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estimating

  • 1 aestimatio

    aestĭmātĭo, ōnis, f. [id.].
    I.
    The estimating a thing according to its extrinsic (money) value, valuation, appraisement:

    in censu habendo potestas omnis aestimationis habendae censori permittitur,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 53: aestimatio frumenti, the determination of the prœtor ( legate or quœstor), how much ready money one should pay, instead of the corn which he was to furnish, id. ib. 2, 3, 92:

    erat Athenis reo damnato, si fraus non capitalis esset, quasi poenae aestimatio,

    i. e. a commutation of corporal punishment for a fine, id. de Or. 1, 54, 232.—So esp. litis or litium aestimatio, in Roman civil law, an estimating, valuation of the contested matter; in criminal law also, the stating how much the convicted person had to pay, an assessment of damages, Cic. Clu. 41, 116; id. Verr. 2, 2, 18, § 45 (cf. lis aestimata, id. ib. 1, 13):

    lex de multarum aestimatione,

    Liv. 4, 30.— After the civil war, Cæsar, in order to enable debtors to cancel the demands against them, decreed an aestimatio possessionum, i. e. an estimation or appraisement of real estate, according to the value which it had before the war, and compelled the creditors to take this in payment instead of money; they were also obliged to deduct from the sum demanded any interest that had been paid; v. Caes. B. C. 3, 1; and Suet. Caes. 42. Hence, in aestimationem accipere, to accept or agree to such a valuation, or payment by real estate at a high price:

    a Marco Laberio C. Albinius praedia in aestimationem accepit,

    Cic. Fam. 13, 8.—And meton., with an allusion to the law of Cæsar: aestimationes [p. 62] = praedia, the real estate received in payment:

    quando aestimationes tuas vendere non potes,

    Cic. Fam. 9, 18. Since the creditor was a loser by this regulation, aestimationem accipere, to suffer injury or loss, id. ib. 16.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    A valuation, i. e. an estimation of a thing according to its intrinsic worth (while existimatio denotes the consideration, regard due to an object on account of its nominal value):

    bonum hoc est quidem plurimi aestimandum, sed ea aestimatio genere valet, non magnitudine,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 10, 34; so 3, 13, 44;

    3, 6: semper aestimationem arbitriumque ejus honoris penes senatum fuisse,

    Liv. 3, 63:

    semper infra aliorum aestimationes se metiens,

    Vell. 1, 127; 97; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 67:

    aestimatione rectā severus, deterius interpretantibus tristior habebatur,

    Tac. H. 1, 14 al. —
    B.
    Poet., the worth or value of a thing:

    Quod me non movet aestimatione,

    Cat. 12, 12.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aestimatio

  • 2 aestimo

    aestĭmo (arch. aestŭ-), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [from aes, with the termination -tumo, which also appears in autumo; cf.: legitumus, finitumus, maritumus; later, legitimus, finitimus, maritimus; compare the Goth. aistjan, to estimate].
    I.
    To determine or estimate the extrinsic ( money) value of a thing, to value, rate, appraise; constr. with gen. or abl. (v. of price, Zumpt. §§

    444 and 456): domum emit prope dimidio carius quam aestimabat,

    Cic. Dom. 44:

    frumentum III denariis,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 92:

    aliquid tenuissime,

    id. ib. 2, 4, 16:

    prata magno,

    id. Par. 6, 3:

    perfecit (Aratus) aestimandis possessionibus, ut, etc.,

    id. Off. 2, 23, 82; hence, litem alicui or alicujus, to estimate the value of an object in question, and thus determine how much the convicted person shall pay, to estimate or assess the damages; cf. Ascon. ad Cic. Verr. 1, 13, 38, and Beier ad Cic. Oratt. Fragm. Exc. IV. p. 265; Cic. Verr. l. l.—
    II.
    Trop., to estimate the intrinsic ( moral) worth of a thing, to weigh, value, hold, etc. (while existimare, as a consequence of aestimare, signifies to judge a thing in any way after estimating its value: ex pretio rei judicare; cf. Burm. ad Phaedr. 3, 4; Herz. ad Caes. B. G. 2, 17; Corte and Kritz ad Sall. C. 8, 2; Gronov. ad Liv. 4, 41; 34, 2; and aestimator).— Constr.
    (α).
    That which serves as a standard by which a thing is estimated with ex or the abl.:

    vulgus ex veritate pauca, ex opinione multa aestimant,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 10:

    aliquem ex artificio comico,

    id. ib.:

    cum in Aquitaniam pervenisset, quae pars, ex tertiā parte Galliae est aestimanda, etc.,

    i. e. is to be reckoned as a third part, Caes. B. G. 3, 20:

    amicitias inimicitiasque non ex re, sed ex commodo,

    Sall. C. 10, 5.—With simple abl.:

    virtutem annis,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 48: aliquid vitā, to measure a thing by life, i. e. to hold it as dear as life, Curt. 5, 5:

    nec Macedonas veteri famā, sed praesentibus viribus aestimandos,

    Just. 30, 4.—
    (β).
    The value attached to a thing in estimating it, in the gen. or abl. pretii (cf. I.); poet. also with acc. nihil:

    auctoritatem alicujus magni,

    Cic. Att. 7, 15: quod non minoris aestimamus quam quemlibet triumphum, Nep. Cat. 1:

    aliquid unius assis,

    Cat. 5, 2:

    aliquid permagno,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 7, § 13:

    non magno,

    id. Fin. 3, 3, 11; so id. Tusc. 3, 4, 8:

    non nihilo aestimandum,

    id. Fin. 4, 23, 62:

    magno te aestimaturum,

    Liv. 40, 55:

    magno aestimantibus se,

    id. 40, 41. And with definite numerals which give the price-current for which a thing may be had; cf. Zumpt. § 456; Sall. Fragm. p. 974 Corte:

    denis in diem assibus animam et corpus aestimari,

    Tac. A. 1, 17:

    emori nolo, sed me esse mortuum nihil aestimo,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 8, 15.—
    (γ).
    Among the histt. with a rel. clause.:

    aestimantibus, quanta futuri spe tam magna tacuisset,

    Tac. Agr. 18 fin.:

    quantopere dilectus sit, facile est aestimare,

    Suet. Aug. 57 (but in Sall. J. 31, 19, the correct read. is existumabitis, Dietsch).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aestimo

  • 3 aestumo

    aestĭmo (arch. aestŭ-), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [from aes, with the termination -tumo, which also appears in autumo; cf.: legitumus, finitumus, maritumus; later, legitimus, finitimus, maritimus; compare the Goth. aistjan, to estimate].
    I.
    To determine or estimate the extrinsic ( money) value of a thing, to value, rate, appraise; constr. with gen. or abl. (v. of price, Zumpt. §§

    444 and 456): domum emit prope dimidio carius quam aestimabat,

    Cic. Dom. 44:

    frumentum III denariis,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 92:

    aliquid tenuissime,

    id. ib. 2, 4, 16:

    prata magno,

    id. Par. 6, 3:

    perfecit (Aratus) aestimandis possessionibus, ut, etc.,

    id. Off. 2, 23, 82; hence, litem alicui or alicujus, to estimate the value of an object in question, and thus determine how much the convicted person shall pay, to estimate or assess the damages; cf. Ascon. ad Cic. Verr. 1, 13, 38, and Beier ad Cic. Oratt. Fragm. Exc. IV. p. 265; Cic. Verr. l. l.—
    II.
    Trop., to estimate the intrinsic ( moral) worth of a thing, to weigh, value, hold, etc. (while existimare, as a consequence of aestimare, signifies to judge a thing in any way after estimating its value: ex pretio rei judicare; cf. Burm. ad Phaedr. 3, 4; Herz. ad Caes. B. G. 2, 17; Corte and Kritz ad Sall. C. 8, 2; Gronov. ad Liv. 4, 41; 34, 2; and aestimator).— Constr.
    (α).
    That which serves as a standard by which a thing is estimated with ex or the abl.:

    vulgus ex veritate pauca, ex opinione multa aestimant,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 10:

    aliquem ex artificio comico,

    id. ib.:

    cum in Aquitaniam pervenisset, quae pars, ex tertiā parte Galliae est aestimanda, etc.,

    i. e. is to be reckoned as a third part, Caes. B. G. 3, 20:

    amicitias inimicitiasque non ex re, sed ex commodo,

    Sall. C. 10, 5.—With simple abl.:

    virtutem annis,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 48: aliquid vitā, to measure a thing by life, i. e. to hold it as dear as life, Curt. 5, 5:

    nec Macedonas veteri famā, sed praesentibus viribus aestimandos,

    Just. 30, 4.—
    (β).
    The value attached to a thing in estimating it, in the gen. or abl. pretii (cf. I.); poet. also with acc. nihil:

    auctoritatem alicujus magni,

    Cic. Att. 7, 15: quod non minoris aestimamus quam quemlibet triumphum, Nep. Cat. 1:

    aliquid unius assis,

    Cat. 5, 2:

    aliquid permagno,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 7, § 13:

    non magno,

    id. Fin. 3, 3, 11; so id. Tusc. 3, 4, 8:

    non nihilo aestimandum,

    id. Fin. 4, 23, 62:

    magno te aestimaturum,

    Liv. 40, 55:

    magno aestimantibus se,

    id. 40, 41. And with definite numerals which give the price-current for which a thing may be had; cf. Zumpt. § 456; Sall. Fragm. p. 974 Corte:

    denis in diem assibus animam et corpus aestimari,

    Tac. A. 1, 17:

    emori nolo, sed me esse mortuum nihil aestimo,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 8, 15.—
    (γ).
    Among the histt. with a rel. clause.:

    aestimantibus, quanta futuri spe tam magna tacuisset,

    Tac. Agr. 18 fin.:

    quantopere dilectus sit, facile est aestimare,

    Suet. Aug. 57 (but in Sall. J. 31, 19, the correct read. is existumabitis, Dietsch).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aestumo

  • 4 censio

    cēnsĭo, ōnis, f. [1. censeo] (only anteand post-class.).
    I.
    An estimating, taxing, esp. censor ' s estimating, rating, appraising:

    capitis,

    Gell. 16, 10, 13:

    Servi Tulli,

    id. 10, 28, 2; cf. Varr. L. L. 5, § 81; Paul. ex Fest. p. 65, 9 Müll.—
    B.
    The punishment, chastisement ( of the censor); cf.: censionem facere dicebatur censor, quom multam equiti irrogabat, Paul. ex Fest. p. 54, 5 Müll.—Hence, in the lang. of comedy:

    censio bubula,

    a scourging, Plaut. Aul. 4, 1, 15.—
    II.
    A severe opinion, judgment:

    de nostris epistulis,

    Symm. Ep. 1, 3; Ambros. Abrah. 2, 1, 1.—
    B.
    The expression of opinion: adsum equidem, ne censionem semper facias, that you be not forever saying censeo, Plaut. Rud. 4, 8, 9.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > censio

См. также в других словарях:

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