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survive

  • 1 dūrō

        dūrō āvī ātus, āre    [durus].    I. Trans, to make hard, harden, solidify: fumo uvam, dry, H.: calor durat (terram), V.: caementa calce durata, L.: solo nives, H.: undam in glaciem, Tb.—Fig., to harden with use, make hardy, inure: membra animumque, H.: umeros ad volnera, V.: hoc se labore, Cs.: adversus mala duratus, L.— To render hard, make insensible, dull, blunt: ferro (Iuppiter) duravit saecula, H. — To bear, endure, resist: laborem, V.: Vix durare carinae Possunt Aequor, H. —    II. Intrans, to grow hard: Tum durare solum Coeperit, V.— To be inured, be patient, wait, persevere, endure, hold out: hic, T.: in labore sub pellibus, L.: Durate et vosmet servate, V. — Pass impers.: nec durari extra tecta poterat, L. — To hold out, continue, last, remain: totidem per annos, V.: duret gentibus odium sui, Ta.: durante originis vi, Ta.: eadem horam durare probantes, H.: durando saecula vincit, V.: in hanc saeculi lucem, to survive, Ta.: durant colles, i. e. extend, Ta.
    * * *
    durare, duravi, duratus V
    harden, make hard; become hard/stern; bear, last, remain, continue; endure

    Latin-English dictionary > dūrō

  • 2 ē-mētior

        ē-mētior mēnsus, īrī, dep.,     to measure out: spatium oculis, V. — To pass, pass over, traverse: tot inhospita saxa, V.: iter, L.: longitudinem Italiae, L.: spatium pedibus, Ta.—P. pass., passed through, traversed: multo maior pars itineris, L.: Emenso Olympo, V.—To survive: tres principes, Ta. — P. pass.: emensae in lucem noctes, lived through, O.—To impart, bestow: aliquid patriae, H.: voluntatem tibi.

    Latin-English dictionary > ē-mētior

  • 3 superō

        superō āvī, ātus, āre    [superus], to go over, rise above, overtop, surmount, transcend: capite et cervicibus, V.: has (turrīs) altitudo puppium ex barbaris navibus superabat, Cs.: ut aqua genua vix superaret, L.: Posterior partīs superat mensura priores, O.— To go over, rise above, mount, ascend, surmount, overtop: ardua montis Per deserta iugo superans, passing over the summit, V.: (tempestas) summas ripas fluminis superavit, Cs.: munitiones, L.: montīs, V.: Caucasum, Cu.: tantum itineris, traverse, Ta.: regionem castrorum, go beyond, Cs.: insidias circa ipsum iter locatas, L.: superant (Parnasi) cacumina nubes, O.— To sail by, pass, double, weather: promunturium, L.: Euboeam, N.: cursu Isthmon, O.: Regna Liburnorum, V.—Poet.: musarum scopulos, Enn. ap. C.— To exceed, be in excess, overrun, be abundant, abound: in quo superare mendosum est: quae Iugurthae fesso superaverant, had been too much for, S.: superante multitudine, L.: superat gregibus dum iuventas, V.: uter igitur est divitior, cui deest an cui superat?— To be left over, remain, survive: quae superaverunt animalia capta, immolant, Cs.: quod superaret pecuniae: nihil ex raptis commeatibus superabat, L.: si de quincunce remota est Uncia, quid superat? H.: vitā, survive, Cs.: Quid puer Ascanius? superatne? V.: quid igitur superat, quod purgemus? L.—In war, to be victorious, overcome, subdue, conquer, vanquish: superavit postea Cinna cum Mario: maximas nationes, Cs.: exercitūs regios: navali praelio superati, Cs.: ferro incautum, V.: bello Asiam, N.— To extend beyond: clamor superat inde castra hostium, L.—Fig., to have the upper hand, be superior, excel, overcome, surpass: numero hostis, virtute Romanus superat, L.: superans animis, i. e. exulting, V.: hostes equitatu superare, N.: superat sententia Sabini, Cs.— To surpass, excel, exceed, outdo, outstrip, transcend: quaerit, quā se virtute Plancius superarit: doctrinā Graecia nos superabat: Phoebum canendo, V.: Duritiā ferrum, O.: cursu canem, H.: non dubitabam, quin hanc epistulam fama esset celeritate superatura, will outstrip. —To master, overcome, suppress, defeat, subdue, surmount: hanc (orationem) diligens scriptura superabit: necessitas quam ne dii quidem superant, to which not even the gods are superior, L.: superanda omnis fortuna ferendo est, V.
    * * *
    superare, superavi, superatus V
    overcome, conquer; survive; outdo; surpass, be above, have the upper hand

    Latin-English dictionary > superō

  • 4 super-sum or super sum

        super-sum or super sum fuī, esse.—Of a remainder,    to be over and above, be left, remain: duae partes, quae mihi supersunt inlustrandae orationis: quid superest de corporibus, Iu.: perexigua pars illius exercitūs superest, Cs.: quantum satietati superfuit: biduum supererat, Cs.: spatia si plura supersint, V.: nemo superesse quemquam praeter eos crederent, L.: quod superest, scribe quid placeat, for the rest: quod superfuit, Ph.: nihil erat super, N.: supererat nihil aliud quam evadere, L.: Pervigilem superest herbis sopire draconem, O.—To live after, outlive, be still alive, survive: Lucumo superfuit patri, L.: dolori, O.— To be in abundance, abound: Quoi tanta erat res et supererat, T.: vereor ne iam superesse mihi verba putes: adeo supererant animi ad sustinendam invidiam, L.—To be adequate, suffice: modo vita supersit, V.: labori, V.—To be in excess, be superabundant, be superfluous: ut neque absit quicquam neque supersit.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-sum or super sum

  • 5 vincō

        vincō vīcī, vīctus, ere    [1 VIC-].—In war, to conquer, overcome, get the better of, defeat, subdue, vanquish, be victorious: ut qui vicissent, iis quos vicissent imperarent, Cs.: navalibus pugnis Carthaginiensīs.—To prevail, succeed, overcome, win: iudicio: Fabio vel indice vincam, H.: factum est; vincimur, T.: Vicit iter durum pietas, made easy, V.: virgam, to win, V.: vicit tamen in Senatu pars illa, quae, etc., S.: cum in senatu vicisset sententia, quae, etc., L.: Othonem vincas volo, to outbid. —To overcome, overwhelm, prevail over: (naves) neu turbine venti Vincantur, V.: flammam gurgitibus, extinguish, O.: Vincunt aequora navitae, master, H.: Victaque concessit prisca moneta novae, O.: Blanda quies furtim victis obrepsit ocellis, O.: ubi aëra vincere summum Arboris... potuere sagittae, i. e. surmount, V.: viscera flammā, i. e. to cook, V.—To outlast, survive: (Aesculus) Multa virum volvens durando saecula vincit, V.: vivendo vici mea fata, V.—Fig., to prevail, be superior, convince, refute, constrain, overcome: naturam studio, Cs.: vincit ipsa rerum p. natura saepe rationem: vinci a voluptate: peccavi, fateor, vincor, T.: victus patris precibus lacrimisque, L.: est qui vinci possit, H.: Victus amore pudor, O.: victus animi respe<*>t, V.: Ergo negatum vincor ut credam, am constrained, H.: verbis ea vincere, i. e. to express worthily, V.—To overmatch, surpass, exceed, excel: terrae magnitudinem: morum inmanitate beluas: mulierculam mollitiā, H.: Scribere, quod Cassi opuscula vincat, H.—To prove triumphantly, show conclusively, demonstrate: si doceo non ab Habito, vinco ab Oppianico, prove (the fact): vici unam rem... vici alteram, I have established one point: vince deinde, bonum virum fuisse Oppianicum: Vincet enim stultos ratio insanire nepotes, H.: Nec vincet ratio hoc, tantumdem ut peccet idemque Qui, etc., H.—To prevail, gain the point, carry the day: cui si esse in urbe tuto licebit, vicimus: Vicimus et meus est, O.: vincite, si ita voltis, have your way, Cs.: viceris, enjoy your victory, T.
    * * *
    vincere, vici, victus V
    conquer, defeat, excel; outlast; succeed

    Latin-English dictionary > vincō

  • 6 vītālis

        vītālis e, adj.    [vita], of life, vital: caloris natura vim habet in se vitalem, vital power: calor, Cu.: Vitales vias clausit, i. e. the wind-pipe, O.: vita ‘vitalis,’ ut ait Ennius, i. e. true life: lumen vitale relinquam, i. e. die, O.: ut sis Vitalis metuo, long-lived, H.: Mancipium frugi quod sit satis, hoc est Ut vitale putes, i. e. not too good to live, H.: abstinere eo quod vitale sit, life-sustaining, L.
    * * *
    vitalis, vitale ADJ
    vital; of life (and death); living/alive, able to survive; lively; life-giving

    Latin-English dictionary > vītālis

  • 7 vīvō

        vīvō vīxī ( subj pluperf. vīxet for vīxisset, V.), —, ere    [VIV-], to live, be alive, have life: Valet atque vivit (gnatus), T.: vivere ac spirare: is demum mihi vivere atque frui animā videtur, qui, etc., S.: Annos bis centum, O.: ad centesimum annum: nisi cum virtute vivatur, unless we live virtuously: non sibi soli postulat, Te vivere, for him alone, T.: nos in diem vivimus, i. e. from hand to mouth: vitam duram, quam vixi usque adhuc, T.: tutiorem vitam: Bacchanalia vivunt, Iu.: nunc tertia vivitur aetas, O.: et vivere vitem et mori dicimus: ignes, O.—To survive, be still alive: si viveret, verba eius audiretis: si viveret, mihi cum illo nulla contentio iam maneret: constitueram, neminem includere in dialogos eorum, qui viverent: hic tamen vivit. vivit? immo vero etiam in senatum venit.—In phrases of asseveration: nam, ita vivam, putavi, as I live: quid poteris, inquies, pro iis dicere? ne vivam, si scio, may I die, if, etc.: ego hodie, si vivo, tibi Ostendam, etc., as sure as I live, T.—In the phrase, de lucro vivere, i. e. to owe life to favor, live at another's mercy: de lucro prope iam quadrennium vivimus: de lucro tibi vivere me scito, L.—In the phrase, ex alicuius more vivere, to conform to one's ways, live according to one's wishes: Huncine erat aequom ex illius more an illum ex huius vivere? T.—To live, support life, feed, be supported, sustain oneself: stirpibus palmarum: piscibus, Cs.: cortice ex arboribus, Cs.: herbis et urticā, H.: rapto, V.: Parcius, H.: Vivitur ex rapto, O.; cf. studia, quibus antea delectabamur, nunc etiam vivimus, which were formerly my delight, are now my life.—To live, pass the time, reside, dwell, be: extra urbem: Cypri, N.: in litteris vivere: unis moribus et numquam mutatis legibus: convenienter naturae: cum Pansā vixi in Pompeiano: ecquis me hodie vivit fortunatior? T.: ego vivo miserrimus: illā (sorte) Contentus vivat, H.: quoniam vivitur non cum perfectis hominibus, sed, etc.—Prov.: animum secum esse secumque ut dicitur, vivere, i. e. for its own sake.—To live well, live at ease, enjoy life: quando vivemus?: vive valeque, farewell, H.: vivite, silvae, fare ye well, V.—To live, last, endure, remain, be remembered: Vivet extento Proculeius aevo, H.: per omnia saecula famā, O.: tacitum vivat sub pectore volnus, V.: das nostro victurum nomen amori, O.: mihi Scipio vivit tamen semperque vivet.
    * * *
    vivere, vixi, victus V
    be alive, live; survive; reside

    Latin-English dictionary > vīvō

  • 8 advivo

    advivere, advixi, advictus V INTRANS
    live with (w/cum); survive, be alive

    Latin-English dictionary > advivo

  • 9 supersum

    superesse, superfui, - V
    be left over; survive; be in excess/superfluous (to); remain to be performed

    Latin-English dictionary > supersum

  • 10 supervivo

    supervivere, supervixi, - V
    survive, outlive

    Latin-English dictionary > supervivo

  • 11 Luctor et emergo

    Latin Quotes (Latin to English) > Luctor et emergo

  • 12 exsupero

    ex-sŭpĕro ( exup-), āvi, ātum ( gen. plur. part. sync. exsuperantum, Varr. L. L. 7, § 18 Müll.), 1, v. n. and a. (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose).
    I.
    Neutr., to mount up, appear above (very rare).
    A.
    Lit.: exsuperant flammae;

    furit aestus ad auras,

    Verg. A. 2, 759.—
    B.
    Trop., to get the upper hand, to overcome, prevail, excel:

    sol et vapor omnis,

    Lucr. 5, 385:

    arma capessant, Et si non poterunt exsuperare, cadant,

    Ov. F. 6, 372:

    praesens dolor,

    Lucr. 6, 1277:

    quantum ipse feroci Virtute exsuperas,

    Verg. A. 12, 20:

    Hannibal exsuperans astu,

    Sil. 1, 57.—
    II.
    Act., to project or tower above any thing, to surmount, rise above, exceed.
    A.
    Lit.:

    vites exsuperant ulmos,

    Plin. 14, 1, 3, § 12:

    exsuperat jugum,

    passes over, Verg. A. 11, 905:

    clivum,

    Sen. Ep. 31:

    amnem,

    Plin. 6, 17, 21, § 62:

    Nilus exsuperavit sedecim cubita,

    id. 18, 18, 47, § 168; cf.:

    binas libras ponderis,

    id. 9, 17, 30, § 64.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    To surpass, exceed: quis homo te exsuperavit usquam gentium impudentiā? Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 4, 36, 77:

    omnes Tarquinios superbiā,

    Liv. 3, 11, 13:

    genus morum nobilitate,

    Ov. Tr. 4, 4, 2:

    aliquid latitudine,

    Plin. 2, 11, 8, § 50:

    laudes alicujus,

    Liv. 28, 43, 7:

    cuncta exsuperans patrimonia census,

    Juv. 10, 13:

    tu vero, pater, vive et me quoque exsupera,

    survive, outlive, Val. Max. 5, 9 fin.:

    aestatem,

    to outlast, Plin. 14, 2, 4, § 33.—
    2.
    To be too much for, to overpower, overcome: id summum exsuperat Jovem, Poët. in Cic. Div. 2, 10, 25:

    materia vires exsuperante meas,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 5, 56:

    caecum consilium,

    Verg. A. 7, 591:

    multitudo Gallorum, sensum omnem talis damni exsuperans,

    Liv. 7, 24, 2.—Hence, exsŭpĕrans ( exup-), antis, P. a. (acc. to I. B.), surpassing, excellent, supreme (post-class.):

    mulier exsuperanti forma,

    Gell. 6, 8, 3.— Comp.: uter esset exsuperantior, certabatur, Gell. 14, 3, 11.— Sup., App. Dogm. Plat. 1, p. 8.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > exsupero

  • 13 pervivo

    per-vīvo, xi, ctum, 3, v. n., to live on, survive to a certain time (ante-class.): pervixi usque adhuc, Att. ap. Non. 238, 2 (Trag. Rel. v. 417 Rib.):

    pervivo usque ad summam aetatem,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 84.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > pervivo

  • 14 subpeto

    sup-pĕto ( subp-), īvi or ĭi, ītum, 3, v. n.
    I.
    To go or come to one, i. e.,
    A.
    Lit., to be at hand or in store, to be present (class.):

    ut mihi supersit, suppetat, superstitet,

    Plaut. Pers. 3, 1, 3:

    si cui haec suppetunt,

    Cic. Off 2, 8, 31:

    cui res non suppetat,

    id. de Or. 3, 35, 142:

    vererer, ne mihi crimina non suppeterent,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 11, § 31:

    ne pabuli quidem satis magna copia suppetebat,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 16:

    copia frumenti,

    id. ib. 1, 3:

    frumentum copiaeque,

    Liv. 5, 26, 9:

    quibus rebus numquam tanta suppeteret victoriae fiducia, Auct. B. Afr. 31: ut mihi ad remunerandum nihil suppetat praeter voluntatem,

    Cic. Fam. 15, 13, 2:

    quibuscumque vires suppetebant ad arma ferenda, praesto fuere,

    Liv. 4, 22, 1; Plin. 2, 9, 6, § 46:

    neque quo manus porrigeret suppetebat,

    Nep. Dion, 7, 2:

    nondum suppetente ad haurien, dum ultra justa vi,

    Plin. 2, 9, 6, § 46:

    si vita suppetet,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 4, 11; so,

    vita,

    Plin. Ep. 5, 5, 8:

    vita longior,

    Liv. 40, 56, 7: quoad vita suppetet, Auct. B. Afr. 92; Vop. Aur. 24.—With pers. subject:

    deos oro, ut vitae tuae superstes suppetat (uxor),

    that she may survive you, Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 19:

    nec consilium sibi suppetere diceret,

    Liv. 4, 48, 13.—
    B.
    Transf., to be equal to or sufficient for; to suffice, to agree with, correspond to any thing;

    = sufficere: ut amori, ut ambitioni, ut cottidianis sumptibus copiae suppetant,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 32, 89:

    pauper enim non est, cui rerum suppetit usus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 12, 4:

    utinam quae dicis, dictis facta suppetant,

    i. e. I wish you may be as good as your word, Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 106:

    rudis lingua non suppetebat libertati,

    Liv. 2, 56, 8:

    ut plagae possint suppetere ipsae,

    Lucr. 1, 1050. — Poet., with pers. subject:

    novis ut usque suppetas doloribus,

    you may be exposed to, Hor. Epod. 17, 64. —
    II.
    To ask in place of another, to personate another in asking:

    si silignario quis dixerit, ut quisquis nomine ejus siliginem petisset, ei daret... furti actionem adversus eum qui suppetet, etc.,

    Dig. 47, 2, 52, § 11.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > subpeto

  • 15 supergredior

    sŭper-grĕdĭor ( sŭpergrădĭor, Plin. 27, 12, 68, § 110), gressus, 3, v. dep. a. and n. [gradior], to step, walk, or go over (post-Aug.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    limen,

    Col. 7, 9, 13; Plin. 32, 10, 46, § 133:

    capram alteram decubuisse atque ita alteram proculcatae supergressam,

    Plin. 8, 50, 76, § 201.—
    II.
    Trop., to pass over, get over, surmount; to surpass, exceed, excel:

    aetatis suae feminas pulchritudine,

    Tac. A. 13, 45:

    omnem laudem supergressa,

    Quint. 6, prooem. §

    8: claritatem parentum animi magnitudine,

    Just. 42, 2, 3:

    alicujus res gestas,

    id. 44, 5:

    crudele praeceptum, supergressum omnia diritatis exempla,

    Amm. 28, 1, 25. —
    B.
    To live through, survive a period of time:

    sexagin ta annos,

    Sen. Suas. 6, 6.—
    C.
    To be superior to, elevated above:

    necessitates,

    Sen. Ep. 32, 5.
    ► * a.
    Act. collat. form sŭpergrĕ-dĭo, dĕre, to go over, pass:

    duodecimum aetatis annum supergresserat,

    App. M. 10, p. 238, 34 (dub.).—
    * b.
    sŭpergressus, a, um, in pass. signif., Pall. Nov. 4, 2.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > supergredior

  • 16 supero

    sŭpĕro, āvi, ātum, 1, v. n. and a. [id.].
    I.
    Neutr., to go over, to rise above, overtop, surmount.
    A.
    Lit. (very rare; syn. transcendo): maximo saltu superabit gravidus armatis equus, surmounted, leaped the wall, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2 (Trag. v. 97 Vahl.):

    sol superabat ex mari,

    Plaut. Stich. 2, 2, 41:

    ripis superat mihi atque abundat pectus laetitia meum,

    id. ib. 2, 1, 6:

    jugo superans,

    passing over the summit, Verg. A. 11, 514:

    superat agger ad auras,

    Stat. Th. 4, 458:

    (angues) superant capite et cervicibus altis,

    Verg. A. 2, 219. —
    B.
    Trop. (freq. and class.).
    1.
    To have the upper hand or superiority, to be superior, to overcome, surpass (syn. vinco):

    denique nostra superat manus,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 80:

    quā (sc. virtute) nostri milites facile superabant,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 14; 1, 40:

    numero militum,

    Liv. 29, 30, 8; cf.:

    numero hostis, virtute Romanus superat,

    id. 9, 32, 7:

    tantum superantibus malis,

    id. 3, 16, 4:

    sorte,

    id. 38, 36, 10:

    victor, superans animis,

    Verg. A. 5, 473:

    hostes equitatu superare,

    Nep. Ages. 3, 6:

    unde salo superant venti,

    Prop. 3, 5 (4, 4), 29:

    superat sententia Sabini,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 31:

    si superaverit morbus,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 1, 3.—
    2.
    To exceed, be in excess, be superfluous; to be abundant, to abound (syn. supersum):

    in quo et deesse aliquam partem et superare mendosum est,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 19, 83:

    pecunia superabat? at egebas,

    id. Or. 67, 224:

    uter igitur est divitior? cui deest an cui superat?

    id. Par. 6, 3, 49:

    quis tolerare potest, illis divitias superare, nobis rem familiarem etiam ad necessaria deesse?

    Sall. C. 20, 11:

    cui quamquam virtus, gloria... superabant,

    id. J. 64, 1:

    quae Jugurthae fesso superaverant,

    had been too much for, id. ib. 70, 2:

    de eo quod ipsis superat,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 15, 42:

    Quinto delegabo, si quid aeri meo alieno superabit et emptionibus,

    id. Att. 13, 46, 3:

    superabat umor in arvis,

    Lucr. 5, 804:

    superante multitudine,

    Liv. 3, 5:

    cum otium superat,

    id. 3, 17:

    num tibi superat superbia?

    Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 86:

    gentis superant tibi laudes,

    Tib. 4, 1, 28:

    dum superat gregibus juventas,

    Verg. G. 3, 63:

    si superant fetus,

    id. ib. 1, 189: quam facile tunc sit omnia impedire et quam hoc Caesari superet, non te fallit, perh. how exceedingly easy it would have been, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 5, 3 dub.—
    3.
    To be left over, to remain, survive (syn. supersum):

    quae superaverint animalia capta, immolant,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 17:

    quod superaret pecuniae,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 84, § 195: quae arma superabunt, Pompon. ap. Cic. Att. 8, 12, A, § 4; Plaut. Truc. 5, 49:

    nihil ex raptis commeatibus superabat,

    Liv. 22, 40, 8:

    pepulerunt jam paucos superantes,

    id. 22, 49, 5:

    si de quincunce remota est Uncia, quid superat?

    Hor. A. P. 328:

    sex superant versus,

    Prop. 4 (5), 2, 57:

    pars quae sola mei superabit corporis, ossa,

    Tib. 3, 2, 17; Plaut. Truc. prol. 20:

    superet modo Mantua nobis,

    Verg. E. 9, 27: uter eorum vitā superarit, whichever survives, Caes. B. G. 6, 19:

    quae superaverint animalia,

    id. ib. 6, 17:

    quid puer Ascanius? superatne et vescitur aurā?

    Verg. A. 3, 339:

    captae superavimus urbi,

    id. ib. 2, 643; Liv. 29, 7, 7:

    quid igitur superat, quod purgemus?

    id. 45, 24, 1.—
    II.
    Act., to go or pass over, rise above; to mount, ascend; to surmount, overtop.
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    In gen.: in altisono Caeli clipeo temo superat Stellas, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, § 73 Müll. (Vahl. Enn. p. 119, om. stellas):

    tempestas summas ripas fluminis superavit,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 48:

    ventosum aequor,

    Ov. Ib. 591:

    fluvium,

    Luc. 4, 150:

    mare,

    Sen. Oet. 128:

    pedibus salsas lacunas,

    Lucr. 3, 1031:

    munitiones,

    Liv. 5, 8, 10:

    quas (Alpes) nullā dum viā superatas,

    id. 5, 34, 6; 21, 26, 4; 21, 30, 5; 21, 38, 1;

    23, 45, 3: Tauro monte superato,

    id. 35, 13, 4:

    montes,

    Verg. G. 3, 270:

    Alpes cursu,

    Luc. 1, 183:

    immensa montium juga,

    Plin. Pan. 81, 1:

    Caucasum,

    Curt. 7, 3, 22:

    hoc jugum,

    Verg. A. 6, 676:

    fossas,

    id. ib. 9, 314:

    summi fastigia tecti Ascensu,

    id. ib. 2, 303; cf.:

    caprae gravido superant vix ubere limen,

    id. G. 3, 317:

    retia saltu (vulpes),

    Ov. M. 7, 767:

    tantum itineris,

    to traverse, pass over, Tac. Agr. 33: regionem castrorum, to go past or beyond, Caes. B. C. 1, 69; cf. Cic. Tusc. 1, 19, 43:

    insidias circa ipsum iter locatas,

    Liv. 2, 50, 6:

    collocatur in eo turris tabulatorum quae superaret fontis fastigium,

    but so as to overtop, command, Hirt. B. G. 8, 41:

    superat (Parnassus) cacumine nubes,

    Ov. M. 1, 317.—
    2.
    In partic.
    a.
    Naut. t. t., to sail by or past a place, a promontory, etc.; to double or weather a point, etc.; promontorium, Lucil. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 244; Auct. B. Afr. 62, 3; Liv. 26, 26, 1; 30, 25, 6; 31, 23, 3; Tac. A. 15, 46 et saep.:

    Euboeam,

    Nep. Them. 3, 3:

    cursu Isthmon,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 11, 5:

    intima Regna Liburnorum et fontem Timavi,

    Verg. A. 1, 244 Serv.— Poet., transf.: musarum scopulos, Enn. ap. Cic. Brut. 19, 76 (Ann. v. 223 Vahl.).—
    b.
    To rise above, exceed in height:

    ut alibi umbilico tenus aqua esset, alibi genua vix superaret,

    Liv. 36, 45, 9; cf.: posterior partes superat mensura priores, i. e. exceeds in size, Ov. M. 15, 378.—
    B.
    Trop., to surpass, excel, exceed, outdo, outstrip in any quality, in value, etc.
    1.
    In gen.:

    non potest quaestus consistere, si eum sumptus superat,

    Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 74:

    ne sumptus fructum superet,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 53:

    qui omnes homines supero atque antideo cruciabilitatibus animi,

    Plaut. Cist. 2, 1, 3:

    virtute, laude, dignitate,

    Cic. Planc. 2, 6 sq.:

    aut ingenio aut fortunā aut dignitate superari,

    id. Lael. 3, 11:

    omnes homines constantiā et gravitate,

    id. Fam. 1, 9, 16:

    doctrinā Graecia nos et omni litterarum genere superabat,

    id. Tusc. 1, 1, 3:

    auctoritatis pondere et utilitatis ubertate,

    id. de Or. 1, 44, 195; Hirt. B. G. 8, prooem. §

    4: aliquem nobilitate,

    Ov. P. 3, 2, 56:

    Phoebum superare canendo,

    Verg. E. 5, 9:

    omnes scelere,

    Liv. 29, 8:

    aliquem dignitate vitae,

    Nep. Alcib. 11, 2:

    aliquem ingenio, id. Dion, 4, 1: duritiā ferrum,

    Ov. H. 2, 137:

    vel cursu superare canem vel viribus aprum,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 51:

    omnes in ceteris artibus,

    Nep. Epam. 2, 2:

    summam spem civium incredibili virtute,

    Cic. Lael. 3, 11:

    non dubitabam, quin hanc epistulam multi nuntii, fama denique esset ipsa tua celeritate superatura,

    will outstrip, id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 1.—
    2.
    In partic., in milit. lang., to overcome, subdue, conquer, vanquish (syn. debello):

    victis hostibus, quos nemo posse superari ratu'st,

    Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 24:

    armatos ac victores,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 40:

    maximas nationes,

    id. ib. 3, 28;

    2, 24: quos integros superavissent,

    id. B. C. 2, 5:

    bello superatos esse Arvernos et Rutenos a Q. Fabio Maximo,

    id. B. G. 1, 45:

    si Helvetios superaverint Romani,

    id. ib. 1, 17:

    Massilienses bis proelio navali superati,

    id. B. C. 2, 22:

    clam ferro incautum superat,

    Verg. A. 1, 350:

    bello superatus,

    Ov. M. 12, 364:

    Asiam bello,

    Nep. Ages. 4, 3:

    tota insula in unā urbe superata est,

    Flor. 2, 6.—
    b.
    Transf., in gen.: quem (C. Curium) nemo ferro potuit superare nec auro, Enn. ap. Cic. Rep. 3, 3, 6 (Ann. v. 220 Vahl.):

    in quo (genere officii) etiam si multi mecum contendent, omnes facile superabo,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 4:

    si erum videt superare amorem,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 1, 7:

    hanc (orationem) assidua ac diligens scriptura superabit,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 33, 150: si meam spem vis improborum fefellerit atque superaverit, id. Cat. 4, 11, 23:

    injurias fortunae facile veterum philosophorum praeceptis superabat,

    id. Fin. 4, 7, 17:

    pareatur necessitati, quam ne dii quidem superant,

    which even the gods are not above, not superior to, Liv. 9, 4, 16:

    casus omnes,

    Verg. A. 11, 244:

    superanda omnis fortuna ferendo est,

    id. ib. 5, 710:

    labores,

    id. ib. 3, 368:

    difficultates omnes,

    Vell. 2, 120, 4:

    cum incedendi nimietate jam superarer,

    Amm. 19, 8, 6.—Hence, sŭpĕrans, antis, P. a.
    * A.
    Rising high, prominent, high, lofty:

    mons superantissimus,

    Sol. 2 med.
    * B.
    Prevailing, predominant:

    superantior ignis,

    Lucr. 5, 394.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > supero

  • 17 supersto

    sŭper-sto, āre, v. n. and a., to stand upon or over (perh. not ante-Aug.):

    signa cum columnis, quibus superstabant,

    Liv. 40, 2, 2:

    columnae (statua),

    Suet. Galb. 23:

    essedis carrisque (hostis),

    Liv. 10, 28, 9:

    ruinis (armati),

    id. 38, 7, 5:

    corporibus hostium,

    id. 7, 24, 5:

    cumulus caesorum,

    id. 22, 59, 3:

    rupibus,

    id. 37, 27, 8: superstantes propugnaculis [p. 1810] celsis, Amm. 20, 6, 4:

    (quem) lapsum superstans Immolat,

    Verg. A. 10, 540:

    ossa inhumata (volucres),

    Ov. H. 10, 123:

    corpora atque arma simul cumulata,

    Stat. Th. 2, 713.— Absol.:

    agger pondere superstantium in fossam procubuit,

    Liv. 10, 5, 11:

    cum armati superstantes subissent,

    id. 44, 9, 8. —
    II.
    To survive ( = superstitem esse;

    eccl. Lat.),

    Ennod. Epigr. 6, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > supersto

  • 18 supersum

    sŭper-sum, fui, esse (old collat. form of the pres. superescit, Enn. and Att. ap. Fest. p. 302 Müll.;

    per tmesin: jamque adeo super unus eram,

    Verg. A. 2, 567:

    nihil erat super,

    Nep. Alcib. 8, 1), v. n.
    I.
    To be over and above, either as a remainder or as a superfluity (class. and very freq.; cf. supero, B. 3.).
    A.
    As a remainder, to be left, to remain, to exist still.
    1.
    In gen.: dum quidem unus homo Romanus toga superescit, Enn. ap. Fest. p. 302 Müll. (Ann. v. 486 Vahl.): inde sibi memorat, unum superesse laborem, id. ap. Gell. 1, 22, 16 (Ann. v. 159 ib.):

    duae partes, quae mihi supersunt illustrandae orationis, etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 24, 91:

    ut nulli supersint de inimicis,

    id. Marcell. 7, 21: omnes qui supersint de Hirtii exercitu, Pollio ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 33, 5:

    quid superest de corporibus,

    Juv. 3, 259; 1, 35:

    ex eo proelio circiter milia hominum CXXX. superfuerunt,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 26:

    perexigua pars illius exercitūs superest,

    id. B. C. 3, 87:

    quod Morini Menapiique supererant,

    id. B. G. 3, 28:

    cum hostes vestri tantum civium superfuturum putassent, quantum, etc.,

    Cic. Cat. 3, 10, 25:

    quantum satietati superfuit,

    id. Verr. 1, 4, 13; cf.:

    quantum ipsi superesse potest,

    id. Rep. 1, 4, 8:

    biduum supererat,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 23:

    non multum ad solis occasum temporis supererat,

    id. B. C. 3, 51:

    non multum aestatis superesset,

    id. B. G. 5, 22:

    fessis tantum superesse maris,

    Verg. A. 5, 616:

    spatia si plura supersint,

    id. ib. 5, 325:

    deos Ambraciensibus non superesse,

    Liv. 38, 43:

    nemo superesse quemquam praeter eos credebat,

    id. 5, 39:

    quod superest, scribe quaeso quam accuratissime, quid placeat,

    as for the rest, as to what remains, Cic. Att. 9, 19, 3; Verg. A. 5, 691:

    quod superfuit,

    Phaedr. 2, epil. 6:

    nunc mihi cur cantent, superest Dicere,

    it still remains to tell, Ov. F. 3, 675:

    superest tercentum messes videre,

    id. M. 14, 145; Lact. 1, 6, 6.—With ut and subj., Plin. Ep. 1, 1, 2; Lact. 1, 23, 1.—
    2.
    In partic., to live after, outlive, to be still alive, to survive (rare):

    sicut tuum vis unicum gnatum tuae Superesse vitae sospitem et superstitem,

    Plaut. As. 1, 1, 2: neque deesse neque superesse rei publicae volo, Pollio ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 33, 5:

    Lucumo superfuit patri,

    Liv. 1, 34:

    fugae,

    id. 28, 28:

    ne superesset tanto exercitui suum nomen secuto,

    id. 27, 49:

    dolori,

    Ov. M. 11, 703:

    cum superessent adhuc qui spectaverant, etc.,

    Suet. Claud. 21.—
    B.
    To be in abundance, to abound (syn. abundo):

    cui tanta erat res et supererat,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 19:

    tibi, quia superest, dolet,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 10:

    vereor ne jam superesse mihi verba putes, quae dixeram defutura,

    Cic. Fam. 13, 63, 2:

    adeo supererunt animi ad sustinendam invidiam,

    Liv. 2, 27, 12:

    tantum illi ingenii superfuit,

    Suet. Tit. 1.— Poet.: modo vita supersit, if life be long enough, suffice, Verg. G. 3, 10:

    ne blando nequeant superesse labori,

    i. e. to be sufficient for, equal to, id. ib. 3, 127; so,

    Veneri,

    Col. 4, 27, 8.—
    2.
    In a bad sense, to be in excess, to be superabundant or superfluous:

    ut vis ejus rei, quam definias, sic exprimatur, ut neque absit quicquam neque supersit,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 25, 108; cf. Varr. ap. Gell. 1, 22, 5 and 6.—
    II.
    For adesse, to be present, to serve by being present, to assist: si superesset (opp. sin deesset), Aug. ap. Suet. Aug. 56.—Esp., to serve as an advocate:

    falsa atque aliena verbi significatio, quod dicitur, hic illi superest, cum dicendum est, advocatum esse, etc.,

    Gell. 1, 22, 1.—
    III.
    To be over or beyond, to be prominent, project, Val. Fl. 6, 760.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > supersum

  • 19 supervivo

    super-vīvo, xi, ĕre, v. n., to outlive, survive (post-Aug.; cf. supersum); with dat.:

    Olympias non diu filiis supervixit,

    Just. 28, 3, 3:

    gloriae suae triginta annis,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 1, 2:

    expeditioni superfuit et supervixit,

    Flor. 2, 2, 14; Spart. Had. 15; App. M. 1, p. 108, 27; 4, p. 147, 22.— Absol., Suet. Caes. 89; Vulg. Exod. 21, 21; Amm. 18, 3, 5.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > supervivo

  • 20 suppeto

    sup-pĕto ( subp-), īvi or ĭi, ītum, 3, v. n.
    I.
    To go or come to one, i. e.,
    A.
    Lit., to be at hand or in store, to be present (class.):

    ut mihi supersit, suppetat, superstitet,

    Plaut. Pers. 3, 1, 3:

    si cui haec suppetunt,

    Cic. Off 2, 8, 31:

    cui res non suppetat,

    id. de Or. 3, 35, 142:

    vererer, ne mihi crimina non suppeterent,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 11, § 31:

    ne pabuli quidem satis magna copia suppetebat,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 16:

    copia frumenti,

    id. ib. 1, 3:

    frumentum copiaeque,

    Liv. 5, 26, 9:

    quibus rebus numquam tanta suppeteret victoriae fiducia, Auct. B. Afr. 31: ut mihi ad remunerandum nihil suppetat praeter voluntatem,

    Cic. Fam. 15, 13, 2:

    quibuscumque vires suppetebant ad arma ferenda, praesto fuere,

    Liv. 4, 22, 1; Plin. 2, 9, 6, § 46:

    neque quo manus porrigeret suppetebat,

    Nep. Dion, 7, 2:

    nondum suppetente ad haurien, dum ultra justa vi,

    Plin. 2, 9, 6, § 46:

    si vita suppetet,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 4, 11; so,

    vita,

    Plin. Ep. 5, 5, 8:

    vita longior,

    Liv. 40, 56, 7: quoad vita suppetet, Auct. B. Afr. 92; Vop. Aur. 24.—With pers. subject:

    deos oro, ut vitae tuae superstes suppetat (uxor),

    that she may survive you, Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 19:

    nec consilium sibi suppetere diceret,

    Liv. 4, 48, 13.—
    B.
    Transf., to be equal to or sufficient for; to suffice, to agree with, correspond to any thing;

    = sufficere: ut amori, ut ambitioni, ut cottidianis sumptibus copiae suppetant,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 32, 89:

    pauper enim non est, cui rerum suppetit usus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 12, 4:

    utinam quae dicis, dictis facta suppetant,

    i. e. I wish you may be as good as your word, Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 106:

    rudis lingua non suppetebat libertati,

    Liv. 2, 56, 8:

    ut plagae possint suppetere ipsae,

    Lucr. 1, 1050. — Poet., with pers. subject:

    novis ut usque suppetas doloribus,

    you may be exposed to, Hor. Epod. 17, 64. —
    II.
    To ask in place of another, to personate another in asking:

    si silignario quis dixerit, ut quisquis nomine ejus siliginem petisset, ei daret... furti actionem adversus eum qui suppetet, etc.,

    Dig. 47, 2, 52, § 11.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > suppeto

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