Перевод: с латинского на английский

с английского на латинский

to+exchange+in+confused+multitudes

  • 181 torqueo

    torquĕo, torsi, tortum, 2 (archaic inf. torquerier, Hor. S. 2, 8, 67), v. a. [Gr. trepô, to turn; cf. atrekês; also Sanscr. tarkus; Gr. atraktos, a spindle; and strephô, to twist], to turn, turn about or away; to twist, bend, wind (class.; syn. converto).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    cervices oculosque,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 15, 39:

    oculum,

    to roll, distort, id. Ac. 2, 25, 80:

    ora,

    to twist awry, id. Off. 1, 36, 131:

    ab obscenis sermonibus aurem,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 127:

    oculos ad moenia,

    Verg. A. 4, 220:

    ad sonitum vocis vestigia,

    id. ib. 3, 669:

    serpens squamosos orbes Torquet,

    Ov. M. 3, 42; cf.

    anguis,

    Verg. G. 3, 38:

    capillos ferro,

    i. e. to curl, frizzle, Ov. A. A. 1, 505:

    stamina pollice,

    id. M. 12, 475:

    remis aquas,

    id. F. 5, 644:

    spumas,

    Verg. A. 3, 208:

    taxos in arcus,

    to bend, id. G. 2, 448:

    tegumen torquens immane leonis,

    winding about him, id. A. 7, 666:

    cum terra circum axem se convertat et torqueat,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 39, 123:

    torta circum bracchia vestis,

    Tac. H. 5, 22.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To whirl around, to whirl in the act of throwing, to wield, brandish, to fling with force, to hurl (mostly poet.):

    torquet nunc lapidem, nunc ingens machina tignum,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 73:

    amnis torquet sonantia saxa,

    Verg. A. 6, 551:

    stuppea torquentem Balearis verbera fundae,

    id. G. 1, 309:

    jaculum in hostem,

    id. A. 10, 585; Ov. M. 12, 323: hastam in hunc, id. ib 5, 137;

    for which: hastam alicui,

    Val. Fl. 3, 193:

    telum aurata ad tempora,

    Verg. A. 12, 536:

    tela manu,

    Ov. M. 12, 99:

    valido pila lacerto,

    id. F. 2, 11:

    glebas, ramos,

    id. M. 11, 30:

    cum fulmina torquet (Juppiter),

    Verg. A. 4, 208;

    and trop.: cum Juppiter horridus austris Torquet aquosam hiemem,

    id. ib. 9, 671; cf.:

    Eurus nubes in occiduum orbem,

    Luc. 4, 63.—In prose:

    torquere amentatas hastas lacertis,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 57, 242.—
    2.
    To twist awry, misplace, turn aside, distort:

    negat sibi umquam, cum oculum torsisset, duas ex lucernā flammulas esse visas,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 25, 80:

    ora Tristia temptantum sensu (sapor) torquebit amaro,

    Verg. G. 2, 247.—
    3.
    To wrench the limbs upon the rack, to put to the rack or to the torture, to rack, torture (class.):

    ita te nervo torquebo, itidem uti catapultae solent,

    Plaut. Curc. 5, 3, 12:

    eculeo torqueri,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 13, 42:

    aliquem servilem in modum,

    Suet. Aug. 27; cf.:

    ira torquentium,

    Tac. A. 15, 57:

    servum in caput domini,

    against his master, Dig. 48, 18, 1: vinctus tortusve, [p. 1880] Suet. Aug. 40 fin.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen., to twist, wrest, distort, turn, bend, direct (a favorite expression of Cicero):

    versare suam naturam et regere ad tempus atque huc et illuc torquere ac flectere,

    Cic. Cael. 6, 13:

    torquere et flectere imbecillitatem animorum,

    id. Leg. 1, 10, 29:

    oratio ita flexibilis, ut sequatur, quocumque torqueas,

    id. Or. 16, 52:

    omnia ad suae causae commodum,

    id. Inv. 2, 14, 46:

    verbo ac litterā jus omne torqueri,

    wrested, perverted, id. Caecin. 27, 77:

    sonum,

    to inflect, Auct. Her. 3, 14, 25:

    cuncta tuo qui bella, pater, sub numine torques,

    Verg. A. 12, 180:

    versare sententias, et huc atque illuc torquere,

    Tac. H. 1, 85.—
    B.
    In partic. (acc. to A. 2.), to rack, torment, torture (syn.:

    ango, crucio): tuae libidines te torquent,

    Cic. Par. 2, 18:

    mitto aurum coronarium, quod te diutissime torsit,

    id. Pis. 37, 90: acriter nos tuae supplicationes torserunt, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 11, 1:

    equidem dies noctesque torqueor,

    Cic. Att. 7, 9, 4:

    verbi controversia jam diu torquet Graeculos homines,

    id. de Or. 1, 11, 47; 3, 9, 33:

    stulti malorum memoriā torquentur,

    id. Fin. 1, 17, 57:

    sollicitudine, poenitentia, etc., torquetur mens,

    Quint. 12, 1, 7:

    invidiā vel amore vigil torquebere,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 37; Ov. H. 20, 123:

    torqueor, infesto ne vir ab hoste cadat,

    id. ib. 9, 36; cf. Hor. S. 2, 8, 67:

    Aeacus torquet umbras,

    holds inquisition over, Juv. 1, 9.— Transf.: (reges) dicuntur torquere mero, quem perspexisse laborant, qs. to rack with wine, i. e. to try or test with wine, Hor. A. P. 435; so,

    vino tortus et irā,

    id. Ep. 1, 18, 38.—
    C.
    To hurl, fling (of language):

    curvum sermone rotato enthymema,

    Juv. 6, 449.—Hence, tortus, a, um, P. a., twisted, crooked, contorted, distorted.
    A.
    Lit.:

    via (labyrinthi),

    Prop. 4 (5), 4, 42:

    quercus,

    i. e. a twisted oakgarland, Verg. G. 1, 349.—Hence,
    2.
    Subst.: torta, ae, f., a twisted loaf, a twist, Vulg. 1 Par. 16, 3. —
    * B.
    Trop.:

    condiciones,

    confused, complicated, Plaut. Men. 4, 2, 25. — Adv.: tortē, awry, crookedly:

    torte penitusque remota,

    Lucr. 4, 305 (329).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > torqueo

  • 182 tortuosus

    tortŭōsus, a, um, adj. [tortus].
    I. A.
    Lit.:

    est autem (alvus) multiplex et tortuosa,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 54, 136:

    loca,

    id. ib. 2, 57, 144:

    serrula,

    id. Clu. 64, 180:

    per tortuosi amnis sinus flexusque,

    Liv. 27, 47, 10:

    serpens,

    Vulg. Isa. 27, 1: coluber, id. Job, 26, 13.— Comp.:

    quiddam tortuosius,

    Plin. 11, 46, 106, § 255.—
    B.
    Trop., entangled, involved, complicated, confused:

    tortuosum genus disputandi,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 31, 98:

    visa quaedam tortuosa et obscura,

    id. Div. 2, 63, 129:

    ingenium,

    id. Lael. 18, 65:

    res anxiae et tortuosae,

    Gell. 13, 11, 4.— Sup.:

    quis aperit tortuosissimam istam et implicatissimam nodositatem?

    Aug. Conf. 2, 10. —
    * II.
    Painful, torturing:

    rusci radix bibitur in tortuosiore urinā,

    i. e. in strangury, Plin. 21, 27, 100, § 173.—
    * Adv.: tortŭōsē, crookedly, tortuously:

    procedat serpens,

    Tert. adv. Valent. 4, 43 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > tortuosus

  • 183 trepidatio

    trĕpĭdātĭo, ōnis, f [trepido], a state of confused hurry or alarm, agitation, confusion, consternation, trepidation (not freq. till the Aug. per.): numquae trepidatio? numqui tumultus? * Cic. Deiot. 7, 20:

    quae senatūs trepidatio, quae populi confusio, quis urbis metus,

    Vell. 2, 124: cujus rei subita trepidatio magnum terrorem attulit nostris, Auct. B. Alex. 75, 2; cf.:

    nec opinata res plus trepidationis fecit, quod, etc.,

    Liv. 3, 3, 2:

    ut jam ex trepidatione concurrentium turba constitit,

    id. 3, 50, 4:

    pilis inter primam trepidationem abjectis,

    id. 2, 46, 3:

    trepidationem inicere,

    id. 2, 53, 1:

    trepidatio fugaque hostium,

    id. 37, 24, 7:

    vitia non naturae sed trepidationis,

    Quint. 11, 3, 121:

    trepidatione mendacium prodere,

    Petr. 82:

    ferrum pectori per trepidationem admovens,

    Tac. A. 11, 38:

    vulgi,

    id. ib. 12, 43;

    in quā trepidatione multae captae naves,

    Just. 2, 12, 27:

    cum magnā trepidatione vigilavit,

    Suet. Ner. 34:

    nervorum,

    a trembling, Sen. Ira, 3, 10, 2.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > trepidatio

  • 184 tumultuarius

    tŭmultŭārĭus, a, um, adj. [tumultus], of or belonging to bustle, hurry, or tumult; in milit. lang., of troops brought hurriedly together, raised hastily or suddenly (not ante-Aug., but esp. freq. in Livy).
    I.
    Lit.:

    tumultuario exercitu raptim ducto,

    Liv. 5, 37, 7; so,

    milites,

    id. 35, 2, 7; 35, 23, 8;

    Auct. B. Alex. 34, 5: manus,

    Curt. 4, 16, 24:

    militia,

    Gell. 16, 10, 13.—
    II.
    Transf., that is done or happens in a hurry, hurried, hasty, sudden, confused, irregular, disorderly, tumultuary:

    pugna,

    Liv. 21, 8, 7:

    opus,

    id. 6, 29, 4:

    ex opere tumultuario suspicari,

    Quint. 7, 3, 34:

    rogus,

    Suet. Calig. 59:

    repentinā et quasi tumultuariā doctrinā praeditus,

    Gell. 11, 7, 3:

    tumultuariae et inconditae exercitationes linguae,

    id. 6, 16, 1:

    carmen,

    i. e. unpremeditated, improvised, Sid. Ep. 2, 10.— Adv.: tŭmultŭārĭē, tumultuously, hastily, hurriedly:

    his raptim ac tumultuarie actis,

    Amm. 24, 2, 18; Aur. Vict. Caes. 40; 17; Spart. Carac. 6.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > tumultuarius

  • 185 tumultuor

    tŭmultŭor, ātus, 1, v. dep. n. [tumultus], to make a bustle or disturbance, to be in great agitation or confusion, be in an uproar, raise a tumult:

    in otio tumultuaris, in tumultu es otiosus,

    Auct. Her. 4, 15, 21:

    non decet tumultuari,

    Plaut. Poen. 3, 1, 22:

    saepe et sine causā,

    Cic. Agr. 2, 37, 101:

    quid tumultuaris, soror? quid insanis?

    id. Cael. 15, 36:

    fortis et constantis est, non perturbari in rebus asperis nec tumultuantem de gradu deici,

    confused, agitated, id. Off. 1, 23, 80; Petr. 79:

    tumultuari Gallias comperit,

    to be in an uproar, Suet. Galb. 9; Aur. Vict. Caes. 24, 3.—
    II.
    Esp. of oratory, to storm, rant, talk at random, etc.:

    mihi ne dicere quidem videtur, nisi qui disposite, ornate, copiose dicit, sed tumultuari,

    Quint. 10, 7, 12:

    oratio carens hac virtute (i. e. ordine) tumultuetur necesse est,

    id. Inst. 7, prooem. § 3; so id. ib. 2, 12, 11.
    1.
    Act. collat. form tŭmultŭo, āre:

    quid sit mi expedi, quor tumultues,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 2, 15; 3, 2, 24.—
    2.
    Impers. pass.: hostibus nuntiatur, in castris Romanorum praeter consuetudinem tumultuari, that there is a tumult or disturbance in the camp, Caes. B. G. 7, 61; Liv. 36, 44, 4:

    cum tumultuatum in castris sciret,

    id. 25, 21, 2:

    cum Gallis tumultuatum verius quam belligeratum,

    id. 21, 16, 4; Flor. 4, 12, 30.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > tumultuor

  • 186 turbidulus

    turbĭdŭlus, a, um, adj. dim. [id.], somewhat disturbed or confused:

    sensus,

    Prud. Apoth. 276.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > turbidulus

  • 187 turbidus

    turbĭdus, a, um, adj. [turba], full of confusion or disorder, wild, confused, disordered (class.; cf.: agitatus, tumultuosus).
    I.
    Lit.:

    turbida tempestas heri fuit,

    wild, stormy, Plaut. Rud. 4, 3, 3:

    tempestas,

    Lucr. 4, 169; 6, 376; Cic. Inv 1, 3, 4; Caes. B. C. 2, 22; Suet. Calig. 15:

    tempestas telorum,

    Verg. A. 12, 283:

    Auster,

    Hor. C. 3, 3, 5:

    aequora ponti,

    Lucr. 5, 1000:

    scaturiges,

    Liv. 44, 33, 3:

    nubila,

    Verg. A. 4, 245:

    caelum inmite ac turbidum,

    Plin. Ep. 8, 17, 1:

    imber,

    Verg. A. 12, 685:

    caligine atrā Pulvis,

    id. ib. 11, 876:

    coma,

    Ov. H. 10, 16:

    freta ventis Turbida,

    id. ib. 17 (18), 7.—
    B.
    In partic., of fluids, troubled, thick, muddy, turbid:

    aqua,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 34, 97:

    torrentes,

    Quint. 12, 10, 19:

    turbidus caeno gurges,

    Verg. A. 6, 296:

    auro turbidus Hermus,

    id. G. 2, 137.—
    II.
    Trop., troubled, disordered, disturbed, perplexed, violent, boisterous, turbulent, vehement:

    mens, quae omni turbido motu semper vacet,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 33, 80: turbidi animorum, concitatique motus, id. ib. 4, 15, 34:

    mores,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 2, 18:

    ingenium,

    Tac. A. 14, 59:

    Venulo adversum se turbidus infert,

    Verg. A. 11, 742; 9, 57:

    turbidus et clamosus altercator,

    Quint. 6, 4, 15:

    reduxit in hiberna turbidos et nihil ausos,

    mutinous, seditious, Tac. A. 1, 38; so,

    civitas,

    id. H. 4, 11:

    ex oculis se turbidus abstulit Arruns,

    frightened, confused, Verg. A. 11, 814; cf.

    frons,

    Sen. Hippol. 432:

    acies oculi,

    id. Herc. Fur. 954:

    lumen lunae,

    id. Hippol. 790:

    puella,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 246:

    C. Caesar turbidus animi,

    Tac. H. 4, 48:

    turbidus irae,

    Sil. 12, 417;

    for which: turbidus irā,

    Stat. S. 3, 1, 39:

    turbidus ausi,

    Sil. 13, 214:

    res timida aut turbida,

    i. e. troubled, dangerous, perilous, Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 11; cf.: res turbidas tractare, Enn. ap. Cic. de Or. 1, 45, 199 (Trag. v. 189 Vahl.):

    esse in turbidis rebus,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 16, 39:

    hoc tum turbido tempore,

    Nep. Pelop. 4, 1.— Comp.:

    pectora sunt ipso turbidiora mari,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 11, 34:

    tumultuosius atque turbidius,

    Quint. 3, 8, 60.— Sup.:

    turbidissimus quisque,

    Tac. H. 3, 49:

    actiones,

    Quint. 1, 10, 28. —
    b.
    Neutr. absol.: si turbidissima sapienter ferebas, the most perilous or troubled circumstances, Cic. Fam. 6, 14, 3: nisi quod in turbido minus perspicuum fore putent quid agatur, in confused or troubled times, Liv. 3, 40, 10; so,

    in turbido,

    Sen. Ep. 3, 5; Tac. H. 1, 21; Curt. 4, 3, 18.—Turbidum, adverb.:

    mens turbidum Laetatur,

    confusedly, Hor. C. 2, 19, 6.—Hence, adv.: turbĭdē, in disorder, confusedly, Cic. Tusc. 4, 10, 24; Tac. A. 3, 12; Gell. 5, 9, 6.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > turbidus

  • 188 turbulentus

    turbŭlentus, a, um, adj. [turba], full of trouble or commotion.
    I.
    Pass., restless, agitated, confused, disturbed, boisterous, stormy, tempestuous (class.;

    syn. tumultuosus): tempestas,

    stormy, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 10, § 26; Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 143;

    Auct. B. Alex. 45, 2: loci Neptunii,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 5, 3:

    aqua,

    turbid, muddy, Phaedr. 1, 1, 5:

    atomorum turbulenta concursio,

    confused, Cic. Fin. 1, 6, 20:

    est igitur quiddam turbulentum in hominibus singulis,

    id. Rep. 3, 35, 49 (Non. 301, 6):

    res publica,

    id. Fam. 12, 10, 3:

    heu edepol res turbulentas!

    Plaut. Ep. 1, 1, 68:

    praeda,

    id. Rud. 4, 4, 142:

    ea sunt et turbulenta et temeraria et periculosa,

    Cic. Caecin. 12, 34:

    errores,

    id. N. D. 2, 28, 70:

    animi,

    stirred up, aroused, excited, id. Tusc. 4, 5, 9.— Comp.:

    turbulentior inde annus excepit,

    Liv. 2, 61, 1.— Sup.:

    turbulentissimum tempus (opp. tranquillissimum),

    Cic. Pis. 15, 33; id. Fam. 9, 1.—
    II.
    Act., making trouble, troublesome, turbulent, factious, seditious: turba plerumque est turbulenta, Varr. ap. Gell. 13, 11, 3:

    P. Decius fuit ut vita sic oratione etiam turbulentus,

    Cic. Brut. 28, 108:

    seditiosus civis et turbulentus,

    id. de Or. 2, 11, 48:

    turbulenti et mali cives,

    id. ib. 2, 31, 135:

    tribuni,

    Tac. H. 2, 38:

    contiones,

    Cic. Att. 4, 3, 4; Quint. 5, 13, 39:

    consilia Antonii,

    Cic. Att. 15, 4, 1:

    minae populi,

    Quint. 2, 20, 8.— Sup.:

    tribuni plebis,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 5:

    leges,

    Suet. Caes. 16.—Hence, adv.: turbŭlen-tē, in a turbulent manner, confusedly, tumultuously, boisterously, with violence (cf. also turbulenter).
    (α).
    Form turbulente:

    qui non turbulente humana patiantur,

    without agitation, composedly, Cic. Tusc. 4, 28, 60:

    se gerere,

    Dig. 48, 19, 28, § 3.—
    (β).
    Form turbulenter:

    nihil turbulenter, nihil temere facere,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 16, 7.— Comp.:

    egit de Caepione turbulentius,

    Cic. Part. Or. 30, 105.— Sup.:

    regere,

    Sid. Ep. 2, 13 med.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > turbulentus

  • 189 verto

    verto ( vorto), ti, sum, 3 ( inf. vortier, Plaut. Rud. 3, 6, 48; Lucr. 1, 710; 2, 927; 5, 1199 al.), v. a. and n. [Sanscr. root vart-, to apply one's self, turn; cf. vart-ukas, round].
    I.
    Act., to turn, to turn round or about (syn.: verso, contorqueo).
    A.
    Lit.:

    (luna) eam partem, quaecumque est ignibus aucta, Ad speciem vertit nobis,

    Lucr. 5, 724:

    speciem quo,

    id. 4, 242:

    ora huc et huc,

    Hor. Epod. 4, 9:

    terga,

    Ov. Tr. 3, 5, 6:

    gradu discedere verso,

    id. M. 4, 338:

    verso pede,

    id. ib. 8, 869:

    pennas,

    i. e. to fly away, Prop. 2, 24, 22 (3, 19, 6):

    cardinem,

    Ov. M. 14, 782:

    fores tacito cardine,

    Tib. 1, 6, 12: cadum, to turn or tip up, Hor. C. 3, 29, 2:

    versā pulvis inscribitur hastā,

    inverted, Verg. A. 1, 478:

    verte hac te, puere,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 29; cf.:

    verti me a Minturnis Arpinum versus,

    Cic. Att. 16, 10, 1:

    cum haesisset descendenti (virgini) stola, vertit se et recollegit,

    Plin. Ep. 4, 11, 9:

    ante tuos quotiens verti me, perfida, postes,

    Prop. 1, 16, 43:

    Pompeiani se verterunt et loco cesserunt,

    turned about, wheeled about, fled, Caes. B. C. 3, 51; cf.:

    vertere terga,

    to turn one's back, run away, betake one's self to flight, id. B. G. 1, 53; 3, 21; id. B. C. 1, 47; 3, 63 fin.; Liv. 1, 14, 9; cf.

    also: hostem in fugam,

    to put to flight, rout, id. 30, 33, 16;

    Auct. B. Afr. 17: iter retro,

    Liv. 28, 3, 1:

    hiems (piscis) ad hoc mare,

    Hor. Epod. 2, 52: fenestrae in viam versae, turned or directed towards, looking towards, Liv. 1, 41, 4; cf.:

    mare ad occidentem versum,

    id. 36, 15, 9:

    Scytharum gens ab oriente ad septentrionem se vertit,

    Curt. 7, 7, 3:

    (Maeander) nunc ad fontes, nunc in mare versus,

    Ov. M. 8, 165: terram aratro, to turn up or over, to plough, etc., Hor. S. 1, 1, 28:

    ferro terram,

    Verg. G. 1, 147:

    glaebas (aratra),

    Ov. M. 1, 425; 5, 477:

    solum bidentibus,

    Col. 4, 5:

    agros bove,

    Prop. 3, 7, 43 (4, 6, 43):

    collem,

    Col. 3, 13, 8:

    freta lacertis (in rowing),

    Verg. A. 5, 141:

    ex illā pecuniā magnam partem ad se vortit,

    Cic. Div. in Caecil. 17, 57.—Mid.: vertier ad lapidem, to turn or incline one's self towards, Lucr. 5, 1199:

    congressi... ad caedem vertuntur,

    Liv. 1, 7, 2; so,

    versi in fugam hostes,

    Tac. H. 2, 26; cf.:

    Philippis versa acies retro,

    Hor. C. 3, 4, 26:

    sinit hic violentis omnia verti Turbinibus,

    to whirl themselves about, Lucr. 5, 503:

    magnus caeli si vortitur orbis,

    id. 5, 510:

    vertitur interea caelum,

    revolves, Verg. A. 2, 250:

    squamarum serie a caudā ad caput versā,

    reaching, Plin. 28, 8, 30, § 119.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    In gen., to turn:

    ne ea, quae reipublicae causa egerit, in suam contumeliam vertat,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 8:

    in suam rem litem vertendo,

    Liv. 3, 72, 2:

    usum ejus (olei) ad luxuriam vertere Graeci,

    Plin. 15, 4, 5, § 19; cf.:

    aliquid in rem vertere,

    turn to account, make profitable, Dig. 15, 3, 1 sqq.:

    edocere, quo sese vertant sortes,

    Enn. Trag. v. 64 Vahl.; Verg. A. 1, 671:

    ne sibi vitio verterent, quod abesset a patriā,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 6, 1:

    idque omen in Macedonum metum verterunt Tyrii,

    Curt. 4, 2, 13:

    in religionem vertentes comitia biennic habita,

    making a matter of religious scruple, Liv. 5, 14, 2:

    aquarum insolita magnitudo in religionem versa,

    id. 30, 38, 10; cf. id. 26, 11, 3:

    id ipsum quod iter belli esset obstructum, in prodigium et omen imminentium cladium vertebatur,

    Tac. H. 1, 86 fin.:

    vertere in se Cotyi data,

    to appropriate, id. A. 2, 64:

    perii! quid agam? quo me vertam?

    Ter. Hec. 4, 1, 1:

    quo se verteret, non habebat,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 29, 74; id. Div. 2, 72, 149:

    Philippus totus in Persea versus,

    inclined towards him, Liv. 40, 5, 9:

    toti in impetum atque iram versi,

    id. 25, 16, 19:

    si bellum omne eo vertat,

    id. 26, 12, 13:

    di vortant bene, Quod agas,

    cause to turn out well, prosper, Ter. Hec. 1, 2, 121; cf. infra, II. B.; so,

    in melius somnia,

    Tib. 3, 4, 95.—
    2.
    In partic.
    a.
    To turn, i. e. to change, aller, transform (syn. muto):

    Juppiter In Amphitruonis vortit sese imaginem,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 121:

    in anginam ego nunc me velim vorti,

    id. Most. 1. 3, 61:

    omnes natura cibos in corpora viva Vertit,

    Lucr. 2, 880: vertunt se fluvii frondes et pabula laeta In pecudes; vertunt pecudes [p. 1978] in corpora nostra Naturam, id. 2, 875 sq.; cf.:

    cum terra in aquam se vertit,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 12, 31:

    verte omnis tete in facies,

    Verg. A. 12, 891:

    ego, quae memet in omnia verti,

    id. ib. 7, 309:

    tot sese vertit in ora,

    id. ib. 7, 328:

    inque deum de bove versus erat,

    Ov. F. 5, 616:

    Auster in Africum se vertit,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 26 fin.; cf. Liv. 30, 24, 7:

    semina malorum in contrarias partes se vertere,

    Cic. Div. 2, 14, 33:

    omnia versa et mutata in pejorem partem,

    id. Rosc. Am. 36, 103:

    cur nunc tua quisquam Vertere jussa potest,

    Verg. A. 10, 35:

    hic continentiam et moderationem in superbiam ac lasciviam vertit,

    Curt. 6, 6, 1; cf.:

    fortuna hoc militiae probrum vertit in gloriam,

    id. 9, 10, 28:

    versus civitatis status,

    Tac. A. 1, 4:

    versis ad prospera fatis,

    Ov. H. 16, 89: solum, to change one's country, i. e. to emigrate or go into exile, Cic. Balb. 11, 28; Amm. 15, 3, 11 et saep.; v. solum. —With abl. (rare and poet.):

    nullā tamen alite verti Dignatur,

    Ov. M. 10, 157; cf.

    muto.—Prov.: in fumum et cinerem vertere,

    to turn into smoke, dissipate, Hor. Ep. 1, 15, 39.—Mid.:

    omnia vertuntur: certe vertuntur amores,

    Prop. 2, 8, 7 (9):

    saevus apertam In rabiem coepit verti jocus,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 149.—
    b.
    To exchange, interchange: nos divitem istum meminimus adque iste pauperes nos;

    vorterunt sese memoriae,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 1, 11; cf.:

    vorsis gladiis depugnarier,

    id. Cas. 2, 5, 36.—
    c.
    Of literary productions, to turn into another language, to translate (syn.:

    transfero, interpretor, reddo): Philemo scripsit, Plautus vortit barbare,

    Plaut. Trin. prol. 19:

    si sic verterem Platonem, ut verteruntnostri poëtae fabulas,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 3, 7:

    verti etiam multa de Graecis,

    id. Tusc. 2, 11, 26:

    annales Acilianos ex Graeco in Latinum sermonem vertit,

    Liv. 25, 39, 12.—
    d.
    To ply:

    stimulos sub pectore vertit Apollo,

    i. e. stimulates the fury, Verg. A. 6, 101.—
    e.
    In partic., like our to turn upside down, i. e. to overturn, overthrow, subvert, destroy (= everto):

    Callicratidas cum multa fecisset egregie, vertit ad extremum omnia,

    Cic. Off. 1, 24, 84:

    agerent, verterent cuncta,

    Tac. H. 1, 2; id. A. 2, 42; 3, 36:

    Cycnum Vi multā,

    Ov. M. 12, 139:

    fluxas Phrygiae res fundo,

    Verg. A. 10, 88; 1, 20; 2, 652:

    vertere ab imo moenia Trojae,

    id. ib. 5, 810:

    Ilion fatalis incestusque judex... vertit in pulverem,

    Hor. C. 3, 3, 20:

    proceras fraxinos,

    id. ib. 3, 25, 16:

    ab imo regna,

    Sen. Hippol. 562:

    Penates,

    id. Troad. 91:

    puppem,

    Luc. 3, 650:

    fortunas,

    Amm. 28, 3, 1.—
    f.
    Mid., from the idea of turning round in a place, to be engaged in, to be in a place or condition; also to turn, rest, or depend upon a thing:

    jam homo in mercaturā vortitur,

    Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 109:

    res in periculo vortitur,

    id. Merc. 1, 2, 12; Phaedr. 2, 8, 19; so,

    res vertitur in majore discrimine,

    Liv. 6, 36, 7:

    ipse catervis Vertitur in mediis,

    Verg. A. 11, 683:

    omnia in unius potestate ac moderatione vertentur,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 7, 20; so,

    spes civitatis in dictatore,

    Liv. 4, 31, 4:

    totum id in voluntate Philippi,

    id. 37, 7, 8:

    causa in jure,

    Cic. Brut. 39, 145:

    hic victoria,

    Verg. A. 10, 529:

    cum circa hanc consultationem disceptatio omnis verteretur,

    Liv. 36, 7, 1:

    puncto saepe temporis maximarum rerum momenta verti,

    id. 3, 27, 7.— Impers.:

    vertebatur, utrum manerent in Achaico concilio Lacedaemonii, an, etc.,

    Liv. 39, 48, 3.—
    g.
    To ascribe, refer:

    quae fuerunt populis magis exitio quam fames morbique, quaeque alia in deum iras velut ultima malorum vertunt,

    Liv. 4, 9, 3 Weissenb. ad loc.:

    cum omnium secundorum adversorumque in deos verterent,

    id. 28, 11, 1.—
    h.
    = considero; exercitum majorum more vortere, Sall. ap. Serv. ad Verg. A. 5, 408 dub. (Sall. H. inc. 51 Dietsch ad loc.).
    II. A.
    Lit.:

    depulsi aemulatione alio vertunt,

    Tac. A. 1, 18:

    eoque audaciae provectum ut verteret, etc.,

    id. ib. 4, 10:

    utinam mea vocula dominae vertat in auriculas!

    Prop. 1, 16, 28:

    versuros extemplo in fugam omnes ratus,

    Liv. 38, 26, 8 (but in Lucr. 5, 617 the correct read. is cancri se ut vortat).—
    B.
    Trop., to turn, change, etc.:

    jam verterat fortuna,

    Liv. 5, 49, 5:

    libertatem aliorum in suam vertisse servitutem conquerebantur,

    id. 2, 3, 3:

    totae solidam in glaciem vertere lacunae,

    Verg. G. 3, 365: verterat pernicies in accusatorem, Tac. A. 11, 37:

    quod si esset factum, detrimentum in bonum verteret,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 73 fin.:

    ea ludificatio veri in verum vertit,

    Liv. 26, 6, 16: talia incepta, ni in consultorem vertissent, reipublicae pestem factura, against, Sall. H. inc. 89 Dietsch:

    neque inmerito suum ipsorum exemplum in eos versurum,

    Liv. 7, 38, 6:

    si malus est, male res vortunt, quas agit,

    turn out badly, Plaut. Pers. 4, 1, 5; so,

    quae res tibi vertat male,

    Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 37:

    quod bene vertat, castra Albanos Romanis castris jungere jubet (= cum bonis omnibus),

    Liv. 1, 28, 1; 3, 62, 5; 3, 35, 8:

    quod bene verteret,

    Curt. 5, 4, 12; 7, 11, 14:

    hos illi (quod nec vertat bene), mittimus haedos,

    Verg. E. 9, 6.—
    b.
    Annus, mensis vertens, the course or space of a year, of a month:

    anno vertente sine controversiā (petisses),

    Cic. Quint. 12, 40; so,

    anno vertente,

    id. N. D. 2, 20, 53; Nep. Ages. 4, 4; cf.:

    apparuisse numen deorum intra finem anni vertentis,

    Cic. Phil. 13, 10, 22:

    tu si hanc emeris, Numquam hercle hunc mensem vortentem, credo, servibit tibi,

    Plaut. Pers. 4, 4, 76; Macr. S. 1, 14.—
    (β).
    Pregn.: annus vertens, the great year or cycle of the celestial bodies (a space of 15,000 solar years), Cic. Rep. 6, 22, 24.—Hence, ver-sus ( vors-), or (much less freq.) ver-sum ( vors-), adv., turned in the direction of, towards a thing; usu. after the name of a place to which motion is directed (orig. a part., turned towards, facing, etc., and so always in Livy; cf. Liv. 1, 18, 6 Weissenb. ad loc.; 1, 41, 4; 9, 2, 15).
    A.
    Form versus (vors-).
    1.
    After ad and acc.:

    T. Labienum ad Oceanum versus... proficisci jubet,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 33: ad Alpes versus, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 15, 2:

    ad Cercinam insulam versus, Auct. B. Afr. 8, 3: ad Cordubam versus, Auct. B. Hisp. 11: modo ad Urbem, modo in Galliam versus,

    Sall. C. 56, 4. —
    2.
    After in and acc.:

    in agrum versus,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 5, 10:

    in forum versus,

    Cic. Lael. 25, 96:

    in Arvernos versus,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 8: si in urbem versus venturi erunt, Traj. ap. Plin. Ep. 10, 78 (82), 3.—
    3.
    After acc. alone (class. only with names of towns and small islands):

    verti me a Minturnis Arpinum versus,

    Cic. Att. 16, 10, 1:

    Brundisium versus,

    id. Fam. 11, 27, 3:

    Ambraciam versus,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 36:

    Massiliam versus,

    id. ib. 2, 3:

    Narbonem versus,

    id. B. G. 7, 7.—
    4.
    After other advv.:

    deorsum versus,

    Cato, R. R. 156, 4:

    sursum versus,

    Cic. Or. 39, 135:

    dimittit quoquo versus legationes,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 4:

    ut quaedam vocabula utroque versus dicantur,

    Gell. 5, 12, 10; cf. the adverbs deorsum, sursum, etc.—
    B.
    Form versum (vors-).
    1.
    After ad and acc.:

    animadvertit fugam ad se versum fieri,

    Sall. J. 58, 4.—
    2.
    After other advv.:

    cunas rursum vorsum trahere,

    Plaut. Am. 5, 1, 60 (63):

    lumbis deorsum versum pressis,

    Varr. R. R. 2, 7, 5:

    vineam sursum vorsum semper ducito,

    Cato, R. R. 33, 1:

    cum undique versum circumfluat,

    Gell. 12, 13, 20:

    utroque vorsum rectum est ingenium meum,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 3, 8.
    Versus is said by many lexicons to be also a prep.
    , but no ancient authority can be safely cited for this use. The true readings are:

    in Italiam versus,

    Cic. Fam. 4, 12, 1:

    adversus aedem,

    Liv. 8, 20, 8:

    in forum versus,

    Plin. 10, 43, 60, § 121; and perh. in oppidum, Auct. B. Hisp. 21.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > verto

  • 190 Vertumnalia

    Vertumnus ( Vort-), i, m. [qs. vertomenos, as a part. pass., from verto, that turns or changes himself], orig. an Etruscan deity, the god of the changing year, i. e. of the seasons and their productions, also of exchange and of trade, Varr. L. L. 5, § 46 Müll.; Prop. 4 (5), 2, 10; Ov. F. 6, 410; id. M. 14, 642 sq.; Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 59, § 154 Ascon. Near his statue in the forum at Rome were the booksellers' shops, Hor. Ep. 1, 20, 1;

    also the market-gardeners, Col. poët. 10, 308.—As a symbol of mutability: Vertumnis natus iniquis, said of an unstable man,

    Hor. S. 2, 7, 14.—Hence, Vertum-nālĭa, ĭum, n., the festival of Vertumnus, Varr. L. L. 6, § 21 Müll.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Vertumnalia

  • 191 Vertumnus

    Vertumnus ( Vort-), i, m. [qs. vertomenos, as a part. pass., from verto, that turns or changes himself], orig. an Etruscan deity, the god of the changing year, i. e. of the seasons and their productions, also of exchange and of trade, Varr. L. L. 5, § 46 Müll.; Prop. 4 (5), 2, 10; Ov. F. 6, 410; id. M. 14, 642 sq.; Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 59, § 154 Ascon. Near his statue in the forum at Rome were the booksellers' shops, Hor. Ep. 1, 20, 1;

    also the market-gardeners, Col. poët. 10, 308.—As a symbol of mutability: Vertumnis natus iniquis, said of an unstable man,

    Hor. S. 2, 7, 14.—Hence, Vertum-nālĭa, ĭum, n., the festival of Vertumnus, Varr. L. L. 6, § 21 Müll.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Vertumnus

  • 192 vicis

    vĭcis (as a gen.; the nom. does not occur), vicem, vice; in plur., vices (nom. and acc.) and vicibus (dat. and abl.), f. [cf. Gr. eikô, to yield; root Wik-; v. Curt. Gr. Etym. p. 135], change, interchange, alternation, alternate or reciprocal succession, vicissitude (the gen. not ante-Aug.; the other cases class.).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen. (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose; for which, in class. prose, vicissitudo).
    (α).
    Sing.: ignotus juvenum coetus alternā vice Inibat alacris, Enn. ap. Charis. p. 214 P. (Trag. v. 151 Vahl.):

    hac vice sermonum,

    conversation, Verg. A. 6, 535:

    vice sermonis,

    Ov. Tr. 4, 4, 79; cf. in the foll. b:

    deus haec fortasse benigna Reducet in sedem vice,

    Hor. Epod. 13, 8:

    solvitur acris hiems grata vice veris et Favoni,

    id. C. 1, 4, 1:

    commoti Patres vice fortunarum humanarum,

    Liv. 7, 31, 6: dum Nox vicem peragit, performs the exchange, i. e. alternales with day, Ov. M. 4, 218:

    ridica contingens vitem mutuā vice sustinetur et sustinet,

    Col. 4, 16:

    versā vice,

    reversely, Dig. 43, 29, 3; App. Dogm. Plat. p. 32, 6; id. Flor. p. 363; Just. 6, 5, 11 al.—
    (β).
    Plur.:

    plerumque gratae divitibus vices Mundaeque parvo sub Lare pauperum Cenae,

    Hor. C. 3, 29, 13:

    et interrogandi se ipsum et respondendi sibi solent esse non ingratae vices,

    Quint. 9, 2, 14:

    loquendi,

    id. 6, 4, 11; Ov. P. 2, 10, 35:

    ipsius lectionis taedium vicibus levatur,

    Quint. 1, 12, 4:

    habet has vices condicio mortalium, ut adversa ex secundis, ex adversis secunda nascantur,

    Plin. Pan. 5 fin.:

    spatium diei noctis excipiunt vices,

    Phaedr. 2, 8, 10:

    haec quoque non perstant... Quasque vices peragant... docebo,

    what vicissitudes they undergo, Ov. M. 15, 238:

    mutat terra vices,

    renews her changes, Hor. C. 4, 7, 3:

    perque vicis modo Persephone! modo Filia! clamat,

    alternately, Ov. F. 4, 483; so,

    per vicis,

    id. M. 4, 40; Plin. 8, 7, 7, § 23:

    per vices annorum,

    i. e. every other year, id. 12, 14, 30, § 54:

    cur vicibus factis convivia ineant,

    alternately, by turns, Ov. F. 4, 353.—
    2.
    Adverb.: in vicem (also freq. one word, invĭcem; and less freq. vicem, in vices, or per vices), by turns, alternately, one after the other, mutually, reciprocally.
    a.
    In vicem: bibenda aqua: postero die etiam vinum: deinde in vicem alternis diebus modo aqua modo vinum, Cels. 3, 2 med.:

    reliqui, qui domi manserunt, se atque alios alunt: hi rursus in vicem anno post in armis sunt,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 1:

    propter vicinitatem simul eramus invicem,

    Cic. Att. 5, 10, 5; Quint. 11, 3, 168:

    multis invicem casibus victi victoresque,

    Liv. 2, 44, 12:

    non comisantium in vicem more jam diu vivimus inter nos,

    id. 40, 9, 8 Weissenb. ad loc.:

    in vicem inter se gratantes,

    id. 9, 43, 17:

    inque vicem tua me, te mea forma capit,

    Ov. H. 17, 180; id. M. 6, 631; 8, 473; Verg. G. 3, 188; Hor. S. 1, 3, 141 al.—
    b.
    Vicem:

    ut unus fasces haberet, et hoc insigne regium suam cujusque vicem, per omnes iret,

    Liv. 3, 36, 3; cf. id. 1, 9, 15.—
    c.
    In vices ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose):

    inque vices illum tectos qui laesit amores, Laedit amore pari,

    Ov. M. 4, 191; 12, 161; Tac. G. 26 Halm.—
    d.
    Per vices (post-Aug. and very rare):

    quod ipsum imperari per vices optimum est,

    Quint. 2, 4, 6 Halm.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    A time, turn (late Lat.; cf. Orell. ad Hor. C. 4, 14, 13):

    ager tertiā vice arabitur,

    Pall. 10, 1:

    tribus per diem vicibus,

    id. 1, 3 fin.; cf.:

    tesserulas in medium vice suā quisque jaciebamus,

    Gell. 18, 13, 1:

    vice quādam,

    once, Sid. Ep. 7, 1; Aus. Pan. Grat. Aug. 4.—
    2.
    Reciprocal behavior or conduct, i. e. return, requital, reciprocal service, recompense, remuneration, retaliation (rare but class.):

    recito praedicationem amplissimi beneficii, vicem officii praesentis,

    Cic. Sest. 4, 10:

    tanto proclivius est injuriae quam beneficio vicem exsolvere,

    Tac. H. 4, 3; Prop. 1, 13, 10:

    redde vicem meritis,

    Ov. Am. 1, 6, 23:

    non poteris ipsa referre vicem,

    id. A. A. 1, 370; cf.:

    dejecit acer plus vice simplici (i. e. non tantam solum cladem illis intulit quantam ipsi dederant, sed duplum, Schol.),

    Hor. C. 4, 14, 13 Orell. ad loc.— Plur.:

    spernentem sperne, sequenti Redde vices,

    Ov. M. 14, 36:

    neque est ullus affectus... qui magis vices exigat,

    Plin. Pan. 85, 3.—
    3.
    The changes of fate, fate, hap, lot, condition, fortune, misfortune:

    mihi uni necesse erit et meam et aliorum vicem pertimescere?

    Cic. Dom. 4, 8:

    indignando et ipse vicem ejus,

    Liv. 40, 23, 1:

    tacite gementes tristem fortunae vicem,

    Phaedr. 5, 1, 6; cf.:

    vicem suam conquestus est,

    Suet. Aug. 66:

    convertere humanam vicem,

    Hor. Epod. 5, 88:

    publicā vice commoveri,

    Quint. 11, 1, 42; cf. id. 4, 1, 33.— Plur.:

    fors et Debita jura vicesque superbae Te maneant ipsum,

    Hor. C. 1, 28, 32:

    testor in occasu vestro nec tela nec ullas Vitavisse vices Danaūm,

    dangers, contests, Verg. A. 2, 433.—
    II.
    Transf., the position, place, room, stead, post, office, duty of one person or thing as assumed by another (the usual signif. of the word):

    heredum causa justissima est: nulla est enim persona, quae ad vicem ejus, qui e vitā emigrarit, propius accedat,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 19, 48:

    ego succedens in vicem imperii tui,

    Liv. 38, 48, 7:

    ipse in locum vicemque consulis provolat,

    id. 3, 18, 9:

    postquam (Juppiter) te dedit, qui erga omne humanum genus vice suā fungereris,

    stand in the place of, represent, Plin. Pan. 80, 6:

    fungar vice cotis,

    Hor. A. P. 304:

    per speciem alienae fungendae vicis opes suas firmavit,

    Liv. 1, 41, 6:

    ne sacra regiae vicis desererentur,

    id. 1, 20, 2:

    vestramque meamque vicem explete,

    Tac. A. 4, 8 fin.:

    cujus... ego vicem debeo inplere,

    Plin. Ep. 6, 6, 6:

    (Manus) adverbiorum atque pronominum obtinent vicem,

    Quint. 11, 3, 87:

    in ordine vicis suae,

    Vulg. Luc. 1, 8.— Plur.: non ad suum pertinere officium rati, quando divisae professionum vices essent, Quint. Inst. prooem. § 4.—
    2.
    Adverb.
    a.
    Vicem, with the gen. or a pers. pron., in the place of, instead of, on account of, for, for the sake of:

    eri vicem meamque,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 3, 11:

    qui hodie sese excruciari meam vicem possit pati,

    id. Most. 2, 1, 8; cf. id. ib. 5, 2, 24:

    vos respondetote istinc istarum vicem,

    id. Rud. 3, 5, 34:

    tuam vicem saepe doleo,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 23, 3:

    suam vicem indignantem magistratu abisse,

    Liv. 2, 31, 11: remittimus hoc tibi, ne nostram vicem irascaris. id. 34, 32, 6:

    sollicito consuli... eorum vicem quos, etc.,

    id. 44, 3, 5:

    rex, vicem eorum quos ad tam manifestum periculum miserat,

    Curt. 7, 11, 20:

    maestus non suam vicem, sed propter, etc.,

    id. 7, 2, 5: cum Pompeius aedem Victoriae dedicaturus foret, cujus gradus vicem theatri essent, Tiro Tull. ap. [p. 1987] Gell. 10, 1, 7:

    quoniam res familiaris obsidis vicem esse apud rempublicam videbatur,

    Gell. 16, 10, 11.—
    (β).
    Sometimes in a more general sense, after the manner of, like:

    Sardanapali vicem in suo lectulo mori,

    Cic. Att. 10, 8, 7: ceteri vicem pecorum obtruncabantur, Sall. Fragm. ap. Non. p. 497, 26; cf. the foll.—
    b.
    Vice, instead of, for, on account of:

    in pane salis vice utuntur nitro,

    Plin. 31, 10, 46, § 115:

    temonis vice trahitur,

    Col. 6, 2, 7:

    murum urbi cocto latere circumdedit, harenae vice bitumine interstrato,

    Just. 1, 2, 7:

    exanimes vice unius,

    Liv. 1, 25, 6:

    senatus vice populi,

    Just. Inst. 1, 2, 5.—
    (β).
    In a more general sense (cf. the preced. numbers), after the manner of, like:

    jactari se passa fluctu algae vice,

    Plin. 9, 45, 68, § 147:

    moveri periclitantium vice possumus,

    Quint. 6, 2, 35:

    diebus ac noctibus vice mundi circumagi,

    Suet. Ner. 31:

    quaeque dixerat, oracli vice accipiens,

    Tac. A. 6, 21 fin.:

    ut deorum vice mortuos honorarent,

    like gods, Lact. 4, 28 fin.:

    vice navium,

    App. de Deo Socr. p. 47, 22:

    vice pecudum occidi,

    Lact. 5, 10, 6:

    vice imbellium proculcati,

    Dict. Cret. 3, 24.—
    c.
    In vicem, instead of, for, in place of:

    potest malleolus protinus in vicem viviradicis conseri,

    Col. 3, 14, 3:

    defatigatis in vicem integri succedunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 85:

    in omnium vicem regni unius insatiabilis amor Successit,

    Liv. 40, 8, 18:

    missis in vicem eorum quinque milibus sociorum,

    id. 31, 11, 3; Col. 5, 6, 1; so dat. vici, Quint. Decl. 6, 4.—
    d.
    Ad vicem, instead of, for:

    ad tegularum et imbricum vicem,

    Plin. 36, 22, 44, § 159:

    ad vicem solis cinis calidus subjectus,

    Pall. 4, 10 fin.; 3, 28;

    very rarely, ad invicem,

    Veg. Vet. 2, 7 fin.
    (β).
    In a more general sense (cf. in the preced. numbers a. and b.), after the manner of, like:

    majores natu a majoribus colebantur ad deum prope ad parentum vicem,

    Gell. 2, 15, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > vicis

  • 193 Vortumnus

    Vertumnus ( Vort-), i, m. [qs. vertomenos, as a part. pass., from verto, that turns or changes himself], orig. an Etruscan deity, the god of the changing year, i. e. of the seasons and their productions, also of exchange and of trade, Varr. L. L. 5, § 46 Müll.; Prop. 4 (5), 2, 10; Ov. F. 6, 410; id. M. 14, 642 sq.; Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 59, § 154 Ascon. Near his statue in the forum at Rome were the booksellers' shops, Hor. Ep. 1, 20, 1;

    also the market-gardeners, Col. poët. 10, 308.—As a symbol of mutability: Vertumnis natus iniquis, said of an unstable man,

    Hor. S. 2, 7, 14.—Hence, Vertum-nālĭa, ĭum, n., the festival of Vertumnus, Varr. L. L. 6, § 21 Müll.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Vortumnus

  • 194 X

    X, x, a character probably derived from the Greek X (this form of that letter being found in some few Greek inscriptions). Though not introduced instead of the characters for the two separate sounds till after the adoption of the alphabet, the letter x is certainly older than the Latin inscriptions known to us; for we find in the Columna rostr., EXEMET MAXIMOS, EXFOCIONT; in the fifth Epitaph of the Scipios, SAXSVM; and in the S. C. de Bacch., EXDEICENDVM, EXDEICATIS. EXTRAD, etc.The sound of X was like that of the Greek x, i. e. ks, although etymologically it represented not only cs (as in lux, from luc-s, and dixi, from dic-si), but also gs (as in lex, from leg-s; rexi, from reg-si); hs (as in traxi, from trah-si; vexi, from vehsi); and chs (as in the word onyx, from onych-s, borrowed from the Greek). The hardening of a softer final ( g, h, ch) before s into the c -sound, which occurs in the last-mentioned cases, is found also in several roots ending in v and u: nix for niv-s, vixi for viv-si, connixi for conniv-si, fluxi for fluv-si, from fluo (root FLUV; cf. fluvius), struxi for stru-si. Less frequently x has arisen from the combinations ps and ts: proximus for prop-simus (from prope), nixus for nit-sus (from nitor), the latter being used along with the collateral form nisus, as also connivi with connixi, and mistus (from misceo) with mixtus. An exchange of the sounds ss, or s and x, took place in axis for assis, laxus for lassus; cf. also Ulixes, from the Sicilian Oulixês, Etruscan Uluxe for Odusseus; so, too. Sextius, Exquiliae = Sestius, Esquiliae; cf. also Ajax = Aias. In the later language of the vulgar, the guttural sound in x disappeared, and s or ss was often written for it; as vis for vix. vixit for visit. unsit for unxit, conflississet for conflixisset, in late Inscrr. (v. Corss. Ausspr. I. p. 297 sq.); hence regularly in Italian, and frequently in the other Romance tongues, the Lat. x is represented by s or ss. Respecting the nature of x in composition, v. ex.By a mere graphic variation, one of the constituent sounds of x is often expressed in inscriptions (but not the earliest, v. Corss. Ausspr. I. p. 296) by an additional c or s; as SACXO or SAXSO for saxo; VCXOR or VXSOR for uxor; CONIVNCX or CONIVNXS for conjux; even both sounds are sometimes thus expressed, VICXSIT for vixit.As an abbreviation X stands for decem, ten; it was stamped upon the silver denarius, so called because it was valued at ten asses.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > X

  • 195 x

    X, x, a character probably derived from the Greek X (this form of that letter being found in some few Greek inscriptions). Though not introduced instead of the characters for the two separate sounds till after the adoption of the alphabet, the letter x is certainly older than the Latin inscriptions known to us; for we find in the Columna rostr., EXEMET MAXIMOS, EXFOCIONT; in the fifth Epitaph of the Scipios, SAXSVM; and in the S. C. de Bacch., EXDEICENDVM, EXDEICATIS. EXTRAD, etc.The sound of X was like that of the Greek x, i. e. ks, although etymologically it represented not only cs (as in lux, from luc-s, and dixi, from dic-si), but also gs (as in lex, from leg-s; rexi, from reg-si); hs (as in traxi, from trah-si; vexi, from vehsi); and chs (as in the word onyx, from onych-s, borrowed from the Greek). The hardening of a softer final ( g, h, ch) before s into the c -sound, which occurs in the last-mentioned cases, is found also in several roots ending in v and u: nix for niv-s, vixi for viv-si, connixi for conniv-si, fluxi for fluv-si, from fluo (root FLUV; cf. fluvius), struxi for stru-si. Less frequently x has arisen from the combinations ps and ts: proximus for prop-simus (from prope), nixus for nit-sus (from nitor), the latter being used along with the collateral form nisus, as also connivi with connixi, and mistus (from misceo) with mixtus. An exchange of the sounds ss, or s and x, took place in axis for assis, laxus for lassus; cf. also Ulixes, from the Sicilian Oulixês, Etruscan Uluxe for Odusseus; so, too. Sextius, Exquiliae = Sestius, Esquiliae; cf. also Ajax = Aias. In the later language of the vulgar, the guttural sound in x disappeared, and s or ss was often written for it; as vis for vix. vixit for visit. unsit for unxit, conflississet for conflixisset, in late Inscrr. (v. Corss. Ausspr. I. p. 297 sq.); hence regularly in Italian, and frequently in the other Romance tongues, the Lat. x is represented by s or ss. Respecting the nature of x in composition, v. ex.By a mere graphic variation, one of the constituent sounds of x is often expressed in inscriptions (but not the earliest, v. Corss. Ausspr. I. p. 296) by an additional c or s; as SACXO or SAXSO for saxo; VCXOR or VXSOR for uxor; CONIVNCX or CONIVNXS for conjux; even both sounds are sometimes thus expressed, VICXSIT for vixit.As an abbreviation X stands for decem, ten; it was stamped upon the silver denarius, so called because it was valued at ten asses.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > x

См. также в других словарях:

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Christianity — /kris chee an i tee/, n., pl. Christianities. 1. the Christian religion, including the Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox churches. 2. Christian beliefs or practices; Christian quality or character: Christianity mixed with pagan elements; …   Universalium

  • brazil — /breuh zil /, n. brazilwood. [1350 1400; ME brasile < ML < It < Sp brasil, deriv. of brasa live coal (the wood being red in color) < Gmc; see BRAISE] * * * Brazil Introduction Brazil Background: Following three centuries under the rule of… …   Universalium

  • Brazil — Brazilian /breuh zil yeuhn/, adj., n. /breuh zil /, n. a republic in South America. 164,511,366; 3,286,170 sq. mi. (8,511,180 sq. km). Cap.: Brasília. Portuguese and Spanish, Brasil. Official name, Federative Republic of Brazil. * * * Brazil… …   Universalium

  • Characters in the Inheritance cycle — This is a list of characters in The Inheritance Cycle, a fantasy series by Christopher Paolini.Major Characters AryaArya (titled Arya Dröttningu to indicate her position as princess) is a female elf, and is the daughter of Queen Islanzadí.Arya is …   Wikipedia

  • Durrus and District History Modern — Durrus is an area of West Cork in Ireland. For earlier history, see Durrus and District History1900 2000 James Gilhooley M.P. and Elections 1910James Gilhooley MP (he had been a merchant in Bantry, and was jailed on a number of occaasions under… …   Wikipedia

  • Patent — A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to an inventor or his assignee for a fixed period of time in exchange for a disclosure of an invention.The procedure for granting patents, the requirements placed on the patentee and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Moscow — This article is about the capital of Russia. For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). Moscow Москва (Russian)   Federal city   …   Wikipedia

  • Dawes Act — Not to be confused with Dawes Plan. The Dawes Act, adopted by Congress in 1887, authorized the President of the United States to survey Indian tribal land and divide the land into allotments for individual Indians. The Act was named for its… …   Wikipedia

  • Rogers Centre — SkyDome redirects here. For other uses, see SkyDome (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Rogers Arena, an indoor sports arena in Vancouver, also named after Rogers Communications. Rogers Centre …   Wikipedia

  • Jesuit China missions — The history of the missions of the Jesuits in China in the early modern era stands as one of the notable events in the early history of relations between China and the Western world, as well as a prominent example of relations between two… …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»

Мы используем куки для наилучшего представления нашего сайта. Продолжая использовать данный сайт, вы соглашаетесь с этим.