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  • 1 agitō

        agitō āvī, ātus, āre, freq.    [ago], to set in violent motion, drive onward, move, impel, urge: (Harena) magnā vi agitata, S.: greges, drive to pasture, V.: equum, V.: iugales (dracones), O.: (triremem) in portu agitari iubet, rowed about, N. — To hunt, chase, pursue: aquila alias avīs agitans: dammas, O.: cervos in retia, O. — Fig., to drive, urge forward, press, support, insist on: agrariam legem: hoc unum agitare, esse, etc., keep pressing this one point: pacem an bellum, S.—To attend, keep, celebrate: Dionysia, T.: festos dies. — To observe, obey, carry out, exercise: praecepta parentis mei, S.: secreta consilia, L.—Of time, to pass, spend vitam sine cupiditate, S.: apud aquam noctem, S. — Absol, to live, abide, be: varius atque incertus agitabat, S.: pro muro dies noctīsque, remain, S. —To move to and fro, stir, agitate, shake, disturb, toss: corpora huc et illuc, S.: hastam, brandish, O.: scintilla agitata (ventis), fanned, O.: habenas manibus, wield, O.: caput, nod, O.: mare ventorum vi agitari: freta incipiant agitata tumescere, V.: Zephyris agitata Tempe, H.: agitata numina Troiae, tossed on the sea, V.: agitantia fumos Nubila, tossing up spray, O. — Fig., to stir, rouse, agitate, stimulate, excite, goad: hunc, T.: plebem, L.: mens agitat molem, animates, V. — To vex, disquiet, disturb, distress: nationes: Furiis agitatus Orestes, V.: rebus agitatis, in times of disorder: metu atque libidine divorsus agitabatur, was distracted by, S.: te agitet cupido, H.: fidem aut gentīs, to disturb the loyalty, etc., V. — To insult, scoff, rail at, deride, revile: rem militarem: mea fastidia verbis, H.: (poemata) expertia frugis, H.: ea belle agitata ridentur, neatly mocked. — To prosecute, occupy oneself with, engage in, keep going, stir: cuncta, keep active, S.: mutas artes, V.: iocos, O.: eo modo agitabat, ut, etc., so conducted himself, S.: scaenis agitatus Orestes, i. e. represented, V.—To pursue, consider, deliberate on, meditate: secum multum, S.: haec mecum, H.: in animo bellum, L.: agitare coepit, si posset, etc., L.: ut mente agitaret, bellum renovare, N. — To discuss, debate, sift, investigate: oratori omnia tractata, agitata, i. e. sifted, discussed: omnia ex tabulis, by the accounts: senatus de secessione plebis agitat, L. — Impers: Romae de facto agitari, there were discussions, S.
    * * *
    agitare, agitavi, agitatus V
    stir/drive/shake/move about; revolve; live; control, ride; consider, pursue

    Latin-English dictionary > agitō

  • 2 an

       an    conj.    I. Prop., in a disjunctive question introducing the latter clause; in Engl. represented by or and the interrog. form of the clause.—After utrum, in direct questions: utrum has corporis an Pythagorae tibi malis viris ingeni dari?: utrum superbiam prius commemorem an crudelitatem?: utrumne iussi persequemur otium, an, etc., H.—In indirect questions, whether... or: intellegere utrum pudor an timor valeret, Cs.: quaero, utrum clemens an inhumanissimus videatur: agitamus utrumne... an, etc., H.—After enclitic -ne in direct questions: vosne Domitium an vos Domitius deseruit? Cs.: uter... isne, qui... an ille, qui? etc.—Annon (an non) in the latter clause simply negatives the former: hocine agis an non? T.—Indirect, whether... or: agitur liberine vivamus an mortem obeamus: quaeso sitne aliqua actio an nulla.—Rarely annon: Roga velitne an non uxorem, T. — After a clause without correl. interrog. particle, in direct questions: ipse percussit an aliis occidendum dedit?: eloquar an sileam? V.—So with -ne pleonast.: obtrectatum esse, Gabinio dicam anne Pompeio, an utrique?—By ellips. of verb, an becomes simply disjunctive between two words: cum Simonides an quis alius polliceretur: cum id constaret, iure an iniuriā eripiendos esse reos, L.—Indirect: vivat an mortuus sit, quis curat?: hoc quaeramus, verum sit an falsum?— With ellips. of verb: neque, recte an perperam (sc. fiat), interpretor, L.; cf. discrimine recte an perperam facti confuso, L.—The former interrog. clause is often implied in a previous affirmation, and the clause with an expects a negative answer: quid enim actum est? an litteris pepercisti? (was it as I have said?), or did you, etc., i. e. you surely did not, etc.: at Pompeii voluntatem a me abalienabat oratio mea. An ille quemquam plus dilexit? or rather: sive vetabat, ‘an hoc inhonestum... necne sit addubites?’ (where an addubites asks a direct question, and hoc... sit an indirect question dependent on it), H.: quas Kalendas Iunias expectasti? an eas, ad quas, etc.?: an Scipio Gracchum interfecit, Catilinam... nos perferemus? or (if what I have said be questioned) while Scipio slew... are we to tolerate Catiline?—After a question, with num, an introduces a new question, correcting or denying the former, or rather: num iniquom postulo? an ne hoc quidem ego adipiscar...? or rather am I not even to get, etc., T.: num Homerum coegit obmutescere senectus? an studiorum agitatio vitae aequalis fuit? or was not rather? etc.—Sometimes the former interrog. clause, to be supplied, expects a negative answer, and the clause with an is an implied affirmation: a rebus gerendis senectus abstrahit? Quibus? an iis, etc.: unde ordiar? an eadem attingam, quae, etc.—So often annon? or is it not so? hem quo fretus sim... annon dixi, etc., T.: annon sensistis triumphatum hodie de vobis esse? or have you not? etc., L. — Ellipt.: cuium pecus? an Meliboei? Meliboeus's, I suppose, V.—    II. Meton., without disjunctive force.—With expressions of doubt, ignorance, uncertainty, the former interrog. clause is regularly omitted, the latter with an expressing the belief or opinion of the speaker, I know not but, I incline to think, I suspect, perhaps, probably: hau scio an quae dixit sint vera, T.: res nescio an maxima, L.: dubito an Apronio data sit merces: haud sciam an ne opus sit quidem, etc., possibly it may not be desirable: is mortuus est, nescio an antequam, etc.: Qui scis, an, quae iubeam, sine vi faciat, T.—In indirect questions, whether: quaesivi an misisset: quae in discrimine fuerunt, an ulla post hanc diem essent, L.—With an repeated: animo nunc huc nunc fluctuat illuc, an sese mucrone... Induat... Fluctibus an iaciat, V.: temptare an sit Corpus an illud ebur, O.
    * * *
    can it be that (introduces question expecting negative answer/further question); whether; (utrum... an = whether... or); or; either

    Latin-English dictionary > an

  • 3 cōgnitor

        cōgnitor ōris, m    [com- + GNA-].—In law, an advocate, attorney: cognitorem ascribit Sthenio: qui cognitor est datus: qui cognitores homines honestos daret, was represented by: iuris sui: ire domum iube, fi cognitor ipse, H.—In gen., a defender, protector: hoc (Caesare) auctore et cognitore huiusce sententiae.—A witness, voucher.
    * * *
    guarantor of identity; he who knows/is acquainted with (person/thing); attorney

    Latin-English dictionary > cōgnitor

  • 4 cōmicus

        cōmicus adj., κωμικόσ, of comedy, comic, in comic style: poëta: artificium: res, the material of comedy, H. — Represented in comedy: senes: adulescens.—As subst m., a comic poet, writer of comedy.
    * * *
    I
    comica, comicum ADJ
    comic, belonging/suited/appropriate to comedy; typical/characteristic of comedy
    II
    comic actor, comedian; writer of comedy; comic poet

    Latin-English dictionary > cōmicus

  • 5 fātum

        fātum ī, n    [P. n. of * for], an utterance, prophetic declaration, oracle, prediction: Apollo fatis fandis dementem invitam ciet: ex fatis quae Veientes scripta haberent: Oblitus fatorum, V.— That which is ordained, destiny, fate: necessitas fati: fato fieri omnia: plenum superstitionis fati nomen: neque si fatum fuerat, effugisset: praeter fatum, beyond the natural course of events: tibi cura Caesaris fatis data, H.: Quo nihil maius terris Fata donavere, H.: caeca, H.: insuperabile, O.: fata regunt homines, Iu.: fatorum arcana, O.: fuit hoc sive meum sive rei p., ut, etc.: si fata fuissent, ut caderem, V.: eo fato ne, etc.: huic fato divōm proles Nulla fuit, i. e. will, V.: fatis contraria nostris Fata Phrygum, V.—Prov.: fata viam invenient, nothing can resist fate, V.— Bad fortune, ill fate, calamity, mishap, ruin: exiti ac fati dies: suum fatum querebantur, Cs.: extremum rei p.— Fate, death: Hortensi vox exstincta fato suo est: fato obire, Ta.: omen fati: inexorabile, V.: perfunctos iam fato, L.: se fati dixit iniqui, most unfortunate, O.: fatum proferre, i. e. to prolong life, V.: ad fata novissima, to the last, O.— A pest, plague, ruin: duo illa rei p. paene fata, Gabinius et Piso.— A symbol of fate: Attollens umero fata nepotum (represented on the shield), V.: fata inponit diversa duorum, the lots, V.—Person., The Fates, Pr., Iu.
    * * *
    utterance, oracle; fate, destiny; natural term of life; doom, death, calamity

    Latin-English dictionary > fātum

  • 6 oppōnō

        oppōnō posuī, positus, ere    [ob+pono], to set against, set before, place opposite, oppose: se venientibus in itinere, Cs.: novem oppositis legionibus, Cs.: armatos homines ad omnes introitūs: Eumenem adversariis, N.: (Hannibali) opposuit natura Alpem, Iu.: ante oculos opposuit manum, held out, O.: auriculam, present, H.: oppositas habere fores, i. e. closed, O.: Fortia adversis pectora rebus, H.—To set against pledge, wager, mortgage: ager oppositus est pignori ob decem minas, T.: villula opposita... ad milia quindecim, Ct.— To expose, lay bare, open, abandon: se periculis pro re p.: quemquam morti, V.—Fig., to set before, bring forward, present, oppose, adduce, allege: formidines opponantur: armati exercitūs terrorem opponere togatis, intimidate by an armed force: eos opponi omnibus contionibus auctores ad perniciem meam, represented to all assemblies as.—To say in opposition, object, reply, respond, adduce in answer, oppose. iis opposuit sese Socrates: quid habes quod mihi opponas?—To set against, place in comparison: multis secundis proeliis unum adversum, Cs.: rationibus labores: omni virtuti vitium opponitur.
    * * *
    opponere, opposui, oppositus V
    oppose; place opposite

    Latin-English dictionary > oppōnō

  • 7 Pān

        Pān Pānos, acc. Pāna, m, Πάν, Pan, son of Mercury, god of woods and shepherds, often represented as half man, half goat: Panos de more Lycaei, V.: semicaper, O.— Plur, gods like Pan, gods of the woods and fields, O.

    Latin-English dictionary > Pān

  • 8 pingō

        pingō pinxī, pictus, ere,    to paint, make by painting: tabulas: tabulas pictas mirari, paintings, S.—To paint, represent, delineate, depict, portray: (comas) Dione Pingitur sustinuisse manu, is represented in a picture, O.: picta in tabulā Voluptas: aere dato qui pingitur, H.— Prov.: qui numquam philosophum pictum viderunt, a philosopher's portrait.—To embroider: textile stragulum, magnificis operibus pictum: picti tori, with embroidered coverlets, O.: Pictus acu chlamydem, V.—To paint, stain, color: Sanguineis frontem moris, V.: oculos, Iu.: picti scuta, with painted shields, V.—To adorn, decorate, embellish: bibliothecam mihi sittybis.—Fig., of style, to paint, color, embellish: verba: Britanniam coloribus tuis, penicillo meo: (vir) omnibus a me pictus et politus artis coloribus.
    * * *
    pingere, pinxi, pictus V
    paint, draw; depict, portray

    Latin-English dictionary > pingō

  • 9 poēticus

        poēticus adj., ποιητικόσ, poetic, poetical. verbum: di, represented by the poets: quadrigae: mella, H.
    * * *
    poetica, poeticum ADJ

    Latin-English dictionary > poēticus

  • 10 possum

        possum (possiem, possiet, T.), potuī, posse (old potesse), irreg.    [potis+sum], to be able, have power, can: quantum valeam, quantumque possim: ut, quoad possem numquam discederem: Caesari te commendavi, ut gravissime potui, as earnestly as I possibly could: potest fieri, ut fallar, it may be: non possum quin exclamem, I cannot but: ut nihil ad te dem litterarum, facere non possum, I cannot help writing to you: aequitatem tuam non potui non probare, I could not avoid approving: non potest, it is impossible, T.: nos dignitatem, ut potest, retinebimus, as far as possible: comprendi iube (eum), quantum potest, T.: posse loqui, the power of speech, O.: posse moveri, O.—Esp., as an auxiliary, represented in English by the potential mood, to have power, be able: plurima proferre possumus, I might adduce many more, N.: munitiones Caesaris prohibere non poterat, nisi, etc., he could not have hindered, Cs.: quamquam et illud dicere poteram, might have said, L.: consul esse qui potui, nisi tenuissem, etc., might have been consul: ut, si hostem habuisset consul, magna clades accipi potuerit, L.— To be able, be strong, be powerful, have influence, be efficacious, avail, accomplish: non dubium, quin totius Galliae plurimum Helvetii possent, Cs.: quod poterant, id audebant: apud me plurimum: quoniam multum potest provisio animi ad minuendum dolorem: ad beate vivendum satis posse virtutem: non omnia possumus omnes, V. —Ellipt.: quod vi non poterant, fraude adsequi temptant, Cu.: ut collegam vi, si aliter non possent, de foro abducerent, L.
    * * *
    posse, potui, - V
    be able, can

    multum posse -- have much/more/most influence/power

    Latin-English dictionary > possum

  • 11 taurifōrmis

        taurifōrmis e, adj.    [taurus+forma], bullshaped, tauriform: Aufidus (because the rivergods were represented as horned), H.
    * * *
    tauriformis, tauriforme ADJ

    Latin-English dictionary > taurifōrmis

  • 12 tragicus

        tragicus adj., τραγικόσ, of tragedy, tragic: Carmen, i. e. tragedy, H.: Versūs, H.: actor, a tragedian, L.: Orestes aut Athamas, represented in tragedy: cerva, i. e. in the tragedy of Iphigenia, Iu.— As subst m., a tragic poet, writer of tragedy.—In the tragic style, tragic, lofty, grand, sublime: haec tragica atque divina: Nam spirat tragicum satis, H.—Of a tragic nature, tragic, horrible, moving, terrible: res tragicas comice tractavit: sceleris tragici exemplum, L.: ignes (i. e. amores), O.
    * * *
    tragica, tragicum ADJ
    tragic; suitable to tragedy, a, i, m tragic poet, tragic actor

    Latin-English dictionary > tragicus

  • 13 -ne

    1.
    (old forms nei and ni; v. the foll.), adv. and conj., the primitive Latin negative particle, no, not; whereas the negative particle non is a derivative (v. non init.) [prob. of pronominal origin; cf. the Anglo-Saxon na and ne (Engl. no), whence naht (Engl. not) is derived; Sanscr. na, not].
    I.
    Adv., with a single word of a proposition (in early Latin): NE MINVS TRINVM NOVNDINVM, not less than, etc., S. C. de Bacch.; cf. with DVM NE MINVS SENATORIBVS C. ADESENT, twice in the same S. C.;

    and in the form ni: DVM NI MINVS VIGINTI ADSIENT,

    Inscr. Grut. 207, 3. So too:

    DVM NE AMPLIOREM MODVM PRATORVM HABEANT QVAM, etc.,

    Inscr. Orell. 3121 (Sententia de finibus inter Genuates et Viturios regundis lata A. U. C. 637). So, ne minores (verres) quam semestres, Varr. R. R. 2, 4, 21. In the time of Plautus the usage was unsettled, non and ne being used indifferently for simple negation; cf. Lorenz ad Plaut. Most. 105; Brix ad Plaut. Trin. 1156.—
    2.
    To this is allied the adverbial use of ne in all periods of the language.
    a.
    Ne... quidem, applies the negation with emphasis to the word between them, not even:

    ne sues quidem id velint, non modo ipse,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 38, 92:

    ne in oppidis quidem... ne in fanis quidem,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 1, § 2:

    Philippus non item: itaque ne nos quidem,

    id. Att. 14, 12, 2:

    nulla ne minima quidem aura fluctus commovente,

    id. Tusc. 5, 6, 16:

    non potest dici satis, ne cogitari quidem, quantum, etc.,

    id. Mil. 29, 78:

    vita beata, quam ne in deo quidem esse censes, nisi, etc.,

    id. N. D. 1, 24, 67:

    ut in foro et in judicio... ne non timere quidem sine aliquo timore possimus,

    id. Mil. 1, 2:

    ne tondere quidem Vellera possunt,

    Verg. G. 3, 561;

    so after a negative, repeating it with emphasis: non enim praetereundum est ne id quidem,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 60, § 155:

    nulla species ne excogitari quidem potest ornatior,

    id. de Or. 3, 45, 179:

    non praetermittam ne illud quidem,

    id. Q. Fr. 2, 5, 2:

    Caesar negat se ne Graeca quidem meliora legisse,

    id. ib. 2, 16, 5:

    numquam illum ne minima quidem re offendi,

    id. Lael. 27, 103; Liv. 28, 42, 16; but when ne... quidem precedes, the negative of the principal verb is omitted:

    sine quā ne intellegi quidem ulla virtus potest,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 13, 31:

    neque enim ipsius quidem regis abhorrebat animus,

    Liv. 29, 12, 10: ne quidem (with no intervening word), not even (late Lat.), Gai Inst. 1, 67; id. ib. 3, 93.—
    b.
    In composition, to make an absolute negation of the principal idea. So in neque and nequiquam; also in nescio and nevolo; and in nefas, nefandus, nepus (for non purus), nequeo, neuter, neutiquam; in nemo, nego, nihil, nullus, numquam, and nusquam; and, lastly, with a paragogic c before o: necopinans and neglego; negotium (i. e. nec-lego; nec-otium). —
    B.
    With a proposition (in all periods of the language, and exclusively),
    1.
    In imperative sentences, to signify that something must not be done.
    (α).
    With imper.: SI HOMINEM FVLMEN IOVIS OCCISIT, NE SVPRA GENVA TOLLITOR, let him not be raised, Leg. Reg.: HOMINEM MORTVVM IN VRBE NE SEPELITO NEVE VRITO, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Cic. Leg. 2, 23; cf.: MVLIERES GENAS NE RADVNTO NEVE LESSVM FVNERIS ERGO HABENTO, ib.: SI NOLET, ARCERAM NE STERNITO, let him not spread, he need not spread, ib. (cf. Gell. 20, 1, 25):

    VECTIGAL INVITEI DARE NEI DEBENTO,

    Inscr. Orell. 3121; cf.

    art. ni, II.: abi, ne jura: satis credo,

    Plaut. Pers. 4, 3, 20; 4, 5, 5:

    ah, ne saevi tantopere,

    Ter. And. 5, 2, 27:

    impius ne audeto placare donis iram deorum,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 9, 22:

    ne, pueri, ne tanta animis assuescite bella,

    Verg. A. 6, 832.—
    (β).
    With subj.:

    ne me moveatis,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 9, 1:

    si certum est facere, facias: verum ne post conferas Culpam in me,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 96:

    si denique veritas extorquebit, ne repugnetis,

    Cic. Clu. 2, 6:

    ne pudori Sit tibi Musa lyrae sollers,

    Hor. A. P. 406.—
    2.
    In wishes and asseverations: ne id Juppiter Opt. Max. sineret, etc., might Jupiter forbid it! etc., Liv. 4, 2; cf.:

    ne istuc Juppiter Opt. Max. sirit, etc.,

    id. 28, 28.—With utinam: utinam ne in nemore Pelio securibus Caesa accedisset abiegna ad terram trabes, would that not, Enn. ap. Cic. Top. 16, 61 (Trag. v. 280 Vahl.): utinam ne umquam, Mede Colchis cupido corde pedem extulisses, Enn ap. Non. 297, 18 (Trag. v. 311 ib.):

    illud utinam ne vere scriberem!

    Cic. Fam. 5, 17, 3; v. utinam.—With si:

    ne vivam, si scio,

    may I not live, may I die, if I know, Cic. Att. 4, 16, 8:

    sed ne vivam, si tibi concedo,

    id. Fam. 7, 23, 19:

    ne sim salvus, si aliter scribo ac sentio,

    id. ib. 16, 13, 1.—
    3.
    In concessive and restrictive clauses (conceived as softened commands; cf. II. init.).
    (α).
    In concessions, nemo is, inquies, umquam fuit. Ne fuerit:

    ego enim, etc.,

    there may not have been; suppose there was not, Cic. Or. 29, 101; cf.:

    pugnes omnino, sed cum adversario facili. Ne sit sane: videri certe potest,

    id. Ac. 2, 26, 85; 2, 32, 102:

    ne sit sane summum malum dolor: malum certe est,

    id. Tusc. 2, 5, 14:

    ne sint in senectute vires: ne postulantur quidem vires a senectute,

    id. Sen. 11, 34:

    ne sit igitur sol, ne luna, ne stellae, quoniam nihil esse potest, nisi quod attigimus aut vidimus,

    id. N. D. 1, 31, 88; Liv. 31, 7:

    nec porro malum, quo aut oppressus jaceas, aut, ne opprimare, mente vix constes?

    though you be not crushed; supposing you are not crushed, Cic. Tusc. 4, 17, 39.—
    (β).
    In restrictive clauses:

    sint sane liberales ex sociorum fortunis, sint misericordes in furibus aerarii, ne illi sanguinem nostrum largiantur, etc.,

    only let them not; if they only will not, Sall. C. 52, 12. So, dum ne, dummodo ne, modo ne, and dum quidem ne; v. dum and modo: me vero nihil istorum ne juvenem quidem movit umquam: ne nunc senem, much less now I am old = nedum, Cic. Fam. 9, 26, 2; cf.:

    vix incedo inanis, ne ire posse cum onere existumes,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 174: scuta si homines inviti dant, etsi ad salutem communem dari sentiunt: ne quem putetis sine maximo dolore argentum caelatum domo protulisse, much less can you suppose, etc., Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 23, § 52; Liv. 3, 52.—
    4.
    In clauses which denote a purpose or result.
    a.
    Ut ne, that not, lest, so that not (very rare after the August. period; in Livy only in a few doubtful passages; in Cæsar, Seneca, and Tacitus not at all; v. under II.): quos ego ope meā Pro incertis certos... Dimitto, ut ne res temere tractent turbidas, Enn. ap. Cic. de Or. 1, 45, 199 (Trag v. 189 Vahl.): vestem ut ne inquinet, Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 17. pergunt turbare usque, ut ne quid possit conquiescere, id. Most. 5, 1, 12:

    haec mihi nunc cura est maxima, ut ne cui meae Longinquitas aetatis obstet,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 2, 19:

    ego, pol, te ulciscar, ut ne impune nos illuseris,

    id. Eun. 5, 4, 19:

    excitandam esse animadversionem et diligentiam, ut ne quid inconsiderate negligenterque agamus,

    Cic. Off. 1, 29, 103:

    equidem soleo dare operam, ut de suā quisque re me ipse doceat, et, ut ne quis alius assit, quo, etc.,

    id. de Or. 2, 24, 102.—
    b.
    Ut... ne separated:

    quam plurimis de rebus ad me velim scribas, ut prorsus ne quid ignorem,

    Cic. Att. 3, 10, 3:

    ut causae communi salutique ne deessent,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 63, § 140:

    lata lex est, ne auspicia valerent, ut omnibus fastis diebus legem ferri liceret: ut lex Aelia, lex Fufia ne valeret,

    id. Sest. 15, 33; id. N. D. 1, 7, 17:

    vos orant atque obsecrant, judices, ut in actore causae suae deligendo vestrum judicium ab suo judicio ne discrepet,

    id. Div. in Caecil. 4, 14.—
    c.
    Qui ne, quo ne, and quomodo ne (ante- and post-class. for ut ne):

    ego id agam, mihi qui ne detur,

    Ter. And. 2, 1, 35:

    moxque ad aram, quo ne hostis dolum persentisceret, aversusque a duce assistit,

    Dict. Cret. 4, 11: quaeritis maximis sumptibus faciendis, quomodo ne tributa conferatis, Gr. hôs mê, Rutil. Lup. 1, 9.
    II.
    In the several uses of the adv. ne, described above, the transition to its use to connect clauses is clearly seen (v. esp. I. B. 3. and 4.). In intentional clauses, and after verbs of fearing and avoiding, ne becomes a conjunction.
    A.
    In intentional clauses for ut ne, that not, lest: nolite, hospites, ad me adire: ilico isti! Ne contagio mea bonis umbrave obsit, approach me not; let not my presence harm you, i. e. lest my presence should harm you, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 12, 26 (Trag. v. 405 Vahl.):

    omitto innumerabiles viros, quorum singuli saluti huic civitati fuerunt... ne quis se aut suorum aliquem praetermissum queratur,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 1, 1; 1, 7, 12; 1, 5, 9:

    Caesarem complexus obsecrare coepit, ne quid gravius in fratrem statueret,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 20.—Esp. after verbs expressing forethought, care, etc.:

    vide sis, ne quid imprudens ruas,

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 128:

    considera, ne in alienissimum tempus cadat adventus tuus,

    Cic. Fam. 15, 14, 4:

    Cocceius, vide, ne frustretur,

    Cic. Att. 12, 18, 3 et saep.—
    B.
    After verbs signifying to fear, frighten, etc. (esp. metuo, timeo, vereor, horreo, paveo, terreo, conterreo; also, timor est, metus est, spes est, periculum est), to express the wish that something may not take place; represented in English by that (because in English the particle depends on the idea of fearing, not of wishing):

    metuo et timeo, ne hoc tandem propalam flat,

    that it will be discovered, Plaut. Mil. 4, 8, 38:

    timeo ne malefacta mea sint inventa omnia,

    id. Truc. 4, 2, 61:

    vereor ne quid Andria apportet mali,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 46:

    metuebat ne indicarent,

    Cic. Mil. 21, 57:

    mater cruciatur et sollicita est, ne filium spoliatum omni dignitate conspiciat,

    id. Mur. 41, 88:

    hic ne quid mihi prorogetur, horreo,

    id. Att. 5, 21, 3:

    id paves, ne ducas tu illam, tu autem ut ducas,

    Ter. And. 2, 2, 12:

    esse metus coepit, ne, etc.,

    Ov. M. 7, 715:

    terruit gentīs, grave ne rediret Saeculum Pyrrhae,

    Hor. C. 1, 2, 5:

    non periclumst, nequid recte monstres,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 55:

    pavor ceperat milites, ne mortiferum esset vulnus,

    Liv. 24, 42 —
    b.
    When the dependent clause is negative, with non or nihil, that not:

    vereor ne exercitum firmum habere non possit,

    Cic. Att. 7, 12, 2:

    unum vereor ne senatus Pompeium nolit dimittere,

    id. ib. 5, 18, 1:

    timeo ne non impetrem,

    id. ib. 9, 6, 6; id. Tusc. 1, 31, 76.—
    c.
    With the negative before the verb:

    non vereor, ne quid temere facias,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 7, 1; 2, 1, 4:

    timere non debeo, ne non iste illā cruce dignus judicetur,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 67, § 171.—
    C.
    After verbs signifying to avoid, warn, hinder, forbid, refuse (caveo, impedio, resisto, interdico, refuto, rarely veto), instead of the simple object, that not, lest:

    qui cavet, ne decipiatur, etc.,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 5:

    cavete, judices, ne nova proscriptio instaurata esse videatur,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 53, 153; id. Fam. 3, 12, 4;

    v. caveo: casus quidam ne facerem impedivit,

    Cic. Fat. 1, 1:

    unus ne caperetur urbs causa fuit,

    Liv. 34, 39. [p. 1194]
    2.
    - (also apocopated n' and only n), interrog. and enclit. part. [weakened from nē]. It simply inquires, without implying either that a negative or an affirmative reply is expected (cf. num, nonne), and emphasizes the word to which it is joined;

    which is always, in classic Latin, the first word of the clause (ante- class. after other words: sine dote uxoremne?

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 2, 94; 1, 2, 141; id. As. 5, 2, 78; id. Mil. 3, 1, 92). In direct questions it is translated by giving an interrogative form to the sentence; in indirect interrogations by whether.
    (α).
    In direct interrogations, with indic.:

    meministine me in senatu dicere? etc.,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 3, 7:

    potestne rerum major esse dissensio?

    id. Fin. 3, 13, 44:

    tune id veritus es?

    id. Q. Fr. 1, 3, 1:

    jamne vides, belua, jamne sentis? etc.,

    id. Pis. 1, 1:

    quid, si etiam falsum illud omnino est? tamenne ista tam absurda defendes?

    id. N. D. 1, 29, 81; cf. id. Rosc. Am. 15, 44:

    quiane auxilio juvat ante levatos?

    Verg. A. 4, 538:

    tun' te audes Sosiam esse dicere?

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 217:

    valuistin?

    id. Trin. 1, 2, 12.—After an elided s:

    satin habes, si feminarum nulla'st: quam aeque diligam?

    Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 11:

    pergin autem?

    id. ib. 1, 3, 41:

    vin commutemus?

    id. Trin. 1, 2, 21 al. —
    (β).
    Esp. with rel. pron.; ellipt.: quemne ego servavi? i. e. do you mean the one whom? etc., Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 13: quodne vobis placeat, displiceat mihi? can it be that what pleases? etc., id. ib. 3, 1, 19; id. Merc. 3, 3, 12; id. Am. 2, 2, 65;

    so quin for quine,

    id. Trin. 2, 2, 79 Brix ad loc.; id. Bacch. 2, 3, 98; id. Most. 3, 2, 50 al.—So with ut and si:

    utine adveniens vomitum excutias mulieri?

    Plaut. Merc. 3, 3, 15; id. Rud. 4, 4, 19:

    sin, saluti quod tibi esse censeo, id. consuadeo,

    id. Merc. 1, 2, 32.—
    (γ).
    In indirect interrogations, with subj., whether:

    ut videamus, satisne ista sit justa defectio,

    Cic. Ac. 1, 12, 43:

    Publilius iturusne sit in Africam et quando, ex Aledio scire poteris,

    id. Att. 12, 24, 1:

    videto vasa, multane sient,

    Cato, R. R. 1:

    quem imitari possimusne, ipse liber erit indicio,

    Varr. L. L. 7, § 4 Müll.; cf. id. ib. 10, § 9.—
    (δ).
    Sometimes affixed to an interrogative pronoun, Plaut. Cist. 4, 1, 2:

    quone malo mentem concussa? Timore deorum,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 295; cf.:

    uterne Ad casus dubios fidet sibi certius?

    id. ib. 2, 2, 107; and:

    illa rogare: Quantane?

    id. ib. 2, 3, 317.—
    (ε).
    -ne is sometimes used for nonne, where an affirmative reply is expected:

    misine ego ad te epistulam?

    Plaut. Bacch. 3, 6, 22; id. Trin. 1, 2, 92; 99; id. Most. 2, 1, 15:

    rectene interpretor sententiam tuam,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 17, 37; id. Fin. 2, 32, 104.—
    (ζ).
    Rarely = num:

    potestne virtus servire?

    Cic. de Or. 1, 52, 226:

    potesne dicere?

    id. Tusc. 1, 27, 67; id. Sen. 16, 56.—
    b.
    With an, annon, or anne, in the second interrogation, v. an.—With necne, v. neque.—Sometimes pleonastic with utrum, followed by an (mostly anteclass.):

    est etiam illa distinctio, utrum illudne non videatur aegre ferendum... an, etc.,

    Cic. Tusc. 4, 27, 59:

    sed utrum strictimne attonsurum dicam esse an per pectinem, nescio,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 18 Brix ad loc.; id. Most. 3, 1, 151; id. Bacch. 1, 1, 42; cf. Madv. Gram. § 452, obs. 1.—Sometimes, in the second interrogation, ne for an (mostly poet.):

    Smyrna quid et Colophon? Majora minorane fama?

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 3:

    ut in incerto fuerit, vicissent victine essent,

    Liv. 5, 28, 5:

    cum interrogaretur, utrum pluris patrem matremne faceret,

    Nep. Iphicr. 3, 4.
    3.
    , interj. (incorrectly written nae), = nai, nê, truly, verily, really, indeed (only joined with pers. pron. ego, tu, and with the demonstratives ille, iste, hic, and their advv.; in class, prose usually with a conditional clause).
    I.
    In gen.:

    ne ego homo infelix fui, Qui non alas intervelli,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 169; cf.:

    ne ego haud paulo hunc animum malim quam, etc.,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 42, 99:

    ne ego, inquam, si ita est, velim tibi eum placere quam maxime,

    id. Brut. 71, 249. So, ne tu, etc., id. Phil. 2, 2, 3; Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 54; Liv. 26, 6, 15: ne ille, Naev. ap. Non. 73, 18 (Trag. Rel. p. 9 v. 40 Rib.); Plaut. Ps. 3, 1, 3; Cic. Cat. 2, 3, 6:

    ne iste,

    Ter. And. 2, 1, 24; id. Heaut. 4, 1, 8 al.—
    II.
    Connected with other affirmative particles, as hercle, edepol, mecastor, medius fidius:

    ne tu hercle,

    Plaut. As. 2, 4, 6; id. Curc. 1, 3, 38: ne ille hercle, id. Bacch. 2, 3, 76:

    edepol ne ego,

    id. Men. 5, 5, 10:

    edepol ne tu,

    id. ib. 1, 2, 50:

    ne ista edepol,

    id. Am. 2, 2, 213:

    ne istuc mecastor,

    id. Men. 5, 1, 34 (729 Ritschl):

    ne ille, medius fidius,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 30, 74; cf.:

    medius fidius ne tu,

    id. Att. 4, 4, 6, § 2.— Rarely with a pron. poss.:

    edepol ne meam operam, etc.,

    Ter. Hec. 5, 3, 1. (All passages in which ne stands in classic prose without a pronoun are probably corrupt; cf. Haase in Reisig's Vorles. p. 379 sq.; v. Liv. 26, 31, 10; 34, 4, 16 Weissenb.)

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > -ne

  • 14 Achilles

    Ăchilles, is, m., = Achilleus ( poet., after the manner of the Gr. Nom., Achilleus, trisyl., Inscr. Grut. 669, 6.— Gen. Achillei, quadrisyl., Hor. C. 1, 15, 34; id. Epod. 17, 14;

    and Achilli, as Neocli, Lacydi from Neocles, Lacydes,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 14; Verg. A. 3, 87; cf. Val. Prob. 1468 P.— Acc. Achillĕa, Luc. 10, 523.— Voc. Achille, Prop. 4, 11, 40.— Abl. Achilli, Ov. Pont. 3, 3, 43), the celebrated Grecian hero in the Trojan war, distinguished for strength and beauty; son of Peleus, king of Thessaly, and of Thetis, Ov. M. 12 fin. and 13 init.; Stat. Achill. al. In the fine arts, Achilles is represented with hair long and erect, like a mane, a body straight and slender, nostrils (muktêres) distended with courage and pride, and a physical frame throughout noble and powerful, Müll. Arch. § 413.—
    II.
    As an appellative, a nandsome and powerful man, Plaut. Mil. 4, 2, 63; Verg. A. 6, 89; Gell. 2, 11.—Hence, Ăchillēus, a, um, adj., Achilleios, of or pertaining to Achilles:

    stirpis Achilleae fastus,

    Verg. A. 3, 326:

    manes,

    Ov. M. 13, 448:

    statuae,

    statues like Achilles, Plin. 34, 5, 10: cothurnus, the lofty and grave tragic style (since Achilles was a hero of the early epos and drama):

    Achilleo conponere verba cothurno,

    Prop. 3, 32, 41 (Aeschyleo, Müller).—Also, Ăchil-lĭăcus, a, um, Ven. 7, 8, 63.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Achilles

  • 15 Achilleus

    Ăchilles, is, m., = Achilleus ( poet., after the manner of the Gr. Nom., Achilleus, trisyl., Inscr. Grut. 669, 6.— Gen. Achillei, quadrisyl., Hor. C. 1, 15, 34; id. Epod. 17, 14;

    and Achilli, as Neocli, Lacydi from Neocles, Lacydes,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 14; Verg. A. 3, 87; cf. Val. Prob. 1468 P.— Acc. Achillĕa, Luc. 10, 523.— Voc. Achille, Prop. 4, 11, 40.— Abl. Achilli, Ov. Pont. 3, 3, 43), the celebrated Grecian hero in the Trojan war, distinguished for strength and beauty; son of Peleus, king of Thessaly, and of Thetis, Ov. M. 12 fin. and 13 init.; Stat. Achill. al. In the fine arts, Achilles is represented with hair long and erect, like a mane, a body straight and slender, nostrils (muktêres) distended with courage and pride, and a physical frame throughout noble and powerful, Müll. Arch. § 413.—
    II.
    As an appellative, a nandsome and powerful man, Plaut. Mil. 4, 2, 63; Verg. A. 6, 89; Gell. 2, 11.—Hence, Ăchillēus, a, um, adj., Achilleios, of or pertaining to Achilles:

    stirpis Achilleae fastus,

    Verg. A. 3, 326:

    manes,

    Ov. M. 13, 448:

    statuae,

    statues like Achilles, Plin. 34, 5, 10: cothurnus, the lofty and grave tragic style (since Achilles was a hero of the early epos and drama):

    Achilleo conponere verba cothurno,

    Prop. 3, 32, 41 (Aeschyleo, Müller).—Also, Ăchil-lĭăcus, a, um, Ven. 7, 8, 63.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Achilleus

  • 16 Achilliacus

    Ăchilles, is, m., = Achilleus ( poet., after the manner of the Gr. Nom., Achilleus, trisyl., Inscr. Grut. 669, 6.— Gen. Achillei, quadrisyl., Hor. C. 1, 15, 34; id. Epod. 17, 14;

    and Achilli, as Neocli, Lacydi from Neocles, Lacydes,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 14; Verg. A. 3, 87; cf. Val. Prob. 1468 P.— Acc. Achillĕa, Luc. 10, 523.— Voc. Achille, Prop. 4, 11, 40.— Abl. Achilli, Ov. Pont. 3, 3, 43), the celebrated Grecian hero in the Trojan war, distinguished for strength and beauty; son of Peleus, king of Thessaly, and of Thetis, Ov. M. 12 fin. and 13 init.; Stat. Achill. al. In the fine arts, Achilles is represented with hair long and erect, like a mane, a body straight and slender, nostrils (muktêres) distended with courage and pride, and a physical frame throughout noble and powerful, Müll. Arch. § 413.—
    II.
    As an appellative, a nandsome and powerful man, Plaut. Mil. 4, 2, 63; Verg. A. 6, 89; Gell. 2, 11.—Hence, Ăchillēus, a, um, adj., Achilleios, of or pertaining to Achilles:

    stirpis Achilleae fastus,

    Verg. A. 3, 326:

    manes,

    Ov. M. 13, 448:

    statuae,

    statues like Achilles, Plin. 34, 5, 10: cothurnus, the lofty and grave tragic style (since Achilles was a hero of the early epos and drama):

    Achilleo conponere verba cothurno,

    Prop. 3, 32, 41 (Aeschyleo, Müller).—Also, Ăchil-lĭăcus, a, um, Ven. 7, 8, 63.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Achilliacus

  • 17 adtribuo

    at-trĭbŭo ( adt-, Weissenb., Jan; att-, B. and K., L. Müller), ŭi, ūtum, 3, v. a., to associate, add or join to, to annex, assign, bestow, give (class., but rare in the poets; syn.: tribuo, assigno, do, ascribo, addico).
    I.
    In gen.
    A.
    Lit.:

    pueros attribue ei, quot et quos videbitur,

    Cic. Att. 12, 30:

    video, cui Apulia sit attributa,

    assigned as a province, id. Cat. 2, 3, 6:

    insulae Rhodiis attributae,

    annexed, subjected, id. ad Q. Fr. 1, 1, 11:

    Camunni finitimis adtributi municipiis,

    Plin. 3, 20, 24, § 134:

    equos gladiatoribus,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 14:

    quae (juventus) praesidio ejus loci adtributa erat,

    Liv. 24, 21: pontifici sacra omnia. id. 1, 20: possessionem, Vulg. Num. 36, 12:

    aliquem,

    ib. Deut. 29, 26.—Of the assigning of state domains or other possessions belonging to the public treasures:

    bona oppressorum in Vesvio restitutioni afflictarum civitatium attribuit,

    Suet. Tit. 8 al. —Hence of appropriations from the exchequer:

    pecuniam alicui,

    Cic. Phil. 14, 14, 16:

    ad aliquam rem pecuniam dare, attribuere, solvere,

    id. ib. 14, 14 fin.;

    so Liv 40, 51.—Also of private assignments: Faberius si venerit, videbis, ut tantum attribuatur, quantum debetur,

    Cic. Att. 13, 2, 1.—Hence also aliquem, to assign, make over to any one:

    attributos quod appellas, valde probo,

    i. e. my debtors, to whom I have referred you, Cic. Att. 13, 22.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    timor, quem mihi natura pudorque meus attribuit,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 4:

    Suus cuique attributus est error,

    Cat. 22, 20:

    si alicui rei hujus modi, legi, loco, urbi, monumento oratio attribuetur,

    i. e. if these are represented as speaking, Cic. Inv 1, 52, 100:

    curam alicujus rei adtribuere,

    Liv. 26, 49.—
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    To join in addition, to add:

    non attribuere ad amissionem amicorum miseriam nostram,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 30, 73.—
    B.
    Aliquid alicui, to attribute or impute to one, to charge with, ascribe to (cf. ascribo):

    si eruditius videbitur disputare, attribuito Graecis litteris,

    Cic. Sen. 1, 3:

    Hoc tu si cupidius factum existimas, Caesari attribues,

    id. de Or. 2, 3, 14:

    bonos exitus dis immortalibus,

    id. N. D. 3, 37, 89:

    aliis causam calamitatis,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 41.—
    C.
    T. t., to lay as a tax or tribute:

    his rebus omnibus terni in milia aeris adtribuerentur,

    Liv. 39, 44.—Hence, attrĭbūtus ( adt-), a, um, P. a., lit. that is ascribed or attributed to a thing; hence, subst.: attrĭbūtum, i, n.
    A.
    (Acc. to I.) Money assigned from the public treasury, Varr. L. L. 5, § 181 Müll.—
    B.
    In gram. lang., a predicate, attribute:

    Omnes res confirmantur aut ex eo, quod personis, aut ex eo, quod negotiis est attributum,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 24, 34; 1, 25, 36 sqq.; Gell. 4, 1 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adtribuo

  • 18 adtributus

    at-trĭbŭo ( adt-, Weissenb., Jan; att-, B. and K., L. Müller), ŭi, ūtum, 3, v. a., to associate, add or join to, to annex, assign, bestow, give (class., but rare in the poets; syn.: tribuo, assigno, do, ascribo, addico).
    I.
    In gen.
    A.
    Lit.:

    pueros attribue ei, quot et quos videbitur,

    Cic. Att. 12, 30:

    video, cui Apulia sit attributa,

    assigned as a province, id. Cat. 2, 3, 6:

    insulae Rhodiis attributae,

    annexed, subjected, id. ad Q. Fr. 1, 1, 11:

    Camunni finitimis adtributi municipiis,

    Plin. 3, 20, 24, § 134:

    equos gladiatoribus,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 14:

    quae (juventus) praesidio ejus loci adtributa erat,

    Liv. 24, 21: pontifici sacra omnia. id. 1, 20: possessionem, Vulg. Num. 36, 12:

    aliquem,

    ib. Deut. 29, 26.—Of the assigning of state domains or other possessions belonging to the public treasures:

    bona oppressorum in Vesvio restitutioni afflictarum civitatium attribuit,

    Suet. Tit. 8 al. —Hence of appropriations from the exchequer:

    pecuniam alicui,

    Cic. Phil. 14, 14, 16:

    ad aliquam rem pecuniam dare, attribuere, solvere,

    id. ib. 14, 14 fin.;

    so Liv 40, 51.—Also of private assignments: Faberius si venerit, videbis, ut tantum attribuatur, quantum debetur,

    Cic. Att. 13, 2, 1.—Hence also aliquem, to assign, make over to any one:

    attributos quod appellas, valde probo,

    i. e. my debtors, to whom I have referred you, Cic. Att. 13, 22.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    timor, quem mihi natura pudorque meus attribuit,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 4:

    Suus cuique attributus est error,

    Cat. 22, 20:

    si alicui rei hujus modi, legi, loco, urbi, monumento oratio attribuetur,

    i. e. if these are represented as speaking, Cic. Inv 1, 52, 100:

    curam alicujus rei adtribuere,

    Liv. 26, 49.—
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    To join in addition, to add:

    non attribuere ad amissionem amicorum miseriam nostram,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 30, 73.—
    B.
    Aliquid alicui, to attribute or impute to one, to charge with, ascribe to (cf. ascribo):

    si eruditius videbitur disputare, attribuito Graecis litteris,

    Cic. Sen. 1, 3:

    Hoc tu si cupidius factum existimas, Caesari attribues,

    id. de Or. 2, 3, 14:

    bonos exitus dis immortalibus,

    id. N. D. 3, 37, 89:

    aliis causam calamitatis,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 41.—
    C.
    T. t., to lay as a tax or tribute:

    his rebus omnibus terni in milia aeris adtribuerentur,

    Liv. 39, 44.—Hence, attrĭbūtus ( adt-), a, um, P. a., lit. that is ascribed or attributed to a thing; hence, subst.: attrĭbūtum, i, n.
    A.
    (Acc. to I.) Money assigned from the public treasury, Varr. L. L. 5, § 181 Müll.—
    B.
    In gram. lang., a predicate, attribute:

    Omnes res confirmantur aut ex eo, quod personis, aut ex eo, quod negotiis est attributum,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 24, 34; 1, 25, 36 sqq.; Gell. 4, 1 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adtributus

  • 19 adumbratus

    ăd-umbro, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., to bring a shadow over a thing, to cast a shadow on, to shade or overshadow by something.
    I.
    In gen.
    A.
    Lit., constr.:

    aliquid aliqua re (so only in later authors): palmeis tegetibus vineas,

    Col. 5, 5:

    adumbrantur stramentis uvae,

    id. 11, 2, 61.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    ut notae quoque litterarum, non adumbratae comarum praesidio, totae ad oculos legentium accederent,

    Petr. Sat. 105.—
    II.
    Esp. in painting, to shade, to represent an object with the due mingling of light and shade, skiagrapheô (therefore not of the sketch in shadow, as the first outline of a figure, but of a picture already fully sketched, and only wanting the last touches for its completion):

    quis pictor omnia, quae in rerum natura sunt, adumbrare didicit?

    Quint. 7, 10, 9:

    Quod pictor adumbrare non valuit, casus imitatus est,

    Val. Max. 8, 11 fin.
    B.
    Fig.
    1.
    To represent a thing in the appropriate manner:

    quo in genere orationis utrumque oratorem cognoveramus, id ipsum sumus in eorum sermone adumbrare conati,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 4; 2, 47; id. Fin. 5, 22: rerum omnium quasi adumbratas intellegentias animo ac mente concipere, i. e. preconceptions, innate ideas, Gr. prolêpseis, id. Leg. 1, 20.—
    2.
    To represent a thing only in outline, and, consequently, imperfectly: cedo mihi istorum adumbratorum deorum lineamenta atque formas, these semblances, outlines of deities (of the gods of Epicurus), Cic. N. D. 1, 27:

    consectatur nullam eminentem effigiem virtutis, sed adumbratam imaginem gloriae,

    imperfectly represented, id. Tusc. 3, 2.—Hence, ădumbrātus, a, um, P. a.
    A.
    Delineated only in semblance, counterfeited, feigned, false:

    comitia (opp. vera),

    Cic. Agr. 2, 12, 31:

    indicium,

    id. Sull. 18 fin.:

    Aeschrio, Pippae vir adumbratus,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 33, § 77: laetitia, * Tac. A. 4, 31.—Also,
    B.
    Devised in darkness, dark, secret:

    fallaciae,

    Amm. 14, 11.— Comp., sup., and adv. not used.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adumbratus

  • 20 adumbro

    ăd-umbro, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., to bring a shadow over a thing, to cast a shadow on, to shade or overshadow by something.
    I.
    In gen.
    A.
    Lit., constr.:

    aliquid aliqua re (so only in later authors): palmeis tegetibus vineas,

    Col. 5, 5:

    adumbrantur stramentis uvae,

    id. 11, 2, 61.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    ut notae quoque litterarum, non adumbratae comarum praesidio, totae ad oculos legentium accederent,

    Petr. Sat. 105.—
    II.
    Esp. in painting, to shade, to represent an object with the due mingling of light and shade, skiagrapheô (therefore not of the sketch in shadow, as the first outline of a figure, but of a picture already fully sketched, and only wanting the last touches for its completion):

    quis pictor omnia, quae in rerum natura sunt, adumbrare didicit?

    Quint. 7, 10, 9:

    Quod pictor adumbrare non valuit, casus imitatus est,

    Val. Max. 8, 11 fin.
    B.
    Fig.
    1.
    To represent a thing in the appropriate manner:

    quo in genere orationis utrumque oratorem cognoveramus, id ipsum sumus in eorum sermone adumbrare conati,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 4; 2, 47; id. Fin. 5, 22: rerum omnium quasi adumbratas intellegentias animo ac mente concipere, i. e. preconceptions, innate ideas, Gr. prolêpseis, id. Leg. 1, 20.—
    2.
    To represent a thing only in outline, and, consequently, imperfectly: cedo mihi istorum adumbratorum deorum lineamenta atque formas, these semblances, outlines of deities (of the gods of Epicurus), Cic. N. D. 1, 27:

    consectatur nullam eminentem effigiem virtutis, sed adumbratam imaginem gloriae,

    imperfectly represented, id. Tusc. 3, 2.—Hence, ădumbrātus, a, um, P. a.
    A.
    Delineated only in semblance, counterfeited, feigned, false:

    comitia (opp. vera),

    Cic. Agr. 2, 12, 31:

    indicium,

    id. Sull. 18 fin.:

    Aeschrio, Pippae vir adumbratus,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 33, § 77: laetitia, * Tac. A. 4, 31.—Also,
    B.
    Devised in darkness, dark, secret:

    fallaciae,

    Amm. 14, 11.— Comp., sup., and adv. not used.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adumbro

См. также в других словарях:

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