעסק בעלמא אנא I was merely playing (without the intention of measuring). R. Hash. IV, 8 (32b) אבל מִתְעַסְּקִין בהם כדי שילמדו Ms. M. (ed. מתע׳ עמהם עד) but you may practice with them that they may learn (to blow the Shofar); והמתעסק לא יצא and he who merely blows for practice, has not done his duty. Ib. 33a מתע׳ בהן עד שילמדווכ׳ (Tosef. ib. IV (II), 10 מתלמדין להקוע) you may practice with them …, even on the Sabbath; a. e. 3) to do one thing while intending to do another thing; to miss ones purpose, choose the wrong thing. Snh.62b המתעסק בחלביםוכ׳ he that misses his purpose in selecting forbidden fat to eat (intending to reach out for a permitted piece), or in consanguineous connection (by mistaking the person) is bound to bring a sin offering; המתע׳ בשבת who does a forbidden act by mistake on the Sabbath (meaning to do a different though forbidden act); Kerith. 19b. Ib. IV, 3 (19a) (ref. to אשר חטא בה, Lev. 4:23) פרט למתעסק this is to exempt him who sinned by doing the thing which he had not intended to do. Ib. 19b מתעסק דמאי to what kind of a mistaken act does this refer? Ib. מתע׳ בדבר דלאו מצוה if by mistake he did an act which was not commanded (for that day). Ib. מתע׳ בחבורה making a wound (on the Sabbath) by mistake (circumcising the wrong child), opp. מקלקל בחבורה doing harm by making a wound; a. fr. 4) to dispute, argue. Gen. R. s. 8 עו שמלאכי השרת מדיינין … ומתעסקין אלו עם אלו while the ministering angels were arguing with one another, disputing with one another, God created him (Adam); a. e.

    Jewish literature > עסק

  • 471 עָסַק

    עָסַק(cmp. b. h. עָשַׂק) (with ב) to work at, be engaged in. Sifra Kdosh., ch. VIII, Par. 4 ועוֹסֵק בו; Yalk. Lev. 619 ועוֹסְקֵנִי בו and busy myself with him (to punish him), v. עֵסֶק II. Ber.11a (ref. to Deut. 6:7, ‘when thou sittest in thy house) פרט לעוסק במצוה this exempts (from reading the Shma) him who is engaged in a religious work; Succ.25a Ib. והעוסק במצוה פטור מן המצוה מהכא נפקאוכ׳ is it from here (Deut. l. c.) that we derive the rule, that he who is engaged in a religious act is exempt from other religious duties? Ib. 26a. Pes.50b לעולם וַעֲסוֹק אדם בתורהוכ׳ let man by all means be engaged in the study of the Law and the pursuit of religious work, even if not for their own sake, v. שֵׁם. Ib. וכל העוֹסְקִין במלאכת שמים and all those who make a living of religious work (deal in objects used for religious ceremonies); ib. ואם עוסקין לשמהוכ׳ but if they do so from a religious motive ; a. fr.Part. pass. עָסוּק; pl. עֲסוּקִון. Keth.103b ר׳ חייא ע׳ במצות הוה R. Ḥ. was always engaged in some good work (charity). Tosef.Bicc.II, 15 וכל העסוקין לגכוה all whose business is connected with religion, v. supra. Ib. אם היו ע׳ לשום שמים, v. supra. Ex. R. s. 20 (ref. to Ex. 13:19) כל ישראל היו ע׳ בכסףוכ׳ while all Israel were busy taking along silver and gold, Moses was busy getting the bones of Joseph; a. fr. Hif. הֶעֱסִיק to engage, keep interested, entertain. Yoma I, 7 ומַעֲסִיקִין אותו and they entertain him (to keep him awake); ib. 19b לא היו מעסיקין אותווכ׳ they did not entertain him with music, but with their mouth (speech); Tosef. ib. I, 9. Ib. לעַסְּקוֹ בהברה (not בהברא, Pi.) to keep him awake with noise (recitations). Midr. Till. to Ps. 7 הין מַעֲסִיקוֹת אותי עד שיבוא שמואל they kept him engaged (in talk) until Samuel came; a. e. Pi. עִיסֵּק same, v. supra. Hithpa. הִתְעַסֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְעַסֵּק 1) to occupy ones self, to attend. Sot.I, 9 מי לנו גדול מיוסף שלא נ׳ בו אלא משה who is greater than Joseph, to whose body none attended but Moses himself? (v. supra); מי גדול ממשה שלא ני בווכ׳ who is greater than Moses in whose burial none but the Lord himself was engaged? Lev. R. s. 25 מתחלת ברייתו … לא נ׳וכ׳ soon after the creation the Lord was first of all engaged in planting (Gen. 2:8), אף אתם לא תִתְעַסְּקוּוכ׳ even so, when you enter the land, you shall apply yourselves first of all to planting (Lev. 19:23). Y. Ḥag.II, 77b וישבו ונִתְעַסְּקוּ, v. next w. Tanḥ. Vaëra 5 (play on הָעשֶׁק, Koh. 7:7) עסקשנ׳ שלמה … הטעהו (not הטעוהו) the occupation with vain things in which Solomon engaged, led him astray; ib. כשהחכם מִתְעַסֵּק בדברים הרבה מערבביןוכ׳ when a scholar engages in too many affairs, they confound him so that he loses his wisdom; ib. חכם המתעסק בצרכי צמור משכחיןוכ׳ if a scholar busies himself with public affairs, they cause him to forget his learning; a. fr.Tosef.Arakh.IV, 27 מִתְעַסֵּק בירק בקדרה בכל יום may arrange to have vegetables in the pot every day; מתעסק ירק בקדרה ואלפסוכ׳ (read: בירק) may have vegetables in the pot and stew 2) to do a thing without a direct practical purpose; to practice, experiment. Sabb.157b מתעסק בעלמא אנא I was merely playing (without the intention of measuring). R. Hash. IV, 8 (32b) אבל מִתְעַסְּקִין בהם כדי שילמדו Ms. M. (ed. מתע׳ עמהם עד) but you may practice with them that they may learn (to blow the Shofar); והמתעסק לא יצא and he who merely blows for practice, has not done his duty. Ib. 33a מתע׳ בהן עד שילמדווכ׳ (Tosef. ib. IV (II), 10 מתלמדין להקוע) you may practice with them …, even on the Sabbath; a. e. 3) to do one thing while intending to do another thing; to miss ones purpose, choose the wrong thing. Snh.62b המתעסק בחלביםוכ׳ he that misses his purpose in selecting forbidden fat to eat (intending to reach out for a permitted piece), or in consanguineous connection (by mistaking the person) is bound to bring a sin offering; המתע׳ בשבת who does a forbidden act by mistake on the Sabbath (meaning to do a different though forbidden act); Kerith. 19b. Ib. IV, 3 (19a) (ref. to אשר חטא בה, Lev. 4:23) פרט למתעסק this is to exempt him who sinned by doing the thing which he had not intended to do. Ib. 19b מתעסק דמאי to what kind of a mistaken act does this refer? Ib. מתע׳ בדבר דלאו מצוה if by mistake he did an act which was not commanded (for that day). Ib. מתע׳ בחבורה making a wound (on the Sabbath) by mistake (circumcising the wrong child), opp. מקלקל בחבורה doing harm by making a wound; a. fr. 4) to dispute, argue. Gen. R. s. 8 עו שמלאכי השרת מדיינין … ומתעסקין אלו עם אלו while the ministering angels were arguing with one another, disputing with one another, God created him (Adam); a. e.

    Jewish literature > עָסַק

  • 472 עסק

    עֲסֵקch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְעַסֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְעַסֵּק to occupy ones self, to attend), 1) to take pains, take trouble. Targ. 2 Kings 4:13. Targ. 1 Chr. 12:34 (33; h. text לעדר). 2) (with ב) to be occupied with. Targ. Y. Lev. 20:3; 5 (v. Sifra Kdosh., ch. VIII, Par. 4, s. v. עֵסֶק II). Targ. Koh. 6:8. Targ. Prov. 7:18 ונֶעְסַק חד לחדוכ׳ and let us be engaged in dalliances in private (h. text נתעלסהוכ׳); a. fr.Part. pass. עֲסִיק; f. עָסִיקָא; pl. עֲסִיקִין; עֲסִיקָן Targ. Y. II Deut. 32:4. Targ. Cant. 1:15. Ib. 4:15; a. fr.Y. Ḥag.II, 77b עד דאינון עסיקין בדידון נַעְסוֹקוכ׳ (not עסוקין) while they are occupied with their doings (songs), let us be occupied with our business (study); so they sat down and engaged in discussing words of the Law. Sot.21a בעידנא דעָסֵיק בה while he is engaged in it. B. Mets.12b, a. fr. (במאי עֲסִיקִינָן) במאי עַסְקִינָן אילימאוכ׳ what are we engaged in?, i. e. what is the case before us? Is it that the debtor admits Ib., a. fr. הכא במאי עסקינן במגורשתוכ׳ (abbr. הב׳׳ע) what is treated of here (in the Mishnah) is the case of a doubtful divorce. Ib. הכא בעבד … עסקינן the slave meant in this connection is one who perforates pearls (a skillful laborer); a. fr. Ithpa. אִתְעַסֵּק, אִיעַסֵּק 1) to occupy ones self, be busy. Targ. Ps. 50:5. Targ. Ex. 5:9. Targ. 2 Chr. 35:14; a. fr.Ber.25b רב אחאי איע׳ ליה לבריה Rab A. busied himself with preparations for his sons wedding. B. Mets. 104b יהיבנא לך לאִיעַסּוּקֵי ביה (Ms. M. לעַסּוּקֵי Pa.) I gave it to thee to do business with (but not to spend thy share for personal use); a. fr. 2) to dispute, quarrel. Targ. Gen. 26:20.

    Jewish literature > עסק

  • 473 עֲסֵק

    עֲסֵקch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְעַסֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְעַסֵּק to occupy ones self, to attend), 1) to take pains, take trouble. Targ. 2 Kings 4:13. Targ. 1 Chr. 12:34 (33; h. text לעדר). 2) (with ב) to be occupied with. Targ. Y. Lev. 20:3; 5 (v. Sifra Kdosh., ch. VIII, Par. 4, s. v. עֵסֶק II). Targ. Koh. 6:8. Targ. Prov. 7:18 ונֶעְסַק חד לחדוכ׳ and let us be engaged in dalliances in private (h. text נתעלסהוכ׳); a. fr.Part. pass. עֲסִיק; f. עָסִיקָא; pl. עֲסִיקִין; עֲסִיקָן Targ. Y. II Deut. 32:4. Targ. Cant. 1:15. Ib. 4:15; a. fr.Y. Ḥag.II, 77b עד דאינון עסיקין בדידון נַעְסוֹקוכ׳ (not עסוקין) while they are occupied with their doings (songs), let us be occupied with our business (study); so they sat down and engaged in discussing words of the Law. Sot.21a בעידנא דעָסֵיק בה while he is engaged in it. B. Mets.12b, a. fr. (במאי עֲסִיקִינָן) במאי עַסְקִינָן אילימאוכ׳ what are we engaged in?, i. e. what is the case before us? Is it that the debtor admits Ib., a. fr. הכא במאי עסקינן במגורשתוכ׳ (abbr. הב׳׳ע) what is treated of here (in the Mishnah) is the case of a doubtful divorce. Ib. הכא בעבד … עסקינן the slave meant in this connection is one who perforates pearls (a skillful laborer); a. fr. Ithpa. אִתְעַסֵּק, אִיעַסֵּק 1) to occupy ones self, be busy. Targ. Ps. 50:5. Targ. Ex. 5:9. Targ. 2 Chr. 35:14; a. fr.Ber.25b רב אחאי איע׳ ליה לבריה Rab A. busied himself with preparations for his sons wedding. B. Mets. 104b יהיבנא לך לאִיעַסּוּקֵי ביה (Ms. M. לעַסּוּקֵי Pa.) I gave it to thee to do business with (but not to spend thy share for personal use); a. fr. 2) to dispute, quarrel. Targ. Gen. 26:20.

    Jewish literature > עֲסֵק

  • 474 עפש

    עָפַשPi. עִרפֵּש to grow mouldy, decay. Pes.15b; 45b הפת שעִיפְּשָׁהוכ׳ bread that is spoiled so as to be unfit for man to eat Tosef. ib. II (III), 4 שעִיפְּשוּ או שיבשו which have become mouldy or dried up. Tosef.Ter.IX, 10 פת שעִיפֵּישָׁה (ed. Zuck.). Tanḥ. Mick. 7 פת … עִפְּשָׁה the bread in our vessels has become mouldy. Y.Yoma III, 41a bot. לא היתה מִעַפֶּשֶׁת it never grew mouldy; Bab. ib. 38a מִתְעַפֶּשֶׁת; Tosef. ib. II, 5; Y.Shek.V, 48d bot. מתע׳; a. e. Hithpa. הִתְעַפֵּש, Nithpa. נִתְעַפֵּש same, v. supra. Gen. R. s. 31 שלא ירקבו ולא יִתְעַפְּשוּוכ׳ that they (the fruits in the ark) should not rot, or mould, or be disfigured.

    Jewish literature > עפש

  • 475 עָפַש

    עָפַשPi. עִרפֵּש to grow mouldy, decay. Pes.15b; 45b הפת שעִיפְּשָׁהוכ׳ bread that is spoiled so as to be unfit for man to eat Tosef. ib. II (III), 4 שעִיפְּשוּ או שיבשו which have become mouldy or dried up. Tosef.Ter.IX, 10 פת שעִיפֵּישָׁה (ed. Zuck.). Tanḥ. Mick. 7 פת … עִפְּשָׁה the bread in our vessels has become mouldy. Y.Yoma III, 41a bot. לא היתה מִעַפֶּשֶׁת it never grew mouldy; Bab. ib. 38a מִתְעַפֶּשֶׁת; Tosef. ib. II, 5; Y.Shek.V, 48d bot. מתע׳; a. e. Hithpa. הִתְעַפֵּש, Nithpa. נִתְעַפֵּש same, v. supra. Gen. R. s. 31 שלא ירקבו ולא יִתְעַפְּשוּוכ׳ that they (the fruits in the ark) should not rot, or mould, or be disfigured.

    Jewish literature > עָפַש

  • 476 עצב

    עָצַב(b. h.) 1) to cut, form, shape. 2) (cmp. יָגָה a. יָגוֹן) to cut, grieve, pain. Pi. עִיצֵּב to shape, handle, esp. to straighten an infants body by manipulation. Sabb.XXII, 6 אין מְעַצְּבִין את הקטן you must not manipulate a child (on the Sabbath), expl. ib. 147b בחומרי שדרה straightening the vertebra (v. לְפַף). Tosef.Kel.B. Mets. II, 9 שהוא מְעַצֵּב עליהוכ׳ because he (the surgeon) manipulates children thereon. Hif. הֶעֱצִיב to grieve. Gen. R. s. 44 (ref. to Ps. 139:24) אם עתיד … (ו)להַעֲצִיבְךָוכ׳ if it be my destiny to rear children who are to grieve thee, it is better that thou shouldst lead me in the way of the world (death); (Yalk. Ps. 888 ולהכעיסך). Hithpa. הִתְעַצֵּב, Nithpa. נִתְעַצֵּב to be grieved, mourn. Snh.38b שמח בתורתו ונ׳ במיתתו he rejoiced over his (R. ‘Ăkibas) learning, and mourned over his death (predestined martyrdom).

    Jewish literature > עצב

  • 477 עָצַב

    עָצַב(b. h.) 1) to cut, form, shape. 2) (cmp. יָגָה a. יָגוֹן) to cut, grieve, pain. Pi. עִיצֵּב to shape, handle, esp. to straighten an infants body by manipulation. Sabb.XXII, 6 אין מְעַצְּבִין את הקטן you must not manipulate a child (on the Sabbath), expl. ib. 147b בחומרי שדרה straightening the vertebra (v. לְפַף). Tosef.Kel.B. Mets. II, 9 שהוא מְעַצֵּב עליהוכ׳ because he (the surgeon) manipulates children thereon. Hif. הֶעֱצִיב to grieve. Gen. R. s. 44 (ref. to Ps. 139:24) אם עתיד … (ו)להַעֲצִיבְךָוכ׳ if it be my destiny to rear children who are to grieve thee, it is better that thou shouldst lead me in the way of the world (death); (Yalk. Ps. 888 ולהכעיסך). Hithpa. הִתְעַצֵּב, Nithpa. נִתְעַצֵּב to be grieved, mourn. Snh.38b שמח בתורתו ונ׳ במיתתו he rejoiced over his (R. ‘Ăkibas) learning, and mourned over his death (predestined martyrdom).

    Jewish literature > עָצַב

  • 478 עצל

    עָצַלHithpa. הִתְעַצֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְעַצֵּל (b. h. Nif.; v. עָצֵל; cmp. b. h. אצל) to withdraw ones self, shirk the trouble of; to be careless, slothful; to consider ones self exempt. Tam.II, 2 מימיו לא נ׳ הכהן מלהוציאוכ׳ never did a priest shirk the labor of carrying out the ashes. Lev. R. s. 19 (ref. to בעצלתים, Koh. 10:18) ע״י שהאדם הזה מִתְעַצֵּל מלכסותוכ׳ because that man considers himself exempt from covering his head as it is proper to do, he contracts rheumatism; ע״י שהאשה הזו מִתְעַצֶּלֶתוכ׳ because that woman is too careless (of chastity) to cover herself Ib. ע״י שנִתְעַצְּלוּ … מלחנותוכ׳ because the Israelites shrank from encamping in discord. Y.B. Kam.IX, end, 7a נתעצלו ולא הקריבוהו they were slothful and failed to offer it up; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > עצל

  • 479 עָצַל

    עָצַלHithpa. הִתְעַצֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְעַצֵּל (b. h. Nif.; v. עָצֵל; cmp. b. h. אצל) to withdraw ones self, shirk the trouble of; to be careless, slothful; to consider ones self exempt. Tam.II, 2 מימיו לא נ׳ הכהן מלהוציאוכ׳ never did a priest shirk the labor of carrying out the ashes. Lev. R. s. 19 (ref. to בעצלתים, Koh. 10:18) ע״י שהאדם הזה מִתְעַצֵּל מלכסותוכ׳ because that man considers himself exempt from covering his head as it is proper to do, he contracts rheumatism; ע״י שהאשה הזו מִתְעַצֶּלֶתוכ׳ because that woman is too careless (of chastity) to cover herself Ib. ע״י שנִתְעַצְּלוּ … מלחנותוכ׳ because the Israelites shrank from encamping in discord. Y.B. Kam.IX, end, 7a נתעצלו ולא הקריבוהו they were slothful and failed to offer it up; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > עָצַל

  • 480 עצם

    עָצַם(b. h.) 1) to press; to close (the eyes). Yalk. Is. 304 זה העוֹצֵם עיניו כשעומדותוכ׳ he who closes his eyes when (he sees) Israelitish girls stand washing. Sifra Kdosh., Par. 3, ch. VII יַעֲצוֹם, v. infra. 2) (to be compressed, hard, to be strong, v. עָצוּם a. עֶצֶם. 3) (denom. of עֶצֶם) to acquire, possess. Gen. R. s. 64 שעָצַמְתָּ, v. עֶצֶם. Hif. הֶעֱצִים to close (the eyes). Kidd.32b יכול יַעֲצִים עיניווכ׳ perhaps a man might think, he will close his eyes and pretend not to see him (the old man); Yalk. Lev. 617; Sifra l. c. יעצום. Sabb.XXIII, 5 מַעֲצִים, v. עָמַץ. Pi. עִיצֵּם to close (a dead bodys eyes), v. עָמַץ. Hithpa. הִתְעַצֵּם, Nithpa. נִתְעַצֵּם 1) to be closed, v. עָמַץ. 2) to be headstrong towards one another. Snh.31b שנים שנִתְעַצְּמוּ בדיןוכ׳ if both parties to a law-suit are stubborn, one saying, let us go to law here, and the other saying, let us go to the circuit court. 3) v. עִיצּוּם 3) to fortify each other, i. e. to enter an agreement with the condition of forfeiture. Tosef.B. Mets. I, 16 שנים שנתעצמו זה בזה ואמרוכ׳ if two made an agreement wherein one said, if I do not come

    Jewish literature > עצם


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