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struck deep root

  • 1 agō

        agō ēgī, āctus (old inf pass. agier), ere    [1 AG-], to put in motion, move, lead, drive, tend, conduct: bos Romam acta, L.: capellas, V.: pecus visere montīs, H.: ante se Thyum, N.: in exsilium, L.: Iris nubibus acta, borne on, V.: alqm in crucem, to crucify: Illum aget Fama, will carry, H.: quo hinc te agis? whither are you going? T.: se primus agebat, strode in front, V.: capellas potum, V.—Prov.: agas asellum, i. e. if you can't afford an ox, drive an ass. — Pass., to go, march: quo multitudo agebatur, L.: citius agi vellet agmen, march on quicker, L.: raptim agmine acto, L.— Esp., to drive away, carry off, steal, rob, plunder: pecoris praedas, S.; freq. with ferre, to rob, plunder: ferre agere plebem plebisque res, L.: res sociorum ferri agique vidit, L.—To chase, pursue, hunt: apros, V.: cervum, V. — Fig.: dum haec crimina agam ostiatim, track out from house to house: ceteros ruerem, agerem, T.: palantīs Troas, V.—To move, press, push forward, advance, bring up: multa undique portari atque agi, Cs.: vineis ad oppidum actis, pushed forward, Cs.: moles, Cu.: cloaca maxima sub terram agenda, to be carried under ground, L.: cuniculos ad aerarium, drive: per glaebas radicibus actis, O.: pluma in cutem radices egerit, struck deep root, O.: vera gloria radices agit: tellus Fissa agit rimas, opens in fissures, O.: in litus navīs, beached, L.: navem, to steer, H.: currūs, to drive, O.: per agmen limitem ferro, V.: vias, make way, V.: (sol) amicum Tempus agens, bringing the welcome hour (of sunset), H.—To throw out, stir up: spumas ore, V.: spumas in ore: se laetus ad auras Palmes agit, shoots up into the air, V.—Animam agere, to expire: nam et agere animam et efflare dicimus; cf. et gestum et animam ageres, i. e. exert yourself in gesturing and risk your life. — Fig., to lead, direct, guide: (poëmata), animum auditoris, H.— To move, impel, excite, urge, prompt, induce, rouse, drive: quae te Mens agit in facinus? O.: ad illa te, H.: eum praecipitem: viros spe praedae diversos agit, leads astray, S.: bonitas, quae nullis casibus agitur, N.: quemcunque inscitia veri Caecum agit, blinds, H.: quibus actus fatis, V.: seu te discus agit, occupies, H.: nos exquirere terras, V.: desertas quaerere terras agimur, V. — To pursue for harm, persecute, disturb, vex, attack, assail: reginam stimulis, V.: agentia verba Lycamben, H.: diris agam vos, H.: quam deus ultor agebat, O.—To pursue, carry on, think, reflect, deliberate, treat, represent, exhibit, exercise, practise, act, perform, deliver, pronounce: nihil, to be idle: omnia per nos, in person: agendi tempus, a time for action: industria in agendo: apud primos agebat, fought in the van, S.: quae continua bella agimus, are busy with, L.: (pes) natus rebus agendis, the metre appropriate to dramatic action, H.: Quid nunc agimus? what shall we do now? T.: quid agam, habeo, i. e. I know what to do, T.: quid agitur? how are you? T.: quid agis, dulcissime rerum? i. e. how are you? H.: vereor, quid agat Ino, what is to become of: quid agis? what do you mean? nihil agis, it is of no use, T.: nihil agis, dolor, quamvis, etc.: cupis abire, sed nihil agis, usque tenebo, you cannot succeed, H.: ubi blanditiis agitur nihil, O.—Esp., hoc or id agere, to give attention to, mind, heed: hocine agis, an non? are you attending? T.: id quod et agunt et moliuntur, their purpose and aim: qui id egerunt, ut gentem conlocarent, etc., aimed at this: sin autem id actum est, ut, etc., if it was their aim: summā vi agendum esse, ut, etc., L.: certiorem eum fecit, id agi, ut pons dissolveretur, it was planned, N.: Hoc age, ne, etc., take care, H.: alias res agis, you are not listening, T.: aliud agens ac nihil eius modi cogitans, bent on other plans: animadverti eum alias res agere, paid no attention: vides, quam alias res agamus, are otherwise occupied: populum aliud nunc agere, i. e. are indifferent.—To perform, do, transact: ne quid negligenter: suum negotium, attend to his own business: neque satis constabat, quid agerent, what they were at, Cs.: agentibus divina humanaque consulibus, busy with auspices and affairs, L.: per litteras agere, quae cogitas, carry on, N.: (bellum) cum feminis, Cu.: conventum, to hold an assize: ad conventūs agendos, to preside at, Cs.: census actus eo anno, taken, L.— Of public transactions, to manage, transact, do, discuss, speak, deliberate: quae (res) inter eos agi coeptae, negotiations begun, Cs.: de condicionibus pacis, treat, L.: quorum de poenā agebatur, L.— Hence, agere cum populo, of magistrates, to address the people on a law or measure (cf. agere ad populum, to propose, bring before the people): cum populo de re p.—Of a speaker or writer, to treat, discuss, narrate: id quod agas, your subject: bella per quartum iam volumen, L.: haec dum agit, during this speech, H.—In law, to plead, prosecute, advocate: lege agito, go to law, T.: causam apud iudices: aliter causam agi, to be argued on other grounds: cum de bonis et de caede agatur, in a cause relating to, etc.: tamquam ex syngraphā agere cum populo, to litigate: ex sponso egit: agere lege in hereditatem, sue for: crimen, to press an accusation: partis lenitatis et misericordiae, to plead the cause of mercy: ii per quos agitur, the counsel: causas, i. e. to practise law: me agente, while I am counsel: ii apud quos agitur, the judges; hence, of a judge: rem agere, to hear: reos, to prosecute, L.: alqm furti, to accuse of theft. —Pass., to be in suit, be in question, be at stake: non capitis eius res agitur, sed pecuniae, T.: aguntur iniuriae sociorum, agitur vis legum.—To represent, act, perform, of an orator: cum dignitate.—Of an actor: fabulam, T.: partīs, to assume a part, T.: Ballionem, the character of: gestum agere in scena, appear as actors: canticum, L. — Fig.: lenem mitemque senatorem, act the part of, L.: noluit hodie agere Roscius: cum egerunt, when they have finished acting: triumphum, to triumph, O.: de classe populi R. triumphum, over, etc.: ex Volscis et ex Etruriā, over, etc., L.: noctu vigilias, keep watch: alta silentia, to be buried in silence, O.: arbitria victoriae, to exercise a conqueror's prerogative, Cu.: paenitentiam, to repent, Cu.: oblivia, to forget, O.: gratias (poet. grates) agere, to give thanks, thank: maximas tibi gratias: alcui gratias quod fecisset, etc., Cs.: grates parenti, O. — Of time, to spend, pass, use, live through: cum dis aevom: securum aevom, H.: dies festos, celebrate: ruri vitam, L.: otia, V.: quartum annum ago et octogesimum, in my eightyfourth year: ver magnus agebat orbis, was experiencing, V.— Pass: mensis agitur hic septimus, postquam, etc., going on seven months since, T.: bene acta vita, well spent: tunc principium anni agebatur, L.: melior pars acta (est) diei, is past, V. — Absol, to live, pass time, be: civitas laeta agere, rejoiced, S.—Meton., to treat, deal, confer, talk with: quae (patria) tecum sic agit, pleads: haec inter se dubiis de rebus, V.: Callias quidam egit cum Cimone, ut, etc., tried to persuade C., N.: agere varie, rogando alternis suadendoque coepit, L.—With bene, praeclare, male, etc., to deal well or ill with, treat or use well or ill: praeclare cum eis: facile est bene agere cum eis.— Pass impers., to go well or ill with one, be well or badly off: intelleget secum esse actum pessime: in quibus praeclare agitur, si, etc., who are well off, if, etc.—Poet.: Tros Tyriusque mihi nullo discrimine agetur, will be treated, V.— Pass, to be at stake, be at hazard, be concerned, be in peril: quasi mea res minor agatur quam tua, T.: in quibus eorum caput agatur: ibi rem frumentariam agi cernentes, L.: si sua res ageretur, if his interests were involved: agitur pars tertia mundi, is at risk, O.: non agitur de vectigalibus, S.—Praegn., to finish, complete, only pass: actā re ad fidem pronius est, after it is done, L.: iucundi acti labores, past: ad impediendam rem actam, an accomplished fact, L.— Prov.: actum, aiunt, ne agas, i. e. don't waste your efforts, T.: acta agimus: Actum est, it is all over, all is lost, T.: iam de Servio actum rati, L.: acta haec res est, is lost, T.: tantā mobilitate sese Numidae agunt, behave, S.: ferocius agunt equites, L.: quod nullo studio agebant, because they were careless, Cs.: cum simulatione agi timoris iubet, Cs.—Imper. as interj, come now, well, up: age, da veniam filio, T.: en age, rumpe moras, V.: agite dum, L.: age porro, tu, cur, etc.? age vero, considerate, etc.: age, age, iam ducat: dabo, good, T.: age, sit ita factum.
    * * *
    agere, egi, actus V
    drive, urge, conduct; spend (time w/cum); thank (w/gratias); deliver (speech)

    Latin-English dictionary > agō

  • 2 mutum

    mūtus, a, um, adj. [root mu-, to shut; Sanscr. mūkas, dumb; Gr. mutis, muaô; cf. Lat. mussare], dumb, mute (class.; cf.: infans, elinguis).
    I.
    Lit., that does not speak, silent.—Of creatures who do not possess the faculty of speech, and can utter only inarticulate sounds:

    pecudes,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 8, § 24:

    bestiae,

    id. Fin. 1, 21, 71:

    agna,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 219:

    armenta,

    Stat. Th. 5, 334:

    animalia,

    Juv. 8, 56:

    satius est mutum esse quam quod nemo intellegat dicere,

    Cic. Phil. 3, 9, 22:

    subjugale, animal,

    Vulg. 2 Pet. 2, 16:

    vere dici potest, magistratum legem esse loquentem, legem autem mutum magistratum,

    Cic. Leg. 3, 1, 2: papae! Jugularas hominem: quid ille? Thr. Mutus illico, he was struck speechless, was silent, could not say a word more, Ter. Eun. 3, 1, 27:

    ad mandata mancus est, caecus, mutus,

    Plaut. Merc. 3, 4, 45: mutum dices, you shall call me dumb, i. e. I will not say a word, id. Heaut. 4, 4, 26:

    omnis pro nobis gratia muta fuit,

    has not spoken a word, Ov. P. 2, 7, 52:

    mutus aspectus miserorum lacrimas movet,

    Quint. 6, 1, 26:

    numquam vox est de te mea muta,

    i. e. I have never ceased to praise thee, Ov. Tr. 5, 14, 17:

    dolore lyra est,

    id. H. 15, 198:

    spiritus,

    which makes one mute, Vulg. Marc. 9, 16; 9, 24.—Of that which utters no sound, dumb, mute, silent:

    tintinnabulum,

    Plaut. Trin. 4, 2, 163:

    imago,

    Cic. Cat. 3, 5:

    mare,

    the silent sea, Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 69:

    consonantes,

    which cannot be pronounced alone, mutes, Quint. 1, 4, 6: artes, the plastic arts, arts of design, opp. to eloquence, Cic. de Or. 3, 7; also, artes, the silent arts, i. e. which do not concern themselves with language, as medicine, Verg. A. 12, 397:

    scientia,

    i. e. which does not impart the power of speaking, Quint. 5, 10, 119:

    instrumentum fundi,

    i. e. wagons, carts, Varr. R. R. 1, 17:

    magistri,

    i. e. books, Gell. 14, 2, 1:

    lapides,

    that say nothing, have no inscriptions on them, Hyg. de Lim. p. 156 Goes.: muta exta dicuntur, quibus nihil divinationis aut deorum responsi inesse animadvertunt, contra adjutoria, quae certum aliquid eventurum indicant, Paul. ex Fest. p. 157 Müll.:

    simulacra muta,

    dumb idols, Vulg. 1 Cor. 12, 2.—
    II.
    Transf., of places where no sound is heard, silent, still:

    mutum forum, elinguem curiam, tacitam et fractam civitatem videbatis,

    Cic. post Red. 1, 3:

    solitudo,

    id. Mil. 19:

    spelunca,

    Stat. Ach. 1, 239.—Of times:

    nullum fuit tempus, quod magis debuerit mutum esse a litteris,

    in which nothing should have been written, Cic. Att. 8, 14, 1:

    silentia noctis,

    the deep silence of night, Ov. M. 7, 184.—Of things of which nothing is said:

    mutum aevum,

    not celebrated, unsung, Sil. 3, 579.—As subst.
    A.
    mūtus, i, m., a dumb person, a mute (ante- and postclass): Char. Quin taces? Eut. Muto imperas, Plaut. Merc. 2, 4, 26: sicut mutus, Vulg. [p. 1182] Psa. 38, 13:

    aperta erit lingua mutorum,

    id. Isa. 35, 6; Lact. 4, 15, 8:

    mutum neque stipulari neque promittere posse palam est,

    Gai. Inst. 3, 105.—
    B.
    mūtum, i, n. (sc. animal), a dumb creature, brute:

    separat hoc nos A grege mutorum,

    Juv. 15, 143.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > mutum

  • 3 mutus

    mūtus, a, um, adj. [root mu-, to shut; Sanscr. mūkas, dumb; Gr. mutis, muaô; cf. Lat. mussare], dumb, mute (class.; cf.: infans, elinguis).
    I.
    Lit., that does not speak, silent.—Of creatures who do not possess the faculty of speech, and can utter only inarticulate sounds:

    pecudes,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 8, § 24:

    bestiae,

    id. Fin. 1, 21, 71:

    agna,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 219:

    armenta,

    Stat. Th. 5, 334:

    animalia,

    Juv. 8, 56:

    satius est mutum esse quam quod nemo intellegat dicere,

    Cic. Phil. 3, 9, 22:

    subjugale, animal,

    Vulg. 2 Pet. 2, 16:

    vere dici potest, magistratum legem esse loquentem, legem autem mutum magistratum,

    Cic. Leg. 3, 1, 2: papae! Jugularas hominem: quid ille? Thr. Mutus illico, he was struck speechless, was silent, could not say a word more, Ter. Eun. 3, 1, 27:

    ad mandata mancus est, caecus, mutus,

    Plaut. Merc. 3, 4, 45: mutum dices, you shall call me dumb, i. e. I will not say a word, id. Heaut. 4, 4, 26:

    omnis pro nobis gratia muta fuit,

    has not spoken a word, Ov. P. 2, 7, 52:

    mutus aspectus miserorum lacrimas movet,

    Quint. 6, 1, 26:

    numquam vox est de te mea muta,

    i. e. I have never ceased to praise thee, Ov. Tr. 5, 14, 17:

    dolore lyra est,

    id. H. 15, 198:

    spiritus,

    which makes one mute, Vulg. Marc. 9, 16; 9, 24.—Of that which utters no sound, dumb, mute, silent:

    tintinnabulum,

    Plaut. Trin. 4, 2, 163:

    imago,

    Cic. Cat. 3, 5:

    mare,

    the silent sea, Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 69:

    consonantes,

    which cannot be pronounced alone, mutes, Quint. 1, 4, 6: artes, the plastic arts, arts of design, opp. to eloquence, Cic. de Or. 3, 7; also, artes, the silent arts, i. e. which do not concern themselves with language, as medicine, Verg. A. 12, 397:

    scientia,

    i. e. which does not impart the power of speaking, Quint. 5, 10, 119:

    instrumentum fundi,

    i. e. wagons, carts, Varr. R. R. 1, 17:

    magistri,

    i. e. books, Gell. 14, 2, 1:

    lapides,

    that say nothing, have no inscriptions on them, Hyg. de Lim. p. 156 Goes.: muta exta dicuntur, quibus nihil divinationis aut deorum responsi inesse animadvertunt, contra adjutoria, quae certum aliquid eventurum indicant, Paul. ex Fest. p. 157 Müll.:

    simulacra muta,

    dumb idols, Vulg. 1 Cor. 12, 2.—
    II.
    Transf., of places where no sound is heard, silent, still:

    mutum forum, elinguem curiam, tacitam et fractam civitatem videbatis,

    Cic. post Red. 1, 3:

    solitudo,

    id. Mil. 19:

    spelunca,

    Stat. Ach. 1, 239.—Of times:

    nullum fuit tempus, quod magis debuerit mutum esse a litteris,

    in which nothing should have been written, Cic. Att. 8, 14, 1:

    silentia noctis,

    the deep silence of night, Ov. M. 7, 184.—Of things of which nothing is said:

    mutum aevum,

    not celebrated, unsung, Sil. 3, 579.—As subst.
    A.
    mūtus, i, m., a dumb person, a mute (ante- and postclass): Char. Quin taces? Eut. Muto imperas, Plaut. Merc. 2, 4, 26: sicut mutus, Vulg. [p. 1182] Psa. 38, 13:

    aperta erit lingua mutorum,

    id. Isa. 35, 6; Lact. 4, 15, 8:

    mutum neque stipulari neque promittere posse palam est,

    Gai. Inst. 3, 105.—
    B.
    mūtum, i, n. (sc. animal), a dumb creature, brute:

    separat hoc nos A grege mutorum,

    Juv. 15, 143.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > mutus

  • 4 rādīx

        rādīx īcis, f    [2 RAD-], a root: radices palmarum conligebant: Virga radicibus actis surrexit, struck root, O.: arbores ab radicibus subruere, Cs.: radicibus eruta pinus, V.: genus radicis inventum, quod admixtum lacte, etc., Cs.: (herbas) radice revellit, O.: monstratā radice vel herbā (as a medicine), H.— A radish: lactucae, radices, H., O.— The root, lower part, foot, foundation: in radicibus Caucasi natus: sub ipsis radicibus montis, Cs.: a Palati radice.— A point of origin, supporting part, root: linguae, O.: vivum (saxum) radice tenetur, O.—Fig., a root, ground, basis, foundation, origin, source.—Only plur: vera gloria radices agit atque etiam propagatur: virtus altissimis defixa radicibus: Pompeius eo robore vir, iis radicibus, i. e. so firmly established in the State: a radicibus evertere domum, utterly, Ph.: ex iisdem, quibus nos, radicibus natus, i. e. of the same city.
    * * *
    I II
    root; base

    Latin-English dictionary > rādīx

  • 5 cael

    1.
    caelum ( cēlum, Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 640), i, n. [caedo], the chisel or burin of the sculptor or engraver, a graver:

    caelata vasa... a caelo vocata, quod est genus ferramenti, quem vulgo cilionem vocant,

    Isid. Orig. 20, 4, 7; Quint. 2, 21, 24; Varr. ap. Non. p. 99, 18; Stat. S. 4, 6, 26; Mart. 6, 13, 1.— Plur., Aus. Epigr. 57, 6.
    2.
    caelum ( coelum; cf. Aelius ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 18 Müll.; Plin. 2, 4, 3, § 9; Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 52, § 129), i, n. (old form cae-lus, i, m., Enn. ap. Non. p. 197, 9; and ap. Charis. p. 55 P.; Petr. 39, 5 sq.; 45, 3; Arn. 1, 59; cf. the foll. I. 2.; plur. caeli, only poet., Lucr. 2, 1097, caelos, cf. Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 331; and in eccl. writers freq. for the Heb., v. infra, cf. Caes. ap Gell. 19, 8, 3 sq., and Charis. p. 21 P., who consider the plur. in gen. as not in use, v. Rudd. I. p. 109. From Cic. Fam. 9, 26, 3: unum caelum esset an innumerabilia, nothing can be positively inferred.—Form cael: divum domus altisonum cael, Enn. ap. Aus. Technop. 13, 17, or Ann. v. 561 Vahl.) [for cavilum, root in cavus; cf. Sanscr. çva-, to swell, be hollow; Gr. kuô, koilos], the sky, heaven, the heavens, the vault of heaven (in Lucr alone more than 150 times): hoc inde circum supraque, quod complexu continet terram, id quod nostri caelum memorant, Pac. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 17 Müll.:

    ante mare et terras et quod tegit omnia caelum,

    Ov. M. 1, 5; cf.:

    quis pariter (potis est) caelos omnīs convortere,

    Lucr. 2, 1097:

    boat caelum fremitu virum,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 78; cf. Tib. 2, 5, 73; Cic. Rep. 6, 18, 1; cf. Cat. 62, 26:

    quicquid deorum in caelo regit,

    Hor. Epod. 5, 1 et saep.:

    lapides pluere, fulmina jaci de caelo,

    Liv. 28, 27, 16.—Hence the phrase de caelo tangi, to be struck with lightning, Cato, R. R. 14, 3; Liv. 26, 23, 5 Drak.; 29, 14, 3; Verg. E. 1, 17; Suet. Aug. 94; id. Galb. 1; Tac. A. 13, 24; 14, 12;

    so also, e caelo ictus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 10, 16.—
    2.
    Personified: Caelus (Caelum, Hyg. Fab. praef.), son of Aether and Dies, Cic. N. D. 3, 17, 44; father of Saturn, Enn. ap. Non. p. 197, 9; Cic. N. D. 2, 23, 63; of Vulcan, id. ib. 3, 21, 55; of Mercury and the first Venus, id. ib. 3, 23, 59, Serv ad Verg. A. 1, 297 al.—
    3.
    In the lang. of augury:

    de caelo servare,

    to observe the signs of heaven, Cic. Att. 4, 3, 3; so,

    de caelo fieri, of celestial signs,

    to appear, occur, id. Div. 1, 42, 93.—
    4.
    Prov.:

    quid si nunc caelum ruat? of a vain fear,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 3, 41 Don.; cf. Varr ap. Non. p. 499, 24: delabi caelo, to drop down from the sky, of sudden or unexpected good fortune, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 14, 41; cf.. caelo missus, Tib 1, 3, 90; Liv. 10, 8, 10; Plin. 26, 3, 7, § 13:

    decidere de caelo,

    Plaut. Pers. 2, 3, 6 al.: caelum ac terras miscere, to confound every thing, overturn all, raise chaos, Liv 4, 3, 6; cf. Verg. A. 1, 133; 5, 790; Juv. 2, 25: findere caelum aratro, of an impossibility, Ov Tr 1, 8, 3: toto caelo errare, to err very much, be much or entirely mistaken, Macr. S. 3, 12, 10.—
    5.
    Gen. caeli in a pun with Caeli, gen. of Caelius, Serv. et Philarg. ad Verg. E. 3, 105.—
    6.
    In eccl. Lat. the plur caeli, ōrum, m., is very freq., the heavens, Tert. de Fuga, 12; id. adv. Marc. 4, 22; 5, 15; Lact. Epit. 1, 3; Cypr. Ep. 3, 3; 4, 5; Vulg. Psa. 32, 6; 21, 32; id. Isa. 1, 2.—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    Heaven, in a more restricted sense; the region of heaven, a climate, zone, region:

    cuicumque particulae caeli officeretur, quamvis esset procul, mutari lumina putabat,

    to whatever part of the horizon, however distant, the view was obstructed, Cic. de Or. 1, 39, 179; cf. Quint. 1, 10, 45:

    hoc caelum, sub quo natus educatusque essem,

    Liv. 5, 54, 3; so Plin. 8, 54, 80, § 216; 17, 2, 2, §§ 16 and 19 sq.; Flor. 4, 12, 62:

    caelum non animum mutant, qui trans mare currunt,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 27.—
    B.
    The air, sky, atmosphere, temperature, climate, weather (very freq.):

    in hoc caelo, qui dicitur aër,

    Lucr. 4, 132; Plin. 2, 38, 38, § 102:

    caelum hoc, in quo nubes, imbres ventique coguntur,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 19, 43:

    pingue et concretum caelum,

    id. Div. 1, 57, 130: commoda, quae percipiuntur caeli temperatione, id. N. D. 2, 5, 13; cf.:

    caell intemperies,

    Liv. 8, 18, 1; Quint. 7, 2, 3;

    Col. prooem. 1' intemperantia,

    id. ib. 3:

    spiritus,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 6, 15:

    gravitas,

    id. Att. 11, 22, 2; Tac. A. 2, 85:

    varium caeli morem praediscere,

    Verg. G. 1, 51:

    varietas et mutatio,

    Col. 11, 2, 1:

    qualitas,

    Quint. 5, 9, 15:

    caeli solique clementia,

    Flor. 3, 3, 13:

    subita mutatio,

    id. 4, 10, 9 al. —With adj.:

    bonum,

    Cato, R. R. 1, 2:

    tenue,

    Cic. Fat. 4, 7:

    salubre,

    id. Div. 1, 57, 130:

    serenum,

    Verg. G. 1, 260:

    palustre,

    Liv. 22, 2, 11:

    austerum,

    Plin. 18, 12, 31, § 123:

    foedum imbribus ac nebulis,

    Tac. Agr. 12:

    atrox,

    Flor. 3, 2, 2 et saep.:

    hibernum,

    Plin. 2, 47, 47, § 122:

    austrinum,

    id. 16, 26, 46, § 109:

    Italum,

    Hor. C. 2, 7, 4:

    Sabinum,

    id. Ep. 1, 7, 77; cf.:

    quae sit hiems Veliae, quod caelum Salerni,

    id. ib. 1, 15, 1. —
    C.
    Daytime, day (very rare): albente caelo, at break of day, Sisenn. ap. Quint. 8, 3, 35; Caes. B. C. 1, 68; Auct. B. Afr. 11; 80; cf.:

    eodem die albescente caelo,

    Dig. 28, 2, 25, § 1:

    vesperascente caelo,

    in the evening twilight, Nep. Pelop. 2, 5.—
    D.
    Height:

    mons in caelum attollitur,

    toward heaven, heavenwards, Plin. 5, 1, 1, § 6; cf.

    Verg.: aequata machina caelo,

    Verg. A. 4, 89.—So of the earth or upper world in opposition to the lower world:

    falsa ad caelum mittunt insomnia Manes,

    Verg. A. 6, 896.—
    E.
    Heaven, the abode of the happy dead, etc. (eccl. Lat.), Vulg. Apoc. 4, 2; 11, 15 et saep.; cf.:

    cum (animus) exierit et in liberum caelum quasi domum suam venerit,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 22, 51:

    ut non ad mortem trudi, verum in caelum videretur escendere,

    id. ib. 1, 29, 71.—
    F.
    Trop, the summit of prosperity, happiness, honor, etc.:

    Caesar in caelum fertur,

    Cic. Phil. 4, 3, 6; cf. id. Att. 14, 18, 1; 6, 2, 9:

    Pisonem ferebat in caelum,

    praised, id. ib. 16, 7, 5:

    te summis laudibus ad caelum extulerunt,

    id. Fam. 9, 14, 1; 12, 25, 7; Hor. Ep 1, 10, 9; Tac. Or. 19.—Of things:

    omnia, quae etiam tu in caelum ferebas,

    extolled, Cic. Att. 7, 1, 5:

    caelo tenus extollere aliquid,

    Just. 12, 6, 2:

    in caelo ponere aliquem,

    id.,4,14; and: exaequare aliquem caelo, Lucr 1, 79; Flor. 2, 19, 3:

    Catonem caelo aequavit,

    Tac. A. 4, 34:

    caelo Musa beat,

    Hor. C. 4, 8, 29; cf.:

    recludere caelum,

    id. ib. 3, 2, 22;

    the opp.: collegam de caelo detraxisti,

    deprived of his exalted honor, Cic. Phil. 2, 42, 107: in caelo sum, I am in heaven, i. e. am very happy, id. Att. 2, 9, 1:

    digito caelum attingere,

    to be extremely fortunate, id. ib. 2, 1, 7:

    caelum accepisse fatebor,

    Ov. M. 14, 844:

    tunc tangam vertice caelum,

    Aus. Idyll. 8 fin.; cf.:

    caelum merere,

    Sen. Suas. 1 init.
    G.
    In gen., a vault, arch, covering:

    caelum camerarum,

    the interior surface of a vault, Vitr. 7, 3, 3; Flor. 3, 5, 30 dub.:

    capitis,

    Plin. 11, 37, 49, § 134.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > cael

  • 6 caeli

    1.
    caelum ( cēlum, Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 640), i, n. [caedo], the chisel or burin of the sculptor or engraver, a graver:

    caelata vasa... a caelo vocata, quod est genus ferramenti, quem vulgo cilionem vocant,

    Isid. Orig. 20, 4, 7; Quint. 2, 21, 24; Varr. ap. Non. p. 99, 18; Stat. S. 4, 6, 26; Mart. 6, 13, 1.— Plur., Aus. Epigr. 57, 6.
    2.
    caelum ( coelum; cf. Aelius ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 18 Müll.; Plin. 2, 4, 3, § 9; Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 52, § 129), i, n. (old form cae-lus, i, m., Enn. ap. Non. p. 197, 9; and ap. Charis. p. 55 P.; Petr. 39, 5 sq.; 45, 3; Arn. 1, 59; cf. the foll. I. 2.; plur. caeli, only poet., Lucr. 2, 1097, caelos, cf. Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 331; and in eccl. writers freq. for the Heb., v. infra, cf. Caes. ap Gell. 19, 8, 3 sq., and Charis. p. 21 P., who consider the plur. in gen. as not in use, v. Rudd. I. p. 109. From Cic. Fam. 9, 26, 3: unum caelum esset an innumerabilia, nothing can be positively inferred.—Form cael: divum domus altisonum cael, Enn. ap. Aus. Technop. 13, 17, or Ann. v. 561 Vahl.) [for cavilum, root in cavus; cf. Sanscr. çva-, to swell, be hollow; Gr. kuô, koilos], the sky, heaven, the heavens, the vault of heaven (in Lucr alone more than 150 times): hoc inde circum supraque, quod complexu continet terram, id quod nostri caelum memorant, Pac. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 17 Müll.:

    ante mare et terras et quod tegit omnia caelum,

    Ov. M. 1, 5; cf.:

    quis pariter (potis est) caelos omnīs convortere,

    Lucr. 2, 1097:

    boat caelum fremitu virum,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 78; cf. Tib. 2, 5, 73; Cic. Rep. 6, 18, 1; cf. Cat. 62, 26:

    quicquid deorum in caelo regit,

    Hor. Epod. 5, 1 et saep.:

    lapides pluere, fulmina jaci de caelo,

    Liv. 28, 27, 16.—Hence the phrase de caelo tangi, to be struck with lightning, Cato, R. R. 14, 3; Liv. 26, 23, 5 Drak.; 29, 14, 3; Verg. E. 1, 17; Suet. Aug. 94; id. Galb. 1; Tac. A. 13, 24; 14, 12;

    so also, e caelo ictus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 10, 16.—
    2.
    Personified: Caelus (Caelum, Hyg. Fab. praef.), son of Aether and Dies, Cic. N. D. 3, 17, 44; father of Saturn, Enn. ap. Non. p. 197, 9; Cic. N. D. 2, 23, 63; of Vulcan, id. ib. 3, 21, 55; of Mercury and the first Venus, id. ib. 3, 23, 59, Serv ad Verg. A. 1, 297 al.—
    3.
    In the lang. of augury:

    de caelo servare,

    to observe the signs of heaven, Cic. Att. 4, 3, 3; so,

    de caelo fieri, of celestial signs,

    to appear, occur, id. Div. 1, 42, 93.—
    4.
    Prov.:

    quid si nunc caelum ruat? of a vain fear,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 3, 41 Don.; cf. Varr ap. Non. p. 499, 24: delabi caelo, to drop down from the sky, of sudden or unexpected good fortune, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 14, 41; cf.. caelo missus, Tib 1, 3, 90; Liv. 10, 8, 10; Plin. 26, 3, 7, § 13:

    decidere de caelo,

    Plaut. Pers. 2, 3, 6 al.: caelum ac terras miscere, to confound every thing, overturn all, raise chaos, Liv 4, 3, 6; cf. Verg. A. 1, 133; 5, 790; Juv. 2, 25: findere caelum aratro, of an impossibility, Ov Tr 1, 8, 3: toto caelo errare, to err very much, be much or entirely mistaken, Macr. S. 3, 12, 10.—
    5.
    Gen. caeli in a pun with Caeli, gen. of Caelius, Serv. et Philarg. ad Verg. E. 3, 105.—
    6.
    In eccl. Lat. the plur caeli, ōrum, m., is very freq., the heavens, Tert. de Fuga, 12; id. adv. Marc. 4, 22; 5, 15; Lact. Epit. 1, 3; Cypr. Ep. 3, 3; 4, 5; Vulg. Psa. 32, 6; 21, 32; id. Isa. 1, 2.—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    Heaven, in a more restricted sense; the region of heaven, a climate, zone, region:

    cuicumque particulae caeli officeretur, quamvis esset procul, mutari lumina putabat,

    to whatever part of the horizon, however distant, the view was obstructed, Cic. de Or. 1, 39, 179; cf. Quint. 1, 10, 45:

    hoc caelum, sub quo natus educatusque essem,

    Liv. 5, 54, 3; so Plin. 8, 54, 80, § 216; 17, 2, 2, §§ 16 and 19 sq.; Flor. 4, 12, 62:

    caelum non animum mutant, qui trans mare currunt,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 27.—
    B.
    The air, sky, atmosphere, temperature, climate, weather (very freq.):

    in hoc caelo, qui dicitur aër,

    Lucr. 4, 132; Plin. 2, 38, 38, § 102:

    caelum hoc, in quo nubes, imbres ventique coguntur,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 19, 43:

    pingue et concretum caelum,

    id. Div. 1, 57, 130: commoda, quae percipiuntur caeli temperatione, id. N. D. 2, 5, 13; cf.:

    caell intemperies,

    Liv. 8, 18, 1; Quint. 7, 2, 3;

    Col. prooem. 1' intemperantia,

    id. ib. 3:

    spiritus,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 6, 15:

    gravitas,

    id. Att. 11, 22, 2; Tac. A. 2, 85:

    varium caeli morem praediscere,

    Verg. G. 1, 51:

    varietas et mutatio,

    Col. 11, 2, 1:

    qualitas,

    Quint. 5, 9, 15:

    caeli solique clementia,

    Flor. 3, 3, 13:

    subita mutatio,

    id. 4, 10, 9 al. —With adj.:

    bonum,

    Cato, R. R. 1, 2:

    tenue,

    Cic. Fat. 4, 7:

    salubre,

    id. Div. 1, 57, 130:

    serenum,

    Verg. G. 1, 260:

    palustre,

    Liv. 22, 2, 11:

    austerum,

    Plin. 18, 12, 31, § 123:

    foedum imbribus ac nebulis,

    Tac. Agr. 12:

    atrox,

    Flor. 3, 2, 2 et saep.:

    hibernum,

    Plin. 2, 47, 47, § 122:

    austrinum,

    id. 16, 26, 46, § 109:

    Italum,

    Hor. C. 2, 7, 4:

    Sabinum,

    id. Ep. 1, 7, 77; cf.:

    quae sit hiems Veliae, quod caelum Salerni,

    id. ib. 1, 15, 1. —
    C.
    Daytime, day (very rare): albente caelo, at break of day, Sisenn. ap. Quint. 8, 3, 35; Caes. B. C. 1, 68; Auct. B. Afr. 11; 80; cf.:

    eodem die albescente caelo,

    Dig. 28, 2, 25, § 1:

    vesperascente caelo,

    in the evening twilight, Nep. Pelop. 2, 5.—
    D.
    Height:

    mons in caelum attollitur,

    toward heaven, heavenwards, Plin. 5, 1, 1, § 6; cf.

    Verg.: aequata machina caelo,

    Verg. A. 4, 89.—So of the earth or upper world in opposition to the lower world:

    falsa ad caelum mittunt insomnia Manes,

    Verg. A. 6, 896.—
    E.
    Heaven, the abode of the happy dead, etc. (eccl. Lat.), Vulg. Apoc. 4, 2; 11, 15 et saep.; cf.:

    cum (animus) exierit et in liberum caelum quasi domum suam venerit,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 22, 51:

    ut non ad mortem trudi, verum in caelum videretur escendere,

    id. ib. 1, 29, 71.—
    F.
    Trop, the summit of prosperity, happiness, honor, etc.:

    Caesar in caelum fertur,

    Cic. Phil. 4, 3, 6; cf. id. Att. 14, 18, 1; 6, 2, 9:

    Pisonem ferebat in caelum,

    praised, id. ib. 16, 7, 5:

    te summis laudibus ad caelum extulerunt,

    id. Fam. 9, 14, 1; 12, 25, 7; Hor. Ep 1, 10, 9; Tac. Or. 19.—Of things:

    omnia, quae etiam tu in caelum ferebas,

    extolled, Cic. Att. 7, 1, 5:

    caelo tenus extollere aliquid,

    Just. 12, 6, 2:

    in caelo ponere aliquem,

    id.,4,14; and: exaequare aliquem caelo, Lucr 1, 79; Flor. 2, 19, 3:

    Catonem caelo aequavit,

    Tac. A. 4, 34:

    caelo Musa beat,

    Hor. C. 4, 8, 29; cf.:

    recludere caelum,

    id. ib. 3, 2, 22;

    the opp.: collegam de caelo detraxisti,

    deprived of his exalted honor, Cic. Phil. 2, 42, 107: in caelo sum, I am in heaven, i. e. am very happy, id. Att. 2, 9, 1:

    digito caelum attingere,

    to be extremely fortunate, id. ib. 2, 1, 7:

    caelum accepisse fatebor,

    Ov. M. 14, 844:

    tunc tangam vertice caelum,

    Aus. Idyll. 8 fin.; cf.:

    caelum merere,

    Sen. Suas. 1 init.
    G.
    In gen., a vault, arch, covering:

    caelum camerarum,

    the interior surface of a vault, Vitr. 7, 3, 3; Flor. 3, 5, 30 dub.:

    capitis,

    Plin. 11, 37, 49, § 134.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > caeli

  • 7 caelum

    1.
    caelum ( cēlum, Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 640), i, n. [caedo], the chisel or burin of the sculptor or engraver, a graver:

    caelata vasa... a caelo vocata, quod est genus ferramenti, quem vulgo cilionem vocant,

    Isid. Orig. 20, 4, 7; Quint. 2, 21, 24; Varr. ap. Non. p. 99, 18; Stat. S. 4, 6, 26; Mart. 6, 13, 1.— Plur., Aus. Epigr. 57, 6.
    2.
    caelum ( coelum; cf. Aelius ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 18 Müll.; Plin. 2, 4, 3, § 9; Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 52, § 129), i, n. (old form cae-lus, i, m., Enn. ap. Non. p. 197, 9; and ap. Charis. p. 55 P.; Petr. 39, 5 sq.; 45, 3; Arn. 1, 59; cf. the foll. I. 2.; plur. caeli, only poet., Lucr. 2, 1097, caelos, cf. Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 331; and in eccl. writers freq. for the Heb., v. infra, cf. Caes. ap Gell. 19, 8, 3 sq., and Charis. p. 21 P., who consider the plur. in gen. as not in use, v. Rudd. I. p. 109. From Cic. Fam. 9, 26, 3: unum caelum esset an innumerabilia, nothing can be positively inferred.—Form cael: divum domus altisonum cael, Enn. ap. Aus. Technop. 13, 17, or Ann. v. 561 Vahl.) [for cavilum, root in cavus; cf. Sanscr. çva-, to swell, be hollow; Gr. kuô, koilos], the sky, heaven, the heavens, the vault of heaven (in Lucr alone more than 150 times): hoc inde circum supraque, quod complexu continet terram, id quod nostri caelum memorant, Pac. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 17 Müll.:

    ante mare et terras et quod tegit omnia caelum,

    Ov. M. 1, 5; cf.:

    quis pariter (potis est) caelos omnīs convortere,

    Lucr. 2, 1097:

    boat caelum fremitu virum,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 78; cf. Tib. 2, 5, 73; Cic. Rep. 6, 18, 1; cf. Cat. 62, 26:

    quicquid deorum in caelo regit,

    Hor. Epod. 5, 1 et saep.:

    lapides pluere, fulmina jaci de caelo,

    Liv. 28, 27, 16.—Hence the phrase de caelo tangi, to be struck with lightning, Cato, R. R. 14, 3; Liv. 26, 23, 5 Drak.; 29, 14, 3; Verg. E. 1, 17; Suet. Aug. 94; id. Galb. 1; Tac. A. 13, 24; 14, 12;

    so also, e caelo ictus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 10, 16.—
    2.
    Personified: Caelus (Caelum, Hyg. Fab. praef.), son of Aether and Dies, Cic. N. D. 3, 17, 44; father of Saturn, Enn. ap. Non. p. 197, 9; Cic. N. D. 2, 23, 63; of Vulcan, id. ib. 3, 21, 55; of Mercury and the first Venus, id. ib. 3, 23, 59, Serv ad Verg. A. 1, 297 al.—
    3.
    In the lang. of augury:

    de caelo servare,

    to observe the signs of heaven, Cic. Att. 4, 3, 3; so,

    de caelo fieri, of celestial signs,

    to appear, occur, id. Div. 1, 42, 93.—
    4.
    Prov.:

    quid si nunc caelum ruat? of a vain fear,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 3, 41 Don.; cf. Varr ap. Non. p. 499, 24: delabi caelo, to drop down from the sky, of sudden or unexpected good fortune, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 14, 41; cf.. caelo missus, Tib 1, 3, 90; Liv. 10, 8, 10; Plin. 26, 3, 7, § 13:

    decidere de caelo,

    Plaut. Pers. 2, 3, 6 al.: caelum ac terras miscere, to confound every thing, overturn all, raise chaos, Liv 4, 3, 6; cf. Verg. A. 1, 133; 5, 790; Juv. 2, 25: findere caelum aratro, of an impossibility, Ov Tr 1, 8, 3: toto caelo errare, to err very much, be much or entirely mistaken, Macr. S. 3, 12, 10.—
    5.
    Gen. caeli in a pun with Caeli, gen. of Caelius, Serv. et Philarg. ad Verg. E. 3, 105.—
    6.
    In eccl. Lat. the plur caeli, ōrum, m., is very freq., the heavens, Tert. de Fuga, 12; id. adv. Marc. 4, 22; 5, 15; Lact. Epit. 1, 3; Cypr. Ep. 3, 3; 4, 5; Vulg. Psa. 32, 6; 21, 32; id. Isa. 1, 2.—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    Heaven, in a more restricted sense; the region of heaven, a climate, zone, region:

    cuicumque particulae caeli officeretur, quamvis esset procul, mutari lumina putabat,

    to whatever part of the horizon, however distant, the view was obstructed, Cic. de Or. 1, 39, 179; cf. Quint. 1, 10, 45:

    hoc caelum, sub quo natus educatusque essem,

    Liv. 5, 54, 3; so Plin. 8, 54, 80, § 216; 17, 2, 2, §§ 16 and 19 sq.; Flor. 4, 12, 62:

    caelum non animum mutant, qui trans mare currunt,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 27.—
    B.
    The air, sky, atmosphere, temperature, climate, weather (very freq.):

    in hoc caelo, qui dicitur aër,

    Lucr. 4, 132; Plin. 2, 38, 38, § 102:

    caelum hoc, in quo nubes, imbres ventique coguntur,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 19, 43:

    pingue et concretum caelum,

    id. Div. 1, 57, 130: commoda, quae percipiuntur caeli temperatione, id. N. D. 2, 5, 13; cf.:

    caell intemperies,

    Liv. 8, 18, 1; Quint. 7, 2, 3;

    Col. prooem. 1' intemperantia,

    id. ib. 3:

    spiritus,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 6, 15:

    gravitas,

    id. Att. 11, 22, 2; Tac. A. 2, 85:

    varium caeli morem praediscere,

    Verg. G. 1, 51:

    varietas et mutatio,

    Col. 11, 2, 1:

    qualitas,

    Quint. 5, 9, 15:

    caeli solique clementia,

    Flor. 3, 3, 13:

    subita mutatio,

    id. 4, 10, 9 al. —With adj.:

    bonum,

    Cato, R. R. 1, 2:

    tenue,

    Cic. Fat. 4, 7:

    salubre,

    id. Div. 1, 57, 130:

    serenum,

    Verg. G. 1, 260:

    palustre,

    Liv. 22, 2, 11:

    austerum,

    Plin. 18, 12, 31, § 123:

    foedum imbribus ac nebulis,

    Tac. Agr. 12:

    atrox,

    Flor. 3, 2, 2 et saep.:

    hibernum,

    Plin. 2, 47, 47, § 122:

    austrinum,

    id. 16, 26, 46, § 109:

    Italum,

    Hor. C. 2, 7, 4:

    Sabinum,

    id. Ep. 1, 7, 77; cf.:

    quae sit hiems Veliae, quod caelum Salerni,

    id. ib. 1, 15, 1. —
    C.
    Daytime, day (very rare): albente caelo, at break of day, Sisenn. ap. Quint. 8, 3, 35; Caes. B. C. 1, 68; Auct. B. Afr. 11; 80; cf.:

    eodem die albescente caelo,

    Dig. 28, 2, 25, § 1:

    vesperascente caelo,

    in the evening twilight, Nep. Pelop. 2, 5.—
    D.
    Height:

    mons in caelum attollitur,

    toward heaven, heavenwards, Plin. 5, 1, 1, § 6; cf.

    Verg.: aequata machina caelo,

    Verg. A. 4, 89.—So of the earth or upper world in opposition to the lower world:

    falsa ad caelum mittunt insomnia Manes,

    Verg. A. 6, 896.—
    E.
    Heaven, the abode of the happy dead, etc. (eccl. Lat.), Vulg. Apoc. 4, 2; 11, 15 et saep.; cf.:

    cum (animus) exierit et in liberum caelum quasi domum suam venerit,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 22, 51:

    ut non ad mortem trudi, verum in caelum videretur escendere,

    id. ib. 1, 29, 71.—
    F.
    Trop, the summit of prosperity, happiness, honor, etc.:

    Caesar in caelum fertur,

    Cic. Phil. 4, 3, 6; cf. id. Att. 14, 18, 1; 6, 2, 9:

    Pisonem ferebat in caelum,

    praised, id. ib. 16, 7, 5:

    te summis laudibus ad caelum extulerunt,

    id. Fam. 9, 14, 1; 12, 25, 7; Hor. Ep 1, 10, 9; Tac. Or. 19.—Of things:

    omnia, quae etiam tu in caelum ferebas,

    extolled, Cic. Att. 7, 1, 5:

    caelo tenus extollere aliquid,

    Just. 12, 6, 2:

    in caelo ponere aliquem,

    id.,4,14; and: exaequare aliquem caelo, Lucr 1, 79; Flor. 2, 19, 3:

    Catonem caelo aequavit,

    Tac. A. 4, 34:

    caelo Musa beat,

    Hor. C. 4, 8, 29; cf.:

    recludere caelum,

    id. ib. 3, 2, 22;

    the opp.: collegam de caelo detraxisti,

    deprived of his exalted honor, Cic. Phil. 2, 42, 107: in caelo sum, I am in heaven, i. e. am very happy, id. Att. 2, 9, 1:

    digito caelum attingere,

    to be extremely fortunate, id. ib. 2, 1, 7:

    caelum accepisse fatebor,

    Ov. M. 14, 844:

    tunc tangam vertice caelum,

    Aus. Idyll. 8 fin.; cf.:

    caelum merere,

    Sen. Suas. 1 init.
    G.
    In gen., a vault, arch, covering:

    caelum camerarum,

    the interior surface of a vault, Vitr. 7, 3, 3; Flor. 3, 5, 30 dub.:

    capitis,

    Plin. 11, 37, 49, § 134.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > caelum

  • 8 celum

    1.
    caelum ( cēlum, Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 640), i, n. [caedo], the chisel or burin of the sculptor or engraver, a graver:

    caelata vasa... a caelo vocata, quod est genus ferramenti, quem vulgo cilionem vocant,

    Isid. Orig. 20, 4, 7; Quint. 2, 21, 24; Varr. ap. Non. p. 99, 18; Stat. S. 4, 6, 26; Mart. 6, 13, 1.— Plur., Aus. Epigr. 57, 6.
    2.
    caelum ( coelum; cf. Aelius ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 18 Müll.; Plin. 2, 4, 3, § 9; Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 52, § 129), i, n. (old form cae-lus, i, m., Enn. ap. Non. p. 197, 9; and ap. Charis. p. 55 P.; Petr. 39, 5 sq.; 45, 3; Arn. 1, 59; cf. the foll. I. 2.; plur. caeli, only poet., Lucr. 2, 1097, caelos, cf. Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 331; and in eccl. writers freq. for the Heb., v. infra, cf. Caes. ap Gell. 19, 8, 3 sq., and Charis. p. 21 P., who consider the plur. in gen. as not in use, v. Rudd. I. p. 109. From Cic. Fam. 9, 26, 3: unum caelum esset an innumerabilia, nothing can be positively inferred.—Form cael: divum domus altisonum cael, Enn. ap. Aus. Technop. 13, 17, or Ann. v. 561 Vahl.) [for cavilum, root in cavus; cf. Sanscr. çva-, to swell, be hollow; Gr. kuô, koilos], the sky, heaven, the heavens, the vault of heaven (in Lucr alone more than 150 times): hoc inde circum supraque, quod complexu continet terram, id quod nostri caelum memorant, Pac. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 17 Müll.:

    ante mare et terras et quod tegit omnia caelum,

    Ov. M. 1, 5; cf.:

    quis pariter (potis est) caelos omnīs convortere,

    Lucr. 2, 1097:

    boat caelum fremitu virum,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 78; cf. Tib. 2, 5, 73; Cic. Rep. 6, 18, 1; cf. Cat. 62, 26:

    quicquid deorum in caelo regit,

    Hor. Epod. 5, 1 et saep.:

    lapides pluere, fulmina jaci de caelo,

    Liv. 28, 27, 16.—Hence the phrase de caelo tangi, to be struck with lightning, Cato, R. R. 14, 3; Liv. 26, 23, 5 Drak.; 29, 14, 3; Verg. E. 1, 17; Suet. Aug. 94; id. Galb. 1; Tac. A. 13, 24; 14, 12;

    so also, e caelo ictus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 10, 16.—
    2.
    Personified: Caelus (Caelum, Hyg. Fab. praef.), son of Aether and Dies, Cic. N. D. 3, 17, 44; father of Saturn, Enn. ap. Non. p. 197, 9; Cic. N. D. 2, 23, 63; of Vulcan, id. ib. 3, 21, 55; of Mercury and the first Venus, id. ib. 3, 23, 59, Serv ad Verg. A. 1, 297 al.—
    3.
    In the lang. of augury:

    de caelo servare,

    to observe the signs of heaven, Cic. Att. 4, 3, 3; so,

    de caelo fieri, of celestial signs,

    to appear, occur, id. Div. 1, 42, 93.—
    4.
    Prov.:

    quid si nunc caelum ruat? of a vain fear,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 3, 41 Don.; cf. Varr ap. Non. p. 499, 24: delabi caelo, to drop down from the sky, of sudden or unexpected good fortune, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 14, 41; cf.. caelo missus, Tib 1, 3, 90; Liv. 10, 8, 10; Plin. 26, 3, 7, § 13:

    decidere de caelo,

    Plaut. Pers. 2, 3, 6 al.: caelum ac terras miscere, to confound every thing, overturn all, raise chaos, Liv 4, 3, 6; cf. Verg. A. 1, 133; 5, 790; Juv. 2, 25: findere caelum aratro, of an impossibility, Ov Tr 1, 8, 3: toto caelo errare, to err very much, be much or entirely mistaken, Macr. S. 3, 12, 10.—
    5.
    Gen. caeli in a pun with Caeli, gen. of Caelius, Serv. et Philarg. ad Verg. E. 3, 105.—
    6.
    In eccl. Lat. the plur caeli, ōrum, m., is very freq., the heavens, Tert. de Fuga, 12; id. adv. Marc. 4, 22; 5, 15; Lact. Epit. 1, 3; Cypr. Ep. 3, 3; 4, 5; Vulg. Psa. 32, 6; 21, 32; id. Isa. 1, 2.—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    Heaven, in a more restricted sense; the region of heaven, a climate, zone, region:

    cuicumque particulae caeli officeretur, quamvis esset procul, mutari lumina putabat,

    to whatever part of the horizon, however distant, the view was obstructed, Cic. de Or. 1, 39, 179; cf. Quint. 1, 10, 45:

    hoc caelum, sub quo natus educatusque essem,

    Liv. 5, 54, 3; so Plin. 8, 54, 80, § 216; 17, 2, 2, §§ 16 and 19 sq.; Flor. 4, 12, 62:

    caelum non animum mutant, qui trans mare currunt,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 27.—
    B.
    The air, sky, atmosphere, temperature, climate, weather (very freq.):

    in hoc caelo, qui dicitur aër,

    Lucr. 4, 132; Plin. 2, 38, 38, § 102:

    caelum hoc, in quo nubes, imbres ventique coguntur,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 19, 43:

    pingue et concretum caelum,

    id. Div. 1, 57, 130: commoda, quae percipiuntur caeli temperatione, id. N. D. 2, 5, 13; cf.:

    caell intemperies,

    Liv. 8, 18, 1; Quint. 7, 2, 3;

    Col. prooem. 1' intemperantia,

    id. ib. 3:

    spiritus,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 6, 15:

    gravitas,

    id. Att. 11, 22, 2; Tac. A. 2, 85:

    varium caeli morem praediscere,

    Verg. G. 1, 51:

    varietas et mutatio,

    Col. 11, 2, 1:

    qualitas,

    Quint. 5, 9, 15:

    caeli solique clementia,

    Flor. 3, 3, 13:

    subita mutatio,

    id. 4, 10, 9 al. —With adj.:

    bonum,

    Cato, R. R. 1, 2:

    tenue,

    Cic. Fat. 4, 7:

    salubre,

    id. Div. 1, 57, 130:

    serenum,

    Verg. G. 1, 260:

    palustre,

    Liv. 22, 2, 11:

    austerum,

    Plin. 18, 12, 31, § 123:

    foedum imbribus ac nebulis,

    Tac. Agr. 12:

    atrox,

    Flor. 3, 2, 2 et saep.:

    hibernum,

    Plin. 2, 47, 47, § 122:

    austrinum,

    id. 16, 26, 46, § 109:

    Italum,

    Hor. C. 2, 7, 4:

    Sabinum,

    id. Ep. 1, 7, 77; cf.:

    quae sit hiems Veliae, quod caelum Salerni,

    id. ib. 1, 15, 1. —
    C.
    Daytime, day (very rare): albente caelo, at break of day, Sisenn. ap. Quint. 8, 3, 35; Caes. B. C. 1, 68; Auct. B. Afr. 11; 80; cf.:

    eodem die albescente caelo,

    Dig. 28, 2, 25, § 1:

    vesperascente caelo,

    in the evening twilight, Nep. Pelop. 2, 5.—
    D.
    Height:

    mons in caelum attollitur,

    toward heaven, heavenwards, Plin. 5, 1, 1, § 6; cf.

    Verg.: aequata machina caelo,

    Verg. A. 4, 89.—So of the earth or upper world in opposition to the lower world:

    falsa ad caelum mittunt insomnia Manes,

    Verg. A. 6, 896.—
    E.
    Heaven, the abode of the happy dead, etc. (eccl. Lat.), Vulg. Apoc. 4, 2; 11, 15 et saep.; cf.:

    cum (animus) exierit et in liberum caelum quasi domum suam venerit,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 22, 51:

    ut non ad mortem trudi, verum in caelum videretur escendere,

    id. ib. 1, 29, 71.—
    F.
    Trop, the summit of prosperity, happiness, honor, etc.:

    Caesar in caelum fertur,

    Cic. Phil. 4, 3, 6; cf. id. Att. 14, 18, 1; 6, 2, 9:

    Pisonem ferebat in caelum,

    praised, id. ib. 16, 7, 5:

    te summis laudibus ad caelum extulerunt,

    id. Fam. 9, 14, 1; 12, 25, 7; Hor. Ep 1, 10, 9; Tac. Or. 19.—Of things:

    omnia, quae etiam tu in caelum ferebas,

    extolled, Cic. Att. 7, 1, 5:

    caelo tenus extollere aliquid,

    Just. 12, 6, 2:

    in caelo ponere aliquem,

    id.,4,14; and: exaequare aliquem caelo, Lucr 1, 79; Flor. 2, 19, 3:

    Catonem caelo aequavit,

    Tac. A. 4, 34:

    caelo Musa beat,

    Hor. C. 4, 8, 29; cf.:

    recludere caelum,

    id. ib. 3, 2, 22;

    the opp.: collegam de caelo detraxisti,

    deprived of his exalted honor, Cic. Phil. 2, 42, 107: in caelo sum, I am in heaven, i. e. am very happy, id. Att. 2, 9, 1:

    digito caelum attingere,

    to be extremely fortunate, id. ib. 2, 1, 7:

    caelum accepisse fatebor,

    Ov. M. 14, 844:

    tunc tangam vertice caelum,

    Aus. Idyll. 8 fin.; cf.:

    caelum merere,

    Sen. Suas. 1 init.
    G.
    In gen., a vault, arch, covering:

    caelum camerarum,

    the interior surface of a vault, Vitr. 7, 3, 3; Flor. 3, 5, 30 dub.:

    capitis,

    Plin. 11, 37, 49, § 134.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > celum

  • 9 coelum

    1.
    caelum ( cēlum, Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 640), i, n. [caedo], the chisel or burin of the sculptor or engraver, a graver:

    caelata vasa... a caelo vocata, quod est genus ferramenti, quem vulgo cilionem vocant,

    Isid. Orig. 20, 4, 7; Quint. 2, 21, 24; Varr. ap. Non. p. 99, 18; Stat. S. 4, 6, 26; Mart. 6, 13, 1.— Plur., Aus. Epigr. 57, 6.
    2.
    caelum ( coelum; cf. Aelius ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 18 Müll.; Plin. 2, 4, 3, § 9; Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 52, § 129), i, n. (old form cae-lus, i, m., Enn. ap. Non. p. 197, 9; and ap. Charis. p. 55 P.; Petr. 39, 5 sq.; 45, 3; Arn. 1, 59; cf. the foll. I. 2.; plur. caeli, only poet., Lucr. 2, 1097, caelos, cf. Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 331; and in eccl. writers freq. for the Heb., v. infra, cf. Caes. ap Gell. 19, 8, 3 sq., and Charis. p. 21 P., who consider the plur. in gen. as not in use, v. Rudd. I. p. 109. From Cic. Fam. 9, 26, 3: unum caelum esset an innumerabilia, nothing can be positively inferred.—Form cael: divum domus altisonum cael, Enn. ap. Aus. Technop. 13, 17, or Ann. v. 561 Vahl.) [for cavilum, root in cavus; cf. Sanscr. çva-, to swell, be hollow; Gr. kuô, koilos], the sky, heaven, the heavens, the vault of heaven (in Lucr alone more than 150 times): hoc inde circum supraque, quod complexu continet terram, id quod nostri caelum memorant, Pac. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 17 Müll.:

    ante mare et terras et quod tegit omnia caelum,

    Ov. M. 1, 5; cf.:

    quis pariter (potis est) caelos omnīs convortere,

    Lucr. 2, 1097:

    boat caelum fremitu virum,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 78; cf. Tib. 2, 5, 73; Cic. Rep. 6, 18, 1; cf. Cat. 62, 26:

    quicquid deorum in caelo regit,

    Hor. Epod. 5, 1 et saep.:

    lapides pluere, fulmina jaci de caelo,

    Liv. 28, 27, 16.—Hence the phrase de caelo tangi, to be struck with lightning, Cato, R. R. 14, 3; Liv. 26, 23, 5 Drak.; 29, 14, 3; Verg. E. 1, 17; Suet. Aug. 94; id. Galb. 1; Tac. A. 13, 24; 14, 12;

    so also, e caelo ictus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 10, 16.—
    2.
    Personified: Caelus (Caelum, Hyg. Fab. praef.), son of Aether and Dies, Cic. N. D. 3, 17, 44; father of Saturn, Enn. ap. Non. p. 197, 9; Cic. N. D. 2, 23, 63; of Vulcan, id. ib. 3, 21, 55; of Mercury and the first Venus, id. ib. 3, 23, 59, Serv ad Verg. A. 1, 297 al.—
    3.
    In the lang. of augury:

    de caelo servare,

    to observe the signs of heaven, Cic. Att. 4, 3, 3; so,

    de caelo fieri, of celestial signs,

    to appear, occur, id. Div. 1, 42, 93.—
    4.
    Prov.:

    quid si nunc caelum ruat? of a vain fear,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 3, 41 Don.; cf. Varr ap. Non. p. 499, 24: delabi caelo, to drop down from the sky, of sudden or unexpected good fortune, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 14, 41; cf.. caelo missus, Tib 1, 3, 90; Liv. 10, 8, 10; Plin. 26, 3, 7, § 13:

    decidere de caelo,

    Plaut. Pers. 2, 3, 6 al.: caelum ac terras miscere, to confound every thing, overturn all, raise chaos, Liv 4, 3, 6; cf. Verg. A. 1, 133; 5, 790; Juv. 2, 25: findere caelum aratro, of an impossibility, Ov Tr 1, 8, 3: toto caelo errare, to err very much, be much or entirely mistaken, Macr. S. 3, 12, 10.—
    5.
    Gen. caeli in a pun with Caeli, gen. of Caelius, Serv. et Philarg. ad Verg. E. 3, 105.—
    6.
    In eccl. Lat. the plur caeli, ōrum, m., is very freq., the heavens, Tert. de Fuga, 12; id. adv. Marc. 4, 22; 5, 15; Lact. Epit. 1, 3; Cypr. Ep. 3, 3; 4, 5; Vulg. Psa. 32, 6; 21, 32; id. Isa. 1, 2.—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    Heaven, in a more restricted sense; the region of heaven, a climate, zone, region:

    cuicumque particulae caeli officeretur, quamvis esset procul, mutari lumina putabat,

    to whatever part of the horizon, however distant, the view was obstructed, Cic. de Or. 1, 39, 179; cf. Quint. 1, 10, 45:

    hoc caelum, sub quo natus educatusque essem,

    Liv. 5, 54, 3; so Plin. 8, 54, 80, § 216; 17, 2, 2, §§ 16 and 19 sq.; Flor. 4, 12, 62:

    caelum non animum mutant, qui trans mare currunt,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 27.—
    B.
    The air, sky, atmosphere, temperature, climate, weather (very freq.):

    in hoc caelo, qui dicitur aër,

    Lucr. 4, 132; Plin. 2, 38, 38, § 102:

    caelum hoc, in quo nubes, imbres ventique coguntur,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 19, 43:

    pingue et concretum caelum,

    id. Div. 1, 57, 130: commoda, quae percipiuntur caeli temperatione, id. N. D. 2, 5, 13; cf.:

    caell intemperies,

    Liv. 8, 18, 1; Quint. 7, 2, 3;

    Col. prooem. 1' intemperantia,

    id. ib. 3:

    spiritus,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 6, 15:

    gravitas,

    id. Att. 11, 22, 2; Tac. A. 2, 85:

    varium caeli morem praediscere,

    Verg. G. 1, 51:

    varietas et mutatio,

    Col. 11, 2, 1:

    qualitas,

    Quint. 5, 9, 15:

    caeli solique clementia,

    Flor. 3, 3, 13:

    subita mutatio,

    id. 4, 10, 9 al. —With adj.:

    bonum,

    Cato, R. R. 1, 2:

    tenue,

    Cic. Fat. 4, 7:

    salubre,

    id. Div. 1, 57, 130:

    serenum,

    Verg. G. 1, 260:

    palustre,

    Liv. 22, 2, 11:

    austerum,

    Plin. 18, 12, 31, § 123:

    foedum imbribus ac nebulis,

    Tac. Agr. 12:

    atrox,

    Flor. 3, 2, 2 et saep.:

    hibernum,

    Plin. 2, 47, 47, § 122:

    austrinum,

    id. 16, 26, 46, § 109:

    Italum,

    Hor. C. 2, 7, 4:

    Sabinum,

    id. Ep. 1, 7, 77; cf.:

    quae sit hiems Veliae, quod caelum Salerni,

    id. ib. 1, 15, 1. —
    C.
    Daytime, day (very rare): albente caelo, at break of day, Sisenn. ap. Quint. 8, 3, 35; Caes. B. C. 1, 68; Auct. B. Afr. 11; 80; cf.:

    eodem die albescente caelo,

    Dig. 28, 2, 25, § 1:

    vesperascente caelo,

    in the evening twilight, Nep. Pelop. 2, 5.—
    D.
    Height:

    mons in caelum attollitur,

    toward heaven, heavenwards, Plin. 5, 1, 1, § 6; cf.

    Verg.: aequata machina caelo,

    Verg. A. 4, 89.—So of the earth or upper world in opposition to the lower world:

    falsa ad caelum mittunt insomnia Manes,

    Verg. A. 6, 896.—
    E.
    Heaven, the abode of the happy dead, etc. (eccl. Lat.), Vulg. Apoc. 4, 2; 11, 15 et saep.; cf.:

    cum (animus) exierit et in liberum caelum quasi domum suam venerit,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 22, 51:

    ut non ad mortem trudi, verum in caelum videretur escendere,

    id. ib. 1, 29, 71.—
    F.
    Trop, the summit of prosperity, happiness, honor, etc.:

    Caesar in caelum fertur,

    Cic. Phil. 4, 3, 6; cf. id. Att. 14, 18, 1; 6, 2, 9:

    Pisonem ferebat in caelum,

    praised, id. ib. 16, 7, 5:

    te summis laudibus ad caelum extulerunt,

    id. Fam. 9, 14, 1; 12, 25, 7; Hor. Ep 1, 10, 9; Tac. Or. 19.—Of things:

    omnia, quae etiam tu in caelum ferebas,

    extolled, Cic. Att. 7, 1, 5:

    caelo tenus extollere aliquid,

    Just. 12, 6, 2:

    in caelo ponere aliquem,

    id.,4,14; and: exaequare aliquem caelo, Lucr 1, 79; Flor. 2, 19, 3:

    Catonem caelo aequavit,

    Tac. A. 4, 34:

    caelo Musa beat,

    Hor. C. 4, 8, 29; cf.:

    recludere caelum,

    id. ib. 3, 2, 22;

    the opp.: collegam de caelo detraxisti,

    deprived of his exalted honor, Cic. Phil. 2, 42, 107: in caelo sum, I am in heaven, i. e. am very happy, id. Att. 2, 9, 1:

    digito caelum attingere,

    to be extremely fortunate, id. ib. 2, 1, 7:

    caelum accepisse fatebor,

    Ov. M. 14, 844:

    tunc tangam vertice caelum,

    Aus. Idyll. 8 fin.; cf.:

    caelum merere,

    Sen. Suas. 1 init.
    G.
    In gen., a vault, arch, covering:

    caelum camerarum,

    the interior surface of a vault, Vitr. 7, 3, 3; Flor. 3, 5, 30 dub.:

    capitis,

    Plin. 11, 37, 49, § 134.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > coelum

  • 10 gravis

    grăvis, e, adj. [Sanscr. gurus (root gar-); Gr. barus, heavy; gravis, for gar-uis; cf. also Brutus]. With respect to weight, heavy, weighty, ponderous, burdensome; or pass., loaded, laden, burdened (opp. levis, light; in most of its significations corresp. to the Gr. barus; cf. onerosus, onerarius).
    I.
    Lit. Absol. or with abl.
    1.
    In gen.: imber et ignis, spiritus et gravis terra, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, § 37 Müll.; so,

    tellus,

    Ov. M. 7, 355:

    corpora,

    Lucr. 2, 225 sq.; cf. id. 5, 450 sq.:

    limus,

    id. 5, 496:

    in eo etiam cavillatus est, aestate grave esse aureum amiculum, hieme frigidum,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 34, 83:

    navigia,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 8, 4; cf.:

    tot ora navium gravi Rostrata duci pondere,

    Hor. Epod. 4, 17:

    cum gravius dorso (aselli) subiit onus,

    id. S. 1, 9, 21:

    sarcina,

    id. Ep. 1, 13, 6: inflexi grave robur aratri, Verg. G. 1, 162:

    cujus (tibicinae) Ad strepitum salias terrae gravis,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 14, 26: terra, burdened (by the heavy body), Ov. M. 12, 118:

    naves hostilibus spoliis graves,

    heavily laden, Liv. 29, 35, 5; cf.:

    agmen grave praedā,

    id. 21, 5, 8;

    for which also simply: grave agmen,

    id. 31, 39, 2:

    miles,

    heavy-armed, Tac. A. 12, 35:

    gravis aere dextra,

    Verg. E. 1, 36:

    cum fatalis equus saltu super ardua venit Pergama et armatum peditem gravis attulit alvo,

    i. e. filled, full, id. A. 6, 516 (an imitation of Maximo saltu superavit Gravidus armatis equus, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2; v. gravidus, II. b):

    graves imbre nubes,

    Liv. 28, 15, 11:

    graves fructu vites,

    Quint. 8, 3, 8:

    gravis vinculis,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 27, 10.—
    2.
    In partic.
    a.
    With respect to value or number, heavy, great. So, aes grave, heavy money, money of the oldest standard, in which an as weighed a full pound: grave aes dictum a pondere, quia deni asses, singuli pondo libras, efficiebant denarium, etc., Paul. ex Fest. p. 98 Müll.:

    et quia nondum argentum signatum erat, aes grave plaustris quidam (ex patribus) ad aerarium convehentes, etc.,

    Liv. 4, 60, 6; 10, 46, 5; 22, 33, 2 et saep.:

    populus Romanus ne argento quidem signato ante Pyrrhum regem devictum usus est: librales appendebantur asses. Quare aeris gravis poena dicta,

    Plin. 33, 3, 13, § 42: argentum, i. e. uncoined = rude:

    placet argentum grave rustici patris sine ullo opere et nomine artificis,

    Sen. Tranq. 1, 4:

    notavit aliquos, quod pecunias levioribus usuris mutuati graviore fenore collocassent,

    at a higher rate, Suet. Aug. 39; cf.:

    in graviore annona,

    id. ib. 25: grave pretium, a high price, Sall. Fragm. ap. Non. 314, 25.—With respect to number: graves pavonum greges, great or numerous flocks, Varr. ap. Non. 314, 31. —
    b.
    For the usual gravidus, with young, pregnant ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose):

    regina sacerdos Marte gravis,

    Verg. A. 1, 274; cf.

    uterus (shortly after: gravidus tumet venter),

    Ov. M. 10, 495:

    balaenae utero graves (shortly before, gravidae),

    Plin. 9, 6, 5, § 13.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    Of hearing or sound, deep, grave, low, bass (opp. acutus, treble):

    vocem ab acutissimo sono usque ad gravissimum sonum recipiunt,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 59, 251; cf. id. ib. 3, 57, 216:

    qui (sonus) acuta cum gravibus temperans, varios aequabiliter concentus efficit,

    id. Rep. 6, 18:

    vox,

    Quint. 11, 3, 17; 42: sonus, 2, 8, 15; 5, 10, 125; 11, 3, 41; Ov. M. 12, 203:

    tenor,

    Quint. 1, 5, 26:

    syllaba,

    i. e. unaccented, id. 1, 5, 22 sq.; 12, 10, 33.—
    2.
    Of smell or flavor, strong, unpleasant, offensive:

    an gravis hirsutis cubet hircus in alis,

    rank, Hor. Epod. 12, 5:

    chelydri,

    Verg. G. 3, 415:

    ellebori,

    id. ib. 3, 451:

    odor calthae,

    strong, Plin. 21, 6, 15, § 28; cf.:

    herba odore suaviter gravi,

    id. 25, 9, 70, § 118; cf.

    117: habrotonum odore jucunde gravi floret,

    id. 21, 10, 34, § 60: absynthium ut bibam gravem, i. e. bitter, Varr. ap. Non. 19, 27, and 314, 14.—
    3.
    Of the state of the body or health, gross, indigestible, unwholesome, noxious, severe; sick:

    (Cleanthes) negat ullum esse cibum tam gravem, quin is die et nocte concoquatur,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 9, 24; so,

    genera cibi graviora,

    Cels. 2, 18:

    gravissima bubula (caro),

    id. ib.:

    pisces gravissimi,

    id. ib.:

    neque ex salubri loco in gravem, neque ex gravi in salubrem transitus satis tutus est,

    id. 1, 3; cf.:

    solum caelumque juxta grave,

    Tac. H. 5, 7:

    solet esse gravis cantantibus umbra,

    Verg. E. 10, 75:

    anni tempore gravissimo et caloribus maximis,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 16, 1; cf.:

    gravis auctumnus in Apulia circumque Brundisium ex saluberrimis Galliae et Hispaniae regionibus, omnem exercitum valetudine tentaverat,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 2 fin.:

    grave tempus et forte annus pestilens erat urbi agrisque,

    Liv. 3, 6, 1; cf. also id. 3, 8, 1:

    aestas,

    Verg. G. 2, 377:

    morbo gravis,

    sick, id. ib. 3, 95; cf.:

    gravis vulnere,

    Liv. 21, 48, 4:

    aetate et viribus gravior,

    id. 2, 19, 6:

    gravior de vulnere,

    Val. Fl. 6, 65:

    non insueta graves tentabunt pabula fetas,

    sick, feeble, Verg. E. 1, 50; so absol.:

    aut abit in somnum gravis,

    heavy, languid, Lucr. 3, 1066.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In a bad sense, heavy, burdensome, oppressive, troublesome, grievous, painful, hard, harsh, severe, disagreeable, unpleasant (syn.: molestus, difficilis, arduus): qui labores morte finisset graves, Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 48, 115:

    quod numquam tibi senectutem gravem esse senserim... quibus nihil est in ipsis opis ad bene beateque vivendum, iis omnis aetas gravis est,

    Cic. de Sen. 2, 4; cf.:

    onus officii,

    id. Rosc. Am. 38, 112; id. Rep. 1, 23:

    et facilior et minus aliis gravis aut molesta vita est otiosorum,

    id. Off. 1, 21, 70; id. Rep. 1, 4:

    miserior graviorque fortuna,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 32, 4:

    haec si gravia aut acerba videantur, multo illa gravius aestimare debere, etc.,

    id. ib. 7, 14 fin.:

    velim si tibi grave non erit, me certiorem facias,

    Cic. Fam. 13, 73, 2:

    grave est homini pudenti petere aliquid magnum,

    id. Fam. 2, 6, 1; id. Att. 1, 5, 4:

    est in populum Romanum grave, non posse, etc.,

    id. Balb. 7, 24:

    verbum gravius,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 58, § 134:

    ne quid gravius in fratrem statueret... quod si quid ei a Caesare gravius accidisset, etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 20, 1 and 4:

    gravissimum supplicium,

    id. ib. 1, 31, 15:

    habemus senatusconsultum in te, Catilina, vehemens et grave,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 1, 3:

    edictum,

    Liv. 29, 21, 5:

    gravioribus bellis,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 40:

    gravis esse alicui,

    id. Fam. 13, 76, 2; cf.:

    adversarius imperii,

    id. Off. 3, 22, 86:

    gravior hostis,

    Liv. 10, 18, 6:

    senes ad ludum adolescentium descendant, ne sint iis odiosi et graves,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 43:

    gravis popularibus esse coepit,

    Liv. 44, 30, 5.—Prov.:

    gravis malae conscientiae lux est,

    Sen. Ep. 122.—
    B.
    In a good sense, weighty, important, grave; with respect to character, of weight or authority, eminent, venerable, great:

    numquam erit alienis gravis, qui suis se concinnat levem,

    Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 58:

    quod apud omnes leve et infirmum est, id apud judicem grave et sanctum esse ducetur?

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 2, 6:

    ea (honestas) certe omni pondere gravior habenda est quam reliqua omnia,

    id. Off. 3, 8, 35; id. Deiot. 2, 5:

    cum gravibus seriisque rebus satisfecerimus,

    id. ib. 1, 29, 103:

    auctoritas clarissimi viri et in rei publicae maximis gravissimisque causis cogniti,

    id. Fam. 5, 12, 7; cf. causa, Lucil. ap. Non. 315, 31; Quint. 1, 2, 3; Caes. B. C. 1, 44, 4:

    gravius erit tuum unum verbum ad eam rem, quam centum mea,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 2, 107:

    ut potentia senatus atque auctoritas minueretur: quae tamen gravis et magna remanebat,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 34:

    sententiis non tam gravibus et severis quam concinnis et venustis,

    id. Brut. 95, 325:

    gravior oratio,

    id. de Or. 2, 56, 227:

    nihil sibi gravius esse faciendum, quam ut, etc.,

    id. Clu. 6, 16:

    inceptis gravibus et magna professis,

    Hor. A. P. 14:

    exemplum grave praebet ales, etc.,

    id. C. 4, 11, 26:

    non tulit ullos haec civitas aut gloria clariores, aut auctoritate graviores, aut humanitate politiores,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 37, 154:

    et esse et videri omnium gravissimus et severissimus,

    id. ib. 2, 56, 228:

    homo prudens et gravis,

    id. ib. 1, 9, 38:

    neque oratio abhorrens a persona hominis gravissimi,

    id. Rep. 1, 15 fin.:

    auctor,

    id. Pis. 6, 14:

    testis,

    id. Fam. 2, 2:

    non idem apud graves viros, quod leviores (decet),

    Quint. 11, 1, 45:

    vir bonus et gravis,

    id. 11, 3, 184:

    gravissimi sapientiae magistri,

    id. 12, 1, 36:

    tum pietate gravem ac meritis si forte virum quem Conspexere,

    Verg. A. 1, 151:

    gravissima civitas,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 3:

    gravem atque opulentam civitatem vineis et pluteis cepit,

    an important city, Liv. 34, 17, 12.— Hence, adv.: grăvĭter.
    1.
    Weightily, heavily, ponderously (very rare):

    aëra per purum graviter simulacra feruntur,

    Lucr. 4, 302; cf.:

    graviter cadere,

    id. 1, 741; Ov. P. 1, 7, 49.—
    b.
    Transf.
    (α).
    Of tones, deeply:

    natura fert, ut extrema ex altera parte graviter, ex altera autem acute sonent,

    Cic. Rep. 6, 18; Lucr. 4, 543.—Far more freq.,
    (β).
    Vehemently, strongly, violently:

    graviter crepuerunt fores,

    Ter. Heaut. 3, 3, 52; so,

    spirantibus flabris,

    Lucr. 6, 428; Ter. Ad. 5, 3, 2:

    pertentat tremor terras,

    Lucr. 6, 287:

    ferire aliquem,

    Verg. A. 12, 295:

    conquassari omnia,

    Lucr. 5, 105; cf.:

    quae gravissime afflictae erant naves,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 31, 2.—
    2.
    Trop.
    a.
    Vehemently, violently, deeply, severely; harshly, unpleasantly, disagreeably:

    graviter aegrotare,

    Cic. Off. 1, 10, 32:

    se habere,

    id. Att. 7, 2, 3:

    neque is sum, qui gravissime ex vobis mortis periculo terrear,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 30, 2:

    gravissime dolere,

    id. ib. 5, 54 fin.:

    quem ego amarem graviter,

    Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 87; cf.: placere occoepit graviter, postquam est mortua, [p. 829] Caecil. ap. Non. 314, 19:

    tibi edepol iratus sum graviter,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 2:

    cives gravissime dissentientes,

    Cic. Phil. 12, 11, 27:

    si me meis civibus injuria suspectum tam graviter atque offensum viderem,

    id. Cat. 1, 7, 17:

    graviter angi,

    id. Lael. 3, 10:

    tulit hoc commune dedecus jam familiae graviter filius,

    with chagrin, vexation, id. Clu. 6, 16; cf.:

    graviter et acerbe aliquid ferre,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 58, § 152:

    graviter accipere aliquid,

    id. de Or. 2, 52, 211; Tac. A. 13, 36; cf.:

    adolescentulus saepe eadem et graviter audiendo victus est,

    Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 62:

    nolo in illum gravius dicere,

    more harshly, id. Ad. 1, 2, 60; cf.:

    de amplissimis viris gravissime acerbissimeque decernitur,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 5, 4; id. B. G. 3, 16, 4; cf.

    also: severe et graviter et prisce agere,

    Cic. Cael. 14, 33:

    ut non gravius accepturi viderentur, si nuntiarentur omnibus eo loco mortem oppetendam esse,

    more sorrowfully, Liv. 9, 4, 6.—
    b.
    In an impressive or dignified manner, impressively, gravely, seriously, with propriety or dignity:

    his de rebus tantis tamque atrocibus neque satis me commode dicere neque satis graviter conqueri neque satis libere vociferari posse intelligo. Nam commoditati ingenium, gravitati aetas, libertati tempora sunt impedimento,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 4, 9:

    (Scipio) utrumque egit graviter,

    with dignity, id. Lael. 21, 77:

    res gestas narrare graviter,

    id. Or. 9, 30; cf.:

    locum graviter et copiose tractare,

    id. Fin. 4, 2, 5.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > gravis

  • 11 peto

    pĕto, īvi and ĭi, ītum, 3 ( perf. petīt, Verg. A. 9, 9;

    Ov F. 1, 109: petisti,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 5, 11; Verg. A. 4, 100; 12, 359:

    petistis,

    Auct. Her. 4, 15, 22:

    petissem,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 55, 145; Ov. M. 5, 26; Liv. 30, 25, 2:

    petisse,

    Cic. Quint. 11, 37; id. Verr. 2, 4, 63, § 140; Ov. [p. 1365] M. 9, 623; cf. Neue, Formenl. 2, 516 sq.), v. a. [Sanscr. root pat-, to fall upon, fly, find; Gr. pet- in piptô (pi-petô), to fall; cf. Lat. impetus and in petomai, to fly; cf. Lat. penna, acci-pit-er, etc.; the root of piptô, and therefore orig. to fall, fall upon; hence, to endeavor to reach or attain any thing].
    I.
    To fall upon any thing.
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    In a hostile sense, to rush at, attack, assault, assail; to let fly at, aim a blow at, thrust at, etc. (class.; cf.:

    invado, aggredior): gladiatores et vitando caute, et petendo vehementer,

    Cic. Or. 68, 228:

    cujus latus mucro ille petebat,

    id. Lig. 3, 9:

    non latus aut ventrem, sed caput et collum petere,

    to thrust at, id. Mur. 26, 52:

    aliquem spiculo infeste,

    Liv. 2, 20:

    aliquem mālo,

    to throw an apple at any one, Verg. E. 3, 64:

    alicui ungue genas,

    Ov. A. A. 2, 452:

    aliquem saxis, id. de Nuce, 2: aprum jaculis,

    Suet. Tib. 72:

    aëra disco,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 13:

    bello Penatìs,

    Verg. A. 3, 603:

    armis patriam,

    Vell. 2, 68, 3.—
    2.
    Without the notion of hostility: petere collum alicujus amplexu, to fall upon one's neck, to embrace one, M. Cael. ap. Quint. 4, 2, 124.—Esp. freq., to seek, to direct one's course to, to go or repair to, to make for, travel to a place:

    grues loca calidiora petentes,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 49, 125:

    Cyzicum,

    id. Fam. 14, 4, 3:

    Dyrrhachium,

    id. Planc. 41, 97:

    naves,

    to seek, take refuge in their ships, Nep. Milt. 5, 5:

    caelum pennis,

    to fly, Ov. F. 3, 457:

    Graiis Phasi petite viris,

    visited by the Greeks, id. P. 4, 10, 52:

    Metellus Postumium ad bellum gerendum Africam petentem,... urbem egredi passus non est,

    attempting to go, starting, Val. Max. 1, 1, 2.— Transf., of things, to proceed or go towards:

    campum petit amnis,

    Verg. G. 3, 522:

    mons petit astra,

    towers toward the stars, Ov. M. 1, 316: aliquem, to seek, go to a person:

    reginam,

    Verg. A. 1, 717:

    ut te supplex peterem, et tua limina adirem,

    id. ib. 6, 115: aliquid in locum or ad aliquem, to go to a place or person for something, to go in quest of, go to fetch:

    visum est tanti in extremam Italiam petere Brundisium ostreas,

    to go to Brundisium for oysters, Plin. 9, 54, 79, § 169:

    myrrham ad Troglodytas,

    id. 12, 15, 33, § 66:

    harena ad Aethiopas usque petitur,

    id. 36, 6, 9, § 51:

    collis, in quem vimina petebantur,

    id. 16, 10, 15, § 37:

    quaeque trans maria petimus,

    fetch, id. 19, 4, 19, §§ 58, 52.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To attack, assail one with any thing (class.):

    aiiquem epistulā,

    Cic. Att. 2, 2, 2:

    aliquem fraude et insidiis,

    Liv. 40, 55:

    aliquem falsis criminibus,

    Tac. A. 4, 31.—
    B.
    To demand, seek, require (cf. posco).
    1.
    In gen.:

    ita petit asparagus,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 23:

    ex iis tantum, quantum res petet, hauriemus,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 31, 123:

    aliquem in vincula,

    Quint. 7, 1, 55:

    aliquem ad supplicium,

    id. 7, 6, 6: poenas ab aliquo, to seek satisfaction from or revenge one's self on any one. ut poenas ab optimo quoque peteret sui doloris, Cic. Att. 1, 16, 7:

    ut merito ab eā poenas liberi sui petere debuerint,

    Quint. 3, 11, 12.—
    2.
    In partic.
    a.
    To demand or claim at law, to bring an action to recover, to sue for any thing (syn.:

    postulo): causam dicere Prius unde petitur... Quam ille qui petit,

    Ter. Eun. prol. 11:

    qui per se litem contestatur, sibi soli petit,

    Cic. Rosc Com. 18, 53: aliquando cum servis Habiti furti egit;

    nuper ab ipso Habito petere coepit,

    id. Clu. 59, 163:

    qui non calumniā litium alienos fundos, sed castris, exercitu, signis inferendis petebat,

    id. Mil. 27, 74.—
    b.
    To beg, beseech, ask, request, desire, entreat (syn.: rogo, flagito, obsecro); constr with ab and abl. of pers. (cf. infra); ante- and postclass., with acc. of pers.:

    vos volo, vos peto atque obsecro,

    Plaut. Curc. 1, 2, 60; freq. with ut:

    a te etiam atque etiam peto atque contendo, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Fam. 13, 1, 5:

    peto quaesoque, ut, etc.,

    id. ib. 5, 4, 2:

    peto igitur a te, vel, si pateris, oro, ut,

    id. ib. 9, 13, 3:

    petere in beneficii loco et gratiae, ut,

    id. Verr 2, 3, 82, § 189:

    petere precibus per litteras ab aliquo, ut,

    id. Sull. 19, 55:

    pacem ab aliquo,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 13:

    opem ab aliquo,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 2, 5:

    vitam nocenti,

    Tac. A. 2, 31:

    petito, ut intrare urbem liceret,

    Just. 43, 5, 6.—Also, with id or illud, and ut, etc.: illud autem te peto, ut, etc., Dolab. ap. Cic. Fam. 9, 9, 2.—With obj.-clause (mostly poet.):

    arma umeris arcumque animosa petebat Ferre,

    Stat. Achill. 1, 352; cf.: cum peteret (solum) donari quasi proprio suo deo, Suet. Aug. 5: petit aes sibi dari eis artous, Gell. 9, 2, 1.—De aliquo (for ab aliquo), to beg or request of one (post-class.):

    si de me petisses, ut, etc.,

    Dig. 13, 6, 5.—Ab aliquo aliquid alicui, to beg a thing of one person for another (class.):

    M. Curtio tribunatum a Caesare petivi,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 15, 3: ab aliquo pro aliquo petere, to intercede for:

    in eorum studiis, qui a te pro Ligario petunt,

    Cic. Lig. 10, 31.—With ex and abl. pers. (v. infra d.):

    eum petit litteris, ut ad Britanniam proficisceretur,

    Capitol. Pertin. 3, 5; Eutr. 2, 24.—Hence, pĕtītum, i, n., a prayer, desire, request, entreaty, Cat. 68, 39.—
    (β).
    Polit. t. t., to apply or solicit for an office, to be a candidate for office (different from ambire, to go about among the people to collect their votes, to canvass, which took place after the petitio):

    nemo est ex iis, qui nunc petunt, qui, etc.,

    Cic. Att. 1, 1, 2:

    consulatum,

    id. Phil. 2, 30, 76:

    praeturam,

    id. Verr. 1, 8, 23; Liv. 1, 35.—
    c.
    To solicit a person, to seek to possess, to woo:

    libidine sic accensa (Sempronia) ut viros saepius peteret quam peteretur,

    Sall. C. 25, 3:

    cum te tam multi peterent, tu me una petisti,

    Prop. 3, 13, 27:

    formosam quisque petit,

    id. 3, 32, 4:

    multi illam petiere,

    Ov. M. 1, 478; cf.: quae tuus Vir petet, cave, ne neges;

    Ne petitum aliunde eat,

    Cat. 61, 151.—
    d.
    To endeavor to obtain or pursue, to seek, strive after any thing, Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 40:

    fugā salutem petere,

    Nep. Hann. 11, 4:

    praedam pedibus,

    Ov. M. 1, 534:

    gloriam,

    Sall. C. 54, 5:

    eloquentiae principatum,

    Cic. Or. 17, 56:

    sanguinis profusio vel fortuita vel petita,

    intentional, designed, produced by artificial means, Cels. 2, 8.—With inf.:

    bene vivere,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 29:

    victricemque petunt dextrae conjungere dextram,

    Ov. M. 8, 421; 14, 571:

    conubiis natam sociare Latinis,

    Verg. A. 7, 96:

    aliquem transfigere ferro,

    Mart. 5, 51, 3.—With ex and abl., over, in the case of:

    ex hostibus victoriam petere,

    Liv. 8, 33, 13:

    supplicium ex se, non victoriam peti,

    id. 28, 19, 11:

    imperium ex victis hostibus populum Romanum petere,

    id. 30, 16, 7.—
    e.
    To fetch any thing:

    qui argentum petit,

    Plaut. Ep. 1, 1, 53:

    cibum e flammā,

    Ter. Eun, 3, 2, 38:

    altius initium rei demonstrandae,

    Cic. Caecin. 4, 10:

    aliquid a Graecis,

    id. Ac. 1, 2, 8:

    a litteris exiguam doloris oblivionem,

    to obtain, id. Fam. 5, 15, 4:

    suspirium alte,

    to fetch a deep sigh, Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 57; cf.:

    latere petitus imo spiritus,

    Hor. Epod. 11, 10; and:

    gemitus alto de corde petiti,

    Ov. M. 2, 622:

    haec ex veteri memoriā petita,

    Tac. H. 3, 5, 1.—
    f.
    To take, betake one's self to any thing:

    iter a Vibone Brundisium terrā petere contendi,

    Cic. Planc. 40, 96:

    diversas vias,

    Val. Fl. 1, 91:

    alium cursum,

    to take another route, Cic. Att. 3, 8, 2:

    aliam in partem petebant fugam,

    betook themselves to flight, fled, Caes. B. G. 2, 24.—
    g.
    To refer to, relate to ( poet.):

    Trojanos haec monstra petunt,

    Verg. A. 9, 128.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > peto

  • 12 plaga

    1.
    plāga, ae, f. [cf. plango], = plêgê, a blow, stroke, wound, stripe (class.; syn.: ictus, verbera, vulnus).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen., Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 51, § 134:

    (pueris) dant animos plagae,

    Verg. A. 7, 382; Ov. M. 12, 487; 13, 119; Gell. 5, 15, 7:

    plagae et vulnera,

    Tac. G. 7.—Of the shock of atoms striking together, Cic. Fat. 20, 48; cf. id. ib. 10, 22.—
    B.
    In partic., a blow which wounds or injures; a stroke, cut, thrust; a wound (class.).
    1.
    Absol.:

    plagis costae callent,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 4:

    quem irrigatum plagis pistori dabo,

    refreshed by a flogging, id. Ep. 1, 2, 18:

    plagas pati,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 13:

    plagas perferre,

    to bear, receive blows, Cic. Tusc. 2, 17, 41:

    plagam accipere,

    id. Sest. 19, 44:

    plagam mortiferam infligere,

    to inflict a mortal wound, id. Vatin. 8, 20:

    plaga mediocris pestifera,

    id. Off. 1, 24, 84:

    verbera et plagas repraesentare,

    stripes and blows, Suet. Vit. 10:

    plagis confectus,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 54, § 140:

    flagelli plaga livorem facit,

    Vulg. Ecclus. 28, 21:

    plagam curare,

    Cels. 5, 26, 24:

    suere,

    id. 5, 26, 23.—
    2.
    With gen.:

    scorpionum et canum plagas sanare,

    Plin. H. N. 23 prooem. 3, § 6.—
    C.
    Transf., a welt, scar, stripe:

    etiam de tergo ducentas plagas praegnatis dabo,

    swollen welts, Plaut. As. 2, 2, 10.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    A blow, stroke; an injury, misfortune (class.):

    illa plaga est injecta petitioni tuae maxima,

    that great blow was given, that great obstacle was presented, Cic. Mur. 23, 48:

    sic nec oratio plagam gravem facit, nisi, etc.,

    makes a deep impression, id. Or. 68, 228:

    levior est plaga ab amico, quam a debitore,

    loss, injury, id. Fam. 9, 16, 7:

    hac ille perculsus plaga non succubuit,

    blow, disaster, Nep. Eum. 5.—
    B.
    A plague, pestilence, infection (late Lat.):

    leprae,

    Vulg. Lev. 13, 2; id. 2 Reg. 24, 25.—
    C.
    An affliction, annoyance (late Lat.), Vulg. Deut. 7, 19:

    caecitatis,

    id. Tob. 2, 13.—
    D.
    Slaughter, destruction (late Lat.):

    percussit eos plagā magnā,

    Vulg. 1 Reg. 23, 5; id. 2 Reg. 17, 9.
    2.
    plăga, ae, f. [root plak- of Gr. plakous; cf. planca, plancus, plānus].
    A.
    A region, quarter, tract (mostly poet.; v. Madv. ad Cic. Fin. 2, 4, 12, where de plagis omnibus is the reading of the best MSS., but pagis of the edd.; but cf. Mütz. ad Curt. p. 516 sq.; and Krebs, Antibarb. p. 869;

    syn.: regio, tractus, terra): aetheria,

    the ethereal regions, the air, Verg. A. 1, 394: caeli scrutantur plagas, Poët. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 13, 30:

    et si quem extenta plagarum Quattuor in medio dirimit plaga solis iniqui,

    zones, Verg. A. 7, 226:

    ardens,

    the torrid zone, Sen. Herc. Oet. 67; also called fervida, id ib. 1219: septentrionalis, Plin. 16, 32, 59, § 136:

    ea plaga caeli,

    Just. 42, 3, 2:

    ad orientis plagam,

    Curt. 4, 37, 16:

    ad orientalem plagam,

    on the east, in the eastern quarter, Vulg. Deut. 4, 41:

    contra orientalem plagam urbis, id. Josue, 4, 19: ad septentrionalem plagam collis,

    side, id. Judic. 7, 1 et saep.—
    B.
    In partic., a region, district, canton (only in Liv.), Liv. 9, 41, 15.
    3.
    plăga, ae, f. [root plek-; Gr. plekô, weave, entwine; cf. plecto, plico, du-plex], a hunting-net, snare, gin (class.; syn.: retia, casses).
    A.
    Lit.:

    canes compellunt in plagas lupum,

    Plaut. Poen. 3, 3, 35:

    tendere plagas,

    Cic. Off. 3, 17, 68:

    extricata densis Cerva plagis,

    Hor. C. 3, 5, 32; Ov. M. 7, 768:

    nodosae,

    id. F. 6, 110:

    inque plagam nullo cervus agente cadit (al. plagas),

    id. A. A. 3, 428:

    aut trudit... Apros in obstantes plagas,

    Hor. Epod. 2, 32.—Of the spider's web:

    illa difficile cernuntur, atque ut in plagis liniae offensae praecipitant in sinum,

    Plin. 11, 24, 28, § 82.— Sing. (very rare):

    sic tu... tabulam tamquam plagam ponas,

    Cic. Off. 3, 17, 68.—
    B.
    Trop., a snare, trap, toil (class.;

    syn. pedica): se impedire in plagas,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 9, 11:

    se in plagas conicere,

    id. Trin. 2, 1, 11:

    quas plagas ipsi contra se Stoici texuerunt,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 48, 147:

    in illas tibi majores plagas incidendum est,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 58, § 151:

    Antonium conjeci in Caesaris Octaviani plagas,

    id. Fam. 12, 25, 4:

    speculabor, ne quis nostro consilio venator assit cum auritis plagis, i. e. arrectis attentisque auribus,

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 14.— Sing. (rare) hanc ergo plagam effugi, Cic. Att. 7, 1, 5.—
    II.
    A bedcurtain, a curtain (ante-class.; v. plagula), Varr. ap. Non. 162, 28:

    eburneis lectis et plagis sigillatis,

    id. ib. 378, 9:

    chlamydes, plagae, vela aurea,

    id. ib. 537, 23.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > plaga

  • 13 radico

    rādīco, āvi, 1, v. n., and rādīcor, ātus, 1, v. dep. n. [id.], to strike root, take root (post-Aug.).
    I.
    Lit.
    1.
    Form radico, Cassiod. H. E. 2, 6. —
    2.
    Form radicor:

    mergi facile radicantur,

    Col. 4, 2, 2; Plin. 13, 4, 8, § 36; 18, 7, 10, § 51 al.—Hence, rādīcātus, a, um, having roots:

    semina,

    Col. Arb. 20 fin.; Pall. Febr. 10, 1; 18, 1; 19, 2 al.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    et radicavi in populo honorificato (i. e. ego sapientia),

    have found a home, struck root, Vulg. Ecclus. 24, 16:

    in caritate radicati et fundati,

    id. Eph. 3, 17. — rādīcātus, a, um, rooted, Sid. Ep. 5, 10 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > radico

  • 14 radicor

    rādīco, āvi, 1, v. n., and rādīcor, ātus, 1, v. dep. n. [id.], to strike root, take root (post-Aug.).
    I.
    Lit.
    1.
    Form radico, Cassiod. H. E. 2, 6. —
    2.
    Form radicor:

    mergi facile radicantur,

    Col. 4, 2, 2; Plin. 13, 4, 8, § 36; 18, 7, 10, § 51 al.—Hence, rādīcātus, a, um, having roots:

    semina,

    Col. Arb. 20 fin.; Pall. Febr. 10, 1; 18, 1; 19, 2 al.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    et radicavi in populo honorificato (i. e. ego sapientia),

    have found a home, struck root, Vulg. Ecclus. 24, 16:

    in caritate radicati et fundati,

    id. Eph. 3, 17. — rādīcātus, a, um, rooted, Sid. Ep. 5, 10 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > radicor

  • 15 raucus

    raucus, a, um, adj. [from root ru-, to make a loud noise, ravus], hoarse.
    I.
    Lit. (freq. and class.):

    rogitando sum raucus factus,

    Plaut. Ep. 2, 1, 16: expurigabo ad raucam ravim omnia, id. Fragm. ap. Non. 164, 19:

    nos raucos saepe attentissime audiri video: at Aesopum, si paulum irrauserit, explodi,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 61, 259; Prop. 1, 16, 39:

    cornices,

    Lucr. 6, 751:

    palumbes,

    Verg. E. 1, 58:

    cicadae,

    id. ib. 2, 12:

    fauces,

    Lucr. 6, 1189; cf.

    guttur,

    Ov. M. 2, 484:

    os aselli,

    id. F. 1, 433:

    vox (ranarum),

    id. M. 6, 377:

    garrulitas (picarum),

    id. ib. 5, 678:

    stridor (simiae),

    id. ib. 14, 100:

    quaere peregrinum vicinia rauca reclamat,

    screaming herself hoarse, Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 62; cf.

    circus,

    Juv. 8, 59 Rup.:

    causidici,

    Mart. 4, 8, 2:

    rogatores,

    id. 10, 5, 4:

    Codrus,

    Juv. 1, 2:

    cohors (Gallorum),

    id. 6, 514:

    illa (puella) sonat raucum quiddam,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 289; cf. the foll.— Poet., in gen., of the swan:

    dant sonitum rauci per stagna loquacia cygni,

    Verg. A. 11, 458.— Comp.:

    raucior,

    Mart. Cap. 1, § 28; Serv. ad Verg. A. 7, 704.—
    2.
    Transf., of inanimate things, hoarse, hollow, or deep sounding, harsh, rough, grating, etc. (only in the poets):

    cornu,

    Prop. 3, 3 (4, 2), 41:

    cymbala,

    id. 3, 17 (4, 16), 36:

    tibia,

    id. 3, 10 (4, 9), 23:

    ossa (tubae),

    id. 4 (5), 3, 20; cf.

    aes (i. e. tuba),

    Verg. G. 4, 71 et saep.:

    murmur (undae),

    id. ib. 1, 109; cf. Hadria, Hor. C. 2, 14, 14:

    litus,

    Stat. Th. 5, 291:

    Aquilo,

    Mart. 1, 50, 20:

    tonitrua,

    Stat. Th. 2, 40:

    postes,

    Prop. 4 (5), 8, 49; cf. Ov. Am. 1, 6, 50: aes (i. e. scutum). Verg. A. 2, 545 et saep.:

    amnis Rauca sonans,

    id. ib. 9, 125; cf.:

    tumidus post flamina pontus Rauca gemit,

    Luc. 5, 217:

    arma raucum gemuere,

    Sil. 2, 245; cf. Ov. A. A. 3, 289.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    te vero nolo, nisi ipse rumor jam raucus erit factus, ad Baias venire,

    has become faint, died away, Cic. Fam. 9, 2, 5.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > raucus

  • 16 sedeo

    sĕdeo, sēdi, sessum, 2, v. n. [Sanscr. root sad-; Gr. ἙΔ, to sit; cf. ἕδος, ἕζομαι; Lat. sedes, insidiae, sedare, sella, etc.; Engl. sit, seat], to sit.
    I.
    Lit. (very freq. in prose and poetry); constr. absol., with in, the simple abl., or with other prepp. and advv. of place.
    A.
    In gen.
    (α).
    Absol.:

    hi stant ambo, non sedent,

    Plaut. Capt. prol. 2; cf. id. ib. 12; id. Mil. 2, 1, 4:

    quid sit, quod cum tot summi oratores sedeant, ego potissimum surrexerim,

    remain sitting, Cic. Rosc. Am. 1, 1:

    sedens iis assensi,

    id. Fam. 5, 2, 9:

    lumbi sedendo dolent,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 3, 6:

    supplex ille sedet,

    Prop. 4 (5), 5, 37.—
    (β).
    With in:

    in subselliis,

    Plaut. Poen. prol. 5:

    sedilibus in primis eques sedet,

    Hor. Epod. 4, 16:

    in proscaenio,

    Plaut. Poen. prol. 18; cf.: aliquem in XIIII. sessum deducere, Asin. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 32, 2; Suet. Caes. 39 (v. quattuordecim): malo in illā tuā sedeculā sedere quam in istorum sella curuli, Cic. Att. 4, 10, 1; cf.:

    in sellā,

    id. Div. 1, 46, 104:

    in saxo (ejecti),

    Plaut. Rud. prol. 73; Ov. H. 10, 49:

    in arā (mulieres supplices),

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 6, 9:

    in solio,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 21, 69; Ov. M. 2, 23:

    in equo,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 10, § 27:

    in leone,

    Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 109; and with a gen. specification of the place where:

    in conclavi,

    Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 35:

    in hemicyclio domi,

    Cic. Lael. 1, 2:

    bubo in culmine,

    Ov. M. 6, 432:

    cornix in humo,

    id. Am. 3, 5, 22:

    musca in temone,

    Phaedr. 3, 6, 1.—
    (γ).
    With simple abl. (not ante-Aug.):

    bis sex caelestes, medio Jove, sedibus altis sedent,

    Ov. M. 6, 72:

    solio,

    id. ib. 6, 650;

    14, 261: sede regiā,

    Liv. 1, 41:

    eburneis sellis,

    id. 5, 41:

    sellā curuli,

    id. 30, 19:

    carpento,

    id. 1, 34:

    cymbā,

    Ov. M. 1, 293:

    puppe,

    id. F. 6, 471:

    humo,

    id. M. 4, 261:

    equo,

    Mart. 5, 38, 4; 11, 104, 14; cf.:

    dorso aselli,

    Ov. F. 3, 749:

    delphine,

    id. M. 11, 237:

    columbae viridi solo,

    Verg. A. 6, 192:

    recessu,

    Ov. M. 1, 177; 14, 261:

    theatro,

    id. A. A. 1, 497.—
    (δ).
    With other prepp. and advv. of place:

    inter ancillas,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 46:

    ante fores,

    Ov. M. 4, 452; Tib. 1, 3, 30:

    ad tumulum supplex,

    id. 2, 6, 33:

    sub arbore,

    Ov. M. 4, 95:

    sub Jove,

    id. ib. 4, 261:

    ducis sub pede,

    id. Tr. 4, 2, 44:

    post me gradu uno,

    Hor. S. 1, 6, 40:

    apud quem,

    Cic. Rep. 3, 28, 32 (ap. Non. 522, 30) et saep.:

    non sedeo istic, vos sedete,

    Plaut. Stich. 1, 2, 36:

    illic,

    Ter. Hec. 5, 3, 4; id. Phorm. 1, 2, 41.—
    2.
    Late Lat., pass., of animals, to be ridden (cf. Engl. to sit a horse):

    sederi equos in civitatibus non sivit,

    Spart. Hadr. 22;

    Cod. Th. 9, 30, 3: cum (Bucephalus) ab equario suo mollius sederetur,

    Sol. 45:

    animalia sedentur,

    Veg. 2, 28, 12.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Of magistrates, esp. of judges, to sit in council, in court, or on the bench:

    (Scaevolā tribuno) in Rostris sedente suasit Serviliam legem Crassus,

    Cic. Brut. 43, 161:

    ejus igitur mortis sedetis ultores, etc.,

    id. Mil. 29, 79; id. Clu. 37, 103 sq.:

    si idcirco sedetis, ut, etc.,

    id. Rosc. Am. 53, 153; so,

    judex,

    Liv. 40, 8:

    Appius, ne ejus rei causā sedisse videretur,

    id. 3, 46, 9; Phaedr. 1, 10, 6:

    sedissem forsitan unus De centum judex in tua verba viris,

    Ov. P. 3, 5, 23; Plin. Ep. 6, 33, 3:

    Minos arbiter,

    Prop. 3, 19 (4, 18), 27; cf.:

    sedeo pro tribunali,

    id. ib. 1, 10, 9: a quibus si qui quaereret, sedissentne judices in Q. Fabricium, sedisse se dicerent, Cic Clu. 38, 105; cf. id. Rab. Post. 5, 10.—Also of the assistants of the judges:

    nobis in tribunali Q. Pompeii praetoris urbani sedentibus,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 37, 168; id. Rosc. Com. 4, 12.—In Quint., also of the advocate, Quint. 11, 3, 132.—Of witnesses:

    dicendo contra reum, cum quo sederit,

    Quint. 5, 7, 32.—Of a presiding officer:

    sedente Claudio,

    Tac. A. 11, 11.—Of augurs sitting to wait for an augurium:

    sed secundum augures sedere est augurium captare,

    Serv. ad Verg. A. 9, 4; cf. id. ib. 1, 56; Interp. Mai ad Verg. A. 10, 241; Fest. s. v. silentio, p. 248, a Müll.; cf. Becker, Antiq. 2, 3, p. 76.—
    2.
    To continue sitting, to sit still; to continue, remain, tarry, wait, abide in a place; and with an implication of inactivity, to sit idly, be inactive; to linger, loiter, etc.:

    isdem consulibus sedentibus atque inspectantibus lata lex est, etc.,

    Cic. Sest. 15, 33 (cf. id. Pis. 9):

    majores nostri, qui in oppido sederent, quam qui rura colerent, desidiosiores putabant,

    Varr. R. R. 2, prooem. §

    1: quasi claudus sutor domi sedet totos dies,

    Plaut. Aul. 1, 1, 34; cf.:

    an sedere oportuit Domi,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 5, 38:

    iis ventis istinc navigatur, qui si essent, nos Corcyrae non sederemus,

    Cic. Fam. 16, 7:

    quor sedebas in foro, si eras coquos Tu solus?

    Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 11:

    in villā totos dies,

    Cic. Att. 12, 44, 2:

    circum argentarias cottidie,

    Plaut. Truc. 1, 1, 48:

    sedemus desides domi,

    Liv. 3, 68:

    statuit congredi quam cum tantis copiis refugere aut tam diu uno loco sedere,

    Nep. Dat. 8, 1:

    non cuivis contingit adire Corinthum. Sedit qui timuit, ne non succederet,

    sat still, stayed at home, Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 37.—Esp. of waiting on an oracle or a god for an answer or for aid (= Gr. ïzein):

    ante sacras fores,

    Tib. 1, 3, 30:

    illius ad tumulum fugiam supplexque sedebo,

    id. 2, 6, 33:

    custos ad mea busta sedens,

    Prop. 3, 16 (4, 15), 24:

    meliora deos sedet omina poscens,

    Verg. G. 3, 456; so of a lover at the door of his mistress: me retinent victum formosae vincla puellae, Et sedeo janitor, Tib. [p. 1659] 1, 1, 56:

    et frustra credula turba sedet,

    id. 4, 4, 18.—
    b.
    Of long, esp. of inactive encamping in war, to sit, i. e. to remain encamped, to keep the field, before an enemy's fortress or army:

    hostium copiae magnae contra me sedebant, Cato ap. Charis, p. 197 P.: septimum decimum annum Ilico sedent,

    Naev. 6, 2:

    dum apud hostes sedimus,

    Plaut. Am. 2, 1, 52:

    sedendo expugnare urbem,

    Liv. 2, 12:

    sedendo et cunctando bellum gerere,

    id. 22, 24:

    quieto sedente rege ad Enipeum,

    id. 44, 27:

    ad Suessulam,

    id. 7, 37; 9, 3; 9, 44; 10, 25; 22, 39; 23, 19; 44, 27; Verg. A. 5, 440:

    apud moenia Contrebiae,

    Val. Max. 7, 4, 5.—Hence, prov.:

    compressis, quod aiunt, manibus sedere,

    Liv. 7, 13, 7; and:

    vetus proverbium est, Romanus sedendo vincit (prob. originating with Q. Fabius Cunctator),

    Varr. R. R. 1, 2, 2.—
    3.
    For desideo (2.), to sit at stool, Marc. Emp. 29; so,

    sordido in loco sedere,

    Val. Max. 9, 13, 2.—
    II.
    Trop. (in prose not freq. till after the Aug. per.; not in Cic.).
    A.
    In gen., to sink or settle down, to subside:

    cum pondere libra Prona nec hac plus parte sedet nec surgit ab illā,

    Tib. 4, 1, 42:

    quod neque tam fuerunt gravia, ut depressa sederent, Nec levia, ut possent per summas labier oras,

    Lucr. 5, 474; cf.: flamma petit altum; propior locus aëra cepit;

    Sederunt medio terra fretumque solo,

    Ov. F. 1,110:

    sedet nebula densior campo quam montibus,

    Liv. 22, 4:

    sedet vox auribus,

    sinks into, penetrates, Quint. 11, 3, 40: rupti aliqui montes tumulique sedere, Sall. Fragm. ap. Isid. Orig. 14, 1, 2 (H. 2, 43 Dietsch); cf.:

    sedisse immensos montes,

    Tac. A. 2, 47: memor illius escae, Quae simplex olim sibi sederit, sat well upon your stomach, i. e. agreed well with you, Hor. S. 2, 2, 73; Quint. 9, 4, 94.—
    2.
    Of feelings, passions, etc.: his dictis sedere minae, subsided, i. e. were quieted, = sedatae sunt, Sil. 10, 624; cf.:

    nusquam irae: sedit rabies feritasque famesque,

    Stat. Th. 10, 823. —
    3.
    Of places, to sink, i. e. to lie low, to be in the valley or plain:

    campo Nola sedet,

    Sil. 12, 162:

    mediisque sedent convallibus arva,

    Luc. 3, 380; Stat. Th. 1, 330; cf.:

    lactuca sedens,

    i. e. lower, Mart. 10, 48, 9 ( = sessilis, id. 3, 47, 8).—
    B.
    In partic., to sit, sit close or tight, to hold or hang fast, to be fast, firm, fixed, immovable; be settled, established, etc.:

    tempus fuit, quo navit in undis, Nunc sedet Ortygie,

    Ov. M. 15, 337:

    in liquido sederunt ossa cerebro,

    stuck fast, id. ib. 12, 289;

    so of weapons, etc., that sink deep: clava (Herculis), adversi sedit in ore viri,

    id. F. 1, 576:

    cujus (Scaevae) in scuto centum atque viginti tela sedere,

    Flor. 4, 2, 40:

    librata cum sederit (glans),

    Liv. 38, 29; hence, poet. also, of deep-seated wounds: plagam sedere Cedendo arcebat, from sinking or penetrating deeply, Ov. M. 3, 88:

    alta sedent vulnera,

    Luc. 1, 32.—Of clothes, to fit (opp. dissidere, v. Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 96):

    ita et sedet melius et continetur (pars togae),

    sits better, Quint. 11, 3, 140 sq.; so,

    toga umero,

    id. 11, 3, 161; cf.:

    quam bene umeris tuis sederet imperium,

    Plin. Pan. 10, 6.—Of vessels:

    sicco jam litore sedit,

    Luc. 8, 726:

    naves super aggerationem, quae fuerat sub aquā, sederent,

    stuck fast, grounded, Vitr. 10, 22 med. et saep.:

    cujus laetissima facies et amabilis vultus in omnium civium ore, oculis, animo sedet,

    Plin. Pan. 55, 10:

    aliquid fideliter in animo,

    Sen. Ep. 2, 2:

    unum Polynicis amati Nomen in ore sedet,

    Stat. Th. 12, 114; so,

    Cressa relicta in ingenio tuo,

    Ov. H. 2, 76:

    sedere coepit sententia haec,

    to be established, Plin. 2, 7, 5, § 23; cf.:

    nunc parum mihi sedet judicium,

    Sen. Ep. 46, 3; Amm. 14, 1, 5; 15, 2, 5. —Hence, also of any thing fixed, resolved, or determined upon:

    si mihi non animo fixum immotumque sederet, Ne cui, etc.,

    Verg. A. 4, 15; cf.:

    idque pio sedet Aeneae,

    id. ib. 5, 418:

    bellum,

    Flor. 2, 15, 4:

    consilium fugae,

    id. 2, 18, 14:

    haec,

    Sil. 15, 352. —With a subject-clause:

    tunc sedet Ferre iter impavidum,

    Stat. Th. 1, 324:

    vacuo petere omina caelo,

    id. ib. 3, 459:

    Aegaei scopulos habitare profundi,

    Val. Fl. 2, 383.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > sedeo

  • 17 sopor

    sŏpor, ōris, m. [Sanscr. root svap-, sleep; cf. somnus; Gr. hupnos], a deep sleep.
    I.
    Lit., in gen., sleep (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose; not in Cic.; cf.

    somnus): lucrum praeposivi sopori et quieti,

    Plaut. Rud. 4, 2, 11:

    cum eum cibo vinoque gravatum sopor oppressisset,

    Liv. 1, 7, 5:

    sopore discusso,

    Curt. 6, 8, 22; 6, 10, 13; 7, 11, 18; 8, 6, 26;

    but also opp. somnus: hujus (junci) semine somnum allici, sed modum servandum, ne sopor fiat,

    Plin. 21, 18, 71, § 119: sopore placans artus languidos, Att. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 22, 44:

    cum suavi devinxit membra sopore Somnus,

    Lucr. 4, 453; 4, 765; 4, 996:

    nox erat et placidum carpebant fessa soporem Corpora,

    Verg. A. 4, 522:

    piger his labante languore oculos sopor operit,

    Cat. 63, 37:

    fessos sopor inrigat artus,

    Verg. A. 3, 511:

    placidum petivit soporem,

    id. ib. 8, 406:

    occupet ut fessi lumina victa sopor,

    Tib. 1, 2, 2. —Personified, Sopor = Somnus, Verg. A. 6, 278; Prop. 1, 3, 45; Stat. Th. 12, 308. —In plur., Tib. 4, 4, 9 (Müll. sapores).—
    2.
    Pregn., the sleep of death, death:

    in soporem conlocastis nudos,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 148; 1, 1, 150:

    aeternus,

    Lucr. 3, 466:

    perpetuus,

    Hor. C. 1, 24, 5.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    Stupefaction, lethargy, stupor: neque dormire excitatus, neque vigilare ebrius poterat, sed semisomno sopore... jactabatur, Cael. ap. Quint. 4, 2, 124:

    temulento sopore profligatus,

    id. ib. § 123.—
    B.
    Drowsiness, laziness, indifference:

    sopor et ignavia,

    Tac. H. 2, 76; Mart. 7, 42, 4.—
    C.
    Poppy-juice, opium:

    e nigro papavere sopor gignitur scapo inciso,

    Plin. 20, 18, 76, § 198.—
    D.
    A sleepingdraught, sleeping - potion:

    sopore sumpto dormiturus,

    Sen. Ep. 83, 25; so (opp. venenum) id. Ben. 5, 13, 5; Front. Strat. 2, 5, 12; Nep. Dion, 2, 5.—
    E.
    The temple (of the head; cf.

    Germ. Schläfe): laevus,

    Stat. S. 2, 3, 29.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > sopor

  • 18 tango

    tango, tĕtĭgi, tactum, 3 (old collat. form tago, xi, 3:

    tagit Pacuvius in Teucro: ut ego, si quisquam me tagit. Et tagam idem in Hermiona: aut non cernam, nisi tagam: sine dubio antiquā consuetudine usurpavit. Nam nunc ea sine praepositionibus non dicuntur, ut contigit, attigit,

    Fest. p. 356 Müll.: PELLEX ARAM IVNONIS NE TANGITO, Lex Numae ap. Fest. p. 222 ib.: sed o Petruelle, ne meum taxis librum, Varr. ap. Non. 176, 18, and 180, 8), v. a. [root tag-; Gr. te-tag-ôn, grasping; tê, take; Lat. tago, tagax; Goth. tēkan, to touch; Engl. take; cf.: inter, contages], to touch (syn. tracto).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    tangere enim et tangi, nisi corpus, nulla potest res, Lucr 1, 304: tange utramvis digitulo minimo modo,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 15:

    genu terram tangere,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 24, 57:

    virgā Virginis os,

    Ov. M. 11, 308:

    aliquem cubito,

    Hor. S. 2, 5, 42.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To touch, i. e.,
    a.
    To take, take away, curry off: Sa. Tetigin' tui quidquam? Aes. Si attigisses, ferres infortunium, Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 24:

    de praedā meā teruncium nec attigit nec tacturus est quisquam,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 17, 4:

    quia tangam nullum ab invito,

    id. Agr. 2, 25, 67; Liv. 29, 20. —
    b.
    To taste, to eat, to drink:

    salsa sunt, tangere ut non velis,

    Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 35:

    illa (corpora) Non cani tetigere lupi,

    Ov. M. 7, 550:

    saporem,

    id. F. 3, 745:

    cupiens varià fastidia cenā Vincere tangentis male singula dente superbo,

    Hor. S. 2, 6, 87:

    Superorum tangere mensas,

    Ov. M. 6, 173:

    tetigit calicem clanculum,

    has emptied, Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 10. —
    2.
    Of places.
    a.
    To reach, arrive at, come to a place (syn. pervenio):

    Verres simul ac tetigit provinciam, statim, etc.,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 10, § 27; cf. id. Att. 6, 1, 6:

    portus,

    Verg. A. 4, 612:

    terminum mundi armis,

    Hor. C. 3, 3, 54:

    vada,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 24:

    lucum gradu,

    Ov. M. 3, 36:

    domos,

    id. ib. 4, 779;

    6, 601: quem (Nilum) simul ac tetigit,

    id. ib. 1, 729:

    ut tellus est mihi tacta,

    id. Tr. 3, 2, 18:

    limina,

    id. M. 10, 456; Juv. 14, 44:

    nocturno castra dolo,

    Ov. H. 1, 42 et saep.—
    b.
    To border on, be contiguous to:

    qui (fundi) Tiberim fere omnes tangunt,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 7, 20:

    haec civitas Rhenum tangit,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 3:

    quae (villa) viam tangeret,

    Cic. Mil. 19, 51:

    vertice sidera,

    Ov. M. 7, 61. —
    3.
    To touch, i. e.,
    a.
    To strike, hit, beat (mostly poet.):

    chordas,

    Ov. R. Am. 336:

    flagello Chloen,

    Hor. C. 3, 26, 12:

    quem tetigit jactu,

    Prop. 2, 34 (3, 32), 60:

    loca tangere fundā,

    Tib. 4, 1, 97:

    te hora Caniculae Nescit tangere,

    to touch, affect, Hor. C. 3, 13, 10.—Euphem., to put to death:

    quemquam praeterea oportuisse tangi,

    Cic. Att. 15, 11, 2:

    statua aut aera legum de caelo tacta,

    i.e. struck by lightning, id. Div. 2, 21, 47; so, de caelo tactus, Liv. 25, 7, 7; 29, 14, 3; Verg. E. 1, 17:

    e caelo tactum,

    Plin. 36, 4, 4, § 10; cf.:

    ulmus fulmine tacta,

    Ov. Tr. 2, 144:

    tacta aedes Junonis,

    Plin. 2, 54, 55, § 144.—Prov.:

    tetigisti acu (rem),

    you have hit the nail on the head, Plaut. Rud. 5, 2, 19; cf.:

    tangis en ipsos metus,

    the thing you fear, Sen. Oedip. 795.—
    b.
    To take hold of, to touch, handle, etc.;

    esp. in mal. part.: virginem,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 5, 52:

    cur id ausus's facere ut id quod non tuom esset tangeres?

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 10, 14; Ter. Heaut. 4, 6, 15; id. Eun. 4, 7, 27 sq.; Cat. 21, 8; Hor. S. 1, 2, 28; 1, 2, 54.— Absol.:

    cibum una capias, assis, tangas, ludas, propter dormias,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 81 (82):

    si non tangendi copia'st,

    id. ib. 4, 2, 10; id. Phorm. 5, 8 (9), 5.—
    4.
    To besprinkle, moisten, wash, smear, anoint ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose;

    syn. tingo): corpus aquā,

    Ov. F. 4, 790:

    comas tristi medicamine,

    id. M. 6, 140:

    oculos olivo,

    Pers. 3, 44:

    superiorem palpebram salivā,

    Plin. 28, 4, 7, § 38:

    caput igne sulfuris,

    Prop. 4 (5), 8, 86; cf.:

    voluit tangi lucerna mero,

    id. 4 (5), 3, 60:

    luto corpora tangit amor,

    Tib. 1, 8, 52.—
    5.
    To color, dye:

    supercilium madidā fuligine,

    Juvenc. 2, 93. —
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    Of the mind or feelings, to touch, move, affect, impress:

    minae Clodii contentionesque modice me tangunt,

    Cic. Att. 2, 19, 1:

    si vos urbis, si vestri nulla cura tangit,

    Liv. 3, 17, 3:

    Numitori tetigerat animum memoria nepotum,

    id. 1, 5:

    mentem mortalia tangunt,

    Verg. A. 1, 462:

    si curat cor spectantis tetigisse querela,

    Hor. A. P. 98:

    nec formā tangor, poteram tamen hac quoque tangi,

    Ov. M. 10, 614:

    vota tamen tetigere deos, tetigere parentes,

    id. ib. 4, 164:

    nymphas tetigit nova res,

    id. ib. 15, 552:

    nec amor nos tangit habendi,

    id. A. A. 3, 541:

    exemplo tangi,

    id. H. 15 (16), 326; id. F. 5, 489; Prop. 1, 9, 17:

    religione tactus hospes,

    Liv. 1, 45, 7:

    tetigerat animum memoria nepotum,

    id. 1, 5, 6:

    si quem gloria tangit,

    Sen. Hippol. 27.—
    B.
    Qs. to prick or stick one, i. e.,
    1.
    To take in, trick, dupe; to cozen or cheat out of any thing (anteclass.):

    tuom tangam patrem,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 118; cf.:

    probe tactus Ballio est,

    id. ib. 5, 2, 13:

    tangere hominem volt bolo,

    id. Poen. prol. 101:

    istis adeo te tetigi triginta minis,

    id. Ep. 5, 2, 40: senem triginta minis, Poët. ap. Cic. de Or. 2, 64, 257:

    lenunculum aere militari,

    Plaut. Poen. 5, 5, 7: patrem talento argenti, Turp. ap. Non. 408, 28:

    tactus sum vehementer visco,

    I am limed, caught, Plaut. Bacch. 5, 2, 39:

    volucres harundinibus,

    Petr. 109.—
    2.
    To sting or nettle any one by something said:

    quo pacto Rhodium tetigerim in convivio,

    Ter. Eun. 3, 1, 30; cf.

    maledictis,

    Fest. p. 356 Müll.—
    C.
    Of speech, to touch upon, mention, speak of, refer to, cite:

    non tango, quod avarus homo est, quodque improbu' mitto, Lucil. ap. Rufin. Schem. Lex. § 12 (p. 274 Frotsch.): leviter unum quodque tangam,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 30, 83:

    ubi Aristoteles ista tetigit?

    id. Ac. 2, 44, 136:

    illud tertium, quod a Crasso tactum est,

    id. de Or. 2, 10, 43: ne tangantur rationes ad Opis, be discussed, examined, Anton. ap. Cic. Phil. 8, 9, 26:

    si tacta loquar,

    Manil. 3, 21; cf.:

    quid minus utibile fuit quam hoc ulcus tangere Aut nominare uxorem?

    Ter. Phorm. 4, 4, 9.—
    D.
    To take in hand, undertake (rare):

    carmina,

    Ov. Am. 3, 12, 17: quis te Carminis heroi tangere jussit opus? prop. 4, 2 (3, 3), 16.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > tango

  • 19 vapulo

    vāpŭlo, āvi, 1, v. neutral pass. [perh. root vap-; cf. vappo; prop. to wriggle, flutter; hence], to get a cudgelling or flogging, to be flogged.
    I.
    Lit.:

    ego vapulando, ille verberando usque ambo defessi sumus,

    Ter. Ad. 2, 2, 5;

    so (opp. verberare),

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 178:

    vapulo ego invitus,

    id. Cas. 5, 3, 15: ergo istoc magis, Quia vaniloquus, vapulabis, [p. 1958] id. Am. 1, 1, 223:

    cum corpus vapulet,

    Lucr. 4, 936:

    non ego, sed tenuis vapulat umbra mea,

    Prop. 3, 3 (2, 12), 20:

    qui illum viderant ab illo flagris vapulantem,

    Sen. Lud. Mort. Claud. 15, 2:

    testis in reum rogatus, an ab reo fustibus vapulasset,

    Quint. 9, 2, 12; 1, 3, 16:

    saepe territus quasi vapulaturus,

    Dig. 47, 10, 15:

    coctum ego, non vapulatum dudum conductus fui,

    Plaut. Aul. 3, 3, 9.—
    2.
    Vapula, vapulet, as an opprobrious expression, you be flogged! he be flogged! like the vulg. Engl., you be hanged! he be hanged! nunc profecto vapula ob mendacium, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 214; id. As. 2, 4, 72; id. Truc. 5, 53:

    vapulet! Ne sibi me credat supplicem fore!

    id. Pers. 2, 3, 17:

    vapulare te vehementer jubeo,

    id. Curc. 4, 4, 12.—Hence, prov.: vapula Papiria, of doubtful signif.; v. Fest. p. 372 Müll. —
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    Of troops, like our to be beaten, i. e. to be conquered: septimam legionem vapulasse, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 1, 4.—
    2.
    Of property, to be dissipated, squandered:

    vapulat peculium,

    Plaut. Stich. 5, 5, 10:

    multa,

    Sen. Q. N. 6, 7, 6.—
    3.
    In gen., of inanim. things, to be struck, beaten:

    (olea) quae vapulavit macescit,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 55, 1:

    turris pluvio,

    Sen. Agam. 93.—
    II.
    Trop., to be lashed, attacked:

    omnium sermonibus vapulare,

    Cic. Att. 2, 14, 1.—
    B.
    To be in trouble, to be afflicted:

    sub Veneris regno vapulo, non sub Jovis,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 15.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > vapulo

  • 20 aequō

        aequō āvī, ātus, āre    [aequus], to make equal, equalize: suas opes cum potentissimis aequari, Cs.: numerum (corporum) cum navibus, V.: fortunam animis, L.: tecta caelo, raise, V.: illi... amorem, returns equal love, V.: imperium terris, animos Olympo, extend, V.: solo aequandae sunt dictaturae, abolished, L.: nocti ludum, i. e. play all night, V.: Ibant aequati numero, i. e. kept step to the song, V.: aequato omnium periculo, Cs.: aequato Marte, L.: cur non omnia aequantur? i. e. equally vested in the two parties, L.: caelo te laudibus, raise, V.: laborem Partibus iustis (abl.), distribute equally, V.: foedera cum rigidis aequata Sabinis, i. e. made on equal terms, H. — To place on an equality with, compare: scelera cum aliis. — Of places, to make level, even, smooth: locum, Cs.: area aequanda cylindro, V.: pumice omnia, Ct.: aciem, i. e. make as long as the enemy's, L.: nec tamen aequari frontes poterant, L. — To become equal, equal, come up to, attain, reach: illis se: caelum, to reach, O.: cum sulcos aequant sata, i. e. grow as high as the ridges, V.: facta dictis, i. e. speak worthily of the achievements, L.: lacrimis labores, lament adequately, V.: regum opes animis, i. e. rival by his spirit, V.: ducem passibus, keep pace with, V.: sagitta aequans ventos, as swift as the winds, V.: vellera nebulas aequantia, i. e. as fine as mist, O.: munia comparis, i. e. draw even with her mate, H.
    * * *
    aequare, aequavi, aequatus V TRANS
    level, make even/straight; equal; compare; reach as high or deep as

    Latin-English dictionary > aequō

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