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  • 161 passivus

    1.
    passīvus, a, um, adj. [2. pando].
    I.
    Spread about, general, common, found everywhere (post-class.):

    nomen dei,

    applied to many, common, Tert. adv. Marc. 1, 7: cupiditates, Firm. Math. 5, 1.—
    II.
    Promiscuous, confused:

    seminum passiva congeries,

    App. M. 6, p. 177, 14.—Hence,
    B.
    Subst.: passīvus, i, m., i. q. popularis: vagi Romanorum, quos passivos appellant, Aug. contr. Adamant. 24; so, populari, passivo, Schol. Juv. 8, 182.— Adv.: passīvē:

    crines per colla passive dispositi,

    dispersedly, App. M. 11 init.; Tert. adv. Psych. 2.
    2.
    passīvus, a, um, adj. [patior], capable of feeling or suffering, passible, passive (post-class.):

    anima passiva et interibilis,

    Arn. 2, 65; App. de Deo Socr. p. 49.—
    II.
    In partic., in gram., passive:

    verbum passivum... quod habet naturam patiendi,

    Quint. 1, 6, 10:

    verba,

    Charis. 2; Diom. 1; Prisc. 8 et saep.— Adv.: pas-sīvē, passively, Lucil. ap. Prisc. p. 791 P.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > passivus

  • 162 penso

    penso, āvi, ātum, 1, v. freq. a. [pendo], to weigh or weigh out carefully (not freq. till after the Aug. per.; not in Cic., for in Off. 2, 19, 68, conpensandum is the correct reading. Neither is it found in Plaut., Ter., Lucr., or Cæs.; syn.: pendo, expendo).
    I.
    Lit.:

    aurum,

    Liv. 38, 24; Sil. 4, 153; Col. 12, 51, 2:

    C. Gracchi caput auro pensatum,

    paid for with its weight in gold, Flor. 3, 15, 6:

    odores ac purpurae et auro pensanda,

    worth their weight in gold, Sen. Ep. 73, 5.—Prov.:

    pensare aliquem eādem trutinā,

    to weigh one in the same balance, judge one by the same standard, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 29.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    To counterbalance with any thing, to compensate, recompense, repay, make good, requite; for the usual compensare:

    exiguā turis impensā tanta beneficia pensaturi,

    Curt. 8, 5, 10:

    beneficia beneficiis,

    Sen. Ben. 3, 9, 3; Suet. Aug. 25:

    praematuram mortem immortali nominis sui memoriā,

    Vell. 2, 88, 3:

    vulnera et sanguis aviditate praedae,

    Tac. H. 3, 26 fin.; cf. id. ib. 4, 74; id. A. 2, 26: vicem alicujus, to supply the place of a thing, to compensate for a thing, Plin. 31, 8, 44, § 97;

    transmarinae res quādam vice pensatae,

    Liv. 26, 37:

    iter,

    to shorten the way, Luc. 9, 685.—
    B.
    To pay, repay, punish with any thing:

    nece pudorem,

    Ov. H. 2, 143:

    omnia uno ictu,

    Sen. Oedip. 936:

    nefarium concubitum voluntariā morte,

    Val. Max. 1, 8, 3.—
    2.
    To purchase with any thing:

    vitam auro,

    Sil. 2, 35:

    victoriam damno militis,

    Vell. 2, 115, 4.—
    C.
    To exchange for any thing:

    palatia caelo,

    Calp. Ecl. 4, 141:

    laetitiam moerore,

    Plin. 7, 40, 41, § 132.—
    D.
    To allay, quench:

    sitim,

    Calp. Ecl. 5, 111.—
    E.
    To weigh, ponder, examine, consider:

    ex factis, non ex dictis, amicos pensare,

    Liv. 34, 49:

    ad consilium pensandum temporis opus esse,

    id. 22, 51, 3; Curt. 3, 6, 3; 8, 2, 14; 7, 33, 2:

    singula animi consulta,

    id. 7, 8, 1:

    stat pensata diu belli sententia,

    Sil. 7, 223.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > penso

  • 163 permisceo

    per-misceo, scŭi, stum, and xtum, 2, v. a., to mix or mingle together; to commingle, intermingle.
    I.
    Lit.:

    naturam cum materiā,

    Cic. Univ. 7:

    permixti cum suis fugientibus,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 62:

    permixtum senatui populi concilium,

    Liv. 21, 14:

    equites turbae hostium,

    id. 39, 51:

    fructus acerbitate permixti,

    Cic. Planc. 38, 92; Plin. 28, 17, 67, § 231:

    generique cruorem Sanguine cum soceri permiscuit impius ensis,

    Ov. M. 14, 801:

    omnes in oratione esse quasi permixtos et confusos pedes,

    Cic. Or. 57, 195:

    (gagates lapis) medetur strumis cerae permixtus,

    Plin. 36, 19, 34, § 142:

    corpora viva permista sepultis,

    Luc. 2, 152:

    alicui totum ensem,

    to plunge his whole sword into his body, Sil. 10, 259.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen., to mix or mingle together; to commingle, intermingle:

    ne tuas sordes cum clarissimorum virorum splendore permisceas,

    Cic. Vatin. 5, 13:

    tristia laetis,

    Sil. 13, 385:

    geminas e sanguine matris permistura domos,

    Luc. 2, 333:

    acerbitas morum ne vino quidem permista,

    Cic. Phil. 12, 11, 26.—Of language:

    quibus (intervallis longis et brevibus) implicata atque permixta oratio,

    Cic. Or. 56, 187.—
    B.
    In partic., to confound, disturb, throw into confusion, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 50, § 123:

    omnia,

    id. Planc. 17, 41; cf.:

    omnia divina humanaque jura permiscentur,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 6 fin.:

    domum,

    Verg. A. 7, 348; Sall. J. 5, 2:

    Graeciam,

    Cic. Or. 9, 20:

    omnia gravi timore,

    Flor. 1, 18, 12.—Hence, permixtus, a, um (perh. not permistus in class. Lat.), P. a.
    A.
    Promiscuous, confused:

    permixta caedes,

    Lucr. 3, 643; 5, 1313:

    mores,

    disordered, disorderly, id. 3, 749.—
    B.
    Filled:

    permixtus maerore,

    App. M. 9, p. 235 fin.—Adv.: per-mixtē, confusedly, promiscuously, Cic. Inv. 1, 22, 32; id. Part. 7, 24.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > permisceo

  • 164 permutatio

    permūtātĭo, ōnis, f. [permuto].
    I.
    A changing, altering, change, alteration:

    magna rerum,

    Cic. Sest. 34, 73:

    temporum,

    id. Par. 6, 3, 51; Amm. 15, 3, 7:

    defensionis,

    Quint. 5, 13, 41:

    vicissitudinum,

    Vulg. Sap. 7, 18.—
    II.
    An interchanging, barter, exchanging, exchange:

    mercium,

    Tac. G. 5, 4:

    partim emptiones, partim permutationes,

    Cic. Pis. 21, 48:

    haec res permutationem non recipit,

    Dig. 30, 1, 51:

    rerum,

    ib. 19, 5, 5:

    captivorum,

    Eutr. 2, 25; Gai. Inst, 3, 141. —Of exchanging money, negotiating a bill of exchange, Cic. Fam. 3, 5, 4; id. Att. 5, 13, 2.—
    B.
    A substitution.
    1.
    In rhet., of one expression for another, permutation, Auct. Her. 4, 34, 46.—
    2.
    Of one person for another:

    similis si permutatio detur,

    Juv. 6, 653.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > permutatio

  • 165 permuto

    per-mūto, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a.
    I.
    To change throughout, to alter or change completely:

    sententiam,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 7, 14:

    omnem rei publicae statum,

    id. Leg. 3, 9:

    ordine permutato,

    Lucr. 1, 827.—
    II.
    In gen., to interchange, exchange one thing for another:

    nomina inter se,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 19:

    domum,

    id. Pers. 4, 5, 8:

    galeam,

    Verg. A. 9, 307:

    cur valle permutem Sabinā Divitias operosiores?

    Hor. C. 3, 1, 47:

    cum jecore locum,

    Plin. 11, 37, 80, § 204:

    virus ut hoc alio fallax permutet odore,

    Mart. 6, 93, 7:

    plumbum gemmis,

    for precious stones, Plin. 34, 17, 48, § 163.— Trop.:

    permutatā ratione,

    on the contrary, conversely, Plin. 19, 6, 32, § 106.—
    B.
    In partic., in the lang. of business.
    1.
    To exchange money:

    placuit denarium sedecim assibus permutari,

    Plin. 33, 3, 13, § 45.—Esp. of payments by exchange:

    illud, quod tecum permutavi,

    what you remitted to me by bill of exchange, Cic. Att. 5, 15, 2:

    ait se curasse, ut cum quaestu populi permutaretur,

    id. Fam. 2, 17, 7:

    sed quaero, quod illi opus erit Athenis, permutari ne possit, an ipsi ferendum sit,

    id. Att. 12, 24, 1:

    velim cures, ut permutetur, Athenas, quod sit in annum sumptum ei,

    id. ib. 15, 15, 2.—
    2.
    To buy:

    equos talentis auri permutare,

    Plin. 6, 31, 36, § 198:

    serichatum permutatur in libras denariis sex,

    id. 12, 21, 45, § 99; 19, 1, 4, § 20.—
    III.
    To turn about, turn round (post.-Aug.):

    arborem in contrarium,

    Plin. 17, 11, 16, § 84; 16, 40, 77, § 210.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > permuto

  • 166 perplexus

    per-plexus, a, um, adj. [plecto], entangled, involved, intricate, confused (not in Cic. or Cæs.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    figurae,

    Lucr. 2, 102; cf. id. 2, 459; 463:

    foramina linguae,

    id. 4, 621:

    corpora terraï,

    id. 5, 452:

    iter silvae,

    Verg. A. 9, 391; Plin. 9, 2, 1, § 2:

    nervi,

    Vulg. Job, 40, 12.—
    II.
    Trop., intricate, involved, confused, perplexed, unintelligible, dark, ambiguous, obscure, inscrutable:

    sermones,

    Liv. 40, 5:

    perplexius carmen,

    id. 25, 12:

    perplexum Punico astu responsum,

    id. 35, 14 fin. —As subst., intricacy, perplexity:

    ignorare se dixit, quidnam perplexi sua legatio haberet,

    id. 34, 57.— Comp.:

    ratio perplexior,

    Plin. 2, 15, 13, § 62.—Hence, adv.: perplexē, confusedly, perplexedly, obscurely:

    pergin', scelesta, mecum perplexe loqui?

    Ter. Eun. 5, 1, 1:

    defectionem haud perplexe indicavere,

    Liv. 6, 13; Curt. 8, 5, 13.— Comp.:

    perplexius errare,

    Prud. adv. Symm. 2, 847:

    disputans,

    Amm. 25, 3, 23.—
    B.
    Carefully, with minute care:

    interrogando,

    Amm. 15, 1, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > perplexus

  • 167 pertricosus

    per-trīcōsus, a, um, adj., very confused or perplexed, very strange:

    res pertricosa,

    Mart. 3, 63, 14 dub. (al. praetricosa).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > pertricosus

  • 168 perturbata

    per-turbo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., to throw into confusion or disorder, to confuse, disturb (cf.: confundo, misceo).
    I.
    Lit.:

    omnia,

    Ter. And. 3, 4, 22:

    provinciam,

    Cic. Sull. 20, 56:

    aetatum ordinem,

    id. Brut. 62, 223:

    condiciones pactionesque bellicas perjurio,

    id. Off. 3, 29, 108:

    dies intermissus aut nox interposita saepe perturbat omnia,

    id. Mur. 17, 35:

    reliquos (milites) incertis ordinibus perturbaverunt,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 32:

    aciem,

    Sall. J. 59, 3:

    domum,

    Sen. Thyest. 83.— Pass., Plin. Pan. 76, 8.—
    B.
    Transf., to mix or mingle together:

    omnia subtiliter cretā permisceas cum salibus torrefactis ac tritis et diu oleo injecto perturbes,

    Pall. 12, 18.—
    II.
    Trop., to disturb, discompose, embarrass, confound:

    mea consilia,

    Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 127:

    mentes animosque perturbat timor,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 39:

    clamore perturbari,

    Cic. Rab. Perd. 6, 18:

    animum, joined with concitare,

    id. Or. 37, 128:

    de rei publicae salute perturbari,

    id. Mil. 1, 1:

    haec te vox non perculit? non perturbavit?

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 57, § 132:

    magno animi motu perturbatus,

    id. Att. 8, 11, 1.—Hence, perturbātus, a, um, P. a.
    A.
    Troubled, disturbed, unquiet:

    mihi civitatem perturbatam vestris legibus et contionibus et deductionibus tradidistis,

    Cic. Agr. 1, 8, 23:

    perturbatissimum tempestatis genus,

    Sen. Q. N. 7, 10, 3:

    flamma quassatae rei publicae perturbatorumque temporum,

    Cic. Sest. 34, [p. 1360] 73.—
    B.
    Disturbed, embarrassed, discomposed:

    homo perturbatior metu,

    Cic. Att. 10, 14, 1:

    sane sum perturbatus cum ipsius familiaritate,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 4.— Subst.: per-turbāta, ōrum, n., confused visions, perverted truths:

    nunc onusti cibo et vino perturbata et confusa cernimus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 29, 60.— Adv.: perturbātē, confusedly, disorderly:

    ne quid perturbate, ne quid contorte dicatur,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 20, 29; id. Or. 35, 122:

    muta animalia perturbate moveri,

    Sen. Ep. 124, 19.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > perturbata

  • 169 perturbo

    per-turbo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., to throw into confusion or disorder, to confuse, disturb (cf.: confundo, misceo).
    I.
    Lit.:

    omnia,

    Ter. And. 3, 4, 22:

    provinciam,

    Cic. Sull. 20, 56:

    aetatum ordinem,

    id. Brut. 62, 223:

    condiciones pactionesque bellicas perjurio,

    id. Off. 3, 29, 108:

    dies intermissus aut nox interposita saepe perturbat omnia,

    id. Mur. 17, 35:

    reliquos (milites) incertis ordinibus perturbaverunt,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 32:

    aciem,

    Sall. J. 59, 3:

    domum,

    Sen. Thyest. 83.— Pass., Plin. Pan. 76, 8.—
    B.
    Transf., to mix or mingle together:

    omnia subtiliter cretā permisceas cum salibus torrefactis ac tritis et diu oleo injecto perturbes,

    Pall. 12, 18.—
    II.
    Trop., to disturb, discompose, embarrass, confound:

    mea consilia,

    Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 127:

    mentes animosque perturbat timor,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 39:

    clamore perturbari,

    Cic. Rab. Perd. 6, 18:

    animum, joined with concitare,

    id. Or. 37, 128:

    de rei publicae salute perturbari,

    id. Mil. 1, 1:

    haec te vox non perculit? non perturbavit?

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 57, § 132:

    magno animi motu perturbatus,

    id. Att. 8, 11, 1.—Hence, perturbātus, a, um, P. a.
    A.
    Troubled, disturbed, unquiet:

    mihi civitatem perturbatam vestris legibus et contionibus et deductionibus tradidistis,

    Cic. Agr. 1, 8, 23:

    perturbatissimum tempestatis genus,

    Sen. Q. N. 7, 10, 3:

    flamma quassatae rei publicae perturbatorumque temporum,

    Cic. Sest. 34, [p. 1360] 73.—
    B.
    Disturbed, embarrassed, discomposed:

    homo perturbatior metu,

    Cic. Att. 10, 14, 1:

    sane sum perturbatus cum ipsius familiaritate,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 4.— Subst.: per-turbāta, ōrum, n., confused visions, perverted truths:

    nunc onusti cibo et vino perturbata et confusa cernimus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 29, 60.— Adv.: perturbātē, confusedly, disorderly:

    ne quid perturbate, ne quid contorte dicatur,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 20, 29; id. Or. 35, 122:

    muta animalia perturbate moveri,

    Sen. Ep. 124, 19.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > perturbo

  • 170 praecipito

    praecĭpĭto, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. and n. [praeceps], to throw or cast down headlong, to precipitate (class.; syn.. deicio, deturbo, proruo).
    I.
    Act.
    A.
    Lit.:

    pilae in mare praecipitatae,

    Nep. Alcib. 6 fin.:

    truncas rupes in tecta domosque,

    Stat. Th. 10, 881: currum scopulis, hurl or dash against, Ov. M. 15, 518:

    pinus,

    Stat. Achill. 2, 546.— Freq. with se or pass. in middle sense:

    se e Leucade,

    Cic. Tusc. 4, 18, 41:

    se a tecto,

    Sen. Ep. 4, 4:

    se de turri,

    Liv. 23, 37:

    sese in fossas,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 69:

    praecipitasse se quosdam constabat (sc. de muro),

    threw themselves from the wall, Liv. 23, 19, 6; Hor. S. 2, 3, 277:

    plerique semet ipsi praecipitaverunt,

    Liv. 21, 14, 1:

    se in Tiberim,

    id. 4, 12, 11; Caes. B. G. 4, 15; Curt. 4, 16, 16; 6, 6, 32;

    Auct. B. Alex. 18: ubi Nilus praecipitans se fragore auditum accolis aufert,

    Plin. 6, 29, 35, § 118:

    praecipitare volens etiam pulcherrima,

    to throw overboard, Juv. 12, 38.—Mid.:

    cum alii super vallum praecipitarentur,

    threw themselves down, Sall. J. 58, 6; Ov. F. 4, 164; id. M. 7, 760; 11, 556:

    lux Praecipitatur aquis,

    sinks in the ocean, sets, id. ib. 4, 92; cf.:

    hac te praecipitato,

    run this way, for life! Ter. Ad. 4, 2, 36.— Absol.: si quando iis (parvis) ludentes minamur, praecipitaturos alicunde, extimescunt, that we will throw them down from any place (= nos eos dejecturos), Cic. Fin. 5, 11, 31.—
    2.
    Transf., in gen., to bend a thing down:

    vitem,

    Cato, R. R. 32, 2:

    partem (vitis),

    Col. 4, 20, 4:

    palmitem,

    id. 5, 6, 33.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    To throw, hurl, or cast down, to precipitate: [p. 1414] praecipitari ex altissimo dignitatis gradu, Cic. Dom. 37, 98; cf.:

    in tanta mala praeeipitatus ex patrio regno,

    Sall. J. 14, 23.— Esp. with reflex. pron.:

    semet ipse praecipitare,

    to hasten to ruin, destroy one's self, Sall. J. 41, 9:

    se in exitium,

    Cels. 3, 21:

    se in insidias,

    Liv. 3, 18, 7 dub. (Madv. omits se):

    furor iraque mentem Praecipitant,

    carry away, urge onward, sway violently, Verg. A. 2, 317:

    spem festinando praecipitare,

    Ov. P. 3, 1, 140:

    in senectam praecipitare,

    to cause to grow old prematurely, Plin. 17, 12, 19, § 94:

    quosdam praecipitat subjecta potentia magnae Invidiae,

    Juv. 10, 56.—In pass., Cic. Rep. 2, 23, 43: nox praecipitata, declining, i. e. drawing to a close, Ov. Tr. 1, 3, 47; cf.: aetas praecipitata (opp. adulescens), declining age, Mat. ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 28, 5.—
    2.
    To hasten, hurry a thing (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose):

    quae Praecipitent obitum,

    hasten their setting, Cic. Arat. 349:

    vindemiam,

    Col. 3, 21, 10:

    consulta viri,

    Sil. 3, 166:

    ne praecipitetur editio,

    Quint. Ep. ad Tryph. 2:

    consilia raptim praecipitata,

    precipitate, Liv. 31, 32.— Poet.:

    moras,

    i. e. exchange delay for haste, Verg. A. 8, 443; 12, 699:

    Tiphyn pelago parari praecipitat,

    Val. Fl. 2, 390:

    cursum,

    Juv. 15, 78.—
    3.
    With acc. and inf., to hasten, press, urge to do any thing ( poet.):

    dare tempus Praecipitant curae,

    Verg. A. 11, 3:

    si praecipitant miserum cognoscere curae,

    Stat. Th. 1, 679. —
    II.
    Neutr., to hasten or rush down, to throw one's self down, rush headlong, sink rapidly, to fall (class., but only of involuntary falling; cf. I. A.).
    A.
    Lit.:

    praecipitare istuc quidem est, non descendere,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 32, 90:

    de montibus altis ad terram,

    Lucr. 4, 1021:

    ubi Nilus praecipitat ex altissimis montibus,

    Cic. Rep. 6, 18, 19; cf.:

    Fibrenus... statim praecipitat in Lirem,

    id. Leg. 2, 3, 6: and:

    in amni praecipitante,

    id. de Or. 3, 48, 186:

    nimbi In vada praecipitant,

    Verg. A. 9, 670; 11, 617:

    in fossam,

    Liv. 25, 11, 6; 7, 6, 9; 38, 2, 14;

    39, 2, 3: in insidias,

    id. 2, 51; 5, 18; Plin. 11, 24, 28, § 82:

    non fugis hinc praeceps, dum praecipitare potestas?

    Verg. A. 4, 565:

    sol praecipitans,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 55, 209:

    jam nox caelo Praecipitat,

    is sinking, draws to a close, Verg. A. 2, 9:

    hiems jam praecipitaverat,

    had closed, come to an end, Caes. B. C. 3, 25.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    To fall down, to fall, rush, or sink to ruin:

    qui in amorem Praecipitavit, pejus perit quam si saxo saliat,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 31:

    praecipitantes impellere, certe est inhumanum,

    Cic. Rab. Post. 1, 2; so,

    praecipitantem impellamus,

    id. Clu. 26, 70:

    ubi non subest, quo praecipitet ac decidat,

    he may tumble down, id. Rep. 1, 45, 69:

    praecipitante re publicā,

    id. Sull. 1, 1; cf. id. ib. 31, 87; and:

    cum ad Cannas praecipitasset Romana res,

    Liv. 27, 40:

    ad exitium praecipitans,

    Cic. Att. 3, 15, 7.—
    2.
    To be too hasty:

    cum vitiosum sit adsentiri quicquam aut falsum aut incognitum, sustinenda est potius omnis adsensio, ne praecipitet, si temere processerit,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 21, 68.—Hence, praecĭpĭ-tanter, adv., hastily, precipitately:

    agens mannos ad villam,

    Lucr. 3, 1063.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > praecipito

  • 171 premo

    prĕmo, essi, essum, 3, v. a. [etym. dub.; cf. prelum], to press (class.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    pede pedem alicui premere,

    Plaut. As. 4, 1, 30:

    et trepidae matres pressere ad pectora natos,

    Verg. A. 7, 518:

    veluti qui sentibus anguem Pressit humi nitens,

    id. ib. 2, 379:

    novercae Monstra manu premens,

    id. ib. 8, 288:

    pressit et inductis membra paterna rotis,

    i. e. drove her chariot over her father's body, Ov. Ib. 366:

    trabes Hymettiae Premunt columnas,

    press, rest heavily upon them, Hor. C. 2, 18, 3:

    premere terga genu alicujus,

    Ov. Am. 3, 2, 24:

    ubera plena,

    i. e. to milk, id. F. 4, 769:

    vestigia alicujus,

    to tread in, to follow one's footsteps, Tac. A. 2, 14:

    nudis pressit qui calcibus anguem,

    Juv. 1, 43:

    dente frena,

    to bite, to champ, Ov. M. 10, 704:

    ore aliquid,

    to chew, eat, id. ib. 5, 538; cf.:

    aliquid morsu,

    Lucr. 3, 663:

    presso molari,

    with compressed teeth, Juv. 5, 160:

    pressum lac,

    i. e. cheese, Verg. E. 1, 82.—In mal. part.:

    Hister Peucen premerat Antro,

    forced, Val. Fl. 8, 256:

    uxorem,

    Suet. Calig. 25.—Of animals:

    feminas premunt galli,

    Mart. 3, 57, 17.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    Poet., to bear down upon, to touch:

    premere litora,

    Ov. M. 14, 416:

    litus,

    to keep close to the shore, Hor. C. 2, 10, 3:

    aëra,

    i. e. to fly, Luc. 7, 835.—
    2.
    Poet., to hold fast, hold, firmly grasp:

    premere frena manu,

    Ov. M. 8, 37:

    ferrum,

    to grasp, Sil. 5, 670:

    capulum,

    id. 2, 615.—
    3.
    Poet., to press a place with one's body, i. e. to sit, stand, lie, fall, or seat one's self on any thing:

    toros,

    Ov. H. 12, 30:

    sedilia,

    id. M. 5, 317:

    hoc quod premis habeto,

    id. ib. 5, 135:

    et pictam positā pharetram cervice premebat,

    id. ib. 2, 421:

    humum,

    to lie on the ground, id. Am. 3, 5, 16; cf. id. F. 4, 844:

    frondes tuo premis ore caducas,

    id. M. 9, 650; Sen. Hippol. 510.—
    4.
    To cover, to conceal by covering (mostly poet.):

    aliquid terrā,

    to conceal, bury in the earth, Hor. Epod. 1, 33:

    nonumque prematur in annum,

    kept back, suppressed, id. A. P. 388:

    omne lucrum tenebris alta premebat humus,

    Ov. Am. 3, 8, 36:

    ossa male pressa,

    i. e. buried, id. Tr. 5, 3, 39; Plin. 2, 79, 81, § 191; hence, to crown, to cover or adorn with any thing:

    ut premerer sacrā lauro,

    Hor. C. 3, 4, 18:

    molli Fronde crinem,

    Verg. A. 4, 147:

    canitiem galeā,

    id. ib. 9, 612:

    mitrā capillos,

    Ov. F. 4, 517; cf. Verg. A. 5, 556.—
    5.
    To make, form, or shape any thing by pressing ( poet.):

    quod surgente die mulsere horisque diurnis, Nocte premunt,

    they make into cheese, Verg. G. 3, 400:

    os fingit premendo,

    id. A. 6, 80:

    caseos,

    id. E. 1, 35:

    mollem terram,

    Vulg. Sap. 15, 7; Calp. Ecl. 5, 34.—
    6.
    To press hard upon, bear down upon, to crowd, pursue closely:

    hostes de loco superiore,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 19:

    Pompeiani nostros premere et instare coeperunt,

    id. B. C. 3, 46:

    hac fugerent Graii, premeret Trojana juventus,

    Verg. A. 1, 467:

    Pergamenae naves cum adversarios premerent acrius,

    Nep. Hann. 11, 5:

    hinc Rutulus premit, et murum circumsonat armis,

    Verg. A. 8, 473:

    obsidione urbem,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 32.—Of the pursuit or chase of animals:

    ad retia cervum,

    Verg. G. 3, 413:

    spumantis apri cursum clamore,

    id. A. 1, 324:

    bestias venatione,

    Isid. 10, 282.—
    7.
    To press down, burden, load, freight:

    nescia quem premeret,

    on whose back she sat, Ov. M. 2, 869:

    tergum equi,

    id. ib. 8, 34;

    14, 343: et natat exuviis Graecia pressa suis,

    Prop. 4, 1, 114 (5, 1, 116):

    pressae carinae,

    Verg. G. 1, 303:

    pressus membra mero,

    Prop. 2, 12 (3, 7), 42:

    magno et gravi onere armorum pressi,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 24:

    auro phaleras,

    to adorn, Stat. Th. 8, 567.—
    8.
    To press into, force in, press upon:

    (caprum) dentes in vite prementem,

    Ov. F. 1, 355:

    presso sub vomere,

    Verg. G. 2, 356; cf.:

    presso aratro,

    Tib. 4, 1, 161:

    alte ensem in corpore,

    Stat. Th. 11, 542:

    et nitidas presso pollice finge comas,

    Prop. 3, 8 (4, 9), 14:

    et cubito remanete presso,

    leaning upon, Hor. C. 1, 27, 8. —
    b.
    To make with any thing ( poet.):

    aeternā notā,

    Ov. F. 6, 610:

    littera articulo pressa tremente,

    id. H. 10, 140:

    multā via pressa rotā,

    id. ib. 18, 134.—
    9.
    To press down, let down, cause to sink down, to lower:

    nec preme, nec summum molire per aethera currum,

    Ov. M. 2, 135:

    humanaeque memor sortis, quae tollit eosdem, Et premit,

    id. Tr. 3, 11, 67:

    mundus ut ad Scythiam Rhiphaeasque arduus arces Consurgit, premitur Libyae devexus in Austros,

    sinks down, Verg. G. 1, 240; Sen. Herc. Fur. 155. —
    b.
    In partic.
    (α).
    To set, plant:

    virgulta per agros,

    Verg. G. 2, 346; 26.—
    (β).
    To make or form by pressing down, to make any thing deep, to dig:

    vestigio leviter presso,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 24, § 53; cf.

    (trop.): vestigia non pressa leviter, sed fixa,

    id. Sest. 5, 13:

    sulcum premere,

    to draw a furrow, Verg. A. 10, 296:

    fossam transversam, inter montes pressit (al. percussit),

    Front. Strat. 1, 5:

    fossa pressa,

    Plin. Ep. 10, 69, 4:

    cavernae in altitudinem pressae,

    Curt. 5, 1, 28.—
    (γ).
    To strike to the ground, to strike down:

    tres famulos,

    Verg. A. 9, 329:

    paucos,

    Tac. H. 4, 2.—
    10.
    To press closely, compress, press together, close:

    oculos,

    Verg. A. 9, 487:

    alicui fauces,

    Ov. M. 12, 509:

    laqueo collum,

    to strangle, Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 37:

    angebar ceu guttura forcipe pressus,

    Ov. M. 9, 78:

    presso gutture,

    compressed, Verg. G. 1, 410; cf.:

    siquidem unius praecordia pressit ille (boletus) senis,

    i. e. stopped his breath, Juv. 6, 621:

    quibus illa premetur Per somnum digitis,

    choked, id. 14, 221:

    amplexu presso,

    united, in close embrace, Sen. Oedip. 192:

    oscula jungere pressa,

    to exchange kisses, Ov. H. 2, 94; so,

    pressa basia,

    Mart. 6, 34, 1:

    presso gradu incedere,

    in close ranks, foot to foot, Liv. 28, 14:

    pede presso,

    id. 8, 8.—
    b.
    In partic.
    (α).
    To shorten, tighten, draw in:

    pressis habenis,

    Verg. A. 11, 600 (cf.:

    laxas dure habenas,

    id. ib. 1, 63).—
    (β).
    To keep short, prune:

    Calenā falce vitem,

    Hor. C. 1, 31, 9:

    luxuriem falce,

    Ov. M. 14, 628:

    falce premes umbras (i. e. arbores umbrantes),

    Verg. G. 1, 157; 4, 131:

    molle salictum,

    Calp. Ecl. 5, 110.—
    (γ).
    To check, arrest, stop:

    premere sanguinem,

    Tac. A. 15, 64:

    vestigia pressit,

    Verg. A. 6, 197:

    attoniti pressere gradum,

    Val. Fl. 2, 424 ' dixit, pressoque obmutuit ore, was silent, Verg. A. 6, 155.—
    11.
    To press out, bring out by pressure:

    tenerā sucos pressere medullā,

    Luc. 4, 318; cf.: (equus) collectumque fremens volvit sub naribus ignem, Verg. ap. Sen. Ep. 95, 68, and id. G. 3, 85 Rib.—
    12.
    To frequent: feci ut cotidie praesentem me viderent, habitavi in [p. 1441] oculis, pressi forum, Cic. Planc. 27, 66.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To press, press upon, oppress, overwhelm, weigh down; to urge, drive, importune, pursue, to press close or hard, etc. (class.):

    ego istum pro suis factis pessumis pessum premam,

    Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 49 Lorenz ad loc.:

    quae necessitas eum tanta premebat, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 34, 97:

    ea, quae premant, et ea, quae impendeant,

    id. Fam. 9, 1, 2:

    aerumnae, quae me premunt,

    Sall. J. 14, 22:

    pressus gravitate soporis,

    bound by heavy, deep sleep, Ov. M. 15, 21:

    cum aut aere alieno, aut magnitudine tributorum, aut injuriā potentium premuntur,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 13:

    invidia et odio populi premi,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 53, 228:

    premi periculis,

    id. Rep. 1, 6, 10:

    cum a me premeretur,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 53, § 139; cf.:

    aliquem verbo,

    id. Tusc. 1, 7, 13:

    criminibus veris premere aliquem,

    Ov. M. 14, 401:

    cum a plerisque ad exeundum premeretur, exire noluit,

    was pressed, urged, importuned, Nep. Ages. 6, 1:

    a Pompeii procuratoribus sescentis premi coeptus est,

    Cic. Att. 6, 1, 3: numina nulla premunt;

    mortali urgemur ab hoste,

    Verg. A. 10, 375:

    premere reum voce, vultu,

    Tac. A. 3, 67:

    crimen,

    to pursue obstinately, Quint. 7, 2, 12:

    confessionem,

    to force a confession from one, id. 7, 1, 29:

    argumentum etiam atque etiam,

    to pursue steadily, Cic. Tusc. 1, 36, 88:

    ancipiti mentem formidine pressus,

    Verg. A. 3, 47:

    maerore pressa,

    Sen. Oct. 103:

    veritate pressus negare non potuit,

    overcome, overpowered, Lact. 4, 13.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    To repress, hide, conceal (mostly poet.):

    dum nocte premuntur,

    Verg. A. 6, 827:

    curam sub corde,

    id. ib. 4, 332:

    odium,

    Plin. Pan. 62:

    iram,

    Tac. A. 6, 50:

    pavorem et consternationem mentis vultu,

    id. ib. 13, 16:

    interius omne secretum,

    Sen. Ep. 3, 4:

    dolorem silentio,

    Val. Max. 3, 3, 1 ext.; cf. silentia, Sil. 12, 646:

    aliquid ore,

    Verg. A. 7, 103:

    jam te premet nox,

    Hor. C. 1, 4, 16.—
    2.
    To lower, diminish, undervalue, disparage, depreciate:

    premendorum superiorum arte sese extollebat,

    Liv. 22, 12:

    arma Latini,

    Verg. A. 11, 402:

    opuscula ( = deprimere atque elevare),

    Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 36:

    famam alicujus,

    Tac. A. 15, 49:

    premere ac despicere,

    Quint. 11, 1, 16:

    premere tumentia, humilia extollere,

    id. ib. 10, 4, 1.—
    b.
    To surpass, exceed:

    facta premant annos,

    Ov. M. 7, 449:

    ne prisca vetustas Laude pudicitiae saecula nostra premat,

    id. P. 3, 1, 116:

    quantum Latonia Nymphas Virgo premit,

    Stat. S. 1, 2, 115.—
    c.
    To rule ( poet.):

    dicione premere populos,

    Verg. A. 7, 737:

    imperio,

    id. ib. 1, 54:

    Mycenas Servitio premet,

    id. ib. 1, 285.—
    3.
    To suppress, pull down, humble, degrade:

    quae (vocabula) nunc situs premit,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 118:

    nec premendo alium me extulisse velim,

    Liv. 22, 59, 10; cf. id. 39, 41, 1:

    premebat reum crimen,

    id. 3, 13, 1.—
    4.
    To compress, abridge, condense:

    haec enim, quae dilatantur a nobis, Zeno sic premebat,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 7, 20.—
    5.
    To check, arrest, repress, restrain:

    cursum ingenii tui, Brute, premit haec importuna clades civitatis,

    Cic. Brut. 97, 332:

    sub imo Corde gemitum,

    Verg. A. 10, 464:

    vocem,

    to be silent, id. ib. 9, 324:

    sermones vulgi,

    to restrain, Tac. A. 3, 6.—
    6.
    To store up, lay up in the mind, muse upon:

    (vocem) ab ore Eripuit pater ac stupefactus numine pressit,

    Verg. A. 7, 119.—Hence, pressus, a, um, P. a.
    I.
    Moderate, slow, suppressed, kept down.
    A.
    Lit.:

    presso pede eos retro cedentes principes recipiebant,

    Liv. 8, 8, 9:

    presso gradu,

    id. 28, 14, 14; cf.:

    pressoque legit vestigia gressu,

    Ov. M. 3, 17.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    Of the voice or manner, subdued:

    haec cum pressis et flebilibus modis, qui totis theatris maestitiam inferant,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 44, 106.—
    2.
    Of color, lowered, depressed; hence, dark, gloomy:

    color pressus,

    Pall. 4, 13, 4:

    color viridi pressior,

    Plin. 35, 6, 13, § 32:

    spadices pressi,

    Serv. Verg. G. 3, 82.—
    II.
    Esp., of an orator or of speech.
    A.
    Compressed, concise, plain, without ornament (class.):

    fiunt pro grandibus tumidi, pressis exiles, fortibus temerarii, etc.,

    Quint. 10, 2, 16:

    cum Attici pressi et integri, contra Asiani inflati et inanes haberentur,

    id. 12, 10, 18.—Of style:

    pressa et tenuia, et quae minimum ab usu cotidiano recedant,

    Quint. 10, 1, 102:

    pressus et demissus stilus,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 8, 5; Quint. 4, 2, 117.— Comp.: in concionibus pressior, et circumscriptior, et adductior, more moderate, keeping more within bounds, Plin. Ep. 1, 16, 4.—
    B.
    Close, exact, accurate:

    Thucydides ita verbis aptus et pressus, ut,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 13, 56: quis te fuit umquam in partiundis rebus pressior? more exact, more accurate, id. Fragm. ap. Non. 364, 24:

    sicuti taxare pressius crebriusque est, quam tangere,

    Gell. 2, 6, 5:

    quod (periculum) observandum pressiore cautelā censeo,

    stricter, greater, App. M. 5, p. 160, 36:

    cogitationes pressiores,

    id. ib. 5, p. 163, 32.—So of sounds, precise, intelligible:

    (lingua) vocem profusam fingit atque sonos vocis distinctos et pressos facit,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 59, 149.—Hence, adv.: pressē, with pressure, violently (class.): artius pressiusque conflictata, Atei. Capito ap. Gell. 10, 6, 2.—
    B.
    Closely, tightly.
    1.
    Lit.:

    vites pressius putare,

    Pall. 12, 9:

    pressius colla radere,

    Veg. Vet. 1, 56.—
    2.
    Trop.
    a.
    Of pronunciation, shortly, neatly, trimly:

    loqui non aspere, non vaste, non rustice, sed presse, et aequabiliter, et leniter,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 12, 45; id. Off. 1, 37, 133.—
    b.
    Of the mode of expression, etc., concisely, not diffusely:

    definire presse et anguste,

    Cic. Or. 33, 117:

    abundanter dicere, an presse,

    Quint. 8, 3, 40:

    pressius et astrictius scripsi,

    Plin. Ep. 3, 18, 10.—
    (β).
    Without ornament, simply:

    unum (genus oratorum) attenuate presseque, alterum sublate ampleque dicentium,

    Cic. Brut. 55, 202:

    aliquid describere modo pressius, modo elatius,

    Plin. Ep. 4, 14, 3.—
    (γ).
    Closely, exactly, correctly, accurately:

    mihi placet agi subtilius, et pressius,

    Cic. Fin. 4, 10, 24:

    definiunt pressius,

    id. Tusc. 4, 7, 14:

    anquisitius, et exactius pressiusque disserere,

    Gell. 1, 3, 21.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > premo

  • 172 prex

    prex, prĕcis (nom. and gen. sing. not in use; dat. and acc. sing. only ante-class.; most freq. in plur.), f. [precor], a prayer, request, entreaty (class.).
    I.
    In gen.:

    nunc te oro per precem,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 1, 47:

    nihil est preci loci relictum,

    Ter. And. 3, 4, 22:

    prece te oro,

    Hor. S. 2, 6, 13:

    multā prece prosequi aliquem,

    id. C. 4, 5, 33:

    cum magnā prece ad aliquem scribere,

    Cic. Att. 11, 15, 2:

    prece et obsecratione humili ac supplici uti,

    id. Inv. 1, 16, 22:

    nec prece, nec pretio, nec gratiā, nec simultate a rectā viā deduci,

    Auct. Her. 3, 3, 4:

    omnibus precibus te oro et obtestor, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Att. 9, 11, A, §

    3: omnibus precibus petere, ut, etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 6; Liv. 28, 2:

    fatigare aliquem precibus,

    id. 1, 11:

    precibus flecti,

    Verg. A. 2, 689:

    moveri,

    Ov. H. 7, 3:

    vinci,

    id. M. 9, 401:

    adduci,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 16:

    ad miseras preces Decurrere,

    Hor. C. 3, 29, 59. —
    II.
    In partic.
    A.
    A prayer to a deity:

    in prece totus eram,

    Ov. F. 6, 251:

    eorum preces et vota exaudiens,

    Cic. Planc. 41, 97:

    vota et preces repudiare,

    id. Clu. 70, 201:

    tribuunt ei successus petitionum a potestatibus, et a diis etiam precum,

    Plin. 29, 4, 19, § 66.—
    B.
    A good wish, friendly greeting:

    tuis Kalendis damus alternas accipimusque preces,

    exchange good wishes, Ov. F. 1, 176.—
    C.
    A curse, imprecation:

    omnibus precibus detestatus Ambiorigem,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 30:

    misit Thyesteas preces,

    Hor. Epod. 5, 86:

    hostili caput prece detestari,

    Ov. M. 15, 505.—
    D.
    An intercession ( poet.):

    jam prece Pollucis, jam Castoris imploratā,

    Cat. 68, 65.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > prex

  • 173 pro

    1.
    prō (archaic collat. form, posi in posimerium; cf. pono, from posino; cf. Gr. poti and pot with pros), adv. and prep. [root in Sanscr. prep. pra-, before, as in prathamas, first; Gr. pro; cf.: proteros, prôtos, etc.; Lat.: prae, prior, priscus, etc.; perh. old abl. form, of which prae is the loc. ], before, in front of; and, transf., for, with the idea of protection, substitution, or proportion.
    I.
    Adv., found only in the transf. comp. signif. (v. infra, II. B. 3.) in connection with quam and ut: pro quam and pro ut (the latter usually written in one word, prout), like prae quam and prae ut.
    * A.
    Pro quam, in proportion as, just as:

    nec satis est, pro quam largos exaestuat aestus,

    Lucr. 2, 1137. —
    B.
    Pro ut or prout, according as, in proportion, accordingly, proportionably as, just as, as (class.):

    compararat argenti bene facti, prout Thermitani hominis facultates ferebant, satis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 34, § 83:

    tuas litteras, prout res postulat, exspecto,

    id. Att. 11, 6 fin.:

    id, prout cujusque ingenium erat, interpretabantur,

    Liv. 38, 50:

    prout locus iniquus aequusve his aut illis, prout animus pugnantium est, prout numerus, varia pugnae fortuna est,

    id. 38, 40 fin. —With a corresp. ita:

    ejusque rationem ita haberi, prout haberi lege liceret,

    Cic. Phil. 5, 17, 46:

    prout sedes ipsa est, ita varia genera morborum sunt,

    Cels. 4, 4, 5:

    prout nives satiaverint, ita Nilum increscere,

    Plin. 5, 9, 10, § 51.—
    II.
    Prep. with abl. (late Lat. with acc.:

    PRO SALVTEM SVAM,

    Inscr. Grut. 4, 12; 46, 9; Inscr. Orell. 2360), before, in front of.
    A.
    Lit., of place:

    sedens pro aede Castoris,

    Cic. Phil. 3, 11, 27:

    praesidia, quae pro templis cernitis,

    id. Mil. 1, 2:

    ii qui pro portis castrorum in statione erant,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 32:

    pro castris copias habere,

    id. ib. 7, 66:

    pro castris dimicare,

    id. ib. 5, 16:

    pro oppido,

    id. ib. 7, 71:

    pro opere consistere,

    Sall. J. 92, 9:

    castra pro moenibus locata,

    Liv. 2, 53; 4, 17:

    pro muro,

    id. 30, 10:

    pro castris explicare aciem,

    id. 6, 23:

    pro vallo,

    Plin. 2, 37, 37, § 101; Vell. 2, 19, 1.—With verbs of motion:

    Caesar pro castris suas copias produxit,

    before the camp, Caes. B. G. 1, 48:

    hasce tabulas hic ibidem pro pedibus tuis obicito,

    before your feet, App. Mag. p. 337, 36; id. M. 4, p. 155, 2.—
    2.
    In partic., with the accessory idea of presence on the front part, on the edge or brink of a place, on or in the front of, often to be translated by a simple on or in:

    pro censu classis iuniorum, Serv. Tullius cum dixit, accipi debet in censu, ut ait M. Varro, sicuti pro aede Castoris, pro tribunali, pro testimonio,

    Fest. p. 246 Müll.; cf.: pro significat in, ut pro rostris, pro aede, pro tribunali, Paul. ex Fest. p. 228 Müll.; and:

    pro sententia ac si dicatur in sententiā, ut pro rostris id est in rostris,

    id. p. 226 Müll.: hac re pro suggestu pronunciata, qs. standing on the front part of the tribune, or, as we would say, on the tribune, Caes. B. G. 6, 3: pro tribunali cum aliquid ageretur, was transacted before or at my tribunal, Cic. Fam. 3, 8, 21; so,

    pro tribunali,

    id. Pis. 5, 11; id. Sest. 15, 34: pro contione, before the assembled army; and, in gen., before the assembly:

    laudatus pro contione Jugurtha,

    Sall. J. 8, 2; cf. Curt. 9, 1, 1:

    pro contione laudibus legati militumque tollere animos,

    Liv. 7, 7:

    fortes viros pro contione donantis,

    Curt. 10, 5, 10:

    pro contione litteras recitare,

    id. 4, 10, 16; Liv. 38, 23 fin.:

    pro contione palam utrumque temptavit,

    Suet. Vesp. 7; Tac. A. 3, 9; Front. Strat. 1, 11, 3: [p. 1448] 4, 5, 11; cf.:

    pro comitio,

    Suet. Aug. 43:

    uti pro consilio imperatum erat,

    in the council, Sall. J. 29, 6; cf.:

    supplicatio in triduum pro collegio decemvirūm imperata fuit,

    Liv. 38, 36:

    pontifices pro collegio decrevisse,

    Gell. 11, 3, 2:

    pro collegio pronuntiare,

    Liv. 4, 26, 9:

    suas simultates pro magistratu exercere,

    id. 39, 5:

    pro munimentis castelli manipulos explicat,

    before, on the fortifications, Tac. A. 2, 80; 12, 33: stabat pro litore diversa acies, in front of or upon the shore, id. ib. 14, 30:

    legionem pro ripā componere,

    id. ib. 12, 29:

    velamenta et infulas pro muris ostentant,

    in front of, from the walls, Tac. H. 3, 31; so,

    pro muris,

    id. A. 2, 81:

    ad hoc mulieres puerique pro tectis aedificiorum saxa et alia, quae locus praebebat, certatim mittere,

    standing on the edge of the roofs, from the roofs, Sall. J. 67, 1 Kritz.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    To signify a standing before or in front of, for defence or protection; hence an acting for, in behalf of, in favor of, for the benefit of, on the side of (opp. contra, adversum):

    veri inveniendi causā contra omnia dici oportere et pro omnibus,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 18, 60; cf.:

    hoc non modo non pro me, sed contra me est potius,

    id. de Or. 3, 20, 75:

    partim nihil contra Habitum valere, partim etiam pro hoc esse,

    id. Clu. 32, 88:

    difficillimum videtur quod dixi, pro ipsis esse quibus eveniunt ista, quae horremus ac tremimus,

    Sen. Prov. 3, 2:

    haec cum contra legem proque lege dicta essent,

    Liv. 34, 8: pro Romano populo armis certare, Enn. ap. Non. 150, 6 (Ann. v. 215 Vahl.); cf.: pro vostrā vitā morti occumbant, id. ap. Serv. ad Verg. A. 2, 62 (Trag. v. 176 Vahl.): quae ego pro re publica fecissem, Cato ap. Front. p. 149:

    nihil ab eo praetermissum est, quod aut pro re publicā conquerendum fuit, aut pro eā disputandum,

    Cic. Sest. 2, 3:

    omnia me semper pro amicorum periculis, nihil umquam pro me ipso deprecatum,

    id. de Or. 2, 49, 201:

    convenit dimicare pro legibus, pro libertate, pro patriā,

    id. Tusc. 4, 19, 43:

    dulce et decorum est pro patriā mori,

    Hor. C. 3, 2, 13; cf. id. ib. 3, 19, 2:

    pro sollicitis non tacitus reis,

    id. ib. 4, 1, 14:

    spondere levi pro paupere,

    id. A. P. 423:

    urbes, quae viris aut loco pro hostibus et advorsum se opportunissumae erant,

    Sall. J. 88, 4:

    nec aliud adversus validissimas gentes pro nobis utilius, quam, etc.,

    Tac. Agr. 12:

    et locus pro vobis et nox erit, Liv 9, 24, 8: et loca sua et genus pugnae pro hoste fuere,

    id. 39, 30, 3:

    pro Corbulone aetas, patrius mos... erant: contra, etc.,

    Tac. A. 3, 31; id. H. 4, 78; Curt. 4, 14, 16.—
    2.
    With the notion of replacement or substitution, in the place of, instead of, for.
    a.
    In gen.: numquam ego argentum pro vino congiario... disdidi, Cato ap. Front. p. 149:

    ego ibo pro te, si tibi non libet,

    Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 10:

    ego pro te molam,

    Ter. And. 1, 2, 29; Cic. Leg. 2, 5, 13:

    mutata (ea dico), in quibus pro verbo proprio subicitur aliud... ut cum minutum dicimus animum pro parvo, etc.,

    id. Or. 27, 92 sq.; cf.:

    libenter etiam copulando verba jungebant, ut sodes pro si audes, sis pro si vis... ain' pro aisne, nequire pro non quire, malle pro magis velle, nolle pro non velle. Dein etiam saepe et exin pro deinde et exinde dicimus,

    id. ib. 45, 154:

    pro vitulā statuis dulcem Aulide natam, Hor S. 2, 3, 199: pro bene sano Ac non incauto fictum astutumque vocamus,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 61; cf. Suet. Caes. 70:

    pro ope ferendā sociis pergit ipse ire, etc.,

    Liv. 23, 28, 11 Weissenb. ad loc.; Zumpt, Gram. § 667; cf.:

    pro eo, ut ipsi ex alieno agro raperent, suas terras, etc.,

    Liv. 22, 1, 2.—
    b.
    Esp. freq. in connection with the title of any officer, to denote his substitute' pro consule, pro praetore, pro quaestore, pro magistro, etc. (afterwards joined into one word, as proconsul, propraetor, proquaestor, promagister, etc.), proconsul, proprœtor, proquœstor, vice-director:

    cum pro consule in Ciliciam proficiscens Athenas venissem,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 18, 82; cf.:

    cum L. Philippus pro consulibus eum se mittere dixit, non pro consule,

    instead of the consuls, not as proconsul, id. Phil. 11, 8, 18:

    nec pro praetore, Caesarem (vocat),

    id. ib. 13, 10, 22; Liv. 35, 1. cum Alexandriae pro quaestore essem, Cic. Ac. 2, 4, 11' cf.:

    litteris Q. Caepionis Bruti pro consule... Q. Hortensii pro consule opera, etc.,

    id. Phil. 10, 11, 26: P. Terentius operas in portu et scripturā Asiae pro magistro dedit, id. Att. 11, 10, 1; cf. id. Verr. 2, 2, 70, § 169; id. Fam. 13, 65, 1; see also the words proconsul, promagister, propraetor, proquaestor, etc.—
    c.
    So of price, penalty, etc., in exchange, in return for:

    tres minas pro istis duobus dedi,

    Plaut. Most. 3, 2, 138; id. Aul. 3, 3, 8:

    pro hujus peccatis ego supplicium sufferam,

    Ter. And. 5, 3, 17:

    dimidium ejus quod pactus esset, pro carmine daturum,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 86, 351:

    pro vitā hominis nisi hominis vita reddatur, non posse deorum inmortalium numen placari,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 16:

    id pro immolatis in foro Tarquiniensium Romanis poenae hostibus redditum,

    Liv. 7, 19, 3:

    vos, pro paternis sceleribus, poenas date,

    Sen. Med. 925; Lact. 2, 7, 21:

    pro crimine poenas,

    Ov. Ib. 621.—
    3.
    Pro is also frequently used to denote the viewing, judging, considering, representing of a thing as something, for, the same as, just as, as:

    pro sano loqueris, quom me appellas nomine,

    Plaut. Men. 2, 2, 24:

    sese ducit pro adulescentulo,

    id. Stich. 3, 1, 65; id. Cist. 1, 3, 24:

    hunc Eduxi a parvulo, habui, amavi pro meo,

    as my own, Ter. Ad. 1, 1, 23:

    Cato ille noster qui mihi unus est pro centum milibus,

    whose voice I regard as equal to that of thousands, Cic. Att. 2, 5, 1:

    Siciliam nobis non pro penariā cellā, sed pro aerario fuisse,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 2, § 5:

    P. Sestio pro occiso relictus est,

    id. Sest. 38, 81; Caes. B. G. 3, 109:

    cum pro damnato mortuoque esset,

    as good as condemned and dead, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 15, § 33:

    summa ratio, quae sapientibus pro necessitate est,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 12, 3:

    negotia pro solatiis accipiens,

    Tac. A. 4, 13:

    consuli pro hostibus esse,

    Liv. 43, 5, 4:

    adeo incredibilis visa res, ut non pro vano modo, sed vix pro sano nuncius audiretur,

    as a boaster, Liv. 39, 49: quoniam de adventu Caesaris pro certo habebamus, to consider as certain, Mat. ap. Cic. Att. 9, 15, 6 et saep.; v. certus.—
    4.
    Esp. in certain phrases: pro eo, for the same thing, as just the same:

    ut si a Caesare, quod speramus, impetrarimus, tuo beneficio nos id consecutos esse judicemus: sin minus, pro eo tantum id habeamus, cum a te data sit opera, ut impetraremus,

    Cic. Fam. 13, 7, 5.—With the particles of comparison: atque ( ac), ac si, quasi, just the same as, even as, as though: pro eo ac debui, just as was my duty, Sulp. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 5, 1:

    pro eo ac si concessum sit,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 32, 54:

    pro eo est atque si adhibitus non esset,

    Dig. 28, 1, 22:

    pro eo erit quasi ne legatum quidem sit,

    ib. 30, 1, 38: pro eo quod, for the reason that, because:

    pro eo quod ejus nomen erat magnā apud omnes gloriā,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 18, 75: pro eo quod pluribus verbis vos quam volui fatigavi, veniam a vobis petitam velim, Liv 38, 49 fin.
    5.
    On account of, for the sake of:

    dolor pro patriā,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 7, 24:

    tumultus pro recuperandā re publicā,

    id. Brut. 90, 311 dub. (B. and K. omit pro):

    dedit pro corpore nummos, i. e. to rescue his person,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 43:

    aliquem amare pro ejus eximiā suavitate,

    Cic. de Or 1, 55, 234:

    pro quibus meritis quanto opere dilectus sit,

    Suet. Aug. 57:

    cum pro incolumitate principis vota susceperunt,

    Tac. A. 4, 17:

    pro bono (= bene),

    Sall. J. 22, 4.—
    6.
    Pro is used in its most general sense in stating the relation between two objects or actions, in proportion, in comparison with, according to or as, conformably to, by virtue of, for, etc.:

    meus pater nunc pro hujus verbis recte et sapienter facit,

    according to his story, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 133:

    tu pro oratione nec vir nec mulier mihi's,

    id. Rud. 4, 4, 71: pro viribus tacere ac fabulari, according to one's ability, Enn. ap. Non. 475, 4 (Trag. v. 181 Vahl.):

    facere certum'st pro copiā ac sapientiā,

    Plaut. Merc. 3, 1, 8:

    agere pro viribus,

    Cic. Sen. 9, 27:

    aliquem pro dignitate laudare,

    id. Rosc. Am. 12, 33:

    proelium atrocius quam pro numero pugnantium fuit,

    Liv. 21, 29: pro imperio, by virtue of his office or authority:

    quia pro imperio palam interfici non poterat,

    Liv. 1, 51, 2; hence, imperatively, dictatorially, summarily:

    nec illum ipsum submovere pro imperio posse more majorum,

    id. 2, 56, 12 ' hem! satis pro imperio, quisquis es, Ter. Phorm. 1, 4, 18:

    pro tuā prudentiā,

    Cic. Fam. 4, 10, 2; 11, 12, 2:

    cum in eam rationem pro suo quisque sensu ac dolore loqueretur,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 27, § 69:

    quibus aliquid opis fortasse ego pro meā, tu pro tuā, pro suā quisque parte ferre potuisset,

    id. Fam. 15, 15, 3: pro virili parte, according to one's ability, id. Sest. 66, 138; Liv. praef. 2; Ov. Tr. 5, 11, 23. —Esp. freq.: pro ratā parte and pro ratā, in proportion, proportionably; v. ratus:

    pro se quisque,

    each according to his ability, each one for himself, Cic. Off. 3, 14, 58; Caes. B. G. 2, 25; Verg. A. 12, 552 et saep.:

    pro tempore et pro re,

    according to time and circumstances, Caes. B. G. 5, 8:

    pro facultatibus,

    Nep. Epam. 3, 5.—Pro eo, quantum, or ut, in proportion to, as, according to, according as:

    eāque pro eo, quantum in quoque sit ponderis, esse aestimanda,

    Cic. Fin. 4, 21, 58:

    equidem pro eo, quanti te facio, quicquid feceris, approbabo,

    id. Fam. 3, 3, 2: tamen pro eo ut temporis difficultas tulit, etc., L. Metell. ap. Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 54, § 126.
    In composition the o is long in some words, in others short (through the influence of the Gr.
    pro-): prōdeo, prŏfiteor; and even in words borrowed from the Greek, as prōlogus.—Its signification has reference either to place, before, forwards; or to protection, for; procedo, procurro, profanus; procuro, propugno, prosum, protego.
    2.
    prō (less correctly prōh), interj., an exclamation of wonder or lamentation, O! Ah! Alas! (class.).
    (α).
    With nom.:

    proh! bonae frugi hominem te jam pridem esse arbitror,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 4, 4: pro Juppiter! Enn. ap. Varr L. L. 7, § 12 Müll. (Trag. v 225 Vahl.); Ter. And. 4, 3, 17; id. Eun. 3, 5, 2; id. Ad. 1, 2, 31; cf.:

    pro supreme Juppiter,

    id. ib. 2, 1, 42:

    pro Juppiter, Hominis stultitiam!

    id. ib. 3, 3, 12:

    pro di immortales,

    id. ib. 3, 4, 1; cf.: pro, dii immortales: Cic. Imp. Pomp. 12, 33:

    pro curia inversique mores!

    Hor. C. 3, 5, 7:

    pro scelus,

    Mart. 2, 46, 8.—
    (β).
    Parenthet.:

    pro, quanta potentia regni Est, Venus alma, tui,

    Ov. M. 13, 758:

    et mea, pro! nullo pondere verba cadunt,

    id. H. 3, 98:

    tantum, pro! degeneramus a patribus,

    Liv. 22, 14, 6; Curt. 4, 16, 10.—
    (γ).
    With acc.: pro divom fidem! Enn. ap. Don. ad. Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 25 (Sat. v. 30 Vahl.); Ter. Ad. 4, 7, 28; cf.:

    pro deum atque hominum fidem!

    id. And. 1, 5, 2; 11; id. Heaut. 1, 1, 9; Cic. Tusc. 5, 16, 48;

    instead of which, ellipt.: pro deum immortalium!

    Ter. Phorm. 2, 3, 4:

    pro deum atque hominum,

    id. Hec. 2, 1, 1:

    pro fidem deum! facinus foedum,

    id. Eun. 5, 4, 21.—
    (δ).
    With gen.: pro malae tractationis! Tert. Poen. fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > pro

  • 174 reparo

    rĕ-păro, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., to get, acquire, or procure again; to recover, retrieve; to restore, repair, renew (not freq. till after the Aug. per.; not in Cæs.; cf.: recupero, redimo, reficio).
    I.
    Lit.:

    id perdere videbatur, quod alio praetore eodem ex agro reparare posset,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 86, § 199; cf.:

    reparare quod amiseris gravius est,

    Plin. Ep. 6, 8, 6:

    id quod amittitur non parvo sumptu reparatur,

    Col. 7, 3, 10:

    classes,

    Suet. Aug. 16; Auct. B. Alex. 72; Lucr. 1, 1037:

    amissas res,

    Hor. S. 2, 5, 2:

    bibliothecas incendio absumptas,

    Suet. Dom. 20: Academiae villam, Laurea Tullius ap. Plin. 31, 2, 3, § 8:

    tecta Trojae,

    Hor. C. 3, 3, 60:

    sublapsa aedificia,

    Plin. Ep. 10, 70 (75), 1 (Keil, relaxentur):

    exercitum,

    Liv. 30, 7:

    majores copias,

    Curt. 4, 9, 11:

    auxilia,

    Tac. A. 3, 73:

    capillos, si effluxerint,

    Plin. 27, 13, 111, § 138:

    aegerrime ignem dimissum,

    Plin. Ep. 4, 9, 11:

    aliud ex aliis,

    Lucr. 3, 965:

    ex aliis alias figuras,

    Ov. M. 15, 253:

    nova cornua (luna),

    id. ib. 1, 11:

    populos artibus,

    id. ib. 1, 363.—
    B.
    In partic., in mercant. lang., to procure by exchange; to purchase, obtain with something:

    vina Syrā reparata merce,

    Hor. C. 1, 31, 12:

    alios boves his nummis,

    Dig. 15, 3, 16:

    merces,

    ib. 45, 1, 122.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To renew, restore, repair, etc.:

    tribuniciam potestatem, rem intermissam, reparare,

    Liv. 3, 37; cf.:

    intermissam historias scribendi industriam,

    Quint. 10, 1, 75:

    bellum,

    Liv. 4, 45 Drak.; 24, 42 (with instaurare); 30, 7; Just. 3, 6, 1; 22, 3, 9; 24, 1, 7:

    proelium,

    id. 3, 6, 7:

    pristinam fortunam,

    Curt. 5, 1, 8.—
    B.
    Of loss or damage, to make good, restore, repair ( poet. and post-Aug.):

    damna,

    Hor. C. 4, 7, 13; Just. 14, 3, 6; Sen. Phaedr. 476; Lact. Epit. 71, 8. —
    C.
    Like reficere, recreare, to refresh, restore, revive, recruit:

    tam assiduus in tribunali, ut labore refici ac reparari videretur,

    Plin. Pan. 77, 5:

    attrita cottidiano actu forensi ingenia optime rerum talium blanditiā reparantur,

    Quint. 10, 1, 27:

    animos,

    Liv. 44, 38:

    haec (quies) reparat vires, fessaque membra novat,

    Ov. H. 4, 90:

    magnas novi exercitūs vires,

    Vell. 2, 37, 1:

    respublica per Augustum reparata,

    Vop. C. 3:

    ea fessa Membra reparat labori,

    Ov. M. 4, 216:

    corpora fessa reparas labori,

    id. ib. 11, 625:

    pars magna terrarum (Aegypti) mergi repararique amne consueta,

    Plin. Pan. 30, 3:

    nec (Cleopatra) latentes Classe citā reparavit oras ( = alias sibi parare studuit regiones),

    Hor. C. 1, 37, 24;

    v. Orell. ad h. l.: PATRIOS PENATES ( = repetere),

    Inscr. Orell. 1587:

    rapidos meatus,

    Aus. Mos. 35.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > reparo

  • 175 secus

    1.
    sĕcus, n. indecl., v. sexus.
    2. I.
    Adj. [root seq- or secof sequor, q. v.], only comp. sĕquĭor, us, ōris, inferior, lower, worse (only post-class.; cf. Weissenb. ad Liv. 2, 37, 3):

    in sequiorem sexum,

    App. M. 7, p. 192, 7:

    sexus sequioris fetus,

    id. ib. 10, p. 249, 33;

    8, p. 206, 7: vitae sequioris,

    Dig. 2, 15, 8, § 11:

    fortuna sequior,

    Amm. 18, 6, 6.—
    II.
    Adv. (prop., following, later in rank or order, i. e. less than something mentioned before; hence, in gen.), otherwise, differently, not so; and esp. freq. with a negative (per litoten), not otherwise, i. e. even so, just so (opp. always to what is right, correct, or proper, not to what is wrong; cf. Krebs, Antibarb. p. 1056 sq.; for comp. forms, v. I. B. infra).
    A.
    Posit. (freq. and class.;

    syn. aliter): si illuc, quod volumus, eveniet, gaudebimus: Sin secus, patiemur animis aequis,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 6, 25:

    si bonus est, obnoxius sum: sin secus est, faciam, uti jubes,

    id. Trin. 4, 3, 57:

    oratorum genera esse dicuntur tamquam poëtarum. Id secus est,

    Cic. Opt. Gen. 1, 1; id. Rep. 1, 19, 32; cf. id. Att. 4, 17, 1:

    (ille est) quem dudum dixi. Hoc si secus reperies, etc.,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 4, 92:

    videsne, quod paulo ante secus tibi videbatur,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 17, 26: magnum mehercule hominem, nemo dicet secus;

    sed, etc.,

    id. Brut. 85, 293:

    quod si ita esset... ad amicitiam esset aptissimus: quod longe secus est,

    id. Lael. 9, 29:

    omnia longe secus,

    id. Part. 5, 15:

    videtote, quanto secus ego fecerim, Cato ap. Charis, p. 192 P.: nobis aliter videtur: recte secusne, postea,

    whether rightly or not, right or wrong, Cic. Fin. 3, 13, 44:

    recte an secus,

    id. Pis. 28, 68; cf.:

    honestis an secus amicis uteretur,

    Tac. A. 13, 6 fin.:

    pro bene aut secus consulto,

    for good or ill, Liv. 7, 6; cf.:

    prout bene ac (al. aut) secus cessit,

    Plin. Pan. 44, 8:

    prout opportune proprieque aut secus collocata sunt (verba),

    Quint. 10, 2, 13:

    (artes) utiles aut secus,

    id. 2, 20, 1 et saep.—
    (β).
    With quam or atque: secus aetatem agerem, quam illi egissent, Cato ap. Charis, p. 195 P.; Ter. Phorm. 2, 3, 91:

    ne quid fiat secus quam volumus quamque oportet,

    Cic. Att. 6, 2, 2:

    eadem sunt membra in utriusque disputatione, sed paulo secus a me atque ab illo partita,

    id. de Or. 3, 30, 119.—
    b.
    Non (nec) secus or haud secus (the latter not in Cic.), not otherwise, i. e. even so, just so:

    educavit (eam) magna industria, Quasi si esset ex se nata, non multo secus,

    Plaut. Cas. prol. 46; cf.:

    fit obviam Clodio hora fere undecima aut non multo secus,

    Cic. Mil. 10, 29:

    quod non multo secus fieret,

    id. Fam. 4, 9, 2:

    bibitur, estur, quasi in popinā, haud secus,

    Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 13:

    ita jam quasi canes, haud secus, circumstabant navem,

    id. Trin. 4, 1, 16:

    veluti qui anguem pressit, etc....Haud secus Androgeos visu tremefactus abibat,

    Verg. A. 2, 382:

    aequam memento rebus in arduis Servare mentem, non secus in bonis,

    Hor. C. 2, 3, 2:

    qualis in arvis movet arma leo,...Haud secus gliscit violentia Turno,

    Verg. A. 12, 9:

    nec secus apud principem ad mortem aguntur,

    Tac. A. 6, 10 et saep.— With gen.:

    alaeque et auxilia cohortium neque multo secus in iis virium,

    Tac. A. 4, 5 fin. —In negative questions:

    dedistine ei gladium, qui se occideret?...Quid secus est aut quid interest, dare te argentum, etc.,

    Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 93.—
    (β).
    With ac or quam (the latter not in Cic.: non secus ac = non aliter ac; but: non secus quam = non minus quam, Zumpt ad Cic. Mur. 4, 10; cf.

    infra): numquam secus Habui illam, ac si ex me esset nata,

    Ter. Hec. 2, 3, 5:

    itaque illud quod dixi, non dixi secus ac sentiebam,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 6, 24; so,

    non secus ac,

    id. Mur. 4, 10; id. Planc. 1, 3; id. Fam. 3, 5, 4; Hor. A. P. 149; Ov. M. 15, 180 al.:

    haud secus ac,

    Sall. J. 79, 6; Verg. A. 3, 236 al.:

    accepit ad sese, haud secus quam si ex se simus natae,

    Plaut. Rud. 2, 3, 79; so,

    haud secus quam,

    Liv. 5, 36; 5, 41; 8, 8; 8, 9 et saep.; Ov. M. 12, 102 al.; Curt. 3, 2, 1; 8, 1, 21; 8, 11, 17:

    non secus quam,

    Ov. M. 2, 727; 12, 480:

    nec secus quam,

    Plaut. Am. 5, 1, 26; id. Capt. 2, 2, 23; 2, 3, 68: ne [p. 1657] secus quam, Tac. A. 4, 8.—In the poets freq. non (haud) secus ac, for introducing a comparison:

    non secus ac patriis acer Roma-nus in armis, etc.,

    Verg. G. 3, 346:

    non secus ac,

    id. A. 8, 243; 10, 272; 12, 856; Ov. M. 8, 162:

    non secus atque,

    Verg. A. 8, 391:

    haud secus atque,

    id. ib. 11, 456; Ov. M. 9, 40; cf. also without ac:

    non secus in jugis stupet Evias,

    Hor. C. 3, 25, 8.—
    2.
    Pregn., otherwise than as it should be, or, than is wished, i. e. not well, ill, badly (rare but class.):

    magna consolatio est, cum recordare, etiam si secus acciderit, te, etc.,

    Cic. Fam. 6, 21, 2:

    ea ipsa...secus ab eo in me ipsum facta esse,

    id. Att. 9, 9, 1:

    cum in alterā re causa nihil esset quin secus judicaret ipse de se,

    id. Quint. 9, 32:

    cadere,

    Tac. A. 2, 80; 6, 22: prius omnia pati decrevit;

    quam bellum sumere, quia temptatum antea secus cesserat,

    Sall. J. 20, 5:

    quod ubi secus procedit,

    id. ib. 25, 10:

    Quintus frater purgat se multum per litteras et affirmat nihil a se cuiquam de te secus esse dictum,

    Cic. Att. 1, 19, 11:

    loqui de aliquo (just before, irreligiose),

    Tac. A. 2, 50:

    scribere de aliquo,

    Liv. 8, 33, 15:

    existimare de aliquo,

    Cic. Clu. 44, 124; id. Fam. 3, 6, 6.—
    B.
    Comp. in four forms, which are often confused in MSS. and edd.; sĕquĭus, but with negatives or quo, eo, nihilo, etc., usu. sētĭus, less correctly sē-cĭus; also (ante-class.) sectĭus, Plaut. ap. Gell. 18, 94; id. Trin. 1, 2, 93 Ritschl (v. on the authorities for these forms, Neue, Formenl. 2, 691 sq.): nisi inpediret ingeni inbecillitas Metusque me, quo setius me colligam, so that I cannot (syn.:

    quo minus), Afran. ap. Charis, p. 195 (Com. Rel. v. 291 Rib.): impedimento est, quo setius lex feratur,

    Auct. Her. 1, 12, 21:

    quoniam in eo consistit, melius an sequius terrae mandaverit pater familias pecuniam,

    Col. 3, 4, 3:

    invitus, quod sequius sit, de meis civibus loquor,

    Liv. 2, 37, 3.—
    b.
    Non (haud) setius:

    instat non setius ac rotat ensem,

    none the less, just as much, Verg. A. 9, 441; so,

    non setius,

    id. G. 3, 367:

    nec setius,

    id. ib. 2, 277:

    haud setius,

    id. A. 7, 781:

    si servus meus esses, nihilo setius Mihi obsequiosus semper fuisti,

    no less, just as, Plaut. Capt. 2, 3, 57:

    nihilo setius,

    nevertheless, Ter. And. 3, 2, 27; cf. Caes. B. G. 1, 49; so,

    nihilo setius,

    id. ib. 4, 17; id. B. C. 3, 26; Suet. Vesp. 6; Nep. Con. 2, 4; cf.:

    nihilo tamen setius,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 4; 5, 7:

    tamen nihilo setius,

    Nep. Att. 22, 3:

    nec hōc setius,

    Lucr. 6, 315:

    nec eo setius,

    Suet. Caes. 8; id. Ner. 24; 42; id. Vit. 10; id. Dom. 12; id. Gram. 20; Nep. Milt. 2, 3:

    nec tamen eo setius,

    Suet. Dom. 2.—
    (β).
    With quam:

    haec nihilo mihi esse videntur sectius quam somnia,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 7, 57.—In negative questions:

    quid fecimus? quid diximus tibi sequius quam velles?

    Plaut. Aul. 3, 2, 22.—
    2.
    Pregn. (v. supra, I. A. 2.), ill, badly:

    sed memet moror, cum hoc ago setius,

    Plaut. Cist. 4, 2, 24: sin, id quod non spero, ratio talis sequius ceciderit, Afran. ap. Charis. p. 195 P. (Com. Rel. p. 291 Rib.):

    vereor ne homines de me sequius loquantur,

    Sen. Ben. 6, 42, 2.—
    III.
    Prep. with acc. (anteclass. and late Lat.), by, beside, along, on:

    id quod vulgus usurpat Secus illum sedi, hoc est secundum illum, et novum et sordidum est,

    Charis. p. 61 P.:

    dextra sinistra foramina utrimque secus laminas,

    Cato, R. R. 21, 2: ut quae secus mare essent locis regnaret, Enn. ap. Lact. 1, 11, 34:

    SECVS VIAM,

    Inscr. Orell. 3688 (but in Quint. 8, 2, 20; Plin. 24, 15, 85, § 135, the best MSS. have secundum):

    SECVS CONIVGEM,

    Inscr. Grut. 806, 5:

    secus viam,

    Vulg. Tob. 11, 5:

    secus mare,

    id. Matt. 13, 1 et saep.—
    B.
    Transf., according to, in proportion to:

    SECVS MERITA EIVS,

    Inscr. Orell. 7170.—
    3.
    Affixed to a pron., = side: altrinsecus, on the other side: utrinsecus, on both sides: circumsecus, on all sides, round about.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > secus

  • 176 spinosulus

    spīnōsŭlus, a, um, adj. dim. [spinosus], somewhat thorny; hence, trop., in disputation, obscure, confused (late Lat.), Hier. Ep. 69, 2.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > spinosulus

  • 177 spinosus

    spīnōsus, a, um, adj. [spina], full of thorns or prickles, thorny, prickly.
    I.
    Lit.:

    caprae in spinosis locis pascuntur,

    Varr. R. R. 2, 3, 8:

    herbae,

    Ov. M. 2, 810:

    frutecta,

    Plin. 30, 11, 30, § 101:

    caulis,

    id. 19, 3, 17, § 47:

    folia,

    id. 20, 23, 99, § 262:

    cortex,

    id. 12, 15, 34, § 67:

    spinosior arbor,

    id. 24, 12, 67, § 109:

    fragmenta vertebrae,

    Cels. 8, 9 fin.
    II.
    Trop., thorny.
    1.
    Of style, harsh, crabbed, obscure, confused, perplexed:

    Stoicorum spinosum disserendi genus,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 1, 3:

    oratio,

    id. de Or. 1, 18, 83.— Comp.:

    haec enim spinosiora prius ut confitear me cogunt,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 8, 16; id. Or. 32, 114; Varr. L. L. 8, § 51 Müll.— Sup.:

    praeceptorum nodosissimae et spinosissimae disciplinae,

    Aug. Doctr. Chr. 2, 37.—
    2.
    Of cares, stinging, galling. irritating:

    curae,

    Cat. 64, 72; cf. spina, II.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > spinosus

  • 178 spira

    spīra, ae, f., = speira.
    I.
    That which is wound, wreathed, coiled, or twisted; a coil, fold, twist, spire (cf. orbis);

    of a serpent,

    Verg. G. 2, 154; id. A. 2, 217; Ov. M. 3, 77.—Of the grain of wood, Plin. 16, 39, 76, § 198.—Of the intestines, Lact. Opif. Dei, 11, § 16.—
    II.
    Concr.:

    spira dicitur et basis columnae unius tori aut duorum, et genus operis pistorii, et funis nauticus in orbem convolutus, ab eādem omnes similitudine. Pacuvius: Quid cessatis, socii, ejicere spiras sparteas? Ennius quidem hominum multitudinem ita appellat, cum ait: spiras legionibus nexunt,

    Fest. p. 300 Müll. (Ann. v. 501 Vahl., where the read. is nexit).—So,
    A.
    The base of a column, Vitr. 3, 3; 4, 1; Plin. 36, 23, 56, § 179.—
    B.
    A kind of twisted cake, a twist, cracknel, Cato, R. R. 77.—
    C.
    A coil of rope, Pac. ap. Fest. l. l.—
    D.
    A braid of hair, Plin. 9, 35, 58, § 117; Val. Fl. 6, 396.—
    E.
    A twisted tie for fastening the hat under the chin, Juv. 8, 208.—
    F.
    A confused crowd of men, Enn. ap. Fest. l. l.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > spira

  • 179 strages

    strāges, is, f. [sterno, II. B.], a throwing down, throwing to the ground, overthrowing; an overthrow; confusion, confused heap or mass (cf.: acervus, strues; not freq. till after the Aug. per., esp. in Liv.; not in Cæs.).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.
    (α).
    With gen.:

    strage armorum saepta via est,

    Liv. 35, 30:

    nemorum,

    Sil. 3, 205:

    ruinae,

    Liv. 42, 63:

    minarum,

    id. 37, 32:

    aedificiorum et hominum,

    Tac. A. 1, 76:

    obstantis molis,

    id. H. 1, 86:

    rerum in trepidatione nocturna passim relictarum,

    Liv. 10, 34:

    boum hominumque,

    id. 41, 21:

    canum volucrumque aviumque boumque,

    Ov. M. 7, 536:

    exercituum,

    Val. Max. 6, 6, ext. 1.—
    (β).
    Absol.:

    dabit ille (nimbus) ruinas Arboribus stragemque satis,

    Verg. A. 12, 454:

    atrox tempestas multis locis stragem fecit,

    Liv. 40, 2:

    strage ac ruinā fudere Gallos,

    id. 5, 43; cf. id. 4, 33.—
    B.
    Pregn., a mortal overthrow; a defeat, slaughter, massacre, butchery, carnage (syn.: caedes, clades): stragem horribilem caedemque vereri, Cic. poët. Div. 1, 12, 20; so (with caedes) Tac. A. 14, 36; Just. 10, 3, 1; Val. Max. 5, 6, 5; cf.:

    quantas acies stragemque ciebunt!

    Verg. A. 6, 829:

    confusae stragis acervus,

    id. ib. 6, 504:

    complere strage campos,

    Liv. 7, 24.—In plur.:

    strages facere,

    Cic. Phil. 3, 12, 31:

    strages edere,

    id. Leg. 3, 9, 22; id. Att. 1, 16, 1; Verg. A. 9, 526; 9, 784; Just. 33, 2, 2; cf.

    also II.: cruentae,

    Claud. Laud. Stil. 1, 132.—
    * II.
    Trop., overthrow, ruin, destruction:

    quas ego pugnas et quantas strages edidi!

    Cic. Att. 1, 16, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > strages

  • 180 strepitus

    strĕpĭtus, ūs ( gen. strepiti, Enn. ap. Non. 490, 8; or Trag. v. 205 Vahl.), m. [strepo].
    I.
    Lit., a (wild, confused) noise, din of any kind; a clashing, crashing, rustling, rattling, clattering, clanking, rumbling, etc. (class. and very freq.; cf.: crepitus, stridor, fragor): strepitus, fremitus, clamor tonitruum, Poët. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 2, 1; cf.:

    strepitus, crepitus, sonitus, tonitrus,

    Plaut. Am. 5, 1, 10: molarum strepitus, Enn. ap. Non. 506, 3 (Com. v. 7 Vahl.):

    fluminum,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 7, 21:

    strepitu nullo clam reserare fores,

    Tib. 1, 8, 60; so,

    ingens valvarum,

    Hor. S. 2, 6, 112:

    audis quo strepitu janua remugiat,

    id. C. 3, 10, 5:

    rotarum,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 33; Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 7:

    obscenus, i. e. ventris,

    Petr. 117 et saep.:

    comitum conventus, strepitus, clamor mulierum Fecere, ut, etc., Ter. Hec. prol. alt. 27: non strepitu, sed maximo clamore,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 15, 45 (cf. id. Agr. 3, 1, 2):

    inde fragore gravi strepitus loca terret,

    Ov. M. 11, 365:

    prae strepitu et clamore,

    Liv. 2, 27, 8:

    magno cum strepitu ac tumultu castris egressi,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 11; so (with tumultus) id. ib. 6, 7, 8; Cic. Att. 13, 48, 1:

    concursus hominum forique strepitus,

    id. Brut. 92, 317:

    Romae,

    Hor. C. 3, 29, 12:

    inter strepitum tot bellorum,

    Liv. 4, 1, 5; cf.:

    sententiarum vanissimus strepitus,

    Petr. 1, 2.—In plur.:

    canis, sollicitum animal ad nocturnos strepitus,

    Liv. 5, 47, 3:

    vino, strepitibus clamoribusque nocturnis attoniti,

    id. 39, 15, 9.—
    II.
    Poet., transf., a (measured, regular) sound:

    citharae,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 31:

    testudinis aureae,

    id. C. 4, 3, 18:

    tibicinae,

    id. Ep. 1, 14, 26.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > strepitus

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