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  • 781 adtono

    at-tŏno (better than adt-), ŭi, ĭtum, 1, v. a., to thunder at; hence, to stun, stupefy (a poet. word of the Aug. per.; most frequent as P. a.; syn.: percello, perturbo, terreo): altitudo attonat, Maecen. ap. Sen. Ep. 19:

    quis furor vestras attonuit mentes!

    Ov. M. 3, 532; id. H. 4, 50.—Hence, attŏnĭtus ( adt-), a, um, P. a., thundered at; hence trop. as in Gr. embrontêtheis, embrontêtos.
    A.
    Thunderstruck, stunned, terrified, stupefied, astonished, amazed, confounded:

    attonitus est stupefactus. Nam proprie attonitus dicitur, cui casus vicini fulminis et sonitus tonitruum dant stuporem,

    Serv. ad Verg. A. 3, 172:

    quo fragore edito concidunt homines, exanimantur, quidam vero vivi stupent, et in totum sibi excidunt, quos vocamus attonitos, quorum mentes sonus ille caelestis loco pepulit,

    Sen. Q. N. 2, 27:

    aures,

    Curt. 8, 4, 2; Petr. 101:

    talibus attonitus visis ac voce deorum,

    Verg. A. 3, 172:

    attonitus tanto miserarum turbine rerum,

    Ov. M. 7, 614; 4, 802; 8, 777; 9, 409 and 574; 11, 127; 8, 681 al.: alii novitate ac miraculo attoniti, Liv 1, 47; 2, 12; 5, 46; 3, 68 fin.; 7, 36; 30, 30; 39, 15;

    44, 10: subitae rei miraculo attoniti,

    Tac. H. 4, 49; so id. ib. 2, 42; 3, 13. —With de:

    mentis de lodice parandā Attonitae,

    crazed, bewildered about getting a bed-blanket, Juv. 7, 67.—Also without an abl.:

    Attonitae manibusque uterum celare volenti, Ov M. 2, 463: mater... Attonitae diu similis fuit,

    id. ib. 5, 510; 6, 600;

    12, 498: ut integris corporibus attoniti conciderent,

    Liv. 10, 29:

    attoniti vultus,

    Tac. H. 1, 40:

    circumspectare inter se attoniti,

    id. ib. 2, 29:

    attonitis etiam victoribus,

    id. ib. 4, 72:

    attonitā magis quam quietā contione,

    id. A. 1, 39:

    attonitis jam omnibus,

    Suet. Caes. 28; id. Claud. 38; id. Dom. 17:

    attonitos habes oculos,

    Vulg. Job, 15, 12; ib. Prov 16, 30.— Poet., with gen.:

    attonitus serpentis equus,

    Sil. 6, 231.—Also poet. transf. to inanimate things:

    neque enim ante dehiscent Attonitae magna ora domūs,

    Verg. A. 6, 53 (but acc. to Serv. in an act. sense, syn. with attonitos facientes, stupendae, stunning, terrifying, as pallida senectus, etc.):

    mensa,

    Val. Fl. 1, 45:

    arces,

    Sil. 4, 7 Drak.:

    quorundam persuasiones,

    Plin. 29, 1, 8, § 28. —
    B.
    Seized with inspiration, smitten with prophetic fury, inspired, frantic:

    attonitae Baccho matres,

    Verg. A. 7, 580:

    Bacchus attonitae tribuit vexilla catervae,

    Stat. S. 5, 1, 116: Vates, * Hor. C. 3, 19, 14.—
    * Adv.: attŏnĭtē, frantically, etc.:

    Britannia hodieque eum attonite celebrat etc.,

    Plin. 30, 1, 4, § 13 (Jan, attonita).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adtono

  • 782 adulter

    1.
    ăd-ulter, ĕri, m., and ădultĕra, ae, f. [alter, acc. to Fest.: adulter et adultera dicuntur, quia et ille ad alteram et haec ad alterum se conferunt, p. 22 Müll.], orig. one who approaches another ( from unlawful or criminal love), an adulterer or adulteress (as an adj. also, but only in the poets).
    I.
    Prop.:

    quis ganeo, quis nepos, quis adulter, quae mulier infamis, etc.,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 4:

    sororis adulter Clodius,

    id. Sest. 39; so id. Fin. 2, 9; Ov. H. 20, 8; Tac. A. 3, 24; Vulg. Deut. 22, 22:

    adultera,

    Hor. C. 3, 3, 25; Ov. M. 10, 347; Quint. 5, 10, 104; Suet. Calig. 24; Vulg. Deut. 22, 22;

    and with mulier: via mulieris adulterae,

    ib. Prov. 30, 20; ib. Ezech. 16, 32.—Also of animals:

    adulter,

    Grat. Cyneg. 164; Claud. Cons. Mall. Theod. 304:

    adultera,

    Plin. 8, 16, 17, § 43.— Poet. in gen. of unlawful love, without the access. idea of adultery, a paramour:

    Danaën munierant satis nocturnis ab adulteris,

    Hor. C. 3, 16, 1 sq.; so id. ib. 1, 36, 19; Ov. Ib. 338.—
    II.
    Adulter solidorum, i. e. monetae, a counterfeiter or adulterator of coin, Const. 5, Cod. Th.—
    III.
    The offspring of unlawful love: nothus, a bastard (eccl.):

    adulteri et non filii estis,

    Vulg. Heb. 12, 8.
    2.
    ădulter, - tĕra, - tĕrum, adj. (Rudd. I. p. 51, n. 36), for adulterinus, adulterous, unchaste:

    crines,

    finely-curled hair, like that of a full-dressed paramour, Hor. C. 1, 15, 19:

    mens,

    that thinks only of illicit love, Ov. Am. 3, 4, 5:

    clavis,

    a key to the chamber of a courtesan, id. A. A. 3, 643.—
    II.
    Transf., counterfeit, false: imitatio solidi, Cod. Th. 9, 22, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adulter

  • 783 adultera

    1.
    ăd-ulter, ĕri, m., and ădultĕra, ae, f. [alter, acc. to Fest.: adulter et adultera dicuntur, quia et ille ad alteram et haec ad alterum se conferunt, p. 22 Müll.], orig. one who approaches another ( from unlawful or criminal love), an adulterer or adulteress (as an adj. also, but only in the poets).
    I.
    Prop.:

    quis ganeo, quis nepos, quis adulter, quae mulier infamis, etc.,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 4:

    sororis adulter Clodius,

    id. Sest. 39; so id. Fin. 2, 9; Ov. H. 20, 8; Tac. A. 3, 24; Vulg. Deut. 22, 22:

    adultera,

    Hor. C. 3, 3, 25; Ov. M. 10, 347; Quint. 5, 10, 104; Suet. Calig. 24; Vulg. Deut. 22, 22;

    and with mulier: via mulieris adulterae,

    ib. Prov. 30, 20; ib. Ezech. 16, 32.—Also of animals:

    adulter,

    Grat. Cyneg. 164; Claud. Cons. Mall. Theod. 304:

    adultera,

    Plin. 8, 16, 17, § 43.— Poet. in gen. of unlawful love, without the access. idea of adultery, a paramour:

    Danaën munierant satis nocturnis ab adulteris,

    Hor. C. 3, 16, 1 sq.; so id. ib. 1, 36, 19; Ov. Ib. 338.—
    II.
    Adulter solidorum, i. e. monetae, a counterfeiter or adulterator of coin, Const. 5, Cod. Th.—
    III.
    The offspring of unlawful love: nothus, a bastard (eccl.):

    adulteri et non filii estis,

    Vulg. Heb. 12, 8.
    2.
    ădulter, - tĕra, - tĕrum, adj. (Rudd. I. p. 51, n. 36), for adulterinus, adulterous, unchaste:

    crines,

    finely-curled hair, like that of a full-dressed paramour, Hor. C. 1, 15, 19:

    mens,

    that thinks only of illicit love, Ov. Am. 3, 4, 5:

    clavis,

    a key to the chamber of a courtesan, id. A. A. 3, 643.—
    II.
    Transf., counterfeit, false: imitatio solidi, Cod. Th. 9, 22, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adultera

  • 784 adulterum

    1.
    ăd-ulter, ĕri, m., and ădultĕra, ae, f. [alter, acc. to Fest.: adulter et adultera dicuntur, quia et ille ad alteram et haec ad alterum se conferunt, p. 22 Müll.], orig. one who approaches another ( from unlawful or criminal love), an adulterer or adulteress (as an adj. also, but only in the poets).
    I.
    Prop.:

    quis ganeo, quis nepos, quis adulter, quae mulier infamis, etc.,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 4:

    sororis adulter Clodius,

    id. Sest. 39; so id. Fin. 2, 9; Ov. H. 20, 8; Tac. A. 3, 24; Vulg. Deut. 22, 22:

    adultera,

    Hor. C. 3, 3, 25; Ov. M. 10, 347; Quint. 5, 10, 104; Suet. Calig. 24; Vulg. Deut. 22, 22;

    and with mulier: via mulieris adulterae,

    ib. Prov. 30, 20; ib. Ezech. 16, 32.—Also of animals:

    adulter,

    Grat. Cyneg. 164; Claud. Cons. Mall. Theod. 304:

    adultera,

    Plin. 8, 16, 17, § 43.— Poet. in gen. of unlawful love, without the access. idea of adultery, a paramour:

    Danaën munierant satis nocturnis ab adulteris,

    Hor. C. 3, 16, 1 sq.; so id. ib. 1, 36, 19; Ov. Ib. 338.—
    II.
    Adulter solidorum, i. e. monetae, a counterfeiter or adulterator of coin, Const. 5, Cod. Th.—
    III.
    The offspring of unlawful love: nothus, a bastard (eccl.):

    adulteri et non filii estis,

    Vulg. Heb. 12, 8.
    2.
    ădulter, - tĕra, - tĕrum, adj. (Rudd. I. p. 51, n. 36), for adulterinus, adulterous, unchaste:

    crines,

    finely-curled hair, like that of a full-dressed paramour, Hor. C. 1, 15, 19:

    mens,

    that thinks only of illicit love, Ov. Am. 3, 4, 5:

    clavis,

    a key to the chamber of a courtesan, id. A. A. 3, 643.—
    II.
    Transf., counterfeit, false: imitatio solidi, Cod. Th. 9, 22, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adulterum

  • 785 advenio

    ad-vĕnĭo, vēni, ventum, 4, v. a., to come to a place, to reach, arrive at (syn.: accedere, adventare, adire, appellere, adesse); constr. absol., with ad, in, or acc.
    I.
    Lit.: verum praetor advenit, Naev. ap. Non. 468, 27 (Bell. Pun. v. 44 Vahl.): ad vos adveniens, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 16, 38 (Trag. v. 14 Vahl.):

    ad forum,

    Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 6; so id. Curc. 1, 2, 55; id. Am. prol. 32; cf. id. Men. 5, 2, 6:

    advenis modo? Admodum,

    Ter. Hec. 3, 5, 8; Caecil. ap. Non. 247, 6:

    procul a patria domoque,

    Lucr. 6, 1103:

    ad auris,

    id. 6, 166; so id. 3, 783; 4, 874; 6, 234: in montem Oetam, Att. ap. Non. 223, 2:

    in provinciam,

    Cic. Phil. 11, 12 (so Ov. M. 7, 155:

    somnus in ignotos oculos): ex Hyperboreis Delphos,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 23:

    est quiddam, advenientem non esse peregrinum atque hospitem,

    id. Att. 6, 3; Verg. A. 10, 346; Ov. Tr. 1, 9, 41.—With simple acc.:

    Tyriam urbem,

    Verg. A. 1, 388:

    unde hos advenias labores,

    Stat. Th. 5, 47 (whether in Tac. A. 1, 18, properantibus Blaesus advenit, the first word is a dat., as Rudd. II. p. 135, supposes, or an abl. absol., may still be doubted).—Also with sup.:

    tentatum advenis,

    Ter. Phorm. 2, 3, 41; so id. ib. 2, 3, 13.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    Poet., in adding an entire thought as an amplification of what precedes (for accedo, q. v.): praeter enim quam quod morbis cum corporis aegret, Advenit id quod eam de rebus saepe futuris Macerat, etc., beside that it often suffers with the body itself, this often occurs, that it is itself tormented in regard to the future, etc., Lucr. 3, 825.—
    B.
    In the perf., the act of coming being considered as completed, to have come, i. e. to be somewhere, to be present (v. adventus, B.; cf. Herz. ad Caes. B. G. 2, 27);

    of time: mterea dies advenit, quo die, etc.,

    appeared, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 15; so,

    ubi dies advenit,

    Sall. J. 113, 5:

    advenit proficiscendi hora,

    Tac. H. 4, 62:

    tempus meum nondum advenit,

    Vulg. Joan. 7, 6.—
    C.
    To come into one's possession, to accrue, Sall. J. 111; cf. Liv. 45, 19 med.
    D.
    To come by conveyance, to be brought; of a letter:

    advenere litterae (for allatae sunt),

    Suet. Vesp. 7.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > advenio

  • 786 adventicius

    adventīcĭus (not - tĭus), a, um, adj. [advenio], that is present by coming, coming from abroad, foreign, strange (extrinsecus ad nos perveniens non nostrum, aut nostro labore paratum, Ern. Clav. Cic.; opp. proprius, innatus, insitus, etc.; in Cic. very freq., elsewhere rare).
    I.
    In gen.:

    genus (avium),

    Varr. R. R. 3, 5, 7 (cf. advena):

    Mithridates magnis adventiciis copiis juvabatur,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 9, 24; so,

    auxilium,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 37:

    externus et adventicius tepor,

    id. N. D. 2, 10:

    externa atque adventicia visio,

    proceeding from the senses, id. Div. 2, 58, 128:

    doctrina transmarina et adventicia,

    id. de Or. 3, 33:

    dos,

    given by another than the father, Dig. 23, 3, 5.—
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    That is added to what is customary, or happens out of course, unusual, extraordinary:

    fructus,

    Liv. 8, 28; so,

    casus,

    Dig. 40, 9, 6. —
    B.
    That is acquired without one's own effort: adventicia pecunia, obtained, not from one's own possessions, but by inheritance, usury, presents, etc., Cic. Inv. 2, 21; id. Rab. Post. 17:

    humor adventicius,

    rain, Varr. R. R. 1, 41, 3:

    adventiciae res,

    Sen. ad Helv. 5.—
    C.
    That pertains to arrival (adventus):

    adventicia cena,

    a banquet given on one's arrival, Suet. Vit. 13 (cf. adventorius).— Adv. phrase: ex adventicio, from without, extrinsically:

    quidquid est hoc, quod circa nos ex adventicio fulget, liberi, honores, etc.,

    Sen. Consol. ad Marc. 10.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adventicius

  • 787 adventitius

    adventīcĭus (not - tĭus), a, um, adj. [advenio], that is present by coming, coming from abroad, foreign, strange (extrinsecus ad nos perveniens non nostrum, aut nostro labore paratum, Ern. Clav. Cic.; opp. proprius, innatus, insitus, etc.; in Cic. very freq., elsewhere rare).
    I.
    In gen.:

    genus (avium),

    Varr. R. R. 3, 5, 7 (cf. advena):

    Mithridates magnis adventiciis copiis juvabatur,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 9, 24; so,

    auxilium,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 37:

    externus et adventicius tepor,

    id. N. D. 2, 10:

    externa atque adventicia visio,

    proceeding from the senses, id. Div. 2, 58, 128:

    doctrina transmarina et adventicia,

    id. de Or. 3, 33:

    dos,

    given by another than the father, Dig. 23, 3, 5.—
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    That is added to what is customary, or happens out of course, unusual, extraordinary:

    fructus,

    Liv. 8, 28; so,

    casus,

    Dig. 40, 9, 6. —
    B.
    That is acquired without one's own effort: adventicia pecunia, obtained, not from one's own possessions, but by inheritance, usury, presents, etc., Cic. Inv. 2, 21; id. Rab. Post. 17:

    humor adventicius,

    rain, Varr. R. R. 1, 41, 3:

    adventiciae res,

    Sen. ad Helv. 5.—
    C.
    That pertains to arrival (adventus):

    adventicia cena,

    a banquet given on one's arrival, Suet. Vit. 13 (cf. adventorius).— Adv. phrase: ex adventicio, from without, extrinsically:

    quidquid est hoc, quod circa nos ex adventicio fulget, liberi, honores, etc.,

    Sen. Consol. ad Marc. 10.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adventitius

  • 788 advento

    advento, āvi, ātum, 1, v. freq. [id.], to come continually nearer to a point (cotidianis itineribus accedere et appropinquare, Manut. ad Cic. Fam. 2, 6 init.), to come on, to approach, to arrive at or come to (esp. with the access. idea of speed, haste; only a few times in Cic., and never in his orations; in the histt. used esp. of the advance of the enemy's army in military order, and the like, cf. Herz. ad Auct. B. G. 8, 20; hence without the signif. of a hostile attack, which adoriri and aggredi have); constr. absol., with adv., prepp., the dat., or acc., cf. Rudd. II. p. 136.
    (α).
    Absol.: multi alii adventant, Enn. ap. Macr. 6, 15 (Trag. v. 73 Vahl.):

    te id admonitum advento,

    Plaut. Aul. 2, 1, 24:

    quod jam tempus adventat,

    advances with rapid strides, Cic. de Or. 1, 45, 199:

    adventans senectus,

    id. Sen. 1, 2:

    tu adventare ac prope adesse jam debes,

    id. Att. 4. 17:

    Caesar adventare, jam jamque adesse ejus equites falso nuntiabantur,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 14; Auct. B. G. 8, 20.—
    (β).
    With adv. of place: quo cum adventaret, etc., Auct. B. G. 8, 26.—
    (γ).
    With prepp.:

    ad Italiam,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 6, 1:

    ad urbem,

    Verg. A. 11, 514:

    sub ipsam finem,

    id. ib. 5, 428: in subsidium, Tac. A. 14, 32.—
    (δ).
    With dat.:

    adventante fatali urbi clade,

    Liv. 5, 33:

    accipiendo Armeniae regno adventabat,

    Tac. A. 16, 23:

    portis,

    Stat. Th. 11, 20, 2.—
    (ε).
    With acc. (cf. advenio):

    propinqua Seleuciae adventabat,

    Tac. A. 6, 44:

    barbaricos pagos ad ventans,

    Amm. 14, 10;

    so of name of town: postquam Romam adventabant,

    Sall. J. 28.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > advento

  • 789 aedes

    aedēs and aedis (the form aedes is found in Liv. 2, 21, 7; 2, 8, 14; 2, 9, 43 al., and now and then in other writers, but aedis is more common, as in Cic. Verr. 4, 55, § 121; id. Par. 4, 2, 31; Vitr. 4, 7, 1; Varr. 5, 32, 156 al.; Liv. 1, 33, 9 al.; Plin. 36, 6, 8, § 50), is, f., a building for habitation. [Aedis domicilium in edito positum simplex atque unius aditus. Sive ideo aedis dicitur, quod in ea aevum degatur, quod Graece aiôn vocatur, Fest. p. 13 Müll. Curtius refers this word to aithô, aestus, as meaning originally, fire-place, hearth; others, with probability, compare hedos, hedra, and sēdes.]
    I.
    Sing., a dwelling of the gods, a sanctuary, a temple (prop., a simple edifice, without division into smaller apartments, while templum is a large and splendid structure, consecrated by the augurs, and belonging to one or more deities; cf. Manut. ad Cic. Fam. 4, 7; but after the Aug. period aedes was used for templum; cf. Suet. Caes. 78 with id. ib. 84): haec aedis, Varr. ap. Non. 494, 7:

    senatum in aedem Jovis Statoris vocavi,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 6: aedis Martis, Nep. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 792 P.:

    aedes Mercurii dedicata est,

    Liv. 2, 21:

    hic aedem ex marmore molitus est,

    Vell. 1, 11, 5:

    inter altare et aedem,

    Vulg. Luc. 11, 51:

    aedem Concordiae,

    Plin. 33, 1, 6, § 19:

    aedes Veneris genitricis,

    Suet. Caes. 78; v. above; id. ib. 10:

    aedem Baal,

    Vulg. 4 Reg. 10, 27; ib. Act. 19, 24 al.: haec ego ludo, quae nec in aede sonent, i. e. in the temple of the Muses, or of the Palatine Apollo, where poems were publicly recited, Hor. S. 1, 10, 38; cf.:

    quanto molimine circumspectemus vacuam Romanis vatibus aedem,

    id. Ep. 2, 2, 94.— Plur. in this sense generally in connection with sacrae, divinae, deorum, and only when several temples are spoken of:

    aedes sacrae,

    Cic. Dom. 49; cf. Suet. Aug. 30, 100:

    Capitolii fastigium et ceterarum aedium,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 46; cf. Liv. 38, 41:

    Deorum aedes,

    Suet. Cat. 21; cf. id. Ner. 38; id. Claud. 21 al.—
    II.
    A dwelling for men, a house, habitation, [p. 52] obode (syn. domus; usu. only in the plur., as a collection of several apartments; but in the earliest period the sing. also may have had this signif., though but few certain examples of it have been preserved in the written language; cf. Plaut. As. 1, 3, 67:

    hic noster quaestus aucupii simillimust... aedis nobis areast, auceps sum ego): aedes probae et pulchre aedificatae,

    Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 60; id. Most. 1, 2, 18:

    ultimae,

    Ter. Heaut. 5, 1, 29:

    apud istum in aedibus,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 19, § 50, and soon after: in mediis aedibus; cf. Verg. A. 2, 512:

    liberae,

    a house that is rent-free, Liv. 30, 17:

    privatae,

    Suet. Ner. 44 al. —Hence sometimes used for a part of the domus, a room, an apartment, chamber:

    insectatur omnes domi per aedīs,

    Plaut. Cas. 3, 5, 31; Verg. G. 2, 462; cf. id. A. 2, 487 (v. also Gell. 4, 14; Curt. 8, 6; Hor. C. 1, 30, 4).—In Plaut., by comic license, aedes for familia: credo hercle has sustollat aedīs totas atque hunc in crucem, Mil. 2, 3, 39: ut ego suffringam his talos totis aedibus, to break the legs of this whole house (i. e. family), Truc. 2, 8, 7: ab aedibus, denoting office (cf. ab), a castellan:

    CVM AB AEDIBVS ESSEM,

    Inscr. Grut. 697, 1.—
    * B.
    Met., the cells (or hive) of bees:

    clausis cunctantur in aedibus,

    Verg. G. 4, 258.—
    * C.
    Trop.:

    fac, sis, vacivas aedīs aurium, mea ut migrare dicta possint,

    the chambers of your ears, Plaut. Ps. 1, 5, 54.—
    * D.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aedes

  • 790 aemulus

    aemŭlus, a, um, adj. [cf. hamillaomai and hama, imitor, imago, Germ. ahmen (Eng. aim) in nachahmen = to imitate], striving after another earnestly, emulating, rivalling, emulous (cf. aemulatio and aemulor), in a good and bad sense; constr. with dat. or as subst. with gen.
    I.
    In a good sense, Att. ap. Auct. Her, 2, 26, 42:

    laudum,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 12:

    laudis,

    id. Cael. 14:

    aemulus atque imitator studiorum ac laborum,

    id. Marc. 1:

    Timagenis aemula lingua,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 15:

    itinerum Herculis,

    Liv. 21, 41.—With ne and subj.: milites aemuli, ne dissimiles viderentur, Aur. Vict Caes. 8, 3.—
    II.
    In a bad sense, both of one who, with a hostile feeling, strives after the possessions of another, and of one who, on account of his strong desire for a thing, envies him who possesses it; envious, jealous, grudging.With gen.: Karthago aemula imperii Romani, Sall C. 10; Vell. 2, 1:

    Triton,

    Verg. A. 6, 173:

    quem remoto aemulo aequiorem sibi sperabat,

    Tac. A. 3, 8:

    Britannici,

    Suet. Ner. 6.—
    III.
    Subst., a rival = rivalis: mihi es aemula, you are my rival (i. e. you have the same desire as I), Plaut. Rud. 1, 4, 20; Ter. Eun. 4, 1, 9; cf. id. ib. 2, 1, 8;

    si non tamquam virum, at tamquam aemulum removisset,

    Cic. Verr 2, 5, 31: et si nulla subest aemula, languet amor, Ov A. A. 2, 436.—By meton. (eccl.), an enemy:

    videbis aemulum tuum in templo,

    Vulg. 1 Reg. 2, 32;

    affligebat eam aemula,

    ib. 1, 6.— In gen., mostly of things without life, vying with, rivalling a thing, i. e. comparable to, similar to, with dat., v. Rudd. II. p. 70 ( poet., and in prose after the Aug. per.):

    tibia tubae Aemula,

    Hor. A. P. 203:

    labra rosis,

    Mart. 4, 42:

    Tuscis vina cadis,

    id. 13, 118; Plin. 9, 17, 29, § 63; id. 15, 18, 19, § 68 al.:

    Dictator Caesar summis oratoribus aemulus, i. e. aequiparandus,

    Tac. A. 13, 3.
    Facta dictaque ejus aemulus for aemulans, Sall.
    Fragm. Hist. 3 (cf. celatum indagator for indagans in Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 15, unless celatum be here a gen.).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aemulus

  • 791 aequalis

    aequālis, e, adj. [aequo], that can be put on an equality with; conseq., equal, like; constr. with dat., absol. and as subst. with gen. (syn.: aequus, aequabilis, planus, par, similis).
    I.
    Lit.:

    partem pedis esse aequalom alteri parti,

    Cic. Or. 56, 188:

    paupertatem divitiis etiam inter homines aequalem esse,

    id. Leg. 2, 10, 24:

    aequalem se faciens Deo,

    Vulg. Joan. 5, 18:

    aequales angelis sunt,

    like, ib. Luc. 20, 36:

    nec enim aut linguā aut moribus aequales abhorrere (Bastarnas a Scordiscis),

    Liv. 40, 57, 7:

    ut sententiae sint membris aequalibus,

    Quint. 9, 3, 80:

    aequalis ponderis erunt omnes,

    Vulg. Exod. 30, 34; ib. Deut. 19, 7; ib. Apoc. 21, 16.—As subst. with gen.:

    Creticus et ejus aequalis Paeon,

    Cic. Or. 64, 215. (Another constr., v. II.)—Hence,
    II.
    Transf.
    A. 1.
    Of persons.
    a.
    Of the same age, equal in years: cum neque me aspicere aequales dignarent meae. Pac. ap. Non. 470, 20 (Trag. Rel. p. 97 Rib.): patris cognatum atque aequalem, Archidemidem, nostine? Ter Eun. 2, 3, 35:

    adulescens ita dilexi senem, ut aequalem,

    Cic. Sen. 4, 10:

    P. Orbius, meus fere aequalis,

    id. Brut. 48 init.:

    Aristides aequalis fere ruit Themistocli,

    Nep. Arist. 1 al. —
    b.
    In gen., contemporary, coeval; and subst., a contemporary, without definite reference to equality in age;

    Livius (Andronicus) Ennio aequalis fuit,

    Cic. Brut. 18:

    Philistus aequalis illorum temporum,

    id. Div 1, 20; Liv. 8, 40.—
    c.
    In the comic poets, esp. in connection with amicus, of the same age:

    O amice salve mi atque aequalis, ut vales?

    Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 10; 2, 2, 50; Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 8; so id. Ad. 3, 4, 26:

    ne cuiquam suorum aequalium supplex siet,

    id. Phorm. 5, 6, 47.—
    2.
    Of things, coexal, coexistent, etc.:

    Deiotari benevolentia in populum Romanum est ipsius aequalis aetati,

    is as old as himself, has grown up with him, Cic. Phil. 11, 13:

    in memoriam notam et aequalem incurro,

    i. e. which belongs to our time, id. Brut. 69; id. Leg. 1, 2: ne istud Juppiter sierit urbem in aeternum conditam fragili huic et mortali corpori aequalem esse, i. e. should exist for an equally short time, Liv 28, 28.—Rarely with cum:

    aequali tecum pubesceret aevo,

    Verg. A. 3, 491:

    fuit cum ea cupressus aequalis,

    Plin. 16, 44, 86, § 236.—
    B.
    That can be compared in respect to size or form; of equal size, looking alike, resembling, similar:

    florentes aequali corpore Nymphae,

    Verg. Cir. 435:

    chorus aequalis Dryadum,

    a chorus of Dryads alike, id. G. 4, 460.—
    C.
    Uniform, equable, unvarying; virtutes sunt inter se aequales et pares, Cic. de Or, 1, 18;

    3, 14, 55: nil aequale homini fuit illi,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 9:

    imber lentior aequaliorque,

    and more uniform, Liv. 24, 46:

    aequali ictu freta scindere, Ov M. 11, 463: Euphranor in quocumque genere excellens ac sibi aequalis,

    always equal to himself, Plin. 35, 11, 37, § 128:

    opus aequali quadam mediocritate,

    Quint. 10, 1, 54.—Hence, but rarely, = aequus, of place, equal, uniform, level, smooth, even, plain, both in a horizontal and ascending direction:

    loca,

    Sall. J. 79:

    terra,

    Ov. M. 1, 34:

    gentes esse sine naribus aequali totius oris planitie,

    Plin. 6, 30, 35, § 187:

    mons aequali dorso continuus,

    Tac. A. 4, 47.— Comp. prob. not used.—
    * Sup.:

    aequalissima porticus,

    Tert. Anim. 17.— Adv.: aequālĭter, equally, uniformly, in the same manner, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 70; id. Ac. 2, 11; id. Lael. 16, 58; Caes. B. G. 2, 18; Vulg. Deut. 19, 3; ib. 1 Par. 24, 31; ib. Sap. 6, 8.— Comp., Tac. A. 15, 21.— Sup. not used.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aequalis

  • 792 aequor

    aequor, ŏris, n. [aequus].
    I.
    In gen., an even, level surface (ante-Aug. poet.; only once in Cic. and once in Sallust): speculorum aequor, a plane surface, as of a mirror, Lucr. 4, 106; 291:

    in summo aequore saxi,

    upon the polished, smooth marble surface, id. 3, 905: camporum patentium aequora, * Cic. Div. 1, 42:

    campi,

    Verg. A. 7, 781;

    and without campus: Daren ardens agit aequore toto,

    id. ib. 5, 456:

    at prius ignotum ferro quam scindimus aequor,

    id. G. 1, 50; 1, 97;

    of the desert,

    id. ib. 2, 105:

    immensum spatiis confecimus aequor,

    id. ib. 541:

    primus in aequore pulvis,

    Juv. 8, 61; and once of the heavens: aequora caeli Sensimus sonere, Att. ap. Non. 505, 8 (Trag. Rel. p. 139 Rib.).—
    II.
    Esp., the even surface of the sea in its quiet state, the calm. smooth sea (“aequor mare appellatum, quod aequatum, cum commotum vento non est,” Varr. L. L. 7, § 23 Müll.: quid tam planum videtur quam mare? ex quo etiam aequor illud poëtae vocant, Cic. Ac. Fragm. ap. Non. 65, 2 (cf. pontou plax, Pind. P. 1, 24).— Also, in gen., the sea, even when agitated by storms, Lucr. 1, 719:

    turbantibus aequora ventis,

    id. 2, 1:

    silvaeque et saeva quiērant aequora,

    Verg. A. 4, 523 et saep.:

    per undosum aequor,

    id. ib. 313:

    contracta pisces aequora sentiunt,

    Hor. C. 3, 1, 33:

    juventus Infecit aequor sanguine Punico,

    id. ib. 3, 6, 34 al.—Sometimes pleonast. with mare or pontus:

    vastum maris aequor arandum,

    Verg. A. 2, 780:

    tellus et aequora ponti,

    id. G. 1, 469.—Of the surface of the Tiber, Verg. A. 8, 89 and 96 (so, mare of the Timavus, id. ib. 1, 246;

    and unda of rivers, as of the Simoïs,

    id. ib. 1, 618).—In prose writers after the Aug. per.:

    placidum aequor,

    Tac. A. 2, 23:

    penetrare aequora,

    Val. Max. 9, 1, 1; so Curt. 4, 7; Plin. 4, 12, 24, § 76; Mel. 1, 2. Once even in Sallust: aequore et terrā, Sall. Fragm. ap. Don. ad Ter. Phorm. 2, 1, 13 (p. 390, n. 81 Kritz.) dub.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aequor

  • 793 aestimatio

    aestĭmātĭo, ōnis, f. [id.].
    I.
    The estimating a thing according to its extrinsic (money) value, valuation, appraisement:

    in censu habendo potestas omnis aestimationis habendae censori permittitur,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 53: aestimatio frumenti, the determination of the prœtor ( legate or quœstor), how much ready money one should pay, instead of the corn which he was to furnish, id. ib. 2, 3, 92:

    erat Athenis reo damnato, si fraus non capitalis esset, quasi poenae aestimatio,

    i. e. a commutation of corporal punishment for a fine, id. de Or. 1, 54, 232.—So esp. litis or litium aestimatio, in Roman civil law, an estimating, valuation of the contested matter; in criminal law also, the stating how much the convicted person had to pay, an assessment of damages, Cic. Clu. 41, 116; id. Verr. 2, 2, 18, § 45 (cf. lis aestimata, id. ib. 1, 13):

    lex de multarum aestimatione,

    Liv. 4, 30.— After the civil war, Cæsar, in order to enable debtors to cancel the demands against them, decreed an aestimatio possessionum, i. e. an estimation or appraisement of real estate, according to the value which it had before the war, and compelled the creditors to take this in payment instead of money; they were also obliged to deduct from the sum demanded any interest that had been paid; v. Caes. B. C. 3, 1; and Suet. Caes. 42. Hence, in aestimationem accipere, to accept or agree to such a valuation, or payment by real estate at a high price:

    a Marco Laberio C. Albinius praedia in aestimationem accepit,

    Cic. Fam. 13, 8.—And meton., with an allusion to the law of Cæsar: aestimationes [p. 62] = praedia, the real estate received in payment:

    quando aestimationes tuas vendere non potes,

    Cic. Fam. 9, 18. Since the creditor was a loser by this regulation, aestimationem accipere, to suffer injury or loss, id. ib. 16.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    A valuation, i. e. an estimation of a thing according to its intrinsic worth (while existimatio denotes the consideration, regard due to an object on account of its nominal value):

    bonum hoc est quidem plurimi aestimandum, sed ea aestimatio genere valet, non magnitudine,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 10, 34; so 3, 13, 44;

    3, 6: semper aestimationem arbitriumque ejus honoris penes senatum fuisse,

    Liv. 3, 63:

    semper infra aliorum aestimationes se metiens,

    Vell. 1, 127; 97; Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 67:

    aestimatione rectā severus, deterius interpretantibus tristior habebatur,

    Tac. H. 1, 14 al. —
    B.
    Poet., the worth or value of a thing:

    Quod me non movet aestimatione,

    Cat. 12, 12.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aestimatio

  • 794 aetas

    aetas, ātis, f. [contr. from the anteclass. aevitas from aevum, q. v.; Prisc. 595 P.; cf. Welsh oet] ( gen. plur. aetatum;

    but freq. also aetatium,

    Liv. 1, 43; 9, 17; 26, 9; cf. Oud. ad Suet. Aug. 31; Vell. 2, 89; Sen. Brev. Vit. 12, 2; Gell. 14, 1).
    I.
    The period of life, time of life, life, age (divided, acc. to Varr. ap. Censor. 14, into pueritia, from birth to the 15th year; adulescentia, from that time to the 30th; juventus, to the 45th; the age of the seniores, to the 60th; and, finally, senectus, from that time till death. Others make a different division, v. Flor. 1 prooem.; Isid. Orig. 11, 2; Gell. 10, 28; 15, 20):

    a primo tempore aetatis,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 4, 13:

    prima aetas,

    id. Off. 2, 13:

    ineuntis aetatis inscientia,

    id. ib. 1, 34;

    so 2, 13: flos aetatis,

    the bloom of life, id. Phil. 2, 2; Liv. 21; Suet. Caes. 49; so,

    bona aetas,

    Cic. Sen. 14; and poet. in the plur.:

    ambo florentes aetatibus,

    Verg. E. 7, 4: quamquam aetas senet, satis habeo tamen virium, ut te arā arceam, Pac. ap. Prisc. 1, 10; id. ap. Non. 159, 19:

    mala aetas,

    old age, Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 6; and absol.: aetas, aevitas = senectus, old age, SI MORBVS AEVITASVE VITIVM ESCIT, Fragm. of the XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1, 25: aetate ( through age) non quis obtuerier, Plaut. Most. 3, 2, 154; 1, 3, 130; id. Bacch. 3, 3, 5:

    sed ipse morbo atque aetate confectus,

    Sall. J. 9:

    graves aetate,

    Liv. 7, 39.—Sometimes also absol. = adulescentia, youth:

    fui ego illā aetate et feci illa omnia,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 10, 4; id. Most. 5, 2, 27:

    damna, dedecora aetas ipsius pertulit,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 12:

    tua autem aetas (of his son),

    id. Off. 2, 13:

    (mulier) non formā, non aetate, non opibus maritum invenerit,

    Tac. G. 19:

    expers belli propter aetatem,

    Suet. Aug. 8: aetas consularis, the legal age for the consulship, i. e. the 43d year, Cic. Phil. 5, 17:

    id aetatis jam sumus,

    we have now reached that time of life, id. Fam. 6, 20, 3.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    In gen., the lifetime of man, without reference to its different stages; life, Enn. ap. Gell. 18, 2, 16:

    aetas acta honeste et splendide,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 25:

    gerere,

    id. Fam. 4, 5 al.:

    tempus aetatis,

    id. Sen. 19:

    aetatem consumere in studio aliquo,

    id. Off. 1, 1:

    conterere in litibus,

    id. Leg. 1, 20:

    degere omnem in tranquillitate,

    id. Fin. 2, 35; cf. id. Rosc. Am. 53 al.—In Ov. M. 12, 188, aetas = centum annos.—
    B.
    A space of time, an age, generation, time:

    heroicae aetates,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 3, 7:

    haec aetas,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 5; id. Rep. 1, 1:

    alia,

    id. Lael. 27, 101 Beier:

    nostrā aetate,

    in our times, Quint. 1, 4, 20:

    cum primis aetatis suae comparabatur,

    Nep. Iphicr. 1; Vell. 1, 16:

    incuriosa suorum aetas,

    Tac. Agr. 1:

    omnia fert aetas,

    time, Verg. E. 9, 51; so Hor. C. 4, 9, 10:

    crastina aetas,

    the morrow, Stat. Th. 3, 562. — Of the four ages of the world ( the golden age, silver age, etc.), Ov. M. 1, 89 sq.; v. aureus, argenteus, etc.—
    C.
    Abstr. pro concreto, the time or period of life, for the man himself, the age, for the men living in it (mostly poet., and in prose after the Aug. per.; cf.

    saeculum): sibi inimicus magis quam aetati tuae, i. e. tibi,

    Plaut. Men. 4, 3, 1:

    vae aetati tuae,

    id. Capt. 4, 2, 105:

    quid nos dura refugimus Aetas?

    Hor. C. 1, 35, 34:

    impia,

    id. Epod. 16, 9:

    veniens,

    Ov. F. 6, 639:

    omnis aetas currere obviam,

    Liv. 27, 51:

    omnis sexus, omnis aetas,

    Tac. A. 13, 16:

    innoxiam liberorum aetatem miserarentur, i. e. innocentes liberos,

    id. H. 3, 68:

    sexum, aetatem, ordinem omnem,

    Suet. Calig. 4.—
    D.
    Also of things without life, e. g. of wine, its age: bibite Falernum hoc: annorum quadraginta est. Bene, inquit, aetatem fert, it keeps well, Cic. ap. Macr. S. 2, 2, 3; Plin. 23, 1, 20, § 33; 15, 2, 3, § 7.—So of buildings:

    aetates aedificiorum,

    Dig. 30, 58.—
    E.
    Aetatem, a dverb. (ante-class.).
    1.
    = semper, perpetuo, through the whole of life, during lifetime, continually:

    ut aetatem ambo nobis sint obnoxii,

    Plaut. As. 2, 2, 18:

    at tu aegrota, si lubet, per me aetatem quidem,

    id. Curc. 4, 3, 22:

    Quid, malum, me aetatem censes velle id adsimularier,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 3, 38.—
    2.
    = diu, longo tempore, an age, a long time, a long while:

    an abiit jam a milite? Jamdudum aetatem,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 5, 8:

    quod solis vapor aetatem non posse videtur efficere,

    what the heat of the sun cannot perhaps effect for years, Lucr. 6, 236.—
    F.
    In aetate, adverb. (ante-class.).
    1.
    At times, sometimes, now and then, Plaut. Trin. 1, 1, 2.—
    2.
    At any time, always, ever, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 61.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aetas

  • 795 aeternum

    aeternus, a, um, adj. [contr. from aeviternus, Varr. L. L. 6, § 11 Müll., from aevum, with the termination -ternus as in sempiternus, hesternus], without beginning or end, eternal (sempiternus denotes what is perpetual, what exists as long as time endures, and keeps even pace with it; aeternus, the eternal, that which is raised above all time, and can be measured only by œons (aiônes, indefinite periods);

    for Tempus est pars quaedam aeternitatis,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 27, 39. Thus the sublime thought, without beginning and end, is more vividly suggested by aeternus than by sempiternus, since the former has more direct reference to the long duration of the eternal, which has neither beginning nor end. Sempiternus is rather a mathematical, aeternus a metaphysical, designation of eternity, Doed. Syn. I. p. 3).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    Of the past and future, eternal:

    deus beatus et aeternus,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 27, 88:

    nihil quod ortum sit, aeternum esse potest,

    id. N. D. 1, 8:

    O Pater, o hominum rerumque aeterna Potestas,

    Verg. A. 10, 18:

    di semper fuerunt, nati numquam sunt, siquidem aeterni sunt futuri,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 32, 90:

    idem legis perpetuae et aeternae vim Jovem dicit esse,

    id. ib. 1, 15, 40:

    nomen Domini Dei aeterni,

    Vulg. Gen. 21, 33; ib. Rom. 16, 26:

    aeternum tempus,

    Lucr. 1, 582:

    causae immutabiles eaeque aeternae,

    Cic. Fat. 12, 48. —
    B.
    Of the future, everlasting, endless, immortal:

    natura animi... neque nata certe est et aeterna est,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 23:

    virorum bonorum mentes divinae mihi atque aeternae videntur esse,

    id. Rab. 29:

    aeternam timuerunt noctem,

    Verg. G. 1, 468:

    Quod semper movetur, aeternum est,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 23:

    Quidquid est illud quod sentit... caeleste et divinum ob eamque rem aeternum sit, necesse est,

    id. ib. 1, 27:

    ut habeam vitam aeternam,

    Vulg. Matt. 19, 16; ib. Joan. 3, 15; ib. Rom. 2, 7:

    in sanguine testamenti aeterni,

    ib. Heb. 13, 20:

    tu Juppiter bonorum inimicos aeternis suppliciis vivos mortuosque mactabis,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 13:

    ibunt in supplicium aeternum,

    Vulg. Matt. 25, 46: [p. 64] aeternas poenas in morte timendumst, Lucr. 1, 111:

    mitti in ignem aeternum,

    Vulg. Matt. 18, 8.—
    C.
    Of the past:

    ex aeterno tempore quaeque Nunc etiam superare necessest corpora rebus,

    from eternity, Lucr. 1, 578:

    motum animorum nullo a principio, sed ex aeterno tempore intellegi convenire,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 6.—
    D.
    Spec. of objects of nature, which the ancients regarded as stable and perpetual, everlasting, eternal: aeterna templa caeli, Poët. ap. Varr. L. L. 6, 11, p. 77 Müll.:

    aeternam lampada mundi,

    Lucr. 5, 402:

    micant aeterni sidera mundi,

    id. 5, 514:

    aeterna domus, i. e. caelum,

    Cic. Rep. 6, 23:

    donec veniret desiderium collium aeternorum,

    the everlasting hills, Vulg. Gen. 49, 26; ib. Ps. 75, 5; cf. ib. Ps. 103, 5.—
    II.
    Meton., of indef. long time.
    A.
    Of the future, lasting, enduring, everlasting, perpetual:

    aeterni parietes,

    Plin. 35, 14, 49, § 172:

    dehinc spero aeternam inter nos gratiam fore,

    Ter. Eun. 5, 2, 33:

    aeternus luctus,

    Lucr. 3, 924:

    dolor,

    id. 3, 1003:

    vulnus,

    id. 2, 369; so Verg. A. 1, 36:

    aerumna,

    Cic. Sen. 34:

    mala,

    Verg. Cul. 130:

    bellum,

    Cic. Cat. 4, 22:

    dedecus,

    id. Font. 88:

    imperium,

    id. Rab. 33; so Verg. A. 1, 230:

    versūs,

    Lucr. 1, 121:

    ignis sacerdotis,

    Cic. Font. 47:

    gloria,

    id. Cat. 4, 21:

    laus,

    id. Planc. 26:

    memoria,

    id. Verr. 4, 69:

    non dubitat Lentulum aeternis tenebris vinculisque mandare,

    id. Cat. 4, 10.—Comic.:

    spero me ob hunc nuntium aeternum adepturum cibum,

    Plaut. Capt. 4, 1, 13. Esp. of Rome:

    aeterna urbs,

    the Eternal City, Tib. 2, 5, 23; Ov. F. 3, 72; Cod. Th. 10, 16, 1; Symm. Ep. 3, 55; Inscr. Orell. 2, 1140.— Comp.: nec est ulli ligno aeternior natura. Plin. 14, 1, 2, § 9:

    aeterniora mala,

    Lact. Epit. 9.—
    B.
    Of the past, of yore, of old:

    ablue corpus alluvii aeternisque sordibus squalidum,

    Curt. 4, 1, 22.—
    III.
    Adv. phrases.
    1. A.
    Lit., forever, everlastingly:

    et vivat in aeternum,

    Vulg. Gen. 3, 22:

    hoc nomen mihi est in aeternum,

    ib. Exod. 3, 15:

    Dominus in aeternum permanet,

    ib. Psa. 9, 8:

    vivet in aeternum,

    ib. Joan. 6, 52:

    Tu es sacerdos in aeternum,

    ib. Heb. 5, 6:

    non habebit remissionem in aeternum,

    ib. Marc. 3, 29.—
    B.
    Meton., of indef. long time, forever, always:

    urbs in aeternum condita,

    Liv. 4, 4:

    leges in aeternum latae,

    id. 34, 6:

    (proverbia) durant in aeternum,

    Quint. 5, 11, 41:

    delatores non in praesens tantum, sed in aeternum repressisti,

    Plin. Pan. 35:

    (famulos) possidebitis in aeternum,

    Vulg. Lev. 25, 46:

    (servus) serviet tibi usque in aeternum,

    ib. Deut. 15, 17:

    ut sceleris memoria maneat in aeternum,

    Lact. 1, 11.—
    2. A.
    Lit., forever:

    sedet aeternumque sedebit Infelix Theseus,

    Verg. A. 6, 617:

    ut aeternum illum reciperes,

    Vulg. Phil. 15 (prob. here an adv.).—
    B.
    Meton., of indef. long time, forever, always:

    serviet aeternum,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 41.—
    C.
    Of what is continually repeated, constantly, again and again (as in colloq. Engl., everlastingly, eternally):

    glaebaque versis Aeternum frangenda bidentibus,

    Verg. G. 2, 400:

    ingens janitor Aeternum latrans (of Cerberus),

    id. A. 6, 401.—
    3.
    aeternō, meton., of indef. long time, forever, perpetually:

    viret aeterno hunc fontem igneum contegens fraxinus,

    Plin. 2, 107, 111, § 240:

    BVSTA TVTA AETERNO MANEANT,

    Inscr. Orell. 4517.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aeternum

  • 796 aeternus

    aeternus, a, um, adj. [contr. from aeviternus, Varr. L. L. 6, § 11 Müll., from aevum, with the termination -ternus as in sempiternus, hesternus], without beginning or end, eternal (sempiternus denotes what is perpetual, what exists as long as time endures, and keeps even pace with it; aeternus, the eternal, that which is raised above all time, and can be measured only by œons (aiônes, indefinite periods);

    for Tempus est pars quaedam aeternitatis,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 27, 39. Thus the sublime thought, without beginning and end, is more vividly suggested by aeternus than by sempiternus, since the former has more direct reference to the long duration of the eternal, which has neither beginning nor end. Sempiternus is rather a mathematical, aeternus a metaphysical, designation of eternity, Doed. Syn. I. p. 3).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    Of the past and future, eternal:

    deus beatus et aeternus,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 27, 88:

    nihil quod ortum sit, aeternum esse potest,

    id. N. D. 1, 8:

    O Pater, o hominum rerumque aeterna Potestas,

    Verg. A. 10, 18:

    di semper fuerunt, nati numquam sunt, siquidem aeterni sunt futuri,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 32, 90:

    idem legis perpetuae et aeternae vim Jovem dicit esse,

    id. ib. 1, 15, 40:

    nomen Domini Dei aeterni,

    Vulg. Gen. 21, 33; ib. Rom. 16, 26:

    aeternum tempus,

    Lucr. 1, 582:

    causae immutabiles eaeque aeternae,

    Cic. Fat. 12, 48. —
    B.
    Of the future, everlasting, endless, immortal:

    natura animi... neque nata certe est et aeterna est,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 23:

    virorum bonorum mentes divinae mihi atque aeternae videntur esse,

    id. Rab. 29:

    aeternam timuerunt noctem,

    Verg. G. 1, 468:

    Quod semper movetur, aeternum est,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 23:

    Quidquid est illud quod sentit... caeleste et divinum ob eamque rem aeternum sit, necesse est,

    id. ib. 1, 27:

    ut habeam vitam aeternam,

    Vulg. Matt. 19, 16; ib. Joan. 3, 15; ib. Rom. 2, 7:

    in sanguine testamenti aeterni,

    ib. Heb. 13, 20:

    tu Juppiter bonorum inimicos aeternis suppliciis vivos mortuosque mactabis,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 13:

    ibunt in supplicium aeternum,

    Vulg. Matt. 25, 46: [p. 64] aeternas poenas in morte timendumst, Lucr. 1, 111:

    mitti in ignem aeternum,

    Vulg. Matt. 18, 8.—
    C.
    Of the past:

    ex aeterno tempore quaeque Nunc etiam superare necessest corpora rebus,

    from eternity, Lucr. 1, 578:

    motum animorum nullo a principio, sed ex aeterno tempore intellegi convenire,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 6.—
    D.
    Spec. of objects of nature, which the ancients regarded as stable and perpetual, everlasting, eternal: aeterna templa caeli, Poët. ap. Varr. L. L. 6, 11, p. 77 Müll.:

    aeternam lampada mundi,

    Lucr. 5, 402:

    micant aeterni sidera mundi,

    id. 5, 514:

    aeterna domus, i. e. caelum,

    Cic. Rep. 6, 23:

    donec veniret desiderium collium aeternorum,

    the everlasting hills, Vulg. Gen. 49, 26; ib. Ps. 75, 5; cf. ib. Ps. 103, 5.—
    II.
    Meton., of indef. long time.
    A.
    Of the future, lasting, enduring, everlasting, perpetual:

    aeterni parietes,

    Plin. 35, 14, 49, § 172:

    dehinc spero aeternam inter nos gratiam fore,

    Ter. Eun. 5, 2, 33:

    aeternus luctus,

    Lucr. 3, 924:

    dolor,

    id. 3, 1003:

    vulnus,

    id. 2, 369; so Verg. A. 1, 36:

    aerumna,

    Cic. Sen. 34:

    mala,

    Verg. Cul. 130:

    bellum,

    Cic. Cat. 4, 22:

    dedecus,

    id. Font. 88:

    imperium,

    id. Rab. 33; so Verg. A. 1, 230:

    versūs,

    Lucr. 1, 121:

    ignis sacerdotis,

    Cic. Font. 47:

    gloria,

    id. Cat. 4, 21:

    laus,

    id. Planc. 26:

    memoria,

    id. Verr. 4, 69:

    non dubitat Lentulum aeternis tenebris vinculisque mandare,

    id. Cat. 4, 10.—Comic.:

    spero me ob hunc nuntium aeternum adepturum cibum,

    Plaut. Capt. 4, 1, 13. Esp. of Rome:

    aeterna urbs,

    the Eternal City, Tib. 2, 5, 23; Ov. F. 3, 72; Cod. Th. 10, 16, 1; Symm. Ep. 3, 55; Inscr. Orell. 2, 1140.— Comp.: nec est ulli ligno aeternior natura. Plin. 14, 1, 2, § 9:

    aeterniora mala,

    Lact. Epit. 9.—
    B.
    Of the past, of yore, of old:

    ablue corpus alluvii aeternisque sordibus squalidum,

    Curt. 4, 1, 22.—
    III.
    Adv. phrases.
    1. A.
    Lit., forever, everlastingly:

    et vivat in aeternum,

    Vulg. Gen. 3, 22:

    hoc nomen mihi est in aeternum,

    ib. Exod. 3, 15:

    Dominus in aeternum permanet,

    ib. Psa. 9, 8:

    vivet in aeternum,

    ib. Joan. 6, 52:

    Tu es sacerdos in aeternum,

    ib. Heb. 5, 6:

    non habebit remissionem in aeternum,

    ib. Marc. 3, 29.—
    B.
    Meton., of indef. long time, forever, always:

    urbs in aeternum condita,

    Liv. 4, 4:

    leges in aeternum latae,

    id. 34, 6:

    (proverbia) durant in aeternum,

    Quint. 5, 11, 41:

    delatores non in praesens tantum, sed in aeternum repressisti,

    Plin. Pan. 35:

    (famulos) possidebitis in aeternum,

    Vulg. Lev. 25, 46:

    (servus) serviet tibi usque in aeternum,

    ib. Deut. 15, 17:

    ut sceleris memoria maneat in aeternum,

    Lact. 1, 11.—
    2. A.
    Lit., forever:

    sedet aeternumque sedebit Infelix Theseus,

    Verg. A. 6, 617:

    ut aeternum illum reciperes,

    Vulg. Phil. 15 (prob. here an adv.).—
    B.
    Meton., of indef. long time, forever, always:

    serviet aeternum,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 41.—
    C.
    Of what is continually repeated, constantly, again and again (as in colloq. Engl., everlastingly, eternally):

    glaebaque versis Aeternum frangenda bidentibus,

    Verg. G. 2, 400:

    ingens janitor Aeternum latrans (of Cerberus),

    id. A. 6, 401.—
    3.
    aeternō, meton., of indef. long time, forever, perpetually:

    viret aeterno hunc fontem igneum contegens fraxinus,

    Plin. 2, 107, 111, § 240:

    BVSTA TVTA AETERNO MANEANT,

    Inscr. Orell. 4517.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aeternus

  • 797 affectatio

    affectātĭo (better adf-), ōnis, f. [adfecto], a striving after something (in a good or bad sense; for the most part only in post-Aug. prose).
    I.
    In gen.:

    philosophia sapientiae amor est et adfectatio,

    Sen. Ep. 89:

    magna caeli adfectatione compertum, i. e. perscrutatione,

    investigation, Plin. 2, 20, 18, § 82 (but Jan reads adsectatio):

    decoris,

    id. 11, 37, 56, § 154: Nervii circa adfectationem Germanicae originis ( in the endeavor to pass for Germans), ultro ambitiosi sunt, Tac. G. 28:

    imperii,

    aspiring to the empire, Suet. Tit. 9.—
    II.
    Esp., in rhetoric, a striving to give a certain character or quality to discourse without possessing the ability to do it, also an inordinate desire to say something striking, affectation, conceit:

    (ad malam adfectationem) pertinent, quae in oratione sunt tumida, exsilia, praedulcia, abundantia, arcessita, exsultantia,

    Quint. 8, 3, 56:

    nihil est odiosius adfectatione,

    id. 1, 6, 11; 8, 3, 27; 9, 3, 54; 10, 1, 82; Suet. Gram. 10; id. Tib. 70.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > affectatio

  • 798 affero

    af-fĕro (better adf-), attŭli (adt-, better att-), allātum (adl-), afferre (adf-), v. a.; constr. aliquid ad aliquem or alicui.
    I.
    In gen., to bring, take, carry or convey a thing to a place (of portable things, while adducere denotes the leading or conducting of men, animals, etc.), lit. and trop.
    A.
    Lit.:

    lumen,

    Enn. Ann. 1, 40:

    viginti minas,

    Plaut. As. 1, 3, 78; 1, 3, 87 al.:

    adtuli hunc.—Quid, adtulisti?—Adduxi volui dicere,

    id. Ps. 2, 4, 21:

    tandem bruma nives adfert,

    Lucr. 5, 746: adlatus est acipenser, Cic. ap. Macr. S. 2, 12:

    adfer huc scyphos,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 33:

    nuces,

    Juv. 5, 144:

    cibum pede ad rostrum veluti manu,

    Plin. 10, 46, 63, § 129:

    pauxillum aquae,

    Vulg. Gen. 18, 4:

    caput ejus,

    ib. Marc. 6, 28.—With de in part. sense:

    adferte nobis de fructibus terrae,

    Vulg. Num. 13, 21; ib. Joan. 21, 10 (as lit. rendering of the Greek).—So of letters:

    adferre litteras, ad aliquem or alicui,

    Cic. Att. 8, 6; id. Imp. Pomp. 2; Liv. 22, 11 al.: adferre se ad aliquem locum, to betake one's self to a place, to go or come to (opp. auferre se ab aliquo, to withdraw from, to leave, only poet.):

    huc me adfero,

    Plaut. Am. 3, 4, 6; Ter. And. 4, 5, 12 Bentl.:

    Fatis huc te poscentibus adfers,

    Verg. A. 8, 477:

    sese a moenibus,

    id. ib. 3, 345.—So pass. adferri:

    urbem adferimur,

    are driven, come, Verg. A. 7, 217;

    and adferre pedem: abite illuc, unde malum pedem adtulistis,

    id. Cat. 14, 21.— To bring near, extend, = porrigo (eccl. Lat.):

    adfer manum tuam,

    reach hither, Vulg. Joan. 20, 27.—
    B.
    Trop., to bring to, upon, in a good or bad sense.
    (α).
    In bon. part.:

    pacem ad vos adfero,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 32:

    hic Stoicus genus sermonum adfert non liquidum,

    i.e. makes use of, Cic. de Or. 2, 38, 159:

    nihil ostentationis aut imitationis adferre,

    id. ib. 3, 12, 45:

    non minus adferret ad dicendum auctoritatis quam facultatis,

    id. Mur. 2, 4:

    consulatum in familiam,

    id. Phil. 9, 2:

    animum vacuum ad scribendas res difficiles,

    id. Att. 12, 38:

    tibi benedictionem,

    Vulg. Gen. 33, 11:

    Domino gloriam,

    ib. 1 Par. 16, 28; ib. Apoc. 21, 26: ignominiam, ib. Osee, 4, 18.—
    (β).
    In mal. part.:

    bellum in patriam,

    Ov. M. 12, 5:

    nisi etiam illuc pervenerint (canes), ut in dominum adferant dentes,

    to use their teeth against their master, Varr. R. R. 2, 9, 9:

    adferam super eos mala,

    Vulg. Jer. 23, 12:

    Quam accusationem adfertis adversus hominem hunc?

    id. Joan. 18, 29: quod gustatum adfert mortem, ib. Job, 6, 6: vim adferre alicui for inferre, to use force against or offer violence to one, Cic. Phil. 2, 7; id. Verr. 2, 1, 26; Liv. 9, 16; 42, 29 Drak.; Ov. H. 17, 21 Heins.; id. A. A. 1, 679; Suet. Oth. 12 al.: manus adferre alicui, in a bad sense, to lay hands on, attack, assail (opp.:

    manus abstinere ab aliquo): pro re quisque manus adfert (sc. ad pugnam),

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 26:

    domino a familiā suā manus adlatas esse,

    id. Quint. 27:

    intellegimus eum detrudi, cui manus adferuntur,

    id. Caecin. 17:

    qui sit improbissimus, manus ei adferantur, effodiantur oculi,

    id. Rep. 3, 17 Creuz. al.: sibi manus, to lay hands on one's self, to commit suicide: Qui quidem manus, quas justius in Lepidi perniciem animāsset, sibi adferre conatus est, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 23.—Also of things: manus templo, to rob or plunder, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 18:

    bonis alienis,

    id. Off. 2, 15:

    manus suis vulneribus,

    to tear open, id. Att. 3, 15 (a little before:

    ne rescindam ipse dolorem meum): manus beneficio suo,

    to nullify, render worthless, Sen. Ben. 2, 5 ext.
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    To bring, bear, or carry a thing, as news, to report, announce, inform, publish; constr. alicui or ad aliquem aliquid, or acc. with inf. (class.;

    in the histt., esp. in Livy, very freq.): ea adferam eaque ut nuntiem, etc.,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 9:

    istud quod adfers, aures exspectant meae,

    id. As. 2, 2, 65; Ter. Phorm. prol. 22:

    calamitas tanta fuit, ut eam non ex proelio nuntius, sed ex sermone rumor adferret,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 9, 25:

    si ei subito sit adlatum periculum patriae,

    id. Off. 1, 43, 154:

    nihil novi ad nos adferebatur,

    id. Fam. 2, 14; id. Att. 6, 8: rumores, qui de me adferuntur, Cic. Fil. ap. Cic. Fam. 16, 21:

    Caelium ad illam adtulisse, se aurum quaerere,

    id. Cael. 24; so id. Fam. 5, 2 al.:

    magnum enim, quod adferebant, videbatur,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 15 Dint.:

    cum crebri adferrent nuntii, male rem gerere Darium,

    Nep. 3, 3:

    haud vana adtulere,

    Liv. 4, 37; 6, 31:

    exploratores missi adtulerunt quieta omnia apud Gallos esse,

    id. 8, 17 Drak.:

    per idem tempus rebellāsse Etruscos adlatum est,

    word was brought, id. 10, 45 al.:

    idem ex Hispaniā adlatum,

    Tac. H. 1, 76:

    esse, qui magnum nescio quid adferret,

    Suet. Dom. 16; Luc. 1, 475:

    scelus adtulit umbris,

    Val. Fl. 3, 172 al. —So of instruction: doctrinam, Vulg. prol. Eccli.; ib. 2 Joan. 10.—
    B.
    To bring a thing on one, i.e. to cause, occasion, effect, give, impart; esp. of states of mind:

    aegritudinem alicui,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 3, 2:

    alicui molestiam,

    id. Hec. 3, 2, 9:

    populo Romano pacem, tranquillitatem, otium, concordiam,

    Cic. Mur. 1:

    alicui multas lacrimas, magnam cladem,

    id. N. D. 2, 3, 7:

    ipsa detractio molestiae consecutionem adfert voluptatis,

    id. Fin. 1, 11, 37; so,

    adferre auctoritatem et fidem orationi,

    id. Phil. 12, 7:

    metum,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 25:

    dolorem,

    id. Sull. 1:

    luctum et egestatem,

    id. Rosc. Am. 5:

    consolationem,

    id. Att. 10, 4:

    delectationem,

    id. Fam. 7, 1 al.:

    detrimentum,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 82:

    taedium,

    Plin. 15, 2, 3, § 7:

    dolorem capitis,

    id. 23, 1, 18:

    gaudium,

    Plin. Ep. 10, 2, 1 al. —
    C.
    To bring forwards, allege, assert, adduce, as an excuse, reason, etc.:

    quam causam adferam?

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 3, 23:

    justas causas adfers,

    Cic. Att. 11, 15;

    also without causa: rationes quoque, cur hoc ita sit, adferendas puto,

    id. Fin. 5, 10, 27; cf. id. Fam. 4, 13:

    idque me non ad meam defensionem adtulisse,

    id. Caecin. 29, 85:

    ad ea, quae dixi, adfer, si quid habes,

    id. Att. 7: nihil igitur adferunt, qui in re gerendā versari senectutem negant, they bring forwards nothing to the purpose, who, etc., id. Sen. 6; id. de Or. 2, 53, 215:

    quid enim poterit dicere?... an aetatem adferet?

    i. e. as an excuse, id. ib. 2, 89, 364.—Also absol.:

    Quid sit enim corpus sentire, quis adferet umquam...?

    will bring forwards an explanation, Lucr. 3, 354 (cf. reddo absol. in same sense, id. 1, 566):

    et, cur credam, adferre possum,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 29, 70; 3, 23, 55.—
    D.
    Adferre aliquid = conducere, conferre aliquid, to contribute any thing to a definite object, to be useful in any thing, to help, assist; constr. with ad, with dat., or absol.:

    quam ad rem magnum adtulimus adjumentum hominibus nostris,

    Cic. Off. 1, 1:

    negat Epicurus diuturnitatem temporis ad beate vivendum aliquid adferre,

    id. Fin. 2, 27, 87:

    quidquid ad rem publicam adtulimus, si modo aliquid adtulimus,

    id. Off. 1, 44, 155:

    illa praesidia non adferunt oratori aliquid, ne, etc.,

    id. Mil. 1: aliquid adtulimus etiam nos, id. Planc. 10, 24:

    quid enim oves aliud adferunt, nisi, etc.,

    id. N. D. 2, 63.—
    E.
    Very rare in class. period, to bring forth as a product, to yield, bear, produce, = fero:

    agri fertiles, qui multo plus adferunt, quam acceperunt,

    Cic. Off. 1, 15:

    herbam adferentem semen,

    Vulg. Gen. 1, 29:

    arva non adferent cibum,

    ib. Hab. 3, 17: lignum adtulit fructum, ib. Joel, 2, 22; ib. Apoc. 22, 2:

    ager fructum,

    ib. Luc. 12, 16 al.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > affero

  • 799 affingo

    af-fingo (better adf-), inxi, ictum, 3, v. a., to form, fashion, devise, make, or invent a thing as an addition or appendage to another.
    I.
    Lit. (esp. of artists).
    (α).
    With dat.:

    nec ei manus adfinxit,

    Cic. Tim. 6:

    saepta, adficta villae quae sunt,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 3, 2.—
    (β).
    Absol.:

    Nullam partem corporis sine aliquā necessitate adfictam reperietis,

    Cic. Or. 3, 45, 179.—
    II.
    Trop., to make up, frame, invent, to add falsely or without grounds:

    faciam ut intellegatis, quid error adfinxerit, quid invidia conflārit,

    Cic. Clu. 4:

    vitium hoc oculis adfingere noli,

    Lucr. 4, 386:

    neque vera laus ei detracta oratione nostrā, neque falsa adficta esse videatur,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 4, 10; so id. Phil. 1, 3; id. Or. 22; id. Tusc. 3, 33:

    addunt ipsi et adfingunt rumoribus Galli,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 1:

    cui crimen adfingeretur,

    might be falsely imputed, Tac. A. 14, 62.—
    III.
    In a general signif.
    A.
    To add or join to, to annex (always with the accessory idea of forming, fashioning, devising):

    sint cubilia gallinarum aut exsculpta aut adficta firmiter,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 9, 7: multa natura aut adfingit ( creating, she adds thereto) aut mutat aut detrahit, Cic. Div. 1, 62, 118:

    tantum alteri adfinxit, de altero limavit,

    id. de Or. 3, 9, 36.—
    B.
    To feign, forge:

    litteras,

    App. M. 4, 139, 34 Elm.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > affingo

  • 800 afflatus

    1.
    afflātus ( adf-), a, um, Part., of afflo.
    2.
    afflātus ( adf-), ūs, m. [afflo].
    I.
    A blowing or breathing on, a breeze, blast, breath, etc., as of the wind, men, or animals:

    afflatusex terrā mentem ita movens ut, etc.,

    Cic. Div. 2, 57, 117:

    adflatu nocent,

    by the effluvia, Ov. M. 7, 551:

    ambusti adflatu vaporis,

    Liv. 28, 23:

    ignes caelestes adussisse levi adflatu vestimenta,

    id. 39, 22:

    Favonii,

    Plin. 6, 17, 21, § 57:

    noxius,

    id. 4, 12, 26 al. —Of animals:

    frondes adflatibus (apri) ardent,

    by his breath, Ov. M. 8, 289:

    serpentis,

    Stat. Th. 5, 527:

    polypus adflatu terribili canes agebat,

    Plin. 9, 30, 48, § 92.—And of the aspiration in speech: Boeotii sine adflatu vocant collīs Tebas, i. e. without the h, Varr. R. R. 3, 1, 6.—
    B.
    Esp., a flash or glow of light (cf. afflo, I.):

    juncturae leni adflatu simulacra refovent,

    Plin. 36, 15, 22, § 98.—
    II.
    Fig., afflation of the divine spirit, inspiration:

    nemo vir magnus sine aliquo adflatu divino umquam fuit,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 66:

    sine inflammatione animorum et sine quodam adflatu quasi furoris,

    id. de Or. 2, 46.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > afflatus

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  • regard — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) v. t. consider, deem, observe, mark, note; respect, repute, esteem; concern. n. reference, concern, gaze, scrutiny, attention, deference, esteem. See relation, vision. II (Roget s IV) n. 1. [Attention]… …   English dictionary for students

  • regard — [[t]rɪgɑ͟ː(r)d[/t]] ♦♦ regards, regarding, regarded 1) VERB If you regard someone or something as being a particular thing or as having a particular quality, you believe that they are that thing or have that quality. [be V ed as n] He was… …   English dictionary

  • regard */*/*/ — I UK [rɪˈɡɑː(r)d] / US [rɪˈɡɑrd] verb [transitive] Word forms regard : present tense I/you/we/they regard he/she/it regards present participle regarding past tense regarded past participle regarded 1) [not usually progressive] to think of someone …   English dictionary

  • regard — re|gard1 [ rı gard ] verb transitive *** 1. ) not usually progressive to think of something or someone in a particular way: regard someone/something as something: The nuclear reactors, which were regarded as dangerously out of date, were replaced …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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