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  • 1 generación

    f.
    1 generation, people of the time, people of the epoch.
    2 generation, age, epoch.
    3 generation, creation, formation.
    * * *
    1 generation
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=acto) generation
    2) (=grupo) generation

    la generación del 27/98 — the generation of '27/'98

    primera/segunda/tercera/cuarta generación — (Inform) first/second/third/fourth generation

    3) (=descendencia) progeny, offspring; (=crías) brood; (=sucesión) succession
    GENERACIÓN DEL 27/DEL 98 The Generación del 27 is the collective name given to a group of writers and poets including Lorca, Alberti, Guillén, Cernuda and Aleixandre, who drew inspiration from earlier Spanish poets as well as from popular folk song and contemporary European art (Dadaism, Surrealism, Cubism). They particularly admired Góngora (1561-1627) and it was their commemoration of the anniversary of his death that earned them the title Generación del 27. The Generación del 98 was the name coined by Azorín for a group of writers (Baroja, Machado, Unamuno, Maeztu, Ganivet, and himself, amongst others) who saw Spain's defeat in the Cuban American war of 1898 as the start of a decline in values. While not all the supposed members of the group accepted their inclusion in it, their work demonstrates shared themes, ideals and concerns.
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( de una familia) generation
    b) (Art, Lit) generation
    c) (Inf) generation
    2) ( acción) generation
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( de una familia) generation
    b) (Art, Lit) generation
    c) (Inf) generation
    2) ( acción) generation
    * * *
    generación1

    Ex: Information retrieval follows from the generation of an index.

    * generación de ingresos = revenue-raising, income generation.

    generación2
    2 = breed, generation.

    Ex: He is one of the new breed of librarians, a person with traditional library training enhanced by formal training in mathematics and computer science.

    Ex: It is already obvious that the present generation of schoolchildren readily accept the microcomputer as a learning and recreational aid.
    * de antigua generación = low-end.
    * de generación a generación = from generation to generation.
    * de generación en generación = from generation to generation.
    * de segunda generación = second-generation.
    * de última generación = enhanced, high-tech, high-end, leading edge.
    * durante generaciones = for generations.
    * generación de estudiantes = cohort of students.
    * generación del baby boom = baby boom generation, baby-boomer generation.
    * generación del boom de la natalidad = baby boom generation, baby-boomer generation.
    * generación del fin del milenio, la = Millennial Generation, the, Millennium Generation, the.
    * generación de los videojuegos, la = gaming generation, the.
    * generación venidera = future generation.
    * Generación X = Generation X.
    * Generación Y = Generation Y.
    * pasar de generación en generación = pass down from + generation to generation.
    * que afecta a varias generaciones = cross-generational.
    * transmitir de generación en generación = pass down from + generation to generation.

    * * *
    Generación del 27 (↑ generación a1), Generación del 98 (↑ generación aa1)
    A
    1 (de una familia) generation
    2 ( Art, Lit) generation
    la generación del 98 the generation of '98
    3 ( Inf) generation
    B (acción) generation
    generación de empleo generation o creation of employment
    por generación espontánea by spontaneous generation, by autogenesis
    ¿y cómo te crees que tuvo el hijo, por generación espontánea? ( fam hum); how do you think she had the baby? do you think they found him at the bottom of the garden o under the gooseberry bush? ( colloq hum)
    * * *

     

    generación sustantivo femenino
    generation
    generación sustantivo femenino generation
    ' generación' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    central
    English:
    breed
    - coming
    - first generation
    - foremost
    - generation
    - hand down
    - pass down
    * * *
    1. [conjunto de personas] generation
    2. [de artistas, intelectuales] generation
    3. [de máquinas, tecnología] generation;
    los monitores de la última generación son más ligeros the latest generation of monitors are lighter
    4. [acción] generation;
    la generación de basuras es un grave problema waste production is a serious problem
    generación espontánea spontaneous generation
    GENERACIÓN DEL 98
    When Spain lost its last major colonies (Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines) in 1898, this brought to a head the concern felt by many Spanish intellectuals about the political and cultural decline of their country. They began to question the identity of Spain, and this was reflected in a certain pessimism in their work, though they also celebrated what they held to be its distinctive values. These authors subsequently became known as the Generación del 98, and included many of Spain's greatest writers, such as the philosopher Unamuno (1864-1936), the prolific novelist Pío Baroja (1872-1956) and the poet Antonio Machado (1875-1939).
    * * *
    f generation
    * * *
    1) : generation
    tercera generación: third generation
    2) : generating, creating
    3) : class
    la generación del '97: the class of '97
    * * *
    generación n generation

    Spanish-English dictionary > generación

  • 2 rate

    1) скорость; темп
    3) интенсивность (напр. отказов)
    4) доля; процент; вероятность; пропорция; коэффициент; относительная величина
    5) тариф; ставка || тарифицировать; устанавливать ставку
    6) номинальные или максимально допустимые значения параметров; паспортные данные || указывать номинальные или максимально допустимые значения параметров; приводить паспортные данные
    7) рейтинг || определять рейтинг; иметь рейтинг
    - rate of convergence
    - rate of decay
    - rate of ionization decay
    - rate of phase change
    - absorbed dose rate
    - acceptable failure rate
    - accounting rate
    - adaptive learning rate
    - addressing rate
    - aging rate
    - angular rate
    - arrival rate
    - assessed failure rate
    - automatic baud rate
    - automatic bit rate
    - available bit rate
    - azimuth rate
    - basic repetition rate
    - bit rate
    - bit-error rate
    - block error rate
    - burst rate
    - calling rate
    - capture rate
    - channel sampling rate
    - character error rate
    - character-writing rate
    - charging rate
    - chip-error rate
    - clock rate
    - collision rate
    - compression frame rate
    - concealment rate
    - constant bit rate
    - constant-false-alarm rate
    - counting rate
    - CPU clock rate
    - creep rate
    - critical rate of rise of off-state voltage
    - critical rate of rise of on-state current
    - crossover rate
    - cross-relaxation rate
    - cursor blink rate
    - cutoff rate
    - damage rate
    - data rate
    - data signaling rate
    - data signalling rate
    - data transfer rate
    - data transmission rate
    - deexcitation rate
    - defect rate
    - degradation rate
    - deposition rate
    - detuning rate
    - diffusion rate
    - discharge rate
    - dispensing rate
    - display rate
    - display request rate
    - distance rate
    - disturbance rejection rate
    - dose rate
    - downtime rate
    - drift rate
    - effective transfer rate
    - electron-ionization rate
    - element error rate
    - elevation rate
    - enhanced full rate
    - entropy production rate
    - erasing rate
    - error rate
    - etch rate
    - etching rate
    - evaporation rate
    - excitation rate
    - exposure rate
    - exposure-dose rate
    - external transfer rate
    - extrapolated failure rate
    - failure rate
    - false-alarm rate
    - field-repetition rate
    - finishing rate
    - flicker rate
    - fluence rate
    - flutter rate
    - frame rate
    - frequency-sweep rate
    - functional throughput rate
    - generation rate
    - growth rate
    - hazard rate
    - high-repetition rate
    - hit rate
    - hole-electron generation rate
    - hole-ionization rate
    - horizontal-repetitionrate
    - host bus clock rate
    - impact-ionization rate
    - induced-transition rate
    - information rate
    - initial failure rate
    - injection rate
    - instantaneous failure rate
    - internal transfer rate
    - interruption rate
    - intervalley rate of transfer
    - ionization rate
    - ISA bus clock rate
    - lapse rate
    - learning rate
    - line rate
    - lobing rate
    - loss-of-lock rate
    - magnetization reversal rate
    - mapping rate
    - mean failure rate
    - mechanical tuning rate
    - message-transmission rate
    - migration rate
    - misclassification rate
    - modulation rate
    - multiplexed rate
    - mutation rate
    - nucleation rate
    - Nyquist signaling rate
    - Nyquist signalling rate
    - observed failure rate
    - oxidation rate
    - paging rate
    - PCI bus clock rate
    - phase rate
    - phase-roll rate
    - priming rate
    - pull rate
    - pulling rate
    - pulse rate
    - pulse-recurrence rate
    - pulse-repetition rate
    - quenching rate
    - quenching transfer rate
    - radiative-recombination rate
    - range rate
    - raw rate
    - read error rate
    - reading rate
    - recombination rate
    - recording rate
    - recurrence rate
    - refresh rate
    - regeneration rate
    - repetition rate
    - reset rate
    - sampling rate
    - scan rate
    - secondary emission rate
    - signaling rate
    - signalling rate
    - slew rate
    - specific absorption rate
    - spin-diffusion rate
    - spontaneous-transition rate
    - stirring rate
    - stock removal rate
    - stuffing rate
    - supersonic rate
    - surface-recombination rate
    - survival rate
    - sustained transfer rate
    - switching rate
    - syllabic rate
    - T1 rate
    - T-1 rate
    - T1C rate
    - T-1C rate
    - T2 rate
    - T-2 rate
    - T3 rate
    - T-3 rate
    - T4 rate
    - T-4 rate
    - teach rate
    - teaching rate
    - throughput rate
    - time rate of rise of off-state voltage
    - tracking rate
    - transition rate
    - transfer rate
    - transmission rate
    - transport rate
    - typematic rate
    - update rate
    - user data rate
    - variable bit rate
    - variable sampling rate
    - vertical refresh rate
    - VLB bus clock rate
    - volume-recombination rate
    - writing rate
    - zone-travel rate

    English-Russian electronics dictionary > rate

  • 3 rate

    1) скорость; темп
    3) интенсивность (напр. отказов)
    4) доля; процент; вероятность; пропорция; коэффициент; относительная величина
    5) тариф; ставка || тарифицировать; устанавливать ставку
    6) номинальные или максимально допустимые значения параметров; паспортные данные || указывать номинальные или максимально допустимые значения параметров; приводить паспортные данные
    7) рейтинг || определять рейтинг; иметь рейтинг
    - acceptable failure rate
    - accounting rate
    - adaptive learning rate
    - addressing rate
    - aging rate
    - angular rate
    - arrival rate
    - assessed failure rate
    - automatic baud rate
    - automatic bit rate
    - available bit rate
    - azimuth rate
    - basic repetition rate
    - bit rate
    - bit-error rate
    - block error rate
    - burst rate
    - calling rate
    - capture rate
    - channel sampling rate
    - character error rate
    - character-writing rate
    - charging rate
    - chip-error rate
    - clock rate
    - collision rate
    - compression frame rate
    - concealment rate
    - constant bit rate
    - constant-false-alarm rate
    - counting rate
    - CPU clock rate
    - creep rate
    - critical rate of rise of off-state voltage
    - critical rate of rise of on-state current
    - crossover rate
    - cross-relaxation rate
    - cursor blink rate
    - cutoff rate
    - damage rate
    - data rate
    - data signaling rate
    - data signalling rate
    - data transfer rate
    - data transmission rate
    - deexcitation rate
    - defect rate
    - degradation rate
    - deposition rate
    - detuning rate
    - diffusion rate
    - discharge rate
    - dispensing rate
    - display rate
    - display request rate
    - distance rate
    - disturbance rejection rate
    - dose rate
    - downtime rate
    - drift rate
    - effective transfer rate
    - electron-ionization rate
    - element error rate
    - elevation rate
    - enhanced full rate
    - entropy production rate
    - erasing rate
    - error rate
    - etch rate
    - etching rate
    - evaporation rate
    - excitation rate
    - exposure rate
    - exposure-dose rate
    - external transfer rate
    - extrapolated failure rate
    - failure rate
    - false-alarm rate
    - field-repetition rate
    - finishing rate
    - flicker rate
    - fluence rate
    - flutter rate
    - frame rate
    - frequency-sweep rate
    - functional throughput rate
    - generation rate
    - growth rate
    - hazard rate
    - high-repetition rate
    - hit rate
    - hole-electron generation rate
    - hole-ionization rate
    - horizontal-repetition rate
    - host bus clock rate
    - impact-ionization rate
    - induced-transition rate
    - information rate
    - initial failure rate
    - injection rate
    - instantaneous failure rate
    - internal transfer rate
    - interruption rate
    - intervalley rate of transfer
    - ionization rate
    - ISA bus clock rate
    - lapse rate
    - learning rate
    - line rate
    - lobing rate
    - loss-of-lock rate
    - magnetization reversal rate
    - mapping rate
    - mean failure rate
    - mechanical tuning rate
    - message-transmission rate
    - migration rate
    - misclassification rate
    - modulation rate
    - multiplexed rate
    - mutation rate
    - nucleation rate
    - Nyquist rate
    - Nyquist signaling rate
    - Nyquist signalling rate
    - observed failure rate
    - oxidation rate
    - paging rate
    - PCI bus clock rate
    - phase rate
    - phase-roll rate
    - priming rate
    - pull rate
    - pulling rate
    - pulse rate
    - pulse-recurrence rate
    - pulse-repetition rate
    - quenching rate
    - quenching transfer rate
    - radiative-recombination rate
    - range rate
    - rate of closure
    - rate of convergence
    - rate of decay
    - rate of ionization decay
    - rate of phase change
    - raw rate
    - read error rate
    - reading rate
    - recombination rate
    - recording rate
    - recurrence rate
    - refresh rate
    - regeneration rate
    - repetition rate
    - reset rate
    - sampling rate
    - scan rate
    - secondary emission rate
    - signaling rate
    - signalling rate
    - slew rate
    - specific absorption rate
    - spin-diffusion rate
    - spontaneous-transition rate
    - stirring rate
    - stock removal rate
    - stuffing rate
    - supersonic rate
    - surface-recombination rate
    - survival rate
    - sustained transfer rate
    - switching rate
    - syllabic rate
    - T1 rate
    - T-1 rate
    - T1C rate
    - T-1C rate
    - T2 rate
    - T-2 rate
    - T3 rate
    - T-3 rate
    - T4 rate
    - T-4 rate
    - teach rate
    - teaching rate
    - throughput rate
    - time rate of rise of off-state voltage
    - tracking rate
    - transfer rate
    - transition rate
    - transmission rate
    - transport rate
    - typematic rate
    - update rate
    - user data rate
    - variable bit rate
    - variable sampling rate
    - vertical refresh rate
    - VLB bus clock rate
    - volume-recombination rate
    - writing rate
    - zone-travel rate

    The New English-Russian Dictionary of Radio-electronics > rate

  • 4 БИБЛИОГРАФИЯ

    Мы приняли следующие сокращения для наиболее часто упоминаемых книг и журналов:
    IJP - International Journal of Psycho-analysis
    JAPA - Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
    SE - Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, ed. James Strachey (London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis, 1953—74.)
    PSOC - Psychoanalytic Study of the Child (New Haven: Yale University Press)
    PQ - Psychoanalytic Quarterly
    WAF - The Writings of Anna Freud, ed. Anna Freud (New York: International Universities Press, 1966—74)
    PMC - Psychoanalysis The Major Concepts ed. Burness E. Moore and Bernard D. Fine (New Haven: Yale University Press)
    \
    О словаре: _about - Psychoanalytic Terms and Concepts
    \
    1. Abend, S. M. Identity. PMC. Forthcoming.
    2. Abend, S. M. (1974) Problems of identity. PQ, 43.
    3. Abend, S. M., Porder, M. S. & Willick, M. S. (1983) Borderline Patients. New York: Int. Univ. Press.
    4. Abraham, K. (1916) The first pregenital stage of libido. Selected Papers. London, Hogarth Press, 1948.
    5. Abraham, K. (1917) Ejaculatio praecox. In: selected Papers. New York Basic Books.
    6. Abraham, K. (1921) Contributions to the theory of the anal character. Selected Papers. New York: Basic Books, 1953.
    7. Abraham, K. (1924) A Short study of the development of the libido, viewed in the light of mental disorders. In: Selected Papers. London: Hogarth Press, 1927.
    8. Abraham, K. (1924) Manic-depressive states and the pre-genital levels of the libido. In: Selected Papers. London: Hogarth Press, 1949.
    9. Abraham, K. (1924) Selected Papers. London: Hogarth Press, 1948.
    10. Abraham, K. (1924) The influence of oral erotism on character formation. Ibid.
    11. Abraham, K. (1925) The history of an impostor in the light of psychoanalytic knowledge. In: Clinical Papers and Essays on Psychoanalysis. New York: Basic Books, 1955, vol. 2.
    12. Abrams, S. (1971) The psychoanalytic unconsciousness. In: The Unconscious Today, ed. M. Kanzer. New York: Int. Univ. Press.
    13. Abrams, S. (1981) Insight. PSOC, 36.
    14. Abse, D W. (1985) The depressive character In Depressive States and their Treatment, ed. V. Volkan New York: Jason Aronson.
    15. Abse, D. W. (1985) Hysteria and Related Mental Disorders. Bristol: John Wright.
    16. Ackner, B. (1954) Depersonalization. J. Ment. Sci., 100.
    17. Adler, A. (1924) Individual Psychology. New York: Harcourt, Brace.
    18. Akhtar, S. (1984) The syndrome of identity diffusion. Amer. J. Psychiat., 141.
    19. Alexander, F. (1950) Psychosomatic Medicine. New York: Norton.
    20. Allen, D. W. (1974) The Feat- of Looking. Charlottesvill, Va: Univ. Press of Virginia.
    21. Allen, D. W. (1980) Psychoanalytic treatment of the exhibitionist. In: Exhibitionist, Description, Assessment, and Treatment, ed. D. Cox. New York: Garland STPM Press.
    22. Allport, G. (1937) Personality. New York: Henry Holt.
    23. Almansi, R. J. (1960) The face-breast equation. JAPA, 6.
    24. Almansi, R. J. (1979) Scopophilia and object loss. PQ, 47.
    25. Altman, L. Z. (1969) The Dream in Psychoanalysis. New York: Int. Univ. Press.
    26. Altman, L. Z. (1977) Some vicissitudes of love. JAPA, 25.
    27. American Psychiatric Association. (1987) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3d ed. revised. Washington, D. C.
    28. Ansbacher, Z. & Ansbacher, R. (1956) The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler. New York: Basic Books.
    29. Anthony, E. J. (1981) Shame, guilt, and the feminine self in psychoanalysis. In: Object and Self, ed. S. Tuttman, C. Kaye & M. Zimmerman. New York: Int. Univ. Press.
    30. Arlow. J. A. (1953) Masturbation and symptom formation. JAPA, 1.
    31. Arlow. J. A. (1959) The structure of the deja vu experience. JAPA, 7.
    32. Arlow. J. A. (1961) Ego psychology and the study of mythology. JAPA, 9.
    33. Arlow. J. A. (1963) Conflict, regression and symptom formation. IJP, 44.
    34. Arlow. J. A. (1966) Depersonalization and derealization. In: Psychoanalysis: A General Psychology, ed. R. M. Loewenstein, L. M. Newman, M. Schur & A. J. Solnit. New York: Int. Univ. Press.
    35. Arlow. J. A. (1969) Fantasy, memory and reality testing. PQ, 38.
    36. Arlow. J. A. (1969) Unconscious fantasy and disturbances of mental experience. PQ, 38.
    37. Arlow. J. A. (1970) The psychopathology of the psychoses. IJP, 51.
    38. Arlow. J. A. (1975) The structural hypothesis. PQ, 44.
    39. Arlow. J. A. (1977) Affects and the psychoanalytic situation. IJP, 58.
    40. Arlow. J. A. (1979) Metaphor and the psychoanalytic situation. PQ, 48.
    41. Arlow. J. A. (1979) The genesis of interpretation. JAPA, 27 (suppl.).
    42. Arlow. J. A. (1982) Problems of the superego concept. PSOC, 37.
    43. Arlow. J. A. (1984) Disturbances of the sense of time. PQ, 53.
    44. Arlow. J. A. (1985) Some technical problems of countertransference. PQ, 54.
    45. Arlow, J. A. & Brenner, C. (1963) Psychoanalytic Concepts and the Structural Theory, New York: Int. Univ. Press.
    46. Arlow, J. A. & Brenner, C. (1969) The psychopathology of the psychoses. IJP, 50.
    47. Asch, S. S. (1966) Depression. PSOC, 21.
    48. Asch, S. S. (1976) Varieties of negative therapeutic reactions and problems of technique. JAPA, 24.
    49. Atkins, N. (1970) The Oedipus myth. Adolescence, and the succession of generations. JAPA, 18.
    50. Atkinson, J. W. & Birch, D. (1970) The Dynamics of Action. New York: Wiley.
    51. Bachrach, H. M. & Leaff, L. A. (1978) Analyzability. JAPA, 26.
    52. Bacon, C. (1956) A developmental theory of female homosexuality. In: Perversions,ed, S. Lorand & M. Balint. New York: Gramercy.
    53. Bak, R. C. (1953) Fetishism. JAPA. 1.
    54. Bak, R. C. (1968) The phallic woman. PSOC, 23.
    55. Bak, R. C. & Stewart, W. A. (1974) Fetishism, transvestism, and voyeurism. An American Handbook of Psychiatry, ed. S. Arieti. New York: Basic Books, vol. 3.
    56. Balint, A. (1949) Love for mother and mother-love. IJP, 30.
    57. Balter, L., Lothane, Z. & Spencer, J. H. (1980) On the analyzing instrument, PQ, 49.
    58. Basch, M. F. (1973) Psychoanalysis and theory formation. Ann. Psychoanal., 1.
    59. Basch, M. F. (1976) The concept of affect. JAPA, 24.
    60. Basch, M. F. (1981) Selfobject disorders and psychoanalytic theory. JAPA, 29.
    61. Basch, M. F. (1983) Emphatic understanding. JAPA. 31.
    62. Balldry, F. Character. PMC. Forthcoming.
    63. Balldry, F. (1983) The evolution of the concept of character in Freud's writings. JAPA. 31.
    64. Begelman, D. A. (1971) Misnaming, metaphors, the medical model and some muddles. Psychiatry, 34.
    65. Behrends, R. S. & Blatt, E. J. (1985) Internalization and psychological development throughout the life cycle. PSOC, 40.
    66. Bell, A. (1961) Some observations on the role of the scrotal sac and testicles JAPA, 9.
    67. Benedeck, T. (1949) The psychosomatic implications of the primary unit. Amer. J. Orthopsychiat., 19.
    68. Beres, C. (1958) Vicissitudes of superego functions and superego precursors in childhood. FSOC, 13.
    69. Beres, D. Conflict. PMC. Forthcoming.
    70. Beres, D. (1956) Ego deviation and the concept of schizophrenia. PSOC, 11.
    71. Beres, D. (1960) Perception, imagination and reality. IJP, 41.
    72. Beres, D. (1960) The psychoanalytic psychology of imagination. JAPA, 8.
    73. Beres, D. & Joseph, E. D. (1965) Structure and function in psychoanalysis. IJP, 46.
    74. Beres, D. (1970) The concept of mental representation in psychoanalysis. IJP, 51.
    75. Berg, M D. (1977) The externalizing transference. IJP, 58.
    76. Bergeret, J. (1985) Reflection on the scientific responsi bilities of the International Psychoanalytical Association. Memorandum distributed at 34th IPA Congress, Humburg.
    77. Bergman, A. (1978) From mother to the world outside. In: Grolnick et. al. (1978).
    78. Bergmann, M. S. (1980) On the intrapsychic function of falling in love. PQ, 49.
    79. Berliner, B. (1966) Psychodynamics of the depressive character. Psychoanal. Forum, 1.
    80. Bernfeld, S. (1931) Zur Sublimierungslehre. Imago, 17.
    81. Bibring, E. (1937) On the theory of the therapeutic results of psychoanalysis. IJP, 18.
    82. Bibring, E. (1941) The conception of the repetition compulsion. PQ, 12.
    83. Bibring, E. (1953) The mechanism of depression. In: Affective Disorders, ed. P. Greenacre. New York: Int. Univ. Press.
    84. Bibring, E. (1954) Psychoanalysis and the dynamic psychotherapies. JAPA, 2.
    85. Binswanger, H. (1963) Positive aspects of the animus. Zьrich: Spring.
    86. Bion Francesca Abingdon: Fleetwood Press.
    87. Bion, W. R. (1952) Croup dynamics. IJP, 33.
    88. Bion, W. R. (1961) Experiences in Groups. London: Tavistock.
    89. Bion, W. R. (1962) A theory of thinking. IJP, 40.
    90. Bion, W. R. (1962) Learning from Experience. London: William Heinemann.
    91. Bion, W. R. (1963) Elements of Psychoanalysis. London: William Heinemann.
    92. Bion, W. R. (1965) Transformations. London: William Heinemann.
    93. Bion, W. R. (1970) Attention and Interpretation. London: Tavistock.
    94. Bion, W. R. (1985) All My Sins Remembered, ed. Francesca Bion. Adingdon: Fleetwood Press.
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    859. Wallace, E. R. (1983) Freud and Anthropology. New York: Int. Univ. Press.
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    864. Wallerstein, R. (1988) One psychoanalysis or many? IJP, 69.
    865. Wangh, M. (1979) Some psychoanalytic observations on boredom. IJP, 60.
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    867. Weinshel, E. M. (1971) The ego in health and normality. JAPA, 18.
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    870. Welmore, R. J. (1963) The role of grief in psychoanalysis. IJP. 44.
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    Словарь психоаналитических терминов и понятий > БИБЛИОГРАФИЯ

  • 5 op|ór

    m. (G oporu) 1. sgt (obrona) resistance
    - czynny/zacięty opór active/stiff resistance
    - ostatni punkt oporu the last line of resistance
    2. (sprzeciw) opposition
    - zgodził się na moją propozycję bez oporu he agreed to my suggestion without opposition
    - mieć opory przed czymś to have qualms about sth
    - mam opory przed powiedzeniem mu prawdy I have qualms about telling him the truth
    - on zawsze zachowuje się spontanicznie, a ja mam ciągle opory he’s always spontaneous while I’m constantly inhibited a. reserved
    3. Fiz. resistance 4. sgt przen. (trudność) resistance
    - opór materii the resistance of matter
    5. Sport edging
    opór areodynamiczny Fiz. aerodynamic resistance
    - opór elektryczny Elektr. electrical resistance
    - opór ośrodka Fiz. resistance of the medium
    bierny opór passive resistance
    - do oporu pot. [pracować, spać, czytać] as much/as long as possible, to the limit
    - iść po linii najmniejszego oporu to take the easy way out
    - stawiać opór to put up resistance, to offer resistance
    - z oporem a. z oporami pot. (z trudnością) with difficulty; (niechętnie) reluctantly
    - nauka szła mu z oporem he found learning difficult
    - z oporem zgodziła się pójść na przyjęcie she reluctantly agreed to go to the party

    The New English-Polish, Polish-English Kościuszko foundation dictionary > op|ór

  • 6 process

    3) технологический процесс || технологический
    4) приём, способ
    5) обрабатывать; перерабатывать

    process with independent increments — процесс с независимыми приращениями, аддитивный процесс

    process with nonstationary increments — процесс с нестационарными приращениями, неоднородный во времени процесс

    process with stationary and independent increments — процесс со стационарными и независимыми приращениями, однородный процесс

    process with stationary increments — процесс со стационарными приращениями, однородный во времени процесс

    - absorbing barrier process - basic oxygen process - direct reduction process - discrete process - discrete-time process - linearly singular process - locally integrable process - locally stable process - multistep process - multivariate process - N-dimensional process - partially mixing process - process of hidden periodicities - steady stochastic process - temporally homogeneous process - weakly ergodic process - weakly stationary process

    English-Russian scientific dictionary > process

  • 7 φύσις

    φύσις, εως, ἡ (φύω; Hom.+)
    condition or circumstance as determined by birth, natural endowment/condition, nature, esp. as inherited fr. one’s ancestors, in contrast to status or characteristics that are acquired after birth (Isocr. 4, 105 φύσει πολίτης; Isaeus 6, 28 φύσει υἱός; Pla., Menex. 245d φύσει βάρβαροι, νόμῳ Ἕλληνες; Just., A I, 1, 1 Καίσαρος φύσει υἱῷ; SIG 720, 3; OGI 472, 4; 558, 6 al.; PFay 19, 11.—Theoph. Ant. 1, 13 [p. 86, 16]) ἡμεῖς φύσει Ἰουδαῖοι Gal 2:15 (cp. Ptolemaeus, Περὶ Ἡρῴδου τ. βασιλέως: no. 199 Jac. [I A.D.] Ἰουδαῖοι … ἐξ ἀρχῆς φυσικοί; Jos., Ant. 7, 130; φύσει Λιμναίου IK XXXVII, 15, 3 of the birth daughter of L. in contrast to her adoptive relationship w. one named Arsas). ἡ ἐκ φύσεως ἀκροβυστία the uncircumcision that is so by nature (a ref. to non-Israelites, who lack the moral cultivation of those who are circumcised and yet ‘observe the upright requirements of the law’ [Ro 2:26]. Israelites who violate their responsibilities to God, despite their privileged position indicated by receipt of circumcision and special revelation, run the risk of placing themselves in the condition of the uncircumcised) Ro 2:27. ἤμεθα τέκνα φύσει ὀργῆς we were, in our natural condition (as descendants of Adam), subject to (God’s) wrath Eph 2:3 (the position of φύσει betw. the two words as Plut., Mor. 701a; DTurner, Grace Theological Journal 1, ’80, 195–219). The Christians of Tralles have a blameless disposition οὐ κατὰ χρῆσιν, ἀλλὰ κατὰ φύσιν not from habit, but by nature ITr 1:1 (here the contrast is between perfunctory virtue and spontaneous or instinctive behavior; Pindar sim. extolled the virtues of athletes who, in contrast to those w. mere acquired learning, reflected their ancestral breeding for excellence: O. 7, 90–92; P. 10, 11–14; N. 3, 40–42; 6, 8–16). οἱ κατὰ φύσιν κλάδοι the natural branches Ro 11:21, 24c. ἡ κατὰ φύσιν ἀγριέλαιος a tree which by nature is a wild olive vs. 24a; opp. παρὰ φύσιν contrary to nature vs. 24b; s. lit. s.v. ἀγριέλαιος and ἐλαία 1. On κατὰ and παρὰ φύσιν s. MPohlenz, Die Stoa I ’48, 488c.
    the natural character of an entity, natural characteristic/disposition (χρυσὸς … τὴν ἰδίαν φ. διαφυλάττει Iren. 1, 6, 2 [Harv. I 55, 2]; Hippol., Ref. 5, 8, 12) ἡ φύσις ἡ ἀνθρωπίνη human nature (Pla., Tht. 149b, Tim. 90c; Aristot. 1286b, 27; Epict. 2, 20, 18; Philo, Ebr. 166 al.; Aelian, VH 8, 11 τῶν ἀνθρώπων φύσις θνητή; TestJob 3:3 ἡ ἀνθρωπίνη φ.; Orig., C. Cels. 1, 52, 13; Just., A II, 6, 3 τῇ φύσει τῶν ἀνθρώπων) Js 3:7b (unless the sense should be humankind, s. 4 below). Euphemistically: παρθένος ἐγέννησεν, ἃ οὐ χωρεῖ ἡ φύσις αὐτῆς while remaining a virgin, a virgin has had a child or a virgin has given birth, something that does not accord w. her natural condition (as a virgin) GJs 19:3. τὸ ἀδύνατον τῆς ἡμετέρας φύσεως the weakness of our nature Dg 9:6. θείας κοινωνοὶ φύσεως sharers in the divine nature 2 Pt 1:4 (cp. ὅσοι φύσεως κοινωνοῦντες ἀνθρω[πίν]ης IReisenKN, p. 371, 46f; Jos., C. Ap. 1, 232 θείας μετεσχηκέναι φύσεως; Himerius, Or. 48 [=Or. 14], 26 of Dionysus: πρὶν εἰς θεῶν φύσιν ἐλθεῖν=before he attained to the nature of the gods; Ar. 13, 5 μία φ. τῶν θεῶν. Difft. AWolters, Calvin Theological Journal 25, ’90, 28–44 ‘partners of the Deity’).—Also specif. of sexual characteristics (Diod S 16, 26, 6 originally παρθένοι prophesied in Delphi διὰ τὸ τῆς φύσεως ἀδιάφθορον=because their sexuality was uncorrupted. φύσις of sex and its change Dicaearchus, Fgm. 37 W.; ἑρμαφροδίτου φ. Iren. 1, 11, 5 [Harv. I 108, 8]. Obviously φ. also has the concrete mng. ‘sex organ’: Nicander, Fgm. 107; Diod S 32, 10, 7 φ. ἄρρενος corresponding to φ. θηλείας following immediately; Anton. Lib. 41, 5; Phlegon: 257 Fgm. 36, 2, 1 Jac.). In the context of Mary’s virginal delivery ἐραυνήσω τὴν φύσιν αὐτῆς= I will examine whether she remains a virgin GJs 19:3b; 20:1 (where Tdf. with codd. reads ἔβαλε Σαλώμη τὸν δάκτυλον αὐτῆς εἰς τὴν φύσιν αὐτῆς [cp. J 20:25]). The hyena παρʼ ἐνιαυτὸν ἀλλάσσει τὴν φύσιν changes its nature every year, fr. male to female and vice versa B 10:7 (s. ὕαινα). Polytheists worship τοῖς φύσει μὴ οὖσιν θεοῖς beings that are by nature no gods at all Gal 4:8 (s. CLanger, Euhemeros u. die Theorie der φύσει u. θέσει θεοί: Αγγελος II 1926, 53–59; Mel., P. 8, 58 φύσει θεὸς ὢν καὶ ἄνθρωπος; Synes., Prov. 1, 9 p. 97c τοῖς φύσει θεοῖς; Diod S 3, 9, 1 differentiates between two kinds of gods: some αἰώνιον ἔχειν κ. ἄφθαρτον τὴν φύσιν, others θνητῆς φύσεως κεκοινωνηκέναι κ. διʼ ἀρετὴν … τετευχέναι τιμῶν ἀθανάτων=some ‘have an everlasting and incorruptible nature’, others ‘share mortal nature and then, because of their personal excellence, … attain immortal honors’).—ὅταν ἔθνη φύσει τὰ τοῦ νόμου ποιῶσιν when gentiles spontaneously (i.e. without extraneous legal instruction; cp. the prophetic ideal Jer 31:32–34) fulfill the demands of the (Mosaic) law Ro 2:14 (s. WMundle, Theol. Blätter 13, ’34, 249–56 [the gentile as Christian under direction of the πνεῦμα]; difft. s. 3 below).
    the regular or established order of things, nature (Ar. 4, 2 κατὰ ἀπαραίτητον φύσεως ἀνάγκην=in accordance with the non-negotiable order of things; Ath. 3, 1 νόμῳ φύσεως) μετήλλαξαν τὴν φυσικὴν χρῆσιν εἰς τὴν παρὰ φύσιν they exchanged the natural function for one contrary to nature Ro 1:26 (Diod S 32, 11, 1 παρὰ φύσιν ὁμιλία; Appian, Bell. Civ. 1, 109 §511; Athen. 13, 605d οἱ παρὰ φύσιν τῇ Ἀφροδίτῃ χρώμενοι=those who indulge in Aphrodite contrary to nature; TestNapht 3:4; Philo, Spec. Leg. 3, 39 ὁ παιδεραστὴς τὴν παρὰ φύσιν ἡδονὴν διώκει=a lover of boys pursues unnatural pleasure; Jos., C. Ap. 2, 273; Tat. 3:4; Ath. 26, 2; on φ. as definer of order s. JKube, ΤΕΧΝΗ und ΑΡΕΤΗ ’69, esp. 44–46; on relation to κτίσι in Paul, s. OWischmeyer, ZTK 93, ’96, 352–75). ὅταν ἔθνη φύσει τὰ τοῦ νόμου ποιῶσιν when gentiles fulfil the law’s demands by following the natural order (of things) Ro 2:14 (cp. Ltzm., Hdb., exc. on Ro 2:14–16; but s. 2 above). ἡ φύσις διδάσκει ὑμᾶς 1 Cor 11:14 (Epict. 1, 16, 9f; Plut., Mor. 478d; Synes., Calv. [Baldhead] 14 p. 78c φύσις as well as νόμος prescribes long hair for women, short hair for men.—Ltzm., Hdb. ad loc.). τὸ ὄνομα, ὸ̔ κέκτησθε φύσει δικαίᾳ the name which you bear because of a just natural order IEph 1:1 (s. Hdb. ad loc.—τῇ φ. τὸ ἀγαθὸν ἀνώφορόν ἐστιν Did., Gen. 21, 5.—JKleist, transl. ’46, 119 n. 2 suggests ‘natural disposition’).—RGrant, Miracle and Natural Law ’52, 4–18.
    an entity as a product of nature, natural being, creature (X., Cyr. 6, 2, 29 πᾶσα φύσις=every creature; 3 Macc 3:29.—Diod S 2, 49, 4 plants are called φύσεις καρποφοροῦσαι; 3, 6, 2 θνητὴ φ.= a mortal creature. Ps.-Callisth. 1, 10, 1 ἀνθρωπίνη φ. = a human creature. It can also mean species [X. et al.; 4 Macc 1:20; Philo] and then at times disappear in translation: Ps.-Pla, Epin. 948d ἡ τῶν ἄστρων φύσις=the stars; X., Lac. 3, 4 ἡ τῶν θηλειῶν φύσις=the women; Aristot., Part. An. 1, 5 περὶ τῆς ζῳϊκῆς φ.=on animals) πᾶσα φύσις θηρίων κτλ. Js 3:7a. Also prob. ἡ φ. ἡ ἀνθρωπίνη humankind 3:7b; s. 2 above.—Kl. Pauly IV 841–44 (lit.).—DELG s.v. φύομαι C 6. M-M. EDNT. TW. Sv.

    Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά παλαιοχριστιανική Λογοτεχνία > φύσις

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