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swear to a debt

  • 1 iūrō

        iūrō āvī, ātus, āre    [2 ius], to swear, take an oath: si aram tenens iuraret: ex animi tui sententiā, without reservation: Boeotum in crasso iurares aëre natum, H.: falsum, swear falsely: vere: testari deos per quos iuravisset, S.: per Iovem, by Jupiter: aedilis, qui pro se iuraret, in his stead, L.: idem omnis exercitus in se quisque iurat, i. e. each soldier individually, L.: Numquam ducturum uxorem, T.: se eum non deserturum, Cs.: verissimum ius iurandum.—With in and acc, to swear to observe, swear allegiance, vow obedience, adopt under oath: in legem: in leges, L.: in haec verba iurat ipse, takes this form of oath, Cs.: cur in certa verba iurent: in haec verba iures postulo, in this form of words, L.: in verba magistri, echo the sentiments, H.—To swear by, attest, call to witness: Terram, Mare, Sidera, V.: Iovem lapidem: quaevis tibi numina, O.: Samothracum aras, Iu.: Iurandae tuum per nomen arae, H.: dis iuranda palus, the Styx, by which the gods swear, O.—To swear to, attest by an oath: morbum, to the fact of sickness: id (nomen) iurare in litem, swear to a debt.—With person. obj., to swear, bind by an oath, cause to swear (only perf pass.): iudici demonstrandum est, quid iuratus sit: lex, in quam iurati sitis: iuratus se eum interempturum, L.— To conspire: In me, O.: in facinus, O.—In the phrase: iurare calumniam, to swear that an accusation is not malicious, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > iūrō

  • 2 ab-dūcō

        ab-dūcō dūxī, ductus, ere    imper. sometimes abdūce, T.), to lead away, take away, carry off, remove, lead aside: filiam abduxit suam, has taken away (from her husband), T.: cohortes secum, Cs.: squalent abductis arva colonis, drafted (for the war), V.: ipsos in lautumias; (poet.): tollite me, Teucri, quascumque abducite terras (i. e. in terras), V.: pluteos ad alia opera, conduct, Cs.: capita retro ab ictu, draw back, V. — Esp., to take home (to dine): tum me convivam solum abducebat sibi, T.—To take (prisoner), arrest: hunc abduce, vinci, T.: e foro abduci, non perduci, arrested for debt, not enticed (by a love-adventure). — To take apart, lead aside (for a private interview): Iugurtham in praetorium, S.—To carry away forcibly, ravish, rob: filia, vi abducta ab tibicine: soceros legere et gremiis abducere pactas, steal betrothed damsels from their bosoms, V.; in jurid. lang.: auferre et abducere, to take and drive away (auferre of inanimate things, abducere of living beings), C. — Fig., to lead away, separate, distinguish: animum a corpore: divinationem a coniecturis.—To seduce, alienate: legiones a Bruto: equitatum a consule: servum ab avo.—From a study, pursuit, or duty, to withdraw, draw off, hinder: a quo studio abduci negotiis: aliquem a quaestu: ab isto officio incommodo.—To bring down, reduce, degrade: ad hanc hominum libidinem me.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-dūcō

  • 3 ad - dīcō

        ad - dīcō dīxī, dictus, ere,    to give assent.—In augural lang., to be propitious, favor: nisi aves addixissent, L.: in Termini fano, L.—In law: alicui aliquid or aliquem, to award, adjudge, sentence: bona alicui.—Esp., of a debtor assigned to his creditor till the debt is paid: addictus Hermippo. — Absol: prohibendo addictos duci, those adjudged bondsmen for debt, L.—Ironic.: Fufidium... creditorem debitoribus suis addixisti, you have adjudged the creditor to his debtors.—In auctions, to award, knock down, strike off: alcui meas aedīs: bona Rabiri nummo sestertio: bona alicuius in publicum, to confiscate, Cs.—In gen., to sell, make over: regna pecuniā: nummo (fundum), for a penny, H.—Fig., to devote, consecrate: senatus, cui me semper addixi: me, V.: Nullius addictus iurare in verba magistri, H.: sententiis addicti, wedded. — To give up, sacrifice, sell out, betray, abandon: pretio habere addictam fidem: libidini cuiusque nos addixit: gladiatorio generi mortis addictus, destined; hence, poet.: Quid faciat? crudele, suos addicere amores, to betray, O.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad - dīcō

  • 4 addictus

        addictus    P. of addico.
    * * *
    I
    addicta -um, addictior -or -us, addictissimus -a -um ADJ
    devoted/addicted (to); (debt) slave (of); bound (to do something); bent upon
    II

    Latin-English dictionary > addictus

  • 5 adigō

        adigō ēgī, āctus, ere    [ad + ago], to drive, urge, bring by force, take (to a place): pecore ex longinquioribus vicis adacto, Cs.—Of persons: te adiget horsum insomnia, T.: aliquem fulmine ad umbras, V.: Italiam vos? V.: arbitrum illum adegit, compelled to come before an arbiter.—Of things: tigna fistucis, to ram in, Cs.—Esp. of weapons, to drive home, plunge, thrust: ut telum adigi non posset, reach its mark, Cs.: viribus ensis adactus, V.— Poet.: alte volnus adactum, inflicted, V.—Fig., to drive, urge, force, compel, bring (to a condition or act): me ad insaniam, T.: vertere morsūs Exiguam in Cererem penuria adegit edendi, V.: adactis per vim gubernatoribus, pressed, Ta.—Poet.: In faciem prorae pinus adacta novae, brought into the form of a ship, Pr.—Adigere aliquem ius iurandum, or ad ius iurandum, or iure iurando, or sacramento (abl.), to put on oath, bind by oath, cause to take an oath, swear: omnibus ius iurandum adactis, Cs.: ad ius iurandum populares, S.: provinciam in sua verba ius iurandum, Cs.: populum iure iurando, L.: adiurat in quae adactus est verba, i. e. takes the oath under compulsion, L.
    * * *
    adigere, adegi, adactus V TRANS
    drive in/to (cattle), force, impel; cast, hurl; consign (curse); bind (oath)

    Latin-English dictionary > adigō

  • 6 ad-iūrō

        ad-iūrō āvī, —, āre,    to swear to in addition, attest besides, add to an oath: praeter commune ius iurandum haec, L.—To add an oath, swear to, confirm by oath: omnia: adiuras id te non esse facturum: in quae adactus est verba, L.—To call to witness, attest, swear by: Stygii caput, V.: te, Ct.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-iūrō

  • 7 ad-moneō

        ad-moneō nuī, nitus, ēre,    to bring to mind, remind, suggest, put in mind of: te: (me) equorum, O.: alqm foederis, L.: admonitus re ipsā recordor quantum, etc.: deorum ira admonuit, aroused him, L.: de quo (proelio) vos: de moribus civitatis, S.: illud te esse admonitum volo, I want you reminded of that: necessitas... admonet esse hominem, reminds one that he is, etc.: quae pars absit, O.—Supin. acc.: admonitum venimus te.—Esp., to remind of a debt, dun: potestas admonendi. — With a view to action, to warn, admonish, advise, urge, suggest, order, bid: ad thesaurum reperiendum: me ut... deplorarem, etc.: admonendi... ut morem servaretis, L.: hunc admonet, iter caute faciat, Cs.: ut eum suae libidines facere admonebant: Matrem ratibus depellere taedas, V.: casu admoniti, omnia paraverunt, Cs.— To goad, urge on (poet.): telo biiugos, V.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-moneō

  • 8 aes

        aes aeris, n    crude metal, base metal, copper: uti aere pro nummo, Cs.: aeris metalla, V.— Hence, bronze, an alloy of copper and tin: ex aere statua.—As symbol of indomitable courage: aes triplex Circa pectus, H.; of durability: monumentum aere perennius, H.: quae (acta) ille in aes incidit, i. e. engraved on a copper tablet for deposit in the aerarium: in aere incidere: aera legum, i. e. tablets inscribed with the laws.—Plur., works of art in bronze, bronzes: grata aera, H.: aera voltum simulantia, a bust, H.: aere ciere viros, a trumpet, V.: aeris cornua flexi, O.— Plur, cymbals, H.: aera micantia cerno, i. e. arms of bronze, V.: spumas salis aere ruebant, with the prow, V.: inquinavit aere tempus aureum, i. e. degeneracy, H.: aes exigitur, i. e. money, H.: meret aera, earns money, H.: gravis aere dextra, V.: danda aera militibus, L.: octonis referentes Idibus aera, i. e. carrying the teacher's fees, H.—Esp. in the phrases, aes alienum, another's money, i. e. debt: aes alienum suscipere amicorum, assume: in aere alieno esse: conflare, S.: aere alieno premi, Cs.: dissolvere, discharge: solvere, S.: te aere alieno liberare: ex aere alieno laborare, to be oppressed by debt, Cs.: nexus ob aes alienum, bound for debt, L. —Hence, librāque et aere liberatus, released from the debtor's bond, L.—Aes mutuum reddere, borrowed money, S.—Aes suum, one's own money: meosum pauper in aere, i. e. I am poor, but not in debt, H.—Fig. (colloq.): te in meo aere esse, i. e. at my service. — The unit of the coin standard (cf. as): aes grave, the old heavy money, a pound of copper: denis millibus aeris gravis reos condemnat, L.— And aes alone and in the gen sing. (cf assium): aeris miliens, triciens, C., L.—Fig., wages earned: annua aera habes, L.; hence, military service: istius aera illa vetera, campaigns.
    * * *
    money, pay, fee, fare; copper/bronze/brass, base metal; (w/alienum) debt; gong

    Latin-English dictionary > aes

  • 9 aliēnus

        aliēnus    [alius].    I. Adj. with comp. and sup, of another, belonging to another, not one's own, foreign, alien, strange: res: puer, the child of another, T.: mos, T.: menses, of other climes, V.: pecuniae: in alienis finibus decertare, Cs.: salus, of others, Cs.: alienis manibus, by the hands of others, L.: insolens in re alienā, in dealing with other men's property: mālis ridens alienis, i. e. a forced laugh, H.: mulier, another man's wife: alieni viri sermones, of another woman's husband, L.: vestigia viri alieni, one not my husband, L.: volnus, intended for another, V.: alienam personam ferre, to assume a false character, L.: cornua, i. e. those of a stag, O.: alieno Marte pugnare (equites), i. e. on foot, L.: aes alienum, another's money, i. e. debt: aes alienum alienis nominibus, debts contracted on the security of others, S.: recte facere alieno metu, fear of another, T.: crevit ex metu alieno audacia, another's fear, L.: sacerdotium genti haud alienum, foreign to, L. — Alien from, not related, not allied, not friendly, strange: ab nostrā familiā, T.: omnia alienissimis crediderunt, to utter strangers, Cs.: ne a litteris quidem alienus, not unversed in.—Strange, unsuitable, incongruous, inadequate, inconsistent, unseasonable, different from: dignitatis alicuius: neque aliena consili (domus), not inconvenient for consultation, S.: illi causae: alienum maiestate suā: aliena huius existimatione suspicio: domus magis his aliena malis, freer from, H.: alienum a vitā meā, T.: a dignitate: non alienum esse videtur, proponere, etc., Cs.: non alienum videtur,... docere, N. — Averse, hostile, unfriendly, unfavorable to: (Caesar) a me: voluntates, unfriendliness: mens, hostility, S.: alieno a te animo: a causā nobilitatis, opposed to: a Murenā nullā re alienus, in nc respect unfriendly: alienum suis rationibus, dangerous to his plans, S.: alieno esse animo in Caesarem, Cs.: alieno loco proelium committunt, unfavorable, Cs.: alienissimo sibi loco conflixit, N. —Of time, unfitting, inconvenient, unfavorable, unseasonable: ad iudicium corrumpendum tempus: ad committendum proelium alienum esse tempus, Cs.: alieno tempore defendisse: alienore aetate, at a less suitable age, T.—Of the mind, estranged, disordered: illis aliena mens erat, qui, etc., S.—    II. Substt.:
    * * *
    I
    aliena -um, alienior -or -us, alienissimus -a -um ADJ
    foreign; unconnected; another's; contrary; unworthy; averse, hostile; mad
    II
    foreigner; outsider; stranger to the family; person/slave of another house

    Latin-English dictionary > aliēnus

  • 10 anima

        anima ae, f    [AN-], air, a current of air, breeze, breath, wind: impellunt animae lintea, H.: ignes animaeque, V. — Esp., the air utrum (animus) sit ignis, an anima: semina terrarum animaeque, V.— Breath: animam compressi, T.: animam recipe, take breath, T.: animam puram conservare: animas fovent illo, correct their breath, V.: inspirant graves animas, O.: anima amphorae, the fumes of wine, Ph.—Meton., life: animam exstinguere, T.: deponere, N.: vomere, V.: de liberorum animā iudicandum est: anima nostra in dubio est, S.: Mortalīs animas sortiri, H.: et animam agere, et efflare dicimus, to give up the ghost: non eodem tempore et gestum et animam ageres, i. e. exert yourself in gesturing to the point of death. —Prov.: quid, si animam debet? is in debt for his life? i. e. for everything, T.—Poet., of a dear friend: animae dimidium meae, H.: animae pars, H. — A life, living being, soul, person: egregias animas, quae, etc., V.: animae quales nec candidiores, etc., H.: magnae animae, Ta.—The shades, departed spirits, manes: tu pias laetis animas reponis Sedibus, H.: animam sepulcro Condimus, V.—The rational soul, mind: rationis consilique particeps: docent non interire animas, Cs.
    * * *
    soul, spirit, vital principle; life; breathing; wind, breeze; air (element)

    Latin-English dictionary > anima

  • 11 attribūtiō (adt-)

        attribūtiō (adt-) ōnis, f    [attribuo], an assignment (of a debt). — In grammar, a predicate, attribute.

    Latin-English dictionary > attribūtiō (adt-)

  • 12 calumnia

        calumnia ae, f    trickery, artifice, chicanery, cunning: cum omni calumniā senatūs auctoritas impediretur: triumphare calumniā paucorum, S.: res extracta variis calumniis.—A pretence, evasion, subterfuge: in istā calumniā delitescere: ne qua calumnia adhibeatur.—A misrepresentation, false statement, fallacy, cavil: effugere alicuius calumniam.—A false accusation, malicious charge, false prosecution: de templis spoliatis, L.: causam calumniae reperire: ab alquo per calumniam alqd petere.—A perversion of justice, bad faith in an action at law: personam calumniae civitati inponere, the character of a malicious prosecutor: calumniae accusationem relinquere.—A conviction for malicious prosecution: calumniam effugere: calumniam fictis eludere iocis, Ph.: calumniam in eum iurare, to swear that the prosecution is in good faith, L.
    * * *
    I
    charge; accusation
    II
    sophistry, sham; false accusation/claim/statement/pretenses/objection; quibble

    Latin-English dictionary > calumnia

  • 13 con-iūrō

        con-iūrō āvī, ātus, āre,    to swear together, swear in a body (of a levy en masse): ut iuniores Italiae coniurarent, Cs.—To swear together, combine under oath: omne Coniurat Latium, V.: inter se nihil acturos, etc., Cs. — Poet.: res (sc. cum alterā), combine, H.—Esp., to form a conspiracy, plot, conspire: non defenderem, si coniurasset: inter se, S.: cum aliquo in omne flagitium, L.: contra populum R., Cs.: adversus rem p., L.: de interficiendo Pompeio: ut in te grassaremur, L.: quo stuprum inferretur, L.: patriam incendere, S.

    Latin-English dictionary > con-iūrō

  • 14 con-tendō

        con-tendō dī, tus, ere,    to stretch, bend, draw tight, strain: arcum, V.: tormenta: vincla, V.: ilia risu, O.—To aim, draw, make ready: nervo equino telum, V.—To aim, shoot, hurl, dart, throw: Mago hastam (i. e. in Magum), V.: telum in auras, V.—Fig., to strain, stretch, exert: nervos aetatis meae: animum in curas, O.: ad hunc cursum (i. e. ad huius imperium), follow zealously, V.—To strive for, press, pursue, prosecute, hasten, exert oneself: id sibi contendendum existimabat, Cs.: hunc (locum) oppugnare contendit, zealously lays siege to, Cs.: summā vi transcendere in hostium navīs, Cs.: in Britanniam proficisci, Cs.: litora cursu petere, V.: voce ut populus hoc exaudiat: remis, ut eam partem insulae caperet, Cs.: ne patiamini imperatorem eripi: quantum maxime possem, contenderem: oculo quantum Lynceus, reach with the sight, H.—To march, press on, seek, journey hastily, hasten: in Italiam magnis itineribus, Cs.: huc magno cursu, Cs.: ad castra, Cs.: Lacedaemonem, N.: ad summam laudem maximis laboribus: quo contendimus, pervenire: nocte unā tantum itineris.—To measure together, compare, contrast: causas ipsas: leges: id cum defensione nostrā: ostro vellera, H.—To measure strength, strive, dispute, fight, contend, vie: proelio, Cs.: magis virtute quam dolo, Cs.: rapido cursu, V.: Moribus, H.: frustra, V.: iactu aleae de libertate, play for, Ta.: is liceri non destitit; illi contenderunt, kept bidding (at an auction): tecum de honore: cum magnis legionibus parvā manu, S.: cum victore, H.: humilitas cum dignitate: Nec cellis contende Falernis, compete with, V.: contra populum R. armis, Cs.: contra vim morbi: de potentatu inter se, Cs.: non iam de vitā Sullae contenditur, the dispute is: proelio equestri inter duas acies contendebatur, Cs.—To demand, ask, solicit, entreat, seek: a me (ut dicerem), qui, etc.: a Pythio ut venderet: a militibus ne, etc., Cs.: hic magistratus a populo summā ambitione contenditur: ne quid contra aequitatem.—To assert, affirm, insist, protest, maintain, contend: hoc contra Hortensium: hoc ex contrario: contendam, eum damnari oportere: audebo hoc contendere, numquam esse, etc.: illud nihil nos... scientes fuisse, L.: quae contendere possis Facta manu, you might swear, O.

    Latin-English dictionary > con-tendō

  • 15 crēditor

        crēditor ōris, m    [credo], a creditor: cum creditoribus suis agere: rem creditori solvere, L.: Damasippi, H.
    * * *
    lender, creditor; one to whom money is due; (w/GEN of debtor/debt)

    Latin-English dictionary > crēditor

  • 16 crēditum

        crēditum ī, n    [credo], a loan: solvere, L.: abiurare, S.
    * * *
    loan, debt, what is lent

    Latin-English dictionary > crēditum

  • 17 dēbeo

        dēbeo uī, itus, ēre    [for dehibeō; de + habeo], to withhold, keep back: alqd tibi absenti: tibi hoc video non posse deberi, i. e. you will not consent to remain my creditor.—To owe, be in debt: illis quibus debui, T.: ut illi quam plurimi deberent, S.: qui se debere fateantur (i. e. debitores esse), Cs.: (argentum) Bacchidi, T.: pecuniam Cluvio: pecuniam pro domo: grandem pecuniam, S.: Quid si animam debet, is over head and ears in debt, T.: pecunia iamdiu debita: legioni frumentum deberi sciebat, Cs.—With acc, to owe, be under obligation to give, be bound to render: hoc tibi pro servitio, T.: ei res p. gratiam debet: patriae quid debeat, what are his duties, H.: dies Longa videtur opus debentibus, to laborers, H.: nil caelestibus, V.: Navis, quae debes Vergilium art responsible for, H.—With inf, to be bound, be under obligation, ought, must, should: ferre contra patriam arma debuerunt?: Africam sorte obtinere, Cs.: hoc rescribere, H.: summae se iniquitatis condemnari debere, si, etc., Cs.: dici beatus Ante obitum nemo debet, O.: Nec quā debebat (sc. amare), amabat, within the bounds of duty, O.— Pass, to be due, be owing: Veneri reliquum tempus deberi arbitrabatur: hoc nunc Laus illi debetur, H.— To be bound, be destined, be fated, owe by fate: fatis iuvenescere debent geniti, O.: Urbem cerno debere nepotes, are destined to found, O.: ventis ludibrium, H.: cui regnum Romanaque tellus Debentur, V.: Debemus morti nos nostraque, H.: Omnia debentur vobis, O.—Fig., to owe, be indebted for, have to thank for: beneficium Maximo: vobis omnia, Cs.: quantum cuique deberet, N.: Priami plurima natis, V.: fac me multis debere, am under obligations: tibi nos debere fatemur, Quod, etc., O.
    * * *
    debere, debui, debitus V
    owe; be indebted/responsible for/obliged/bound/destined; ought, must, should

    Latin-English dictionary > dēbeo

  • 18 dēbitiō

        dēbitiō ōnis, f    [debeo], an owing, indebtedness: pecuniae et gratiae: dotis.
    * * *
    indebetness; state/fact of owing; the debt (L+S)

    Latin-English dictionary > dēbitiō

  • 19 dēbitum

        dēbitum ī, n    [debeo], what is owing, a debt: debita consectari: Fundanio solutum esse: debito fraudari.—Fig.: morbo naturae debitum reddere, pay the debt to nature, i. e. die, N.: (beneficiis) ut debitis uti, receive as my due, S.
    * * *
    debt/what is owed; (his) due; duty; that due/ought to occur

    w/voli -- by vow

    Latin-English dictionary > dēbitum

  • 20 dēierō

        dēierō (not -iūrō), āvī, ātus, āre    [* dēierus; de + iūs], to take an oath, swear: persancte, T.: neminem tradidisse, etc., N.

    Latin-English dictionary > dēierō

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