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  • 241 ידה

    ידי, יָדָה(b. h.) to point, move (cmp. b. h. הָדָה).Denom. יָד. Hif. הוֹדָה ( to raise hands, 1) to thank, acknowledge; to give praise. Taan.6b מוֹדִים … לך we offer thanks unto thee. Ber.V, 3 he who says in public prayer מודים מודים … אותו ‘we thank, we thank (as if pointing in different directions and acknowledging two divinities) must be silenced. Ib. IX, 5 (play on מ̇אד̇ך, Deut. 6:5) בכל מ̇ד̇ה ומדה … הוי מוֹדֶה לו for whatever measure He metes out to thee, give thanks to Him. Ib. 54b ארבעה צריכין להוֹרוֹת four persons are bound to offer public thanks; a. v. fr. 2) to admit, consent, to confess. Pes.IV, 9 (56a); Ber.10a על ג׳ הוֹדוּ לו concerning three of his acts they agreed with him. B. Mets.3a, a. fr. מוֹדֶה במקצת הטענה he who admits part of his opponents claim. Shebu. VI, 3; Keth.108b, a. e. טענו … וה׳ לו בשעורים, v. טָעַן I. B. Mets.12b בשחייב מודה when the debtor admits his indebtedness; a. v. fr. Tosef.Par.IX (VIII), 6 שהן מודין, v. מוֹרִיר. Hithpa. הִתְיַדֶּה, Nithpa. נִתְוַדֶּה, (denom. of תּוֹדָה, cmp. Josh. 7:19) to confess ones sins before God. Yoma III, 8 ומִתְיַרֶּה and confesses in public. Ib. 40a להגריל ולהִתְוַדּוֹת to cast lots and to make confession (on the head of the scapegoat). Y. ib. VIII, end, 45c אע״פשנ׳ בערבית צריך להתודותוכ׳ although he has made confession in the evening prayer, he must again confess ; a. fr.V. וִידּוּי.

    Jewish literature > ידה

  • 242 יָדָה

    ידי, יָדָה(b. h.) to point, move (cmp. b. h. הָדָה).Denom. יָד. Hif. הוֹדָה ( to raise hands, 1) to thank, acknowledge; to give praise. Taan.6b מוֹדִים … לך we offer thanks unto thee. Ber.V, 3 he who says in public prayer מודים מודים … אותו ‘we thank, we thank (as if pointing in different directions and acknowledging two divinities) must be silenced. Ib. IX, 5 (play on מ̇אד̇ך, Deut. 6:5) בכל מ̇ד̇ה ומדה … הוי מוֹדֶה לו for whatever measure He metes out to thee, give thanks to Him. Ib. 54b ארבעה צריכין להוֹרוֹת four persons are bound to offer public thanks; a. v. fr. 2) to admit, consent, to confess. Pes.IV, 9 (56a); Ber.10a על ג׳ הוֹדוּ לו concerning three of his acts they agreed with him. B. Mets.3a, a. fr. מוֹדֶה במקצת הטענה he who admits part of his opponents claim. Shebu. VI, 3; Keth.108b, a. e. טענו … וה׳ לו בשעורים, v. טָעַן I. B. Mets.12b בשחייב מודה when the debtor admits his indebtedness; a. v. fr. Tosef.Par.IX (VIII), 6 שהן מודין, v. מוֹרִיר. Hithpa. הִתְיַדֶּה, Nithpa. נִתְוַדֶּה, (denom. of תּוֹדָה, cmp. Josh. 7:19) to confess ones sins before God. Yoma III, 8 ומִתְיַרֶּה and confesses in public. Ib. 40a להגריל ולהִתְוַדּוֹת to cast lots and to make confession (on the head of the scapegoat). Y. ib. VIII, end, 45c אע״פשנ׳ בערבית צריך להתודותוכ׳ although he has made confession in the evening prayer, he must again confess ; a. fr.V. וִידּוּי.

    Jewish literature > יָדָה

  • 243 ידע

    יָדַע(b. h.; cmp. יָדָה) (to point out, select, love, 1) to recognize, know; to find out. Pes.87b כיון שי׳ שחטא when he was convinced that he had done wrong. Ib. ואין אתה יוֹדֵעַ אםוכ׳ and thou knowest not whether Ib. יודעהקב״ה את ישראלוכ׳ the Lord knows that Israel cannot endure the cruel persecutions of Rome (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note); Yalk. Hos. 529. Shebu.4b; ib. 5a. ונעלם מבלל שי׳ it says, ‘and it escaped his memory (Lev. 5:3)this proves that there was a time when he knew (the nature of his act, v. יְדִיעָה). Zeb.115b דבר זה … ולא יְדָעוֹוכ׳ this word (Ex. 29:43) the Lord had said to Moses, but he did not understand it, until the sons of Aaron died. Ib. כיון שי׳ … יְדוּעֵי מקום הן when Aaron learned that his sons were the chosen of the Lord (Lev. 10:3); a. v. fr.Part. pass. יָדוּעַ a) chosen. Pl. יְדוּעִים, constr. יְדוּעֵי, v. supra.b) known, special, certain. Sifra Vayikra, Ḥobah, Par. 6, ch. VIII חטא י׳ a known (discovered) sin, v. יְדִיעָה. Y.Sot.I, 16c טומאה יְדוּעָה (not ידוע) an ascertained levitical uncleanness, opp. ספק; a. fr.בְּיָדוּעַ it is sure. R. Hash. 20b בי׳ שנראהוכ׳ the moon must have been visible Succ.49b כל אדם … בי׳ שהואוכ׳ a popular man (v. חֵן) is, you may be sure, a God-fearing man; a. fr. 2) (euphem.) to have sexual intercourse with. Yeb.57a בלא יְדָעָהּ when he never had connection with her. Esth. R. to III, 7 שלא יְדָעָהּ אישוכ׳ whom no man except her husband touched; a. e. Hif. הוֹדִיעַ to make known, inform. Gen. R. s. 22, beg. (ref. to Gen. 4:1, reading יִדַּע for homiletical purposes) ה׳ דרך ארץ לכל he showed to all the way of the land (propagation, v. דֶּרֶךְ). Ḥull.V, 3 צריך להוֹדִיעַ must inform (the purchaser). Ab. IV, 22 לֵידַע להודיע ולהִוָּורַע to learn, to proclaim and to be made to feel (be thoroughly convinced). Sabb.10b צריך להוֹדִיעוֹ must inform him. Ib. לך והוֹדִיעֵם go and tell them. Ib. הנותן … צריך לה׳ לאמו he who gives bread to a child must inform his mother; a. fr. Hof. הוֹדַע to be informed, become conscious; to be made known. Shebu. I, 6 ה׳ ולאה׳ whether he became conscious (of his transgression) or not. Sifra Vayikra, Ḥobah, ch. 20, Par. 12 (ref. to Lev. 4:23; 28) אתה׳ שלהם when they become known; a. fr.B. Bath. 113b הוֹדְעָה Ms. M. (v. אָרַע II). Nif. נוֹדַע same. Hor.III, 3. Ab. IV, 22, v. supra. Shebu.9b שסופו לִיוָּדַע of which he is likely to be informed. Ḥull.9a עד שיִוָּדַע לך, v. חֲזָקָה. Nidd.IX, 5, v. infra; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְוַודַּע, Nithpa. נִתְוַודַּע 1) same. Bekh.25b עד שיִתְוַורַּע הטומאה (Nidd. l. c. עד שיודע לךוכ׳) until he ascertains the exact place of uncleanness; Pes.10a עד שתִּיוָּדַע לך Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l.). Y.Sabb.III, 6b נתודע לווכ׳ he found it out after sunset; a. fr. 2) (v. מוֹדַע) to force ones self upon the notice of, to pretend friendship for. Ab. I, 10 אל תִּתְוַדַּע לרשות do not make thyself a partisan of the (foreign) government.

    Jewish literature > ידע

  • 244 יָדַע

    יָדַע(b. h.; cmp. יָדָה) (to point out, select, love, 1) to recognize, know; to find out. Pes.87b כיון שי׳ שחטא when he was convinced that he had done wrong. Ib. ואין אתה יוֹדֵעַ אםוכ׳ and thou knowest not whether Ib. יודעהקב״ה את ישראלוכ׳ the Lord knows that Israel cannot endure the cruel persecutions of Rome (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note); Yalk. Hos. 529. Shebu.4b; ib. 5a. ונעלם מבלל שי׳ it says, ‘and it escaped his memory (Lev. 5:3)this proves that there was a time when he knew (the nature of his act, v. יְדִיעָה). Zeb.115b דבר זה … ולא יְדָעוֹוכ׳ this word (Ex. 29:43) the Lord had said to Moses, but he did not understand it, until the sons of Aaron died. Ib. כיון שי׳ … יְדוּעֵי מקום הן when Aaron learned that his sons were the chosen of the Lord (Lev. 10:3); a. v. fr.Part. pass. יָדוּעַ a) chosen. Pl. יְדוּעִים, constr. יְדוּעֵי, v. supra.b) known, special, certain. Sifra Vayikra, Ḥobah, Par. 6, ch. VIII חטא י׳ a known (discovered) sin, v. יְדִיעָה. Y.Sot.I, 16c טומאה יְדוּעָה (not ידוע) an ascertained levitical uncleanness, opp. ספק; a. fr.בְּיָדוּעַ it is sure. R. Hash. 20b בי׳ שנראהוכ׳ the moon must have been visible Succ.49b כל אדם … בי׳ שהואוכ׳ a popular man (v. חֵן) is, you may be sure, a God-fearing man; a. fr. 2) (euphem.) to have sexual intercourse with. Yeb.57a בלא יְדָעָהּ when he never had connection with her. Esth. R. to III, 7 שלא יְדָעָהּ אישוכ׳ whom no man except her husband touched; a. e. Hif. הוֹדִיעַ to make known, inform. Gen. R. s. 22, beg. (ref. to Gen. 4:1, reading יִדַּע for homiletical purposes) ה׳ דרך ארץ לכל he showed to all the way of the land (propagation, v. דֶּרֶךְ). Ḥull.V, 3 צריך להוֹדִיעַ must inform (the purchaser). Ab. IV, 22 לֵידַע להודיע ולהִוָּורַע to learn, to proclaim and to be made to feel (be thoroughly convinced). Sabb.10b צריך להוֹדִיעוֹ must inform him. Ib. לך והוֹדִיעֵם go and tell them. Ib. הנותן … צריך לה׳ לאמו he who gives bread to a child must inform his mother; a. fr. Hof. הוֹדַע to be informed, become conscious; to be made known. Shebu. I, 6 ה׳ ולאה׳ whether he became conscious (of his transgression) or not. Sifra Vayikra, Ḥobah, ch. 20, Par. 12 (ref. to Lev. 4:23; 28) אתה׳ שלהם when they become known; a. fr.B. Bath. 113b הוֹדְעָה Ms. M. (v. אָרַע II). Nif. נוֹדַע same. Hor.III, 3. Ab. IV, 22, v. supra. Shebu.9b שסופו לִיוָּדַע of which he is likely to be informed. Ḥull.9a עד שיִוָּדַע לך, v. חֲזָקָה. Nidd.IX, 5, v. infra; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְוַודַּע, Nithpa. נִתְוַודַּע 1) same. Bekh.25b עד שיִתְוַורַּע הטומאה (Nidd. l. c. עד שיודע לךוכ׳) until he ascertains the exact place of uncleanness; Pes.10a עד שתִּיוָּדַע לך Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l.). Y.Sabb.III, 6b נתודע לווכ׳ he found it out after sunset; a. fr. 2) (v. מוֹדַע) to force ones self upon the notice of, to pretend friendship for. Ab. I, 10 אל תִּתְוַדַּע לרשות do not make thyself a partisan of the (foreign) government.

    Jewish literature > יָדַע

  • 245 יחד

    יָחַדPi. יִחֵד, יִיחֵד (b. h.; v. אֶחָד) 1) to unite, concentrate. Y.Ber.IV, 7d bot. ותְיַיחֵד לבבינווכ׳ and concentrate our hearts (inclinations) to fear thy Name. 2) (with על) to confer a distinction, name Gen. R. s. 68 אברהם י׳ … שמו עליו on Abraham did the Lord confer His Name (Gen. 26:24, a. e.). Ib. ידע שהקב״ה מְיַחֵד שמו עליו he inferred that the Lord would confer His Name upon him (to be called ‘the God of Jacob). Mekh. Mishp. s. 20 על ישראל י׳ שמו ביותר (although the Lord of the universe) He conferred His Name particularly on Israel (v. יוֹתֵר); a. fr. 3) to declare the unity of God, to recite Shma (Deut. 6:4). Gen. R. s. 20 אנו … ומְיַחֲדִים שמווכ׳ we trust in Him and profess His unity Cant. R. to II, 16 ואני מְיַחֶדֶת שמווכ׳ and I (Israel) profess the unity of His name twice every day, (saying) Hear, O Israel ; a. fr. 4) to single out, select, designate. Snh.57a שיי׳ שפחה לעבדו who designated a handmaid (as a wife) for his slave. Lev. R. s. 12 ויי׳ אליו הדבורוכ׳ addressed the command to him exclusively (Lev. 10:8); a. e.Yoma 11b (ref. to Lev. 14:35) מי שמְיַיחֵד ביתו לווכ׳ he who devotes his household exclusively to himself, and is unwilling to lend his vessels ; Arakh.16a שמיוחד (v. infra); Yalk. Lev. 564. 5) to leave persons alone in a special room, to arrange a private meeting for. Keth.12a; Tosef. ib. I, 4; Y. ib. I, 25a bot. היו מְיַיחֲדִיןוכ׳ they used to leave bride and groom in a private room alone for a while.Part. pass. מְיוּחָד, f. מְיוּחֶדֶת; pl. מְיוּחָדִים, מְיוּחָדִין, מְיוּחָדוֹת a) especial, particular, designated; chosen, distinguished (v. יָחִיד). Snh.60a, a. e. שם המי׳ the proper Name of the Lord (Jehovah).Yoma 11a ביתך ביתך המי׳ לך thy house (Deut. 6:9; 11:20), thy house which is designated for thy personal use. Ib.b מה בית מ׳ לדירה bayith means a room designated for a dwelling, יצאו אלו שאינן מי׳ לדירה to the exclusion of those rooms (gate lodge) which are not designated for dwellings. Arakh. l. c. מי׳ לו devoted to his own exclusive use, v. supra; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 99, end (ref. to כאחד, Gen. 49:16) כמי׳ שבשבטים like the most distinguished among the tribes. Yeb.62a אני שמ׳ לדבור בכלוכ׳ I (Moses) who am singled out (must be prepared) for divine communication every hour; Ab. dR. N., II Vers., ch. II (ed. Schechter, p. 10) שאני כלי מי׳ who am a special vessel (of revelation). Meil.15a קדשים המי׳ לה׳ sanctified things which are exclusively dedicated to the Lord; Sifra Vayikra, Ḥobah, Par. 11, ch. XX.Ib. Shmini, ch. II, Par. 2 כבשים ועזים המי׳ lambs and goats which are specified (Deut. 14:4); a. fr.b) locked up with. Num. R. s. 9 בזמן שהאשה מי׳ עםוכ׳ when a wife is locked up with her husband. Hithpa. הִתְיַיחֵד, Nithpa. נִתְיַיחֵד 1) to be conferred (with על); to be especially addressed (with אל). Ex. R. s. 7 היה ראוי … להִתְיַיחֵד עליווכ׳ the divine communication was to bear his name alone. Lev. R. s. 12 נתי׳ אליו הדבור the divine communication was addressed to him especially; a. e. 2) to be alone with, to be closeted with. Kidd.IV, 12 לא יִתְיַיחֵד אדםוכ׳ a man must not be alone (even) with two women, but one woman מִתְיַיחֶדֶתוכ׳ may be alone with two men. Ab. Zar. II, 1. Tosef.Gitt.VII (V), 4; a. fr.V. יִחוּד.

    Jewish literature > יחד

  • 246 יָחַד

    יָחַדPi. יִחֵד, יִיחֵד (b. h.; v. אֶחָד) 1) to unite, concentrate. Y.Ber.IV, 7d bot. ותְיַיחֵד לבבינווכ׳ and concentrate our hearts (inclinations) to fear thy Name. 2) (with על) to confer a distinction, name Gen. R. s. 68 אברהם י׳ … שמו עליו on Abraham did the Lord confer His Name (Gen. 26:24, a. e.). Ib. ידע שהקב״ה מְיַחֵד שמו עליו he inferred that the Lord would confer His Name upon him (to be called ‘the God of Jacob). Mekh. Mishp. s. 20 על ישראל י׳ שמו ביותר (although the Lord of the universe) He conferred His Name particularly on Israel (v. יוֹתֵר); a. fr. 3) to declare the unity of God, to recite Shma (Deut. 6:4). Gen. R. s. 20 אנו … ומְיַחֲדִים שמווכ׳ we trust in Him and profess His unity Cant. R. to II, 16 ואני מְיַחֶדֶת שמווכ׳ and I (Israel) profess the unity of His name twice every day, (saying) Hear, O Israel ; a. fr. 4) to single out, select, designate. Snh.57a שיי׳ שפחה לעבדו who designated a handmaid (as a wife) for his slave. Lev. R. s. 12 ויי׳ אליו הדבורוכ׳ addressed the command to him exclusively (Lev. 10:8); a. e.Yoma 11b (ref. to Lev. 14:35) מי שמְיַיחֵד ביתו לווכ׳ he who devotes his household exclusively to himself, and is unwilling to lend his vessels ; Arakh.16a שמיוחד (v. infra); Yalk. Lev. 564. 5) to leave persons alone in a special room, to arrange a private meeting for. Keth.12a; Tosef. ib. I, 4; Y. ib. I, 25a bot. היו מְיַיחֲדִיןוכ׳ they used to leave bride and groom in a private room alone for a while.Part. pass. מְיוּחָד, f. מְיוּחֶדֶת; pl. מְיוּחָדִים, מְיוּחָדִין, מְיוּחָדוֹת a) especial, particular, designated; chosen, distinguished (v. יָחִיד). Snh.60a, a. e. שם המי׳ the proper Name of the Lord (Jehovah).Yoma 11a ביתך ביתך המי׳ לך thy house (Deut. 6:9; 11:20), thy house which is designated for thy personal use. Ib.b מה בית מ׳ לדירה bayith means a room designated for a dwelling, יצאו אלו שאינן מי׳ לדירה to the exclusion of those rooms (gate lodge) which are not designated for dwellings. Arakh. l. c. מי׳ לו devoted to his own exclusive use, v. supra; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 99, end (ref. to כאחד, Gen. 49:16) כמי׳ שבשבטים like the most distinguished among the tribes. Yeb.62a אני שמ׳ לדבור בכלוכ׳ I (Moses) who am singled out (must be prepared) for divine communication every hour; Ab. dR. N., II Vers., ch. II (ed. Schechter, p. 10) שאני כלי מי׳ who am a special vessel (of revelation). Meil.15a קדשים המי׳ לה׳ sanctified things which are exclusively dedicated to the Lord; Sifra Vayikra, Ḥobah, Par. 11, ch. XX.Ib. Shmini, ch. II, Par. 2 כבשים ועזים המי׳ lambs and goats which are specified (Deut. 14:4); a. fr.b) locked up with. Num. R. s. 9 בזמן שהאשה מי׳ עםוכ׳ when a wife is locked up with her husband. Hithpa. הִתְיַיחֵד, Nithpa. נִתְיַיחֵד 1) to be conferred (with על); to be especially addressed (with אל). Ex. R. s. 7 היה ראוי … להִתְיַיחֵד עליווכ׳ the divine communication was to bear his name alone. Lev. R. s. 12 נתי׳ אליו הדבור the divine communication was addressed to him especially; a. e. 2) to be alone with, to be closeted with. Kidd.IV, 12 לא יִתְיַיחֵד אדםוכ׳ a man must not be alone (even) with two women, but one woman מִתְיַיחֶדֶתוכ׳ may be alone with two men. Ab. Zar. II, 1. Tosef.Gitt.VII (V), 4; a. fr.V. יִחוּד.

    Jewish literature > יָחַד

  • 247 יחס

    יָחַס(b. h. יָחַשׂ; v. חוּס 2) to connect, be connected.Denom. יַחַס. Pi. יִחֵס, יִי׳ (denom. of יַחַס) 1) to trace the connection (יַחַס) of events or descent. Meg.17a כדי לְיַיחֵס בהן שנותיווכ׳ (Rashi: להִתְיַיחֵס) in order to trace through them the years of Jacob (in which the principal events of his life occurred); Yeb.64a; Yalk. Gen. 110. Ib.; Gen. R. s. 62 (ref. to Gen. 25:12 sq.) מה ראה הכתוב לייחס תולדותיווכ׳ what reason was there for the Bible to insert here the genealogy of that ?Snh.82b בא הכתוב ויִחֲסוֹ the Scripture comes and records his genealogy (Num. 25:11). Sabb.55b אפשר … והכתוב מְיַחֲסוֹ is it possible that he was a sinner and the Scripture would state his genealogy?; a. fr. 2) to nobilize, distinguish, invest with prerogatives. Num. R. s. 13 יִיחֲסוֹ הכתוב על שם שבטו the Scripture distinguished him (giving him the privilege of the first offering) for the sake of his tribe (Num. 7:12). Gen. R. s. 82 אין מְיַיחֲסִין ליוסףוכ׳ not Joseph is ranked in the records as the first-born; a. e.Part. pass. מְיוּחָס, f. מְיוּחֶסֶת pl. מְיוּחָסִים, מְיוּחָסִין; מְיוּחָסוֹת of traceable genealogy, of legitimate descent; of distinguished birth, well-connected. Hor.13a שזה מי׳ וזה אינו מי׳ for this one (the Israelite) is of legitimate birth, and the other (the bastard) is not. Kidd.70b משפחות מי׳וכ׳ families in Israel of traceable descent. Ib. 71b האי מי׳ טפי this one (who first ceased quarreling) is of nobler birth; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְיַיחֵס, Nithpa. נִתְיַיחֵס 1) to claim a pedigree. Tosef.Peah IV, 11 היתה מִתְיַיחֶסֶת עםוכ׳ ed. Zuck. (Var. על) claimed to be connected with Arnon, the Jebusite; Y. ib. VIII, 21a bot. היתה מתי׳ שלוכ׳ boasted to be descendants of 2) to be enrolled in genealogical lists, be recorded. Num. R. l. c. זכו להִתְיַ׳וכ׳ they were privileged to have their genealogy recorded by the side of Moses. Cant. R. to I, 1 נ׳ ראש לשלשלת יוחסין (not לשלשת) he was recorded as the starter of a chain of genealogy (1 Kings 14:21). Gen. R. l. c. (expl. 1 Chr. 5:1) לא לראובן להתייחס not to Ruben was genealogical priority to be given; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > יחס

  • 248 יָחַס

    יָחַס(b. h. יָחַשׂ; v. חוּס 2) to connect, be connected.Denom. יַחַס. Pi. יִחֵס, יִי׳ (denom. of יַחַס) 1) to trace the connection (יַחַס) of events or descent. Meg.17a כדי לְיַיחֵס בהן שנותיווכ׳ (Rashi: להִתְיַיחֵס) in order to trace through them the years of Jacob (in which the principal events of his life occurred); Yeb.64a; Yalk. Gen. 110. Ib.; Gen. R. s. 62 (ref. to Gen. 25:12 sq.) מה ראה הכתוב לייחס תולדותיווכ׳ what reason was there for the Bible to insert here the genealogy of that ?Snh.82b בא הכתוב ויִחֲסוֹ the Scripture comes and records his genealogy (Num. 25:11). Sabb.55b אפשר … והכתוב מְיַחֲסוֹ is it possible that he was a sinner and the Scripture would state his genealogy?; a. fr. 2) to nobilize, distinguish, invest with prerogatives. Num. R. s. 13 יִיחֲסוֹ הכתוב על שם שבטו the Scripture distinguished him (giving him the privilege of the first offering) for the sake of his tribe (Num. 7:12). Gen. R. s. 82 אין מְיַיחֲסִין ליוסףוכ׳ not Joseph is ranked in the records as the first-born; a. e.Part. pass. מְיוּחָס, f. מְיוּחֶסֶת pl. מְיוּחָסִים, מְיוּחָסִין; מְיוּחָסוֹת of traceable genealogy, of legitimate descent; of distinguished birth, well-connected. Hor.13a שזה מי׳ וזה אינו מי׳ for this one (the Israelite) is of legitimate birth, and the other (the bastard) is not. Kidd.70b משפחות מי׳וכ׳ families in Israel of traceable descent. Ib. 71b האי מי׳ טפי this one (who first ceased quarreling) is of nobler birth; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְיַיחֵס, Nithpa. נִתְיַיחֵס 1) to claim a pedigree. Tosef.Peah IV, 11 היתה מִתְיַיחֶסֶת עםוכ׳ ed. Zuck. (Var. על) claimed to be connected with Arnon, the Jebusite; Y. ib. VIII, 21a bot. היתה מתי׳ שלוכ׳ boasted to be descendants of 2) to be enrolled in genealogical lists, be recorded. Num. R. l. c. זכו להִתְיַ׳וכ׳ they were privileged to have their genealogy recorded by the side of Moses. Cant. R. to I, 1 נ׳ ראש לשלשלת יוחסין (not לשלשת) he was recorded as the starter of a chain of genealogy (1 Kings 14:21). Gen. R. l. c. (expl. 1 Chr. 5:1) לא לראובן להתייחס not to Ruben was genealogical priority to be given; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > יָחַס

  • 249 יחף II

    יָחֵףII (preced. wds.) to be bare. Hithpa. הִתְיַיחֵף, Nithpa. נִתְיַי׳ to be exposed, to take cold. Lam. R. introd. (R. Joh. 2) כדי שלא יִתְיַיחֲפוּ רגליהם that their feet might not be exposed (that they might not take cold); אע״פ כן נִתְיַיחֲפוּוכ׳ and yet they did take cold. Ib. to I, 16.

    Jewish literature > יחף II

  • 250 יָחֵף

    יָחֵףII (preced. wds.) to be bare. Hithpa. הִתְיַיחֵף, Nithpa. נִתְיַי׳ to be exposed, to take cold. Lam. R. introd. (R. Joh. 2) כדי שלא יִתְיַיחֲפוּ רגליהם that their feet might not be exposed (that they might not take cold); אע״פ כן נִתְיַיחֲפוּוכ׳ and yet they did take cold. Ib. to I, 16.

    Jewish literature > יָחֵף

  • 251 יכח

    יָכַח(b. h.; v. כֹּחַ) to be firm, stand, be right.Denom. נֹכַח. Hif. הוֹכִיהַ ( to place opposite, 1) to admonish, reprove. Ber.31a sq. (ref. to 1 Sam. 1:14) מכאן … שצריך להוֹכִיחוֹ from here we learn that he who sees in his neighbor something unbecoming, is bound to admonish him; Arakh.16b. Ib. הוֹכִיחוֹ … ויוֹכִיחֶנּוּ if he did admonish him and he did not heed it, he must do it again. lb תמיהני … שיודע להוכיח I wonder whether there is in this generation one who knows how to admonish; a. fr. 2) to prove, to serve as an analogy. B. Kam.6a אש תּוֹכִיחַ let the law concerning incendiary (Ex. 22:5) be taken as a standard (it being the result of human action); בור תוכיח let the law about a pit (ib. 21:33) decide (it being stationary). Kidd.7a; a. v. fr. 3) to be evidence, to show. M. Kat. 4b זיבלו מוֹכִיחַ עליו his dung shows what he is about doing; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְוַוכֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִתְוַוכֵּחַ to argue, be justified. Lev. R. s. 27 באהקב״ה לה׳וכ׳ the Lord came to argue with Israel; ib. כלום אינון יכולין לה׳ עם בוראן can they argue (successfully) with their Creator?; Num. R. s. 10, beg.; a. fr. Nif. נוֹכַח same. Cant. R. to V, 16 מי יוכל לִיוָּכֵחַוכ׳ (not לוו׳) who dares to argue with

    Jewish literature > יכח

  • 252 יָכַח

    יָכַח(b. h.; v. כֹּחַ) to be firm, stand, be right.Denom. נֹכַח. Hif. הוֹכִיהַ ( to place opposite, 1) to admonish, reprove. Ber.31a sq. (ref. to 1 Sam. 1:14) מכאן … שצריך להוֹכִיחוֹ from here we learn that he who sees in his neighbor something unbecoming, is bound to admonish him; Arakh.16b. Ib. הוֹכִיחוֹ … ויוֹכִיחֶנּוּ if he did admonish him and he did not heed it, he must do it again. lb תמיהני … שיודע להוכיח I wonder whether there is in this generation one who knows how to admonish; a. fr. 2) to prove, to serve as an analogy. B. Kam.6a אש תּוֹכִיחַ let the law concerning incendiary (Ex. 22:5) be taken as a standard (it being the result of human action); בור תוכיח let the law about a pit (ib. 21:33) decide (it being stationary). Kidd.7a; a. v. fr. 3) to be evidence, to show. M. Kat. 4b זיבלו מוֹכִיחַ עליו his dung shows what he is about doing; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְוַוכֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִתְוַוכֵּחַ to argue, be justified. Lev. R. s. 27 באהקב״ה לה׳וכ׳ the Lord came to argue with Israel; ib. כלום אינון יכולין לה׳ עם בוראן can they argue (successfully) with their Creator?; Num. R. s. 10, beg.; a. fr. Nif. נוֹכַח same. Cant. R. to V, 16 מי יוכל לִיוָּכֵחַוכ׳ (not לוו׳) who dares to argue with

    Jewish literature > יָכַח

  • 253 יסד

    יָסַד(b. h.; v. סַד) (to join, fasten; denom. יְסוֹד, whence יָסַד) to found, establish. Tanḥ Bresh. 1 ובה … וי׳ ארץ and with it (the Torah) he stretched the heavens and established the earth. Meg.3a; Sabb.104a; Succ.44a וחזרו וִיסָדוּם and they reintroduced them. Ib. 20a, v. עֶזְרָא; a. fr. Pi. יִסֵּד, יִיסֵּד 1) to establish; to join in between. Y.Erub.V, 22c שער היסוד ששם היו מְיַיסְּדִיןוכ׳ the Eastern Gate was named the Foundation Gate, because there they (in their meetings) established the decisions of the Law; a. e.Part. pass. מְיוּסָּד. Ib. שער התווך שהוא מי׳ ביןוכ׳ it was named the Middle Gate because it was fastened in between two gates; a. e. 2) to rebuild (a ruin). Tosef.B. Mets. XI, 4 לא יאמר לו הריני מייסד עמך מכנגדוכ׳ (not עמו) he has no right to say, I will help thee rebuild the party wall from where my (higher situated) ground commences and upward, אלא מייסד עמווכ׳ but he must help him build from the bottom (of the neighbors ground) ; Y. ib. X, beg.12c; (B. Bath.6b מסייע מלמטה). (Cant. R. to I, 2 שהרי חבירו בא ליַסֵּד עליו כן the next following sentence comes to found upon it a base (thus proving that the reading is דּוֹדֶיךָ and not דּוֹדַיִךְ). Some eds. read לימד; Ab. Zar. II, 5 חבירו מלמד; Yalk. Cant. 981 מוכיח. Nithpa. נִתְיַסֵּד to be established. Tanḥ. l. c. העולם לא נ׳וכ׳ the world has been founded on nothing but the Law.

    Jewish literature > יסד

  • 254 יָסַד

    יָסַד(b. h.; v. סַד) (to join, fasten; denom. יְסוֹד, whence יָסַד) to found, establish. Tanḥ Bresh. 1 ובה … וי׳ ארץ and with it (the Torah) he stretched the heavens and established the earth. Meg.3a; Sabb.104a; Succ.44a וחזרו וִיסָדוּם and they reintroduced them. Ib. 20a, v. עֶזְרָא; a. fr. Pi. יִסֵּד, יִיסֵּד 1) to establish; to join in between. Y.Erub.V, 22c שער היסוד ששם היו מְיַיסְּדִיןוכ׳ the Eastern Gate was named the Foundation Gate, because there they (in their meetings) established the decisions of the Law; a. e.Part. pass. מְיוּסָּד. Ib. שער התווך שהוא מי׳ ביןוכ׳ it was named the Middle Gate because it was fastened in between two gates; a. e. 2) to rebuild (a ruin). Tosef.B. Mets. XI, 4 לא יאמר לו הריני מייסד עמך מכנגדוכ׳ (not עמו) he has no right to say, I will help thee rebuild the party wall from where my (higher situated) ground commences and upward, אלא מייסד עמווכ׳ but he must help him build from the bottom (of the neighbors ground) ; Y. ib. X, beg.12c; (B. Bath.6b מסייע מלמטה). (Cant. R. to I, 2 שהרי חבירו בא ליַסֵּד עליו כן the next following sentence comes to found upon it a base (thus proving that the reading is דּוֹדֶיךָ and not דּוֹדַיִךְ). Some eds. read לימד; Ab. Zar. II, 5 חבירו מלמד; Yalk. Cant. 981 מוכיח. Nithpa. נִתְיַסֵּד to be established. Tanḥ. l. c. העולם לא נ׳וכ׳ the world has been founded on nothing but the Law.

    Jewish literature > יָסַד

  • 255 יסם

    יָסַם(v. סָמַם, סָמָא, סוּמָא) to close or to be closed. Nithpa. נִתְיַיסֵּם (with בעיניו) to become blind. Tanḥ. Toldoth 7.

    Jewish literature > יסם

  • 256 יָסַם

    יָסַם(v. סָמַם, סָמָא, סוּמָא) to close or to be closed. Nithpa. נִתְיַיסֵּם (with בעיניו) to become blind. Tanḥ. Toldoth 7.

    Jewish literature > יָסַם

  • 257 יסף

    יָסַף(b. h.; cmp. אָסַף), Hif. הוֹסִיף to heap up, to add (with על). Snh.XI, 3 להוֹסִיף על דבריוכ׳ thus adding to the words of the Scribes (against Deut. 4:2). Ib. 88b ויש בו להו׳ when there is a possibility to add. Ib. ואםה׳ גורע and if he did add, he diminishes (violates the law), Ib. 29a המוֹסִיף, v. גָּרַע I. Tosef.Sabb.VI (VII), 17 והאומר הוֹסִיפוּ על השולחן (not ואומר) and who (from superstition) says, Add (put one more) to the table; a. fr.Yalk. Lev. 559 מוֹסַפְנִי עלוכ׳ (Sifra Metsora beg. מוסיף אני) I will add to what thou saidst. Nithpa. נִתּוֹסַף, נִיתּ׳, Hithpa. הּתּוֹסַף to be added; to be added to, increase, wax. Mekh. Bo. s. 16; Yalk. Ex. 217 והשני נ׳ לו and the second name was added to the first (without abrogating the first). Ex. R. s. 7, beg. נ׳ לו עודוכ׳ two additional years (of imprisonment) were given him. Sabb.152a ת״ח … חכמתן מִתּוֹסֶפֶת עליהן Ms. M. (ed. חכמה נִיתּוֹסֶפֶת בהן) when scholars grow old, their wisdom grows with their age; ib. טפשותן מתוספתוכ׳, v. טִפְּשוּת.

    Jewish literature > יסף

  • 258 יָסַף

    יָסַף(b. h.; cmp. אָסַף), Hif. הוֹסִיף to heap up, to add (with על). Snh.XI, 3 להוֹסִיף על דבריוכ׳ thus adding to the words of the Scribes (against Deut. 4:2). Ib. 88b ויש בו להו׳ when there is a possibility to add. Ib. ואםה׳ גורע and if he did add, he diminishes (violates the law), Ib. 29a המוֹסִיף, v. גָּרַע I. Tosef.Sabb.VI (VII), 17 והאומר הוֹסִיפוּ על השולחן (not ואומר) and who (from superstition) says, Add (put one more) to the table; a. fr.Yalk. Lev. 559 מוֹסַפְנִי עלוכ׳ (Sifra Metsora beg. מוסיף אני) I will add to what thou saidst. Nithpa. נִתּוֹסַף, נִיתּ׳, Hithpa. הּתּוֹסַף to be added; to be added to, increase, wax. Mekh. Bo. s. 16; Yalk. Ex. 217 והשני נ׳ לו and the second name was added to the first (without abrogating the first). Ex. R. s. 7, beg. נ׳ לו עודוכ׳ two additional years (of imprisonment) were given him. Sabb.152a ת״ח … חכמתן מִתּוֹסֶפֶת עליהן Ms. M. (ed. חכמה נִיתּוֹסֶפֶת בהן) when scholars grow old, their wisdom grows with their age; ib. טפשותן מתוספתוכ׳, v. טִפְּשוּת.

    Jewish literature > יָסַף

  • 259 יסר

    יָסַר(b. h.; cmp. אָסַר) ( to tie up; cmp. חוּב. Pi. יִסֵּר, יִיסֵּר to chastise, chasten, try. Snh.39a … מְיַיסֵּר … ביסורין he (the king) punishes the prominent among them (the rebellious citizens); כךהקב״ה מי׳וכ׳ so did the Lord visit Ezekiel in order to wash away the sins of Israel. Ab. Zar.4a אֲיַסְּרֵם ביסוריןוכ׳ I would visit them with afflictions in this world, in order that their arms be strengthened Ex. R. s. 3, end המטה שתְּיַיסְּרֶנּוּ בו the staff where-with to strike him (Pharaoh); a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְיַסֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְיַסֵּר to be chastened, tried. Gen. R. s. 62 היו מִתְיַיסְּרִין בחוליוכ׳ used to be visited with bowel diseases for ten days (prior to their death), to indicate that the disease purifies (from sin); Treat. Smaḥ. ch. III. Y.Snh.X, 27d נתיי׳ בבנו הבכור he was punished with the death of his first-born son. Tanḥ. Noah 14 נתי׳ בבנו he was visited with trials through his son (being asked to sacrifice him). Ib. Vayigg. 6 נתי׳ בבנו was tried by his son (Joseph being sold); a. e.

    Jewish literature > יסר

  • 260 יָסַר

    יָסַר(b. h.; cmp. אָסַר) ( to tie up; cmp. חוּב. Pi. יִסֵּר, יִיסֵּר to chastise, chasten, try. Snh.39a … מְיַיסֵּר … ביסורין he (the king) punishes the prominent among them (the rebellious citizens); כךהקב״ה מי׳וכ׳ so did the Lord visit Ezekiel in order to wash away the sins of Israel. Ab. Zar.4a אֲיַסְּרֵם ביסוריןוכ׳ I would visit them with afflictions in this world, in order that their arms be strengthened Ex. R. s. 3, end המטה שתְּיַיסְּרֶנּוּ בו the staff where-with to strike him (Pharaoh); a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְיַסֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְיַסֵּר to be chastened, tried. Gen. R. s. 62 היו מִתְיַיסְּרִין בחוליוכ׳ used to be visited with bowel diseases for ten days (prior to their death), to indicate that the disease purifies (from sin); Treat. Smaḥ. ch. III. Y.Snh.X, 27d נתיי׳ בבנו הבכור he was punished with the death of his first-born son. Tanḥ. Noah 14 נתי׳ בבנו he was visited with trials through his son (being asked to sacrifice him). Ib. Vayigg. 6 נתי׳ בבנו was tried by his son (Joseph being sold); a. e.

    Jewish literature > יָסַר


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