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salt-bath hardening

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  • Case hardening — or surface hardening is the process of hardening the surface of a metal, often a low carbon steel, by infusing elements into the material s surface, forming a thin layer of a harder alloy. Case hardening is usually done after the part in question …   Wikipedia

  • Ferritic nitrocarburizing — Not to be confused with Carbonitriding. Ferritic nitrocarburizing is a range of case hardening processes that diffuse nitrogen and carbon into ferrous metals at sub critical temperatures. The processing temperature ranges from 525 °C… …   Wikipedia

  • steel — steellike, adj. /steel/, n. 1. any of various modified forms of iron, artificially produced, having a carbon content less than that of pig iron and more than that of wrought iron, and having qualities of hardness, elasticity, and strength varying …   Universalium

  • Nitriding — is a heat treating process that diffuses nitrogen into the surface of a metal to create a case hardened surface. It is predominantly used on steel, but also titanium, aluminum and molybdenum. Typical applications include gears, crankshafts,… …   Wikipedia

  • Carbon steel — Iron alloy phases Ferrite (α iron, δ iron) Austenite (γ iron) Pearlite (88% ferrite, 12% cementite) …   Wikipedia

  • Strengthening mechanisms of materials — Methods have been devised to modify the yield strength, ductility, and toughness of both crystalline and amorphous materials. These strengthening mechanisms give engineers the ability to tailor the mechanical properties of materials to suit a… …   Wikipedia

  • Plasma nitriding — or ion nitriding (sometimes also called plasma ion nitriding) or glow discharge nitriding, is an industrial surface hardening treatment for metallic materials.DescriptionA plasma is the fourth state of matter, the other three being solid, liquid… …   Wikipedia

  • Parts cleaning — is essential to many industrial processes, as a prelude to surface finishing or to protect sensitive components. Electroplating is particularly sensitive to part cleanliness, since molecular layers of oil can prevent adhesion of the coating. ASTM …   Wikipedia

  • Austempering — is a hardening process that is used on metals to promote better mechanical properties.These properties include: * Higher ductility * Resistance to shock * Uniform HardnessThe ProcessThe metal is heated into the austenite region and then… …   Wikipedia

  • Nitridization — Nitridization, also known as nitriding, is a process which introduces nitrogen in the surface of a material. It is used in metallurgy, for example, for case hardening treatment of the steel surface.Nitriding is widely used in automotive,… …   Wikipedia

  • tempering — Heat treating of metal alloys, particularly steel, to reduce brittleness and restore ductility. In tempering, steel is slowly heated to a temperature between 300 and 1,300 °F (150 and 700 °C), depending on desired properties, in an oil or salt… …   Universalium


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