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  • 981 ars

    ars, artis, f. [v. arma], skill in joining something, combining, working it, etc., with the advancement of Roman culture, carried entirely beyond the sphere of the common pursuits of life, into that of artistic and scientific action, just as, on the other hand, in mental cultivation, skill is applied to morals, designating character, manner of thinking, so far as it is made known by external actions (syn.: doctrina, sollertia, calliditas, prudentia, virtus, industria, ratio, via, dolus).
    I. A.
    Lit.:

    Zeno censet artis proprium esse creare et gignere,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 22, 57:

    quarum (artium) omne opus est in faciendo atque agendo,

    id. Ac. 2, 7, 22; id. Off. 2, 3, 12 sq.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    With the idea extended, any physical or mental activity, so far as it is practically exhibited; a profession, art ( music, poetry, medicine, etc.); acc. to Roman notions, the arts were either liberales or ingenuae artes, arts of freemen, the liberal arts; or artes illiberales or sordidae, the arts, employments, of slaves or the lower classes.
    a.
    In gen.:

    Eleus Hippias gloriatus est nihil esse ullā in arte rerum omnium, quod ipse nesciret: nec solum has artes, quibus liberales doctrinae atque ingenuae continerentur, geometriam, musicam, litterarum cognitionem et poëtarum, atque illa, quae de naturis rerum, quae de hominum moribus, quae de rebus publicis dicerentur, sed anulum, quem haberet, pallium, quo amictus, soccos, quibus indutus esset, se suā manu confecisse,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 32, 127:

    Jam de artificiis et quaestibus, qui liberales habendi, qui sordidi sint, haec fere accepimus. Primum improbantur ii quaestus, qui in odia hominum incurrunt, ut portitorum, ut feneratorum. Illiberales autem et sordidi quaestus mercenariorum omniumque, quorum operae, non artes emuntur: est enim in illis ipsa merces auctoramentum servitutis... Opificesque omnes in sordidā arte versantur... Quibus autem artibus aut prudentia major inest aut non mediocris utilitas quaeritur, ut medicina, ut architectura, ut doctrina rerum honestarum, hae sunt iis, quorum ordini conveniunt, honestae,

    Cic. Off. 1, 42, 150 sq.; cf. id. Fam. 4, 3:

    artes elegantes,

    id. Fin. 3, 2, 4:

    laudatae,

    id. de Or. 1, 3, 9:

    bonae,

    Ov. Tr. 3, 7, 32:

    optimae,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 34, 111:

    magnae,

    id. Or. 1, 4:

    maximae,

    id. de Or. 1, 2, 6:

    gravissimae,

    id. Fin. 2, 34, 112:

    leviores artes,

    id. Brut. 1, 3:

    mediocres,

    id. de Or. 1, 2, 6:

    omnis artifex omnis artis,

    Vulg. Apoc. 18, 22:

    artifices omnium artium,

    ib. 1 Par. 22, 15.—
    b.
    Esp., of a single art, and,
    (α).
    With an adj. designating it:

    ars gymnastica,

    gymnastics, Plaut. Most. 1, 2, 73:

    ars duellica,

    the art of war, id. Ep. 3, 4, 14:

    ars imperatoria,

    generalship, Quint. 2, 17, 34:

    (artes) militares et imperatoriae,

    Liv. 25, 9, 12:

    artes civiles,

    politics, Tac. Agr. 29:

    artes urbanae,

    i. e. jurisprudence and eloquence, Liv. 9, 42:

    ars grammatica,

    grammar, Plin. 7, 39, 40, § 128:

    rhetorica,

    Quint. 2, 17, 4:

    musica,

    poetry, Ter. Hec. prol. 23:

    musica,

    music, Plin. 2, 25, 23, § 93:

    medicae artes,

    the healing art, medicine, Ov. H. 5, 145; so,

    ars Apollinea,

    id. Tr. 3, 3, 10:

    magica,

    Verg. A. 4, 493, and Vulg. Sap. 17, 7; so,

    maleficis artibus inserviebat,

    he used witchcraft, ib. 2 Par. 33, 6 al.—
    (β).
    With a gen. designating it:

    ars disserendi,

    dialectics, Cic. de Or. 2, 38, 157:

    ars dicendi,

    the art of speaking, id. ib. 1, 23, 107, and Quint. 2, 17, 17; so,

    ars eloquentiae,

    id. 2, 11, 4:

    ars medendi,

    Ov. A. A. 2, 735:

    ars medentium,

    Stat. S. 5, 1, 158:

    medicorum ars,

    Vulg. 1 Par. 16, 12:

    pigmentariorum ars,

    the art of unguents, ib. 2 Par. 16, 4:

    ars armorum,

    the art of war, Quint. 2, 17, 33:

    ars pugnae,

    Vulg. Judith, 5, 27; so in plur.:

    belli artes,

    Liv. 25, 40, 5:

    ars gubernandi,

    navigation, Cic. Div. 1, 14, 24; Quint. 2, 17, 33; so,

    ars gubernatoris,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 13, 42.—Sometimes the kind of art may be distinguished by the connection, so that ars is used absol. of a particular art:

    instruere Atriden num potes arte meā? i. e. arte sagittandi,

    Ov. H. 16, 364:

    tunc ego sim Inachio notior arte Lino, i. e. arte canendi,

    Prop. 3, 4, 8:

    fert ingens a puppe Notus: nunc arte (sc. navigandi) relictā Ingemit,

    Stat. Th. 3, 29; so Luc. 7, 126; Sil. 4, 715:

    imus ad insignes Urbis ab arte (sc. rhetoricā) viros,

    Ov. Tr. 4, 10, 16:

    ejusdem erat artis, i. e. artis scaenofactoriae,

    Vulg. Act. 18, 3.—
    2.
    Science, knowledge:

    quis ignorat, ii, qui mathematici vocantur, quantā in obscuritate rerum et quam reconditā in arte et multiplici subtilique versentur,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 3, 10:

    nam si ars ita definitur, ex rebus penitus perspectis planeque cognitis atque ab opinionis arbitrio sejunctis, scientiāque comprehensis, non mihi videtur ars oratoris esse ulla,

    id. ib. 1, 23, 108: nihil est quod ad artem redigi possit, nisi ille prius, qui illa tenet. quorum artem instituere vult, habeat illam scientiam (sc. dialecticam), ut ex iis rebus, quarum ars nondum sit, artem efficere possit, id. ib. 1, 41, 186:

    ars juris civilis,

    id. ib. 1, 42, 190:

    (Antiochus) negabat ullam esse artem, quae ipsa a se proficisceretur. Etenim semper illud extra est, quod arte comprehenditur... Est enim perspicuum nullam artem ipsam in se versari, sed esse aliud artem ipsam, aliud, quod propositum sit arti,

    id. Fin. 5, 6, 16; id. ad Q. Fr. 1, 1, 9; id. Cael. 30, 72; id. Or. 1, 4:

    vir bonus optimisque artibus eruditus,

    Nep. Att. 12, 4: ingenium docile, come, ap-tum ad artes optimas, id. Dion, 1, 2 al.—
    C. 1.
    The theory of any art or science: ars est praeceptio, quae dat certam viam rationemque faciendi aliquid, Auct. ad Her. 1, 1;

    Asper, p. 1725 P.: non omnia, quaecumque loquimur, mihi videntur ad artem et ad praecepta esse revocanda,

    not every thing is to be traced back to theory and rules, Cic. de Or. 2, 11, 44: res mihi videtur esse facultate ( in practice) praeclara, arte ( in theory) mediocris;

    ars enim earum rerum est, quae sciuntur: oratoris autem omnis actio opinionibus, non scientiā continetur,

    id. ib. 2, 7, 30; id. Ac. 2, 7, 22.—In later Lat. ars is used,
    a.
    Absol. for grammatical analysis, grammar:

    curru non, ut quidam putant, pro currui posuit, nec est apocope: sed ratio artis antiquae, etc.,

    Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 156; 1, 95: et hoc est artis, ut (vulgus) masculino utamur, quia omnia Latina nomina in us exeuntia, si neutra fuerint, tertiae sunt declinationis, etc., id. ad eund. ib. 1, 149: secundum artem dicamus honor, arbor, lepor: plerumque poëtae r in s mutant, id. ad eund. ib. 1, 153 al.—Hence also,
    b.
    As a title of books in which such theories are discussed, for rhetorical and, at a later period, for grammatical treatises.
    (α).
    Rhetorical:

    quam multa non solum praecepta in artibus, sed etiam exempla in orationibus bene dicendi reliquerunt!

    Cic. Fin. 4, 3, 5:

    ipsae rhetorum artes, quae sunt totae forenses atque populares,

    id. ib. 3, 1, 4: neque eo dico, quod ejus (Hermagorae) ars mihi mendosissime scripta videatur; nam satis in eā videtur ex antiquis artibus ( from the ancient works on rhetoric) ingeniose et diligenter electas res collocāsse, id. Inv. 1, 6 fin.:

    illi verbis et artibus aluerunt naturae principia, hi autem institutis et legibus,

    id. Rep. 3, 4, 7:

    artem scindens Theodori,

    Juv. 7, 177.—
    (β).
    Grammar:

    in artibus legimus superlativum gradum non nisi genitivo plurali jungi,

    Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 96: ut in artibus lectum est, id. ad eund. ib. 1, 535.—So Ars, as the title of the later Lat. grammars: Donati Ars Grammatica, Cledonii Ars, Marii Victorini Ars, etc.; v. the grammarians in Gothofred., Putsch., Lindem., Keil.—
    2.
    The knowledge, art, skill, workmanship, employed in effecting or working upon an object (Fr. adresse):

    majore quādam opus est vel arte vel diligentiā,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 14 fin.:

    et tripodas septem pondere et arte pares,

    Ov. H. 3, 32: qui canit arte, canat;

    qui bibit arte, bibat,

    id. A. A. 2, 506:

    arte laboratae vestes,

    Verg. A. 1, 639:

    plausus tunc arte carebat,

    was void of art, was natural, unaffected, Ov. A. A. 1, 113.—
    3.
    (Concr.) The object artistically formed, a work of art:

    clipeum efferri jussit Didymaonis artis,

    Verg. A. 5, 359:

    divite me scilicet artium, Quas aut Parrhasius protulit aut Scopas,

    Hor. C. 4, 8, 5; id. Ep. 1, 6, 17.—
    4.
    Artes (personified), the Muses:

    artium chorus,

    Phaedr. 3, prol. 19.—
    II.
    Transf. from mind to morals, the moral character of a man, so far as it is made known by actions, conduct, manner of acting, habit, practice, whether good or bad:

    si in te aegrotant artes antiquae tuae,

    your former manner of life, conduct, Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 35; cf. Hor. C. 4, 15, 12; Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 6 Lind.:

    nempe tuā arte viginti minae Pro psaltriā periere,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 7, 24:

    quid est, Quod tibi mea ars efficere hoc possit amplius?

    my assiduity, id. And. 1, 1, 4:

    Hac arte (i. e. constantiā, perseverantiā) Pollux et vagus Hercules Enisus arces attigit igneas,

    Hor. C. 3, 3, 9:

    multae sunt artes (i. e. virtutes) eximiae, hujus administrae comitesque virtutis (sc. imperatoris),

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 13; id. Fin. 2, 34, 115; id. Verr. 2, 4, 37 Zumpt:

    nam imperium facile his artibus retinetur, quibus initio partum est,

    Sall. C. 2, 4 Kritz; so id. ib. 5, 7:

    cultusque artesque virorum,

    Ov. M. 7, 58:

    mores quoque confer et artes,

    id. R. Am. 713: praeclari facinoris aut artis [p. 167] bonae famam quaerere, Sall. C. 2, 9; so id. ib. 10, 4:

    animus insolens malarum artium,

    id. ib. 3, 4; so Tac. A. 14, 57.—Hence also, absol. in mal. part. as in Gr. technê for cunning, artifice, fraud, stratagem:

    haec arte tractabat virum,

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 125 (cf. Ov. H. 17, 142):

    capti eādem arte sunt, quā ceperant Fabios,

    Liv. 2, 51; 3, 35:

    at Cytherea novas artes, nova pectore versat Consilia,

    Verg. A. 1, 657; so id. ib. 7, 477:

    ille dolis instructus et arte Pelasgā,

    id. ib. 2, 152:

    talibus insidiis perjurique arte Sinonis Credita res, etc.,

    id. ib. 2, 195:

    fraudes innectere ponto Antiquā parat arte,

    Luc. 4, 449:

    tantum illi vel ingenii vel artis vel fortunae superfuit,

    Suet. Tit. 1:

    fugam arte simulantes,

    Vulg. Jud. 20, 32: regem summis artibus pellexit, pasêi mêchanêi, Suet. Vit. 2.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > ars

  • 982 articulo

    artĭcŭlo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [articulus], lit. to divide into single members or joints; used only trop. of discourse, to utter distinctly, to articulate:

    hasce voces mobilis articulat verborum daedala lingua,

    the nimble tongue articulates, Lucr. 4, 551:

    verba,

    App. Flor. 12, p. 349, 5:

    sonos,

    Arn. 3, p. 111.—Hence, artĭcŭlātus, a, um, P.a., prop., furnished with joints; hence distinct:

    verba, Sol. c. 65: vox,

    Arn. 7, p. 217, and in gram.:

    articulata (vox) est, quae coartata, hoc est copulata, cum aliquo sensu mentis ejus, qui loquitur, profertur,

    Prisc. p. 537 P.; so Isid. Orig. 1, 14.—
    * Adv.: artĭcŭlātē, distinctly, articulately:

    loqui,

    Gell. 5, 9, 2.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > articulo

  • 983 arto

    arto (not arcto), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [1. artus], to draw or press close together, to compress, contract (not found in Cic.).
    I.
    A.. Lit.: omnia conciliatu artari possunt, * Lucr. 1, 576:

    libros,

    Mart. 1, 3, 3; Col. 12, 44, 2:

    vitis contineri debet vimine, non artari,

    Plin. 17, 23, 35, § 209:

    angustias eas artantibus insulis parvis, quae etc.,

    id. 3, 6, 13, § 83.—
    B.
    Trop., to contract, straiten, limit, curtail:

    fortuna humana fingit artatque ut lubet, i. e. in angustias redigit,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 54 Lind.; Liv. 45, 56:

    tempus,

    to limit, circumscribe, Dig. 42, 1, 2; 38, 9, 1:

    se,

    to limit one's self, to retrench, ib. 1, 11, 2 al. —
    II.
    In gen., to finish, conclude, Petr. 85, 4.—Hence, artātus, a, um, P. a., contracted into a small compass; hence, narrow, close; and of time, short:

    pontus,

    Luc. 5, 234:

    tempus,

    Vell. 1, 16.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > arto

  • 984 artum

    1.
    artus (not arctus), a, um, adj. [v. arma], prop. fitted; hence,
    I.
    Lit., close, strait, narrow, confined, short, brief:

    exierunt regionibus artis,

    Lucr. 6, 120:

    claustra,

    id. 1, 70; so id. 3, 808:

    nec tamen haec ita sunt arta et astricta, ut ea laxare nequeamus,

    Cic. Or. 65, 220:

    artioribus apud populum Romanum laqueis tenebitur,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 5:

    nullum vinculum ad astringendam fidem jure jurando majores artius esse voluerunt,

    id. Off. 3, 31, 111:

    compages,

    Verg. A. 1, 293:

    nexus,

    Ov. M. 6, 242:

    arto stipata theatro,

    pressed together in a contracted theatre, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 60:

    toga,

    a narrow toga without folds, id. ib. 1, 18, 30 (cf. exigua toga, id. ib. 1, 19, 13):

    nimis arta convivia,

    i. e. with too many guests, who are therefore compelled to sit close together, id. ib. 1, 5, 29 et saep.—Hence, subst.: artum, i, n., a narrow place or passage:

    ventus cum confercit, franguntur in arto montes nimborum,

    Lucr. 6, 158 Lachm.:

    multiplicatis in arto ordinibus,

    Liv. 2, 50; so id. 34, 15:

    nec desilies imitator in artum,

    nor, by imitating, leap into a close place, Hor. A. P. 134.—
    II.
    Trop., strict, severe, scanty, brief, small:

    sponte suā cecidit sub leges artaque jura,

    subjected himself to the severity of the laws, Lucr. 5, 1147:

    Additae leges artae et ideo superbae quasque etc.,

    Plin. 16, 4, 5, § 12:

    vincula amoris artissima,

    Cic. Att. 6, 2: artior somnus, a sounder or deeper sleep, id. Rep. 6, 10:

    arti commeatus,

    Liv. 2, 34; Tac. H. 4, 26; cf.:

    in arto commeatus,

    id. ib. 3, 13:

    artissimae tenebrae,

    very thick darkness, Suet. Ner. 46 (for which, in class. Lat., densus, v. Bremi ad h. l., and cf. densus) al.—So, colligere in artum, to compress, abridge:

    quae (volumina) a me collecta in artum,

    Plin. 8, 16, 17, § 44.—Of hope, small, scanty:

    spes artior aquae manantis,

    Col. 1, 5, 2: ne spem sibi ponat in arto, diminish hope, expectation, [p. 169] Ov. M. 9, 683:

    quia plus quam unum ex patriciis creari non licebat, artior petitio quattuor petentibus erat,

    i. e. was harder, had less ground of hope, Liv. 39, 32; and of circumstances in life, etc., straitened, distressing, wretched, needy, indigent (so in and after the Aug. per. for the class. angustus):

    rebus in artis,

    Ov. P. 3, 2, 25:

    artas res nuntiaret,

    Tac. H. 3, 69:

    tam artis afflictisque rebus,

    Flor. 2, 6, 31; so Sil. 7, 310:

    fortuna artior expensis,

    Stat. S. 5, 3, 117:

    ne in arto res esset,

    Liv. 26, 17.— Adv.: artē (not arcte), closely, close, fast, firmly.
    I.
    Lit.:

    arte (manus) conliga,

    Plaut. Ep. 5, 2, 29:

    boves arte ad stipites religare,

    Col. 6, 2, 5:

    arte continere aliquid,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 23:

    aciem arte statuere,

    Sall. J. 52, 6:

    arte accubare,

    Plaut. Stich. 4, 2, 39.— Comp.:

    calorem artius continere,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 9, 25:

    artius astringi,

    Hor. Epod. 15, 5:

    signa artius conlocare,

    Sall. C. 59, 2:

    artius ire,

    Curt. 4, 13, 34:

    artius pressiusque conflictari,

    Gell. 10, 6.— Sup.:

    milites quam artissime ire jubet,

    Sall. J. 68, 4:

    artissime plantas serere,

    Plin. 12, 3, 7, § 16.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    arte contenteque aliquem habere,

    Plaut. As. 1, 1, 63; id. Merc. prol. 64:

    arte et graviter dormire,

    soundly, Cic. Div. 1, 28, 59:

    arte appellare aliquem,

    briefly, by shortening his name, Ov. P. 4, 12, 10:

    artius adstringere rationem,

    Cic. Fat. 14, 32:

    abstinentiam artissime constringere,

    Val. Max. 2, 2, 8.—
    III.
    Transf.:

    arte diligere aliquem,

    strongly, deeply, Plin. Ep. 6, 8; so also id. ib. 2, 13.
    2.
    artus, ūs, m. [id.], mostly plur. (artua, n., Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 102; quoted in Non. p. 191, 12.—Hence, dat. acc. to Vel. Long. p. 2229 P. and Ter. Scaur. p. 2260 P. artibus; yet the ancient grammarians give their decision in favor of artubus, which form is also supported by the best MSS.; cf. arcus.—The singular is found only in Luc. 6, 754; Val. Fl. 4, 310, and Prisc. p. 1219 P.).
    I.
    A.. Lit., a joint:

    molles commissurae et artus (digitorum),

    Cic. N. D. 2, 60, 150:

    suffraginum artus,

    Plin. 11, 45, 101, § 248:

    elapsi in pravum artus,

    Tac. H. 4, 81:

    dolor artuum,

    gout, Cic. Brut. 60, 217.—Sometimes connected with membra, Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 102:

    copia materiaï Cogitur interdum flecti per membra, per artus,

    in every joint and limb, Lucr. 2, 282; 3, 703 al.; Suet. Calig. 28; cf.

    Baumg.-Crus., Clavis ad Suet.: cernere laceros artus, truncata membra,

    Plin. Pan. 52, 5.—
    B.
    Trop., the muscular strength in the joints; hence, in gen., strength, power: Epicharmeion illud teneto;

    nervos atque artus esse sapientiae, non temere credere,

    Q. Cic. Petit. Cons. 10.—More freq.,
    II.
    The limbs in gen. (very freq., esp. in the poets; in Lucr. about sixty times): cum tremulis anus attulit artubus lumen, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 20, 40 (Ann. v. 36 Vahl.); so Lucr. 3, 7; cf. id. 3, 488; 6, 1189:

    artubus omnibus contremiscam,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 26, 121: dum nati (sc. Absyrti) dissupatos artus captaret parens, vet. poet. ap. Cic. N. D. 3, 26, 67:

    copia concita per artus Omnīs,

    Lucr. 2, 267:

    moribundi artus,

    id. 3, 129 al.:

    rogumque parari Vidit et arsuros supremis ignibus artus, etc.,

    Ov. M. 2, 620 al.:

    salsusque per artus Sudor iit,

    Verg. A. 2, 173; 1, 173 al.:

    veste strictā et singulos artus exprimente,

    and showing each limb, Tac. G. 17:

    artus in frusta concident,

    Vulg. Lev. 1, 6; 8, 20;

    ib. Job, 16, 8.—Of plants: stat per se vitis sine ullo pedamento, artus suos in se colligens,

    its tendrils, Plin. 14, 1, 3, § 13, where Jahn reads arcus.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > artum

  • 985 artus

    1.
    artus (not arctus), a, um, adj. [v. arma], prop. fitted; hence,
    I.
    Lit., close, strait, narrow, confined, short, brief:

    exierunt regionibus artis,

    Lucr. 6, 120:

    claustra,

    id. 1, 70; so id. 3, 808:

    nec tamen haec ita sunt arta et astricta, ut ea laxare nequeamus,

    Cic. Or. 65, 220:

    artioribus apud populum Romanum laqueis tenebitur,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 5:

    nullum vinculum ad astringendam fidem jure jurando majores artius esse voluerunt,

    id. Off. 3, 31, 111:

    compages,

    Verg. A. 1, 293:

    nexus,

    Ov. M. 6, 242:

    arto stipata theatro,

    pressed together in a contracted theatre, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 60:

    toga,

    a narrow toga without folds, id. ib. 1, 18, 30 (cf. exigua toga, id. ib. 1, 19, 13):

    nimis arta convivia,

    i. e. with too many guests, who are therefore compelled to sit close together, id. ib. 1, 5, 29 et saep.—Hence, subst.: artum, i, n., a narrow place or passage:

    ventus cum confercit, franguntur in arto montes nimborum,

    Lucr. 6, 158 Lachm.:

    multiplicatis in arto ordinibus,

    Liv. 2, 50; so id. 34, 15:

    nec desilies imitator in artum,

    nor, by imitating, leap into a close place, Hor. A. P. 134.—
    II.
    Trop., strict, severe, scanty, brief, small:

    sponte suā cecidit sub leges artaque jura,

    subjected himself to the severity of the laws, Lucr. 5, 1147:

    Additae leges artae et ideo superbae quasque etc.,

    Plin. 16, 4, 5, § 12:

    vincula amoris artissima,

    Cic. Att. 6, 2: artior somnus, a sounder or deeper sleep, id. Rep. 6, 10:

    arti commeatus,

    Liv. 2, 34; Tac. H. 4, 26; cf.:

    in arto commeatus,

    id. ib. 3, 13:

    artissimae tenebrae,

    very thick darkness, Suet. Ner. 46 (for which, in class. Lat., densus, v. Bremi ad h. l., and cf. densus) al.—So, colligere in artum, to compress, abridge:

    quae (volumina) a me collecta in artum,

    Plin. 8, 16, 17, § 44.—Of hope, small, scanty:

    spes artior aquae manantis,

    Col. 1, 5, 2: ne spem sibi ponat in arto, diminish hope, expectation, [p. 169] Ov. M. 9, 683:

    quia plus quam unum ex patriciis creari non licebat, artior petitio quattuor petentibus erat,

    i. e. was harder, had less ground of hope, Liv. 39, 32; and of circumstances in life, etc., straitened, distressing, wretched, needy, indigent (so in and after the Aug. per. for the class. angustus):

    rebus in artis,

    Ov. P. 3, 2, 25:

    artas res nuntiaret,

    Tac. H. 3, 69:

    tam artis afflictisque rebus,

    Flor. 2, 6, 31; so Sil. 7, 310:

    fortuna artior expensis,

    Stat. S. 5, 3, 117:

    ne in arto res esset,

    Liv. 26, 17.— Adv.: artē (not arcte), closely, close, fast, firmly.
    I.
    Lit.:

    arte (manus) conliga,

    Plaut. Ep. 5, 2, 29:

    boves arte ad stipites religare,

    Col. 6, 2, 5:

    arte continere aliquid,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 23:

    aciem arte statuere,

    Sall. J. 52, 6:

    arte accubare,

    Plaut. Stich. 4, 2, 39.— Comp.:

    calorem artius continere,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 9, 25:

    artius astringi,

    Hor. Epod. 15, 5:

    signa artius conlocare,

    Sall. C. 59, 2:

    artius ire,

    Curt. 4, 13, 34:

    artius pressiusque conflictari,

    Gell. 10, 6.— Sup.:

    milites quam artissime ire jubet,

    Sall. J. 68, 4:

    artissime plantas serere,

    Plin. 12, 3, 7, § 16.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    arte contenteque aliquem habere,

    Plaut. As. 1, 1, 63; id. Merc. prol. 64:

    arte et graviter dormire,

    soundly, Cic. Div. 1, 28, 59:

    arte appellare aliquem,

    briefly, by shortening his name, Ov. P. 4, 12, 10:

    artius adstringere rationem,

    Cic. Fat. 14, 32:

    abstinentiam artissime constringere,

    Val. Max. 2, 2, 8.—
    III.
    Transf.:

    arte diligere aliquem,

    strongly, deeply, Plin. Ep. 6, 8; so also id. ib. 2, 13.
    2.
    artus, ūs, m. [id.], mostly plur. (artua, n., Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 102; quoted in Non. p. 191, 12.—Hence, dat. acc. to Vel. Long. p. 2229 P. and Ter. Scaur. p. 2260 P. artibus; yet the ancient grammarians give their decision in favor of artubus, which form is also supported by the best MSS.; cf. arcus.—The singular is found only in Luc. 6, 754; Val. Fl. 4, 310, and Prisc. p. 1219 P.).
    I.
    A.. Lit., a joint:

    molles commissurae et artus (digitorum),

    Cic. N. D. 2, 60, 150:

    suffraginum artus,

    Plin. 11, 45, 101, § 248:

    elapsi in pravum artus,

    Tac. H. 4, 81:

    dolor artuum,

    gout, Cic. Brut. 60, 217.—Sometimes connected with membra, Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 102:

    copia materiaï Cogitur interdum flecti per membra, per artus,

    in every joint and limb, Lucr. 2, 282; 3, 703 al.; Suet. Calig. 28; cf.

    Baumg.-Crus., Clavis ad Suet.: cernere laceros artus, truncata membra,

    Plin. Pan. 52, 5.—
    B.
    Trop., the muscular strength in the joints; hence, in gen., strength, power: Epicharmeion illud teneto;

    nervos atque artus esse sapientiae, non temere credere,

    Q. Cic. Petit. Cons. 10.—More freq.,
    II.
    The limbs in gen. (very freq., esp. in the poets; in Lucr. about sixty times): cum tremulis anus attulit artubus lumen, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 20, 40 (Ann. v. 36 Vahl.); so Lucr. 3, 7; cf. id. 3, 488; 6, 1189:

    artubus omnibus contremiscam,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 26, 121: dum nati (sc. Absyrti) dissupatos artus captaret parens, vet. poet. ap. Cic. N. D. 3, 26, 67:

    copia concita per artus Omnīs,

    Lucr. 2, 267:

    moribundi artus,

    id. 3, 129 al.:

    rogumque parari Vidit et arsuros supremis ignibus artus, etc.,

    Ov. M. 2, 620 al.:

    salsusque per artus Sudor iit,

    Verg. A. 2, 173; 1, 173 al.:

    veste strictā et singulos artus exprimente,

    and showing each limb, Tac. G. 17:

    artus in frusta concident,

    Vulg. Lev. 1, 6; 8, 20;

    ib. Job, 16, 8.—Of plants: stat per se vitis sine ullo pedamento, artus suos in se colligens,

    its tendrils, Plin. 14, 1, 3, § 13, where Jahn reads arcus.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > artus

  • 986 as

    as, assis, m. (nom. assis, Don. ad Ter. Phorm. 1, 1, 9, and Schol. ad Pers. 2, 59; old form assārĭus, ii, m.; and in the gen. plur. assariūm, Varr. L. L. 8, § 71 Müll.; Charis. p. 58 P.) [heis, Dor. ais, Tarent. as, Hinter].
    I.
    In gen., unity, a unit; as a standard for different coins, weight, measure, etc. (in Vitr. 3, 1, p. 61 Rode, perfectus numerus, the perfect number, fundamental number), acc. to the duodecimal system, divided into 12 parts, or uncias, with the following particular designations: uncia = 1s./12 duodecima (sc. pars) sextans = 2/12 = 1s./6 sexta quadrans = 3/12 = 1s./4 quarta, also teruncius or triuncis triens = 4/12 = 1s./3 tertia or quincunx = 5s./12 sextans cum quadrante semissis s. semis = 6/12 = 1s./2 dimidia septunx = 7s./12 quadrans cum triente bessis s. bes = 8/12 = 2/3, for beis s. binae partes assis. dodrans = 9/12 = 3s./4 terni quadrantes dextans s. decunx = 10/12 = 5s./6 quini sextantes deunx = 11s./12 undecim unciaeThe uncia was again divided into smaller parts: semuncia = 1/2 uncia = 1/24 assis. duella = 1/3 uncia = 1/36 assis. sicilicus (-um) = 1/4 uncia = 1/48 assis. sextula = 1/6 uncia = 1/72 assis. drachma = 1/8 uncia = 1/96 assis. hemisecla = 1/12 uncia = 1/144 assis. scripulum = 1/24 uncia = 1/288 assis.The multiples of the as received the following designations: dupondius = 2 asses. tripondius s. tressis = 3 asses. (quadressis) = 4 asses. quinquessis = 5 asses. sexis (only in the connection decussissexis in Vitr. 1. c.) = 6 asses. septissis = 7 asses. octussis = 8 asses. nonussis (novissis?) = 9 asses. decussis = 10 asses. bicessis = 20 asses. tricessis = 30 asses, and so on to centussis = 100 asses. (Cf. Varr. L. L. 5, § 169 sq. Müll.)
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    1.. As a copper coin, the as was, acc. to the ancient custom of weighing money, originally a pound (asses librales or aes grave), of the value of about 8 8 d. /89, or 16 2/3 cents, and was uncoined (aes rude) until Servius Tullius stamped it with the figures of animals (hence pecunia, from pecus); cf. Varr. R. R. 2, 1, 9; Plin. 33, 3, 13, § 42 sqq. In the first Punic war, on account of the scarcity of money, the as was reduced to a sixth part of its original weight, i. e. two ounces; hence asses sextantarii (of the value of about 1 103 d. /297, or 2.8 cents), and the state gained five sixths. In the second Punic war, and the dictatorship of Fabius, the as was again reduced one half, to one ounce; hence asses unciales, about equal to 200 d. /297, or 1.4 cents. Finally, the Lex Papiria (A.U.C. 563, B.C. 191) reduced the as to half an ounce; hence asses semiunciales = 100 d. /297, or 7.9 1/3 mills, which continued as a standard even under the emperors. In all these reductions, however, the names of coins remained, independent of the weight of the as: uncia, sextans, quadrans, etc.; cf. Grotef. Gr. II. p. 253 sq.—From the small value of the as after the last reduction, the following phrases arose: quod non opus est, asse carum est, Cato ap. Sen. Ep. 94:

    Quod (sc. pondus auri) si comminuas, vilem redigatur ad assem,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 43:

    viatica ad assem Perdiderat,

    to the last farthing, id. Ep. 2, 2, 27:

    ad assem impendium reddere,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 15:

    rumores Omnes unius aestimemus assis,

    Cat. 5, 3:

    Non assis facis?

    id. 42, 13.—Hence,
    2.
    The proverbs,
    a.
    Assem habeas, assem valeas, your worth is estimated by your possessions, Petr. 77, 6:

    crumena plena assium,

    Gell. 20, 1.—
    b.
    Assem elephanto dare, to give something (as a petition, and the like) with trembling to a superior (a metaphor derived from trained elephants, which, after playing their parts, were accustomed to take pay for themselves, which was given them with fear by the multitude; cf. Plin. 8, 5, 5, § 14), Augustus ap. Quint. 6, 3, 59, and Macr. S. 2, 4; Varr. ap. Non. p. 531, 10 sq.—
    B.
    In inheritances and other money matters, where a division was made, the as, with its parts, was used to designate the portions. Thus haeres ex asse, sole heir; haeres ex semisse, he who receives one half of the inheritance; haeres ex dodrante, he who receives three fourths; and so, haeres ex besse, triente, quadrante, sextante, etc.;

    ex semiunciā, ex sextulā, ex duabus sextulis, etc.,

    Dig. 28, 5, 50; 34, 9, 2; Suet. Caes. 83; Cic. Caecin. 6 et saep.:

    Nerva constituit, ut tu ex triente socius esses, ego ex besse,

    Dig. 17, 2, 76:

    bessem fundi emere ab aliquo,

    ib. 26, 21, 2, § 39:

    quadrans et semissis fundi,

    ib. 6, 1, 8 al.;

    hence, in assem, in asse, or ex asse,

    in all, entirely, completely, Dig. 36, 45:

    vendere fundum in assem,

    ib. 20, 6, 9; so Col. 3, 3, 8 and 9:

    in asse,

    id. 2, 12, 7:

    sic in asse flunt octo menses et dies decem,

    id. 2, 12, 7:

    ex asse aut ex parte possidere,

    Dig. 2, 8, 15; Sid. Ep. 2, 1; 6, 12; 8, 6 al.—
    C.
    As a measure of extent.
    a.
    An acre, acc. to the same divisions as above, from scripulum to the as, Col. 5, 1, 9 sq.:

    proscindere semissem, iterare assem,

    Plin. 18, 19, 49, § 178.—
    b.
    A foot, Col. 5, 3.—
    D.
    Of weight, a pound, acc. to the same division; cf.

    Fann. Pond. 41: In haec solide sexta face assis eat,

    Ov. Med. Fac. 60.← Mathematicians (v. Vitr. l. c.) called the number 6 perfectus numerus (since 1 + 2 + 3 = 6), and formed, accordingly, the following terminology: 1 = sextans, as a dice-number. unio. 2 = triens.......... binio. 3 = semissis.......... ternio. 4 = bessis (dimoiros)..... quaternio. 5 = quintarius....... quinio. 6 = perfectus numerus.... senio. 7 = ephektos, sex adjecto asse = 6 + 1. 8 = adtertiarius, sex adjectā tertiā = 6 + 2 (epitritos). 9 = sesquialter, sex adjectā dimidiā = 6 + 3 (hêmiolios). 10 = bes alter, sex duabus partibus additis = 6 + 4 (epidimoiros). 11 = adquintarius, sex quinque partibus additis = 6 + 5 (epipentamoiros). 12 = duplio (diplasiôn).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > as

  • 987 Ascalaphus

    Ascălăphus, i, m., = Askalaphos, a son of Acheron and Orphne, who made known to Pluto that Proserpine had eaten seven kernels of a pomegranate, on account of which he was changed by her into an illboding owl (bubo), Ov. M. 5, 539 sq.; cf. Serv. ad Verg. A. 4, 462.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Ascalaphus

  • 988 ascendo

    a-scendo ( ads-, Jan; ads- and as-, Müller; as-, other editors), scendi, scensum, 3, v. n. [scando], to ascend, mount up, climb; and in eccl. Lat. simply to go up, to rise, to spring up, grow up (syn.: scando, conscendo, orior, surgo, prodeo).
    I.
    Lit. (opp. descendo; and diff. from escendo, which designates a climbing, mounting upon some high object, and involves the idea of exertion; cf. Oud. ad Caes. B. G. 7, 27; Suet. Caes. 61; Ochsn. Ecl. pp. 287 and 288; Doed. Syn. IV. pp. 60 and 61; it often interchanges with escendere in MSS.; cf. e. g. Halm ad Nep. Epam. 4, 5; id. Them. 8, 6, and v. examples below; class.; in Cic. and in Vulg. very freq.), constr. most freq. with in, but also with ad with super, supra, contra, adversus, with acc., and absol. (in Cic. in the lit. signif., except once with the acc., always with in with acc.; but in the trop. signif. in all constrr.).
    (α).
    With in with acc.:

    in navem ascendere,

    Plaut. Rud. 2, 2, 20; 2, 6, 54 Fleck.:

    ascendere in naviculam,

    Vulg. Matt. 8, 23:

    in triremem ascendit,

    Nep. Alcib. 4, 3 (in id. Epam. 4, 5, and Them. 8, 6 Halm now reads escendere):

    in arborem ascendere,

    Vulg. Luc. 19, 4:

    ut in Amanum (urbem) ascenderem,

    Cic. Fam. 15, 4, 8:

    ascende in oppidum,

    Vulg. Jos. 8, 1:

    lex peregrinum vetat in murum ascendere,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 24, 100:

    in equum,

    id. Sen. 10, 34:

    in caelum,

    id. Am. 23, 88; so id. Tusc. 1, 29, 71 (B. and K., escendere); id. Dom. 28, 75; id. Mil. 35, 97 (cf. id. Leg. 2, 8:

    ascensus in caelum): inque plagas caeli,

    Ov. M. 11, 518:

    cavete, ne ascendatis in montem,

    Vulg. Exod. 19, 12; 24, 13; ib. Matt. 5, 1; ib. Marc. 3, 13:

    in tribunal ascendere,

    Cic. Vatin. 14, 34 (B. and K., escendere); so Liv. 2, 28 Drak. (Weissenb., escendere):

    in contionem,

    Cic. Att. 4, 2, 3 (B. and K., escendit); so Liv. 3, 49; 5, 50 (Weissenb., escendere, in both these pass.):

    in Capitolium ascendere,

    id. 10, 7:

    sin vestram ascendisset in urbem,

    Verg. A. 2, 192.—
    (β).
    With ad. ad Gitanas Epiri oppidum, Liv. 42, 38:

    ad laevam paulatim,

    Sall. C. 55, 3.—
    (γ).
    With acc. or loc. adv.:

    navem ascendit,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 5, 69; Phaedr. 4, 22, 9; Vulg. Marc. 4, 1; ib. Luc. [p. 171] 8, 37:

    ascendit classem,

    Tac. A. 2, 75:

    montīs cum ascendimus altos,

    Lucr. 6, 469:

    montem,

    Juv. 1, 82, and Vulg. Psa. 103, 8; cf.:

    summum jugum montis ascendere,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 21:

    fastigia montis anheli,

    Claud. Rapt. Pros. 3, 383:

    altitudinem montium,

    Vulg. Isa. 37, 24:

    currus,

    Lucr. 5, 1301 (Lachm., escendere); so Vulg. 3 Reg. 12, 13:

    adversam ripam,

    Cic. Div. 1, 28, 58:

    murum,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 27; so Verg. A. 9, 507, and Vulg. Jer. 5, 10:

    equum,

    Liv. 23, 14; so Suet. Caes. 61, and Vulg. Psa. 75, 7:

    ascendit Capitolium ad lumina,

    Suet. Caes. 37:

    deus adscensurus, Olympum,

    Tib. 4, 1, 12:

    magnum iter ascendo,

    Prop. 4, 10, 3:

    illuc solita est ascendere filia Nisi,

    Ov. M. 8, 17; 11, 394:

    quo simul ascendit,

    id. ib. 7, 220.—Also pass.:

    si mons erat ascendendus,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 79:

    primus gradus ascendatur,

    Vitr. 3, 3:

    porticus adscenduntur nonagenis gradibus,

    Plin. 36, 13, 19, § 88 (Jan, descenduntur):

    ascenso simul curru,

    Suet. Tib. 2 fin.: ne ascensis tanti sit gloria Bactris, Prop 4, 3, 63.—
    (δ).
    Absol., of persons ex locis superioribus desuper suos ascendentes protegebant, Caes. B. C. 1, 79:

    quā fefellerat ascendens hostis,

    Liv. 5, 47:

    Ascendit ergo Abram de Aegypto,

    Vulg. Gen. 13, 1; 19, 30:

    Ascende huc,

    ib. Apoc. 4, 1; 12, 12.—Of things:

    fons ascendebat de terrā,

    Vulg. Gen. 2, 6:

    sicut ascendit mare fluctu,

    ib. Ezech. 26, 3:

    jam ascendit aurora,

    ib. Gen. 32, 26 ' ascendit ignis de petrā, ib. Jud. 6, 21:

    ascendet fumus ejus,

    ib. Isa. 34, 10; ib. Apoc. 8, 4:

    vidit ascendentem favillam de terrā,

    ib. Gen. 19, 28:

    ascendet sicut virgultum,

    ib. Isa. 53, 2; 5, 6:

    germen eorum, ut pulvis, ascendet,

    ib. ib. 5, 24.—Also, after the Greek, to go aboard ship, to go out to sea (eccl. Lat.): ascendentes navigavimus, epibantes, Vulg. Act. 21, 2: Et ascenderunt, anêchthêsan, ib. Luc. 8, 22.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    Constr in like manner,
    (α).
    With in with acc.:

    in summum locum civitatis ascendere,

    Cic. Clu. 55:

    propter quem (ornatum) ascendit in tantum honorem eloquentia,

    has grown into such reputation, id. Or. 36, 125:

    ira ascendit in Israel,

    Vulg. Psa. 77, 21:

    Quid cogitationes ascendunt in corda vestra?

    ib. Luc. 24, 38; ib. Act. 7, 23.—
    (β).
    With ad:

    sic a principiis ascendit motus et exit paulatim nostros ad sensus,

    Lucr. 2, 137:

    aut a minoribus ad majora ascendimus aut a majoribus ad minora delabimur,

    Cic. Part. Or. 4, 12:

    propius ad magnitudinem alicujus,

    Plin. Pan. 61, 2:

    ad honores,

    Cic. Brut. 68, 241:

    ad hunc gradum amicitiae,

    Curt. 7, 1, 14.—
    (γ).
    With super with acc.:

    ira Dei ascendit super eos,

    Vulg. Psa. 77, 31:

    ascendent sermones super cor tuum,

    ib. Ezech. 38, 10.—
    (δ).
    With acc.:

    ex honoribus continuis familiae unum gradum dignitatis ascendere,

    Cic. Mur. 27:

    altiorem gradum,

    id. Off. 2, 18, 62:

    cum, quem tenebat, ascenderat gradum,

    Nep. Phoc. 2, 3:

    altissimum (gradum),

    Plin. Ep. 3, 2, 4.— Poet.:

    ascendere thalamum, i. e. matrimonium contrahere,

    Val. Fl. 6, 45.—
    (ε).
    Absol.:

    ad summam amplitudinem pervenisset, ascendens gradibus magistratuum,

    Cic. Brut. 81, 281; Plin. Pan. 58, 3: altius ascendere, Brut. ap. Cic. Ep. ad Brut. 1, 4:

    gradatim ascendit vox,

    rises, Cic. de Or. 3, 61, 227:

    usque ad nos contemptus Samnitium pervenit, supra non ascendit, i. e. alios non tetigit,

    Liv. 7, 30:

    donec ascenderit furor Domini,

    Vulg. 2 Par. 36, 16:

    ascendet indignatio mea,

    ib. Ezech. 38, 18.—
    B.
    Esp., super, supra aliquem or aliquid ascendere, to rise above any person or thing, to surpass, to stand higher (twice in Tacitus):

    (liberti) super ingenuos et super nobiles ascendunt,

    Tac. G. 25:

    mihi supra tribunatus et praeturas et consulatus ascendere videor,

    id. Or. 7.—Hence, ascen-dens ( ads-), entis, P. a.
    * A.
    Machina, a machine for ascending, a scaling-ladder, Vitr. 10, 19.—
    B.
    In the jurists, ascendentes are the kindred in an ascending line, ancestors ( parents, grandparents, etc.; opp. descendentes, descendants, children, grandchildren, etc.), Dig. 23, 2, 68.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > ascendo

  • 989 aspero

    aspĕro ( aspro, Sid. Ep. 4, 8; id. Carm. 2, 418), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [asper], to make rough, uneven.
    I.
    A.. Lit. (very freq. in the poets and Tac., but not found in Cic.):

    asserculi asperantur, ne sint advolantibus lubrici,

    Col. 8, 3, 6:

    tum enim (apes) propter laborem asperantur ac macescunt,

    become rough, Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 20:

    cum torpent apes, nec caloribus asperantur,

    Pall. 7, 7, 2:

    (vinum myrtites) limum dysentericae passionis medicabiliter asperare, i. e. excrementa solidiora reddere,

    id. 3, 31, 2:

    Et glacialis hiemps aquilonibus asperat undas,

    throws into commotion, Verg. A. 3, 285; so Luc. 8, 195; Val. Fl. 2, 435: Minervae pectus asperare hydris, Prud. peri steph. 14, 275.—
    B.
    Transf., to furnish with a rough, wounding exterior (cf. 1. asper, I.):

    sagittas inopiā ferri ossibus asperant,

    to point, Tac. G. 46.—Hence, also, to whet, to sharpen:

    pugionem vetustate obtusum asperari saxo jussit,

    Tac. A. 15, 54:

    abruptaque saxa asperat,

    Luc. 6, 801 (cf. id. 7, 139: nisi cautibus asper Exarsit mucro, and exaspero).—
    II.
    Trop., to make fierce, to rouse up, excite, exasperate:

    indomitos praeceps discordia fratres asperat,

    Stat. Th. 1, 137:

    hunc quoque asperavere carmina in saevitiam,

    Tac. A. 1, 72 fin.; 3, 12:

    ubi asperatum Vitellium satis patuit iis, qui etc.,

    id. H. 3, 38:

    ne lenire neve asperare crimina videretur,

    to make more severe, to aggravate, heighten, id. A. 2, 29:

    iram victoris,

    id. H. 2, 48.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aspero

  • 990 aspicio

    a-spĭcĭo ( adsp-, Jan; asp-, others except Halm, who uses both), spexi, spectum, 3, v. a. (aspexit = aspexerit, Plaut. As. 4, 1, 25), to look to or upon a person or thing, to behold, look at, see.
    I.
    Lit., constr. in the ante - class. per. sometimes with ad; but afterwards with the acc., with a finite clause, or absol.; in eccl. Lat., with in with acc., and super with acc.
    (α).
    With ad:

    aspice ad me,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 4, 38:

    aspicient ad me,

    Vulg. Zach. 12, 10:

    aspicere ad terram,

    Plaut. Cist. 4, 2, 25:

    ad caelum,

    Vulg. 2 Macc. 7, 28:

    Aspice nunc ad sinisteram,

    Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 38 (Ritschl, spice):

    ad Scrofam,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 2, 26; cf. the epitaph of Pacuvius: Adulescens, tametsi properas, te hoc saxum rogat, Ut se[se] aspicias, etc., ap. Gell. 1, 24 fin. —(b With acc.: Aspice hoc sublimen candens, Enn. ap. Cic. N. D. 2, 25, 65: templum Cereris, id. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, 2, 82: me, Pac. ap. Non. p. 470, 20: aspicite (me) religatum asperis Vinctumque saxis, Att. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 10, 23; Plaut. As. 4, 1, 25:

    me huc aspice,

    id. Am. 2, 2, 118:

    faciem alicujus,

    id. Ps. 1, 2, 9.—In Plaut. twice with contra: aspiciam aliquem [p. 176] contra oculis, Cas. 5, 3, 2: Th. Aspicedum contra me. Tr. Aspexi. Th. Vides? Tr. Video, Most. 5, 1, 56; so,

    non audebat aspicere contra Deum,

    Vulg. Exod. 3, 6:

    formam alicujus aspicere,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 5, 25:

    tergum alicujus,

    Vulg. Exod. 33, 8:

    aspicite ipsum: contuemini os, etc.,

    Cic. Sull. 27:

    me,

    Vulg. Job, 7, 8:

    sic obstupuerant, sic terram intuebantur, sic furtim non numquam inter se aspiciebant, etc.,

    Cic. Cat. 3, 5, 13; so Vulg. Jer. 4, 23:

    aspicis me iratus,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 30 fin.:

    hominis omnino aspiciendi potestatem eripere,

    id. Lael. 23, 87:

    ut nemo eorum forum aut publicum aspicere vellet,

    Liv. 9, 7, 11:

    aliquid rectis oculis,

    Suet. Aug. 16:

    Aspicit hanc torvis (oculis),

    Ov. M. 6, 34:

    aspiciunt oculis Superi mortalia justis,

    id. ib. 13, 70:

    aliquid oculis aequis,

    Verg. A. 4, 372:

    aspice vultus Ecce meos,

    Ov. M. 2, 92 al.:

    horrendae aspectu,

    Hor. S. 1, 8, 26:

    aspice nos hoc tantum,

    look on us thus much only, Verg. A. 2, 690 Wagner: Aspice Felicem sibi non tibi, Romule, Sullam, poët. ap. Suet. Tib. 59.—In pass. (rare):

    unde aliqua pars aspici potest,

    Cic. Mil. 3:

    pulvis procul et arma adspiciebantur,

    Tac. H. 2, 68; id. G. 13:

    super triginta milia armatorum aspiciebantur,

    id. Agr. 29; 40; id. A. 3, 45; 11, 14:

    Septentrionem ibi adnotatum primā tantum parte noctis adspici,

    Plin. 2, 73, 75, § 185:

    quasi eum aspici nefas esset,

    Cic. Verr. 5, 67; 5, 187; id. Har. Resp. 8:

    adspici humana exta nefas habetur,

    Plin. 28, 1, 2, § 5.—
    (γ).
    Absol.:

    Vide amabo, si non, quom aspicias, os inpudens videtur,

    Ter. Eun. 5, 1, 22:

    postquam aspexi, ilico Cognovi,

    id. Heaut. 4, 1, 43.—
    (δ).
    With in with acc.:

    in terram aspicere,

    Vulg. Psa. 101, 20; ib. Isa. 5, 30:

    in caelum,

    ib. Matt. 14, 9.—
    (ε).
    With super with acc.:

    super castra aspicere,

    Vulg. Judith, 9, 7 al. —
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    a.. Of things in space, to look toward, lie toward:

    tabulatum aspiciat meridiem,

    Col. 8, 8, 2:

    cryptoporticus non aspicere vineas, sed tangere videtur,

    Plin. Ep. 5, 6, 29:

    ea pars Britanniae, quae Hiberniam aspicit,

    Tac. Agr. 24:

    terra umidior quā Gallias, ventosior quā Noricum aspicit,

    id. G. 5.—
    b.
    Of persons:

    nobilissimi totius Britanniae eoque in ipsis penetralibus siti nec servientium litora aspicientes,

    Tac. Agr. 30.—
    2.
    With the access. idea of purpose (cf.: adeo, aggredior, etc.), to look upon something in order to consider or examine it; and in gen. to consider, survey, inspect (freq. in Liv.):

    hujus ut aspicerent opus admirabile,

    Ov. M. 6, 14:

    Boeotiam atque Euboeam aspicere jussi,

    Liv. 42, 37:

    in Boeotiā aspiciendae res,

    id. 42, 67 fin.:

    Ap. Claudium legatum ad eas res aspiciendas componendasque senatus misit,

    id. 42, 5; 26, 51; 32, 5 al.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen.: sic in oratione Crassi divitias atque ornamenta ejus ingenii per quaedam involucra perspexi;

    sed ea cum contemplari cuperem, vix aspiciendi potestas fuit,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 35, 161:

    sic evolavit oratio, ut ejus vim atque incitationem aspexerim, vestigia ingressumque vix viderim,

    observed, noticed, id. ib. 1, 35, 161:

    in auctorem fidei,

    Vulg. Heb. 12, 2:

    in remunerationem,

    ib. ib. 11, 26.—So esp., to examine, reflect upon, to consider, weigh, ponder (most freq. in the imperat.: aspice, see, ponder, consider, etc.).
    a.
    With acc.:

    Postea [tu] aspicito meum, quando ego tuum inspectavero,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 50:

    neque tanta (est) in rebus obscuritas, ut eas non penitus vir ingenio cernat, si modo (eas) aspexerit,

    attends to them, Cic. de Or. 3, 31, 124: aspice, ait, Perseu, nostrae primordia gentis, Ov M. 5, 190.—
    b.
    With a finite clause.
    (α).
    In the subj.:

    qui semel aspexit, quantum dimissa petitis Praestent, etc.,

    has weighed, considered, Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 96:

    aspiciebant, quomodo turba jactaret aes etc.,

    Vulg. Marc. 12, 41:

    aspiciebant, ubi (Jesus) poneretur,

    ib. ib. 15, 47:

    Quin tu illam aspice, ut placide adcubat,

    Plaut. Most. 3, 2, 168:

    quin aspice, quantum Aggrediare nefas,

    Ov. M. 7, 70:

    Aspice, venturo laetentur ut omnia saeclo!

    Verg. E. 4, 52:

    Aspice, Plautus Quo pacto partes tutetur amantis ephebi, ut patris attenti... Quantus sit dossennus,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 170 sqq.:

    Aspice, num mage sit nostrum penetrabile telum,

    Verg. A. 10, 481:

    aspice, si quid loquamur,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 4 sq.:

    Aspice, qui coeant populi,

    Verg. A. 8, 385:

    Qualem commendes, etiam atque etiam aspice,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 76: aspice, Quanto cum fastu, quanto molimine circumspectemus etc., id. ib. 2, 2, 92.—
    (β).
    In the indic. (rare):

    Aspice, ut antrum Silvestris raris sparsit labrusca racemis,

    Verg. E. 5, 6:

    Aspice, ut insignis spoliis Marcellus opimis Ingreditur,

    id. A. 6, 855:

    quantas ostentant, aspice, vires,

    id. ib. 6, 771:

    Aspice, quem gloria extulerat,

    id. Cat. 12, 1:

    aspicite, quae fecit nobiscum,

    Vulg. Tob. 13, 6.—Also, to take into consideration, to have in view:

    si genus aspicitur, Saturnum prima parentem Feci,

    Ov. F. 6, 29.—
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    To look upon with respect, admiration:

    erat in classe Chabrias privatus, sed eum magis milites quam qui praeerant, aspiciebant,

    Nep. Chabr. 4, 1.—
    2.
    Aliquem, to look one boldly in the face, to meet his glance:

    Lacedaemonii, quos nemo Boeotiorum ausus fuit aspicere in acie,

    Nep. Epam. 8, 3 (cf. supra, I., the passage from Suet. Aug. 16). —
    3.
    Lumen aspicere, to see the light for to live:

    odi celebritatem, fugio homines, lucem aspicere vix possum,

    Cic. Att. 3, 7; id. Brut. 3, 12; cf. the foll. number fin.
    4.
    Ad inchoative (as in addubito, addormio, aduro, etc.), to get a sight of, to see, perceive, descry:

    perii, si me aspexerit,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 164:

    forte unam aspicio adulescentulam,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 91; id. Ad. 3, 3, 19:

    respexit et equum alacrem laetus aspexit,

    Cic. Div. 1, 33, 73; so id. Har. Resp. 1, 2:

    tum vero Phaëthon cunctis e partibus orbem Aspicit accensum,

    Ov. M. 2, 228; 7, 651:

    aspicit hanc visamque vocat,

    id. ib. 2, 443; 2, 714; 3, 69; 3, 356; 3, 486; 7, 384;

    7, 791 et saep.: Quem simul aspexit scabrum intonsumque,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 90.—Hence trop.: lumen aspicere, to see the light for to be born:

    ut propter quos hanc suavissimam lucem aspexerit, eos indignissime luce privārit,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 22 fin.; cf. supra, II. B. 3.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aspicio

  • 991 aspro

    aspĕro ( aspro, Sid. Ep. 4, 8; id. Carm. 2, 418), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [asper], to make rough, uneven.
    I.
    A.. Lit. (very freq. in the poets and Tac., but not found in Cic.):

    asserculi asperantur, ne sint advolantibus lubrici,

    Col. 8, 3, 6:

    tum enim (apes) propter laborem asperantur ac macescunt,

    become rough, Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 20:

    cum torpent apes, nec caloribus asperantur,

    Pall. 7, 7, 2:

    (vinum myrtites) limum dysentericae passionis medicabiliter asperare, i. e. excrementa solidiora reddere,

    id. 3, 31, 2:

    Et glacialis hiemps aquilonibus asperat undas,

    throws into commotion, Verg. A. 3, 285; so Luc. 8, 195; Val. Fl. 2, 435: Minervae pectus asperare hydris, Prud. peri steph. 14, 275.—
    B.
    Transf., to furnish with a rough, wounding exterior (cf. 1. asper, I.):

    sagittas inopiā ferri ossibus asperant,

    to point, Tac. G. 46.—Hence, also, to whet, to sharpen:

    pugionem vetustate obtusum asperari saxo jussit,

    Tac. A. 15, 54:

    abruptaque saxa asperat,

    Luc. 6, 801 (cf. id. 7, 139: nisi cautibus asper Exarsit mucro, and exaspero).—
    II.
    Trop., to make fierce, to rouse up, excite, exasperate:

    indomitos praeceps discordia fratres asperat,

    Stat. Th. 1, 137:

    hunc quoque asperavere carmina in saevitiam,

    Tac. A. 1, 72 fin.; 3, 12:

    ubi asperatum Vitellium satis patuit iis, qui etc.,

    id. H. 3, 38:

    ne lenire neve asperare crimina videretur,

    to make more severe, to aggravate, heighten, id. A. 2, 29:

    iram victoris,

    id. H. 2, 48.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > aspro

  • 992 assentor

    assentor ( ads-; v. assentior init.), ātus, 1, v. freq. [irreg. for adsensor, from assentior], lit., to join one in judgment or opinion (opp. adversor); hence, always to assent, to agree with one in every thing, to flatter (in the class. per. only in prose); with dat.:

    Etiam tu quoque adsentaris huice?

    Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 70; cf.

    assentatrix: (callidus adulator) etiam adversando saepe adsentetur et litigare se simulans blandiatur, etc.,

    Cic. Lael. 26, 99; Vell. 2, 48:

    tibi adsentabor,

    Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 89:

    Negat quis? nego: ait? aio. Postremo imperavi egomet mihi, Omnia adsentari,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 22; so id. Ad. 2, 4, 6; 5, 9, 31; id. Eun. 3, 2, 37:

    ita fuit, ut is adsentatoribus patefaciat aures suas maxime, qui ipse sibi adsentetur et se maxime delectet,

    Cic. Lael. 26, 97:

    ut nihil nobis adsentati esse videamur,

    id. Ac. 2, 14, 45:

    quia mihi ipse adsentor fortasse,

    id. Fam. 3, 11: Baiae tibi assentantur, flatters you, i. e. endeavors to ingratiate itself into your favor by its sanative powers, id. ib. 9, 12:

    adsentante majore convivarum parte,

    Just. 12, 6:

    cui ergo consilio adsentabimur?

    Tert. Exhort. ad Cast. 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > assentor

  • 993 assudasso

    as-sūdasso ( ads-), ĕre, v. intens. n. [from sudo, as capesso from capio, lacesso from lacio], to fall into a violent sweat, to sweat profusely:

    corculum adsudassit jam ex metu,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 6, 9 dub. (perh. assudescit).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > assudasso

  • 994 Astapus

    Astăpus, i, m., = Astapous, the name of the Nile as it flows through Ethiopia:

    (Nilus) medios Aethiopas secat cognominatus Astapus, quod illarum gentium linguā significat aquam e tenebris profluentem,

    Plin. 5, 9, 10, § 53.—Also called Astusă-pes, Plin. 5, 9, 10, § 53 fin. (in Mel. 1, 9, 2, Astăpē; in Vitr. 8, 2, 6, Astŏsabas, ae, m., = Astosabas, Strab.; cf. Mann. Afr. I. 170; acc. to others, a river of Ethiopia falling into the Nile, now called Abai).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Astapus

  • 995 Asteria

    1.
    astĕrĭa, ae, f., = asteria, a precious stone, perh. cat's-eye, Plin. 37, 9, 47, § 131.—Called in Isid. Orig. 16, 10, 3. astĕ-rītes; in Mart. Cap. 1, p. 19, astrītes.
    2.
    Astĕrĭa, ae, or , ēs, f., = Asteriê.
    I.
    The daughter of Polus and Phœbe, mother of the fourth Hercules:

    Asteria,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 16, 42: Asterie, Hyg. Fab. prooem.—
    II.
    Daughter of the Titan Cœus, changed by Jupiter into a quail, and thrown into the sea:

    Asterie,

    Ov. M. 6, 108; Hyg. Fab. 53. —In the place where she was cast down— the island of Delos—arose Ortygia (quail island); hence called,
    III.
    Astĕrĭa, Plin. 4, 12, 22, § 66.—
    IV.
    An ancient name of the island of Rhodes, Plin. 5, 31, 36, § 132.—
    V.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Asteria

  • 996 asteria

    1.
    astĕrĭa, ae, f., = asteria, a precious stone, perh. cat's-eye, Plin. 37, 9, 47, § 131.—Called in Isid. Orig. 16, 10, 3. astĕ-rītes; in Mart. Cap. 1, p. 19, astrītes.
    2.
    Astĕrĭa, ae, or , ēs, f., = Asteriê.
    I.
    The daughter of Polus and Phœbe, mother of the fourth Hercules:

    Asteria,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 16, 42: Asterie, Hyg. Fab. prooem.—
    II.
    Daughter of the Titan Cœus, changed by Jupiter into a quail, and thrown into the sea:

    Asterie,

    Ov. M. 6, 108; Hyg. Fab. 53. —In the place where she was cast down— the island of Delos—arose Ortygia (quail island); hence called,
    III.
    Astĕrĭa, Plin. 4, 12, 22, § 66.—
    IV.
    An ancient name of the island of Rhodes, Plin. 5, 31, 36, § 132.—
    V.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > asteria

  • 997 Asterie

    1.
    astĕrĭa, ae, f., = asteria, a precious stone, perh. cat's-eye, Plin. 37, 9, 47, § 131.—Called in Isid. Orig. 16, 10, 3. astĕ-rītes; in Mart. Cap. 1, p. 19, astrītes.
    2.
    Astĕrĭa, ae, or , ēs, f., = Asteriê.
    I.
    The daughter of Polus and Phœbe, mother of the fourth Hercules:

    Asteria,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 16, 42: Asterie, Hyg. Fab. prooem.—
    II.
    Daughter of the Titan Cœus, changed by Jupiter into a quail, and thrown into the sea:

    Asterie,

    Ov. M. 6, 108; Hyg. Fab. 53. —In the place where she was cast down— the island of Delos—arose Ortygia (quail island); hence called,
    III.
    Astĕrĭa, Plin. 4, 12, 22, § 66.—
    IV.
    An ancient name of the island of Rhodes, Plin. 5, 31, 36, § 132.—
    V.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Asterie

  • 998 Astosabas

    Astăpus, i, m., = Astapous, the name of the Nile as it flows through Ethiopia:

    (Nilus) medios Aethiopas secat cognominatus Astapus, quod illarum gentium linguā significat aquam e tenebris profluentem,

    Plin. 5, 9, 10, § 53.—Also called Astusă-pes, Plin. 5, 9, 10, § 53 fin. (in Mel. 1, 9, 2, Astăpē; in Vitr. 8, 2, 6, Astŏsabas, ae, m., = Astosabas, Strab.; cf. Mann. Afr. I. 170; acc. to others, a river of Ethiopia falling into the Nile, now called Abai).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Astosabas

  • 999 astringo

    a-stringo ( ads-, Ritschl, Baiter, Halm, Jahn, Keil; as-, Fleck., Merk., Kayser), inxi, ictum, 3, v. a., to draw close, to draw, bind, or tie together, to bind, to tighten, contract (syn.: constringo, stringo, alligo, obligo, vincio).
    I.
    Lit.:

    (hunc) adstringite ad columnam fortiter,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 7, 25:

    ad statuam astrictus est,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 42:

    manus,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 9:

    vinculorum, id est aptissimum... quod ex se atque de iis, quae adstringit quam maxume, unum efficit,

    Cic. Tim. 4 fin.:

    astringit vincula motu,

    Ov. M. 11, 75:

    laqueos,

    Sen. Ira, 3, 16:

    artius atque hederā procera adstringitur ilex,

    is twined around with ivy, Hor. Epod. 15, 5:

    adstringi funibus,

    Vulg. Ezech. 27, 24:

    aliquem adstringere loris,

    ib. Act. 22, 25:

    pavidum in jus Cervice adstrictā dominum trahat,

    with a halter round his neck, Juv. 10, 88 (Jahn, obstrictā): aspice... Quam non adstricto percurrat pulpita socco, not drawn close, loose; poet. for a negligent style of writing, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 174:

    Ipse rotam adstringit multo sufflamine consul,

    checks, Juv. 8, 148:

    balteus haud fluxos gemmis adstrinxit amictus,

    Luc. 2, 362:

    frontem,

    to contract, knit, Mart. 11, 40; Sen. Ep. 106:

    labra porriguntur et scinduntur et adstringuntur,

    Quint. 11, 3, 81:

    frondem ferro,

    to cut off, clip, Col. 5, 6, 17 al.; so, alvum, to make costive (opp. solvere, q. v.), Cels. 1, 3; 2, 30.—Of the contraction produced by cold:

    nivibus quoque molle rotatis astringi corpus,

    Ov. M. 9, 222; so id. Tr. 3, 4, 48; id. P. 3, 3, 26:

    ventis glacies astricta pependit,

    id. M. 1, 120:

    Sic stat iners Scythicas adstringens Bosporus undas,

    Luc. 5, 436:

    vis frigoris (corpora) ita adstringebat,

    Curt. 7, 3, 13; 8, 4, 6.—Hence, also, to make colder, to cool, refresh:

    ex quo (puteo) possis rursus adstringere,

    Plin. Ep. 5, 6, 25: corpus astringes brevi Salone, Mart. 1, 49, 11 (acc. to Varr. in a pass. sense in the perf., adstrinxi for adstrictus sum, Varr. L. L. Fragm. ap. Gell. 2, 25, 7).—Of colors, to deaden:

    ita permixtis viribus alterum altero excitatur aut adstringitur,

    Plin. 9, 38, 62, § 134 (diff. from alligare, which precedes;

    v. alligo, I. B.).—Also of an astringent, harsh taste: radix gustu adstringit,

    Plin. 27, 10, 60, § 85.—
    II.
    Trop., to draw together, draw closer, circumscribe; to bind, put under obligation, oblige, necessitate:

    ubi adfinitatem inter nos nostram adstrinxeris,

    Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 73: vellem, suscepisses juvenem regendum;

    pater enim nimis indulgens, quicquid ego adstrinxi, relaxat,

    Cic. Att. 10, 6; so,

    mores disciplinae severitate,

    Quint. 2, 2, 4 Spald.:

    ad adstringendam fidem,

    Cic. Off. 3, 31, 111:

    hac lege tibi meam astringo fidem,

    Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 22:

    quo (jure jurando) se cuncti astrinxerant,

    Suet. Caes. 84:

    hujus tanti officii servitutem astringebam testimonio sempiterno,

    to confirm, secure, Cic. Planc. 30 fin. Wund.:

    religione devinctum astrictumque,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 42:

    disciplina astricta legibus,

    id. Brut. 10, 40; id. ad Q. Fr. 1, 1, 3:

    lege et quaestione,

    id. Clu. 155:

    suis condicionibus,

    id. Quinct. 5:

    auditor nullā ejus modi adstrictus necessitate,

    id. N. D. 1, 7, 17:

    orationem numeris astringere,

    id. de Or. 3, 44, 173 et saep.:

    adstringi sacris,

    to be bound to maintain, id. Leg. 2, 19:

    inops regio, quae parsimoniā astringeret milites,

    Liv. 39, 1:

    ad temperantiam,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 1:

    ad servitutem juris,

    Quint. 2, 16, 9:

    illa servitus ad certa se verba adstringendi,

    id. 7, 3, 16:

    milites ad certam stipendiorum formulam,

    Suet. Aug. 49; id. Tib. 18:

    me astringam verbis in sacra jura tuis,

    Ov. H. 16, 320; 20, 28:

    magno scelere se astringeret,

    Cic. Phil. 4, 4, 9; id. Sest. 50 fin.; so id. Sull. 29, 82; perh. also id. Pis. 39 fin.; instead of this abl. of class. Latin, we sometimes find in comedy apparently the gen.:

    et ipsum sese et illum furti adstringeret,

    made guilty of, charged himself with, Plaut. Rud. 4, 7, 34:

    Homo furti sese adstringet,

    id. Poen. 3, 4, 27 (cf.:

    Audin tu? hic furti se adligat,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 39; Draeger, Hist. Synt. I. § 209, regards this as a vulgar extension of the use of the gen. with verbs of accusing, convicting, etc., but Klotz, s. v. astringo, regards it as really an old dative, furtoi furti; cf. quoi cui).—Of reasoning or discourse, to compress, abridge, bring into short compass:

    Stoici breviter adstringere solent argumenta,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 6, 13 (cf. id. ib. 3, 10, 22: Haec sic dicuntur a Stoicis, concludunturque contortius); id. Fat. 14, 32:

    premere tumentia, luxuriantia adstringere,

    Quint. 10, 4, 1 Frotsch., Halm.—Hence, astrictus ( ads-), a, um, P. a., drawn together, tight, narrow, close.
    A.
    Lit.:

    limen astrictum,

    shut, Ov. Am. 3, 1, 50:

    alvus fusior aut astrictior,

    Cels. 1, 3:

    corpus astrictum, i. e. alvus dura,

    id. 3, 6:

    genus morbi astrictum,

    costiveness, id. 1 praef.:

    gustu adstricto,

    of a harsh, astringent taste, Plin. 27, 12, 96, § 121.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    Sparing, parsimonious, covetous (not before the Aug. per.):

    astrictus pater,

    Prop. 3, 17, 18:

    adstricti moris auctor,

    Tac. A. 3, 55:

    parsimonia,

    Just. 44, 2.—
    2.
    Of discourse, compact, brief, concise, short (opp. remissus):

    dialectica quasi contracta et astricta eloquentia putanda est,

    Cic. Brut. 90, 309:

    verborum astricta comprehensio,

    id. ib. 95, 327:

    est enim finitimus oratori poëta, numeris astrictior paulo,

    id. de Or. 1, 16, 70; 1, 16, 60.— Sup. not used.— Adv.: astrictē ( ads-), concisely, briefly (only of discourse):

    astricte numerosa oratio,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 48, 184.— Comp.:

    astrictius dicere,

    Sen. Ep. 8 fin., and Plin. Ep. 1, 20, 20:

    scribere,

    id. ib. 3, 18, 10:

    ille concludit adstrictius, hic latius,

    Quint. 10, 1, 106.— Sup. not used.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > astringo

  • 1000 at

    at or ast, conj. [Curtius connects the Sanscr. ati, ultra, nimis, the Gr. eti, the Lat. et, and at in atavus; Vanicek connects with these at, atque, and atqui. Thus the original idea of addition is prominent in eti, et, and atque; and the idea of opposition in at and atqui, which agree with at-ar in meaning as well as in form. After the same analogy, the Gr. pleon, more, has become plên, but; and the Lat. magis has passed into the same meaning in the Fr. mais and the Ital. mai. The confusion in MSS. between at, ac, and et, and between atque and atqui, was prob. caused as much by their connection in idea as in form] (it was sometimes, for the sake of euphony, written ad; cf. Quint. 12, 10; 12, 32; 1, 7, 5; Charis. p. 203 P., where, instead of at conjunctionem esse, ad vero praepositionem, the reading should be, ad conjunctionem esse, at vero praepositionem, Fr.; v. the pass. in its connection; cf. also Vel. Long. p. 2230 P.; Cassiod. p. 2287 P.; Mar. Vict. p. 2458 P. The form ast is found in the old laws; it occurs once in Trag. Rel., but never in Com. Rel. nor in Lucil.; at is found in Plautus about 280 times, and ast about 10 times; in Ter. at about 100 times, and ast once; in Hor. at 60 times, ast 3 times; in Verg. at 168 times, ast 16; in Juv. at 17 times, ast 7; Catull., Tibull., and Prop. use only at, and Pers. (Jahn) only ast; in prose, Cic. uses [p. 186] ast in his epistles. It joins to a previous thought a new one, either antithetical or simply different, and especially an objection; while sed denotes a direct opposition; and autem marks a transition, and denotes at once a connection and an opposition).
    I.
    In adding a diff., but not entirely opp. thought, a qualification, restriction, etc., moreover, but, yet; sometimes an emphasized (but never merely copulative) and.
    A.
    In gen.: SEI PARENTEM PVER VERBERIT AST OLE PLORASSIT PVER DIVEIS PARENTOM SACER ESTO, if the son strike his father, and the father complain, let the son, etc., Lex Serv. Tullii ap. Fest. s. v. plorare, p. 230 Müll.; Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Cic. Leg. 2, 24: Philosophari est mihi necesse, at paucis, but only in a few words, Enn., Trag. Rel. p. 65 Rib.:

    DIVOS ET EOS QVI CAELESTES, SEMPER HABITI COLVNTO... AST OLLA PROPTER QVAE etc.,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 8, 19; 3, 4, 11: hinc Remus auspicio se devovet atque secundam Solus avem servat. At Romulus pulcer in alto Quaerit Aventino, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 48, 107 (Ann. v. 83 Vahl.); Plaut. Capt. 5, 4, 22:

    si ego hic peribo, ast ille, ut dixit, non redit,

    id. ib. 3, 5, 25:

    paret Amor dictis carae genetricis. At Venus Ascanio placidam per membra quietem Inrigat,

    Verg. A. 1, 691:

    (Aeneas) finem dedit ore loquendi. At, Phoebi nondum patiens, immanis in antro Bacchatur vates,

    id. ib. 6, 77; 11, 709 sq.: quo (odore) totum nati corpus perduxit;

    at illi Dulcis compositis spiravit crinibus aura,

    id. G. 4, 416; so id. ib. 4, 460; 4, 513; id. A. 3, 259; 3, 675; 7, 81; 8, 241; 9, 793; Prop. 4, 4, 15; 4, 7, 11; Luc. 3, 664; 4, 36 al.—Also in prose (chiefly post-Aug.):

    una (navis) cum Nasidianis profugit: at ex reliquis una praemissa Massiliam, etc.,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 7:

    ubi facta sunt, in unum omnia miscentur. At pastilli haec ratio est, etc.,

    Cels. 5, 17; 6, 18:

    quamquam insideret urbem proprius miles, tres urbanae, novem praetoriae cohortes Etruriā ferme Umbriāque delectae aut vetere Latio et coloniis antiquitus Romanis. At apud idonea provinciarum sociae triremes etc.,

    Tac. A. 4, 5; 4, 6:

    negavit aliā se condicione adlecturum, quam si pateretur ascribi albo, extortum sibi a matre. At illa commota etc.,

    Suet. Tib. 51; id. Calig. 15; 44; id. Vesp. 5; id. Dom. 4; id. Galb. 7 al.—In the enumeration of particulars:

    Cum alio cantat, at tamen alii suo dat digito litteras, Naev., Com. Rel. p. 20 Rib.: dant alios aliae (silvae) fetus: dant utile lignum Navigiis pinos... At myrtus validis hastilibus et bona bello Cornus,

    Verg. G. 2, 447:

    Nam neque tum stellis acies obtunsa videtur... At nebulae magis etc.,

    id. ib. 1, 401; 3, 87; id. A. 7, 691:

    Hic altā Sicyone, ast hic Amydone relictā, Hic Andro, etc.,

    Juv. 3, 69.— The Vulg. often uses at as a mere continuative, where even et or atque might stand: sciscitabur ab iis ubi Christus nasceretur. At illi dixerunt ei: In etc., Matt. 2, 5; 4, 20; 8, 32; 14, 29; 15, 34 et persaep.—In transition,
    B.
    Esp.,
    1.
    To a new narration, like the Gr. de; so the commencement of the fourth book of the Æneid: At regina gravi jam dudum saucia curā, etc. (the third book closes with the narrative of Æneas); so the beginning of the third book of the Thebaid of Statius: At non Aoniae moderator perfidus aulae, etc.; Verg. A. 4, 504; 5, 35; 5, 545; 5, 700; 5, 779; 6, 679; 7, 5; 8, 370; 8, 608; 9, 503; 10, 689; 11, 597; 12, 134 et saep.—Also in the postAug. histt. and other prose writers; so after speaking of the Ubii etc., Tac. says: At in Chaucis coeptavere seditionem praesidium agitantes etc., A. 1, 38; so ib. 4, 13; 12, 62; 14, 23 et saep.—
    2.
    To a wonderful, terrible, unexpected, or exciting occurrence or circumstance:

    clamores simul horrendos ad sidera tollit, etc.... At gemini lapsu delubra ad summa dracones Effugiunt,

    Verg. A. 2, 225; 3, 225:

    Lacte madens illic suberat Pan ilicis umbrae, Et facta agresti lignea falce Pales etc. At quā Velabri regio patet etc.,

    Tib. 2, 5, 33; Verg. G. 4, 471:

    consurgit Turnus in ensem et ferit. Exclamant Troes trepidique Latini, Arrectaeque amborum acies. At perfidus ensis Frangitur in medio,

    id. A. 12, 731; 10, 763:

    adusque Supremum tempus, ne se penuria victūs Opprimeret metuebat. At hunc liberta securi divisit medium,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 99: Magnus quanto mucrone minatur Noctibus hibernis et sidera terret Orion. At sonipes habitus etc., Stat. S. 1, 1, 46.—
    3.
    To a passionate appeal, etc., in which case the antecedent clause is not expressed, but must be considered as existing in the mind of the speaker; cf. in Gr. alla su, su de.
    a.
    In passing to an interrogation, exhortation, request:

    At, scelesta, viden ut ne id quidem me dignum esse existumat?

    Plaut. As. 1, 2, 23; id. Aul. 1, 1, 8:

    At qui nummos tristis inuncat?

    Lucil. 15, 21 Müll.: Me. Sauream non novi. Li. At nosce sane, Plaut. As. 2, 4, 58: Ca. Non adest. Ps. At tu cita, id. Ps. 1, 1, 30:

    satis habeo, at quaeso hercle etiam vide,

    id. Merc. 5, 4, 53 (Ritschl, sat habeo. Sed):

    at unum hoc quaeso... Ut, etc.,

    id. Capt. 3, 5, 89:

    at tu, qui laetus rides mala nostra caveto Mox tibi,

    Tib. 1, 2, 87:

    Hunc ut Peleus vidit, At inferias, juvenum gratissime Crantor, Accipe, ait,

    Ov. M. 12, 367:

    at tu, nauta, vagae ne parce malignus arenae Ossibus et capiti inhumato Particulam dare,

    Hor. C. 1, 28, 23.—In prose:

    at vide quid succenseat,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 24, 2:

    itaque pulsus ego civitate non sum, quae nulla erat: at vide, quam ista tui latrocinii tela contempserim,

    id. Part. Or. 4, 1, 28; id. Dom. 44; App. M. 6, p. 179, 18.—
    b.
    In expressions of passion, astonishment, indignation, pain, etc.:

    At ut scelesta sola secum murmurat,

    Plaut. Aul. 1, 1, 13: Sc. Nunc quidem domi certost: certa res est Nunc nostrum opservare ostium, [ubi] ubist. Pa. At, Sceledre, quaeso, Ut etc., id. Mil. 2, 4, 46:

    At o deorum quidquid in caelo regit Terras et humanum genus, Quid iste fert tumultus?

    Hor. Epod. 5, 1:

    At tibi quanta domus rutila testudine fulgens, etc.,

    Stat. S. 2, 4, 11.—In prose:

    horum omnium studium una mater oppugnat: at quae mater?

    Cic. Clu. 70; id. Verr. 2, 2, 45:

    at per deos immortales! quid est, quod de hoc dici possit,

    id. ib. 2, 1, 46:

    institui senatores, qui omnia indicum responsa perscriberent. At quos viros!

    id. Sull. 42; id. Deiot. 19, 33:

    tangit et ira deos: at non impune feremus,

    Ov. M. 8, 279; 10, 724:

    at tibi Colchorum, memini, regina vacavi,

    id. H. 12, 1.—
    c.
    In indignant imprecations:

    At te di omnes cum consilio, Calve, mactāssint malo! Pomp., Com. Rel. p. 245 Rib.: At te Juppiter diique omnes perdant!

    Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 37:

    At te di deaeque faxint cum isto odio, Laches,

    Ter. Hec. 1, 2, 59:

    At te di perdant,

    id. Eun. 3, 1, 41:

    At tibi di dignum factis exitium duint,

    id. And. 4, 1, 42:

    At vobis male sit,

    Cat. 3, 13:

    At tibi, pro scelere, exclamat, pro talibus ausis Di... persolvant grates dignas et praemia reddant Debita!

    Verg. A. 2, 535.—In prose:

    At vos, ait, devota capita, respiciant di perjuriorum vindices,

    Just. 14, 4, 10.—
    d.
    Rarely of friendly inclination, disposition:

    At tibi di bene faciant omnes,

    Plaut. Pers. 4, 3, 18:

    At tibi di semper, adulescens, quisquis es, faciant bene,

    id. Men. 5, 7, 32:

    At tu, Catulle, destinatus obdura,

    Cat. 8, 19.—
    e.
    In entreaty:

    At vos, o superi, miserescite regis,

    Verg. A. 8, 572:

    at tu, pater deūm hominumque, hinc saltem arce hostes,

    Liv. 1, 12.—
    II.
    In adding an entirely opposite thought, but, but indeed, but on the other hand, on the contrary, etc. (the strictly class. signif. of the word).
    A.
    In gen.: at differentiam rerum significat: ut cum dicimus, Scipio est bellator, at M. Cato orator, Paul. ex Fest. p. 11 Müll.: splendet saepe, ast idem nimbis interdum nigret, Att., Trag. Rel. p. 170 Rib.: So. Mentire nunc. Me. At jam faciam, ut verum dicas dicere, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 189: So. Per Jovem juro med etc. Me. At ego per Mercurium juro, tibi etc., id. ib. 1, 1, 280:

    Atque oppido hercle bene velle illud visus sum, Ast non habere quoi commendarem caprum,

    id. Merc. 2, 1, 22:

    fecit idem Themistocles... at idem Pericles non fecit,

    Cic. Att. 7, 11, 3:

    non placet M. Antonio consulatus meus, at placuit P. Servilio,

    id. Phil. 2, 5, 12:

    majores nostri Tusculanos Aequos... in civitatem etiam acceperunt, at Karthaginem et Numantiam funditus sustulerunt,

    id. Off. 1, 11, 35: brevis a naturā nobis vita data est;

    at memoria bene redditae vitae sempiterna,

    id. Phil. 14, 12, 32; id. Cat. 2, 2, 3; id. Leg. 2, 18:

    crebras a nobis litteras exspecta, ast plures etiam ipse mittito,

    id. Att. 1, 16 fin.: Rejectis pilis comminus gladiis pugnatum est. At Germani phalange factā impetus gladiorum exceperunt, Caes. B. G. 1, 52:

    Postquam Caesar dicendi finem fecit, ceteri verbo alius alii varie adsentiebantur. At M. Porcius Cato hujusce modi orationem habuit,

    Sall. C. 52, 1:

    hac iter Elysium nobis, at laeva... ad impia Tartara mittit,

    Verg. A. 6, 542: T. Ante leves ergo pascentur in aethere cervi... M. At nos hinc alii sitientīs ibimus Afros, id. E. 1, 65: Dam. Malo me Galatea petit, lasciva puella... Men. At mihi sese offert ultro meus ignis Amyntas, id. ib. 3, 66; 7, 35; 7, 55; id. G. 1, 219; 1, 242; 1, 370; 2, 151; 2, 184; 3, 331; 4, 18; 4, 180; id. A. 2, 35; 2, 687; 3, 424; 5, 264;

    6, 489: Ast ego nutrici non mando vota,

    Pers. 2, 39:

    ast illi tremat etc.,

    id. 6, 74:

    Ast vocat officium,

    id. 6, 27:

    At Jesus audiens ait,

    Vulg. Matt. 9, 12; 9, 22; 12, 3; 12, 48 et persaep.—
    a.
    In order to strengthen a contrast, sometimes (esp. in Plaut. and Ter.) with contra, e contrario, potius, etiam, vero.
    (α).
    With contra:

    Summis nitere opibus, at ego contra ut dissimilis siem,

    Lucil. 26, 19 Müll.:

    Ergo quod magnumst aeque leviusque videtur... At contra gravius etc.,

    Lucr. 1, 366; so id. 1, 570; 1, 1087; 2, 235: L. Opimius ejectus est e patriā: At contra bis Catilina absolutus est, Cic. Pis. 95; id. Verr. 5, 66; id. Sex. Rosc. 131; id. Quinct. 75:

    At tibi contra Evenit, etc.,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 27:

    (Cornutus) taedio curarum mortem in se festinavit: at contra reus nihil infracto animo, etc.,

    Tac. A. 4, 28.—
    (β).
    With e contrario: apud nos mercenarii scribae existimantur;

    at apud illos e contrario nemo ad id officium admittitur, nisi, etc.,

    Nep. Eum. 1, 5:

    in locis siccis partibus sulcorum imis disponenda sunt semina, ut tamquam in alveolis maneant. At uliginosis e contrario in summo porcae dorso collocanda, etc.,

    Col. 11, 3, 44.—
    (γ).
    With potius:

    at satius fuerat eam viro dare nuptum potius,

    Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 44:

    at potius serves nostram, tua munera, vitam,

    Ov. H. 3, 149.—
    (δ).
    With etiam: At etiam, furcifer, Male loqui mi audes? but do you even? etc., Plaut. Capt. 3, 4, 31; id. Trin. 4, 2, 151; id. Rud. 3, 4, 6:

    At etiam cubat cuculus. Surge, amator, i domum,

    but he is yet abed, id. As. 5, 2, 73; so id. Capt. 2, 3, 98; id. Mil. 4, 4, 6:

    Exi foras, sceleste. At etiam restitas, Fugitive!

    Ter. Eun. 4, 4, 1; 5, 6, 10: Proinde aut exeant, aut quiescant, etc.... at etiam sunt, Quirites, qui dicant, a me in exsilium ejectum esse Catilinam, on the contrary, there are indeed people who say. etc., Cic. Cat. 2, 6, 12; id. Phil. 2, 30, 76; id. Quinct. 56; id. Verr. 5, 77; id. Dom. 70 al.—
    (ε).
    With vero, but certainly:

    At vero aut honoribus aucti aut etc.,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 36, 87; id. Off. 2, 20, 70; 2, 23, 80; id. Fin. 1, 10, 33; id. Verr. 2, 5, 17 al.—
    (ζ).
    With certe:

    Numquam ego te, vitā frater amabilior, Aspiciam posthac. At certe semper amabo,

    Cat. 65, 11; 66, 25. —
    (η).
    So, quidem—at (very rare) = quidem —autem, Cic. Off. 1, 22, 75.—
    b.
    Ironically: Th. Quid valeam? Ly. At tu aegrota, si lubet, per me aetatem quidem, Plaut. Curc. 4, 3, 22:

    at, credo, mea numina tandem Fessa jacent,

    Verg. A. 7, 297; 7, 363; Ov. H. 1, 44.—
    B.
    Very freq. in adding an objection, from one's own mind or another's, against an assertion previously made, but, on the contrary, in opposition to this; sometimes, but one may say, it may be objected, and the like:

    Piscium magnam atque altilium vim interfecisti. At nego,

    Lucil. 28, 43 Müll.:

    Quid tandem te impedit? Mosne majorum? At persaepe etiam privati in hac re publicā perniciosos cives morte multārunt. An leges, quae de civium Romanorum supplicio rogatae sunt? At numquam in hac urbe etc.,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 11, 28:

    Appellandi tempus non erat? At tecum plus annum vixit. In Galliā agi non potuit? At et in provinciā jus dicebatur et etc.,

    id. Quinct. 41:

    Male judicavit populus. At judicavit. Non debuit. At potuit. Non fero. At multi clarissimi cives tulerunt,

    id. Planc. 11:

    sunt, quos signa, quos caelatum argentum delectant. At sumus, inquiunt, civitatis principes,

    id. Part. Or. 5, 2, 36; id. Fin. 4, 25, 71; id. Verr. 2, 2 fin.:

    quid porro quaerendum est? Factumne sit? At constat: A quo? At patet,

    id. Mil. 6, 15; id. Phil. 2, 9: convivium vicinorum cotidie compleo, quod ad multam noctem, quam maxime possumus, vario sermone producimus. At non est voluptatum tanta quasi titillatio in senibus. Credo: sed ne desideratio quidem, [p. 187] id. Sen. 14, 47:

    multo magnus orator praestat minutis imperatoribus. At prodest plus imperator. Quis negat?

    id. Brut. 73, 256; id. Div. 2, 29, 62; 2, 31, 67; 2, 32, 69 al.:

    Maxime Juppiter! At in se Pro quaestu sumptum facit hic,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 18 al. — In this case freq. strengthened,
    a.
    By pol, edepol, hercule: At pol ego neque florem neque flocces volo mihi, Caecil., Com. Rel. p. 67 Rib.: So. Non edepol volo profecto. Me. At pol profecto ingratiis, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 215; so id. As. 2, 2, 34; 4, 2, 14; id. Capt. 3, 4, 64; id. Cas. 2, 3, 15; id. Cist. 4, 2, 70; id. Trin. 2, 4, 73: Ha. Gaudio ero vobis. Ad. At edepol nos voluptati tibi, id. Poen. 5, 4, 61; 3, 1, 68:

    At hercule aliquot annos populus Romanus maximā parte imperii caruit,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 54; id. Sex. Rosc. 50:

    at hercle in eā controversiā, quae de Argis est, superior sum,

    Liv. 34, 31:

    At, Hercule, reliquis omnibus etc.,

    Plin. 7, 50, 51, § 169:

    At, hercules, Diodorus et in morbo etc.,

    id. 29, 6, 39, § 142:

    At hercule Germanicum Druso ortum etc.,

    Tac. A. 1, 3; 1, 17; 1, 26;

    3, 54: At, hercules, si conscius fuissem etc.,

    Curt. 6, 10, 20 al. —
    b.
    By enim, which introduces a reason for the objection implied in at, but certainly, but surely, but indeed, etc., alla gar: At enim tu nimis spisse incedis, Naev., Com. Rel. p. 16 Rib.; Turp. id. p. 93: at enim nimis hic longo sermone utimur;

    Diem conficimus,

    Plaut. Trin. 3, 3, 78:

    At enim istoc nil est magis etc.,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 3, 21:

    At enim vereor, inquit Crassus, ne haec etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 49, 188:

    cum dixisset Sophocles, O puerum pulchrum, Pericle. At enim praetorem, Sophocle, decet non solum manus, sed etiam oculos abstinentes habere, etc.,

    id. Off. 1, 40, 144 Beier; so id. Mur. 35, 74; id. Inv. 2, 17, 52 al.:

    at enim inter hos ipsos existunt graves controversiae,

    id. Quinct. 1; so id. Imp. Pomp. 17, 51; 20, 60; id. Phil. 2, 2, 3; id. Ac. 2, 17, 52:

    At enim cur a me potissimum hoc praesidium petiverunt?

    id. Div. in Caecil. 4, 15:

    At enim quis reprehendet, quod in parricidas rei publicae decretum erit?

    Sall. C. 51, 25 Kritz:

    At enim quid ita solus ego circum curam ago?

    Liv. 6, 15; 34, 32:

    At enim eo foedere, quod etc.,

    id. 21, 18; 34, 31; 39, 37: At enim nova nobis in fratrum filias conjugia;

    sed etc.,

    Tac. A. 12, 6.—
    c.
    By tamen: Jam id peccatum primum magnum, magnum, at humanum tamen, Ter. Ad. 4, 5, 53: Hi secretis sermonibus... conveniunt;

    nam publice civitas talibus inceptis abhorrebat. At tamen interfuere quidam etc.,

    Tac. H. 4, 55:

    At certe tamen, inquiunt, quod etc.,

    Cat. 10, 14.—
    C.
    With a preced. negative, sometimes no antithesis is appended by at, but it is indicated that if what has been said is not true, yet at least something else is true, but yet; sometimes with tamen, but yet; or certe, but at least, yet at least:

    Nolo victumas: at minimis me extis placare volo,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 95:

    Si tibi non cordi fuerant conubia nostra,... At tamen in vostras potuisti ducere sedes,

    Cat. 64, 158 sq.:

    Non cognoscebantur foris, at domi: non ab alienis, at a suis,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 11, 56:

    Liceat haec nobis, si oblivisci non possumus, at tacere,

    id. Fl. 25, 61:

    Si genus humanum et mortalia temnitis arma, At sperate deos memores fandi atque nefandi,

    Verg. A. 1, 543; so id. ib. 4, 615, and 6, 406. —With certe:

    Haec erant... quorum cognitio studiosis juvenibus si non magnam utilitatem adferet, at certe, quod magis petimus, bonam voluntatem,

    Quint. 12, 11, 31; Cels. 2, 15; Suet. Calig. 12, al.—
    D.
    The antithesis is sometimes not so much in the clause appended by at, as in the persons or things introduced in it; so,
    (α).
    Esp. freq. in conditional clauses with si, si non, si minus, etiam si, etc.; cf. Herm. ad Viger. 241: Si ego hic peribo, ast ille, ut dixit, non redit; At erit mi hoc factum mortuo memorabile, if I perish here, but he does not return, yet etc., Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 26; id. Bacch. 2, 3, 131:

    si ego digna hac contumeliā Sum maxime, at tu indignus qui faceres tamen,

    Ter. Eun. 5, 2, 25:

    Si tu oblitus es, at di meminerunt,

    Cat. 30, 11:

    si non eo die, at postridie,

    Cato, R. R. 2, 1:

    si non paulo, at aliquanto (post petīsses),

    Cic. Quinct. 40; 97; id. Mil. 93 al.:

    quanta tempestas invidiae nobis, si minus in praesens, at in posteritatem impendeat,

    id. Cat. 1, 22; id. Verr. 5, 69; id. Clu. 15: qui non possit, etiam si sine ullā suspitione, at non sine argumento male dicere, id. Cael. 3, 8.—
    (β).
    With etsi:

    ei, etsi nequāquam parem illius ingenio, at pro nostro tamen studio meritam gratiam referamus,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 4, 14; Tac. Or. 19.—
    (γ).
    With quod si:

    Quod si nihil cum potentiore juris humani relinquitur inopi, at ego ad deos confugiam,

    Liv. 9, 1; Tac. A. 1, 67.—
    E.
    At, like autem and de, sometimes serves simply to introduce an explanation: cum Sic mutilus miniteris. At illi foeda cicatrix etc., now an ugly scar etc., Hor. S. 1, 5, 60. —
    F.
    And also like de in Hom. and Hdt., it sometimes introduces an apodosis,
    a.
    With si: Bellona, si hobie nobis victoriam duis, ast ego templum tibi voveo, if to-day thou bestow victory, then I etc., ean—de, Liv. 10, 19.—
    b.
    With quoniam: Nunc, quoniam tuum insanabile ingenium est, at tu tuo supplicio doce etc., since your disposition is past cure, at least etc., epei—de, Liv. 1, 28.
    A.
    At is sometimes repeated at the beginning of several clauses,
    a.
    In opposition each to the preceding clause: Soph. Tu quidem haut etiam octoginta's pondo. Paegn. At confidentiā Militia illa militatur multo magis quam pondere. At ego hanc operam perdo, Plaut. Pers. 2, 2, 47 sq.:

    Si ego hic peribo, ast ille, ut dixit, non redit: At erit mi hoc factum mortuo memorabile,

    id. Capt. 3, 5, 25 sq.; id. As. 5, 2, 6 sqq. (Cic., in Quir. 7 and 10, opposes at to sed, and Tac., in A. 12, 6, sed to at).—
    b.
    In opposition to some common clause preceding:

    At etiam asto? At etiam cesso foribus facere hisce assulas?

    Plaut. Merc. 1, 2, 20: Quid tum esse existimas judicatum? Certe gratīs judicāsse. At condemnārat; at causam totam non audierat;

    at in contionibus etc.,

    Cic. Caecin. 113:

    Sit flagitiorum omnium princeps: at est bonus imperator, at felix,

    id. Verr. 5, 4; id. Sest. 47; id. Fragm. B. 16, 5 B. and K.: Nefarius Hippias Pisistrati filius arma contra patriam ferens;

    at Sulla, at Marius, at Cinna recte, imo jure fortasse,

    id. Att. 9, 10, 3: At non formosa est, at non bene culta puella;

    At, puto, non votis saepe petita meis?

    Ov. Am. 3, 7, 1 sq. Merk.:

    At quam sunt similes, at quam formosus uterque!

    id. F. 2, 395: rideri possit eo quod Rusticius tonso toga defluit: at est bonus ut melior vir Non alius quisquam; at tibi amicus;

    at ingenium ingens Inculto latet hoc sub corpore,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 30 sqq. (cf. sed—

    sed,

    Cat. 64, 141; Juv. 5, 61; 8, 149; and a similar use of alla in Hellenistic Greek, as alla—alla, 2 Cor. 2, 17: alla—alla —alla, 1 Cor. 6, 11).—
    B.
    Though regularly occupying the first place in its clause or sentence, it sometimes stands second (cf. atque fin.):

    Saepius at si me, Lycida formose, revisas,

    Verg. E. 7, 67; id. G. 3, 331:

    Tutior at quanto merx est in classe secundā,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 47:

    Mentior at si quid, etc.,

    id. ib. 1, 8, 37:

    Gramineis ast inde toris discumbitur,

    Val. Fl. 8, 255:

    Major at inde etc.,

    Stat. Th. 4, 116.—See more upon this word in Hand, Turs. I. pp. 417-451; Wagner, Quaest. XXXVII. ad Verg. IV. pp. 581- 585.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > at

См. также в других словарях:

  • throw into disorder — index confuse (create disorder), disorganize, disorient Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • throw into confusion — index agitate (perturb), confound, confuse (bewilder), confuse (create disorder), discompose …   Law dictionary

  • throw into — phr verb Throw into is used with these nouns as the object: ↑armchair, ↑bin, ↑confusion, ↑disarray, ↑disorder, ↑doubt, ↑frenzy, ↑jail, ↑panic, ↑prison, ↑recession, ↑ …   Collocations dictionary

  • throw into confusion — cause chaos, cause disorder …   English contemporary dictionary

  • disorder — (v.) late 15c., from dis not (see DIS (Cf. dis )) + the verb order (see ORDER (Cf. order)). Replaced earlier disordeine (mid 14c.), from O.Fr. desordainer, from M.L. disordinare throw into disorder, from L. ordinare to order, regulate (see …   Etymology dictionary

  • disorder — [dis ôr′dər] n. [prob. < Fr désordre] 1. a lack of order; confusion; jumble 2. a breach of public peace; riot 3. a disregard of system; irregularity 4. an upset of normal function; ailment vt. 1. to throw into disorder; disarrange …   English World dictionary

  • disorder — n 1. disorderliness, disarray, displacement, dislocation, disarrangement, disorganization; dishevelment, untidiness, clutter, mess, heap, huddle; hash, hodge podge, mishmash, jumble, scramble, tangle; mix up, snafu, Inf. foul up, Sl. ball up,… …   A Note on the Style of the synonym finder

  • disorder — n. lack of order 1) to throw into disorder 2) in disorder (to retreat in disorder) riot 3) violent disorders 4) disorders broke out ailment 5) a brain; circulatory; digestive, intestinal; mental; minor; neurotic; personality; respiratory disorder …   Combinatory dictionary

  • disorder — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) Lack of order Nouns 1. disorder, derangement; irregularity; misrule, anarchy, anarchism; untidiness, disunion; disquiet, discord; confusion, confusedness; disarray, jumble, huddle, litter, mess, mishmash …   English dictionary for students

  • Disorder — Dis*or der, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Disordered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Disordering}.] 1. To disturb the order of; to derange or disarrange; to throw into confusion; to confuse. [1913 Webster] Disordering the whole frame or jurisprudence. Burke. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • disorder — noun 1 untidy state; lack of order ADJECTIVE ▪ complete VERB + DISORDER ▪ throw sth into ▪ The country was thrown into disorder by the strikes. PREPOSITION ▪ …   Collocations dictionary


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