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Initially

  • 1 CAIRS (Sistema de Recuperación de Información Asistido por Ordenador)

    Ex. CAIRS (Computer Assisted Information Retrieval System) is a suite of programs developed at the Leatherhead Food Research Association (UK) initially as an in-house system to replace the card files and printed keyword indexes.

    Spanish-English dictionary > CAIRS (Sistema de Recuperación de Información Asistido por Ordenador)

  • 2 Mercosur

    SM ABR
    = Mercado Común del Cono Sur Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
    * * *
    masculino: economic community comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
    * * *
    Nota: Asociación económica de algunos países de Sudamérica parecida a la Comunidad Europea.
    Ex. This article discusses the objectives, structure and organization of Mercosur, the Common Market of the South, which unites South American countries economically.
    * * *
    masculino: economic community comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
    * * *
    Nota: Asociación económica de algunos países de Sudamérica parecida a la Comunidad Europea.

    Ex: This article discusses the objectives, structure and organization of Mercosur, the Common Market of the South, which unites South American countries economically.

    * * *
    economic community comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
    * * *

    Mercosur sustantivo masculino: economic community comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
    * * *
    Mercosur [merko'sur] nm (abrev de Mercado Común del Sur)
    MERCOSUR, = South American economic community consisting of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
    MERCOSUR
    After several decades of growth in trade relations, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay signed the Treaty of Asunción in 1991 to found MERCOSUR (“Mercado Común del Sur”, Southern Common Market). Although initially no central institutions were established, the Treaty of Ouro Preto in 1994 provided for an institutional structure, though its development is less advanced than that of the Comunidad Andina (CAN). The collapse of the Argentinian economy in 2002 dealt a severe blow to MERCOSUR, and there have been a number of bitter disputes between member countries, but as it has a combined population of over 230 million, and a GDP of over $1,000 billion, it remains one of the largest economic groups in the world. Venezuela became a full member in 2006, while Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Colombia and Ecuador all now have associate member status, while Mexico is an observer.
    * * *
    m abr (= Mercado Común del Sur) Common Market including Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay

    Spanish-English dictionary > Mercosur

  • 3 abogado

    f. & m.
    1 lawyer, attorney, attorney-at-law, advocate.
    2 public attorney, solicitor.
    past part.
    past participle of spanish verb: abogar.
    * * *
    nombre masculino,nombre femenino
    1 lawyer, solicitor (tribunal supremo) barrister
    2 figurado advocate, champion
    \
    ejercer de abogado to practise law, be a lawyer
    abogado de oficio legal -aid lawyer
    abogado defensor counsel for the defense
    abogado del diablo devil's advocate
    abogado del Estado public prosecutor, US attorney general
    abogado laborista union lawyer
    * * *
    (f. - abogada)
    noun
    lawyer, attorney
    * * *
    abogado, -a
    SM / F
    1) lawyer, attorney(-at-law) (EEUU)

    ejercer de abogadoto practise o (EEUU) practice law

    recibirse de abogado esp LAm to qualify as a lawyer

    abogado/a auxiliar — Méx junior lawyer

    abogado/a criminalista — criminal lawyer

    abogado/a defensor(a) — defending counsel

    abogado/a del Estado — public prosecutor, attorney general (EEUU)

    abogado/a de oficio — court-appointed counsel, duty solicitor, public defender (EEUU)

    abogado/a de secano — barrack-room lawyer

    abogado/a laboralista — labour lawyer, labor lawyer (EEUU)

    abogado/a matrimonialista — divorce lawyer

    abogado/a penalista — Méx criminal lawyer

    2) (=defensor, partidario) champion, advocate
    * * *
    - da masculino, femenino ( en general) lawyer, solicitor ( in UK); ( ante un tribunal superior) attorney ( in US), barrister ( in UK)
    * * *
    = attorney, lawyer, prosecutor, barrister-at-law, barrister, trial lawyer.
    Ex. For example, an unwed woman who fears she is pregnant may have appointments made with an attorney in a legal assistance society and conselors in abortion clinics or maternity homes.
    Ex. Conceived initially to demonstrate a potential tool to assist lawyers in adjudicatory proceedings, the system appears to have potential for addressing a broad spectrum of record management requirements.
    Ex. This article discusses one case that illustrates how even well trained federal prosecutors can grow confused about how to apply the intellectual property law.
    Ex. A barrister-at-law Barry quickly adjusted himself to the particular problems of the library profession.
    Ex. An MP, a barrister, and a financial consultant present the case for charging Value Added Tax (VAT) on books.
    Ex. All this deterioration has been to complicate and thereby fatten the pockets of trial lawyers in collusion with our judges.
    ----
    * abogado civil = civilian lawyer, people's lawyer.
    * abogado defensor = defence attorney [defense attorney, -USA].
    * abogado de la corona = Queen's Counsel (QC).
    * abogado del diablo = devil's advocate.
    * abogado del estado = Queen's Counsel (QC).
    * abogado de oficio = legal aid.
    * abogado especializado en divorcios = divorce lawyer.
    * abogado fiscal = prosecuting attorney, district attorney, district counsel.
    * abogado general = advocate-general.
    * abogado matrimonialista = divorce lawyer.
    * abogado procurador = solicitor.
    * abogado que asesora a los presos = jailhouse lawyer.
    * abogado sin escrúpulos = shyster, shark lawyer.
    * ayudante de abogado = paralegal [para-legal].
    * bufete de abogados = law centre, law firm, law office.
    * Colegio de Abogados = Law Society.
    * despacho de abogados = law centre, law office.
    * firma de abogados = legal assistance society, law firm.
    * jerga de los abogados = legalease.
    * * *
    - da masculino, femenino ( en general) lawyer, solicitor ( in UK); ( ante un tribunal superior) attorney ( in US), barrister ( in UK)
    * * *
    = attorney, lawyer, prosecutor, barrister-at-law, barrister, trial lawyer.

    Ex: For example, an unwed woman who fears she is pregnant may have appointments made with an attorney in a legal assistance society and conselors in abortion clinics or maternity homes.

    Ex: Conceived initially to demonstrate a potential tool to assist lawyers in adjudicatory proceedings, the system appears to have potential for addressing a broad spectrum of record management requirements.
    Ex: This article discusses one case that illustrates how even well trained federal prosecutors can grow confused about how to apply the intellectual property law.
    Ex: A barrister-at-law Barry quickly adjusted himself to the particular problems of the library profession.
    Ex: An MP, a barrister, and a financial consultant present the case for charging Value Added Tax (VAT) on books.
    Ex: All this deterioration has been to complicate and thereby fatten the pockets of trial lawyers in collusion with our judges.
    * abogado civil = civilian lawyer, people's lawyer.
    * abogado defensor = defence attorney [defense attorney, -USA].
    * abogado de la corona = Queen's Counsel (QC).
    * abogado del diablo = devil's advocate.
    * abogado del estado = Queen's Counsel (QC).
    * abogado de oficio = legal aid.
    * abogado especializado en divorcios = divorce lawyer.
    * abogado fiscal = prosecuting attorney, district attorney, district counsel.
    * abogado general = advocate-general.
    * abogado matrimonialista = divorce lawyer.
    * abogado procurador = solicitor.
    * abogado que asesora a los presos = jailhouse lawyer.
    * abogado sin escrúpulos = shyster, shark lawyer.
    * ayudante de abogado = paralegal [para-legal].
    * bufete de abogados = law centre, law firm, law office.
    * Colegio de Abogados = Law Society.
    * despacho de abogados = law centre, law office.
    * firma de abogados = legal assistance society, law firm.
    * jerga de los abogados = legalease.

    * * *
    abogado -da
    masculine, feminine
    (en general) lawyer, solicitor ( BrE); (ante un tribunal superior) attorney ( AmE), barrister ( BrE)
    no necesito abogados, yo me sé defender ( fam); I don't need anyone to defend me, I can stand up for myself
    Compuestos:
    abogado criminalista, abogada criminalista
    masculine, feminine criminal lawyer
    abogado defensor, abogada defensora
    masculine, feminine defense lawyer ( AmE), defence counsel ( BrE), counsel for the defence ( BrE)
    masculine devil's advocate
    abogado de oficio, abogada de oficio
    masculine, feminine lawyer provided under the legal aid scheme, public defender ( AmE)
    abogado general, abogada general
    (UE) masculine, feminine advocate general
    abogado del estado, abogada del estado
    masculine, feminine ≈ district attorney ( AmE); ≈ public prosecutor ( BrE)
    abogado laboralista, abogada laboralista
    masculine, feminine labor* lawyer ( AmE), employment lawyer
    abogado matrimonialista, abogada matrimonialista
    masculine, feminine divorce lawyer
    abogado penalista, abogada penalista
    masculine, feminine criminal lawyer
    abogado procesalista, abogada procesalista
    masculine, feminine lawyer in a court of first instance, trial lawyer ( AmE)
    * * *

     

    Del verbo abogar: ( conjugate abogar)

    abogado es:

    el participio

    Multiple Entries:
    abogado    
    abogar
    abogado
    ◊ -da sustantivo masculino, femenino ( en general) lawyer, solicitor ( in UK);


    ( ante un tribunal superior) attorney ( in US), barrister ( in UK);

    abogado del diablo devil's advocate
    abogado,-a sustantivo masculino y femenino lawyer, solicitor, US attorney, US counsellor
    (en tribunal supremo) barrister
    abogado criminalista, criminal lawyer
    abogado de oficio, legal aid lawyer
    abogado del diablo, Devil's advocate
    abogado del Estado, public prosecutor
    abogado defensor, counsel for the defense
    abogado laboralista, union lawyer
    El término general es lawyer. Un solicitor prepara documentos legales, representa a su cliente en los tribunales inferiores y ayuda al barrister, quien representa a su cliente en los tribunales superiores. En algunos Estados de EE. UU. se emplea la palabra attorney y en otros counsellor, aunque las dos significan lo mismo: lawyer, abogado.
    abogar verbo transitivo to plead
    abogar en favor de, to plead for, defend
    abogar por una causa, to advocate o champion sthg

    ' abogado' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    abogada
    - bufete
    - criminalista
    - defensor
    - defensora
    - diablo
    - estado
    - estudiar
    - laboralista
    - letrada
    - letrado
    - minuta
    - monta
    - notaria
    - notario
    - oficio
    - casar
    - cliente
    - clientela
    - consultorio
    - ejercer
    - licenciado
    - patrocinar
    - preciarse
    - procurador
    - qué
    English:
    advice
    - advocate
    - attorney
    - barrister
    - charge
    - client
    - contact
    - counsel
    - counsellor
    - counselor
    - cross-examine
    - dispose
    - draw up
    - lawyer
    - local
    - prosecution
    - see
    - service
    - solicitor
    - strike off
    - brief
    - from
    - legal
    - prosecutor
    * * *
    abogado, -a nm,f
    1. Der lawyer, US attorney
    abogado criminalista criminal lawyer;
    abogado defensor counsel for the defence;
    abogado del Estado public prosecutor;
    abogado de familia family lawyer;
    abogado laboralista labour lawyer;
    abogado matrimonialista divorce lawyer;
    abogado de oficio legal aid lawyer
    2. [intercesor] intermediary;
    [defensor] advocate;
    siempre ha sido un abogado de los pobres he has always stood up for the poor
    abogado del diablo devil's advocate;
    hacer de abogado del diablo to play devil's advocate
    * * *
    m, abogada f lawyer, Br
    solicitor; en tribunal superior attorney, Br
    barrister;
    no le faltaron abogados fig there were plenty of people who defended him
    * * *
    abogado, -da n
    : lawyer, attorney
    * * *
    1. (en general) lawyer / solicitor

    Spanish-English dictionary > abogado

  • 4 aclarar las ideas de Uno

    (v.) = clarify + Posesivo + mind
    Ex. For much study and research, the researcher must find his own way, at least initially, because he has not yet clarified his mind or his aim to the point where he can pose precise questions.
    * * *
    (v.) = clarify + Posesivo + mind

    Ex: For much study and research, the researcher must find his own way, at least initially, because he has not yet clarified his mind or his aim to the point where he can pose precise questions.

    Spanish-English dictionary > aclarar las ideas de Uno

  • 5 al margen de

    = divorced from, untouched, outside the purview of, other than, in spite of, despite, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that
    Ex. Initially, however, we shall consider these phenomena as concepts in their own right, divorced from and unrelated to any particular discipline or context of study.
    Ex. Certainly the last thing we want is that books be shut up in tastefully decorated warehouses, watched over by highly trained storekeepers whose main purpose is to see that everything is kept tidily in its place and, as far as possible, untouched by human hands -- especially the sticky-fingered hands of marauding children.
    Ex. Administrative decisions, which are made behind the scenes sometimes outside the purview of a reference department or section, usually determine which reference services are offered.
    Ex. Non-book materials, then, may include any library information or resource centre materials, other than books or monographs.
    Ex. In spite of its inherent conservatism, the BM code favours direct entry.
    Ex. The scheme covers all knowledge, despite being special in purpose.
    Ex. These are the strengths of the Journal of Common Market Studies, although even this journal has a wider remit than its title suggest.
    Ex. Strangely enough, despite the fact that he was buddies with Henry Kissinger at Harvard, he is registered as a member of the Democratic Party.
    Ex. In spite of the fact that the investigation of the relationship of these two factors would be very important, there is still hardly any research done on this topic.
    * * *
    = divorced from, untouched, outside the purview of, other than, in spite of, despite, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that

    Ex: Initially, however, we shall consider these phenomena as concepts in their own right, divorced from and unrelated to any particular discipline or context of study.

    Ex: Certainly the last thing we want is that books be shut up in tastefully decorated warehouses, watched over by highly trained storekeepers whose main purpose is to see that everything is kept tidily in its place and, as far as possible, untouched by human hands -- especially the sticky-fingered hands of marauding children.
    Ex: Administrative decisions, which are made behind the scenes sometimes outside the purview of a reference department or section, usually determine which reference services are offered.
    Ex: Non-book materials, then, may include any library information or resource centre materials, other than books or monographs.
    Ex: In spite of its inherent conservatism, the BM code favours direct entry.
    Ex: The scheme covers all knowledge, despite being special in purpose.
    Ex: These are the strengths of the Journal of Common Market Studies, although even this journal has a wider remit than its title suggest.
    Ex: Strangely enough, despite the fact that he was buddies with Henry Kissinger at Harvard, he is registered as a member of the Democratic Party.
    Ex: In spite of the fact that the investigation of the relationship of these two factors would be very important, there is still hardly any research done on this topic.

    Spanish-English dictionary > al margen de

  • 6 amarradero

    m.
    2 mooring, hitching post, mooring ring, berth.
    * * *
    1 (poste) mooring post; (argolla) mooring ring
    2 (lugar) mooring
    * * *
    SM (=poste) post, bollard; [para barco] berth, mooring
    * * *
    a) ( poste) bollard; ( argolla) mooring ring
    b) ( lugar) berth, slip (AmE)
    * * *
    = mooring, berth.
    Ex. Certain aspects of the curriculum debate had become parted from their moorings in practical reality.
    Ex. And if you are initially thinking of renting a berth in the Mediterranean, click here to find out why most people prefer to buy their berths.
    * * *
    a) ( poste) bollard; ( argolla) mooring ring
    b) ( lugar) berth, slip (AmE)
    * * *
    = mooring, berth.

    Ex: Certain aspects of the curriculum debate had become parted from their moorings in practical reality.

    Ex: And if you are initially thinking of renting a berth in the Mediterranean, click here to find out why most people prefer to buy their berths.

    * * *
    1 (poste) bollard; (argolla) mooring ring
    2 (lugar) berth, slip ( AmE)
    * * *

    amarradero sustantivo masculino
    a) ( poste) bollard;

    ( argolla) mooring ring
    b) ( lugar) berth, slip (AmE)

    ' amarradero' also found in these entries:
    English:
    berth
    - mooring
    * * *
    Náut
    1. [poste] bollard;
    [argolla] mooring ring
    2. [sitio] mooring
    * * *
    m MAR bollard

    Spanish-English dictionary > amarradero

  • 7 atracadero

    m.
    1 landing stage.
    2 mooring, pier, port, berth.
    * * *
    1 landing place, wharf, berth
    * * *
    SM pier
    * * *
    masculino mooring
    * * *
    = berth.
    Ex. And if you are initially thinking of renting a berth in the Mediterranean, click here to find out why most people prefer to buy their berths.
    * * *
    masculino mooring
    * * *

    Ex: And if you are initially thinking of renting a berth in the Mediterranean, click here to find out why most people prefer to buy their berths.

    * * *
    mooring
    * * *
    mooring
    * * *
    m MAR mooring
    * * *
    : dock, pier

    Spanish-English dictionary > atracadero

  • 8 botánica medicinal

    (n.) = medical botanics, medicinal botanics, botanics
    Ex. The increasing use and popularity of the Internet and phytomedicinals (medicinal herbs and medical botanics) have created a quandary for researchers, consumers and information professionals.
    Ex. In the medical field their most renowned contributions were those of nutritional and medicinal botanics.
    Ex. They initially consisted of four departments: zoology, entomology, botanics and mineralogy.
    * * *
    (n.) = medical botanics, medicinal botanics, botanics

    Ex: The increasing use and popularity of the Internet and phytomedicinals (medicinal herbs and medical botanics) have created a quandary for researchers, consumers and information professionals.

    Ex: In the medical field their most renowned contributions were those of nutritional and medicinal botanics.
    Ex: They initially consisted of four departments: zoology, entomology, botanics and mineralogy.

    Spanish-English dictionary > botánica medicinal

  • 9 cajero automático

    m.
    1 automatic teller machine, automated teller machine, ATM, automated teller.
    2 drive-in banking.
    * * *
    cash point, automatic cash dispenser
    * * *
    (n.) = teller machine, cash dispenser, cash point, cash point machine, automatic teller machine (ATM)
    Ex. Initially, such automated terminals (' teller machines') were installed in the banks themselves, enabling people to draw cash by means of a debit card.
    Ex. This article discusses security problems associated with payments between banks, and cash dispensers.
    Ex. The worst case scenario suggests that library and information services may be replaced by electronic information points analogous to the electronic cash points installed at banks.
    Ex. Cash point machines which accept all major credit cards can be found all over the city.
    Ex. The application of automatic teller machines (ATMs) by the banking industry is examined as a typical example of information technology investment in the financial services sector.
    * * *
    (n.) = teller machine, cash dispenser, cash point, cash point machine, automatic teller machine (ATM)

    Ex: Initially, such automated terminals (' teller machines') were installed in the banks themselves, enabling people to draw cash by means of a debit card.

    Ex: This article discusses security problems associated with payments between banks, and cash dispensers.
    Ex: The worst case scenario suggests that library and information services may be replaced by electronic information points analogous to the electronic cash points installed at banks.
    Ex: Cash point machines which accept all major credit cards can be found all over the city.
    Ex: The application of automatic teller machines (ATMs) by the banking industry is examined as a typical example of information technology investment in the financial services sector.

    * * *
    ATM, Br tb
    cash point

    Spanish-English dictionary > cajero automático

  • 10 callar

    v.
    1 to keep quiet about.
    2 to keep quiet, to be silent.
    quien calla otorga silence signifies consent
    3 to silence.
    Ricardo calló a Susana Richard silenced Susan.
    4 to be quiet, to stop talking.
    hacer callar a alguien to silence somebody
    mandar callar a alguien to tell somebody to shut up
    ¡calla! shut up!
    ¡calla, si eso me lo dijo a mí también! guess what, he said that to me, too!
    5 to hold one's tongue, to shut up, to be silent, to be quiet.
    María calló para protegerlo Mary held her tongue to protect him.
    6 to hush up, to keep under one's hat.
    María calló la verdad sobre el caso Mary hushed up the truth about the case.
    * * *
    1 (no hablar) to be quiet, keep quiet
    2 (dejar de hablar) to stop talking, shut up
    ¡quieres callar! will you shut up!
    3 (un ruido) to stop
    1 (esconder) to keep to oneself, not mention
    \
    a la chita callando familiar on the quiet, on the sly
    ¡calla! figurado never!, no!
    ¡cállate! keep quiet!, be quiet!
    quien calla otorga silence gives consent
    * * *
    1. VI
    1) (=dejar de hablar) to be quiet

    ¡calla, que no puedo oír la radio! — be o keep quiet, I can't hear the radio!, shut up o (EEUU) hush up, I can't hear the radio! *

    su madre le mandó callar — his mother ordered him to be quiet, his mother told him to shut up

    -Ernesto se casa -¡calla! ¡eso no puede ser! — "Ernesto is getting married" - "you're joking! that can't be true!"

    2) (=no hablar) to say nothing, keep quiet
    2. VT
    1) (=hacer callar)

    calló a los niños con un cuentohe got the children to be o keep quiet by reading them a story

    ¡calla o cállate la boca! — * shut your mouth! **, shut your face! **

    2) (=ocultar) to keep to o.s., keep quiet
    3.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo intransitivo to be quiet, shut up (colloq)

    hacer callar a la oposición/prensa — to silence the opposition/the press

    ya tiene tres niños - calla! — (fam) she has three children now - never! o she hasn't! (colloq)

    quien calla otorgasilence implies o gives consent

    2.
    callar vt
    a) <secreto/información> to keep... quiet
    b) (AmL) < persona> to get... to be quiet, to shut... up (colloq)
    3.
    callarse v pron
    a) ( guardar silencio) to be quiet

    cállate la boca! — (fam) shut your mouth! (sl)

    b) ( no decir) < noticia> to keep... quiet, keep... to oneself
    * * *
    ----
    * callarse = go + quiet, shut up, keep + quiet.
    * hacer callar = shush, hush, quieten.
    * mandar callar = shush, hush.
    * matarlas callando = wolf in sheep's clothing.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo intransitivo to be quiet, shut up (colloq)

    hacer callar a la oposición/prensa — to silence the opposition/the press

    ya tiene tres niños - calla! — (fam) she has three children now - never! o she hasn't! (colloq)

    quien calla otorgasilence implies o gives consent

    2.
    callar vt
    a) <secreto/información> to keep... quiet
    b) (AmL) < persona> to get... to be quiet, to shut... up (colloq)
    3.
    callarse v pron
    a) ( guardar silencio) to be quiet

    cállate la boca! — (fam) shut your mouth! (sl)

    b) ( no decir) < noticia> to keep... quiet, keep... to oneself
    * * *
    * callarse = go + quiet, shut up, keep + quiet.
    * hacer callar = shush, hush, quieten.
    * mandar callar = shush, hush.
    * matarlas callando = wolf in sheep's clothing.
    * * *
    callar [A1 ]
    vi
    to be quiet, shut up ( colloq)
    calla, que no me dejas oír be quiet o shut up, I can't hear
    lloró toda la noche, no hubo manera de hacerlo callar he cried all night, nothing we could do would make him stop
    ya tiene tres niños — ¡calla! ( fam); she has three children now — never! o she hasn't! ( colloq)
    quien calla otorga silence implies o gives consent
    ■ callar
    vt
    1 ‹secreto› to keep … to oneself
    intentaron callar estas cifras they attempted to keep these figures quiet
    2
    ( AmL) ‹persona› callen a esos niños get those children to be quiet, shut those kids up, will you? ( colloq)
    1 (guardar silencio) to be quiet
    ¡cállate! be quiet!, shut up! ( colloq)
    ¡cállate la boca! ( fam); shut your mouth! (sl)
    ¿te quieres callar de una vez? will you shut up!
    cuando entró todos se callaron when he walked in everyone went quiet o stopped talking
    la próxima vez no me callaré next time I won't keep quiet
    2 (no decir) ‹noticia› to keep … quiet, keep … to oneself
    * * *

     

    callar ( conjugate callar) verbo intransitivo
    to be quiet, shut up (colloq);

    hacer callar a la oposición to silence the opposition
    verbo transitivo
    a)secreto/informaciónto keep … quiet

    b) (AmL) ‹ personato get … to be quiet, to shut … up (colloq)

    callarse verbo pronominal

    ¡cállate! be quiet!, shut up! (colloq);

    cuando entró todos se callaron when he walked in everyone went quiet o stopped talking;
    la próxima vez no me callaré next time I'll say something
    b) ( no decir) ‹ noticiato keep … quiet, keep … to oneself

    callar
    I verbo intransitivo
    1 (parar de hablar) to stop talking: calla un momento, ¿qué ruido es ése?, be quiet, what's that noise?
    2 (no decir nada) to keep quiet, say nothing: tus ojos asienten y tu boca calla, your eyes say it all
    II verbo transitivo (dejar de dar una noticia) not to mention o to keep to oneself: desconfía de sus palabras, callarán la verdad, you can't trust what they're saying, they are going to hush up the truth
    ♦ Locuciones: ¡calla!, (para indicar sorpresa) never!: ¡calla, no me digas que se casó!, did she really marry?
    hacer callar, (hacer que alguien pare de hablar) to get someone to be quiet
    (silenciar) to silence: ¡no podrán hacernos callar! they can't make us keep our mouths shut
    quien calla otorga, silence speaks volumes
    ' callar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    hacer
    - para
    - silenciar
    - mandar
    - querer
    English:
    hush
    - shout down
    - shut up
    - silence
    - quiet
    - shut
    - unsaid
    * * *
    vi
    1. [no hablar] to keep quiet, to be silent;
    quien calla otorga silence signifies consent
    2. [dejar de hablar] to be quiet, to stop talking;
    mandar callar a alguien to tell sb to shut up;
    hacer callar a alguien to silence sb;
    ¡calla! shut up!;
    ¡calla, si eso me lo dijo a mí también! guess what!, he said that to me, too!;
    ¡calla, que me he dejado el paraguas en el tren! gosh! I've left my umbrella on the train!;
    los cañones callaron tras tres días de combate after three days of battle the guns fell silent
    vt
    1. [ocultar] to keep quiet about;
    calló la verdad para no inculpar a su amigo she withheld the truth so as not to incriminate her friend
    2. [acallar] to silence
    * * *
    I v/i ( dejar de hablar) go quiet; ( guardar silencio) be quiet, keep quiet;
    ¡calla! be quiet!, shut up!
    II v/t silence
    * * *
    callar vi
    : to keep quiet, to be silent
    callar vt
    1) : to silence, to hush
    ¡calla a los niños!: keep the children quiet!
    2) : to keep secret
    * * *
    callar vb to be quiet / to keep quiet [pt. & pp. kept]

    Spanish-English dictionary > callar

  • 11 comienzo

    m.
    start, beginning, kickoff.
    a comienzos del siglo XX at the beginning of the twentieth century
    dar comienzo (a algo) to start (something), to begin (something)
    pres.indicat.
    1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: comenzar.
    * * *
    1 start, beginning
    \
    a comienzos de at the beginning of
    dar comienzo to begin, start
    estar en sus comienzos to be in its early stages
    * * *
    noun m.
    start, beginning
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=principio) [de película, historia, partido] beginning, start; [de proyecto, plan] beginning; [de enfermedad] onset

    al comienzo: al comienzo no entendía nada — at first I didn't understand anything

    al comienzo de la primavera — in early Spring, at the start of Spring

    los comienzos: en los comienzos de este siglo — at the beginning of this century

    en los comienzos del proceso democráticoin the early o initial stages of the democratic process

    una etapa muy difícil en sus comienzos — a very difficult stage, initially

    2)

    dar comienzo[acto, curso] to start, begin, commence frm

    la ceremonia dio comienzo a las cinco de la tardethe ceremony started o began o frm commenced at five o'clock

    3)

    dar comienzo a[+ acto, ceremonia] to begin, start; [+ carrera] to start; [+ etapa] to mark the beginning of

    * * *
    masculino beginning

    al comienzo — at first, in the beginning

    el proceso fue muy lento en sus comienzos — initially, the process was very slow

    dar comienzo a algo persona to begin something; ceremonia/acto to mark the beginning of something

    * * *
    = beginning, inception, starting, commencement, onset, start, initiation, dawning, input stage, kick-off, eruption, startup [start-up], start time, opening.
    Ex. In addition, synthesis often requires the use of a facet indicator, which marks the beginning of a new facet for example.
    Ex. Automated cataloging support systems, with any pretense to sophistication, did not begin to appear until the inception of the LC/MARC II (Library of Congress/Machine-Readable Cataloging) project in late 1967.
    Ex. The information seeking patterns of a variety of academic social scientists were broken down into 6 characteristics: starting; chaining; browsing; differentiating; monitoring; and extracting.
    Ex. The development of the course since its commencement is reviewed, and the reasons for changes in the course structure are discussed.
    Ex. In the 1980s came the onset of the 'new' immigration from Eastern and Southern Europe.
    Ex. Olle is right, however, in implying that after a slow start interest in, and writing about, official publishing in Britain has increased dramatically in recent years.
    Ex. The increase in emphasis on regional cooperation has resulted in the initiation of many regional projects.
    Ex. The Internet heralds the dawning of a new information age = Internet premoniza el amanecer de una nueva era de la información.
    Ex. To rephrase this in terms already used, they involve effort at the input stage in order to reduce effort at the output stage = Expresando esto con términos ya usados, suponen un esfuerzo en la etapa inicial con objeto de reducir el esfuerzo en la etapa final.
    Ex. The cooperative venture 'StoryLines America' joins libraries and public radio in smash kick-off.
    Ex. Information on the news items relevant to 'mad cow disease' was collected for a period of 100 days starting very close to the eruption of the crisis.
    Ex. This article presents some practical tips to help users of DIALOG's DIALOGLINK including buffer size, screen speed-up, startup short cuts, type-ahead buffer and use of DIALOGLING with other services.
    Ex. Reservations are held for 20 minutes after the slated event start time.
    Ex. Some of the common auxiliaries are allocated notations in which the facet indicators possess both an opening and a closure sign.
    ----
    * abocado al fracaso desde el comienzo = doomed from + the beginning, doomed from + the outset, doomed from + the start.
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * al comienzo = early on, at the outset, to start with, at startup.
    * al comienzo de = at the start (of), in the early days (of), at the outbreak of, at the onset of, early in.
    * comienzo de la guerra = outbreak of the war, breakout of + the war.
    * comienzo de la menstruación = menarche.
    * comienzo difícil = bumpy start.
    * comienzo fallido = false start.
    * comienzos = early days.
    * comienzo tardío = late start.
    * condenado al fracaso desde el comienzo = doomed from + the beginning, doomed from + the outset, doomed from + the start.
    * dar comienzo a = give + a start to.
    * dar un comienzo a = give + a start to.
    * de comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = earliest + Expresión Temporal.
    * desde el comienzo = from the outset, from the start, from the beginning, ab initio, from the word go, from the word get-go.
    * desde el comienzo de los tiempos = since the beginning of time, from the beginning of time, since time began.
    * desde los comienzos = from an early stage.
    * desde sus comienzos = from + its/their + inception, from + its/their + beginnings, since + its/their + beginnings, since + its/their + inception.
    * en los comienzos de = at the birth of.
    * en + Posesivo + comienzos = in + Posesivo + early days, in + Posesivo + early years.
    * en sus comienzos = budding.
    * fecha de comienzo = starting date, beginning date, date of commencement.
    * hora de comienzo = starting time, start time.
    * indicador de comienzo de subcampo = delimiter sign.
    * los comienzos de = the dawn of.
    * marcar el comienzo = usher in.
    * nuevo comienzo = new beginning, clean slate, new leaf.
    * posición de comienzo = offset value.
    * predestinado al fracaso desde el comienzo = doomed to + failure from its inception, doomed to + failure.
    * tener programado su comienzo = be scheduled to start.
    * tener un comienzo tardío
    * un nuevo comienzo = a fresh start.
    * * *
    masculino beginning

    al comienzo — at first, in the beginning

    el proceso fue muy lento en sus comienzos — initially, the process was very slow

    dar comienzo a algo persona to begin something; ceremonia/acto to mark the beginning of something

    * * *
    = beginning, inception, starting, commencement, onset, start, initiation, dawning, input stage, kick-off, eruption, startup [start-up], start time, opening.

    Ex: In addition, synthesis often requires the use of a facet indicator, which marks the beginning of a new facet for example.

    Ex: Automated cataloging support systems, with any pretense to sophistication, did not begin to appear until the inception of the LC/MARC II (Library of Congress/Machine-Readable Cataloging) project in late 1967.
    Ex: The information seeking patterns of a variety of academic social scientists were broken down into 6 characteristics: starting; chaining; browsing; differentiating; monitoring; and extracting.
    Ex: The development of the course since its commencement is reviewed, and the reasons for changes in the course structure are discussed.
    Ex: In the 1980s came the onset of the 'new' immigration from Eastern and Southern Europe.
    Ex: Olle is right, however, in implying that after a slow start interest in, and writing about, official publishing in Britain has increased dramatically in recent years.
    Ex: The increase in emphasis on regional cooperation has resulted in the initiation of many regional projects.
    Ex: The Internet heralds the dawning of a new information age = Internet premoniza el amanecer de una nueva era de la información.
    Ex: To rephrase this in terms already used, they involve effort at the input stage in order to reduce effort at the output stage = Expresando esto con términos ya usados, suponen un esfuerzo en la etapa inicial con objeto de reducir el esfuerzo en la etapa final.
    Ex: The cooperative venture 'StoryLines America' joins libraries and public radio in smash kick-off.
    Ex: Information on the news items relevant to 'mad cow disease' was collected for a period of 100 days starting very close to the eruption of the crisis.
    Ex: This article presents some practical tips to help users of DIALOG's DIALOGLINK including buffer size, screen speed-up, startup short cuts, type-ahead buffer and use of DIALOGLING with other services.
    Ex: Reservations are held for 20 minutes after the slated event start time.
    Ex: Some of the common auxiliaries are allocated notations in which the facet indicators possess both an opening and a closure sign.
    * abocado al fracaso desde el comienzo = doomed from + the beginning, doomed from + the outset, doomed from + the start.
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * al comienzo = early on, at the outset, to start with, at startup.
    * al comienzo de = at the start (of), in the early days (of), at the outbreak of, at the onset of, early in.
    * comienzo de la guerra = outbreak of the war, breakout of + the war.
    * comienzo de la menstruación = menarche.
    * comienzo difícil = bumpy start.
    * comienzo fallido = false start.
    * comienzos = early days.
    * comienzo tardío = late start.
    * condenado al fracaso desde el comienzo = doomed from + the beginning, doomed from + the outset, doomed from + the start.
    * dar comienzo a = give + a start to.
    * dar un comienzo a = give + a start to.
    * de comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = earliest + Expresión Temporal.
    * desde el comienzo = from the outset, from the start, from the beginning, ab initio, from the word go, from the word get-go.
    * desde el comienzo de los tiempos = since the beginning of time, from the beginning of time, since time began.
    * desde los comienzos = from an early stage.
    * desde sus comienzos = from + its/their + inception, from + its/their + beginnings, since + its/their + beginnings, since + its/their + inception.
    * en los comienzos de = at the birth of.
    * en + Posesivo + comienzos = in + Posesivo + early days, in + Posesivo + early years.
    * en sus comienzos = budding.
    * fecha de comienzo = starting date, beginning date, date of commencement.
    * hora de comienzo = starting time, start time.
    * indicador de comienzo de subcampo = delimiter sign.
    * los comienzos de = the dawn of.
    * marcar el comienzo = usher in.
    * nuevo comienzo = new beginning, clean slate, new leaf.
    * posición de comienzo = offset value.
    * predestinado al fracaso desde el comienzo = doomed to + failure from its inception, doomed to + failure.
    * tener programado su comienzo = be scheduled to start.
    * tener un comienzo tardío
    * un nuevo comienzo = a fresh start.

    * * *
    beginning
    al comienzo at first, in the beginning
    el proceso fue muy lento en sus comienzos initially, the process was very slow
    dio comienzo al año lectivo it marked the beginning of the academic year
    dieron comienzo a la función con la tocata they began the performance with the toccata
    el concierto dará comienzo a las nueve the concert will begin at 9 o'clock
    los comienzos son siempre difíciles the first months ( o steps etc) are always difficult
    * * *

     

    Del verbo comenzar: ( conjugate comenzar)

    comienzo es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    comenzar    
    comienzo
    comenzar ( conjugate comenzar) verbo transitivo
    to begin, commence (frml)
    verbo intransitivo
    to begin;

    comienzo haciendo algo/por hacer algo to begin by doing sth;
    comienzo a hacer algo to start doing o to do sth;
    comienzoon a disparar they started firing o to fire;
    comienzo por algo to begin with sth
    comienzo sustantivo masculino
    beginning;
    al comienzo at first, in the beginning;
    dar comienzo to begin;
    dar comienzo a algo [ persona] to begin sth;

    [ceremonia/acto] to mark the beginning of sth;

    comenzar verbo transitivo & verbo intransitivo to begin, start
    (a realizar una acción) comenzó a decir barbaridades, he started talking nonsense
    (una serie de acciones) comenzamos por mostrar nuestro desacuerdo, we started by showing our disagreement ➣ Ver nota en begin y start
    comienzo sustantivo masculino beginning, start
    ♦ Locuciones: a comienzos de, at the beginning of
    dar comienzo, to begin o start

    ' comienzo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    apertura
    - iniciar
    - origen
    - principio
    - iniciación
    English:
    beginning
    - conception
    - off
    - onset
    - opening
    - outbreak
    - outset
    - start
    - turn
    - commence
    - home
    - out
    - usher
    * * *
    nm
    start, beginning;
    lo sabían desde el comienzo they knew from the start o beginning;
    y esto es sólo el comienzo and this is just the start;
    tuvo unos comienzos poco prometedores it got off to an inauspicious start;
    a comienzos del siglo XX at the beginning of the 20th century;
    al comienzo in the beginning, at first;
    dar comienzo (a algo) to start (sth), to begin (sth);
    la función dio comienzo a las siete y media the performance started at half past seven;
    el secretario dio comienzo a la reunión the secretary began o opened the meeting
    * * *
    m beginning;
    al comienzo, en un comienzo at first, in the beginning;
    un comienzo from the start;
    a comienzos de junio at the beginning of June
    * * *
    1) : start, beginning
    2)
    al comienzo : at first
    3)
    dar comienzo : to begin
    * * *
    comienzo n beginning

    Spanish-English dictionary > comienzo

  • 12 concebirse como

    Ex. These Centres were usually thought of initially as being a part of a national library or, indeed, a precursor to the development of a national library.
    * * *

    Ex: These Centres were usually thought of initially as being a part of a national library or, indeed, a precursor to the development of a national library.

    Spanish-English dictionary > concebirse como

  • 13 desarrollarse

    1 (crecer) to develop
    2 (transcurrir) to take place
    * * *
    * * *
    VPR
    1) (=madurar) [adolescente] to develop, reach puberty; [planta, animal] to develop, reach maturity; [país] to develop
    2) (=ocurrir) [suceso, reunión] to take place; [trama] to unfold, develop
    3) (=desenrollarse) [algo enrollado] to unroll; [algo plegado] to unfold, open (out)
    * * *
    (v.) = proceed, grow, build up, burgeon, unfold, grow up, come up, shape up
    Ex. Instructions should be clear and unambiguous, and they should proceed in a logical manner.
    Ex. No true reader can be expected to grow on a diet of prescribed texts only regardless of how well chosen they are.
    Ex. The third thing I'm perturbed about is this general atmosphere of negativism which seems to be building up.
    Ex. The other principal omission from UNESCO's 1950 listing was report literature -- a field of published record which has burgeoned in the last thirty years = La otra omisión principal de la lista de 1950 de la UNESCO fueron los informes, un área que se ha desarrollado en los últimos treinta años.
    Ex. Research in any scientific field can never be neutral: the process is initially motivated by the researcher's own questioning of perceived realities, and unfolds in a particular historical moment, subject to the social, political and ideological influences of that context.
    Ex. In the 1920s and 30s factory libraries grew up in all types of industries, particularly textile industries, but their size and quality varied.
    Ex. Do you feel that we should stay with our old number-crunching, inefficient system or switch to voice transmission, which seems to be coming up fairly fast?.
    Ex. A major war may be shaping up over videotex advertising between cable television operators and the telephone companies.
    * * *
    (v.) = proceed, grow, build up, burgeon, unfold, grow up, come up, shape up

    Ex: Instructions should be clear and unambiguous, and they should proceed in a logical manner.

    Ex: No true reader can be expected to grow on a diet of prescribed texts only regardless of how well chosen they are.
    Ex: The third thing I'm perturbed about is this general atmosphere of negativism which seems to be building up.
    Ex: The other principal omission from UNESCO's 1950 listing was report literature -- a field of published record which has burgeoned in the last thirty years = La otra omisión principal de la lista de 1950 de la UNESCO fueron los informes, un área que se ha desarrollado en los últimos treinta años.
    Ex: Research in any scientific field can never be neutral: the process is initially motivated by the researcher's own questioning of perceived realities, and unfolds in a particular historical moment, subject to the social, political and ideological influences of that context.
    Ex: In the 1920s and 30s factory libraries grew up in all types of industries, particularly textile industries, but their size and quality varied.
    Ex: Do you feel that we should stay with our old number-crunching, inefficient system or switch to voice transmission, which seems to be coming up fairly fast?.
    Ex: A major war may be shaping up over videotex advertising between cable television operators and the telephone companies.

    * * *

    ■desarrollarse verbo reflexivo
    1 (crecer una persona, enfermedad, etc) to develop
    2 (suceder, tener lugar) to take place: el espectáculo se desarrolló en un parque público, the show took place in a park
    ' desarrollarse' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    evolucionar
    - desarrollar
    - formar
    - ir
    English:
    develop
    - evolve
    - progress
    - shape up
    - smoothly
    - unfold
    - grow
    - mature
    - shape
    * * *
    vpr
    1. [crecer, mejorar] to develop;
    la proteína es imprescindible para desarrollarse protein is essential for development o growth
    2. [suceder] [reunión, encuentro, manifestación] to take place;
    [película, obra, novela] to be set;
    la manifestación se desarrolló sin incidentes the demonstration went off without incident;
    la acción de la novela se desarrolla en el siglo XIX the novel is set in the 19th century
    3. [evolucionar] to develop;
    ¿cómo se desarrollarán los acontecimientos? how will events develop?
    * * *
    v/r
    1 develop, evolve
    2 ( ocurrir) take place
    * * *
    vr
    : to take place
    * * *
    1. (en general) to develop
    2. (suceder) to take place [pt. took; pp. taken] / to go off

    Spanish-English dictionary > desarrollarse

  • 14 desconectado de

    = unrelated to, out of touch with
    Ex. Initially, however, we shall consider these phenomena as concepts in their own right, divorced from and unrelated to any particular discipline or context of study.
    Ex. Librarians need to be vociferous about achievements and services offered in order to dispel ideas about the stereotype librarian, timed and out of touch with contemporary society.
    * * *
    = unrelated to, out of touch with

    Ex: Initially, however, we shall consider these phenomena as concepts in their own right, divorced from and unrelated to any particular discipline or context of study.

    Ex: Librarians need to be vociferous about achievements and services offered in order to dispel ideas about the stereotype librarian, timed and out of touch with contemporary society.

    Spanish-English dictionary > desconectado de

  • 15 desligado de

    Ex. Initially, however, we shall consider these phenomena as concepts in their own right, divorced from and unrelated to any particular discipline or context of study.
    * * *

    Ex: Initially, however, we shall consider these phenomena as concepts in their own right, divorced from and unrelated to any particular discipline or context of study.

    Spanish-English dictionary > desligado de

  • 16 después del horario de trabajo

    = after hours [after-hours]
    Ex. Night owl project is an after hours telephone reference service initially unded by an LSCA grant.
    * * *
    = after hours [after-hours]

    Ex: Night owl project is an after hours telephone reference service initially unded by an LSCA grant.

    Spanish-English dictionary > después del horario de trabajo

  • 17 después del horario normal

    = after hours [after-hours]
    Ex. Night owl project is an after hours telephone reference service initially unded by an LSCA grant.
    * * *
    = after hours [after-hours]

    Ex: Night owl project is an after hours telephone reference service initially unded by an LSCA grant.

    Spanish-English dictionary > después del horario normal

  • 18 divulgar

    v.
    1 to reveal (noticia, secreto).
    2 to divulge, to disclose, to broadcast, to make known.
    Ellos reportaron la boda They reported=described the wedding.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ LLEGAR], like link=llegar llegar
    1 (difundir) to divulge, spread, disclose
    2 (por radio) to broadcast
    3 (propagar) to popularize
    1 to become known, spread
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) [+ noticia, ideas] to spread
    2) [+ secreto] to divulge, disclose
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo <noticia/información> to spread, circulate; <secreto/plan> to divulge
    2.
    divulgarse v pron to spread
    * * *
    = disseminate, promulgate, divulge, bruit, promote, popularise [popularize, -USA].
    Ex. The UKLDS or the UK Library Database System is a proposal from the Cooperative Automation Group (CAG) which was first disseminated in a discussion paper published in 1982.
    Ex. This practice has been adopted by a number of national cataloguing codes promulgated since that time.
    Ex. Wittingly or unwittingly, they mask other questions that users do not know how to ask or are uncertain that they want to divulge to someone else.
    Ex. Among many observations in this widely bruited report, one in particular struck home: fewer books had been translated into Arabic in a millennium than were translated into Spanish in a year.
    Ex. Initially, it is necessary that the scheme be published and available for purchase, and that its use is generally promoted.
    Ex. The information explosion has created a demand for analysing, organising and disseminating information and has popularised the subject approach to information.
    ----
    * no ser divulgado = be out of the public eye.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo <noticia/información> to spread, circulate; <secreto/plan> to divulge
    2.
    divulgarse v pron to spread
    * * *
    = disseminate, promulgate, divulge, bruit, promote, popularise [popularize, -USA].

    Ex: The UKLDS or the UK Library Database System is a proposal from the Cooperative Automation Group (CAG) which was first disseminated in a discussion paper published in 1982.

    Ex: This practice has been adopted by a number of national cataloguing codes promulgated since that time.
    Ex: Wittingly or unwittingly, they mask other questions that users do not know how to ask or are uncertain that they want to divulge to someone else.
    Ex: Among many observations in this widely bruited report, one in particular struck home: fewer books had been translated into Arabic in a millennium than were translated into Spanish in a year.
    Ex: Initially, it is necessary that the scheme be published and available for purchase, and that its use is generally promoted.
    Ex: The information explosion has created a demand for analysing, organising and disseminating information and has popularised the subject approach to information.
    * no ser divulgado = be out of the public eye.

    * * *
    divulgar [A3 ]
    vt
    1 ‹noticia/información› to spread, circulate
    2 ‹cultura/ideas› to spread
    1 «noticia/rumor» to spread, circulate
    2 «ideas» to spread
    * * *

     

    divulgar ( conjugate divulgar) verbo transitivonoticia/información to spread, circulate;
    secreto/plan to divulge;
    cultura to spread, disseminate
    divulgarse verbo pronominal
    to spread
    divulgar verbo transitivo
    1 (un secreto, etc) to disclose
    2 Rad TV to broadcast
    ' divulgar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    esparcir
    - publicar
    - voz
    English:
    divulge
    - keep back
    - circulate
    - popularize
    * * *
    vt
    1. [noticia, rumor] to spread, to circulate;
    la radio divulgó la noticia the radio announced o broke the news
    2. [cultura, ciencia, doctrina] to popularize
    * * *
    v/t spread
    * * *
    divulgar {52} vt
    1) : to spread, to circulate
    2) revelar: to divulge, to reveal
    3) : to popularize
    * * *
    divulgar vb to spread [pt. & pp. spread]

    Spanish-English dictionary > divulgar

  • 19 empezar

    v.
    to begin, to start.
    empezó la conferencia dando la bienvenida a los asistentes she began o started her speech by welcoming everyone there
    empezaron otra botella de vino they started o opened another bottle of wine
    la clase empieza a las diez the class begins o starts at ten o'clock
    ¡no empieces!, ¡ya hemos discutido este tema lo suficiente! don't you start, we've spent long enough on this subject already!
    al empezar la reunión when the meeting started o began
    empezar a hacer algo to begin o start to do something
    empezar por hacer algo to begin o start by doing something
    para empezar to begin o start with
    Ricardo empezó la fiesta tarde Richard began the party late.
    La fiesta empezó tarde The party began late.
    Ricardo empezó el crucigrama Richard started the crossword puzzle.
    * * *
    (e changes to ie in stressed syllables and z changes to c before e)
    Present Indicative
    empiezo, empiezas, empieza, empezamos, empezáis, empiezan.
    Past ind
    empecé, empezaste, empezó, empezamos, empezasteis, empezaron.
    Present Subjunctive
    Imperative
    empieza (tú), empiece (él/Vd.), empecemos (nos.), empezad (vos.), empiecen (ellos/Vds.).
    * * *
    verb
    to begin, start
    * * *
    1. VI
    1) (=comenzar) [gen] to start, begin; [en un puesto de trabajo] to start

    el año ha empezado mal — the year got off to a bad start, the year started o began badly

    antes de empezar, os recordaré que... — before we start o begin, I'd like to remind you that...

    al empezar el añoat the start o beginning of the year

    ¿cuándo empieza el nuevo cocinero? — when does the new cook start?

    ¡no empieces! — * don't you start! *

    para empezar — to start with, begin with

    para empezar quisiera agradecerte tu presencia entre nosotrosI would like to start o begin by thanking you for being with us, to start o begin with, I would like to thank you for being with us

    - todo es cuestión de empezar
    2)

    empezar a hacer algo — [gen] to start o begin to do sth, start o begin doing sth; [en un trabajo] to start to do o doing sth

    empezó a lloverit started o began to rain, it started o began raining

    ya empiezo a entrar en calorI'm starting o beginning to feel warm now

    3)

    empezar haciendo algo — to begin o start by doing sth

    empezaremos pidiendo ayudawe'll start o begin by asking for help

    la canción empieza diciendo que... — the song begins o starts by saying that...

    4)

    empezar con algo — [película, curso, año] to start o begin with sth

    la novela empieza con una referencia a Sartrethe novel starts o begins with a reference to Sartre

    empezamos con cerveza y acabamos con vinowe started on o began with beer and ended up on wine

    ¿cuándo empezáis con las clases de inglés? — when do you start your English classes?

    ¡no empieces otra vez con lo mismo! — don't start on that again!

    5)

    empezar por algo/algn — to start with sth/sb, begin with sth/sb

    empezaré por la cocinaI'll start o begin with the kitchen

    "huelga" empieza por hache — "huelga" starts o begins with (an) h

    empezar por hacer algo — to start by doing sth, begin by doing sth

    2.
    VT [+ actividad, temporada] to start, begin; [+ botella, jamón] to start

    hemos empezado mal la semana — the week got off to a bad start for us, the week started badly for us

    * * *
    1.
    verbo intransitivo
    1) película/conferencia/invierno to begin, start

    empezar a + inf — to start to + inf, start -ing

    me empezó a entrar hambreI began o started to feel hungry

    2) persona to start

    empezar de nuevo or volver a empezar — to start again

    todo es (cuestión de) empezar — it'll be fine once we/you get started

    empezar a + inf — to start -ing, start to + inf

    empezó a llorarhe began o started to cry

    empezar + ger — to start by -ing

    empezó diciendo que... — she started o began by saying that...

    empezar por + inf — to start o begin by -ing

    empecemos por estudiar el contexto históricolet's begin o start by looking at the historical context

    3)

    para empezar — first of all, to start with

    2.
    1) <tarea/actividad> to start
    2) <frasco/mermelada> to start, open
    * * *
    = begin, get + started, start, start off, kick off, set out, get + Nombre + underway, get + Posesivo + feet wet, set in, cut + Posesivo + spurs, commence.
    Ex. This section has begun to demonstrate some of the problems associated with the author approach.
    Ex. 'We'll get started as soon as everyone arrives,' the executive director shook her hand and smiled graciously.
    Ex. Over the past two to three years the numbers of full text data bases and data banks has started to escalate considerably.
    Ex. If you establish a principle of using the national language, where do you start off?.
    Ex. The article is entitled 'The bucks start here: ALA kicks off library funding campaign'.
    Ex. The person seeking information needs to have all the necessary documentation before setting out, otherwise it could result in considerable expense and much time wasting.
    Ex. The author describes two surveys which the IFLA Section has been involved in to acquire the information necessary to get the project underway.
    Ex. Coming clean to voters is something she's gonna have to get used to if she is really serious about getting her feet wet in elected politics.
    Ex. Open or compound fractures were usually fatal prior to the advent of antiseptics in the 1860s because infection would set in.
    Ex. Lorene, who cut her spurs fighting for equal pay, said she was `absolutely gobsmacked' at having won the award.
    Ex. This stop list is input to the computer before indexing can commence, and is a list of the words which appear in text which have no value as access words in an index.
    ----
    * acabar mejor de lo que + empezar = end up on + a high note.
    * al empezar = first off.
    * bomba de relojería + empezar la cuenta atrás = time bomb + tick away.
    * empezar a = be on + Posesivo + way to.
    * empezar a acabarse = run + low (on).
    * empezar a actuar = swing into + action.
    * empezar a arder = catch + fire, catch on + fire.
    * empezar a caer en picado = hit + the skids, be on the skids.
    * empezar a calar en = grow on/upon + Pronombre.
    * empezar a comprender = grow on/upon + Pronombre.
    * empezar a dar carcajadas = burst into + a fit of laughter, burst into + side-splitting laughter.
    * empezar a darse cuenta de = grow on/upon + Pronombre.
    * empezar a debatir = embark on/upon + discussion.
    * empezar a deteriorarse = hit + the skids, be on the skids.
    * empezar a diluviar = the skies + open up.
    * empezar a empeorar = hit + the skids, be on the skids.
    * empezar a faltar = be in short supply, be at a premium.
    * empezar a fumar = take up + smoking.
    * empezar a funcionar = become + operational, get off + the ground, get + rolling, get + things going, get + things rolling, go + live, get + the ball rolling, set + the ball rolling, start + the ball rolling.
    * empezar a gustar la idea = warm up to + the idea.
    * empezar a hablar de = make + noises about, make + a noise about.
    * empezar a imprimir = go to + press.
    * empezar a ir bien = fall into + place.
    * empezar a irse al garete = hit + the skids, be on the skids.
    * empezar a jugar mejor = get back into + the game.
    * empezar Algo = get + Nombre + started.
    * empezar Algo con buen pie = start + Nombre + off on the right foot.
    * empezar a mejorar = turn + a corner, take + a turn, take + a turn for the better.
    * empezar a pensar en = turn + Posesivo + mind to.
    * empezar a reírse a carcajadas = burst into + a fit of laughter, burst into + side-splitting laughter.
    * empezar a resquebrajarse = develop + cracks.
    * empezar a saltar las lágrimas = eyes + start to well up with tears, eyes + start to well up.
    * empezar a sudar por el esfuerzo = work up + a sweat, work up + a lather.
    * empezar a tener dudas = get + cold feet.
    * empezar a tener sentido = become + meaningful.
    * empezar a trabajar = take + job.
    * empezar a tratar = scratch + the surface of, scrape + the surface.
    * empezar a utilizarse = come into + use.
    * empezar con buen pie = start + Nombre + on the right footing, hit + the ground running.
    * empezar de cero = start at + ground zero.
    * empezar de nuevo = a fresh start, start over, make + a fresh start.
    * empezar desde = work from, set out from.
    * empezar desde cero = start at + ground zero.
    * empezar desde la base = start at + ground zero.
    * empezar la casa por el tejado = tail wagging the dog.
    * empezar lento = be slow off the mark, be slow off the blocks.
    * empezar por el final = work back from.
    * empezar por el principio = start from + scratch, start at + ground zero.
    * empezar por lo más difícil = plunge in at + the deep end.
    * empezar rápido = be quick off the mark, be quick off the blocks.
    * empezar una nueva etapa en la vida = turn over + a new page, turn over + a new leaf.
    * enseñanza antes de empezar el trabajo = pre-service education.
    * hay que empezar por el principio = first things must come first.
    * bebé que empieza a andar = toddler.
    * para empezar = for one, initially, to start with, to begin with, for starters, first off.
    * terminar mejor de lo que + empezar = end up on + a high note.
    * una buena forma de empezar = a good way to start.
    * una manera de empezar = a foot in the door.
    * volver a empezar = return to + the drawing boards, back to the drawing board, a fresh start, start over, go back to + square one, be back to square one.
    * volver a empezar de cero = be back to square one, go back to + square one.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo intransitivo
    1) película/conferencia/invierno to begin, start

    empezar a + inf — to start to + inf, start -ing

    me empezó a entrar hambreI began o started to feel hungry

    2) persona to start

    empezar de nuevo or volver a empezar — to start again

    todo es (cuestión de) empezar — it'll be fine once we/you get started

    empezar a + inf — to start -ing, start to + inf

    empezó a llorarhe began o started to cry

    empezar + ger — to start by -ing

    empezó diciendo que... — she started o began by saying that...

    empezar por + inf — to start o begin by -ing

    empecemos por estudiar el contexto históricolet's begin o start by looking at the historical context

    3)

    para empezar — first of all, to start with

    2.
    1) <tarea/actividad> to start
    2) <frasco/mermelada> to start, open
    * * *
    = begin, get + started, start, start off, kick off, set out, get + Nombre + underway, get + Posesivo + feet wet, set in, cut + Posesivo + spurs, commence.

    Ex: This section has begun to demonstrate some of the problems associated with the author approach.

    Ex: 'We'll get started as soon as everyone arrives,' the executive director shook her hand and smiled graciously.
    Ex: Over the past two to three years the numbers of full text data bases and data banks has started to escalate considerably.
    Ex: If you establish a principle of using the national language, where do you start off?.
    Ex: The article is entitled 'The bucks start here: ALA kicks off library funding campaign'.
    Ex: The person seeking information needs to have all the necessary documentation before setting out, otherwise it could result in considerable expense and much time wasting.
    Ex: The author describes two surveys which the IFLA Section has been involved in to acquire the information necessary to get the project underway.
    Ex: Coming clean to voters is something she's gonna have to get used to if she is really serious about getting her feet wet in elected politics.
    Ex: Open or compound fractures were usually fatal prior to the advent of antiseptics in the 1860s because infection would set in.
    Ex: Lorene, who cut her spurs fighting for equal pay, said she was `absolutely gobsmacked' at having won the award.
    Ex: This stop list is input to the computer before indexing can commence, and is a list of the words which appear in text which have no value as access words in an index.
    * acabar mejor de lo que + empezar = end up on + a high note.
    * al empezar = first off.
    * bomba de relojería + empezar la cuenta atrás = time bomb + tick away.
    * empezar a = be on + Posesivo + way to.
    * empezar a acabarse = run + low (on).
    * empezar a actuar = swing into + action.
    * empezar a arder = catch + fire, catch on + fire.
    * empezar a caer en picado = hit + the skids, be on the skids.
    * empezar a calar en = grow on/upon + Pronombre.
    * empezar a comprender = grow on/upon + Pronombre.
    * empezar a dar carcajadas = burst into + a fit of laughter, burst into + side-splitting laughter.
    * empezar a darse cuenta de = grow on/upon + Pronombre.
    * empezar a debatir = embark on/upon + discussion.
    * empezar a deteriorarse = hit + the skids, be on the skids.
    * empezar a diluviar = the skies + open up.
    * empezar a empeorar = hit + the skids, be on the skids.
    * empezar a faltar = be in short supply, be at a premium.
    * empezar a fumar = take up + smoking.
    * empezar a funcionar = become + operational, get off + the ground, get + rolling, get + things going, get + things rolling, go + live, get + the ball rolling, set + the ball rolling, start + the ball rolling.
    * empezar a gustar la idea = warm up to + the idea.
    * empezar a hablar de = make + noises about, make + a noise about.
    * empezar a imprimir = go to + press.
    * empezar a ir bien = fall into + place.
    * empezar a irse al garete = hit + the skids, be on the skids.
    * empezar a jugar mejor = get back into + the game.
    * empezar Algo = get + Nombre + started.
    * empezar Algo con buen pie = start + Nombre + off on the right foot.
    * empezar a mejorar = turn + a corner, take + a turn, take + a turn for the better.
    * empezar a pensar en = turn + Posesivo + mind to.
    * empezar a reírse a carcajadas = burst into + a fit of laughter, burst into + side-splitting laughter.
    * empezar a resquebrajarse = develop + cracks.
    * empezar a saltar las lágrimas = eyes + start to well up with tears, eyes + start to well up.
    * empezar a sudar por el esfuerzo = work up + a sweat, work up + a lather.
    * empezar a tener dudas = get + cold feet.
    * empezar a tener sentido = become + meaningful.
    * empezar a trabajar = take + job.
    * empezar a tratar = scratch + the surface of, scrape + the surface.
    * empezar a utilizarse = come into + use.
    * empezar con buen pie = start + Nombre + on the right footing, hit + the ground running.
    * empezar de cero = start at + ground zero.
    * empezar de nuevo = a fresh start, start over, make + a fresh start.
    * empezar desde = work from, set out from.
    * empezar desde cero = start at + ground zero.
    * empezar desde la base = start at + ground zero.
    * empezar la casa por el tejado = tail wagging the dog.
    * empezar lento = be slow off the mark, be slow off the blocks.
    * empezar por el final = work back from.
    * empezar por el principio = start from + scratch, start at + ground zero.
    * empezar por lo más difícil = plunge in at + the deep end.
    * empezar rápido = be quick off the mark, be quick off the blocks.
    * empezar una nueva etapa en la vida = turn over + a new page, turn over + a new leaf.
    * enseñanza antes de empezar el trabajo = pre-service education.
    * hay que empezar por el principio = first things must come first.
    * bebé que empieza a andar = toddler.
    * para empezar = for one, initially, to start with, to begin with, for starters, first off.
    * terminar mejor de lo que + empezar = end up on + a high note.
    * una buena forma de empezar = a good way to start.
    * una manera de empezar = a foot in the door.
    * volver a empezar = return to + the drawing boards, back to the drawing board, a fresh start, start over, go back to + square one, be back to square one.
    * volver a empezar de cero = be back to square one, go back to + square one.

    * * *
    empezar [A6 ]
    vi
    A
    1 «película/conferencia/invierno» to begin, start
    el curso empieza el 16 the course begins o ( frml) commences on the 16th
    ¿con qué letra empieza? what is the first letter?, what letter does it begin with?
    al empezar el siglo at the turn of the century
    ya han empezado los fríos the cold weather has arrived o started
    2 empezar A + INF to start to + INF, start -ING
    ha empezado a nevar it has started snowing, it has started to snow
    le empezó a entrar hambre she began o started to feel hungry
    empezó a hervir it began boiling o to boil, it came to the boil, it started boiling o to boil
    le han empezado a salir espinillas she's getting o starting to get pimples
    empieza a ser imposible conseguirlo it is becoming impossible to get it
    B «persona»
    ¿cuándo empieza la nueva secretaria? when is the new secretary starting?, when does the new secretary start?
    empezó de aprendiz he started o began as an apprentice
    tendremos que empezar de nuevo or volver a empezar we'll have to start again
    todo es (cuestión de) empezar it'll be fine once we/you get started
    ¡ya empezamos otra vez! here we go again!
    empezar POR algo/algn:
    empecemos por el principio let's begin o start at the beginning
    empezó por la pared del fondo he started o began with the back wall
    no sabe por dónde empezar she doesn't know where to begin o start
    vamos a empezar por ti let's start with you
    2 empezar A + INF to start -ING, start to + INF
    cuando empezó a hablar se le fueron los nervios once she started o began talking, her nervousness disappeared
    tenía dos años cuando empezó a hablar she started talking when she was two
    empezó a llorar he began o started to cry
    3 empezar + GER to start BY -ING
    empezó diciendo que sería breve she started o began by saying that she would be brief
    empezó trabajando de mecánico he started by working as a mechanic, he started out as a mechanic
    4 empezar POR + INF to start o begin BY -ING
    empieza por sentarte begin o start by taking a seat, take a seat first
    se empieza por marinar la carne first marinade the meat
    empecemos por estudiar el contexto histórico let's begin o start by looking at the historical context
    C
    para empezar: para empezar, me parece un disparate for a start o for one thing, I think it's a ridiculous idea
    para empezar, ¿quién te dio permiso para leer mi correspondencia? who gave you permission to read my letters anyway?
    para empezar, hay que limpiar la superficie first of all o to start with, you have to clean the surface
    ■ empezar
    vt
    A ‹tarea/actividad› to start
    se debe empezar el día con un buen desayuno you should start o begin the day with a good breakfast
    ¿ya empezaste el tercer capítulo? have you started chapter three yet?
    B ‹frasco/lata/mermelada› to start, open
    no empieces otra botella don't start o open another bottle
    ¿podemos empezar este jamón? can we start on this ham?
    * * *

     

    empezar ( conjugate empezar) verbo intransitivo
    1 [película/conferencia/invierno] to begin, start;
    empezó a nevar it started to snow o snowing

    2 [ persona] to start;

    todo es cuestión de empezar it'll be fine once we/you get started;
    no sé por dónde empezar I don't know where to begin;
    vamos a empezar por ti let's start with you;
    empezar a hacer algo to start doing sth, start to do sth;
    empezó diciendo que … she started o began by saying that …;
    empezó trabajando de mecánico he started out as a mechanic;
    empecemos por estudiar el contexto histórico let's begin o start by looking at the historical context
    3

    verbo transitivo
    a)tarea/actividad to start

    b)frasco/mermelada to start, open

    empezar verbo transitivo & verbo intransitivo
    1 (dar principio a una actividad) to begin, start: aún no hemos empezado a comer, we still haven't started to eat
    para empezar, first of all: para empezar, eso que dices no es cierto, to begin with what you're saying is just not true
    no empieces con tus tonterías, don't start being stupid again
    2 (un paquete, una caja) to open, start: la caja de galletas está sin empezar, the box of biscuits hasn't been opened yet
    3 (tener principio) to start: la película empieza a las diez, the film starts at ten o'clock ➣ Ver nota en begin y start
    ♦ Locuciones: ya empezamos, here we go again
    ' empezar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    adormecerse
    - arrancar
    - cada
    - cobrar
    - compilación
    - echar
    - echarse
    - ponerse
    - pronta
    - pronto
    - romper
    - soltarse
    - trabar
    - vaya
    - volver
    - ya
    - a
    - aclarar
    - cero
    - empiece
    - entrar
    - incendiar
    - largar
    - poner
    English:
    begin
    - branch out
    - clean up
    - cotton on
    - daunt
    - fail
    - flying
    - get
    - grow
    - impatient
    - kick off
    - nervous
    - open
    - pipe up
    - place
    - set off
    - spring
    - square
    - start
    - start off
    - start up
    - strike up
    - take off
    - take up
    - thing
    - turn
    - afresh
    - beginning
    - ground
    - into
    - keen
    - kick
    - originate
    - over
    - rampage
    - roll
    - scratch
    - strike
    - suppose
    - undone
    * * *
    vt
    to begin, to start;
    empezó la conferencia dando la bienvenida a los asistentes she began o started her speech by welcoming everyone there;
    todavía no hemos empezado el colegio we still haven't started school;
    empecé el libro, pero no lo conseguí acabar I started (reading) the book, but didn't manage to finish it;
    hemos empezado la tarta we've started the cake;
    empezaron otra botella de vino they started o opened another bottle of wine
    vi
    to begin, to start (a/por to/by);
    la clase empieza a las diez the class begins o starts at ten o'clock;
    ¿a qué hora empieza el partido? what time does the game start?;
    el concierto empezó tarde the concert started late;
    la película empieza con una escena muy violenta the film begins with a very violent scene;
    tuvieron que empezar de nuevo they had to start again;
    el aprender a nadar, todo es empezar with swimming, getting started is half the battle;
    ¡no empieces!, ¡ya hemos discutido este tema lo suficiente! don't you start, we've spent long enough on this subject already!;
    ¡ya empezamos con el vecino y su música! here we go again with our neighbour and his music!;
    al empezar la reunión when the meeting started o began;
    al empezar resulta un poco difícil it's quite hard at first o to begin with;
    en noviembre empezó a hacer frío it started getting colder in November;
    empezó pidiendo disculpas por su retraso she started o began by apologizing for being late;
    empezar por: empieza por el salón, yo haré la cocina you start on the living-room, I'll do the kitchen;
    empieza por aflojar los tornillos first, loosen the screws, start o begin by loosening the screws;
    empieza por portarte bien, y ya hablaremos first you start behaving well, then we'll talk;
    para empezar: para empezar, sopa I'd like soup for starters o to start with;
    para empezar, habrá que comprar los billetes first of all o to start with, we'll have to buy the tickets;
    no me gusta, para empezar, es demasiado pequeño I don't like it, it's too small to start with
    * * *
    I v/t start, begin
    II v/i
    1 start, begin;
    empezar a hacer algo start to do sth, start doing sth;
    empezar por hacer algo start o begin by doing sth;
    empezar por alguien start with s.o.;
    para empezar to begin with;
    ya empezamos fam here we go again
    * * *
    empezar {29} v
    comenzar: to start, to begin
    * * *
    empezar vb to start / to begin [pt. began; pp. begun]

    Spanish-English dictionary > empezar

  • 20 en un principio

    = at an earlier stage, initially, originally, at one time, to begin with
    Ex. At an earlier stage, the Library of Congress had decided to retain certain pre-AACR headings, in order to avoid the expense of extensive recataloguing.
    Ex. Initially, it is necessary that the scheme be published and available for purchase, and that its use is generally promoted.
    Ex. A relative index, as originally proposed by Melville Dewey, contains at least one entry for each subject in the scheme.
    Ex. At one time it was hoped that the new edition would be published in two volumes in 1973, but this proved impossible, and it began to seem that the publication would begin to parallel the publication of the full English edition of UDC, with its ever-postponed completion date.
    Ex. Copies tend to fade, especially if left exposed to daylight, and some of the colours are not strong to begin with.
    * * *
    = at an earlier stage, initially, originally, at one time, to begin with

    Ex: At an earlier stage, the Library of Congress had decided to retain certain pre-AACR headings, in order to avoid the expense of extensive recataloguing.

    Ex: Initially, it is necessary that the scheme be published and available for purchase, and that its use is generally promoted.
    Ex: A relative index, as originally proposed by Melville Dewey, contains at least one entry for each subject in the scheme.
    Ex: At one time it was hoped that the new edition would be published in two volumes in 1973, but this proved impossible, and it began to seem that the publication would begin to parallel the publication of the full English edition of UDC, with its ever-postponed completion date.
    Ex: Copies tend to fade, especially if left exposed to daylight, and some of the colours are not strong to begin with.

    Spanish-English dictionary > en un principio

См. также в других словарях:

  • Initially — In*i tial*ly, adv. In an initial or incipient manner or degree; at the beginning. Barrow. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • initially — [i nish′əl ē] adv. at the beginning; at first * * * See initial. * * * …   Universalium

  • initially — index ab initio Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • initially — [i nish′əl ē] adv. at the beginning; at first …   English World dictionary

  • initially — [[t]ɪnɪ̱ʃəli[/t]] ♦♦♦ ADV: ADV with v, ADV with cl/group Initially means soon after the beginning of a process or situation, rather than in the middle or at the end of it. Forecasters say the gales may not be as bad as they initially predicted …   English dictionary

  • initially — adv. Initially is used with these adjectives: ↑reluctant, ↑sceptical, ↑successful Initially is used with these verbs: ↑appear, ↑arise, ↑conceive, ↑contact, ↑deny, ↑design, ↑establish, ↑ …   Collocations dictionary

  • initially — i|ni|tial|ly W3 [ıˈnıʃəli] adv at the beginning ▪ Stan initially wanted to go to medical school. ▪ Initially, I thought I would only stay there a year …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • initially — in|i|tial|ly [ ı nıʃli ] adverb *** at the beginning: ORIGINALLY: Initially she worked for us as an intern. I had initially thought I wanted to write novels …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • initially */*/*/ — UK [ɪˈnɪʃ(ə)lɪ] / US adverb at the beginning Initially she worked for us as a secretary. I had initially thought I wanted to write novels …   English dictionary

  • initially*/*/ — [ɪˈnɪʃ(ə)li] adv at the beginning Syn: originally Initially she worked for us as a secretary.[/ex] I had initially thought I wanted to write novels.[/ex] …   Dictionary for writing and speaking English

  • initially — adverb initially, we thought it might be pilot error Syn: at first, at the start, at the outset, in/at the beginning, to begin with, to start with, originally …   Thesaurus of popular words

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