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si+quid+adversi+acciderit

  • 1 accido

    1.
    ac-cīdo, cīdi, cīsum, 3, v. a. [caedo], to begin to cut or to cut into [cf.: adamo, addubito, etc.); hence, so to cut a thing that it falls, to fell, to cut (as verb. finit. very rare).
    I.
    Lit.:

    accidunt arbores, tantum ut summa species earum stantium relinquatur,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 27, 4:

    accisa ornus ferro,

    Verg. A. 2, 626; cf.:

    velut accisis recrescenti stirpibus,

    Liv. 26, 41, 22:

    accisis crinibus,

    cut close, Tac. G. 19: ab locustis genus omne acciditur frugum, eaten up, Arnob. 1, 3.— Poet., to use up:

    fames accisis coget dapibus consumere mensas,

    Verg. A. 7, 125.—
    II.
    Fig., to impair, weaken:

    ita proelio uno accidit Vestinorum res, ut, etc.,

    Liv. 8, 29, 12; so,

    post accisas a Camillo Volscorum res,

    id. 6, 5, 2; cf. 6, 12, 6.—Hence, accīsus, a, um, P. a., cut off or down; impaired, ruined: accisae res (opp. integrae), troubled, disordered, or unfortunate state of things:

    res,

    Cic. Prov. Cons. 14, 34; Liv. 3, 10, 8; 8, 11, 12 al.:

    copiae,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 31; Liv. 8, 11, 8:

    robur juventutis,

    id. 7, 29 fin.:

    opes,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 114:

    accisae desolataeque gentes,

    Sil. 8, 590:

    reliquiae (hostium),

    Tac. A. 1, 61.
    2.
    ac-cĭdo, cīdi, no sup., 3, v. n. [cado], to fall upon or down upon a thing, to reach it by falling.
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen. constr. with ad, in, local adverbs, with dat. or absol.: utinam ne accidisset abiegna ad terram trabes, Enn. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 22 (Trag. p. 281 ed. Vahl., where it is: accĕdisset, acc. to the MSS., v. Vahl. N. v.):

    signa de caelo ad terram,

    Plaut. Rud. prol. 8; so,

    tam crebri ad terram accidebant quam pira,

    id. Poen. 2, 38: trabs in humum accidens, Varr. ap. Non. 494 fin.; so,

    imago aetheris ex oris in terrarum accidat oras,

    Lucr. 4, 215:

    rosa in mensas,

    Ov. F. 5, 360: quo Castalia per struices saxeas lapsu accidit, Liv. Andr. ap. Fest. p. 310 Müll. (Rib. Trag. Rel. p. 5):

    ut missa tela gravius acciderent,

    fall upon, hit, Caes. B. G. 3, 14; so Liv. 2, 50, 7.—
    B.
    Esp.: a. ad genua or genibus, of a suppliant, to fall at one's knees: me orat mulier lacrimansque ad genua accidit, Enn. ap. Non. 517, 15 (Com. v. 9 ed. Vahl.); so Ter. Hec. 3, 3, 18; Suet. Caes. 20; id. Claud. 10;

    for which: genibus praetoris,

    Liv. 44, 31;

    also: ad pedes,

    Cic. Att. 1, 14, 5, and absol.: quo accĭdam? quo applicem? Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19, 44 (Trag. v. 114 ed. Vahl., where it is accĕdam).—
    C.
    Transf., to strike the senses, to reach a thing by means of the senses; constr. with ad, the dat. or acc.: vox, sermo accidit ad aurīs (or auribus; also, aurīs alicujus), the voice, the speech falls upon or reaches the ear: nota vox ad aurīs accidit, Att. ap. Non. 39, 5:

    nova res molitur ad aurīs accidere,

    Lucr. 2, 1024; and:

    nihil tam populare ad populi Romani aurīs accidisse,

    Cic. Sest. 50, 107:

    auribus,

    Liv. 24, 46, 5; Quint. 12, 10, 75:

    aurīs,

    Plaut. Stich. 1, 2, 31; absol., Liv. 10, 5, 2; 27, 15, 16 sq.; Curt. 4, 4, 5 al.; cf.

    also: clamor accidit ad aurīs,

    Liv. 26, 40, 10; and absol.:

    clamor accidit,

    id. 4, 33, 9; 40, 32, 2;

    likewise: nomen famaque alicujus accidit ad aliquem,

    id. 21, 10, 12; v. Fabri ad h. l.—Hence sometimes in Livy: vox or fama accidit (ad aurīs or ad aliquem), with an acc. c. inf.:

    ut vox etiam ad hostes accideret captum Cominium esse,

    Liv. 10, 41, 7:

    quia repente fama accidit classem Punicam adventare,

    the report came, id. 27, 29, 7; v. Weissenb. a. h. l.
    II.
    Fig.
    A.
    In gen., to fall out, come to pass, happen, occur; and with dat. pers., to happen to, to befall one. (The distinction between the syn. evenio, accido, and contingo is this: evenio, i. e. ex-venio, is used of either fortunate or unfortunate events: accido, of occurrences which take us by surprise; hence it is used either of an indifferent, or, which is its general use, of an unfortunate occurrence: contingo, i. e. contango, indicates that an event accords with [p. 17] one's wishes; and hence is generally used of fortunate events. As Isid. says, Differ. 1: Contingunt bona: accidunt mala: eveniunt utraque):

    res accidit,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 14;

    Id acciderat, ut Galli consilium caperent,

    ib. 3, 2:

    si quid adversi acciderit,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 38, 121; cf. ib. 1, 26, 57:

    nollem accidisset tempus, in quo, etc.,

    id. Fam. 3, 10:

    si qua calamitas accidisset,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 55: id. Rosc. Am. 34:

    contra opinionem accidit,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 9:

    pejus Sequanis accidit,

    ib. 1, 31:

    periculum accidit,

    ib. 3, 3:

    detrimentum accidit,

    ib. 7, 52. Also of fortunate occurrences:

    omnia tibi accidisse gratissima,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 1; 11, 15:

    accidit satis opportune,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 22; cf. Brem. Nep. Milt. 1, 1; Herz. Caes. B. G. 7, 3.—Constr. with ut (Zumpt, § 621), sometimes with quod:

    accidit perincommode, quod eum nusquam vidisti,

    Cic. Att. 1, 17; or with inf.:

    nec enim acciderat mihi opus esse,

    id. Fam. 6, 11. Pleonast. in narrations: accidit ut, it happened, or came to pass, that: accidit ut una nocte omnes Hermae dejicerentur, it happened that, etc., Nep. Alc. 3, 2; so Cic. Fam. 3, 8, 8; id. Att. 1, 5, 4 al.—
    B.
    In part.
    1.
    Si quid cui accidat, or si quid humanitus accidat, euphemist. for to die; if any thing should happen to one (for which Ennius says:

    si quid me fuerit humanitus, Ann. v. 128 ed. Vahl.): si quid pupillo accidisset,

    Cic. Inv. 2, 21; Caes. B. G. 1, 18;

    si quid mihi humanitus accidisset,

    Cic. Phil. 1, 4; Dig. 34, 4, 30 § 2 al. (cf. the Greek ei ti pathoi); so, per aposiopesin, sive—quod heu timeo, sive superstes eris, Ov. Her. 13, 164. (But Cic. Mil. 22, 58; Caes. B. G. 2, 35, and similar passages, are to be taken in the usual signif.)—
    2.
    To turn out (this very rare):

    timeo “incertum” hoc quorsum accidat,

    Ter. And. 1, 5, 29:

    si secus acciderit,

    Cic. Fam. 6, 21, 2. —
    3.
    In gram., to belong to:

    plurima huic (verbo) accidunt (i. e. genus, tempora),

    Quint. 1, 5, 41 al.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > accido

  • 2 cadō

        cadō cecidī, casūrus, ere    [CAD-], to fall, fall down, descend: lucrumae cadunt gaudio, T.: (apes) praecipites cadunt, V.: caelo ceciderunt sereno Fulgura, V.: a mento cadit manus, O.: de manibus arma cecidissent: vela cadunt, are furled, V.: Altius atque cadant imbres, from a greater height, V.—To fall, fall down, fall prostrate, fall over: ne ille ceciderit, has had a fall, T.: velut si prolapsus cecidisset, L.: prolapsa in volnus moribunda cecidit, L.: in pectus pronus, O.: casura moenia Troum, O.: casurae arces, V.—Of heavenly bodies, to set, go down, fall, sink: iuxta solem cadentem, V.: quā (nocte) Orion cadit, H.: oriens mediusve cadensve Phoebus, O.: primis cadentibus astris, fading, i. e. at dawn, V.—To fall off, fall away, fall out, drop off, be shed: barba, V.: Prima (folia) cadunt, H.: gregibus lanae cadunt, O.: poma ramis, O.: elapsae manibus cecidere tabellae, O.—Of a stream, to fall, empty itself: in sinum maris, L.—Of dice, to be thrown, fall, turn up: illud, quod cecidit forte, T.—Of shadows, to be thrown, fall (poet.): cadunt de montibus umbrae, V.—To fall dead, fall, die, be slain: in acie: Civili acie, O.: pauci de nostris cadunt, Cs.: plures Saguntini cadebant quam Poeni, L.: ante diem, prematurely, V.: suo Marte (i. e. suā manu), O.: iustā Morte, H.: femineo Marte, O.: a tanto viro, O.: a centurione, Ta.: In pio officio, O.: in patriā cadendum est, we must perish.—Of victims, to be slain, be offered, be sacrificed, fall (poet.): Multa tibi cadet hostia, V.: Si tener cadit haedus, H.: Victima vota cadit, O.—Of a woman, to yield, Tb. —Fig., to come, fall under, fall, be subject, be exposed: sub sensum: in conspectum, to become visible: si regnum ad servitia caderet, into servile hands, L.: sub imperium Romanorum: in deliberationem: in suspicionem alicuius, N.—To belong, be in accordance, agree, refer, be suitable, apply, fit, suit, become: non cadit in hos mores ista suspitio: cadit ergo in bonum virum mentiri?: Heu, cadit in quemquam tantum scelus? V.: sub eandem rationem.—Of time, to fall upon: in alienissimum tempus: in hanc aetatem.— To fall due: in eam diem cadere nummos.—To befall, fall to the lot of, happen, come to pass, occur, result, turn out, fall out: mihi peropportune: insperanti mihi cecidit, ut, etc.: Sunt quibus ad portas cecidit custodia sorti, V.: Ut illis... voluptas cadat, H.: verba cadentia, uttered at random, H.: verba si Graeco fonte cadent, be derived from, H.: verebar quorsum id casurum esset, how it would turn out: praeter opinionem, N.: si quid adversi caderet, L.: fortuito in melius casura, Ta.: curare Quo promissa cadent, how fulfilled, H.: Vota cadunt, are fulfilled, Tb.: tibi pro vano benigna cadant, Pr.: Quo res cumque cadent, V.: si non omnia caderent secunda, Cs.: ut inrita promissa eius caderent, L.: libertas in servitutem cadit: in hunc hominem ista suspitio: ad inritum cadens spes, turning out to be vain, L.—To lose strength, fall, perish, be overthrown, drop, decline, vanish, decay, cease: cadentem rem p. fulcire: tua laus pariter cum re p. cecidit: virtute Neronis Armenius cecidit, H.: non tibi ira cecidit, L.: animus, to fail. L.: cadere animis, to lose courage: cecidere illis animi, O.— To fail (in speaking), falter: orator cadet.—Causā cadere, to lose the cause: cadere in iudicio: Ut cecidit fortuna Phrygum, O.— Of the countenance or features: tibi tamen oculi, voltus, verba cecidissent, i. e. expressed terror.— Of words: Multa renascentur, quae iam cecidere, fallen into disuse, H.—Of theatrical representations, to fail, be condemned: cadat an recto stet fabula talo, H.—Of the wind, to abate, subside, die away: cadit Eurus, O.: venti vis omnis cecidit, L.—Of words and clauses, to be terminated, end, close: verba melius in syllabas longiores cadunt: similiter cadentia, having the same endings.
    * * *
    cadere, cecidi, casus V INTRANS
    fall, sink, drop, plummet, topple; be slain, die; end, cease, abate; decay

    Latin-English dictionary > cadō

  • 3 adjicio

    ad-jĭcĭo (better adicio), jēci, jectum, 3, v. a. [jacio], to throw or cast a thing to, to put or place at or near. —Constr.: aliquid alicui rei.
    I.
    In gen.:

    rogum bustumve novum vetat propius sexaginta pedes adici aedes alienas,

    to place nearer than, Cic. Leg. 2, 24:

    hordei numero ad summam tritici adjecto,

    id. Verr. 3, 188:

    adjectoque cavae supplentur sanguine venae,

    Ov. M. 7, 291; so ib. 266; 14, 276.— More freq. trop.: quo ne imprudentiam quidem oculorum adici fas fuit, to turn the eyes pryingly to, to direct the sight to, etc., Cic. Leg. 2, 14, 36:

    Parthus adjecit Armeniae manum,

    Vell. 2, 100:

    album calculum errori,

    to approve, Plin. Ep. 1, 2. —With in:

    virus in anguīs,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 7:

    telum ex locis superioribus in litus,

    to throw, to hurl, Caes. B. G. 4, 23, 3.—
    B.
    Transf. to mental objects, to turn or direct the mind, eye, etc., to, to fasten them upon something.—With dat. or ad:

    qui amabilitati animum adiceret,

    Plaut. Poen. 5, 4, 1:

    animum militi,

    id. Mil. 3, 3, 34:

    ad virginem animum adjecit,

    Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 63:

    cum ad omnia vestra pauci homines cupiditatis oculos adjecissent,

    Cic. Agr. 2, 10:

    plane videbant adjectum esse oculum hereditati,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 15, § 37 (diff. from adicere oculos, cited above):

    adjecit animum ad consilium,

    Liv. 25, 37:

    novo etiam consilio animum adjecit,

    id. 28, 33.—
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    To add or apply to a thing by way of increase, to increase, = prostithenai (cf. addo).— Lit. and trop.; constr. with ad or dat.:

    ad bellicam laudem ingenii gloriam,

    Cic. Off. 1, 32:

    decus alicui,

    Vell. 2, 36:

    aliquantum ea res duci famae et auctoritatis adjecit,

    Liv. 44, 33: so id. 10, 7; 24, 5; Tac. Agr. 26; Suet. Oth. 11; id. Tib. 67; id. Calig. 15; id. Caes. 38 al.:

    morem ritusque sacrorum adiciam,

    Verg. A. 12, 837:

    adjecere bonae paulo plus artis Athenac,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 43; so Ov. M. 10, 656; id. P. l, 8, 56; Vulg. Matt. 6, 27 and 33; also to add a new thought to what has preceded (cf.: addo, accedo, advenio; hence, like addo, in the sing., though several persons are addressed):

    huc natas adice septem,

    Ov. M. 6, 182.—
    B.
    Of a speaker, to add to what has already been said. —Constr. with acc. and inf. (only in Vell. and in the histt. after the Aug. per.):

    adiciens numquam defuturos raprores Italicae libertatis lupos,

    Vell. 2, 27, 2; so,

    adjecerat Tiberius non id tempus censurae nec defuturum corrigendi auctorem,

    Tac. A. 2, 33:

    adjecit in domo ejus venenum esse,

    id. ib. 4, 21.—Rarely followed by orat. directa:

    cum dixisset... adjecissetque: Si quid huic acciderit, etc.,

    Vell. 2, 32, 1.—With ut and subj., Liv. 2, 27.—
    C.
    In anctions, t. t., to add to a bid, to out-bid: liciti sunt usque adeo, quoad se efficere posse arbitrabantur;

    super adjecit Aeschrio,

    bid on, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 33, § 77 B. and K.; but cf. Zumpt ad h. l.; Dig. 18, 2, 19.—
    D.
    In gen., in the Vulg. by Hebraism (cf.), to add to do, to do further: adjecit Dominus loqui, the Lord furthermore spake, Isa. 7, 10:

    non adiciet, ut resurgat,

    ib. 24, 20:

    adiciens dixit parabolam,

    ib. Luc. 19, 11.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adjicio

  • 4 adversa

    ad-verto (archaic advor-), ti, sum, 3, v. a., to turn a thing to or toward a place (in this signif., without animus; mostly poet.; syn.: observare, animadvertere, videre, cognoscere).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen., with in or dat.:

    illa sese huc advorterat in hanc nostram plateam,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 51:

    in quamcunque domus lumina partem,

    Ov. M. 6, 180; cf. id. ib. 8, 482:

    malis numen,

    Verg. A. 4, 611:

    huc aures, huc, quaeso, advertite sensus,

    Sil. 16, 213; cf. id. 6, 105.—
    B.
    Esp., a naut. t. t., to turn, direct, steer a ship to a place:

    classem in portum,

    Liv. 37, 9 Drak.:

    terrae proras,

    Verg. A. 7, 35; id. G. 4, 117 al.:

    Colchos puppim,

    Ov. H. 12, 23.— Absol.:

    profugi advertere coloni,

    landed, Sil. 1, 288;

    hence also transf. to other things: aequore cursum,

    Verg. A. 7, 196:

    pedem ripae,

    id. ib. 6, 386:

    urbi agmen,

    id. ib. 12, 555: adverti with acc. poet. for verti ad:

    Scythicas advertitur oras,

    Ov. M. 5, 649 (cf. adducor litora remis, id. ib. 3, 598, and Rudd. II. p. 327).
    II.
    Fig.
    A.
    Animum (in the poets and Livy also animos, rarely mentem) advertere; absol., or with adv. or ad aliquid, or alicui rei, to direct the mind, thoughts, or attention to a thing, to advert to, give attention to, attend to, to heed, observe, remark:

    si voles advortere animum, Enn. ap. Var. L. L. 7, § 89 Müll. (Trag. v. 386 Vahl.): facete advortis animum tuum ad animum meum,

    Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 39:

    nunc huc animum advortite ambo,

    id. ib. 3, 1, 169:

    advertunt animos ad religionem,

    Lucr. 3, 54:

    monitis animos advertite nostris,

    Ov. M. 15, 140:

    animum etiam levissimis rebus adverterent,

    Tac. A. 13, 49.—With ne, when the object of attention is expressed:

    ut animum advertant, ne quos offendant,

    Cic. Off. 2, 19, 68:

    adverterent animos, ne quid novi tumultūs oriretur,

    Liv. 4, 45.—
    B.
    Animum advertere, to observe a thing by directing the mind to it, to observe, to notice, to remark, to perceive (in the class. period contracted to animadvertere, q. v.).—Constr. with two accusatives, animum advertere aliquid (where aliquid may be regarded as depending on the prep. in comp., Roby, § 1118, or on animum advertere, considered as one idea, to observe), with acc. and inf., or rel. clause (the first mode of construction, most frequent with the pronouns id, hoc, illud, etc., is for the most part ante-class., and appears in Caes., Cic., and Sall. as an archaism):

    et hoc animum advorte,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 43:

    hanc edictionem,

    id. ib. 1, 2, 10:

    haec animum te advertere par est,

    Lucr. 2, 125:

    animum adverti columellam e dumis eminentem,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 23, 65; id. Inv. 2, 51, 153:

    Postquam id animum advertit,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 24; 4, 12:

    quidam Ligus animum advortit inter saxa repentīs cocleas,

    Sall. J. 93, 2. In Vitruv. once with hinc:

    ut etiam possumus hinc animum advertere,

    as we can hence perceive, Vitr. 10, 22, 262.—With the acc. and inf.:

    postquam tantopere id vos velle animum advorteram,

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 8, 16:

    animum advertit magnas esse copiashostium instructas,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 18: cum animum adverteret locum relictum esse, Auct. B. Alex. 31; ib. 46.—With the rel. clause: nunc quam rem vitio dent, quaeso, animum advortite, Ter. And. prol. 8: quid ille sperare possit, animum adverte, Dolab. ap. Cic. Fam. 9, 9:

    quam multarum rerum ipse ignarus esset... animum advertit,

    Liv. 24, 48. Sometimes advertere alone = animum advertere; so once in Cicero's letters: nam advertebatur Pompeii familiares assentiri Volcatio, Fam. 1, 1 (although here, as well as almost everywhere, the readings fluctuate between advertere and animadvertere; cf. Orell. ad h. l.; animadvertebatur, B. and K.). So Verg. in the imp.:

    qua ratione quod instat, Confieri possit, paucis, adverte, docebo,

    attend! Verg. A. 4, 115.—In the histt., esp. Tac. and Pliny, more frequently:

    donec advertit Tiberius,

    Tac. A. 4, 54:

    Zenobiam advertere pastores,

    id. ib. 12, 51:

    advertere quosdam cultu externo in sedibus senatorum,

    id. ib. 13, 54:

    quotiens novum aliquid adverterat,

    id. ib. 15, 30 al.:

    hirudo quam sanguisugam appellari adverto,

    Plin. 8, 10, 10, § 29:

    ut multos adverto credidisse,

    id. 2, 67, 67, § 168. Still more rarely, advertere animo:

    animis advertite vestris,

    Verg. A. 2, 712:

    hanc scientiam ad nostros pervenisse animo adverto,

    Plin. 25, 2, 3, § 5; cf. Drak. ad Liv. 4, 27, 8.—
    C.
    To draw or turn something, esp. the attention of another, to or upon one's self (in the histt.):

    gemitus ac planctus militum aures oraque advertere,

    Tac. A. 1, 41:

    octo aquilae imperatorem advertere,

    id. ib. 2, 17: recentia veteraque odia advertit, drew them on himself, id. ib. 4, 21 al.—
    D.
    To call the attention of one to a definite act, i. e. to admonish of it, to urge to it (cf. II. A.):

    non docet admonitio, sed advertit,

    i. e. directs attention, Sen. Ep. 94:

    advertit ea res Vespasiani animum, ut, etc.,

    Tac. H. 3, 48.—
    E.
    Advertere in aliquem, for the more usual animadvertere in aliquem, to attend to one, i. e. to punish one (only in Tac.):

    in P. Marcium consules more prisco advertere,

    Tac. A. 2, 32:

    ut in reliquos Sejani liberos adverteretur,

    id. ib. 5, 9 (cf. id. Germ. 7, 3: animadvertere).—Hence,
    1.
    adversus (archaic advor-), a, um, P. a., turned to or toward a thing, with the face or front toward, standing over against, opposite, before, in front of (opp. aversus).
    A.
    In gen.:

    solem adversum intueri,

    Cic. Somn. Scip. 5:

    Iris... Mille trahens varios adverso sole colores,

    Verg. A. 4, 701; id. G. 1, 218:

    antipodes adversis vestigiis stant contra nostra vestigia,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 39: dentes adversi acuti ( the sharp front teeth) morsu dividunt escas, Cic. N. D. 2, 54:

    quod is collis, tantum adversus in latitudinem patebat, quantum etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 8 Herz. So, hostes adversi, who make front against one advancing or retreating, id. ib. 2, 24:

    L. Cotta legatus in adversum os fundā vulneratur,

    in front, Caes. B. G. 5, 35; cf. Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 1; Liv. 21, 7 fin. al.; hence, vulnus adversum, a wound in front (on the contr., vulnus aversum, a wound in the back), Cic. Har. Resp. 19:

    adversis vulneribus,

    Aur. Vict. Vir. Illustr. 35, 4:

    judicibus cicatrices adversas ostendere,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 28:

    cicatrices populus Romanus aspiceret adverso corpore exceptas,

    id. Verr. 5, 3:

    impetus hostium adversos, Auct. B. Alex. 8: Romani advorso colle evadunt,

    ascend the hill in front, Sall. J. 52:

    adversa signa,

    Liv. 30, 8:

    legiones quas Visellius et C. Silius adversis itineribus objecerant,

    i. e. marches in which they went to meet the enemy, Tac. A. 3, 42: sed adverso fulgure ( by a flash of lightning falling directly before him) pavefactus est Nero, Suet. Ner. 48:

    armenta egit Hannibal in adversos montes,

    Quint. 2, 17, 19; cf. Lucr. 3, 1013; so Hor. S. 1, 1, 103; 2, 3, 205:

    qui timet his adversa,

    the opposite of this, id. Ep. 1, 6, 9 al. —Hence, of rivers: flumine adverso, up the stream, against the stream:

    in adversum flumen contendere,

    Lucr. 4, 423:

    adverso feruntur flumine,

    id. 6, 720; so Verg. G. 1, 201:

    adverso amne,

    Plin. 18, 6, 7, § 33;

    adverso Tiberi subvehi,

    Aur. Vict. Vir. Illustr. 22, 3 (opp. to secundā aquā, down stream, with the stream:

    rate in secundam aquam labente,

    Liv. 21, 47, 3); and of winds, opposed to a vessel's course, head winds, contrary winds, consequently unfavorable, adverse:

    navigationes adversis ventis praecluduntur, Auct. B. Alex. 8: adversissimi navigantibus venti,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 107.— Subst.: adversum, i, the opposite: hic ventus a septentrionibus oriens adversum tenet Athenis proficiscentibus, [p. 50] holds the opposite to those sailing from Athens, i. e. blows against them, Nep. Milt. 1 (so Nipperdey; but v. Hand, Turs. I. p. 183). — Adv.: ex adverso, also written exadverso and exadversum, opposite to, over against, ek tou enantiou:

    portus ex adverso urbi positus,

    Liv. 45, 10.—With gen.:

    Patrae ex adverso Aetoliae et fluminis Eveni,

    Plin. 4, 4, 5, § 11.—Without case:

    cum ex adverso starent classes,

    Just. 2, 14; so Suet. Caes. 39; Tib. 33.—In adversum, to the opposite side, against:

    et duo in adversum immissi per moenia currus,

    against each other, Prop. 3, 9, 23; so Gell. 2, 30; cf. Verg. A. 8, 237;

    in adversum Romani subiere,

    Liv. 1, 12; 7, 23.—
    B.
    In hostile opposition to, adverse to, unfavorable, unpropitious (opp. secundus; frequent and class.): conqueri fortunam adversam, Pac. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 21, 50:

    hic dies pervorsus atque advorsus mihi obtigit,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 5, 1:

    advorsus nemini,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 37:

    mentes improborum mihi infensae et adversae,

    Cic. Sull. 10:

    acclamatio,

    id. de Or. 2, 83: adversā avi aliquid facere, vet. poët. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 16:

    adversis auspiciis,

    Aur. Vict. Vir. Illustr. 64, 6:

    adversum omen,

    Suet. Vit. 8:

    adversissima auspicia,

    id. Oth. 8: adversae res, misfortune, calamity, adverse fortune:

    ut adversas res, sic secundas immoderate ferre levitatis est,

    Cic. Off. 1, 26; cf.:

    adversi casus,

    Nep. Dat. 5:

    adversae rerum undae,

    a sea of troubles, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 22: omnia secundissima nobis, adversissima illis accidisse, Caes. ap. Cic. Att. 10, 9 (the sup. is found also in Cæs. B. C. 3, 107):

    quae magistratus ille dicet, secundis auribus, quae ab nostrum quo dicentur, adversis accipietis?

    Liv. 6, 40:

    adversus annus frugibus,

    id. 4, 12:

    valetudo adversa,

    i. e. sickness, id. 10, 32:

    adversum proelium,

    an unsuccessful engagement, id. 7, 29; cf.

    8, 31: adverso rumore esse,

    to be in bad repute, to have a bad reputation, Tac. Ann. 14, 11:

    adversa subsellia,

    on which the opposition sit, Quint. 6, 1, 39.—Sometimes met. of feeling, contrary to, hated, hateful, odious:

    quīs omnia regna advorsa sint,

    Sall. J. 83; cf. Luc. 2, 229 Bentl.— Comp.:

    neque est aliud adversius,

    Plin. 32, 4, 14, § 35.—
    * Adv.: adver-sē, self-contradictorily, Gell. 3, 16.— ad-versum, i, subst., esp. in the plur. adversa, misfortune, calamity, disaster, adversity, evil, mischief:

    advorsa ejus per te tecta sient,

    Ter. Hec. 3, 3, 28:

    nihil adversi,

    Cic. Brut. 1, 4:

    si quid adversi accidisset,

    Nep. Alc. 8; cf. Liv. 22, 40; 35, 13:

    secunda felices, adversa magnos probant,

    Plin. Pan. 31;

    esp. freq. in Tac.: prospera et adversa pop. Rom., Ann. 1, 1: adversa tempestatum et fluctuum,

    id. Agr. 25; so id. A. 3, 24; 45; 2, 69; 4, 13 al.— Subst.: adversus, i, m., an opponent, adversary (rare):

    multosque mortalīs ea causa advorsos habeo,

    Sall. C. 52, 7.—In Quint. also once ad-versa, ae, f., subst., a female opponent or adversary: natura noverca fuerit, si facultatem dicendi sociam scelerum, adversam innocentiae, invenit, 12, 1, 2.—
    C.
    In rhet., opposed to another of the same genus, e. g. sapientia and stultitia: “Haec quae ex eodem genere contraria sunt, appellantur adversa,” Cic. Top. 11.
    3.
    adversus or adversum (archaic advor-) (like rursus and rursum, prorsus and prorsum, quorsus and quorsum), adv. and prep., denoting direction to or toward an object (syn.: contra, in with acc., ad, erga).
    A.
    Adv.: opposite to, against, to, or toward a thing, in a friendly or hostile sense:

    ibo advorsum,

    Plaut. As. 2, 2, 29:

    facito, ut venias advorsum mihi,

    id. Men. 2, 3, 82:

    obsecro te, matri ne quid tuae advorsus fuas, Liv. And. ap. Non. s. v. fuam, 111, 12 (Trag. Rel. p. 3 Rib.): quis hic est, qui advorsus it mihi?

    Plaut. Men. 3, 2, 22:

    adversus resistere,

    Nep. Pelop. 1, 3:

    nemo adversus ibat,

    Liv. 37, 13, 8 al. In Plaut. and Ter. advorsum ire, or venire, to go to meet; also of a slave, to go to meet his master and bring him from a place (hence adversitor, q. v.):

    solus nunc eo advorsum hero ex plurimis servis,

    Plaut. Most. 4, 1, 23:

    ei advorsum venimus,

    id. ib. 4, 2, 32; Ter. Ad. 1, 1, 2 Ruhnk.—
    B.
    Prep. with acc., toward or against, in a friendly or a hostile sense.
    1.
    In a friendly sense.
    (α).
    Of place, turned to or toward, opposite to, before, facing, over against: qui cotidie unguentatus adversum speculum ornetur, before the mirror, Scipio ap. Gell. 7, 12:

    adversus advocatos,

    Liv. 45, 7, 5:

    medicus debet residere illustri loco adversus aegrum,

    opposite to the patient, Cels. 3, 6:

    adversus Scyllam vergens in Italiam,

    Plin. 3, 8, 14, § 87:

    Lerina, adversum Antipolim,

    id. 3, 5, 11, § 79.—
    (β).
    In the presence of any one, before:

    egone ut te advorsum mentiar, mater mea?

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 7, 9: idque gratum fuisse advorsum te habeo gratiam, I am thankful that this is acceptable before ( to) thee, Ter. And. 1, 1, 15: paululum adversus praesentem fortitudinem mollitus, somewhat softened at such firmness (of his wife), Tac. A. 15, 63.—Hence very often with verbs of speaking, answering, complaining, etc., to declare or express one's self to any one, to excuse one's self or apologize, and the like: te oportet hoc proloqui advorsum illam mihi, Enn. ap. Non. 232, 24 (Trag. v. 385 Vahl.):

    immo si audias, quae dicta dixit me advorsum tibi,

    what he told me of you, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 47: de vita ac morte domini fabulavere advorsum fratrem illius, Afran. ap. Non. 232, 25:

    mulier, credo, advorsum illum res suas conqueritur,

    Titin. ib. 232, 21:

    utendum est excusatione etiam adversus eos, quos invitus offendas,

    Cic. Off. 2, 19, 68; Tac. A. 3, 71.— With that to which a reply is made, to (= ad):

    adversus ea consul... respondit,

    Liv. 4, 10, 12; 22, 40, 1; cf. Drak. ad 3, 57, 1.—
    (γ).
    In comparison, as if one thing were held toward, set against, or before another (v. ad, I. D. 4.); against, in comparison with, compared to:

    repente lectus adversus veterem imperatorem comparabitur,

    will be compared with, Liv. 24, 8, 8:

    quid autem esse duo prospera bella Samnitium adversus tot decora populi Rom.,

    id. 7, 32, 8.—
    (δ).
    Of demeanor toward one, to, toward:

    quonam modo me gererem adversus Caesarem,

    Cic. Fam. 11, 27, 11:

    te adversus me omnia audere gratum est,

    i. e. on my account, on my behalf, for my advantage, id. ib. 9, 22, 15:

    lentae adversum imperia aures,

    Tac. A. 1, 65.—Esp. often of friendly feeling, love, esteem, respect toward or for one (cf. Ruhnk. ad Ter. And. 4, 1, 15; Manut. ad Cic. Fam. 9, 22; Heusing. ad Cic. Off. 1, 11, 1;

    Hab. Syn. 49): est enim pietas justitia adversus deos,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 41, 116; id. Off. 3, 6, 28:

    adhibenda est igitur quaedam reverentia adversus homines,

    id. ib. 1, 28, 99 Beier:

    sunt quaedam officia adversus eos servanda, a quibus injuriam acceperis,

    id. ib. 1, 11, 33:

    adversus merita ingratissimus,

    Vell. 2, 69, 5:

    summa adversus alios aequitas erat,

    Liv. 3, 33, 8:

    ob egregiam fidem adversus Romanos,

    id. 29, 8, 2; so id. 45, 8, 4 al.:

    beneficentiā adversus supplices utendum,

    Tac. A. 11, 17.— More rarely
    (ε).
    of the general relation of an object or act to a person or thing (v. ad, I. D. 1.), in relation, in respect, or in regard to a thing:

    epistula, ut adversus magistrum morum, modestior,

    as addressed to a censor of manners, Cic. Fam. 3, 13, 8:

    quasi adversus eos acquieverit sententiae,

    in regard to the same, Dig. 49, 1; 3, 1.—
    2.
    In a hostile sense, against (the most usual class. signif. of this word): “Contra et adversus ita differunt, quod contra, ad locum, ut: contra basilicam; adversus, ad animi motum, ut: adversus illum facio; interdum autem promiscue accipitur,” Charis. p. 207 P.; cf. Cort. ad Sall. J. 101, 8:

    advorsum legem accepisti a plurimis pecuniam,

    Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 48:

    advorsum te fabulare illud,

    against thy interest, to thy disadvantage, id. Stich. 4, 2, 11:

    stultus est advorsus aetatem et capitis canitudinem, id. ap. Fest. s. v. canitudinem, p. 47: advorsum animi tui libidinem,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 1, 19:

    adversum leges, adversum rem publicam,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 84, § 195:

    respondebat, SI PARET, ADVERSUM EDICTUM FECISSE,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 28, §

    69: me adversus populum Romanum possem defendere,

    id. Phil. 1, 13 al. —In the histt., of a hostile attack, approach, etc.:

    gladiis districtis impetum adversus montem in cohortes faciunt,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 46:

    adversus se non esse missos exercitus,

    Liv. 3, 66:

    bellum adversum Xerxem moret,

    Aur. Vict. Caes. 24, 3:

    copiis quibus usi adversus Romanum bellum,

    Liv. 8, 2, 5:

    adversus vim atque injuriam pugnantes,

    id. 26, 25, 10 al.:

    T. Quintius adversus Gallos missus est,

    Eutr. 2, 2: Athenienses adversus tantam tempestatem belli duos duces deligunt, Just. 3, 6, 12 al.—Among physicians, of preventives against sickness, against (v. ad, I. A. 2.):

    adversus profusionem in his auxilium est,

    Cels. 5, 26; 6, 27 al.:

    frigidus jam artus et cluso corpore adversum vim veneni,

    Tac. A. 15, 64.— Trop.:

    egregium adversus tempestates receptaculum,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 4; so id. ib. 2, 15, 36.—Hence: firmus, invictus, fortis adversus aliquid (like contra), protected against a thing, firm, fixed, secure:

    advorsum divitias animum invictum gerebat,

    Sall. J. 43, 5:

    invictus adversum gratiam animus,

    Tac. A. 15, 21:

    adversus convicia malosque rumores firmus ac patiens,

    Suet. Tib. 28:

    Adversus omnes fortis feras canis,

    Phaedr. 5, 10, 1; and in opp. sense: infirmus, inferior adversus aliquid, powerless against, unequal to:

    fama, infirmissimum adversus vivos fortes telum,

    Curt. 4, 14:

    infirmus adversum pecuniam,

    Aur. Vict. Caes. 9, 6:

    inferior adversus laborem,

    id. Epit. 40, 20.
    a.
    Adversus is rarely put after the word which it governs:

    egone ut te advorsum mentiar,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 7, 9:

    hunc adversus,

    Nep. Con. 2, 2; id. Tim. 4, 3:

    quos advorsum ierat,

    Sall. J. 101, 8.—
    b.
    It sometimes suffers tmesis:

    Labienum ad Oceanum versus proficisci jubet,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 33:

    animadvortit fugam ad se vorsum fieri,

    Sall. J. 58:

    animum advortere ad se vorsum exercitum pergere,

    id. ib. 69: ad Cordubam versus iter facere coepit, Auct. B. Hisp. 10 and 11; cf. in-versus:

    in Galliam vorsus castra movere,

    Sall. C. 56; Sulp. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 12; Traj. ap. Plin. Ep. 10, 78; the Eng. to-ward: to us ward, Psa. 40, 5; and the Gr. eis-de: eis halade, Hom. Od. 10, 351.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adversa

  • 5 adverto

    ad-verto (archaic advor-), ti, sum, 3, v. a., to turn a thing to or toward a place (in this signif., without animus; mostly poet.; syn.: observare, animadvertere, videre, cognoscere).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen., with in or dat.:

    illa sese huc advorterat in hanc nostram plateam,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 51:

    in quamcunque domus lumina partem,

    Ov. M. 6, 180; cf. id. ib. 8, 482:

    malis numen,

    Verg. A. 4, 611:

    huc aures, huc, quaeso, advertite sensus,

    Sil. 16, 213; cf. id. 6, 105.—
    B.
    Esp., a naut. t. t., to turn, direct, steer a ship to a place:

    classem in portum,

    Liv. 37, 9 Drak.:

    terrae proras,

    Verg. A. 7, 35; id. G. 4, 117 al.:

    Colchos puppim,

    Ov. H. 12, 23.— Absol.:

    profugi advertere coloni,

    landed, Sil. 1, 288;

    hence also transf. to other things: aequore cursum,

    Verg. A. 7, 196:

    pedem ripae,

    id. ib. 6, 386:

    urbi agmen,

    id. ib. 12, 555: adverti with acc. poet. for verti ad:

    Scythicas advertitur oras,

    Ov. M. 5, 649 (cf. adducor litora remis, id. ib. 3, 598, and Rudd. II. p. 327).
    II.
    Fig.
    A.
    Animum (in the poets and Livy also animos, rarely mentem) advertere; absol., or with adv. or ad aliquid, or alicui rei, to direct the mind, thoughts, or attention to a thing, to advert to, give attention to, attend to, to heed, observe, remark:

    si voles advortere animum, Enn. ap. Var. L. L. 7, § 89 Müll. (Trag. v. 386 Vahl.): facete advortis animum tuum ad animum meum,

    Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 39:

    nunc huc animum advortite ambo,

    id. ib. 3, 1, 169:

    advertunt animos ad religionem,

    Lucr. 3, 54:

    monitis animos advertite nostris,

    Ov. M. 15, 140:

    animum etiam levissimis rebus adverterent,

    Tac. A. 13, 49.—With ne, when the object of attention is expressed:

    ut animum advertant, ne quos offendant,

    Cic. Off. 2, 19, 68:

    adverterent animos, ne quid novi tumultūs oriretur,

    Liv. 4, 45.—
    B.
    Animum advertere, to observe a thing by directing the mind to it, to observe, to notice, to remark, to perceive (in the class. period contracted to animadvertere, q. v.).—Constr. with two accusatives, animum advertere aliquid (where aliquid may be regarded as depending on the prep. in comp., Roby, § 1118, or on animum advertere, considered as one idea, to observe), with acc. and inf., or rel. clause (the first mode of construction, most frequent with the pronouns id, hoc, illud, etc., is for the most part ante-class., and appears in Caes., Cic., and Sall. as an archaism):

    et hoc animum advorte,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 43:

    hanc edictionem,

    id. ib. 1, 2, 10:

    haec animum te advertere par est,

    Lucr. 2, 125:

    animum adverti columellam e dumis eminentem,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 23, 65; id. Inv. 2, 51, 153:

    Postquam id animum advertit,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 24; 4, 12:

    quidam Ligus animum advortit inter saxa repentīs cocleas,

    Sall. J. 93, 2. In Vitruv. once with hinc:

    ut etiam possumus hinc animum advertere,

    as we can hence perceive, Vitr. 10, 22, 262.—With the acc. and inf.:

    postquam tantopere id vos velle animum advorteram,

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 8, 16:

    animum advertit magnas esse copiashostium instructas,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 18: cum animum adverteret locum relictum esse, Auct. B. Alex. 31; ib. 46.—With the rel. clause: nunc quam rem vitio dent, quaeso, animum advortite, Ter. And. prol. 8: quid ille sperare possit, animum adverte, Dolab. ap. Cic. Fam. 9, 9:

    quam multarum rerum ipse ignarus esset... animum advertit,

    Liv. 24, 48. Sometimes advertere alone = animum advertere; so once in Cicero's letters: nam advertebatur Pompeii familiares assentiri Volcatio, Fam. 1, 1 (although here, as well as almost everywhere, the readings fluctuate between advertere and animadvertere; cf. Orell. ad h. l.; animadvertebatur, B. and K.). So Verg. in the imp.:

    qua ratione quod instat, Confieri possit, paucis, adverte, docebo,

    attend! Verg. A. 4, 115.—In the histt., esp. Tac. and Pliny, more frequently:

    donec advertit Tiberius,

    Tac. A. 4, 54:

    Zenobiam advertere pastores,

    id. ib. 12, 51:

    advertere quosdam cultu externo in sedibus senatorum,

    id. ib. 13, 54:

    quotiens novum aliquid adverterat,

    id. ib. 15, 30 al.:

    hirudo quam sanguisugam appellari adverto,

    Plin. 8, 10, 10, § 29:

    ut multos adverto credidisse,

    id. 2, 67, 67, § 168. Still more rarely, advertere animo:

    animis advertite vestris,

    Verg. A. 2, 712:

    hanc scientiam ad nostros pervenisse animo adverto,

    Plin. 25, 2, 3, § 5; cf. Drak. ad Liv. 4, 27, 8.—
    C.
    To draw or turn something, esp. the attention of another, to or upon one's self (in the histt.):

    gemitus ac planctus militum aures oraque advertere,

    Tac. A. 1, 41:

    octo aquilae imperatorem advertere,

    id. ib. 2, 17: recentia veteraque odia advertit, drew them on himself, id. ib. 4, 21 al.—
    D.
    To call the attention of one to a definite act, i. e. to admonish of it, to urge to it (cf. II. A.):

    non docet admonitio, sed advertit,

    i. e. directs attention, Sen. Ep. 94:

    advertit ea res Vespasiani animum, ut, etc.,

    Tac. H. 3, 48.—
    E.
    Advertere in aliquem, for the more usual animadvertere in aliquem, to attend to one, i. e. to punish one (only in Tac.):

    in P. Marcium consules more prisco advertere,

    Tac. A. 2, 32:

    ut in reliquos Sejani liberos adverteretur,

    id. ib. 5, 9 (cf. id. Germ. 7, 3: animadvertere).—Hence,
    1.
    adversus (archaic advor-), a, um, P. a., turned to or toward a thing, with the face or front toward, standing over against, opposite, before, in front of (opp. aversus).
    A.
    In gen.:

    solem adversum intueri,

    Cic. Somn. Scip. 5:

    Iris... Mille trahens varios adverso sole colores,

    Verg. A. 4, 701; id. G. 1, 218:

    antipodes adversis vestigiis stant contra nostra vestigia,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 39: dentes adversi acuti ( the sharp front teeth) morsu dividunt escas, Cic. N. D. 2, 54:

    quod is collis, tantum adversus in latitudinem patebat, quantum etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 8 Herz. So, hostes adversi, who make front against one advancing or retreating, id. ib. 2, 24:

    L. Cotta legatus in adversum os fundā vulneratur,

    in front, Caes. B. G. 5, 35; cf. Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 1; Liv. 21, 7 fin. al.; hence, vulnus adversum, a wound in front (on the contr., vulnus aversum, a wound in the back), Cic. Har. Resp. 19:

    adversis vulneribus,

    Aur. Vict. Vir. Illustr. 35, 4:

    judicibus cicatrices adversas ostendere,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 28:

    cicatrices populus Romanus aspiceret adverso corpore exceptas,

    id. Verr. 5, 3:

    impetus hostium adversos, Auct. B. Alex. 8: Romani advorso colle evadunt,

    ascend the hill in front, Sall. J. 52:

    adversa signa,

    Liv. 30, 8:

    legiones quas Visellius et C. Silius adversis itineribus objecerant,

    i. e. marches in which they went to meet the enemy, Tac. A. 3, 42: sed adverso fulgure ( by a flash of lightning falling directly before him) pavefactus est Nero, Suet. Ner. 48:

    armenta egit Hannibal in adversos montes,

    Quint. 2, 17, 19; cf. Lucr. 3, 1013; so Hor. S. 1, 1, 103; 2, 3, 205:

    qui timet his adversa,

    the opposite of this, id. Ep. 1, 6, 9 al. —Hence, of rivers: flumine adverso, up the stream, against the stream:

    in adversum flumen contendere,

    Lucr. 4, 423:

    adverso feruntur flumine,

    id. 6, 720; so Verg. G. 1, 201:

    adverso amne,

    Plin. 18, 6, 7, § 33;

    adverso Tiberi subvehi,

    Aur. Vict. Vir. Illustr. 22, 3 (opp. to secundā aquā, down stream, with the stream:

    rate in secundam aquam labente,

    Liv. 21, 47, 3); and of winds, opposed to a vessel's course, head winds, contrary winds, consequently unfavorable, adverse:

    navigationes adversis ventis praecluduntur, Auct. B. Alex. 8: adversissimi navigantibus venti,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 107.— Subst.: adversum, i, the opposite: hic ventus a septentrionibus oriens adversum tenet Athenis proficiscentibus, [p. 50] holds the opposite to those sailing from Athens, i. e. blows against them, Nep. Milt. 1 (so Nipperdey; but v. Hand, Turs. I. p. 183). — Adv.: ex adverso, also written exadverso and exadversum, opposite to, over against, ek tou enantiou:

    portus ex adverso urbi positus,

    Liv. 45, 10.—With gen.:

    Patrae ex adverso Aetoliae et fluminis Eveni,

    Plin. 4, 4, 5, § 11.—Without case:

    cum ex adverso starent classes,

    Just. 2, 14; so Suet. Caes. 39; Tib. 33.—In adversum, to the opposite side, against:

    et duo in adversum immissi per moenia currus,

    against each other, Prop. 3, 9, 23; so Gell. 2, 30; cf. Verg. A. 8, 237;

    in adversum Romani subiere,

    Liv. 1, 12; 7, 23.—
    B.
    In hostile opposition to, adverse to, unfavorable, unpropitious (opp. secundus; frequent and class.): conqueri fortunam adversam, Pac. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 21, 50:

    hic dies pervorsus atque advorsus mihi obtigit,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 5, 1:

    advorsus nemini,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 37:

    mentes improborum mihi infensae et adversae,

    Cic. Sull. 10:

    acclamatio,

    id. de Or. 2, 83: adversā avi aliquid facere, vet. poët. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 16:

    adversis auspiciis,

    Aur. Vict. Vir. Illustr. 64, 6:

    adversum omen,

    Suet. Vit. 8:

    adversissima auspicia,

    id. Oth. 8: adversae res, misfortune, calamity, adverse fortune:

    ut adversas res, sic secundas immoderate ferre levitatis est,

    Cic. Off. 1, 26; cf.:

    adversi casus,

    Nep. Dat. 5:

    adversae rerum undae,

    a sea of troubles, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 22: omnia secundissima nobis, adversissima illis accidisse, Caes. ap. Cic. Att. 10, 9 (the sup. is found also in Cæs. B. C. 3, 107):

    quae magistratus ille dicet, secundis auribus, quae ab nostrum quo dicentur, adversis accipietis?

    Liv. 6, 40:

    adversus annus frugibus,

    id. 4, 12:

    valetudo adversa,

    i. e. sickness, id. 10, 32:

    adversum proelium,

    an unsuccessful engagement, id. 7, 29; cf.

    8, 31: adverso rumore esse,

    to be in bad repute, to have a bad reputation, Tac. Ann. 14, 11:

    adversa subsellia,

    on which the opposition sit, Quint. 6, 1, 39.—Sometimes met. of feeling, contrary to, hated, hateful, odious:

    quīs omnia regna advorsa sint,

    Sall. J. 83; cf. Luc. 2, 229 Bentl.— Comp.:

    neque est aliud adversius,

    Plin. 32, 4, 14, § 35.—
    * Adv.: adver-sē, self-contradictorily, Gell. 3, 16.— ad-versum, i, subst., esp. in the plur. adversa, misfortune, calamity, disaster, adversity, evil, mischief:

    advorsa ejus per te tecta sient,

    Ter. Hec. 3, 3, 28:

    nihil adversi,

    Cic. Brut. 1, 4:

    si quid adversi accidisset,

    Nep. Alc. 8; cf. Liv. 22, 40; 35, 13:

    secunda felices, adversa magnos probant,

    Plin. Pan. 31;

    esp. freq. in Tac.: prospera et adversa pop. Rom., Ann. 1, 1: adversa tempestatum et fluctuum,

    id. Agr. 25; so id. A. 3, 24; 45; 2, 69; 4, 13 al.— Subst.: adversus, i, m., an opponent, adversary (rare):

    multosque mortalīs ea causa advorsos habeo,

    Sall. C. 52, 7.—In Quint. also once ad-versa, ae, f., subst., a female opponent or adversary: natura noverca fuerit, si facultatem dicendi sociam scelerum, adversam innocentiae, invenit, 12, 1, 2.—
    C.
    In rhet., opposed to another of the same genus, e. g. sapientia and stultitia: “Haec quae ex eodem genere contraria sunt, appellantur adversa,” Cic. Top. 11.
    3.
    adversus or adversum (archaic advor-) (like rursus and rursum, prorsus and prorsum, quorsus and quorsum), adv. and prep., denoting direction to or toward an object (syn.: contra, in with acc., ad, erga).
    A.
    Adv.: opposite to, against, to, or toward a thing, in a friendly or hostile sense:

    ibo advorsum,

    Plaut. As. 2, 2, 29:

    facito, ut venias advorsum mihi,

    id. Men. 2, 3, 82:

    obsecro te, matri ne quid tuae advorsus fuas, Liv. And. ap. Non. s. v. fuam, 111, 12 (Trag. Rel. p. 3 Rib.): quis hic est, qui advorsus it mihi?

    Plaut. Men. 3, 2, 22:

    adversus resistere,

    Nep. Pelop. 1, 3:

    nemo adversus ibat,

    Liv. 37, 13, 8 al. In Plaut. and Ter. advorsum ire, or venire, to go to meet; also of a slave, to go to meet his master and bring him from a place (hence adversitor, q. v.):

    solus nunc eo advorsum hero ex plurimis servis,

    Plaut. Most. 4, 1, 23:

    ei advorsum venimus,

    id. ib. 4, 2, 32; Ter. Ad. 1, 1, 2 Ruhnk.—
    B.
    Prep. with acc., toward or against, in a friendly or a hostile sense.
    1.
    In a friendly sense.
    (α).
    Of place, turned to or toward, opposite to, before, facing, over against: qui cotidie unguentatus adversum speculum ornetur, before the mirror, Scipio ap. Gell. 7, 12:

    adversus advocatos,

    Liv. 45, 7, 5:

    medicus debet residere illustri loco adversus aegrum,

    opposite to the patient, Cels. 3, 6:

    adversus Scyllam vergens in Italiam,

    Plin. 3, 8, 14, § 87:

    Lerina, adversum Antipolim,

    id. 3, 5, 11, § 79.—
    (β).
    In the presence of any one, before:

    egone ut te advorsum mentiar, mater mea?

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 7, 9: idque gratum fuisse advorsum te habeo gratiam, I am thankful that this is acceptable before ( to) thee, Ter. And. 1, 1, 15: paululum adversus praesentem fortitudinem mollitus, somewhat softened at such firmness (of his wife), Tac. A. 15, 63.—Hence very often with verbs of speaking, answering, complaining, etc., to declare or express one's self to any one, to excuse one's self or apologize, and the like: te oportet hoc proloqui advorsum illam mihi, Enn. ap. Non. 232, 24 (Trag. v. 385 Vahl.):

    immo si audias, quae dicta dixit me advorsum tibi,

    what he told me of you, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 47: de vita ac morte domini fabulavere advorsum fratrem illius, Afran. ap. Non. 232, 25:

    mulier, credo, advorsum illum res suas conqueritur,

    Titin. ib. 232, 21:

    utendum est excusatione etiam adversus eos, quos invitus offendas,

    Cic. Off. 2, 19, 68; Tac. A. 3, 71.— With that to which a reply is made, to (= ad):

    adversus ea consul... respondit,

    Liv. 4, 10, 12; 22, 40, 1; cf. Drak. ad 3, 57, 1.—
    (γ).
    In comparison, as if one thing were held toward, set against, or before another (v. ad, I. D. 4.); against, in comparison with, compared to:

    repente lectus adversus veterem imperatorem comparabitur,

    will be compared with, Liv. 24, 8, 8:

    quid autem esse duo prospera bella Samnitium adversus tot decora populi Rom.,

    id. 7, 32, 8.—
    (δ).
    Of demeanor toward one, to, toward:

    quonam modo me gererem adversus Caesarem,

    Cic. Fam. 11, 27, 11:

    te adversus me omnia audere gratum est,

    i. e. on my account, on my behalf, for my advantage, id. ib. 9, 22, 15:

    lentae adversum imperia aures,

    Tac. A. 1, 65.—Esp. often of friendly feeling, love, esteem, respect toward or for one (cf. Ruhnk. ad Ter. And. 4, 1, 15; Manut. ad Cic. Fam. 9, 22; Heusing. ad Cic. Off. 1, 11, 1;

    Hab. Syn. 49): est enim pietas justitia adversus deos,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 41, 116; id. Off. 3, 6, 28:

    adhibenda est igitur quaedam reverentia adversus homines,

    id. ib. 1, 28, 99 Beier:

    sunt quaedam officia adversus eos servanda, a quibus injuriam acceperis,

    id. ib. 1, 11, 33:

    adversus merita ingratissimus,

    Vell. 2, 69, 5:

    summa adversus alios aequitas erat,

    Liv. 3, 33, 8:

    ob egregiam fidem adversus Romanos,

    id. 29, 8, 2; so id. 45, 8, 4 al.:

    beneficentiā adversus supplices utendum,

    Tac. A. 11, 17.— More rarely
    (ε).
    of the general relation of an object or act to a person or thing (v. ad, I. D. 1.), in relation, in respect, or in regard to a thing:

    epistula, ut adversus magistrum morum, modestior,

    as addressed to a censor of manners, Cic. Fam. 3, 13, 8:

    quasi adversus eos acquieverit sententiae,

    in regard to the same, Dig. 49, 1; 3, 1.—
    2.
    In a hostile sense, against (the most usual class. signif. of this word): “Contra et adversus ita differunt, quod contra, ad locum, ut: contra basilicam; adversus, ad animi motum, ut: adversus illum facio; interdum autem promiscue accipitur,” Charis. p. 207 P.; cf. Cort. ad Sall. J. 101, 8:

    advorsum legem accepisti a plurimis pecuniam,

    Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 48:

    advorsum te fabulare illud,

    against thy interest, to thy disadvantage, id. Stich. 4, 2, 11:

    stultus est advorsus aetatem et capitis canitudinem, id. ap. Fest. s. v. canitudinem, p. 47: advorsum animi tui libidinem,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 1, 19:

    adversum leges, adversum rem publicam,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 84, § 195:

    respondebat, SI PARET, ADVERSUM EDICTUM FECISSE,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 28, §

    69: me adversus populum Romanum possem defendere,

    id. Phil. 1, 13 al. —In the histt., of a hostile attack, approach, etc.:

    gladiis districtis impetum adversus montem in cohortes faciunt,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 46:

    adversus se non esse missos exercitus,

    Liv. 3, 66:

    bellum adversum Xerxem moret,

    Aur. Vict. Caes. 24, 3:

    copiis quibus usi adversus Romanum bellum,

    Liv. 8, 2, 5:

    adversus vim atque injuriam pugnantes,

    id. 26, 25, 10 al.:

    T. Quintius adversus Gallos missus est,

    Eutr. 2, 2: Athenienses adversus tantam tempestatem belli duos duces deligunt, Just. 3, 6, 12 al.—Among physicians, of preventives against sickness, against (v. ad, I. A. 2.):

    adversus profusionem in his auxilium est,

    Cels. 5, 26; 6, 27 al.:

    frigidus jam artus et cluso corpore adversum vim veneni,

    Tac. A. 15, 64.— Trop.:

    egregium adversus tempestates receptaculum,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 4; so id. ib. 2, 15, 36.—Hence: firmus, invictus, fortis adversus aliquid (like contra), protected against a thing, firm, fixed, secure:

    advorsum divitias animum invictum gerebat,

    Sall. J. 43, 5:

    invictus adversum gratiam animus,

    Tac. A. 15, 21:

    adversus convicia malosque rumores firmus ac patiens,

    Suet. Tib. 28:

    Adversus omnes fortis feras canis,

    Phaedr. 5, 10, 1; and in opp. sense: infirmus, inferior adversus aliquid, powerless against, unequal to:

    fama, infirmissimum adversus vivos fortes telum,

    Curt. 4, 14:

    infirmus adversum pecuniam,

    Aur. Vict. Caes. 9, 6:

    inferior adversus laborem,

    id. Epit. 40, 20.
    a.
    Adversus is rarely put after the word which it governs:

    egone ut te advorsum mentiar,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 7, 9:

    hunc adversus,

    Nep. Con. 2, 2; id. Tim. 4, 3:

    quos advorsum ierat,

    Sall. J. 101, 8.—
    b.
    It sometimes suffers tmesis:

    Labienum ad Oceanum versus proficisci jubet,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 33:

    animadvortit fugam ad se vorsum fieri,

    Sall. J. 58:

    animum advortere ad se vorsum exercitum pergere,

    id. ib. 69: ad Cordubam versus iter facere coepit, Auct. B. Hisp. 10 and 11; cf. in-versus:

    in Galliam vorsus castra movere,

    Sall. C. 56; Sulp. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 12; Traj. ap. Plin. Ep. 10, 78; the Eng. to-ward: to us ward, Psa. 40, 5; and the Gr. eis-de: eis halade, Hom. Od. 10, 351.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adverto

  • 6 advorto

    ad-verto (archaic advor-), ti, sum, 3, v. a., to turn a thing to or toward a place (in this signif., without animus; mostly poet.; syn.: observare, animadvertere, videre, cognoscere).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen., with in or dat.:

    illa sese huc advorterat in hanc nostram plateam,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 51:

    in quamcunque domus lumina partem,

    Ov. M. 6, 180; cf. id. ib. 8, 482:

    malis numen,

    Verg. A. 4, 611:

    huc aures, huc, quaeso, advertite sensus,

    Sil. 16, 213; cf. id. 6, 105.—
    B.
    Esp., a naut. t. t., to turn, direct, steer a ship to a place:

    classem in portum,

    Liv. 37, 9 Drak.:

    terrae proras,

    Verg. A. 7, 35; id. G. 4, 117 al.:

    Colchos puppim,

    Ov. H. 12, 23.— Absol.:

    profugi advertere coloni,

    landed, Sil. 1, 288;

    hence also transf. to other things: aequore cursum,

    Verg. A. 7, 196:

    pedem ripae,

    id. ib. 6, 386:

    urbi agmen,

    id. ib. 12, 555: adverti with acc. poet. for verti ad:

    Scythicas advertitur oras,

    Ov. M. 5, 649 (cf. adducor litora remis, id. ib. 3, 598, and Rudd. II. p. 327).
    II.
    Fig.
    A.
    Animum (in the poets and Livy also animos, rarely mentem) advertere; absol., or with adv. or ad aliquid, or alicui rei, to direct the mind, thoughts, or attention to a thing, to advert to, give attention to, attend to, to heed, observe, remark:

    si voles advortere animum, Enn. ap. Var. L. L. 7, § 89 Müll. (Trag. v. 386 Vahl.): facete advortis animum tuum ad animum meum,

    Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 39:

    nunc huc animum advortite ambo,

    id. ib. 3, 1, 169:

    advertunt animos ad religionem,

    Lucr. 3, 54:

    monitis animos advertite nostris,

    Ov. M. 15, 140:

    animum etiam levissimis rebus adverterent,

    Tac. A. 13, 49.—With ne, when the object of attention is expressed:

    ut animum advertant, ne quos offendant,

    Cic. Off. 2, 19, 68:

    adverterent animos, ne quid novi tumultūs oriretur,

    Liv. 4, 45.—
    B.
    Animum advertere, to observe a thing by directing the mind to it, to observe, to notice, to remark, to perceive (in the class. period contracted to animadvertere, q. v.).—Constr. with two accusatives, animum advertere aliquid (where aliquid may be regarded as depending on the prep. in comp., Roby, § 1118, or on animum advertere, considered as one idea, to observe), with acc. and inf., or rel. clause (the first mode of construction, most frequent with the pronouns id, hoc, illud, etc., is for the most part ante-class., and appears in Caes., Cic., and Sall. as an archaism):

    et hoc animum advorte,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 43:

    hanc edictionem,

    id. ib. 1, 2, 10:

    haec animum te advertere par est,

    Lucr. 2, 125:

    animum adverti columellam e dumis eminentem,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 23, 65; id. Inv. 2, 51, 153:

    Postquam id animum advertit,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 24; 4, 12:

    quidam Ligus animum advortit inter saxa repentīs cocleas,

    Sall. J. 93, 2. In Vitruv. once with hinc:

    ut etiam possumus hinc animum advertere,

    as we can hence perceive, Vitr. 10, 22, 262.—With the acc. and inf.:

    postquam tantopere id vos velle animum advorteram,

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 8, 16:

    animum advertit magnas esse copiashostium instructas,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 18: cum animum adverteret locum relictum esse, Auct. B. Alex. 31; ib. 46.—With the rel. clause: nunc quam rem vitio dent, quaeso, animum advortite, Ter. And. prol. 8: quid ille sperare possit, animum adverte, Dolab. ap. Cic. Fam. 9, 9:

    quam multarum rerum ipse ignarus esset... animum advertit,

    Liv. 24, 48. Sometimes advertere alone = animum advertere; so once in Cicero's letters: nam advertebatur Pompeii familiares assentiri Volcatio, Fam. 1, 1 (although here, as well as almost everywhere, the readings fluctuate between advertere and animadvertere; cf. Orell. ad h. l.; animadvertebatur, B. and K.). So Verg. in the imp.:

    qua ratione quod instat, Confieri possit, paucis, adverte, docebo,

    attend! Verg. A. 4, 115.—In the histt., esp. Tac. and Pliny, more frequently:

    donec advertit Tiberius,

    Tac. A. 4, 54:

    Zenobiam advertere pastores,

    id. ib. 12, 51:

    advertere quosdam cultu externo in sedibus senatorum,

    id. ib. 13, 54:

    quotiens novum aliquid adverterat,

    id. ib. 15, 30 al.:

    hirudo quam sanguisugam appellari adverto,

    Plin. 8, 10, 10, § 29:

    ut multos adverto credidisse,

    id. 2, 67, 67, § 168. Still more rarely, advertere animo:

    animis advertite vestris,

    Verg. A. 2, 712:

    hanc scientiam ad nostros pervenisse animo adverto,

    Plin. 25, 2, 3, § 5; cf. Drak. ad Liv. 4, 27, 8.—
    C.
    To draw or turn something, esp. the attention of another, to or upon one's self (in the histt.):

    gemitus ac planctus militum aures oraque advertere,

    Tac. A. 1, 41:

    octo aquilae imperatorem advertere,

    id. ib. 2, 17: recentia veteraque odia advertit, drew them on himself, id. ib. 4, 21 al.—
    D.
    To call the attention of one to a definite act, i. e. to admonish of it, to urge to it (cf. II. A.):

    non docet admonitio, sed advertit,

    i. e. directs attention, Sen. Ep. 94:

    advertit ea res Vespasiani animum, ut, etc.,

    Tac. H. 3, 48.—
    E.
    Advertere in aliquem, for the more usual animadvertere in aliquem, to attend to one, i. e. to punish one (only in Tac.):

    in P. Marcium consules more prisco advertere,

    Tac. A. 2, 32:

    ut in reliquos Sejani liberos adverteretur,

    id. ib. 5, 9 (cf. id. Germ. 7, 3: animadvertere).—Hence,
    1.
    adversus (archaic advor-), a, um, P. a., turned to or toward a thing, with the face or front toward, standing over against, opposite, before, in front of (opp. aversus).
    A.
    In gen.:

    solem adversum intueri,

    Cic. Somn. Scip. 5:

    Iris... Mille trahens varios adverso sole colores,

    Verg. A. 4, 701; id. G. 1, 218:

    antipodes adversis vestigiis stant contra nostra vestigia,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 39: dentes adversi acuti ( the sharp front teeth) morsu dividunt escas, Cic. N. D. 2, 54:

    quod is collis, tantum adversus in latitudinem patebat, quantum etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 8 Herz. So, hostes adversi, who make front against one advancing or retreating, id. ib. 2, 24:

    L. Cotta legatus in adversum os fundā vulneratur,

    in front, Caes. B. G. 5, 35; cf. Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 1; Liv. 21, 7 fin. al.; hence, vulnus adversum, a wound in front (on the contr., vulnus aversum, a wound in the back), Cic. Har. Resp. 19:

    adversis vulneribus,

    Aur. Vict. Vir. Illustr. 35, 4:

    judicibus cicatrices adversas ostendere,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 28:

    cicatrices populus Romanus aspiceret adverso corpore exceptas,

    id. Verr. 5, 3:

    impetus hostium adversos, Auct. B. Alex. 8: Romani advorso colle evadunt,

    ascend the hill in front, Sall. J. 52:

    adversa signa,

    Liv. 30, 8:

    legiones quas Visellius et C. Silius adversis itineribus objecerant,

    i. e. marches in which they went to meet the enemy, Tac. A. 3, 42: sed adverso fulgure ( by a flash of lightning falling directly before him) pavefactus est Nero, Suet. Ner. 48:

    armenta egit Hannibal in adversos montes,

    Quint. 2, 17, 19; cf. Lucr. 3, 1013; so Hor. S. 1, 1, 103; 2, 3, 205:

    qui timet his adversa,

    the opposite of this, id. Ep. 1, 6, 9 al. —Hence, of rivers: flumine adverso, up the stream, against the stream:

    in adversum flumen contendere,

    Lucr. 4, 423:

    adverso feruntur flumine,

    id. 6, 720; so Verg. G. 1, 201:

    adverso amne,

    Plin. 18, 6, 7, § 33;

    adverso Tiberi subvehi,

    Aur. Vict. Vir. Illustr. 22, 3 (opp. to secundā aquā, down stream, with the stream:

    rate in secundam aquam labente,

    Liv. 21, 47, 3); and of winds, opposed to a vessel's course, head winds, contrary winds, consequently unfavorable, adverse:

    navigationes adversis ventis praecluduntur, Auct. B. Alex. 8: adversissimi navigantibus venti,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 107.— Subst.: adversum, i, the opposite: hic ventus a septentrionibus oriens adversum tenet Athenis proficiscentibus, [p. 50] holds the opposite to those sailing from Athens, i. e. blows against them, Nep. Milt. 1 (so Nipperdey; but v. Hand, Turs. I. p. 183). — Adv.: ex adverso, also written exadverso and exadversum, opposite to, over against, ek tou enantiou:

    portus ex adverso urbi positus,

    Liv. 45, 10.—With gen.:

    Patrae ex adverso Aetoliae et fluminis Eveni,

    Plin. 4, 4, 5, § 11.—Without case:

    cum ex adverso starent classes,

    Just. 2, 14; so Suet. Caes. 39; Tib. 33.—In adversum, to the opposite side, against:

    et duo in adversum immissi per moenia currus,

    against each other, Prop. 3, 9, 23; so Gell. 2, 30; cf. Verg. A. 8, 237;

    in adversum Romani subiere,

    Liv. 1, 12; 7, 23.—
    B.
    In hostile opposition to, adverse to, unfavorable, unpropitious (opp. secundus; frequent and class.): conqueri fortunam adversam, Pac. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 21, 50:

    hic dies pervorsus atque advorsus mihi obtigit,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 5, 1:

    advorsus nemini,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 37:

    mentes improborum mihi infensae et adversae,

    Cic. Sull. 10:

    acclamatio,

    id. de Or. 2, 83: adversā avi aliquid facere, vet. poët. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 16:

    adversis auspiciis,

    Aur. Vict. Vir. Illustr. 64, 6:

    adversum omen,

    Suet. Vit. 8:

    adversissima auspicia,

    id. Oth. 8: adversae res, misfortune, calamity, adverse fortune:

    ut adversas res, sic secundas immoderate ferre levitatis est,

    Cic. Off. 1, 26; cf.:

    adversi casus,

    Nep. Dat. 5:

    adversae rerum undae,

    a sea of troubles, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 22: omnia secundissima nobis, adversissima illis accidisse, Caes. ap. Cic. Att. 10, 9 (the sup. is found also in Cæs. B. C. 3, 107):

    quae magistratus ille dicet, secundis auribus, quae ab nostrum quo dicentur, adversis accipietis?

    Liv. 6, 40:

    adversus annus frugibus,

    id. 4, 12:

    valetudo adversa,

    i. e. sickness, id. 10, 32:

    adversum proelium,

    an unsuccessful engagement, id. 7, 29; cf.

    8, 31: adverso rumore esse,

    to be in bad repute, to have a bad reputation, Tac. Ann. 14, 11:

    adversa subsellia,

    on which the opposition sit, Quint. 6, 1, 39.—Sometimes met. of feeling, contrary to, hated, hateful, odious:

    quīs omnia regna advorsa sint,

    Sall. J. 83; cf. Luc. 2, 229 Bentl.— Comp.:

    neque est aliud adversius,

    Plin. 32, 4, 14, § 35.—
    * Adv.: adver-sē, self-contradictorily, Gell. 3, 16.— ad-versum, i, subst., esp. in the plur. adversa, misfortune, calamity, disaster, adversity, evil, mischief:

    advorsa ejus per te tecta sient,

    Ter. Hec. 3, 3, 28:

    nihil adversi,

    Cic. Brut. 1, 4:

    si quid adversi accidisset,

    Nep. Alc. 8; cf. Liv. 22, 40; 35, 13:

    secunda felices, adversa magnos probant,

    Plin. Pan. 31;

    esp. freq. in Tac.: prospera et adversa pop. Rom., Ann. 1, 1: adversa tempestatum et fluctuum,

    id. Agr. 25; so id. A. 3, 24; 45; 2, 69; 4, 13 al.— Subst.: adversus, i, m., an opponent, adversary (rare):

    multosque mortalīs ea causa advorsos habeo,

    Sall. C. 52, 7.—In Quint. also once ad-versa, ae, f., subst., a female opponent or adversary: natura noverca fuerit, si facultatem dicendi sociam scelerum, adversam innocentiae, invenit, 12, 1, 2.—
    C.
    In rhet., opposed to another of the same genus, e. g. sapientia and stultitia: “Haec quae ex eodem genere contraria sunt, appellantur adversa,” Cic. Top. 11.
    3.
    adversus or adversum (archaic advor-) (like rursus and rursum, prorsus and prorsum, quorsus and quorsum), adv. and prep., denoting direction to or toward an object (syn.: contra, in with acc., ad, erga).
    A.
    Adv.: opposite to, against, to, or toward a thing, in a friendly or hostile sense:

    ibo advorsum,

    Plaut. As. 2, 2, 29:

    facito, ut venias advorsum mihi,

    id. Men. 2, 3, 82:

    obsecro te, matri ne quid tuae advorsus fuas, Liv. And. ap. Non. s. v. fuam, 111, 12 (Trag. Rel. p. 3 Rib.): quis hic est, qui advorsus it mihi?

    Plaut. Men. 3, 2, 22:

    adversus resistere,

    Nep. Pelop. 1, 3:

    nemo adversus ibat,

    Liv. 37, 13, 8 al. In Plaut. and Ter. advorsum ire, or venire, to go to meet; also of a slave, to go to meet his master and bring him from a place (hence adversitor, q. v.):

    solus nunc eo advorsum hero ex plurimis servis,

    Plaut. Most. 4, 1, 23:

    ei advorsum venimus,

    id. ib. 4, 2, 32; Ter. Ad. 1, 1, 2 Ruhnk.—
    B.
    Prep. with acc., toward or against, in a friendly or a hostile sense.
    1.
    In a friendly sense.
    (α).
    Of place, turned to or toward, opposite to, before, facing, over against: qui cotidie unguentatus adversum speculum ornetur, before the mirror, Scipio ap. Gell. 7, 12:

    adversus advocatos,

    Liv. 45, 7, 5:

    medicus debet residere illustri loco adversus aegrum,

    opposite to the patient, Cels. 3, 6:

    adversus Scyllam vergens in Italiam,

    Plin. 3, 8, 14, § 87:

    Lerina, adversum Antipolim,

    id. 3, 5, 11, § 79.—
    (β).
    In the presence of any one, before:

    egone ut te advorsum mentiar, mater mea?

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 7, 9: idque gratum fuisse advorsum te habeo gratiam, I am thankful that this is acceptable before ( to) thee, Ter. And. 1, 1, 15: paululum adversus praesentem fortitudinem mollitus, somewhat softened at such firmness (of his wife), Tac. A. 15, 63.—Hence very often with verbs of speaking, answering, complaining, etc., to declare or express one's self to any one, to excuse one's self or apologize, and the like: te oportet hoc proloqui advorsum illam mihi, Enn. ap. Non. 232, 24 (Trag. v. 385 Vahl.):

    immo si audias, quae dicta dixit me advorsum tibi,

    what he told me of you, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 47: de vita ac morte domini fabulavere advorsum fratrem illius, Afran. ap. Non. 232, 25:

    mulier, credo, advorsum illum res suas conqueritur,

    Titin. ib. 232, 21:

    utendum est excusatione etiam adversus eos, quos invitus offendas,

    Cic. Off. 2, 19, 68; Tac. A. 3, 71.— With that to which a reply is made, to (= ad):

    adversus ea consul... respondit,

    Liv. 4, 10, 12; 22, 40, 1; cf. Drak. ad 3, 57, 1.—
    (γ).
    In comparison, as if one thing were held toward, set against, or before another (v. ad, I. D. 4.); against, in comparison with, compared to:

    repente lectus adversus veterem imperatorem comparabitur,

    will be compared with, Liv. 24, 8, 8:

    quid autem esse duo prospera bella Samnitium adversus tot decora populi Rom.,

    id. 7, 32, 8.—
    (δ).
    Of demeanor toward one, to, toward:

    quonam modo me gererem adversus Caesarem,

    Cic. Fam. 11, 27, 11:

    te adversus me omnia audere gratum est,

    i. e. on my account, on my behalf, for my advantage, id. ib. 9, 22, 15:

    lentae adversum imperia aures,

    Tac. A. 1, 65.—Esp. often of friendly feeling, love, esteem, respect toward or for one (cf. Ruhnk. ad Ter. And. 4, 1, 15; Manut. ad Cic. Fam. 9, 22; Heusing. ad Cic. Off. 1, 11, 1;

    Hab. Syn. 49): est enim pietas justitia adversus deos,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 41, 116; id. Off. 3, 6, 28:

    adhibenda est igitur quaedam reverentia adversus homines,

    id. ib. 1, 28, 99 Beier:

    sunt quaedam officia adversus eos servanda, a quibus injuriam acceperis,

    id. ib. 1, 11, 33:

    adversus merita ingratissimus,

    Vell. 2, 69, 5:

    summa adversus alios aequitas erat,

    Liv. 3, 33, 8:

    ob egregiam fidem adversus Romanos,

    id. 29, 8, 2; so id. 45, 8, 4 al.:

    beneficentiā adversus supplices utendum,

    Tac. A. 11, 17.— More rarely
    (ε).
    of the general relation of an object or act to a person or thing (v. ad, I. D. 1.), in relation, in respect, or in regard to a thing:

    epistula, ut adversus magistrum morum, modestior,

    as addressed to a censor of manners, Cic. Fam. 3, 13, 8:

    quasi adversus eos acquieverit sententiae,

    in regard to the same, Dig. 49, 1; 3, 1.—
    2.
    In a hostile sense, against (the most usual class. signif. of this word): “Contra et adversus ita differunt, quod contra, ad locum, ut: contra basilicam; adversus, ad animi motum, ut: adversus illum facio; interdum autem promiscue accipitur,” Charis. p. 207 P.; cf. Cort. ad Sall. J. 101, 8:

    advorsum legem accepisti a plurimis pecuniam,

    Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 48:

    advorsum te fabulare illud,

    against thy interest, to thy disadvantage, id. Stich. 4, 2, 11:

    stultus est advorsus aetatem et capitis canitudinem, id. ap. Fest. s. v. canitudinem, p. 47: advorsum animi tui libidinem,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 1, 19:

    adversum leges, adversum rem publicam,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 84, § 195:

    respondebat, SI PARET, ADVERSUM EDICTUM FECISSE,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 28, §

    69: me adversus populum Romanum possem defendere,

    id. Phil. 1, 13 al. —In the histt., of a hostile attack, approach, etc.:

    gladiis districtis impetum adversus montem in cohortes faciunt,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 46:

    adversus se non esse missos exercitus,

    Liv. 3, 66:

    bellum adversum Xerxem moret,

    Aur. Vict. Caes. 24, 3:

    copiis quibus usi adversus Romanum bellum,

    Liv. 8, 2, 5:

    adversus vim atque injuriam pugnantes,

    id. 26, 25, 10 al.:

    T. Quintius adversus Gallos missus est,

    Eutr. 2, 2: Athenienses adversus tantam tempestatem belli duos duces deligunt, Just. 3, 6, 12 al.—Among physicians, of preventives against sickness, against (v. ad, I. A. 2.):

    adversus profusionem in his auxilium est,

    Cels. 5, 26; 6, 27 al.:

    frigidus jam artus et cluso corpore adversum vim veneni,

    Tac. A. 15, 64.— Trop.:

    egregium adversus tempestates receptaculum,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 4; so id. ib. 2, 15, 36.—Hence: firmus, invictus, fortis adversus aliquid (like contra), protected against a thing, firm, fixed, secure:

    advorsum divitias animum invictum gerebat,

    Sall. J. 43, 5:

    invictus adversum gratiam animus,

    Tac. A. 15, 21:

    adversus convicia malosque rumores firmus ac patiens,

    Suet. Tib. 28:

    Adversus omnes fortis feras canis,

    Phaedr. 5, 10, 1; and in opp. sense: infirmus, inferior adversus aliquid, powerless against, unequal to:

    fama, infirmissimum adversus vivos fortes telum,

    Curt. 4, 14:

    infirmus adversum pecuniam,

    Aur. Vict. Caes. 9, 6:

    inferior adversus laborem,

    id. Epit. 40, 20.
    a.
    Adversus is rarely put after the word which it governs:

    egone ut te advorsum mentiar,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 7, 9:

    hunc adversus,

    Nep. Con. 2, 2; id. Tim. 4, 3:

    quos advorsum ierat,

    Sall. J. 101, 8.—
    b.
    It sometimes suffers tmesis:

    Labienum ad Oceanum versus proficisci jubet,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 33:

    animadvortit fugam ad se vorsum fieri,

    Sall. J. 58:

    animum advortere ad se vorsum exercitum pergere,

    id. ib. 69: ad Cordubam versus iter facere coepit, Auct. B. Hisp. 10 and 11; cf. in-versus:

    in Galliam vorsus castra movere,

    Sall. C. 56; Sulp. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 12; Traj. ap. Plin. Ep. 10, 78; the Eng. to-ward: to us ward, Psa. 40, 5; and the Gr. eis-de: eis halade, Hom. Od. 10, 351.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > advorto

  • 7 denuncio

    dē-nuntĭo ( - cĭo), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. Orig. t. t. in the lang. of pub. law, relig., and jurispr., to give an official intimation, to make an official announcement or declaration of one's intentions (by means of a messenger, herald, etc.); to announce, intimate, declare, = nuntiando declarare; and with a foll. ut or merely the subjunctive, to intimate, order, command (for syn. cf.: edico, indico, narro, nuntio, refero, defero, renuntio, enuntio, dico).
    I.
    Prop.
    A.
    Polit. lang.
    (α).
    With acc.:

    ut omne bellum, quod denuntiatum indictumque non esset, id injustum esse atque impium judicaretur,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 17;

    so with indictum,

    id. ib. 2, 23 fin. (Fragm. ap. Isid. Orig. 18, 1, 3); id. Off. 1, 11, 36; cf.:

    quos senatus ad denuntiandum bellum miserat,

    id. Fam. 12, 24:

    utrum paucorum ea denuntiata an universae civitatis essent,

    Liv. 24, 37 fin.
    (β).
    With acc. and inf.:

    quod sibi Caesar denuntiaret, se Aeduorum injurias non neglecturum, etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 36, 6:

    cum se scire quae fierent denuntiaret,

    id. ib. 5, 54; Liv. 45, 1 fin. et saep. —And with inf. alone:

    denuntiat centurionibus exsequi caedem,

    Tac. A. 11, 37.—
    (γ).
    With ut or ne: Gaditanos denuntiavisse Gallonio, ut sua sponte excederet Gadibus;

    si id non fecisset, sibi consilium capturos,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 20, 3; cf. Liv. 7, 31:

    nationibus denuntiare, uti auxilia mittant,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 10; cf.:

    per vicos urbesque, ut commeatus expedirent,

    Liv. 44, 26:

    simul denuntiavit ut essent animi parati,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 86 fin.: cf.:

    dictator magistro equitum denuntiavit, ut sese loco teneret, neu, etc.,

    Liv. 8, 30; and so with ne, id. 9, 36 fin.; Vulg. Act. 4, 18.—
    (δ).
    With simp. subj.:

    (legati) denuntient Gallicis populis, multitudinem suam domi contineant,

    Liv. 39, 54 fin.; cf. Suet. Calig. 55:

    (Alcibiades) denuntiavit his (militibus), qui in stationibus erant, observarent lumen, etc.,

    Front. Strat. 3, 12, 1 al. —
    B.
    In relig. lang.
    (α).
    With acc.:

    quibus portentis magna populo Romano bella denuntiabantur,

    Cic. Div. 1, 43, 97:

    caedem Caesari evidentibus prodigiis,

    Suet. Caes. 81 init.; cf. id. Aug. 94; 96; Verg. A. 3, 366 al.—
    (β).
    With ut:

    si quid tale acciderit, ut a deo denuntiatum videatur, ut exeamus e vita,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 49, 118.—
    C.
    In jurid. lang.
    (α).
    Alicui testimonium, to summon a witness:

    si accusator voluerit testimonium eis denuntiare,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 38, 110 (cf.:

    denuntiatio testimonii,

    id. Fl. 6, 14); so,

    testibus: quoniam duo genera sunt testium, aut voluntariorum aut eorum, quibus in judiciis publicis lege denuntiatur,

    Quint. 5, 7, 9; cf. ib. § 15; Plin. Ep. 6, 5, 2.— Absol.:

    non denuntiavi,

    Cic. Fl. 15, 35.—
    (β).
    To give notice of a suit or process, Dig. 5, 3, 20, § 6 fin.:

    de isto fundo, Cic. Caecin., 32, 95: in foro denuntiat fundum illum suum esse,

    id. ib. 7, 19.—
    (γ).
    Litem denuntiare, to summon for immediate trial (late Lat.), Symm. Ep. 10, 52; Aur. Vict. Caes. 16, 11.—
    II.
    Transf. beyond the technical sphere, to announce, intimate, declare; to denounce, menace, threaten; with ut, or merely the subjunct., to intimate, order, command. —
    A.
    Of personal subjects.
    (α).
    With acc.:

    ille inimicitias mihi denuntiavit,

    Cic. Phil. 5, 7, 19; cf.:

    populo Romano servitutem,

    id. ib. 5, 8, 21:

    proscriptionem, caedem, direptionem,

    id. Sest. 20, 46; cf. id. ib. 17 fin.; id. Mur. 24 fin. et saep.:

    oculis et aspectu vim tribuniciam,

    id. Agr. 2, 5, 13; id. Att. 13, 12, 3.—
    (β).
    With acc. and inf.:

    Sex. Alfenus denuntiat, sese procuratorem esse,

    Cic. Quint. 6, 27; cf. id. Phil. 6, 3 (with testificor and ante praedico):

    cum se ad omnia, de quibus quisque audire vellet esse paratum denuntiaret,

    id. de Or. 1, 22, 103; id. Rep. 3, 11 fin. et saep.—
    (γ).
    With a relative clause:

    denuntiasti homo adulescens, quid de summa reipublicae sentires,

    Cic. Planc. 22.—
    (δ).
    With ut: mihi Lupus noster subito denuntiavit, ut ad to [p. 548] scriberem, Cic. Fam. 11, 25.—
    (ε).
    With simple subjunctive, = moneo, praedico, ante denuntio, abstineant, etc., Cic. Verr. 1, 12 fin.
    (ζ).
    With de:

    de isto fundo,

    Cic. Caecin. 32 fin.
    (η).
    Absol.:

    monente et denuntiante te,

    Cic. Fam. 4, 3; id. Quint. 17. —
    B.
    Of subjects not personal, to give notice, make known, signify, indicate:

    terra continens adventus hostium multis indiciis ante denuntiat,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 3:

    illa arma non periculum nobis sed praesidium denuntiant,

    id. Mil. 1, 3:

    si ante exortum nubes globabuntur, hiemem asperam denuntiabunt, etc.,

    Plin. 18, 35, 78, § 344:

    caeruleus (color) pluviam denuntiat, igneus euros,

    Verg. G. 1, 453:

    hoc juncti boves, hoc paratus equus, hoc data arma denuntiant,

    Tac. G. 18 fin.:

    arbor statim pestem denuntians,

    Plin. 13, 22, 38, § 118.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > denuncio

  • 8 denuntio

    dē-nuntĭo ( - cĭo), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. Orig. t. t. in the lang. of pub. law, relig., and jurispr., to give an official intimation, to make an official announcement or declaration of one's intentions (by means of a messenger, herald, etc.); to announce, intimate, declare, = nuntiando declarare; and with a foll. ut or merely the subjunctive, to intimate, order, command (for syn. cf.: edico, indico, narro, nuntio, refero, defero, renuntio, enuntio, dico).
    I.
    Prop.
    A.
    Polit. lang.
    (α).
    With acc.:

    ut omne bellum, quod denuntiatum indictumque non esset, id injustum esse atque impium judicaretur,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 17;

    so with indictum,

    id. ib. 2, 23 fin. (Fragm. ap. Isid. Orig. 18, 1, 3); id. Off. 1, 11, 36; cf.:

    quos senatus ad denuntiandum bellum miserat,

    id. Fam. 12, 24:

    utrum paucorum ea denuntiata an universae civitatis essent,

    Liv. 24, 37 fin.
    (β).
    With acc. and inf.:

    quod sibi Caesar denuntiaret, se Aeduorum injurias non neglecturum, etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 36, 6:

    cum se scire quae fierent denuntiaret,

    id. ib. 5, 54; Liv. 45, 1 fin. et saep. —And with inf. alone:

    denuntiat centurionibus exsequi caedem,

    Tac. A. 11, 37.—
    (γ).
    With ut or ne: Gaditanos denuntiavisse Gallonio, ut sua sponte excederet Gadibus;

    si id non fecisset, sibi consilium capturos,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 20, 3; cf. Liv. 7, 31:

    nationibus denuntiare, uti auxilia mittant,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 10; cf.:

    per vicos urbesque, ut commeatus expedirent,

    Liv. 44, 26:

    simul denuntiavit ut essent animi parati,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 86 fin.: cf.:

    dictator magistro equitum denuntiavit, ut sese loco teneret, neu, etc.,

    Liv. 8, 30; and so with ne, id. 9, 36 fin.; Vulg. Act. 4, 18.—
    (δ).
    With simp. subj.:

    (legati) denuntient Gallicis populis, multitudinem suam domi contineant,

    Liv. 39, 54 fin.; cf. Suet. Calig. 55:

    (Alcibiades) denuntiavit his (militibus), qui in stationibus erant, observarent lumen, etc.,

    Front. Strat. 3, 12, 1 al. —
    B.
    In relig. lang.
    (α).
    With acc.:

    quibus portentis magna populo Romano bella denuntiabantur,

    Cic. Div. 1, 43, 97:

    caedem Caesari evidentibus prodigiis,

    Suet. Caes. 81 init.; cf. id. Aug. 94; 96; Verg. A. 3, 366 al.—
    (β).
    With ut:

    si quid tale acciderit, ut a deo denuntiatum videatur, ut exeamus e vita,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 49, 118.—
    C.
    In jurid. lang.
    (α).
    Alicui testimonium, to summon a witness:

    si accusator voluerit testimonium eis denuntiare,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 38, 110 (cf.:

    denuntiatio testimonii,

    id. Fl. 6, 14); so,

    testibus: quoniam duo genera sunt testium, aut voluntariorum aut eorum, quibus in judiciis publicis lege denuntiatur,

    Quint. 5, 7, 9; cf. ib. § 15; Plin. Ep. 6, 5, 2.— Absol.:

    non denuntiavi,

    Cic. Fl. 15, 35.—
    (β).
    To give notice of a suit or process, Dig. 5, 3, 20, § 6 fin.:

    de isto fundo, Cic. Caecin., 32, 95: in foro denuntiat fundum illum suum esse,

    id. ib. 7, 19.—
    (γ).
    Litem denuntiare, to summon for immediate trial (late Lat.), Symm. Ep. 10, 52; Aur. Vict. Caes. 16, 11.—
    II.
    Transf. beyond the technical sphere, to announce, intimate, declare; to denounce, menace, threaten; with ut, or merely the subjunct., to intimate, order, command. —
    A.
    Of personal subjects.
    (α).
    With acc.:

    ille inimicitias mihi denuntiavit,

    Cic. Phil. 5, 7, 19; cf.:

    populo Romano servitutem,

    id. ib. 5, 8, 21:

    proscriptionem, caedem, direptionem,

    id. Sest. 20, 46; cf. id. ib. 17 fin.; id. Mur. 24 fin. et saep.:

    oculis et aspectu vim tribuniciam,

    id. Agr. 2, 5, 13; id. Att. 13, 12, 3.—
    (β).
    With acc. and inf.:

    Sex. Alfenus denuntiat, sese procuratorem esse,

    Cic. Quint. 6, 27; cf. id. Phil. 6, 3 (with testificor and ante praedico):

    cum se ad omnia, de quibus quisque audire vellet esse paratum denuntiaret,

    id. de Or. 1, 22, 103; id. Rep. 3, 11 fin. et saep.—
    (γ).
    With a relative clause:

    denuntiasti homo adulescens, quid de summa reipublicae sentires,

    Cic. Planc. 22.—
    (δ).
    With ut: mihi Lupus noster subito denuntiavit, ut ad to [p. 548] scriberem, Cic. Fam. 11, 25.—
    (ε).
    With simple subjunctive, = moneo, praedico, ante denuntio, abstineant, etc., Cic. Verr. 1, 12 fin.
    (ζ).
    With de:

    de isto fundo,

    Cic. Caecin. 32 fin.
    (η).
    Absol.:

    monente et denuntiante te,

    Cic. Fam. 4, 3; id. Quint. 17. —
    B.
    Of subjects not personal, to give notice, make known, signify, indicate:

    terra continens adventus hostium multis indiciis ante denuntiat,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 3:

    illa arma non periculum nobis sed praesidium denuntiant,

    id. Mil. 1, 3:

    si ante exortum nubes globabuntur, hiemem asperam denuntiabunt, etc.,

    Plin. 18, 35, 78, § 344:

    caeruleus (color) pluviam denuntiat, igneus euros,

    Verg. G. 1, 453:

    hoc juncti boves, hoc paratus equus, hoc data arma denuntiant,

    Tac. G. 18 fin.:

    arbor statim pestem denuntians,

    Plin. 13, 22, 38, § 118.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > denuntio

  • 9 evenio

    ē-vĕnĭo, vēni, ventum, 4 ( praes. subj. evenat, Enn. ap. Non. 507, 20; Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 3; id. Mil. 4, 1, 19:

    evenant,

    id. Ep. 3, 1, 2), v. n., to come out, come forth.
    I.
    Lit. (very rare):

    merses profundo: pulchrior evenit,

    Hor. C. 4, 4, 65:

    tota arundo serius praedicto tempore evenit,

    comes up, grows up, Col. 4, 32, 2:

    sine modo rus eveniat,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 8, 1:

    Capuam,

    id. Rud. 3, 2, 17; cf.:

    evenit sermo Samuelis Israeli,

    Vulg. 1 Reg. 3, 21.—Far more freq. and class.,
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen., to fall out, come to pass, happen; and with alicui, to befall, happen to, betide one (v. 2. accido, II., and 1. contingo, II. B. 3. b.):

    in hominum aetate multa eveniunt hujusmodi,

    Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 57 sq.; cf.:

    maxime id in rebus publicis evenit,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 44:

    timebam, ne evenirent ea, quae acciderunt,

    id. Fam. 6, 21; cf. id. Planc. 6, 15; Sall. C. 51, 26:

    quid homini potest turpius, quid viro miserius aut acerbius usu venire? quod tantum evenire dedecus?

    Cic. Quint. 15, 49:

    quem (sc. tyrannum) si optimates oppresserunt, quod ferme evenit, habet, etc.,

    id. Rep. 1, 42; cf.:

    quod evenit saepius,

    id. ib.:

    quod plerumque evenit,

    id. ib.; 2, 28 fin.:

    hoc in hac conformatione rei publicae non sine magnis principum vitiis evenit,

    id. ib. 1, 45 fin.:

    ut alia Tusculi, alia Romae eveniat saepe tempestas,

    id. Div. 2, 45:

    quota enim quaeque res evenit praedicta ab istis? aut si evenit quippiam: quid afferri potest, cur non casu id evenerit?

    id. ib. 2, 24, 52:

    ubi pax evenerat,

    had been concluded, Sall. C. 9, 3 et saep.:

    vereor, ne idem eveniat in meas litteras,

    that the same thing will happen to my letter, Cic. Fam. 2, 10.— Impers., it happens (cf.: accidit, incidit, contigit, obtingit, fit), with ut:

    evenit, senibus ambobus simul Iter ut esset,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 15; so Cic. Inv. 1, 35; Brutus ap. Cic. de Or. 2, 55, 224; Quint. 1, 5, 28; 2, 12, 5 et saep.; with quod, Enn. ap. Non. 507, 20 (cf. 2. accido):

    ob id, quod furtum fecit servus, evenit, quo minus eum habere domino liceat,

    Dig. 30, 1, 45.—With dat.:

    illi divitiae evenerunt maxumae,

    Plaut. Men. prol. 67; cf.:

    damna evenerunt maxuma misero mihi,

    id. Stich. 1, 3, 56:

    merito sibi ea evenerunt a me,

    id. Capt. 2, 3, 55:

    cum mihi nihil improviso evenisset,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 4:

    quibus (improbis) utinam ipsis evenissent ea, quae tum homines precabantur!

    id. Sest. 33; cf. id. Fin. 1, 16, 53 et saep.:

    L. Genucio consuli ea provincia sorte evenit,

    fell to, Liv. 7, 6;

    in the same sense without sorte,

    Sall. J. 35, 3; Liv. 2, 40 fin.; 9, 41 et saep.: si quid sibi eveniret, if any thing should happen to himself, euphemist. for if he should die, Suet. Caes. 86 Ruhnk.; Vop. Prob. 6 fin.; cf.:

    si in Pompeio quid humani evenisset,

    Sall. H. Fragm. 5, 8, p. 244 ed. Gerl. (v. 2. accido, II.).—
    B.
    In partic., to proceed, follow, result (as a consequence) from any thing; to turn out, issue, end in any way (cf. evado, I. B. 2.; evado is used both of [p. 667] persons and things, but evenio only of things):

    eventus est alicujus exitus negotii, in quo quaeri solet, quid ex quaque re evenerit, eveniat, eventurum sit, etc.,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 28, 42:

    ut nobis haec habitatio bona, fausta, felix fortunataque eveniat,

    Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 3:

    quae (auspicia) sibi secunda evenerint,

    Cic. Div. 1, 15, 27 (al. secunde); cf. Suet. Vit. 9:

    cuncta prospera eventura,

    Sall. J. 63, 1; cf. Liv. 21, 21; 37, 47:

    quoniam quae occulte tentaverat, aspera foedaque evenerant (opp. prospere cessere),

    Sall. C. 26 fin. Kritz.; cf.:

    si adversa pugna evenisset,

    Liv. 8, 31:

    ut ea res mihi magistratuique bene atque feliciter eveniret,

    Cic. Mur. 1; so,

    bene ac feliciter,

    Liv. 31, 5; cf. feliciter, * Caes. B. G. 4, 25, 3:

    prospere,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 12, 2 (with cadere); so,

    prospere,

    Plaut. Ps. 2, 1, 1; Cic. N. D. 2, 66 fin.; Liv. 9, 19:

    bene,

    Sall. J. 92, 3; cf.:

    male istis eveniat,

    Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 39:

    vides omnia fere contra ac dicta sint evenisse,

    Cic. Div. 2, 24 fin.; cf.:

    quod si fors aliter quam voles evenerit,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 5, 37:

    si quid praeter spem evenit,

    Ter. And. 2, 6, 5; id. Ad. 5, 3, 29; id. Phorm. 2, 1, 16; 21:

    quoniam haec evenerunt nostra ex sententia,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 9, 89; cf. Ter. Heaut. 4, 5, 17; id. Hec. 5, 4, 32:

    istaec blanda dicta quo eveniant,

    Plaut. Most. 2, 1, 48; so,

    quo,

    id. ib. 1, 2, 52; id. Bacch. 1, 2, 36; cf.

    quorsum,

    Ter. Hec. 1, 2, 118.—Hence, ēventum, i, n. (acc. to evenio, II.).
    A. 1.
    In gen. (rare):

    semper me causae eventorum magis movent quam ipsa eventa,

    Cic. Att. 9, 5, 2:

    plurimorum seculorum et eventorum memoria,

    id. Rep. 3, 9, 14:

    si cujusque facti et eventi causa ponetur,

    id. Part. Or. 9, 32.—
    2.
    In Lucr. opp. conjunctum, of the external conditions, or accidents, of persons and things (as poverty, riches, freedom, etc.), Lucr. 1, 450; 458; 467; 470 al.—
    3.
    Alicujus, that which befalls one, experience, fortune:

    ei qui sciunt quid aliis acciderit, facile ex aliorum eventis suis rationibus possunt providere,

    Auct. Her. 4, 9, 13:

    ut te ex nostris eventis communibus admonendum putarem,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 7, 9:

    fabula rerum eventorumque nostrorum,

    id. ib. 5, 12, 6:

    cui omnia pendere ex alterius eventis coguntur,

    id. Tusc. 5, 12, 36:

    plures aliorum eventis docentur,

    Tac. A. 4, 33.—
    B.
    The issue, consequence, result, effect of an action (cf.: exitus, eventus, successus, obitus, occasus), freq. in Cic., usually plur.:

    consilia eventis ponderare,

    Cic. Rab. Post. 1;

    so opp. facta,

    id. Pis. 41; Fragm. ap. Non. 204, 6;

    opp. causae,

    id. Div. 1, 6 fin.; id. Top. 18:

    quorum praedicta quotidie videat re et eventis refelli,

    id. Div. 2, 47 fin. —In sing., Cic. Att. 3, 8, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > evenio

  • 10 eventus

    ēventus, ūs, m. [evenio, II.].
    I.
    An occurrence, accident, event; fortune, fate, lot (rare but class.):

    mihi a peritis in Asia praedictum est, fore eos eventus rerum qui acciderunt,

    Cic. Div. 1, 28:

    in incerto reliqui temporis eventu,

    id. Quint. 26, 83; Tac. Agr. 22; id. A. 2, 26:

    maerere hoc ejus (sc. Scipionis) eventu, vereor ne invidi magis quam amici sit,

    Cic. Lael. 4, 14:

    militum,

    Liv. 7, 26; cf. id. 7, 8; 8, 7 al.:

    navium suarum,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 31:

    patriae,

    Liv. 33, 48 et saep.:

    quid reliquis acciderit, qui quosque eventus exciperent,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 21 fin.; cf. id. ib. 2, 5 fin. —Far more freq.,
    II.
    The ( lucky or unlucky) issue, consequence, result of an action (for syn. cf.: eventum, exitus, successus), in sing. and plur.:

    eventus est alicujus exitus negotii,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 28, 42:

    in rebus magnis memoriaque dignis consilia primum, deinde acta, postea eventus exspectantur,

    id. de Or. 2, 15, 63: etiam amplissimorum virorum consilia ex eventu, non ex voluntate a plerisque probari solent, Balbus et Oppius ap. Cic. Att. 9, 7 A:

    sceleris est poena tristis, et praeter eos eventus, qui sequuntur, per se ipsa maxima est,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 17, 43 et saep.: semper ad eventum festinat (poëta), to the end, issue, event, Hor. A. P. 148:

    interim rei eventum experiri,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 3 fin.; so with gen.:

    belli,

    id. ib. 6, 42, 1; id. B. C. 1, 53 fin.; 2, 32, 10:

    pugnae,

    id. B. G. 7, 49 fin.:

    ejus diei,

    id. B. C. 3, 96, 1:

    orationis,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 26, 120:

    dicendi,

    id. ib. 1, 27, 123 et saep.—

    Prov.: eventus docet... stultorum iste magister est,

    Liv. 22, 39.—
    B.
    Esp., good fortune, success:

    egi ego pro Vareno non sine eventu,

    Plin. Ep. 5, 20, 2:

    atque illi modo cauti prompti post eventum ac magniloqui erant,

    Tac. Agr. 27: cf.:

    satis jam eventuum, satis casuum,

    id. A. 2, 26.—
    C.
    Personified:

    Bonus Eventus,

    Good Success, a guardian deity of the Roman husbandmen, Varr. R. R. 1, 1, 6; Plin. 34, 8, 19, § 77; Inscr. Orell. 1780 sq.; in the dat. also:

    BONO EVENTO,

    ib. 1783; cf.:

    DEO SANCTO EVENTO,

    ib. 1785.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > eventus

  • 11 num-quid

        num-quid adv.    interrog.—In a direct question, a strengthened num: Numquid meministi? can't you remember? T.: numquid Audiret leviora, pater si viveret? H.: Numquid nam amplius tibi cum illā fuit? T.—In an indirect question, whether, whether at all: scire, numquid necesse sit.

    Latin-English dictionary > num-quid

  • 12 quid

        quid adv. interrog.    [ acc n. of quis], in what respect? what? how? to what extent?: Quid! quid venire in mentem possit? T.: Quid comedent! ebibent! How! T.: quid si illud addimus? how if?: quid ita? How so?: quid deinde? what then?: quid tum?: quid igitur?: quid postea? what next?: quid enim? what of it?: quid ergo? Cs.— In view of what? why? wherefore?: quid festinas? what's your hurry? T.: sed quid ego argumentor? quid plura disputo?: me quid pudeat?—With ni (in rhet. questions; often written quidni; always with subj. or ellipt.), why not?: Clinia haec fieri videbat? Me. quid ni? T.: quidni, inquit, meminerim?: quidni iste neget?

    Latin-English dictionary > quid

  • 13 quid nam or quidnam

        quid nam or quidnam adv.    interrog, why, pray? why in the world? (old): quid nam Pamphi lum exanimatum video? T.

    Latin-English dictionary > quid nam or quidnam

  • 14 quid-nī

        quid-nī    see quid.

    Latin-English dictionary > quid-nī

  • 15 quid

    quid, v. 1. quis.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > quid

  • 16 Cave quid dicis, quando, et cui

    Beware what you say, when, and to whom

    Latin Quotes (Latin to English) > Cave quid dicis, quando, et cui

  • 17 Ne quid nimis

    Nothing in excess. (Terence)

    Latin Quotes (Latin to English) > Ne quid nimis

  • 18 Nescio quid dicas

    Latin Quotes (Latin to English) > Nescio quid dicas

  • 19 Nil actum credens dum quid superesset agendum

    Thinking nothing done, while anything was yet to do

    Latin Quotes (Latin to English) > Nil actum credens dum quid superesset agendum

  • 20 Nil actum reputa si quid superest agendum

    Don't consider that anything has been done if anything is left to be done. (Lucan)

    Latin Quotes (Latin to English) > Nil actum reputa si quid superest agendum


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