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saturated hydrocarbons

См. также в других словарях:

  • Hydrocarbon — Ball and stick model of the methane molecule, CH4. Methane is part of a homologous series known as the alkanes, which contain single bonds only. In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon …   Wikipedia

  • hydrocarbon — hydrocarbonaceous, adj. /huy dreuh kahr beuhn, huy dreuh kahr /, n. any of a class of compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as an alkane, methane, CH4, an alkene, ethylene, C2H4, an alkyne, acetylene, C2H2, or an aromatic compound,… …   Universalium

  • Alkane — Not to be confused with Alkene or Alkyne. Chemical structure of methane, the simplest alkane Alkanes (also known as paraffins or saturated hydrocarbons) are chemical compounds that consist only of hydrogen and carbon atoms and are bonded… …   Wikipedia

  • Petroleum — For other uses, see Petroleum (disambiguation). Proven world oil reserves, 2009 …   Wikipedia

  • -ane — 1. suffix var. of AN; usu. with distinction of sense (germane; humane; urbane) but sometimes with no corresponding form in an (mundane). 2. suffix Chem. forming names of paraffins and other saturated hydrocarbons (methane; propane). Etymology:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cracking (chemistry) — In petroleum geology and chemistry, cracking is the process whereby complex organic molecules such as kerogens or heavy hydrocarbons are broken down into simpler molecules such as light hydrocarbons, by the breaking of carbon carbon bonds in the… …   Wikipedia

  • chemical industry — Introduction       complex of processes, operations, and organizations engaged in the manufacture of chemicals and their derivatives.       Although the chemical industry may be described simply as the industry that uses chemistry and… …   Universalium

  • Fluid catalytic cracking — (FCC) is the most important conversion process used in petroleum refineries. It is widely used to convert the high boiling hydrocarbon fractions of petroleum crude oils to more valuable gasoline, olefinic gases and other products.cite book|author …   Wikipedia

  • catalysis — catalytic /kat l it ik/, adj., n. catalytical, adj. catalytically, adv. /keuh tal euh sis/, n., pl. catalyses / seez /. 1. Chem. the causing or accelerating of a chemical change by the addition of a catalyst. 2. an action between two or more… …   Universalium

  • wax — wax1 waxable, adj. waxlike, adj. /waks/, n. 1. Also called beeswax. a solid, yellowish, nonglycerine substance allied to fats and oils, secreted by bees, plastic when warm and melting at about 145°F, variously employed in making candles, models,… …   Universalium

  • Carbon–hydrogen bond activation — or C−H activation may be defined as a reaction that cleaves a carbon–hydrogen bond. Often the term is restricted to reactions involving organometallic complexes and proceeding by coordination of a hydrocarbon to the inner sphere of metal, either… …   Wikipedia


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