Перевод: с греческого на английский

с английского на греческий

take+someone+at+his+word

  • 1 καθιστάνω

    καθίστημι/καθιστάνω (Ac 17:15; 1 Cl 42:4; EpArist 280; 281; Jos., Ant. 16, 129; POxf 16, 12). Pres. 3 sg. καθιστᾷ Da 2:21 Theod.; impf. καθίστα (Just., D. 52, 3); ptc. καθιστῶν LXX; fut. καταστήσω; 1 aor. κατέστησα; pf. καθέστακα LXX; intr. καθέστηκα LXX; plpf.-κεισαν (3 Macc 2:33). Pass.: 1 fut. κατασταθήσομαι; 1 aor. καθεστάθην; pf. ptc. καθεσταμένος (LXX; 1 Cl 54:2; Jos., Ant. 12, 268) (s. κατά, ἵστημι; Hom.+).
    to take someone somewhere, bring, conduct, take (Od. 13, 274; Thu. 4, 78, 6; X., An. 4, 8, 8; UPZ 78, 14 [159 B.C.]; BGU 93, 22 κατάστησον αὐτοὺς εἰς Μέμφιν; Josh 6:23; 1 Km 5:3; 2 Ch 28:15; Jos., Ant. 7, 279; oneself Tat. 2, 1 τίς … ἀλαζονείας ἔξω καθέστηκεν;=which one has been free of boastfulness?) Ac 17:15.
    to assign someone a position of authority, appoint, put in charge (Hdt. et al.)
    someone over (of) someth. or someone τινὰ ἐπί τινος (Arrian, Exp. Al. 3, 6, 6 ἐπὶ τ. χρημάτων; Gen 41:41; Num 3:10; Da 2:48; Jos., Ant. 2, 73) Mt 24:45; cp. 25:21, 23; Lk 12:42; Ac 6:3. τινὰ ἐπί τινι over someth. (Jos., Ant. 12, 278) Mt 24:47; Lk 12:44. τινὰ ἐπί τι (Isocr. 12, 132; X., Cyr. 8, 1, 9; Da 3:12 Theod.) Hb 2:7 v.l. (Ps 8:7). W. acc. of pers. and inf. of purpose ὁ υἱὸς κατέστησε τ. ἀγγέλους ἐπʼ αὐτοὺς τοῦ συντηρεῖν αὐτούς Hs 5, 6, 2.
    w. acc. authorize, appoint (Pla., Rep. 10, 606d ἄρχοντα; Vi. Aesopi W 15 p. 83 P.; 1 Macc 3:55; Jos., Ant. 9, 4 κρίτας; Just., D. 52, 3 βασιλεῖς) πρεσβυτέρους Tit 1:5. Cp. 1 Cl 42:5 (for δώσω Is 60:17; the latter rdg. Iren. 4, 26, 5 [Harv. II 238]); 43:1; 44:2. Pass. 44:3; 54:2; foll. by εἰς w. inf. of the high priest: εἰς τὸ προσφέρειν δῶρα καθίσταται is appointed to offer gifts Hb 8:3. Sim. ὑπὲρ ἀνθρώπων καθίσταται τὰ πρὸς τὸν θεόν, ἵνα προσφέρῃ is appointed (to act) on behalf of people in matters relating to God, to bring Hb 5:1.—A second acc. (predicate) can be added to τινά: make or appoint someone someth. (Hdt. 7, 105 al.; PHib 82 I, 14 [239/238 B.C.]; Sir 32:1; 1 Macc 9:25; 10:20; Jos., Ant. 12, 360) Lk 12:14; Ac 7:10; Hb 7:28 (Diog. L. 9, 64 ἀρχιερέα κ. αὐτόν). τίς σε κατέστησεν ἄρχοντα; Ac 7:27, 35; 1 Cl 4:10 (all three Ex 2:14).—W. εἰς: εἰς ἐπισκόπους καὶ διακόνους 1 Cl 42:4 (Just., D. 65:7).
    cause someone to experience someth., make, cause τινά τι (Eur., Androm. 635 κλαίοντά σε καταστήσει; Pla., Phlb. 16b ἐμὲ ἔρημον κατέστησεν; POxy 939, 19 σε εὐθυμότερον; Jos., Ant. 6, 92; 20, 18; Just., A I, 33, 6 τὴν παρθένον … ἐγκύμονα κατέστησε) ταῦτα οὐκ ἀργοὺς οὐδὲ ἀκάρπους καθίστησιν this does not make (you) useless and unproductive 2 Pt 1:8.—Pass. be made, become (Menand., Fgm. 769 K.=483 Kö. ἅπαντα δοῦλα τοῦ φρονεῖν καθίσταται; Herodas 1, 40 ἱλαρὴ κατάστηθι=be(come) cheerful; Diod S 17, 70, 3; Περὶ ὕψους 5; PRein 18, 40 [108 B.C.] ἀπερίσπαστος κατασταθήσεται=‘be left undisturbed’; EpArist 289 σκληροὶ καθίστανται; Philo, Aet. M. 133) ἁμαρτωλοὶ κατεστάθησαν … δίκαιοι κατασταθήσονται Ro 5:19 (FDanker in Gingrich Festschr. ’72, 106f, quoting POxy 281, 14–24 [20–50 A.D.] in possible legal sense; cp. PTebt 183; but cp. Cat. Cod. Astr. IX/2 p. 132, 12 of restoration to a healthy condition). The two pass. in Js where the word occurs prob. belong here also (φίλος τ. κόσμου) ἐχθρὸς τ. θεοῦ καθίσταται 4:4; cp. 3:6, where the text may not be in order.—JdeZwaan, Rö 5:19; Jk 3:6; 4:4 en de Κοινή: TSt 31, 1913, 85–94.—Restored text Hs 10, 3, 4 (POxy 404 recto, 19) (s. καθαρότης).—DELG s.v. ἵστημι. M-M. TW.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > καθιστάνω

  • 2 καθίστημι

    καθίστημι/καθιστάνω (Ac 17:15; 1 Cl 42:4; EpArist 280; 281; Jos., Ant. 16, 129; POxf 16, 12). Pres. 3 sg. καθιστᾷ Da 2:21 Theod.; impf. καθίστα (Just., D. 52, 3); ptc. καθιστῶν LXX; fut. καταστήσω; 1 aor. κατέστησα; pf. καθέστακα LXX; intr. καθέστηκα LXX; plpf.-κεισαν (3 Macc 2:33). Pass.: 1 fut. κατασταθήσομαι; 1 aor. καθεστάθην; pf. ptc. καθεσταμένος (LXX; 1 Cl 54:2; Jos., Ant. 12, 268) (s. κατά, ἵστημι; Hom.+).
    to take someone somewhere, bring, conduct, take (Od. 13, 274; Thu. 4, 78, 6; X., An. 4, 8, 8; UPZ 78, 14 [159 B.C.]; BGU 93, 22 κατάστησον αὐτοὺς εἰς Μέμφιν; Josh 6:23; 1 Km 5:3; 2 Ch 28:15; Jos., Ant. 7, 279; oneself Tat. 2, 1 τίς … ἀλαζονείας ἔξω καθέστηκεν;=which one has been free of boastfulness?) Ac 17:15.
    to assign someone a position of authority, appoint, put in charge (Hdt. et al.)
    someone over (of) someth. or someone τινὰ ἐπί τινος (Arrian, Exp. Al. 3, 6, 6 ἐπὶ τ. χρημάτων; Gen 41:41; Num 3:10; Da 2:48; Jos., Ant. 2, 73) Mt 24:45; cp. 25:21, 23; Lk 12:42; Ac 6:3. τινὰ ἐπί τινι over someth. (Jos., Ant. 12, 278) Mt 24:47; Lk 12:44. τινὰ ἐπί τι (Isocr. 12, 132; X., Cyr. 8, 1, 9; Da 3:12 Theod.) Hb 2:7 v.l. (Ps 8:7). W. acc. of pers. and inf. of purpose ὁ υἱὸς κατέστησε τ. ἀγγέλους ἐπʼ αὐτοὺς τοῦ συντηρεῖν αὐτούς Hs 5, 6, 2.
    w. acc. authorize, appoint (Pla., Rep. 10, 606d ἄρχοντα; Vi. Aesopi W 15 p. 83 P.; 1 Macc 3:55; Jos., Ant. 9, 4 κρίτας; Just., D. 52, 3 βασιλεῖς) πρεσβυτέρους Tit 1:5. Cp. 1 Cl 42:5 (for δώσω Is 60:17; the latter rdg. Iren. 4, 26, 5 [Harv. II 238]); 43:1; 44:2. Pass. 44:3; 54:2; foll. by εἰς w. inf. of the high priest: εἰς τὸ προσφέρειν δῶρα καθίσταται is appointed to offer gifts Hb 8:3. Sim. ὑπὲρ ἀνθρώπων καθίσταται τὰ πρὸς τὸν θεόν, ἵνα προσφέρῃ is appointed (to act) on behalf of people in matters relating to God, to bring Hb 5:1.—A second acc. (predicate) can be added to τινά: make or appoint someone someth. (Hdt. 7, 105 al.; PHib 82 I, 14 [239/238 B.C.]; Sir 32:1; 1 Macc 9:25; 10:20; Jos., Ant. 12, 360) Lk 12:14; Ac 7:10; Hb 7:28 (Diog. L. 9, 64 ἀρχιερέα κ. αὐτόν). τίς σε κατέστησεν ἄρχοντα; Ac 7:27, 35; 1 Cl 4:10 (all three Ex 2:14).—W. εἰς: εἰς ἐπισκόπους καὶ διακόνους 1 Cl 42:4 (Just., D. 65:7).
    cause someone to experience someth., make, cause τινά τι (Eur., Androm. 635 κλαίοντά σε καταστήσει; Pla., Phlb. 16b ἐμὲ ἔρημον κατέστησεν; POxy 939, 19 σε εὐθυμότερον; Jos., Ant. 6, 92; 20, 18; Just., A I, 33, 6 τὴν παρθένον … ἐγκύμονα κατέστησε) ταῦτα οὐκ ἀργοὺς οὐδὲ ἀκάρπους καθίστησιν this does not make (you) useless and unproductive 2 Pt 1:8.—Pass. be made, become (Menand., Fgm. 769 K.=483 Kö. ἅπαντα δοῦλα τοῦ φρονεῖν καθίσταται; Herodas 1, 40 ἱλαρὴ κατάστηθι=be(come) cheerful; Diod S 17, 70, 3; Περὶ ὕψους 5; PRein 18, 40 [108 B.C.] ἀπερίσπαστος κατασταθήσεται=‘be left undisturbed’; EpArist 289 σκληροὶ καθίστανται; Philo, Aet. M. 133) ἁμαρτωλοὶ κατεστάθησαν … δίκαιοι κατασταθήσονται Ro 5:19 (FDanker in Gingrich Festschr. ’72, 106f, quoting POxy 281, 14–24 [20–50 A.D.] in possible legal sense; cp. PTebt 183; but cp. Cat. Cod. Astr. IX/2 p. 132, 12 of restoration to a healthy condition). The two pass. in Js where the word occurs prob. belong here also (φίλος τ. κόσμου) ἐχθρὸς τ. θεοῦ καθίσταται 4:4; cp. 3:6, where the text may not be in order.—JdeZwaan, Rö 5:19; Jk 3:6; 4:4 en de Κοινή: TSt 31, 1913, 85–94.—Restored text Hs 10, 3, 4 (POxy 404 recto, 19) (s. καθαρότης).—DELG s.v. ἵστημι. M-M. TW.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > καθίστημι

  • 3 παραλαμβάνω

    παραλαμβάνω (Eur., Hdt.+) 2 aor. παρέλαβον, 1 pl. παρελάβαμεν (AcPlCor 1:5), 3 pl. παρελάβοσαν 2 Th 3:6 v.l. (B-D-F §84, 2; 14; Mlt-H. 209); 1 aor. inf. παραλάβαι (GJs 9:1); pf. inf. παρειληφέναι Papias (2, 2); fut. mid. παραλήμψομαι (on the spelling with μ s. Mayser p. 194f; Thackeray p. 108ff; B-D-F §101 p. 53; §Mlt-H. 246f; Reinhold 46f; WSchulze, Orthographica 1894.—On the mid. s. B-D-F §77; Rob. 356). Pass.: 1 fut. παραλημφθήσομαι Lk 17:34f (on the spelling with μ s. above on the fut. mid.); 1 aor. ptc. acc. sg. fem. παραλημφθεῖσαν Wsd 16:14; pf. παρείλημμαι Num 23:20.
    to take into close association, take (to oneself), take with/along (Gen 47:2; 2 Macc 5:5; TestAbr A 15 p. 95, 8f [Stone p. 38]; Jos., Vi. 66) Mt 2:13f, 20f; 17:1; 26:37; Mk 4:36; 5:40; 9:2; Lk 9:28; Ac 15:39; 16:33; 21:24, 26, 32 (v.l. λαβών); 23:18; Ox 840, 7; Hs 6, 3, 3. παραλαμβάνει ἕτερα πνεύματα ἑπτά (the evil spirit) brings along seven other spirits (to help him) Lk 11:26 (Menand., Col. 123 S. [112 Kö.] ἑξήκονθʼ ἑταίρους παραλαβών). Pass. (Diod S 2, 40, 2) εἷς παραλαμβάνεται καὶ εἷς ἀφίεται the one is taken (by angels s. Mt 24:31), the other is left Mt 24:40; cp. vs. 41; Lk 17:34f. π. τινὰ μεθʼ ἑαυτοῦ (μετὰ σοῦ, μετʼ αὐτοῦ. Cp. Gen 22:3) Mt 12:45; 18:16; Mk 14:33. W. acc. of pers., and w. goal indicated by εἰς take (along) to, into (Aelian, VH 2, 18; Num 23:27; Just., D. 99, 2) Mt 4:5, 8; 27:27. παραλήμψομαι ὑμᾶς πρὸς ἐμαυτόν I will take you to myself J 14:3 (s. Dssm., LO 144 [LAE 166]; with me to my home AHumphries, ET 53, ’41/42, 356). π. τινὰ κατʼ ἰδίαν take someone aside Mt 20:17. Also without κατʼ ἰδίαν w. the same purpose of private instruction Mk 10:32; Lk 9:10 (here κατʼ ἰδίαν does not belong grammatically with παραλ.); 18:31.—Of one’s wife: take (her) into one’s home Mt 1:20, 24 (cp. Hdt. 4, 155; Lucian, Toxar. 24; SSol 8:2; Jos., Ant 1, 302; 17, 9). Joseph takes Mary from the temple and brings her into his own house GJs 9:1, 3; 13:1; 15:2; 16:1, 3.—Take into custody, arrest Ac 16:35 D. Pass., GPt 1:2 παρ[αλη]μφθῆναι (another poss. restoration: παρ[απε]μφθῆναι, s. app. and παραπέμπω).
    to gain control of or receive jurisdiction over, take over, receive
    τινά someone, a prisoner J 19:16b (cp. παρέδωκεν ibid. vs. 16a.—Both verbs in this sense in Appian, Bell. Civ. 6, 76 §310f).
    τὶ someth.
    α. τὴν διακονίαν Col 4:17 (SIG 663, 12 [c. 200 B.C.] the office of priest). τὶ ἀπό τινος Hs 6, 2, 6.
    β. βασιλείαν ἀσάλευτον receive a kingship that cannot be shaken Hb 12:28 (βας. π.: Hdt. 2, 120; OGI 54, 5ff [III B.C.]; 56, 6; 90, 1; 8; 47; 2 Macc 10:11; Da 6:1, 29; Jos., Ant. 15, 16, C. Ap. 1, 145; Just., D. 32, 1. Of the ἅγιοι ὑψίστου Da 7:18).
    γ. of a mental or spiritual heritage (Hdt., Isocr., Pla. et al., esp. of mysteries and ceremonies that one receives by tradition [s. παραδίδωμι 3]: Theon Smyrn., Expos. Rer. Math. p. 14 Hiller τελετὰς παραλ. Cp. Plut., Demetr. 900 [26, 1]; Porphyr., Abst. 4, 16; Herm. Wr. 1, 26b; CIA III 173; also the rabbinic term קִבֵּל) τὶ someth. 1 Cor 15:3 (w. παραδίδωμι, as Jos., Ant. 19, 31). B 19:11; D 4:13. παρελάβετε τὸν λόγον you received the pronouncement or teaching AcPl Ha 8, 25=Ox 1602, 38 and BMM recto 32 (on variations in the textual tradition s. Sander’s note p. 85). παρʼ ὸ̔ παρελάβετε (=παρὰ τοῦτο ὅ) Gal 1:9. τὰ νόμιμα τοῦ θεοῦ Hv 1, 3, 4. τὸ πνεῦμα τὸ ἅγιον Hs 9, 25, 2. ἃ παρέλαβον κρατεῖν things that have come down to them to observe Mk 7:4 (s. B-D-F §390, 3). τί παρά τινος (Pla., Lach. 197d, Euthyd. 304c σοφίαν παρά τινος. The constr. w. παρά is common in ins and pap; cp. Philo, Cher. 68) Gal 1:12; 1 Th 2:13; 2 Th 3:6 (παράδοσιν παραλ.). AcPlCor 1:5. παρελάβετε παρʼ ἡμῶν τὸ πῶς δεῖ περιπατεῖν. you have learned from us how you ought to comport yourselves 1 Th 4:1. παρὰ τῶν ἐκείνοις γνωρίμων Papias (2, 2). ὡς παρέλαβεν παρὰ τοῦ ἁγίου EpilMosq 2 (w. παραδίδωμι). παρέλαβον ἀπὸ τοῦ κυρίου, ὸ̔ καὶ παρέδωκα ὑμῖν 1 Cor 11:23 (s. ἀπό 5d). ἀπὸ (ὑπὸ) τῶν θυγατέρων Φιλίππου Papias (11:2; cp. 2:9). ὑπὸ τοῦ πρὸ ἐμοῦ ἀποστόλων AcPlCor 2:4 (w. παραδίδωμι).—παραλ. τὸν Χριστὸν Ἰης. accept Christ Jesus, i.e. the proclamation of him as Lord Col 2:6.
    Somet. the emphasis lies not so much on receiving or taking over, as on the fact that the word implies agreement or approval, accept
    w. regard to persons: οἱ ἴδιοι αὐτὸν οὐ παρέλαβον his own people did not accept him J 1:11.
    w. regard to teaching and preaching (Just., A I, 13, 1 μόνην ἀξίαν αὐτοῦ τιμὴν ταύτην παραλαβόντες) accept: τὸ εὐαγγέλιον ὸ̔ εὐηγγελισάμην ὑμῖν ὸ̔ καὶ παρελάβετε 1 Cor 15:1. ἃ καὶ ἐμάθετε καὶ παρελάβετε Phil 4:9.—M-M. EDNT. TW.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > παραλαμβάνω

  • 4 ἁρπάζω

    ἁρπάζω fut. ἁρπάσω J 10:28; 1 aor. ἥρπασα; pf. 3 sg. ἥρπακεν Hos 6:1. Mid.: fut. ἁρπῶμαι LXX. Pass.: 2 fut. ἁρπαγήσομαι 1 Th 4:17; 1 aor. ἡρπάσθην Rv 12:5 (cp. Jos., Bell. 2, 69); 2 aor. ἡρπάγην 2 Cor 12:2, 4; Wsd 4:11 (Jos., Ant. 6, 14; 12, 144; B-D-F §71, 2) (s. ἁρπαγή; Hom.+) ‘snatch, seize’, i.e. take suddenly and vehemently, or take away in the sense of
    to make off w. someone’s property by attacking or seizing, steal, carry off, drag away (so mostly LXX; En 102:9) τὶ someth. of wild animals (Gen 37:33; Ps 7:3; JosAs 12:10) J 10:12 (X., Mem. 2, 7, 14); 1 Cl 35:11 (Ps 49:22). Of thieving people (SIG 1168, 111 [IV B.C.]; TestJob 18:1; Jos., Ant. 20, 214) τὰ σκεύη his property Mt 12:29. τὰ ἀλλότρια other people’s property B 10:4.
    to grab or seize suddenly so as to remove or gain control, snatch/take away
    forcefully τινά someone (Appian, Bell. Civ. 4, 113 §474; Polyaenus 8, 34; Ps.-Apollod. 1, 5, 1, 1 of Persephone; Ps.-Callisth. 1, 24, 3; Judg 21:21; TestJob 39:1) ἁ. αὐτόν take him away J 6:15 (cp. Jos., Bell. 4, 259, Ant. 19, 162; Philogonius, who ἐκ μέσης τ. ἀγορᾶς ἁρπασθείς was made a bishop [Chrysost. I p. 495d Montf.]; AcThom 165 [Aa II/2, 278, 5]); Ac 23:25 v.l. Of an arrest ἁ. τινὰ ἐκ μέσου αὐτῶν take someone away fr. among them Ac 23:10. Of seed already sown tear out Mt 13:19. ἁ. ἐκ τ. χειρός snatch fr. the hand (cp. 2 Km 23:21) J 10:28f; Hv 2, 1, 4. Of rescue from threatening danger (JosAs 12:8): ἐκ τοῦ πυρὸς ἁ. snatch fr. the fire Jd 23.
    in such a way that no resistance is offered (Herodian 1, 11, 5; Quint. Smyrn. 11, 291 [Aphrodite ‘snatches away’ Aeneas, who is in danger]; Wsd 4:11; ApcEsdr 5:7; ApcMos 37 εἰς τὴν Ἀχερουσίαν λίμνην; cp. ViEzk 15 [p. 75, 14 Sch.]; cp. Jos., Ant. 7, 113), esp. of the πνεῦμα κυρίου, which carries someone away Ac 8:39 (v.l. has ἄγγελος κυρίου.—On the word πνεῦμα, which can signify either ‘spirit’ or ‘wind’, cp. Apollon. Rhod. 3, 1114, where ἀναρπάζειν is used of winds which transport a person from one place to another far away). Pass. ἁρπαγῆναι ἕως τρίτου οὐρανοῦ be caught up to the third heaven 2 Cor 12:2 (Hesych. Miles. [VI A.D.], Vir. Ill. c. 66 JFlach [1880]: Tribonian, a polytheist, says of Emperor Justinian ὅτι οὐκ ἀποθανεῖται, ἀλλὰ μετὰ σαρκὸς εἰς οὐρανοὺς ἁρπαγήσεται); ἁ. εἰς τ. παράδεισον vs. 4; ἁ. ἐν νεφέλαις εἰς ἀέρα 1 Th 4:17; ἁ. πρὸς τ. θεόν Rv 12:5.—The mng. of ἁ. τὴν βασιλείαν τ. οὐρανῶν Mt 11:12 is difficult to determine; ἁ. beside βιάζειν (as Plut., Mor. 203c et al.; s. HAlmqvist, Plut. u. d. NT, ’46, 38; 117f; s. βιάζω 1a) prob. means someth. like seize or claim for oneself (cp. X., An. 6, 5, 18; 6, 6, 6; Epict. 4, 7, 22; Plut., Mor. 81c; Iren. 1, 16, 2 [Harv. I 161, 9]; s. WKnox, HTR 41, ’48, 237). Another possibility is plunder (Libanius, Or. 1 p. 147, 4 F. κώμας ἁ.; Polyaenus 8, 11 τ. πόλεως ἁρπαγή=plundering of the city).—Finally ἁ. τι grasp something quickly, eagerly, with desire (Musonius in Stob. 3, 7, 23 [III 315, 4 H.] ἅρπαζε τὸ καλῶς ἀποθνῄσκειν; Aelian, NA 2, 50; Libanius, Declam. 4, 81 vol. V 281, 16 F. ἁ. τὴν δωρεάν).—B. 744. DELG. EDNT. M-M. TW. Sv.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > ἁρπάζω

  • 5 Μά̄νης

    Μά̄νης
    Grammatical information: m.
    Meaning: Phrygian slave-name, also appellat. `slave' (Com.); name of an unhappy dice-throw (Eub. 59); kind of pot or beaker with dimin. μανίον (hell. inscr., pap.); object (beaker?, slice?, metal man?) in the kottabos-game (Com.).
    Other forms: Also Μανῆς; acc. sg. - ην, pl. - ας, nom. pl. - ητες.
    Origin: LW [a loanword which is (probably) not of Pre-Greek origin] Phryg.
    Etymology: As slave-name from Phrygian (cf. Φρύξ, also = `slave' in gen.; on the etymology s. W.-Hofmann s. mānēs), secondarily transferred to the dice-game. How the word came to its further use as appellative, is unknown. As `slice in the Kottabos-game' Mazzarino Rend. Acc. Linc. 6: 15, 366f. wants to take the word as Siculian (Italic) connected with Lat. mānāre `fly, stream' (?). Cf. also Bq s. v.
    Page in Frisk: 2,170

    Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό) > Μά̄νης

  • 6 αἴρω

    αἴρω fut. ἀρῶ; 1 aor. ᾖρα (ἦρα v.l.; TestAbr; GrBar); pf. ἦρκα Col 2:14. Pass.: 1 fut. ἀρθήσομαι; 1 aor. ἤρθην; pf. ἦρμαι J 20:1; Hs 9, 5, 4 (Hom.+; he, like some later wr., has ἀείρω).
    to raise to a higher place or position, lift up, take up, pick up
    lit., of stones (Dio Chrys. 12 [13], 2) J 8:59 (cp. Jos., Vi. 303); Rv 18:21; Hs 9, 4, 7. Fish Mt 17:27; coffin 1 Cl 25:3; hand (X., An. 7, 3, 6) Rv 10:5 (Dt 32:40). Hands, in prayer 1 Cl 29:1 (Ael. Aristid. 24, 50 K.=44 p. 840 D.; 54 p. 691; PUps 8 p. 30 no. 14 [pre-Christian] Θεογένης αἴρει τὰς χεῖρας τῷ Ἡλίῳ; Sb 1323 [II A.D.] θεῷ ὑψίστῳ καὶ πάντων ἐπόπτῃ καὶ Ἡλίῳ καὶ Νεμέσεσι αἴρει Ἀρσεινόη ἄωρος τὰς χεῖρας). But αἴ. τὴν χεῖρα ἀπό τινος withdraw one’s hand fr. someone= renounce or withdraw fr. someone B 19:5; D 4:9. Of snakes pick up Mk 16:18. κλίνην Mt 9:6. κλινίδιον Lk 5:24. κράβαττον Mk 2:9, 11f; J 5:8–12. Of a boat that is pulled on board Ac 27:17. Of a spirit that carries a person away Hv 2, 1, 1 (cp. TestAbr B 10 p. 115, 11 [Stone p. 78] of angels). Take up a corpse to carry it away AcPt Ox 849 verso, 8 (cp. TestAbr A 20 p.103, 20 [Stone p. 54]). αἴ. σύσσημον raise a standard ISm 1:2 (Is 5:26); αἴ. τινὰ τῶν ἀγκώνων take someone by one’s arms Hv 1, 4, 3. For Ac 27:13 s. 6 below.—Pass. 2 Cl 7:4. ἄρθητι (of mountains) arise Mt 21:21; Mk 11:23. ἤρθη νεκρός Ac 20:9.
    fig. αἴ. τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς ἄνω look upward (in prayer, as Ps 122:1; Is 51:6 al.) J 11:41. For 10:24 s. 5 below. αἴ. φωνήν raise one’s voice, cry out loudly (1 Km 11:4; 30:4; 2 Km 3:32 al.) Lk 17:13. πρός τινα Ac 4:24.
    take/carry (along) lit. w. obj. acc. σταυρόν Mt 16:24; 27:32; Mk 8:34; 15:21; Lk 9:23. ζυγόν (La 3:27) Mt 11:29. τινὰ ἐπὶ χειρῶν 4:6; Lk 4:11 (both Ps 90:12). Pass. Mk 2:3. αἴ. τι εἰς ὁδόν take someth. along for the journey 6:8; Lk 9:3, cp. 22:36. Of a gambler’s winnings Mk 15:24.—Fig. δόξαν ἐφʼ ἑαυτὸν αἴ. claim honor for oneself B 19:3.
    carry away, remove lit. ταῦτα ἐντεῦθεν J 2:16 (ins [218 B.C.]: ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΑ 7, ’34, p. 179, 15 ταῦτα αἰρέσθω; Just., D. 56, 3 σκευῶν ἀρθέντων). Crucified body of Jesus 19:38; cp. vs. 31; 20:2, 13, 15; of John the Baptist Mt 14:12; Mk 6:29. A stone from a grave-opening J 11:39, 41; pass. 20:1. οἱ αἴροντες οὐκ ἀνέφερον those who took something (a mouthful) brought nothing (to their mouth) GJs 18:2 (not pap). τὸ περισσεῦον the remainder Mt 14:20; 15:37; cp. Lk 9:17. περισσεύματα Mk 8:8. κλάσματα fragments 6:43; baskets 8:19f. ζώνην take off Ac 21:11; take: τὸ σόν what belongs to you Mt 20:14; τὰ ἀρκοῦντα what was sufficient for him Hs 5, 2, 9. αἴ. τι ἐκ τῆς οἰκίας get someth. fr. the house Mk 13:15; cp. vs.16 and Mt 24:17; cp. 24:18; Lk 17:31; take (a body) from a tomb J 20:2, 13, 15; take τινὰ ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου 17:15.
    to take away, remove, or seize control without suggestion of lifting up, take away, remove. By force, even by killing: abs. ἆρον, ἆρον away, away (with him)! J 19:15 (cp. POxy 119, 10 [Dssm., LO 168; LAE 188 n. 22]; Philo, In Flacc. 144; ἆρον twice also La 2:19 v.l., in different sense). W. obj. αἶρε τοῦτον Lk 23:18; cp. Ac 21:36; 22:22. ἆραι τόν μάγον AcPl Ha 4, 35f; αἶρε τοὺς ἀθέους (s. ἄθεος 2a) MPol 3:2; 9:2 (twice); sweep away Mt 24:39; ὡς μελλούσης τῆς πόλεως αἴρεσθαι as though the city were about to be destroyed AcPl Ha 5, 17; cp. κόσμος ἔρεται (=αἴρεται) ἐμ πυρί 2, 26f. W. the connot. of force or injustice or both (Epict. 1, 18, 13; PTebt 278, 27; 35; 38 [I A.D.]; SSol 5:7): τὸ ἱμάτιον Lk 6:29; cp. vs. 30; D 1:4. τὴν πανοπλίαν all his weapons Lk 11:22; τάλαντον Mt 25:28; cp. Lk 19:24. Fig. τὴν κλεῖδα τῆς γνώσεως 11:52. Pass.: Mt 13:12; Mk 4:25; Lk 8:18; 19:26. Conquer, take over (Diod S 11, 65, 3 πόλιν) τόπον, ἔθνος J 11:48. For Lk 19:21f s. 4 below. αἴ. τὴν ψυχὴν ἀπό τινος J 10:18 (cp. EFascher, Deutsche Theol. ’41, 37–66).—Pass. ἀπὸ τῆς γῆς Ac 8:33b (Is 53:8; Just., D. 110, 6). ἀφʼ ὑμῶν ἡ βασιλεία Mt 21:43.—Of Satan τὸν λόγον τὸν ἐσπαρμένον εἰς αὐτούς Mk 4:15; cp. Lk 8:12. τὴν χαρὰν ὑμῶν οὐδεὶς αἴρει ἀφʼ ὑμῶν no one will deprive you of your joy J 16:22. ἐξ ὑμῶν πᾶσαν ὑπόκρισιν rid ourselves of all pretension B 21:4; ἀπὸ τῆς καρδίας τὰς διψυχίας αἴ. put away doubt fr. their heart Hv 2, 2, 4. αἴ. ἀφʼ ἑαυτοῦ put away fr. oneself Hm 9:1; 10, 1, 1; 10, 2, 5; 12, 1, 1. αἴ. ἐκ (τοῦ) μέσου remove, expel (fr. among) (Epict. 3, 3, 15; Plut., Mor. 519d; BGU 388 II, 23 ἆρον ταῦτα ἐκ τοῦ μέσου; PHib 73, 14; Is 57:2) 1 Cor 5:2 (v.l. ἐξαρθῇ); a bond, note, certificate of indebtedness αἴ. ἐκ τοῦ μέσου destroy Col 2:14. Of branches cut off J 15:2. Prob. not intrans., since other exx. are lacking, but w. ‘something’ supplied αἴρει τὸ πλήρωμα ἀπὸ τοῦ ἱματίου the patch takes someth. away fr. the garment Mt 9:16; cp. Mk 2:21. Remove, take away, blot out (Eur., El. 942 κακά; Hippocr., Epid. 5, 49, p. 236 pain; cp. Job 6:2; IG II, 467, 81 ζημίας; Epict. 1, 7, 5 τὰ ψευδῆ; SIG 578, 42 τ. νόμον; Pr 1:12; EpArist 215; Just., D. 117, 3) τὴν ἁμαρτίαν τ. κόσμου J 1:29, 36 v.l.; 1 J 3:5 (Is 53:12 Aq., s. PKatz, VetusT 8, ’58, 272; cp. 1 Km 15:25; 25:28). Pass. Ac 8:33a (Is 53:8); Eph 4:31. Fig. take, in order to make someth. out of the obj. 1 Cor 6:15.
    to make a withdrawal in a commercial sense, withdraw, take, ext. of 2 αἴρεις ὸ̔ οὐκ ἔθηκας Lk 19:21f (banking t.t.: JBernays, Ges. Abh. I 1885, 272f; JSmith, JTS 29, 1928, 158).
    to keep in a state of uncertainty about an outcome, keep someone in suspense, fig. ext. of 1 αἴ. τὴν ψυχήν τινος J 10:24 (Nicetas, De Manuele Comm. 3, 5 [MPG CXXXIX 460a]: ἕως τίνος αἴρεις, Σαρακηνέ, τὰς ψυχὰς ἡμῶν; The expr. αἴ. τὴν ψυχήν w. different mng. Ps 24:1; 85:4; 142:8; Jos., Ant. 3, 48).
    to raise a ship’s anchor for departure, weigh anchor, depart, ext. of 1, abs. (cp. Thu. et al.; Philo, Mos. 1, 85; Jos., Ant. 7, 97; 9, 229; 13, 86 ἄρας ἀπὸ τῆς Κρήτης κατέπλευσεν εἰς Κιλίκιαν) Ac 27:13.—Rydbeck 155f; B. 669f. DELG s.v. 1 ἀείρω. M-M. TW.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > αἴρω

  • 7 γαμέω

    γαμέω impf. ἐγάμουν Lk 17:27; 1 aor. ἔγημα Lk 14:20, inf. γῆμαι 2 Macc 14:25, subj. γήμω 1 Cor 7:28, ptc. γήμας Mt 22:25; the form ἐγάμησα also occurs Mt 5:32; Mk 6:17; 10:11 (subj.); perf. act. γεγάμηκα 1 Cor 7:10; plpf. ἐγεγαμήκει Just., D. 140, 1; aor. mid. inf. γήμασθαι Just., A I, 29, 1; 1 aor. pass. ἐγαμήθην 1 Cor 7:39. See W-S. §15; B-D-F §101; Rob. 1213; Mlt-H. 231 (Hom.+; ins, pap; Phryn. 742 Lob.; LXX; En 106:14; TestJud 12:2; JosAs 4:15; ParJer 8:4; Just.; Tat. 8:1). In our lit., to take another person as spouse, marry.
    said of a man (Hom.+ gener.)
    α. w. acc. marry, take someone as wife (Hom. et al.; OGI 391, 8; 392, 11; IDefixAudollent 78; Demetr.: 722 Fgm. 1, 3 Jac.; Esth 10:3c; Jos., Ant. 6, 309; 7, 70; Just., D. 134, 3; Orig., C. Cels. 5, 27, 13) Lk 14:20 (the aor. form ἔγημα is exceptional in the NT, and the more usual expr. is λαβεῖν [γυναῖκα] as in ms. D of 14:20; cp. 20:28, 29, 31; 1 Cor 7:28 v.l.; GKilpatrick, JTS 18, ’67, 139f); a divorced woman Mt 5:32; Mk 6:17; Lk 16:18b; another woman Mt 19:9; Mk 10:11; Lk 16:18a; Hm 4, 1, 6.
    β. abs. marry, enter matrimony (POxy 1213, 4; PFlor 332, 24; 2 Macc 14:25; 4 Macc 16:9; Jos., C. Ap. 2, 201; Just., A I, 29, 1; Tat. 8, 1) Mt 19:10; 22:25, 30; 24:38; Mk 12:25; Lk 17:27; 20:34f; 1 Cor 7:28, 33; Hm 4, 1, 8; IPol 5:2; Agr 18.
    of a woman
    α. act.
    א. w. acc. (Eur., Med. 606 ironically; Menander, Hero 3 S.; s. also Nauck, TGF, Adespota 194 and note on the disputed pass.) Mk 10:12 (v.l. γαμηθῇ ἄλλῳ is adapted to more common usage; s. bγ).
    ב. abs. (Chariton 3, 2, 17 Ἀφροδίτη γαμεῖ) 1 Cor 7:28b, 34; 1 Ti 5:11, 14.
    β. mid. (Hom. et al.), esp. ptc. ἡ γαμουμένη (as POxy 496, 5; 905, 10; Just., A I, 29, 1 τὸ γήμασθαι) IPol 5:2.
    γ. pass. get married, be married (X., An. 4, 5, 24; Plut., Romul. 18 [2, 1]; Anton. Lib. 16, 2; 20, 7; Ps.-Apollod. 1, 147 Μήδεια γαμηθεῖσα, Αἰγεῖ παῖδα γεννᾷ; POxy 361, 1 [I A.D.]; 257, 25; 30; PGrenf II, 76, 10f ἀλλʼ ἐξεῖναι αὐτῇ γαμηθῆναι ὡς ἄν βουληθῇ; JosAs 4:15 ABH γαμηθήσομαι [γαμήσομαι DEF] τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ βασιλέως; Philo, Spec. Leg. 1, 110; Jos., Ant. 6, 308) Mk 10:12 v.l. (s. bαא); 1 Cor 7:39.—For lit. s. γαμίζω 2 and s. also HPreisker, Christent. u. Ehe in d. ersten drei Jahrh. 1927, Ehe u. Charisma b. Pls: ZST 6, 1929, 91–95; WMichaelis, Ehe u. Charisma b. Pls: ibid. 5, 1928, 426–52; HSchumacher, D. Eheideal d. Ap. Pls ’32; FBüchsel, D. Ehe im Urchristent.: ThBl 21, ’42, 113–28; AOepke, RAC IV, ’59, 650–731; AIsaksson, Marriage and Ministry in the New Temple, ’65; RSchnackenburg, Schriften zum NT, ’71, 414–34; KNiederwimmer, Askese u. Mysterium ’75; STreggiari, Roman Marriage ’91. S. also γυνή 1.
    of both sexes marry (M. Ant. 4, 32; PEleph 2, 8 [285/284 B.C.]; BGU 717, 16 οἱ γαμοῦντες) 1 Cor 7:9f, 36; 1 Ti 4:3; Hm 4, 4, 1f; Dg 5:6.—EDNT I 235–38. B. 98. DELG. M-M. TW

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > γαμέω

  • 8 δέχομαι

    δέχομαι fut. δέξομαι (LXX; Just., D. 22, 8). Pass.: fut. 3 sg. δεχθήσεται LXX; 1 aor. ἐδεξάμην, ἐδέχθην; pf. δέδεγμαι (Hom.+)
    to receive someth. offered or transmitted by another, take, receive τινά εἰς τὰς ἀγκάλας take someone up in one’s arms Lk 2:28; one’s spirit Ac 7:59; GJs 23:3. Of letters (Procop. Soph., Ep. 20; PFlor 154, 2) Ac 22:5; cp. 28:21 (Jos., Ant. 13, 259; Just., A I, 68, 6 [Hadrian]). τὰ παρʼ ὑμῶν the things, i.e. gifts, from you Phil 4:18. τὰς ῥάβδους αὐτῶν the staffs of assembled widowers GJs 9:1. λόγια Ac 7:38. εὐαγγέλιον 2 Cor 11:4.
    to take someth. in hand, grasp lit. τί someth. (2 Ch 29:22; TestJob τὸ γραμματεῖον) τὰ γράμματα the (promissory) note Lk 16:6f; a cup 22:17; a helmet Eph 6:17.
    to be receptive of someone, receive, welcome, gener. 1 Cl 28:2; 54:3; IEph 6:1; IPhld 11:1. Esp. of hospitality τινὰ εἰς τ. οἶκον welcome someone into one’s house Lk 16:4, cp. vs. 9 (Epict. 3, 26, 25; X., An. 5, 5, 20). Receive as a guest, welcome Mt 10:14, 40f; Lk 9:5, 11 v.l., 53; 10:8, 10; J 4:45; Col 4:10; Hb 11:31; D 11:1f, 4; 12:1. Of welcoming children Mt 18:5; Mk 9:37; Lk 9:48; a child dedicated in the temple GJs 7:2. W. adv. ἀσμένως welcome heartily (Aelian, VH 12, 18; Herodian 7, 5, 2; Jos., Ant. 12, 382; cp. 18, 101) Ac 21:17 v.l. μετὰ φόβου καὶ τρόμου with fear and trembling 2 Cor 7:15; as an angel of God Gal 4:14. τινὰ εἰς ὄνομά τινος IRo 9:3 (s. ὄνομα 1dγב). Of places receptive to pers. ὸ̔ν δεῖ οὐρανὸν (subj.) δέξασθαι whom the heaven must receive Ac 3:21 (cp. Pla., Tht. 177a τελευτήσαντας αὐτοὺς ὁ τῶν κακῶν καθαρὸς τόπος οὐ δέξεται). W. τόπος as subj. Mk 6:11 and 1 Cl 54:3; w. κόσμος 28:2. Elizabeth petitions: ὄρος θεοῦ, δέξαι με μητέρα μετὰ τέκνου mountain of God, receive me, the mother, with my child GJs 22:3; ἐδέξατο αὐτήν ibid.
    to overcome obstacles in being receptive, put up with, tolerate someone or someth. (Gen 50:17; Jdth 11:5; Sir 2:4; Mel., P. 48, 341 λίχνον σύμβουλον) ὡς ἄφρονα 2 Cor 11:16.
    to indicate approval or conviction by accepting, be receptive of, be open to, approve, accept, of things (Appian, Bell. Civ. 5, 66 §277; Ath. 2:3 ψῆφον) Mt 11:14. τὰ τοῦ πνεύματος what comes fr. the Spirit 1 Cor 2:14 (Herm. Wr. 4, 4 [N-F.] τ. νοῦν); τὴν παράκλησιν request, appeal 2 Cor 8:17 (of a request also Chion, Ep. 8); love for the truth 2 Th 2:10; τὸν λόγον (since Eur. and Thu. 4, 16, 1; also Polyb. 1, 43, 4; Diod S 4, 52, 1; Pr 4:10; Zech 1:6; Jos., Ant. 18, 101; Just., A I, 9, 1) teaching Lk 8:13; Ac 8:14; 11:1; 13:48 D; 17:11; 1 Th 1:6; 2:13; Js 1:21; the reign of God Mk 10:15; Lk 18:17; grace, favor (Plut., Themist. 125 [28, 3] δέξασθαι χάριν) 2 Cor 6:1; δ. συμβουλήν accept advice 1 Cl 58:2. τὰ μιμήματα τῆς ἀληθοῦς ἀγάπης Pol 1:1.—S. also λαμβάνω. Schmidt, Syn. III 203–33. DELG. M-M. TW. Sv.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > δέχομαι

  • 9 εὐλάβεια

    εὐλάβεια, ας, ἡ (s. two next entries; [εὐλαβίη Theognis 1, 118] Trag., Pla. et al.; OGI 315, 69; UPZ 42, 22 [162 B.C.]; LXX, Philo, Joseph.) the primary mng. relates to exercise of caution; in dealing with the transcendent realm one must be esp. cautious about giving offense to deities, hence ‘reverence, piety’, and in our lit. prob. only of reverent awe in the presence of God, awe, fear of God (Diod S 13, 12, 7 ἡ πρὸς τὸ θεῖον εὐ.; Plut., Camill. 139 [21, 2], Numa 75 [22, 7], Aemil. Paul. 256 [3, 2], Mor. 549e, 568c [‘hesitation’]; UPZ [s. above]; Pr 28:14; Philo, Cherub. 29 εὐ. θεοῦ, Rer. Div. Her. 22; 29) μετὰ εὐ. καὶ δέους with awe and reverence Hb 12:28 (s. δέος and cp. Epicharmos 221 Kaibel) μετὰ φόβου καὶ πάσης εὐ. with fear and all reverence Pol 6:3. So prob. also εἰσακουσθεὶς ἀπὸ τῆς εὐ. Hb 5:7 (ἀπό 5a; s. JJeremias, ZNW 43, ’52/53, 107–11; AStrobel, ZNW 45, ’54, 252–66) heard because of his piety. But others (e.g. Harnack, SBBerlAk 1929, 69–73=Studien I 245–52; HStrathmann4 ’47 ad loc.) prefer to take the word here in the sense fear, anxiety (as Demosth. 23, 15; Plut., Fab. 174 [1, 2]; Herodian 5, 2, 2; Wsd 17:8; Philo, Leg. All. 3, 113, Virt. 24; Jos., Ant. 11, 239; 12, 255) heard (and rescued) from his anxiety. εὐ. has the sense scruple, hesitation in Plut., Mor. 568c.—DELG s.v. λαμβάνω. M-M. TW. Sv.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > εὐλάβεια

  • 10 θρίξ

    θρίξ, τριχός, ἡ (Hom.+) hair
    of animals τρίχες καμήλου camel’s hair: ἔνδυμα ἀπὸ τρ. κ. a garment of camel’s hair Mt 3:4. So Mk 1:6 says of John the Baptist that he was ἐνδεδυμένος τρίχας κ. dressed in camel’s hair.—Of apocalyptic animals w. long hair Rv 9:8 (JMichl, BZ 23, ’36, 266–88; Biblica 23, ’42, 192f).
    of human hair (Jos., Ant. 15, 86, C. Ap. 1, 282): white, black hair Mt 5:36; cp. Rv 1:14. τρίχες πρεσβύτεραι belonging to an older person, i.e. gray Hv 3, 10, 4f; 3, 12, 1. τρ. λευκαί 4, 2, 1. οὐδὲν … οὔτε θρὶξ οὔτε βλέφαρον nothing, neither a hair nor an eyelash (βλ. apparently=βλεφαρί by synecdoche) AcPlCor 2:30. Coming out easily (ἐκ or ἀπὸ τ. κεφαλῆς) Lk 21:18; Ac 27:34 (cp. 1 Km 14:45). αἱ τρίχες τῆς κεφαλῆς πᾶσαι all the hairs of the head Mt 10:30; Lk 12:7 (Alcaeus 39, 10 [80, 10 D.2] παρὰ μοῖραν Διὸς οὐδὲ τρίχες [here the text breaks off]=‘against the will of Zeus not even the hairs are’ …—The hair as someth. quite worthless: Paroem. Gr. Zen. [time of Hadrian] 2, 4 ἡ θρὶξ οὐδενὸς ἀξία); cp. 7:38 (αἱ τρ. τῆς κεφαλῆς as Jdth 10:3; Ps 39:13; Philo, Leg. ad Gai. 223), 44; J 11:2; 12:3. ἐμπλοκὴ τριχῶν braiding the hair 1 Pt 3:3. τρίχας λελυμένη with the hair loose Hs 9, 9, 5; cp. 9, 13, 8. λαμβάνειν τινὰ ἐν μιᾷ τῶν τρ. αὐτοῦ take someone by a single hair GHb 20, 61. τρίχες ὀρθαί hair standing on end (Il. 24, 359; Lucian, Philops. 22) Hv 3, 1, 5.—DELG. M-M.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > θρίξ

  • 11 κρατέω

    κρατέω impf. ἐκράτουν; fut. κρατήσω; 1 aor. ἐκράτησα; pf. 1 pl. κεκρατήκαμεν 1 Macc 15:33, inf. κεκρατηκέναι; plpf. 3 sg. κεκρατήκει 4 Macc 6:32. Pass.: impf. ἐκρατούμην; fut. 3 pl. κρατηθήσονται; aor. ἐκρατήθην Eccl 9:12 v.l.; pf. κεκράτημαι, 3 pl. κεκράτηνται (Hom.+). The primary signification is exercise of power, then by transference
    to accomplish someth. by overcoming obstacles, attain (Diod S 3, 54, 7 κ. τῆς ἐπιβολῆς=attain the purpose; likew. 17, 77, 4 and 20, 25, 3; Appian, Bell. Civ. 3, 61 §249 οὐ … ἐκράτησε) τῆς προθέσεως the purpose Ac 27:13 (s. Field, Notes 144).
    to use one’s hands to establish a close contact, hold
    hold τινά someone (fast) w. the hand (TestAbr A 12 p. 91, 19 [Stone p. 30]), so that the pers. cannot go away Ac 3:11.
    hold in the hand (SibOr 3, 49; TestAbr A 10 p. 87, 29 [Stone p. 22]; A 12 p. 91, 5 [Stone p. 30] al.; GrBar 11:8) τὶ ἐν τῇ δεξιᾷ Rv 2:1 (Polemo Perieg. [c. 200 B.C.] in Athen. 11, 67, 484c ἐν τῇ δεξιᾷ κώθωνα κ.; cp. Plut., Mor. 99d).
    to take control of someone or someth., seize, control
    of taking into custody arrest, apprehend τινά someone (cp. Ps 136:9; AscIs 3:12) Mt 14:3; 21:46; 26:4, 48, 50, 55, 57 (on the arrest of Jesus s. Feigel, Weidel, Finegan s.v. Ἰούδας 6); Mk 6:17; 12:12; 14:1, 44, 46, 49, 51; Ac 24:6; Rv 20:2.
    of taking hold of forcibly and also without the use of force take hold of, grasp, seize (cp. 2 Km 6:6; SSol 3:4; TestSol 22:10); w. acc. of pers. or thing Mt 12:11; 18:28; 22:6; 28:9; κρατῆσαι αὐτόν take control of (Jesus) Mk 3:21. κ. ῥάβδον τῇ χειρί take hold of a staff w. the hand Hs 9, 6, 3 (cp. PGM 5, 451 κράτει τῇ ἀριστερᾷ σου τὸν δακτύλιον; Synes., Ep. 58 p. 202 πόδα). τῆς χειρός (τινος) take hold of (someone’s) hand (B-D-F §170, 2; Rob. 475; 1391; Ps 72:23; Gen 19:16; JosAs 29:3; ParJer 6:2; Jos., Bell. 1, 352) Mt 9:25; Mk 1:31; 5:41; 9:27; Lk 8:54; B 14:7 (Is 42:6). τινὰ τῆς χειρός take someone by the hand Mk 9:27 v.l.; cp. B 12:11 (Is 45:1).
    to hold up or serve as a foundation for someth., hold upright, support τὶ someth. Hs 9, 8, 5. τὰς χεῖρας v 3, 8, 3 (s. MDibelius, Hdb. ad loc.). Pass. be supported ὑπό τινος by someth. Hv 3, 3, 5. W. ἀπό instead of ὑπό: κρατοῦνται ἀπʼ ἀλλήλων receive support fr. one another (here w. focus on mutuality) 3, 8, 7. W. διά: ὁ κόσμος διὰ τεσσάρων στοιχείων κρατεῖται the world is supported by four elements 3, 13, 3.
    to control in such a way that someth. does not happen, hold back or restrain from, hinder in an action: w. acc. (so TestJob 35:1), foll. by ἵνα μή Rv 7:1. Pass. be prevented foll. by τοῦ μή and inf. (TestSol 10:43 C; B-D-F §400, 4; Rob. 1061; 1425) their eyes ἐκρατοῦντο τοῦ μὴ ἐπιγνῶναι Lk 24:16, prob. w. a suggestion of both physical and inward sight (cp. 4 Km 6:15–23; s. διανοίγω 1b).—Hold in one’s power (PTebt 61b, 229; POxy 237 VIII, 34; TestSol 6:3; Jos., C. Ap. 1, 84; Mel., P. 100, 769) pass. οὐκ ἦν δυνατὸν κρατεῖσθαι αὐτὸν ὑπʼ αὐτοῦ it was impossible for him (Christ) to be held in its (death’s) power Ac 2:24.
    to adhere strongly to, hold
    of commitment to someone or someth. hold fast (to) someone or someth., and hence remain closely united. W. acc. τὴν κεφαλήν hold fast to the Head (i.e. to Christ) Col 2:19 (cp. SSol 3:4 ἐκράτησα αὐτὸν καὶ οὐκ ἀφήσω [ἀφῆκα BS] αὐτόν). τί to someth. (TestNapht 3:1 τὸ θέλημα τ. θεοῦ) τὴν παράδοσιν Mk 7:3; cp. vss. 4, 8; 2 Th 2:15. τὴν διδαχήν Rv 2:14f. τὸ ὄνομά μου vs. 13.—W. gen. of thing (Stephan. Byz. s.v. Γυναικόπολις: in the absence of the men τὰς γυναῖκας κρατῆσαι τοῦ πολέμου=the women kept the war going; Pr 14:18; Jos., Ant. 6, 116 τοῦ λογισμοῦ) τῆς ὁμολογίας hold fast to our confession Hb 4:14. τῆς ἐλπίδος 6:18. τῶν ἔργων τινός Hv 3, 8, 8.
    hold fast, keep hold of someth. that belongs to oneself, so that it cannot be taken away Rv 2:25; 3:11.
    keep to oneself a saying, in order to occupy oneself w. it later Mk 9:10.
    to cause a condition to continue, hold in place κ. τὰς ἁμαρτίας pronounce the sins unforgiven (opp. ἀφιέναι) J 20:23.—B. 746. DELG s.v. κράτος. M-M. TW.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > κρατέω

  • 12 λαμβάνω

    λαμβάνω (Hom.+) impf. ἐλάμβανον; fut. λήμψομαι (PTurin II, 3, 48; POxy 1664, 12; on the μ s. Mayser 194f; Thackeray 108ff; B-D-F §101; W-S. §5, 30; Mlt-H. 106; 246f; Reinhold 46f; WSchulze, Orthographica 1894.—On the middle s. B-D-F §77); 2 aor. ἔλαβον, impv. λάβε (B-D-F §101 p. 53 s.v. λαμβάνειν; W-S. §6, 7d; Mlt-H. 209 n. 1), impv. 3 pl. λαβέτωσαν (LXX; GJs 4:2); pf. εἴληφα (DRinge, Glotta 62, ’84, 125–28), 2 sing. εἴληφας and εἴληφες Rv 11:17 v.l. (W-S. §13, 16 note; Mlt-H. 221), ptc. εἰληφώς. Pass.: fut. 3 pl. ληφθήσονται Jdth 6:9; aor. εἰλήφθην LXX; pf. 3 sing. εἴληπται; plpf. 3 sg. εἴληπτο (Just., D. 132, 3). For Attic inscriptional forms s. Threatte II 645. In the following divisions, nos. 1–9 focus on an active role, whereas 10 suggests passivity.
    to get hold of someth. by laying hands on or grasping someth., directly or indirectly, take, take hold of, grasp, take in hand ἄρτον (Diod S 14, 105, 3 ῥάβδον; TestSol 2:8 D τὴν σφραγῖδα; TestJob 23:10 ψαλίδα) Mt 26:26a; Mk 14:22a; Ac 27:35. τ. βιβλίον (Tob 7:14) Rv 5:8f. τ. κάλαμον Mt 27:30. λαμπάδας take (in hand) (Strattis Com. [V B.C.], Fgm. 37 K. λαβόντες λαμπάδας) 25:1, 3. λαβέτωσαν ἀνὰ λαμπάδα GJs 7:2. μάχαιραν draw the sword (Gen 34:25; Jos., Vi. 173 [cp. JosAs 23:2 τὴν ῥομφαίαν]) Mt 26:52. Abs. λάβετε take (this) Mt 26:26b; Mk 14:22b. Take hold of (me) GHb 356, 39=ISm 3:2.—ἔλαβέ με ἡ μήτηρ μου τὸ ἅγιον πνεῦμα ἐν μιᾷ τῶν τριχῶν μου my mother, the Holy Spirit, took me by one of my hairs GHb 20, 63. Ἐλισάβεδ … λαβουμένη (λαβοῦσα codd.) αὐτὸν ἀνέβη ἐν τῇ ὀρεινῇ E. took (John) and went up into the hill-country GJs 22:3. λαβών is somet. used somewhat pleonastically to enliven the narrative, as in Hom. (Od. 24, 398) and dramatists (Soph., Oed. R. 1391 et al.), but also in accord w. Hebr. usage (JViteau, Étude sur le Grec du NT 1893, 191; Dalman, Worte 16ff; Wlh., Einleitung2 1911, 14; B-D-F §419, 1 and 2; s. Rob. 1127; s., e.g., ApcBar 2:1 λαβών με ἤγαγε; Josh 2:4; Horapollo 2, 88 τούτους λαβὼν κατορύττει) Mt 13:31, 33; Mk 9:36; Lk 13:19, 21; J 12:3; Ac 9:25; 16:3; Hs 5, 2, 4. The ptc. can here be rendered by the prep. with (B-D-F §418, 5; Rob. 1127) λαβὼν τὴν σπεῖραν ἔρχεται he came with a detachment J 18:3 (cp. Soph., Trach. 259 στρατὸν λαβὼν ἔρχεται; ApcrEsd 6, 17 p. 31, 24 Tdf. λαβὼν … στρατιὰν ἀγγέλων). λαβὼν τὸ αἷμα … τὸν λαὸν ἐρράντισε with the blood he sprinkled the people Hb 9:19 (cp. ParJer 9:32 λαβόντες τὸν λίθον ἔθηκαν ἐπὶ τὸ μνῆμα αὐτοῦ ‘they crowned his tomb with a stone’; Mel., P. 14, 88 λαβόντες δὲ τὸ … αἶμα). Different is the periphrastic aor. ptc. use of λ. w. ἔχει: Dg 10:6 ἃ παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ λαβὼν ἔχει what the pers. has received fr. God (cp. Eur., Bacchae 302 μεταλαβὼν ἔχει; Goodwin §47; Gildersleeve, Syntax §295; Schwyzer I, 812). Freq. parataxis takes the place of the ptc. constr. (B-D-F §419, 5) ἔλαβε τὸν Ἰησοῦν καὶ ἐμαστίγωσεν (instead of λαβὼν τ. Ἰ. ἐ.) he had Jesus scourged J 19:1. λαβεῖν τὸν ἄρτον … καὶ βαλεῖν throw the bread Mt 15:26; Mk 7:27. ἔλαβον τὰ ἱμάτια αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐποίησαν τέσσερα μέρη they divided his garments into four parts J 19:23.—In transf. sense ἀφορμὴν λ. find opportunity Ro 7:8, 11 (s. ἀφορμή); ὑπόδειγμα λ. take as an example Js 5:10; so also λ. alone, λάβωμεν Ἐνώχ 1 Cl 9:3.—Of the cross as a symbol of the martyr’s death take upon oneself Mt 10:38 (cp. Pind., P. 2, 93 [171] λ. ζυγόν). We may class here ἔλαβεν τὰ ἱμάτια αὐτοῦ he put his clothes on J 13:12 (cp. Hdt. 2, 37; 4, 78; GrBar 9:7 τὸν ὄφιν ἔλαβεν ἔνδυμα). Prob. sim. μορφὴν δούλου λ. put on the form of a slave Phil 2:7.—Of food and drink take (cp. Bel 37 Theod.) Mk 15:23. ὅτε ἔλαβεν τὸ ὄξος J 19:30; λαβὼν τροφὴν ἐνίσχυσεν Ac 9:19; τροφὴν … λα[βεῖν] AcPl Ha 1, 19. (βρέφος) ἔλαβε μασθὸν ἐκ τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ Μαρίας (the infant) took the breast of his mother Mary GJs 19:2.—1 Ti 4:4 (s. 10b below) could also belong here.
    to take away, remove (τὴν ψυχήν ApcEsdr 6:16 p. 31, 23 Tdf.) with or without the use of force τὰ ἀργύρια take away the silver coins (fr. the temple) Mt 27:6. τὰς ἀσθενείας diseases 8:17. τὸν στέφανον Rv 3:11. τὴν εἰρήνην ἐκ τῆς γῆς remove peace from the earth 6:4 (λ. τι ἐκ as UPZ 125, 13 ὸ̔ εἴληφεν ἐξ οἴκου; 2 Ch 16:2; TestSol 4:15 D; TestAbr B 7 p. 111, 12 [Stone p. 70]; Mel., P. 55, 403).
    to take into one’s possession, take, acquire τὶ someth. τὸν χιτῶνα Mt 5:40. οὐδὲ ἕν J 3:27. ἑαυτῷ βασιλείαν obtain kingly power for himself Lk 19:12 (cp. Jos., Ant. 13, 220). λ. γυναῖκα take a wife (Eur., Alc. 324; X., Cyr. 8, 4, 16; Gen 4:19; 6:2; Tob 1:9; TestSol 26:1; TestJob 45:3; ParJer 8:3; Jos., Ant. 1, 253; Just., D. 116, 3; 141, 4) Mk 12:19–21; 22 v.l.; Lk 20:28–31 (s. also the vv.ll. in 14:20 and 1 Cor 7:28). Of his life, that Jesus voluntarily gives up, in order to take possession of it again on his own authority J 10:18a. [ἀπολείπ]ετε τὸ σκότος, λάβεται τὸ φῶς [abandon] the darkness, seize the light AcPl Ha 8, 32. ἑαυτῷ τ. τιμὴν λ. take the honor upon oneself Hb 5:4.Lay hands on, seize w. acc. of the pers. who is seized by force (Hom. et al.; LXX; mid. w. gen. Just., A II, 2, 10, D. 105, 3) Mt 21:35, 39; Mk 12:3, 8. Of an evil spirit that seizes the sick man Lk 9:39 (cp. PGM 7, 613 εἴλημπται ὑπὸ τοῦ δαίμονος; TestSol 17:2 εἰ λήμψομαί τινα, εὐθέως ἀναιρῶ αὐτὸν τῷ ξίφει; Jos., Ant. 4, 119 ὅταν ἡμᾶς τὸ τοῦ θεοῦ λάβῃ πνεῦμα; Just., A I, 18, 4 ψυχαῖς ἀποθανόντων λαμβανόμενοι).—Esp. of feelings, emotions seize, come upon τινά someone (Hom. et al.; Ex 15:15; Wsd 11:12; Jos., Ant. 2, 139; 14, 57) ἔκστασις ἔλαβεν ἅπαντας amazement seized (them) all Lk 5:26. φόβος 7:16. Sim. πειρασμὸς ὑμᾶς οὐκ εἴληφεν εἰ μὴ ἀνθρώπινος 1 Cor 10:13.—Of hunting and fishing: catch (X., Cyr. 1, 4, 9; Aelian, VH 4, 14) οὐδέν Lk 5:5=J 21:6 v.l. Fig. εἴ τις λαμβάνει (ὑμᾶς) if someone puts something over on you, takes advantage of you 2 Cor 11:20 (the exx. cited in Field, Notes, 184f refer to material plunder, whereas Paul appears to point to efforts of his opposition to control the Corinthians’ thinking for their own political purposes; also s. CLattey, JTS 44, ’43, 148); in related vein δόλῳ τινὰ λ. catch someone by a trick 12:16.
    to take payment, receive, accept, of taxes, etc. collect the two-drachma tax Mt 17:24; tithes Hb 7:8f; portion of the fruit as rent Mt 21:34. τὶ ἀπό τινος someth. fr. someone (Plut., Mor. 209d, Aem. Paul. 5, 9) 17:25. παρὰ τῶν γεωργῶν λ. ἀπὸ τῶν καρπῶν collect a share of the fruit fr. the vinedressers Mk 12:2.—τὶ παρά τινος someth. fr. someone (Aristarch. Sam. p. 352, 4; Jos., Ant. 5, 275; Just., D. 22, 11; Tat. 19, 1) οὐ παρὰ ἀνθρώπου τὴν μαρτυρίαν λ. the testimony which I receive is not from a human being or I will not accept mere human testimony (PSI 395, 6 [241 B.C.] σύμβολον λαβὲ παρʼ αὐτῶν=have them give you a receipt) J 5:34; cp. vs. 44; 3:11, 32f.
    to include in an experience, take up, receive τινὰ someone εἰς into (Wsd 8:18) lit. εἰς τὸ πλοῖον take someone (up) into the boat J 6:21. εἰς οἰκίαν receive someone into one’s house 2J 10. εἰς τὰ ἴδια into his own home J 19:27. Receive someone in the sense of recognizing the other’s authority J 1:12; 5:43ab; 13:20abcd.—οἱ ὑπηρέται ῥαπίσμασιν αὐτὸν ἔλαβον Mk 14:65 does not mean ‘the servants took him into custody with blows’ (BWeiss, al.), but is a colloquialism (s. B-D-F §198, 3, w. citation of AcJo 90 [Aa II 196, 1] τί εἰ ῥαπίσμασίν μοι ἔλαβες; ‘what if you had laid blows on me?’) the servants treated him to blows (Moffatt: ‘treated him to cuffs and slaps’), or even ‘got’ him w. blows, ‘worked him over’ (perh. a Latinism; Cicero, Tusc. 2, 14, 34 verberibus accipere. B-D-F §5, 3b; s. Rob. 530f); the v.l. ἔβαλον is the result of failure to recognize this rare usage. καλῶς ἔλαβόν σε; have (the young women) treated you well? Hs 9, 11, 8.
    to make a choice, choose, select πᾶς ἀρχιερεὺς ἐξ ἀνθρώπων λαμβανόμενος who is chosen fr. among human beings Hb 5:1 (cp. Num 8:6; Am 2:11; Just., D. 130, 3). The emphasis is not on gender but the human status of the chief priest in contrast to that of the unique Messiah vs. 5.
    to accept as true, receive τὶ someth. fig. τὰ ῥήματά τινος receive someone’s words (and use them as a guide) J 12:48; 17:8; AcPl Ha 1, 6 (s. καρδία 1bβ). τὸν λόγον receive the teaching Mt 13:20; Mk 4:16 (for μετὰ χαρᾶς λ. cp. PIand 13, 18 ἵνα μετὰ χαρᾶς σε ἀπολάβωμεν).
    to enter into a close relationship, receive, make one’s own, apprehend/comprehend mentally or spiritually (Soph., Pla. et al.) of the mystical apprehension of Christ (opp. κατελήμφθην ὑπὸ Χριστοῦ) ἔλαβον (i.e. Χριστόν) I have made (him) my own Phil 3:12.
    Special uses: the OT is the source of λαμβάνειν πρόσωπον show partiality/favoritism (s. πρόσωπον 1bα end) Lk 20:21; Gal 2:6; B 19:4; D 4:3.—θάρσος λ. take courage s. θάρσος; πεῖράν τινος λ. try someth. (Pla., Prot. 342a; 348a, Gorg. 448a; X., Cyr. 6, 1, 28; Polyb. 1, 75, 7; 2, 32, 5; 5, 100, 10; Aelian, VH 12, 22; Dt 28:56; Jos., Ant. 8, 166; diff. Dio Chrys. 50, 6) Hb 11:29 (this expr. has a different mng. in vs. 36; s. 10b below).—συμβούλιον λαμβάνειν consult (with someone), lit. ‘take counsel’, is a Latinism (consilium capere; s. B-D-F §5, 3b; Rob. 109) Mt 27:7; 28:12; w. ὅπως foll. 22:15; foll. by κατά τινος against someone and ὅπως 12:14; foll. by κατά τινος and ὥστε 27:1. οὐ λήψῃ βουλὴν πονηρὰν κατὰ τοῦ πλησίον σου D 2:6.
    to be a receiver, receive, get, obtain
    abs. λαβών (of a hungry hog) when it has received someth. B 10:3. (Opp. αἰτεῖν, as Appian, Fgm. [I p. 532–36 Viereck-R.] 23 αἰτεῖτε καὶ λαμβάνετε; PGM 4, 2172) Mt 7:8; Lk 11:10; J 16:24. (Opp. διδόναι as Thu. 2, 97, 4 λαμβάνειν μᾶλλον ἢ διδόναι; Ael. Aristid. 34 p. 645 D.; Herm. Wr. 5, 10b; Philo, Deus Imm. 57; SibOr 3, 511) Mt 10:8; Ac 20:35; B 14:1; but in D 1:5 λ. rather has the ‘active’ sense accept a donation (as ἵνα λάβῃ ἐξουσίαν TestJob 8:2).
    w. acc. of thing τὶ someth. (Da 2:6; OdeSol 11:4 σύνεσιν; TestJob 24:9 τρεῖς ἄρτους al.; ApcEsdr 5:13 p. 30, 11 Tdf. τὴν ψυχήν) τὸ ψωμίον receive the piece of bread J 13:30. ὕδωρ ζωῆς δωρεάν water of life without cost Rv 22:17. μισθόν (q.v. 1 and 2a) Mt 10:41ab; J 4:36; 1 Cor 3:8, 14; AcPlCor 2:36 (TestSol 1:2, 10). Money: ἀργύρια Mt 28:15; ἀνὰ δηνάριον a denarius each Mt 20:9f. ἐλεημοσύνην Ac 3:3. βραχύ τι a little or a bite J 6:7; eternal life Mk 10:30 (Jos., C. Ap. 2, 218 βίον ἀμείνω λαβεῖν); the Spirit (schol. on Plato 856e ἄνωθεν λαμβάνειν τὸ πνεῦμα) J 7:39; Ac 2:38; cp. Gal 3:14; 1 Cor 2:12; 2 Cor 11:4; forgiveness of sin Ac 10:43 (Just., D. 54, 1); grace Ro 1:5; cp. 5:17; the victor’s prize 1 Cor 9:24f; the crown of life Js 1:12 (cp. Wsd 5:16 λ. τὸ διάδημα). συμφύγιον/σύμφυτον καὶ ὅπλον εὐδοκίας λάβωμεν Ἰησοῦν χριστόν the sense of this clause, restored from AcPl Ha 8, 23–24 and AcPl Ox 1602, 33–35 (=BMM recto 29–31) emerges as follows: and let us take Jesus Christ as our refuge/ally and shield, the assurance of God’s goodwill toward us. The early and late rain Js 5:7. ἔλεος receive mercy Hb 4:16 (Just., D. 133, 1). λ. τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ υἱοῦ (θεοῦ) receive the name of the Son of God (in baptism) Hs 9, 12, 4. διάδοχον receive a successor Ac 24:27 (cp. Pliny the Younger, Ep. 9, 13 successorem accipio). τὴν ἐπισκοπὴν αὐτοῦ λαβέτω ἕτερος let another man receive his position 1:20 (Ps 108:8). τόπον ἀπολογίας λ. (τόπος 4) 25:16. λ. τι μετὰ εὐχαριστίας receive someth. w. thankfulness 1 Ti 4:4 (but s. 1 above, end.—On the construction with μετά cp. Libanius, Or. 63 p. 392, 3 F. μετὰ ψόγου λ.). τί ἔχεις ὅ οὐκ ἔλαβες; what have you that you did not receive? 1 Cor 4:7 (Alciphron 2, 6, 1 τί οὐ τῶν ἐμῶν λαβοῦσα ἔχεις;). Of punishments (cp. δίκην λ. Hdt. 1, 115; Eur., Bacch. 1312. ποινάς Eur., Tro. 360. πληγάς Philyllius Com. [V B.C.] 11 K.; GrBar 4:15 καταδίκην; Jos., Ant. 14, 336 τιμωρίαν) λ. περισσότερον κρίμα receive a punishment that is just so much more severe Mt 23:13 [14] v.l. (cp. κρίμα 4b); Mk 12:40; Lk 20:47; cp. Js 3:1. οἱ ἀνθεστηκότες ἑαυτοῖς κρίμα λήμψονται those who oppose will bring punishment upon themselves Ro 13:2. πεῖράν τινος λ. become acquainted with, experience, suffer someth. (X., An. 5, 8, 15; Polyb. 6, 3, 1; 28, 9, 7; 29, 3, 10; Diod S 12, 24, 4 τὴν θυγατέρα ἀπέκτεινεν, ἵνα μὴ τῆς ὕβρεως λάβῃ πεῖραν; 15, 88, 4; Jos., Ant. 2, 60; Preisigke, Griech. Urkunden des ägypt. Museums zu Kairo [1911] 2, 11; 3, 11 πεῖραν λ. δαίμονος) μαστίγων πεῖραν λ. Hb 11:36 (the phrase in a diff. mng. vs. 29; s. 9b above).
    Also used as a periphrasis for the passive: οἰκοδομὴν λ. be edified 1 Cor 14:5. περιτομήν be circumcised J 7:23 (Just., D. 23, 5 al.). τὸ χάραγμα receive a mark = be marked Rv 14:9, 11; 19:20; 20:4. καταλλαγήν be reconciled Ro 5:11. ὑπόμνησίν τινος be reminded of = remember someth. 2 Ti 1:5 (Just., D 19, 6 μνήμην λαμβάνητε); λήθην τινὸς λ. forget someth. (Timocles Com. [IV B.C.], Fgm. 6, 5 K.; Aelian, VH 3, 18 end, HA 4, 35; Jos., Ant. 2, 163; 202; 4, 304; Just., D. 46, 5 ἵνα μὴ λήθη ὑμᾶς λαμβάνῃ τοῦ θεοῦ) 2 Pt 1:9; χαρὰν λ. experience joy, rejoice Hv 3, 13, 2 ; GJs 12:2; ἀρχὴν λ. be begun, have its beginning (Pla et al.; Polyb. 1, 12, 9; Sext. Emp., Phys. 1, 366; Aelian, VH 2, 28; 12, 53; Dio Chrys. 40, 7; Philo, Mos. 1, 81 τρίτον [σημεῖον] … τὴν ἀρχὴν τοῦ γίνεσθαι λαβὸν ἐν Αἰγύπτῳ; Just., D. 46, 4 τὴν ἀρχὴν λαβούσης ἀπὸ Ἀβραὰμ τῆς περιτομῆς; Ath. 19, 2 ἑτέραν ἀρχὴν τοῦ κόσμου λαβόντος) Hb 2:3; ApcPt Rainer ln. 19.—λ. τι ἀπό τινος receive someth. from someone (Epict. 4, 11, 3 λ. τι ἀπὸ τῶν θεῶν; Herm. Wr. 1, 30; ApcMos 19 ὅτε δὲ ἔλαβεν ἀπʼ ἐμοῦ τὸν ὄρκον; Just., D. 78, 10 τῶν λαβόντων χάριν ἀπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ) 1J 2:27; 3:22. Also τὶ παρά τινος (Pisander Epicus [VI B.C.] Fgm. 5 [in Athen. 11, 469d]; Diod S 5, 3, 4 λαβεῖν τι παρὰ τῶν θεῶν; TestAbr A 5 p. 82, 8 [Stone p. 12] λαβὼν τὴν εὐχὴν παρʼ αὐτῶν; Just., A I, 60, 3 ἐνέργειαν τὴν παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ λεγομένην λαβεῖν τὸν Μωυσέα.—παρά A3aβ) J 10:18b; Ac 2:33; 3:5; 20:24; Js 1:7; 2J 4; Rv 2:28. λ. τὸ ἱκανὸν παρὰ τοῦ Ἰάσονος receive bail from Jason Ac 17:9 (s. ἱκανός 1). λ. τι ὑπό τινος be given someth. by someone 2 Cor 11:24. κλῆρον καὶ μερισμὸν λαμβάνοντες AcPl Ha 8, 18/Ox 1602, 22f [λαβόντες]=BMM recto 23f (s. κλῆρος 2). λ. τι ἔκ τινος receive someth. fr. a quantity of someth.: ἐκ τοῦ πληρώματος αὐτοῦ ἐλάβομεν χάριν from his fullness we have received favor J 1:16. ἐκ τοῦ πνεύματος αὐτοῦ ἐλάβετε Hs 9, 24, 4.—λ. ἐξ ἀναστάσεως τοὺς νεκροὺς αὐτῶν (s. ἀνάστασις 2a) Hb 11:35. On ἐν γαστρὶ εἴληφα (LXX) GJs 4:2 and 4 s. γαστήρ 2 and συλλαμβάνω 3.—B. 743. Schmidt, Syn. III 203–33. DELG. M-M. EDNT. TW. Sv.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > λαμβάνω

  • 13 πείθω

    πείθω (Hom. et al.; ins, pap, LXX, EpArist, Philo, Joseph., Test12Patr) impf. ἔπειθον; fut. πείσω; 1 aor. ἔπεισα, impv. πεῖσον; 1 pf. 3 sg. πέπεικε(ν) (Just., D. 53, 5; 58, 2); 2 pf. πέποιθα; plpf. ἐπεποίθειν Lk 11:22 and ἐπεποίθησα Job 31:24 (cp. Judg 9:26 A; Zech 3:3). Mid. and pass. impf. ἐπειθόμην. Pass.: 1 fut. πεισθήσομαι; 1 aor. ἐπείσθην; pf. πέπεισμαι; plpf. 1 pl. (ἐ)πεπείσμεθα (Ath. 31, 2).
    act., except for 2 perf. and plpf.: to cause to come to a particular point of view or course of action.
    convince w. acc. of pers. (X., Mem. 1, 2, 45 al.) ISm 5:1. ἔπειθεν Ἰουδαίους καὶ Ἕλληνας he tried to convince Jews and Gentiles Ac 18:4. πείθων αὐτοὺς περὶ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ trying to convince them about Jesus 28:23 (π. τινὰ περί τινος as Jos., C. Ap. 2, 153). Without acc. πείθων περὶ τῆς βασιλείας 19:8 v.l. With acc. of thing τὰ περὶ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ 28:23 v.l. and τῆς βασιλείας 19:8 (on acc. of thing cp. Hdt. 1, 163; Pla., Apol. 27, 37a). Abs. (Jos., Vi. 19) πείθων, οὐ βιαζόμενος convincing, not compelling Dg 7:4.—Also of convincing someone of the correctness of the objectionable teachings, almost= mislead (Ps.-Clem., Hom. 1, 22) Ac 19:26. τινά τινι someone with someth. Hs 8, 6, 5.
    persuade, appeal to, also in an unfavorable sense cajole, mislead (so TestDan 1:8; ApcMos 21; Jos., C. Ap. 2, 201) τινά someone ἀνθρώπους (Ael. Aristid. 34, 19 K.=50 p. 552 D.) 2 Cor 5:11; perh. also Gal 1:10 (but s. c below). Cp. MPol 3:1; 8:2, 3. τινά w. inf. foll. (X., An. 1, 3, 19; Polyb. 4, 64, 2; Diod S 12, 39, 2; 17, 15, 5; Herodian 2, 4, 2; Jos., Ant. 8, 256; Just., A II 2, 10, D. 112, 3; Tat. 21, 3) Ac 13:43; MPol 4; 5:1. ἔπειθεν (sc. αὐτὸν) ἀρνεῖσθαι he tried to induce him to deny 9:2. Perh. this is the place for the textually uncertain pass. Ac 26:28 ἐν ὀλίγῳ με πείθεις Χριστιανὸν ποιῆσαι you lose no time trying to make me play the Christian (cp. the tr. in Beginn. IV 322, w. reff. to 3 Km 20:7 and patristic authors cited in Soph., Lex. s.v. ποιέω 3; s. also Lampe s.v. ποιέω C). Because of apparent misunderstanding of the idiom, this wording is simplified in a widespread v.l. in which ποιῆσαι is replaced with γενέσθαι in a short time you are persuading (or trying to persuade) me to become a Christian (cp. Jos., Vi. 151 πρὸς ὀλίγον ἐπείθοντο=‘they were nearly persuaded’), prob. meant ironically. Bauer considered it prob. that the rdg. of the text be understood as a combination of the two expressions ‘in a short time you are persuading me to become a Christian’ and ‘in a short time you will make me a Christian’, so that the sense is someth. like you are in a hurry to persuade me and make a Christian of me (so Goodsp, Probs. 137f [but it is not clear whether “make” here is to be understood in the sense ‘play the part of’]. S. the lit. s.v. ὀλίγος 2bβ and under 3a below, also AFridrichsen, SymbOsl 14, ’35, 49–52, ConNeot 3, ’39, 13–16 [w. ref. to X., Mem. 1, 2, 49; cp. PBenoit, RB 53, ’46, 303]; DHesseling, Neophilol 20, ’37, 129–34; JHarry, ATR 28, ’46, 135 f; EHaenchen ad loc.). Instead of the inf. we have ἵνα (Plut., Mor. 181a πείθωμεν ἵνα μείνῃ) Mt 27:20 (B-D-F §392, 1e; Rob. 993).
    win over, strive to please (X., Cyr. 6, 1, 34; 2 Macc 4:45) Ac 12:20. τοὺς ὄχλους 14:19. So perh. also Gal 1:10 (s. b above.—π. τὸν θεόν=persuade God: Jos., Ant. 4, 123; 8, 256; Ps.-Clem., Hom. 3, 64).—BDodd, NTS 42, ’96, 90–104.
    conciliate, pacify, set at ease/rest (Hom. et al.) τὸν δῆμον (cp. X., Hell. 1, 7, 7 τοιαῦτα λέγοντες ἔπειθον τὸν δῆμον) MPol 10:2. τὴν καρδίαν (v.l. τὰ καρδία) ἡμῶν 1J 3:19 (but the text is not in good order). Conciliate, satisfy Mt 28:14 (unless π. ἀργυρίῳ bribe is meant: schol. on Pla. 18b; 2 Macc 10:20; Jos., Ant. 14, 281; 490).
    The 2 pf. (w. plpf.) has pres. mng. (B-D-F §341; Rob. 881), to be so convinced that one puts confidence in someth.
    depend on, trust in w. dat. of pers. or thing (Hom. et al.; 4 Km 18:20; Pr 14:16; 28:26; Sir 32:24; Wsd 14:29; Is 28:17) τίνι θεῷ (in) which God Dg 1 (here πέπ. w. dat. almost = believe in, a sense which πέπ. also approximates in the LXX; cp. Jos., Ant. 7, 122). τοῖς δεσμοῖς μου Phil 1:14. τῇ ὑπακοῆ σου Phlm 21. ἐπί τινι (in) someone or someth. (PSI 646, 3 ἐπὶ σοὶ πεποιθώς; LXX; SibOr 3, 545; Syntipas p. 52, 5; Just., D. 8, 2) Mt 27:43 v.l.; Mk 10:24 v.l.; Lk 11:22; 2 Cor 1:9; Hb 2:13 (Is 8:17); B 9:4; ἐπʼ ἐλπίδι 1 Cl 57:7; w. ὅτι foll. (Syntipas p. 32, 6; 35, 7) Lk 18:9. ἐπί τινα (Ps 117:8; Acta Christophori [ed. HUsener 1886] 68, 10) Mt 27:43; 1 Cl 60:1, cp. 58:1; Hm 9:6; Hs 9, 18, 5; w. ὅτι foll. 2 Cor 2:3; 2 Th 3:4. ἔν τινι (Jdth 2:5) (in) someone or someth. Phil 3:3f; w. ὅτι foll. 2:24. εἴς τινα (Wsd 16:24 v.l.) w. ὅτι foll. Gal 5:10.
    be convinced, be sure, certain foll. by acc. and inf. Ro 2:19. W. ὅτι foll. Hb 13:18 v.l. πεποιθὼς αὐτὸ τοῦτο ὅτι being sure of this very thing, that Phil 1:6. τοῦτο πεποιθὼς οἶδα ὅτι convinced of this, I know that 1:25. εἴ τις πέποιθεν ἑαυτῷ Χριστοῦ εἶναι if anyone is convinced within of belonging to Christ 2 Cor 10:7 (cp. BGU 1141, 17 [14 B.C.] πέποιθα γὰρ ἐμαυτῷ).
    pass. and mid., except for the pf.: to be won over as the result of persuasion.
    be persuaded, believe abs. (Pr 26:25) Lk 16:31; Ac 17:4; Hb 11:13 v.l. μὴ πειθομένου αὐτοῦ since he would not be persuaded Ac 21:14. πεισθεὶς ὑπὸ τῆς γυναικὸς τοῦ Νάβαλ AcPl Ha 6, 23. W. dat. of the thing by which one is persuaded (opp. ἀπιστεῖν; τοῖς γραώδεσι μύθοις Iren. 1, 16, 3 [Harv. I 162, 8]) τοῖς λεγομένοις (Hdt. 2, 146, 1; Jos., Bell. 7, 415) Ac 28:24. πείθομαι I believe w. ὅτι foll. Hb 13:18; Hs 8, 11, 2. Ac 26:28 v.l. (s. 1b above), construed w. inf. ἐν ὀλίγῳ με πείθῃ Χριστιανὸν ποιῆσαι in too short a time you believe you are making a Christian of me (so Bachmann, Blass). οὐ πείθομαι w. acc. and inf. I cannot believe Ac 26:26.
    obey, follow w. dat. of pers. or thing (Hom. et al.; Diod S 4, 31, 5 τῷ χρησμῷ=the oracle; Maximus Tyr. 23, 2d τῷ θεῷ; 36, 6g τ. νόμῳ τοῦ Διός; Appian, Iber. 19 §73 θεῶ; pap; 4 Macc 10:13; 15:10; 18:1; Just., D. 9, 1; Mel., P. 93, 705; π. θεῷ Did., Gen. 225, 17; τῇ ἀδικίᾳ Theoph. Ant. 1, 14 [p. 92, 5]) Ro 2:8 (opp. ἀπειθεῖν, as Himerius, Or. 69 [=Or. 22], 7); Gal 3:1 v.l.; 5:7; Hb 13:17; Js 3:3; 2 Cl 17:5; Dg 5:10; IRo 7:2ab; Hm 12, 3, 3.
    Some passages stand betw. a and b and permit either transl., w. dat. be persuaded by someone, take someone’s advice or obey, follow someone Ac 5:36f, 39; 23:21; 27:11 (objection of a passenger, to which the crew paid no attention and suffered harm as a result: Chion, Ep. 4, 1 οἳ δʼ οὐκ ἐπείθοντο. Of relation between heretical leaders and their adherents Iren. 3, 12, 5 [Harv. II 58, 10]).
    perf. pass. πέπεισμαι to attain certainty in ref. to something, be convinced, certain (Pla.+; pap, LXX) πεπεισμένος τοῦτο convinced of this B 1:4. πέπεισμαί τι περί τινος be convinced of someth. concerning someone Hb 6:9. περί τινος be sure of a thing IPol 2:3. Foll. by acc. and inf. (Diod S 12, 20, 2 πεπεῖσθαι θεοὺς εἶναι; PPetr II, 11, 4 [III B.C.]; EpArist 5; Just., D. 58, 2; Mel., HE 4, 26, 11; Ath. 36, 1f) Lk 20:6. W. περί τινος and acc. w. inf.: περὶ ὧν πέπεισμαι ὑμᾶς οὕτως ἔχειν concerning this I am certain that it is so with you ITr 3:2. W. ὅτι foll. (X., Oec. 15, 8; Just., D. 65, 2; Tat., 20, 2) Ro 8:38; 14:14 (w. οἶδα); 2 Ti 1:5, 12 (cp. w. ὡ foll. Did., Gen. 131, 8); Pol 9:2. πέπεισμαι περὶ ὑμῶν ὅτι Ro 15:14.—B. 1206; 1339. DELG s.v. πείθομαι. M-M. EDNT. TW. Spicq.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > πείθω

  • 14 περιάγω

    περιάγω impf. περιῆγον; fut. 3 sg. περιάξει Is 28:27; 2 aor. περιήγαγον (Eur., Hdt. et al.; ins, pap, LXX, Philo)
    to take or bring along, lead around, trans. (Eur., Hdt. et al.; ins, LXX, Joseph.) τινά take someone about or along with oneself, have someone with oneself (constantly) or accompanying oneself (X., Cyr. 2, 2, 28; Demosth. 36, 45 τρεῖς παῖδας ἀκολούθους π.; Diod S 2, 38, 6 γυναικῶν πλῆθος περιάγειν; 17, 77, 6 codd. τὰς παλλακίδας=‘the concubines’) ἀδελφὴν γυναῖκα π. take about a sister (i.e. a Christian woman) as wife 1 Cor 9:5 (Diog. L. 6, 97 Crates the Cynic takes his like-minded wife with him on his philosophical journeys).
    to travel about in various directions, go around, go about, intr. (Cebes 6, 3 codd.; rare in this sense, but s. L-S-J-M s.v. II [B-D-F §150; 308; Rob. 477].—Intr. also Is 28:27) perh. go around κύκλῳ τοῦ πύργου Hs 9, 11, 4. Go about of a blind man feeling his way Ac 13:11. W. the place given: of wanderings go about ἐν ὅλῃ τῇ Γαλιλαίᾳ Mt 4:23. W. acc. of the district travelled through (PCairZen 33, 3 [257 B.C.] π. πάντας τοὺς παραδείσους) τὰς πόλεις πάσας in all the cities 9:35. τὰς κώμας κύκλῳ in the nearby villages Mk 6:6. τὴν θάλασσαν καὶ τὴν ξηράν travel about on sea and land Mt 23:15.—M-M.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > περιάγω

  • 15 φρονέω

    φρονέω (s. φρήν) impf. ἐφρόνουν; fut. φρονήσω; 1 aor. ἐφρόνησα; pf. 1 pl. πεφρονήκαμεν (Ath. 10, 1) (Hom.+; ins, pap, LXX; TestJob 48:2; EpArist 236; Philo, Joseph., Ar., Just., Ath.)
    to have an opinion with regard to someth., think, form/hold an opinion, judge ἐφρόνουν ὡς νήπιος I thought like a child 1 Cor 13:11 (schol. on Apollon. Rhod. 4, 868a νηπίου ὄντος καὶ νήπια φρονοῦντος). καθὼς φρονοῦσιν as their opinion is ISm 2. καλῶς καὶ ἀληθῶς φρονεῖς your judgment is right and true Hm 3:4 (εὖ φρ. Hippol., Ref. 10, 32, 4). ταῦτα φρονεῖν 9:12. ἃ φρονεῖς the views that you hold Ac 28:22 (Just., D. 80, 2 ἕτερα λέγειν παρʼ ἃ φρονῶ). πολλὰ φρονῶ ἐν θεῷ many thoughts are mine when I take God’s view of things (so Kleist) ITr 4:1. φρονεῖν τι ὑπέρ τινος think or feel in a certain way about someone Phil 1:7. ὑπέρ τινος φρ. think of someone in the sense be concerned about him 4:10a; cp. 10b. φρ. περί τινος think of or about someone (Wsd 14:30; Just., D. 3, 7; Ath. 24, 1; περὶ τοῦ θεοῦ Theoph. Ant. 1, 1 [p. 58, 15]) 2:1a. φρ. τι περί τινος think someth. concerning someone (Isocr. 3, 60; Polyaenus 5, 2, 13; Lucian, Dial. Mort. 20, 5; Jos., Ant. 12, 125, C. Ap. 2, 168; Ar. 8, 1; Just., D. 48, 1) ISm 5:2. φρ. μικρὰ περί τινος think little of someone 2 Cl 1:2 (Philo, Spec. Leg. 2, 256 φρ. περὶ μοναρχίας τὰ ἄριστα); cp. 1:1b. On ἵνα ἀδελφὸς ἰδὼν ἀδελφὴν οὐδὲν φρονῇ περὶ αὐτῆς θηλυκόν 12:5a s. θηλυκός; cp. 12:5b. θεὸν δεσπότην φρ. think of God as Master Dg 3:2 (s. φρονίμως). οὐδὲν ἄλλο φρ. think nothing different, not take a different view Gal 5:10 (Hdt. 7, 205, 3 ἄλλα φρ.; Jos., Bell. 5, 326 φρ. οὐδὲν ὑγιές). τοῦτο φρ. Phil 3:15a; τὶ ἑτέρως φρ. think of or regard someth. differently 15b; τὸ αὐτὸ φρ. think the same thing, i.e. be in agreement, live in harmony (Hdt. 1, 60, 2; Dio Chrys. 17 [34], 20; Just., D. 65, 2 τὸ αὐτὸ φρ…. ἐμοί; OGI 669, 36.—Opp.: ἀνόμοια φρ. Iren. 1, Pr. 2 [Harv. I 4, 5f]) 2 Cor 13:11; Phil 2:2a; 3:16 v.l.; 4:2; 2 Cl 17:3. τὸ αὐτὸ φρονεῖν ἐν ἀλλήλοις Ro 15:5; εἰς ἀλλήλους 12:16a. Also τὰ αὐτὰ φρ. (Hdt. 5, 72, 2; Appian, Bell. Civ. 1, 65 §295 τὰ αὐτὰ ἐφρόνουν) Hs 9, 13, 7. τὸ ἓν φρ. Phil 2:2b. Cherish thoughts μὴ ὑπερφρονεῖν παρʼ ὸ̔ δεῖ φρονεῖν not to think more of oneself than one ought to think Ro 12:3a. Cp. 1 Cor 4:6 v.l. (cp. Diod S 27, 6, 2 τοὺς ὑπὲρ ἄνθρωπον φρονοῦντας). ὑψηλὰ φρονεῖν be proud Ro 11:20; 1 Ti 6:17 v.l.
    to give careful consideration to someth., set one’s mind on, be intent on, foll. by the acc. (Brutus, Ep. 14 τὰ σὰ φρ.)
    gener. ἀγαθὰ φρ. Hm 10, 3, 1. τὸ καλὸν φρ. Hs 5, 2, 7. τέλεια ISm 11:3. τὰ ὑψηλά Ro 12:16b (cp. 2 Macc 9:12). τὰ ἐπίγεια (Did., Gen. 50, 27; Theoph. Ant. 2, 17 [p. 142, 6]) Phil 3:19. τὰ ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς Col 3:2 (opp. τὰ ἄνω; TestJob 48:2 τὰ τῆς γῆς φρ.).
    φρ. τά τινος take someone’s side, espouse someone’s cause (Diod S 13, 48, 4 and 7 ἐφρόνουν τὰ Λακεδαιμονίων; 13, 72, 1; 14, 32, 4; 20, 35, 2 and oft.; Appian, Liby. 70 §316, Bell. Civ. 3, 85, §351; Polyaenus 8, 14, 3 τὰ Ῥωμαίων φρ., cp. HAlmqvist, Plut. u. das NT ’46, 56; Herodian 8, 6, 6; 1 Macc 10:20; Jos., Ant. 14, 450 οἱ τὰ Ἡρῴδου φρονοῦντες). τὰ τοῦ θεοῦ (opp. τὰ τῶν ἀνθρώπων) Mt 16:23; Mk 8:33. τὰ τῆς σαρκός (opp. τὰ τοῦ πνεύματος) Ro 8:5.
    of acknowledging the importance of someth. ὁ φρονῶν τὴν ἡμέραν κυρίῳ φρονεῖ the one who is intent on the day (i.e. a particular day rather than others) in honor of the Lord Ro 14:6. φρ. εἰς τὸ σωφρονεῖν 12:3b.
    to develop an attitude based on careful thought, be minded/disposed τοῦτο φρονεῖτε ἐν ὑμῖν ὸ̔ καὶ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ let the same kind of thinking dominate you as dominated Christ Jesus Phil 2:5 (Christ went so far as to devoid himself of his divine status for the benefit of humanity; the opp. of φρονεῖν μέγα, ‘to think presumptuously’, s. Reader, Polemo 216f on the theme of hybris). Or, have the same thoughts among yourselves as you have in your communion with Christ Jesus (so CDodd, The Apost. Preaching ’37, 106f).—B. 1198. DELG s.v. φρήν II. M-M. EDNT. TW. Sv.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > φρονέω

  • 16 ἀγκών

    ἀγκών, ῶνος, ὁ (Hom. et al.; pap, LXX; Jos., Ant. 17, 187; TestSol 4:5 P and other mss; Jos., Ant. 17, 187) the bent arm, arm αἴρειν τινὰ τῶν ἀ. take someone by the arms Hv 1, 4, 3.—B. 238. DELG s.v. ἀγκ-.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > ἀγκών

  • 17 ἀναλαμβάνω

    ἀναλαμβάνω (λαμβάνω ‘take’; Hdt.+) 2 aor. ἀνέλαβον; pf. ἀνείληφα. Mid.: fut. ἀναλήψομαι; 2 aor. 3 sg. ἀνελάβετο TestJos 16:5. Pass.: 1 fut. ἀναληφθήσομαι LXX; 1 aor. ἀνελή(μ)φθην (B-D-F §101 λαμβ.; Mlt-H. 246f).
    to lift up and carry away, take up εἰς τὸν οὐρανόν (4 Km 2:10f; 1 Macc 2:58; Philo, Mos. 2, 291; TestAbr A 7 p. 84, 16 [Stone p. 16], B 4 p. 108, 16 [Stone p. 64] al.; Just., D. 80, 4; cp. Did., Gen. 148, 2; cp. ἀνάλημψις AssMos p. 64 Denis [=p. 272 Tromp] and PtK Fgm. 4 p. 15, 36) pass. of Christ Mk 16:19; Ac 1:11 (Just., D. 32, 3; Mel., P. 70, 510; of dead pers. εἰς οὐρανούς TestJob 39:12). Of Paul εἰς τὸν ἅγιον τόπον ἀνελήμφθη he was taken up into the realm of the blessed 1 Cl 5:7. In same sense without εἰς τ. οὐ. (cp. Sir 48:9; 49:14; TestAbr A 15 p. 95, 15 [Stone p. 38] ἀφʼ ὑμῶν; ParJer 9:3) Ac 1:2 (PvanStempvoort, NTS 5, ’58/59, 30–42 takes Ac 1:2 to refer to the death of Christ; JDupont, NTS, ’61/62, 154–57, to his ascension. Cp. also BMetzger, The Mng. of Christ’s Ascension, RTStamm memorial vol., ’69, 118–28), 22; 1 Ti 3:16; GPt 5:19. Perh. of a deceased woman (Christian ins ἀνελήμφθη=‘has died’, like our ‘is in heaven’: Byzantion 2, 1926, 330; CB I /2, 561, no. 454) Hv 1, 1, 5 (see handbooks ad loc.). Of a sheet Ac 10:16.
    to take up in order to carry, take up ἀ. τὴν σκηνὴν τοῦ Μολόχ you took along the tent of Moloch Ac 7:43 (Am 5:26).—Of weapons take (Hdt. 3, 78, 2; 9, 53, 16 et al.; SIG 742, 45; 49; 2 Macc 10:27; Jdth 6:12; 7:5; 14:3 ἀναλαβόντες τὰς πανοπλίας; Jos., Ant. 20, 110 πανοπλ. ἀναλ.; 121) τὴν πανοπλίαν τοῦ θεοῦ Eph 6:13. τὸν θυρεὸν τῆς πίστεως vs. 16.
    to make someth. one’s own by taking, w. focus on moral or transcendent aspects, take to one’s self, adopt (TestJob 21:4 λογισμόν; ParJer 9:22 [Christ.] ὁμοιότητα; Ar. 15, 1 σάρκα [of Christ]; Tat. 10, 1 ἀετοῦ μορφήν; Orig., C. Cels. 3, 28, 49 Βίον, ὸ̔ν Ἰησοῦς ἐδίδαξεν) τὴν πραϋπάθειαν ITr 8:1. ζῆλον ἄδικον καὶ ἀσεβῆ 1 Cl 3:4; μιαρὸν καὶ ἄδικον ζῆλον 45:4.— Accept παιδείαν 56:2 (s. παιδεία 1).—ἀ. τὴν διαθήκην ἐπὶ στόματός σου take the covenant in your mouth 35:7 (Ps 49:16).—τὴν δύναμίν τινος take back someone’s power Hs 9, 14, 2. τὴν ζωήν receive life Hs 9, 16, 3.
    take someone along on a journey, take along of a travel companion (Thu., X.; 2 Macc 12:38; Jos., Bell. 2, 551, Ant. 4, 85; TestJos 16:5) 2 Ti 4:11; of Paul’s escort Ac 23:31. Take on board (Thu. 7, 25, 4) 20:13f.
    take up someth. for scrutiny, take in hand (βύβλοι ‘divisions of a book or treatise’ Polyb. 3, 9, 3; βιβλίον 1 Esdr 9:45) τὴν ἐπιστολὴν τ. μακαρίου Παύλου 1 Cl 47:1.—DELG s.v. λαμβάνω. M-M. TW.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > ἀναλαμβάνω

  • 18 ἀντιλαμβάνω

    ἀντιλαμβάνω (s. λαμβάνω) in our lit. only mid. (which is common Thu. et al.; LXX, En; Philo, Joseph.; Just., D. 4, 7; 103, 8) fut. ἀντιλήψομαι LXX; 2 aor. ἀντελαβόμην.
    to take someone’s part by assisting, take part, come to the aid of, w. gen. (Diod S 11, 13, 1 [of divine help]; Cass. Dio 40, 27; 46, 45; Plut., Pyrrh. 399 [25, 2]; OGI 51, 9f; 697, 1; PPetr II, 3b, 7; UPZ 47, 23 [II B.C.]; LXX; En 1:8; 100:8; 103:15; PsSol 16:3, 5) ἀντελάβετο Ἰσραὴλ God has helped Israel Lk 1:54 (cp. Is 41:8f). ἀ. τῶν ἀσθενούντων help the weak Ac 20:35 (cp. 2 Ch 28:15). ἀ. ἀλλήλων Hv 3, 9, 2.
    to commit oneself wholeheartedly to someth., take part in, devote oneself to, practice, w. gen. (X., Cyr. 2, 3, 6 τ. πραγμάτων. PRein 47, 4 τῆς γεωργίας. PLond II, 301, 6f p. 256 τῆς χρείασ=the assignment; likew. POxy 1196, 12ff. Is 26:3; Bar 3:21; Jos., Ant. 5, 194; 19, 238) οἱ τῆς εὐεργεσίας ἀντιλαμβανόμενοι who devote themselves to kindness 1 Ti 6:2 (the assoc. w. εὐεργεσία suggests pers. of exceptional merit, cp. OGI 339, 32 τῆς εὐσχημοσύνης; s. also 51, 9f). Others make the masters the beneficiaries of the slaves’ service (s. 4).
    to be involved w. someth. through close contact, perceive, notice τινός someth. (Ps.-Pla., Ax. 370a; s. MMeister, Axioch. Dial., diss. Breslau 1915, 43) εὐωδίας ἀ. notice a fragrance MPol 15:2 (Philo, Leg. All. 3, 56, Det. Pot. Ins. 101: tones; Just., D. 4, 7 κολάσεως 103, 8). Some expand this mng. into
    derive benefit fr. someth., enjoy, benefit by 1 Ti 6:2, w. ‘masters’ as subject, on the basis that it fits well into the context (so REB, NRSV; s. Field, Notes 210; WLock, ICC ad loc.; but s. 2).—M-M. TW.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > ἀντιλαμβάνω

  • 19 ἔξω

    ἔξω adv. of place (s. ἔξωθεν; Hom.+).
    pert. to a position beyond an enclosure or boundary, outside
    funct. adverbially
    α. w. a verb not signifying motion δεδεμένον πρὸς θύραν ἔ. tied at the door outside Mk 11:4. ἔ. εἶναι (X., An. 2, 6, 3; 7, 2, 29) ἔ. ἐπʼ ἐρήμοις τόποις ἦν 1:45; ἑστάναι ἔ. stand outside (Gen 24:31; Dt 24:11; Sir 21:23) Mt 12:46f; Mk 3:31 (cp. vs. 32); Lk 8:20; 13:25; GEb 121, 33; w. πρός and dat. πρὸς τ. θύρᾳ ἔ. J 18:16; πρὸς τ. μνημείῳ ἔ. 20:11; καθῆσθαι ἔ. Mt 26:69; προσεύχεσθαι ἔ. pray outside Lk 1:10; ἔ. ἔχειν τι have someth. free of uncovered shoulders Hs 9, 2, 4; 9, 9, 5; 9, 13, 8. The verb is to be supplied in pass. like Rv 22:15.
    β. as a substitute for an adj. outer, outside (Pla., Phdr. 248a ὁ ἔξω τόπος. The same expr. BGU 1114, 5 [4 B.C.]; cp. POxy 903, 20 τὰς ἔξω θύρας). αἱ ἔ. πόλεις the foreign (lit. ‘outside’, i.e. non-Jewish) cities Ac 26:11; Hv 2, 4, 3. ὁ ἔ. ἡμῶν ἄνθρωπος our outer being (i.e. the body, as Zosimus 13: Hermet. IV p. 107, 16) 2 Cor 4:16 (s. ἄνθρωπος 5a); differently οἱ ἔ. ἄνθρωποι 2 Cl 13:1 (s. 3 below). τὸ ἔ. (opp. τὸ ἔσω) the outside (Thu. 7, 69, 4) 2 Cl 12:2, cp. vs. 4 (apocryphal saying of Jesus).
    funct. as prep. w. gen. in answer to the question ‘where?’ outside (Thu. 8, 67, 2 al.; Num 35:5, 27; Jdth 10:18; 13:3; TestJob 28:8 ἔ. τῆς πόλεως; Jos., Ant. 13, 91; 101; Tat. 2, 1 ἀλαζονείας ἔ.) Lk 13:33. ἔ. τῆς παρεμβολῆς outside the camp Hb 13:11; 1 Cl 4:11 (cp. Ex 29:14 al.); Ac 28:16 v.l.; ἔ. τ. πύλης Hb 13:12 (Jos., Bell. 4, 360 ἔ. τῶν πυλῶν); ἔ. τῆς θύρας Hv 3, 9, 6; ἔ. τῆς οἰκίας 1 Cl 12:6 (cp. Josh 2:19).
    pert. to a position outside an area or limits, as result of an action, out (Hom. et al.)
    ἐξέρχεσθαι ἔ. go out(side) (Jos 2:19; cp. Ps 40:7) Mt 26:75; Lk 22:62; J 19:4, 5; Rv 3:12; ἐξῆλθεν ἔ. εἰς τὸ προαύλιον Mk 14:68. ἐξῆλθεν ἔ. πρὸς αὐτούς (cp. Gen 24:29; Judg 19:25) J 18:29. ἔ. ποιεῖν τινα take someone out Ac 5:34. ἄγειν J 19:4, 13. ἐξάγειν (Gen 15:5; Judg 19:25) Mk 8:23 v.l.; Lk 24:50; προάγειν Ac 16:30. βάλλειν (M. Ant. 12, 25 βάλε ἔξω) Mt 5:13; 13:48; Lk 14:35; J 12:31 v.l.; 15:6; 1J 4:18. ἐκβάλλειν (2 Ch 29:16) Lk 13:28; J 6:37; 9:34f; 12:31; Ac 9:40; Rv 11:2 v.l. δεῦρο ἔ. come out! J 11:43 (δεῦρο 1).
    funct. as prep. w. gen in answer to the question ‘whither?’ out (fr. within), out of (Hom. et al.) ἀπελθεῖν ἔ. τ. συνεδρίου Ac 4:15. Likew. after ἐξέρχεσθαι (Polyaenus 3, 7, 3; cp. Jos., Ant. 8, 399) Mt 10:14; 21:17; Ac 16:13; Hb 13:13 (ἐξέρχ. ἔ. τ. παρεμβολῆς as Num 31:13); ἐκπορεύεσθαι Mk 11:19; ἀποστέλλειν τινά 5:10; ἐκφέρειν τινά (Lev 4:12) 8:23; βάλλειν τινά 2 Cl 7:4; ἐκβάλλειν τινά (Lev 14:40) Mt 21:39; Mk 12:8; Lk 4:29; 20:15; w. acc. to be supplied, Ac 7:58; ἀπορρίπτειν τινά Hv 3, 5, 5; σύρειν τινά Ac 14:19; ἕλκειν τινά 21:30; προπέμπειν τινά 21:5 (on ἕως ἔ. cp. 1 Km 9:26).
    pert. to noninclusion in a group, on the outside, as subst. w. art. outsider οἱ ἔξω those who are outside (2 Macc 1:16; Petosiris, Fgm. 6 l. 206=the foreigners; fig. Thu. 5, 14, 3) of those who did not belong to the circle of the disciples Mk 4:11. Of non-Christians gener. (Iambl., Vi. Pyth. 35, 252 of non-Pythagoreans; Simplicius in Epict. p. 132, 6 those who are not ascetics) 1 Cor 5:12f; Col 4:5; 1 Th 4:12. οἱ ἔ. ἄνθρωποι those on the outside (as Lucian, De Merc. Cond. 21) 2 Cl 13:1.—DELG s.v. ἐξ. M-M. TW.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > ἔξω

  • 20 ὀφθαλμός

    ὀφθαλμός, οῦ, ὁ (Hom.+)
    eye as organ of sense perception, eye Mt 5:29, 38 (Ex 21:24; s. DDaube, JTS 45, ’44, 177–89.—The principle ἐάν τίς τινος ὀφθαλμὸν ἐκκόψῃ, ἀντεκκόπτεσθαι τὸν ἐκείνου in early Gk. legislation in Diod S 12, 17, 4; Diog. L. 1, 57 [Solon]); 6:22; 7:3ff (s. δοκός); Mk 9:47; Lk 6:41f; 11:34; J 9:6; 1 Cor 12:16f; Rv 1:14; 2:18; 7:17; 19:12; 21:4; 1 Cl 10:4 (Gen 13:14) and oft.; GJs 19:2. More than two eyes in the same creature (Artem. 1, 26 p. 28, 13ff) Rv 4:6, 8 (after Ezk 1:18; 10:12); 5:6 (cp. Lucian, Dial. Deor. 3 and 20, 8: Argus w. many eyes, who sees w. his whole body, and never sleeps; Ath. 20, 1 [of Athena]).—εἶδον οἱ ὀφ. μου (cp. Sir 16:5) Lk 2:30; cp.4:20; 10:23; 1 Cor 2:9 (=1 Cl 34:8; 2 Cl 11:7; MPol 2:3. On possible Gnostic associations s. UWilcken, Weisheit u. Torheit, ’59, 77–80 and Hippolytus 5, 26, 16); Rv 1:7.—ἰδεῖν τοῖς ὀφ. Dg 2:1 (Philo, Sacr. Abel. 24). ὸ̔ ἑωράκαμεν τοῖς ὀφ. ἡμῶν 1J 1:1 (cp. Zech 9:8 A). βλέπειν ἐν τοῖς ὀφ. GJs 17:2. ὀφ. πονηρός an evil eye i.e. one that looks w. envy or jealousy upon other people (Sir 14:10; Maximus Tyr. 20:7b) Mt 6:23 (opp. ἁπλοῦς; s. this entry, the lit. s.v. λύχνος b and πονηρός 3a, and also PFiebig, Das Wort Jesu v. Auge: StKr 89, 1916, 499–507; CEdlund, Das Auge der Einfalt: ASNU 19, ’52; HCadbury, HTR 47, ’54, 69–74; JHElliott, The Evil Eye and the Sermon on the Mt: Biblical Interpretation 2, ’94, 51–84). Cp. 20:15. By metonymy for envy, malice Mk 7:22 (but the mng. stinginess, love for one’s own possessions is upheld for all the NT pass. w. ὀφ. πον. by CCadoux, ET 53, ’41/42, 354f, esp. for Mt 20:15, and w. ref. to Dt 15:9 al. Envy, etc. is preferred by CSmith, ibid. 181f; 54, ’42/43, 26 and JPercy, ibid. 26f).—ἐν ῥιπῄ ὀφθαλμοῦ in the twinkling of an eye 1 Cor 15:52. ἀγαπήσεις ὡς κόρην τοῦ ὀφ. σου you are to love as the apple of your eye 19:9 (s. κόρη).—Used w. verbs: αἴρω ἄνω (αἴρω 1b). ἀνοίγω (q.v. 5b). ἐξαιρέω (q.v. 1). ἐξορύσσω (q.v.). ἐπαίρω (q.v. 1). κρατέω (q.v. 5). ὑπολαμβάνειν τινὰ ἀπὸ τῶν ὀφ. τινός take someone up out of sight of someone Ac 1:9.—ἡ ἐπιθυμία τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν 1J 2:16 (Maximus Tyr. 19, 21m ἐπιθυμία goes through the ὀφθαλμοί). ὀφθαλμοὶ μεστοὶ μοιχαλίδος 2 Pt 2:14 (on the imagery cp. Sir 26:9; s. μεστός 2b).—It is characteristic of the OT (but s. also Hes., Op. 267 πάντα ἰδὼν Διὸς ὀφθαλμός; Polyb. 23, 10, 3 Δίκης ὀφ.; Aristaen, Ep. 1, 19 at the beginning, the pl. of the eyes of Tyche. ὄμματα is also found of a divinity: Alciphron 3, 8, 2; 4, 9, 4) to speak anthropomorphically of God’s eyes Hb 4:13; 1 Pt 3:12; 1 Cl 22:6 (the last two Ps 33:16). A transference is readily made to
    mental and spiritual understanding, eye, understanding, ὀφθαλμοὺς ἔχοντες οὐ βλέπετε Mk 8:18.—Mt 13:15b; J 12:40b; Ac 28:27b (all three Is 6:10); Mt 13:16. ἔδωκεν αὐτοῖς ὁ θεὸς ὀφθαλμοὺς τοῦ μὴ βλέπειν the kind of eyes with which they do not see (s. B-D-F §393, 6; 400, 2; Rob. 1061; 1076) Ro 11:8 (cp. Dt 29:3). οἱ ὀφ. τῆς καρδίας the eyes of the heart (s. καρδία 1bβ and cp. Herm. Wr. 7, 1 ἀναβλέψαντες τοῖς τῆς καρδίας ὀφθαλμοῖς; 10, 4 ὁ τοῦ νοῦ ὀφθαλμός; Just., D. 134, 5 οἱ τῆς ψυχῆς ὀφθαλμοί.—Sir 17:8) Eph 1:18; 1 Cl 36:2; 59:3; MPol 2:3. Cp. also the entries καμμύω, σκοτίζω, τυφλόω.—W. a prep.: ἀπέναντι τῶν ὀφ. τινος s. ἀπέναντι 1bβ. ἐκρύβη ἀπὸ ὀφθαλμῶν σου it is hidden from the eyes of your mind Lk 19:42 (cp. Sir 17:15). ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖς (LXX; s. Thackeray 43): ἔστιν θαυμαστὴ ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖς ἡμῶν it is marvelous in our sight (=in our judgment) Mt 21:42; Mk 12:11 (both Ps 117:23), but ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖς ἡμῶν GJs 16:1 (as Lucian, Tox. 39) means ‘before our eyes’ (likew. Apollon. Rhod. 4, 1619 τέρας ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖσιν ἰδόντες=gaze with their eyes on the portent; Diod S 3, 18, 5 ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖς=before their eyes). κατʼ ὀφθαλμούς τινος before someone’s eyes, in someone’s sight (2 Km 12:11; 4 Km 25:7; Jer 35:5; Ezk 20:14, 22, 41; 21:11; 22:16; 36:23): οἷς κατʼ ὀφθαλμοὺς Ἰ. Χριστὸς προεγράφη before whose eyes Jesus Christ was portrayed Gal 3:1. πρὸ ὀφθαλμῶν before (someone’s) eyes (Hyperid. 6, 17; SIG 495, 120 [c. 230 B.C.]; BGU 362 V, 8; LXX; EpArist 284): πρὸ ὀφθαλμῶν λαμβάνειν (Polyb.; Diod S 26, 16b [s. FKrebs, Die Präp. bei Polyb. 1882, 38]; 2 Macc 8:17; 3 Macc 4:4) place before one’s eyes 1 Cl 5:3. πρὸ ὀφθαλμῶν ἔχειν (JosAs 7:6; Lucian, Tyrannici. 7; OGI 210, 8; PGiss 67, 10; Just., D. 20, 1 al.) keep one’s eyes on someth. MPol 2:3. πρὸ ὀφθαλμῶν τινος εἶναι (Dt 11:18) be before someone’s eyes 1 Cl 2:1; 39:3 (Job 4:16).—B. 225. DELG s.v. ὄπωπα. M-M. EDNT. TW.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > ὀφθαλμός

См. также в других словарях:

  • take (someone) at (their) word — to decide to believe exactly what someone tells you, even if it does not seem likely to be true. When he said he d give me a job, I took him at his word and turned up the next day at his office …   New idioms dictionary

  • take someone at their word — phrase to do something as a result of what someone has said, even though they may not have meant exactly what they said He said he didn’t mind what we did, and we took him at his word. Thesaurus: to believe or accept that something is true or… …   Useful english dictionary

  • take someone at their word — to do something as a result of what someone has said, even though they may not have meant exactly what they said He said he didn t mind what we did, and we took him at his word …   English dictionary

  • take someone at his — ● word …   Useful english dictionary

  • take at one's word — {v. phr.} To believe everything (someone) says; to act on what is said. * /If you say you don t want this coat, I ll take you at your word and throw it away./ * /When the king said he wished to be rid of his advisor, a friend took him at his word …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • take at one's word — {v. phr.} To believe everything (someone) says; to act on what is said. * /If you say you don t want this coat, I ll take you at your word and throw it away./ * /When the king said he wished to be rid of his advisor, a friend took him at his word …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • take\ at\ one's\ word — v. phr. To believe everything (someone) says; to act on what is said. If you say you don t want this coat, I ll take you at your word and throw it away. When the king said he wished to be rid of his advisor, a friend took him at his word and… …   Словарь американских идиом

  • take someone's word for it — take (someone s) word for it to believe someone. If she says she s sick, you have to take her word for it. I took him at his word when he said he could translate Russian …   New idioms dictionary

  • take a man at his word — take what someone says seriously, treat someone s remarks seriously …   English contemporary dictionary

  • word — [wʉrd] n. [ME < OE, akin to Ger wort < IE * werdh (extension of base * wer , to speak, say) > Gr eirein, to speak, L verbum, word] 1. a) a speech sound, or series of them, serving to communicate meaning and consisting of at least one… …   English World dictionary

  • word — ► NOUN 1) a single distinct meaningful element of speech or writing, used to form sentences with others. 2) a remark or statement. 3) (a word) even the smallest amount of something spoken or written: don t believe a word. 4) (words) angry talk.… …   English terms dictionary