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• Quadratic probing — is a scheme in computer programming for resolving collisions in hash tables.Quadratic probing operates by taking the original hash value and adding successive values of an arbitrary quadratic polynomial to the starting value. This algorithm is… …   Wikipedia

• Quadratic sieve — The quadratic sieve algorithm (QS) is a modern integer factorization algorithm and, in practice, the second fastest method known (after the general number field sieve). It is still the fastest for integers under 100 decimal digits or so, and is… …   Wikipedia

• Quadratic function — A quadratic function, in mathematics, is a polynomial function of the form f(x)=ax^2+bx+c ,!, where a e 0 ,!. The graph of a quadratic function is a parabola whose major axis is parallel to the y axis.The expression ax^2+bx+c in the definition of …   Wikipedia

• Factor theorem — In algebra, the factor theorem is a theorem for finding out the factors of a polynomial (an expression in which the terms are only added, subtracted or multiplied, e.g. x^2 + 6x + 6). It is a special case of the polynomial remainder theorem. The… …   Wikipedia

• Quadratic residuosity problem — The quadratic residuosity problem in computational number theory is the question of distinguishing by calculation the quadratic residues in modular arithmetic for a modulus N , where N is a composite number. This is an important consideration in… …   Wikipedia

• Factor base — In computational number theory, the factor base is a mathematical tool commonly used in, as its name suggests, integer factorization algorithms, more specifically algorithms involving extensive sieving of potential factors. Usage The factor base… …   Wikipedia

• Periodic points of complex quadratic mappings — This article describes periodic points of some complex quadratic map. This theory is applied in relation with the theories of Fatou and Julia sets.DefinitionsLet :f c(z)=z^2+c, where z and c are complex valued. (This f is the complex quadratic… …   Wikipedia

• Binary quadratic form — In mathematics, a binary quadratic form is a quadratic form in two variables. More concretely, it is a homogeneous polynomial of degree 2 in two variables where a, b, c are the coefficients. Properties of binary quadratic forms depend in an… …   Wikipedia

• Galois theory — In mathematics, more specifically in abstract algebra, Galois theory, named after Évariste Galois, provides a connection between field theory and group theory. Using Galois theory, certain problems in field theory can be reduced to group theory,… …   Wikipedia

• Ruffini's rule — In mathematics, Ruffini s rule allows the rapid division of any polynomial by a binomial of the form x − r . It was described by Paolo Ruffini in 1809. Ruffini s rule is a special case of long division when the divisor is a linear factor. Ruffini …   Wikipedia