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si+debitores+defecerint+dig

  • 1 dēbeo

        dēbeo uī, itus, ēre    [for dehibeō; de + habeo], to withhold, keep back: alqd tibi absenti: tibi hoc video non posse deberi, i. e. you will not consent to remain my creditor.—To owe, be in debt: illis quibus debui, T.: ut illi quam plurimi deberent, S.: qui se debere fateantur (i. e. debitores esse), Cs.: (argentum) Bacchidi, T.: pecuniam Cluvio: pecuniam pro domo: grandem pecuniam, S.: Quid si animam debet, is over head and ears in debt, T.: pecunia iamdiu debita: legioni frumentum deberi sciebat, Cs.—With acc, to owe, be under obligation to give, be bound to render: hoc tibi pro servitio, T.: ei res p. gratiam debet: patriae quid debeat, what are his duties, H.: dies Longa videtur opus debentibus, to laborers, H.: nil caelestibus, V.: Navis, quae debes Vergilium art responsible for, H.—With inf, to be bound, be under obligation, ought, must, should: ferre contra patriam arma debuerunt?: Africam sorte obtinere, Cs.: hoc rescribere, H.: summae se iniquitatis condemnari debere, si, etc., Cs.: dici beatus Ante obitum nemo debet, O.: Nec quā debebat (sc. amare), amabat, within the bounds of duty, O.— Pass, to be due, be owing: Veneri reliquum tempus deberi arbitrabatur: hoc nunc Laus illi debetur, H.— To be bound, be destined, be fated, owe by fate: fatis iuvenescere debent geniti, O.: Urbem cerno debere nepotes, are destined to found, O.: ventis ludibrium, H.: cui regnum Romanaque tellus Debentur, V.: Debemus morti nos nostraque, H.: Omnia debentur vobis, O.—Fig., to owe, be indebted for, have to thank for: beneficium Maximo: vobis omnia, Cs.: quantum cuique deberet, N.: Priami plurima natis, V.: fac me multis debere, am under obligations: tibi nos debere fatemur, Quod, etc., O.
    * * *
    debere, debui, debitus V
    owe; be indebted/responsible for/obliged/bound/destined; ought, must, should

    Latin-English dictionary > dēbeo

  • 2 dis-crepō

        dis-crepō uī, —, āre,    to differ in sound, be discordant, fail to harmonize: (fides) paulum.—Fig., to disagree, be inconsistent, be different, vary, differ, be at odds: si quid discrepet: quae inter conlegas discrepare videatis: tres duces discrepantes, prope ut defecerint, L.: nec multum discrepat aetas, V.: nullā in re: in eo inter se: oratio verbis discrepat, sententiis congruens: de ceteris rebus: ab aliorum iudiciis: factum a sententiā legis: facta cum dictis: sibi: Vino acinaces discrepat, H.: Primo ne medium discrepet, H.—To be disputed, be in question: causa latendi discrepat, O.— Impers: cum de legibus conveniret, de latore tantum discreparet, L.: inter auctores: nec discrepat, quin, etc., L.: cum haud ferme discreparet, quin, etc., hardly a doubt remained, Cs.

    Latin-English dictionary > dis-crepō

  • 3 consenesco

    con-sĕnesco, nŭi, 3, v. inch., to grow old together, to grow or become old or gray (class. in prose and poetry).
    I.
    Lit.:

    (Baucis et Philemon) illā consenuere casā,

    Ov. M. 8, 634: socerorum in armis, * Hor. C. 3, 5, 8; cf.:

    in patriā meā,

    Ov. Tr. 4, 8, 12:

    alieno in agro (exercitus),

    Liv. 9, 19, 6:

    in exilio,

    id. 35, 34, 7:

    in ultimo terrarum orbis angulo,

    Vell. 2, 102, 3:

    circa Casilinum Cumasque,

    Liv. 30, 20, 9:

    Smyrnae,

    Suet. Gram. 6.—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    In Quint., to grow old or gray in an occupation, to follow it too long:

    in commentariis rhetorum,

    Quint. 3, 8, 67 in quā umbrā, id. 10, 5, 17; and:

    in unā ejus specie,

    id. 12, 11, 16.—
    B.
    In a more general sense (causa pro effectu), to become weak, infirm, powerless, to waste away, fall into disuse, decay, fade, lose force, etc.
    1.
    With living subjects:

    prae maerore atque aegritudine,

    Plaut. Stich. 1, 3, 63; cf. id. Capt. 1, 2, 25:

    in manibus alicujus et gremio maerore et lacrimis,

    Cic. Clu. 5, 13; Liv. 35, 34, 7:

    (columbae) si inclusae consenescunt,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 7, 6; so id. ib. 3, 9, 14:

    veturno,

    Col. 7, 5, 3.—
    b.
    Trop., to lose consideration or respect: omnes illius partis auctores ac socios nullo adversario consenescere. Cic. Att. 2, 23, 2.—
    2.
    With inanimate subjects: ova consenescunt, Varr R. R. 3, 9, 8; cf.:

    vinea soli vitio consenuit,

    Col. 4, 22, 8:

    veru in manibus,

    Plaut. Rud. 5, 2, 15; cf.:

    consenuit haec tabula carie,

    Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 91: haut ulla carina Consenuit, not one has grown old, i. e. all have perished, Prop. 3, 7 (4, 6), 36: (nobis) viget aetas, animus valet; contra illis annis atque divitiis omnia consenuerunt, Sall. C. 20, 10 Kritz and Fabri:

    quamvis consenuerint vires atque defecerint,

    Cic. Sen. 9, 29;

    with vires,

    Liv. 6, 23, 7:

    animum quoque patris consenuisse in adfecto corpore,

    id. 9, 3, 8: noster amicus Magnus, cujus cognomen unā cum Crassi Divitis cognomine consenescit. Cic. Att. 2, 13, 2:

    veteres leges aut. ipsā suā vetustate consenuisse aut novis legibus esse sublatas,

    id. de Or. 1, 58, 247;

    so of laws,

    Liv. 3, 31, 7:

    invidia,

    Cic. Clu. 2, 5:

    rabies et impetus,

    Flor. 3, 3, 5:

    oratio dimetiendis pedibus,

    Quint. 9, 4, 112.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > consenesco

  • 4 defecti

    dē-fĭcĭo, fēci, fectum, 3 ( perf. subj.: defexit, an old formula in Liv. 1, 24 fin., see below, no. III. fin. In the pass., besides the regular form deficior, ante- and postclass., once in Verg., Propert., and Livy, like fīo, eri: defit, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19; Plaut. Mil. 4, 6, 46; Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 12; Lucr. 2, 1142; Verg. E. 2, 22; Prop. 1, 1, 34:

    deflunt,

    Gell. 20, 8, 5:

    defiat,

    Plaut. Men. 1, 4, 3; id. Rud. 4, 4, 63:

    defiet,

    Liv. 9, 11:

    defieri,

    Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 2; cf. conficio init.), v. a. and n. [facio], orig., to loosen, set free, remove from; but it passed over at a very early period into the middle sense, to loosen from one's self, to remove one's self, to break loose from; and then gradually assumed the character of a new verb. act., with the meaning to leave, desert, [p. 530] depart from something, or absol., to depart, cease, fail. (For syn. cf.: desum, absum, descisco, negligo.)
    I.
    Act. in the middle sense, to remove one's self, separate one's self, to withdraw (cf. the Greek aphistanai).—Hence, to forsake, desert, abandon, revolt.
    A.
    Lit.:

    ab amicitia P. R.,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 3, 3; 7, 39, 3:

    ab Aeduis,

    id. ib. 2, 14, 3:

    ab rege,

    Sall. J. 56, 3; cf. ib. 66:

    (consules) a senatu, a republica, a bonis omnibus defecerant,

    Cic. Planc. 35; cf.:

    a republica,

    id. Cat. 11, 28; id. Fam. 12, 10; id. Sull. 12, 35:

    ab imperio ac nomine nostro,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 31 et saep.:

    a patribus ad plebem,

    to go over, Liv. 6, 20:

    ad se,

    Sall. J. 61; cf.:

    ad Poenos,

    Liv. 22, 61.— Absol.:

    civitates quae defecerant,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 17, 2; 5, 25, 4; 7, 10 al.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    si a virtute defeceris,

    forsake, Cic. Lael. 11, 37:

    si utilitas ab amicitia defecerit,

    id. Fin. 2, 24, 79:

    ut a me ipse deficerem,

    id. Fam. 2, 16.—Hence,
    II.
    As a verb. act., to leave a person or thing, to desert, to fail, forsake, be wanting to (of things;

    very rarely of personal subjects): quem jam sanguis viresque deficiunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 50 fin.; so,

    vires,

    id. B. C. 3, 99 fin.; Cic. de Or. 1, 45, 199:

    me Leontina civitas,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 46, § 110; id. ib. 2, 5, 28 fin.; Hor. S. 2, 1, 13 et saep.:

    res eos jam pridem, fides deficere nuper coepit,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 5, 10:

    me dies, vox, latera deficiant, si, etc.,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 21 (imitated word for word, Plin. Ep. 3, 9, 9); cf.:

    ne te de republica disserentem deficiat oratio,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 23; and:

    tempus te citius quam oratio deficeret,

    id. Rosc. Am. 32:

    animus si te non deficit aequus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 30:

    somnus sollicitas domus,

    Tib. 3, 4, 20: genitor Phaethontis orbem, i. e. is eclipsed (cf. III. B. infra), Ov. M. 2, 382.— Poet. with a subject-clause: nec me deficiet nautas rogitare citatos, i. e. I will not cease, etc. Prop. 1, 8, 23 Kuin.—
    b.
    Pass.:

    cum aquilifer jam viribus deficeretur,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 64, 3; cf.:

    mulier a menstruis defecta,

    Cels. 2, 8 fin.:

    mulier abundat audacia, consilio et ratione deficitur,

    Cic. Clu. 65, 184:

    aqua ciboque defecti,

    Quint. 3, 8, 23; Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 25:

    sanguine defecti artus,

    Ov. M. 5, 96 et saep.:

    si qui dotem promisit defectus sit facultatibus,

    i. e. unable to pay, Dig. 23, 3, 33; cf.:

    te defecta nomina,

    ib. 22, 1, 11 fin.
    III.
    Middle or neuter, to run out, be wanting, fail, cease, disappear.
    A.
    Middle (mostly ante-class. and poet.).
    (α).
    With dat.: mihi fortuna magis nunc defit, quam genus, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19; Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 2:

    lac mihi non aestate novum, non frigore defit,

    Verg. E. 2, 22.—
    (β).
    Absol.:

    neque opsonium defiat neque supersit,

    Plaut. Men. 1, 4, 3;

    so opp. superesse,

    Ter. Ph. 1, 3, 10:

    ut defiat dies,

    Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 63: id. Mil. 4, 6, 46:

    numquamne causa defiet, cur? etc.,

    Liv. 9, 11.— Trop.:

    defectis (sc. animo) defensoribus,

    disheartened, Caes. B. C. 3, 40, 3:

    sed non usque eo defectum Germanicum,

    weakened, Tac. A. 2, 70; cf. in the foll. no. B. b.—
    B.
    Neuter.
    (α).
    With dat. (so rarely; mostly poet.):

    cum non solum vires, sed etiam tela nostris deficerent,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 5, 1;

    so perh.: vires nostris,

    id. B. C. 2, 41, 7 (al. nostros); Sil. 8, 661 Oud. N. cr.; cf. id. 10, 10, 193; and Stat. Ach. 1, 445.—
    (β).
    Absol. (freq. in all periods and kinds of composition):

    non frumentum deficere poterat,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 37 fin.; cf.:

    fructus ex arboribus,

    id. ib. 3, 58 fin.:

    ejus generis copia,

    id. B. G. 6, 16 fin.:

    tempus anni ad bellum gerendum,

    id. ib. 4, 20, 2:

    vereor, ne mihi crimina non suppeterent, ne oratio deesset, ne vox viresque deficerent,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 11:

    nisi memoria forte defecerit,

    id. Fin. 2, 14, 44; id. Rep. 1, 3:

    non deficiente crumena,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 4, 11 et saep.; Juv. 11, 38:

    quod plena luna defecisset,

    was eclipsed, Cic. Rep. 1, 15; cf.:

    solem lunae oppositum solere deficere,

    id. ib. 1, 16 al.; also simply to set:

    qua venit exoriens, qua deficit,

    Prop. 4, 4, 27: lunā deficiente, waning (opp. crescente), Gell. 20, 8, 5; of fire and light, to go out, expire, become extinct:

    ignis,

    Verg. G. 352:

    lumen,

    Petr. 111, 4:

    progenies Caesarum in Nerone deficit,

    becomes extinct, dies out, Suet. Galb. 1; cf. Plin. Pan. 39, 6; Just. 7, 2, 4; Sen. Suas. 2, 22;

    but deficit ignis,

    does not extend, Verg. A. 2, 505:

    in hac voce defecit,

    he departed, expired, Suet. Aug. 99; Quint. 6 prooem. § 11: deficit omne quod nascitur, comes to an end, Quint. 5, 10, 79; cf.:

    mundum deficere,

    id. ib.:

    deficit vita,

    Plaut. Asin. 3, 3, 19;

    quod multi Gallicis tot bellis defecerant,

    had been lost, Caes. B. C. 3, 2 fin.:

    ultima jam passi comites bello Deficiunt,

    grow faint, Ov. M. 14, 483:

    deficit Matho,

    fails, becomes bankrupt, Juv. 7, 129:

    debitores,

    Dig. 49, 14, 3, § 8:

    munimenta defecerant,

    yielded, surrendered, Curt. 4, 4, 19.— Trop.:

    ne negotio desisteret neu animo deficeret,

    nor be disheartened, Caes. B. C. 3, 112 fin.; so,

    animo,

    id. B. G. 7, 30; id. B. C. 1, 19; 2, 43; Cic. Rosc. Am. 4, 10;

    for which, ne deficiant (apes) animum,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 34; and in a like sense absol.:

    ne una plaga accepta patres conscripti conciderent, ne deficerent,

    Cic. Att. 1, 16, 9; so Caes. B. C. 2, 31 fin.; Sall. J. 51, 4:

    deficit ars,

    Ov. M. 11, 537: illis legibus populus Romanus prior non deficiet: si prior defexit publico consilio dolo malo, tu illo die, Juppiter, etc., to depart from, violate the conditions of a treaty, an old formula used in taking an oath, Liv. 1, 24 fin.:

    pugnando deficere,

    i. e. to be deficient, wanting, Caes. B. C. 2, 6, 3; cf. poet. with foll. inf.:

    suppeditare Materies,

    Lucr. 1, 1039; Sil. 3, 112; Tib. 4, 1, 191.— Hence, dēfectus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to no. III.), weak, weakened, worn out, enfeebled (not ante-Aug.):

    quod sibi defectis illa tulisset opem,

    Ov. F. 3, 674:

    defectus annis et desertus viribus,

    Phaedr. 1, 21, 3; cf.:

    defectissimus annis et viribus,

    Col. 1 prooem. §

    12: senio (arbor),

    id. 5, 6, 37:

    laboribus,

    Val. Fl. 2, 285:

    vadit incerto pede, jam viribus defecta,

    Sen. Hippol. 374:

    defectae senectutis homine,

    Dig. 7, 1, 12, § 3:

    in tumidis et globosis (speculis) omnia defectiora (corresp. with paria and auctiora),

    smaller, App. Mag. p. 283.— Plur. subst.: dēfecti, ōrum, m.:

    sidera obscura attributa defectis,

    the weak, Plin. 2, 8, 6, § 28.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > defecti

  • 5 deficio

    dē-fĭcĭo, fēci, fectum, 3 ( perf. subj.: defexit, an old formula in Liv. 1, 24 fin., see below, no. III. fin. In the pass., besides the regular form deficior, ante- and postclass., once in Verg., Propert., and Livy, like fīo, eri: defit, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19; Plaut. Mil. 4, 6, 46; Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 12; Lucr. 2, 1142; Verg. E. 2, 22; Prop. 1, 1, 34:

    deflunt,

    Gell. 20, 8, 5:

    defiat,

    Plaut. Men. 1, 4, 3; id. Rud. 4, 4, 63:

    defiet,

    Liv. 9, 11:

    defieri,

    Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 2; cf. conficio init.), v. a. and n. [facio], orig., to loosen, set free, remove from; but it passed over at a very early period into the middle sense, to loosen from one's self, to remove one's self, to break loose from; and then gradually assumed the character of a new verb. act., with the meaning to leave, desert, [p. 530] depart from something, or absol., to depart, cease, fail. (For syn. cf.: desum, absum, descisco, negligo.)
    I.
    Act. in the middle sense, to remove one's self, separate one's self, to withdraw (cf. the Greek aphistanai).—Hence, to forsake, desert, abandon, revolt.
    A.
    Lit.:

    ab amicitia P. R.,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 3, 3; 7, 39, 3:

    ab Aeduis,

    id. ib. 2, 14, 3:

    ab rege,

    Sall. J. 56, 3; cf. ib. 66:

    (consules) a senatu, a republica, a bonis omnibus defecerant,

    Cic. Planc. 35; cf.:

    a republica,

    id. Cat. 11, 28; id. Fam. 12, 10; id. Sull. 12, 35:

    ab imperio ac nomine nostro,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 31 et saep.:

    a patribus ad plebem,

    to go over, Liv. 6, 20:

    ad se,

    Sall. J. 61; cf.:

    ad Poenos,

    Liv. 22, 61.— Absol.:

    civitates quae defecerant,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 17, 2; 5, 25, 4; 7, 10 al.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    si a virtute defeceris,

    forsake, Cic. Lael. 11, 37:

    si utilitas ab amicitia defecerit,

    id. Fin. 2, 24, 79:

    ut a me ipse deficerem,

    id. Fam. 2, 16.—Hence,
    II.
    As a verb. act., to leave a person or thing, to desert, to fail, forsake, be wanting to (of things;

    very rarely of personal subjects): quem jam sanguis viresque deficiunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 50 fin.; so,

    vires,

    id. B. C. 3, 99 fin.; Cic. de Or. 1, 45, 199:

    me Leontina civitas,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 46, § 110; id. ib. 2, 5, 28 fin.; Hor. S. 2, 1, 13 et saep.:

    res eos jam pridem, fides deficere nuper coepit,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 5, 10:

    me dies, vox, latera deficiant, si, etc.,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 21 (imitated word for word, Plin. Ep. 3, 9, 9); cf.:

    ne te de republica disserentem deficiat oratio,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 23; and:

    tempus te citius quam oratio deficeret,

    id. Rosc. Am. 32:

    animus si te non deficit aequus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 30:

    somnus sollicitas domus,

    Tib. 3, 4, 20: genitor Phaethontis orbem, i. e. is eclipsed (cf. III. B. infra), Ov. M. 2, 382.— Poet. with a subject-clause: nec me deficiet nautas rogitare citatos, i. e. I will not cease, etc. Prop. 1, 8, 23 Kuin.—
    b.
    Pass.:

    cum aquilifer jam viribus deficeretur,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 64, 3; cf.:

    mulier a menstruis defecta,

    Cels. 2, 8 fin.:

    mulier abundat audacia, consilio et ratione deficitur,

    Cic. Clu. 65, 184:

    aqua ciboque defecti,

    Quint. 3, 8, 23; Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 25:

    sanguine defecti artus,

    Ov. M. 5, 96 et saep.:

    si qui dotem promisit defectus sit facultatibus,

    i. e. unable to pay, Dig. 23, 3, 33; cf.:

    te defecta nomina,

    ib. 22, 1, 11 fin.
    III.
    Middle or neuter, to run out, be wanting, fail, cease, disappear.
    A.
    Middle (mostly ante-class. and poet.).
    (α).
    With dat.: mihi fortuna magis nunc defit, quam genus, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19; Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 2:

    lac mihi non aestate novum, non frigore defit,

    Verg. E. 2, 22.—
    (β).
    Absol.:

    neque opsonium defiat neque supersit,

    Plaut. Men. 1, 4, 3;

    so opp. superesse,

    Ter. Ph. 1, 3, 10:

    ut defiat dies,

    Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 63: id. Mil. 4, 6, 46:

    numquamne causa defiet, cur? etc.,

    Liv. 9, 11.— Trop.:

    defectis (sc. animo) defensoribus,

    disheartened, Caes. B. C. 3, 40, 3:

    sed non usque eo defectum Germanicum,

    weakened, Tac. A. 2, 70; cf. in the foll. no. B. b.—
    B.
    Neuter.
    (α).
    With dat. (so rarely; mostly poet.):

    cum non solum vires, sed etiam tela nostris deficerent,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 5, 1;

    so perh.: vires nostris,

    id. B. C. 2, 41, 7 (al. nostros); Sil. 8, 661 Oud. N. cr.; cf. id. 10, 10, 193; and Stat. Ach. 1, 445.—
    (β).
    Absol. (freq. in all periods and kinds of composition):

    non frumentum deficere poterat,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 37 fin.; cf.:

    fructus ex arboribus,

    id. ib. 3, 58 fin.:

    ejus generis copia,

    id. B. G. 6, 16 fin.:

    tempus anni ad bellum gerendum,

    id. ib. 4, 20, 2:

    vereor, ne mihi crimina non suppeterent, ne oratio deesset, ne vox viresque deficerent,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 11:

    nisi memoria forte defecerit,

    id. Fin. 2, 14, 44; id. Rep. 1, 3:

    non deficiente crumena,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 4, 11 et saep.; Juv. 11, 38:

    quod plena luna defecisset,

    was eclipsed, Cic. Rep. 1, 15; cf.:

    solem lunae oppositum solere deficere,

    id. ib. 1, 16 al.; also simply to set:

    qua venit exoriens, qua deficit,

    Prop. 4, 4, 27: lunā deficiente, waning (opp. crescente), Gell. 20, 8, 5; of fire and light, to go out, expire, become extinct:

    ignis,

    Verg. G. 352:

    lumen,

    Petr. 111, 4:

    progenies Caesarum in Nerone deficit,

    becomes extinct, dies out, Suet. Galb. 1; cf. Plin. Pan. 39, 6; Just. 7, 2, 4; Sen. Suas. 2, 22;

    but deficit ignis,

    does not extend, Verg. A. 2, 505:

    in hac voce defecit,

    he departed, expired, Suet. Aug. 99; Quint. 6 prooem. § 11: deficit omne quod nascitur, comes to an end, Quint. 5, 10, 79; cf.:

    mundum deficere,

    id. ib.:

    deficit vita,

    Plaut. Asin. 3, 3, 19;

    quod multi Gallicis tot bellis defecerant,

    had been lost, Caes. B. C. 3, 2 fin.:

    ultima jam passi comites bello Deficiunt,

    grow faint, Ov. M. 14, 483:

    deficit Matho,

    fails, becomes bankrupt, Juv. 7, 129:

    debitores,

    Dig. 49, 14, 3, § 8:

    munimenta defecerant,

    yielded, surrendered, Curt. 4, 4, 19.— Trop.:

    ne negotio desisteret neu animo deficeret,

    nor be disheartened, Caes. B. C. 3, 112 fin.; so,

    animo,

    id. B. G. 7, 30; id. B. C. 1, 19; 2, 43; Cic. Rosc. Am. 4, 10;

    for which, ne deficiant (apes) animum,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 34; and in a like sense absol.:

    ne una plaga accepta patres conscripti conciderent, ne deficerent,

    Cic. Att. 1, 16, 9; so Caes. B. C. 2, 31 fin.; Sall. J. 51, 4:

    deficit ars,

    Ov. M. 11, 537: illis legibus populus Romanus prior non deficiet: si prior defexit publico consilio dolo malo, tu illo die, Juppiter, etc., to depart from, violate the conditions of a treaty, an old formula used in taking an oath, Liv. 1, 24 fin.:

    pugnando deficere,

    i. e. to be deficient, wanting, Caes. B. C. 2, 6, 3; cf. poet. with foll. inf.:

    suppeditare Materies,

    Lucr. 1, 1039; Sil. 3, 112; Tib. 4, 1, 191.— Hence, dēfectus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to no. III.), weak, weakened, worn out, enfeebled (not ante-Aug.):

    quod sibi defectis illa tulisset opem,

    Ov. F. 3, 674:

    defectus annis et desertus viribus,

    Phaedr. 1, 21, 3; cf.:

    defectissimus annis et viribus,

    Col. 1 prooem. §

    12: senio (arbor),

    id. 5, 6, 37:

    laboribus,

    Val. Fl. 2, 285:

    vadit incerto pede, jam viribus defecta,

    Sen. Hippol. 374:

    defectae senectutis homine,

    Dig. 7, 1, 12, § 3:

    in tumidis et globosis (speculis) omnia defectiora (corresp. with paria and auctiora),

    smaller, App. Mag. p. 283.— Plur. subst.: dēfecti, ōrum, m.:

    sidera obscura attributa defectis,

    the weak, Plin. 2, 8, 6, § 28.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > deficio

  • 6 delego

    dē-lēgo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., to send, assign, dispatch, delegate a person to any place, person or business; to assign, confide, commit, intrust any thing to a person (for attention, care, protection, etc.); to charge a person with a business; to lay or impose upon a person any charge, order, business, command, etc., esp. of that which one prefers not to attend to in person (good prose; not in Caes.; perh. not in Cic.; v. the doubtful passage Cic. Fam. 7, 5, 2, and Orell. ad loc.).
    I.
    In gen.
    A.
    With personal objects:

    si cui fautores delegatos viderint, etc.,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 67 and 83:

    aliquem in Tullianum,

    Liv. 29, 22 fin.:

    infantem ancillis ac nutricibus,

    Tac. G. 20; cf. id. Or. 29:

    Cassium Longinum occidendum delegaverat,

    Suet. Calig. 57:

    studiosos Catonis ad illud volumen delegamus,

    refer to, Nep. Cato 3 fin.:

    ad senatum,

    Liv. 5, 20 fin.
    B.
    With a thing as object: hunc laborem alteri delegavi, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 1; so,

    curam nepotum alicui,

    Quint. 4 prooem. §

    2: officium alicui,

    id. 6 prooem. §

    1: ministerium triumviris,

    Tac. Agr. 2; cf.:

    jurisdictionem magistratibus,

    Suet. Claud. 23:

    ordinandas bibliothecas alicui,

    id. Caes. 56; cf. id. Gramm. 21:

    obsidione delegata in curam collegae,

    Liv. 9, 13:

    delegato sibi officio functi sunt,

    Lact. 1, 4, 6. —
    II.
    In partic., t. t. in the lang. of business, to assign, transfer, make over, either one who is to pay a debt or the debt itself: delegare est vice sua alium reum dare creditori, vel cui jusserit, Dig. 46, 2, 11:

    debitorem,

    ib. 12:

    debitores nobis deos,

    Sen. Ben. 4, 11; cf.:

    delegabo te ad Epicurum, ab illo fiet numeratio,

    id. Ep. 18, 14:

    nomen paterni debitoris,

    Dig. 37, 6, 1.— Absol.:

    Quinto delegabo, si quid aeri meo alieno superabit,

    Cic. Att. 13, 46, 3:

    Balbi regia condicio est delegandi,

    id. ib. 12, 12:

    terram,

    to assign, Vulg. 3 Reg. 11, 18.—
    B.
    Trop., to attribute, impute, ascribe to:

    si hoc crimen optimis nominibus delegare possumus,

    Cic. Font. 4, 8; so,

    causam peccati mortuis,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 22, 2:

    scelera ipsa aliis,

    Tac. A. 13, 43:

    omne rei bene aut secus gestae in Etruria decus dedecusque ad Volumnium,

    Liv. 10, 19; cf.:

    servati consulis decus ad servum,

    id. 21, 46 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > delego

  • 7 explico

    ex-plĭco, āvi and ŭi (the latter first in Verg. G. 2, 280; afterwards freq.; Hor. C. 3, 29, 16; 4, 9, 44; id. S. 2, 2, 125; Liv. 7, 23, 6 et saep.; cf. Gell. 1, 7, 20), ātum or ĭtum (Cic. uses mostly atum, Caes. atum and itum; cf.

    explicaturos,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 78, 4;

    with explicitis,

    id. ib. 3, 75, 2;

    and, explicitius,

    id. ib. 1, 78, 2; upon these forms v. Neue, Formenl. 2, pp. 479 sq., 550 sq.), 1, v. a., to unfold, uncoil, unroll, unfurl, spread out, loosen, undo (class.; esp. freq. in the trop. sense; syn.: expedio, extrico, enodo, enucleo; explano, expono, interpretor).
    I.
    Lit.:

    velum,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 8, 7:

    non explicata veste neque proposito argento, etc.,

    spread out, Cic. de Or. 1, 35, 161:

    volumen,

    to open, id. Rosc. Am. 35, 101:

    suas pennas (ales),

    Ov. Am. 2, 6, 55:

    plenas plagas,

    Mart. 1, 56, 8:

    perturbatum et confusum agmen,

    to put in order, Hirt. B. G. 8, 14, 2:

    capillum pectine,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 129 Müll.:

    fusos,

    to unwind, Mart. 4, 54, 10:

    frontem sollicitam,

    to free from wrinkles, to smooth, Hor. C. 3, 29, 16;

    for which: explicare seria contractae frontis,

    id. S. 2, 2, 125; cf.

    mare,

    i. e. to calm, Sen. Herc. Oet. 455:

    si ex his te laqueis exueris ac te aliqua via ac ratione explicaris,

    hast extricated, freed thyself, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 58, § 151:

    se (ex funibus ancorarum),

    Dig. 9, 2, 29:

    inimicae et oves, difficile se (apibus) e lanis earum explicantibus,

    Plin. 11, 18, 19, § 62:

    se explicat angustum,

    Juv. 12, 55.—
    B.
    Transf., to spread out, stretch out, extend, deploy, display:

    aciem,

    Liv. 7, 23, 6; 40, 4, 4; 40, 5, 26 al.; cf.

    ordinem,

    id. 2, 46, 3:

    agmen,

    id. 10, 20, 3:

    cohortes (longa legio),

    Verg. G. 2, 280:

    se turmatim (equites),

    Caes. B. C. 3, 93, 3; cf.

    mid.: priusquam plane legiones explicari et consistere possent,

    id. ib. 2, 26, 4; and:

    ut ordo omnium navium explicari posset,

    Liv. 37, 23, 10:

    per obstantis catervas Explicuit sua victor arma,

    Hor. C. 4, 9, 44:

    atria, congestos satis explicatura clientes,

    Stat. Th. 1, 146:

    ut forum laxaremus et usque ad atrium Libertatis explicaremus,

    extend, Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14; cf.:

    unde pons in oppidum pertinens explicatur,

    Sall. H. 3, 20:

    orbes (serpens),

    Ov. M. 15, 720:

    frondes omnes (pampinus),

    Verg. G. 2, 335:

    se (montes),

    Plin. 5, 29, 31, § 118:

    arida ligna in flammas (ignis),

    Lucr. 2, 882:

    convivium,

    i. e. to set out richly, to furnish, Mart. 1, 100, 13:

    explicavi meam rem post illa lucro,

    i. e. amplified, enlarged, Plaut. Poen. 3, 5, 5.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen. (very seldom):

    explica atque excute intelligentiam tuam, ut videas quae sit, etc.,

    display, Cic. Off. 3, 20, 81: Siciliam multis undique cinctam periculis explicavit, has set at large, set free (qs. released from toils, snares), id. de Imp. Pomp. 11, 30; cf.:

    quemadmodum se explicent dicendo,

    id. Fl. 4, 10: da operam, ut te explices, huc quam primum venias, Pompei. ap. Cic. Att. 8, 12, D. 2.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To disentangle, set in order, arrange, regulate, settle, adjust any thing complicated or difficult:

    pulcre ego hanc explicatam tibi rem dabo,

    Plaut. Ps. 4, 1, 20:

    peto a te, ut ejus negotia explices et expedias,

    Cic. Fam. 13, 26, 2:

    negotia,

    id. Att. 5, 12, 3; cf. id. ib. 16, 3, 5:

    belli rationem,

    id. Prov. Cons. 14, 35; cf.:

    rationem salutis,

    id. Fam. 6, 1, 2:

    rem frumentariam,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 4 fin.: si Faberius nobis nomen illud explicat, noli quaerere, quanti, settles, i. e. pays that item, Cic. Att. 13, 29, 2:

    Faberianum,

    id. ib. § 3; cf.:

    si qui debitores, quia non possint explicare pecuniam, differant solutionem,

    Dig. 42, 1, 31:

    consilium,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 78, 4; cf.:

    his explicitis rebus,

    id. ib. 3, 75, 2: subvenire tempestati quavis ratione sapientis est;

    eoque magis, si plus adipiscare re explicatā boni, quam addubitatā mali,

    Cic. Off. 1, 24, 83:

    ea, quae per defunctum inchoata sunt, per heredem explicari debent,

    Dig. 27, 7, 1:

    transii ad elegos: hos quoque feliciter explicui,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 4, 7 (cf. under
    ):

    iter commode explicui, excepto quod, etc.

    ,

    Plin. Ep. 8, 1, 1:

    fugam,

    Phaedr. 4, 7, 15:

    nihilo plus explicet ac si Insanire paret, etc.,

    will make no more out of it, Hor. S. 2, 3, 270.—
    2.
    Of speech, to develop, unfold, set forth, exhibit, treat, state: vitam alterius totam explicare, Civ. Div. in Caecil. 8, 27:

    perfice, ut Crassus haec, quae coartavit et peranguste refersit in oratione sua, dilatet nobis atque explicet,

    id. de Or. 1, 35, 163:

    explicando excutiendoque verbo,

    id. Part. Or. 36, 124:

    aliquid expedite,

    id. Brut. 67, 237:

    aliquid apertissime planissimeque,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 64, § 156:

    aliquid definitione,

    id. Fin. 3, 10, 33:

    funera fando,

    Verg. A. 2, 362:

    philosophiam,

    Cic. Div. 2, 2, 6; cf.:

    philosophiam diligentissime Graecis litteris,

    id. Ac. 1, 2, 4:

    summorum oratorum Graecas orationes,

    id. de Or. 1, 34, 155:

    geometricum quiddam aut physicum aut dialecticum (corresp. to expedire),

    id. Div. 2, 59, 122:

    non de aegritudine solum, sed de omni animi perturbatione explicabo,

    id. Tusc. 3, 6, 13:

    de scorpionibus et catapultis,

    Vitr. 10, 22:

    ut explicemus, quae sint materiae, etc.,

    Quint. 10, 5, 1.— Pass. impers.:

    quae vero auxilia sunt capitis, eo loco explicitum est,

    Cels. 4, 2.—Hence,
    1.
    explĭcātus, a, um, P. a.
    A.
    Lit., spread out:

    Capua planissimo in loco explicata,

    Cic. Agr. 2, 35, 96:

    vallis,

    Pall. Aug. 11, 2.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    Well ordered, regular:

    in causa facili atque explicata,

    Cic. Planc. 2, 5.—
    2.
    Plain, clear:

    nisi explicata solutione non sum discessurus,

    Cic. Att. 15, 20, 4.— Comp.:

    litterae tuae, quibus nihil potest esse explicatius, nihil perfectius,

    Cic. Att. 9, 7, 2.— Sup.:

    explicatissima responsa,

    Aug. Ep. 34 fin.
    3.
    Assured, certain:

    nec habet explicatam aut exploratam rationem salutis suae,

    Cic. Fam. 6, 1, 2.—
    * Adv.: explĭ-cāte, plainly, clearly:

    qui distincte, qui explicate, qui abundanter et rebus et verbis dicunt,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 14, 53.— Comp.:

    explicatius,

    August. Civ. D. 19, 4.—
    2.
    explĭ-cĭtus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to II. B. 1.), lit., disentangled, i. e. free from obstacles, easy:

    in his erat angustiis res: sed ex propositis consiliis duobus explicitius videbatur, Ilerdam reverti,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 78, 2.
    explĭcit, in late Lat., at the end of a book, is prob. an abbreviation of explicitus (est liber), the book is ended (acc. to signif. II. B. 1.); cf.:

    explicitum nobis usque ad sua cornua librum refers,

    Mart. 11, 107, 1: solemus completis opusculis ad distinctionem rei alterius sequentis medium interponere Explicit aut Feliciter aut aliquid istius modi, Hier. Ep. 28, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > explico

  • 8 fiscalia

    fiscālis, e, adj. [fiscus, II. B.], of or relating to the public or the imperial treasury, fiscal (post-class.):

    res fiscales quasi propriae et privatae principis sunt,

    Dig. 43, 8, 2, § 4:

    jus,

    ib. 2, 14, 42:

    debitores,

    ib. 49, 14, 45, § 10: calumniae, complaints made for the advantage of the revenue, i. e. the fines resulting from which were to go into the treasury, Suet. Dom. 9:

    molestiae,

    i. e. exactions for the treasury, Aur. Vict. Caes. 41:

    gladiatores,

    maintained out of the emperor's revenue, Capitol. Gord. 3, 33:

    cursus,

    Spart. Hadr. 7:

    vina,

    given at the expense of the treasury, Vop. Aur. 48:

    pecunia,

    Paul. Sent. 5, 27, 1:

    servi,

    id. ib. 5, 13, 2.—
    II.
    Subst.: ‡ fiscālĭa, ium, n., moneys for the treasury, Inscr. Orell. 3351.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > fiscalia

  • 9 fiscalis

    fiscālis, e, adj. [fiscus, II. B.], of or relating to the public or the imperial treasury, fiscal (post-class.):

    res fiscales quasi propriae et privatae principis sunt,

    Dig. 43, 8, 2, § 4:

    jus,

    ib. 2, 14, 42:

    debitores,

    ib. 49, 14, 45, § 10: calumniae, complaints made for the advantage of the revenue, i. e. the fines resulting from which were to go into the treasury, Suet. Dom. 9:

    molestiae,

    i. e. exactions for the treasury, Aur. Vict. Caes. 41:

    gladiatores,

    maintained out of the emperor's revenue, Capitol. Gord. 3, 33:

    cursus,

    Spart. Hadr. 7:

    vina,

    given at the expense of the treasury, Vop. Aur. 48:

    pecunia,

    Paul. Sent. 5, 27, 1:

    servi,

    id. ib. 5, 13, 2.—
    II.
    Subst.: ‡ fiscālĭa, ium, n., moneys for the treasury, Inscr. Orell. 3351.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > fiscalis

  • 10 libero

    lībĕro, āvi, ātum, 1 (old form of the fut. perf. liberasso, Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 66), v. a. [1. liber], to make or set free, to free, liberate (syn. vindico).
    I.
    Lit., to release from slavery, to free, manumil:

    amicas emite, liberate,

    Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 22:

    liberem ego te?

    id. Men. 5, 7, 35:

    servos,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 9:

    sese,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 40, 182:

    aliquem vindictā liberare,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 16, 4.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    In gen., to free, release, extricate, deliver (cf. levo) a person or thing from something (an obligation, debt, difficulty, etc.); constr.: aliquem (aliquid) ab aliqua re, with simple abl.; less freq. with gen.
    a.
    With personal objects.
    (α).
    With ab:

    teque item ab eo vindico ac libero,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1:

    se a Venere,

    to release one's self from one's duty to Venus, id. Div. in Caecil. 17, 53.—
    (β).
    With abl.: divortio te liberabo incommodis, Poët. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 24, 38:

    defensionum laboribus senatoriisque muneribus liberatus,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 1, 1:

    aliquem culpā,

    id. Att. 13, 22, 3:

    aliquem invidiā,

    id. N. D. 1, 6, 13:

    aliquem suspicione crudelitatis,

    id. Fam. 1, 2, 3:

    aliquem magnā sollicitudine,

    id. Att. 6, 1, 10; cf.:

    populum metu,

    id. Rep. 1, 16, 25:

    liberatus omni perturbatione animi,

    id. ib. 1, 17, 28:

    aliquem periculo,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 83:

    obsidione,

    id. B. G. 4, 19:

    se aere alieno,

    to pay a debt, Cic. Att. 6, 2, 4.—
    (γ).
    With gen.:

    aliquem culpae,

    Liv. 41, 19:

    voti liberari,

    id. 5, 28.—
    * (δ).
    With ex:

    multos ex incommodis pecuniā,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 9, § 23.—
    (ε).
    With simple acc.:

    vectigales multos ac stipendiarios liberavit,

    exempted from taxes, Cic. Prov. Cons. 5, 10:

    Volusii liberandi, meum fuit consilium,

    to release from obligation, id. Fam. 5, 20, 4:

    Buthrotios cum Caesar decreto suo liberavisset, viz.,

    from a division of their lands, id. Att. 16, 16, C, 11:

    amotusque post triumphum abdicatione dictaturae terror et linguam et animos liberaverat hominum,

    Liv. 6, 16, 8:

    (debitores) capitis deminutione liberantur,

    i. e. from debt, Gai. Inst. 3, 84 al. —
    b.
    With inanim. and abstr. objects:

    eum (mundum) ab omni erratione liberavit,

    Cic. Univ. 6; cf.

    below, at the end of this number: quorum linguae sic inhaererent, ut loqui non possent, eae scalpello resectae liberarentur,

    would be set free, id. Div. 2, 46, 96: liberare agros, to free or exempt from taxes, id. Agr. 1, 4, 10:

    publica liberare,

    id. ib. 2, 21, 57; cf.:

    liberari omnia Asiae emporia portusque,

    Liv. 32, 33:

    liberata vectigalia,

    id. 41, 28:

    fundum alii obligatum liberare,

    Dig. 18, 1, 41:

    liberare fidem,

    to discharge one's promise, keep one's word, Cic. Fl. 20, 47:

    liberare promissa,

    to cancel promises, to make them void and of no effect, id. Off. 1, 10, 33:

    nomina,

    to settle debts, Liv. 7, 21: impensam, to clear or repay expenses, Col. 3, 3.—Of an abstr. object:

    divinum animum corpore liberatum cogitatione complecti,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 22, 51.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To absolve or acquit in a court of justice (syn.:

    absolvo, solvo): aliquem, opp. condemnare,

    Cic. Clu. 22, 60:

    aliquem crimine aliquo,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 29, § 71: liberatur Milo, non eo consilio profectus esse, is acquitted of the charge of having undertaken a journey with the design, etc., id. Mil. 18, 47:

    reum a judicibus hoc defensionis modo liberari non posse,

    Quint. 7, 4, 20.—Very rarely with acc. of the charge:

    crimen libidinis confessio intemperantiae liberavit,

    Val. Max. 8, 1, 12.—
    2.
    To clear, i. e. to pass, traverse, cross over a place without hinderance (post - Aug.):

    flumen,

    Front. Strat. 1, 5, 3; 4, 7, 28; Hyg. Fab. 257:

    angustias freti,

    Front. Strat. 1, 4, 13:

    limen,

    Petr. 136.—
    3.
    Templa liberata, freed from buildings that obstructed the view, i. e. having a free prospect, Cic. Leg. 2, 8, 21.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > libero

  • 11 lucror

    lū̆cror, ātus, 1, v. dep. a. [id.], to gain, win, acquire, get, make (as profit).
    I.
    Lit.:

    cum lucrari impune posset auri pondo decem,

    Cic. Par. 3, 1:

    ut locupletes suum perdant, debitores lucrentur alienum,

    id. Off. 2, 24, 84:

    stipendium,

    to keep for one's self, put into one's own pocket, id. Verr. 2, 5, 24, § 61:

    Pythias emuncto lucrata Simone talentum,

    Hor. A. P. 238:

    lucrandi perdendive temeritas,

    Tac. G. 24:

    qui duo acceperat lucratus est alia duo,

    Vulg. Matt. 25, 17: majorem partem lucrari, to receive the larger share of profit in a partnership, Gai. Inst. 3, 149.—
    B.
    In partic., to gain by economy, to save:

    occasione lucrandi salis,

    Plin. 18, 7, 12, § 68.—
    II.
    Trop., to acquire, gain, win:

    qui domitā nomen ab Africā Lucratus rediit,

    Hor. C. 4, 8, 19:

    lucretur indicia veteris infamiae,

    i. e. I will make him a present of them, I will not mention them, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 12, § 33; Stat. Th. 9, 779.—
    B.
    To win, persuade, convert (eccl. Lat.):

    factus sum Judaeis tamquam Judaeus, ut Judaeos lucrarer,

    Vulg. 1 Cor. 9, 20.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > lucror

  • 12 obtineo

    ob-tĭnĕo ( opt-), tĭnŭi, tentum, 2 (old perf. OPTENVI, fifth Epit. of the Scipios; inf. pass. obtinerier, Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 19; id. Most. 3, 2, 154), v. a. and n. [teneo].
    I.
    Act. *
    A.
    To take hold of, hold:

    obtine aures, amabo,

    Plaut. Cas. 3, 5, 16.—
    B.
    To hold, have, occupy, possess; to preserve, keep, maintain, etc. (class.).
    1.
    In gen.: sancte Apollo, qui umbilicum certum terrarum obtines, Poët. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 56, 115 (Trag. Rel. p. 201 Rib.):

    suam quisque domum tum obtinebat,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 19, 48:

    armis Galliam atque Italiam,

    Liv. 30, 19:

    cum imperio Hispaniam citeriorem,

    to have as his province, to be governor in it, Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 2:

    Galliam et Italiam,

    Liv. 30, 19:

    Africam,

    Nep. Timol. 2, 4; cf.:

    ex quā insulā nummus nullus, me obtinente, erogabitur,

    during my administration, Cic. Att. 5, 21, 7: QVEI AERARIVM PROVINCIAM OBTINEBIT, who will have the administration of the public treasure, Lex Thor. § 20 Rudorff. p. 168;

    Lex de Scribis ap. Haubold, p. 85: necessitudinem cum publicanis,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 12, § 35:

    vitam et famam,

    to preserve, id. Rosc. Am. 17, 49:

    auctoritatem suam,

    to maintain, id. ib. 48, 139:

    principatum,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 3:

    regnum,

    id. ib. 1, 7:

    jus,

    to assert, maintain, Tac. A. 1, 32:

    causam,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 37, 4:

    noctem insequentem eadem caligo obtinuit,

    occupied, took up, prevailed during, Liv. 29, 27:

    quae (fama) plerosque obtinet,

    Sall. J. 17, 7:

    proverbii locum obtinet,

    i. e. is become proverbial, Cic. Tusc. 4, 16, 36:

    parentis gravitatem,

    id. Sull. 6, 19:

    numerum deorum,

    to be numbered among, id. N. D. 3, 20, 51; so,

    aliquem numerum,

    id. Brut. 47, 175; cf. id. Off. 2, 12, 43: summam opinionem [p. 1247] m scholis, Quint. 10, 5, 18:

    admirationem,

    to be admired, Plin. 34, 2, 2, § 2:

    patriae nomen,

    id. 15, 18, 19, § 69:

    firmitudinem animi,

    i. e. exhibited, Plaut. As. 2, 2, 54:

    pontem,

    would not yield, Liv. 2, 10:

    silentiam,

    to maintain, id. 1, 16.—With inf., to persist in:

    earumque artem et disciplinam obtineat colere,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 2, 30.—
    2.
    In partic., of speech, to assert, maintain, i. e. to show, prove, demonstrate:

    possumus hoc teste... quod dicimus, obtinere?

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 71, § 168:

    duas contrarias sententias,

    id. Fin. 4, 28, 78:

    diu pugnare in iis, quae obtinere non possis,

    Quint. 6, 4, 15:

    recta apud turpes,

    id. 3, 8, 38:

    quaedam (leges) an obtineri possint,

    id. 2, 4, 39; 6, 1, 7:

    quod orator praecipue sibi obtinendum intellegit,

    id. 3, 6, 9 Spald. N. cr. (al. proponendum); cf. id. 12, 10, 53:

    si defecerint omnia, tum videndum erit, an obtineri possit, ne illud quidem recte factum,

    id. 5, 13, 24; 2, 5, 18.—
    C.
    To get possession of; to gain, acquire, obtain something (syn.: assequor, adipiscor, impetro;

    class.): quanta instrumenta habeat (homo) ad obtinendam adipiscendamque sapientiam,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 22, 59:

    impetrare et obtinere,

    Gell. 12, 14, 6; Cic. Fam. 1, 8, 5:

    malas causas semper obtinuit, in optimā concidit,

    gained, id. Att. 7, 25, 1; cf. id. Rosc. Com. 4, 10:

    jus suum contra aliquem,

    id. Quint. 9, 34:

    Romani si rem obtinuerint,

    if they gained the victory, Caes. B. G. 7, 85: voluimus quaedam;

    obtenta non sunt,

    Cic. Balb. 27, 61:

    apud eum causam obtinuit,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 37:

    aditu regis obtento,

    Just. 21, 6, 5.—Hence, to conquer, overcome (eccl. Lat.):

    melius est ut pugnemus contra eos in campestribus, et obtinebimus eos,

    Vulg. 3 Reg. 20, 23; 20, 25; id. Judith, 1, 5.—
    II.
    Neutr. (cf. teneo, II.), to maintain itself; to hold, prevail, last, stand, continue, obtain (not in Cic.):

    quod et plures tradidere auctores et fama obtinuit,

    Liv. 21, 46, 10; cf. with a subject-clause: pro vero antea obtinebat, regna atque imperia Fortunam dono dare, Sall. Rep. Ordin. init.:

    non ipsos quoque fuisse pastores obtinebit, quod? etc.,

    Varr. R. R. 2, 1, 9:

    si dissentirent, sententia plurium obtineret,

    would prevail, Dig. 42, 1, 36:

    quod merito obtinuit,

    ib. 2, 4, 4.— Absol.:

    obtinuit (sc. consuetudo),

    Dig. 1, 13, 1.—With de: quia de intercalando non obtinuerat, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 5.—With ut or ne:

    his obtinuit, ut praeferretur candidato,

    Liv. 35, 10; Suet. Claud. 41:

    obtinuit, ne reus fieret,

    id. Caes. 23.—With quin, Suet. Tib. 31.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > obtineo

  • 13 optineo

    ob-tĭnĕo ( opt-), tĭnŭi, tentum, 2 (old perf. OPTENVI, fifth Epit. of the Scipios; inf. pass. obtinerier, Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 19; id. Most. 3, 2, 154), v. a. and n. [teneo].
    I.
    Act. *
    A.
    To take hold of, hold:

    obtine aures, amabo,

    Plaut. Cas. 3, 5, 16.—
    B.
    To hold, have, occupy, possess; to preserve, keep, maintain, etc. (class.).
    1.
    In gen.: sancte Apollo, qui umbilicum certum terrarum obtines, Poët. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 56, 115 (Trag. Rel. p. 201 Rib.):

    suam quisque domum tum obtinebat,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 19, 48:

    armis Galliam atque Italiam,

    Liv. 30, 19:

    cum imperio Hispaniam citeriorem,

    to have as his province, to be governor in it, Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 2:

    Galliam et Italiam,

    Liv. 30, 19:

    Africam,

    Nep. Timol. 2, 4; cf.:

    ex quā insulā nummus nullus, me obtinente, erogabitur,

    during my administration, Cic. Att. 5, 21, 7: QVEI AERARIVM PROVINCIAM OBTINEBIT, who will have the administration of the public treasure, Lex Thor. § 20 Rudorff. p. 168;

    Lex de Scribis ap. Haubold, p. 85: necessitudinem cum publicanis,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 12, § 35:

    vitam et famam,

    to preserve, id. Rosc. Am. 17, 49:

    auctoritatem suam,

    to maintain, id. ib. 48, 139:

    principatum,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 3:

    regnum,

    id. ib. 1, 7:

    jus,

    to assert, maintain, Tac. A. 1, 32:

    causam,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 37, 4:

    noctem insequentem eadem caligo obtinuit,

    occupied, took up, prevailed during, Liv. 29, 27:

    quae (fama) plerosque obtinet,

    Sall. J. 17, 7:

    proverbii locum obtinet,

    i. e. is become proverbial, Cic. Tusc. 4, 16, 36:

    parentis gravitatem,

    id. Sull. 6, 19:

    numerum deorum,

    to be numbered among, id. N. D. 3, 20, 51; so,

    aliquem numerum,

    id. Brut. 47, 175; cf. id. Off. 2, 12, 43: summam opinionem [p. 1247] m scholis, Quint. 10, 5, 18:

    admirationem,

    to be admired, Plin. 34, 2, 2, § 2:

    patriae nomen,

    id. 15, 18, 19, § 69:

    firmitudinem animi,

    i. e. exhibited, Plaut. As. 2, 2, 54:

    pontem,

    would not yield, Liv. 2, 10:

    silentiam,

    to maintain, id. 1, 16.—With inf., to persist in:

    earumque artem et disciplinam obtineat colere,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 2, 30.—
    2.
    In partic., of speech, to assert, maintain, i. e. to show, prove, demonstrate:

    possumus hoc teste... quod dicimus, obtinere?

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 71, § 168:

    duas contrarias sententias,

    id. Fin. 4, 28, 78:

    diu pugnare in iis, quae obtinere non possis,

    Quint. 6, 4, 15:

    recta apud turpes,

    id. 3, 8, 38:

    quaedam (leges) an obtineri possint,

    id. 2, 4, 39; 6, 1, 7:

    quod orator praecipue sibi obtinendum intellegit,

    id. 3, 6, 9 Spald. N. cr. (al. proponendum); cf. id. 12, 10, 53:

    si defecerint omnia, tum videndum erit, an obtineri possit, ne illud quidem recte factum,

    id. 5, 13, 24; 2, 5, 18.—
    C.
    To get possession of; to gain, acquire, obtain something (syn.: assequor, adipiscor, impetro;

    class.): quanta instrumenta habeat (homo) ad obtinendam adipiscendamque sapientiam,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 22, 59:

    impetrare et obtinere,

    Gell. 12, 14, 6; Cic. Fam. 1, 8, 5:

    malas causas semper obtinuit, in optimā concidit,

    gained, id. Att. 7, 25, 1; cf. id. Rosc. Com. 4, 10:

    jus suum contra aliquem,

    id. Quint. 9, 34:

    Romani si rem obtinuerint,

    if they gained the victory, Caes. B. G. 7, 85: voluimus quaedam;

    obtenta non sunt,

    Cic. Balb. 27, 61:

    apud eum causam obtinuit,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 37:

    aditu regis obtento,

    Just. 21, 6, 5.—Hence, to conquer, overcome (eccl. Lat.):

    melius est ut pugnemus contra eos in campestribus, et obtinebimus eos,

    Vulg. 3 Reg. 20, 23; 20, 25; id. Judith, 1, 5.—
    II.
    Neutr. (cf. teneo, II.), to maintain itself; to hold, prevail, last, stand, continue, obtain (not in Cic.):

    quod et plures tradidere auctores et fama obtinuit,

    Liv. 21, 46, 10; cf. with a subject-clause: pro vero antea obtinebat, regna atque imperia Fortunam dono dare, Sall. Rep. Ordin. init.:

    non ipsos quoque fuisse pastores obtinebit, quod? etc.,

    Varr. R. R. 2, 1, 9:

    si dissentirent, sententia plurium obtineret,

    would prevail, Dig. 42, 1, 36:

    quod merito obtinuit,

    ib. 2, 4, 4.— Absol.:

    obtinuit (sc. consuetudo),

    Dig. 1, 13, 1.—With de: quia de intercalando non obtinuerat, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 5.—With ut or ne:

    his obtinuit, ut praeferretur candidato,

    Liv. 35, 10; Suet. Claud. 41:

    obtinuit, ne reus fieret,

    id. Caes. 23.—With quin, Suet. Tib. 31.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > optineo

  • 14 reliquor

    rĕlĭquor, ātus, 1, v. dep. n. and a. ( act. collat. form reliquavit, Dig. 34, 3, 9) [reliquus], to be in arrears, to leave a balance, to owe a balance, remain indebted (jurid. Lat.).
    I.
    Neutr.:

    eos debitores rerum publicarum accipere debemus, qui ex administratione reipublicae reliquantur,

    Dig. 50, 4, 6:

    si filius in muneribus publicis reliquatus est,

    ib. 10, 2, 20, § 6; 33, 8, 23 pr.—
    II.
    Act.:

    reliquatus est amplam summam,

    Dig. 33, 7, 20:

    debitum ex conductione,

    ib. 26, 7, 46.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > reliquor


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