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nithpa

  • 761 שפל I

    שָׁפֵלI (b. h.; Shaf. of נ־פל) to be low. Hif. הִשְׁפִּיל to lower, humble. Erub.13b המַשְׁפִּיל עצמו; הקב״ה מַשְׁפִּילו, v. גָּבַהּ; Ned.55a. Pesik. R. s. 10 (ref. to Is. 2:9) אימתי שחו ונִשְׁפָּלוּ … הִשְׁפִּילָםהקב״ה when did they sink and were lowered? When they committed that deed (worshipped the golden calf), the Lord lowered them. Arakh.15b יַשְׁפִּיל דעתו let him humble his mind (think of his shortcomings). M. Kat. 16b (play on ת̇חכ̇מ̇נ̇י̇, 2 Sam. 23:8) הואיל והִשְׁפַּלְתָּ עצמך ת̇ה̇א כ̇מ̇י̇נ̇י̇ because thou didst lower thyself, thou shalt be like myself; a. fr. Nif. נִשְׁפַּל to be lowered. Pesik. R. l. c., v. supra. Hof. הוּשְׁפַּל, הָשְׁפַּל same. Pesik. Ki Thissa, p. 11b> (ref. to Is. 2:9) יודע … והָשְׁפַּלְתִּי אני והםוכ׳ I know that Israel bowed to the golden calf, and I and they have been lowered, but wilt thou not raise (forgive) them?; Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 4 והשפלתי אותי and I myself have been lowered; Yalk. Is. 260 והוּשְׁפַּלְתִּי. Tanḥ. l. c. 5 (ref. to Ps. 75:8) בלשון זה הו׳וכ׳ for the word zeh (Ex. 32:24) was he (Aaron) lowered, v. גָּבַהּ; בלשון זה הוּשְׁפָּלוּוכ׳ through zeh (ib. 23) were they lowered, and with zeh (ib. 30:13) have they been raised; Lev. R. s. 8; a. fr. Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּפֵּל, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּפֵּל ( to let ones self drop, 1) to be humble, gentle. Ib. s. 19 (ref. to שפלות ידים, Koh. 10:18) ע״י שנִשְׁתַּפְּלוּ ישראל מלחנותוכ׳ because the Israelites were too gentle to encamp (before Sinai) in discord 2) to be lazy, indolent. Ib. ע״י … מִשְׁתַּפֵּל מלקנחוכ׳ (not לקנח) because that man is too careless to wipe his body properly, he gets scabs. Ib. ע״י … מִשְׁתַּפֶּלֶתוכ׳ because that woman is too indolent to examine her body properly ; a. e.

    Jewish literature > שפל I

  • 762 שָׁפֵל

    שָׁפֵלI (b. h.; Shaf. of נ־פל) to be low. Hif. הִשְׁפִּיל to lower, humble. Erub.13b המַשְׁפִּיל עצמו; הקב״ה מַשְׁפִּילו, v. גָּבַהּ; Ned.55a. Pesik. R. s. 10 (ref. to Is. 2:9) אימתי שחו ונִשְׁפָּלוּ … הִשְׁפִּילָםהקב״ה when did they sink and were lowered? When they committed that deed (worshipped the golden calf), the Lord lowered them. Arakh.15b יַשְׁפִּיל דעתו let him humble his mind (think of his shortcomings). M. Kat. 16b (play on ת̇חכ̇מ̇נ̇י̇, 2 Sam. 23:8) הואיל והִשְׁפַּלְתָּ עצמך ת̇ה̇א כ̇מ̇י̇נ̇י̇ because thou didst lower thyself, thou shalt be like myself; a. fr. Nif. נִשְׁפַּל to be lowered. Pesik. R. l. c., v. supra. Hof. הוּשְׁפַּל, הָשְׁפַּל same. Pesik. Ki Thissa, p. 11b> (ref. to Is. 2:9) יודע … והָשְׁפַּלְתִּי אני והםוכ׳ I know that Israel bowed to the golden calf, and I and they have been lowered, but wilt thou not raise (forgive) them?; Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 4 והשפלתי אותי and I myself have been lowered; Yalk. Is. 260 והוּשְׁפַּלְתִּי. Tanḥ. l. c. 5 (ref. to Ps. 75:8) בלשון זה הו׳וכ׳ for the word zeh (Ex. 32:24) was he (Aaron) lowered, v. גָּבַהּ; בלשון זה הוּשְׁפָּלוּוכ׳ through zeh (ib. 23) were they lowered, and with zeh (ib. 30:13) have they been raised; Lev. R. s. 8; a. fr. Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּפֵּל, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּפֵּל ( to let ones self drop, 1) to be humble, gentle. Ib. s. 19 (ref. to שפלות ידים, Koh. 10:18) ע״י שנִשְׁתַּפְּלוּ ישראל מלחנותוכ׳ because the Israelites were too gentle to encamp (before Sinai) in discord 2) to be lazy, indolent. Ib. ע״י … מִשְׁתַּפֵּל מלקנחוכ׳ (not לקנח) because that man is too careless to wipe his body properly, he gets scabs. Ib. ע״י … מִשְׁתַּפֶּלֶתוכ׳ because that woman is too indolent to examine her body properly ; a. e.

    Jewish literature > שָׁפֵל

  • 763 שפל I, שפיל

    שְׁפַלI, שְׁפֵיל, ch. sam( Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּפֵּל, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּפֵּל ( to let ones self drop, to be humble, gentle), to fall down, go down. B. Kam.92b; Meg.14b (prov.) שפיל ואזיל בר אווזאוכ׳ the duck bends its head down in walking, and its eyes look all around (it follows two pursuits at the same time, v. פִּלְכָא). Snh.7a ודיקולא שָׁפֵיל, v. דִּיקוּלָא. Ber.10a שְׁפִיל לסיפיה דקרא go to the end of the verse (in order to understand the whole of it); a. fr. Af. אַשְׁפֵּל 1) to lower. Targ. Y. II Lev. 10:20. Targ. Prov. 25:7. Ib. 29:23; a. fr. 2) to carry down, carry along. Yeb.121a גלי אַשְׁפְּלוּ the waves may have carried (and landed him). Ithpa. אִשְׁתַּפֵּל to humble ones self. Targ. 1 Sam. 2:36.

    Jewish literature > שפל I, שפיל

  • 764 שְׁפַל

    שְׁפַלI, שְׁפֵיל, ch. sam( Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּפֵּל, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּפֵּל ( to let ones self drop, to be humble, gentle), to fall down, go down. B. Kam.92b; Meg.14b (prov.) שפיל ואזיל בר אווזאוכ׳ the duck bends its head down in walking, and its eyes look all around (it follows two pursuits at the same time, v. פִּלְכָא). Snh.7a ודיקולא שָׁפֵיל, v. דִּיקוּלָא. Ber.10a שְׁפִיל לסיפיה דקרא go to the end of the verse (in order to understand the whole of it); a. fr. Af. אַשְׁפֵּל 1) to lower. Targ. Y. II Lev. 10:20. Targ. Prov. 25:7. Ib. 29:23; a. fr. 2) to carry down, carry along. Yeb.121a גלי אַשְׁפְּלוּ the waves may have carried (and landed him). Ithpa. אִשְׁתַּפֵּל to humble ones self. Targ. 1 Sam. 2:36.

    Jewish literature > שְׁפַל

  • 765 שקע

    שָׁקַע(b. h.) 1) to be depressed, sink, go down. Y.Ab. Zar. III, 42c bot. אם היה חותמה שוֹקֵעַ if the seal on it was engraven, opp. בולט; Tosef. ib. V (VI), 2; Bab. ib. 43b. Gen. R. s. 19 (ref. to לרוח היום, Gen. 3:8) לרוח ששוֹקַעַת עם היום by the (western) wind that goes down with the day. Ib. כל שהיום שוקעוכ׳ the more the day goes down, the cooler it grows. Y.Sabb.I, 3d top אחד צף ואחד שוקעוכ׳ one kind of poison floats, another settles Mikv. X, 1 צלוחית שפיה שוקע a bottle the mouth of which is turned down. Men.103b, v. Hithpa.; a. fr. 2) to sink, let down. B. Mets.V, 7 מששְׁקָעוֹ בכבשן after he let the lime stones down into the kiln (Y. ed. משיִשְׁקַע כבשנו, or משיְשַׁקֵּעַ) when he has filled his kiln). Yalk. Koh. 966, v. שָׁלָה; a. e.Part. pass. שָׁקוּעַ; f. שְׁקוּעָה Bekh.43b, v. חָרַם. Ex. R. s. 1522> והארץ ש׳ במים the earth was submerged in water. Sifra Thazr., Par. 5, ch. XV (ref. to פחתת, Lev. 13:55) שיהיו כל מראיה שְׁקוּעִין Rabad (ed. שוֹקְעִין) that all its colors appear lower (v. שַׁקִּיעַ; cmp. עָמוֹק); Yalk. Lev. 553 שוֹקְעִין; a. e.Bekh.VII, 1 ראשו ש׳, v. שָׁקוּט. Pi. שִׁיקֵּעַ to sink, let down. Snh.VI, 4 מְשַׁקְּעִין את הקורהוכ׳ they insert the trunk (of the gallows) in the ground. Y.Shek.V, end, 49b כמה ממון שִׁיקְּעוּ אבותי כאן how much money have my ancestors sunk here (in building that synagogue)!; כמה נפשות שיקעווכ׳ how many souls did thy ancestors sink here! were there no people to study the Law (on whom that money might have been spent)?; Y.Peah VIII, end, 21b. B. Mets.V, 7 Y. ed., v. supra; a. e.Trnsf. to embody in a collection without regard to original wording, to edit, abridge. Y.Hor.III, 48c top; Y.Sabb.XVI, 15c הדא דאת אמר עד שלא ש׳ בו רבי רוב משניות אבל משש׳וכ׳ what you say (that the study of the Mishnah collection is preferable) refers to the time before Rabbi had embodied and abridged most of the Mishnayoth in his edition, but since then, run at all times after the Talmud (where the discussions are quoted in their original form).Part. pass. מְשוּקָּע; f. מְשוּקַּעַת; pl. מְשוּקָּעִים, מְשוּקָּעִין; מְשוּקָּעוֹת. Koh. R. to I, 15 מקצתה מש׳ בארץ part of the boat rests on dry land. Y.B. Mets.II, beg.8b במש׳ בו when the objeot is found stuck in it, opp. בנתון בו when it is seen that it was put there. Gen. R. s. 33 שהיתה התיבה מש׳ במיםוכ׳ that the ark was eleven cubits in the water. Y.Yoma VII, beg.44a זראו של דוד מש׳ שם the seed of David is sunk there (in the family of the Resh Galutha). Y.Sabb.III, 6a top כסא שרגליו מש׳ בטיט a chair the feet of which stick in the mud. Y.ḤagI, 76d top; Y.Peah II, 17a כמה … וכולהן מש׳ במשנה many Hălakhoth have been communicated to Moses from Sinai, and they all are embodied in the Mishnah; a. e. Hif. הִשְׁקִיעַ to sink, let down. Gen. R. s. 68 ה׳הקב״ה גלגלוכ׳ the Lord caused the sun to set before its time. Ib. מה אתה בצאתך הִשְׁקַעְתִּי חמחוכ׳ as I caused the sun to set when thou didst go out Lev. R. s. 21; Pesik. Aḥăre, p. 176a>, לעולם יַשְׁקִיעַוכ׳ (Ar. s. v. רתק: יְשַׁקֵּעַ or יִשְׁקַע) man should at all times sink himself into the study of the Mishnah, for when he knocks, v. רָתַק. Koh. R. to I, 5 עד שלאה׳ שמשו … הזריחוכ׳ before God made the sun of Moses to set, he made the sun of Joshua to rise, v. שֶׁמֶש. Ib. 4 היוצר הזה מַשְׁקִיעַ כבשונו מה שמשקיעוכ׳ the potter fills his oven; what he sinks into it first, is the last to come out; a. fr. Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּקֵּע, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּקֵּעַ 1) to be sunk, drowned; to be mixed tip beyond recognition. Midr. Till. to Ps. 22 המִשְׁתַּקְּעִים שוקעים את שוקעיהן those that were to he drowned, drowned those that wanted to drown them. Ruth R. to I, 17 נ׳ … בחליו was three days unconscious I on his sick-bed, opp. נתישבה דעתו he came to. Ex. R. s. 156> מִשְׁתַּקְּעִין בעונותוכ׳ are sunk in sins through the evil inclination. Ib.15> עד שנִשְׁתַּקְּעוּ תהומות until the depths were filled with water. Y.Shek.VIII, beg.51a והיו עולי רגלים משתקאיןוכ׳ the pilgrims sank in blood up to their knees; Men.103b שוקעין; Tosef.Eduy. III, 2 מפקיעין בדםוכ׳ ed. Zuck. (read: מְשוּקָּעִין; Var. מְשַׁקְּעִין את ארכובותיהן). Arakh.6b עד שלא נ׳ שםוכ׳ as long as the name of its owner (that donated it) is not merged (but is still traceable). Kidd.75a עד שיִשְׁתֵּקֵּעַ שםע״א ממנו until the name of idolatry has disappeared from him (until his idolatrous ancestry is no longer traceable). Y.Keth.I, 25d top משפחהשנ׳ בה פסולוכ׳ if a genealogical blemish is mixed up in a family, you must investigate it back to four mothers; Y.Kidd.IV, 65d bot. Ib. מה נאשה ונִשְׁתַּקְּעוּ בהנ גדולי הדור what can we do (with these families), since prominent men of the generation are mixed up with them? Ib. חמשת … וכולם נשתקעו בכהונהוכ׳ Pashhur ben Imer had five thousand slaves, and they are all mixed up with high priestly families; Y.Yeb.VIII, 9d top; (Kidd.70b נטמעו). Tanḥ. Noah 5 the Lord supported Noah שלא יִשְׁתַּקֵּעַ במעשה דור המבול lest he sink down in (the mud of) the deeds of the generation of the flood; a. fr. 2) to settle permanently, be naturalized. Sifré Deut. 301 (ref. to Deut. 26:5 ויגר) מלמד … להִשְׁתַּקֵּע אלא לגור שם this shows that he (Jacob) did not go down (to Egypt) to settle there as a citizen, but only to sojourn there. 3) to be lost in forests, fields Y.Ber.II, end, 5d ובשעה שהוא משתקעוכ׳ but when one is lost, he may even trespass on a field of crocus; (B. Kam.81a תועה). Y. Ber. l. c.; Y.B. Bath.V, 15a bot. וראו … משתקע ובא כנגדן they saw R. J. b. P. having lost his way and coming (through fields) towards them.

    Jewish literature > שקע

  • 766 שָׁקַע

    שָׁקַע(b. h.) 1) to be depressed, sink, go down. Y.Ab. Zar. III, 42c bot. אם היה חותמה שוֹקֵעַ if the seal on it was engraven, opp. בולט; Tosef. ib. V (VI), 2; Bab. ib. 43b. Gen. R. s. 19 (ref. to לרוח היום, Gen. 3:8) לרוח ששוֹקַעַת עם היום by the (western) wind that goes down with the day. Ib. כל שהיום שוקעוכ׳ the more the day goes down, the cooler it grows. Y.Sabb.I, 3d top אחד צף ואחד שוקעוכ׳ one kind of poison floats, another settles Mikv. X, 1 צלוחית שפיה שוקע a bottle the mouth of which is turned down. Men.103b, v. Hithpa.; a. fr. 2) to sink, let down. B. Mets.V, 7 מששְׁקָעוֹ בכבשן after he let the lime stones down into the kiln (Y. ed. משיִשְׁקַע כבשנו, or משיְשַׁקֵּעַ) when he has filled his kiln). Yalk. Koh. 966, v. שָׁלָה; a. e.Part. pass. שָׁקוּעַ; f. שְׁקוּעָה Bekh.43b, v. חָרַם. Ex. R. s. 1522> והארץ ש׳ במים the earth was submerged in water. Sifra Thazr., Par. 5, ch. XV (ref. to פחתת, Lev. 13:55) שיהיו כל מראיה שְׁקוּעִין Rabad (ed. שוֹקְעִין) that all its colors appear lower (v. שַׁקִּיעַ; cmp. עָמוֹק); Yalk. Lev. 553 שוֹקְעִין; a. e.Bekh.VII, 1 ראשו ש׳, v. שָׁקוּט. Pi. שִׁיקֵּעַ to sink, let down. Snh.VI, 4 מְשַׁקְּעִין את הקורהוכ׳ they insert the trunk (of the gallows) in the ground. Y.Shek.V, end, 49b כמה ממון שִׁיקְּעוּ אבותי כאן how much money have my ancestors sunk here (in building that synagogue)!; כמה נפשות שיקעווכ׳ how many souls did thy ancestors sink here! were there no people to study the Law (on whom that money might have been spent)?; Y.Peah VIII, end, 21b. B. Mets.V, 7 Y. ed., v. supra; a. e.Trnsf. to embody in a collection without regard to original wording, to edit, abridge. Y.Hor.III, 48c top; Y.Sabb.XVI, 15c הדא דאת אמר עד שלא ש׳ בו רבי רוב משניות אבל משש׳וכ׳ what you say (that the study of the Mishnah collection is preferable) refers to the time before Rabbi had embodied and abridged most of the Mishnayoth in his edition, but since then, run at all times after the Talmud (where the discussions are quoted in their original form).Part. pass. מְשוּקָּע; f. מְשוּקַּעַת; pl. מְשוּקָּעִים, מְשוּקָּעִין; מְשוּקָּעוֹת. Koh. R. to I, 15 מקצתה מש׳ בארץ part of the boat rests on dry land. Y.B. Mets.II, beg.8b במש׳ בו when the objeot is found stuck in it, opp. בנתון בו when it is seen that it was put there. Gen. R. s. 33 שהיתה התיבה מש׳ במיםוכ׳ that the ark was eleven cubits in the water. Y.Yoma VII, beg.44a זראו של דוד מש׳ שם the seed of David is sunk there (in the family of the Resh Galutha). Y.Sabb.III, 6a top כסא שרגליו מש׳ בטיט a chair the feet of which stick in the mud. Y.ḤagI, 76d top; Y.Peah II, 17a כמה … וכולהן מש׳ במשנה many Hălakhoth have been communicated to Moses from Sinai, and they all are embodied in the Mishnah; a. e. Hif. הִשְׁקִיעַ to sink, let down. Gen. R. s. 68 ה׳הקב״ה גלגלוכ׳ the Lord caused the sun to set before its time. Ib. מה אתה בצאתך הִשְׁקַעְתִּי חמחוכ׳ as I caused the sun to set when thou didst go out Lev. R. s. 21; Pesik. Aḥăre, p. 176a>, לעולם יַשְׁקִיעַוכ׳ (Ar. s. v. רתק: יְשַׁקֵּעַ or יִשְׁקַע) man should at all times sink himself into the study of the Mishnah, for when he knocks, v. רָתַק. Koh. R. to I, 5 עד שלאה׳ שמשו … הזריחוכ׳ before God made the sun of Moses to set, he made the sun of Joshua to rise, v. שֶׁמֶש. Ib. 4 היוצר הזה מַשְׁקִיעַ כבשונו מה שמשקיעוכ׳ the potter fills his oven; what he sinks into it first, is the last to come out; a. fr. Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּקֵּע, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּקֵּעַ 1) to be sunk, drowned; to be mixed tip beyond recognition. Midr. Till. to Ps. 22 המִשְׁתַּקְּעִים שוקעים את שוקעיהן those that were to he drowned, drowned those that wanted to drown them. Ruth R. to I, 17 נ׳ … בחליו was three days unconscious I on his sick-bed, opp. נתישבה דעתו he came to. Ex. R. s. 156> מִשְׁתַּקְּעִין בעונותוכ׳ are sunk in sins through the evil inclination. Ib.15> עד שנִשְׁתַּקְּעוּ תהומות until the depths were filled with water. Y.Shek.VIII, beg.51a והיו עולי רגלים משתקאיןוכ׳ the pilgrims sank in blood up to their knees; Men.103b שוקעין; Tosef.Eduy. III, 2 מפקיעין בדםוכ׳ ed. Zuck. (read: מְשוּקָּעִין; Var. מְשַׁקְּעִין את ארכובותיהן). Arakh.6b עד שלא נ׳ שםוכ׳ as long as the name of its owner (that donated it) is not merged (but is still traceable). Kidd.75a עד שיִשְׁתֵּקֵּעַ שםע״א ממנו until the name of idolatry has disappeared from him (until his idolatrous ancestry is no longer traceable). Y.Keth.I, 25d top משפחהשנ׳ בה פסולוכ׳ if a genealogical blemish is mixed up in a family, you must investigate it back to four mothers; Y.Kidd.IV, 65d bot. Ib. מה נאשה ונִשְׁתַּקְּעוּ בהנ גדולי הדור what can we do (with these families), since prominent men of the generation are mixed up with them? Ib. חמשת … וכולם נשתקעו בכהונהוכ׳ Pashhur ben Imer had five thousand slaves, and they are all mixed up with high priestly families; Y.Yeb.VIII, 9d top; (Kidd.70b נטמעו). Tanḥ. Noah 5 the Lord supported Noah שלא יִשְׁתַּקֵּעַ במעשה דור המבול lest he sink down in (the mud of) the deeds of the generation of the flood; a. fr. 2) to settle permanently, be naturalized. Sifré Deut. 301 (ref. to Deut. 26:5 ויגר) מלמד … להִשְׁתַּקֵּע אלא לגור שם this shows that he (Jacob) did not go down (to Egypt) to settle there as a citizen, but only to sojourn there. 3) to be lost in forests, fields Y.Ber.II, end, 5d ובשעה שהוא משתקעוכ׳ but when one is lost, he may even trespass on a field of crocus; (B. Kam.81a תועה). Y. Ber. l. c.; Y.B. Bath.V, 15a bot. וראו … משתקע ובא כנגדן they saw R. J. b. P. having lost his way and coming (through fields) towards them.

    Jewish literature > שָׁקַע

  • 767 שקע

    שְׁקַעch. sam( Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּקֵּע, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּקֵּעַ to be sunk, drowned; to be mixed tip beyond recognition). Targ. Y. Ex. 15:10.Y.Snh.X, 29a bot. רעדת … ושְׁקוֹעַת the earth shook and sank. Lev. R. s. 5 חמי בגרמיה דש׳ באריסותיה when he sees that he is sinking (going back) in his tenancy. Ib. s. 17 שָׁקִיעַ ביתא, v. לְוַט. Pa. שַׁקַּע to sink, insert, immerse, cover. Targ. O. Ex. 25:7. Targ. Y. II Num. 4:20 (h. text בלע).Y.Sabb.VII, 10a bot. כד מְשַׁקַּע, v. באנטרין. Men.96a קנים שַׁקּוּעֵי משקע להו as to the staves, he may have stuck them (into the bread before it was baked). Ab. Zar.75b חזי … לשַׁקּוּעֵיה he saw that the gentile (that pawned it) intended to forfeit it; a. e.Part. pass. מְשַׁקַּע inlaid; engraven. Targ. II Esth. 1:2 (some ed. מְשֻׁקַּע Hebraism). Targ. Y. Ex. 25:33, sq. מְשַׁקְּעִין (h. text משקדים). Ithpa. אִשְׁתַּקַּע, Ithpe. אִשְׁתְּקַע to sink, go down; to be immersed, flooded. Targ. O. Ex. 15:10. Targ. Jer. 51:64. Targ. Y. Deut. 29:22. Targ. Am. 9:5. Ib. 8:8; a. e.

    Jewish literature > שקע

  • 768 שְׁקַע

    שְׁקַעch. sam( Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּקֵּע, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּקֵּעַ to be sunk, drowned; to be mixed tip beyond recognition). Targ. Y. Ex. 15:10.Y.Snh.X, 29a bot. רעדת … ושְׁקוֹעַת the earth shook and sank. Lev. R. s. 5 חמי בגרמיה דש׳ באריסותיה when he sees that he is sinking (going back) in his tenancy. Ib. s. 17 שָׁקִיעַ ביתא, v. לְוַט. Pa. שַׁקַּע to sink, insert, immerse, cover. Targ. O. Ex. 25:7. Targ. Y. II Num. 4:20 (h. text בלע).Y.Sabb.VII, 10a bot. כד מְשַׁקַּע, v. באנטרין. Men.96a קנים שַׁקּוּעֵי משקע להו as to the staves, he may have stuck them (into the bread before it was baked). Ab. Zar.75b חזי … לשַׁקּוּעֵיה he saw that the gentile (that pawned it) intended to forfeit it; a. e.Part. pass. מְשַׁקַּע inlaid; engraven. Targ. II Esth. 1:2 (some ed. מְשֻׁקַּע Hebraism). Targ. Y. Ex. 25:33, sq. מְשַׁקְּעִין (h. text משקדים). Ithpa. אִשְׁתַּקַּע, Ithpe. אִשְׁתְּקַע to sink, go down; to be immersed, flooded. Targ. O. Ex. 15:10. Targ. Jer. 51:64. Targ. Y. Deut. 29:22. Targ. Am. 9:5. Ib. 8:8; a. e.

    Jewish literature > שְׁקַע

  • 769 שקר

    שָׁקַר(b. h.) to be false. Gen. R. s. 85, beg. שָׁקַרְתָּ יהודה thou hast been false, O Judah; Yalk. ib. 144; Yalk. Mal. 589. Pi. שִׁיקֵּר 1) same, to lie; to defraud.מה לי לשַׁקּר what reason should I have for making a false statement?, i. e. a persons statement is to be credited, when he gains nothing by it, since he might have obtained the same advantage in another way. Kidd.64b אמרינן מה לי לשקרוכ׳ we apply the principle that we believe him, because he gains nothing by falsehood: for, why should he have said so? In order to release her from leviratical marriage after his death? If so, he might have said to her: I release thee by a divorce. Ib. מה לי לש׳ כי עדים דמי a persons statement accepted on the ground that he had no reason for lying, has the same legal value as the statement of witnesses; מה לי לש׳ כי חזקה דמי it has only the same value as a presumption (חֲזָקָה). Keth.27b מה לי לש׳ אי בעיוכ׳ we must believe him, for, if he had wanted, he might have said Ib. מה לי לש׳ במקום עדיםוכ׳ we do not apply the principle of mah li lshaḳḳer, when the persons statement is contradicted by witnesses (by well-known facts); B. Mets.81b; a. fr.Y.Snh.XI, 30c top (expl. כחש לו, 1 Kings 13:18) שי׳ בו (not ביה) he played him false; Cant. R. to II, 5 שי׳ לו; ib. ומה שי׳ לו שהאכילהווכ׳ and wherein did he play him false? In that he gave him the bread of deceit to eat (made him the recipient of treacherous hospitality). Num. R. s. 2018>; Tanḥ. Balak 12 מְשַׁקֵּר במשקלות, v. מִשְׁקָל; a. fr. 2) to prove false; to contradict, refute. Macc.5a (ref. to Deut. 19:18) עד שתְּשַׁקֵּר גופהוכ׳ until thou disprovest the body of the testimony (provest an alibi of the witnesses). Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּקֵּי, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּקֵּר to be refuted, be proved to be a liar. Y. ib. I, beg.31a (read:) עדים שנזדממו וחזרו ונִשְׁתַּקְּרוּ if witnesses against whom an alibi had been proved were also proved to have told a falsehood (as to the fact to which they testified).

    Jewish literature > שקר

  • 770 שָׁקַר

    שָׁקַר(b. h.) to be false. Gen. R. s. 85, beg. שָׁקַרְתָּ יהודה thou hast been false, O Judah; Yalk. ib. 144; Yalk. Mal. 589. Pi. שִׁיקֵּר 1) same, to lie; to defraud.מה לי לשַׁקּר what reason should I have for making a false statement?, i. e. a persons statement is to be credited, when he gains nothing by it, since he might have obtained the same advantage in another way. Kidd.64b אמרינן מה לי לשקרוכ׳ we apply the principle that we believe him, because he gains nothing by falsehood: for, why should he have said so? In order to release her from leviratical marriage after his death? If so, he might have said to her: I release thee by a divorce. Ib. מה לי לש׳ כי עדים דמי a persons statement accepted on the ground that he had no reason for lying, has the same legal value as the statement of witnesses; מה לי לש׳ כי חזקה דמי it has only the same value as a presumption (חֲזָקָה). Keth.27b מה לי לש׳ אי בעיוכ׳ we must believe him, for, if he had wanted, he might have said Ib. מה לי לש׳ במקום עדיםוכ׳ we do not apply the principle of mah li lshaḳḳer, when the persons statement is contradicted by witnesses (by well-known facts); B. Mets.81b; a. fr.Y.Snh.XI, 30c top (expl. כחש לו, 1 Kings 13:18) שי׳ בו (not ביה) he played him false; Cant. R. to II, 5 שי׳ לו; ib. ומה שי׳ לו שהאכילהווכ׳ and wherein did he play him false? In that he gave him the bread of deceit to eat (made him the recipient of treacherous hospitality). Num. R. s. 2018>; Tanḥ. Balak 12 מְשַׁקֵּר במשקלות, v. מִשְׁקָל; a. fr. 2) to prove false; to contradict, refute. Macc.5a (ref. to Deut. 19:18) עד שתְּשַׁקֵּר גופהוכ׳ until thou disprovest the body of the testimony (provest an alibi of the witnesses). Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּקֵּי, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּקֵּר to be refuted, be proved to be a liar. Y. ib. I, beg.31a (read:) עדים שנזדממו וחזרו ונִשְׁתַּקְּרוּ if witnesses against whom an alibi had been proved were also proved to have told a falsehood (as to the fact to which they testified).

    Jewish literature > שָׁקַר

  • 771 שרבב

    שִׁרְבֵּב(Shaf. of רבב) to enlarge, prolong. Ber.54b (ref. to Ps. 3:8) א״ת שִׁבַּרְתָּ אלא שִׁרְבַּבְתָּ read not shibbarta (thou breakest) but shirbabhta thou prolongest (the teeth of the wicked, referring to Og whose teeth grew into the mountain which he was carrying); Ex. R. s. 123>; Yalk. Ps. 625; Meg.15b שריבבת; Sot.12b שריבבתה (read: שִׁירְבַּבְ׳). Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּרְבֵּב, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּרְבֵּב to be enlarged. Bekh.40a (expl. שרוע, Lev. 21:18) שנ׳ לו יריבו (Rashi שנִשְׁתַּרְבְּבָה יריכו) a person whose one hip is enlarged (larger than the other). Sot.35a נ׳ לשונםוכ׳ their tongues were prolonged so as to reach down to their navel; Yalk. Num. 745.

    Jewish literature > שרבב

  • 772 שִׁרְבֵּב

    שִׁרְבֵּב(Shaf. of רבב) to enlarge, prolong. Ber.54b (ref. to Ps. 3:8) א״ת שִׁבַּרְתָּ אלא שִׁרְבַּבְתָּ read not shibbarta (thou breakest) but shirbabhta thou prolongest (the teeth of the wicked, referring to Og whose teeth grew into the mountain which he was carrying); Ex. R. s. 123>; Yalk. Ps. 625; Meg.15b שריבבת; Sot.12b שריבבתה (read: שִׁירְבַּבְ׳). Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּרְבֵּב, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּרְבֵּב to be enlarged. Bekh.40a (expl. שרוע, Lev. 21:18) שנ׳ לו יריבו (Rashi שנִשְׁתַּרְבְּבָה יריכו) a person whose one hip is enlarged (larger than the other). Sot.35a נ׳ לשונםוכ׳ their tongues were prolonged so as to reach down to their navel; Yalk. Num. 745.

    Jewish literature > שִׁרְבֵּב

  • 773 שרשׂ

    שָׁרַשׂ(b. h.), Hif. הִשְׁרִיש (denom. of שֹׁרֶש) to take root. Shebi. II, 7 שהִשְׁרִישוּ לפניוכ׳ which have taken root before the New Year; R. Hash. 13b. Ib.; Tosef.Shebi.II, 5 ומקצתוה׳ לאחרוכ׳ and part of which took root after the New Year; a. fr. Pi. שֵׁרֵש to uproot, tear out. Ib. 11, sq. אין … לשָׁרֵשוכ׳ we do not force him to tear out Shebi. IV, 4 יְשָׁרֵש he must take it out with the root, opp. יגום, v. גָּמַם. B. Bath.80b חופר ומְשָׁרֵש he has the right to dig and take them out with the roots; Taan.25b חופר … ומְשָׁרֵיש. Hithpa. הִשְׁתָּרֵש, Nithpa. נִשְׁתָּרֵש 1) to be uprooted, plucked out. Tanḥ. Mtsorʿa 2 (ref. to Ps. 52:7) דואג נ׳וכ׳ Doeg was rooted out of the life of this world and of the hereafter. 2) (of roots) to spread. Num. R. s. 144> (ref. to Koh. 12:11) כשם … מִשְׁתָּרְשִׁים … ומשתרשיםוכ׳ as roots of a tree spread in all directions, so the words of the Law enter and penetrate the whole body; (Pesik. R. s. 3 משתילים). 3) (v. next w.) to gain, profit (cmp. רָוַח). B. Kam.67b sq. מפנישנ׳ בחטא because he became the gainer in sin (he gained possession of the stolen object by a change of form or ownership, v. שִׁינּוּי); אילימא לפני יאוש מי איכא נ׳ if you mean (that he slaughtered or sold it) before the owner had given it up (v. יֵאוּש): there is no gain in sin in the case (since he has not gained possession through the change).

    Jewish literature > שרשׂ

  • 774 שָׁרַשׂ

    שָׁרַשׂ(b. h.), Hif. הִשְׁרִיש (denom. of שֹׁרֶש) to take root. Shebi. II, 7 שהִשְׁרִישוּ לפניוכ׳ which have taken root before the New Year; R. Hash. 13b. Ib.; Tosef.Shebi.II, 5 ומקצתוה׳ לאחרוכ׳ and part of which took root after the New Year; a. fr. Pi. שֵׁרֵש to uproot, tear out. Ib. 11, sq. אין … לשָׁרֵשוכ׳ we do not force him to tear out Shebi. IV, 4 יְשָׁרֵש he must take it out with the root, opp. יגום, v. גָּמַם. B. Bath.80b חופר ומְשָׁרֵש he has the right to dig and take them out with the roots; Taan.25b חופר … ומְשָׁרֵיש. Hithpa. הִשְׁתָּרֵש, Nithpa. נִשְׁתָּרֵש 1) to be uprooted, plucked out. Tanḥ. Mtsorʿa 2 (ref. to Ps. 52:7) דואג נ׳וכ׳ Doeg was rooted out of the life of this world and of the hereafter. 2) (of roots) to spread. Num. R. s. 144> (ref. to Koh. 12:11) כשם … מִשְׁתָּרְשִׁים … ומשתרשיםוכ׳ as roots of a tree spread in all directions, so the words of the Law enter and penetrate the whole body; (Pesik. R. s. 3 משתילים). 3) (v. next w.) to gain, profit (cmp. רָוַח). B. Kam.67b sq. מפנישנ׳ בחטא because he became the gainer in sin (he gained possession of the stolen object by a change of form or ownership, v. שִׁינּוּי); אילימא לפני יאוש מי איכא נ׳ if you mean (that he slaughtered or sold it) before the owner had given it up (v. יֵאוּש): there is no gain in sin in the case (since he has not gained possession through the change).

    Jewish literature > שָׁרַשׂ

  • 775 שתף

    שָׁתַףPi. שִׁתֵּף (Shaf. of תף; cmp. Assyr. tappû, Del. Assyr. Handw. p. 71 2) to join, combine, attach; to form a partnership. Y.Taan.II, 65d שי׳ … בישראל the Lord combined his great name with Israels (ישר־אל). Ib. הרי אני מְשתֵּףוכ׳ I will have my great name bound up with theirs, that they may live. Snh.63a כל המשתף שם שמיםוכ׳ he who combines the name of God with something else (imparting divine honor to God and a material object at the same time) will be uprooted from the world; Succ.45b. Ib. והא קא משתףוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. משתתף, corr. acc.) but (in saying, ‘unto Yah and unto thee, O altar) does not one combine the name ? Ber.63a כל המשתף … בצערווכ׳ as for him who includes the name of God in the expression of his trouble (blesses God in his calamity), his means of support will be doubled. Ex. R. s. 42 (ref. to Ex. 32:4) זה אלהים … שִׁיתְּפוּ אותו עמו (not עמהן) they did not say, ‘this (calf) is God, but ‘these are thy gods, they combined Him and it; a. fr.Part. pass. מְשוּתָּף. Y. Taan. l. c. ומה תעשה … שהוא מש׳ בנו and what wilt thou do with thy great name (Josh. 7:9), which is embodied in ours?; a. e. Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּתֵּף, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּתֵּף to be combined, to have a part in. (Succ. l. c., v. supra. Gen. R. s. 99 בנימין שלא נ׳ במכירתווכ׳ Benjamin, who had no part in the selling of Joseph. Tanḥ. Noah 13 (Satan said to Noah) בא ונִשְׁתַּתֵּף שנינו בכרם זה come and let us work together in this vineyard; a. e.Esp. (Sabbath law) to form a fictitious partnership in an alley (מָבוֹי) by depositing in it some food to the expense for which the inmates of the buildings concerned contribute, contrad. to laying an ʿerub (עֵירוּב). Erub.71b מִשְׁתַּתְּפִין במבוי ביין … להִשְׁתַּתֵּףוכ׳ the partnership in an alley is formed with wine, but if some wish to do it with bread, they may do so. Ib. מארבין בחצירות ומשתתפין במבוי you must lay an ʿerub for courts (by depositing a common object in one of the courts), and also form a partnership for the alley; או מערבין או משתתפין you may do the one or the other. Ib. III, 1 בכל מערבין ומשתתפין you may use any eatable for ʿerub or for shittuf; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שתף

  • 776 שָׁתַף

    שָׁתַףPi. שִׁתֵּף (Shaf. of תף; cmp. Assyr. tappû, Del. Assyr. Handw. p. 71 2) to join, combine, attach; to form a partnership. Y.Taan.II, 65d שי׳ … בישראל the Lord combined his great name with Israels (ישר־אל). Ib. הרי אני מְשתֵּףוכ׳ I will have my great name bound up with theirs, that they may live. Snh.63a כל המשתף שם שמיםוכ׳ he who combines the name of God with something else (imparting divine honor to God and a material object at the same time) will be uprooted from the world; Succ.45b. Ib. והא קא משתףוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. משתתף, corr. acc.) but (in saying, ‘unto Yah and unto thee, O altar) does not one combine the name ? Ber.63a כל המשתף … בצערווכ׳ as for him who includes the name of God in the expression of his trouble (blesses God in his calamity), his means of support will be doubled. Ex. R. s. 42 (ref. to Ex. 32:4) זה אלהים … שִׁיתְּפוּ אותו עמו (not עמהן) they did not say, ‘this (calf) is God, but ‘these are thy gods, they combined Him and it; a. fr.Part. pass. מְשוּתָּף. Y. Taan. l. c. ומה תעשה … שהוא מש׳ בנו and what wilt thou do with thy great name (Josh. 7:9), which is embodied in ours?; a. e. Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּתֵּף, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּתֵּף to be combined, to have a part in. (Succ. l. c., v. supra. Gen. R. s. 99 בנימין שלא נ׳ במכירתווכ׳ Benjamin, who had no part in the selling of Joseph. Tanḥ. Noah 13 (Satan said to Noah) בא ונִשְׁתַּתֵּף שנינו בכרם זה come and let us work together in this vineyard; a. e.Esp. (Sabbath law) to form a fictitious partnership in an alley (מָבוֹי) by depositing in it some food to the expense for which the inmates of the buildings concerned contribute, contrad. to laying an ʿerub (עֵירוּב). Erub.71b מִשְׁתַּתְּפִין במבוי ביין … להִשְׁתַּתֵּףוכ׳ the partnership in an alley is formed with wine, but if some wish to do it with bread, they may do so. Ib. מארבין בחצירות ומשתתפין במבוי you must lay an ʿerub for courts (by depositing a common object in one of the courts), and also form a partnership for the alley; או מערבין או משתתפין you may do the one or the other. Ib. III, 1 בכל מערבין ומשתתפין you may use any eatable for ʿerub or for shittuf; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שָׁתַף

  • 777 שתק

    שָׁתַק(b. h.) to be quiet, silent. Keth.14b ממזר וצווח חלל ושוֹתֵק one who cries (protests) when called a bastard, but keeps his peace when called a ḥalal (v. חָלָל II). Sabb.33b יוסי שש׳וכ׳ Jose, who kept silence (when the Roman government was criticised), shall be exiled to Sepphoris. Men.72a הוי פקח ושְׁתוֹק be wise and keep thy peace. Gen. R. s. 51 שתיקה שש׳ לאברהםוכ׳ (God remembered to Lot) the silence which he observed towards Abraham when he said ; a. fr. Pi. שִׁיתֵּק to cause to be silent, silence, stop. Tosef.Ḥag.II, 12 שִׁיתְּקוֹ בגערה he silenced him with a rebuke; Y. ib. II, 78a bot. ושִׁתְּקוֹ בנזיפה. Sabb.67b המְשַׁתֶּקֶת (or המַשְׁתֶּקֶת Hif.), v. צָוַוח; Tosef. ib. VI (VII), 15 השוֹתֶקֶת. Ber.V, 3 האומר … מְשַׁתְּקִין אותו he who (in reading the prayers) says … modim modim (we offer thanks, twice) must be stopped (as suspected of heresy). Tanḥ. Aḥăré 9 בקש יהושע לשַׁתֵּקוכ׳ Joshua wanted to silence the sun (keep him from giving praise, ref. to Josh. 10:12); a. fr.Esp. to deny the claim of, dismiss. Yeb.100b מאי שתוקי … שמשתקים אותו מנכסי אביו in what respect is he considered a shthuḳi (v. שְׁתוּקִי)? Is it that we deny him a share in his fathers estate?; ib. משתקין אותו מדיני כהונה we deny him the privileges of priesthood (declare him a ḥalal); Keth.13b מַשְׁתִּיקִין Hif. Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּתֵּק 1) to stop speaking, close the argument. Gen. R. s. 49, end נ׳ הסניגורוכ׳ when the defense stops, the judge rises; עמד … נ׳ הסניגור when the judge rises, the defense is bound to stop; Yalk. ib. 84; a. e. 2) to become speechless, be struck dumb. Gitt. VII, 1 נ׳ ואמרו לווכ׳ if a man has lost his speech, and they say to him, shall we write a letter of divorce ? Y.Snh.VI, beg.23b; Bab. ib. 43a; a. e.

    Jewish literature > שתק

  • 778 שָׁתַק

    שָׁתַק(b. h.) to be quiet, silent. Keth.14b ממזר וצווח חלל ושוֹתֵק one who cries (protests) when called a bastard, but keeps his peace when called a ḥalal (v. חָלָל II). Sabb.33b יוסי שש׳וכ׳ Jose, who kept silence (when the Roman government was criticised), shall be exiled to Sepphoris. Men.72a הוי פקח ושְׁתוֹק be wise and keep thy peace. Gen. R. s. 51 שתיקה שש׳ לאברהםוכ׳ (God remembered to Lot) the silence which he observed towards Abraham when he said ; a. fr. Pi. שִׁיתֵּק to cause to be silent, silence, stop. Tosef.Ḥag.II, 12 שִׁיתְּקוֹ בגערה he silenced him with a rebuke; Y. ib. II, 78a bot. ושִׁתְּקוֹ בנזיפה. Sabb.67b המְשַׁתֶּקֶת (or המַשְׁתֶּקֶת Hif.), v. צָוַוח; Tosef. ib. VI (VII), 15 השוֹתֶקֶת. Ber.V, 3 האומר … מְשַׁתְּקִין אותו he who (in reading the prayers) says … modim modim (we offer thanks, twice) must be stopped (as suspected of heresy). Tanḥ. Aḥăré 9 בקש יהושע לשַׁתֵּקוכ׳ Joshua wanted to silence the sun (keep him from giving praise, ref. to Josh. 10:12); a. fr.Esp. to deny the claim of, dismiss. Yeb.100b מאי שתוקי … שמשתקים אותו מנכסי אביו in what respect is he considered a shthuḳi (v. שְׁתוּקִי)? Is it that we deny him a share in his fathers estate?; ib. משתקין אותו מדיני כהונה we deny him the privileges of priesthood (declare him a ḥalal); Keth.13b מַשְׁתִּיקִין Hif. Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּתֵּק 1) to stop speaking, close the argument. Gen. R. s. 49, end נ׳ הסניגורוכ׳ when the defense stops, the judge rises; עמד … נ׳ הסניגור when the judge rises, the defense is bound to stop; Yalk. ib. 84; a. e. 2) to become speechless, be struck dumb. Gitt. VII, 1 נ׳ ואמרו לווכ׳ if a man has lost his speech, and they say to him, shall we write a letter of divorce ? Y.Snh.VI, beg.23b; Bab. ib. 43a; a. e.

    Jewish literature > שָׁתַק

  • 779 תבל

    תָּבַלPi. תִּבֵּל 1) (denom. of תֶּבֶל) to mix; to spice, season. Men.23b תִּיבְּלָהּ בקצחוכ׳ if he seasoned it (the unleavened bread)-with cumin Ib. 21a יכול יְתַבְּלֶנּוּ כתבן בטיט Ms. M. a. Ar. (ed. יתבוננו) you may think (that tbonnennu means,) that he must mix it with salt as straw is mixed with clay; Yalk. Lev. 454 (not בתבן וטיט); v. בִּין. Orl. II, 4 כל המחמץ והמְתַבֵּלוכ׳ whosoever leavens, or seasons, or mixes with Trumah Ib. 15 תבלין … לא באלו כדי לתַבֵּל … ונצטרפו ותִבְּלוּ if spices of Trumah and of mixed seeds get into a pot, neither being sufficient to season the dish, but seasoning it in combination. Y.Maas. Sh. II, 53c top a dish of second tithes שתִּיבְּלוֹוכ׳ which one seasoned with spices of a profane character; a. fr.Part. pass. מְתוּבָּל; f. מְתוּבֶּלֶת Y.Pes.X, 37c מבושל כמ׳ (ed. כדי תבל, כתיתבל corr. acc.) boiled wine is in ritual law like spiced wine. Tosef. ib. I (II), 33 מצה המת׳וכ׳ spiced Matsah; a. e.Trnsf. to improve, refine. Gen. R. s. 23; Yalk. ib. 38 (play on תובל קין) ת׳ עבודתו של קין (Gen. R. עבירתו) he refined Cains work (sin); Cain killed without any tool 2) (v. תֵּבֵל) to make rich of growth.Part. pass. as ab. Sifré Deut. 37; Yalk. Prov. 943, v. תֵּבֵל. Nithpa. נִתַּבֵּל, Hithpa. התַּבֵּל 1) to be mixed, seasoned. Tosef. Pes. l. c. בין שנִתַּבְּלָהוכ׳ (ed. Zuck. שתִּיבְּלָהּ) whether it was seasoned in a stew-dish or in a pot. 2) (denom. of תֶּבֶל 2) to defile ones self. Yalk. Gen. 47 (ref. to הוחל, Gen. 4:26, and play on תובל) חזרו מִתַּבְּלִין בכס כעסוכ׳ they turned and denied themselves with all kind of provocation (sins), as we read, Tubal Cain ; שחזרו להִתַּבֵּל בזנותוכ׳ they turned to defile themselves with voluptuousness, as we read (Lev. 20:12) tebel ‘asu.

    Jewish literature > תבל

  • 780 תָּבַל

    תָּבַלPi. תִּבֵּל 1) (denom. of תֶּבֶל) to mix; to spice, season. Men.23b תִּיבְּלָהּ בקצחוכ׳ if he seasoned it (the unleavened bread)-with cumin Ib. 21a יכול יְתַבְּלֶנּוּ כתבן בטיט Ms. M. a. Ar. (ed. יתבוננו) you may think (that tbonnennu means,) that he must mix it with salt as straw is mixed with clay; Yalk. Lev. 454 (not בתבן וטיט); v. בִּין. Orl. II, 4 כל המחמץ והמְתַבֵּלוכ׳ whosoever leavens, or seasons, or mixes with Trumah Ib. 15 תבלין … לא באלו כדי לתַבֵּל … ונצטרפו ותִבְּלוּ if spices of Trumah and of mixed seeds get into a pot, neither being sufficient to season the dish, but seasoning it in combination. Y.Maas. Sh. II, 53c top a dish of second tithes שתִּיבְּלוֹוכ׳ which one seasoned with spices of a profane character; a. fr.Part. pass. מְתוּבָּל; f. מְתוּבֶּלֶת Y.Pes.X, 37c מבושל כמ׳ (ed. כדי תבל, כתיתבל corr. acc.) boiled wine is in ritual law like spiced wine. Tosef. ib. I (II), 33 מצה המת׳וכ׳ spiced Matsah; a. e.Trnsf. to improve, refine. Gen. R. s. 23; Yalk. ib. 38 (play on תובל קין) ת׳ עבודתו של קין (Gen. R. עבירתו) he refined Cains work (sin); Cain killed without any tool 2) (v. תֵּבֵל) to make rich of growth.Part. pass. as ab. Sifré Deut. 37; Yalk. Prov. 943, v. תֵּבֵל. Nithpa. נִתַּבֵּל, Hithpa. התַּבֵּל 1) to be mixed, seasoned. Tosef. Pes. l. c. בין שנִתַּבְּלָהוכ׳ (ed. Zuck. שתִּיבְּלָהּ) whether it was seasoned in a stew-dish or in a pot. 2) (denom. of תֶּבֶל 2) to defile ones self. Yalk. Gen. 47 (ref. to הוחל, Gen. 4:26, and play on תובל) חזרו מִתַּבְּלִין בכס כעסוכ׳ they turned and denied themselves with all kind of provocation (sins), as we read, Tubal Cain ; שחזרו להִתַּבֵּל בזנותוכ׳ they turned to defile themselves with voluptuousness, as we read (Lev. 20:12) tebel ‘asu.

    Jewish literature > תָּבַל


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