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nithpa

  • 201 חרב I

    חָרִבI (b. h.) to be burned, dried up, ruined, waste. Snh.22a כאלו ח׳ בה״מוכ׳ as if the Temple had been destroyed in his days. Tosef.Men. XIII, 22 מפני מה חָרְבָהוכ׳ why was Shiloh destroyed?; Yoma 9a. Kil. IV, 1 (expl. קרחת הכרם) כרם שח׳ באמצעו a vineyard the central part of which is laid waste. Ib. V, 1; a. fr. (Num. R. s. 7, end בבל ח׳ מקדש, read: החריב. Taan.29a כשח׳ טורנוס, read: כשחרש, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. Nif. נֶחֱרַב to be destroyed. Erub.18b. Yoma 39b שסופך עתיד לֵיחָרֵב that it is thy final destiny to be destroyed; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְחָרֵב, Nithpa. נִתְחָרֵב same. Pesik. R. s. 31 שיִתְחָרֵב. (Pirké dR. El. ch. XXXIII, v. חָרַךְ. Hif. הֶחֱרִיב to destroy, lay waste. Tosef.M. Kat. I, 5 מַחֲרִיבִין חוריוכ׳ you may destroy ant-stores (during the festive week). Num. R. s. 7, end שהֶחֱרִיבוּ בה״מ for they (the Romans) destroyed the Temple; a. fr. Hof. הָחֳרָב to be destroyed. Pes.42b (ref. to Ez. 26:2) אי מלאה זו הָחְרְבָה זו Ms. M. (ed. חרבה, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 9) when the one (Jerusalem) is populated, the other (Caesarea) is laid waste; Yalk. Gen. 110 חֲרֵיבָה.

    Jewish literature > חרב I

  • 202 חָרִב

    חָרִבI (b. h.) to be burned, dried up, ruined, waste. Snh.22a כאלו ח׳ בה״מוכ׳ as if the Temple had been destroyed in his days. Tosef.Men. XIII, 22 מפני מה חָרְבָהוכ׳ why was Shiloh destroyed?; Yoma 9a. Kil. IV, 1 (expl. קרחת הכרם) כרם שח׳ באמצעו a vineyard the central part of which is laid waste. Ib. V, 1; a. fr. (Num. R. s. 7, end בבל ח׳ מקדש, read: החריב. Taan.29a כשח׳ טורנוס, read: כשחרש, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. Nif. נֶחֱרַב to be destroyed. Erub.18b. Yoma 39b שסופך עתיד לֵיחָרֵב that it is thy final destiny to be destroyed; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְחָרֵב, Nithpa. נִתְחָרֵב same. Pesik. R. s. 31 שיִתְחָרֵב. (Pirké dR. El. ch. XXXIII, v. חָרַךְ. Hif. הֶחֱרִיב to destroy, lay waste. Tosef.M. Kat. I, 5 מַחֲרִיבִין חוריוכ׳ you may destroy ant-stores (during the festive week). Num. R. s. 7, end שהֶחֱרִיבוּ בה״מ for they (the Romans) destroyed the Temple; a. fr. Hof. הָחֳרָב to be destroyed. Pes.42b (ref. to Ez. 26:2) אי מלאה זו הָחְרְבָה זו Ms. M. (ed. חרבה, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 9) when the one (Jerusalem) is populated, the other (Caesarea) is laid waste; Yalk. Gen. 110 חֲרֵיבָה.

    Jewish literature > חָרִב

  • 203 חרךְ

    חָרַךְ(b. h.; cmp. חָרָה) to roast, parch. Pi. חֵירֵךְ, חֵרֵךְ to char, burn bread so as to make it uneatable; to prepare a wick by charring. Pes.21b חֵירְכוֹ קודםוכ׳ he charred the leavened bread before the time appointed for the removal of leavened matter. Y.Sabb.II, 5a top מְחָרְכִין (לין) לן they char them (the wicks).Part. pass. מְחוֹרָךְ, fem. מְחוֹרֶכֶת, pl. מְחוֹרָכִין, מְחוֹרָכוֹת. Tosef.Sabb.II, 1 (v. Var. ed. Zuck.); Sabb.29a (v. Tosaf. a. l.) Hithpa. הִתְחָרֵךְ, Nithpa. נִתְחָרֵךְ to be singed, burnt. Tanḥ. Noah 13 נ׳ שערוכ׳ the hair of his head and beard was singed. Pirké dR. El. ch. XXXIII נִתְחָרְכוּוכ׳ (not ב) his hair was singed. Y.Sabb.XVI, 15c הדורשה מִתְחָרֵךְ he who preaches it (the Agadah) will burn himself (at the fire of the Law); (Treat. Sofrim XVI, 2 מתברך, corr. acc.)

    Jewish literature > חרךְ

  • 204 חָרַךְ

    חָרַךְ(b. h.; cmp. חָרָה) to roast, parch. Pi. חֵירֵךְ, חֵרֵךְ to char, burn bread so as to make it uneatable; to prepare a wick by charring. Pes.21b חֵירְכוֹ קודםוכ׳ he charred the leavened bread before the time appointed for the removal of leavened matter. Y.Sabb.II, 5a top מְחָרְכִין (לין) לן they char them (the wicks).Part. pass. מְחוֹרָךְ, fem. מְחוֹרֶכֶת, pl. מְחוֹרָכִין, מְחוֹרָכוֹת. Tosef.Sabb.II, 1 (v. Var. ed. Zuck.); Sabb.29a (v. Tosaf. a. l.) Hithpa. הִתְחָרֵךְ, Nithpa. נִתְחָרֵךְ to be singed, burnt. Tanḥ. Noah 13 נ׳ שערוכ׳ the hair of his head and beard was singed. Pirké dR. El. ch. XXXIII נִתְחָרְכוּוכ׳ (not ב) his hair was singed. Y.Sabb.XVI, 15c הדורשה מִתְחָרֵךְ he who preaches it (the Agadah) will burn himself (at the fire of the Law); (Treat. Sofrim XVI, 2 מתברך, corr. acc.)

    Jewish literature > חָרַךְ

  • 205 חרף

    חָרַף(b. h.) 1) to scrape, sharpen, grind.Part. pass. חָרוּף, f. חֲרוּפָה, pl. חֲרוּפוֹת. Pesik. R. s. 21 פנים ח׳ sharp (severe) countenance (Var. הדופות).Trnsf. to deflour, v. infra. 2) (cmp. חלף) to change, transform; to change possession. Part. pass. f. חֲרוּפָה designated for change of condition, v. חֲרוּפָה. Nif. נֶחֱרַף 1) (of grist) to be ground; trnsf. to be defloured, have intercourse. Y.Kidd.I, 59a top (expl. Lev. 19:20) נֶחֱרֶפֶת … בכתושה לפני איש ‘neḥĕrefeth by a man means crushed before a man (with ref. to Prov. 27:22, v. הֲרִיפוֹת). 2) to change condition. Kerith. 11a (ref. to נחרפת explained by בְּעוּלָה) מאי משמע … דשנויי הוא (Rashi: דשינויא) what proof is there that neḥĕrefeth has the meaning of change from natural condition? Answ. ref. to הָרִיפוֹת (2 Sam. 17:19) and to Prov. l. c. Pi. חֵרֵף, חֵירֵף (cmp. גָּרַף, גָּדַף) ( to scrape off, to revile, blaspheme, shame. Lev. R. s. 7, end מְחָרֶפֶת ומגדפת she (Rome) blasphemes and reviles. Num. R. s. 10 מְחָרְפָם, v. גָּדַף. Snh.94a, sq. שחי׳ע״יוכ׳ who blasphemed (the Lord) through a messenger; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְחָרֵף, Nithpa. נִתְחָרֵף 1) to be reviled. Midr. Till. to Ps. 74, end שמִתְחָרֵף ומתנאץ which is reviled and blasphemed. Ib. to Ps. 18:1 עד שנִתְחָרַפְתִּי until I was reviled; a. e. 2) to become white, pale. Tanḥ. Bresh. 12 (play on קיץ וחרף) שתהיו מתקייצין ופניכם מִתְחָרְפִין (some ed. מתחפרין) that you will feel nauseous and your faces become pale.

    Jewish literature > חרף

  • 206 חָרַף

    חָרַף(b. h.) 1) to scrape, sharpen, grind.Part. pass. חָרוּף, f. חֲרוּפָה, pl. חֲרוּפוֹת. Pesik. R. s. 21 פנים ח׳ sharp (severe) countenance (Var. הדופות).Trnsf. to deflour, v. infra. 2) (cmp. חלף) to change, transform; to change possession. Part. pass. f. חֲרוּפָה designated for change of condition, v. חֲרוּפָה. Nif. נֶחֱרַף 1) (of grist) to be ground; trnsf. to be defloured, have intercourse. Y.Kidd.I, 59a top (expl. Lev. 19:20) נֶחֱרֶפֶת … בכתושה לפני איש ‘neḥĕrefeth by a man means crushed before a man (with ref. to Prov. 27:22, v. הֲרִיפוֹת). 2) to change condition. Kerith. 11a (ref. to נחרפת explained by בְּעוּלָה) מאי משמע … דשנויי הוא (Rashi: דשינויא) what proof is there that neḥĕrefeth has the meaning of change from natural condition? Answ. ref. to הָרִיפוֹת (2 Sam. 17:19) and to Prov. l. c. Pi. חֵרֵף, חֵירֵף (cmp. גָּרַף, גָּדַף) ( to scrape off, to revile, blaspheme, shame. Lev. R. s. 7, end מְחָרֶפֶת ומגדפת she (Rome) blasphemes and reviles. Num. R. s. 10 מְחָרְפָם, v. גָּדַף. Snh.94a, sq. שחי׳ע״יוכ׳ who blasphemed (the Lord) through a messenger; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְחָרֵף, Nithpa. נִתְחָרֵף 1) to be reviled. Midr. Till. to Ps. 74, end שמִתְחָרֵף ומתנאץ which is reviled and blasphemed. Ib. to Ps. 18:1 עד שנִתְחָרַפְתִּי until I was reviled; a. e. 2) to become white, pale. Tanḥ. Bresh. 12 (play on קיץ וחרף) שתהיו מתקייצין ופניכם מִתְחָרְפִין (some ed. מתחפרין) that you will feel nauseous and your faces become pale.

    Jewish literature > חָרַף

  • 207 חרף

    חֲרַףch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְחָרֵף, Nithpa. נִתְחָרֵף to be reviled); Pa. חָרֵף 1) to sharpen, grind. Targ. 1 Sam. 13:20, sq. Targ. Job 16:9 (not חָרִיף; h. text ילטש).Part. pass. מְחַרַף. Targ. Jer. 9:7 ed. Lag. (oth. ed. מְחָרֵיף, corr. acc.). Targ. Is. 5:28. 2) to blaspheme, revile. Targ. Y. Lev. 24:11.; a. fr.(Ib. 15, sq. יֶחֱרַף Pe.!) Af. אַחֲרִיף to be quick, be early. Snh.70b אַחֲרִיפוּ ועולווכ׳ go in early (before sunset), and leave early, that people may take notice of you. Sabb.115a דהוו קא מַחְרְפֵי that they did it earlier (than they were told to).

    Jewish literature > חרף

  • 208 חֲרַף

    חֲרַףch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְחָרֵף, Nithpa. נִתְחָרֵף to be reviled); Pa. חָרֵף 1) to sharpen, grind. Targ. 1 Sam. 13:20, sq. Targ. Job 16:9 (not חָרִיף; h. text ילטש).Part. pass. מְחַרַף. Targ. Jer. 9:7 ed. Lag. (oth. ed. מְחָרֵיף, corr. acc.). Targ. Is. 5:28. 2) to blaspheme, revile. Targ. Y. Lev. 24:11.; a. fr.(Ib. 15, sq. יֶחֱרַף Pe.!) Af. אַחֲרִיף to be quick, be early. Snh.70b אַחֲרִיפוּ ועולווכ׳ go in early (before sunset), and leave early, that people may take notice of you. Sabb.115a דהוו קא מַחְרְפֵי that they did it earlier (than they were told to).

    Jewish literature > חֲרַף

  • 209 חרש II

    חָרַשII Pi. חֵרֵש, חֵי׳ (denom. of חֵרֵש) to deafen, make deaf. B. Kam.86a שחֵירְשוֹוכ׳ when he made him deaf without wounding him. Ib. החוֹרֵש את אביו (Ms. H. a. R. חֵרֵש); ib. 98a חֵרְשוֹ לאביו if one injured his fathers hearing; v. חֲרִישָׁה II. Kidd.24b.Sabb.109a top. יד מְחָרֶשֶׁת the unwashed hand put to the ear causes deafness. Hif. הֶחֱרִיש 1) same. B. Kam.86a להַחֲרִיש, v. חֲרִישָׁה II. 2) (b. h.) to be silent. Y.Pes.IX, end. 37a (ref. to Prov. 17:28) ואיןצ״ל חכם מַחֲרִיש and it is needless to say the same of a wise man keeping silence. (Usu. שָׁתַק. Nithpa. נִתְחָרֵש to become deaf ( and dumb). Yeb.XIV, 1; Tosef.Ter.I, 1 פיקח ונ׳ if he had been well-hearing and became etc.; v. חֵרֵש.

    Jewish literature > חרש II

  • 210 חָרַש

    חָרַשII Pi. חֵרֵש, חֵי׳ (denom. of חֵרֵש) to deafen, make deaf. B. Kam.86a שחֵירְשוֹוכ׳ when he made him deaf without wounding him. Ib. החוֹרֵש את אביו (Ms. H. a. R. חֵרֵש); ib. 98a חֵרְשוֹ לאביו if one injured his fathers hearing; v. חֲרִישָׁה II. Kidd.24b.Sabb.109a top. יד מְחָרֶשֶׁת the unwashed hand put to the ear causes deafness. Hif. הֶחֱרִיש 1) same. B. Kam.86a להַחֲרִיש, v. חֲרִישָׁה II. 2) (b. h.) to be silent. Y.Pes.IX, end. 37a (ref. to Prov. 17:28) ואיןצ״ל חכם מַחֲרִיש and it is needless to say the same of a wise man keeping silence. (Usu. שָׁתַק. Nithpa. נִתְחָרֵש to become deaf ( and dumb). Yeb.XIV, 1; Tosef.Ter.I, 1 פיקח ונ׳ if he had been well-hearing and became etc.; v. חֵרֵש.

    Jewish literature > חָרַש

  • 211 חשב

    חָשַׁב(b. h.; cmp. חָשָׁה) 1) to think, intend, plan. Ber.6a; Kidd.40a (ref. to Mal. 3:16) אפי׳ ח׳ אדםוכ׳ even if one only had the intention of doing etc.; Sabb.63a, חִישֵּׁב (Pi.).Tanḥ. Pkudé 11 וכשהן חוֹשְׁבִין להעמידווכ׳ and when they thought they had put it up, it fell apart again. Sot.35a אני חֲשַׁבְתִּיהָ … והם חָשְׁבוּוכ׳ I planned it for their good, but they considered it an evil; a. fr. 2) to consider, regard; to count. Ber.14a (ref. to Is. 2:22) במה חֲשַׁבְתּוֹ לזה ולא לאלוה with what right didst thou pay thy regard to him and not to God?Sot. l. c., v. supra. Pesik. R. s. 21, v. סוֹפִיסְטָא; a. fr. 3) to design, trace. Yoma 72b (ref. to חשב a. רקם, Ex. 26:31a 36) רוקמין במקים שחוֹשְׁבִין they embroidered over what they had traced.Part. pass. חָשוּב fem. חֲשוּבָה a) counted, regarded; ח׳ כ־ equal to. Lam. R. to I, 5 לא … מדינה ח׳ כלום the country towns were of no account. Ned.64b ח׳ כמת is like dead; ib. חֲשוּבִין; Gen. R. s. 71 חֲשוּבִים כמתים; a. fr.b) valuable; important; respectable, of high standing. Bets.3b ביצה ח׳ an egg is a valuable object. Ber.19a, a. fr. אדם ח׳ שאני with a man of high standing it is different. Pes.108a אשה ח׳ a woman of rank. Tanḥ. Shmini 9 איש ח׳ שמחשביםוכ׳ a man of standing whom they respected in his place; a. fr. Pi. חִישֵּׁב same, 1) to consider, regard; to respect, v. supra. 2) to account, calculate, figure. B. Bath78b המְחַשְּׁבִים the thoughtful. Sabb.150a. חשבונות … לחַשְּׁבָןוכ׳ accounts of a religious nature may be figured out on the Sabbath. Ab. II, 1 הוי מְחַשְּׁבוכ׳ count what you sacrifice in doing good, against what you gain thereby. Snh.65b המח׳ עתיםוכ׳ he who calculates seasons and hours (which are auspicious and which are not). Ib. 97b מְחַשְּׁבֵי קיצין those who make calculations (from Biblical verses) as to when the Messiah will come; a. fr.Sabb.150b top מותר לחוֹשְׁבָן (Kal), Ms. M. לחַשְּׁ׳.V. חֶשְׁבּוֹן. 3) (sub. מחשבה זרה) to have in mind an undue intention in the performance of a sacrificial ceremony. Yoma 48a חי׳ בחפינתוכ׳ if he had an undue intention when grasping the frankincense (e. g. to offer it tomorrow). Ib. b; a. fr. Hithpa, הִתְחַשֵּׁב, Nithpa. נִתְחַשֵּׁב 1) to be counted. Ohol. I, 3 אין האהל מִתְחַשֵּׁב the tent is not counted (as a special item). Yalk. Num. 768 מתח׳ לנו will be counted against us (be deducted from our share). Mikv. III, 3 עד שיִתְחַשֵּׁבוכ׳ until it is calculated that all the original water has run off. Pesik. R. s. 44 the former sins אינן מִתְחַשְּׁבוֹת לווכ׳ are not counted or remembered to him. 2) to be considered, believed to be. Tanḥ. Masé 5, v. כַּזְבָּן. 3) to occupy a high position. Shebi. VIII, 11 אם מתחשב הוא (Ms. M. כמ׳, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) if he (is like one who) holds a high position. 4) to conspire (with the Romans). Tosef.Ab. Zar. II, 7 ואם מתחשבוכ׳ but when he (the Israelite besieging a city) does it as an ally (in the Roman interest), he is forbidden (to conduct the siege); Ab. Zar.18b ובלבד שלא יִתְחַשֵּׁב עמהם provided he does not conspire with them; ואם נתח׳וכ׳ (Ms. M. יתח׳); Y. ib. I, 40a מתחשד (corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > חשב

  • 212 חָשַׁב

    חָשַׁב(b. h.; cmp. חָשָׁה) 1) to think, intend, plan. Ber.6a; Kidd.40a (ref. to Mal. 3:16) אפי׳ ח׳ אדםוכ׳ even if one only had the intention of doing etc.; Sabb.63a, חִישֵּׁב (Pi.).Tanḥ. Pkudé 11 וכשהן חוֹשְׁבִין להעמידווכ׳ and when they thought they had put it up, it fell apart again. Sot.35a אני חֲשַׁבְתִּיהָ … והם חָשְׁבוּוכ׳ I planned it for their good, but they considered it an evil; a. fr. 2) to consider, regard; to count. Ber.14a (ref. to Is. 2:22) במה חֲשַׁבְתּוֹ לזה ולא לאלוה with what right didst thou pay thy regard to him and not to God?Sot. l. c., v. supra. Pesik. R. s. 21, v. סוֹפִיסְטָא; a. fr. 3) to design, trace. Yoma 72b (ref. to חשב a. רקם, Ex. 26:31a 36) רוקמין במקים שחוֹשְׁבִין they embroidered over what they had traced.Part. pass. חָשוּב fem. חֲשוּבָה a) counted, regarded; ח׳ כ־ equal to. Lam. R. to I, 5 לא … מדינה ח׳ כלום the country towns were of no account. Ned.64b ח׳ כמת is like dead; ib. חֲשוּבִין; Gen. R. s. 71 חֲשוּבִים כמתים; a. fr.b) valuable; important; respectable, of high standing. Bets.3b ביצה ח׳ an egg is a valuable object. Ber.19a, a. fr. אדם ח׳ שאני with a man of high standing it is different. Pes.108a אשה ח׳ a woman of rank. Tanḥ. Shmini 9 איש ח׳ שמחשביםוכ׳ a man of standing whom they respected in his place; a. fr. Pi. חִישֵּׁב same, 1) to consider, regard; to respect, v. supra. 2) to account, calculate, figure. B. Bath78b המְחַשְּׁבִים the thoughtful. Sabb.150a. חשבונות … לחַשְּׁבָןוכ׳ accounts of a religious nature may be figured out on the Sabbath. Ab. II, 1 הוי מְחַשְּׁבוכ׳ count what you sacrifice in doing good, against what you gain thereby. Snh.65b המח׳ עתיםוכ׳ he who calculates seasons and hours (which are auspicious and which are not). Ib. 97b מְחַשְּׁבֵי קיצין those who make calculations (from Biblical verses) as to when the Messiah will come; a. fr.Sabb.150b top מותר לחוֹשְׁבָן (Kal), Ms. M. לחַשְּׁ׳.V. חֶשְׁבּוֹן. 3) (sub. מחשבה זרה) to have in mind an undue intention in the performance of a sacrificial ceremony. Yoma 48a חי׳ בחפינתוכ׳ if he had an undue intention when grasping the frankincense (e. g. to offer it tomorrow). Ib. b; a. fr. Hithpa, הִתְחַשֵּׁב, Nithpa. נִתְחַשֵּׁב 1) to be counted. Ohol. I, 3 אין האהל מִתְחַשֵּׁב the tent is not counted (as a special item). Yalk. Num. 768 מתח׳ לנו will be counted against us (be deducted from our share). Mikv. III, 3 עד שיִתְחַשֵּׁבוכ׳ until it is calculated that all the original water has run off. Pesik. R. s. 44 the former sins אינן מִתְחַשְּׁבוֹת לווכ׳ are not counted or remembered to him. 2) to be considered, believed to be. Tanḥ. Masé 5, v. כַּזְבָּן. 3) to occupy a high position. Shebi. VIII, 11 אם מתחשב הוא (Ms. M. כמ׳, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) if he (is like one who) holds a high position. 4) to conspire (with the Romans). Tosef.Ab. Zar. II, 7 ואם מתחשבוכ׳ but when he (the Israelite besieging a city) does it as an ally (in the Roman interest), he is forbidden (to conduct the siege); Ab. Zar.18b ובלבד שלא יִתְחַשֵּׁב עמהם provided he does not conspire with them; ואם נתח׳וכ׳ (Ms. M. יתח׳); Y. ib. I, 40a מתחשד (corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > חָשַׁב

  • 213 חשיב) חשב

    (חֲשֵׁיב) חֲשֵׁב ch. sam( Hithpa, הִתְחַשֵּׁב, Nithpa. נִתְחַשֵּׁב to be counted.). Targ. Gen. 50:20. Targ. Esth. 8:3; a. fr.Pesik Bshall., p. 82a> (translating Ex. 18:11b) במחשבה דחַשְׁבוּן איתחשב להון what they had planned (against Israel) was planned against them. Sabb.3a קא חֲשִׁיב he counts in; a. fr.Part. pass. חָשִׁיב, Pl. חֲשִׁיבִין = h. חָשוּב, v. preced. Targ. Y. Ex. 4:19; a. fr.Keth.8b ח׳ אתוכ׳ thou hast been found worthy to be seized (to suffer) for etc. Gitt.56b מאן ח׳וכ׳ who is highly esteemed in that world (the hereafter)?; a. fr. Pa. חַשֵּׁיב same, to plan, to count, calculate. Targ. Jer. 21:11.Targ. O. Lev. 25:27; a. fr.Meg.11b חַשִּׁיב ועיילוכ׳ count, and include in their place Pes.94a דקא חַשְּׁבֵי דקדמאוכ׳ because they also counted the distances which one walks before dawn and after sunset. Sabb.74a וליחַשֵּׁבוכ׳ let him also count the act of pounding; ib. 6b; a. e. ולִחְשוֹב (Pe.); a. fr. Y.Pes.IV, end, 31c מחשבנא v. חֲשַׂךְ. Ithpa. אִתְחַשֵּׁב, Ithpe. אִתְחֲשַׁב. אִיחֲשַׁב 1) to be planned. Targ. O. Gen. 50:20.Pesik. l. c., v. supra. 2) to be considered, valued. Targ. Lev. 17:4. Targ. Ps. 50:23; a. fr.Targ. Prov. 29:11 מֵיחֲשַׁב Ms. (ed. Lag. מחשב, Var. מאשב) is respected (v. Pesh. a. l.; ed. Wil. מאכה v. מְאַךְ).

    Jewish literature > חשיב) חשב

  • 214 חתם

    חָתַם(b. h.; cmp. b. h. חָתַל) 1), to tie up, close, lock. Tanḥ. Bresh. 1 ח׳את היםוכ׳ he locked the Ocean up, that it might not go forth 2) to seal. Y.Ab. Zar. III, 42c bot. טבעת שחוֹתֵם בה the ring with which he seals. Ib. אסור לַחְתּוֹם בה you dare not use it for a seal; Tosef. ib. V (VI), 2; a. fr. 2) to sign, subscribe (as witness, judge) Gitt.VI, 7 אחד … חוֹתְמִין one writes the document and two sign it as witnesses. Ib. 66b ח׳ סופר if the scribe signed as one of the witnesses. Ib. 67a ואתם חֲתוֹמוּ and sign you. Shebi. X, 4 הדיינים חותמיןוכ׳ the judges sign under it; a. fr.Part. pass, חָתוּם, f. חֲתוּמָה; pl. חֲתוּמִים, חֲתוּמִין; חֲתוּמוֹת. Yeb.25b, a. e. עדים הח׳וכ׳ if witnesses are signed ; a. fr. 3) to close a benediction (v. חֲתִימָה). Pes.X, 6 וחותם בגאולה and he closes with redemption (Blessed be the Lord who redeemed Israel). Ib. לא היה חותם he did not close with a benediction. Ber.I, 4 מקום שאמרו לַחְתּוֹם where the Rabbis ordained to close a benediction with Barukh ; a. fr.Part. pass. as ab. Gitt.60a תורה ח׳ ניתנה the Law was given as one complete book, opp. מגילה מגילה in single sheets. (Cant. R. to I, 11, v. next w. Pi. חִיתֵּם to provide with signatures. Y.Gitt.I, beg.43a, a. e. מְחַתְּמוֹ בעדיםוכ׳ he may have provided it with the signatures of unfit witnesses. Ib. חִתְּמוֹוכ׳.Part. pass. מְחוּתָּם. Y.Keth.II, 26c; Y.Shebu.IV, 35c מח׳ בארבעוכ׳ provided with four signatures. Nif. נֶחְתַּם, Hithpa. הִתְחַתֵּם, Nithpa. נִתְחַתֵּם 1) to be signed, sealed. Gitt.I, 1 בפני נח׳ (Y. ed. נתח׳) in my presence has it been signed; a. fr. 2) to be finally sentenced (by attaching the seal or signature). R. Hash. 16b נכתבין ונֶחְתָּמִיןוכ׳ their verdict is written and sealed at once; Y. ib. I, 57a מִתְחַתְּמִין. Gen. R. s. 31, beg. נתח׳ גזר דינם their decree was sealed; a. e.

    Jewish literature > חתם

  • 215 חָתַם

    חָתַם(b. h.; cmp. b. h. חָתַל) 1), to tie up, close, lock. Tanḥ. Bresh. 1 ח׳את היםוכ׳ he locked the Ocean up, that it might not go forth 2) to seal. Y.Ab. Zar. III, 42c bot. טבעת שחוֹתֵם בה the ring with which he seals. Ib. אסור לַחְתּוֹם בה you dare not use it for a seal; Tosef. ib. V (VI), 2; a. fr. 2) to sign, subscribe (as witness, judge) Gitt.VI, 7 אחד … חוֹתְמִין one writes the document and two sign it as witnesses. Ib. 66b ח׳ סופר if the scribe signed as one of the witnesses. Ib. 67a ואתם חֲתוֹמוּ and sign you. Shebi. X, 4 הדיינים חותמיןוכ׳ the judges sign under it; a. fr.Part. pass, חָתוּם, f. חֲתוּמָה; pl. חֲתוּמִים, חֲתוּמִין; חֲתוּמוֹת. Yeb.25b, a. e. עדים הח׳וכ׳ if witnesses are signed ; a. fr. 3) to close a benediction (v. חֲתִימָה). Pes.X, 6 וחותם בגאולה and he closes with redemption (Blessed be the Lord who redeemed Israel). Ib. לא היה חותם he did not close with a benediction. Ber.I, 4 מקום שאמרו לַחְתּוֹם where the Rabbis ordained to close a benediction with Barukh ; a. fr.Part. pass. as ab. Gitt.60a תורה ח׳ ניתנה the Law was given as one complete book, opp. מגילה מגילה in single sheets. (Cant. R. to I, 11, v. next w. Pi. חִיתֵּם to provide with signatures. Y.Gitt.I, beg.43a, a. e. מְחַתְּמוֹ בעדיםוכ׳ he may have provided it with the signatures of unfit witnesses. Ib. חִתְּמוֹוכ׳.Part. pass. מְחוּתָּם. Y.Keth.II, 26c; Y.Shebu.IV, 35c מח׳ בארבעוכ׳ provided with four signatures. Nif. נֶחְתַּם, Hithpa. הִתְחַתֵּם, Nithpa. נִתְחַתֵּם 1) to be signed, sealed. Gitt.I, 1 בפני נח׳ (Y. ed. נתח׳) in my presence has it been signed; a. fr. 2) to be finally sentenced (by attaching the seal or signature). R. Hash. 16b נכתבין ונֶחְתָּמִיןוכ׳ their verdict is written and sealed at once; Y. ib. I, 57a מִתְחַתְּמִין. Gen. R. s. 31, beg. נתח׳ גזר דינם their decree was sealed; a. e.

    Jewish literature > חָתַם

  • 216 חתם

    חֲתַםch. sam( Nif. נֶחְתַּם, Hithpa. הִתְחַתֵּם, Nithpa. נִתְחַתֵּם to be signed, sealed.). 1) to close up. Ber.6a ולִיחְתּוֹם פומיה and let him close up its opening. Part. pass. חֲתִים. Targ. O. Lev. 15:3. 2) to seal, sign. Targ. Jer. 32:44; a. fr.Gitt.66b מִחְתַּםוכ׳ to draw their signatures.Part. pass. as ab. Targ. l. c. 11.B. Bath89b דלא חֲתִימֵי where they do not stamp measures officially. 3) to close a benediction. Meg.22b ח׳ ולא בריך he closed his prayer without saying Barukh Cant. R. to I, 11 (read:) מלה חֲתִימָה … מסיימה a closed and finished word (complete in itself). Pa. חַתֵּים to lock up. Targ. Job 24:16 (some ed. Ithpa.). Ithpa. אִתְחַתֵּים 1) to lock ones self up. V. supra. 2) to be sealed, stamped. Targ. Esth. 4:1. Targ. Is. 8:21; a. fr. 3) to be closed up. Targ. Y. Lev. 15:3 ed. pr. (ed. אתסתם).

    Jewish literature > חתם

  • 217 חֲתַם

    חֲתַםch. sam( Nif. נֶחְתַּם, Hithpa. הִתְחַתֵּם, Nithpa. נִתְחַתֵּם to be signed, sealed.). 1) to close up. Ber.6a ולִיחְתּוֹם פומיה and let him close up its opening. Part. pass. חֲתִים. Targ. O. Lev. 15:3. 2) to seal, sign. Targ. Jer. 32:44; a. fr.Gitt.66b מִחְתַּםוכ׳ to draw their signatures.Part. pass. as ab. Targ. l. c. 11.B. Bath89b דלא חֲתִימֵי where they do not stamp measures officially. 3) to close a benediction. Meg.22b ח׳ ולא בריך he closed his prayer without saying Barukh Cant. R. to I, 11 (read:) מלה חֲתִימָה … מסיימה a closed and finished word (complete in itself). Pa. חַתֵּים to lock up. Targ. Job 24:16 (some ed. Ithpa.). Ithpa. אִתְחַתֵּים 1) to lock ones self up. V. supra. 2) to be sealed, stamped. Targ. Esth. 4:1. Targ. Is. 8:21; a. fr. 3) to be closed up. Targ. Y. Lev. 15:3 ed. pr. (ed. אתסתם).

    Jewish literature > חֲתַם

  • 218 חתן

    חָתַן(b. h., cmp. preced.) to tie, connect, to covenant (Assyr. ḫatânu, to protect. Friedr. Del. Proleg. p. 9 1). Hithpa. הִתְחַתֵּן, Nithpa. נִתְחַתֵּן to become connected, to enter into the family, to intermarry. Snh.82a כאלו מִתְחַתֵּן בע״א as if he connected himself with idols. Gen. R. s. 82, beg. שנ׳ ביהודיתוכ׳ who married Judith Sifré Deut. 52, a. e. שנ׳ … עםוכ׳ when Solomon married the daughter of Pharaoh; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > חתן

  • 219 חָתַן

    חָתַן(b. h., cmp. preced.) to tie, connect, to covenant (Assyr. ḫatânu, to protect. Friedr. Del. Proleg. p. 9 1). Hithpa. הִתְחַתֵּן, Nithpa. נִתְחַתֵּן to become connected, to enter into the family, to intermarry. Snh.82a כאלו מִתְחַתֵּן בע״א as if he connected himself with idols. Gen. R. s. 82, beg. שנ׳ ביהודיתוכ׳ who married Judith Sifré Deut. 52, a. e. שנ׳ … עםוכ׳ when Solomon married the daughter of Pharaoh; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > חָתַן

  • 220 טוב I

    טוֹבI (b. h.) to be good, fit, handsome, valuable. Hif. הֵטִיב 1) to prepare, outfit, dress, adorn. Gen. R. s. 26, v. טַבָּת. Ib. s. 83 (play on מהיטבאל, Gen. 36:39) מְטִיבֵי אלוהות היו they were dressers of idols; שהיו מֵטִיבִין עצמןוכ׳ they adorned themselves in honor of the idols. Ib. מטיבי נשיםוכ׳ they dressed women for their wedding; a. e.Esp. ( את הנרות) ה׳ to trim, cleanse the lamps. Yoma III, 4 ולהֵטֵיב. Ib. I, 2. Ib. 14b יֵיטִיב; a. fr.V. הֲטָבָה. 2) to turn a dream unto good (saying, ‘I have dreamt a good dream). Ber.55b יְטִיבֶנּוּ בפניוכ׳ he shall turn it in the presence of three persons, and say 3) to do good, be beneficent. Ib. IX, 2 הטוב והמטיב who is good and beneficent. Taan.31a תקנו … הטוב והמ׳ they introduced in Jabneh the benediction ‘who is good (in the grace after meal).Kidd.I, 10 מטיבין לו good will be done to him; a. fr.Part. Hof. מוּטָב, q. v. Pi. טִיֵּיב to improve a field, to till oftener than usual. Y.Shebi.IV, 35b top טִיְּיבָהּוכ׳ if, after he improved a field, he died Nithpa. נִיטַּיֵּיב to be improved. Shebi. IV, 2; Tosef. ib. III, 10; a. e.Denom. טִיּיוּב.

    Jewish literature > טוב I


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