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instituted

  • 1 atacar un síntoma

    (v.) = attack + symptom
    Ex. Personnel policies instituted to combat absenteeism have generally proved a failure, because those measures attack the symptoms, not the cause.
    * * *
    (v.) = attack + symptom

    Ex: Personnel policies instituted to combat absenteeism have generally proved a failure, because those measures attack the symptoms, not the cause.

    Spanish-English dictionary > atacar un síntoma

  • 2 ayuda familiar

    (n.) = family income supplement, family worker
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex. The success of these small family enterprises often depends on the contributions of unpaid family workers, particularly wives.
    * * *
    (n.) = family income supplement, family worker

    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.

    Ex: The success of these small family enterprises often depends on the contributions of unpaid family workers, particularly wives.

    Spanish-English dictionary > ayuda familiar

  • 3 beca escolar

    (n.) = school grant
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    * * *

    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.

    Spanish-English dictionary > beca escolar

  • 4 cambio1

    1 = adaptive response, alteration, change, editing, modulation, move, recasting, redesign, rotation, shift, transfer, transformation, changeover [change-over], disturbance, mutation, permeability, reformation, switchover, reverse, shift away from, shifting, changing of the guard, swing, bartering, switch, switching, change.
    Ex. It is too early to assess the success of the adaptive responses which have been instituted in most SLIS.
    Ex. A musical adaptation is a musical work that represents a distinct alteration of another work (e.g. a free transcription), a work that paraphrases parts of various works or the general style of another composer, or a work that is merely based on other music (e.g. variations on a them).
    Ex. These changes have meant modifications, some very time-consuming, to serials catalogues in libraries.
    Ex. To ensure further that all the index entries generated by chain procedure are indeed helpful, the initial analysis of the chain may require editing.
    Ex. There is little modulation, whole steps of division being short-circuited and an odd assembly of terms being frequently found: e.g.: LAW see also JURY, JUDGES.
    Ex. Better flexibility is achieved if the heating, ventilation and lighting can accommodate this move without the need for any alterations.
    Ex. This kind of large-scale recasting offers an opportunity for the scheme to go forward rather than stagnate until it is completely taken by events.
    Ex. This action was the redesign of the enquiry form in order to elicit more information from the enquirer.
    Ex. The entries that result from the rotation mechanism have standard layout, punctuation and typography, all of which have been pre-programmed.
    Ex. Transitory circumstances of daily life are what cause these shifts.
    Ex. When the record transfer is complete, the catalog summary screen is shown for the new record so that the user can review and update it.
    Ex. Hungary faces far-reaching socio-economic transformation which will inevitably affect libraries as well.
    Ex. The changeover has resulted in more rapid machine-editing of input and reduced costs for cataloguing.
    Ex. A centralised system was chosen to ensure speedy receipt and dissemination with minimal disturbances.
    Ex. The very meanings of words like 'library' and 'university' are about to undergo mutations too radical to conceive, much less predict = Los significados mismos de palabras como "biblioteca" y "universidad" están a punto de experimentar cambios demasiado radicales de concevir y cuanto mucho menos de predecir.
    Ex. There is greater permeability than before between different types of library at the start of a career but, once settled in a post, fewer librarians than before change from one type of library to another.
    Ex. The author presents suggestions for the reformation of medical library education.
    Ex. The transition date for the switchover is 1 Oct 2000.
    Ex. Moreover, we conclude that the process of placing a feminist stamp on working relations is both far from complete and subject to reverses.
    Ex. This article discusses the effects of changes in the economy on the distribution of work in libraries which indicate a shift away from its female origins.
    Ex. This article considers the use of a spreadsheet in the shifting of periodicals collections in order to save time.
    Ex. The recent reorganization has resulted in a merger of the academic and public divisions and a changing of the guard among the company's top officials.
    Ex. The addition of new feedback techniques produced a significant swing in favour of the application.
    Ex. Holdings will become increasingly important as a bartering tool to gain additional access benefits.
    Ex. Office automation have brought about a switch to a paperless office.
    Ex. These 'spuriously loyal' customers are not willing to churn just because of switching costs.
    Ex. Most libraries maintain a small cash float for the giving of change and, in addition, money/ is received in payment of fines.
    ----
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * aceptar el cambio = embrace + change.
    * aceptar un cambio = accommodate + change.
    * adaptarse al cambio = accommodate to + change, adapt to + change.
    * adaptarse a los cambios = flow with + the tides.
    * adoptar un cambio = adopt + change, accommodate + change.
    * agente de cambio = agent of(for) change, force for change, force of change.
    * agente del cambio = change agent.
    * aires de cambio = wind(s) of change, the, seas of change, the.
    * cambio a = flight to.
    * cambio brusco = revulsion, flip-flop.
    * cambio brusco de velocidad del viento = wind shear.
    * cambio climático = climate change, climatic change.
    * cambio cualitativo = step change, qualitative change.
    * cambio cuantitativo = quantitative change.
    * cambio cultural = cultural change.
    * cambio de actitud = change in attitude, change of heart.
    * cambio de aires = change of scenery, change of air and scene, change of air, change of scene, greener pastures, pastures new.
    * cambio de ambiente = change of scenery, change of air and scene, change of air, change of scene.
    * cambio de aspecto = lick of paint.
    * cambio de ciudadanía = change of citizenship.
    * cambio de dirección = change of hands.
    * cambio de dueño = change of hands.
    * cambio de énfasis = shift of emphasis, shift in emphasis.
    * cambio de entorno = change of scenery, change of air and scene, change of air, change of scene.
    * cambio de hora estacional = daylight saving time.
    * cambio de idea = change of heart, change of mind.
    * cambio de imagen = makeover [make-over], makeover [make-over].
    * cambio de instalación eléctrica = rewiring.
    * cambio de la guardia = changing of the guard.
    * cambio de look = lick of paint.
    * cambio de lugar = relocation.
    * cambio de manos = change of hands.
    * cambio de mirada = gaze-shift.
    * cambio demográfico = population trend.
    * cambio de nacionalidad = change of citizenship.
    * cambio de nombre = rebranding.
    * cambio de opinión = change of heart, change of mind.
    * cambio de orientación = paradigm change, paradigm shift.
    * cambio de paradigma = paradigm change, paradigm shift.
    * cambio de parecer = change of heart, change of mind.
    * cambio de procedimiento = procedural change.
    * cambio de propietario = change of hands.
    * cambio de proveedor = churn.
    * cambio de registro = code switching.
    * cambio de residencia = resettlement.
    * cambio de servicio = churn.
    * cambio de sexo = sex change.
    * cambio de título = title change.
    * cambio escénico = scene changing.
    * cambio estacional = seasonal change.
    * cambio hormonal = hormonal change.
    * cambio inesperado = twist.
    * cambio institucional = institutional change.
    * cambio metereológico = weather modification.
    * cambio + ocurrir = change + take place.
    * cambio + producirse = change + come about.
    * cambio profundo = profound change.
    * cambio radical = revulsion, sea change, radical change.
    * cambio radical de postura = about-face.
    * cambio revolucionario = revolutionary change.
    * cambios = second thoughts, ebb and flow.
    * cambio social = social change, societal change.
    * cambio + suceder = change + take place.
    * cambio + tener lugar = change + take place.
    * cambio total = turnabout [turn-about], turnaround.
    * cambio transformador = transformative change, transforming change.
    * cambio traumático = traumatic change.
    * cambio vertiginoso = spiral of change.
    * clima de cambio = climate of change.
    * efectuar cambios = wreak + changes.
    * efectuar un cambio = effect + change.
    * elemento de cambio = agent of(for) change.
    * en cambio = by contrast, in contrast, instead, shifting, by comparison.
    * en constante cambio = ever-changing [ever changing], ever-fluid, on the move, fast changing [fast-changing], ever-shifting.
    * en continuo cambio = constantly shifting, ever-changing [ever changing], ever-shifting.
    * en estado de cambio = in a state of flux.
    * enfrentarse a los cambios = cope with + change.
    * en proceso de cambio = changing.
    * estado de cambio = state of flux.
    * estar en estado de cambio = be in flux.
    * estar en proceso de cambio = be in flux.
    * estar sujeto a cambios = be written in sand, not stone, be subject to change.
    * experimentar un cambio = bring about + change, undergo + modification, undergo + change, undergo + transition.
    * experimentar un cambio + Adjetivo = take + a + Adjetivo + turn.
    * hacer cambios en la búsqueda = renegotiate + search.
    * hacer cambios indebidamente = tamper (with).
    * hacer el cambio = make + the change.
    * hacer frente al cambio = manage + change.
    * hacer frente a un cambio = meet + change.
    * hacer un cambio = make + change.
    * impulsor del cambio = driver of change.
    * introducir un cambio = bring + change.
    * libre cambio = laissez-faire.
    * línea internacional de cambio de fecha, la = International Date Line, the.
    * lograr un cambio = accomplish + change.
    * los constantes cambios de = the changing face of, the changing nature of.
    * momento clave del cambio = tipping point.
    * moneda de cambio = bargaining chip.
    * mostrar por medio de cambio de intensidad en el brillo = flash up.
    * motor del cambio = driver of change.
    * no hacer ningún cambio = stand + pat.
    * no sufrir cambios = remain + normal.
    * ocasionar un cambio = bring about + change, trigger + change.
    * operación de cambio de sexo = sex-change surgery, sex-change operation.
    * permanecer sin cambios = remain + unchanged.
    * proceso de cambio = process of change.
    * producir un cambio = effect + change, produce + change, trigger + change.
    * provocar cambios = wreak + changes.
    * provocar un cambio = bring about + change.
    * reacio al cambio = resistant to change.
    * realizar un cambio = make + alteration, implement + change.
    * repercusiones del cambio = impact of change.
    * resistente al cambio = resistant to change.
    * ritmo del cambio = rate of change, pace of change.
    * ser susceptible de cambios = be subject to change.
    * sin cambio = inviolate.
    * sin cambios = monotone, stable, undisturbed, unchanged, unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * subsidio para cambio de residencia = resettlement allowance.
    * suceder un cambio = occur + change.
    * sucesión de cambios bruscos = roller coaster ride, roller coaster.
    * sufrir un cambio = experience + change, undergo + change.
    * suponer un cambio = bring about + change.
    * trabajar a cambio de nada = work for + nothing.

    Spanish-English dictionary > cambio1

  • 5 carburante

    m.
    fuel.
    * * *
    1 fuel
    * * *
    SM fuel
    * * *
    masculino fuel
    * * *
    = fuel, petrol.
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg energy conservation and fuel debt, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex. Many rural bus routes have now been threatened by rising petrol costs and the withdrawal of transport subsidies.
    ----
    * base de datos de carburantes = TULSA.
    * carburante obtenido de fósiles = fossil fuel.
    * consumo de carburante = fuel consumption, petrol consumption.
    * filtro del carburante = fuel filter.
    * inyección de carburante = fuel injection.
    * inyector de carburante = fuel injector.
    * precio del carburante = fuel price, fuel pump price.
    * * *
    masculino fuel
    * * *
    = fuel, petrol.

    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg energy conservation and fuel debt, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.

    Ex: Many rural bus routes have now been threatened by rising petrol costs and the withdrawal of transport subsidies.
    * base de datos de carburantes = TULSA.
    * carburante obtenido de fósiles = fossil fuel.
    * consumo de carburante = fuel consumption, petrol consumption.
    * filtro del carburante = fuel filter.
    * inyección de carburante = fuel injection.
    * inyector de carburante = fuel injector.
    * precio del carburante = fuel price, fuel pump price.

    * * *
    fuel
    * * *

    carburante sustantivo masculino
    fuel
    carburante sustantivo masculino fuel
    ' carburante' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    combustible
    English:
    fuel
    - fuel injection
    * * *
    fuel
    * * *
    m fuel

    Spanish-English dictionary > carburante

  • 6 combatir el absentismo

    (v.) = combat + absenteeism
    Ex. Personnel policies instituted to combat absenteeism have generally proved a failure, because those measures attack the symptoms, not the cause.
    * * *
    (v.) = combat + absenteeism

    Ex: Personnel policies instituted to combat absenteeism have generally proved a failure, because those measures attack the symptoms, not the cause.

    Spanish-English dictionary > combatir el absentismo

  • 7 combatir el ausentismo

    (v.) = combat + absenteeism
    Ex. Personnel policies instituted to combat absenteeism have generally proved a failure, because those measures attack the symptoms, not the cause.
    * * *
    (v.) = combat + absenteeism

    Ex: Personnel policies instituted to combat absenteeism have generally proved a failure, because those measures attack the symptoms, not the cause.

    Spanish-English dictionary > combatir el ausentismo

  • 8 combustible

    adj.
    combustible.
    m.
    fuel.
    combustible fósil fossil fuel
    * * *
    1 combustible
    1 fuel
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    1.
    2.
    SM (=carburante) fuel
    * * *
    I
    adjetivo combustible
    II
    masculino (Fís, Quím) combustible; (Transp) ( carburante) fuel
    * * *
    = fuel, combustible.
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg energy conservation and fuel debt, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex. Libraries still remain as 'windows on the world' and 'warehouses of explosives whose shelves are ranked with the most furious combustibles in the world -- the brains of men'.
    ----
    * ahorro de combustible = fuel saving.
    * celda de combustible = fuel cell.
    * célula de combustible = fuel cell.
    * combustible biológico = biofuel.
    * combustible fósil = fossil fuel.
    * combustible sintético = synthetic fuel.
    * combustible sólido = solid fuel.
    * combustible /pila de combustible = fuel cell.
    * consumo de combustible = fuel consumption.
    * eficacia de consumo de combustible = fuel efficiency.
    * gas combustible = fuel gas.
    * inyección de combustible = fuel injection.
    * inyector de combustible = fuel injector.
    * precio del combustible = fuel price, fuel pump price.
    * * *
    I
    adjetivo combustible
    II
    masculino (Fís, Quím) combustible; (Transp) ( carburante) fuel
    * * *
    = fuel, combustible.

    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg energy conservation and fuel debt, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.

    Ex: Libraries still remain as 'windows on the world' and 'warehouses of explosives whose shelves are ranked with the most furious combustibles in the world -- the brains of men'.
    * ahorro de combustible = fuel saving.
    * celda de combustible = fuel cell.
    * célula de combustible = fuel cell.
    * combustible biológico = biofuel.
    * combustible fósil = fossil fuel.
    * combustible sintético = synthetic fuel.
    * combustible sólido = solid fuel.
    * combustible /pila de combustible = fuel cell.
    * consumo de combustible = fuel consumption.
    * eficacia de consumo de combustible = fuel efficiency.
    * gas combustible = fuel gas.
    * inyección de combustible = fuel injection.
    * inyector de combustible = fuel injector.
    * precio del combustible = fuel price, fuel pump price.

    * * *
    combustible
    1 ( Fís, Quím) combustible
    combustibles líquidos/sólidos liquid/solid fuels
    Compuesto:
    fossil fuel
    * * *

     

    combustible adjetivo
    combustible
    ■ sustantivo masculino (Fís, Quím) combustible;
    (Transp) ( carburante) fuel
    combustible
    I sustantivo masculino fuel
    II adjetivo combustible
    ' combustible' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    deyección
    - economizar
    - inflamarse
    - motor
    - recargable
    - repostar
    - tragar
    - cargar
    - parafina
    - petróleo
    - ron
    English:
    burn up
    - diesel
    - fossil fuel
    - fuel
    - refuel
    - smokeless
    * * *
    adj
    combustible
    nm
    fuel
    combustible fósil fossil fuel;
    combustible líquido liquid fuel;
    combustible mineral mineral fuel;
    combustible nuclear nuclear fuel;
    * * *
    I adj combustible
    II m fuel
    * * *
    : combustible
    : fuel
    * * *
    combustible n fuel

    Spanish-English dictionary > combustible

  • 9 crear

    v.
    1 to create.
    me crea muchos problemas it gives me a lot of trouble, it causes me a lot of problems
    Picasso creó escuela Picasso's works have had a seminal influence
    Ricardo crea obras de arte Richard creates works of art.
    Ellas crean criaturas raras They create weird creatures.
    2 to invent.
    3 to found.
    4 to make, to make up.
    * * *
    1 (gen) to create
    2 (fundar) to found, establish; (partido) to set up
    3 (inventar) to invent
    1 to make, make for oneself
    2 (imaginarse) to imagine
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    VT
    1) (=hacer, producir) [+ obra, objeto, empleo] to create
    2) (=establecer) [+ comisión, comité, fondo, negocio, sistema] to set up; [+ asociación, cooperativa] to form, set up; [+ cargo, puesto] to create; [+ movimiento, organización] to create, establish, found

    ¿qué se necesita para crear una empresa? — what do you need in order to set up o start a business?

    aspiraban a crear un estado independientethey aimed to create o establish o found an independent state

    3) (=dar lugar a) [+ condiciones, clima, ambiente] to create; [+ problemas] to cause, create; [+ expectativas] to raise

    el vacío creado por su muertethe gap left o created by her death

    4) liter (=nombrar) to make, appoint
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) <obra/modelo/tendencia> to create, < producto> to develop
    b) < sistema> to create, establish, set up; < institución> to set up, create; <comisión/fondo> to set up; < empleo> to create; < ciudad> to build
    2) <dificultades/problemas> to cause, create; <ambiente/clima> to create; <fama/prestigio> to bring; < reputación> to earn
    2.
    crearse v pron < problema> to create... for oneself
    * * *
    = design (for/to), construct, create, engender, establish, fashion, forge, form, invent, set up, compose, originate, bring into + being, mint, found, institute, come into + existence, mother, come up with.
    Ex. In lists designed for international use a symbolic notation instead of textual notes may be used.
    Ex. The objective in executing these three stages is to construct a document profile which reflects its subject = El propósito de llevar a cabo estas tres etapas es elaborar un perfil documental que refleje su materia.
    Ex. National agencies creating MARC records use national standards within their own country, and re-format records to UNIMARC for international exchange.
    Ex. In addition to problems with new subjects which lacked 'accepted' or established names, this guiding principle engendered inconsistency in the form of headings.
    Ex. The intention is to establish a general framework, and then to give exceptions or further explanation and examples for each area in turn.
    Ex. The preliminary discussions and proposals which led up to the AACR, did start out with an attempt to fashion an ideology, a philosophical context, for those rules.
    Ex. This article calls on libraries to forge a renewed national commitment to cooperate in the building of a national information network for scholarly communications.
    Ex. Formed in 1969, the first operational system was implemented in 1972-3.
    Ex. Frequently, but not always, this same process will have been attempted by the author when inventing the title, and this explains why the title is often a useful aid to indexing.
    Ex. By imposing a ban one is only likely to set up antagonism and frustration which will turn against the very thing we are trying to encourage.
    Ex. There have never been any attempts to compose a bibliography of US government documents relating to international law.
    Ex. In the 'office of the present', a document is usually produced by several people: someone, say an administrator or manager, who originates and checks it, a typist, who prepares the text, and a draughtsman or artist who prepares the diagrams.
    Ex. MARC was brought into being originally to facilitate the creation of LC catalogue cards.
    Ex. The article 'The newly minted MLS: what do we need to know today?' describes the skills which, ideally, every US library school graduate should possess at the end of the 1990s.
    Ex. The earliest community information service in Australia dates from as recently as 1958 when Citizens' Advice Bureaux, modelled on their British namesake, were founded in Perth = El primer servicio de información ciudadana de Australia es reciente y data de 1958 cuando se creó en Perth la Oficina de Información al Ciudadano, a imitación de su homónima británica.
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex. Some university libraries have been built up over the centuries; others have come into existence over the last 40 years.
    Ex. Necessity mothers invention, and certainly invention in the presentation of books mothers surprised interest.
    Ex. Derfer corroborated her: 'I'd be very proud of you if you could come up with the means to draft a model collection development policy'.
    ----
    * crear adicción = be addictive.
    * crear alianzas = form + alliances, make + alliances.
    * crear apoyo = build + support.
    * crear canales para = establish + channels for.
    * crear con gran destreza = craft.
    * crear consenso = forge + consensus.
    * crear demanda = make + demand.
    * crear de nuevo = recreate [re-create].
    * crear desconfianza = create + distrust.
    * crear desesperación = yield + despair.
    * crear falsas ilusiones = create + false illusions.
    * crear interés = build + interest.
    * crear la ilusión = generate + illusion.
    * crear lazos = build up + links.
    * crear lazos afectivos = bond.
    * crear posibilidades = open + window, create + possibilities.
    * crear problemas = make + waves, build up + problems, make + trouble.
    * crear prototipos = prototype.
    * crear relaciones = structure + relationships.
    * crearse = build up, hew.
    * crearse el prestigio de ser = establish + a record as.
    * crear servidor web = put up + web site.
    * crearse una identidad = forge + identity.
    * crearse una vida = build + life.
    * crear una alianza = forge + alliance.
    * crear una base = form + a basis.
    * crear una buena impresión en = make + a good impression on.
    * crear una coalición = forge + coalition.
    * crear una colección = build + collection.
    * crear un acuerdo = work out + agreement.
    * crear una familia = have + a family.
    * crear una ilusión = create + illusion.
    * crear una imagen = build + an image, create + image, summon up + image.
    * crear una injusticia = create + injustice.
    * crear una marca de identidad = branding.
    * crear una ocasión = create + opportunity.
    * crear una preocupación = create + concern.
    * crear una situación = create + a situation.
    * crear un clima = promote + climate.
    * crear un comité = set up + committee.
    * crear un entorno = create + an environment.
    * crear un equilibrio = establish + a balance.
    * crear un fondo común de conocimientos = pool + knowledge.
    * crear un fondo común de experiencias profesionales = pool + expertise.
    * crear un grupo = set up + group.
    * crear un índice = generate + index.
    * crear un mercado para = produce + a market for.
    * crear un perfil = compile + profile, formulate + profile.
    * crear un servidor web = open up + web site.
    * crear vínculos = build up + links.
    * crear vínculos afectivos = bond.
    * oposición + crear = opposition + line up.
    * que crea adicción = addictive.
    * que crea hábito = addictive.
    * volver a crear = recreate [re-create].
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) <obra/modelo/tendencia> to create, < producto> to develop
    b) < sistema> to create, establish, set up; < institución> to set up, create; <comisión/fondo> to set up; < empleo> to create; < ciudad> to build
    2) <dificultades/problemas> to cause, create; <ambiente/clima> to create; <fama/prestigio> to bring; < reputación> to earn
    2.
    crearse v pron < problema> to create... for oneself
    * * *
    = design (for/to), construct, create, engender, establish, fashion, forge, form, invent, set up, compose, originate, bring into + being, mint, found, institute, come into + existence, mother, come up with.

    Ex: In lists designed for international use a symbolic notation instead of textual notes may be used.

    Ex: The objective in executing these three stages is to construct a document profile which reflects its subject = El propósito de llevar a cabo estas tres etapas es elaborar un perfil documental que refleje su materia.
    Ex: National agencies creating MARC records use national standards within their own country, and re-format records to UNIMARC for international exchange.
    Ex: In addition to problems with new subjects which lacked 'accepted' or established names, this guiding principle engendered inconsistency in the form of headings.
    Ex: The intention is to establish a general framework, and then to give exceptions or further explanation and examples for each area in turn.
    Ex: The preliminary discussions and proposals which led up to the AACR, did start out with an attempt to fashion an ideology, a philosophical context, for those rules.
    Ex: This article calls on libraries to forge a renewed national commitment to cooperate in the building of a national information network for scholarly communications.
    Ex: Formed in 1969, the first operational system was implemented in 1972-3.
    Ex: Frequently, but not always, this same process will have been attempted by the author when inventing the title, and this explains why the title is often a useful aid to indexing.
    Ex: By imposing a ban one is only likely to set up antagonism and frustration which will turn against the very thing we are trying to encourage.
    Ex: There have never been any attempts to compose a bibliography of US government documents relating to international law.
    Ex: In the 'office of the present', a document is usually produced by several people: someone, say an administrator or manager, who originates and checks it, a typist, who prepares the text, and a draughtsman or artist who prepares the diagrams.
    Ex: MARC was brought into being originally to facilitate the creation of LC catalogue cards.
    Ex: The article 'The newly minted MLS: what do we need to know today?' describes the skills which, ideally, every US library school graduate should possess at the end of the 1990s.
    Ex: The earliest community information service in Australia dates from as recently as 1958 when Citizens' Advice Bureaux, modelled on their British namesake, were founded in Perth = El primer servicio de información ciudadana de Australia es reciente y data de 1958 cuando se creó en Perth la Oficina de Información al Ciudadano, a imitación de su homónima británica.
    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex: Some university libraries have been built up over the centuries; others have come into existence over the last 40 years.
    Ex: Necessity mothers invention, and certainly invention in the presentation of books mothers surprised interest.
    Ex: Derfer corroborated her: 'I'd be very proud of you if you could come up with the means to draft a model collection development policy'.
    * crear adicción = be addictive.
    * crear alianzas = form + alliances, make + alliances.
    * crear apoyo = build + support.
    * crear canales para = establish + channels for.
    * crear con gran destreza = craft.
    * crear consenso = forge + consensus.
    * crear demanda = make + demand.
    * crear de nuevo = recreate [re-create].
    * crear desconfianza = create + distrust.
    * crear desesperación = yield + despair.
    * crear falsas ilusiones = create + false illusions.
    * crear interés = build + interest.
    * crear la ilusión = generate + illusion.
    * crear lazos = build up + links.
    * crear lazos afectivos = bond.
    * crear posibilidades = open + window, create + possibilities.
    * crear problemas = make + waves, build up + problems, make + trouble.
    * crear prototipos = prototype.
    * crear relaciones = structure + relationships.
    * crearse = build up, hew.
    * crearse el prestigio de ser = establish + a record as.
    * crear servidor web = put up + web site.
    * crearse una identidad = forge + identity.
    * crearse una vida = build + life.
    * crear una alianza = forge + alliance.
    * crear una base = form + a basis.
    * crear una buena impresión en = make + a good impression on.
    * crear una coalición = forge + coalition.
    * crear una colección = build + collection.
    * crear un acuerdo = work out + agreement.
    * crear una familia = have + a family.
    * crear una ilusión = create + illusion.
    * crear una imagen = build + an image, create + image, summon up + image.
    * crear una injusticia = create + injustice.
    * crear una marca de identidad = branding.
    * crear una ocasión = create + opportunity.
    * crear una preocupación = create + concern.
    * crear una situación = create + a situation.
    * crear un clima = promote + climate.
    * crear un comité = set up + committee.
    * crear un entorno = create + an environment.
    * crear un equilibrio = establish + a balance.
    * crear un fondo común de conocimientos = pool + knowledge.
    * crear un fondo común de experiencias profesionales = pool + expertise.
    * crear un grupo = set up + group.
    * crear un índice = generate + index.
    * crear un mercado para = produce + a market for.
    * crear un perfil = compile + profile, formulate + profile.
    * crear un servidor web = open up + web site.
    * crear vínculos = build up + links.
    * crear vínculos afectivos = bond.
    * oposición + crear = opposition + line up.
    * que crea adicción = addictive.
    * que crea hábito = addictive.
    * volver a crear = recreate [re-create].

    * * *
    crear [A1 ]
    vt
    A
    1 ‹obra/modelo› to create; ‹tendencia› to create
    crear una nueva imagen para el producto to create a new image for the product
    crearon un producto revolucionario they developed o created a revolutionary product
    2 ‹sistema› to create, establish, set up; ‹institución› to set up, create; ‹comisión/fondo› to set up; ‹empleo› to create
    crearon una ciudad en pleno desierto they built a city in the middle of the desert
    B ‹dificultades/problemas› to cause, create; ‹ambiente/clima› to create; ‹fama/prestigio› to bring; ‹reputación› to earn
    su arrogancia le creó muchas enemistades his arrogance made him many enemies
    no quiero crear falsas expectativas en mis alumnos I don't want to raise false hopes among my students, I don't want to give my students false hopes
    se crea muchas dificultades he creates o makes a lot of problems for himself
    ¿para qué te creas más trabajo? why make more work for yourself?
    será difícil llenar el vacío creado con su desaparición it will be difficult to fill the gap left by his death
    * * *

     

    crear ( conjugate crear) verbo transitivo
    to create;
    producto to develop;
    institución/comisión/fondo to set up;
    fama/prestigio to bring;
    reputación to earn;
    crea muchos problemas it causes o creates a lot of problems;

    no quiero crear falsas expectativas I don't want to raise false hopes
    crearse verbo pronominal ‹ problemato create … for oneself;

    enemigos to make
    crear verbo transitivo to create
    ' crear' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    falsificar
    - hacer
    - ilusionar
    - infundio
    - rompecabezas
    - constituir
    - formar
    - meter
    English:
    boat
    - bonding
    - create
    - fashion
    - never-never land
    - rapport
    - stage
    - afoot
    - develop
    - devise
    - disrupt
    - establish
    - illusion
    - set
    - you
    * * *
    vt
    1. [hacer, producir, originar] to create;
    crear empleo/riqueza to create jobs/wealth;
    han creado un nuevo ministerio para él they have created a new ministry for him;
    me crea muchos problemas it gives me a lot of trouble, it causes me a lot of problems;
    Picasso creó escuela Picasso's works have had a seminal influence
    2. [inventar] to invent;
    [poema, sinfonía] to compose, to write; [cuadro] to paint
    3. [fundar] to found
    * * *
    v/t create; empresa set up
    * * *
    crear vt
    1) : to create, to cause
    2) : to originate
    * * *
    crear vb
    1. (en general) to create
    2. (comité, empresa, etc) to set up

    Spanish-English dictionary > crear

  • 10 devolución de la contribución municipal

    (n.) = rates rebate
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    * * *

    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.

    Spanish-English dictionary > devolución de la contribución municipal

  • 11 devolución del alquiler

    (n.) = rent rebate
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    * * *

    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.

    Spanish-English dictionary > devolución del alquiler

  • 12 energía

    f.
    1 energy, activeness, pep, vitality.
    2 energy, capacity to produce work, power.
    * * *
    1 energy, power
    2 figurado vigour (US vigor)
    \
    energía cinética kinetic energy
    energía eléctrica electric power
    energía nuclear nuclear power
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=fuerza) energy, drive
    2) (Téc) power, energy

    energía eléctrica — electric power, electricity

    * * *
    2)
    a) (vigor, empuje) energy
    b) ( firmeza) firmness
    * * *
    = drive, energy, fuel, power, liveliness, verve, pizzazz, oomph, pep.
    Ex. Hierarchical bibliometry would act as a positive drive to support the authorship requirements now stipulated by some international editorial committees.
    Ex. Ranganathan proposed five basic types of facets which may occur in many subject fields: personality, matter, energy, space, time.
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg energy conservation and fuel debt, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex. She added that she felt sorry for the assistant because he had so little power.
    Ex. To infuse into that basic form an element of linguistic liveliness and wit, which marks out the best adult reviewers, is to ask far more than most children can hope to achieve.
    Ex. Much of the verve and shimmer of her lyrics can be connected to the near-fatal liver abscess she suffered in 1996.
    Ex. I wanted to show them an application which not only was database functional, but which itself had some pizzazz as a website.
    Ex. Many recent commentators speak as if they think that computers can painlessly deliver the oomph we need in curriculum.
    Ex. Not a lot of pep however, so this might be the day to curl up with a really challenging book or game.
    ----
    * ahorrar energía = save + energy.
    * ahorro de energía = energy conservation, energy saving, savings in energy.
    * compañía de suministro de energía = energy company.
    * Comunidad Europea de la Energía Atómica (Euratom o EAEC) = European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom/EAEC).
    * con energía = powerfully.
    * con mucha energía = high energy.
    * consumir energía = consume + energy, take up + energy.
    * conversión de la energía = energy conversion.
    * dar energía = energise [energize, -USA].
    * de alta energía = high energy.
    * dedicar energía = expend + energy.
    * derrochar energía = waste + energy.
    * energía atómica = nuclear power.
    * energía atómmica = atomic energy.
    * energía cinética = kinetic energy.
    * energía del mar = ocean energy.
    * energía del petróleo = petroleum energy.
    * energía eléctrica = electric power, power, electrical power.
    * energía eólica = wind energy, wind power.
    * energía espiritual = spiritual energy.
    * energía geotérmica = geothermal energy.
    * energía hidroeléctrica = hydroelectric power.
    * energía humana = human energy.
    * energía negativa = bad vibes.
    * energía no renovable = non-renewable energy.
    * energía nuclear = nuclear energy, nuclear power.
    * energía positiva = vibrations, good vibes.
    * energía producto de la fisión = fission energy.
    * energía renovable = renewable energy.
    * energía solar = solar energy.
    * energía térmica = thermal power.
    * energía termosolar = thermal solar power.
    * energía vital = life force.
    * faceta de Energía = Energy facet.
    * física de altas energías = high energy physics.
    * fuente de energía = energy source, source of energy, power source.
    * fuente de energía(s) alternativa(s) = alternative energy source.
    * generador de energía eléctrica = power generator, power unit, electrical generator.
    * generador de energía solar = solar energy generator.
    * impulsado por energía eólica = wind-powered.
    * infundir energía = energise [energize, -USA].
    * liberar energía = blow off + steam, let off + steam.
    * lleno de energía = energetic, feisty [feistier -comp., feistiest -sup.], full of beans.
    * modo de ahorro de energía = power save mode.
    * pletórico de energía = full of beans.
    * que consume mucha energía = energy-intensive, power-hungry.
    * que funciona con energía eólica = wind-powered.
    * rebosante de energía y lleno de entusiasmo = all bright-eyed and bushy-tailed.
    * rebosante de vida y energía = all bright-eyed and bushy-tailed.
    * recobrar energía = get + a second wind.
    * recobrar la energía = regain + Posesivo + strength.
    * recuperación de la energía = second wind.
    * recuperar la energía = regain + Posesivo + strength.
    * sin energía = lethargic.
    * transformación de la energía = energy conversion.
    * * *
    2)
    a) (vigor, empuje) energy
    b) ( firmeza) firmness
    * * *
    = drive, energy, fuel, power, liveliness, verve, pizzazz, oomph, pep.

    Ex: Hierarchical bibliometry would act as a positive drive to support the authorship requirements now stipulated by some international editorial committees.

    Ex: Ranganathan proposed five basic types of facets which may occur in many subject fields: personality, matter, energy, space, time.
    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg energy conservation and fuel debt, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex: She added that she felt sorry for the assistant because he had so little power.
    Ex: To infuse into that basic form an element of linguistic liveliness and wit, which marks out the best adult reviewers, is to ask far more than most children can hope to achieve.
    Ex: Much of the verve and shimmer of her lyrics can be connected to the near-fatal liver abscess she suffered in 1996.
    Ex: I wanted to show them an application which not only was database functional, but which itself had some pizzazz as a website.
    Ex: Many recent commentators speak as if they think that computers can painlessly deliver the oomph we need in curriculum.
    Ex: Not a lot of pep however, so this might be the day to curl up with a really challenging book or game.
    * ahorrar energía = save + energy.
    * ahorro de energía = energy conservation, energy saving, savings in energy.
    * compañía de suministro de energía = energy company.
    * Comunidad Europea de la Energía Atómica (Euratom o EAEC) = European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom/EAEC).
    * con energía = powerfully.
    * con mucha energía = high energy.
    * consumir energía = consume + energy, take up + energy.
    * conversión de la energía = energy conversion.
    * dar energía = energise [energize, -USA].
    * de alta energía = high energy.
    * dedicar energía = expend + energy.
    * derrochar energía = waste + energy.
    * energía atómica = nuclear power.
    * energía atómmica = atomic energy.
    * energía cinética = kinetic energy.
    * energía del mar = ocean energy.
    * energía del petróleo = petroleum energy.
    * energía eléctrica = electric power, power, electrical power.
    * energía eólica = wind energy, wind power.
    * energía espiritual = spiritual energy.
    * energía geotérmica = geothermal energy.
    * energía hidroeléctrica = hydroelectric power.
    * energía humana = human energy.
    * energía negativa = bad vibes.
    * energía no renovable = non-renewable energy.
    * energía nuclear = nuclear energy, nuclear power.
    * energía positiva = vibrations, good vibes.
    * energía producto de la fisión = fission energy.
    * energía renovable = renewable energy.
    * energía solar = solar energy.
    * energía térmica = thermal power.
    * energía termosolar = thermal solar power.
    * energía vital = life force.
    * faceta de Energía = Energy facet.
    * física de altas energías = high energy physics.
    * fuente de energía = energy source, source of energy, power source.
    * fuente de energía(s) alternativa(s) = alternative energy source.
    * generador de energía eléctrica = power generator, power unit, electrical generator.
    * generador de energía solar = solar energy generator.
    * impulsado por energía eólica = wind-powered.
    * infundir energía = energise [energize, -USA].
    * liberar energía = blow off + steam, let off + steam.
    * lleno de energía = energetic, feisty [feistier -comp., feistiest -sup.], full of beans.
    * modo de ahorro de energía = power save mode.
    * pletórico de energía = full of beans.
    * que consume mucha energía = energy-intensive, power-hungry.
    * que funciona con energía eólica = wind-powered.
    * rebosante de energía y lleno de entusiasmo = all bright-eyed and bushy-tailed.
    * rebosante de vida y energía = all bright-eyed and bushy-tailed.
    * recobrar energía = get + a second wind.
    * recobrar la energía = regain + Posesivo + strength.
    * recuperación de la energía = second wind.
    * recuperar la energía = regain + Posesivo + strength.
    * sin energía = lethargic.
    * transformación de la energía = energy conversion.

    * * *
    A ( Fís) energy
    derroche de energía waste of energy
    consumo de energía energy consumption
    fuentes de energía sources of energy
    Compuestos:
    atomic power
    kinetic energy
    electricity, electric power
    wind power
    water power
    nuclear power, nuclear energy
    solar power, solar energy
    B
    1 (vigor, empuje) energy
    lo acometió con energía he undertook it with great vigor o with great energy o very energetically
    me siento cansada y sin energía(s) I feel tired and lacking in energy
    protestar con energía to protest vigorously
    2 (firmeza) firmness
    tienes que tratarlo con más energía you must be firmer o stricter with him
    * * *

    energía sustantivo femenino
    1 (Fís) energy;
    energía nuclear/solar nuclear/solar power

    2
    a) (vigor, empuje) energy;


    está lleno de energía he's very energetic

    energía sustantivo femenino
    1 energy: nos enseñaron una central de energía solar, they showed us round a solar power station
    energía eléctrica, electricity
    energía nuclear, nuclear power
    2 (de una persona) energy, vitality
    ' energía' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    central
    - decaer
    - eólica
    - eólico
    - EURATOM
    - gastar
    - hidráulica
    - hidráulico
    - savia
    - solar
    - absorber
    - ahorrar
    - brío
    - consumir
    - dirigir
    - emplear
    - fuerza
    - ímpetu
    - pérdida
    - transportar
    - vigor
    English:
    bean
    - bounce
    - burst
    - drive
    - energy
    - go
    - harness
    - life
    - nuclear energy
    - power
    - solar-powered
    - sprightliness
    - stamina
    - bursting
    - energetic
    - nuclear
    - pep
    - wind
    * * *
    1. [para máquina, sistema] power, energy;
    [para el cuerpo, organismo] energy;
    fuentes de energía sources of energy;
    energías alternativas alternative energy sources;
    energía atómica nuclear power o energy;
    energía calórica heat energy;
    Fís energía cinética kinetic energy;
    energía eléctrica electric energy;
    energía eólica wind energy o power;
    energía geotérmica geothermal energy o power;
    energía hidráulica water power;
    energía hidroeléctrica hydroelectric power;
    energía limpia clean energy;
    energía mareomotriz tidal o wave energy;
    energía nuclear nuclear power o energy;
    energía de las olas o del oleaje tidal o wave energy;
    Fís energía potencial potential energy;
    energía radiante radiant energy;
    energías renovables renewable forms of energy;
    energía solar solar energy o power;
    energía térmica thermal energy o power
    2. [vigor físico] energy;
    su trabajo le resta energías his work doesn't leave him much energy;
    hay que empujar con energía you have to push hard
    3. [actitud] vigour, forcefulness;
    defendió su postura con energía she energetically defended her position;
    respondió con energía he responded emphatically
    * * *
    f energy;
    sin energía golpe weak, feeble; persona listless, lacking in energy; hacer algo listlessly;
    con energía hacer algo energetically; chutar hard;
    abrir la puerta con energía fling open the door
    * * *
    : energy
    * * *
    1. (fuerza) energy / power
    energía solar solar energy / solar power
    2. (capacidad) energy

    Spanish-English dictionary > energía

  • 13 enjuiciar

    v.
    1 to try (law).
    2 to judge.
    3 to bring to trial, to file charges against, to bring suit against, to prosecute.
    Por fin se logró juzgar al acusado Finally the accused was brought to trial.
    * * *
    1 (juzgar) to judge; (examinar) to examine
    2 DERECHO (civil) to sue; (criminal) to indict, prosecute
    * * *
    verb
    2) try
    * * *
    VT
    1) (=juzgar) to judge, pass judgment on
    2) (Jur) (=acusar) to indict; (=procesar) to prosecute; (=sentenciar) to sentence
    * * *
    verbo transitivo
    1) (Der) ( acusar) to indict, commit for trial; ( juzgar) to try
    2) ( en cuestiones morales) to judge
    * * *
    = put on + trial, try.
    Ex. Socrates was put on trial for corrupting the youth of Athens and condemned to death by drinking the poision hemlock.
    Ex. The Government is now trying him on criminal charges for allegedly misleading officials early in the investigation.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo
    1) (Der) ( acusar) to indict, commit for trial; ( juzgar) to try
    2) ( en cuestiones morales) to judge
    * * *
    = put on + trial, try.

    Ex: Socrates was put on trial for corrupting the youth of Athens and condemned to death by drinking the poision hemlock.

    Ex: The Government is now trying him on criminal charges for allegedly misleading officials early in the investigation.

    * * *
    enjuiciar [A1 ]
    vt
    A ( Der)
    1 (acusar) to indict, commit for trial
    todavía no ha sido enjuiciado he has not been indicted o committed for trial yet, proceedings have not been instituted against him yet
    enjuiciaron a todos los detenidos all those arrested were committed for trial
    2 (juzgar) to try
    los que aún están siendo enjuiciados those who are still being tried o are still on trial
    lo enjuiciaron por el hurto del dinero he was tried for the theft of the money
    no quiero enjuiciar su conducta I don't want to judge her conduct o pass judgment on her conduct
    * * *

    enjuiciar verbo transitivo
    1 (un tema, un asunto) to judge, examine: suele enjuiciar a la gente por su aspecto, he tends to judge people by their appearance
    2 Jur (a un sospechoso) to prosecute
    * * *
    1. Der to try;
    lo enjuiciaron por estafa he was tried for fraud
    2. [opinar] to judge
    * * *
    v/t
    1 JUR institute proceedings against
    2 fig
    judge
    * * *
    1) : to indict, to prosecute
    2) juzgar: to try

    Spanish-English dictionary > enjuiciar

  • 14 establecer

    v.
    1 to establish.
    no lograba establecer contacto con la torre de control he couldn't make o establish contact with the control tower
    la policía no ha podido establecer la causa de su muerte the police have been unable to establish o determine the cause of death
    las normas del club establecen que… the club rules state that…
    Establecieron directrices They established guidelines.
    Establecieron a Ricardo en la oficina They established Richard at the office.
    2 to establish (instalar) (colonia, poblado).
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ AGRADECER], like link=agradecer agradecer
    1 (gen) to establish; (fundar) to found, set up
    2 (récord) to set
    3 (ordenar) to state, lay down, establish
    1 (en un lugar) to settle; (en un negocio) to set up in business
    * * *
    verb
    to establish, set up, found
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) [+ relación, comunicación] to establish
    2) (=fundar) [+ empresa] to establish; [+ colonia] to settle
    3) (=dictaminar) to state, lay down

    la ley establece que... — the law states o lays down that...

    4) (=expresar) [+ idea, principio] to establish; [+ norma] to lay down; [+ criterio] to set
    5) [+ récord] to set
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) <colonia/dictadura> to establish; < campamento> to set up
    b) <relaciones/contacto> to establish
    a) <criterios/bases> to establish, lay down; < precio> to fix, set; < precedente> to establish, set

    conviene dejar establecido que... — we should make it clear that...

    establecer un precedenteto establish o set a precedent

    b) (frml) ley/reglamento ( disponer) to state, establish
    c) < uso> to establish
    d) <récord/marca/moda> to set
    3) ( determinar) to establish
    2.
    establecerse v pron colono/emigrante to settle; comerciante/empresa to set up
    * * *
    = call for, determine, establish, institute, instruct, lay down, set, set up, settle, map out, set forth, set out, bring into + being.
    Ex. The main rules call for entry of societies under name and institutions under place.
    Ex. This assignment of intellectual responsibility is important, as we have seen earlier, since it determines the heading for the main entry.
    Ex. The intention is to establish a general framework, and then to give exceptions or further explanation and examples for each area in turn.
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex. Some of the above limitations of title indexes can be overcome by exercising a measure of control over the index terminology, and by inputting and instructing the computer to print a number of pre-determined links or references between keywords.
    Ex. He was the son of a bricklayer who laid down as early as 1859 that 'the assistance of readers in their researches' is one of the duties that 'have daily to be provided for' in ordinary public libraries.
    Ex. If no fines are to be charged for a particular combination of borrower and material type, set the maximum fine to zero.
    Ex. The searcher now decides to set up an SDI profile.
    Ex. Once the name to be used in a heading and its form have been settled, it is time to decide upon the entry element, or in more general terms, to examine the preferred order of the components of a name as the name is to appear as a heading.
    Ex. Down the years, the information industry has mapped out for itself the categories of information with which it is prepared to deal.
    Ex. She sets forth some of the conditions which may have led to this situation in the hope that it may bring about further study.
    Ex. The regulation sets out the requirement for compulsory notification of agreements to the Commission and gives the Commission powers to grant exemption to the rules.
    Ex. MARC was brought into being originally to facilitate the creation of LC catalogue cards.
    ----
    * establecer alianzas = make + alliances.
    * establecer canales para = establish + channels for.
    * establecer características = lay down + features.
    * establecer comparaciones = make + comparisons.
    * establecer comparaciones entre elementos comparables = compare + like with like.
    * establecer conexión = establish + link, make + connection.
    * establecer contacto = make + contact.
    * establecer contactos = liaise (with/between).
    * establecer contactos profesionales = networking.
    * establecer criterios para = make + provision for.
    * establecer directrices = chart + direction.
    * establecer disposiciones para = make + provisions for.
    * establecer el contexto = set + context.
    * establecer el origen de = trace + the origin of.
    * establecer el tema = set + the theme.
    * establecer el tono = set + the theme.
    * establecer equivalencias entre = map onto/to.
    * establecer lazos afectivos = bond.
    * establecer límites = draw + limits.
    * establecer norma = legislate.
    * establecer normas = make + provision, establish + standards.
    * establecer normas de funcionamiento = establish + policy.
    * establecer normativa = govern.
    * establecer prioridades = prioritise [prioritize, -USA], establish + priorities, set + priorities.
    * establecer reglas = make + provision.
    * establecer reglas para = lay down + rules for.
    * establecer relaciones = build + relationships, develop + relationships, develop + relations, build + relations, structure + relationships.
    * establecer relaciones con = forge + links with, forge + relationships with, forge + ties.
    * establecerse = settle in, settle down.
    * establecer sectores = sectoring.
    * establecer una analogía = draw + analogy.
    * establecer una colaboración = forge + collaboration.
    * establecer una condición = specify + requirement.
    * establecer una conexión = achieve + connection.
    * establecer una convención = establish + convention.
    * establecer un acuerdo = work out + agreement.
    * establecer una diferencia = draw + demarcation.
    * establecer una norma = lay down + standard, set down + rule.
    * establecer una normalización = impose + standardization.
    * establecer una política = institute + policy.
    * establecer una regla = frame + rule.
    * establecer un equilibrio = establish + a balance.
    * establecer un límite = set + limit.
    * establecer un norma = give + prescription.
    * establecer un paralelismo = draw + parallel.
    * establecer un paralelo = draw + parallel.
    * establecer un principio = establish + principle, set forth + cause.
    * establecer un record = establish + a record.
    * establecer un vínculo = provide + an interface.
    * establecer valores = establish + values.
    * establecer vínculos afectivos = bond.
    * volver a establecer equivalencias = remap.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) <colonia/dictadura> to establish; < campamento> to set up
    b) <relaciones/contacto> to establish
    a) <criterios/bases> to establish, lay down; < precio> to fix, set; < precedente> to establish, set

    conviene dejar establecido que... — we should make it clear that...

    establecer un precedenteto establish o set a precedent

    b) (frml) ley/reglamento ( disponer) to state, establish
    c) < uso> to establish
    d) <récord/marca/moda> to set
    3) ( determinar) to establish
    2.
    establecerse v pron colono/emigrante to settle; comerciante/empresa to set up
    * * *
    = call for, determine, establish, institute, instruct, lay down, set, set up, settle, map out, set forth, set out, bring into + being.

    Ex: The main rules call for entry of societies under name and institutions under place.

    Ex: This assignment of intellectual responsibility is important, as we have seen earlier, since it determines the heading for the main entry.
    Ex: The intention is to establish a general framework, and then to give exceptions or further explanation and examples for each area in turn.
    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex: Some of the above limitations of title indexes can be overcome by exercising a measure of control over the index terminology, and by inputting and instructing the computer to print a number of pre-determined links or references between keywords.
    Ex: He was the son of a bricklayer who laid down as early as 1859 that 'the assistance of readers in their researches' is one of the duties that 'have daily to be provided for' in ordinary public libraries.
    Ex: If no fines are to be charged for a particular combination of borrower and material type, set the maximum fine to zero.
    Ex: The searcher now decides to set up an SDI profile.
    Ex: Once the name to be used in a heading and its form have been settled, it is time to decide upon the entry element, or in more general terms, to examine the preferred order of the components of a name as the name is to appear as a heading.
    Ex: Down the years, the information industry has mapped out for itself the categories of information with which it is prepared to deal.
    Ex: She sets forth some of the conditions which may have led to this situation in the hope that it may bring about further study.
    Ex: The regulation sets out the requirement for compulsory notification of agreements to the Commission and gives the Commission powers to grant exemption to the rules.
    Ex: MARC was brought into being originally to facilitate the creation of LC catalogue cards.
    * establecer alianzas = make + alliances.
    * establecer canales para = establish + channels for.
    * establecer características = lay down + features.
    * establecer comparaciones = make + comparisons.
    * establecer comparaciones entre elementos comparables = compare + like with like.
    * establecer conexión = establish + link, make + connection.
    * establecer contacto = make + contact.
    * establecer contactos = liaise (with/between).
    * establecer contactos profesionales = networking.
    * establecer criterios para = make + provision for.
    * establecer directrices = chart + direction.
    * establecer disposiciones para = make + provisions for.
    * establecer el contexto = set + context.
    * establecer el origen de = trace + the origin of.
    * establecer el tema = set + the theme.
    * establecer el tono = set + the theme.
    * establecer equivalencias entre = map onto/to.
    * establecer lazos afectivos = bond.
    * establecer límites = draw + limits.
    * establecer norma = legislate.
    * establecer normas = make + provision, establish + standards.
    * establecer normas de funcionamiento = establish + policy.
    * establecer normativa = govern.
    * establecer prioridades = prioritise [prioritize, -USA], establish + priorities, set + priorities.
    * establecer reglas = make + provision.
    * establecer reglas para = lay down + rules for.
    * establecer relaciones = build + relationships, develop + relationships, develop + relations, build + relations, structure + relationships.
    * establecer relaciones con = forge + links with, forge + relationships with, forge + ties.
    * establecerse = settle in, settle down.
    * establecer sectores = sectoring.
    * establecer una analogía = draw + analogy.
    * establecer una colaboración = forge + collaboration.
    * establecer una condición = specify + requirement.
    * establecer una conexión = achieve + connection.
    * establecer una convención = establish + convention.
    * establecer un acuerdo = work out + agreement.
    * establecer una diferencia = draw + demarcation.
    * establecer una norma = lay down + standard, set down + rule.
    * establecer una normalización = impose + standardization.
    * establecer una política = institute + policy.
    * establecer una regla = frame + rule.
    * establecer un equilibrio = establish + a balance.
    * establecer un límite = set + limit.
    * establecer un norma = give + prescription.
    * establecer un paralelismo = draw + parallel.
    * establecer un paralelo = draw + parallel.
    * establecer un principio = establish + principle, set forth + cause.
    * establecer un record = establish + a record.
    * establecer un vínculo = provide + an interface.
    * establecer valores = establish + values.
    * establecer vínculos afectivos = bond.
    * volver a establecer equivalencias = remap.

    * * *
    establecer [E3 ]
    vt
    A
    1 ‹colonia› to establish; ‹campamento› to set up
    estableció su residencia en Mónaco he took up residence in Monaco
    2 ‹relaciones/comunicaciones/contacto› to establish
    3 ‹dictadura› to establish, set up
    1 ‹criterios/bases› to establish, lay down; ‹precio› to fix, set
    conviene dejar establecido que … we should make it clear that …
    establecer un precedente to establish o set a precedent
    2 ( frml); «ley/reglamento» (disponer) to state, establish
    como se establece en la Constitución as laid down o established in the Constitution
    tres veces el precio establecido por la ley three times the legal price
    3 ‹uso› to establish; ‹moda› to set
    4 ‹récord/marca› to set
    C (determinar) to establish
    no se ha podido establecer qué fue lo que ocurrió it has been impossible to ascertain o establish exactly what happened
    1 «colono/emigrante» to settle
    2 «comerciante/empresa» to set up
    se estableció por su cuenta he set up his own business ( o practice etc), he set up on his own
    * * *

     

    establecer ( conjugate establecer) verbo transitivo
    1
    a)colonia/dictadura to establish;

    campamento to set up;

    b)relaciones/contacto to establish

    2 ( dejar sentado)
    a)criterios/bases to establish, lay down;

    precio to fix, set;
    precedente to establish, set
    b) (frml) [ley/reglamento] ( disponer) to state, establish

    c)récord/marca/moda to set;

    uso to establish
    3 ( determinar) to establish
    establecerse verbo pronominal [colono/emigrante] to settle;
    [comerciante/empresa] to set up
    establecer verbo transitivo to establish
    (un récord) to set (up)
    ' establecer' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    conectar
    - disponer
    - fijar
    - implantar
    - sentar
    - consagrar
    - determinar
    - montar
    English:
    ascertain
    - establish
    - get at
    - institute
    - lay down
    - networking
    - open up
    - parallel
    - pattern
    - prioritize
    - set
    - set down
    - set up
    - standard
    - timetable
    - bond
    - determine
    - dictate
    - draw
    - empathize
    - get
    - issue
    - lay
    - open
    - pin
    - state
    * * *
    vt
    1. [instalar] [colonia, poblado] to establish;
    [campamento, negocio, sucursal] to set up;
    establecer residencia en to take up residence in
    2. [fijar, emprender] [régimen, relaciones, comunicación] to establish;
    [costumbre] to introduce; [moda] to start; [récord] to set;
    no lograba establecer contacto con la torre de control he couldn't make o establish contact with the control tower
    3. [expresar] [principios, criterios] to establish, to lay down;
    [teoría, hipótesis] to formulate;
    estableció las bases de la física moderna he laid the foundations of modern physics
    4. [estipular] to state, to stipulate;
    las normas del club establecen que… the club rules state that…;
    según establece la ley,… as stipulated by law,…
    5. [averiguar] to establish, to determine;
    la policía no ha podido establecer la causa de su muerte the police have been unable to establish o determine the cause of death
    * * *
    v/t
    1 establish
    2 negocio set up
    * * *
    establecer {53} vt
    fundar, instituir: to establish, to found, to set up
    * * *
    1. (crear) to set up [pt. & pp. set]
    2. (demostrar) to establish
    Newton estableció que... Newton established that...
    3. (ordenar) to state
    la constitución establece que... the constitution states that...

    Spanish-English dictionary > establecer

  • 15 establecer una política

    (v.) = institute + policy
    Ex. Personnel policies instituted to combat absenteeism have generally proved a failure, because those measures attack the symptoms, not the cause.
    * * *
    (v.) = institute + policy

    Ex: Personnel policies instituted to combat absenteeism have generally proved a failure, because those measures attack the symptoms, not the cause.

    Spanish-English dictionary > establecer una política

  • 16 gasóleo

    m.
    diesel oil, gas oil, derv.
    * * *
    1 diesel oil
    * * *
    SM [para vehículos] diesel (oil); [para calefacción] (heating) oil
    * * *
    = fuel.
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg energy conservation and fuel debt, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    * * *
    = fuel.

    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg energy conservation and fuel debt, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.

    * * *
    * * *

    gasoil, gasóleo sustantivo masculino diesel oil
    ' gasóleo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    gasoil
    - gas-oil
    English:
    diesel
    * * *
    gasóleo, gasoil nm
    1. [para vehículos] diesel (oil)
    2. [para calderas] oil, gas-oil
    * * *
    m oil; para motores diesel
    * * *
    gasóleo n diesel

    Spanish-English dictionary > gasóleo

  • 17 iniciar

    v.
    to start, to initiate.
    iniciar a alguien en algo to initiate somebody into something
    El juez inició la carrera The judge initiated the race.
    El maestro inició a Ricardo The teacher initiated Richard.
    Ricardo inició ayer Richard started yesterday.
    Las máquinas iniciaron ayer The machines started=began operation yesterday
    * * *
    1 (empezar) to start, begin
    2 (introducir) to initiate (en, in)
    1 (empezar) to start, begin
    \
    iniciarse en to start to learn about
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) [+ actividad] (=comenzar) to begin, start, initiate frm; (=dar origen a) to originate; (=fundar) to pioneer

    iniciar la sesión — (Inform) to log in, log on

    2) [en conocimientos, secta] to initiate (en into)
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) (frml) <curso/viaje> to begin, commence (frml); <negociaciones/diligencias> to initiate, commence (frml)
    b) ( en secta)
    2.
    iniciarse v pron
    1) ceremonia/negociaciones to begin, commence (frml)
    a) ( en secta)
    * * *
    = initiate, institute, start, inaugurate, pioneer, enter, lead off, detonate, usher in.
    Ex. The scheme was initiated under the auspices of UNISIST with the intention of providing a switching language.
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex. Over the past two to three years the numbers of full text data bases and data banks has started to escalate considerably.
    Ex. In the beginning staff delivered books to readers in their homes, while in 1972 a mobile library service was inaugurated enabling readers to choose their own materials.
    Ex. Icons, or pictorial representations of objects in systems, were pioneered by Xerox.
    Ex. Though the reference librarian cannot enter the reference process until he receives the question from the enquirer he is vitally concerned about all of its stages.
    Ex. Laurence Prusak will lead off the guest lectures on Monday, August 20th.
    Ex. There has been an explosion in terminology detonated by developments related to XML (eXtensible Markup Language).
    Ex. Optical technology has ushered in a new phase in the storage and retrieval of information.
    ----
    * fuego + iniciar = fire + break out.
    * iniciar el vuelo = take to + the sky.
    * iniciar las actividades = get + things going, get + things rolling, start + the ball rolling, set + the ball rolling.
    * iniciar los trámites = initiate + action.
    * iniciarse = cut + Posesivo + spurs.
    * iniciar una cruzada por = crusade for.
    * iniciar una investigación = launch + investigation.
    * iniciar una negociación = open + discussion.
    * iniciar un proyecto = launch + effort.
    * que se inicie la contienda = let battle commence.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) (frml) <curso/viaje> to begin, commence (frml); <negociaciones/diligencias> to initiate, commence (frml)
    b) ( en secta)
    2.
    iniciarse v pron
    1) ceremonia/negociaciones to begin, commence (frml)
    a) ( en secta)
    * * *
    = initiate, institute, start, inaugurate, pioneer, enter, lead off, detonate, usher in.

    Ex: The scheme was initiated under the auspices of UNISIST with the intention of providing a switching language.

    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex: Over the past two to three years the numbers of full text data bases and data banks has started to escalate considerably.
    Ex: In the beginning staff delivered books to readers in their homes, while in 1972 a mobile library service was inaugurated enabling readers to choose their own materials.
    Ex: Icons, or pictorial representations of objects in systems, were pioneered by Xerox.
    Ex: Though the reference librarian cannot enter the reference process until he receives the question from the enquirer he is vitally concerned about all of its stages.
    Ex: Laurence Prusak will lead off the guest lectures on Monday, August 20th.
    Ex: There has been an explosion in terminology detonated by developments related to XML (eXtensible Markup Language).
    Ex: Optical technology has ushered in a new phase in the storage and retrieval of information.
    * fuego + iniciar = fire + break out.
    * iniciar el vuelo = take to + the sky.
    * iniciar las actividades = get + things going, get + things rolling, start + the ball rolling, set + the ball rolling.
    * iniciar los trámites = initiate + action.
    * iniciarse = cut + Posesivo + spurs.
    * iniciar una cruzada por = crusade for.
    * iniciar una investigación = launch + investigation.
    * iniciar una negociación = open + discussion.
    * iniciar un proyecto = launch + effort.
    * que se inicie la contienda = let battle commence.

    * * *
    iniciar [A1 ]
    vt
    1 ( frml); ‹curso/viaje› to begin, commence ( frml); ‹negociaciones/diligencias› to initiate, commence ( frml)
    2 (en una secta) iniciar A algn EN algo to initiate sb INTO sth
    3 (en un arte) iniciar a algn EN algo to introduce sb TO sth
    4 ( Inf) to boot, boot up
    A «ceremonia/negociaciones» to begin, commence ( frml)
    B «persona»
    1 (en una secta) iniciarse EN algo to be initiated INTO sth
    2 (en un arte) iniciarse EN algo to take one's first steps IN sth
    se iniciaban en el arte de la oratoria they were taking their first steps in the art of public speaking
    * * *

     

    iniciar ( conjugate iniciar) verbo transitivo
    a) (frml) ‹curso/viaje to begin, commence (frml);

    negociaciones/diligencias to initiate, commence (frml)
    b) iniciar a algn en algo ‹ en secta› to initiate sb into sth;

    en un arte› to introduce sb to sth
    iniciarse verbo pronominal
    1 [ceremonia/negociaciones] to begin, commence (frml)
    2 [ persona] iniciarse en algo ‹ en secta› to be initiated into sth;
    en un arte› to take one's first steps in sth
    iniciar verbo transitivo
    1 (dar comienzo) to begin, start; (poner en marcha) to initiate
    iniciar el proceso de paz, to initiate the peace process ➣ Ver nota en begin y start 2 (impartir los primeros conocimientos) to initiate [en, in, into]
    (introducir en un grupo, un secreto) to initiate [en, into]
    ' iniciar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    abrir
    - entablar
    - lanzarse
    - proceder
    English:
    action
    - enter into
    - get
    - initiate
    - institute
    - open
    - should
    - introduce
    - kick
    - prosecute
    * * *
    vt
    1. [empezar] to start, to initiate;
    [debate, discusión] to start off
    2. [en sociedad, secreto]
    iniciar a alguien en algo to initiate sb into sth
    3. [en disciplina]
    iniciar a alguien en algo to introduce sb to sth
    * * *
    v/t initiate; curso start, begin
    * * *
    comenzar: to initiate, to begin
    * * *
    iniciar vb to begin [pt. began; pp. begun]

    Spanish-English dictionary > iniciar

  • 18 instituir

    v.
    1 to establish (fundar) (Gobierno).
    2 to appoint, to name.
    3 to institute, to found, to establish.
    María fundó la asociación Mary founded the association.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ HUIR], like link=huir huir
    1 (crear) to institute, establish
    2 (nombrar) to appoint
    * * *
    VT
    1) (=establecer) [+ ley, reforma] to institute, establish; [+ costumbre, norma, premio] to establish
    2) (=fundar) to found, set up
    * * *
    verbo transitivo < reforma> to institute; < norma> to establish; <premio/beca> to set up, institute
    * * *
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo < reforma> to institute; < norma> to establish; <premio/beca> to set up, institute
    * * *

    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.

    * * *
    vt
    A ‹reforma› to institute; ‹norma› to establish; ‹premio/beca› to set up, institute
    B ( Der) ‹persona› to appoint
    * * *

    instituir verbo transitivo to institute
    ' instituir' also found in these entries:
    English:
    establish
    * * *
    1. [fundar] [gobierno] to establish;
    [premio, sociedad] to found, to establish; [sistema, reglas] to introduce
    2. [nombrar] to appoint, to name
    * * *
    v/t institute
    * * *
    instituir {41} vt
    establecer, fundar: to institute, to establish, to found

    Spanish-English dictionary > instituir

  • 19 juliano

    adj.
    Julian, relating to Julius Caesar, or instituted by him.
    m.
    Julian, Juliano.
    * * *
    = julian.
    Nota: Relacionado con el calendario juliano introducido por Julio César y usado actualmente.
    Ex. AFAIK, most applications use some form of ' julian date formula' for storing dates.
    * * *
    Nota: Relacionado con el calendario juliano introducido por Julio César y usado actualmente.

    Ex: AFAIK, most applications use some form of ' julian date formula' for storing dates.

    * * *
    juliano -na
    Julian
    * * *
    juliano, -a adj
    Julian

    Spanish-English dictionary > juliano

  • 20 luchar con el ausentismo

    (v.) = combat + absenteeism
    Ex. Personnel policies instituted to combat absenteeism have generally proved a failure, because those measures attack the symptoms, not the cause.
    * * *
    (v.) = combat + absenteeism

    Ex: Personnel policies instituted to combat absenteeism have generally proved a failure, because those measures attack the symptoms, not the cause.

    Spanish-English dictionary > luchar con el ausentismo

См. также в других словарях:

  • instituted — index positive (prescribed) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Instituted — Institute In sti*tute ([i^]n st[i^]*t[=u]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Instituted} ([i^]n st[i^]*t[=u] t[e^]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Instituting}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To set up; to establish; to ordain; as, to institute laws, rules, etc. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • instituted — in·sti·tute || ɪnstɪtuːt / tjuːt n. institution, foundation, organization which provides a certain service or supports a particular cause; college which specializes in a particular field or area of instruction (i.e. art) v. establish, found …   English contemporary dictionary

  • instituted — Commenced; established …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • instituted — …   Useful english dictionary

  • instituted legatee — n: instituted heir at heir Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • instituted heir — see heir Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • instituted executor — An executor who is appointed by the testator without any condition …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • list of causes instituted in court — index calendar (list of cases) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • well-instituted — adj. * * * …   Universalium

  • well-instituted — adj …   Useful english dictionary

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