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nithpa

  • 181 חלל

    חָלַל(b. h.; v. Ges. H. Dict.10> s. vv. חלל I, II) 1) (v. חוּל) to roll, turn. Ber.32a (ref. to ייחל, Ex. 32:11) שחַל עליהם מדת הדין למדת הרחמים Ms. M. (v. חָלָה) he (Moses) turned justice into mercy in their behalf; Yalk. Ex. 392 הֵחֵל (Hif.).Tanḥ. Yithro 1 מת חולל, read וחָלָל. 2) to bore, hollow, pierce, v. חָלִיל, חָלָל I. 3) to surround; to place outside a circle, v. חוֹל III, חִילּוֹנִי. Nif. נֶחְלַל (v. חָלָל I) to be cut all around, be severed. Naz.54a (ref. to Num. 19:18) בחלל זה אבר הנ׳ מן החיוכ׳ ‘on something severed, that means a limb which has been cut off a living body, and on which there was not flesh enough to have made healing possible; במת זה אבר הנ׳וכ׳ ‘on something dead, that means a limb severed from a corpse; ib. 53b. Nif. נָחוֹל to become חוּלִּין, to cease to be sacred. Shebi. I, 8 עד שיֵחוֹלּוּ until the fruits become available for private use; Y. ib. 33c top מהו עד שיח׳ עד שיפדו או עד שיעשו חוליןוכ׳ what does ad sheyeḥôllu mean? Until they are redeemed (in the fourth year), or until they become ḥullin of themselves (in the fifth year)? Hif. הֵיחֵל 1) ( to set in motion, to begin. Sifré Num. 134 (ref. to Deut. 3:24) אתה הֲחִילּוֹתָוכ׳ thou hast begun to open the door Dem. VII, 4 ומֵיחֵל ושותה Y. ed. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) and he may at once commence drinking (Maim.; v. infra). 2) to make חוּלִּין; to break a vow; to profane. Ber. l. c. (ref. to Num. 30:3) הוא אינו מֵיחֵל אבל אחרים מְחַלִּין לו he himself cannot break a vow, but others may break it for him (absolve him; Ḥag.10a … מיחל … מוֹחֲלִין; Ex. R. s. 43 מוחל אבל.… חכם מוֹחֵל, corr. acc.). Dem. l. c. ומיחל ושותה and thus he redeems, and he may drink (R. S.); Tosef. ib. VIII, 7 ומ׳ ושותה מיד.Kidd.77a (ref. to Lev. 21:15) מֵיחֵל he produces profanation (begets degraded priests), v. חָלָל II. 3) to turn, change. Yalk. Ex. 392, v. supra. Pi. חִלֵּל 1) to break a vow, to profane, to desecrate; to degrade. Deut. R. s. 2 (play on החלת, Deut. 3:24) חִלַּלְתָּוכ׳ hast thou not broken the oath? (Sifré Num. 134 הֲחִלּוֹתָ, v. supra). Ab. III, 11 המְחַלֵּל את הקדשים who treats profanely sacred things (causes them to be carried out and burnt). Ab. Zar.28a מְחַלְּלִין עליהוכ׳ you may desecrate the Sabbath for the sake of curing it; a. fr.Esp. to cause the loss of the priestly status. Macc.2a המְחַלֵּל אינו מִתְחַלֵּל he (the priest marrying a divorced woman) who causes the loss of priestly status (to his issue) does not lose the priestly status himself; הבא לחַלֵּל ולא חִילֵּל he who intended to cause the loss of priestly status (by false testimony) and did not succeed. 2) (v. Deut. 14:24, sq.) to redeem, to make available for private use. Maas. Sh. I, 2; a. fr. Pa. חוּלָּל 1) to be removed from the priestly status, become a חָלָל. Kidd.77a (ref. to Lev. 21:15 ‘he shall not degrade) לא יְחוּלָּל זהוכ׳ no degradation shall be causedwhich can only refer to a person who had a status and now becomes degraded (i. e. his wife). 2) to be redeemed, to become secular again. Part. מְחוּלָּל, f. מְחוּלֶּלֶת. Dem. V, 1, a. fr. ומח׳ על המעות and it is redeemed by setting aside its value. Maas. Sh. II, 10 מה … סלע זו ח׳ עליו (not על זו, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l.) this Sela (which has been set apart as an equivalent for second tithes) shall be redeemed against the wine which the clean (sons of mine) may drink in Jerusalem, i. e. I buy with this Sela only that portion of the wine which the clean may drink. Ib. הרי מעות האלו מְחוּלָּלִיםוכ׳ that money (dedicated for purchasing equivalents in Jerusalem) shall be redeemed against thy fruits; a. v. fr. 3) to be loosely joined, to be a movable link. Sabb.52b במְחוּלָּלִין referring to movable links, (v. חוּלְיָא I). Y.Pes.I, 27c top במְחוּלָּלוֹת when the vessels can be rolled about, opp. אפוצות close together (v. חִלְחֵל). Hithpa. הִתְחַלֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְחַלֵּל 1) ( to be perforated, (of bowels) to be loose. Esth. R. to I, 8 שיִתְחַלְּלוּ מעיו. 2) to be profaned, desecrated, degraded. Ab. I, 11. Macc.2a, v. supra. Yeb.79a ואל יתְחַלֵּלוכ׳ rather than that the name of the Lord be profaned in public; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > חלל

  • 182 חָלַל

    חָלַל(b. h.; v. Ges. H. Dict.10> s. vv. חלל I, II) 1) (v. חוּל) to roll, turn. Ber.32a (ref. to ייחל, Ex. 32:11) שחַל עליהם מדת הדין למדת הרחמים Ms. M. (v. חָלָה) he (Moses) turned justice into mercy in their behalf; Yalk. Ex. 392 הֵחֵל (Hif.).Tanḥ. Yithro 1 מת חולל, read וחָלָל. 2) to bore, hollow, pierce, v. חָלִיל, חָלָל I. 3) to surround; to place outside a circle, v. חוֹל III, חִילּוֹנִי. Nif. נֶחְלַל (v. חָלָל I) to be cut all around, be severed. Naz.54a (ref. to Num. 19:18) בחלל זה אבר הנ׳ מן החיוכ׳ ‘on something severed, that means a limb which has been cut off a living body, and on which there was not flesh enough to have made healing possible; במת זה אבר הנ׳וכ׳ ‘on something dead, that means a limb severed from a corpse; ib. 53b. Nif. נָחוֹל to become חוּלִּין, to cease to be sacred. Shebi. I, 8 עד שיֵחוֹלּוּ until the fruits become available for private use; Y. ib. 33c top מהו עד שיח׳ עד שיפדו או עד שיעשו חוליןוכ׳ what does ad sheyeḥôllu mean? Until they are redeemed (in the fourth year), or until they become ḥullin of themselves (in the fifth year)? Hif. הֵיחֵל 1) ( to set in motion, to begin. Sifré Num. 134 (ref. to Deut. 3:24) אתה הֲחִילּוֹתָוכ׳ thou hast begun to open the door Dem. VII, 4 ומֵיחֵל ושותה Y. ed. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) and he may at once commence drinking (Maim.; v. infra). 2) to make חוּלִּין; to break a vow; to profane. Ber. l. c. (ref. to Num. 30:3) הוא אינו מֵיחֵל אבל אחרים מְחַלִּין לו he himself cannot break a vow, but others may break it for him (absolve him; Ḥag.10a … מיחל … מוֹחֲלִין; Ex. R. s. 43 מוחל אבל.… חכם מוֹחֵל, corr. acc.). Dem. l. c. ומיחל ושותה and thus he redeems, and he may drink (R. S.); Tosef. ib. VIII, 7 ומ׳ ושותה מיד.Kidd.77a (ref. to Lev. 21:15) מֵיחֵל he produces profanation (begets degraded priests), v. חָלָל II. 3) to turn, change. Yalk. Ex. 392, v. supra. Pi. חִלֵּל 1) to break a vow, to profane, to desecrate; to degrade. Deut. R. s. 2 (play on החלת, Deut. 3:24) חִלַּלְתָּוכ׳ hast thou not broken the oath? (Sifré Num. 134 הֲחִלּוֹתָ, v. supra). Ab. III, 11 המְחַלֵּל את הקדשים who treats profanely sacred things (causes them to be carried out and burnt). Ab. Zar.28a מְחַלְּלִין עליהוכ׳ you may desecrate the Sabbath for the sake of curing it; a. fr.Esp. to cause the loss of the priestly status. Macc.2a המְחַלֵּל אינו מִתְחַלֵּל he (the priest marrying a divorced woman) who causes the loss of priestly status (to his issue) does not lose the priestly status himself; הבא לחַלֵּל ולא חִילֵּל he who intended to cause the loss of priestly status (by false testimony) and did not succeed. 2) (v. Deut. 14:24, sq.) to redeem, to make available for private use. Maas. Sh. I, 2; a. fr. Pa. חוּלָּל 1) to be removed from the priestly status, become a חָלָל. Kidd.77a (ref. to Lev. 21:15 ‘he shall not degrade) לא יְחוּלָּל זהוכ׳ no degradation shall be causedwhich can only refer to a person who had a status and now becomes degraded (i. e. his wife). 2) to be redeemed, to become secular again. Part. מְחוּלָּל, f. מְחוּלֶּלֶת. Dem. V, 1, a. fr. ומח׳ על המעות and it is redeemed by setting aside its value. Maas. Sh. II, 10 מה … סלע זו ח׳ עליו (not על זו, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l.) this Sela (which has been set apart as an equivalent for second tithes) shall be redeemed against the wine which the clean (sons of mine) may drink in Jerusalem, i. e. I buy with this Sela only that portion of the wine which the clean may drink. Ib. הרי מעות האלו מְחוּלָּלִיםוכ׳ that money (dedicated for purchasing equivalents in Jerusalem) shall be redeemed against thy fruits; a. v. fr. 3) to be loosely joined, to be a movable link. Sabb.52b במְחוּלָּלִין referring to movable links, (v. חוּלְיָא I). Y.Pes.I, 27c top במְחוּלָּלוֹת when the vessels can be rolled about, opp. אפוצות close together (v. חִלְחֵל). Hithpa. הִתְחַלֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְחַלֵּל 1) ( to be perforated, (of bowels) to be loose. Esth. R. to I, 8 שיִתְחַלְּלוּ מעיו. 2) to be profaned, desecrated, degraded. Ab. I, 11. Macc.2a, v. supra. Yeb.79a ואל יתְחַלֵּלוכ׳ rather than that the name of the Lord be profaned in public; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > חָלַל

  • 183 חלל I

    חֲלַלI ch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְחַלֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְחַלֵּל to be loose), 1) to perforate, v. חָלֵיל. 2) to degrade, profane. Part. pass. חָלִיל, f. חֲלִילָא. Targ. O. Lev. 21:14. 3) (denom. of חוּלָּא) to be profaned. Targ. Ez. 22:26 וְחַלַת. Pa. חַלֵּיל 1) to desecrate, profane, degrade. Targ. Prov. 30:9; a. e.Part. pass. מְחַלַּל, f. מְחַלְלָא, מְחַלָּא. Targ. O. Lev. 21:7 (ed. Berl. מַחְלָא, Regia מְחָלָא).Y.Kil.IX, 32b top, a. e. דילמא דחַלְּלִינָןוכ׳ did we perhaps desecrate the Sabbath?Ber.6a מְחַלְּלֵי Ms. (ed. מחליין); a. e. 2) to redeem. B. Mets.44b טבעא אפירא לא מְחַלְּלִינָן we dare not redeem coins with goods. Af. אַחֵיל, אָחֵיל same, to desecrate. Targ. O. Lev. 19:8. Targ. Am. 2:7 לאָחָלָא (ed. Lag. לאפסא); a. fr.Part. pass. f. מַחְלָא, v. supra. Ittaf. אִתָּחַל, אִתַּחַל, אִתְּחַל to be profaned. Targ. Ez. 36:23 (not אַתְּחַל). Ib. 7:24; a. fr.Snh.51a היכא דמִיתַּחֲלָא השתא if she degraded herself now; מית׳ וקיימא she was degraded before this.

    Jewish literature > חלל I

  • 184 חֲלַל

    חֲלַלI ch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְחַלֵּל, Nithpa. נִתְחַלֵּל to be loose), 1) to perforate, v. חָלֵיל. 2) to degrade, profane. Part. pass. חָלִיל, f. חֲלִילָא. Targ. O. Lev. 21:14. 3) (denom. of חוּלָּא) to be profaned. Targ. Ez. 22:26 וְחַלַת. Pa. חַלֵּיל 1) to desecrate, profane, degrade. Targ. Prov. 30:9; a. e.Part. pass. מְחַלַּל, f. מְחַלְלָא, מְחַלָּא. Targ. O. Lev. 21:7 (ed. Berl. מַחְלָא, Regia מְחָלָא).Y.Kil.IX, 32b top, a. e. דילמא דחַלְּלִינָןוכ׳ did we perhaps desecrate the Sabbath?Ber.6a מְחַלְּלֵי Ms. (ed. מחליין); a. e. 2) to redeem. B. Mets.44b טבעא אפירא לא מְחַלְּלִינָן we dare not redeem coins with goods. Af. אַחֵיל, אָחֵיל same, to desecrate. Targ. O. Lev. 19:8. Targ. Am. 2:7 לאָחָלָא (ed. Lag. לאפסא); a. fr.Part. pass. f. מַחְלָא, v. supra. Ittaf. אִתָּחַל, אִתַּחַל, אִתְּחַל to be profaned. Targ. Ez. 36:23 (not אַתְּחַל). Ib. 7:24; a. fr.Snh.51a היכא דמִיתַּחֲלָא השתא if she degraded herself now; מית׳ וקיימא she was degraded before this.

    Jewish literature > חֲלַל

  • 185 חלף

    חָלַף(b. h.; cmp. חלב, חלם) (to be smooth, glistening sharp-edged, 1) to cut. Denom. חַלִּיף, חֵילֶף. 2) (cmp גּוּז) to pass by, be gone. Num. R. s. 10 (ref. to חלוף, Prov. 31:8) שח׳ והלךוכ׳ of him who passed away and went 3) to change, exchange. Y.Ber.II, 5c top נַחֲלוֹף אתוכ׳ let us change our meeting-place. Dem. III, 5 חשודה לַחֲלוֹף (Y. ed. לחַלֵּף, Pi.) suspected of exchanging (the provision in her trust). Ib. 6 לח׳ את המתקלקל to replace what has been spoiled; a. fr. Pa. חִלֵּף same. Yalk. Gen. 148 מי מְחַלְּפוֹ who will replace him? (v. חֲלִיפִין). Dem. III, 5, v. supra; a. e. Hif. הֶחֱלִיף 1) to exchange, barter. B. Mets.VIII, 4 חמַחֲלִיף פרה ב־ if one exchanges a cow for an ass.Dem. l. c. חשודה לחַחֲלִיף, v. supra; Ḥull.6b חשודה מַחֲלֶפֶת; a. fr. 2) to drive young shoots, to grow again. Erub.100b; a. e., v. גֶּזַע. Pesik. R. s. 11 מַחֲלִיףוכ׳, v. גָּזַז. 3) to change; to reverse. Erub.9a ובלבד שלא יַחֲלִיפוּ provided they do not change carriers. Sabb.8b; a. fr.Erub.99a לעולם לא תַחֲלִיף it is not necessary to reverse (the authorities; Bets.3b, a. e. תיפוך, v. אֲפַךְ).Part. pass. מוּחֲלָף, f. מוּחֲלֶפֶת. Ib. מ׳ השיטה the statement must be reversed (the authorities for the two opinions must be exchanged); Bets.3a. 4) to be ambiguous, to equivocate. Snh.92a; a. e. כל המחליףוכ׳ he who equivocates in his speech, is like an idolater. Nif. נֶחֱלַף, Hithpa. הִתְחַלֵּף, Nithpa. נִתְחַלֵּף 1) to be exchanged, mixed up. Y.Pes.VI, 33c bot. דבר שאין דרכו (לֵחָלֵף) לִיתְחַלֵּף a thing which is not likely to be exchanged (by mistake); ib. להִתְחַלֵּיף; ib. d top. Ab. Zar.17b מעות … נִתְחַלְּפוּ ליוכ׳ money set aside for Purim was mixed up with money Nidd.52a ונִתְחַלְּפָה לךוכ׳ and thou madest a mistake between Iyob and oyeb; B. Bath.16a ונתחלף. Ib. לא נ׳ לי I make no mistake; a. e. 2) to change (in appearance). Pesik. R. s. 29) נִתְחַלַּפְתֶּם מן הרעב you have changed (beyond recognition) through starvation; יש לכם להִתְחַלֵּףוכ׳ you will change through plenty. Yalk. Gen. 133 מאיזח שם אני מִתְחַלֵּף (prob. לאיזה) what name I may be ordered to assume in turn. 3) to be succeeded, relieved, transferred. Lev. R. s. 23, end נתח׳ המלך the king has been succeeded (displaced; Num. R. s. 9, beg. מתוכ׳). Yalk. Deut. 813 כיוןשנ׳וכ׳ when the governor was recalled and another Num. R. s. 5, beg. להִתְחַלֵּף מעבודהוכ׳ to be transferred from one service to another. Y.Taan.II, beg.65a היו מִתְחַלְּפִין עליה took turns in guarding it.

    Jewish literature > חלף

  • 186 חָלַף

    חָלַף(b. h.; cmp. חלב, חלם) (to be smooth, glistening sharp-edged, 1) to cut. Denom. חַלִּיף, חֵילֶף. 2) (cmp גּוּז) to pass by, be gone. Num. R. s. 10 (ref. to חלוף, Prov. 31:8) שח׳ והלךוכ׳ of him who passed away and went 3) to change, exchange. Y.Ber.II, 5c top נַחֲלוֹף אתוכ׳ let us change our meeting-place. Dem. III, 5 חשודה לַחֲלוֹף (Y. ed. לחַלֵּף, Pi.) suspected of exchanging (the provision in her trust). Ib. 6 לח׳ את המתקלקל to replace what has been spoiled; a. fr. Pa. חִלֵּף same. Yalk. Gen. 148 מי מְחַלְּפוֹ who will replace him? (v. חֲלִיפִין). Dem. III, 5, v. supra; a. e. Hif. הֶחֱלִיף 1) to exchange, barter. B. Mets.VIII, 4 חמַחֲלִיף פרה ב־ if one exchanges a cow for an ass.Dem. l. c. חשודה לחַחֲלִיף, v. supra; Ḥull.6b חשודה מַחֲלֶפֶת; a. fr. 2) to drive young shoots, to grow again. Erub.100b; a. e., v. גֶּזַע. Pesik. R. s. 11 מַחֲלִיףוכ׳, v. גָּזַז. 3) to change; to reverse. Erub.9a ובלבד שלא יַחֲלִיפוּ provided they do not change carriers. Sabb.8b; a. fr.Erub.99a לעולם לא תַחֲלִיף it is not necessary to reverse (the authorities; Bets.3b, a. e. תיפוך, v. אֲפַךְ).Part. pass. מוּחֲלָף, f. מוּחֲלֶפֶת. Ib. מ׳ השיטה the statement must be reversed (the authorities for the two opinions must be exchanged); Bets.3a. 4) to be ambiguous, to equivocate. Snh.92a; a. e. כל המחליףוכ׳ he who equivocates in his speech, is like an idolater. Nif. נֶחֱלַף, Hithpa. הִתְחַלֵּף, Nithpa. נִתְחַלֵּף 1) to be exchanged, mixed up. Y.Pes.VI, 33c bot. דבר שאין דרכו (לֵחָלֵף) לִיתְחַלֵּף a thing which is not likely to be exchanged (by mistake); ib. להִתְחַלֵּיף; ib. d top. Ab. Zar.17b מעות … נִתְחַלְּפוּ ליוכ׳ money set aside for Purim was mixed up with money Nidd.52a ונִתְחַלְּפָה לךוכ׳ and thou madest a mistake between Iyob and oyeb; B. Bath.16a ונתחלף. Ib. לא נ׳ לי I make no mistake; a. e. 2) to change (in appearance). Pesik. R. s. 29) נִתְחַלַּפְתֶּם מן הרעב you have changed (beyond recognition) through starvation; יש לכם להִתְחַלֵּףוכ׳ you will change through plenty. Yalk. Gen. 133 מאיזח שם אני מִתְחַלֵּף (prob. לאיזה) what name I may be ordered to assume in turn. 3) to be succeeded, relieved, transferred. Lev. R. s. 23, end נתח׳ המלך the king has been succeeded (displaced; Num. R. s. 9, beg. מתוכ׳). Yalk. Deut. 813 כיוןשנ׳וכ׳ when the governor was recalled and another Num. R. s. 5, beg. להִתְחַלֵּף מעבודהוכ׳ to be transferred from one service to another. Y.Taan.II, beg.65a היו מִתְחַלְּפִין עליה took turns in guarding it.

    Jewish literature > חָלַף

  • 187 חלף I, חליף

    חֲלַףI, חֲלֵיף ch. sam( Nif. נֶחֱלַף, Hithpa. הִתְחַלֵּף, Nithpa. נִתְחַלֵּף to be exchanged, mixed up), to pass by, be gone. Targ. Cant. 2:11. Targ. Job 9:11. Ib. 26; a. e. Pa. חַלֵּיף 1) to pass repeatedly, promenade. Kidd.12b ח׳ אבבאוכ׳ went up and down in front of the house of his father-in-law (to attract the attention of his mother-in-law). 2) to exchange. Targ. O. Lev. 27:10; a. e.Ḥull.6b חַלּוּפֵי מבעיא so much the more may she be suspected of exchanging (substituting something of her own). Meg.7b מְחַלְּפֵיוכ׳ (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 8; some ed. מִיחַ׳ Ithpa.) used to exchange their meals (on Purim).Part. pass. f. מְחַלְּפָא. Y.Peah IV, 18d bot., a. e. מח׳ שיטתיה, v. preced. Hif. Af. אַחֲלִיף same. Targ. O. l. c.; a. e. Ithpa. אִתְחַלֵּף, אִיחַלֵּף, Ithpe. אִיחֲלִיף to be exchanged; to change; to disappear. Targ. Ps. 40:5; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 78, beg. מִתְחַלְּפִין change their names. Ḥull. l. c. ולאִיחַלּוּפֵי לאוכ׳ Rashi (ed. לחַלּוּפֵי) and do we not apprehend an exchange?Meg. l. c., v. supra.B. Mets.59b, v. חָסֵר II.

    Jewish literature > חלף I, חליף

  • 188 חֲלַף

    חֲלַףI, חֲלֵיף ch. sam( Nif. נֶחֱלַף, Hithpa. הִתְחַלֵּף, Nithpa. נִתְחַלֵּף to be exchanged, mixed up), to pass by, be gone. Targ. Cant. 2:11. Targ. Job 9:11. Ib. 26; a. e. Pa. חַלֵּיף 1) to pass repeatedly, promenade. Kidd.12b ח׳ אבבאוכ׳ went up and down in front of the house of his father-in-law (to attract the attention of his mother-in-law). 2) to exchange. Targ. O. Lev. 27:10; a. e.Ḥull.6b חַלּוּפֵי מבעיא so much the more may she be suspected of exchanging (substituting something of her own). Meg.7b מְחַלְּפֵיוכ׳ (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 8; some ed. מִיחַ׳ Ithpa.) used to exchange their meals (on Purim).Part. pass. f. מְחַלְּפָא. Y.Peah IV, 18d bot., a. e. מח׳ שיטתיה, v. preced. Hif. Af. אַחֲלִיף same. Targ. O. l. c.; a. e. Ithpa. אִתְחַלֵּף, אִיחַלֵּף, Ithpe. אִיחֲלִיף to be exchanged; to change; to disappear. Targ. Ps. 40:5; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 78, beg. מִתְחַלְּפִין change their names. Ḥull. l. c. ולאִיחַלּוּפֵי לאוכ׳ Rashi (ed. לחַלּוּפֵי) and do we not apprehend an exchange?Meg. l. c., v. supra.B. Mets.59b, v. חָסֵר II.

    Jewish literature > חֲלַף

  • 189 חלק

    חָלַק(b. h.) 1) to be smooth, to be viscous. V. חָלָק. 2) (denom. of חֵלֶק) to assign, allot.ח׳ כבוד to honor, pay regards. Ber.19b, a. e. כל מקום … אין חֹולְקִיןוכ׳ wherever the desecration of the name of the Lord is threatened, no regards must be paid to a teacher. Zeb.102a; a. fr. 3) (denom. of חֵלֶק) to divide (by lot); to part; to take a share. Peah 3:5 האחין שחָלְקוּ brothers who divided an estate. B. Mets.I, 1, a. fr. יַחֲלֹוקוּ they shall divide the object (equally). Zeb.XII, 1 אינן חֹולְקִיןוכ׳ take no share Ḥull.65a אם חֹולֵק את רגליווכ׳ if the birds parts its toes (on the rope) so that there be two on each side Y.Sabb.VII, 9c bot. דבר … אינו חולק if a prohibition (included in a law) is specified again for a purpose, it does not intimate a division (that each single act of the class must be atoned for singly, v. הַבְעָרָה). Tosef.Dem.VI, 1 חֹולְקָן he divides the fruits with the landlord. (Ib. 2 החולק, read: החֹוכֵר. Y. ib. VI, beg.25a מישראל חולק if the property is farmed from an Israelite, he divides the produces (before separating Trumah); a. v. fr. 4) (with על) to differ with, object, oppose. Y.Sabb.XV, beg.15a מח חוֹלְקִין עלוכ׳ how is it? do they differ with ?Ber.27b החולק על ישיבתווכ׳וכ׳; Snh.110a הח׳ על רבו (Ar. הנֶחְלַק, Nif.) he who opposes (the school of) his teacher. Ber. l. c. כלום יש אדם חֹולֵק בדבר זה is there any one here differing from this opinion?; a. v. fr.Part. pass, חָלוּק, pl. חֲלוּקִים, חֲלוּקִין divided, interrupted; disputed; of different opinion. Mikv. VIII, 2 מים ח׳ interrupted flow of urin.B. Bath. 176a ח׳ היהר׳וכ׳ R. … differed Ib. IX, 10 (158b) על החֲלוּקִין ואתה בא … לחַלֵּק עלינווכ׳ we grieve over the divided opinions, and you come to assert a division for us on things on which they (the schools of Shammai and Hillel) agree?; (Y.Shek.III, beg.47b לַחֲלֹוק). Y.Keth.I, end, 26a ח׳ על אביו differs with his father; a. fr.Tosef. Yoma 5 ( 4), 6, a. e. ארבעה חֲלוּקֵי כפרה there are four persons under different categories as to atonement. Arakh.10b דחֲלוּקָה בקרבנותיה which differs (from other days) as regards sacrifices. Ib. חֲלוּקְיןוכ׳ the numbers of sacrifices are different each day. Nif. נֶחְלַק 1) to be divided, distributed. Midr. Till. to Ps. 27 (ref. to אחלק, Ex. 15:9) אֵיחָלֵק I shall be divided (plundered). 2) to differ. Ḥag.16b נֶחְלְקוּ בהוכ׳ the great men of the age differ about it. Ber.27b; Snh.110a v. supra. Keth.XIII, 1; a. fr. Hif. הֶחֱלִיק 1) to smoothen, make even, level; to improve the appearance. Maasr. I, 8 משיַחֲלִיקֶנּוּ from the moment that he smoothens the cake of figs (by rubbing it with figs or grapes). Ib. המַחֲלִיק בענבים if one uses grapes for smoothening.Shebi. IV, 4 במַחֲלִיק when one levels a field (by taking out plants); expl. ib. המח׳ ג׳ זה בצד זה levelling means taking out (at least) three plants next to each other, contrad. to המדל, taking out one or two plants.Peah III, 3, V. אֶחָד a. e.Trnsf. to close a tune softly (piano). Arakh.II, 3 (10a) ולא היה מַחֲלִיק אלא … מפני שהוא מחליק יפה (Talm. ed. ולא היה מְחַלֵּק … מחליקוכ׳) none but a flute solo was used for closing a tune, because it makes a pleasant finale. 3) to glide, slip. Erub.X, 14 בשביל שלא יַחֲלִיקוּ that the priests might not slip. B. Mets.VI, 3 אם הֶחֱלִיקָה if the animal injured herself by slipping. 4) to be smooth. Yeb.80b בשרו מַחֲלִיק his flesh is smooth. Hof. הוּחֲלַק 1) to be injured by slipping. B. Kam.47b הוּחְלְקָה בהן the animal was injured by tripping over the fruits. 2) to be smoothed. Part, מוּחֲלָק, pl. מוּחֲלָקִין. B. Mets. 103b קנים המ׳ smoothed (peeled) poles.( 3) to be divided up, v. infra. Pi. חִילֵּק to divide, distribute, part. Y.Keth.II, beg.26a בוא וחַלֵּקוכ׳ come and divide with me Y.Peah VIII, 20c top; Y.Shebi.VI, beg.36b שבע שחִילְּקוּ the seven years during which they distributed the land (among the tribes); Zeb.118b.B. Bath.IX, 7 המְחַלֵּק נכסיווכ׳ if one disposes (wills). by word of mouth; a. fr.Sabb.70a, a. e. לחַלֵּק, v. הַבְעָרָה.Arakh.II, 3 (10a), v. supra.Part. pass. מְחוּלָּק a) divided up, plundered. Yalk. Ex. 249 (ref. to אחלק, Ex. 15:9) מ׳ אני להם I shall be divided up among them, v. Nif.; Mekh. Bshall., Shirah, s.7 מוחלק.b) distinct, separate. Tanḥ. Ḥuck. 6 והן מְחוּלָּקִין זה מזה and they are different from one another (in the range of their intellects). Hithpa. הִתְחַלֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְחַלֵּק to be divided, distributed; to part, separate. Par. III, 11 היה מִתְחַלֵּקוכ׳ was distributed among Snh.34a, v. נִיצֹוץ.Sifré Num. 132 ליוצאי מצרים נִתְחַלְּקָהוכ׳ the land was divided up according to the census taken at their going out from Egypt. Ib. לא נתח׳ … לבל שנטוכ׳ the land was allotted to each tribe (in a lump), according to its population. Ib. לא נתח׳ … אלא בשמיון it was divided according to value; B. Bath. 122a לא נ׳ אלא בכסף.Midr. Till. to Ps. 18:2 היה מתח׳ מחיילותיו he separated himself from his armies (for prayer). Ib. וכשהיה המחנה שלו מתח׳ and because his camp was thus divided (some praying, others not praying); a. fr.

    Jewish literature > חלק

  • 190 חָלַק

    חָלַק(b. h.) 1) to be smooth, to be viscous. V. חָלָק. 2) (denom. of חֵלֶק) to assign, allot.ח׳ כבוד to honor, pay regards. Ber.19b, a. e. כל מקום … אין חֹולְקִיןוכ׳ wherever the desecration of the name of the Lord is threatened, no regards must be paid to a teacher. Zeb.102a; a. fr. 3) (denom. of חֵלֶק) to divide (by lot); to part; to take a share. Peah 3:5 האחין שחָלְקוּ brothers who divided an estate. B. Mets.I, 1, a. fr. יַחֲלֹוקוּ they shall divide the object (equally). Zeb.XII, 1 אינן חֹולְקִיןוכ׳ take no share Ḥull.65a אם חֹולֵק את רגליווכ׳ if the birds parts its toes (on the rope) so that there be two on each side Y.Sabb.VII, 9c bot. דבר … אינו חולק if a prohibition (included in a law) is specified again for a purpose, it does not intimate a division (that each single act of the class must be atoned for singly, v. הַבְעָרָה). Tosef.Dem.VI, 1 חֹולְקָן he divides the fruits with the landlord. (Ib. 2 החולק, read: החֹוכֵר. Y. ib. VI, beg.25a מישראל חולק if the property is farmed from an Israelite, he divides the produces (before separating Trumah); a. v. fr. 4) (with על) to differ with, object, oppose. Y.Sabb.XV, beg.15a מח חוֹלְקִין עלוכ׳ how is it? do they differ with ?Ber.27b החולק על ישיבתווכ׳וכ׳; Snh.110a הח׳ על רבו (Ar. הנֶחְלַק, Nif.) he who opposes (the school of) his teacher. Ber. l. c. כלום יש אדם חֹולֵק בדבר זה is there any one here differing from this opinion?; a. v. fr.Part. pass, חָלוּק, pl. חֲלוּקִים, חֲלוּקִין divided, interrupted; disputed; of different opinion. Mikv. VIII, 2 מים ח׳ interrupted flow of urin.B. Bath. 176a ח׳ היהר׳וכ׳ R. … differed Ib. IX, 10 (158b) על החֲלוּקִין ואתה בא … לחַלֵּק עלינווכ׳ we grieve over the divided opinions, and you come to assert a division for us on things on which they (the schools of Shammai and Hillel) agree?; (Y.Shek.III, beg.47b לַחֲלֹוק). Y.Keth.I, end, 26a ח׳ על אביו differs with his father; a. fr.Tosef. Yoma 5 ( 4), 6, a. e. ארבעה חֲלוּקֵי כפרה there are four persons under different categories as to atonement. Arakh.10b דחֲלוּקָה בקרבנותיה which differs (from other days) as regards sacrifices. Ib. חֲלוּקְיןוכ׳ the numbers of sacrifices are different each day. Nif. נֶחְלַק 1) to be divided, distributed. Midr. Till. to Ps. 27 (ref. to אחלק, Ex. 15:9) אֵיחָלֵק I shall be divided (plundered). 2) to differ. Ḥag.16b נֶחְלְקוּ בהוכ׳ the great men of the age differ about it. Ber.27b; Snh.110a v. supra. Keth.XIII, 1; a. fr. Hif. הֶחֱלִיק 1) to smoothen, make even, level; to improve the appearance. Maasr. I, 8 משיַחֲלִיקֶנּוּ from the moment that he smoothens the cake of figs (by rubbing it with figs or grapes). Ib. המַחֲלִיק בענבים if one uses grapes for smoothening.Shebi. IV, 4 במַחֲלִיק when one levels a field (by taking out plants); expl. ib. המח׳ ג׳ זה בצד זה levelling means taking out (at least) three plants next to each other, contrad. to המדל, taking out one or two plants.Peah III, 3, V. אֶחָד a. e.Trnsf. to close a tune softly (piano). Arakh.II, 3 (10a) ולא היה מַחֲלִיק אלא … מפני שהוא מחליק יפה (Talm. ed. ולא היה מְחַלֵּק … מחליקוכ׳) none but a flute solo was used for closing a tune, because it makes a pleasant finale. 3) to glide, slip. Erub.X, 14 בשביל שלא יַחֲלִיקוּ that the priests might not slip. B. Mets.VI, 3 אם הֶחֱלִיקָה if the animal injured herself by slipping. 4) to be smooth. Yeb.80b בשרו מַחֲלִיק his flesh is smooth. Hof. הוּחֲלַק 1) to be injured by slipping. B. Kam.47b הוּחְלְקָה בהן the animal was injured by tripping over the fruits. 2) to be smoothed. Part, מוּחֲלָק, pl. מוּחֲלָקִין. B. Mets. 103b קנים המ׳ smoothed (peeled) poles.( 3) to be divided up, v. infra. Pi. חִילֵּק to divide, distribute, part. Y.Keth.II, beg.26a בוא וחַלֵּקוכ׳ come and divide with me Y.Peah VIII, 20c top; Y.Shebi.VI, beg.36b שבע שחִילְּקוּ the seven years during which they distributed the land (among the tribes); Zeb.118b.B. Bath.IX, 7 המְחַלֵּק נכסיווכ׳ if one disposes (wills). by word of mouth; a. fr.Sabb.70a, a. e. לחַלֵּק, v. הַבְעָרָה.Arakh.II, 3 (10a), v. supra.Part. pass. מְחוּלָּק a) divided up, plundered. Yalk. Ex. 249 (ref. to אחלק, Ex. 15:9) מ׳ אני להם I shall be divided up among them, v. Nif.; Mekh. Bshall., Shirah, s.7 מוחלק.b) distinct, separate. Tanḥ. Ḥuck. 6 והן מְחוּלָּקִין זה מזה and they are different from one another (in the range of their intellects). Hithpa. הִתְחַלֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְחַלֵּק to be divided, distributed; to part, separate. Par. III, 11 היה מִתְחַלֵּקוכ׳ was distributed among Snh.34a, v. נִיצֹוץ.Sifré Num. 132 ליוצאי מצרים נִתְחַלְּקָהוכ׳ the land was divided up according to the census taken at their going out from Egypt. Ib. לא נתח׳ … לבל שנטוכ׳ the land was allotted to each tribe (in a lump), according to its population. Ib. לא נתח׳ … אלא בשמיון it was divided according to value; B. Bath. 122a לא נ׳ אלא בכסף.Midr. Till. to Ps. 18:2 היה מתח׳ מחיילותיו he separated himself from his armies (for prayer). Ib. וכשהיה המחנה שלו מתח׳ and because his camp was thus divided (some praying, others not praying); a. fr.

    Jewish literature > חָלַק

  • 191 חמד

    חָמַד(b. h.; cmp. חמם) 1) ( to be hot, to desire, covet; to be carnally excited. Nidd.20b חֲמַדְתִּיו (or חִמַּ׳ Pi.) I had a desire for his embrace. Midr. Till. to Ps. 19:11 מי חְמָדָן which (of the two) holds them desirable; Yalk. ib. 676 (read): מי החֹומְדִין. Mekh. Yithro, Baḥod. s.8 שאתה חומדוכ׳ that you may desire his daughter for your son; ח׳ בדבור expressing a desire by words (without thinking of means to obtain the object of his desire). (Ib. ed. Weiss, אם התאוה סופו לַחֲמוֹד if one desires (what belongs to his neighbor), he will finally covet it (think of means to obtain it). Ib. אם ח׳ סופווכ׳ if he covets, he will finally use force and rob. B. Mets.5b לאו דלא תַחְמוֹד, v. לַאו; a. fr.Part. pass. חָמוּד, f. חֲמוּדָה desirable, precious. Pesik. R. s. 36 ח׳ ונאה precious and fine (of conduct).Sabb.88b ח׳ גנוזה ed., v. חֶמְדָּה.( 2) (= חָמַר) to produce shrivelling by heat. Snh.VII, 2 (52a) Ar. (ref. to Dan. 10:3; Var. חמר). Nif. נֶחְמַד 1) to be desired, desirable. Tanḥ. Vayera 5 שאתה נֶחְמָד לפניוכ׳ that thou art held desirable before the Lord; a. e.( 2) to be shrivelled. Ḥull.III, 3 Ar., Var. נחמר, v. supra. Pi. חִימֵּד to covet. Macc.III, 15 שנפשו … מתאוה להן ומְחַמַּדְתָּן which man longs for and covets. Hithpa. הִתְחַמֵּד, Nithpa. נִתְחַמֵּד (with ל) to be anxious for; to be pleased with. Tanḥ. Mishp. 17 ארץ שנִתְחַמְּדוּ להוכ׳ a land which all the great men were anxious to possess (Yalk. Jer. 271 שחָמְדוּ). Koh. R. to IX, 7 בוראך מִתְחַמֵּד לך thy Creator is pleased with thee; תורתו מִתְחַמֶּרֶת לך His law is

    Jewish literature > חמד

  • 192 חָמַד

    חָמַד(b. h.; cmp. חמם) 1) ( to be hot, to desire, covet; to be carnally excited. Nidd.20b חֲמַדְתִּיו (or חִמַּ׳ Pi.) I had a desire for his embrace. Midr. Till. to Ps. 19:11 מי חְמָדָן which (of the two) holds them desirable; Yalk. ib. 676 (read): מי החֹומְדִין. Mekh. Yithro, Baḥod. s.8 שאתה חומדוכ׳ that you may desire his daughter for your son; ח׳ בדבור expressing a desire by words (without thinking of means to obtain the object of his desire). (Ib. ed. Weiss, אם התאוה סופו לַחֲמוֹד if one desires (what belongs to his neighbor), he will finally covet it (think of means to obtain it). Ib. אם ח׳ סופווכ׳ if he covets, he will finally use force and rob. B. Mets.5b לאו דלא תַחְמוֹד, v. לַאו; a. fr.Part. pass. חָמוּד, f. חֲמוּדָה desirable, precious. Pesik. R. s. 36 ח׳ ונאה precious and fine (of conduct).Sabb.88b ח׳ גנוזה ed., v. חֶמְדָּה.( 2) (= חָמַר) to produce shrivelling by heat. Snh.VII, 2 (52a) Ar. (ref. to Dan. 10:3; Var. חמר). Nif. נֶחְמַד 1) to be desired, desirable. Tanḥ. Vayera 5 שאתה נֶחְמָד לפניוכ׳ that thou art held desirable before the Lord; a. e.( 2) to be shrivelled. Ḥull.III, 3 Ar., Var. נחמר, v. supra. Pi. חִימֵּד to covet. Macc.III, 15 שנפשו … מתאוה להן ומְחַמַּדְתָּן which man longs for and covets. Hithpa. הִתְחַמֵּד, Nithpa. נִתְחַמֵּד (with ל) to be anxious for; to be pleased with. Tanḥ. Mishp. 17 ארץ שנִתְחַמְּדוּ להוכ׳ a land which all the great men were anxious to possess (Yalk. Jer. 271 שחָמְדוּ). Koh. R. to IX, 7 בוראך מִתְחַמֵּד לך thy Creator is pleased with thee; תורתו מִתְחַמֶּרֶת לך His law is

    Jewish literature > חָמַד

  • 193 חמם

    חָמַם(b. h.) to be warm, hot; ((of color) to be dark, red; (of taste) to be pungent, sour, bitter). Part. חָם, q. v. Pi. חִמֵּם to heat, warm, boil. Y.Ned.IV, 38c bot. לחַמֵּם בו את ידיו to warm his hands against it (the bread). Gen. R. s. 14, end מְחַמֶּמֶת הגוף keeps the body warm. Sabb.40b ומְחַמַּמְתָּהּוכ׳ and warms it (her hand) before the fire; a. fr. Hif. הֵיחֵם same. Bets.II, 5 לא יֵחֵםוכ׳ one must not prepare warm water for Sabb.40a התחילו … להָחֵם בשבת the bathers began to heat (the water) on the Sabbath; a. fr.Part. מֵיחֵם, מֵחֵם, pl. מְחַמִּין. Ib. b; Tosef. ib. III (IV), 7 מיחם אדםוכ׳ (ed. Zuck. מייחם, read: מֵיחֵים), v. אְלוּנְטִית I; (Y. ib. XIX, 17a bot. מחמין הוא אדם (read as ib. IX, 12a bot. מְחַמֵּם הואוכ׳).Ib. אם מפני הסכנה מְחַמִּין לווכ׳ if it is for the sake of averting danger to life, may we not even boil water on the Sabbath?Bets.22a; a. v. fr. Nif. נָחַם, נֵחוֹם to be warmed. Sabb.II, 5 (41a) בשביל שיֵחַמּוּ that they become warm; ib. 41b שיֵחוֹמּוּ; Tosef. ib. III (IV), 5 שיֵיחַמּוּ; a. e. Hof. הוּחָם same. Sabb.134b שהוּחַמּוּ, v. חָם II. Y.Bets. II, 61c; a. fr.B. Mets.VI, 3 הוּחַמָּה the animal was overtaken by the heat. Hithpa. הִתְחַמֵּם, Nithpa. נִתְחַמֵּם to warm ones self; to become heated. Bets.II, 5; Tosef. Sabb. l. c. Tam.I, 1. Ab. II, 10 הוי מִתְחַמֵּםוכ׳ warm thyself by the fire of the scholars (try to associate with them); a. fr.Y.Sot.I, 16c bot. נתח׳ was heated (had pollution). Gen. R. s. 24 מִתְחַמְּמִים, מִתְחַמְּמוֹת conceived.

    Jewish literature > חמם

  • 194 חָמַם

    חָמַם(b. h.) to be warm, hot; ((of color) to be dark, red; (of taste) to be pungent, sour, bitter). Part. חָם, q. v. Pi. חִמֵּם to heat, warm, boil. Y.Ned.IV, 38c bot. לחַמֵּם בו את ידיו to warm his hands against it (the bread). Gen. R. s. 14, end מְחַמֶּמֶת הגוף keeps the body warm. Sabb.40b ומְחַמַּמְתָּהּוכ׳ and warms it (her hand) before the fire; a. fr. Hif. הֵיחֵם same. Bets.II, 5 לא יֵחֵםוכ׳ one must not prepare warm water for Sabb.40a התחילו … להָחֵם בשבת the bathers began to heat (the water) on the Sabbath; a. fr.Part. מֵיחֵם, מֵחֵם, pl. מְחַמִּין. Ib. b; Tosef. ib. III (IV), 7 מיחם אדםוכ׳ (ed. Zuck. מייחם, read: מֵיחֵים), v. אְלוּנְטִית I; (Y. ib. XIX, 17a bot. מחמין הוא אדם (read as ib. IX, 12a bot. מְחַמֵּם הואוכ׳).Ib. אם מפני הסכנה מְחַמִּין לווכ׳ if it is for the sake of averting danger to life, may we not even boil water on the Sabbath?Bets.22a; a. v. fr. Nif. נָחַם, נֵחוֹם to be warmed. Sabb.II, 5 (41a) בשביל שיֵחַמּוּ that they become warm; ib. 41b שיֵחוֹמּוּ; Tosef. ib. III (IV), 5 שיֵיחַמּוּ; a. e. Hof. הוּחָם same. Sabb.134b שהוּחַמּוּ, v. חָם II. Y.Bets. II, 61c; a. fr.B. Mets.VI, 3 הוּחַמָּה the animal was overtaken by the heat. Hithpa. הִתְחַמֵּם, Nithpa. נִתְחַמֵּם to warm ones self; to become heated. Bets.II, 5; Tosef. Sabb. l. c. Tam.I, 1. Ab. II, 10 הוי מִתְחַמֵּםוכ׳ warm thyself by the fire of the scholars (try to associate with them); a. fr.Y.Sot.I, 16c bot. נתח׳ was heated (had pollution). Gen. R. s. 24 מִתְחַמְּמִים, מִתְחַמְּמוֹת conceived.

    Jewish literature > חָמַם

  • 195 חמץ I

    חָמֵץI (b. h.; v. preced.) ( to be hot, to ferment, be sour. Ad. Zar. 68b מי גרם לה שתֶּחְמַץוכ׳ what was the cause that it (the dough) became leavened (rose) in one hour? Pi. חִמֵּץ to cause leavening. Ib. a ראויה לחַמֵּץוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. לחַמֵּעַ) fit to leaven with it many other doughs. Ib. וחִימְּצוּ; Orl. II, 11 נצטרפו וחִמְּצוּ (Y. ed. הצטרפו וחִימֵּיצוּ) and the two combined produced the required leavening, Ib. 9 וחִמְּצָהּ (Y. ed. וחִימֵּיצָהּ; Ab. Zar. l. c. והֶחְמִיצָהּ) and it made the dough rise. Orl. II 6 כל המְחַמֵּץ whatever is used for producing fermentation; a. fr.Trnsf. to mature, to continue a case over night, to reserve judgment. Snh.35a (ref. to Is 1:17, v. preced.) אשרו דיין שמְחַמֵּץ אתוכ׳ Ms. K. (ed. אשרי, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 20) praise the judge (in capital cases) who reserves his judgment (over night); Yalk. Is. 257. Hif הֶחְמִיץ 1) same. Pes.40a מי פירות אינן מַחְמִיצִין juice of fruits produces no leavening (in the ritual sense). Ab. Zar.68a כדי להחמיץ (Orl. II, 8 לחַמֵּץ) enough to leaven the dough. Mekh. Bo s. 10 שאור שהוא מַחְמִיץ לאחרים leaven which is used for leavening other doughs; a. fr.Trnsf. to procrastinate. Ib. s. 9 (play on המַצּוֹת, Ex. 12:17) כדרך … אין מַחְמִיצִין את המִצְוָה as well as you must not allow the matsah to become sour, so you must not allow the mitsvah (religious act) to become sour by postponement; Yalk. Ex. 201. 2) to turn sour, to ferment. Ab. Zar.68b ראויה להַחְמִיץוכ׳ (Ms. M. לחמע) is likely to ferment in two hours. Nidd.IX, 7 מי רגלים שהֶחְמִיצוּ urin which ferments.Trnsf. to degenerate, become wicked. R. Hash. 3b קודם שה׳ before he (the Persian King) changed for the worse. Nithpa. נִתְחַמֵּץ to become sour (חָמֵץ). Pes.28b; 43a נ׳ מאליו became sour of itself (not through a leavening means).

    Jewish literature > חמץ I

  • 196 חָמֵץ

    חָמֵץI (b. h.; v. preced.) ( to be hot, to ferment, be sour. Ad. Zar. 68b מי גרם לה שתֶּחְמַץוכ׳ what was the cause that it (the dough) became leavened (rose) in one hour? Pi. חִמֵּץ to cause leavening. Ib. a ראויה לחַמֵּץוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. לחַמֵּעַ) fit to leaven with it many other doughs. Ib. וחִימְּצוּ; Orl. II, 11 נצטרפו וחִמְּצוּ (Y. ed. הצטרפו וחִימֵּיצוּ) and the two combined produced the required leavening, Ib. 9 וחִמְּצָהּ (Y. ed. וחִימֵּיצָהּ; Ab. Zar. l. c. והֶחְמִיצָהּ) and it made the dough rise. Orl. II 6 כל המְחַמֵּץ whatever is used for producing fermentation; a. fr.Trnsf. to mature, to continue a case over night, to reserve judgment. Snh.35a (ref. to Is 1:17, v. preced.) אשרו דיין שמְחַמֵּץ אתוכ׳ Ms. K. (ed. אשרי, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 20) praise the judge (in capital cases) who reserves his judgment (over night); Yalk. Is. 257. Hif הֶחְמִיץ 1) same. Pes.40a מי פירות אינן מַחְמִיצִין juice of fruits produces no leavening (in the ritual sense). Ab. Zar.68a כדי להחמיץ (Orl. II, 8 לחַמֵּץ) enough to leaven the dough. Mekh. Bo s. 10 שאור שהוא מַחְמִיץ לאחרים leaven which is used for leavening other doughs; a. fr.Trnsf. to procrastinate. Ib. s. 9 (play on המַצּוֹת, Ex. 12:17) כדרך … אין מַחְמִיצִין את המִצְוָה as well as you must not allow the matsah to become sour, so you must not allow the mitsvah (religious act) to become sour by postponement; Yalk. Ex. 201. 2) to turn sour, to ferment. Ab. Zar.68b ראויה להַחְמִיץוכ׳ (Ms. M. לחמע) is likely to ferment in two hours. Nidd.IX, 7 מי רגלים שהֶחְמִיצוּ urin which ferments.Trnsf. to degenerate, become wicked. R. Hash. 3b קודם שה׳ before he (the Persian King) changed for the worse. Nithpa. נִתְחַמֵּץ to become sour (חָמֵץ). Pes.28b; 43a נ׳ מאליו became sour of itself (not through a leavening means).

    Jewish literature > חָמֵץ

  • 197 חנךְ

    חָנַךְ(b. h.; sec. r. of חוך) to rub, polish, finish; trnsf. to train; to dedicate. Pi. חִנֵּךְ to train, initiate (a child); to inaugurate, prepare for office; to dedicate. Y.Yoma I, 38b top מה … מְחַנְּכִין אותווכ׳ as the Highpriests inauguration lasted seven days (Lev. 8:33, sq.), so is the Highpriest prepared for the service of the Day of Atonement seven days. Naz.29a כדי לחַנְּכֹו במצות in order to initiate his son into the performance of religious duties. Yoma VIII, 4; Tosef. ib. V (IV), 2 מְחַנְּכִיןוכ׳ you must train them gradually (to fast on the Day of Atonement) a year or two before religious maturity.M. Kat. I, 6 מח׳ את הכוכיןוכ׳ you may finish up the excavated chambers; v. חִינּיּךְ; a. fr. Pu. חֻנָּךְ, Hithpa. הִתְחַנֵּךְ, Nithpa. נִתְחַנֵּךְ to be inaugurated, to be dedicated. Yalk. Prov. 964 יצחק ח׳וכ׳; Pesik. Baḥod., p. 101a> יצחק נתח׳וכ׳ Isaac was initiated into the covenant on his eighth day. Sifra Vayikra, Ḥoba, ch. III, Par. 3 שיִתְחַנֵּךְ המזבחוכ׳ that the altar must be dedicated by offering frankincense. Zeb.40b; a. e.

    Jewish literature > חנךְ

  • 198 חָנַךְ

    חָנַךְ(b. h.; sec. r. of חוך) to rub, polish, finish; trnsf. to train; to dedicate. Pi. חִנֵּךְ to train, initiate (a child); to inaugurate, prepare for office; to dedicate. Y.Yoma I, 38b top מה … מְחַנְּכִין אותווכ׳ as the Highpriests inauguration lasted seven days (Lev. 8:33, sq.), so is the Highpriest prepared for the service of the Day of Atonement seven days. Naz.29a כדי לחַנְּכֹו במצות in order to initiate his son into the performance of religious duties. Yoma VIII, 4; Tosef. ib. V (IV), 2 מְחַנְּכִיןוכ׳ you must train them gradually (to fast on the Day of Atonement) a year or two before religious maturity.M. Kat. I, 6 מח׳ את הכוכיןוכ׳ you may finish up the excavated chambers; v. חִינּיּךְ; a. fr. Pu. חֻנָּךְ, Hithpa. הִתְחַנֵּךְ, Nithpa. נִתְחַנֵּךְ to be inaugurated, to be dedicated. Yalk. Prov. 964 יצחק ח׳וכ׳; Pesik. Baḥod., p. 101a> יצחק נתח׳וכ׳ Isaac was initiated into the covenant on his eighth day. Sifra Vayikra, Ḥoba, ch. III, Par. 3 שיִתְחַנֵּךְ המזבחוכ׳ that the altar must be dedicated by offering frankincense. Zeb.40b; a. e.

    Jewish literature > חָנַךְ

  • 199 חסם I

    חָסַםI (b. h.; cmp. preced. wds., esp. חָסךְ) (to withhold, prevent, v. Ez. 39:11, 1) to muzzle, esp. to prevent the animal from eating while at work (with ref. to Deut. 25:4). B. Mets.90a עובר משום בל תַּחְסוֹם he trespasses the law forbidding to muzzle (if he prevents the animal from eating). Ib. חֲסוֹם פרתי muzzle my cow. Ib. b, a. e. חֲסָמָהּ בקול if he prevents her from eating by shouting at her; a. fr.Trnsf. (an adaptation of Deut. l. c. which is followed by the law concerning leviratical marriage) to tie a woman to a man ( Yabam) with whom she cannot live; (Rashi: to shut a womans mouth, ignore her objections). Yeb.4a שאין חוֹסְמִין אותה that we do not coërce her (to be the wife of a leper). 2) to form the rim of basket work or of a leather bag. Kel. XVI, 2; 3; 4. Nif. נֶחְסַם to be muzzled, to be prevented from eating while at work. B. Mets.89a לאקושי חֹוסֵם לנֶחְסָםוכ׳ to draw a parallel between the muzzler (human laborer) and the muzzled (laboring brute). Hithpa. הִתְחַסֵּם, Nithpa. נִתְחַסֵּם to be bent into a rim. Kel. XX, 2.

    Jewish literature > חסם I

  • 200 חָסַם

    חָסַםI (b. h.; cmp. preced. wds., esp. חָסךְ) (to withhold, prevent, v. Ez. 39:11, 1) to muzzle, esp. to prevent the animal from eating while at work (with ref. to Deut. 25:4). B. Mets.90a עובר משום בל תַּחְסוֹם he trespasses the law forbidding to muzzle (if he prevents the animal from eating). Ib. חֲסוֹם פרתי muzzle my cow. Ib. b, a. e. חֲסָמָהּ בקול if he prevents her from eating by shouting at her; a. fr.Trnsf. (an adaptation of Deut. l. c. which is followed by the law concerning leviratical marriage) to tie a woman to a man ( Yabam) with whom she cannot live; (Rashi: to shut a womans mouth, ignore her objections). Yeb.4a שאין חוֹסְמִין אותה that we do not coërce her (to be the wife of a leper). 2) to form the rim of basket work or of a leather bag. Kel. XVI, 2; 3; 4. Nif. נֶחְסַם to be muzzled, to be prevented from eating while at work. B. Mets.89a לאקושי חֹוסֵם לנֶחְסָםוכ׳ to draw a parallel between the muzzler (human laborer) and the muzzled (laboring brute). Hithpa. הִתְחַסֵּם, Nithpa. נִתְחַסֵּם to be bent into a rim. Kel. XX, 2.

    Jewish literature > חָסַם


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