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whirlpool

  • 1 Charybdis

        Charybdis is (acc. im or in, abl. ī), f, χάρυβδισ, a whirlpool between Italy and Sicily, personified as a female monster, Iu.: implacata, V.—Fig., a destroyer: bonorum, C., H.
    * * *
    I
    whirlpool; (see also Charybdis)
    II
    Charybdis (whirlpool Sicily/Italy); cruel person; whirlpool; tortuous cavity

    Latin-English dictionary > Charybdis

  • 2 gurges

        gurges itis, m    [GVOR-], a raging abyss, whirlpool, gulf: Rheni fossa gurgitibus illis redundans: turbidus caeno, V.: per medios gurgites, L.: hauriebantur gurgitibus, L.: Stygius, O.: caenosus, the Styx, Iu.— Waters, a stream, sea: Iberus, V.: gurgite ab alto, abyss, V.: Herculeus, i. e. the Atlantic, Iu.—Fig., an abyss, gulf: libidinum: qui est gurges vitiorum: patrimoni, spendthrift.
    * * *
    whirlpool; raging abyss; gulf, the sea; "flood", "stream"

    Latin-English dictionary > gurges

  • 3 Scyllaeus

        Scyllaeus adj.,     of Scylla (a promontory at the entrance of the Sicilian straits): rabies, V.— As subst n.: in Scyllaec illo aeris alieni, i. e. whirlpool (by confusion with Charybdis).

    Latin-English dictionary > Scyllaeus

  • 4 vertex (vortex)

        vertex (vortex) icis, m    [VERT-], a whirl, eddy, whirlpool, vortex: torto vertice torrens, V.: (flumen) minores volvere vertices, H.: sine vertice aquae euntes, O.: amnis transverso vertice dolia inpulit ad ripam, L.— A whirlwind: contra (ventum) enitentes vertice intorti adfligebantur, L.— Of flame, a coil, whorl: flammis inter tabulata volutus Ad caelum undabat vertex, V.—The highest point, top, peak, summit: ignes, qui ex Aetnae vertice erumpunt: flammae rotantes Vertice fumum, H.: a vertice, from above, V.—Of the head, the top, crown: ab imis unguibus usque ad verticem summum: talos a vertice pulcher ad imos, H.: toto vertice supra est, by the head, V.: moribundus, O.— The pole: caeli vertices ipsi: Hic vertex nobis semper sublimis, V.—The highest, greatest (poet.): dolorum vertices.

    Latin-English dictionary > vertex (vortex)

  • 5 vorāgō

        vorāgō inis, f    [voro], an abyss, gulf, whirlpool, depth, chasm: submersus equus voraginibus: vastāque voragine gurges Aestuat, V.: neque eam voraginem coniectu terrae expleri potuisse, L.: ventris, O.—Fig.: vos geminae voragines scopulique rei p.: patrimoni, spendthrift: vitiorum, abyss.
    * * *
    deep hole, chasm, watery hollow

    Latin-English dictionary > vorāgō

  • 6 vertex

    whirlpool, eddy, vortex; crown of the head; peak, top, summit; the pole

    Latin-English dictionary > vertex

  • 7 vortex

    whirlpool, eddy, vortex; crown of the head; peak, top, summit; the pole

    Latin-English dictionary > vortex

  • 8 altus

    1.
    altus, a, um, participle from alo., lit., grown or become great, great (altus ab alendo dictus, Paul. ex Fest. p. 7 Müll.; cf. the Germ. gross with the Engl. grow), a polar word meaning both high and deep.
    A.
    Seen from below upwards, high.
    I.
    Lit.: IN ALTOD MARID PVCNANDOD, etc., Columna Duilii; so, maria alta, Liv. Andron. ap. Macr. S. 6, 5, 10; id. ib. ap. Prisc. p. 725 P.: aequor, Pac. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, § 23 Müll.: parietes, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19, 44:

    sub ramis arboris altae,

    Lucr. 2, 30:

    acervus,

    id. 3, 198 al.:

    columellam tribus cubitis ne altiorem,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 26, 66:

    altior illis Ipsa dea est colloque tenus supereminet omnes,

    taller, Ov. M. 3, 181:

    altis de montibus,

    Verg. E. 1, 83:

    umbras Altorum nemorum,

    Ov. M. 1, 591 al. —With the acc. of measure:

    clausi lateribus pedem altis,

    a foot high, Sall. H. Fragm. 4, 39 Gerl.; cf. Lind. C. Gr. I. p. 215.—With gen.:

    triglyphi alti unius et dimidiati moduli, lati in fronte unius moduli,

    Vitr. 4, 3:

    majorem turrim altam cubitorum CXX.,

    id. 10, 5:

    alta novem pedum,

    Col. 8, 14, 1:

    singula latera pedum lata tricenum, alta quinquagenum,

    Plin. 36, 13, 19, § 4.—
    II.
    Trop., high, lofty, elevated, great, magnanimous, high-minded, noble, august, etc.:

    altissimus dignitatis gradus,

    Cic. Phil. 1, 6, 14; so id. Clu. 55; id. Dom. 37.—Of mind or thought:

    te natura excelsum quendam videlicet et altum et humana despicientem genuit,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 4, 11:

    homo sapiens et altā mente praeditus,

    highminded, id. Mil. 8:

    qui altiore animo sunt,

    id. Fin. 5, 20, 57 al. —So of gods, or persons elevated in birth, rank, etc.;

    also of things personified: rex aetheris altus Juppiter,

    Verg. A. 12, 140:

    Apollo,

    id. ib. 10, 875:

    Caesar,

    Hor. C. 3, 4, 37:

    Aeneas, i. e. deā natus,

    id. S. 2, 5, 62:

    Roma,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 3, 33:

    Carthago,

    Prop. 2, 1, 23 al. —Of the voice, high, shrill, loud, clear:

    Conclamate iterum altiore voce,

    Cat. 42, 18:

    haec fatus altā voce,

    Sen. Troad. 196:

    altissimus sonus,

    Quint. 11, 3, 23 (cf.:

    vox magna,

    Ov. Tr. 4, 9, 24; Juv. 4, 32).— Subst.: altum, i, n., a height:

    sic est hic ordo (senatorius) quasi propositus atque editus in altum,

    on high, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 41, § 98:

    aedificia in altum edita,

    Tac. H. 3, 71:

    quidquid in altum Fortuna tulit, ruitura levat,

    Sen. Agam. 100.—Esp.
    (α).
    (Sc. caelum.) The height of heaven, high heaven, the heavens:

    ex alto volavit avis,

    Enn. Ann. 1, 108:

    haec ait, et Maiā genitum demisit ab alto,

    Verg. A. 1, 297.—Still more freq.,
    (β).
    (Sc. mare.) The high sea, the deep, the sea: rapit ex alto navīs velivolas, Enn. ap. Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 224:

    ubi sumus provecti in altum, capiunt praedones navem illam, ubi vectus fui,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 1, 39; so id. Men. 1, 2, 2; id. Rud. prol. 66; 2, 3, 64:

    terris jactatus et alto,

    Verg. A. 1, 3:

    in altum Vela dabant,

    id. ib. 1, 34:

    collectae ex alto nubes,

    id. G. 1, 324:

    urget ab alto Notus,

    id. ib. 1, 443 al.:

    alto mersā classe,

    Sil. 6, 665:

    ab illā parte urbis navibus aditus ex alto est,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 32:

    in alto jactari,

    id. Inv. 2, 31, 95:

    naves nisi in alto constitui non poterant,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 24:

    naves in altum provectae,

    id. ib. 4, 28: scapha in altum navigat, Sall. Fragm.—So in the plur.:

    alta petens,

    Verg. A. 7, 362.— Trop.:

    quam magis te in altum capessis, tam aestus te in portum refert,

    Plaut. As. 1, 3, 6:

    imbecillitas... in altum provehitur imprudens,

    Cic. Tusc. 4, 18, 42:

    te quasi quidam aestus ingenii tui in altum abstraxit,

    id. de Or. 3, 36, 145.—
    B.
    Seen from above downwards, deep, profound.
    I.
    Lit. (hence sometimes opp. summus): Acherusia templa alta Orci, salvete, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, 2, 81; Cic. Tusc. 1, 21, 48:

    quom ex alto puteo sursum ad summum escenderis,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 4, 14:

    altissimae radices,

    Cic. Phil. 4, 5:

    altae stirpes,

    id. Tusc. 3, 6, 13:

    altissima flumina,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 77:

    altior aqua,

    id. ib. 1, 25:

    alta theatri Fundamenta,

    Verg. A. 1, 427:

    gurgite in alto,

    in the deep whirlpool, id. E. 6, 76:

    altum vulnus,

    id. A. 10, 857; Petr. 136; Sen. Troad. 48:

    altum totā metitur cuspide pectus,

    Sil. 4, 292; so id. 6, 580 al.:

    unde altior esset Casus,

    Juv. 10, 106.—With the abl. of measure:

    faciemus (scrobes) tribus pedibus altas,

    Pall. Jan. 10, 3.—
    II.
    Trop. (more freq. in and after the Aug. per.), deep, profound:

    somno quibus est opus alto,

    Hor. S. 2, 1, 8; so Liv. 7, 35:

    sopor,

    Verg. A. 8, 27:

    quies,

    id. ib. 6, 522:

    silentium,

    id. ib. 10, 63; Quint. 10, 3, 22:

    altissima tranquillitas,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 1:

    altissima eruditio,

    id. ib. 4, 30:

    altiores artes,

    Quint. 8, 3, 2.— Subst.: altum, i, n., the depth, i. e. what is deep or far removed:

    ex alto dissimulare,

    Ov. Am. 2, 4, 16:

    non ex alto venire nequitiam, sed summo, quod aiunt, animo inhaerere,

    Sen. Ira, 1, 16 med. al.—Hence, ex alto repetere, or petere, in discourse, to bring from far; as P. a., farfetched:

    quae de nostris officiis scripserim, quoniam ex alto repetita sunt,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 5:

    quid causas petis ex alto?

    Verg. A. 8, 395 (cf.:

    alte repetere in the same sense,

    Cic. Sest. 13; id. Rep. 4, 4, and v. al. infra).—
    C.
    Poet., in reference to a distant (past) time: cur vetera tam ex alto appetissis discidia, Agamemno? Att. ap. Non. 237, 22 (altum: vetus, antiquum, Non.); cf. Verg. G. 4, 285.—With the access. idea of venerable (cf. antiquus), ancient, old:

    genus alto a sanguine Teucri,

    Verg. A. 6, 500:

    Thebanā de matre nothum Sarpedonis alti,

    id. ib. 9, 697;

    genus Clauso referebat ab alto,

    Ov. F. 4, 305:

    altā gente satus,

    Val. Fl. 3, 202:

    altis inclitum titulis genus,

    Sen. Herc. Fur. 338.— Adv.: altē, and very rarely altum, high, deep (v. supra, altus, P. a. init.).
    A.
    High, on high, high up, from on high, from above (v. altus, P. a., A.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    alte ex tuto prospectum aucupo,

    Att. Trag. Rel. p. 188 Rib.:

    colomen alte geminis aptum cornibus,

    id. ib. p. 221:

    alte jubatos angues,

    Naev. ib. p. 9:

    jubar erigere alte,

    Lucr. 4, 404:

    roseā sol alte lampade lucens,

    id. 5, 610:

    in vineā ficos subradito alte, ne eas vitis scandat,

    Cato, R. R. 50:

    cruentum alte extollens pugionem,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 12, 28: non animadvertis cetarios escendere in malum alte, ut perspiciant pisces? Varr. ap. Non. 49, 15:

    (aër) tollit se ac rectis ita faucibus eicit alte,

    Lucr. 6, 689:

    dextram Entellus alte extulit,

    Verg. A. 5, 443:

    alte suras vincire cothurno,

    high up, id. ib. 1, 337:

    puer alte cinctus,

    Hor. S. 2, 8, 10, and Sen. Ep. 92:

    unda alte subjectat arenam,

    Verg. G. 3, 240:

    Nihil tam alte natura constituit, quo virtus non possit eniti,

    Curt. 7, 11, 10: alte maesti in terram cecidimus, from on high, Varr. ap. Non. 79, 16:

    eo calcem cribro succretam indito alte digitos duo,

    to the height of two fingers, Cato, R. R. 18, 7; so Col. R. R. 5, 6, 6.— Comp.:

    quae sunt humiliora neque se tollere a terrā altius possunt,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 13, 37:

    tollam altius tectum,

    id. Har. Resp. 15, 33:

    altius praecincti,

    Hor. S. 1, 5, 5:

    pullus in arvis altius ingreditur,

    Verg. G. 3, 75:

    caput altius effert,

    id. ib. 3, 553:

    altius atque cadant imbres,

    id. E. 6, 38 ubi v. Forb.:

    altius aliquid tenere,

    Sen. Q. N. 1, 5.— Sup.: [p. 96] cum altissime volāsset (aquila), Suet. Aug. 94.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    alte natus,

    Albin. 1, 379 (cf.: altus Aeneas, supra, P. a., A. II.):

    alte enim cadere non potest,

    Cic. Or. 28, 98:

    video te alte spectare,

    id. Tusc. 1, 34, 82; id. Rep. 6, 23, 25.— Comp.:

    altius se efferre,

    Cic. Rep. 6, 23, 25; 3, 3, 4:

    altius irae surgunt ductori,

    Verg. A. 10, 813:

    altius aliquid agitare,

    Cels. 1 prooem.:

    attollitur vox altius,

    Quint. 11, 3, 65:

    verbis altius atque altius insurgentibus,

    id. 8, 4, 27.— Sup.:

    Ille dies virtutem Catonis altissime illuminavit,

    Vell. 2, 35:

    ingenium altissime adsurgit,

    Plin. Ep. 8, 4.—
    B.
    Deep, deeply (v. altus, P. a. B.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    ablaqueato ficus non alte,

    Cato, R. R. 36:

    ferrum haud alte in corpus descendere,

    Liv. 1, 41:

    alte vulnus adactum,

    Verg. A. 10, 850; Ov. M. 6, 266; Curt. 4, 6, 18; Cels. 5, 26, 30:

    timidum caput abdidit alte,

    Verg. G. 3, 422:

    alte consternunt terram frondes,

    deeply strew, id. A. 4, 443:

    ut petivit Suspirium alte!

    Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 58 (cf.:

    ingentem gemitum dat pectore ab imo,

    Verg. A. 1, 485):

    inter cupam pertundito alte digitos primorīs tres,

    Cato, R. R. 21, 2:

    minimum alte pedem,

    Col. de Arb. 30.— Comp.:

    ne radices altius agant,

    Col. 5, 6, 8:

    terra altius effossa,

    Quint. 10, 3, 2:

    cum sulcus altius esset impressus,

    Cic. Div. 2, 23, 50:

    frigidus imber Altius ad vivum persedit, Verg G. 3, 441: tracti altius gemitus,

    Sen. Ira, 3, 4, 2.— Sup.:

    (latronibus gladium) altissime demergo,

    App. M. 2, 32.—
    II.
    Trop., deeply, profoundly, far, from afar:

    privatus ut altum Dormiret,

    Juv. 1, 16:

    alte terminus haerens,

    Lucr. 1, 77:

    longo et alte petito prooemio respondere,

    Cic. Clu. 21, 58:

    ratio alte petita,

    Quint. 11, 1, 62:

    alte et a capite repetis, quod quaerimus,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 6, 18; id. Rep. 4, 4, 4; id. Sest. 13, 31.— Comp.:

    qui altius perspiciebant,

    had a deeper insight, Cic. Verr. 1, 7, 19:

    quae principia sint, repetendum altius videtur,

    must be sought out more deeply, id. Off. 1, 16:

    altius repetitae causae,

    Quint. 11, 1, 62:

    de quo si paulo altius ordiri ac repetere memoriam religionis videbor,

    Cic. Verr. 4, 105:

    Hisce tibi in rebus latest alteque videndum,

    Lucr. 6, 647:

    altius supprimere iram,

    Curt. 6, 7, 35:

    altius aliquem percellere,

    Tac. A. 4, 54:

    altius metuere,

    id. ib. 4, 41:

    altius animis maerere,

    id. ib. 2, 82:

    cum verbum aliquod altius transfertur,

    Cic. Or. 25, 82:

    Altius omnem Expediam primā repetens ab origine famam,

    Verg. G. 4, 285;

    so,

    Tac. H. 4, 12:

    altius aliquid persequi,

    Plin. 2, 23, 31, § 35:

    hinc altius cura serpit,

    id. 4, 11, 13, § 87.— Sup.:

    qui vir et quantus esset, altissime inspexi,

    Plin. Ep. 5, 15, 5.
    2.
    altus, ūs, m. [alo], a nourishing, support:

    terrae altu,

    Macr. S. 1, 20 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > altus

  • 9 Charybdis

    Chărybdis, is, f., = Charubdis, a dangerous whirlpool between Italy and Sicily, opposite to Scylla, now Calofaro; personified, a monstrous female being, Mel. 2, 7, 14; Plin. 3, 8, 14, § 87:

    vasta,

    Lucr. 1, 723; Cat. 64, 156; Prop. 2 (3), 26, 54:

    implacata,

    Verg. A. 3, 420:

    Austro agitata,

    Ov. M. 8, 121:

    irrequieta,

    id. ib. 13, 730; acc. Charybdin, Hor. A. P. 145; Ov. M. 14, 75; so Cic. Phil. 2, 27, 67:

    Charybdim,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 56, § 146 Zumpt N. cr.; abl. Charybdi, Hor. C. 1, 27, 19; Juv. 15, 17.—
    II.
    Trop., any thing dangerous or destructive, Hor. C. 1, 27, 19:

    sanguinis,

    Prud. Cath. 6, 107:

    Charybdim bonorum voraginem potius (dixerim),

    Cic. de Or. 3, 41, 163.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Charybdis

  • 10 contorqueo

    con-torquĕo, torsi, tortum (also -torsum, acc. to Prisc. 9, p. 871 P.), 2, v. a., to turn, twist, twirl, swing, whirl or brandish, etc. (class. in prose and poetry).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    Of weapons, arms, etc. (mostly poet.):

    telum contortum validis viribus,

    Lucr. 1, 971; cf.:

    hastam viribus,

    Ov. M. 5, 32:

    lenta spicula lacertis,

    Verg. A. 7, 165:

    hastile adducto lacerto,

    id. ib. 11, 561:

    cuspidem lacerto,

    Ov. M. 8, 345:

    valido sceptrum lacerto,

    id. ib. 5, 422:

    (hastile) certo contorquens dirigit ictu,

    Verg. A. 12, 490:

    sed magnum stridens contorta phalarica venit,

    id. ib. 9, 705:

    hastam In latus, etc.,

    id. ib. 2, 52; Quint. 9, 4, 8:

    telum in eum,

    Curt. 8, 14, 36.—
    B.
    Of other objects:

    gubernaclum quolibet,

    Lucr. 4, 904; cf.:

    membra quocumque volt,

    Cic. Div. 1, 53, 120:

    tantum corpus,

    Lucr. 4, 900:

    globum eā celeritate, etc.,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 10, 24; id. Arat. 61: equum magnā vi, Poët. ap. Quint. 8, 6, 9:

    amnis in alium cursum contortos et deflexos videmus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 19, 38:

    proram ad laevas undas,

    Verg. A. 3, 562:

    silvas insano vortice,

    whirling them round in its raging whirlpool, id. G. 1, 481; cf.
    * Cat.
    64, 107:

    frementes aquas subitis verticibus,

    Luc. 4, 102 Weber; cf. id. 3, 631; Sil. 3, 50:

    an omnis tempestas aeque mare illud contorqueat,

    Sen. Ep. 79, 1 al.:

    vertex est contorta in se aqua,

    Quint. 8, 2, 7:

    nubila fumo,

    Sil. 4, 309.—
    II.
    Trop. (mostly in Cic. and of rhet. matters;

    the metaphor taken from missiles which are brandished, that they may be discharged with greater force): (auditor) tamquam machinatione aliquā tum ad severitatem, tum ad remissionem animi est contorquendus,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 17, 72.—So of discourse that is thrown out violently or forcibly, hurled:

    Demosthenis non tam vibrarent fulmina illa, nisi numeris contorta ferrentur,

    Cic. Or. 70, 234; cf. Quint. 10, 7, 14:

    quam rhetorice! quam copiose! quas sententias colligit! quae verba contorquet! ( = summā vi et impetu profert),

    hurls forth, Cic. Tusc. 3, 26, 63; cf.:

    longas periodos uno spiritu,

    Plin. Ep. 5, 20, 4:

    deinde contorquent et ita concludunt, etc.,

    twist the argument, Cic. Div. 2, 51, 106.— Hence, contortus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to II.), of discourse.
    A.
    Brandished, hurled, full of motion, powerful, vehement, energetic, strong (rare;

    mostly in Cic.): contorta et acris oratio,

    Cic. Or. 20, 66:

    vis (orationis),

    Quint. 10, 7, 14:

    levibus mulcentur et contortis excitantur,

    id. 9, 4, 116.—
    B.
    Involved, intricate, obscure, perplexed, complicated:

    contortae et difficiles res,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 58, 250: contorta et aculeata quaedam sophismata, id. Ac. 2, 24, 75.— Adv.: con-tortē (acc. to II.), intricately, perplexedly:

    dicere,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 20, 29; Auct. Her. 1, 9, 15. —
    * Comp.:

    concluduntur a Stoicis,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 10, 22.— Sup. not in use.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > contorqueo

  • 11 Gurges

    1.
    gurges, ĭtis, m. [v. gula; and cf. barathron, vorago], a raging abyss, whirlpool, gulf (syn.: vorago, barathrum).
    I.
    Lit. (class.):

    non Rheni fossam gurgitibus illis redundantem,

    Cic. Pis. 33, 81:

    turbidus hic coeno vastaque voragine gurges Aestuat,

    Verg. A. 6, 296:

    multamque trahens sub gurgite arenam Volturnus,

    Ov. M. 15, 714:

    alterno procurrens gurgite pontus,

    Verg. A. 11, 624:

    per medios gurgites (opp. vada),

    Liv. 21, 5, 14:

    deficientibus animis hauriebantur gurgitibus,

    id. 22, 6, 7:

    caenosus,

    the Styx, Juv. 3, 266.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    In gen., waters, stream, sea ( poet.):

    fessos jam gurgite Phoebus Ibero Tingat equos,

    Verg. A. 11, 913:

    Euboicus,

    Ov. M. 9, 227:

    Carpathius,

    Verg. G. 4, 387:

    Atlanteus,

    Stat. Ach. 1, 223:

    Tusci,

    id. S. 4, 5, 4:

    gurgite ab alto,

    Verg. A. 6, 310; 7, 704:

    Herculeus,

    i. e. the Atlantic, beyond Gibraltar, Juv. 14, 280.—
    B.
    Of insatiable craving, an abyss; of persons, a spendthrift, prodigal:

    qui immensa aliqua vorago est, aut gurges vitiorum turpitudinumque omnium,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 9, § 23; cf.:

    divitias in profundissimum libidinum gurgitem profundere,

    id. Sest. 43, 93:

    gurges ac vorago patrimonii,

    id. ib. 52, 111; cf.:

    ille gurges atque heluo, natus abdomini suo,

    id. Pis. 17, 41:

    Apicius, nepotum omnium altissimus gurges,

    Plin. 10, 48, 68, § 133.
    2.
    Gurges, ĭtis, m., a surname.
    I.
    Q. Fabius, Q. F. M. N. Gurges, Macr. S. 2, 9.—
    II.
    Fabius Gurges, Juv. 6, 266.—
    III.
    C. Volcatius Gurges, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 181.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Gurges

  • 12 gurges

    1.
    gurges, ĭtis, m. [v. gula; and cf. barathron, vorago], a raging abyss, whirlpool, gulf (syn.: vorago, barathrum).
    I.
    Lit. (class.):

    non Rheni fossam gurgitibus illis redundantem,

    Cic. Pis. 33, 81:

    turbidus hic coeno vastaque voragine gurges Aestuat,

    Verg. A. 6, 296:

    multamque trahens sub gurgite arenam Volturnus,

    Ov. M. 15, 714:

    alterno procurrens gurgite pontus,

    Verg. A. 11, 624:

    per medios gurgites (opp. vada),

    Liv. 21, 5, 14:

    deficientibus animis hauriebantur gurgitibus,

    id. 22, 6, 7:

    caenosus,

    the Styx, Juv. 3, 266.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    In gen., waters, stream, sea ( poet.):

    fessos jam gurgite Phoebus Ibero Tingat equos,

    Verg. A. 11, 913:

    Euboicus,

    Ov. M. 9, 227:

    Carpathius,

    Verg. G. 4, 387:

    Atlanteus,

    Stat. Ach. 1, 223:

    Tusci,

    id. S. 4, 5, 4:

    gurgite ab alto,

    Verg. A. 6, 310; 7, 704:

    Herculeus,

    i. e. the Atlantic, beyond Gibraltar, Juv. 14, 280.—
    B.
    Of insatiable craving, an abyss; of persons, a spendthrift, prodigal:

    qui immensa aliqua vorago est, aut gurges vitiorum turpitudinumque omnium,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 9, § 23; cf.:

    divitias in profundissimum libidinum gurgitem profundere,

    id. Sest. 43, 93:

    gurges ac vorago patrimonii,

    id. ib. 52, 111; cf.:

    ille gurges atque heluo, natus abdomini suo,

    id. Pis. 17, 41:

    Apicius, nepotum omnium altissimus gurges,

    Plin. 10, 48, 68, § 133.
    2.
    Gurges, ĭtis, m., a surname.
    I.
    Q. Fabius, Q. F. M. N. Gurges, Macr. S. 2, 9.—
    II.
    Fabius Gurges, Juv. 6, 266.—
    III.
    C. Volcatius Gurges, Plin. 7, 53, 54, § 181.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > gurges

  • 13 hypobrychium

    hypobrychĭum, ĭi, n., = hupobruchion, a drowning whirlpool:

    irrespirabile,

    Tert. Idol. 24.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > hypobrychium

  • 14 ingurgito

    ingurgĭto, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [in-gurges], to pour in like a flood or whirlpool.
    I.
    Lit.:

    merum ventri suo,

    App. M. 4, p. 145, 27:

    vide ut avariter merum in se ingurgitat faucibus plenis,

    Plaut. Curc. 1, 2, 35:

    umor ex nivibus non universus ingurgitans (sc. se), diluensque, sed destillans,

    Plin. 17, 2, 2, § 15.—
    B.
    To flood, to fill:

    Rhodanus palude sese ingurgitat, nomine Lemanno,

    Amm. 15, 11, 16.—
    C.
    To glut or gorge one ' s self with meat and drink, to gormandize, guzzle:

    se caeno (of swine),

    Lact. 4, 17, 21:

    crudique postridie se rursus ingurgitant,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 8, 23:

    ingenium crebris et ingentibus poculis,

    Gell. 15, 2, 3.— Hence, ingurgitari, to make one ' s self drunk, to get drunk:

    anus ingurgitata,

    Petr. 79:

    temeto ingurgitatus,

    Macr. Somn. Scip. 1, 3.—
    II.
    Trop., to engage deeply in, be absorbed in any thing, to addict or devote one ' s self to:

    se in flagitia,

    Cic. Pis. 18, 42:

    se in alicujus copias,

    id. Phil. 2, 27, 66:

    qui degustandum ex philosophia censet, non in eam ingurgitandum,

    Gell. 5, 16, 5 (cf. Enn. Trag. v. 340 Rib. ad loc.).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > ingurgito

  • 15 sorbeo

    sorbĕo, ŭi, 2 (collat. forms: pres. subj. sorbamus, App. M. 2, p. 119; perf. sorpsi, acc. to Charis. p. 217, and Diom. p. 363; cf. the compounds), v. a. [akin with Gr. rhopheô; cf. O. H. Germ. swarb, swirbil, whirlpool], to sup up, suck in, drink down, swallow (freq. and class.).
    I.
    Lit. (class.;

    syn. haurio): hominum sanguinem,

    Plaut. Bacch. 3, 1, 5:

    calidum sanguinem ex homine,

    Plin. 28, 1, 2, § 4:

    crudum ovum,

    id. 29, 3, 11, § 42; Luc. 7, 843:

    margaritas aceto liquefactas,

    Suet. Calig. 37 et saep.— Absol.:

    sorbet dormiens,

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 6 sq. —Prov.: simul flare sorbereque haud facile, to drink and whistle at the same time, i. e. to do two things at once, Plaut. Most. 3, 2, 104.—
    B.
    Transf., to suck in, draw in, swallow up, absorb ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose), Lucr. 6, 1130:

    (Charybdis vastos) Sorbet in abruptum fluctus,

    Verg. A. 3, 422:

    fretum,

    Ov. M. 7, 64:

    flumina,

    id. ib. 1, 40:

    sorbent avidae praecordia flammae,

    id. ib. 9, 172:

    (quae sorbuit terrae hiatus),

    Plin. 2, 80, 82, § 194:

    minus sorbet politura charta,

    id. 13, 12, 25, § 81:

    quā sorbeat aëra sannā Tullia,

    Juv. 6, 306.—
    II.
    Trop., to swallow down, endure, bear, brook, etc.:

    quid eum non sorbere animo, quid non haurire cogitatione, cuius sanguinem non bibere censetis?

    Cic. Phil. 11, 5, 10:

    odia (corresp. to concoquere),

    id. Q. Fr. 3, 9, 5.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > sorbeo

  • 16 Turbo

    1.
    turbo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. ( fut. perf. turbassit, for turbaverit, Cic. Leg. 3, 4; al. turbassitur) [turba], to disturb, agitate, confuse, disorder; to throw into disorder or confusion (freq. and class.; syn.: confundo, misceo, agito).
    I.
    Lit.:

    ventorum vi agitari atque turbari mare,

    Cic. Clu. 49, 138:

    aequora ventis,

    Lucr. 2, 1:

    hibernum mare,

    Hor. Epod. 15, 8; Ov. M. 7, 154; 14, 545 al.:

    eversae turbant convivia mensae,

    id. ib. 12, 222; cf. in a poet. transf.:

    ancipiti quoniam bello turbatur utrimque,

    Lucr. 6, 377:

    ne comae turbarentur, quas componi vetuit,

    Quint. 11, 3, 148:

    ne turbet toga mota capillos,

    Ov. Am. 3, 2, 75:

    capillos,

    id. M. 8, 859; id. Am. 3, 14, 33; cf.

    in a Greek construction: turbata capillos,

    id. M. 4, 474:

    ceram,

    the seal, Quint. 12, 8, 13:

    uvae recentes alvum turbant,

    Plin. 23, 1, 6, § 10.— Absol.:

    instat, turbatque ruitque,

    Ov. M. 12, 134.—Reflex.:

    cum mare turbaret (sc. se),

    Varr. R. R. 3, 17, 7 Schneid. ad loc. (al. turbaretur).—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Milit. t. t., to throw into disorder, break the line of battle, disorganize:

    equitatus turbaverat ordines,

    Liv. 3, 70, 9:

    aciem peditum,

    id. 30, 18, 10.— Absol.:

    equites eruptione factā in agmen modice primo impetu turbavere,

    Liv. 38, 13, 12:

    turbantibus invicem copiis,

    Flor. 4, 2, 49:

    hic rem Romanam, magno turbante tumultu, sistet,

    Verg. A. 6, 857.—
    2.
    Of water, to trouble, make thick or turbid:

    lacus,

    Ov. M. 6, 364:

    fons quem nulla volucris turbarat,

    id. ib. 3, 410:

    flumen imbre,

    id. ib. 13, 889:

    limo aquam,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 60:

    aquas lacrimis,

    Ov. M. 3, 475; cf.:

    pulvis sputo turbatus,

    Petr. 131.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    non modo illa permiscuit, sed etiam delectum atque ordinem turbavit,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 50, § 123:

    qui omnia inflma summis paria fecit, turbavit, miscuit,

    id. Leg. 3, 9, 19:

    Aristoteles quoque multa turbat, a magistro Platone non dissentiens,

    id. N. D. 1, 13, 33:

    quantas res turbo!

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 1:

    quas meus filius turbas turbet,

    id. Bacch. 4, 9, 1; cf.:

    quae meus filius turbavit,

    id. ib. 5, 1, 5; id. Cas. 5, 2, 6:

    ne quid ille turbet vide,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 7, § 24:

    haec, quae in re publicā turbantur,

    id. ib. 3, 9, 3:

    cum dies alicui nobilium dicta novis semper certaminibus contiones turbaret,

    Liv. 3, 66, 2: ne incertā prole auspicia turbarentur, id. 4, 6, 2:

    milites nihil in commune turbantes,

    Tac. H. 1, 85:

    turbantur (testes),

    Quint. 5, 7, 11; cf. id. 4, 5, 6; 5, 14, 29; 10, 7, 6:

    spem pacis,

    Liv. 2, 16, 5.— Absol.: Ph. Ea nos perturbat. Pa. Dum ne reducam, turbent porro, quam velint, Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 12 (cf. I. B. 1. supra):

    repente turbare Fortuna coepit,

    Tac. A. 4, 1:

    si una alterave civitas turbet,

    id. ib. 3, 47: M. Servilius postquam, ut coeperat, omnibus in rebus turbarat, i. e. had deranged all his affairs, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 8, 2.— Impers. pass.:

    nescio quid absente nobis turbatum'st domi,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 3, 7:

    totis Usque adeo turbatur agris,

    Verg. E. 1, 12:

    si in Hispaniā turbatum esset,

    Cic. Sull. 20, 57.—Hence, turbātus, a, um, P. a., troubled, disturbed, disordered, agitated, excited.
    A.
    Lit.:

    turbatius mare ingressus,

    more stormy, Suet. Calig. 23:

    turbatius caelum,

    id. Tib. 69.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    hostes inopinato malo turbati,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 12:

    oculis simul ac mente turbatus,

    Liv. 7, 26, 5:

    turbatus religione simul ac periculo,

    Suet. Ner. 19; cf.:

    turbatus animi,

    Sil. 14, 678:

    placare voluntates turbatas,

    Cic. Planc. 4, 11: seditionibus omnia turbata sunt, Sall. Or. Phil. contr. Lepid. 1:

    turbata cum Romanis pax,

    Just. 18, 2, 10:

    omnia soluta, turbata atque etiam in contrarium versa,

    Plin. Ep. 8, 14, 7; cf.:

    quae si confusa, turbata, permixta sunt, etc.,

    id. ib. 9, 5, 3.—Hence, adv.: turbātē, confusedly, disorderly:

    aguntur omnia raptim atque turbate,

    in confusion, Caes. B. C. 1, 5, 1.
    2.
    turbo, ĭnis, m. (collat. form tur-ben, ĭnis, n., Tib. 1, 5, 3; id. ap. Charis. p. 118 P.; gen. turbonis, Caes. ib.) [1. turbo], that which spins or twirls round (cf. vertex).
    I.
    A whirlwind, hurricane, tornado: ventus circumactus et eundem ambiens locum et se ipse vertigine concitans turbo est. Qui si pugnacior est ac diutius volutatur, inflammatur, et efficit, quem prêstêra Graeci vocant:

    hic est igneus turbo,

    Sen. Q. N. 5, 13, 3:

    falsum est faces et trabes turbine exprimi,

    id. ib. 7, 5, 1; 2, 22, 2; id. Ep. 109, 18:

    procellae, turbines,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 20, 51; cf.: saevi exsistunt turbines, Pac. ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 39, 157 (Trag. Rel. p. 111 Rib.); Enn. ap. Schol. Vat. ad Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 4 (Ann. v. 553 Vahl.):

    venti vis rapido percurrens turbine campos,

    Lucr. 1, 273; cf. id. 1, 279; 1, 294; 5, 217; Ov. M. 6, 310:

    senatus decrevit, ut Minerva, quam turbo dejecerat, restitueretur,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 25, 1:

    turbo aut subita tempestas,

    id. Cael. 32, 79:

    pulvis collectus turbine,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 31:

    venti rotanti turbine portant,

    Lucr. 1, 294:

    ita turbine nigro Ferret hiemps,

    Verg. G. 1, 320:

    venti ruunt et terras turbine perflant,

    id. A. 1, 83:

    accendi turbine quodam aëris,

    Sen. Q. N. 7, 4, 1.—In apposition with ventus:

    exoritur ventus turbo,

    Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 47:

    circumstabant navem turbines venti,

    id. Trin. 4, 1, 16.—
    B.
    Trop., whirlwind, storm, etc.:

    qui in maximis turbinibus ac fluctibus rei publicae navem gubernassem,

    Cic. Pis. 9, 20:

    tu, procella patriae, turbo ac tempestas pacis atque otii,

    id. Dom. 53, 137:

    ego te in medio versantem turbine leti Eripui,

    Cat. 64, 149:

    cum illi soli essent duo rei publicae turbines,

    Cic. Sest. 11, 25:

    miserae mentis,

    Ov. Am. 2, 9, 28:

    miserarum rerum,

    id. M. 7, 614:

    nescio quo miserae turbine mentis agor,

    id. Am. 2, 9, 28:

    Gradivi,

    i. e. tumult of war, Sil. 11, 101:

    virtutem turbine nullo Fortuna excutiet tibi,

    Luc. 2, 243:

    horum mala, turbo quīs rerum imminet,

    Sen. Agam. 196.—
    II.
    Lit., a spinning-top, whipping-top, Verg. A. 7, 378 sq.; Tib. 1, 5, 3.—
    B.
    Transf., of things that have the shape or whirling motion of a top, as a reel, whirl, spindle, etc., Cic. Fat. 18, 42; Varr. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 449; Hor. Epod. 17, 7; Cat. 64, 315; Ov. M. 1, 336; Plin. 2, 10, 7, § 47; 9, 36, 61, § 130; 27, 4, 5, § 14; 36, 13, 19, § 90; 37, 4, 15, § 56.—
    III.
    A whirling motion, a whirl, twirl, twist, rotation, revolution, a round, circle (mostly poet.):

    cum caeli turbine ferri,

    Lucr. 5, 624:

    lunae,

    id. 5, 632:

    ignium,

    id. 6, 640; cf. Verg. A. 3, 573:

    teli (contorti),

    id. ib. 6, 594; cf. id. ib. 11, 284; Luc. 3, 465; Sil. 4, 542:

    saxi,

    whirling force, circular hurling, Verg. A. 12, 531:

    serpentis,

    i. e. the coiling, Sil. 3, 191:

    Aegaeus,

    whirlpool, vortex, Claud. Laud. Stil. 1, 287; so, rapax, Stat [p. 1918] Th. 4, 813:

    verterit hunc (servum in emancipatione) dominus, momento turbinis exit Marcus Dama,

    i. e. of whirling round, Pers. 5, 78: militiae turbine factus eques, i. e. through the round of military gradation or promotion, Ov. Am. 3, 15, 6:

    vulgi,

    i. e. a throng, crowd, Claud. II. Cons. Stil. 200.
    3.
    Turbo, ōnis, m., the name of a gladiator, Hor. S. 2, 3, 310.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Turbo

  • 17 turbo

    1.
    turbo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. ( fut. perf. turbassit, for turbaverit, Cic. Leg. 3, 4; al. turbassitur) [turba], to disturb, agitate, confuse, disorder; to throw into disorder or confusion (freq. and class.; syn.: confundo, misceo, agito).
    I.
    Lit.:

    ventorum vi agitari atque turbari mare,

    Cic. Clu. 49, 138:

    aequora ventis,

    Lucr. 2, 1:

    hibernum mare,

    Hor. Epod. 15, 8; Ov. M. 7, 154; 14, 545 al.:

    eversae turbant convivia mensae,

    id. ib. 12, 222; cf. in a poet. transf.:

    ancipiti quoniam bello turbatur utrimque,

    Lucr. 6, 377:

    ne comae turbarentur, quas componi vetuit,

    Quint. 11, 3, 148:

    ne turbet toga mota capillos,

    Ov. Am. 3, 2, 75:

    capillos,

    id. M. 8, 859; id. Am. 3, 14, 33; cf.

    in a Greek construction: turbata capillos,

    id. M. 4, 474:

    ceram,

    the seal, Quint. 12, 8, 13:

    uvae recentes alvum turbant,

    Plin. 23, 1, 6, § 10.— Absol.:

    instat, turbatque ruitque,

    Ov. M. 12, 134.—Reflex.:

    cum mare turbaret (sc. se),

    Varr. R. R. 3, 17, 7 Schneid. ad loc. (al. turbaretur).—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Milit. t. t., to throw into disorder, break the line of battle, disorganize:

    equitatus turbaverat ordines,

    Liv. 3, 70, 9:

    aciem peditum,

    id. 30, 18, 10.— Absol.:

    equites eruptione factā in agmen modice primo impetu turbavere,

    Liv. 38, 13, 12:

    turbantibus invicem copiis,

    Flor. 4, 2, 49:

    hic rem Romanam, magno turbante tumultu, sistet,

    Verg. A. 6, 857.—
    2.
    Of water, to trouble, make thick or turbid:

    lacus,

    Ov. M. 6, 364:

    fons quem nulla volucris turbarat,

    id. ib. 3, 410:

    flumen imbre,

    id. ib. 13, 889:

    limo aquam,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 60:

    aquas lacrimis,

    Ov. M. 3, 475; cf.:

    pulvis sputo turbatus,

    Petr. 131.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    non modo illa permiscuit, sed etiam delectum atque ordinem turbavit,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 50, § 123:

    qui omnia inflma summis paria fecit, turbavit, miscuit,

    id. Leg. 3, 9, 19:

    Aristoteles quoque multa turbat, a magistro Platone non dissentiens,

    id. N. D. 1, 13, 33:

    quantas res turbo!

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 1:

    quas meus filius turbas turbet,

    id. Bacch. 4, 9, 1; cf.:

    quae meus filius turbavit,

    id. ib. 5, 1, 5; id. Cas. 5, 2, 6:

    ne quid ille turbet vide,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 7, § 24:

    haec, quae in re publicā turbantur,

    id. ib. 3, 9, 3:

    cum dies alicui nobilium dicta novis semper certaminibus contiones turbaret,

    Liv. 3, 66, 2: ne incertā prole auspicia turbarentur, id. 4, 6, 2:

    milites nihil in commune turbantes,

    Tac. H. 1, 85:

    turbantur (testes),

    Quint. 5, 7, 11; cf. id. 4, 5, 6; 5, 14, 29; 10, 7, 6:

    spem pacis,

    Liv. 2, 16, 5.— Absol.: Ph. Ea nos perturbat. Pa. Dum ne reducam, turbent porro, quam velint, Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 12 (cf. I. B. 1. supra):

    repente turbare Fortuna coepit,

    Tac. A. 4, 1:

    si una alterave civitas turbet,

    id. ib. 3, 47: M. Servilius postquam, ut coeperat, omnibus in rebus turbarat, i. e. had deranged all his affairs, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 8, 2.— Impers. pass.:

    nescio quid absente nobis turbatum'st domi,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 3, 7:

    totis Usque adeo turbatur agris,

    Verg. E. 1, 12:

    si in Hispaniā turbatum esset,

    Cic. Sull. 20, 57.—Hence, turbātus, a, um, P. a., troubled, disturbed, disordered, agitated, excited.
    A.
    Lit.:

    turbatius mare ingressus,

    more stormy, Suet. Calig. 23:

    turbatius caelum,

    id. Tib. 69.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    hostes inopinato malo turbati,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 12:

    oculis simul ac mente turbatus,

    Liv. 7, 26, 5:

    turbatus religione simul ac periculo,

    Suet. Ner. 19; cf.:

    turbatus animi,

    Sil. 14, 678:

    placare voluntates turbatas,

    Cic. Planc. 4, 11: seditionibus omnia turbata sunt, Sall. Or. Phil. contr. Lepid. 1:

    turbata cum Romanis pax,

    Just. 18, 2, 10:

    omnia soluta, turbata atque etiam in contrarium versa,

    Plin. Ep. 8, 14, 7; cf.:

    quae si confusa, turbata, permixta sunt, etc.,

    id. ib. 9, 5, 3.—Hence, adv.: turbātē, confusedly, disorderly:

    aguntur omnia raptim atque turbate,

    in confusion, Caes. B. C. 1, 5, 1.
    2.
    turbo, ĭnis, m. (collat. form tur-ben, ĭnis, n., Tib. 1, 5, 3; id. ap. Charis. p. 118 P.; gen. turbonis, Caes. ib.) [1. turbo], that which spins or twirls round (cf. vertex).
    I.
    A whirlwind, hurricane, tornado: ventus circumactus et eundem ambiens locum et se ipse vertigine concitans turbo est. Qui si pugnacior est ac diutius volutatur, inflammatur, et efficit, quem prêstêra Graeci vocant:

    hic est igneus turbo,

    Sen. Q. N. 5, 13, 3:

    falsum est faces et trabes turbine exprimi,

    id. ib. 7, 5, 1; 2, 22, 2; id. Ep. 109, 18:

    procellae, turbines,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 20, 51; cf.: saevi exsistunt turbines, Pac. ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 39, 157 (Trag. Rel. p. 111 Rib.); Enn. ap. Schol. Vat. ad Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 4 (Ann. v. 553 Vahl.):

    venti vis rapido percurrens turbine campos,

    Lucr. 1, 273; cf. id. 1, 279; 1, 294; 5, 217; Ov. M. 6, 310:

    senatus decrevit, ut Minerva, quam turbo dejecerat, restitueretur,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 25, 1:

    turbo aut subita tempestas,

    id. Cael. 32, 79:

    pulvis collectus turbine,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 31:

    venti rotanti turbine portant,

    Lucr. 1, 294:

    ita turbine nigro Ferret hiemps,

    Verg. G. 1, 320:

    venti ruunt et terras turbine perflant,

    id. A. 1, 83:

    accendi turbine quodam aëris,

    Sen. Q. N. 7, 4, 1.—In apposition with ventus:

    exoritur ventus turbo,

    Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 47:

    circumstabant navem turbines venti,

    id. Trin. 4, 1, 16.—
    B.
    Trop., whirlwind, storm, etc.:

    qui in maximis turbinibus ac fluctibus rei publicae navem gubernassem,

    Cic. Pis. 9, 20:

    tu, procella patriae, turbo ac tempestas pacis atque otii,

    id. Dom. 53, 137:

    ego te in medio versantem turbine leti Eripui,

    Cat. 64, 149:

    cum illi soli essent duo rei publicae turbines,

    Cic. Sest. 11, 25:

    miserae mentis,

    Ov. Am. 2, 9, 28:

    miserarum rerum,

    id. M. 7, 614:

    nescio quo miserae turbine mentis agor,

    id. Am. 2, 9, 28:

    Gradivi,

    i. e. tumult of war, Sil. 11, 101:

    virtutem turbine nullo Fortuna excutiet tibi,

    Luc. 2, 243:

    horum mala, turbo quīs rerum imminet,

    Sen. Agam. 196.—
    II.
    Lit., a spinning-top, whipping-top, Verg. A. 7, 378 sq.; Tib. 1, 5, 3.—
    B.
    Transf., of things that have the shape or whirling motion of a top, as a reel, whirl, spindle, etc., Cic. Fat. 18, 42; Varr. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 449; Hor. Epod. 17, 7; Cat. 64, 315; Ov. M. 1, 336; Plin. 2, 10, 7, § 47; 9, 36, 61, § 130; 27, 4, 5, § 14; 36, 13, 19, § 90; 37, 4, 15, § 56.—
    III.
    A whirling motion, a whirl, twirl, twist, rotation, revolution, a round, circle (mostly poet.):

    cum caeli turbine ferri,

    Lucr. 5, 624:

    lunae,

    id. 5, 632:

    ignium,

    id. 6, 640; cf. Verg. A. 3, 573:

    teli (contorti),

    id. ib. 6, 594; cf. id. ib. 11, 284; Luc. 3, 465; Sil. 4, 542:

    saxi,

    whirling force, circular hurling, Verg. A. 12, 531:

    serpentis,

    i. e. the coiling, Sil. 3, 191:

    Aegaeus,

    whirlpool, vortex, Claud. Laud. Stil. 1, 287; so, rapax, Stat [p. 1918] Th. 4, 813:

    verterit hunc (servum in emancipatione) dominus, momento turbinis exit Marcus Dama,

    i. e. of whirling round, Pers. 5, 78: militiae turbine factus eques, i. e. through the round of military gradation or promotion, Ov. Am. 3, 15, 6:

    vulgi,

    i. e. a throng, crowd, Claud. II. Cons. Stil. 200.
    3.
    Turbo, ōnis, m., the name of a gladiator, Hor. S. 2, 3, 310.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > turbo

  • 18 vertex

    vertex ( vortex; cf. Quint. 1, 7, 25 The archaic form vortex was already disused in Cicero's time; cf. Ribbeck, Prol. Verg. 436 sq.; id. G. 1, 481 n. Wagn. The grammarian Caper distinguishes thus: vortex fluminis est, vertex capitis; but this distinction was unknown in the class. per.; v. Charis. p. 68), ĭcis, m. [verto].
    I.
    A whirl, eddy, whirlpool, vortex: secundo modo dicitur proprium inter plura, quae sunt ejusdem nominis, id, unde cetera ducta sunt: ut vertex est contorta in se aqua vel quicquid aliud similiter vertitur: inde propter flexum capillorum pars summa capitis;

    ex hoc id, quod in montibus eminentissimum. Recte dixeris haec omnia vertices, proprie tamen, unde initium est,

    Quint. 8, 2, 7:

    ut aquae circumlatae in se sorbeantur et vorticem efficiant,

    Sen. Q. N. 5, 13, 2:

    torto vertice torrens,

    Verg. A. 7, 567:

    illam... rapidus vorat aequore vertex,

    id. ib. 1, 117:

    (flumen) minores volvere vertices,

    Hor. C. 2, 9, 22; Ov. M. 5, 587; 8, 556; 9, 106; id. F. 6, 502; Sil. 4, 230:

    citatior solito amnis transverso vertice dolia inpulit ad ripam,

    Liv. 23, 19, 11; 28, 30, 11; Curt. 6, 13, 16.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    amoris,

    Cat. 68, 107:

    officiorum,

    Sen. Ep. 82, 2:

    quā medius pugnae vocat agmina vertex,

    Sil. 4, 230.—
    II.
    An eddy of wind or flame, a whirlwind, coil of flame:

    (venti) interdum vertice torto Corripiunt rapideque rotanti turbine portant,

    Lucr. 1, 293; 6, 444; Liv. 21, 58, 3:

    extemplo cadit igneus ille Vertex,

    Lucr. 6, 298; Verg. A. 12, 673; cf.:

    ventus saepius in se volutatur, similemque illis, quas diximus converti aquas, facit vorticem,

    Sen. Q. N. 5, 13, 2. —
    III.
    The top or crown of the head.
    A.
    Lit.:

    ab imis unguibus usque ad verticem summum,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 7, 20; cf. Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 4; Plin. 11, 37, 48, § 132; Hor. C. 1, 1, 36; Ov. M. 12, 288; 2, 712; id. P. 3, 8, 12; Quint. 8, 2, 7; 1, 11, 10.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    The head ( poet.) Cat. 64, 63; 64, 310:

    toto vertice supra est,

    Verg. A. 7, 784:

    nudus,

    id. ib. 11, 642:

    moribundus,

    Ov. M. 5, 84:

    intonsus,

    Stat. Th. 6, 607; Val. Fl. 4, 307.—
    2.
    The pole of the heavens, Cic. poët. N. D. 2, 41, 105; id. Rep. 6, 20, 21; Verg. G. 1, 242. —
    3.
    The highest point, top, peak, summit of a mountain, house, tree, etc.:

    ignes, qui ex Aetnae vertice erumpunt,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 48, § 106; Quint. 8, 3, 48; Lucr. 6, 467; Tib. 1, 7, 15; Ov. M. 1. 316; 13, 911; Petr. poët. 122; 134 fin.; Curt. 8, 3, 26:

    in Erycino vertice,

    Verg. A. 5, 759; Val. Fl. 1, 700:

    arcis,

    Lucr. 6, 750:

    domus,

    Mart. 8, 36, 11; cf. Hor. C. 4, 11, 12:

    theatri,

    Mart. 10, 19, 7:

    quercūs,

    Verg. A. 3, 679:

    pinūs,

    Ov. M. 10, 103.—Hence, a vertice, from above, down from above, Verg. G. 2, 310; id. A. 1, 114; 5, 444.—
    b.
    Trop., the highest, uttermost, greatest ( poet.):

    dolorum anxiferi vertices, Cic. poët. Tusc. 2, 9, 21: principiorum,

    the highest officers, Amm. 15, 5, 16:

    Alexandria enim vertex omnium est civitatum,

    id. 22, 16, 7.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > vertex

  • 19 vorago

    vŏrāgo, ĭnis, f. [voro], an abyss, gulf, whirlpool, depth, chasm.
    I.
    Lit., of watery depths:

    summersus equus voraginibus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 33, 73:

    vastāque voragine gurges Aestuat,

    Verg. A. 6, 296; Cat. 17, 26; Curt. 8, 14, 8:

    explicet se Cotta, si potest, ex hac voragine,

    Lact. 2, 8, 55.—Of a gulf or chasm in the earth, Liv. 7, 6, 1; Curt. 8, 14, 2.— Poet., of a devouring maw or stomach:

    ventris,

    Ov. M. 8, 843.—
    II.
    Transf.:

    vos geminae voragines scopulique rei publicae,

    i. e. gulfs, Cic. Pis. 18, 41:

    gurges et vorago patrimonii,

    devourer, squanderer, spendthrift, id. Sest. 52, 111:

    vorago aut gurges vitiorum,

    abyss, id. Verr. 2, 3, 9, § 23:

    avaritia, manifestae praedae avidissima vorago,

    abyss, gulf, Val. Max. 9, 4 init.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > vorago

См. также в других словарях:

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