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diffracted field

См. также в других словарях:

  • Dark field microscopy — (dark ground microscopy) describes microscopy methods, in both light and electron microscopy, which exclude the unscattered beam from the image. As a result, the field around the specimen (i.e. where there is no specimen to scatter the beam) is… …   Wikipedia

  • Near-field scanning optical microscope — Near field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM/SNOM) is a microscopic technique for nanostructure investigation that breaks the far field resolution limit by exploiting the properties of evanescent waves. This is done by placing the detector very… …   Wikipedia

  • Manipulation of atoms by optical field — When cold atoms or a Bose Einstein condensate (BEC) of an atomic gas is placed in a light standing wave produced by two counter propagating lasers of certain frequency, the atoms are diffracted in different order. A cold atom absorbs a photon… …   Wikipedia

  • dark field microscopy — A system of microscopy in which particles are illuminated at a very low angle from the side so that the background appears dark and the objects are seen by diffracted and reflected patches of light against a dark background …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Diffraction — Computer generated intensity pattern formed on a screen by diffraction from a square aperture …   Wikipedia

  • optics — /op tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of physical science that deals with the properties and phenomena of both visible and invisible light and with vision. [1605 15; < ML optica < Gk optiká, n. use of neut. pl. of OPTIKÓS; see OPTIC,… …   Universalium

  • microscope — /muy kreuh skohp /, n. 1. an optical instrument having a magnifying lens or a combination of lenses for inspecting objects too small to be seen or too small to be seen distinctly and in detail by the unaided eye. 2. (cap.) Astron. the… …   Universalium

  • Diffraction topography — (short: topography ) is an X ray imaging technique based on Bragg diffraction. Diffraction topographic images ( topographs ) record the intensity profile of a beam of X rays (or, sometimes, neutrons) diffracted by a crystal. A topograph thus… …   Wikipedia

  • Holography — (from the Greek, ὅλος hólos whole + γραφή grafē writing, drawing) is a technique that allows the light scattered from an object to be recorded and later reconstructed so that it appears as if the object is in the same position relative to the… …   Wikipedia

  • spectroscopy — spectroscopist /spek tros keuh pist/, n. /spek tros keuh pee, spek treuh skoh pee/, n. the science that deals with the use of the spectroscope and with spectrum analysis. [1865 70; SPECTRO + SCOPY] * * * Branch of analysis devoted to identifying… …   Universalium

  • Fraunhofer diffraction — In optics, Fraunhofer diffraction is a form of wave diffraction, which occurs when field waves are passed through an aperture or slit, causing only the size of an observed aperture image to change Hecht, E. (1987) , p396 Definition of Fraunhofer… …   Wikipedia


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