Перевод: с английского на все языки

Micrologus

  • 1 Guido d'Arezzo

    SUBJECT AREA: Recording
    [br]
    b. c. 995 Italy
    d. 1050 Avellana, Italy
    [br]
    Italian music theorist who made important developments in musical notation.
    [br]
    Guido was originally a monk at the Benedictine Abbey of Pomposa, where he began to introduce innovations into the symbolic representation of music, which greatly helped in the training of choristers. Because of jealousies aroused by this work, he was obliged to leave and settled in Arezzo, capital of the province of that name in northern Italy. Around 1030 he went to Rome at the invitation of the Pope, John XIX, to explain his theories, after which he appears to have settled at the monastery of S.Croce di Fonte, Avellana, where he became prior some three years before his death. In an effort to make it easier for the choristers to maintain correct pitch and to learn the complex polyphonic chants then in development, Guido introduced two major innovations. The first was the use of a four-line staff on which the pitch of successive notes could be recorded. The second was a nomenclature for the first six notes of the major scale supposedly based on the initial syllables of a hymn said to have been composed by him, namely ut (later do), re, mi, fa, so and la. These had a dramatic effect on the learning and singing of music. He also apparently devised forms of parallel voices for plainsong.
    [br]
    Bibliography
    Guido's work is recorded in his treatise, c.1026, Micrologus.
    Further Reading
    Works describing the development of music and musical notation in medieval times include: W.C.Mickelson, 1977, Hugo Riemann's History of Music Theory, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
    S.Sadie (ed.), 1980, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, vol. 9, London: Macmillan, 803.
    KF

    Biographical history of technology > Guido d'Arezzo

См. также в других словарях:

  • Micrologus — • Either a synopsis or a short explanation , and in the Middle Ages used as an equivalent for Manual Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Micrologus     Micrologus      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • MICROLOGUS — nomen in Ecclesia Romana Libri, de Ritibus Eccles. editi, cum aliis similibus, cuius auctor vixisse dicitur sub finem saeculi XI. ut habet Cardin. Bona Reum Liturgic. l. 2. c. 20. artic. 4 Alii Friderici I. Imperatoris principatu, eum scriptum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Micrologus — es un tratado de teoría de la música de la Edad Media escrito por Guido de Arezzo, que data aproximadamente del 1026.[1] Esta obra fue dedicada a Tedald, el obispo de Arezzo. En ella se describe el canto y la práctica docente del canto gregoriano …   Wikipedia Español

  • Micrologus — Der Micrologus (Guidonis) de disciplina artis musicae (zu deutsch: Kurze Abhandlung (Guidos) über die Regeln der musikalischen Kunst) ist eines der bedeutendsten musiktheroretischen Werke des Mittelalters, das als Hauptwerk des Benediktiner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Micrologus — The Micrologus is a treatise on Medieval music written by Guido of Arezzo, dating to approximately 1026.[1] It was dedicated to Tedald, Bishop of Arezzo. This treatise outlines singing and teaching practice for Gregorian chant, and has… …   Wikipedia

  • Ensemble Micrologus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ensemble Micrologus Información personal Origen Italia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ensemble Micrologus — is an Italian group of medieval music, vocal and instrumental, including both religious and secular pieces from 12th to 16th century in their repertoire.It is formed by Patricia Bovi (vocals and harp), Adolfo Broegg (lute, psaltery and citola),… …   Wikipedia

  • Guido von Arezzo — Guido d Arezzo Guido von Arezzo (auch: Guido d Arezzo der Ältere, (Guido) Aretinus und Guido Monaco; * um 992; † unsicher: 17. Mai 1050 in Avellano) war ein Benediktinermönch, Musiktheoretiker und Lehrer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guido de Arezzo — Guido Aretinus Estatua de Vitus Arretinus (Guido d Arezzo) en su localidad natal …   Wikipedia Español

  • Laudario di Cortona — Folio 46v del Laudario di Cortona con la lauda Plangiamo quel crudel basciare El Laudario di Cortona (Cortona, Biblioteca del Comune e dell Accademia Etrusca, Ms. 91) es un manuscrito italiano de la segunda mitad del siglo XIII que contiene una… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ГВИДО АРЕТИНСКИЙ — Гвидо Аретинский. Рисунок с утраченной росписи XIII в. Чимбауэ (?) из собора г. Кортоны. Италия Гвидо Аретинский. Рисунок с утраченной росписи XIII в. Чимбауэ (?) из собора г. Кортоны. Италия [лат. Guido Aretinus; итал. Guido d Arezzo] (90 е гг.… …   Православная энциклопедия