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research group

  • 1 CRG (Grupo de Investigación sobre la Clasificación)

    Ex. The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.

    Spanish-English dictionary > CRG (Grupo de Investigación sobre la Clasificación)

  • 2 Grupo de Investigación sobre la Clasificación (CRG)

    Ex. The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.

    Spanish-English dictionary > Grupo de Investigación sobre la Clasificación (CRG)

  • 3 clasificación

    f.
    1 classification, bracket, sorting, categorization.
    2 classified results.
    3 league table, placing in league rank, placing.
    4 classification, break-down, grading.
    * * *
    1 (gen) classification
    2 (distribución) sorting, filing
    3 DEPORTE league, table
    4 (de discos) top twenty, hit parade
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=categorización) classification
    2) (=ordenación) [de documentos] classification; (Inform, Correos) sorting
    3) (Náut) rating
    4) [en torneo] qualification
    5) (=lista) table, league
    * * *
    1) (de documentos, libros) classification; ( de cartas) sorting
    2) ( de película -acción) classification; (- certificado)

    ¿qué clasificación (moral) tiene? — what certificate has it got?

    3) (de elemento, animal, planta) classification
    4) (Dep)
    a) ( para una etapa posterior) qualification
    b) ( tabla) placings (pl); ( puesto) position, place
    * * *
    = classification, map, mapping, ranking, sorting, subject cataloguing, rank order, league table, sift, scoreboard, scorecard, grading, leader board.
    Ex. Classification, then, is the grouping of like objects.
    Ex. A detailed study of a co-citation map, its core documents' citation patterns and the related journal structures, is presented.
    Ex. Recently, proponents of co-citation cluster analysis have claimed that in principle their methodology makes possible the mapping of science using the data in the Science Citation Index.
    Ex. Those documents with sufficiently high rankings will be deemed relevant and eventually retrieved.
    Ex. Storage medium and associated equipment (for example, sorting and punching devices, cards, magnetic tape) tends to be cheaper than the term record index equivalent.
    Ex. This facility enables descriptive and subject cataloguing to be done by two different people.
    Ex. This is an interesting reversal of the rank order of countries for both stock held and expenditure per head of population.
    Ex. In addition to producing these 'league tables' of microcomputer applications, Burton also indicated the applications software that libraries were using.
    Ex. The method of work agreed was that the chairperson would make a first sift of proposals and divide them into two groups.
    Ex. Evaluation the research is through 4 strategies: a simple scoreboard; scoreboard plus other details such as references; scoreboard with the minimal critera of, e.g., sample size and statistical procedures used; examination of actual material.
    Ex. After a year's rapid development of portals by major search engines, adding such things as scorecards, news headlines or links to other services, search engine developers are now turning to personalization as a way of holding their users.
    Ex. It is interesting that, in this case, socio-economic grading was a better social discriminator than was terminal educational age.
    Ex. Since its launch, the project has been plagued by a small number of people cheating to elevate their ranking in the leader boards.
    ----
    * clasificación abreviada = abridged classification.
    * clasificación analítico-sintética = analytico-synthetic classification.
    * clasificación automática = automatic classification.
    * clasificación bibliográfica = bibliographic classification, library classification.
    * Clasificación Bibliográfica (BC) = Bibliographic Classification (BC).
    * clasificación cruzada = cross-classification.
    * Clasificación Decimal de Dewey (DDC o DC) = Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC o DC).
    * Clasificación Decimal, la = Decimal Classification, the.
    * Clasificación Decimal Universal (CDU) = UDC (Universal Decimal Classification).
    * clasificación de Dewey, la = Dewey scheme, the.
    * clasificación de la literatura narrativa = fiction classification.
    * clasificación del correo = mail sorting.
    * clasificación del suelo = zoning.
    * Clasificación de Ranganathan = Colon Classification (CC), Colon Classification Scheme.
    * clasificación enumerativa = enumerative classification.
    * clasificación específica = close classification, specific classification.
    * clasificación facetada = faceted classification.
    * clasificación general = broad classification, broad classification.
    * Clasificación Industrial General de las Actividades Económicas (NACE) = General Industrial Classification of Economic Activities (NACE).
    * clasificación monojerárquica = monohierarchical classification.
    * clasificación por antigüedad = seniority ranking.
    * clasificación por materia = subject classification.
    * clasificación por pertinencia = relevance ranking.
    * clasificación unidimensional = monodimensional classification.
    * de clasificación = classificatory indicator, classificatory.
    * dispositivo de clasificación = sorting device.
    * Grupo de Investigación sobre la Clasificación (CRG) = Classification Research Group (CRG).
    * indicador de clasificación = classificatory indicator.
    * LCCN (Notación de la Clasificación de la Biblioteca del Congreso) = LCCN (Library of Congress Classification Number).
    * número de clasificación = class mark [classmark], class number, classification number, rank number.
    * ocupar un lugar en una clasificación = rank.
    * paquete de clasificación = sort package.
    * sistema de clasificación = classification scheme, scheme, classification system, classification schedules, grading system.
    * sistema de clasificación analítico = analytical classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación de Bliss = Bliss classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación decimal = decimal classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación de la Biblioteca del Congreso = LCC (Library of Congress Classification).
    * sistema de clasificación dicotomizado = dichotomized classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación enciclopédica = general classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación enumerativo = enumerative classification scheme, enumerative scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación especializado = special classification scheme, special scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación facetado = faceted classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación general = general scheme, general classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación jerárquico = hierarchical classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación lineal = linear classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación multidimensional = multidimensional classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación por disciplinas = discipline-oriented scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación sintético = synthetic classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación universal = universal classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación verbal = verbal classification system.
    * tabla de clasificación = classification schedule.
    * * *
    1) (de documentos, libros) classification; ( de cartas) sorting
    2) ( de película -acción) classification; (- certificado)

    ¿qué clasificación (moral) tiene? — what certificate has it got?

    3) (de elemento, animal, planta) classification
    4) (Dep)
    a) ( para una etapa posterior) qualification
    b) ( tabla) placings (pl); ( puesto) position, place
    * * *
    = classification, map, mapping, ranking, sorting, subject cataloguing, rank order, league table, sift, scoreboard, scorecard, grading, leader board.

    Ex: Classification, then, is the grouping of like objects.

    Ex: A detailed study of a co-citation map, its core documents' citation patterns and the related journal structures, is presented.
    Ex: Recently, proponents of co-citation cluster analysis have claimed that in principle their methodology makes possible the mapping of science using the data in the Science Citation Index.
    Ex: Those documents with sufficiently high rankings will be deemed relevant and eventually retrieved.
    Ex: Storage medium and associated equipment (for example, sorting and punching devices, cards, magnetic tape) tends to be cheaper than the term record index equivalent.
    Ex: This facility enables descriptive and subject cataloguing to be done by two different people.
    Ex: This is an interesting reversal of the rank order of countries for both stock held and expenditure per head of population.
    Ex: In addition to producing these 'league tables' of microcomputer applications, Burton also indicated the applications software that libraries were using.
    Ex: The method of work agreed was that the chairperson would make a first sift of proposals and divide them into two groups.
    Ex: Evaluation the research is through 4 strategies: a simple scoreboard; scoreboard plus other details such as references; scoreboard with the minimal critera of, e.g., sample size and statistical procedures used; examination of actual material.
    Ex: After a year's rapid development of portals by major search engines, adding such things as scorecards, news headlines or links to other services, search engine developers are now turning to personalization as a way of holding their users.
    Ex: It is interesting that, in this case, socio-economic grading was a better social discriminator than was terminal educational age.
    Ex: Since its launch, the project has been plagued by a small number of people cheating to elevate their ranking in the leader boards.
    * clasificación abreviada = abridged classification.
    * clasificación analítico-sintética = analytico-synthetic classification.
    * clasificación automática = automatic classification.
    * clasificación bibliográfica = bibliographic classification, library classification.
    * Clasificación Bibliográfica (BC) = Bibliographic Classification (BC).
    * clasificación cruzada = cross-classification.
    * Clasificación Decimal de Dewey (DDC o DC) = Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC o DC).
    * Clasificación Decimal, la = Decimal Classification, the.
    * Clasificación Decimal Universal (CDU) = UDC (Universal Decimal Classification).
    * clasificación de Dewey, la = Dewey scheme, the.
    * clasificación de la literatura narrativa = fiction classification.
    * clasificación del correo = mail sorting.
    * clasificación del suelo = zoning.
    * Clasificación de Ranganathan = Colon Classification (CC), Colon Classification Scheme.
    * clasificación enumerativa = enumerative classification.
    * clasificación específica = close classification, specific classification.
    * clasificación facetada = faceted classification.
    * clasificación general = broad classification, broad classification.
    * Clasificación Industrial General de las Actividades Económicas (NACE) = General Industrial Classification of Economic Activities (NACE).
    * clasificación monojerárquica = monohierarchical classification.
    * clasificación por antigüedad = seniority ranking.
    * clasificación por materia = subject classification.
    * clasificación por pertinencia = relevance ranking.
    * clasificación unidimensional = monodimensional classification.
    * de clasificación = classificatory indicator, classificatory.
    * dispositivo de clasificación = sorting device.
    * Grupo de Investigación sobre la Clasificación (CRG) = Classification Research Group (CRG).
    * indicador de clasificación = classificatory indicator.
    * LCCN (Notación de la Clasificación de la Biblioteca del Congreso) = LCCN (Library of Congress Classification Number).
    * número de clasificación = class mark [classmark], class number, classification number, rank number.
    * ocupar un lugar en una clasificación = rank.
    * paquete de clasificación = sort package.
    * sistema de clasificación = classification scheme, scheme, classification system, classification schedules, grading system.
    * sistema de clasificación analítico = analytical classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación de Bliss = Bliss classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación decimal = decimal classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación de la Biblioteca del Congreso = LCC (Library of Congress Classification).
    * sistema de clasificación dicotomizado = dichotomized classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación enciclopédica = general classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación enumerativo = enumerative classification scheme, enumerative scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación especializado = special classification scheme, special scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación facetado = faceted classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación general = general scheme, general classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación jerárquico = hierarchical classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación lineal = linear classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación multidimensional = multidimensional classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación por disciplinas = discipline-oriented scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación sintético = synthetic classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación universal = universal classification scheme.
    * sistema de clasificación verbal = verbal classification system.
    * tabla de clasificación = classification schedule.

    * * *
    A (de documentos, libros) classification; (de cartas) sorting
    el ordenador que hace la clasificación del correo the computer that sorts the mail
    B (de una películaacción) classification
    (— certificado): ¿qué clasificación (moral) tiene? what certificate has it got?
    C (de un elemento, una planta) classification
    D ( Dep)
    peligra nuestra clasificación para la final we are in danger of not making o of not qualifying for the final
    esta victoria le supone la clasificación para la fase final this victory means that he will go through to o has qualified for the finals
    2 (tabla) placings (pl); (puesto) position, place
    quinto en la clasificación final del rally fifth in the final placings for the rally
    * * *

    clasificación sustantivo femenino
    1 (de documentos, animales, plantas) classification;
    ( de cartas) sorting
    2 ( de película) certificate
    3


    b) ( tabla) placings (pl);

    ( puesto) position, place;

    clasificación sustantivo femenino
    1 classification
    2 Dep (lista) table: es el tercero en la clasificación mundial, he's ranked third in the world
    (acción) qualification: la atleta española no ha conseguido su clasificación, the Spanish athlete has not qualified
    ' clasificación' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    encabezar
    - escala
    - juvenil
    - cabeza
    - descender
    - escalar
    - fase
    - frente
    - ocupar
    - prueba
    - puesto
    English:
    classification
    - filing
    - rating
    - table
    - preliminary
    - qualification
    * * *
    1. [ordenación] classification
    Econ clasificación de solvencia credit rating
    2. [de animal, planta] classification
    3. [de película] classification
    4. Dep [lista] [en liga] (league) Br table o US standings;
    [en carrera, torneo] classification;
    encabezar la clasificación [en liga] to be at the top of the league;
    [en carrera, torneo] to lead the classification clasificación combinada combined event;
    clasificación por equipos team classification;
    clasificación general (general) classification;
    clasificación de la regularidad points classification
    5. Dep [para competición] qualification;
    no consiguieron lograr la clasificación para las semifinales they didn't manage to qualify for the semifinals
    * * *
    f
    1 DEP en competición qualification
    2 de liga league table
    3
    :
    * * *
    1) : classification, sorting out
    2) : rating
    3) calificación: qualification (in competitions)
    * * *
    1. (en general) classification
    2. (en deporte acción) qualifying
    ¿quién es el líder de la clasificación de primera? who is top of the first division?

    Spanish-English dictionary > clasificación

  • 4 esfuerzo

    m.
    1 effort.
    hacer esfuerzos, hacer un esfuerzo to make an effort, to try hard
    estoy haciendo esfuerzos por no llorar I'm trying hard not to cry
    haz un último esfuerzo, ya verás como ahora lo consigues make one last attempt, you'll do it this time!
    sin esfuerzo effortlessly
    2 strain.
    pres.indicat.
    1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: esforzar.
    * * *
    1 effort, endeavour (US endeavor)
    2 (valor) courage, spirit
    \
    hacer un esfuerzo (físico) to make an effort, exert oneself 2 (moral) to try hard, strive
    sin esfuerzo effortlessly
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) [de fuerza física, intelectual] effort

    sin esfuerzo — effortlessly, without strain

    no hizo el más mínimo esfuerzo por agradar — he made absolutely no effort at all to be nice, he didn't make the slightest effort to be nice

    2) (=vigor) spirit, vigour, vigor (EEUU)
    3) (Mec) stress
    * * *
    masculino effort
    * * *
    = endeavour [endeavor, -USA], labour [labor, -USA], leg work, struggle, effort, toil, elbow grease.
    Ex. Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.
    Ex. An editor is a person who prepares for publication an item not his own and whose labour may be limited to the preparation of the item for the manufacturer.
    Ex. DOBIS/LIBIS may replace the typewriter, the catalog card, and much leg work, but it cannot replace the decision-making capabilities of the library staff.
    Ex. The struggle to make the library an integral part of the educational process is a long-standing one which has yet to be resolved.
    Ex. For example, with such a system a change of the heading AEROPLANES -- ASSISTED TAKE-OFF in figure 7 would without further effort be reflected in the six associated cross-reference records.
    Ex. Furthermore, the computer can be used, and is already being used, to eliminate drudgery, busywork, and useless toil in library systems.
    Ex. The window frames appeared to have not seen the light of day for over 50 years and were totally caked in dirt -- although with some elbow grease the window came up a treat.
    ----
    * ahorro de esfuerzo = savings in energy, savings in effort.
    * aumentar el esfuerzo = increase + effort.
    * aunar esfuerzos = join + forces, coordinate + efforts, join + hands, pool + efforts, pull together.
    * compartir esfuerzos = share + efforts.
    * concentrar el esfuerzo = concentrate + effort, direct + effort, direct + energy, concentrate + Posesivo + energy.
    * concentrar el esfuerzo en = divert + effort into.
    * con mucho esfuerzo = painfully.
    * conseguir con esfuerzo = mine.
    * consumir esfuerzo = take up + energy.
    * coordinar esfuerzos = coordinate + efforts.
    * dedicación de esfuerzo = expenditure of effort.
    * dedicar el tiempo y el esfuerzo = take + the time and effort.
    * dedicar esfuerzo = expend + effort, spend + effort, devote + energy, give + effort.
    * dedicar todo el esfuerzo del mundo a = put + Posesivo + heart into.
    * demandar mucho esfuerzo por parte de Alguien = tax + Posesivo + imagination.
    * dirigir el esfuerzo = direct + effort, direct + energy.
    * duplicidad de esfuerzos = duplication of effort.
    * empezar a sudar por el esfuerzo = work up + a sweat, work up + a lather.
    * en + Posesivo + esfuerzo de = in + Posesivo + quest for/to.
    * entrar hambre después del esfuerzo = work up + an appetite.
    * entrar sed después del esfuerzo = work up + a thirst.
    * en un esfuerzo por = in an effort to.
    * esfuerzo cognitivo = cognitive overhead.
    * esfuerzo común = concerted effort.
    * esfuerzo conjunto = team effort.
    * esfuerzo de equipo = team effort.
    * esfuerzo denodado = strenuous effort.
    * esfuerzo físico = physical effort.
    * esfuerzo físico humano = human power.
    * esfuerzo + fracasar = effort + founder.
    * esfuerzo + hacer sudar = work up + a sweat, work up + a lather.
    * esfuerzo heroico = all out effort.
    * esfuerzo humano = human energy.
    * esfuerzo intelectual = cognitive overhead, intellectual effort.
    * esfuerzo inútil = wasted energy.
    * esfuerzo mental = cognitive overhead, mental effort.
    * esfuerzo sobrehumano = Herculean effort, Herculanian effort.
    * exigir esfuerzo = take + effort.
    * frustrar el esfuerzo = frustrate + effort.
    * ganar a Alguien sin apenas hacer ningún esfuerzo = beat + Nombre + hands down, win + hands down.
    * hacer Algo con mucho esfuerzo = plod (along/through).
    * hacer el esfuerzo necesario = pull + Posesivo + (own) weight.
    * hacer el último esfuerzo = go + the last mile, go + the extra mile.
    * hacer grandes esfuerzos por = take + (great) pains to.
    * hacer un esfuerzo = make + effort.
    * hacer un gran esfuerzo = go out of + Posesivo + way to + Infinitivo.
    * invertir esfuerzo intelectual en = invest + Posesivo + thoughts in.
    * justificar el esfuerzo = justify + the effort.
    * llevar tiempo y esfuerzo = take + time and effort.
    * merecer la pena el esfuerzo = repay + effort.
    * mucho esfuerzo = hard work.
    * necesitar esfuerzo = take + effort.
    * no concentrar el esfuerzo = spread + Nombre + thinly.
    * poner esfuerzo = give + effort.
    * propulsado con el esfuerzo físico humano = human-powered.
    * realizar esfuerzo = exert + effort.
    * realizar un esfuerzo = put forth + effort, make + effort.
    * realizar un esfuerzo común = make + a concerted effort.
    * redirigir el esfuerzo = refocus + effort.
    * redirigir un esfuerzo = divert + impetus.
    * redoblar esfuerzos = redouble + efforts.
    * reducir el esfuerzo = reduce + effort.
    * reorientar el esfuerzo = refocus + effort.
    * sin esfuerzo = effortless, effortlessly.
    * sin esfuerzo alguno = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo mental = thought-free.
    * tener hambre después del esfuerzo = work up + an appetite.
    * tener sed después del esfuerzo = work up + a thirst.
    * tirar dinero y esfuerzo por la borda = be money and effort down the drain.
    * trabajo y esfuerzo = toil and trouble.
    * unir esfuerzos = join + hands.
    * vehículo propulsado por el esfuerzo físico humano = human-powered vehicle.
    * * *
    masculino effort
    * * *
    = endeavour [endeavor, -USA], labour [labor, -USA], leg work, struggle, effort, toil, elbow grease.

    Ex: Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.

    Ex: An editor is a person who prepares for publication an item not his own and whose labour may be limited to the preparation of the item for the manufacturer.
    Ex: DOBIS/LIBIS may replace the typewriter, the catalog card, and much leg work, but it cannot replace the decision-making capabilities of the library staff.
    Ex: The struggle to make the library an integral part of the educational process is a long-standing one which has yet to be resolved.
    Ex: For example, with such a system a change of the heading AEROPLANES -- ASSISTED TAKE-OFF in figure 7 would without further effort be reflected in the six associated cross-reference records.
    Ex: Furthermore, the computer can be used, and is already being used, to eliminate drudgery, busywork, and useless toil in library systems.
    Ex: The window frames appeared to have not seen the light of day for over 50 years and were totally caked in dirt -- although with some elbow grease the window came up a treat.
    * ahorro de esfuerzo = savings in energy, savings in effort.
    * aumentar el esfuerzo = increase + effort.
    * aunar esfuerzos = join + forces, coordinate + efforts, join + hands, pool + efforts, pull together.
    * compartir esfuerzos = share + efforts.
    * concentrar el esfuerzo = concentrate + effort, direct + effort, direct + energy, concentrate + Posesivo + energy.
    * concentrar el esfuerzo en = divert + effort into.
    * con mucho esfuerzo = painfully.
    * conseguir con esfuerzo = mine.
    * consumir esfuerzo = take up + energy.
    * coordinar esfuerzos = coordinate + efforts.
    * dedicación de esfuerzo = expenditure of effort.
    * dedicar el tiempo y el esfuerzo = take + the time and effort.
    * dedicar esfuerzo = expend + effort, spend + effort, devote + energy, give + effort.
    * dedicar todo el esfuerzo del mundo a = put + Posesivo + heart into.
    * demandar mucho esfuerzo por parte de Alguien = tax + Posesivo + imagination.
    * dirigir el esfuerzo = direct + effort, direct + energy.
    * duplicidad de esfuerzos = duplication of effort.
    * empezar a sudar por el esfuerzo = work up + a sweat, work up + a lather.
    * en + Posesivo + esfuerzo de = in + Posesivo + quest for/to.
    * entrar hambre después del esfuerzo = work up + an appetite.
    * entrar sed después del esfuerzo = work up + a thirst.
    * en un esfuerzo por = in an effort to.
    * esfuerzo cognitivo = cognitive overhead.
    * esfuerzo común = concerted effort.
    * esfuerzo conjunto = team effort.
    * esfuerzo de equipo = team effort.
    * esfuerzo denodado = strenuous effort.
    * esfuerzo físico = physical effort.
    * esfuerzo físico humano = human power.
    * esfuerzo + fracasar = effort + founder.
    * esfuerzo + hacer sudar = work up + a sweat, work up + a lather.
    * esfuerzo heroico = all out effort.
    * esfuerzo humano = human energy.
    * esfuerzo intelectual = cognitive overhead, intellectual effort.
    * esfuerzo inútil = wasted energy.
    * esfuerzo mental = cognitive overhead, mental effort.
    * esfuerzo sobrehumano = Herculean effort, Herculanian effort.
    * exigir esfuerzo = take + effort.
    * frustrar el esfuerzo = frustrate + effort.
    * ganar a Alguien sin apenas hacer ningún esfuerzo = beat + Nombre + hands down, win + hands down.
    * hacer Algo con mucho esfuerzo = plod (along/through).
    * hacer el esfuerzo necesario = pull + Posesivo + (own) weight.
    * hacer el último esfuerzo = go + the last mile, go + the extra mile.
    * hacer grandes esfuerzos por = take + (great) pains to.
    * hacer un esfuerzo = make + effort.
    * hacer un gran esfuerzo = go out of + Posesivo + way to + Infinitivo.
    * invertir esfuerzo intelectual en = invest + Posesivo + thoughts in.
    * justificar el esfuerzo = justify + the effort.
    * llevar tiempo y esfuerzo = take + time and effort.
    * merecer la pena el esfuerzo = repay + effort.
    * mucho esfuerzo = hard work.
    * necesitar esfuerzo = take + effort.
    * no concentrar el esfuerzo = spread + Nombre + thinly.
    * poner esfuerzo = give + effort.
    * propulsado con el esfuerzo físico humano = human-powered.
    * realizar esfuerzo = exert + effort.
    * realizar un esfuerzo = put forth + effort, make + effort.
    * realizar un esfuerzo común = make + a concerted effort.
    * redirigir el esfuerzo = refocus + effort.
    * redirigir un esfuerzo = divert + impetus.
    * redoblar esfuerzos = redouble + efforts.
    * reducir el esfuerzo = reduce + effort.
    * reorientar el esfuerzo = refocus + effort.
    * sin esfuerzo = effortless, effortlessly.
    * sin esfuerzo alguno = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo mental = thought-free.
    * tener hambre después del esfuerzo = work up + an appetite.
    * tener sed después del esfuerzo = work up + a thirst.
    * tirar dinero y esfuerzo por la borda = be money and effort down the drain.
    * trabajo y esfuerzo = toil and trouble.
    * unir esfuerzos = join + hands.
    * vehículo propulsado por el esfuerzo físico humano = human-powered vehicle.

    * * *
    por lo menos hizo el esfuerzo de ser amable at least he made an effort o tried to be friendly
    hay que hacer un esfuerzo de imaginación you have to use your imagination
    me costó muchos esfuerzos convencerlo it took a lot of effort to persuade him, I had a lot of trouble persuading him
    conseguía todo lo que quería sin esfuerzo she got everything she wanted quite effortlessly o without any effort
    2 ( Fís) effort
    * * *

     

    Del verbo esforzar: ( conjugate esforzar)

    esfuerzo es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    esforzar    
    esfuerzo
    esforzar ( conjugate esforzar) verbo transitivovoz/vista to strain
    esforzarse verbo pronominal:

    tienes que esfuerzote más you'll have to work harder;
    esfuerzose por o en hacer algo to strive to do sth
    esfuerzo sustantivo masculino
    effort;
    hizo el esfuerzo de ser amable he made an effort o tried to be friendly
    esforzar vtr (la vista, un músculo) to strain
    esfuerzo sustantivo masculino effort
    hacer un esfuerzo, to make an effort
    ♦ Locuciones: sin esfuerzo, effortlessly

    ' esfuerzo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    conquista
    - considerable
    - cuajar
    - desesperada
    - desesperado
    - difícil
    - economía
    - emplear
    - entregarse
    - facilidad
    - gratificar
    - hacer
    - inversión
    - invertir
    - lucir
    - lucha
    - mérito
    - molestarse
    - molestia
    - mucha
    - mucho
    - obra
    - paliza
    - para
    - penosa
    - penoso
    - premiar
    - premio
    - producto
    - renovar
    - rentable
    - rota
    - roto
    - sprint
    - sudor
    - titánica
    - titánico
    - trabajo
    - tute
    - baldío
    - común
    - conjunto
    - consagrar
    - costar
    - demasiado
    - desplegar
    - empeño
    - estéril
    - hazaña
    - intenso
    English:
    all-out
    - challenging
    - concerted
    - conscious
    - effort
    - effortless
    - endeavor
    - endeavour
    - exert
    - exertion
    - extraordinary
    - hard-won
    - heave
    - incessant
    - last-ditch
    - level
    - obstinate
    - out
    - puff
    - push
    - shatter
    - spurt
    - strain
    - strenuous
    - successful
    - sustain
    - swing
    - trouble
    - try
    - unsuccessful
    - vain
    - waste
    - work
    - worth
    * * *
    [físico, intelectual] effort;
    cualquier movimiento cuesta o [m5] supone un terrible esfuerzo any movement requires a huge effort;
    no hagas ningún esfuerzo, que el médico ha recomendado reposo don't exert yourself, the doctor has recommended rest;
    hacer esfuerzos, hacer un esfuerzo to make an effort, to try hard;
    estoy haciendo esfuerzos por no llorar I'm trying hard not to cry;
    hizo un esfuerzo por agradar he made an effort to be pleasant;
    haz un último esfuerzo, ya verás como ahora lo consigues make one last attempt, you'll do it this time!;
    sin esfuerzo effortlessly
    * * *
    m effort;
    hacer un esfuerzo make an effort;
    sin esfuerzo effortlessly
    * * *
    1) : effort
    2) ánimo, vigor: spirit, vigor
    3)
    sin esfuerzo : effortlessly
    * * *
    esfuerzo n effort

    Spanish-English dictionary > esfuerzo

  • 5 estudio2

    2 = review, scholarship, study [studies, -pl.], work, calibration, surveying, analysis [analyses, -pl.].
    Nota: Proceso de estudio de un todo para encontrar sus partes esenciales y las relaciones existentes entre ellas.
    Ex. The review is supported by a complete list of LIPs completed or in progess at Aug 88, followed by references to their reports.
    Ex. The most important of the functions of librarians is the collection, preservation and affording access to the materials of scholarship.
    Ex. A study of the major general schemes reveals a wide gulf between theory, as outlined in the previous chapter, and practice, as reflected in the major schemes.
    Ex. The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.
    Ex. This requires careful calibration of reader response and the use of as many quantitative indices as possible.
    Ex. The author describes one effort made to counter this trend, through the surveying of the records of a library and the identification of materials to be preserved.
    Ex. The operation of investigating a whole with the aim of finding out its essential parts and their relationship to each other is known as analysis.
    ----
    * abandonar los estudios = drop out (from school), drop out of + school.
    * ámbito de estudio = scope.
    * área de estudio = study area, study area.
    * asignatura de estudios = curriculum subject.
    * beca de estudio(s) = study grant, education grant.
    * bolsa de estudios = bursary.
    * campo de estudio = field of study.
    * centro de apoyo a los programas de estudios = curriculum material center.
    * centro de estudios = study centre.
    * comisionar un estudio = commission + study.
    * compañero de estudios = co-student.
    * con estudios = schooled, educated, educated.
    * con estudios superiores = highly educated.
    * con un nivel de estudios alto = well educated [well-educated].
    * dejar los estudios = drop out (from school), drop out of + school.
    * desarrollo del plan de estudios = curriculum development.
    * disciplina de estudio = field of study.
    * diseñado para el estudio = curriculum-oriented.
    * diseño de planes de estudios = curriculum design.
    * edad de finalización de los estudios = terminal education age.
    * encargar un estudio = commission + study.
    * en el estudio = at study.
    * enseñanza a través del estudio de casos = case-teaching.
    * espacio reservado para el estudio = study space.
    * estudiante de bachiller que abandona los estudios = high-school dropout.
    * estudiante que ha completado los estudios secundarios = high school graduate, high school leaver.
    * estudiante universitario que abandona los estudios = college dropout.
    * estudio académico = academic study.
    * estudio basado en un cuestionario = questionnaire survey.
    * estudio bibliométrico = bibliometric analysis.
    * estudio cartográfico = ordnance survey.
    * estudio cinematográfico = film location, film studio.
    * estudio clásico = classic study.
    * estudio comparativo = correlation study.
    * estudio crítico del estado de la cuestión = review.
    * estudio cualitativo = qualitative study.
    * estudio cuantitativo = quantitative study.
    * estudio de alcance = scoping study.
    * estudio de arquitectos = architecture firm, architectural firm.
    * estudio de caso = case study.
    * estudio de impacto = impact study.
    * estudio de impacto en el medio ambiente = environmental impact study.
    * estudio de la productividad = time-and-motion study, time study, motion study.
    * estudio del estado de la cuestión = survey.
    * estudio de los himnos = hymnology.
    * estudio Delphi = Delphi study.
    * estudio de mercado = market survey, market research, marketing audit, consumer research.
    * estudio de seguimiento = follow-up study.
    * estudio de usabilidad = usability study.
    * estudio de uso = use study.
    * estudio de usuario = reader survey, consumer survey, customer survey.
    * estudio de usuarios = user study, marketing audit, user survey.
    * estudio de usuarios de la biblioteca = library user study.
    * estudio de viabilidad = demonstration project, feasibility study.
    * estudio epidemiológico = epidemiological study.
    * estudio geológico = geological survey.
    * estudio local = area study.
    * estudio longitudinal = longitudinal study.
    * estudio piloto = pilot study, pilot test.
    * estudio por simulación = simulation study.
    * estudio regional = area study.
    * estudios = academic background, course of study, educational career.
    * estudios africanos = African studies.
    * estudios afroamericanos = black studies.
    * estudios culturales = cultural studies.
    * estudios de administración = management studies.
    * estudios de auxiliar administrativo = information administration.
    * estudios de gestión = management science.
    * estudios de la mujer = women's studies, gender studies.
    * estudios de la paz y los conflictos = peace and conflict studies.
    * estudios de licenciatura = graduate work, graduate education.
    * estudios de literatura clásica = classical studies.
    * estudios del medio ambiente = environmental studies.
    * estudios de secretariado = secretarial studies.
    * estudios de tipografía = typographical studies.
    * estudios empresariales = business studies.
    * estudios en el extranjero = study abroad.
    * estudios europeos = European studies.
    * estudio sicométrico = psychometric study.
    * estudios literarios = literary studies.
    * estudios relacionados con las misiones religiosas = missiology.
    * estudios sobre la mujer = women's studies, gender studies.
    * estudios sobre paz y conflictos = peace and conflict studies.
    * estudios sociales = cultural studies.
    * estudios socioculturales = cultural studies.
    * estudio topográfico = surveying.
    * estudio universitario = academic study.
    * finalización de los estudios = graduation.
    * finalizar los estudios de BUP = complete + high school.
    * grupo de estudio = study circle.
    * habitación de estudio = private study, study facilities.
    * institución para el estudio y la conservación del patrimonio cult = heritage organisation.
    * libro de estudio = study book.
    * materia de estudio = subject of study.
    * material de estudio = study material, course material, curriculum material, curriculum resource, study package.
    * mesa de estudio = carrel, study table.
    * mesa individual de estudio = study carrel.
    * metodología de estudio = study skills.
    * nivel de estudios = educational background, level of education.
    * objeto de estudio = subject, object of study, under study.
    * partitura de estudio = miniature score.
    * permiso de estudios = study leave.
    * persona que elabora el plan de estudios = syllabus maker.
    * plan de estudios = curriculum [curricula, -pl.], syllabus [syllabi/syllabuses, -pl.], school curriculum, study plan.
    * planes de estudios = syllabi.
    * primer año de estudios superiores = freshman year.
    * programa de estudio = programme of study.
    * programa de estudios = course brochure, educational program(me), school program(me), study program(me), syllabus [syllabi/syllabuses, -pl.], education programme.
    * programa de estudios común = common core syllabus.
    * programas de estudios = syllabi.
    * realización de los estudios escolares en casa = homeschooling [home schooling].
    * realizar estudios = do + study.
    * realizar un estudio = carry out + survey, conduct + survey, undertake + study, undertake + survey, conduct + study.
    * realizar un estudio evaluativo = conduct + review.
    * reforma del plan de estudios = curriculum development.
    * relacionado con los estudios = course-related.
    * relativo a los estudios de diplomatura = undergrad (undergraduate).
    * relativo a los estudios de licenciatura = grad (graduate), postgraduate [post-graduate].
    * sala de estudio = study facilities, study room.
    * sin estudios = ill-educated.
    * técnicas de estudio = study skills.
    * tema de estudio = study area, under study.
    * terminar los estudios = graduate.
    * tiempo de estudio = study time.
    * unidad de estudio = unit of study, study unit.
    * viaje de estudio = study trip.
    * zona de estudio = study area, study facilities.

    Spanish-English dictionary > estudio2

  • 6 faena

    f.
    1 task, work (tarea).
    faenas agrícolas o del campo farm work, agricultural work
    faenas domésticas housework, household chores
    2 bullfighter's performance (bullfighting).
    pres.indicat.
    3rd person singular (él/ella/ello) present indicative of spanish verb: faenar.
    imperat.
    2nd person singular (tú) Imperative of Spanish verb: faenar.
    * * *
    1 (tarea) task, job
    2 familiar (mala pasada) dirty trick
    3 (tauromaquia) performance
    \
    estar metido,-a en faena familiar to be hard at work
    faenas agrícolas agricultural work
    faenas de la casa housework sing, household chores
    mujer de la faena cleaning lady, home help
    * * *
    SF
    1) [gen] task, job, piece of work; [en el hogar] chore; (Mil) fatigue
    2) * (tb: mala faena) (=mala pasada) dirty trick

    ¡menuda faena la que me hizo! — that was a terrible thing he did to me!

    3) CAm, Caribe, Méx (=horas extraordinarias) extra work, overtime
    4) (Taur) set of passes with the cape
    5) Cono Sur (=obreros) gang of workers; (=local) work place
    * * *
    1) ( trabajo) task, job

    faenas domésticas or de la casa — housework

    2) (Taur) series of passes
    3) (fam)
    a) ( mala pasada) dirty trick
    b) ( contratiempo) drag (colloq), pain (colloq)
    4) (Chi) ( grupo de trabajadores) team, gang; ( lugar de trabajo) workplace (frml)
    * * *
    = task, work, job, chore.
    Ex. Further, menu screens will be necessary until the user has specified the task that he wishes executed or the information that he wishes to retrieve sufficiently for execution or retrieval to be effected.
    Ex. The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.
    Ex. To ease the cataloguer's job and save him the trouble of counting characters, DOBIS/LIBIS uses a special function.
    Ex. The maintenance of orderly shelf arrangement is often considered an unimportant chore.
    ----
    * faena diaria = daily grind.
    * todos a la faena = all hands on deck, all hands to the pump(s).
    * traje de faena = fatigues.
    * * *
    1) ( trabajo) task, job

    faenas domésticas or de la casa — housework

    2) (Taur) series of passes
    3) (fam)
    a) ( mala pasada) dirty trick
    b) ( contratiempo) drag (colloq), pain (colloq)
    4) (Chi) ( grupo de trabajadores) team, gang; ( lugar de trabajo) workplace (frml)
    * * *
    = task, work, job, chore.

    Ex: Further, menu screens will be necessary until the user has specified the task that he wishes executed or the information that he wishes to retrieve sufficiently for execution or retrieval to be effected.

    Ex: The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.
    Ex: To ease the cataloguer's job and save him the trouble of counting characters, DOBIS/LIBIS uses a special function.
    Ex: The maintenance of orderly shelf arrangement is often considered an unimportant chore.
    * faena diaria = daily grind.
    * todos a la faena = all hands on deck, all hands to the pump(s).
    * traje de faena = fatigues.

    * * *
    A (trabajo) task, job
    comparten las faenas domésticas or de la casa they share the housework o the domestic o household chores
    la dura faena diaria the daily grind
    B ( Taur) series of passes
    C (matanza) slaughter
    D ( fam)
    1 (mala pasada) dirty trick
    hacerle una faena a algn to play a dirty trick on sb ( colloq), to pull a stunt on sb ( colloq)
    2 (contratiempo) drag ( colloq), pain ( colloq)
    ¡qué faena! what a drag o pain!
    E ( Chi)
    2 (lugar de trabajo) workplace ( frml)
    voy a la faena a pie I walk to work
    * * *

    Del verbo faenar: ( conjugate faenar)

    faena es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) presente indicativo

    2ª persona singular (tú) imperativo

    Multiple Entries:
    faena    
    faenar
    faena sustantivo femenino
    1 ( tarea) task, job;

    faenas domésticas housework;
    faenas agrícolas farm work
    2 (fam)


    b) ( contratiempo) drag (colloq), pain (colloq)

    faena sustantivo femenino
    1 (trabajo) work
    faenas de la casa, household chores
    faenas del campo, farm work
    fam pey chore
    2 fam (mala pasada) dirty trick
    hacer una faena a alguien, to play a dirty trick on sb
    3 Taur performance
    faenar verbo intransitivo
    1 (en la mar) to fish
    2 (en el campo) to work on the land
    ' faena' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    jugada
    - meterse
    - perrería
    - traje
    - trastada
    - tres
    - marranada
    English:
    chore
    - fatigue
    * * *
    faena nf
    1. [tarea] task, work;
    hoy no puedo salir que tengo mucha faena I can't go out today, I've got too much (work) to do;
    estar en plena faena to be hard at work;
    meterse en faena to get down to work, to start working
    faenas agrícolas farm work, agricultural work;
    faenas del campo farm work, agricultural work;
    faenas domésticas housework, household chores
    2. Fam [fastidio]
    me han hecho una faena cancelando el vuelo they've really left me in it by cancelling the flight;
    no me olvidaré de la faena que me hizo I won't forget the dirty trick he played on me;
    ¡qué faena! what a pain!
    3. Taurom = bullfighter's performance with the cape;
    el torero ejecutó una faena brillante the bullfighter did a series of brilliant passes with the cape
    4. Cuba, Guat, Méx [en hacienda] overtime
    5. Chile [cuadrilla de obreros] group of labourers
    6. Ecuad [trabajo matinal] morning work
    7. RP [matanza] slaughtering [of cattle]
    * * *
    f
    1 task, job;
    faenas agrícolas farmwork sg ;
    faenas de la casa household chores
    2 TAUR series of passes with the cape
    3
    :
    hacer una faena a alguien play a dirty trick on s.o.
    4 Chi, Rpl
    de ganado slaughtering
    * * *
    faena nf
    : task, job, work
    faenas domésticas: housework
    * * *
    1. (labor) job / task
    2. (jugarreta) dirty trick

    Spanish-English dictionary > faena

  • 7 grupo

    m.
    1 group (conjunto).
    en grupo in a group
    grupo ecologista environmental group
    grupo de estudio study group
    grupo de presión (politics) pressure group, lobby
    grupo de riesgo group at risk
    grupo de rock rock group
    2 group of people, bevy, circle, group.
    * * *
    1 group
    2 TÉCNICA unit, set
    \
    en grupo together, en masse
    grupo electrógeno power plant
    grupo sanguíneo blood group
    * * *
    noun m.
    2) band
    * * *
    SM
    1) [gen] group; (=equipo) team; [de árboles] cluster, clump

    grupo de contacto — (Pol) contact group

    grupo de estafas — (Policía) fraud squad

    grupo de estupefacientes — (Policía) drug squad

    grupo de homicidios — (Policía) murder squad

    grupo de investigación — research team, team of researchers

    grupo de presión — pressure group, special interest group (EEUU)

    2) (Elec, Téc) unit, plant; (=montaje) assembly

    grupo electrógeno, grupo generador — generating set, power plant

    3) Cono Sur (=trampa) trick, con *
    * * *
    a) (de personas, empresas, países) group; ( de árboles) clump

    en grupo<salir/trabajar> in a group/in groups

    b) (Mús) tb

    grupo musical — group, band

    * * *
    = aggregate, bank, batch [batches, -pl.], body, class, cluster, clutch, congeries, grouping, pack, cohort, camp, set, group, gang, bunch, corps, band, class group, combine, constituent group, collective, ensemble, bevy, line-up, cluster, segment, pod, order, mob.
    Ex. The result of this is to provide a distinct class number for an aggregate of subjects which are adjacent in the UDC schedule order.
    Ex. A recitation of the best thought out principles for a cataloging code is easily drowned out by the clatter of a bank of direct access devices vainly searching for misplaced records.
    Ex. A KWIC index is based upon the 'keywords' in the titles of the batch of documents to be indexed.
    Ex. The main body of criticism centred upon the treatment of nonbook materials.
    Ex. The following highlights are what this first class of Fellows recall of their time overseas.
    Ex. The local system is designed to be flexible enough to meet the needs of a single library or those of a library cluster.
    Ex. This approach does tend to lead to small clutches of periodicals on a given subject.
    Ex. To be sure, it still has its congeries of mills and factories, its grimy huddle of frame dwellings and congested tenements, its stark, jagged skyline, but its old face is gradually changing.
    Ex. This scheme aims for a more helpful order than the major schemes, by following the groupings of subjects as they are taught in schools.
    Ex. The notched cards, representing relevant documents, will drop off the needle and fall from the bulk of the pack.
    Ex. This article examines the views of librarians held by a number of faculty cohorts.
    Ex. This is a situation much debated between the two camps of those who would give everyone what he wants and those who would give each reader only the things of some constructive value.
    Ex. SELECT retrieves records containing the search term or terms you specify and stores them in sets.
    Ex. The groups continue, however, to keep alive their heritages through festivals and cultural activities.
    Ex. In the 1920s and 1930s more than 1 million books were being loaned each year to members as far afield as the most isolated settlers' gangs working on distant branch lines.
    Ex. They are a very impatient bunch, however: knowing themselves what the technology can do, they can get a little short with obstructionists who raise non-technical objections.
    Ex. Quality abstracting services take pride in their corps of abstractors.
    Ex. In recent years a band of disciples has grown up in India, and has contributed to the revision and expansion of the schedules.
    Ex. If the panel members represent class groups, they must canvass for suggestions.
    Ex. 158 public organisations with very diverse computer machinery formed a combine to develop an application which would make the database available on the organisations' different computer systems. = 158 instituciones públicas con equipos informáticos muy diversos crearon un grupo para desarrollar una aplicación que hiciera que la base de datos estuviese disponible en sus diferentes sistemas informáticos.
    Ex. Different constituent groups tend to rate aspects of the library quite differently.
    Ex. These collectives are at present seeking compensation for copies made of copyrighted material based on the nature, volume and use of copies made.
    Ex. DIANE is the name that has been given to the ensemble of available information services.
    Ex. It contains a bevy of fearsomely feisty female archetypes removed from domestic obligations and toughened in the brutal setting of prison life.
    Ex. The title of the article is 'The information market: a line-up of competitors'.
    Ex. Various other methods of obtaining clusters have been described, including the use of fuzzy sets, but these are beyond the scope of this book.
    Ex. No such constraints exist where online display is anticipated, since only one segment at a time is displayed.
    Ex. The large pod of about 75 narwhals milled around the bay in the summer feeding grounds.
    Ex. The taxonomic subclass of acari (mites and ticks) comprises tens of thousands of species, grouped in many families and several orders.
    Ex. In the afternoon quite a few of our mob decided that they would prefer to spend a bit of time lazing about in the water and soaking up a few rays.
    ----
    * admitir a Alguien en un grupo = adopt + Nombre + into the fold.
    * análisis de grupo = cohort analysis.
    * atacar en grupo = swarm.
    * camaradería de grupo = group ride.
    * cena de grupo = dinner party.
    * cena en grupo = group dinner, dinner party.
    * como grupo = collectively.
    * crear un grupo = set up + group.
    * debate de grupo = group discussion.
    * debate en grupo = group discussion.
    * división del mercado por grupos de consumidores = market segmentation.
    * empresa de nuestro grupo = sister company, sister organisation.
    * empresa de un grupo = operating company.
    * en algunos grupos = in some quarters.
    * en algunos grupos de la población = in some quarters.
    * enano del grupo, el = runt of the litter, the.
    * en muchos grupos = in many quarters.
    * en muchos grupos de la población = in many quarters.
    * entre grupos sociales = intergroup.
    * entrevista en grupo = group interview.
    * formación de grupos de presión = lobbying representation.
    * formar un grupo = set up + group.
    * formar un grupo de presión = form + lobby.
    * G7 (Grupo de los Siete), el = G7 (Group of Seven), the.
    * gran grupo = constellation.
    * grupo activista = faction group.
    * grupo al Algo que va dirigido = target group.
    * grupo alimenticio = food group.
    * grupo asesor = advisory group.
    * Grupo Asesor sobre Redes (NAG) = Network Advisory Group (NAG).
    * grupo chantajista = extortion racket.
    * grupo cívico = civic group.
    * grupo consultivo = advisory group.
    * grupo coordinador = steering group.
    * grupo cultural = cultural group.
    * grupo de acción ciudadana = citizen action group, community action group.
    * grupo de amigos = clan of friends.
    * grupo de amigos y conocidos = social network.
    * grupo de apoyo = interest group, support group.
    * grupo de autoayuda = self-help group, self-help group, self-help group.
    * grupo de cantantes femenino = girl band.
    * grupo de cantantes masculino = boy band.
    * grupo de ciudadanos desatentido = unserved, the.
    * grupo de consumidores = consumer group.
    * grupo de control = control group.
    * grupo de datos = data set [dataset].
    * grupo de debate = discussion group, focus group, discussion list, electronic forum, panel discussion, panel debate.
    * grupo de dirección = management.
    * grupo de discusión = discussion group.
    * grupo de edad = age bracket, age group [age-group].
    * grupo de empresas = business group.
    * grupo de estanterías = stack, stack range.
    * grupo de estudio = study circle.
    * grupo de expertos = cadre, brains trust, group of experts, network, think tank.
    * grupo defensor = interest group.
    * grupo de gestión = management team.
    * grupo de incondicionales, el = hard core, the.
    * grupo de intelectuales = intelligentsia.
    * grupo de interés = focus group, interest group.
    * grupo de investigación = research group.
    * Grupo de Investigación sobre la Clasificación (CRG) = Classification Research Group (CRG).
    * grupo de la oposición = opposition group.
    * grupo de los 20 = G-20.
    * grupo de los ocho, el = G8, the.
    * grupo del proyecto = project team.
    * grupo de negociación = bargaining unit.
    * grupo de normalización = standards group.
    * grupo de opinión = focus group.
    * grupo de personas o cosas de la misma edad o categoría = peer group.
    * grupo de poder = power group.
    * grupo de presión = lobby group, pressure group, lobbyist.
    * grupo de protección a menores = Shelter group.
    * grupo de protección ciudadana = civic trust group.
    * grupo de recursos = clump.
    * grupo de referencia = reference group.
    * grupo de representantes = focus group.
    * grupo de rock = rock group.
    * grupo de seguidores = fandom.
    * grupo de términos de búsqueda relacionados = search hedge, subject hedge.
    * grupo de trabajo = study group, study team, task force, working party, task group, research group, working group, project team.
    * Grupo de Trabajo de Ingeniería de Internet (IETF) = Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).
    * grupo de trabajo por tema de interés = breakout group.
    * Grupo de Trabajo sobre los Sistemas Nacionales de Información de la Asociaci = NISTF (Society of American Archivists National Information Systems Task Force).
    * grupo de tres = threesome.
    * grupo de usuarios = user group, users' group, population served.
    * grupo de usuarios al que va dirigido = target user group.
    * grupo disidente = splinter group, splinter party.
    * grupo dominante = dominant group.
    * grupo eléctrico = power unit, electrical generator, power generator.
    * grupo electrógeno = electrical generator, power unit, power generator.
    * grupo especial = special interest group.
    * grupo específico = niche.
    * grupo etario = age bracket.
    * grupo étnico = ethnic group, racial group, cultural group.
    * grupo experimental = experimental group.
    * grupo extremista = extremist group.
    * grupo incondicional, el = hard core, the.
    * grupo influyente = force.
    * grupo instrumental = ensemble.
    * grupo integrante = constituent group.
    * grupo interdisciplinar = cross-functional team.
    * grupo intérprete = executant body.
    * grupo marginado = deprived group, marginalised group.
    * grupo marginal = disadvantaged community, marginalised group.
    * grupo mayoritario = majority group.
    * grupo mínimo relacionado = minimum zone cohort.
    * grupo minoritario = minority group.
    * grupo mixto = cross-functional team.
    * grupo musical en directo = live band.
    * grupo político = political group.
    * grupo principal de usuarios = primary user group.
    * grupo profesional = occupational group.
    * grupo racial = racial group.
    * grupo racista = hate group.
    * grupo referente = reference group.
    * grupo religioso = denominational body, religious group.
    * grupos = quarters.
    * grupo sanguíneo = blood group, blood type.
    * grupos de diez = tens of.
    * grupo según edad = age group [age-group].
    * grupo social = community group, social group.
    * grupo supervisor = steering group.
    * grupo temáticamente afín = subject-related group.
    * grupo terrorista = terrorist group.
    * más débil del grupo, el = runt of the litter, the.
    * obra para grupo instrumental = ensemble work.
    * pensamiento de grupo = groupthink.
    * perfil de grupo = group profile.
    * por grupos = in batches.
    * presión del grupo = peer pressure.
    * relativo a un grupo = group-related.
    * reunión de grupo = group meeting.
    * RLG (Grupo de Bibliotecas de Investigación) = RLG (Research Libraries Group).
    * rodear en grupo = swarm.
    * SDI por grupos = group SDI.
    * sentimiento de grupo = togetherness.
    * sesión de grupo = group session.
    * tarifa de grupo = group rate.
    * técnica de grupo nominal = nominal group technique.
    * terapia de grupo = group therapy.
    * trabajar en grupo = team.
    * trabajar en grupo (con) = team up (with).
    * una grupo impreciso de = a cloud of.
    * un grupo aferrado de = a hard core of.
    * un grupo cada vez mayor de = a growing body of.
    * un grupo de = a set of, a bunch of, a crop of, a pool of, a cadre of, a cluster of, a galaxy of, a clutch of, a company of.
    * un grupo de gente variada = a cast of people.
    * un grupo incondicional de = a hard core of.
    * un grupo variado de = a collection of.
    * violación en grupo = gang rape.
    * * *
    a) (de personas, empresas, países) group; ( de árboles) clump

    en grupo<salir/trabajar> in a group/in groups

    b) (Mús) tb

    grupo musical — group, band

    * * *
    = aggregate, bank, batch [batches, -pl.], body, class, cluster, clutch, congeries, grouping, pack, cohort, camp, set, group, gang, bunch, corps, band, class group, combine, constituent group, collective, ensemble, bevy, line-up, cluster, segment, pod, order, mob.

    Ex: The result of this is to provide a distinct class number for an aggregate of subjects which are adjacent in the UDC schedule order.

    Ex: A recitation of the best thought out principles for a cataloging code is easily drowned out by the clatter of a bank of direct access devices vainly searching for misplaced records.
    Ex: A KWIC index is based upon the 'keywords' in the titles of the batch of documents to be indexed.
    Ex: The main body of criticism centred upon the treatment of nonbook materials.
    Ex: The following highlights are what this first class of Fellows recall of their time overseas.
    Ex: The local system is designed to be flexible enough to meet the needs of a single library or those of a library cluster.
    Ex: This approach does tend to lead to small clutches of periodicals on a given subject.
    Ex: To be sure, it still has its congeries of mills and factories, its grimy huddle of frame dwellings and congested tenements, its stark, jagged skyline, but its old face is gradually changing.
    Ex: This scheme aims for a more helpful order than the major schemes, by following the groupings of subjects as they are taught in schools.
    Ex: The notched cards, representing relevant documents, will drop off the needle and fall from the bulk of the pack.
    Ex: This article examines the views of librarians held by a number of faculty cohorts.
    Ex: This is a situation much debated between the two camps of those who would give everyone what he wants and those who would give each reader only the things of some constructive value.
    Ex: SELECT retrieves records containing the search term or terms you specify and stores them in sets.
    Ex: The groups continue, however, to keep alive their heritages through festivals and cultural activities.
    Ex: In the 1920s and 1930s more than 1 million books were being loaned each year to members as far afield as the most isolated settlers' gangs working on distant branch lines.
    Ex: They are a very impatient bunch, however: knowing themselves what the technology can do, they can get a little short with obstructionists who raise non-technical objections.
    Ex: Quality abstracting services take pride in their corps of abstractors.
    Ex: In recent years a band of disciples has grown up in India, and has contributed to the revision and expansion of the schedules.
    Ex: If the panel members represent class groups, they must canvass for suggestions.
    Ex: 158 public organisations with very diverse computer machinery formed a combine to develop an application which would make the database available on the organisations' different computer systems. = 158 instituciones públicas con equipos informáticos muy diversos crearon un grupo para desarrollar una aplicación que hiciera que la base de datos estuviese disponible en sus diferentes sistemas informáticos.
    Ex: Different constituent groups tend to rate aspects of the library quite differently.
    Ex: These collectives are at present seeking compensation for copies made of copyrighted material based on the nature, volume and use of copies made.
    Ex: DIANE is the name that has been given to the ensemble of available information services.
    Ex: It contains a bevy of fearsomely feisty female archetypes removed from domestic obligations and toughened in the brutal setting of prison life.
    Ex: The title of the article is 'The information market: a line-up of competitors'.
    Ex: Various other methods of obtaining clusters have been described, including the use of fuzzy sets, but these are beyond the scope of this book.
    Ex: No such constraints exist where online display is anticipated, since only one segment at a time is displayed.
    Ex: The large pod of about 75 narwhals milled around the bay in the summer feeding grounds.
    Ex: The taxonomic subclass of acari (mites and ticks) comprises tens of thousands of species, grouped in many families and several orders.
    Ex: In the afternoon quite a few of our mob decided that they would prefer to spend a bit of time lazing about in the water and soaking up a few rays.
    * admitir a Alguien en un grupo = adopt + Nombre + into the fold.
    * análisis de grupo = cohort analysis.
    * atacar en grupo = swarm.
    * camaradería de grupo = group ride.
    * cena de grupo = dinner party.
    * cena en grupo = group dinner, dinner party.
    * como grupo = collectively.
    * crear un grupo = set up + group.
    * debate de grupo = group discussion.
    * debate en grupo = group discussion.
    * división del mercado por grupos de consumidores = market segmentation.
    * empresa de nuestro grupo = sister company, sister organisation.
    * empresa de un grupo = operating company.
    * en algunos grupos = in some quarters.
    * en algunos grupos de la población = in some quarters.
    * enano del grupo, el = runt of the litter, the.
    * en muchos grupos = in many quarters.
    * en muchos grupos de la población = in many quarters.
    * entre grupos sociales = intergroup.
    * entrevista en grupo = group interview.
    * formación de grupos de presión = lobbying representation.
    * formar un grupo = set up + group.
    * formar un grupo de presión = form + lobby.
    * G7 (Grupo de los Siete), el = G7 (Group of Seven), the.
    * gran grupo = constellation.
    * grupo activista = faction group.
    * grupo al Algo que va dirigido = target group.
    * grupo alimenticio = food group.
    * grupo asesor = advisory group.
    * Grupo Asesor sobre Redes (NAG) = Network Advisory Group (NAG).
    * grupo chantajista = extortion racket.
    * grupo cívico = civic group.
    * grupo consultivo = advisory group.
    * grupo coordinador = steering group.
    * grupo cultural = cultural group.
    * grupo de acción ciudadana = citizen action group, community action group.
    * grupo de amigos = clan of friends.
    * grupo de amigos y conocidos = social network.
    * grupo de apoyo = interest group, support group.
    * grupo de autoayuda = self-help group, self-help group, self-help group.
    * grupo de cantantes femenino = girl band.
    * grupo de cantantes masculino = boy band.
    * grupo de ciudadanos desatentido = unserved, the.
    * grupo de consumidores = consumer group.
    * grupo de control = control group.
    * grupo de datos = data set [dataset].
    * grupo de debate = discussion group, focus group, discussion list, electronic forum, panel discussion, panel debate.
    * grupo de dirección = management.
    * grupo de discusión = discussion group.
    * grupo de edad = age bracket, age group [age-group].
    * grupo de empresas = business group.
    * grupo de estanterías = stack, stack range.
    * grupo de estudio = study circle.
    * grupo de expertos = cadre, brains trust, group of experts, network, think tank.
    * grupo defensor = interest group.
    * grupo de gestión = management team.
    * grupo de incondicionales, el = hard core, the.
    * grupo de intelectuales = intelligentsia.
    * grupo de interés = focus group, interest group.
    * grupo de investigación = research group.
    * Grupo de Investigación sobre la Clasificación (CRG) = Classification Research Group (CRG).
    * grupo de la oposición = opposition group.
    * grupo de los 20 = G-20.
    * grupo de los ocho, el = G8, the.
    * grupo del proyecto = project team.
    * grupo de negociación = bargaining unit.
    * grupo de normalización = standards group.
    * grupo de opinión = focus group.
    * grupo de personas o cosas de la misma edad o categoría = peer group.
    * grupo de poder = power group.
    * grupo de presión = lobby group, pressure group, lobbyist.
    * grupo de protección a menores = Shelter group.
    * grupo de protección ciudadana = civic trust group.
    * grupo de recursos = clump.
    * grupo de referencia = reference group.
    * grupo de representantes = focus group.
    * grupo de rock = rock group.
    * grupo de seguidores = fandom.
    * grupo de términos de búsqueda relacionados = search hedge, subject hedge.
    * grupo de trabajo = study group, study team, task force, working party, task group, research group, working group, project team.
    * Grupo de Trabajo de Ingeniería de Internet (IETF) = Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).
    * grupo de trabajo por tema de interés = breakout group.
    * Grupo de Trabajo sobre los Sistemas Nacionales de Información de la Asociaci = NISTF (Society of American Archivists National Information Systems Task Force).
    * grupo de tres = threesome.
    * grupo de usuarios = user group, users' group, population served.
    * grupo de usuarios al que va dirigido = target user group.
    * grupo disidente = splinter group, splinter party.
    * grupo dominante = dominant group.
    * grupo eléctrico = power unit, electrical generator, power generator.
    * grupo electrógeno = electrical generator, power unit, power generator.
    * grupo especial = special interest group.
    * grupo específico = niche.
    * grupo etario = age bracket.
    * grupo étnico = ethnic group, racial group, cultural group.
    * grupo experimental = experimental group.
    * grupo extremista = extremist group.
    * grupo incondicional, el = hard core, the.
    * grupo influyente = force.
    * grupo instrumental = ensemble.
    * grupo integrante = constituent group.
    * grupo interdisciplinar = cross-functional team.
    * grupo intérprete = executant body.
    * grupo marginado = deprived group, marginalised group.
    * grupo marginal = disadvantaged community, marginalised group.
    * grupo mayoritario = majority group.
    * grupo mínimo relacionado = minimum zone cohort.
    * grupo minoritario = minority group.
    * grupo mixto = cross-functional team.
    * grupo musical en directo = live band.
    * grupo político = political group.
    * grupo principal de usuarios = primary user group.
    * grupo profesional = occupational group.
    * grupo racial = racial group.
    * grupo racista = hate group.
    * grupo referente = reference group.
    * grupo religioso = denominational body, religious group.
    * grupos = quarters.
    * grupo sanguíneo = blood group, blood type.
    * grupos de diez = tens of.
    * grupo según edad = age group [age-group].
    * grupo social = community group, social group.
    * grupo supervisor = steering group.
    * grupo temáticamente afín = subject-related group.
    * grupo terrorista = terrorist group.
    * más débil del grupo, el = runt of the litter, the.
    * obra para grupo instrumental = ensemble work.
    * pensamiento de grupo = groupthink.
    * perfil de grupo = group profile.
    * por grupos = in batches.
    * presión del grupo = peer pressure.
    * relativo a un grupo = group-related.
    * reunión de grupo = group meeting.
    * RLG (Grupo de Bibliotecas de Investigación) = RLG (Research Libraries Group).
    * rodear en grupo = swarm.
    * SDI por grupos = group SDI.
    * sentimiento de grupo = togetherness.
    * sesión de grupo = group session.
    * tarifa de grupo = group rate.
    * técnica de grupo nominal = nominal group technique.
    * terapia de grupo = group therapy.
    * trabajar en grupo = team.
    * trabajar en grupo (con) = team up (with).
    * una grupo impreciso de = a cloud of.
    * un grupo aferrado de = a hard core of.
    * un grupo cada vez mayor de = a growing body of.
    * un grupo de = a set of, a bunch of, a crop of, a pool of, a cadre of, a cluster of, a galaxy of, a clutch of, a company of.
    * un grupo de gente variada = a cast of people.
    * un grupo incondicional de = a hard core of.
    * un grupo variado de = a collection of.
    * violación en grupo = gang rape.

    * * *
    A
    1 (de personas) group; (de empresas, países) group; (de árboles) clump
    los grupos sociales marginados marginalized social groups
    un grupo de casas a group o cluster of houses
    se dividieron en grupos de (a) cuatro they split into groups of four
    en grupo ‹salir/trabajar› in a group/in groups
    2 ( Mús) tb
    grupo musical group, band
    3 ( Quím) group
    Compuestos:
    support group
    advisory group, think tank
    construction consortium
    control group
    consortium
    hotel chain
    grupo de interés or presión
    pressure group
    jazz group o band
    internet forum
    press consortium
    ( Pol) Group of Eight
    newsgroup
    working party
    user group
    generator
    grupo fónico/tónico
    phonic/tonic group
    target group
    ( frml); peer group
    parliamentary group
    blood group
    tener el grupo sanguíneo Rh or Rhesus positivo/negativo to be Rhesus positive/negative
    ¿qué grupo sanguíneo tiene? what blood group are you?
    tengo el grupo sanguíneo A/AB/B positivo/negativo I'm blood group A/AB/B positive/negative
    control group
    B ( Chi arg) (mentira) lie; (engaño) trick
    * * *

     

    grupo sustantivo masculino
    a) (de personas, empresas, países) group;

    ( de árboles) clump;

    grupos sociales social groups;
    de grupo ‹terapia/trabajo group ( before n);
    en grupo ‹salir/trabajarin a group/in groups
    b) (Mús) tb


    grupo sustantivo masculino
    1 g roup: no queda sangre del groupo B+, there is no B+ blood left
    tiene mi grupo sanguíneo, he has the same blood group as I do
    grupo de trabajo, working party
    terapia de grupo, group therapy
    2 Mús group, band
    3 Elec grupo electrógeno, power generator o electric generating set
    ' grupo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    aparato
    - argot
    - beatería
    - cada
    - clase
    - comando
    - componente
    - conjunta
    - conjunto
    - contra
    - cuerpo
    - delirio
    - descolgarse
    - desfilar
    - dirigirse
    - disolver
    - disolverse
    - dispersar
    - dispersarse
    - ecologista
    - entrada
    - equipo
    - escolta
    - estamento
    - exclusión
    - figurar
    - fuerza
    - GEO
    - guerrilla
    - incorporarse
    - iniciar
    - jerga
    - junta
    - manifestarse
    - maquinaria
    - mayoría
    - minoritaria
    - minoritario
    - ninguna
    - ninguno
    - núcleo
    - nutrido-a
    - panel
    - paquete
    - patrulla
    - pertenencia
    - pesar
    - piña
    - readmitir
    - relevo
    English:
    address
    - army
    - back
    - band
    - bear down on
    - blood group
    - body
    - bracket
    - breakaway
    - bunch
    - camp
    - chain gang
    - class
    - cliquey
    - clump
    - cluster
    - collection
    - collective
    - combine
    - come under
    - commission
    - contra
    - crowd
    - demo
    - dense
    - drummer
    - dynamics
    - fervent
    - flagship
    - flock
    - foursome
    - fraternity
    - frenzied
    - gather
    - group
    - guard
    - heterogeneous
    - homogeneous
    - huddle
    - inbred
    - Ivy League
    - join
    - knot
    - lead
    - leadership
    - lobby
    - make up
    - manager
    - manageress
    - motley
    * * *
    grupo nm
    1. [conjunto] group;
    [de árboles] cluster;
    grupo (de empresas) (corporate) group;
    en grupo in a group;
    el grupo de cabeza [en carrera] the leading group
    Pol grupo de contacto contact group; Econ grupo de control control group; Informát grupo de discusión discussion group;
    grupo ecologista environmental group;
    grupo de edad age group;
    grupo empresarial (business) group o combine;
    grupo de estudio study group;
    Pol grupo mixto = independent MPs and MPs from minor parties in Spanish parliament; Informát grupo de noticias newsgroup;
    grupo parlamentario parliamentary group;
    Pol grupo de presión pressure group, lobby;
    grupo de riesgo group at risk;
    UE Grupo de Sabios Committee of Wise Men;
    grupo sanguíneo blood group;
    Informát grupo de usuarios user group
    2. [de músicos] group, band
    3. Tec unit, set
    Elec grupo electrógeno generator
    4. Quím group
    5. Ling grupo consonántico consonant cluster;
    grupo fónico phonic group;
    grupo nominal noun phrase;
    grupo de palabras word group;
    grupo vocálico vowel cluster
    * * *
    m group;
    en grupos in groups
    * * *
    grupo nm
    : group
    * * *
    grupo n group

    Spanish-English dictionary > grupo

  • 8 grupo de investigación

    Ex. A number of research groups have investigated the use of knowledge-based systems as a means of avoiding this bottleneck.
    * * *

    Ex: A number of research groups have investigated the use of knowledge-based systems as a means of avoiding this bottleneck.

    Spanish-English dictionary > grupo de investigación

  • 9 grupo de trabajo

    * * *
    (n.) = study group, study team, task force, working party, task group, research group, working group, project team
    Ex. This paper describes the activities of the Associazione Italiana Biblioteche study group formed by librarians working in government ministries in order to address the need for training and professional development felt in this sector.
    Ex. Code revision is occurring as a series of proposals which arise out of study teams.
    Ex. She was chairperson of the task force that in 1972 wrote a monumental report about discrimination against women in the library profession.
    Ex. Recently the Government have accepted the recommendation of a working party that in future libraries should be self renewing and finite.
    Ex. One hopes, however, that a reference head will not overlook the benefits to be gained by selecting for service on a task group a librarian with 'potential' but little experience.
    Ex. A number of research groups have investigated the use of knowledge-based systems as a means of avoiding this bottleneck.
    Ex. The working group also felt that the new service ought to have a distinctive name and came up with the idea of AID (advice and information desk) later changed to Aid in order to avoid misinterpretation as Artificial Insemination by Donor!.
    Ex. The ' project team' may only consist of the librarian and one other member of staff, but a methodical approach will still offer many benefits.
    * * *
    * * *
    (n.) = study group, study team, task force, working party, task group, research group, working group, project team

    Ex: This paper describes the activities of the Associazione Italiana Biblioteche study group formed by librarians working in government ministries in order to address the need for training and professional development felt in this sector.

    Ex: Code revision is occurring as a series of proposals which arise out of study teams.
    Ex: She was chairperson of the task force that in 1972 wrote a monumental report about discrimination against women in the library profession.
    Ex: Recently the Government have accepted the recommendation of a working party that in future libraries should be self renewing and finite.
    Ex: One hopes, however, that a reference head will not overlook the benefits to be gained by selecting for service on a task group a librarian with 'potential' but little experience.
    Ex: A number of research groups have investigated the use of knowledge-based systems as a means of avoiding this bottleneck.
    Ex: The working group also felt that the new service ought to have a distinctive name and came up with the idea of AID (advice and information desk) later changed to Aid in order to avoid misinterpretation as Artificial Insemination by Donor!.
    Ex: The ' project team' may only consist of the librarian and one other member of staff, but a methodical approach will still offer many benefits.

    Spanish-English dictionary > grupo de trabajo

  • 10 iniciativa

    adj.&f.
    feminine of INICIATIVO.
    f.
    proposal, initiative (propuesta).
    tener iniciativa to have initiative
    tomar la iniciativa to take the initiative
    iniciativa privada private enterprise
    * * *
    1 initiative
    \
    por propia iniciativa on one's own initiative
    tomar la iniciativa to take the initiative
    iniciativa privada private enterprise
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=capacidad emprendedora) initiative
    2) (=liderazgo) leadership
    * * *
    a) ( cualidad) initiative
    b) ( propuesta) initiative
    c) (ventaja, delantera)

    tomó/perdió la iniciativa — he took/lost the initiative

    * * *
    = effort, endeavour [endeavor, -USA], enterprise, framework, initiative, leadership, resourcefulness, proaction, move, movement, stake in the ground.
    Ex. Co-operative, carefully planned and financed internationally backed efforts have been the keynote of more recent activity.
    Ex. Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.
    Ex. Only those who have attempted to edit the proceedings of a conference can appreciate the magnitude and scope of such an enterprise.
    Ex. The intention is to establish a general framework, and then to give exceptions or further explanation and examples for each area in turn.
    Ex. These discussions will influence subsequent planning initiatives with regard to the design and layout of the new building.
    Ex. Under Mr. Kilgour's leadership, OCLC has demonstrated beyond any doubt that the computer can be successfully applied to traditional library problems with the most positive results.
    Ex. The impression left by the two early attempts to create universal bibliographic control was that the creation of one universal source of reference was beyond human resources and resourcefulness.
    Ex. Based on their experience of mutual benefit over the past 3 years, both university libraries have transformed the goal of their interinstitutional agreement from protection to proaction.
    Ex. This move has probably affirmed the future of DC.
    Ex. The cathedral-like hush contrasted strangely with the clamor and movement outside.
    Ex. The first version of any software is usually best seen as a stake in the ground.
    ----
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * con iniciativa = proactively [pro-actively], proactive [pro-active], enterprising.
    * desventaja del primero en tomar la iniciativa = first-mover disadvantage.
    * emprender una iniciativa = undertake + enterprise.
    * iniciativa empresarial = entrepreneurship.
    * iniciativa privada = private initiative.
    * lanzar una iniciativa = launch + initiative.
    * llevar a cabo una iniciativa = take + initiative.
    * persona con iniciativa = go-getter.
    * por iniciativa de = at the instigation of, under the auspices of.
    * por propia iniciativa = self-directed.
    * primero en tomar la iniciativa = first mover.
    * recibir bien una iniciativa = welcome + initiative.
    * seguir la iniciativa = follow + the lead.
    * tener iniciativa = be proactive.
    * toma de iniciativas = initiative taking.
    * tomar la iniciativa = seize + the initiative, take + initiative, take + a lead, step up.
    * tomar la iniciativa en + Infinitivo = take + the lead in + Gerundio.
    * ventaja del primero en tomar la iniciativa = first-mover advantage.
    * * *
    a) ( cualidad) initiative
    b) ( propuesta) initiative
    c) (ventaja, delantera)

    tomó/perdió la iniciativa — he took/lost the initiative

    * * *
    = effort, endeavour [endeavor, -USA], enterprise, framework, initiative, leadership, resourcefulness, proaction, move, movement, stake in the ground.

    Ex: Co-operative, carefully planned and financed internationally backed efforts have been the keynote of more recent activity.

    Ex: Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.
    Ex: Only those who have attempted to edit the proceedings of a conference can appreciate the magnitude and scope of such an enterprise.
    Ex: The intention is to establish a general framework, and then to give exceptions or further explanation and examples for each area in turn.
    Ex: These discussions will influence subsequent planning initiatives with regard to the design and layout of the new building.
    Ex: Under Mr. Kilgour's leadership, OCLC has demonstrated beyond any doubt that the computer can be successfully applied to traditional library problems with the most positive results.
    Ex: The impression left by the two early attempts to create universal bibliographic control was that the creation of one universal source of reference was beyond human resources and resourcefulness.
    Ex: Based on their experience of mutual benefit over the past 3 years, both university libraries have transformed the goal of their interinstitutional agreement from protection to proaction.
    Ex: This move has probably affirmed the future of DC.
    Ex: The cathedral-like hush contrasted strangely with the clamor and movement outside.
    Ex: The first version of any software is usually best seen as a stake in the ground.
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * con iniciativa = proactively [pro-actively], proactive [pro-active], enterprising.
    * desventaja del primero en tomar la iniciativa = first-mover disadvantage.
    * emprender una iniciativa = undertake + enterprise.
    * iniciativa empresarial = entrepreneurship.
    * iniciativa privada = private initiative.
    * lanzar una iniciativa = launch + initiative.
    * llevar a cabo una iniciativa = take + initiative.
    * persona con iniciativa = go-getter.
    * por iniciativa de = at the instigation of, under the auspices of.
    * por propia iniciativa = self-directed.
    * primero en tomar la iniciativa = first mover.
    * recibir bien una iniciativa = welcome + initiative.
    * seguir la iniciativa = follow + the lead.
    * tener iniciativa = be proactive.
    * toma de iniciativas = initiative taking.
    * tomar la iniciativa = seize + the initiative, take + initiative, take + a lead, step up.
    * tomar la iniciativa en + Infinitivo = take + the lead in + Gerundio.
    * ventaja del primero en tomar la iniciativa = first-mover advantage.

    * * *
    1 (cualidad) initiative
    le falta iniciativa he lacks initiative
    actuó por iniciativa propia or por su propia iniciativa she acted on her own initiative
    2 (propuesta) initiative
    3
    (ventaja, delantera): tomó/perdió/recuperó la iniciativa he took/lost/regained the initiative
    Compuesto:
    ( Econ):
    la iniciativa privada the private sector, private enterprise
    * * *

     

    iniciativa sustantivo femenino
    initiative;

    iniciativa sustantivo femenino initiative: lo hizo por propia iniciativa, he did it on his own initiative
    ♦ Locuciones: tomar la iniciativa, to take the initiative

    ' iniciativa' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    acertada
    - acertado
    - parada
    - parado
    - impulso
    - prosperar
    English:
    enterprise
    - free enterprise
    - gumption
    - initiative
    - lead
    * * *
    1. [propuesta] proposal, initiative
    la iniciativa privada private enterprise
    2. [cualidad, capacidad] initiative;
    tener iniciativa to have initiative;
    tomar la iniciativa to take the initiative;
    lo hice por iniciativa propia I did it on my own initiative
    * * *
    f initiative;
    tomar la iniciativa take the initiative
    * * *
    : initiative
    * * *
    iniciativa n initiative

    Spanish-English dictionary > iniciativa

  • 11 investigación

    f.
    1 investigation, research.
    2 investigation, search, inquiry, probe.
    * * *
    1 (indagación) investigation, enquiry
    2 (estudio) research
    * * *
    noun f.
    1) investigation, inquiry
    * * *
    SF
    1) [de accidente, delito] [por la policía] investigation; [por un comité] inquiry
    2) [científica, académica] research

    un trabajo de investigación sobre el barroco — a research project on the baroque, a piece of research on the baroque

    investigación operativa — operational research, operations research

    * * *
    1)
    a) (de caso, delito) investigation; ( por comisión especial) inquiry

    llevar a cabo una investigación — to carry out an investigation, to hold an inquiry

    b) (Educ, Med, Tec) research
    2) Investigaciones femenino plural ( en Chi) criminal investigation department
    * * *
    = enquiry [inquiry, -USA], exploration, inquiry [enquiry, -UK], investigation, probe, research, scholarship, line of enquiry, a piece of + research, research activity, research effort, academic study.
    Ex. A threshold weight appropriate to the specificity of the searcher's enquiry must be established.
    Ex. This section goes no further than the exploration of ideas which are important for the appropriate support of software packages.
    Ex. Several possible rules governing the reference interview are examined; one calls for inquiry into client's underlying wants, 'the face value rule', another for inquiry into underlying needs, 'the purpose rule'.
    Ex. An improved awareness of existing work should strengthen the foundations of new investigations, and reduce the degree of duplication.
    Ex. From 1985-89, a probe into library services took place into about 7,300 public and school libraries with some 53 million items in stock.
    Ex. Abstracts may be submitted for editing and inclusion in bibliographies and bulletins by staff engaged in research.
    Ex. The most important of the functions of librarians is the collection, preservation and affording access to the materials of scholarship.
    Ex. The reviewer's place in citation chains is an important one because conceivably a carefully done critical review could make or break a line of enquiry or alter the direction of a chain of citations.
    Ex. Part of library legend is now a steel manufacturer's after-dinner statement that if a piece of research cost less than $100,000, it was cheaper to repeat it than to try to find out if it had already been done.
    Ex. Bibliometric analyses confirmed that review articles on topics that are generating high levels of research activity tend to have relatively voluminous bibliographies made up of a disproportionate number of citations to source materials of very recent vintage.
    Ex. With renewed geologic interest in the Arctic and Antarctic, polar libraries are becoming increasingly important to support the research efforts in these areas.
    Ex. Cyberculture is emerging as an interdisciplinary subject of academic study.
    ----
    * ARL (Asociación de Bibliotecas de Investigación) = ARL (Association of Research Libraries).
    * artículo de investigación = research paper, research article, research contribution.
    * ayudante de investigación = research assistant.
    * base de datos de investigación = research database.
    * beca de investigación = research grant.
    * becario de investigación = research grantee, research student.
    * biblioteca de investigación = research library.
    * biblioteconomía especializada en las bibliotecas de investigación = research librianship.
    * centro de investigación = research centre, research unit.
    * colaboración en la investigación = cooperative research.
    * colaborador de investigación = research fellow.
    * colección de investigación = research collection.
    * comisión de investigación = commission of enquiry, investigating committee, investigation committee.
    * contribución a la investigación = research contribution.
    * dedicado a la investigación = research-oriented.
    * de investigación = exploratory.
    * departamento de investigación = research unit.
    * documentos producto de investigación = research materials.
    * empresa de investigación = research firm.
    * equipo de investigación = research team.
    * estrategia de investigación = research strategy.
    * frente de investigación = research front.
    * grupo de investigación = research group.
    * Grupo de Investigación sobre la Clasificación (CRG) = Classification Research Group (CRG).
    * herramienta de investigación = research tool.
    * informe del resultado de una investigación = research report.
    * iniciar una investigación = launch + investigation.
    * institución de investigación = research institution.
    * instituto de investigación = research institute.
    * instituto para la investigación y el desarrollo = research and development institute.
    * investigación-acción = action research.
    * investigación aplicada = action research.
    * investigación biomédica = biomedical research.
    * investigación científica = academic research, scientific research, scientific enquiry, scholarly research.
    * investigación clínica = clinical research.
    * investigación cooperativa = cooperative research.
    * investigación criminal = criminal investigation.
    * investigación cualitativa = qualitative research.
    * investigación cuantitativa = quantitative research.
    * investigación de campo = intervention research, field research.
    * investigación de despacho = desk research.
    * investigación de mercado = market research, consumer research.
    * investigación educativa = educational research.
    * investigación empírica = empirical research.
    * investigación en biblioteconomía y documentación = library and information science research.
    * investigación en biblioteconomía = library research.
    * investigación en biomedicina = biomedical research.
    * investigación en ciencias de la documentación = information science research.
    * investigación en colaboración = collaborative research.
    * investigación en documentación = information science research.
    * investigación en educación = educational research.
    * investigación en equipo = team research.
    * investigación en medicina = medical research.
    * investigaciones = research evidence.
    * investigaciones, las = research literature, literature of research.
    * investigaciones operativas = operations research.
    * investigación genética = genetic research.
    * investigación histórica = historical research.
    * investigación industrial = industrial research.
    * investigación mediante sondeos = survey research.
    * investigación médica = medical research.
    * investigación operativa = operational research.
    * investigación para la creación de innovaciones = innovation research.
    * investigación pedagógica = educational research.
    * investigación y desarrollo (I+D) = research and development (R&D).
    * línea de investigación = line of enquiry, line of research, line of enquiry, research front, avenue (for/of) research, research avenue, avenue of investigation, research line.
    * línea de investigación futura = avenue (for/of) future research.
    * línea de investigación posible = avenue for further research.
    * metodología de investigación = research methodology.
    * no dedicado a la investigación = non-research.
    * periodismo de investigación = investigative reporting, investigative journalism.
    * permiso sabático para dedicarse a la investigación = research leave.
    * producción científica de investigación = research literature.
    * programa de investigación = research agenda.
    * propuesta de proyecto de investigación = research proposal.
    * protocolo de investigación = research protocol.
    * proyecto de investigación = research project, research initiative.
    * realizar una investigación = carry out + research, conduct + investigation, conduct + research, do + research, undertake + investigation, undertake + research.
    * Red Informativa de las Bibliotecas de Investigación en USA = RLIN.
    * rendimiento en la investigación = research performance.
    * revista de investigación = research periodical.
    * RLG (Grupo de Bibliotecas de Investigación) = RLG (Research Libraries Group).
    * técnica de investigación = research technique.
    * tema de investigación = area of enquiry [area of inquiry], research question, research topic.
    * trabajo de investigación = investigative work, research paper, research work.
    * visita por motivos de investigación = research trip, research visit.
    * visita por razones de investigación = research trip, research visit.
    * * *
    1)
    a) (de caso, delito) investigation; ( por comisión especial) inquiry

    llevar a cabo una investigación — to carry out an investigation, to hold an inquiry

    b) (Educ, Med, Tec) research
    2) Investigaciones femenino plural ( en Chi) criminal investigation department
    * * *
    = enquiry [inquiry, -USA], exploration, inquiry [enquiry, -UK], investigation, probe, research, scholarship, line of enquiry, a piece of + research, research activity, research effort, academic study.

    Ex: A threshold weight appropriate to the specificity of the searcher's enquiry must be established.

    Ex: This section goes no further than the exploration of ideas which are important for the appropriate support of software packages.
    Ex: Several possible rules governing the reference interview are examined; one calls for inquiry into client's underlying wants, 'the face value rule', another for inquiry into underlying needs, 'the purpose rule'.
    Ex: An improved awareness of existing work should strengthen the foundations of new investigations, and reduce the degree of duplication.
    Ex: From 1985-89, a probe into library services took place into about 7,300 public and school libraries with some 53 million items in stock.
    Ex: Abstracts may be submitted for editing and inclusion in bibliographies and bulletins by staff engaged in research.
    Ex: The most important of the functions of librarians is the collection, preservation and affording access to the materials of scholarship.
    Ex: The reviewer's place in citation chains is an important one because conceivably a carefully done critical review could make or break a line of enquiry or alter the direction of a chain of citations.
    Ex: Part of library legend is now a steel manufacturer's after-dinner statement that if a piece of research cost less than $100,000, it was cheaper to repeat it than to try to find out if it had already been done.
    Ex: Bibliometric analyses confirmed that review articles on topics that are generating high levels of research activity tend to have relatively voluminous bibliographies made up of a disproportionate number of citations to source materials of very recent vintage.
    Ex: With renewed geologic interest in the Arctic and Antarctic, polar libraries are becoming increasingly important to support the research efforts in these areas.
    Ex: Cyberculture is emerging as an interdisciplinary subject of academic study.
    * ARL (Asociación de Bibliotecas de Investigación) = ARL (Association of Research Libraries).
    * artículo de investigación = research paper, research article, research contribution.
    * ayudante de investigación = research assistant.
    * base de datos de investigación = research database.
    * beca de investigación = research grant.
    * becario de investigación = research grantee, research student.
    * biblioteca de investigación = research library.
    * biblioteconomía especializada en las bibliotecas de investigación = research librianship.
    * centro de investigación = research centre, research unit.
    * colaboración en la investigación = cooperative research.
    * colaborador de investigación = research fellow.
    * colección de investigación = research collection.
    * comisión de investigación = commission of enquiry, investigating committee, investigation committee.
    * contribución a la investigación = research contribution.
    * dedicado a la investigación = research-oriented.
    * de investigación = exploratory.
    * departamento de investigación = research unit.
    * documentos producto de investigación = research materials.
    * empresa de investigación = research firm.
    * equipo de investigación = research team.
    * estrategia de investigación = research strategy.
    * frente de investigación = research front.
    * grupo de investigación = research group.
    * Grupo de Investigación sobre la Clasificación (CRG) = Classification Research Group (CRG).
    * herramienta de investigación = research tool.
    * informe del resultado de una investigación = research report.
    * iniciar una investigación = launch + investigation.
    * institución de investigación = research institution.
    * instituto de investigación = research institute.
    * instituto para la investigación y el desarrollo = research and development institute.
    * investigación-acción = action research.
    * investigación aplicada = action research.
    * investigación biomédica = biomedical research.
    * investigación científica = academic research, scientific research, scientific enquiry, scholarly research.
    * investigación clínica = clinical research.
    * investigación cooperativa = cooperative research.
    * investigación criminal = criminal investigation.
    * investigación cualitativa = qualitative research.
    * investigación cuantitativa = quantitative research.
    * investigación de campo = intervention research, field research.
    * investigación de despacho = desk research.
    * investigación de mercado = market research, consumer research.
    * investigación educativa = educational research.
    * investigación empírica = empirical research.
    * investigación en biblioteconomía y documentación = library and information science research.
    * investigación en biblioteconomía = library research.
    * investigación en biomedicina = biomedical research.
    * investigación en ciencias de la documentación = information science research.
    * investigación en colaboración = collaborative research.
    * investigación en documentación = information science research.
    * investigación en educación = educational research.
    * investigación en equipo = team research.
    * investigación en medicina = medical research.
    * investigaciones = research evidence.
    * investigaciones, las = research literature, literature of research.
    * investigaciones operativas = operations research.
    * investigación genética = genetic research.
    * investigación histórica = historical research.
    * investigación industrial = industrial research.
    * investigación mediante sondeos = survey research.
    * investigación médica = medical research.
    * investigación operativa = operational research.
    * investigación para la creación de innovaciones = innovation research.
    * investigación pedagógica = educational research.
    * investigación y desarrollo (I+D) = research and development (R&D).
    * línea de investigación = line of enquiry, line of research, line of enquiry, research front, avenue (for/of) research, research avenue, avenue of investigation, research line.
    * línea de investigación futura = avenue (for/of) future research.
    * línea de investigación posible = avenue for further research.
    * metodología de investigación = research methodology.
    * no dedicado a la investigación = non-research.
    * periodismo de investigación = investigative reporting, investigative journalism.
    * permiso sabático para dedicarse a la investigación = research leave.
    * producción científica de investigación = research literature.
    * programa de investigación = research agenda.
    * propuesta de proyecto de investigación = research proposal.
    * protocolo de investigación = research protocol.
    * proyecto de investigación = research project, research initiative.
    * realizar una investigación = carry out + research, conduct + investigation, conduct + research, do + research, undertake + investigation, undertake + research.
    * Red Informativa de las Bibliotecas de Investigación en USA = RLIN.
    * rendimiento en la investigación = research performance.
    * revista de investigación = research periodical.
    * RLG (Grupo de Bibliotecas de Investigación) = RLG (Research Libraries Group).
    * técnica de investigación = research technique.
    * tema de investigación = area of enquiry [area of inquiry], research question, research topic.
    * trabajo de investigación = investigative work, research paper, research work.
    * visita por motivos de investigación = research trip, research visit.
    * visita por razones de investigación = research trip, research visit.

    * * *
    A
    1 (de un caso, un delito) investigation
    30 agentes trabajan en la investigación del caso Torosa 30 officers are investigating the Torosa case
    la policía ha abierto una investigación sobre el caso the police have started o opened o launched an investigation into the case
    el senador exige que se lleve a cabo una investigación the senator is demanding an inquiry o an investigation
    2 ( Educ, Med, Tec) research
    investigación científica scientific research
    realizó una investigación sobre esta terapia he carried out research into o a study of this therapy
    Compuestos:
    tests to establish paternity (pl)
    market research
    operations research
    research and development
    B Investigaciones fpl (en Chi) criminal investigation department
    * * *

     

    investigación sustantivo femenino
    a) (de caso, delito) investigation;

    ( por comisión especial) inquiry
    b) (Educ, Med, Tec) research;


    investigación de mercados market research
    investigación sustantivo femenino
    1 (pesquisa, indagación) investigation
    2 (estudio riguroso) research
    ' investigación' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    adelante
    - beca
    - Cesid
    - consejo
    - escrupulosa
    - escrupuloso
    - estancar
    - estancada
    - estancado
    - estudio
    - exhaustiva
    - exhaustivo
    - F.B.I
    - puntera
    - puntero
    - relevante
    - rigurosa
    - riguroso
    - someterse
    - terrena
    - terreno
    - abrir
    - archivar
    - centrar
    - cuidadoso
    - dedicar
    - destinar
    - detenido
    - dirigir
    - encuesta
    - examen
    - expediente
    - fondo
    - fruto
    - hacer
    - meticuloso
    - minucioso
    - objeto
    - potenciar
    - realizar
    English:
    aid
    - appropriate
    - behind
    - bureau
    - CID
    - compass
    - consumer research
    - diligent
    - enquiry
    - fellowship
    - full-scale
    - grant
    - hush-hush
    - in-house
    - inquest
    - inquiry
    - institute
    - investigation
    - province
    - research
    - scope
    - screening
    - survey
    - thorough
    - vet
    - allocate
    - fact
    - investigate
    - line
    - market
    - means
    - narrow
    - probe
    - screen
    - station
    - way
    * * *
    1. [estudio] research;
    estoy haciendo una investigación sobre los incas I'm doing a research project o I'm doing some research on the Incas
    investigación científica scientific research;
    investigación y desarrollo research and development;
    investigación de mercado market research
    2. [indagación] investigation, inquiry;
    la investigación de un atentado the investigation into an attack;
    se ha abierto una investigación sobre el incidente an inquiry o an investigation into the incident has been opened;
    comisión de investigación committee of inquiry
    investigación judicial judicial inquiry
    * * *
    f
    1 policial investigation
    2 EDU, TÉC research;
    investigación genética genetic research
    * * *
    1) encuesta, indagación: investigation, inquiry
    2) : research
    * * *
    1. (policial) investigation
    2. (gubernamental, pública) inquiry [pl. inquiries]
    3. (científica, académica) research

    Spanish-English dictionary > investigación

  • 12 invitación

    f.
    1 invitation, call, come-on, treat.
    2 proposal, bid, bidding.
    * * *
    1 invitation
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF invitation (a to)
    * * *
    femenino invitation
    * * *
    = invitation, invitation card.
    Ex. The result of this invitation was the formation of the Classification Research Group (CRG)1 in 1952.
    Ex. As well as books, the Library contains collections of manuscripts, of press-cuttings, and of exhibition invitation cards and posters.
    ----
    * aceptar una invitación = accept + invitation.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * asistencia con invitación = invitational.
    * asistencia por invitación = invitational.
    * carta de invitación = letter of invitation, invitation letter.
    * cursar una invitación = extend + invitation, make + invitation.
    * enviar una invitación = send + invitation, issue + invitation.
    * invitación a inauguración privada = private view card (PVC).
    * invitación a ofertar = invitation to tender (ITT).
    * invitación a preestreno = private view card (PVC).
    * invitación de boda = wedding invitation.
    * por invitación = invitational.
    * por invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * responder a una invitación = RSVP.
    * sólo con invitación = invitation only, by invitation only.
    * sólo por invitación = invitation only, by invitation only.
    * tarjeta de invitación = invitation card.
    * tarjeta de invitación de boda = wedding invitation card.
    * * *
    femenino invitation
    * * *
    = invitation, invitation card.

    Ex: The result of this invitation was the formation of the Classification Research Group (CRG)1 in 1952.

    Ex: As well as books, the Library contains collections of manuscripts, of press-cuttings, and of exhibition invitation cards and posters.
    * aceptar una invitación = accept + invitation.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * asistencia con invitación = invitational.
    * asistencia por invitación = invitational.
    * carta de invitación = letter of invitation, invitation letter.
    * cursar una invitación = extend + invitation, make + invitation.
    * enviar una invitación = send + invitation, issue + invitation.
    * invitación a inauguración privada = private view card (PVC).
    * invitación a ofertar = invitation to tender (ITT).
    * invitación a preestreno = private view card (PVC).
    * invitación de boda = wedding invitation.
    * por invitación = invitational.
    * por invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * responder a una invitación = RSVP.
    * sólo con invitación = invitation only, by invitation only.
    * sólo por invitación = invitation only, by invitation only.
    * tarjeta de invitación = invitation card.
    * tarjeta de invitación de boda = wedding invitation card.

    * * *
    (oferta) invitation; (tarjeta) invitation
    rechazó/aceptó mi invitación she declined/accepted my invitation
    hizo una invitación a la calma he made an appeal o he appealed for calm
    Compuesto:
    wedding invitation
    * * *

     

    invitación sustantivo femenino
    invitation
    invitación sustantivo femenino invitation
    ' invitación' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    declinar
    - desairar
    - desprecio
    - aceptar
    - contestar
    - rechazar
    - rechazo
    English:
    complimentary ticket
    - decline
    - formal
    - invitation
    - standing
    - treat
    - complimentary
    - extend
    - have
    * * *
    1. [acción] invitation;
    sus palabras fueron una invitación a la revolución her words were an incitement to revolution
    2. [tarjeta] invitation
    * * *
    f invitation
    * * *
    invitación nf, pl - ciones : invitation
    * * *
    invitación n invitation

    Spanish-English dictionary > invitación

  • 13 labor

    f.
    1 work.
    hizo una buena labor al frente de la empresa she did a good job at the helm of the company
    profesión: sus labores occupation: housewife
    labores domésticas household chores
    labor de equipo teamwork
    2 needlework.
    labor de encaje lacemaking
    labor de punto knitting
    3 task, assigned work, chore.
    * * *
    1 (gen) work
    \
    estar por la labor to be willing to help
    'Profesión: sus labores' "Occupation: housewife"
    labores del hogar housework
    * * *
    noun f.
    labor, work
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=trabajo) labour, labor (EEUU), work

    profesión: sus labores — [en censo, formulario] occupation: housewife

    una labor — job, task, piece of work

    labor social — work for a good cause, work in a good cause

    2) (=costura) sewing, needlework; (=bordado) embroidery; (=punto) knitting

    labor de ganchillo — crochet, crocheting

    3) (Agr) (=arada) ploughing, plowing (EEUU); (=cultivo) farm work, cultivation
    4) pl labores (Min) workings
    5) CAm, Caribe (=parcela) small farm, smallholding
    * * *
    a) ( trabajo) work

    profesión: sus labores — (frml) occupation: housewife

    b) (de coser, bordar) needlework; ( de punto) knitting
    c) (Agr) plowing (AmE), ploughing (BrE)
    * * *
    = work, task.
    Ex. The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.
    Ex. Further, menu screens will be necessary until the user has specified the task that he wishes executed or the information that he wishes to retrieve sufficiently for execution or retrieval to be effected.
    ----
    * ardua labor = hard work.
    * continuar la labor de otros = stand on + the shoulders of giants.
    * desempeñar la labor encomendada = discharge + responsibility.
    * entorpecer la labor judicial = pervert + the course of justice.
    * labor de detective = sleuthing.
    * labor detectivesca = sleuthing.
    * labor editorial = editorship.
    * labores de croché a mano = hand-crochet work.
    * labores de ganchillo a mano = hand-crochet work.
    * labores de rescate = rescue work.
    * labores domésticas = housework.
    * merecer que se reconozca la labor realizada = deserve + credit.
    * obstaculizar la labor judicial = pervert + the course of justice.
    * realizar una buena labor = produce + the goods.
    * realizar una labor detenidamente = work + Posesivo + way through.
    * realizar una labor muy importante = maintain + a high profile.
    * * *
    a) ( trabajo) work

    profesión: sus labores — (frml) occupation: housewife

    b) (de coser, bordar) needlework; ( de punto) knitting
    c) (Agr) plowing (AmE), ploughing (BrE)
    * * *
    = work, task.

    Ex: The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.

    Ex: Further, menu screens will be necessary until the user has specified the task that he wishes executed or the information that he wishes to retrieve sufficiently for execution or retrieval to be effected.
    * ardua labor = hard work.
    * continuar la labor de otros = stand on + the shoulders of giants.
    * desempeñar la labor encomendada = discharge + responsibility.
    * entorpecer la labor judicial = pervert + the course of justice.
    * labor de detective = sleuthing.
    * labor detectivesca = sleuthing.
    * labor editorial = editorship.
    * labores de croché a mano = hand-crochet work.
    * labores de ganchillo a mano = hand-crochet work.
    * labores de rescate = rescue work.
    * labores domésticas = housework.
    * merecer que se reconozca la labor realizada = deserve + credit.
    * obstaculizar la labor judicial = pervert + the course of justice.
    * realizar una buena labor = produce + the goods.
    * realizar una labor detenidamente = work + Posesivo + way through.
    * realizar una labor muy importante = maintain + a high profile.

    * * *
    1 (trabajo) work
    los vecinos contribuyeron en las labores de búsqueda the neighbors joined in the search
    labores domésticas or del hogar housework
    profesión: sus labores ( frml); occupation: housewife
    su importante labor en el campo de la física her important work in the field of physics
    estar por la labor to be in favor*
    están por la labor de poner en marcha estas medidas they are in favor of putting these measures into action
    2 (de coser, bordar) needlework; (de punto) knitting
    clase de labor(es) ( Educ) needlework class
    3 ( Agr) plowing ( AmE), ploughing ( BrE) tierra f A. (↑ tierra)
    Compuesto:
    labores agrícolas or del campo
    fpl farm work
    * * *

     

    labor sustantivo femenino
    a) ( trabajo) work;


    labores domésticas housework;
    labores agrícolas or del campo farm work
    b) (de coser, bordar) needlework;

    ( de punto) knitting
    labor sustantivo femenino
    1 job, task
    2 Agr farmwork
    3 (de costura) needlework, sewing
    ♦ Locuciones: no estoy por la labor, I can't be bothered
    ' labor' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    calceta
    - finura
    - obrera
    - obrero
    - parto
    - revigorizar
    - sindical
    - sindicalista
    - sindicato
    - tarea
    - zapa
    - cabo
    - cadeneta
    - desarrollar
    - empresa
    - excepcional
    - fecundo
    - ganchillo
    - laboral
    - mano
    - realizar
    - sindicalismo
    - trabajo
    English:
    knitting
    - labor
    - needlework
    - patchwork
    - casual
    - forced
    - hard
    - induce
    - induction
    - labor union
    - labour
    - patch
    - skilled
    - slave
    - strike
    - team
    - withdraw
    - work
    * * *
    labor nf
    1. [trabajo] work;
    [tarea] task;
    hizo una buena labor al frente de la empresa she did a good job at the helm of the company;
    profesión: sus labores occupation: housewife;
    ser de profesión sus labores to be a housewife;
    no estar por la labor not to have one's mind on the job;
    quiero ir al concierto pero mis padres no están por la labor de dejarme I want to go to the concert, but my parents won't let me go
    labores agrícolas farm work;
    labores domésticas household chores;
    labor de equipo teamwork;
    2. [de costura] needlework
    labor de encaje lacemaking;
    labor de punto knitting
    3. Agr
    casa de labor farmhouse;
    tierra de labor agricultural land, arable land
    * * *
    f work; ( tarea) task, job;
    hacer labores do needlework;
    no estar por la labor fam not be enthusiastic about the idea
    * * *
    labor nf
    : work, labor
    * * *
    1. (trabajo) work
    2. (costura) sewing
    3. (punto) knitting

    Spanish-English dictionary > labor

  • 14 llegar a + Infinitivo + se

    (v.) = come to be + Participio Pasado
    Ex. Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.
    * * *
    (v.) = come to be + Participio Pasado

    Ex: Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.

    Spanish-English dictionary > llegar a + Infinitivo + se

  • 15 reconocerse

    1 to recognize each other
    2 (admitirse) to admit
    * * *
    VPR
    * * *
    (v.) = come to be + Participio Pasado
    Ex. Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.
    * * *
    (v.) = come to be + Participio Pasado

    Ex: Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.

    * * *

    ■reconocerse verbo reflexivo
    1 (cualidades, defectos) to admit to being
    2 (parecido) to see oneself [en, in]: me reconozco en mi hija, I can see a lot of myself in my daughter
    ' reconocerse' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    declararse
    * * *
    vpr
    1. [identificarse] [mutuamente] to recognize each other;
    reconocerse en alguien to see oneself in sb
    2. [confesarse]
    reconocerse culpable to admit one's guilt

    Spanish-English dictionary > reconocerse

  • 16 tarea

    f.
    1 task (trabajo).
    tareas domésticas household chores, housework
    2 homework, school work, schoolwork, school assignment.
    * * *
    1 task, job
    \
    las tareas de la casa the housework sing, the chores
    * * *
    noun f.
    job, task, work
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=trabajo) task, job

    tareas domésticashousework sing, household chores

    2) [de colegial]
    3) (Inform) task
    * * *
    a) ( trabajo) task, job
    b) ( deberes escolares) homework
    * * *
    = assignment, duty [duties, -pl.], endeavour [endeavor, -USA], exercise, job, labour [labor, -USA], operation, routine, task, work, quest, undertaking, item of business.
    Ex. The problems and assignments presented are real problems and assignments, and the people involved are real people, all suitably disguised to protect their identity.
    Ex. Organisations often expect an information officer or librarian to prepare such abstracts as are necessary, in addition to performing various other information duties.
    Ex. Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.
    Ex. As a concluding exercise, therefore, it would be helpful for you to try some examples of analysis and translation on your own.
    Ex. To ease the cataloguer's job and save him the trouble of counting characters, DOBIS/LIBIS uses a special function.
    Ex. An editor is a person who prepares for publication an item not his own and whose labour may be limited to the preparation of the item for the manufacturer.
    Ex. With the advent of micro-computers even much smaller cataloguing operations can effectively be computerised.
    Ex. Chain indexing is a simple mechanical routine for generating a limited number of index entries for a subject.
    Ex. Further, menu screens will be necessary until the user has specified the task that he wishes executed or the information that he wishes to retrieve sufficiently for execution or retrieval to be effected.
    Ex. The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.
    Ex. It is a quest without a satisfactory conclusion - a holy grail of librarianship.
    Ex. Since the file from 1966-1975 contains some 2,500,000 references, a search of the complete data base is a fairly large-scale undertaking.
    Ex. The Midwinter Meeting of the American Library Association included various items of business such as: the ALA stand on UNESCO; a new dues schedule; grants; role of school librarians in ALA; new cataloguing tools; and standards.
    ----
    * aceptar una tarea = take on + task.
    * aplicación a tareas bibliotecarias = library application.
    * asignar una tarea = allot + task, set + task, give + task, assign + responsibility, task.
    * asumir una tarea = assume + duty.
    * con una tarea especial = mission-oriented.
    * cumplir una tarea = accomplish + task.
    * dedicarse a + Posesivo + tareas cotidianas = go about + Posesivo + everyday life.
    * dedicarse a + Posesivo + tareas diarias = go about + Posesivo + everyday life.
    * delegar una tarea = delegate + operation.
    * desempeñar una tarea = carry out + task, cope with + task, perform + task.
    * ejecutar una tarea = execute + task.
    * emprender una tarea = go on + expedition.
    * encargado de las tareas domésticas = housekeeper.
    * encargarse una tarea = undertake + task.
    * encomendar una tarea a Alguien = assign + task.
    * endosar una tarea a Alguien = foist + Nombre + on + Alguien + as a duty.
    * enfrentarse a una tarea = face + task.
    * en la tarea de = in the drive to.
    * fijarse una tarea = set + Reflexivo + task.
    * formación en diferentes tareas = cross-training [cross training], multiskilling [multi-skilling].
    * hacer una tarea = do + assignment.
    * imponerse una tarea = task + Reflexivo.
    * imponer una tarea = task.
    * imponer una tarea a Alguien = foist + Nombre + on + Alguien + as a duty.
    * liberar de una tarea = relieve of + task.
    * multitarea = multitasking [multi-tasking].
    * ponerse una tarea = set + Reflexivo + task.
    * programador automático de tareas = scheduler.
    * realización de varias tareas simultáneamente = concurrent tasking.
    * realizar una tarea = accomplish + task, carry out + duty, conduct + task, implement + task, undertake + task, perform + duty.
    * realizar una tarea paso a paso = go through.
    * tarea administrativa = administrative task.
    * tarea ardua = uphill struggle.
    * tarea asignada = appointed task.
    * tarea bibliotecaria = library operation, library task, library function, library duty, library process.
    * tarea complementaria = follow-up activity.
    * tarea de aprendizaje = learning activity, learning task.
    * tarea del hogar = domestic duty, domestic task.
    * tarea de tontos = fool's errand.
    * tarea difícil = hard task.
    * tarea educativa = learning activity.
    * tarea encomendada = assigned task.
    * tarea escolar = homework, homework assignment.
    * tarea falta de interés = chore.
    * tarea imposible = wild goose chase.
    * tarea inútil = exercise in futility.
    * tarea monumental = Herculean task, Herculanian task.
    * tarea muy difícil = uphill struggle.
    * tarea orientada hacia la gente = people-oriented task.
    * tarea orientada hacia una actividad = activity-oriented task.
    * tarea rutinaria = routine, mundane task, daily chore.
    * tareas bibliotecarias = library housekeeping routines, library housekeeping, library activities, library procedures.
    * tareas bibliotecarias complementarias = library support services.
    * tareas de extinción de incendios = fire-fighting.
    * tareas del personal = staff duties.
    * tareas domésticas = housework.
    * tareas escolares = school work [schoolwork].
    * tareas informáticas = computer work.
    * tareas relacionadas con la información = information operations.
    * tener tarea para rato = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * * *
    a) ( trabajo) task, job
    b) ( deberes escolares) homework
    * * *
    = assignment, duty [duties, -pl.], endeavour [endeavor, -USA], exercise, job, labour [labor, -USA], operation, routine, task, work, quest, undertaking, item of business.

    Ex: The problems and assignments presented are real problems and assignments, and the people involved are real people, all suitably disguised to protect their identity.

    Ex: Organisations often expect an information officer or librarian to prepare such abstracts as are necessary, in addition to performing various other information duties.
    Ex: Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.
    Ex: As a concluding exercise, therefore, it would be helpful for you to try some examples of analysis and translation on your own.
    Ex: To ease the cataloguer's job and save him the trouble of counting characters, DOBIS/LIBIS uses a special function.
    Ex: An editor is a person who prepares for publication an item not his own and whose labour may be limited to the preparation of the item for the manufacturer.
    Ex: With the advent of micro-computers even much smaller cataloguing operations can effectively be computerised.
    Ex: Chain indexing is a simple mechanical routine for generating a limited number of index entries for a subject.
    Ex: Further, menu screens will be necessary until the user has specified the task that he wishes executed or the information that he wishes to retrieve sufficiently for execution or retrieval to be effected.
    Ex: The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.
    Ex: It is a quest without a satisfactory conclusion - a holy grail of librarianship.
    Ex: Since the file from 1966-1975 contains some 2,500,000 references, a search of the complete data base is a fairly large-scale undertaking.
    Ex: The Midwinter Meeting of the American Library Association included various items of business such as: the ALA stand on UNESCO; a new dues schedule; grants; role of school librarians in ALA; new cataloguing tools; and standards.
    * aceptar una tarea = take on + task.
    * aplicación a tareas bibliotecarias = library application.
    * asignar una tarea = allot + task, set + task, give + task, assign + responsibility, task.
    * asumir una tarea = assume + duty.
    * con una tarea especial = mission-oriented.
    * cumplir una tarea = accomplish + task.
    * dedicarse a + Posesivo + tareas cotidianas = go about + Posesivo + everyday life.
    * dedicarse a + Posesivo + tareas diarias = go about + Posesivo + everyday life.
    * delegar una tarea = delegate + operation.
    * desempeñar una tarea = carry out + task, cope with + task, perform + task.
    * ejecutar una tarea = execute + task.
    * emprender una tarea = go on + expedition.
    * encargado de las tareas domésticas = housekeeper.
    * encargarse una tarea = undertake + task.
    * encomendar una tarea a Alguien = assign + task.
    * endosar una tarea a Alguien = foist + Nombre + on + Alguien + as a duty.
    * enfrentarse a una tarea = face + task.
    * en la tarea de = in the drive to.
    * fijarse una tarea = set + Reflexivo + task.
    * formación en diferentes tareas = cross-training [cross training], multiskilling [multi-skilling].
    * hacer una tarea = do + assignment.
    * imponerse una tarea = task + Reflexivo.
    * imponer una tarea = task.
    * imponer una tarea a Alguien = foist + Nombre + on + Alguien + as a duty.
    * liberar de una tarea = relieve of + task.
    * multitarea = multitasking [multi-tasking].
    * ponerse una tarea = set + Reflexivo + task.
    * programador automático de tareas = scheduler.
    * realización de varias tareas simultáneamente = concurrent tasking.
    * realizar una tarea = accomplish + task, carry out + duty, conduct + task, implement + task, undertake + task, perform + duty.
    * realizar una tarea paso a paso = go through.
    * tarea administrativa = administrative task.
    * tarea ardua = uphill struggle.
    * tarea asignada = appointed task.
    * tarea bibliotecaria = library operation, library task, library function, library duty, library process.
    * tarea complementaria = follow-up activity.
    * tarea de aprendizaje = learning activity, learning task.
    * tarea del hogar = domestic duty, domestic task.
    * tarea de tontos = fool's errand.
    * tarea difícil = hard task.
    * tarea educativa = learning activity.
    * tarea encomendada = assigned task.
    * tarea escolar = homework, homework assignment.
    * tarea falta de interés = chore.
    * tarea imposible = wild goose chase.
    * tarea inútil = exercise in futility.
    * tarea monumental = Herculean task, Herculanian task.
    * tarea muy difícil = uphill struggle.
    * tarea orientada hacia la gente = people-oriented task.
    * tarea orientada hacia una actividad = activity-oriented task.
    * tarea rutinaria = routine, mundane task, daily chore.
    * tareas bibliotecarias = library housekeeping routines, library housekeeping, library activities, library procedures.
    * tareas bibliotecarias complementarias = library support services.
    * tareas de extinción de incendios = fire-fighting.
    * tareas del personal = staff duties.
    * tareas domésticas = housework.
    * tareas escolares = school work [schoolwork].
    * tareas informáticas = computer work.
    * tareas relacionadas con la información = information operations.
    * tener tarea para rato = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.

    * * *
    1 (trabajo) task, job
    no le gustan nada las tareas de la casa he hates doing household chores o the housework
    no es tarea fácil it is not easy, it is no easy task
    tengo que hacer la(s) tarea(s) I have to do my homework o ( AmE) assignments
    * * *

     

    tarea sustantivo femenino
    a) ( trabajo) task, job;



    tarea sustantivo femenino
    1 (labor) job, task
    tarea escolar, homework, US assignments pl 2 tareas domésticas, housework sing
    ' tarea' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    A
    - absorbente
    - acometer
    - afanosa
    - afanoso
    - apresurada
    - apresurado
    - asignación
    - cometido
    - corresponder
    - cumplir
    - desagradecida
    - desagradecido
    - emprender
    - empresa
    - encargo
    - ensimismarse
    - evadir
    - fijarse
    - función
    - gratificar
    - hacer
    - hueso
    - imponerse
    - imposición
    - lanzarse
    - marrón
    - muerta
    - muerto
    - terminar
    - trabajo
    - ultimar
    - zafarse
    - abrumador
    - acabar
    - alcanzar
    - antipático
    - asignar
    - asumir
    - atrancar
    - cargo
    - colaborador
    - colaborar
    - costoso
    - deber
    - dejadez
    - dejado
    - despachar
    - diario
    - empezar
    English:
    accomplish
    - accomplishment
    - allocation
    - arduous
    - assign
    - assignment
    - begin
    - challenging
    - chore
    - cinch
    - delegate
    - distasteful
    - do over
    - embark
    - execute
    - execution
    - finish
    - finished
    - get off
    - get over
    - go about
    - job
    - labour
    - massive
    - mission
    - rush
    - set
    - task
    - thankless
    - uphill
    - work
    - admittedly
    - home
    - labor
    - throw
    - under
    * * *
    tarea nf
    1. [trabajo] task;
    fue una ardua tarea it was a hard task;
    mantener limpia la ciudad es tarea de todos keeping the city clean is everyone's responsibility;
    las tareas del campo agricultural o farm work
    tareas domésticas household chores, housework
    2. [escolar] homework;
    hace la tarea she's doing her homework
    3. Informát task
    * * *
    f task, job
    * * *
    tarea nf
    1) : task, job
    2) : homework
    * * *
    1. (en general) task / job
    2. (deberes) homework
    tareas del hogar / tareas domésticas housework

    Spanish-English dictionary > tarea

  • 17 trabajo1

    1 = employment, endeavour [endeavor, -USA], job, labour [labor, -USA], leg work, occupation, task, work, working environment, workload [work load], pursuit, workmanship, footwork, handwork, professional position, working practice, pursuit in life, handiwork, lifework, line of business, toil, industry.
    Ex. Under WOMEN -- EMPLOYMENT, for instance, are listed works on the health and safety hazards of employment, the wages of employment, the problems of mothers, married and/or single women and employment, and so on.
    Ex. Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.
    Ex. To ease the cataloguer's job and save him the trouble of counting characters, DOBIS/LIBIS uses a special function.
    Ex. An editor is a person who prepares for publication an item not his own and whose labour may be limited to the preparation of the item for the manufacturer.
    Ex. DOBIS/LIBIS may replace the typewriter, the catalog card, and much leg work, but it cannot replace the decision-making capabilities of the library staff.
    Ex. Headings such as SALESMEN AND SALESMANSHIP and FIREMEN, since they are assigned to works covering the activities of both men and women in these occupations, are not specific.
    Ex. Further, menu screens will be necessary until the user has specified the task that he wishes executed or the information that he wishes to retrieve sufficiently for execution or retrieval to be effected.
    Ex. The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.
    Ex. This article examines the various features now available on copiers and comments on the usefulness in a working environment.
    Ex. Each of these changes, if we were to deal with them in an adequate manner, create severe workload problems for the cataloging department.
    Ex. What is more arguable is whether or not it is a bibliographical pursuit at all since it bears little relationship to the physical nature of the book.
    Ex. William R Lethaby, the architect who had Westminster Abbey in his charge for over twenty years, once said 'Art is thoughtful workmanship'.
    Ex. If we decide to take on making up a subject file there'd be a lot of footwork even if we use that list as a basis = Si decidimos aceptar crear un fichero ordenado por materias habría mucho trabajo incluso si usamos esta lista como base.
    Ex. The newspaper's suppression after the first issue was not, as some historians have declared, the handwork of Massachusetts' Puritan clergy = La supresión del periódico después de su primer número no fue, como algunos historiadores han declarado, por la intervención del clero puritano de Massachussetts.
    Ex. In virtually all of her professional positions she has been involved with the handling of documents.
    Ex. While many believe that print on paper will never die, new formats are already changing working practice in many spheres.
    Ex. People who are blind, regardless of their pursuit in life, will not have access to current information, books, learning, or education opportunities unless all libraries and blindness organizations agree to work together.
    Ex. Rather than bringing in butchers to do the handiwork of his dissections, Vesalius himself worked on the human cadavers and said that students of medicine should do the same.
    Ex. This is an eloquent, moving testament to the lifework of a major artist of unimpeachable technique and passion.
    Ex. The computer people are muscling in on our line of business and we can't stop them.
    Ex. Furthermore, the computer can be used, and is already being used, to eliminate drudgery, busywork, and useless toil in library systems.
    Ex. In fact, the terms of the contrast are highly ambivalent: order vs. anarchy, liberty vs. despotism, or industry vs. sloth, and also dissimulation vs. honesty.
    ----
    * acoso en el trabajo = workplace mobbing.
    * agenda de trabajo = work agenda.
    * agobiado de trabajo = up to + Posesivo + eyeballs in work.
    * ahorrar el trabajo de = save + effort in.
    * almuerzo de trabajo = work luncheon.
    * ámbito de trabajo = field of endeavour.
    * amor al trabajo = love of work.
    * ansiedad en el trabajo = job anxiety, work anxiety.
    * anterior al trabajo = pre-service.
    * anuncio de trabajo = help wanted ad, help wanted notice.
    * anuncios de trabajo = help-wanted advertising.
    * año de trabajo = man year.
    * ascender en el trabajo = step up + the career ladder.
    * ascenso en el trabajo = job promotion.
    * aspirar a un puesto de trabajo = aspire to + position.
    * asunto relacionado con el trabajo = work-related issue.
    * avanzar en + Posesivo + trabajo = advance + Posesivo + work, advance + Posesivo + work.
    * basado en el trabajo en equipo = team-based.
    * bibliografía de trabajo = working bibliography.
    * biblioteconomía especializada en el trabajo de referencia = reference librarianship.
    * bolsa de trabajo = labour exchange, job opportunities, employment bureau, employment centre, employment opportunity, job centre, job pool.
    * borrador de trabajo = working paper.
    * buscador de trabajo = job applicant, job seeker.
    * buscar trabajo = seek + employment.
    * buscar trabajo en la calle = work + the streets.
    * campo de trabajo = field of endeavour.
    * campo de trabajos forzados = labour camp, forced labour camp.
    * cantidad de trabajo = workload [work load].
    * carga de trabajo = workload [work load].
    * centro de trabajo = workplace.
    * cobrar en un trabajo = job + pay.
    * comenzar el turno de trabajo = go on + duty.
    * comida de trabajo = business meal, professional meal.
    * compañero de trabajo = co-worker [coworker], male colleague, work colleague, fellow worker.
    * complementos del trabajo = fringe benefits, fringes.
    * conciliación del trabajo y la familia = reconciliation of work and family.
    * con demasiado trabajo = overworked.
    * condiciones del contrato de trabajo = terms of employment.
    * condiciones de trabajo = working conditions.
    * con mucho trabajo = painfully.
    * conseguir un puesto de trabajo = obtain + position.
    * conseguir un trabajo = enter + job, land + job.
    * con trabajo = in post.
    * contratar al primero que solicita el trabajo = hire on a first-come, first-take basis.
    * contrato de trabajo = contract position.
    * conversación de trabajo = shop talk.
    * costar mucho trabajo = have + a tough time, have + a hard time.
    * costar trabajo = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * cualquier trabajo temporal = casual job.
    * cubrir un puesto de trabajo = fill + position.
    * cuestión relacionada con el trabajo = work-related issue.
    * dar permiso en el trabajo = give + time off work.
    * dar trabajo = present + burden.
    * dedicar trabajo = expend + effort.
    * definición de trabajo = working definition.
    * dejar a Alguien sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * dejar el puesto de trabajo = resign from + Posesivo + post.
    * dejar el trabajo = resign from + Posesivo + post, quit + Posesivo + job, jump + ship.
    * dejar sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * dejar un puesto de trabajo = resign from + Posesivo + position.
    * dejar un trabajo = quit, resign + Posesivo + post.
    * denominación del puesto de trabajo = job title, occupational title.
    * dentro del mismo trabajo = intraoccupational.
    * derecho del trabajo = employment law.
    * desarrollar + Posesivo + trabajo = advance + Posesivo + work.
    * desarrollar un plan de trabajo = develop + agenda.
    * descripción del puesto de trabajo = job description, position description, job profile.
    * desempeñar un trabajo = exercise + work.
    * despedir del trabajo = make + redundant.
    * después del horario de trabajo = after hours [after-hours].
    * de trabajo = working.
    * día del trabajo = Labour Day.
    * día de trabajo = working day.
    * día internacional del trabajo = Labour Day.
    * diario automático de trabajo = time log.
    * dignidad del trabajo = dignity of work.
    * dinámica de trabajo = workflow [work flow].
    * distribución del trabajo = workflow [work flow].
    * distribuir el trabajo = spread + the load.
    * división del trabajo = division of labour.
    * documento de trabajo = working document, working draft.
    * eficacia en el trabajo = quality of service.
    * elaborar un plan de trabajo = develop + agenda.
    * eliminar puestos de trabajo = shed + jobs, axe + jobs, cut + jobs.
    * empresa de trabajo = industrial affiliation.
    * encomendar un trabajo a Alguien = assign + job.
    * encontrar trabajo = find + a job.
    * encontrar trabajo en una biblioteca = join + library.
    * en el horario de trabajo = on company time.
    * en el trabajo = on-the-job, at work.
    * enseñanza antes de empezar el trabajo = pre-service education.
    * enseñanza en el trabajo = in-service education.
    * entorno de trabajo = working environment, work environment.
    * entrevista de trabajo = job interview.
    * equipo de trabajo = study team, project team, work team.
    * esclavo del trabajo = workaholic.
    * escribir un trabajo = write + essay.
    * espacio de trabajo = workspace.
    * específico de un trabajo concreto = job-specific.
    * estación de trabajo = workstation [work station], desktop workstation.
    * estación de trabajo remota = outstation.
    * estadía de trabajo = work visit.
    * estar mareado de tanto trabajo = be reeling.
    * estar relacionado con el trabajo = be work related.
    * estar saturado de trabajo = work to + capacity.
    * estar sin trabajo = stay out of + work.
    * estrategia que ahorra trabajo = labour saver.
    * estrés en el trabajo = job stress.
    * evaluar el rendimiento en el trabajo = evaluate + work performance.
    * excedencia en el trabajo = leave of absence.
    * ficha de trabajo = worksheet, project worksheet.
    * formación continua en el trabajo = workplace training, workplace learning.
    * formación en el trabajo = in-service training, in-service education, in-service, on-the-job training, in-service support.
    * funciones del puesto de trabajo = position + entail + duty.
    * grupo de trabajo = study group, study team, task force, working party, task group, research group, working group, project team.
    * grupo de trabajo por tema de interés = breakout group.
    * guía de trabajo = working guide.
    * hábito de trabajo = work habit, working habit.
    * hablar del trabajo = talk + shop.
    * hacer + Posesivo + trabajo = get on with + Posesivo + work.
    * hacer (todo) el trabajo pesado = do (all) + the donkey work.
    * hacer un buen trabajo = do + a good job.
    * hacer un trabajo = do + work, do + job.
    * hacer un trabajo sobre = do + a project about.
    * hasta aquí de trabajo = up to + Posesivo + eyeballs in work.
    * hasta el cuello de trabajo = up to + Posesivo + eyeballs in work.
    * herramienta de trabajo = tool, tool.
    * hora de trabajo = man-hour.
    * horario de trabajo = hours of operation, working hours, work hours.
    * horario intenso de trabajo = long hours, the.
    * horarios de trabajo demasiado cargados = over-long hours.
    * igualdad de oportunidad en el trabajo = equal employment opportunity.
    * igualdad de retribución por un trabajo de valor comparable = equal pay for comparable work.
    * igualdad de retribución por un trabajo de igual valor = equal pay for equal work.
    * incentivo en el trabajo = work incentive, labour incentive.
    * indicador del trabajo realizado = workload indicator.
    * intercambio de puestos de trabajo = job exchange.
    * jornada de trabajo = workshop.
    * liberar del exceso de trabajo = relieve + overload.
    * liberar de trabajo = relieve + pressure.
    * línea de trabajo = line of work.
    * llamar al trabajo para excusarse por enfermedad = call in + sick.
    * llegar tarde al trabajo = be late for work.
    * lugar de trabajo = affiliation, institutional affiliation, working environment, workplace, place of work, worksite [work site], home institution.
    * lugar de trabajo del autor = author affiliation.
    * magistratura del trabajo = industrial tribunal.
    * marco de trabajo = framework.
    * medida de seguridad e higiene en el trabajo = health and safety standard.
    * memoria de trabajo = working memory.
    * mercado de trabajo = labour market, job market.
    * mercado de trabajo, el = employment market, the.
    * mesa de trabajo = desk, study table.
    * método de trabajo = working method.
    * Ministerio de Trabajo = Department of Labor.
    * modelo de trabajo = working model, business model.
    * mucho trabajo = hard graft.
    * negligente en el trabajo = malpractitioner.
    * neurosis producida por el trabajo = occupational neurosis.
    * NISTF (Grupo de Trabajo sobre los Sistemas Nacionales de Información de la A = NISTF (Society of American Archivists National Information Systems Task Force).
    * no perder el trabajo = stay in + work.
    * norma de trabajo = working rule.
    * no tener trabajo = be unemployed.
    * obtener un puesto de trabajo = obtain + position.
    * ocupar un puesto de trabajo = assume + position, take up + post, hold + post.
    * oferta de trabajo = job advertisement, job offer, help wanted ad, help wanted notice.
    * ofertas de trabajo = help-wanted advertising.
    * oportunidad de trabajo = career opportunity.
    * organización del trabajo = workflow [work flow], working arrangement.
    * paquete de trabajo = workpackage.
    * para trabajos pesados = heavy-duty.
    * pérdida de puestos de trabajo = squeeze on jobs.
    * permiso de trabajo = work permit.
    * permuta de trabajo = job exchange.
    * persona encargada de hacer los trabajos sucios = hatchetman.
    * persona obsesiva con el trabajo = workoholic [workholic], workaholic.
    * persona que asigna el trabajo = assigner.
    * persona que deja un trabajo = leaver.
    * persona que reparte el trabajo = assigner.
    * personas sin trabajo remunerado, los = unwaged, the.
    * plan de trabajo = research agenda, work plan, working plan, work schedule.
    * política de trabajo = policy.
    * postura exigida por el trabajo = work posture.
    * proceso de trabajo = work process.
    * programa de formación en el trabajo = in-service training program(me).
    * programa de trabajo = work schedule.
    * programa de trabajo como interno residente = residency.
    * promoción en el trabajo = job promotion.
    * propuesta de trabajo = project proposal.
    * proyecto de trabajo = work project.
    * puente de trabajo = catwalk.
    * puesto de trabajo = appointment, position, post, opening, career path, professional position, position held.
    * puesto de trabajo de libre designación = line position.
    * puesto de trabajo ocupado = position held.
    * puestos de trabajo ocupados = positions held.
    * quitar puestos de trabajo = shed + jobs, axe + jobs, cut + jobs.
    * realizar el trabajo = get + Posesivo + work done.
    * realizar + Posesivo + trabajo = advance + Posesivo + work.
    * realizar un trabajo = perform + work, undertake + work.
    * realizar un trabajo monótono = have + Posesivo + nose to the grindstone.
    * red de trabajo = peer-to-peer network.
    * relacionado con el trabajo = job-related, work-related.
    * relación de trabajo = working relation, working relationship, work relationship, work relation.
    * relativo al trabajo = occupational.
    * rendimiento en el trabajo = work performance.
    * reunión de trabajo = business meeting, business session.
    * ropa de trabajo = work clothes.
    * rutina de trabajo = work process.
    * sala de trabajo = workroom.
    * salir del trabajo = clock off + work.
    * salud en el trabajo = occupational health.
    * satisfacción en el trabajo = job satisfaction, work satisfaction.
    * segregación en el trabajo = job segregation, employment segregation.
    * seguridad en el trabajo = safety at work, occupational safety.
    * sesión de trabajo = work session, working session.
    * sicología del trabajo = occupational psychology.
    * sin trabajo = jobless.
    * sobrecargado de trabajo = overworked.
    * sociología del trabajo = sociology of work.
    * soliciante de trabajo = job applicant.
    * solicitud de trabajo = job application.
    * superficie de trabajo = working surface, work surface.
    * taller de trabajo = workshop, study school.
    * taller de trabajo esclavo = sweatshop.
    * taller de trabajo sobre composición = writing workshop.
    * tener trabajo para rato = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * tener un segundo trabajo = moonlight, work + a second job.
    * tener un trabajo = hold down + job.
    * tener un trabajo remunerado = be gainfully employed.
    * tener un trabajo retribuido = be gainfully employed.
    * tensión en el trabajo = job stress.
    * tensión producida por el trabajo = occupational stress.
    * terminar turno de trabajo = come off + duty.
    * toda una vida de trabajo = a lifetime of work.
    * tomarse excedencia en el trabajo = take + leave from + employment.
    * tomarse + Expresión Temporal + de permiso en el trabajo = take + Expresión Temporal + off, have + Expresión Temporal + off work.
    * tomarse unos días de permiso en el trabajo = take + time off work.
    * tomarse unos días de permiso en el trabajo = take + time off, take + time out.
    * trabajo académico = academic work.
    * trabajo a destajo = piecework.
    * trabajo a distancia = telecommuting, teleworking, telework.
    * trabajo administrativo de apoyo = clerical work.
    * trabajo a medias = job share.
    * trabajo artesanal = craftsmanship.
    * trabajo a tiempo parcial = part-time work, part-time employment, part-time job.
    * trabajo atípico = atypical work.
    * trabajo autónomo = self-employment.
    * trabajo bibliográfico = bibliographic work.
    * trabajo bibliotecario = library work.
    * trabajo burocrático = paper-keeping.
    * trabajo científico = scientific work, scholarly work.
    * trabajo compartido = job sharing.
    * trabajo complicado = major exercise.
    * trabajo con documentación automatizada = computer-based information work.
    * trabajo conjunto = interworking.
    * trabajo con ordenador = computer work.
    * trabajo cotidiano = daily work.
    * trabajo creativo = creative work.
    * trabajo de alfabetización = literacy work.
    * trabajo de apoyo = escort work.
    * trabajo de calidad = best practices, lessons learned [lessons learnt].
    * trabajo de campo = fieldwork [field work].
    * trabajo de catalogación = cataloguing work.
    * trabajo de chinos = fiddly [fiddlier -comp., fiddliest -sup.].
    * trabajo de clase = term paper, coursework [course work], term project, homework.
    * trabajo de detective = sleuthing.
    * trabajo de escolta = escort work.
    * trabajo de impresión = bookwork.
    * trabajo de impresión de material efímero = ephemeral jobbing.
    * trabajo de información y de las bibliotecas = library and information work.
    * trabajo de investigación = investigative work, research paper, research work.
    * trabajo de la casa = housework.
    * trabajo de menores = child labour.
    * trabajo de poca monta = odd-job.
    * trabajo de préstamo de servicios = service job.
    * trabajo de referencia = reference work.
    * trabajo desinteresado = labour of love.
    * trabajo detectivesco = sleuthing.
    * trabajo de toda una vida = life's work, lifework.
    * trabajo diario = day's work, daily work.
    * trabajo doméstico = domestic duty, domestic work, domestic task.
    * trabajo duro = hard labour, thirsty work, hard work.
    * trabajo duro, mucho trabajo = hard graft.
    * trabajo editorial = editorship.
    * trabajo en archivística = archives work.
    * trabajo en colaboración = interworking.
    * trabajo en común = interworking.
    * trabajo en curso = work in progress.
    * trabajo en equipo = teamwork, collaborative teamwork, team management.
    * trabajo en red = networking.
    * trabajo en sucio = rough work.
    * trabajo entre manos, el = work at hand, the.
    * trabajo eventual = jobbing.
    * trabajo físico = physical work.
    * trabajo improductivo = busywork.
    * trabajo individual = independent study, self-study.
    * trabajo infantil = child labour, child work.
    * trabajo ininterrumpido = continuous work.
    * trabajo manual = craft, craft activity, handiwork, manual labour.
    * trabajo monótono = drudge work, drudgery.
    * trabajo + no faltar = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * trabajo no remunerado = unpaid work, unremunerated work.
    * trabajo pesado = grind, grinding, donkey work.
    * trabajo por cuenta propia = self-employment.
    * trabajo por libre = freelance [free-lance].
    * trabajo por + Posesivo + cuenta = freelance [free-lance].
    * trabajo por turnos = shift work.
    * trabajo práctico = fieldwork [field work], practical work.
    * trabajo preliminar = groundwork, legwork, spadework [spade work].
    * trabajo previo = groundwork, spadework [spade work].
    * trabajo remunerado = work-for-hire, paid work, paid labour.
    * trabajo rutinario = chore, routine work, mundane task.
    * trabajos = life's work.
    * trabajos de impresión de material efímero = jobbing work.
    * trabajos de rescate = rescue work.
    * trabajos forzados = forced labour, hard labour.
    * trabajo social = social work.
    * trabajo sucio = dirty work.
    * trabajo sumergido = informal work.
    * trabajo temporal = temporary job, casual job.
    * trabajo urgente = hurried work, rush job.
    * trabajo y esfuerzo = toil and trouble.
    * turno de trabajo de atención al usuario = desk duty.
    * un trabajo bien hecho = a job well done.
    * uso compartido de mesas de trabajo = hot desking.
    * útil de trabajo = tool.
    * vida en el trabajo = job life.
    * visita de trabajo = field trip.

    Spanish-English dictionary > trabajo1

  • 18 estudio

    m.
    1 study.
    ha dedicado muchos años al estudio del tema she has studied the subject for many years
    estar en estudio to be under consideration
    estudio de campo field study
    estudio de viabilidad feasibility study
    2 study (oficina).
    3 studio (Cine, Rad & TV).
    los estudios de la Metro the Metro studios
    estudio de grabación recording studio
    pres.indicat.
    1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: estudiar.
    * * *
    1 (gen) study
    2 (encuesta) survey, study; (investigación) research
    3 (apartamento) studio flat (US apartment), bedsit
    4 (sala) studio
    1 (conocimientos) studies, education sing
    \
    cursar estudios to study
    dar estudios a alguien to pay for somebody's education
    dedicarse al estudio de algo to study something
    estar algo en estudio to be under consideration
    hacer estudios to study
    tener estudios to be well-educated
    estudio de grabación recording studio
    estudio de mercado market research
    estudio de televisión television studio
    * * *
    noun m.
    3) den
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=investigación) study

    estudio de desplazamientos y tiempos — (Com) time and motion study

    bolsa 9), plan 2)
    2) (=actividad investigadora) study
    3) (=análisis) [de intención de voto, edificio] survey

    estar en estudio — to be under consideration

    4) pl estudios (=educación) education sing

    cursar estudios de algo — to study sth

    dejar los estudios — (Escol) to drop out of school; (Univ) to drop out of university

    tener estudios — to have an education, be educated

    5) (=erudición) learning
    6) (Arte, Mús) study

    un estudio de pianoa study o étude for piano

    7) (=lugar de trabajo)
    a) [en una casa] study
    b) [profesional] [de artista, arquitecto] studio; Cono Sur [de abogado] office
    c) (Cine, Radio, TV) studio

    estudio cinematográfico, estudio de cine — film studio

    estudio de fotografía — photographer's studio, photographic studio

    8) (=apartamento) studio, studio flat
    * * *
    1)
    a) (Educ) ( actividad)

    primero está el estudioyour studies o work must come first

    b) (investigación, análisis) study
    c) (de asunto, caso) consideration

    está en o (RPl) a estudio en el Parlamento — it is being considered in parliament

    2) ( lugar)
    a) ( de artista) studio; ( de arquitecto) office, studio; ( de abogado) (CS) office
    b) (Cin, Rad, TV) studio
    c) ( en casa) study; ( apartamento) studio apartment
    3) (Mús, Art) study
    4) estudios masculino plural (Educ) education

    estudios primarios/superiores — primary/higher education

    * * *
    1)
    a) (Educ) ( actividad)

    primero está el estudioyour studies o work must come first

    b) (investigación, análisis) study
    c) (de asunto, caso) consideration

    está en o (RPl) a estudio en el Parlamento — it is being considered in parliament

    2) ( lugar)
    a) ( de artista) studio; ( de arquitecto) office, studio; ( de abogado) (CS) office
    b) (Cin, Rad, TV) studio
    c) ( en casa) study; ( apartamento) studio apartment
    3) (Mús, Art) study
    4) estudios masculino plural (Educ) education

    estudios primarios/superiores — primary/higher education

    * * *
    estudio1
    1 = studio.

    Ex: The author describes the design of the new studios which aim to be as flexible as possible.

    * estudio de cine = film location, film studio.
    * estudio de grabación = recording studio, sound recording studio.
    * estudio de música = music studio.
    * estudio de radio = radio studio.
    * estudio de televisión = television studio.
    * estudio discográfico = record studio.
    * filmar en el estudio = film in + the studio.
    * grabar en el estudio = film in + the studio.
    * rodar en el estudio = film in + the studio.

    estudio2
    2 = review, scholarship, study [studies, -pl.], work, calibration, surveying, analysis [analyses, -pl.].
    Nota: Proceso de estudio de un todo para encontrar sus partes esenciales y las relaciones existentes entre ellas.

    Ex: The review is supported by a complete list of LIPs completed or in progess at Aug 88, followed by references to their reports.

    Ex: The most important of the functions of librarians is the collection, preservation and affording access to the materials of scholarship.
    Ex: A study of the major general schemes reveals a wide gulf between theory, as outlined in the previous chapter, and practice, as reflected in the major schemes.
    Ex: The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.
    Ex: This requires careful calibration of reader response and the use of as many quantitative indices as possible.
    Ex: The author describes one effort made to counter this trend, through the surveying of the records of a library and the identification of materials to be preserved.
    Ex: The operation of investigating a whole with the aim of finding out its essential parts and their relationship to each other is known as analysis.
    * abandonar los estudios = drop out (from school), drop out of + school.
    * ámbito de estudio = scope.
    * área de estudio = study area, study area.
    * asignatura de estudios = curriculum subject.
    * beca de estudio(s) = study grant, education grant.
    * bolsa de estudios = bursary.
    * campo de estudio = field of study.
    * centro de apoyo a los programas de estudios = curriculum material center.
    * centro de estudios = study centre.
    * comisionar un estudio = commission + study.
    * compañero de estudios = co-student.
    * con estudios = schooled, educated, educated.
    * con estudios superiores = highly educated.
    * con un nivel de estudios alto = well educated [well-educated].
    * dejar los estudios = drop out (from school), drop out of + school.
    * desarrollo del plan de estudios = curriculum development.
    * disciplina de estudio = field of study.
    * diseñado para el estudio = curriculum-oriented.
    * diseño de planes de estudios = curriculum design.
    * edad de finalización de los estudios = terminal education age.
    * encargar un estudio = commission + study.
    * en el estudio = at study.
    * enseñanza a través del estudio de casos = case-teaching.
    * espacio reservado para el estudio = study space.
    * estudiante de bachiller que abandona los estudios = high-school dropout.
    * estudiante que ha completado los estudios secundarios = high school graduate, high school leaver.
    * estudiante universitario que abandona los estudios = college dropout.
    * estudio académico = academic study.
    * estudio basado en un cuestionario = questionnaire survey.
    * estudio bibliométrico = bibliometric analysis.
    * estudio cartográfico = ordnance survey.
    * estudio cinematográfico = film location, film studio.
    * estudio clásico = classic study.
    * estudio comparativo = correlation study.
    * estudio crítico del estado de la cuestión = review.
    * estudio cualitativo = qualitative study.
    * estudio cuantitativo = quantitative study.
    * estudio de alcance = scoping study.
    * estudio de arquitectos = architecture firm, architectural firm.
    * estudio de caso = case study.
    * estudio de impacto = impact study.
    * estudio de impacto en el medio ambiente = environmental impact study.
    * estudio de la productividad = time-and-motion study, time study, motion study.
    * estudio del estado de la cuestión = survey.
    * estudio de los himnos = hymnology.
    * estudio Delphi = Delphi study.
    * estudio de mercado = market survey, market research, marketing audit, consumer research.
    * estudio de seguimiento = follow-up study.
    * estudio de usabilidad = usability study.
    * estudio de uso = use study.
    * estudio de usuario = reader survey, consumer survey, customer survey.
    * estudio de usuarios = user study, marketing audit, user survey.
    * estudio de usuarios de la biblioteca = library user study.
    * estudio de viabilidad = demonstration project, feasibility study.
    * estudio epidemiológico = epidemiological study.
    * estudio geológico = geological survey.
    * estudio local = area study.
    * estudio longitudinal = longitudinal study.
    * estudio piloto = pilot study, pilot test.
    * estudio por simulación = simulation study.
    * estudio regional = area study.
    * estudios = academic background, course of study, educational career.
    * estudios africanos = African studies.
    * estudios afroamericanos = black studies.
    * estudios culturales = cultural studies.
    * estudios de administración = management studies.
    * estudios de auxiliar administrativo = information administration.
    * estudios de gestión = management science.
    * estudios de la mujer = women's studies, gender studies.
    * estudios de la paz y los conflictos = peace and conflict studies.
    * estudios de licenciatura = graduate work, graduate education.
    * estudios de literatura clásica = classical studies.
    * estudios del medio ambiente = environmental studies.
    * estudios de secretariado = secretarial studies.
    * estudios de tipografía = typographical studies.
    * estudios empresariales = business studies.
    * estudios en el extranjero = study abroad.
    * estudios europeos = European studies.
    * estudio sicométrico = psychometric study.
    * estudios literarios = literary studies.
    * estudios relacionados con las misiones religiosas = missiology.
    * estudios sobre la mujer = women's studies, gender studies.
    * estudios sobre paz y conflictos = peace and conflict studies.
    * estudios sociales = cultural studies.
    * estudios socioculturales = cultural studies.
    * estudio topográfico = surveying.
    * estudio universitario = academic study.
    * finalización de los estudios = graduation.
    * finalizar los estudios de BUP = complete + high school.
    * grupo de estudio = study circle.
    * habitación de estudio = private study, study facilities.
    * institución para el estudio y la conservación del patrimonio cult = heritage organisation.
    * libro de estudio = study book.
    * materia de estudio = subject of study.
    * material de estudio = study material, course material, curriculum material, curriculum resource, study package.
    * mesa de estudio = carrel, study table.
    * mesa individual de estudio = study carrel.
    * metodología de estudio = study skills.
    * nivel de estudios = educational background, level of education.
    * objeto de estudio = subject, object of study, under study.
    * partitura de estudio = miniature score.
    * permiso de estudios = study leave.
    * persona que elabora el plan de estudios = syllabus maker.
    * plan de estudios = curriculum [curricula, -pl.], syllabus [syllabi/syllabuses, -pl.], school curriculum, study plan.
    * planes de estudios = syllabi.
    * primer año de estudios superiores = freshman year.
    * programa de estudio = programme of study.
    * programa de estudios = course brochure, educational program(me), school program(me), study program(me), syllabus [syllabi/syllabuses, -pl.], education programme.
    * programa de estudios común = common core syllabus.
    * programas de estudios = syllabi.
    * realización de los estudios escolares en casa = homeschooling [home schooling].
    * realizar estudios = do + study.
    * realizar un estudio = carry out + survey, conduct + survey, undertake + study, undertake + survey, conduct + study.
    * realizar un estudio evaluativo = conduct + review.
    * reforma del plan de estudios = curriculum development.
    * relacionado con los estudios = course-related.
    * relativo a los estudios de diplomatura = undergrad (undergraduate).
    * relativo a los estudios de licenciatura = grad (graduate), postgraduate [post-graduate].
    * sala de estudio = study facilities, study room.
    * sin estudios = ill-educated.
    * técnicas de estudio = study skills.
    * tema de estudio = study area, under study.
    * terminar los estudios = graduate.
    * tiempo de estudio = study time.
    * unidad de estudio = unit of study, study unit.
    * viaje de estudio = study trip.
    * zona de estudio = study area, study facilities.

    * * *
    A
    1 ( Educ)
    (actividad): primero está el estudio y después la diversión your studies o work o studying must come first, then you can enjoy yourself
    2
    (investigación, análisis): el estudio de la fauna de la zona the study of the area's fauna
    realizó un estudio sobre la mortalidad infantil she carried out a survey o study on infant mortality
    le hicieron un estudio hormonal she had a series of hormone tests done
    3 (de un asunto, caso) consideration
    le presentaron un nuevo proyecto para su estudio they put forward a new plan for his consideration
    está en o ( RPl) a estudio en el Parlamento it is being considered in parliament
    Compuestos:
    field study
    market research
    1 (de un artista) studio; (de un arquitecto) office, studio; (de un abogado) (CS) office
    2 ( Cin, Rad, TV) studio
    la película se realizará íntegramente en estudios the movie will be made entirely in the studio
    4 (apartamento) studio apartment o ( BrE) flat
    Compuestos:
    recording studio
    photographic studio
    ( RPl) (oficina) lawyer's office; (grupo) legal practise*
    C
    1 ( Mús) study, étude
    2 ( Art) study
    D estudios mpl ( Educ) education
    estudios primarios/superiores primary/higher education
    está cursando estudios de especialización she is doing her specialization
    se sacrificó para darle estudios a su hijo she made a lot of sacrifices to give her son an education o to put her son through school
    para ese trabajo no hace falta tener estudios you don't need a degree for that job
    ¿por qué dejaste los estudios? why did you give up your studies?, why did you quit school? ( AmE)
    * * *

     

    Del verbo estudiar: ( conjugate estudiar)

    estudio es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    estudió es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) pretérito indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    estudiar    
    estudio
    estudiar ( conjugate estudiar) verbo transitivo
    1
    a) asignatura to study;

    ( en la universidad) to study, read (frml);
    ¿qué carrera estudió? what subject did he do at college/university?


    c)lección/tablas to learn

    2 ( observar) ‹rostro/comportamiento to study
    3 (considerar, analizar) ‹mercado/situación/proyecto to study;
    propuesta to study, consider;
    causas to look into, investigate
    verbo intransitivo
    to study;

    debes estudio más you must work harder;
    dejó de estudio a los 15 años she left school at 15;
    estudio para algo to study to be sth
    estudiarse verbo pronominal ( enf) ‹ lección to study;

    papel to learn
    estudio sustantivo masculino
    1
    a) (Educ) ( actividad):

    primero está el estudio studying o your studies o work must come first

    b) (investigación, análisis) study;


    c) (de asunto, caso) consideration;


    2 ( lugar)

    ( de arquitecto) office, studio
    b) (Cin, Rad, TV) studio

    c) ( en casa) study;

    ( apartamento) studio apartment
    3
    estudios sustantivo masculino plural (Educ) education;

    estudios superiores higher education;
    quiso darle estudios a su hijo she wanted to give her son an education;
    tener estudios superiores to have a degree;
    dejar los estudios to give up one's studies
    estudiar verbo transitivo & verbo intransitivo to study: estudia para abogado, she's studying to become a lawyer ➣ Ver nota en study
    estudio sustantivo masculino
    1 study: todas las tardes dedico tres horas al estudio, I spend three hours studying every afternoon
    2 (investigación) research
    estudio de mercado, market research
    3 (sala) studio
    estudio fotográfico, photographic studio
    4 (apartamento) studio (flat)
    5 Educ estudios, studies
    (educación) education
    tener estudios, to have an education
    ' estudio' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    geológica
    - geológico
    - grafológica
    - grafológico
    - interdisciplinaria
    - interdisciplinario
    - investigación
    - robar
    - sanctasanctórum
    - cabina
    - concienzudo
    - despacho
    - detallado
    - detenido
    - ecológico
    - elaborar
    - especialidad
    - estadística
    - estudiar
    - examen
    - fondo
    - hispanismo
    - laguna
    - objeto
    - terminar
    English:
    bedsit
    - bedsitter
    - breakdown
    - case study
    - comprehensive
    - consideration
    - den
    - economics
    - ESL
    - ESP
    - horticulture
    - invalid
    - market research
    - pilot study
    - province
    - review
    - rocketry
    - studio
    - studio flat
    - study
    - wide-ranging
    - case
    - curriculum
    - feasibility
    - field
    - investigation
    - market
    - survey
    * * *
    1. [actividad] study;
    ha dedicado muchos años al estudio del tema she has studied the subject for many years;
    estar en estudio to be under consideration
    estudio de mercado [técnica] market research; [investigación] market survey
    2. [investigación] study;
    ha publicado un estudio sobre el tema she's published a study on the subject;
    hacer un estudio de algo to survey sth;
    le hicieron un estudio de la flora intestinal they investigated the composition of her intestinal flora
    estudio de campo field study;
    estudio geológico geological survey;
    estudio de impacto ambiental environmental impact study;
    estudio de viabilidad feasibility study
    3.
    estudios [educación] studies;
    el niño va muy bien en los estudios the boy is doing very well at school;
    al terminar sus estudios en Viena, viajó a París on completing his studies in Vienna he travelled to Paris;
    dar estudios a alguien to pay for o finance sb's education;
    dejó los estudios a los quince años he left school at fifteen;
    tener estudios to be educated
    estudios de posgrado postgraduate studies o education;
    estudios primarios primary education;
    estudios secundarios secondary education;
    estudios superiores higher education
    4. [despacho] study;
    [de fotógrafo, pintor, arquitecto] studio; RP [de abogado] practice
    5. [apartamento] studio Br flat o US apartment
    6. Cine, Rad & TV studio;
    los estudios de la Metro the Metro studios
    estudio de grabación recording studio
    7. Arte study
    8. Mús étude, study;
    estudio para piano piano study
    * * *
    m
    1 disciplina study
    2 apartamento studio, Br
    studio flat
    3 de cine, música studio
    4
    :
    estudios (universitarios) pl university education sg ;
    tener estudios have a degree;
    una persona sin estudios a person with no formal education
    * * *
    1) : study
    2) : studio
    3) estudios nmpl
    : studies, education
    * * *
    1. (en general) study [pl. studies]
    2. (apartamento) studio flat
    3. (de televisión, cine) studio

    Spanish-English dictionary > estudio

  • 19 trabajo

    m.
    1 work.
    una casa tan grande da mucho trabajo a big house like that is a lot of work
    hacer un buen trabajo to do a good job
    trabajo de campo field work
    trabajo en o de equipo teamwork
    trabajo físico physical effort
    trabajo intelectual mental effort
    trabajo manual manual labor
    trabajos forzados o forzosos hard labor
    trabajo de oficina office work
    trabajo social social work
    trabajo sucio dirty work
    trabajo temporal temporary work
    2 job (empleo).
    buscar/encontrar trabajo to look for/find work o a job
    no tener trabajo to be out of work
    3 work (place).
    en el trabajo at work
    ir al trabajo to go to work
    5 labor (economics & politics).
    6 effort (esfuerzo).
    costar mucho trabajo to take a lot of effort
    tomarse el trabajo de hacer algo to go to o take the trouble of doing something
    7 work place, job, workplace.
    pres.indicat.
    1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: trabajar.
    * * *
    2 (tarea) task, job
    3 (empleo) job, employment
    4 (esfuerzo) effort
    5 EDUCACIÓN report, paper
    \
    ahorrarse el trabajo to save oneself the trouble
    con gran trabajo / con mucho trabajo with great effort
    cuesta trabajo... it's hard to...
    estar sin trabajo to be out of work
    ir al trabajo to go to work
    tomarse el trabajo de to take the trouble to
    trabajo de chinos familiar very intricate work, time-consuming work
    trabajo eventual casual labour (US labor)
    trabajo por turno / trabajo por turnos shiftwork
    trabajos forzados / trabajos forzosos hard labour (US labor) sing
    trabajos manuales arts and crafts, handicrafts
    * * *
    noun m.
    1) work, job
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=labor) work

    ¡buen trabajo! — good work!

    el trabajo de la casathe housework

    ropa de trabajo — work clothes

    estar sin trabajo — to be unemployed

    quedarse sin trabajo — to find o.s. out of work, lose one's job

    trabajo de campo, trabajo en el terreno — fieldwork

    trabajo manual — manual labour, manual labor (EEUU)

    trabajos forzadoshard labour sing, hard labor (EEUU) sing

    trabajos manuales — (Escol) handicrafts

    2) (tb: puesto de trabajo) job
    3) (tb: lugar de trabajo) work
    4) (=esfuerzo)

    ahorrarse el trabajo — to save o.s. the trouble

    costar trabajo, le cuesta trabajo hacerlo — he finds it hard to do

    dar trabajo, reparar la casa nos ha dado mucho trabajo — it was hard work o a real job repairing the house

    tomarse el trabajo de hacer algo — to take the trouble to do sth

    5) (=obra) (Arte, Literat) work; (Educ) essay; [de investigación] study
    6) (Econ)
    a) (=mano de obra) labour, labor (EEUU)
    b) (tb: Ministerio de Trabajo) Department of Employment, Department of Labor (EEUU)
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( empleo) job

    conseguir trabajoto get o find work, to get o find a job

    un trabajo de media jornada or (AmL) de medio tiempo or (Esp) a tiempo parcial — a part-time job

    trabajo de jornada completa or de or a tiempo completo — full-time work o job

    b) ( lugar) work
    2) (actividad, labor) work
    3)
    a) ( tarea) job
    b) ( obra escrita) piece of work
    4) ( esfuerzo)

    se tomó/dio el trabajo de venir — she took the trouble to come

    5) (Econ) labor*
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( empleo) job

    conseguir trabajoto get o find work, to get o find a job

    un trabajo de media jornada or (AmL) de medio tiempo or (Esp) a tiempo parcial — a part-time job

    trabajo de jornada completa or de or a tiempo completo — full-time work o job

    b) ( lugar) work
    2) (actividad, labor) work
    3)
    a) ( tarea) job
    b) ( obra escrita) piece of work
    4) ( esfuerzo)

    se tomó/dio el trabajo de venir — she took the trouble to come

    5) (Econ) labor*
    * * *
    trabajo1
    1 = employment, endeavour [endeavor, -USA], job, labour [labor, -USA], leg work, occupation, task, work, working environment, workload [work load], pursuit, workmanship, footwork, handwork, professional position, working practice, pursuit in life, handiwork, lifework, line of business, toil, industry.

    Ex: Under WOMEN -- EMPLOYMENT, for instance, are listed works on the health and safety hazards of employment, the wages of employment, the problems of mothers, married and/or single women and employment, and so on.

    Ex: Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.
    Ex: To ease the cataloguer's job and save him the trouble of counting characters, DOBIS/LIBIS uses a special function.
    Ex: An editor is a person who prepares for publication an item not his own and whose labour may be limited to the preparation of the item for the manufacturer.
    Ex: DOBIS/LIBIS may replace the typewriter, the catalog card, and much leg work, but it cannot replace the decision-making capabilities of the library staff.
    Ex: Headings such as SALESMEN AND SALESMANSHIP and FIREMEN, since they are assigned to works covering the activities of both men and women in these occupations, are not specific.
    Ex: Further, menu screens will be necessary until the user has specified the task that he wishes executed or the information that he wishes to retrieve sufficiently for execution or retrieval to be effected.
    Ex: The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.
    Ex: This article examines the various features now available on copiers and comments on the usefulness in a working environment.
    Ex: Each of these changes, if we were to deal with them in an adequate manner, create severe workload problems for the cataloging department.
    Ex: What is more arguable is whether or not it is a bibliographical pursuit at all since it bears little relationship to the physical nature of the book.
    Ex: William R Lethaby, the architect who had Westminster Abbey in his charge for over twenty years, once said 'Art is thoughtful workmanship'.
    Ex: If we decide to take on making up a subject file there'd be a lot of footwork even if we use that list as a basis = Si decidimos aceptar crear un fichero ordenado por materias habría mucho trabajo incluso si usamos esta lista como base.
    Ex: The newspaper's suppression after the first issue was not, as some historians have declared, the handwork of Massachusetts' Puritan clergy = La supresión del periódico después de su primer número no fue, como algunos historiadores han declarado, por la intervención del clero puritano de Massachussetts.
    Ex: In virtually all of her professional positions she has been involved with the handling of documents.
    Ex: While many believe that print on paper will never die, new formats are already changing working practice in many spheres.
    Ex: People who are blind, regardless of their pursuit in life, will not have access to current information, books, learning, or education opportunities unless all libraries and blindness organizations agree to work together.
    Ex: Rather than bringing in butchers to do the handiwork of his dissections, Vesalius himself worked on the human cadavers and said that students of medicine should do the same.
    Ex: This is an eloquent, moving testament to the lifework of a major artist of unimpeachable technique and passion.
    Ex: The computer people are muscling in on our line of business and we can't stop them.
    Ex: Furthermore, the computer can be used, and is already being used, to eliminate drudgery, busywork, and useless toil in library systems.
    Ex: In fact, the terms of the contrast are highly ambivalent: order vs. anarchy, liberty vs. despotism, or industry vs. sloth, and also dissimulation vs. honesty.
    * acoso en el trabajo = workplace mobbing.
    * agenda de trabajo = work agenda.
    * agobiado de trabajo = up to + Posesivo + eyeballs in work.
    * ahorrar el trabajo de = save + effort in.
    * almuerzo de trabajo = work luncheon.
    * ámbito de trabajo = field of endeavour.
    * amor al trabajo = love of work.
    * ansiedad en el trabajo = job anxiety, work anxiety.
    * anterior al trabajo = pre-service.
    * anuncio de trabajo = help wanted ad, help wanted notice.
    * anuncios de trabajo = help-wanted advertising.
    * año de trabajo = man year.
    * ascender en el trabajo = step up + the career ladder.
    * ascenso en el trabajo = job promotion.
    * aspirar a un puesto de trabajo = aspire to + position.
    * asunto relacionado con el trabajo = work-related issue.
    * avanzar en + Posesivo + trabajo = advance + Posesivo + work, advance + Posesivo + work.
    * basado en el trabajo en equipo = team-based.
    * bibliografía de trabajo = working bibliography.
    * biblioteconomía especializada en el trabajo de referencia = reference librarianship.
    * bolsa de trabajo = labour exchange, job opportunities, employment bureau, employment centre, employment opportunity, job centre, job pool.
    * borrador de trabajo = working paper.
    * buscador de trabajo = job applicant, job seeker.
    * buscar trabajo = seek + employment.
    * buscar trabajo en la calle = work + the streets.
    * campo de trabajo = field of endeavour.
    * campo de trabajos forzados = labour camp, forced labour camp.
    * cantidad de trabajo = workload [work load].
    * carga de trabajo = workload [work load].
    * centro de trabajo = workplace.
    * cobrar en un trabajo = job + pay.
    * comenzar el turno de trabajo = go on + duty.
    * comida de trabajo = business meal, professional meal.
    * compañero de trabajo = co-worker [coworker], male colleague, work colleague, fellow worker.
    * complementos del trabajo = fringe benefits, fringes.
    * conciliación del trabajo y la familia = reconciliation of work and family.
    * con demasiado trabajo = overworked.
    * condiciones del contrato de trabajo = terms of employment.
    * condiciones de trabajo = working conditions.
    * con mucho trabajo = painfully.
    * conseguir un puesto de trabajo = obtain + position.
    * conseguir un trabajo = enter + job, land + job.
    * con trabajo = in post.
    * contratar al primero que solicita el trabajo = hire on a first-come, first-take basis.
    * contrato de trabajo = contract position.
    * conversación de trabajo = shop talk.
    * costar mucho trabajo = have + a tough time, have + a hard time.
    * costar trabajo = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * cualquier trabajo temporal = casual job.
    * cubrir un puesto de trabajo = fill + position.
    * cuestión relacionada con el trabajo = work-related issue.
    * dar permiso en el trabajo = give + time off work.
    * dar trabajo = present + burden.
    * dedicar trabajo = expend + effort.
    * definición de trabajo = working definition.
    * dejar a Alguien sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * dejar el puesto de trabajo = resign from + Posesivo + post.
    * dejar el trabajo = resign from + Posesivo + post, quit + Posesivo + job, jump + ship.
    * dejar sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * dejar un puesto de trabajo = resign from + Posesivo + position.
    * dejar un trabajo = quit, resign + Posesivo + post.
    * denominación del puesto de trabajo = job title, occupational title.
    * dentro del mismo trabajo = intraoccupational.
    * derecho del trabajo = employment law.
    * desarrollar + Posesivo + trabajo = advance + Posesivo + work.
    * desarrollar un plan de trabajo = develop + agenda.
    * descripción del puesto de trabajo = job description, position description, job profile.
    * desempeñar un trabajo = exercise + work.
    * despedir del trabajo = make + redundant.
    * después del horario de trabajo = after hours [after-hours].
    * de trabajo = working.
    * día del trabajo = Labour Day.
    * día de trabajo = working day.
    * día internacional del trabajo = Labour Day.
    * diario automático de trabajo = time log.
    * dignidad del trabajo = dignity of work.
    * dinámica de trabajo = workflow [work flow].
    * distribución del trabajo = workflow [work flow].
    * distribuir el trabajo = spread + the load.
    * división del trabajo = division of labour.
    * documento de trabajo = working document, working draft.
    * eficacia en el trabajo = quality of service.
    * elaborar un plan de trabajo = develop + agenda.
    * eliminar puestos de trabajo = shed + jobs, axe + jobs, cut + jobs.
    * empresa de trabajo = industrial affiliation.
    * encomendar un trabajo a Alguien = assign + job.
    * encontrar trabajo = find + a job.
    * encontrar trabajo en una biblioteca = join + library.
    * en el horario de trabajo = on company time.
    * en el trabajo = on-the-job, at work.
    * enseñanza antes de empezar el trabajo = pre-service education.
    * enseñanza en el trabajo = in-service education.
    * entorno de trabajo = working environment, work environment.
    * entrevista de trabajo = job interview.
    * equipo de trabajo = study team, project team, work team.
    * esclavo del trabajo = workaholic.
    * escribir un trabajo = write + essay.
    * espacio de trabajo = workspace.
    * específico de un trabajo concreto = job-specific.
    * estación de trabajo = workstation [work station], desktop workstation.
    * estación de trabajo remota = outstation.
    * estadía de trabajo = work visit.
    * estar mareado de tanto trabajo = be reeling.
    * estar relacionado con el trabajo = be work related.
    * estar saturado de trabajo = work to + capacity.
    * estar sin trabajo = stay out of + work.
    * estrategia que ahorra trabajo = labour saver.
    * estrés en el trabajo = job stress.
    * evaluar el rendimiento en el trabajo = evaluate + work performance.
    * excedencia en el trabajo = leave of absence.
    * ficha de trabajo = worksheet, project worksheet.
    * formación continua en el trabajo = workplace training, workplace learning.
    * formación en el trabajo = in-service training, in-service education, in-service, on-the-job training, in-service support.
    * funciones del puesto de trabajo = position + entail + duty.
    * grupo de trabajo = study group, study team, task force, working party, task group, research group, working group, project team.
    * grupo de trabajo por tema de interés = breakout group.
    * guía de trabajo = working guide.
    * hábito de trabajo = work habit, working habit.
    * hablar del trabajo = talk + shop.
    * hacer + Posesivo + trabajo = get on with + Posesivo + work.
    * hacer (todo) el trabajo pesado = do (all) + the donkey work.
    * hacer un buen trabajo = do + a good job.
    * hacer un trabajo = do + work, do + job.
    * hacer un trabajo sobre = do + a project about.
    * hasta aquí de trabajo = up to + Posesivo + eyeballs in work.
    * hasta el cuello de trabajo = up to + Posesivo + eyeballs in work.
    * herramienta de trabajo = tool, tool.
    * hora de trabajo = man-hour.
    * horario de trabajo = hours of operation, working hours, work hours.
    * horario intenso de trabajo = long hours, the.
    * horarios de trabajo demasiado cargados = over-long hours.
    * igualdad de oportunidad en el trabajo = equal employment opportunity.
    * igualdad de retribución por un trabajo de valor comparable = equal pay for comparable work.
    * igualdad de retribución por un trabajo de igual valor = equal pay for equal work.
    * incentivo en el trabajo = work incentive, labour incentive.
    * indicador del trabajo realizado = workload indicator.
    * intercambio de puestos de trabajo = job exchange.
    * jornada de trabajo = workshop.
    * liberar del exceso de trabajo = relieve + overload.
    * liberar de trabajo = relieve + pressure.
    * línea de trabajo = line of work.
    * llamar al trabajo para excusarse por enfermedad = call in + sick.
    * llegar tarde al trabajo = be late for work.
    * lugar de trabajo = affiliation, institutional affiliation, working environment, workplace, place of work, worksite [work site], home institution.
    * lugar de trabajo del autor = author affiliation.
    * magistratura del trabajo = industrial tribunal.
    * marco de trabajo = framework.
    * medida de seguridad e higiene en el trabajo = health and safety standard.
    * memoria de trabajo = working memory.
    * mercado de trabajo = labour market, job market.
    * mercado de trabajo, el = employment market, the.
    * mesa de trabajo = desk, study table.
    * método de trabajo = working method.
    * Ministerio de Trabajo = Department of Labor.
    * modelo de trabajo = working model, business model.
    * mucho trabajo = hard graft.
    * negligente en el trabajo = malpractitioner.
    * neurosis producida por el trabajo = occupational neurosis.
    * NISTF (Grupo de Trabajo sobre los Sistemas Nacionales de Información de la A = NISTF (Society of American Archivists National Information Systems Task Force).
    * no perder el trabajo = stay in + work.
    * norma de trabajo = working rule.
    * no tener trabajo = be unemployed.
    * obtener un puesto de trabajo = obtain + position.
    * ocupar un puesto de trabajo = assume + position, take up + post, hold + post.
    * oferta de trabajo = job advertisement, job offer, help wanted ad, help wanted notice.
    * ofertas de trabajo = help-wanted advertising.
    * oportunidad de trabajo = career opportunity.
    * organización del trabajo = workflow [work flow], working arrangement.
    * paquete de trabajo = workpackage.
    * para trabajos pesados = heavy-duty.
    * pérdida de puestos de trabajo = squeeze on jobs.
    * permiso de trabajo = work permit.
    * permuta de trabajo = job exchange.
    * persona encargada de hacer los trabajos sucios = hatchetman.
    * persona obsesiva con el trabajo = workoholic [workholic], workaholic.
    * persona que asigna el trabajo = assigner.
    * persona que deja un trabajo = leaver.
    * persona que reparte el trabajo = assigner.
    * personas sin trabajo remunerado, los = unwaged, the.
    * plan de trabajo = research agenda, work plan, working plan, work schedule.
    * política de trabajo = policy.
    * postura exigida por el trabajo = work posture.
    * proceso de trabajo = work process.
    * programa de formación en el trabajo = in-service training program(me).
    * programa de trabajo = work schedule.
    * programa de trabajo como interno residente = residency.
    * promoción en el trabajo = job promotion.
    * propuesta de trabajo = project proposal.
    * proyecto de trabajo = work project.
    * puente de trabajo = catwalk.
    * puesto de trabajo = appointment, position, post, opening, career path, professional position, position held.
    * puesto de trabajo de libre designación = line position.
    * puesto de trabajo ocupado = position held.
    * puestos de trabajo ocupados = positions held.
    * quitar puestos de trabajo = shed + jobs, axe + jobs, cut + jobs.
    * realizar el trabajo = get + Posesivo + work done.
    * realizar + Posesivo + trabajo = advance + Posesivo + work.
    * realizar un trabajo = perform + work, undertake + work.
    * realizar un trabajo monótono = have + Posesivo + nose to the grindstone.
    * red de trabajo = peer-to-peer network.
    * relacionado con el trabajo = job-related, work-related.
    * relación de trabajo = working relation, working relationship, work relationship, work relation.
    * relativo al trabajo = occupational.
    * rendimiento en el trabajo = work performance.
    * reunión de trabajo = business meeting, business session.
    * ropa de trabajo = work clothes.
    * rutina de trabajo = work process.
    * sala de trabajo = workroom.
    * salir del trabajo = clock off + work.
    * salud en el trabajo = occupational health.
    * satisfacción en el trabajo = job satisfaction, work satisfaction.
    * segregación en el trabajo = job segregation, employment segregation.
    * seguridad en el trabajo = safety at work, occupational safety.
    * sesión de trabajo = work session, working session.
    * sicología del trabajo = occupational psychology.
    * sin trabajo = jobless.
    * sobrecargado de trabajo = overworked.
    * sociología del trabajo = sociology of work.
    * soliciante de trabajo = job applicant.
    * solicitud de trabajo = job application.
    * superficie de trabajo = working surface, work surface.
    * taller de trabajo = workshop, study school.
    * taller de trabajo esclavo = sweatshop.
    * taller de trabajo sobre composición = writing workshop.
    * tener trabajo para rato = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * tener un segundo trabajo = moonlight, work + a second job.
    * tener un trabajo = hold down + job.
    * tener un trabajo remunerado = be gainfully employed.
    * tener un trabajo retribuido = be gainfully employed.
    * tensión en el trabajo = job stress.
    * tensión producida por el trabajo = occupational stress.
    * terminar turno de trabajo = come off + duty.
    * toda una vida de trabajo = a lifetime of work.
    * tomarse excedencia en el trabajo = take + leave from + employment.
    * tomarse + Expresión Temporal + de permiso en el trabajo = take + Expresión Temporal + off, have + Expresión Temporal + off work.
    * tomarse unos días de permiso en el trabajo = take + time off work.
    * tomarse unos días de permiso en el trabajo = take + time off, take + time out.
    * trabajo académico = academic work.
    * trabajo a destajo = piecework.
    * trabajo a distancia = telecommuting, teleworking, telework.
    * trabajo administrativo de apoyo = clerical work.
    * trabajo a medias = job share.
    * trabajo artesanal = craftsmanship.
    * trabajo a tiempo parcial = part-time work, part-time employment, part-time job.
    * trabajo atípico = atypical work.
    * trabajo autónomo = self-employment.
    * trabajo bibliográfico = bibliographic work.
    * trabajo bibliotecario = library work.
    * trabajo burocrático = paper-keeping.
    * trabajo científico = scientific work, scholarly work.
    * trabajo compartido = job sharing.
    * trabajo complicado = major exercise.
    * trabajo con documentación automatizada = computer-based information work.
    * trabajo conjunto = interworking.
    * trabajo con ordenador = computer work.
    * trabajo cotidiano = daily work.
    * trabajo creativo = creative work.
    * trabajo de alfabetización = literacy work.
    * trabajo de apoyo = escort work.
    * trabajo de calidad = best practices, lessons learned [lessons learnt].
    * trabajo de campo = fieldwork [field work].
    * trabajo de catalogación = cataloguing work.
    * trabajo de chinos = fiddly [fiddlier -comp., fiddliest -sup.].
    * trabajo de clase = term paper, coursework [course work], term project, homework.
    * trabajo de detective = sleuthing.
    * trabajo de escolta = escort work.
    * trabajo de impresión = bookwork.
    * trabajo de impresión de material efímero = ephemeral jobbing.
    * trabajo de información y de las bibliotecas = library and information work.
    * trabajo de investigación = investigative work, research paper, research work.
    * trabajo de la casa = housework.
    * trabajo de menores = child labour.
    * trabajo de poca monta = odd-job.
    * trabajo de préstamo de servicios = service job.
    * trabajo de referencia = reference work.
    * trabajo desinteresado = labour of love.
    * trabajo detectivesco = sleuthing.
    * trabajo de toda una vida = life's work, lifework.
    * trabajo diario = day's work, daily work.
    * trabajo doméstico = domestic duty, domestic work, domestic task.
    * trabajo duro = hard labour, thirsty work, hard work.
    * trabajo duro, mucho trabajo = hard graft.
    * trabajo editorial = editorship.
    * trabajo en archivística = archives work.
    * trabajo en colaboración = interworking.
    * trabajo en común = interworking.
    * trabajo en curso = work in progress.
    * trabajo en equipo = teamwork, collaborative teamwork, team management.
    * trabajo en red = networking.
    * trabajo en sucio = rough work.
    * trabajo entre manos, el = work at hand, the.
    * trabajo eventual = jobbing.
    * trabajo físico = physical work.
    * trabajo improductivo = busywork.
    * trabajo individual = independent study, self-study.
    * trabajo infantil = child labour, child work.
    * trabajo ininterrumpido = continuous work.
    * trabajo manual = craft, craft activity, handiwork, manual labour.
    * trabajo monótono = drudge work, drudgery.
    * trabajo + no faltar = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * trabajo no remunerado = unpaid work, unremunerated work.
    * trabajo pesado = grind, grinding, donkey work.
    * trabajo por cuenta propia = self-employment.
    * trabajo por libre = freelance [free-lance].
    * trabajo por + Posesivo + cuenta = freelance [free-lance].
    * trabajo por turnos = shift work.
    * trabajo práctico = fieldwork [field work], practical work.
    * trabajo preliminar = groundwork, legwork, spadework [spade work].
    * trabajo previo = groundwork, spadework [spade work].
    * trabajo remunerado = work-for-hire, paid work, paid labour.
    * trabajo rutinario = chore, routine work, mundane task.
    * trabajos = life's work.
    * trabajos de impresión de material efímero = jobbing work.
    * trabajos de rescate = rescue work.
    * trabajos forzados = forced labour, hard labour.
    * trabajo social = social work.
    * trabajo sucio = dirty work.
    * trabajo sumergido = informal work.
    * trabajo temporal = temporary job, casual job.
    * trabajo urgente = hurried work, rush job.
    * trabajo y esfuerzo = toil and trouble.
    * turno de trabajo de atención al usuario = desk duty.
    * un trabajo bien hecho = a job well done.
    * uso compartido de mesas de trabajo = hot desking.
    * útil de trabajo = tool.
    * vida en el trabajo = job life.
    * visita de trabajo = field trip.

    trabajo2
    2 = assignment, student paper, work, project work, term project.

    Ex: The problems and assignments presented are real problems and assignments, and the people involved are real people, all suitably disguised to protect their identity.

    Ex: 5 data collection instruments were used: printouts of data base searches executed by students; a questionnaire; bibliographies from student papers; serial holdings of the university library; and interviews with instructors.
    Ex: An authority entry is an entry for which the initial element is the uniform heading for a person, corporate body, or work, as established by the cataloguing agency responsible.
    Ex: For instance, if children are doing a project work on dogs, they will hunt out anything and everything that so much as mentions them and the bits thus mined are assiduously transcribed into project folders.
    Ex: In 1994, 21 students on an introductory course on communication processes completed analyses of 14 different electronic lists or newsgroups as their term projects.
    * impresor de pequeños trabajos = jobbing house, jobbing office, jobbing printer.
    * mesa de trabajo = writing desk, work desk.
    * preparar un trabajo de clase = research + paper.
    * trabajo de clase = essay assignment, class assignment, course assignment, student assignment, written assignment.
    * trabajo de lectura obligatoria = a must-read.
    * trabajo de restauración = restoration work.
    * trabajo editado = published work.
    * trabajo escolar = school work [schoolwork].
    * trabajo impreso = printed work.
    * trabajo publicado = published work.
    * trabajos de clase = classroom asignment.
    * un trabajo cuqlquiera = casual job.

    * * *
    A
    1
    (empleo): conseguir trabajo to get o find work
    consiguió un trabajo muy bien pagado he got himself a very well-paid job
    hay dos trabajos interesantes en el periódico de hoy there are two interesting vacancies o jobs in today's paper
    se fue a la capital a buscar trabajo he went to the capital to look for work o for a job
    se quedó sin trabajo she lost her job, she was made redundant, she was let go ( AmE)
    no tiene trabajo fijo he doesn't have a steady job
    buscaba trabajo de jornada completa or a tiempo completo or de tiempo completo I was looking for full-time work o for a full-time job
    2 (lugar) work
    está en el trabajo she's at work
    ir al trabajo to go to work
    llámame al trabajo give me a call at work
    la estación queda cerca de mi trabajo the station's close to where I work
    Compuesto:
    work-sharing
    B (actividad, labor) work
    trabajo intelectual intellectual work o brainwork
    su capacidad de trabajo es enorme he has an enormous capacity for work
    la máquina hace el trabajo de cinco personas the machine does the work of five people
    requiere años de trabajo it takes years of work
    todo nuestro trabajo ha sido en vano all our work has been in vain
    es un trabajo especializado/de precisión it's specialized/precision work
    me tocó a mí hacer todo el trabajo I ended up doing all the work, I got stuck o ( BrE) landed with all the work ( colloq)
    hoy no puedo, tengo mucho trabajo I can't today, I have o I've got a lot of work to do
    tengo mucho trabajo acumulado I have a huge backlog of work to do
    este bordado tiene mucho trabajo a lot of work has gone into this embroidery
    ¡buen trabajo! te felicito nice work! well done
    fue premiado por su trabajo en esa película he was given an award for his performance in that movie
    hacer un trabajo de zapa to work o scheme behind the scenes
    le he estado haciendo un trabajo de trabajo y ya lo tengo en el bote I've been quietly working on him o softening him up and now I've got him right where I want him
    Compuestos:
    piece work
    agricultural work
    (CS) work to rule
    fieldwork
    fiddly o laborious job
    labor*
    work experience
    assembly-line work
    mpl hard labor*
    mpl handicrafts (pl)
    social work
    voluntary o ( AmE) volunteer work
    C
    1 (tarea, obra) job
    es un trabajo que no lo puede hacer cualquiera it's not a job that just anyone can do
    limpiar el horno es un trabajo que odio cleaning the oven is a job o chore I hate
    la satisfacción de un trabajo bien hecho the satisfaction of a job well done
    me cobró un dineral por un par de trabajos he charged me a fortune for doing a couple of little jobs o tasks
    2 (obra escrita) piece of work
    un trabajo bien documentado a well-documented piece of work
    estoy haciendo un trabajo sobre Lorca I'm doing a paper/an essay on Lorca
    D
    (esfuerzo): con mucho trabajo consiguió levantarse with great effort she managed to get up
    nos dio mucho trabajo pintarlo painting it was hard work o took a lot of work
    los niños dan mucho trabajo children are hard work o a lot of work
    me cuesta trabajo creerlo I find it hard to believe
    nos costó trabajo convencerla de que viniera we had a hard time persuading her to come
    se tomó/dio el trabajo de venir a buscarme she took the trouble to come and pick me up
    puedes ahorrarte el trabajo de ir hasta allá you can save yourself the trouble o bother of going all the way over there
    E ( Econ) labor*
    el capital y el trabajo capital and labor
    F ( Fís) work
    * * *

     

    Del verbo trabajar: ( conjugate trabajar)

    trabajo es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    trabajó es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) pretérito indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    trabajar    
    trabajo
    trabajar ( conjugate trabajar) verbo intransitivo
    1 ( en general) to work;

    trabajo jornada completa or a tiempo completo to work full-time;
    trabajo media jornada to work part-time;
    trabajo mucho to work hard;
    ¿en qué trabajas? what do you do (for a living)?;
    estoy trabajando en una novela I'm working on a novel;
    trabajo DE or COMO algo to work as sth
    2 ( actuar) to act, perform;
    ¿quién trabaja en la película who's in the movie?

    verbo transitivo
    1
    a)campo/tierra/madera to work


    2 (perfeccionar, pulir) to work on
    trabajo sustantivo masculino
    1
    a) ( empleo) job;

    buscar trabajo to look for work o for a job;

    quedarse sin trabajo to lose one's job;
    un trabajo fijo a steady job;
    un trabajo de media jornada a part-time job;
    un trabajo de jornada completa or a tiempo completo a full-time job
    b) ( lugar) work;


    ir al trabajo to go to work
    2 (actividad, labor) work;

    el trabajo de la casa housework;
    los niños dan mucho trabajo children are hard work;
    ¡buen trabajo! well done!;
    trabajo de campo fieldwork;
    trabajos forzados hard labor( conjugate labor);
    trabajos manuales handicrafts (pl);
    trabajo voluntario voluntary o (AmE) volunteer work
    3
    a) ( tarea) job;



    (en universidad, escuela) essay
    4 ( esfuerzo):

    me cuesta trabajo creerlo I find it hard to believe
    trabajar
    I verbo intransitivo
    1 to work: trabaja de secretaria, she works as a secretary
    trabaja en los astilleros, she works in the shipyard
    trabaja bien, he's a good worker
    2 Cine (actuar) to act: en esta película trabaja mi actriz favorita, my favourite actress is in this movie
    II verbo transitivo
    1 (pulir, ejercitar, estudiar) to work on: tienes que trabajar más el estilo, you have to work on your style
    2 (la madera) to work
    (un metal) to work
    (la tierra) to work, till
    (cuero) to emboss
    2 (comerciar) to trade, sell: nosotros no trabajamos ese artículo, we don't stock that item
    trabajo sustantivo masculino
    1 work: hoy tengo poco trabajo, I have little work today
    2 (empleo) job: no tiene trabajo, he is unemployed
    3 (esfuerzo) work, effort: nos costó mucho trabajo hacerlo, it was hard to do it
    4 Educ (sobre un tema) paper
    (de manualidades) craft work
    5 (tarea) task
    un trabajo de chinos, a laborious job
    ' trabajo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    abarcar
    - abundancia
    - actual
    - adicta
    - adicto
    - afanosa
    - afanoso
    - agencia
    - agobiada
    - agobiado
    - agobiante
    - antigüedad
    - ascender
    - asquerosidad
    - aterrizar
    - balde
    - bestialidad
    - bicoca
    - bolsa
    - bordar
    - buscar
    - cadena
    - calendario
    - calle
    - cambiar
    - campo
    - capear
    - cara
    - cargada
    - cargado
    - caterva
    - chapucera
    - chapucero
    - chapuza
    - chollo
    - colocarse
    - como
    - condición
    - condicionamiento
    - construcción
    - cuanta
    - cuanto
    - cubierta
    - cubierto
    - dar
    - dejar
    - desbandada
    - descansada
    - descansado
    - descargar
    English:
    abandon
    - acclaim
    - actual
    - allocation
    - ambivalent
    - anxiety
    - apathetic
    - application
    - apply
    - apply for
    - apprentice
    - arm-twisting
    - artwork
    - assignment
    - at
    - attack
    - backlog
    - backup
    - barrel
    - be-all and end-all
    - begrudge
    - better
    - blouse
    - blue
    - board
    - bog down
    - boiler suit
    - book
    - botch
    - bother
    - bread-and-butter
    - bulk
    - burn out
    - bury
    - busywork
    - by
    - capacity
    - careless
    - carry over
    - casual
    - catch up
    - chapter
    - choose
    - chuck in
    - clerical
    - collaboration
    - colleague
    - comedown
    - commute
    - commuter
    * * *
    1. [tarea, actividad, práctica] work;
    tengo mucho trabajo que hacer I've got a lot of work to do;
    una casa tan grande da mucho trabajo a big house like that is a lot of work;
    uno de los últimos trabajos de Diego Rivera one of Diego Rivera's last works;
    recibió un Óscar por su trabajo en “Cabaret” she received an Oscar for (her performance in) “Cabaret”;
    ¡buen trabajo! good work!;
    hacer un buen trabajo to do a good job;
    ser un trabajo de chinos [minucioso] to be a fiddly o finicky job;
    [pesado] to be hard work trabajo de campo fieldwork;
    trabajo de o en equipo teamwork;
    trabajo físico physical work, manual labour;
    trabajos forzados o forzosos hard labour;
    trabajo intelectual intellectual work;
    trabajo manual manual labour;
    trabajos manuales [en el colegio] arts and crafts;
    trabajo de oficina office job;
    trabajo remunerado paid work;
    trabajo social social work;
    trabajo sucio dirty work;
    trabajo temporal temporary work;
    trabajo por turnos shiftwork;
    trabajo voluntario voluntary work
    2. [empleo] job;
    buscar/encontrar trabajo to look for/find work o a job;
    no tener trabajo, estar sin trabajo to be out of work;
    me he quedado sin trabajo I've been left without a job, I'm out of work;
    tener un trabajo fijo to have a permanent job
    3. [lugar] work;
    en el trabajo at work;
    ir al trabajo to go to work;
    ¿quieres que pase a recogerte al trabajo? do you want me to pick you up from work?
    4. [escrito] [por estudiante] essay, paper;
    hacer un trabajo sobre algo/alguien to write an essay on sth/sb
    5. [esfuerzo] effort;
    lograron sacar el armario con mucho trabajo they managed to remove the wardrobe, but not without a lot of effort o but it was no easy task;
    costar mucho trabajo (a alguien) to take (sb) a lot of effort;
    me cuesta mucho trabajo levantarme por las mañanas I find it a real struggle getting up in the morning;
    cuesta trabajo admitir que uno se ha equivocado it's not easy to admit that you're wrong;
    tomarse el trabajo de hacer algo to go to o take the trouble of doing sth
    6. Econ & Pol labour
    7. Fís work
    8. Literario
    trabajos [apuros] hardships;
    pasar trabajos to suffer hardships
    * * *
    m work; ( tarea, puesto) job;
    buscar trabajo be looking for work, be looking for a job;
    tengo un buen trabajo I have a good job;
    costar trabajo be hard o difficult;
    tomarse el trabajo de take the trouble to
    * * *
    1) : work, job
    2) labor: labor, work
    tengo mucho trabajo: I have a lot of work to do
    3) tarea: task
    4) esfuerza: effort
    5)
    costar trabajo : to be difficult
    6)
    tomarse el trabajo : to take the trouble
    7)
    trabajo en equipo : teamwork
    8) trabajos nmpl
    : hardships, difficulties
    * * *
    1. (actividad, esfuerzo) work
    2. (empleo, tarea) job
    3. (lugar) work
    4. (redacción) essay / project

    Spanish-English dictionary > trabajo

  • 20 CRG

    CRG (Grupo de Investigación sobre la Clasificación)

    Ex: The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.

    Spanish-English dictionary > CRG

См. также в других словарях:

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