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speaking commitments

  • 1 charla

    f.
    1 chat.
    3 gossip chatter, gossip.
    4 mistle thrush.
    5 Charla.
    pres.indicat.
    3rd person singular (él/ella/ello) present indicative of spanish verb: charlar.
    * * *
    1 (conversación) talk, chat
    2 (conferencia) talk, informal lecture
    * * *
    noun f.
    chat, talk
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=conversación) chat
    2) (=chismes) gossip
    3) (=conferencia) talk

    charla literaria — literary talk, informal literary lecture

    * * *
    a) ( conversación) chat
    b) ( conferencia) talk
    * * *
    = chat, chatter, speech, talk, gossip, address, talking, confab, speaking commitment.
    Ex. The Tree House, as it is called, offers the facility of a meeting room and drop-in lounge for social gatherings, informal chats, seminars, films and slide shows.
    Ex. Thoughts of this sort kept running about like clockwork mice in his head, while the murmur of chatter filled the room and outside dusk had yielded to black night.
    Ex. For the sake of editorial continuity, those speeches which were given at both locations (for example, Mr. Gorman's presentation) are only printed here once.
    Ex. The dimensions of this problem are rooted in the fact that there are increasing means and methods of packaging and disseminating information -several of which I noted earlier in my talk.
    Ex. When this track is followed, the conversation very quickly drifts away from the book and becomes gossip about ourselves.
    Ex. The title of his address is 'How many drops to fill the bucket?'.
    Ex. The script was improvised on an outline which, I gathered, was the result of three sessions' hard talking to decide whose ideas out of the many suggested should be used.
    Ex. The author briefly reports on the conferences, conventions, confabs and celebrations of interest to library support staff across the USA that took place in 1998-99.
    Ex. Emerson already has a schedule full of speaking commitments.
    ----
    * charla incoherente = gibberish.
    * dar una charla = give + address, give + a talk, give + a presentation, give + speech.
    * * *
    a) ( conversación) chat
    b) ( conferencia) talk
    * * *
    = chat, chatter, speech, talk, gossip, address, talking, confab, speaking commitment.

    Ex: The Tree House, as it is called, offers the facility of a meeting room and drop-in lounge for social gatherings, informal chats, seminars, films and slide shows.

    Ex: Thoughts of this sort kept running about like clockwork mice in his head, while the murmur of chatter filled the room and outside dusk had yielded to black night.
    Ex: For the sake of editorial continuity, those speeches which were given at both locations (for example, Mr. Gorman's presentation) are only printed here once.
    Ex: The dimensions of this problem are rooted in the fact that there are increasing means and methods of packaging and disseminating information -several of which I noted earlier in my talk.
    Ex: When this track is followed, the conversation very quickly drifts away from the book and becomes gossip about ourselves.
    Ex: The title of his address is 'How many drops to fill the bucket?'.
    Ex: The script was improvised on an outline which, I gathered, was the result of three sessions' hard talking to decide whose ideas out of the many suggested should be used.
    Ex: The author briefly reports on the conferences, conventions, confabs and celebrations of interest to library support staff across the USA that took place in 1998-99.
    Ex: Emerson already has a schedule full of speaking commitments.
    * charla incoherente = gibberish.
    * dar una charla = give + address, give + a talk, give + a presentation, give + speech.

    * * *
    1
    (conversación): estábamos de charla we were having a chat o we were chatting
    su charla me aburre his chatter bores me
    Compuesto:
    chat
    * * *

     

    Del verbo charlar: ( conjugate charlar)

    charla es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) presente indicativo

    2ª persona singular (tú) imperativo

    Multiple Entries:
    charla    
    charlar
    charla sustantivo femenino



    charlar ( conjugate charlar) verbo intransitivo
    to chat, talk
    charla sustantivo femenino
    1 (palique) talk, chat: estuvimos de charla hasta las cinco, we were chatting until five
    2 (conferencia) informal lecture o address: nos dieron una charla sobre los cometas, there was a lecture on comets
    charlar verbo intransitivo to talk, chat
    ' charla' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    amena
    - ameno
    - conferencia
    - dar
    - origen
    - parrafada
    - amistoso
    - conversación
    - superficial
    English:
    cackle
    - casual
    - chat
    - earful
    - hold
    - lecture
    - pep talk
    - spiel
    - talk
    - heart
    - more
    - pitch
    - small
    * * *
    charla nf
    1. [conversación] chat;
    2. [conferencia] talk ( sobre about o on);
    dar una charla to give a talk
    3. Informát chat
    charla en tiempo real real time chat
    * * *
    f
    1 chat
    2 organizada talk
    * * *
    charla nf
    : chat, talk
    * * *

    Spanish-English dictionary > charla

  • 2 conferencia

    f.
    1 lecture (charla).
    dar una conferencia to give a talk o lecture
    conferencia de prensa press conference
    2 conference.
    3 (long-distance) call.
    4 meeting, parley, conference, formal talk between two or more people especially on an important issue.
    5 exchange of views, discussion, group discussion, round table.
    6 conference call, long-distance call, toll call, trunk call.
    pres.indicat.
    3rd person singular (él/ella/ello) present indicative of spanish verb: conferenciar.
    imperat.
    2nd person singular (tú) Imperative of Spanish verb: conferenciar.
    * * *
    1 (charla) talk, lecture
    2 PLÍTICA conference, meeting
    3 (teléfono) long-distance call
    \
    dar una conferencia sobre algo to lecture on something, give a lecture on something
    poner una conferencia con to make a call to, place a call to
    conferencia a cobro revertido reverse-charge call, US collect call
    conferencia de prensa press conference
    conferencia interurbana long-distance call
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF
    1) (Pol) (=congreso) conference, meeting

    conferencia cumbre — summit, summit conference

    2) (=charla) lecture
    3) (Telec) call

    conferencia a cobro revertidoreverse charge o call, collect call (EEUU)

    conferencia de persona a persona — personal call, person-to-person call (EEUU)

    4) (Inform) conference, conferencing
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( discurso - formal) lecture; (- más informal) talk

    dar una conferencia sobre algo — to give a lecture/talk on something

    b) ( reunión) conference
    2) (Esp) (Telec) long distance call

    poner una conferencia interurbana/internacional — to make o (AmE) place a long-distance call

    * * *
    = lecture, presentation, speech, address, speaking commitment.
    Ex. The staff undertake searches and enquiries for the user and educate the user by various ways, from informal discussion to fully prepared lectures.
    Ex. There are two other aspects of institutions I want to consider before moving to the closing section of this presentation.
    Ex. For the sake of editorial continuity, those speeches which were given at both locations (for example, Mr. Gorman's presentation) are only printed here once.
    Ex. The title of his address is 'How many drops to fill the bucket?'.
    Ex. Emerson already has a schedule full of speaking commitments.
    ----
    * aula de conferencias = lecture theatre.
    * ciclo de conferencias = speaker series, conference series.
    * Conferencia de Directores de Bibliotecas Nacionales (CDNL) = Conference of Directors of National Libraries (CDNL).
    * conferencia de prensa = news conference, press conference, press statement.
    * conferencia electrónica = electronic conferencing [e-conferencing].
    * conferencia invitada = guest lecture.
    * Conferencia Panafricana sobre Preservacion y Conservación de Material Bibli = Pan-African Conference on the Preservation and Conservation of Library and Archival Materials.
    * conferencia permanente = standing conference.
    * conferencia por ordenador = computer conferencing.
    * conferencia principal = keynote speech, theme address, keynote talk.
    * dar conferencia = lecture.
    * dar una conferencia = deliver + talk, make + a speech, give + speech, deliver + lecture, give + a lecture.
    * impartir conferencia = lecture.
    * mesa de conferencias = conference table.
    * notas de conferencias = lecture notes.
    * pronunciar una conferencia = present + lecture, deliver + lecture.
    * sala de coferencias = lecture hall.
    * sala de conferencias = lecture room, conference room, conference hall, lecture theatre, auditory theatre, presentation room.
    * sistema de conferencia en línea = online conferencing system.
    * videoconferencia = videoconferencing [video conferencing].
    * visita con conferencia a varios lugares de un país = lecture tour.
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( discurso - formal) lecture; (- más informal) talk

    dar una conferencia sobre algo — to give a lecture/talk on something

    b) ( reunión) conference
    2) (Esp) (Telec) long distance call

    poner una conferencia interurbana/internacional — to make o (AmE) place a long-distance call

    * * *
    = lecture, presentation, speech, address, speaking commitment.

    Ex: The staff undertake searches and enquiries for the user and educate the user by various ways, from informal discussion to fully prepared lectures.

    Ex: There are two other aspects of institutions I want to consider before moving to the closing section of this presentation.
    Ex: For the sake of editorial continuity, those speeches which were given at both locations (for example, Mr. Gorman's presentation) are only printed here once.
    Ex: The title of his address is 'How many drops to fill the bucket?'.
    Ex: Emerson already has a schedule full of speaking commitments.
    * aula de conferencias = lecture theatre.
    * ciclo de conferencias = speaker series, conference series.
    * Conferencia de Directores de Bibliotecas Nacionales (CDNL) = Conference of Directors of National Libraries (CDNL).
    * conferencia de prensa = news conference, press conference, press statement.
    * conferencia electrónica = electronic conferencing [e-conferencing].
    * conferencia invitada = guest lecture.
    * Conferencia Panafricana sobre Preservacion y Conservación de Material Bibli = Pan-African Conference on the Preservation and Conservation of Library and Archival Materials.
    * conferencia permanente = standing conference.
    * conferencia por ordenador = computer conferencing.
    * conferencia principal = keynote speech, theme address, keynote talk.
    * dar conferencia = lecture.
    * dar una conferencia = deliver + talk, make + a speech, give + speech, deliver + lecture, give + a lecture.
    * impartir conferencia = lecture.
    * mesa de conferencias = conference table.
    * notas de conferencias = lecture notes.
    * pronunciar una conferencia = present + lecture, deliver + lecture.
    * sala de coferencias = lecture hall.
    * sala de conferencias = lecture room, conference room, conference hall, lecture theatre, auditory theatre, presentation room.
    * sistema de conferencia en línea = online conferencing system.
    * videoconferencia = videoconferencing [video conferencing].
    * visita con conferencia a varios lugares de un país = lecture tour.

    * * *
    A
    1 (discursoformal) lecture; (— más informal) talk
    dar una conferencia ( SOBRE algo) to give a lecture/talk ( ON sth)
    2 (reunión) conference
    celebrar una/reunirse en conferencia to hold/have a conference
    conferencia de desarme arms talks (pl)
    la conferencia anual del partido laborista the Labour Party annual conference
    Compuestos:
    press conference
    summit
    synod
    sales conference
    B ( Esp) ( Telec) long distance call
    poner una conferencia interurbana/internacional to make o ( AmE) place a long-distance/an international call
    Compuestos:
    collect call ( AmE), reverse charge call ( BrE)
    person-to-person call
    * * *

     

    Del verbo conferenciar: ( conjugate conferenciar)

    conferencia es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) presente indicativo

    2ª persona singular (tú) imperativo

    Multiple Entries:
    conferencia    
    conferenciar
    conferencia sustantivo femenino
    a) ( charlaformal) lecture;

    (— más informal) talk;
    dar una conferencia sobre algo to give a lecture/talk on sth


    c) (Esp) (Telec) long distance call;

    poner una conferencia to make o (AmE) place a long-distance call;

    conferencia a cobro revertido collect call (AmE), reverse charge call (BrE)
    conferencia sustantivo femenino
    1 (charla, disertación) lecture: di una conferencia sobre ello, I gave a lecture on the subject
    2 Tel long-distance call
    3 (reunión) conference
    conferencia de prensa, press conference
    ' conferencia' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    alargarse
    - brear
    - brillante
    - cada
    - charla
    - dar
    - durante
    - familia
    - grabar
    - guión
    - hispanista
    - importante
    - informativa
    - informativo
    - larga
    - largo
    - poner
    - prensa
    - sainete
    - soporífera
    - soporífero
    - tema
    - coloquio
    - dictar
    - empezar
    - plática
    - rollo
    - tratar
    English:
    address
    - audience
    - close
    - come off
    - conference
    - deliver
    - delivery
    - floor
    - hand-out
    - lecture
    - long-distance
    - paper
    - set up
    - speaker
    - trunk call
    - any
    - consultation
    - facility
    - follow
    - going
    - on
    - schedule
    - summit
    - toll
    * * *
    1. [charla] talk, lecture ( sobre on);
    dar una conferencia to give a talk o lecture
    conferencia de prensa press conference
    2. [reunión] conference;
    celebrar una conferencia to hold a conference
    conferencia episcopal bishops' conference; UE Conferencia Intergubernamental Intergovernmental Conference
    3. [por teléfono] (long-distance) call;
    poner una conferencia to make a long-distance call
    conferencia a cobro revertido Br reverse-charge call, US collect call
    * * *
    f
    1 lecture
    2 ( reunión) conference
    3 TELEC long-distance call
    * * *
    1) reunión: conference, meeting
    2) : lecture
    * * *
    1. (exposición) lecture
    2. (congreso) conference
    3. (llamada telefónica) long distance call

    Spanish-English dictionary > conferencia

  • 3 discurso

    m.
    1 speech.
    dar o pronunciar un discurso (sobre) to give o deliver a speech (on)
    discurso de agradecimiento speech of thanks
    discurso de clausura closing speech
    me soltó uno de sus discursos she gave me one of her lectures
    3 discourse, ideology (ideario).
    4 discourse (linguistics).
    pres.indicat.
    1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: discursar.
    * * *
    1 (conferencia) speech, lecture, discourse
    2 (razonamiento) reasoning
    3 (escrito, tratado) discourse, dissertation
    5 (del tiempo) passing, passage
    * * *
    noun m.
    2) speech, address
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=alocución) speech

    pronunciar un discurso — to make a speech, give a speech

    2) (=forma de hablar) rhetoric
    3) (=habla) speech, faculty of speech
    4) [del tiempo]
    * * *
    a) ( alocución) speech

    pronunciar un discursoto give o make a speech

    me soltó un discurso — (fam) he gave me a real lecture

    b) ( retórica) discourse
    c) (Ling) speech, discourse (tech)
    d) (liter) ( del tiempo) passing, passage (frml or liter)
    * * *
    = speech, address, discourse, oration, line of discussion, rant, speaking commitment.
    Ex. For the sake of editorial continuity, those speeches which were given at both locations (for example, Mr. Gorman's presentation) are only printed here once.
    Ex. The title of his address is 'How many drops to fill the bucket?'.
    Ex. In many discourses 'policy making' and 'decision making' are synonymous terms.
    Ex. The cataloger with principles would never have placed some of it under Oration and some of it under American Scholar.
    Ex. The second line of discussion concentrates on a social perspective cognition and the role of language as a mental instrument.
    Ex. Offended by the idea of an addict selling sneakers to kids, he launched into a curmudgeonly rant.
    Ex. Emerson already has a schedule full of speaking commitments.
    ----
    * análisis del discurso = discourse analysis.
    * discurso científico = scholarly communication, scholarly discourse.
    * discurso de apertura = keynote address, opening address, opening speech, keynote presentation.
    * discurso de bienvenida = welcoming address, welcoming speech, welcome address, salutatory oration.
    * discurso de clausura = closing speech, closing address.
    * discurso de despedida = farewell address.
    * discurso de fin de curso = commencement salutatory.
    * discurso de graduación = commencement address.
    * discurso de la sesión plenaria = plenary address.
    * discurso inaugural = keynote address, inaugural address, inaugural speech, keynote presentation.
    * discurso político = political discourse, political speech, spin.
    * discurso presidencial = presidential address.
    * discurso público = public speech.
    * discurso religioso = religious discourse.
    * escritor de discursos a sueldo = speechwriter.
    * notas de discurso = speaking notes.
    * pronunciar un discurso = deliver + oration, deliver + speech, give + speech.
    * * *
    a) ( alocución) speech

    pronunciar un discursoto give o make a speech

    me soltó un discurso — (fam) he gave me a real lecture

    b) ( retórica) discourse
    c) (Ling) speech, discourse (tech)
    d) (liter) ( del tiempo) passing, passage (frml or liter)
    * * *
    = speech, address, discourse, oration, line of discussion, rant, speaking commitment.

    Ex: For the sake of editorial continuity, those speeches which were given at both locations (for example, Mr. Gorman's presentation) are only printed here once.

    Ex: The title of his address is 'How many drops to fill the bucket?'.
    Ex: In many discourses 'policy making' and 'decision making' are synonymous terms.
    Ex: The cataloger with principles would never have placed some of it under Oration and some of it under American Scholar.
    Ex: The second line of discussion concentrates on a social perspective cognition and the role of language as a mental instrument.
    Ex: Offended by the idea of an addict selling sneakers to kids, he launched into a curmudgeonly rant.
    Ex: Emerson already has a schedule full of speaking commitments.
    * análisis del discurso = discourse analysis.
    * discurso científico = scholarly communication, scholarly discourse.
    * discurso de apertura = keynote address, opening address, opening speech, keynote presentation.
    * discurso de bienvenida = welcoming address, welcoming speech, welcome address, salutatory oration.
    * discurso de clausura = closing speech, closing address.
    * discurso de despedida = farewell address.
    * discurso de fin de curso = commencement salutatory.
    * discurso de graduación = commencement address.
    * discurso de la sesión plenaria = plenary address.
    * discurso inaugural = keynote address, inaugural address, inaugural speech, keynote presentation.
    * discurso político = political discourse, political speech, spin.
    * discurso presidencial = presidential address.
    * discurso público = public speech.
    * discurso religioso = religious discourse.
    * escritor de discursos a sueldo = speechwriter.
    * notas de discurso = speaking notes.
    * pronunciar un discurso = deliver + oration, deliver + speech, give + speech.

    * * *
    1 (alocución) speech
    pronunciar un discurso to give o make o deliver a speech
    discurso de apertura/clausura/presentación opening/closing/introductory speech
    no te puedes imaginar el discurso que me soltó ( fam); you should've heard the lecture he gave me o I got ( colloq)
    discurso del/sobre el estado de la Unión State of the Union Message/Address
    2 (retórica) discourse
    3 ( Ling) speech, discourse ( tech)
    análisis del discurso discourse analysis
    4 ( liter) (del tiempo) passing, passage ( frmlor liter)
    Compuesto:
    discurso directo/indirecto
    direct/indirect speech
    * * *

     

    discurso sustantivo masculino
    speech;
    pronunciar un discurso to give o make a speech

    discurso sustantivo masculino
    1 (exposición oral) speech
    dar o pronunciar un discurso, to make a speech
    2 (conjunto de ideas) discourse
    discurso interesante, interesting discourse
    3 (espacio de tiempo) course, passing: en el discurso de tres horas..., over the course of three hours...

    ' discurso' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    abrir
    - acentuar
    - aglomerar
    - de
    - efecto
    - exaltación
    - exponer
    - fluida
    - fluido
    - improvisada
    - improvisado
    - inconexa
    - inconexo
    - inflamar
    - lema
    - matizar
    - modestamente
    - monótona
    - monótono
    - palabra
    - parrafada
    - preámbulo
    - pronunciar
    - reanudar
    - recoveco
    - rellena
    - relleno
    - réplica
    - reticente
    - revolver
    - soltura
    - trabazón
    - tralla
    - adornar
    - alargar
    - amenizar
    - apasionado
    - apropiado
    - bienvenida
    - brevedad
    - brillo
    - cita
    - clausura
    - clausurar
    - coherente
    - dar
    - difamatorio
    - echar
    - electoral
    - emotivo
    English:
    address
    - articulate
    - backlash
    - before
    - condense
    - discourse
    - drag out
    - draw out
    - eloquent
    - emotional
    - fiery
    - fluent
    - fluster
    - go over
    - high-powered
    - inflame
    - inspirational
    - intense
    - interpret
    - lengthy
    - make
    - nationalist
    - oration
    - outline
    - pad out
    - pompous
    - preface
    - prevail
    - rambling
    - rattle through
    - rousing
    - speak
    - speech
    - spirited
    - tone
    - unprepared
    - well
    - would
    - cuff
    - through
    * * *
    1. [exposición oral] speech;
    dar o [m5] pronunciar un discurso (sobre) to give o deliver a speech (on);
    discurso de apertura/clausura opening/closing speech;
    discurso de bienvenida/despedida welcome/farewell speech;
    discurso de agradecimiento speech of thanks
    2. Pey [sermón] lecture;
    me soltó uno de sus discursos she gave me one of her lectures
    3. [manera de expresarse]
    se dirigió a nosotros con su lento discurso he addressed us in his unhurried manner
    4. [ideario] discourse, ideology;
    la oposición se ha quedado sin discurso the opposition now has nothing to offer;
    el partido en el gobierno le ha robado el discurso a la oposición the government has stolen the opposition's clothes
    5. [transcurso]
    el discurso del tiempo the passage of time;
    con el discurso de los años with the passing years
    6. Ling discourse
    * * *
    m
    1 speech
    2 de tiempo passage, passing
    * * *
    1) oración: speech, address
    2) : discourse, treatise
    * * *
    discurso n speech [pl. speeches]

    Spanish-English dictionary > discurso

  • 4 Camerún

    m.
    Cameroon, Cameroun, United Republic of Cameroon.
    * * *
    1 Cameroon
    * * *
    * * *
    Ex. The data and institutional setting were provided by three English-speaking West African countries -- Ghana, Liberia and Nigeria, and one French-speaking West African country -- Cameroon.
    * * *

    Ex: The data and institutional setting were provided by three English-speaking West African countries -- Ghana, Liberia and Nigeria, and one French-speaking West African country -- Cameroon.

    * * *
    Cameroon
    * * *
    (el) Camerún Cameroon

    Spanish-English dictionary > Camerún

  • 5 Europa continental

    f.
    Continental Europe, the Continent.
    * * *
    Ex. Cloth cases were never as popular in continental Europe as they quickly became in the English-speaking world.
    * * *

    Ex: Cloth cases were never as popular in continental Europe as they quickly became in the English-speaking world.

    Spanish-English dictionary > Europa continental

  • 6 Ghana

    1 Ghana
    * * *
    * * *
    = Ghana.
    Ex. The data and institutional setting were provided by three English-speaking West African countries -- Ghana, Liberia and Nigeria, and one French-speaking West African country -- Cameroon.
    * * *

    Ex: The data and institutional setting were provided by three English-speaking West African countries -- Ghana, Liberia and Nigeria, and one French-speaking West African country -- Cameroon.

    * * *
    Ghana
    * * *
    Ghana

    Spanish-English dictionary > Ghana

  • 7 Liberia

    1 Liberia
    * * *
    * * *
    Ex. The data and institutional setting were provided by three English-speaking West African countries -- Ghana, Liberia and Nigeria, and one French-speaking West African country -- Cameroon.
    * * *

    Ex: The data and institutional setting were provided by three English-speaking West African countries -- Ghana, Liberia and Nigeria, and one French-speaking West African country -- Cameroon.

    * * *
    Liberia
    * * *
    Liberia

    Spanish-English dictionary > Liberia

  • 8 Nochebuena

    f.
    Christmas Eve.
    * * *
    1 Christmas Eve
    * * *
    NOCHEBUENA Traditional Christmas celebrations in Spanish-speaking countries mainly take place on the night of Nochebuena, Christmas Eve. These include a large Christmas meal, going to Midnight Mass, Misa del Gallo, if you are a Catholic, and, in Spain, watching the seasonal message from the King on TV. Presents are traditionally given at the Epiphany by los Reyes Magos, the Three Kings, but due to ever-increasing Anglo-Saxon influence some people also give presents on Christmas Day.
    See:
    ver nota culturelle DÍA DE REYES in rey
    * * *
    femenino Christmas Eve
    •• Cultural note:
    In Spanish-speaking countries, Christmas Eve is celebrated rather than Christmas Day. Dinner is eaten before Midnight Mass known as misa del gallo. In Latin America, where many countries do not celebrate the día de Reyes ( see Reyes Magos), Christmas gifts are given on Christmas Eve. This custom is spreading in Spain, although the día de Reyes is celebrated there
    * * *
    = Christmas Eve, Christmas Day.
    Ex. These include opening the children's department at the main library on Christmas Eve.
    Ex. Christmastide is what is traditionally called the Twelve Days of Christmas: Christmas Day is the first day and 5 January is the twelfth day.
    * * *
    femenino Christmas Eve
    •• Cultural note:
    In Spanish-speaking countries, Christmas Eve is celebrated rather than Christmas Day. Dinner is eaten before Midnight Mass known as misa del gallo. In Latin America, where many countries do not celebrate the día de Reyes ( see Reyes Magos), Christmas gifts are given on Christmas Eve. This custom is spreading in Spain, although the día de Reyes is celebrated there
    * * *
    = Christmas Eve, Christmas Day.

    Ex: These include opening the children's department at the main library on Christmas Eve.

    Ex: Christmastide is what is traditionally called the Twelve Days of Christmas: Christmas Day is the first day and 5 January is the twelfth day.

    * * *
    Nochebuena (↑ Nochebuena a1)
    Christmas Eve
    In Spanish-speaking countries, Christmas Eve is celebrated rather than Christmas Day. Dinner is eaten before Midnight Mass known as misa del gallo.
    In Latin America, where many countries do not celebrate the día de Reyes Reyes Magos (↑ rey a1), Christmas gifts are given on Christmas Eve. This custom is spreading in Spain, although the día de Reyes is celebrated there.
    * * *

    Nochebuena sustantivo femenino
    Christmas Eve
    Nochebuena sustantivo femenino Christmas Eve
    ' Nochebuena' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    víspera
    English:
    Christmas Eve
    - Christmas
    * * *
    Christmas Eve
    * * *
    f Christmas Eve
    * * *
    : Christmas Eve
    * * *
    Nochebuena n Christmas Eve

    Spanish-English dictionary > Nochebuena

  • 9 Nochevieja

    f.
    New Year's Eve.
    * * *
    1 New Year's Eve
    * * *
    femenino New Year's Eve ( in the evening)
    •• Cultural note:
    In Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries, it is customary to see the New Year in by eating twelve grapes for good luck, one on each chime of the clock at midnight
    * * *
    Ex. The New Year's Eve edition of the New York Times asserted that Argentines and Nicaraguans helped U.S.-trained Honduran troops to kill leftists in the 1980s.
    ----
    * fiesta de Nochevieja = New Year's Eve party.
    * * *
    femenino New Year's Eve ( in the evening)
    •• Cultural note:
    In Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries, it is customary to see the New Year in by eating twelve grapes for good luck, one on each chime of the clock at midnight
    * * *

    Ex: The New Year's Eve edition of the New York Times asserted that Argentines and Nicaraguans helped U.S.-trained Honduran troops to kill leftists in the 1980s.

    * fiesta de Nochevieja = New Year's Eve party.

    * * *
    Nochevieja y Año Nuevo (↑ Nochevieja a1)
    New Year's Eve ( in the evening)
    * * *

    Nochevieja sustantivo femenino
    New Year's Eve ( in the evening)
    Nochevieja sustantivo femenino New Year's Eve
    ' Nochevieja' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    víspera
    English:
    hogmanay
    - Hogmanay
    - new
    * * *
    New Year's Eve
    * * *
    f New Year’s Eve
    * * *
    : New Year's Eve
    * * *
    Nochevieja n New Year's Eve

    Spanish-English dictionary > Nochevieja

  • 10 Semana Santa

    f.
    Holy Week, Great Week, Easter week, Passion Week.
    * * *
    Easter, Holy Week
    * * *
    Holy Week; fuimos a Escocia en Semana Santa we went to Scotland at Easter
    •• Cultural note:
    The most famous celebrations of Holy Week in the Spanish-speaking world are held in Seville. Lay brotherhoods, cofradías, process through the city in huge parades between Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday. Costaleros bear the pasos, huge floats carrying religious figures made of painted wood. Others, nazarenos (Nazarenes) and penitentes (penitents) walk alongside the pasos, in their distinctive costumes. During the processions they sing saetas, flamenco verses mourning Christ's passion. The Seville celebrations date back to the sixteenth century
    * * *
    (n.) = Holy Week, Easter week, Passion week
    Ex. The writers offer reflections on the revised common lectionary covering most of Lent, Holy Week, and several weeks after Easter.
    Ex. During Easter week, 1971, Cincinnati will be the hostess of the 50th anniversary convention of the Catholic Library Association.
    Ex. The religious significance attached to the bullfight, flamenco & Passion Week celebrations in Andalusia, Spain, is examined.
    * * *
    Holy Week; fuimos a Escocia en Semana Santa we went to Scotland at Easter
    •• Cultural note:
    The most famous celebrations of Holy Week in the Spanish-speaking world are held in Seville. Lay brotherhoods, cofradías, process through the city in huge parades between Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday. Costaleros bear the pasos, huge floats carrying religious figures made of painted wood. Others, nazarenos (Nazarenes) and penitentes (penitents) walk alongside the pasos, in their distinctive costumes. During the processions they sing saetas, flamenco verses mourning Christ's passion. The Seville celebrations date back to the sixteenth century
    * * *
    (n.) = Holy Week, Easter week, Passion week

    Ex: The writers offer reflections on the revised common lectionary covering most of Lent, Holy Week, and several weeks after Easter.

    Ex: During Easter week, 1971, Cincinnati will be the hostess of the 50th anniversary convention of the Catholic Library Association.
    Ex: The religious significance attached to the bullfight, flamenco & Passion Week celebrations in Andalusia, Spain, is examined.

    * * *
    The most famous celebrations of Holy Week in the Spanish-speaking world are held in Seville. Lay brotherhoods, cofradías, process through the city in huge parades between Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday. Costaleros bear the pasos, huge floats carrying religious figures made of painted wood. Others, nazarenos (Nazarenes) and penitentes (penitents) walk alongside the pasos, in their distinctive costumes. During the processions they sing saetas, flamenco verses mourning Christ's passion. The Seville celebrations date back to the sixteenth century.
    * * *
    Holy Week, Easter
    * * *
    Semana Santa n Easter

    Spanish-English dictionary > Semana Santa

  • 11 a

    prep.
    1 to.
    voy a Madrid I'm going to Madrid
    me voy al extranjero I'm going abroad
    llegó a Buenos Aires/a la fiesta he arrived in Buenos Aires/at the party
    2 at (moment).
    a las siete at seven o'clock
    a los once años at the age of eleven
    al caer la noche at nightfall
    al oír la noticia se desmayó on hearing the news, she fainted
    Llegué al amanecer I arrived at dawn.
    3 per, every (frecuency).
    40 horas a la semana 40 hours per o a week
    tres veces al día three times a day
    4 to.
    dáselo a Ricardo give it to Ricardo
    dile a Ricardo que venga tell Ricardo to come
    5 to.
    entró a pagar he came in to pay
    aprender a nadar to learn to swim
    6 by, about to, for.
    * * *
    A, a
    nombre femenino (pl as o aes)
    1 (la letra) A, a
    ————————
    A
    1 ( Alteza) Highness; (abreviatura) H
    ————————
    A
    1 ( autopista) motorway; (abreviatura) M
    ————————
    A
    1 ( amperio) ampere, amp; (símbolo) A
    * * *
    prep.
    1) to
    2) into
    3) in
    4) at
    5) on
    6) with
    * * *
    SF = a (=letra) A, a
    * * *
    a femenino (pl aes) ( read as [a]) the letter A, a
    * * *
    = for, per, to.
    Ex. The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.
    Ex. Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
    Ex. Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
    ----
    * a + Adjetivo + escala = on a + Adjetivo + scale.
    * a alguna parte = someplace.
    * a alta presión = high-pressured, high-pressure.
    * a altas horas de la noche = late at night.
    * a ambas orillas del Atlántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de = on either side of.
    * a ambos lados del Altántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de + Lugar = on both sides of + Lugar.
    * a años luz de = light years away from.
    * a bajas temperaturas = at low temperature.
    * a bajo coste = low-cost.
    * a bajo costo = low-cost.
    * a bajo nivel = low-level.
    * a bajo precio = lower-cost, at a low price, on the cheap.
    * a base de = in the form of, on a diet of.
    * a base de carne = meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.].
    * a base de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a base de errores = the hard way.
    * a boca de jarro = at close range.
    * a bocajarro = point blank.
    * a bombo y platillo = fanfare, with a bang.
    * a bordo = aboard, on board ship.
    * a bordo de = aboard, onboard.
    * a bordo de un barco = shipboard, on board ship.
    * a buen recaudo = in a safe place, in safekeeping.
    * a caballo = on horseback, astride.
    * a caballo entre = astride... and..., midway between.
    * a caballo entre... y... = half way between... and....
    * a caballo regalado no se le mira el diente = never look a gift horse in the mouth.
    * a cada rato = every so often, every now and then, every now and again, every once in a while.
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * a cántaros = cats and dogs.
    * a cargo = in the saddle.
    * a cargo (de) = charged with, in charge (of), at the helm (of).
    * a cargo de Alguien = under supervision.
    * a cargo de las riendas = in the saddle.
    * a cargo del ayuntamiento = local authority-run.
    * a cargo del gobierno = government-operated, government-run.
    * a cargo de una sola persona = one-man band.
    * a cargo de voluntarios = volunteer-run.
    * a chorros = profusely.
    * a ciegas = blindfold, blindly, blindfolded, in the dark.
    * a ciencia cierta = for sure, for certain.
    * a cierta distancia = some distance away.
    * a cierta distancia de = off.
    * a cierta distancia de la costa = offshore.
    * a cierta distancia del litoral = offshore.
    * a cobro revertido = reverse charges.
    * a color = multi-colour [multi-color -USA].
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * a conciencia = deliberately, wilfully [willfully, -USA], by design, on purpose.
    * a condición de que + Subjuntivo = provided (that), providing (that), as long as.
    * a contenido enriquecido = content-enriched.
    * a continuación = next, then, in the following, herewith.
    * a continuación se enumeran = given below.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * a contraluz = against the light.
    * a contrapelo = against the grain, against the nap.
    * a coro = with one voice, in unison.
    * a corto plazo = before very long, short term [short-term], in the short run, short-range, at short notice, in the short term, short-run.
    * a costa de = at the cost of, at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense, at cost of.
    * a costa de mucho = at (a) great expense.
    * a costa de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a costa de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * a cualquier hora = anytime, around the clock.
    * a cualquier hora del día o de la noche = at any hour of the day or night, at any time of the day or night.
    * a cualquier precio = at any cost, at all costs, at any price.
    * a cuatro aguas = hipped.
    * a cuatro patas = on all fours, on four legs.
    * a cuenta de = at the expense of.
    * a cuenta de la empresa = at company expense.
    * a cuenta de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a cuenta de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a cuenta propia = at + Posesivo + expense, at + Posesivo + own expense.
    * a cuerpo de rey = the lap of luxury.
    * a cuestas = in tow.
    * a decir de todos = by all accounts.
    * a decir verdad = to tell the truth, if the truth be known, if the truth be told, in all truth, in truth, fact is, the fact is (that), to be fair.
    * a decir verdad... = the fact of the matter is that....
    * a demanda = pro re nata.
    * a deshora(s) = at odd times, out of hours.
    * a día de hoy = as of today.
    * a diario = every day.
    * a diestro y siniestro = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a dieta = on a diet.
    * a diferencia de = apart from, as opposed to, in contradistinction to, as contrasted with, in contrast (to/with), quite apart from, in sharp contrast (with).
    * a diferencia de + Nombre = unlike + Nombre.
    * a diferentes niveles = multi-tiered [multitiered], multi-tier [multitier].
    * a discreción = at will, no holds barred.
    * a disgusto = unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a disposición de = at the disposal of.
    * a distancia = remote, remotely, distantly.
    * a doble espacio = double-spaced.
    * a domicilio = domiciliary.
    * ¿a dónde se dirige(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde va(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde vas? = quo vadis, whither thou goest.
    * a dos niveles = two-tier.
    * a dos velas = skint, penniless, broke.
    * a duras penas = with great difficulty.
    * a efectos de = in terms of, for the purpose of + Nombre.
    * a efectos prácticos = to all intents and purposes, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes, to all intents.
    * a él = him.
    * a ellos = them.
    * a escala = drawn-to-scale.
    * a escala industrial = on an industrial scale, industrial-scale.
    * a escala mundial = globally, on a global scale.
    * a escala natural = full-scale.
    * a escondidas = by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the quiet, on the sly.
    * a eso = thereto.
    * a espaldas de = out of sight of.
    * a estas alturas = by now.
    * a este fin = to this end.
    * a este paso = at this rate.
    * a este respecto = in this respect.
    * a este ritmo = at this rate.
    * a estrenar = brand new.
    * a examen = under the microscope.
    * a excepción de = barring, except for, excepting, other than, with the exception of, short of.
    * a excepción de que = except that.
    * a excepción de uno = with one exception.
    * a expensas de = at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense.
    * a expensas de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a expensas de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a + Expresión Temporal = as of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a falta de = for want of, in the absence of, in default of, for lack of, short of.
    * a favor = in favour.
    * a favor de = in favour of.
    * a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto = pro-choice.
    * a favor de la esclavitud = pro-slavery.
    * a favor de la raza negra = pro-black [problack].
    * a favor de la vida humana = pro-life.
    * a favor y en contra = pro and con.
    * a + Fecha = as per + Fecha.
    * a finales de = by the end of, at the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Expresión Temporal = as of late + Expresión Temporal, at the end of + Expresión Temporal, by the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Fecha = in the late + Fecha, in late + Fecha.
    * a finales de los + Década = late + Década, the.
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo, late period of + Siglo.
    * a fin de cuentas = at the end of the day, in the end, in the final count, in the grand scheme of things, when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * a fondo = fully, thoroughly, full-scale.
    * a fondo perdido = non-refundable.
    * ¡a freír espárragos! = on your bike!.
    * a fuerza de = by dint of.
    * a fuerza de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a fuerza de errores = the hard way.
    * a gas = gas-powered.
    * a gatas = on all fours.
    * a grandes rasgos = broadly, rough draft.
    * a granel = in bulk.
    * a gran escala = large scale [large-scale], massive, on a wide scale, high-volume, wide-scale, on a broad scale, in a big way, on a grand scale.
    * a gran velocidad = at great speed.
    * a grito limpio = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a grito pelado = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a gritos = vociferously.
    * a groso modo = crudely.
    * a grosso modo = roughly, rough draft.
    * a gusto = at ease, at leisure.
    * a gusto de = to the liking of, at the pleasure of.
    * a horcajadas = astride.
    * a hurtadillas = surreptitiously, by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the sly.
    * a imitación de lo clásico = classicising [classicizing, -USA], classicised [classicized, -USA].
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * a instancia de = at the urging of.
    * a instancias de = at the instigation of, at the behest of, under the auspices of.
    * a intervalos = at intervals.
    * a intervalos + Adjetivo = at + Adjetivo + intervals.
    * a intervalos semanales = at weekly intervals.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * a jabón = soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.].
    * a juicio = on trial.
    * a juicio público = in the public eye.
    * a juzgar por = to judge by, judging by, judging from.
    * a la acuarela = water-coloured [water-colored, -USA].
    * a la alcaldía = mayoral.
    * a la altura de = of the stature of, equal to.
    * a la altura de la cintura = waist high, waist deep.
    * a la altura de la rodilla = knee-high.
    * a la altura de los hombros = shoulder-high.
    * a la anchura de los hombros = shoulder-width.
    * a la anochecida = at nightfall.
    * a la antigua = old-style.
    * a la antigua usanza = old-style.
    * a la atención de = c/o (care of).
    * a la baja = on the wane.
    * a la brasa = grilled.
    * a la buena de Dios = out in the cold.
    * a la cabeza de = in the forefront of/in.
    * a la caída de la noche = at nightfall, at twilight.
    * a la caída de la tarde = at twilight.
    * a la carta = a la carte.
    * a la defensiva = on the defensive.
    * a la derecha = at the right.
    * a la derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a la deriva = rudderless.
    * a la discreción de = at the discretion of.
    * a la disposición de Alguien = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a la expectativa de = on the lookout for, on the alert for.
    * a la + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * a la fuerza = forcefully, of necessity, forcibly, compulsorily.
    * a la fuga = on the run, on the lam.
    * a la hora de + Infinitivo = when it came to + Gerundio, when it comes to + Gerundio.
    * a la hora de la verdad = when push comes to shove, if it comes to the crunch, when it comes to the crunch, when the worst comes to the worst, if the worst comes to the worst, when the crunch comes to the crunch, if the crunch comes to the crunch.
    * a la hora del café = at coffee.
    * a la intemperie = in the open, exposed.
    * a la inversa = mirror-fashion, mirror image, in reverse.
    * a la izquierda = at the left.
    * a la larga = in the long term, over the long term, in the end, eventually, for the long pull, over a period of time, over the long haul, in the far term, ultimately, by and by.
    * a la ligera = lightly.
    * a la luz de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la luz de la luna = by moonlight, in the moonlight, moonlit.
    * a la luz de las estrellas = by starlight.
    * a la luz de las velas = by candlelight, candlelight, candlelit.
    * a la luz del día = in the light of day.
    * a la luz de una lámpara de gas = by gaslight.
    * a la misma altura que = in the same league as.
    * a la moda = trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.].
    * a la onda = in the know.
    * a la opinión pública = in the public eye.
    * a la par = in concert, in tandem, neck and neck, in a tandem fashion, in parallel.
    * a la par que = in tandem with, hand in hand (with), as the same time as.
    * a la parrilla = grilled, on the grill.
    * a la perfección = superbly.
    * a la plancha = griddled, on the griddle, on the hotplate.
    * a largo plazo = in the long term, over the long term, long-range, in the long run, long-term, over the long run, over the long haul, long-run, in the far term, far-term.
    * a la salida = on the way out.
    * a la sazón = at that time.
    * a las doce del mediodía = at high noon.
    * a la semana = a week, per week.
    * a las mil maravillas = marvellously [marvelously, -USA], famously, like a house on fire.
    * a la sombra de = in the shadow of.
    * a las puertas de = on the threshold of.
    * a la última = hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.], on the fast track, hipped.
    * a la vanguardia = on the cutting edge, on the leading edge, in the fast lane, on the fast track, at the leading edge, on the bleeding edge.
    * a la vanguardia de = in the vanguard of, at the forefront of, in the forefront of/in, at the vanguard of.
    * a la velocidad de la luz = at the speed of light.
    * a la velocidad del rayo = at the speed of lightning.
    * a la velocidad del sonido = at the speed of sound.
    * a la venta = on release.
    * a la vez = at once, at one time, at similar times, at the same time, concurrently, side-by-side, simultaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, in tandem, at the one time, in a tandem fashion, at a time, in unison.
    * a la vez que = hand in hand (with), cum, in conjunction with, in unison with.
    * a la vista = in sight, within sight.
    * a la vista de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la vuelta de = on the return leg of.
    * a la zaga = not far behind, in tow.
    * al azar = lucky draw, lucky dip.
    * al extremo norte = northernmost.
    * al extremo oeste = westernmost.
    * al hacer esto = in doing so.
    * al norte del estado = upstate.
    * a lo extremo = to the extreme.
    * a lo grande = in a big way, big time, grandly, on a grand scale.
    * a lo hecho, pecho = no use crying over spilt/spilled milk, you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!.
    * a lo largo de = along, down, throughout.
    * a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal = sometime + Expresión Temporal.
    * a lo largo de la historia = over time.
    * a lo largo de la ruta = along the way.
    * a lo largo del tiempo = longitudinal, longitudinally.
    * a lo largo de todo = the entire length of.
    * a lo largo y ancho del país = countrywide [country-wide].
    * a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar = up and down + Lugar.
    * a lo lejos = in the distance.
    * a lo loco = helter-skelter, like there's no tomorrow.
    * a lo máximo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * a lo mejor = perhaps.
    * a lo que salga = come what may.
    * a los ojos de = in the eyes of.
    * a lo sumo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * al otro lado del atlántico = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del charco = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del océano = across the pond.
    * a lo zombi = zombielike.
    * a mano = by hand, manually, nearby [near-by], handy, within reach, within easy reach.
    * a mano alzada = by a show of hands.
    * a mano derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a manojos = by the handful.
    * a manos de = at the hands of.
    * a marchas forzadas = in a rush, against the clock.
    * a mares = cats and dogs.
    * a más largo plazo = longer-term.
    * a más..., más... = the + Comparativo..., the + Comparativo....
    * a más tardar = at the latest.
    * a mata caballo = in a hurry, hurried, hurriedly, helter-skelter.
    * a media asta = at half-mast, at half staff.
    * a mediados de = in the middle decades of.
    * a mediados de + Fecha = in the mid + Fecha.
    * a mediados de semana = midweek.
    * a media jornada = half-time [half time].
    * a media mañana = mid-morning.
    * a medianoche = at midnight.
    * a medias = half-hearted [halfhearted], qualified.
    * a medias entre... y... = betwixt and between.
    * a medida = custom, bespoke.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que pasaba el tiempo = as time passed (by), as time went by.
    * a medida que pasa el tiempo = as time passes (by).
    * a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal = as + Expresión Temporal + go by.
    * a medida que + pasar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + pasar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que se necesite = on demand, on request, as required.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medio abrir = half-opened.
    * a medio camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a medio comprender = half-understood.
    * a medio formar = half-formed.
    * a medio fuego = medium heat.
    * a medio hacer = halfway done, half done.
    * a medio plazo = medium-term, near-term, in the medium term, in the mid-term, mid-term [midterm].
    * a medio rimar = half-rhymed.
    * a medio vestir = half dressed.
    * a menor escala = at a reduced rate.
    * a menos que = unless, short of.
    * a menudo = oftentimes [often times], ofttimes [oft-times].
    * a merced de = at the mercy of.
    * a mí = me.
    * a mi entender = to my mind.
    * a mi modo de ver = in my books.
    * a mi parecer = to my mind, methinks, in my books.
    * a mitad de = half way through, halfway through.
    * a mitad de camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = midway between, half way between... and....
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = astride... and....
    * a mitad de precio = at half price.
    * a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad = turnabout is fair play.
    * a modo de = by way of, in the vein of, as a kind of.
    * a modo de aclaración = in parenthesis, on a sidenote.
    * a modo de advertencia = cautionary.
    * a modo de ejemplo = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de explicación = parenthetically.
    * a modo de ilustración = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de inciso = in passing, by the way of (a) digression.
    * a modo de paréntesis = parenthetical.
    * a modo de prólogo = prefatory.
    * a modo de resumen = wrap-up.
    * a mogollón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montones = in droves, by the sackful.
    * a muchos niveles = many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA].
    * a muerte = bitter, bitterly.
    * a nadie le importa nada = nobody + gives a damn.
    * a nivel de barrio = neighbourhood-based.
    * a nivel de calle = on the ground level.
    * a nivel de la calle = at ground level.
    * a nivel del suelo = at ground level.
    * a nivel estatal = statewide [state-wide].
    * a nivel federal = federally, federally.
    * a nivel individual = privately.
    * a nivel local = locally, domestically.
    * a nivel multicultural = multi-culturally [multiculturally].
    * a nivel mundial = worldwide [world-wide], globally.
    * a nivel nacional = nationally, domestically, countrywide [country-wide].
    * a nivel privado = privately.
    * a nivel regional = regionally.
    * a nombre de = payable to.
    * a no ser que = unless.
    * a nosotros = us.
    * a ojo = ocular.
    * a ojos vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a orillas del océano = oceanfront.
    * a orillas del río = riverfront.
    * a orillas de un lago = lakeside, lakefront, by the lakeside.
    * a otro sitio = somewhere else.
    * a pares = in pairs.
    * a partes iguales = share and share alike, in equal measure(s).
    * a partir de = on the basis of, based on, working from, from, on a diet of, in response to.
    * a partir de ahora = from now on, from this point on, henceforth, as of now.
    * a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años = for + Cuantificador + years to come.
    * a partir de aquí = hereupon.
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * a partir de entonces = from this time on, hereafter, thereafter, whereafter, from then on, thenceforth, henceforth, from that moment on.
    * a partir de ese momento = from that moment on.
    * a partir de este momento = hereinafter.
    * a partir de esto = on this basis, on that basis.
    * a partir de + Fecha = from + Fecha, effective + Fecha.
    * a partir de hoy = as from today.
    * a partir de la medianoche = late night.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * a paso de tortuga = at a snail's pace.
    * a paso ligero = on the double.
    * a pasos agigantados = at an exponential rate, at exponential rates, by leaps and bounds.
    * a pedir de boca = without a hitch.
    * a pequeña escala = in a small way, small scale [small-scale].
    * a perpetuidad = in perpetuity.
    * a pesar de (que) = albeit (that), despite, in spite of, notwithstanding, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * a pesar de todo = all the same, in spite of everything, despite everything, despite it all, in spite of it all, all this said.
    * a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre = for all + Posesivo + Nombre.
    * a petición de = at the request of, at the urging of, at the behest of.
    * a petición del usuario = on demand, on request.
    * a petición popular = by popular demand.
    * a pie = on foot, afoot, dismounted.
    * a pilas = battery-operated.
    * a pique = sinking.
    * a placer = at will.
    * a plena luz del día = in broad daylight.
    * a poca distancia = not far behind.
    * a poca distancia andando = within walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a poca distancia a pie = within an easy walk, within walking distance.
    * a pocos minutos andando = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a pocos minutos a pie = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a porrillo = by the handful.
    * a + Posesivo + aire = to + Posesivo + heart's content.
    * a + Posesivo + alcance = in the ballpark for + Pronombre, in + Posesivo + ballpark range.
    * a + Posesivo + costa = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + cuidado = in + Posesivo + safekeeping.
    * a + Posesivo + discreción = at will, at + Posesivo + discretion.
    * a + Posesivo + disposición = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a + Posesivo + entender = to the best of + Posesivo + belief.
    * a + Posesivo + espaldas = behind + Posesivo + back.
    * a + Posesivo + expensas = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + favor = in + Posesivo + favour, to + Posesivo + credit.
    * a + Posesivo + juicio = in + Posesivo + estimation.
    * a + Posesivo + manera = in + Posesivo + own way.
    * a + Posesivo + saber = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge.
    * a + Posesivo + saber y entender = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief.
    * a + Posesivo + servicio = at + Posesivo + service.
    * a + Posesivo + sorprender = much to + Posesivo + surprise.
    * a + Posesivo + vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a posteriori = reactive, in retrospect, after-the-fact, hindsight, with hindsight, a posteriori, in hindsight.
    * a precio de coste = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de costo = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de ganga = at a steal.
    * a precio especial = at reduced cost, discounted, cut-rate, cut-price.
    * a precio razonable = at reasonable cost(s).
    * a precio reducido = at a discount.
    * a precios competitivos = competitively priced.
    * a precios especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a precios razonables = at affordable prices.
    * a presión = pressurised [pressurized, -USA].
    * a primera hora de la mañana = first thing in the morning.
    * a primera hora de + Período del Día = first thing + Período del Día.
    * a primeras horas de la tarde = late afternoon.
    * a primera vista = on first acquaintance, at first sight, on first inspection, on the face of it, at first blush, at first glance, on the surface, prima facie, first-blush.
    * a primeros de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de los + Década = early + Década, the.
    * a priori = proactive [pro-active], foresight, a priori, on the surface.
    * a prisa = quickly.
    * a propósito = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly.
    * a propósito de = apropos of.
    * a propósito de nada = for no specific reason, for no particular reason.
    * a prueba = on trial.
    * a prueba de bombas = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA], bomb-proof.
    * a prueba de conejos = rabbit-proof.
    * a prueba de fallos = fail-safe.
    * a prueba de incendios = fireproof [fire-proof].
    * a prueba de niños = childproof.
    * a prueba de robos = theft proof.
    * a prueba de tornados = tornado proof.
    * a prueba de un tratamiento duro = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA].
    * a prueba de viento = windproof.
    * a puerta cerrada = behind closed doors.
    * a punta de pistola = at gunpoint.
    * a punto de = on the verge of, a heartbeat away from.
    * a punto de + Infinitivo = about to + Infinitivo.
    * a punto de irse a pique = on the rocks.
    * a punto de morir = on + Posesivo + deathbed.
    * a puñados = by the sackful, by the handful.
    * a quemarropa = point blank.
    * a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda = the early bird catches the worm.
    * a quienquiera que = whomever.
    * a rachas = by fits and starts.
    * a ráfagas = in bursts.
    * a raíz de = in the wake of.
    * a rajatabla = to the letter.
    * a ras de = flush with.
    * a ras de la calle = ground-floor.
    * a ras del suelo = at ground level.
    * a rastras = in tow.
    * a ratos = intermittently.
    * a reacción = jet-assisted.
    * a rebosar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a regañadientes = grudgingly, grudging, begrudgingly, unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a régimen = on a diet.
    * a remolque = in tow.
    * a reventar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a saber = namely, viz, to wit.
    * a sabiendas = knowing, knowingly, wilfully [willfully, -USA].
    * a sabiendas de que = on the understanding that.
    * a sacudidas = jerkily.
    * a saltitos = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a salvo = in a safe place, in safekeeping, out of harm's way.
    * a sangre fría = cold-blooded.
    * a ser posible = if possible.
    * a simple vista = by the naked eye, superficially, on first thought.
    * a solas = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * a su debido tiempo = in due course, timely, in due time.
    * a sueldo = paid.
    * a su precio normal = at full price.
    * a su propio ritmo = at an individual pace.
    * a su tiempo = in a timely fashion, in due course, in a timely manner.
    * a su vez = Verbo + further, in turn, in its/their turn.
    * a tal efecto = to this effect.
    * a tales efectos = hereto.
    * a tarifa reducida = at reduced cost.
    * a tarifas especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a temperatura ambiente = at room temperature.
    * a tener en cuenta en el futuro = for future reference.
    * a tenor de = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of.
    * a ti = you, thee.
    * a tiempo = in timely fashion, on time, promptly, timely, just in time, in time.
    * a tiempo completo = full-time.
    * a tiempo parcial = part-time.
    * a tientas = in the dark.
    * a tientas y a ciegas = blindly, in the dark.
    * a ti mismo = yourself, thyself.
    * a tiro = within gunshot, within range.
    * a tirones = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * a toda costa = absolutely, at all costs, come what may, at any cost, at any price.
    * a toda máquina = in the fast lane, fast lane, full steam ahead, at full tilt, full-tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda marcha = at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda mecha = at a rate of knots, full steam ahead, at full blast, at full throttle, at top speed, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda pasta = at a rate of knots.
    * a toda pastilla = in the fast lane, on the fast track, fast lane, overdrive, full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at a rate of knots, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda prueba = unswerving.
    * a todas horas = at all hours, around the clock.
    * a todas luces = patently.
    * a todas partes = far and wide.
    * a toda velocidad = full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a todo alrededor = all round.
    * a todo color = full-colour, in full colour.
    * a todo gas = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo lo largo de = the length of.
    * a todo meter = full steam ahead, at full stretch, at full speed, at full blast, at top speed, at full throttle.
    * a todo ritmo = in full swing, in full force, in full gear.
    * a todos lados = far and wide.
    * a todos los efectos = to all intents and purposes, to all intents, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes.
    * a todos los niveles = at all levels.
    * a todos nosotros = us all.
    * a todos por igual = one size fits all.
    * a todo vapor = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo volumen = at full blast.
    * a tontas y a ciegas = headlong, runaway.
    * a tontas y locas = like there's no tomorrow, without rhyme or reason.
    * a tope = packed to capacity, in the fast lane, fast lane, choc-a-block, chock-full, in full swing, in full gear, packed to the rafters.
    * a trancas y barrancas = with great difficulty, by fits and starts.
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of, through the agency of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la TI = IT-enabled.
    * a través de la web = Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = over the years, down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * a través de operador = operator-assisted.
    * a tres bandas = three pronged.
    * a tres niveles = three-tiered.
    * a troche y moche = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a trompicones = by fits and starts.
    * a tropezones = falteringly, hesitantly, haltingly, jerkily.
    * a trozos = piecewise.
    * ¡A tu salud! = Here's to you!.
    * a última hora = at the last minute, at the eleventh hour, last minute [last-minute], at the very last minute, at the very last moment, at the very last.
    * a últimas horas de la tarde = late evening.
    [b]* a últ
    * * *
    a femenino (pl aes) ( read as [a]) the letter A, a
    * * *
    = for, per, to.

    Ex: The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.

    Ex: Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
    Ex: Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
    * a + Adjetivo + escala = on a + Adjetivo + scale.
    * a alguna parte = someplace.
    * a alta presión = high-pressured, high-pressure.
    * a altas horas de la noche = late at night.
    * a ambas orillas del Atlántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de = on either side of.
    * a ambos lados del Altántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de + Lugar = on both sides of + Lugar.
    * a años luz de = light years away from.
    * a bajas temperaturas = at low temperature.
    * a bajo coste = low-cost.
    * a bajo costo = low-cost.
    * a bajo nivel = low-level.
    * a bajo precio = lower-cost, at a low price, on the cheap.
    * a base de = in the form of, on a diet of.
    * a base de carne = meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.].
    * a base de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a base de errores = the hard way.
    * a boca de jarro = at close range.
    * a bocajarro = point blank.
    * a bombo y platillo = fanfare, with a bang.
    * a bordo = aboard, on board ship.
    * a bordo de = aboard, onboard.
    * a bordo de un barco = shipboard, on board ship.
    * a buen recaudo = in a safe place, in safekeeping.
    * a caballo = on horseback, astride.
    * a caballo entre = astride... and..., midway between.
    * a caballo entre... y... = half way between... and....
    * a caballo regalado no se le mira el diente = never look a gift horse in the mouth.
    * a cada rato = every so often, every now and then, every now and again, every once in a while.
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * a cántaros = cats and dogs.
    * a cargo = in the saddle.
    * a cargo (de) = charged with, in charge (of), at the helm (of).
    * a cargo de Alguien = under supervision.
    * a cargo de las riendas = in the saddle.
    * a cargo del ayuntamiento = local authority-run.
    * a cargo del gobierno = government-operated, government-run.
    * a cargo de una sola persona = one-man band.
    * a cargo de voluntarios = volunteer-run.
    * a chorros = profusely.
    * a ciegas = blindfold, blindly, blindfolded, in the dark.
    * a ciencia cierta = for sure, for certain.
    * a cierta distancia = some distance away.
    * a cierta distancia de = off.
    * a cierta distancia de la costa = offshore.
    * a cierta distancia del litoral = offshore.
    * a cobro revertido = reverse charges.
    * a color = multi-colour [multi-color -USA].
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * a conciencia = deliberately, wilfully [willfully, -USA], by design, on purpose.
    * a condición de que + Subjuntivo = provided (that), providing (that), as long as.
    * a contenido enriquecido = content-enriched.
    * a continuación = next, then, in the following, herewith.
    * a continuación se enumeran = given below.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * a contraluz = against the light.
    * a contrapelo = against the grain, against the nap.
    * a coro = with one voice, in unison.
    * a corto plazo = before very long, short term [short-term], in the short run, short-range, at short notice, in the short term, short-run.
    * a costa de = at the cost of, at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense, at cost of.
    * a costa de mucho = at (a) great expense.
    * a costa de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a costa de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * a cualquier hora = anytime, around the clock.
    * a cualquier hora del día o de la noche = at any hour of the day or night, at any time of the day or night.
    * a cualquier precio = at any cost, at all costs, at any price.
    * a cuatro aguas = hipped.
    * a cuatro patas = on all fours, on four legs.
    * a cuenta de = at the expense of.
    * a cuenta de la empresa = at company expense.
    * a cuenta de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a cuenta de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a cuenta propia = at + Posesivo + expense, at + Posesivo + own expense.
    * a cuerpo de rey = the lap of luxury.
    * a cuestas = in tow.
    * a decir de todos = by all accounts.
    * a decir verdad = to tell the truth, if the truth be known, if the truth be told, in all truth, in truth, fact is, the fact is (that), to be fair.
    * a decir verdad... = the fact of the matter is that....
    * a demanda = pro re nata.
    * a deshora(s) = at odd times, out of hours.
    * a día de hoy = as of today.
    * a diario = every day.
    * a diestro y siniestro = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a dieta = on a diet.
    * a diferencia de = apart from, as opposed to, in contradistinction to, as contrasted with, in contrast (to/with), quite apart from, in sharp contrast (with).
    * a diferencia de + Nombre = unlike + Nombre.
    * a diferentes niveles = multi-tiered [multitiered], multi-tier [multitier].
    * a discreción = at will, no holds barred.
    * a disgusto = unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a disposición de = at the disposal of.
    * a distancia = remote, remotely, distantly.
    * a doble espacio = double-spaced.
    * a domicilio = domiciliary.
    * ¿a dónde se dirige(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde va(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde vas? = quo vadis, whither thou goest.
    * a dos niveles = two-tier.
    * a dos velas = skint, penniless, broke.
    * a duras penas = with great difficulty.
    * a efectos de = in terms of, for the purpose of + Nombre.
    * a efectos prácticos = to all intents and purposes, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes, to all intents.
    * a él = him.
    * a ellos = them.
    * a escala = drawn-to-scale.
    * a escala industrial = on an industrial scale, industrial-scale.
    * a escala mundial = globally, on a global scale.
    * a escala natural = full-scale.
    * a escondidas = by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the quiet, on the sly.
    * a eso = thereto.
    * a espaldas de = out of sight of.
    * a estas alturas = by now.
    * a este fin = to this end.
    * a este paso = at this rate.
    * a este respecto = in this respect.
    * a este ritmo = at this rate.
    * a estrenar = brand new.
    * a examen = under the microscope.
    * a excepción de = barring, except for, excepting, other than, with the exception of, short of.
    * a excepción de que = except that.
    * a excepción de uno = with one exception.
    * a expensas de = at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense.
    * a expensas de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a expensas de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a + Expresión Temporal = as of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a falta de = for want of, in the absence of, in default of, for lack of, short of.
    * a favor = in favour.
    * a favor de = in favour of.
    * a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto = pro-choice.
    * a favor de la esclavitud = pro-slavery.
    * a favor de la raza negra = pro-black [problack].
    * a favor de la vida humana = pro-life.
    * a favor y en contra = pro and con.
    * a + Fecha = as per + Fecha.
    * a finales de = by the end of, at the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Expresión Temporal = as of late + Expresión Temporal, at the end of + Expresión Temporal, by the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Fecha = in the late + Fecha, in late + Fecha.
    * a finales de los + Década = late + Década, the.
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo, late period of + Siglo.
    * a fin de cuentas = at the end of the day, in the end, in the final count, in the grand scheme of things, when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * a fondo = fully, thoroughly, full-scale.
    * a fondo perdido = non-refundable.
    * ¡a freír espárragos! = on your bike!.
    * a fuerza de = by dint of.
    * a fuerza de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a fuerza de errores = the hard way.
    * a gas = gas-powered.
    * a gatas = on all fours.
    * a grandes rasgos = broadly, rough draft.
    * a granel = in bulk.
    * a gran escala = large scale [large-scale], massive, on a wide scale, high-volume, wide-scale, on a broad scale, in a big way, on a grand scale.
    * a gran velocidad = at great speed.
    * a grito limpio = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a grito pelado = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a gritos = vociferously.
    * a groso modo = crudely.
    * a grosso modo = roughly, rough draft.
    * a gusto = at ease, at leisure.
    * a gusto de = to the liking of, at the pleasure of.
    * a horcajadas = astride.
    * a hurtadillas = surreptitiously, by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the sly.
    * a imitación de lo clásico = classicising [classicizing, -USA], classicised [classicized, -USA].
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * a instancia de = at the urging of.
    * a instancias de = at the instigation of, at the behest of, under the auspices of.
    * a intervalos = at intervals.
    * a intervalos + Adjetivo = at + Adjetivo + intervals.
    * a intervalos semanales = at weekly intervals.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * a jabón = soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.].
    * a juicio = on trial.
    * a juicio público = in the public eye.
    * a juzgar por = to judge by, judging by, judging from.
    * a la acuarela = water-coloured [water-colored, -USA].
    * a la alcaldía = mayoral.
    * a la altura de = of the stature of, equal to.
    * a la altura de la cintura = waist high, waist deep.
    * a la altura de la rodilla = knee-high.
    * a la altura de los hombros = shoulder-high.
    * a la anchura de los hombros = shoulder-width.
    * a la anochecida = at nightfall.
    * a la antigua = old-style.
    * a la antigua usanza = old-style.
    * a la atención de = c/o (care of).
    * a la baja = on the wane.
    * a la brasa = grilled.
    * a la buena de Dios = out in the cold.
    * a la cabeza de = in the forefront of/in.
    * a la caída de la noche = at nightfall, at twilight.
    * a la caída de la tarde = at twilight.
    * a la carta = a la carte.
    * a la defensiva = on the defensive.
    * a la derecha = at the right.
    * a la derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a la deriva = rudderless.
    * a la discreción de = at the discretion of.
    * a la disposición de Alguien = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a la expectativa de = on the lookout for, on the alert for.
    * a la + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * a la fuerza = forcefully, of necessity, forcibly, compulsorily.
    * a la fuga = on the run, on the lam.
    * a la hora de + Infinitivo = when it came to + Gerundio, when it comes to + Gerundio.
    * a la hora de la verdad = when push comes to shove, if it comes to the crunch, when it comes to the crunch, when the worst comes to the worst, if the worst comes to the worst, when the crunch comes to the crunch, if the crunch comes to the crunch.
    * a la hora del café = at coffee.
    * a la intemperie = in the open, exposed.
    * a la inversa = mirror-fashion, mirror image, in reverse.
    * a la izquierda = at the left.
    * a la larga = in the long term, over the long term, in the end, eventually, for the long pull, over a period of time, over the long haul, in the far term, ultimately, by and by.
    * a la ligera = lightly.
    * a la luz de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la luz de la luna = by moonlight, in the moonlight, moonlit.
    * a la luz de las estrellas = by starlight.
    * a la luz de las velas = by candlelight, candlelight, candlelit.
    * a la luz del día = in the light of day.
    * a la luz de una lámpara de gas = by gaslight.
    * a la mano de = available at the fingertips of.
    * a la misma altura que = in the same league as.
    * a la moda = trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.].
    * a la onda = in the know.
    * a la opinión pública = in the public eye.
    * a la par = in concert, in tandem, neck and neck, in a tandem fashion, in parallel.
    * a la par que = in tandem with, hand in hand (with), as the same time as.
    * a la parrilla = grilled, on the grill.
    * a la perfección = superbly.
    * a la plancha = griddled, on the griddle, on the hotplate.
    * a largo plazo = in the long term, over the long term, long-range, in the long run, long-term, over the long run, over the long haul, long-run, in the far term, far-term.
    * a la salida = on the way out.
    * a la sazón = at that time.
    * a las doce del mediodía = at high noon.
    * a la semana = a week, per week.
    * a las mil maravillas = marvellously [marvelously, -USA], famously, like a house on fire.
    * a la sombra de = in the shadow of.
    * a las puertas de = on the threshold of.
    * a la última = hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.], on the fast track, hipped.
    * a la vanguardia = on the cutting edge, on the leading edge, in the fast lane, on the fast track, at the leading edge, on the bleeding edge.
    * a la vanguardia de = in the vanguard of, at the forefront of, in the forefront of/in, at the vanguard of.
    * a la velocidad de la luz = at the speed of light.
    * a la velocidad del rayo = at the speed of lightning.
    * a la velocidad del sonido = at the speed of sound.
    * a la venta = on release.
    * a la vez = at once, at one time, at similar times, at the same time, concurrently, side-by-side, simultaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, in tandem, at the one time, in a tandem fashion, at a time, in unison.
    * a la vez que = hand in hand (with), cum, in conjunction with, in unison with.
    * a la vista = in sight, within sight.
    * a la vista de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la vuelta de = on the return leg of.
    * a la zaga = not far behind, in tow.
    * al azar = lucky draw, lucky dip.
    * al extremo norte = northernmost.
    * al extremo oeste = westernmost.
    * al hacer esto = in doing so.
    * al norte del estado = upstate.
    * a lo extremo = to the extreme.
    * a lo grande = in a big way, big time, grandly, on a grand scale.
    * a lo hecho, pecho = no use crying over spilt/spilled milk, you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!.
    * a lo largo de = along, down, throughout.
    * a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal = sometime + Expresión Temporal.
    * a lo largo de la historia = over time.
    * a lo largo de la ruta = along the way.
    * a lo largo del tiempo = longitudinal, longitudinally.
    * a lo largo de todo = the entire length of.
    * a lo largo y ancho del país = countrywide [country-wide].
    * a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar = up and down + Lugar.
    * a lo lejos = in the distance.
    * a lo loco = helter-skelter, like there's no tomorrow.
    * a lo máximo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * a lo mejor = perhaps.
    * a lo que salga = come what may.
    * a los ojos de = in the eyes of.
    * a lo sumo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * al otro lado del atlántico = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del charco = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del océano = across the pond.
    * a lo zombi = zombielike.
    * a mano = by hand, manually, nearby [near-by], handy, within reach, within easy reach.
    * a mano alzada = by a show of hands.
    * a mano derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a manojos = by the handful.
    * a manos de = at the hands of.
    * a marchas forzadas = in a rush, against the clock.
    * a mares = cats and dogs.
    * a más largo plazo = longer-term.
    * a más..., más... = the + Comparativo..., the + Comparativo....
    * a más tardar = at the latest.
    * a mata caballo = in a hurry, hurried, hurriedly, helter-skelter.
    * a media asta = at half-mast, at half staff.
    * a mediados de = in the middle decades of.
    * a mediados de + Fecha = in the mid + Fecha.
    * a mediados de semana = midweek.
    * a media jornada = half-time [half time].
    * a media mañana = mid-morning.
    * a medianoche = at midnight.
    * a medias = half-hearted [halfhearted], qualified.
    * a medias entre... y... = betwixt and between.
    * a medida = custom, bespoke.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que pasaba el tiempo = as time passed (by), as time went by.
    * a medida que pasa el tiempo = as time passes (by).
    * a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal = as + Expresión Temporal + go by.
    * a medida que + pasar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + pasar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que se necesite = on demand, on request, as required.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medio abrir = half-opened.
    * a medio camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a medio comprender = half-understood.
    * a medio formar = half-formed.
    * a medio fuego = medium heat.
    * a medio hacer = halfway done, half done.
    * a medio plazo = medium-term, near-term, in the medium term, in the mid-term, mid-term [midterm].
    * a medio rimar = half-rhymed.
    * a medio vestir = half dressed.
    * a menor escala = at a reduced rate.
    * a menos que = unless, short of.
    * a menudo = oftentimes [often times], ofttimes [oft-times].
    * a merced de = at the mercy of.
    * a mí = me.
    * a mi entender = to my mind.
    * a mi modo de ver = in my books.
    * a mi parecer = to my mind, methinks, in my books.
    * a mitad de = half way through, halfway through.
    * a mitad de camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = midway between, half way between... and....
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = astride... and....
    * a mitad de precio = at half price.
    * a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad = turnabout is fair play.
    * a modo de = by way of, in the vein of, as a kind of.
    * a modo de aclaración = in parenthesis, on a sidenote.
    * a modo de advertencia = cautionary.
    * a modo de ejemplo = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de explicación = parenthetically.
    * a modo de ilustración = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de inciso = in passing, by the way of (a) digression.
    * a modo de paréntesis = parenthetical.
    * a modo de prólogo = prefatory.
    * a modo de resumen = wrap-up.
    * a mogollón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montones = in droves, by the sackful.
    * a muchos niveles = many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA].
    * a muerte = bitter, bitterly.
    * a nadie le importa nada = nobody + gives a damn.
    * a nivel de barrio = neighbourhood-based.
    * a nivel de calle = on the ground level.
    * a nivel de la calle = at ground level.
    * a nivel del suelo = at ground level.
    * a nivel estatal = statewide [state-wide].
    * a nivel federal = federally, federally.
    * a nivel individual = privately.
    * a nivel local = locally, domestically.
    * a nivel multicultural = multi-culturally [multiculturally].
    * a nivel mundial = worldwide [world-wide], globally.
    * a nivel nacional = nationally, domestically, countrywide [country-wide].
    * a nivel privado = privately.
    * a nivel regional = regionally.
    * a nombre de = payable to.
    * a no ser que = unless.
    * a nosotros = us.
    * a ojo = ocular.
    * a ojos vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a orillas del océano = oceanfront.
    * a orillas del río = riverfront.
    * a orillas de un lago = lakeside, lakefront, by the lakeside.
    * a otro sitio = somewhere else.
    * a pares = in pairs.
    * a partes iguales = share and share alike, in equal measure(s).
    * a partir de = on the basis of, based on, working from, from, on a diet of, in response to.
    * a partir de ahora = from now on, from this point on, henceforth, as of now.
    * a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años = for + Cuantificador + years to come.
    * a partir de aquí = hereupon.
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * a partir de entonces = from this time on, hereafter, thereafter, whereafter, from then on, thenceforth, henceforth, from that moment on.
    * a partir de ese momento = from that moment on.
    * a partir de este momento = hereinafter.
    * a partir de esto = on this basis, on that basis.
    * a partir de + Fecha = from + Fecha, effective + Fecha.
    * a partir de hoy = as from today.
    * a partir de la medianoche = late night.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * a paso de tortuga = at a snail's pace.
    * a paso ligero = on the double.
    * a pasos agigantados = at an exponential rate, at exponential rates, by leaps and bounds.
    * a pedir de boca = without a hitch.
    * a pequeña escala = in a small way, small scale [small-scale].
    * a perpetuidad = in perpetuity.
    * a pesar de (que) = albeit (that), despite, in spite of, notwithstanding, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * a pesar de todo = all the same, in spite of everything, despite everything, despite it all, in spite of it all, all this said.
    * a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre = for all + Posesivo + Nombre.
    * a petición de = at the request of, at the urging of, at the behest of.
    * a petición del usuario = on demand, on request.
    * a petición popular = by popular demand.
    * a pie = on foot, afoot, dismounted.
    * a pilas = battery-operated.
    * a pique = sinking.
    * a placer = at will.
    * a plena luz del día = in broad daylight.
    * a poca distancia = not far behind.
    * a poca distancia andando = within walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a poca distancia a pie = within an easy walk, within walking distance.
    * a pocos minutos andando = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a pocos minutos a pie = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a porrillo = by the handful.
    * a + Posesivo + aire = to + Posesivo + heart's content.
    * a + Posesivo + alcance = in the ballpark for + Pronombre, in + Posesivo + ballpark range.
    * a + Posesivo + costa = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + cuidado = in + Posesivo + safekeeping.
    * a + Posesivo + discreción = at will, at + Posesivo + discretion.
    * a + Posesivo + disposición = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a + Posesivo + entender = to the best of + Posesivo + belief.
    * a + Posesivo + espaldas = behind + Posesivo + back.
    * a + Posesivo + expensas = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + favor = in + Posesivo + favour, to + Posesivo + credit.
    * a + Posesivo + juicio = in + Posesivo + estimation.
    * a + Posesivo + manera = in + Posesivo + own way.
    * a + Posesivo + saber = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge.
    * a + Posesivo + saber y entender = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief.
    * a + Posesivo + servicio = at + Posesivo + service.
    * a + Posesivo + sorprender = much to + Posesivo + surprise.
    * a + Posesivo + vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a posteriori = reactive, in retrospect, after-the-fact, hindsight, with hindsight, a posteriori, in hindsight.
    * a precio de coste = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de costo = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de ganga = at a steal.
    * a precio especial = at reduced cost, discounted, cut-rate, cut-price.
    * a precio razonable = at reasonable cost(s).
    * a precio reducido = at a discount.
    * a precios competitivos = competitively priced.
    * a precios especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a precios razonables = at affordable prices.
    * a presión = pressurised [pressurized, -USA].
    * a primera hora de la mañana = first thing in the morning.
    * a primera hora de + Período del Día = first thing + Período del Día.
    * a primeras horas de la tarde = late afternoon.
    * a primera vista = on first acquaintance, at first sight, on first inspection, on the face of it, at first blush, at first glance, on the surface, prima facie, first-blush.
    * a primeros de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de los + Década = early + Década, the.
    * a priori = proactive [pro-active], foresight, a priori, on the surface.
    * a prisa = quickly.
    * a propósito = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly.
    * a propósito de = apropos of.
    * a propósito de nada = for no specific reason, for no particular reason.
    * a prueba = on trial.
    * a prueba de bombas = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA], bomb-proof.
    * a prueba de conejos = rabbit-proof.
    * a prueba de fallos = fail-safe.
    * a prueba de incendios = fireproof [fire-proof].
    * a prueba de niños = childproof.
    * a prueba de robos = theft proof.
    * a prueba de tornados = tornado proof.
    * a prueba de un tratamiento duro = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA].
    * a prueba de viento = windproof.
    * a puerta cerrada = behind closed doors.
    * a punta de pistola = at gunpoint.
    * a punto de = on the verge of, a heartbeat away from.
    * a punto de + Infinitivo = about to + Infinitivo.
    * a punto de irse a pique = on the rocks.
    * a punto de morir = on + Posesivo + deathbed.
    * a puñados = by the sackful, by the handful.
    * a quemarropa = point blank.
    * a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda = the early bird catches the worm.
    * a quienquiera que = whomever.
    * a rachas = by fits and starts.
    * a ráfagas = in bursts.
    * a raíz de = in the wake of.
    * a rajatabla = to the letter.
    * a ras de = flush with.
    * a ras de la calle = ground-floor.
    * a ras del suelo = at ground level.
    * a rastras = in tow.
    * a ratos = intermittently.
    * a reacción = jet-assisted.
    * a rebosar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a regañadientes = grudgingly, grudging, begrudgingly, unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a régimen = on a diet.
    * a remolque = in tow.
    * a reventar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a saber = namely, viz, to wit.
    * a sabiendas = knowing, knowingly, wilfully [willfully, -USA].
    * a sabiendas de que = on the understanding that.
    * a sacudidas = jerkily.
    * a saltitos = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a salvo = in a safe place, in safekeeping, out of harm's way.
    * a sangre fría = cold-blooded.
    * a ser posible = if possible.
    * a simple vista = by the naked eye, superficially, on first thought.
    * a solas = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * a su debido tiempo = in due course, timely, in due time.
    * a sueldo = paid.
    * a su precio normal = at full price.
    * a su propio ritmo = at an individual pace.
    * a su tiempo = in a timely fashion, in due course, in a timely manner.
    * a su vez = Verbo + further, in turn, in its/their turn.
    * a tal efecto = to this effect.
    * a tales efectos = hereto.
    * a tarifa reducida = at reduced cost.
    * a tarifas especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a temperatura ambiente = at room temperature.
    * a tener en cuenta en el futuro = for future reference.
    * a tenor de = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of.
    * a ti = you, thee.
    * a tiempo = in timely fashion, on time, promptly, timely, just in time, in time.
    * a tiempo completo = full-time.
    * a tiempo parcial = part-time.
    * a tientas = in the dark.
    * a tientas y a ciegas = blindly, in the dark.
    * a ti mismo = yourself, thyself.
    * a tiro = within gunshot, within range.
    * a tirones = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * a toda costa = absolutely, at all costs, come what may, at any cost, at any price.
    * a toda máquina = in the fast lane, fast lane, full steam ahead, at full tilt, full-tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda marcha = at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda mecha = at a rate of knots, full steam ahead, at full blast, at full throttle, at top speed, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda pasta = at a rate of knots.
    * a toda pastilla = in the fast lane, on the fast track, fast lane, overdrive, full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at a rate of knots, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda prueba = unswerving.
    * a todas horas = at all hours, around the clock.
    * a todas luces = patently.
    * a todas partes = far and wide.
    * a toda velocidad = full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a todo alrededor = all round.
    * a todo color = full-colour, in full colour.
    * a todo gas = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo lo largo de = the length of.
    * a todo meter = full steam ahead, at full stretch, at full speed, at full blast, at top speed, at full throttle.
    * a todo ritmo = in full swing, in full force, in full gear.
    * a todos lados = far and wide.
    * a todos los efectos = to all intents and purposes, to all intents, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes.
    * a todos los niveles = at all levels.
    * a todos nosotros = us all.
    * a todos por igual = one size fits all.
    * a todo vapor = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo volumen = at full blast.
    * a tontas y a ciegas = headlong, runaway.
    * a tontas y locas = like there's no tomorrow, without rhyme or reason.
    * a tope = packed to capacity, in the fast lane, fast lane, choc-a-block, chock-full, in full swing, in full gear, packed to the rafters.
    * a trancas y barrancas = with great difficulty, by fits and starts.
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of, through the agency of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la TI = IT-enabled.
    * a través de la web = Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = over the years, down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * a través de operador = operator-assisted.
    * a tres bandas = three pronged.
    * a tres niveles = three-tiered.
    * a troche y moche = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a trompicones = by fits and starts.
    * a tropezones = falteringly, hesitantly, haltingly, jerkily.
    * a trozos = piecewise.
    * ¡A tu salud! = Here's to you!.
    * a última hora = at the last minute, at the eleventh hour, last minute [last-minute], at the very last minute, at the very last moment, at the very last.
    * a últimas horas de la tarde = late evening.
    * a últ

    * * *
    a
    La preposición a suele emplearse precedida de ciertos verbos como empezar, ir, oler, sonar etc, en cuyo caso ver bajo el respectivo verbo.
    No se traduce cuando introduce el complemento directo de persona (ser humano, pronombres personales que lo representan como quien, alguien, etc) o un nombre con un objeto o animal personalizado: amo a mi patria = I love my country, pasear al perro = to walk the dog.
    En los casos en que precede al artículo definido el para formar la contracción al, ver bajo la siguiente entrada, donde también se encontrarán otros ejemplos y usos de a.
    A (en relaciones de espacio, lugar)
    voy a México/a la fiesta I'm going to Mexico/to the party
    voy a casa I'm going home
    dobla a la derecha turn right
    se cayó al río she fell into the river
    estaban sentados a la mesa they were sitting at the table
    a orillas del Ebro on the banks of the Ebro
    se sentó al sol he sat in the sun
    se sentó a mi derecha he sat down to the right of me o on my right
    a la vuelta de la esquina around the corner
    queda al norte de Toledo it's (to the) north of Toledo
    3
    (indicando distancia): está a diez kilómetros de aquí it's ten kilometers from here, it's ten kilometers away
    está a unos 20 minutos de aquí it takes o it's about 20 minutes from here, it's a 20 minute drive ( o walk etc) from here
    1 (señalando hora, momento, fecha) at
    abren a las ocho they open at eight o'clock
    ¿a qué hora vengo? what time shall I come?
    a eso de las dos at around o about two o'clock
    a mediados de abril in mid-April
    hoy estamos a 20 it's the 20th today
    al día siguiente the next o following day
    empezó a hablar a los diez meses he started talking when he was ten months old o at ten months
    llegó a la mañana/noche ( RPl); he arrived in the morning/at night
    2 al + INF:
    se cayó al bajar del autobús she fell as she was getting off the bus
    al verlo me di cuenta de que ya no lo quería when I saw him o on seeing him, I realized that I no longer loved him
    al salir de la estación torcí a la izquierda I turned left out of the station
    3
    (indicando distancia en el tiempo): a escasos minutos de su llegada (después) just a few minutes after she arrived; (antes) just a few minutes before she arrived
    trabajan de lunes a viernes/de una a cinco they work (from) Monday to Friday/from one to five
    a los diez minutos del primer tiempo ten minutes into the first half o after ten minutes of the first half
    estaré en París de martes a jueves I'll be in Paris from Tuesday until Thursday, I'll be in Paris Tuesday through Thursday ( AmE)
    C
    (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia): tres veces al día/a la semana three times a day/a week
    sale a 2.000 euros por cabeza it works out at 2,000 euros per person
    iban a 100 kilómetros por hora they were going (at) 100 kilometers per hour
    nos ganaron cinco a tres they beat us by five points to three, they beat us five three o ( AmE) five to three
    D
    (indicando modo, estilo): fuimos a pie/a caballo we walked/rode, we went on foot/on horseback
    pollo al horno/a la brasa roast/barbecued chicken
    un peinado a lo Rodolfo Valentino a Rudolph Valentino hairstyle
    a crédito on credit
    ilustraciones a todo color full-color illustrations
    una tela a rayas a piece of striped material
    1
    (introduciendo el complemento directo de persona): ¿viste a José? did you see José?
    la policía está buscando al asesino the police are looking for the murderer
    no he leído a Freud I haven't read (any) Freud
    busca una secretaria bilingüe he's looking for a bilingual secretary
    ]
    2
    (introduciendo el complemento indirecto): le escribió una carta a su padre he wrote a letter to his father, he wrote his father a letter
    dáselo/dáselos a ella give it/them to her
    les enseña inglés a mis hijos she teaches my children English
    suave al tacto soft to the touch
    agradable al oído pleasing to the ear
    3
    (indicando procedencia): se lo compré a una gitana I bought it from o ( colloq) off a gipsy
    F
    enséñale a nadar teach him to swim
    fue a preguntar he went to ask
    a que + SUBJ:
    los instó a que participaran he urged them to take part
    voy a ir a que me hagan un chequeo I'm going to go and have a checkup
    2 ( fam)
    (para): ¿a qué tanta ceremonia? what's all the fuss for?
    ¿a qué le fuiste a decir eso? what did you go and tell him that for?
    3
    a por ( Esp fam): bajo a por pan I'm going down to get some bread o for some bread ( colloq)
    ¿quién va a ir a por los niños? who's going to fetch o get the children?
    ¡a por ello! go for it!
    los puntos a tratar en la reunión de mañana the points to be discussed at tomorrow's meeting
    es una idea a tener en cuenta it's an idea to bear in mind o that should be borne in mind
    total a pagar total payable
    horario a convenir hours to be arranged
    H
    1
    (en órdenes): ¡a la cama, niños! off to bed, children!
    ¡a callar! shut up! ( colloq)
    vamos ¡a trabajar! come on, let's get some work done!
    a decir verdad to tell you the truth
    a juzgar por lo que tú dices judging from what you say
    3 ( fam)
    (en cuanto a): a tozudo no hay quien le gane when it comes to being stubborn there's nobody like him
    4
    (indicando causa): a petición del interesado ( frml); at the request of the interested party
    al + INF:
    al no saber idiomas está en desventaja as he doesn't speak any languages he is at a disadvantage, he's at a disadvantage not speaking any languages
    5
    (expresando desafío): ¿a que no sabes qué nota me puso? you'll never guess what mark she gave me!
    tú no te atreverías — ¿a que sí? you wouldn't dare — do you want to o a bet? ( colloq)
    ¡a que no puedes! bet you can't! ( colloq)
    * * *

    Multiple Entries:
    A    
    a
    A,
    a sustantivo femenino (pl aes) (read as /a/) the letter A, a

    a preposición Nota:
    La preposición a suele emplearse precedida de ciertos verbos como empezar, ir, oler, sonar etc, en cuyo caso ver bajo el respectivo verbo.No se traduce cuando introduce el complemento directo de persona (ser humano, pronombres personales que lo representan, como quien, alguien, algún etc) o un nombre con un objeto o animal personalizado: amo a mi patria = I love my country, paseo a mi perro = I walk my dog.En los casos en que precede al artículo definido el para formar la contracción al, ver bajo la siguiente entrada, donde también se encontrarán otros ejemplos y usos de a.
    1

    voy a México/la tienda I'm going to Mexico/to the shop;

    voy a casa I'm going home;
    se cayó al río she fell into the river


    a orillas del Ebro on the banks of the Ebro;
    se sentó al sol he sat in the sun;
    se sentó a mi derecha he sat down on my right


    2
    a) (señalando hora, momento) at;


    a la hora de comer at lunch time;
    ¿a qué hora vengo? what time shall I come?;
    a mediados de abril in mid-April;
    al día siguiente the next o following day

    hoy estamos a lunes/a 20 today is Monday/it's the 20th today

    c) al + inf:


    al enterarse de la noticia when he learnt o on learning the news



    ( antes) a few minutes before she arrived;

    3 (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia):

    sale a 100 euros cada uno it works out at 100 euros each;
    a 100 kilómetros por hora (at) 100 kilometers per hour;
    nos ganaron cinco a tres they beat us five three o (AmE) five to three
    4 (indicando modo, medio, estilo):
    a pie/a caballo on foot/on horseback;

    a crédito on credit;
    funciona a pilas it runs on batteries;
    a mano by hand;
    a rayas striped;
    vestirse a lo punk to wear punk clothes
    5

    ¿viste a José? did you see José?;

    no he leído a Freud I haven't read (any) Freud


    dáselo a ella give it to her;
    les enseña inglés a mis hijos she teaches my children English;
    le echó (la) llave a la puerta she locked the door

    se lo compré a una gitana I bought it from o (colloq) off a gipsy

    A, a f (letra) A
    'A' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    a. C.
    - a.m.
    - abajeña
    - abajeño
    - abanderada
    - abanderado
    - abandonar
    - abandonada
    - abandonado
    - abanico
    - abarquillada
    - abarquillado
    - abarrotada
    - abarrotado
    - abasto
    - abatida
    - abatido
    - abatirse
    - abdicar
    - aberración
    - abertura
    - abierta
    - abierto
    - abigarrada
    - abigarrado
    - abigarrar
    - ablandar
    - ablusada
    - ablusado
    - abnegada
    - abnegado
    - abobada
    - abobado
    - abocada
    - abocado
    - abogacía
    - abogada
    - abogado
    - abombada
    - abombado
    - abonar
    - abonada
    - abonado
    - abonarse
    - abono
    - abordar
    - abordaje
    - aborregar
    - abortar
    - abortiva
    English:
    A
    - A-level
    - a.m.
    - abandon
    - abandoned
    - abide by
    - ability
    - abject
    - abnormal
    - aboard
    - aborigine
    - abortion
    - abortive
    - about
    - above
    - above-board
    - above-mentioned
    - abrasive
    - abreast
    - abridged
    - abrupt
    - absent
    - absent-minded
    - absolute
    - absolutely
    - absorbed
    - abstemious
    - abstract
    - absurd
    - abundant
    - abuse
    - abusive
    - abysmal
    - academic
    - academy
    - accede
    - accent
    - acceptable
    - access
    - accident-prone
    - accidental
    - accidentally
    - acclimatized
    - accommodate
    - accommodation
    - accomplish
    - accomplished
    - account
    - account for
    - accountable
    * * *
    A
    1. (abrev de autopista) Br M, US freeway
    2. (abrev de alfil) [en notación de ajedrez] B
    A, a [a] nf
    [letra] A, a;
    si por a o por be… if for any reason…
    * * *
    a
    prp
    al este de to the east of;
    a casa home;
    ir a la cama/al cine go to bed/to the movies;
    ¡a trabajar! get to work!;
    vamos a Buenos Aires we’re going to Buenos Aires;
    voy a casa de Marta I’m going to Marta’s (house)
    a la mesa at the table;
    al lado de next to;
    a la derecha on the right;
    al sol in the sun;
    a treinta kilómetros de Cuzco thirty kilometers from Cuzco;
    está a cinco kilómetros it’s five kilometers away
    :
    ¿a qué hora llegas? what time do you arrive?;
    a las tres at three o’clock;
    de once a doce from eleven (o’clock) to twelve;
    estamos a quince de febrero it’s February fifteenth;
    a los treinta años at the age of thirty;
    a la llegada del tren when the train arrives
    :
    a la española the Spanish way;
    a mano by hand;
    a pie on foot;
    a 50 kilómetros por hora at fifty kilometers an hour
    :
    ¿a cómo o
    cuánto está? how much is it?;
    están a dos pesos el kilo they are two pesos a kilo
    :
    dáselo a tu hermano give it to your brother
    :
    vi a mi padre I saw my father
    :
    empezar a begin to;
    jugar a las cartas play cards;
    decidirse a hacer algo decide to do sth;
    voy a comprarlo I’m going to buy it;
    a decir verdad to tell the truth
    :
    ¿a que no lo sabes? I bet you don’t know;
    a ver OK, right;
    a ver lo que pasa ahora let’s see what happens now
    abr (= alias) aka (= also known as)
    * * *
    a nf
    : first letter of the Spanish alphabet
    a prep
    1) : to
    nos vamos a México: we're going to Mexico
    ¿llamaste a tu papá?: did you call your dad?
    como a usted le guste: as you wish
    3) : in the manner of
    papas a la francesa: french fries
    4) : on, by means of
    a pie: on foot
    5) : per, each
    tres pastillas al día: three pills per day
    enséñales a leer: teach them to read
    problemas a resolver: problems to be solved
    * * *
    a prep
    3. (distancia) away
    está a un kilómetro de aquí it's one kilometre from here / it's one kilometre away
    4. (tiempo) at
    5. (distribución, cantidad, medida, precio) a / at
    tocamos a 1.000 cada uno it works out at 1,000 each
    fui a pie I walked / I went on foot
    hecho a mano handmade / made by hand
    ¿has visto a Iván? have you seen Iván?
    9. (para) for
    10. (de) from

    Spanish-English dictionary > a

  • 12 a grandes rasgos

    * * *
    (n.) = broadly, rough draft
    Ex. These can be broadly categorised into the following two groups.
    Ex. This paper describes the program devised to extract references from the OCLC data base and generate bibliographies in rough draft form.
    * * *
    (n.) = broadly, rough draft

    Ex: These can be broadly categorised into the following two groups.

    Ex: This paper describes the program devised to extract references from the OCLC data base and generate bibliographies in rough draft form.

    Spanish-English dictionary > a grandes rasgos

  • 13 a propósito

    adj.
    to the point, pertinent, to the purpose.
    adv.
    on purpose, by design, intentionally, by choice.
    intj.
    by the way, BTW, come to it, by the by.
    * * *
    (por cierto) by the way 2 (adrede) on purpose
    * * *
    2) on purpose, intentionally
    * * *
    = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly
    Ex. Deliberate mnemonics are devices which help the user to remember and recall the notation for given subjects.
    Ex. For the record, schools and libraries in the late 1960s recovered in excess of $10,000,000 from publishers and wholesalers as a result of unfair practices highlighted by Mr. Scilken.
    Ex. Incidentally, this book was about the invasion of Denmark.
    Ex. In the cases where there was no match, we intentionally created a dirty authority file.
    Ex. It is not wise, by the way, to approach the author by telephone for this puts him on the spot and he may refuse simply in self-defense and especially if you happen to butt in when he is struggling with an obstinate chapter in a new book.
    Ex. She also indicated in passing that in future authors would not automatically pass over the copyright of research results in papers to publishers.
    Ex. Anecdotally, it is often assumed that users preferring print are among the most senior in academic rank and/or years.
    Ex. I have purposely refrained from discussing the theory of comparative librarianship which has up to now characterized much of the writing on the subject.
    Ex. The victims had been herded onto a wooden landing craft by the captain of a Honduras-registered ship who then proceeded, by accident or design, to ram the craft, killing the majority of people aboard.
    Ex. Most consumers felt confident that once a letter is written and posted, no one will read it either accidently or on purpose except for the intended addressee.
    Ex. But we are not then acting quite so much out of blindness or inarticulateness; we are selfishly or fearfully or wilfully trying to short-circuit what we know underneath to be more nearly the true state of things.
    Ex. On a sidenote, this book almost didn't happen when the author showed her editor her proposal.
    Ex. Previous economic historians have, by and large, studiously ignored the British slave trade.
    Ex. That, I may say by way of a digression, has never been my main objection to socialism.
    Ex. Zenobia, by-the-by, as I suppose you know, is merely her public name.
    Ex. Speaking of which, Chertoff recently lifted restrictions that have confined airline passengers to their seats for a half hour after taking off and before landing.
    Ex. In respect of those defects, the seller may be held liable where he has designedly concealed their existence from the purchaser.
    * * *
    = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly

    Ex: Deliberate mnemonics are devices which help the user to remember and recall the notation for given subjects.

    Ex: For the record, schools and libraries in the late 1960s recovered in excess of $10,000,000 from publishers and wholesalers as a result of unfair practices highlighted by Mr. Scilken.
    Ex: Incidentally, this book was about the invasion of Denmark.
    Ex: In the cases where there was no match, we intentionally created a dirty authority file.
    Ex: It is not wise, by the way, to approach the author by telephone for this puts him on the spot and he may refuse simply in self-defense and especially if you happen to butt in when he is struggling with an obstinate chapter in a new book.
    Ex: She also indicated in passing that in future authors would not automatically pass over the copyright of research results in papers to publishers.
    Ex: Anecdotally, it is often assumed that users preferring print are among the most senior in academic rank and/or years.
    Ex: I have purposely refrained from discussing the theory of comparative librarianship which has up to now characterized much of the writing on the subject.
    Ex: The victims had been herded onto a wooden landing craft by the captain of a Honduras-registered ship who then proceeded, by accident or design, to ram the craft, killing the majority of people aboard.
    Ex: Most consumers felt confident that once a letter is written and posted, no one will read it either accidently or on purpose except for the intended addressee.
    Ex: But we are not then acting quite so much out of blindness or inarticulateness; we are selfishly or fearfully or wilfully trying to short-circuit what we know underneath to be more nearly the true state of things.
    Ex: On a sidenote, this book almost didn't happen when the author showed her editor her proposal.
    Ex: Previous economic historians have, by and large, studiously ignored the British slave trade.
    Ex: That, I may say by way of a digression, has never been my main objection to socialism.
    Ex: Zenobia, by-the-by, as I suppose you know, is merely her public name.
    Ex: Speaking of which, Chertoff recently lifted restrictions that have confined airline passengers to their seats for a half hour after taking off and before landing.
    Ex: In respect of those defects, the seller may be held liable where he has designedly concealed their existence from the purchaser.

    Spanish-English dictionary > a propósito

  • 14 a tenor de

    according to
    * * *
    = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of
    Ex. This is essentially the traditional enterprise of cataloguing theory, but it is explored in light of current standards and developments.
    Ex. In the face of present priorities and staff commitments, the Library feels that it cannot undertake a comprehensive study of the subject heading system that would pave the way for a major restructuring of the system.
    Ex. In the light of the information explosion, no researcher can now realistically expect to keep pace with developments in his own field, let alone those in allied fields = En vista del crecimiento vertiginoso de la información, siendo realista ahora el investigador no puede mantenerse al día en los avances de su propio campo y mucho menos de los de campos afines.
    Ex. In view of the frequency with which users could benefit from references to a broader subject this omission must be regarded as a deficiency of A/Z subject catalogue.
    * * *
    = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of

    Ex: This is essentially the traditional enterprise of cataloguing theory, but it is explored in light of current standards and developments.

    Ex: In the face of present priorities and staff commitments, the Library feels that it cannot undertake a comprehensive study of the subject heading system that would pave the way for a major restructuring of the system.
    Ex: In the light of the information explosion, no researcher can now realistically expect to keep pace with developments in his own field, let alone those in allied fields = En vista del crecimiento vertiginoso de la información, siendo realista ahora el investigador no puede mantenerse al día en los avances de su propio campo y mucho menos de los de campos afines.
    Ex: In view of the frequency with which users could benefit from references to a broader subject this omission must be regarded as a deficiency of A/Z subject catalogue.

    Spanish-English dictionary > a tenor de

  • 15 abundancia

    f.
    1 abundance.
    en abundancia in abundance
    2 plenty, prosperity (riqueza).
    nadar o vivir en la abundancia to be filthy rich
    3 Abundancia.
    * * *
    1 abundance, plenty
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=multitud) abundance

    en abundancia: hay copas en abundancia — there are plenty of glasses

    2) (=copiosidad) abundance
    3) (=prosperidad)
    cuerno
    * * *
    1) ( gran cantidad) abundance
    2) ( riqueza)
    * * *
    = abundance, profusion, plenty, bounty, richness, copiousness.
    Ex. However, out of the enormous abundance of information produced, only 50% is new while the rest is redundant.
    Ex. This article explains the necessity today for instructing readers in the use of biomedical libraries, justified by the profusion of publications and the introduction of electronic information devices.
    Ex. And they are coming after years of comparative plenty, with the expectant attitudes generated by such plenty another force with which to contend.
    Ex. The article 'Nature's bounty: a vegetarian cookbook primer' reviews vegetarian cookbooks for purposes of collection development in the area.
    Ex. In 1972 Hans Wellisch discussed the inadequacy of LC's subject cataloging and the failure of LC to rectify this inadequacy by taking full advantage of the richness of the MARC (Machine-Readable Cataloging) format.
    Ex. He immerses us in 'language that is unique for its copiousness,' now speaking 'of exquisite intimations that can occur only in a half-light,' then babbling 'of chamber-pots, leg-irons, factories and policemen'.
    ----
    * abundancia de pelo = hair coat.
    * aparecer en abundancia = come out of + the woodwork.
    * contener en abundancia = abound in/with.
    * en abundancia = in plenty, liberally, in abundance, exuberantly, in profusion, aplenty [a-plenty], prodigiously, plentifully.
    * encontrar en abundancia = find + in abundance.
    * la tierra de la abundancia = the land of plenty.
    * producir en abundancia = churn out, knock out.
    * * *
    1) ( gran cantidad) abundance
    2) ( riqueza)
    * * *
    = abundance, profusion, plenty, bounty, richness, copiousness.

    Ex: However, out of the enormous abundance of information produced, only 50% is new while the rest is redundant.

    Ex: This article explains the necessity today for instructing readers in the use of biomedical libraries, justified by the profusion of publications and the introduction of electronic information devices.
    Ex: And they are coming after years of comparative plenty, with the expectant attitudes generated by such plenty another force with which to contend.
    Ex: The article 'Nature's bounty: a vegetarian cookbook primer' reviews vegetarian cookbooks for purposes of collection development in the area.
    Ex: In 1972 Hans Wellisch discussed the inadequacy of LC's subject cataloging and the failure of LC to rectify this inadequacy by taking full advantage of the richness of the MARC (Machine-Readable Cataloging) format.
    Ex: He immerses us in 'language that is unique for its copiousness,' now speaking 'of exquisite intimations that can occur only in a half-light,' then babbling 'of chamber-pots, leg-irons, factories and policemen'.
    * abundancia de pelo = hair coat.
    * aparecer en abundancia = come out of + the woodwork.
    * contener en abundancia = abound in/with.
    * en abundancia = in plenty, liberally, in abundance, exuberantly, in profusion, aplenty [a-plenty], prodigiously, plentifully.
    * encontrar en abundancia = find + in abundance.
    * la tierra de la abundancia = the land of plenty.
    * producir en abundancia = churn out, knock out.

    * * *
    A (gran cantidad) abundance
    está documentado con abundancia de estadísticas it is documented with a wealth of statistics
    hay abundancia de aves en la región the area abounds in o with birdlife, the area is rich in birdlife
    hay comida en abundancia there's plenty of food
    B
    (riqueza): tiempos de abundancia times of plenty
    viven en la abundancia they're very affluent
    la sociedad de la abundancia the affluent society
    nadar en la abundancia to be made of money ( colloq), to be rolling in money ( colloq)
    * * *

    abundancia sustantivo femenino
    1 ( gran cantidad) abundance;

    hay comida en abundancia there's an abundance of food;
    darse en abundancia to be plentiful
    2 ( riqueza):

    viven en la abundancia they're well-off;
    nadar en la abundancia to be rolling in money (colloq)
    abundancia sustantivo femenino
    1 abundance, plenty: la abundancia de piedras dificultaba el trabajo, the presence of a large number of stones was making the work arduous
    2 (riqueza) wealth: viven en la abundancia, they are well-off
    sus padres nadan en la abundancia, his parents are rolling in money
    ♦ Locuciones: en abundancia, plenty (of): comimos y bebimos en abundancia, we had plenty to eat and drink
    ' abundancia' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    bastante
    - hartar
    - nadar
    - caudal
    - granel
    - riqueza
    English:
    abundance
    - galore
    - opulence
    - plenty
    - profusion
    - roll
    - wealth
    * * *
    1. [gran cantidad] abundance;
    la región posee petróleo en abundancia the region is rich in oil;
    teníamos comida en abundancia we had plenty of food;
    un área de gran abundancia biológica an area rich in animal and plant life
    2. [riqueza] plenty, prosperity;
    una época de abundancia a time of plenty;
    nadar o [m5] vivir en la abundancia to be filthy rich
    * * *
    f abundance;
    había comida en abundancia there was plenty of food;
    * * *
    : abundance

    Spanish-English dictionary > abundancia

  • 16 acción innegable

    (n.) = estoppel
    Ex. Generally speaking, a estoppel prohibits an individual or group from being harmed as a result of another's deeds, statements or promises, when later actions or statements contradict whas was originally stated, promised, or inferred.
    * * *
    (n.) = estoppel

    Ex: Generally speaking, a estoppel prohibits an individual or group from being harmed as a result of another's deeds, statements or promises, when later actions or statements contradict whas was originally stated, promised, or inferred.

    Spanish-English dictionary > acción innegable

  • 17 acto de piratería

    (n.) = piracy
    Ex. Strictly speaking, the word piracy or infringement can be applied only to the flowing back of unauthorised reproductions to countries of origen = En su estricto sentido, la palabra piratería o infracción puede aplicarse solamente a la entrada de vuelta a los países de origen de reproducciones que se hayan hecho sin la debida autorización.
    * * *
    (n.) = piracy

    Ex: Strictly speaking, the word piracy or infringement can be applied only to the flowing back of unauthorised reproductions to countries of origen = En su estricto sentido, la palabra piratería o infracción puede aplicarse solamente a la entrada de vuelta a los países de origen de reproducciones que se hayan hecho sin la debida autorización.

    Spanish-English dictionary > acto de piratería

  • 18 acumular

    v.
    to accumulate.
    le gusta acumular recuerdos de sus viajes she likes collecting souvenirs of her trips
    María acumula sus cosas viejas Mary accumulates her old stuff.
    María acumula tiquetes Mary accumulates=collects tickets.
    * * *
    1 to accumulate (datos) to gather; (dinero) to amass
    1 to accumulate, pile up, build up
    2 (gente) to gather
    * * *
    verb
    to accumulate, amass, gather
    * * *
    1.
    VT [+ posesiones] to accumulate; [+ datos] to amass, gather
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo <riquezas/poder> to accumulate; < experiencia> to gain
    2.
    acumularse v pron trabajo to pile up, mount up; intereses to accumulate; deudas to mount up
    * * *
    = accumulate, cumulate, heap, amass, pile, build up, mount, hoard, stockpile, stash, rack up, pile up, store up, cache, tot up, tote up.
    Ex. Bureaux can be useful for proving trials, and the deferment of commitments until a suitable size of data base has been accumulated in the computer system.
    Ex. Publish changes as they are accepted, in a periodical publication, cumulating these in a new edition of all or parts of the schedules, as suitable.
    Ex. It is true that assignments were being heaped upon him with immense rapidity, but he would be able to sort them out and contrive solutions.
    Ex. Many libraries amass a considerable amount of community literature, some of which is kept on permanent display.
    Ex. The first thing I did was pile them one on another and then sit on them while I looked at my other presents.
    Ex. A small committee of librarians, whenever they could spare time from their existing jobs and in their own time, began to build up a card file of information on available resources in the city.
    Ex. Finally, the scores of amendments, which had been issued to change rules or clarify their meaning, had mounted to the point where catalogers copies of the AACR were seriously out-of-date, if they were not bulging with tip-ins.
    Ex. What one might call 'fetishistic bibliomania' is a disease -- and few serious book-readers, let alone librarians, are free from a squirrel-like proclivity to hoard books.
    Ex. This type of dairies are generally interested in stockpiling annual ryegrass as a source of high-quality winter forage.
    Ex. When I went to the little boys/girls room to relieve myself I was suprised to see the amount of loo rolls stashed in the corner.
    Ex. How many honorary doctorates has the Judge racked up since then?.
    Ex. As the bills piled up and the little money she had dried up, friends and neighbors began to worry that she didn't have a prayer.
    Ex. Large volumes of water can be stored up for irrigation by erecting an earthen or masonry dam across the lower part of the vally of a river or stream.
    Ex. Previous studies in which squirrels were provisioned with an abundant supply of food found a reduction in the rate of caching.
    Ex. Babies cry for an average of five hours a day for the first three months and tot up 51 days in their first year, according to survey.
    Ex. When you tote up the carbon emissions caused by clearing land to grow corn, fertilizing it and transporting it, corn ethanol leaves twice the carbon footprint as gasoline.
    ----
    * acumular atrasos = build up + backlogs.
    * acumular demasiado estock = overstock.
    * acumular experiencia = garner + experience.
    * acumular polvo = gather + dust, collect + dust.
    * acumular problemas = build up + problems.
    * acumular reservas = stockpile.
    * acumularse = accrue.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo <riquezas/poder> to accumulate; < experiencia> to gain
    2.
    acumularse v pron trabajo to pile up, mount up; intereses to accumulate; deudas to mount up
    * * *
    = accumulate, cumulate, heap, amass, pile, build up, mount, hoard, stockpile, stash, rack up, pile up, store up, cache, tot up, tote up.

    Ex: Bureaux can be useful for proving trials, and the deferment of commitments until a suitable size of data base has been accumulated in the computer system.

    Ex: Publish changes as they are accepted, in a periodical publication, cumulating these in a new edition of all or parts of the schedules, as suitable.
    Ex: It is true that assignments were being heaped upon him with immense rapidity, but he would be able to sort them out and contrive solutions.
    Ex: Many libraries amass a considerable amount of community literature, some of which is kept on permanent display.
    Ex: The first thing I did was pile them one on another and then sit on them while I looked at my other presents.
    Ex: A small committee of librarians, whenever they could spare time from their existing jobs and in their own time, began to build up a card file of information on available resources in the city.
    Ex: Finally, the scores of amendments, which had been issued to change rules or clarify their meaning, had mounted to the point where catalogers copies of the AACR were seriously out-of-date, if they were not bulging with tip-ins.
    Ex: What one might call 'fetishistic bibliomania' is a disease -- and few serious book-readers, let alone librarians, are free from a squirrel-like proclivity to hoard books.
    Ex: This type of dairies are generally interested in stockpiling annual ryegrass as a source of high-quality winter forage.
    Ex: When I went to the little boys/girls room to relieve myself I was suprised to see the amount of loo rolls stashed in the corner.
    Ex: How many honorary doctorates has the Judge racked up since then?.
    Ex: As the bills piled up and the little money she had dried up, friends and neighbors began to worry that she didn't have a prayer.
    Ex: Large volumes of water can be stored up for irrigation by erecting an earthen or masonry dam across the lower part of the vally of a river or stream.
    Ex: Previous studies in which squirrels were provisioned with an abundant supply of food found a reduction in the rate of caching.
    Ex: Babies cry for an average of five hours a day for the first three months and tot up 51 days in their first year, according to survey.
    Ex: When you tote up the carbon emissions caused by clearing land to grow corn, fertilizing it and transporting it, corn ethanol leaves twice the carbon footprint as gasoline.
    * acumular atrasos = build up + backlogs.
    * acumular demasiado estock = overstock.
    * acumular experiencia = garner + experience.
    * acumular polvo = gather + dust, collect + dust.
    * acumular problemas = build up + problems.
    * acumular reservas = stockpile.
    * acumularse = accrue.

    * * *
    acumular [A1 ]
    vt
    ‹riquezas/poder› to accumulate, amass; ‹experiencia› to gain
    to accumulate
    se acumula mucho polvo aquí a lot of dust accumulates o gathers here
    los intereses se van acumulando the interest is accumulating o ( frml) accruing, the interest is piling up ( colloq)
    el trabajo se iba acumulando work was piling o mounting up
    * * *

     

    acumular ( conjugate acumular) verbo transitivoriquezas/poder to accumulate;
    experiencia to gain
    acumularse verbo pronominal [ trabajo] to pile up, mount up;
    [ intereses] to accumulate;
    [ deudas] to mount up;
    [ polvo] to accumulate
    acumular verbo transitivo to accumulate
    ' acumular' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    perecedera
    - perecedero
    English:
    accumulate
    - amass
    - build up
    - collect
    - gather
    - hoard
    - pile up
    - run up
    - stockpile
    - store
    - store up
    - accrue
    - build
    * * *
    vt
    to accumulate;
    le gusta acumular recuerdos de sus viajes she likes collecting souvenirs of her trips;
    el tren fue acumulando retrasos en las diferentes paradas the train got further and further delayed at every stop
    * * *
    v/t accumulate
    * * *
    : to accumulate, to amass
    * * *
    acumular vb to accumulate

    Spanish-English dictionary > acumular

  • 19 además

    adv.
    besides, also, furthermore, moreover.
    intj.
    furthermore, additionally.
    pres.indicat.
    2nd person singular (tú) present indicative of spanish verb: ademar.
    * * *
    1 (también) also, as well
    2 (es más) furthermore, what is more
    ¡y además, el coche es mío! and what's more, the car's mine!
    \
    además de as well as, in addition to
    además de gordo es feo as well as being fat, he's ugly
    * * *
    adv.
    also, besides, furthermore, moreover
    * * *
    ADV
    1) (=también) [para añadir otro elemento] also, in addition frm; [para reforzar un comentario] what's more, besides, furthermore frm, moreover frm

    hay, además, pistas de tenis y campos de golf — there are also tennis courts and golf courses, in addition, there are tennis courts and golf courses frm

    y además, me dijo que no me quería — and what's more o and besides, he told me he didn't love me

    estoy cansado y, además, no me apetece — I'm tired, and what's more o besides, I don't feel like it

    quiero decirle, además, que esa no era mi intención — furthermore o moreover I want to tell you that that was not my intention frm

    2)

    además de — as well as, besides, in addition to frm

    además del alojamiento, necesitamos la comida — as well as o besides somewhere to stay we need food

    además de una fotocopia, se requiere el documento original — as well as o frm in addition to a photocopy, we require the original document

    el examen fue largo, además de difícil — the exam was long as well as difficult

    además de que+ indic as well as + ger

    además de que estaba cansado, no había comido — as well as being tired he hadn't eaten

    * * *
    1)

    además ¿a mí qué me importa? — anyway, what do I care?

    y es que además, la insultó — on top of everything else he insulted her

    señaló, además, que su objetivo era... — he indicated, furthermore o moreover, that his aim was to... (frml)

    2)

    además de — besides, apart from

    además de eso, está la cuestión del dinero — apart from that there is the question of money

    además de hacerte mal, engorda — besides o apart from o as well as being bad for you, it's also fattening

    además de hacerlos, los diseña — he designs them as well as making them

    * * *
    = additionally, also, aside, Verbo + further, further, furthermore, moreover, to boot, at that, for what it's worth [FWIW], and all, beyond that, withal, plus.
    Ex. Additionally, menu-based information retrieval systems permit the selected option to be indicated on a simple numerical keypad if so designed.
    Ex. This simple observation also goes some of the way towards explaining the variety of tools, methods and systems which are encountered in the organisation knowledge.
    Ex. Cost considerations aside, an informative abstract is to be preferred in most instances.
    Ex. Main classes are divided into subclasses which are further subdivided into form, place, time and subject aspects.
    Ex. Further, no guidance can be expected on alternative terms that are related to the searcher's initial search term.
    Ex. Furthermore, since each systems indexes a separate set of documents, each system will have a different natural indexing language.
    Ex. Moreover, it was stated that only selected elements of subject indexing will be included.
    Ex. Such information will soon be replete with the requisite illustrations and, if need be, with sound explanations to boot.
    Ex. Terry Lugg, on the other hand, is a much less active borrower, though more active than Stephen Hathaway, and takes books from the science collection, the pure sciences at that.
    Ex. For what it's worth, you can greatly extend the range by using an antenna.
    Ex. There is no better way for reference librarians to see how their efforts are perceived by library users than to see themselves in action -- blunders and all.
    Ex. Beyond that, a library can create these commons in cyberspace as well as in public buildings = Más aún, la biblioteca puede crear estos espacios públicos comunes en el ciberespacio además de en los edificios públicos.
    Ex. And withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not.
    Ex. All of these (except PREVIOUS and NEXT), plus some additional commands are also available from the Command Menu.
    ----
    * además de = along with, apart from, as well as, besides, coupled with, in addition (to), over and above, plus, quite apart from, aside from, on top of, other than, complete with, not least, beyond, together with, not to mention.
    * además de eso = add to this, beyond that.
    * además de..., hay otros + Nombre = with..., there are + other + Nombre.
    * además del belga = extra-Belgian.
    * además otro(s) = still (an)other(s).
    * Adjetivo + y además + Adjetivo = Adjetivo + if + Adjetivo.
    * referencia "véase además" = see also reference.
    * véase además = see also.
    * y además = then again, and on top of that.
    * y además otro(s) = still (an)other(s).
    * * *
    1)

    además ¿a mí qué me importa? — anyway, what do I care?

    y es que además, la insultó — on top of everything else he insulted her

    señaló, además, que su objetivo era... — he indicated, furthermore o moreover, that his aim was to... (frml)

    2)

    además de — besides, apart from

    además de eso, está la cuestión del dinero — apart from that there is the question of money

    además de hacerte mal, engorda — besides o apart from o as well as being bad for you, it's also fattening

    además de hacerlos, los diseña — he designs them as well as making them

    * * *
    = additionally, also, aside, Verbo + further, further, furthermore, moreover, to boot, at that, for what it's worth [FWIW], and all, beyond that, withal, plus.

    Ex: Additionally, menu-based information retrieval systems permit the selected option to be indicated on a simple numerical keypad if so designed.

    Ex: This simple observation also goes some of the way towards explaining the variety of tools, methods and systems which are encountered in the organisation knowledge.
    Ex: Cost considerations aside, an informative abstract is to be preferred in most instances.
    Ex: Main classes are divided into subclasses which are further subdivided into form, place, time and subject aspects.
    Ex: Further, no guidance can be expected on alternative terms that are related to the searcher's initial search term.
    Ex: Furthermore, since each systems indexes a separate set of documents, each system will have a different natural indexing language.
    Ex: Moreover, it was stated that only selected elements of subject indexing will be included.
    Ex: Such information will soon be replete with the requisite illustrations and, if need be, with sound explanations to boot.
    Ex: Terry Lugg, on the other hand, is a much less active borrower, though more active than Stephen Hathaway, and takes books from the science collection, the pure sciences at that.
    Ex: For what it's worth, you can greatly extend the range by using an antenna.
    Ex: There is no better way for reference librarians to see how their efforts are perceived by library users than to see themselves in action -- blunders and all.
    Ex: Beyond that, a library can create these commons in cyberspace as well as in public buildings = Más aún, la biblioteca puede crear estos espacios públicos comunes en el ciberespacio además de en los edificios públicos.
    Ex: And withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not.
    Ex: All of these (except PREVIOUS and NEXT), plus some additional commands are also available from the Command Menu.
    * además de = along with, apart from, as well as, besides, coupled with, in addition (to), over and above, plus, quite apart from, aside from, on top of, other than, complete with, not least, beyond, together with, not to mention.
    * además de eso = add to this, beyond that.
    * además de..., hay otros + Nombre = with..., there are + other + Nombre.
    * además del belga = extra-Belgian.
    * además otro(s) = still (an)other(s).
    * Adjetivo + y además + Adjetivo = Adjetivo + if + Adjetivo.
    * referencia "véase además" = see also reference.
    * véase además = see also.
    * y además = then again, and on top of that.
    * y además otro(s) = still (an)other(s).

    * * *
    A
    estudia y además trabaja she's working as well as studying
    es caro y además no te queda bien it's expensive, and anyway o besides, it doesn't look right on you
    además ¿a mí qué me importa? anyway, what do I care?
    recuerdo, además, que iba vestida de azul I remember, moreover, that she was wearing blue o furthermore, I remember that she was wearing blue
    señaló, además, que su objetivo era … he indicated, furthermore o moreover, that his aim was to … ( frml)
    se casó con ella por el dinero, … y es que además te lo dice he married her for her money, and what's more, he'll tell you so himself
    B
    además de besides, apart from
    además de caro, es feo y demasiado grande not only is it expensive, it's also ugly and too big, besides being expensive, it's also ugly and too big
    además de + INF:
    además de hacerte mal, engorda apart from o as well as o besides being bad for you, it's also fattening
    * * *

     

    además adverbio
    1

    además habla ruso she speaks Russian as well o too



    además ¿a mí qué me importa? anyway, what do I care?

    2

    además de hacerte mal, engorda besides o apart from being bad for you, it's also fattening;
    además de hacerlos, los diseña he designs them as well as making them
    además adverbio moreover, furthermore: además, es un engreído, besides, he's arrogant
    además de, as well as: además de ser barata, es preciosa, as well as being cheap, it's also beautiful
    ' además' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    amén
    - añadidura
    - aparte
    - encima
    - junta
    - junto
    - otra
    - otro
    - pequeña
    - pequeño
    - poder
    - sobre
    - también
    - lado
    - más
    - parte
    English:
    addition
    - again
    - also
    - bargain
    - besides
    - bonus
    - both
    - furthermore
    - in
    - moreover
    - over
    - plus
    - still
    - well
    - aside
    - further
    - moonlight
    - more
    - that
    - then
    * * *
    además adv
    moreover, besides;
    [también] also;
    es guapa y además inteligente she's beautiful, and clever too;
    dijo, además, que no pensaba retirarse she also said that she didn't intend to retire;
    canta muy bien y además toca la guitarra not only does she sing very well, she also plays the guitar;
    no sólo es demasiado grande, sino que además te queda mal it's not just that it's too big, it doesn't suit you either;
    además hay que tener en cuenta que… it should, moreover, be remembered that…;
    además de as well as;
    además de simpático es inteligente as well as being nice, he's intelligent;
    además de perder el partido, enfadaron a la afición on top of losing the match they upset their supporters
    * * *
    I adv as well, besides
    II prp
    :
    además de as well as
    * * *
    además adv
    1) : besides, furthermore
    2)
    además de : in addition to, as well as
    * * *
    además adv
    1. (encima) what's more
    y además, ni siquiera es suyo and what's more, it's not even his
    2. (también) also / as well
    nos dieron comida y, además, algo de dinero they gave us some food and some money as well

    Spanish-English dictionary > además

  • 20 adquirir

    v.
    1 to acquire, to purchase.
    Ricardo adquirió un televisor nuevo Richard acquired a new television set.
    Silvia adquirió experiencia Silvia acquired experience.
    2 to acquire (conseguir) (conocimientos, hábito, cultura).
    3 to incur in, to fall into.
    María adquirió una deuda Mary incurred in a debt.
    4 to get.
    5 to gain in.
    Elsa adquirió peso Elsa gained in weight.
    * * *
    (i changes to ie in stressed syllables)
    Present Indicative
    adquiero, adquieres, adquiere, adquirimos, adquirís, adquieren.
    Present Subjunctive
    adquiera, adquieras, adquiera, adquiramos, adquiráis, adquieran.
    Imperative
    adquiere (tú), adquiera (él/Vd.), adquiramos (nos.), adquirid (vos.), adquieran (ellos/Vds.).
    * * *
    verb
    1) to acquire, gain
    * * *
    VT
    1) (=comprar) [+ vivienda, billete] to purchase; (Econ) [+ derechos, acciones, empresa] to acquire, purchase
    2) (=conseguir) [+ cultura, conocimientos, dinero] to acquire; [+ fama] to gain, achieve
    3) (=adoptar) [+ costumbre] to adopt; [+ carácter, identidad] to take on, acquire; [+ nacionalidad] to acquire, obtain; [+ compromiso] to undertake; [+ color] to take on

    la palabra "enchufe" adquirió el sentido que todos conocemos — the word "enchufe" took on o acquired the sense we are all familiar with

    * * *
    verbo transitivo to acquire, obtain

    adquiera su nuevo coche antes del día 30purchase o buy your new car before the 30th

    adquirió renombre internacionalhe attained o achieved international renown

    * * *
    = acquire, assume, purchase, buy, attain, call + Nombre + Posesivo + own.
    Ex. Many libraries have special collections of foreign, unpublished or unusual materials which include items unlikely to be acquired by other libraries.
    Ex. A pseudonym is the name assumed by an author to conceal or obscure his or her identity.
    Ex. This mode of publication permits special libraries to purchase relevant parts and facilitates revision at a later date.
    Ex. Discount charges are available by contracting to buy a predetermined number of connect hours per year.
    Ex. A fully comparative account of recommendations for filing orders is likely to prove confusing until the reader has attained some familiarity with the general problems, and the solutions offered by one code.
    Ex. This 12-room penthouse of the newly renovated Mark Hotel is up for sale but it will cost you a princely sum to call it your own.
    ----
    * adquirir conocimiento = gain + knowledge, glean + knowledge, acquire + knowledge, build up + knowledge.
    * adquirir experiencia = gain + experience, cut + Posesivo + teeth (on).
    * adquirir fama = achieve + notoriety.
    * adquirir ímpetu = pick up + speed.
    * adquirir importancia = assume + importance, attain + importance, come up, take on + added weight, gain + significance, move up + the agenda, gain + importance, gain in + importance.
    * adquirir importancia histórica = make + history, go down in + history.
    * adquirir una idea = gain + impression.
    * adquirir una nueva dimensión = take on + new dimension.
    * adquirir un gusto por = get + a taste for.
    * adquirir un nuevo significado = take on + new dimension.
    * adquirir un valor añadido = take on + added weight.
    * gusto que se adquiere con el tiempo = acquired taste.
    * voz + adquirir + tono = voice + take on + quality.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo to acquire, obtain

    adquiera su nuevo coche antes del día 30purchase o buy your new car before the 30th

    adquirió renombre internacionalhe attained o achieved international renown

    * * *
    = acquire, assume, purchase, buy, attain, call + Nombre + Posesivo + own.

    Ex: Many libraries have special collections of foreign, unpublished or unusual materials which include items unlikely to be acquired by other libraries.

    Ex: A pseudonym is the name assumed by an author to conceal or obscure his or her identity.
    Ex: This mode of publication permits special libraries to purchase relevant parts and facilitates revision at a later date.
    Ex: Discount charges are available by contracting to buy a predetermined number of connect hours per year.
    Ex: A fully comparative account of recommendations for filing orders is likely to prove confusing until the reader has attained some familiarity with the general problems, and the solutions offered by one code.
    Ex: This 12-room penthouse of the newly renovated Mark Hotel is up for sale but it will cost you a princely sum to call it your own.
    * adquirir conocimiento = gain + knowledge, glean + knowledge, acquire + knowledge, build up + knowledge.
    * adquirir experiencia = gain + experience, cut + Posesivo + teeth (on).
    * adquirir fama = achieve + notoriety.
    * adquirir ímpetu = pick up + speed.
    * adquirir importancia = assume + importance, attain + importance, come up, take on + added weight, gain + significance, move up + the agenda, gain + importance, gain in + importance.
    * adquirir importancia histórica = make + history, go down in + history.
    * adquirir una idea = gain + impression.
    * adquirir una nueva dimensión = take on + new dimension.
    * adquirir un gusto por = get + a taste for.
    * adquirir un nuevo significado = take on + new dimension.
    * adquirir un valor añadido = take on + added weight.
    * gusto que se adquiere con el tiempo = acquired taste.
    * voz + adquirir + tono = voice + take on + quality.

    * * *
    vt
    ‹artículo/propiedad› to acquire, obtain; ‹cultura/conocimientos› to acquire; ‹experiencia› to gain, acquire; ‹nacionalidad› to acquire, obtain; ‹lengua› to acquire
    ha adquirido el 13% de las acciones de Bianco he has acquired o obtained o purchased 13% of Bianco's shares
    adquiera su nuevo coche antes del día 30 purchase o buy your new car before the 30th
    ha adquirido renombre internacional he has attained o achieved international renown
    con el tiempo ha ido adquiriendo madurez y aplomo over the years he has gained in maturity and assurance
    derechos adquiridos vested o acquired rights
    * * *

     

    adquirir ( conjugate adquirir) verbo transitivocasa/coche to acquire, obtain;
    ( comprar) to purchase, buy;
    conocimientos/colección/fortuna to acquire;
    fama to attain, achieve;
    experiencia to gain;

    adquirir verbo transitivo
    1 to acquire
    2 frml (comprar) to purchase

    ' adquirir' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    carta
    - contagiarse
    - empeñarse
    - iniciarse
    - soltarse
    - adquiera
    - agarrar
    - asentar
    - cobrar
    - coger
    - compromiso
    - ganar
    - hábito
    - hacer
    - tomar
    - vale
    English:
    acquire
    - come by
    - edition
    - gain
    - mail order
    - form
    - lapse
    - pick
    - purchase
    - take
    * * *
    1. [comprar] to acquire, to purchase;
    ya es posible adquirir pasajes de avión a través de Internet you can now buy air tickets on the Internet;
    adquirieron el 51 por ciento de las acciones de la empresa they acquired a 51 percent shareholding in the company
    2. [conseguir] [conocimientos, hábito, cultura] to acquire;
    [éxito, popularidad] to achieve; [libertad, experiencia] to gain; [fortuna] to acquire, to come by; [nacionalidad] to obtain;
    adquirió una reputación de inflexibilidad he gained o acquired a reputation for inflexibility;
    adquirieron el compromiso de ayudarse mutualmente they committed themselves to helping each other
    * * *
    v/t
    1 acquire
    2 ( comprar) buy, purchase fml
    * * *
    adquirir {4} vt
    1) : to acquire, to gain
    2) comprar: to purchase
    * * *
    1. (llegar a tener) to acquire
    2. (comprar) to buy [pt. & pp. bought]

    Spanish-English dictionary > adquirir

См. также в других словарях:

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  • United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… …   Universalium

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  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

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