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  • 1 ab-dūcō

        ab-dūcō dūxī, ductus, ere    imper. sometimes abdūce, T.), to lead away, take away, carry off, remove, lead aside: filiam abduxit suam, has taken away (from her husband), T.: cohortes secum, Cs.: squalent abductis arva colonis, drafted (for the war), V.: ipsos in lautumias; (poet.): tollite me, Teucri, quascumque abducite terras (i. e. in terras), V.: pluteos ad alia opera, conduct, Cs.: capita retro ab ictu, draw back, V. — Esp., to take home (to dine): tum me convivam solum abducebat sibi, T.—To take (prisoner), arrest: hunc abduce, vinci, T.: e foro abduci, non perduci, arrested for debt, not enticed (by a love-adventure). — To take apart, lead aside (for a private interview): Iugurtham in praetorium, S.—To carry away forcibly, ravish, rob: filia, vi abducta ab tibicine: soceros legere et gremiis abducere pactas, steal betrothed damsels from their bosoms, V.; in jurid. lang.: auferre et abducere, to take and drive away (auferre of inanimate things, abducere of living beings), C. — Fig., to lead away, separate, distinguish: animum a corpore: divinationem a coniecturis.—To seduce, alienate: legiones a Bruto: equitatum a consule: servum ab avo.—From a study, pursuit, or duty, to withdraw, draw off, hinder: a quo studio abduci negotiis: aliquem a quaestu: ab isto officio incommodo.—To bring down, reduce, degrade: ad hanc hominum libidinem me.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-dūcō

  • 2 aedis or aedēs

        aedis or aedēs is ( acc plur. usu aedīs), f    [AID-], a dwelling of the gods, temple, sanctuary (usu. a single edifice without partitions, while templum is a larger structure): Minervae: aedīs sacras incendere: in aede sonare (of poems), to be recited in the temple, H.: vacua Romanis vatibus, i. e. the Library in the Palatine Temple of Apollo, H.—Esp., a private chapel, sanctuary in a dwelling: decora, H.— Sing, a room, apartment, Cu.— Plur, a dwelling for men, house, habitation: matrona in aedibus, T.: regiae: ex aedibus Cethegi alqd ferre: domus salutantum totis vomit aedibus undam, i. e. from all parts, V.: cavae aedes, the vaulted mansion, V.—Poet., the cells (of bees), V.

    Latin-English dictionary > aedis or aedēs

  • 3 ager

        ager grī, m    productive land, a field, farm, estate, arable land, pasture: agrum mercari, T.: fertilis, fructuosus: agri solum, the bare ground, Cs.: agros findere sarculo, H.: conserere, V.: agri terminos, of an estate, H.: situs agri, of the farm, H. —A territory, district, domain: Hirpinus: Helvetius, Cs.: his civitas data agerque, L.: Apollinis, the domain of Apollo's temple, V. — Esp.: ager Romanus, the Roman possessions in land: publicus, public domain: privatos agros publicā pecuniā coëmere, private estates.—The fields, the open country, the country: neque agri neque urbis odium, T.: homines ex agris concurrunt: per agros perque vias, O.: domus qui prospicit agros, H.: mille pedes in fronte, trecentos in agrum dare, i. e. in depth, H.—A plain, valley, champaign (opp. montes): campestris, L,: montes agrosque salutat, O.
    * * *
    field, ground; farm, land, estate, park; territory, country; terrain; soil

    Latin-English dictionary > ager

  • 4 alimentārius

        alimentārius adj.,    pertaining to nourishment lex, for distributing food among the poor, Cael. ap. C.
    * * *
    I
    person whose maintenance is provided by (public/private) charity/alms/by a will
    II
    alimentaria, alimentarium ADJ
    of maintenance by (public) charity, welfare; charity supported

    Latin-English dictionary > alimentārius

  • 5 arcānō

        arcānō adv.    [arcanus], secretly, in private: cum alquo conloqui, Cs.: legere.
    * * *
    arcanius, arcanissime ADV
    secretly, in confidence; in one's inner thoughts, privately

    Latin-English dictionary > arcānō

  • 6 arcānus

        arcānus adj.    [arca], secret, trusty, silent: nox, O.—Hidden, close, secret, private, concealed: consilia, H.: Littera, O.: sensūs, V.: sacra, mysteries, H.—Poet., of Ceres, H. — As subst n., a secret, mystery: nox arcanis fidissima, O.: arcani Fides prodiga, H.: si quid arcani fuerit, L.: prodere, Iu.: fatorum arcana, V.: Iovis, secret decrees, H.
    * * *
    I
    arcana, arcanum ADJ
    secret, private, hidden; intimate, personal; confidential; mysterious, esoteric
    II
    confidant, trustworthy friend, keeper of secrets

    Latin-English dictionary > arcānus

  • 7 bellum

        bellum old and poet. duellum, ī, n    [DVA-, DVI-], war. — Form duellum: agere rem duelli, C. (lex): purum piumque, L. (old record): victoria duelli, L. (oracle): Pacem duello miscuit, H. — Form bellum: Germanicum, against the Germans, Cs.: Sabinum, L.: regium, against kings: civile, Cs.: Helvetiorum, against the H., Cs.: Pyrrhi: cum Iugurthā: cum Samnitibus, L.: adversus Vestinos, L.: contra patriam: in Peloponnesios gerere, N.: in Asia gerere: gerere apud Mutinam, N.: civitati bellum indicere: patriae facere: parare, L.: parare alcui, against, N.: decernere alicui: indicere, L.: facere alicui: sumere, to undertake, S.: facere atque instruere, carry on: difficultates belli gerendi, Cs.: Hannibale duce gerere, L.: trahere, to protract, L.: bellum non inferre, sed defendere, not aggressive but defensive, Cs.: deponere, to discontinue, S.: velut posito bello, L.: positis bellis, V.: componere, to end by treaty, S.: sedare, N.: conficere, to end successfully: finire, to terminate, L.: futura bella delere, make impossible: legere, to read about: consentire, to ratify a declaration of war, L.: ad privatum deferre, to give the command in: mandare alcui, L.: alcui bellum gerendum dare: bello imperatorem praeficere: alqm ad bellum mittere: ad bellum proficisci: bellum in Galliā coortum est, broke out, Cs.: exortum, L.: spargi bellum nequibat, be waged by detachments, Ta. — In expressions of time, manner, etc.—Belli ( loc. case), in war, during war: magnae res belli gerebantur; usu. with domi: belli domique, S.: vel belli vel domi: in bello, in war-time, L.: in civili bello: in Volsco bello, L.: bello Romanorum: res bello gestae, during war, L.: res pace belloque gestae, L.: princeps pace belloque, L.: bello d<*>ique, L.: omnibus Punicis bellis: victor tot intra paucos dies bellis, L.: mos inter bellum natus, L.: iustum, righteous, L.; also, regular warfare (opp. populabundi more), L.: belli eventus, the result: belli exitus: bella incerti exitūs, indecisive, L.: fortuna belli, the chances of war, L.: varia, L.: belli artes, military skill, L.: iura belli, the law of war: genus belli, the character of the war. — Meton., of animals or things, war: parietibus bellum inferre: philosophiae... bellum indicere: ventri Indico bellum, H.: miluo est bellum cum corvo.—A feud, private hostility: cum eo bellum gerere quicum vixeris: hoc tibi iuventus Romana indicimus bellum, L.—Personified (for Ianus): sunt geminae Belli portae, etc., V.: Belli postes portasque, H.— Plur, an army: Nereus Bella non transfert, O. — Battle: bello excedere, S.: laus eius belli, L.: Actia bella, V. — A history of a war: gaudebat Bello suo Punico Naevius.
    * * *
    war, warfare; battle, combat, fight; (at/in) (the) war(s); military force, arms

    Latin-English dictionary > bellum

  • 8 caecus

        caecus adj. with (once in H.) comp.    [SCA-], not seeing, blind: qui caecus annos multos fuit: corpus, the blind part, back, S. — Prov.: ut si Caecus iter monstrare velit, H.: apparet id quidem etiam caeco, a blind man can see that, L.— Fig., of persons, mentally or morally blind, blinded: non solum ipsa Fortuna caeca est, sed eos efficit caecos, etc.: mater caeca crudelitate: cupidine, S.: amentiā: quem mala stultitia Caecum agit, H.: mens, Ta.: ad has belli artes, L.: Hypsaeā caecior, H.—Of wolves: quos ventris Exegit caecos rabies, blind to danger, V.—Meton., of passions: avaritia: praedae cupido, O.: amor sui, H.: festinatio, L.: timor, Ph. — Praegn., blind, at random, vague, indiscriminate, aimless: caecae suspitionis tormentum: caeca regens filo vestigia, V.: consilium, rash: casus.—Not seen, not discernible, invisible, concealed, hidden, obscure, dark: vallum, Cs.: fores, private, V.: tabes, O.: volnus, in the back, V.: domūs scelus, V.: viae, blind ways, Tb.: res caecae et ab aspectūs iudicio remotae: fata, H.: eventus, V.: tumultus, secret conspiracies, V.: stimuli in pectore, O.: murmur, muffled, V. — Obstructing the sight, dark, gloomy, thick, dense, obscure: nox, Ct.: caligo, V.: in nubibus ignes, i. e. deepening the gloom, V.: domus, without windows: pulvis, V.: acervus, chaotic, O.: quantum mortalia pectora caecae Noctis habent! i. e. dissimulation, O.: exspectatio, i. e. of an uncertain result: crimen, that cannot be proved, L.
    * * *
    I
    caeca -um, caecior -or -us, caecissimus -a -um ADJ
    blind; unseeing; dark, gloomy, hidden, secret; aimless, confused, random; rash
    II

    Latin-English dictionary > caecus

  • 9 caligātus

        caligātus adj.    [caliga], wearing soldiers' boots; hence, in hob-nailed boots, rough-shod, Iu.
    * * *
    I
    caligata, caligatum ADJ
    wearing army boots; of common soldier; booted, wearing heavy boots/brogans
    II
    common soldier; private

    Latin-English dictionary > caligātus

  • 10 cīvīlis

        cīvīlis e, adj. with comp.    [civis], of citizens, civil, civic: bellum: discordia, S.: acies, O.: aestus, H.: victoria, N.: mos consuetudoque: clamor, L.: quercus (i. e. corona civica), V.—As subst n.: si quicquam in vobis civilis esset, sense of public duty, L.—In the phrase ius civile, private rights, the law (as protecting citizens): sit ergo in iure civili finis hic: neque naturali neque civili iure descripto: de iure civili si quis novi quid instituit, the Civil Law: quod agas mecum ex iure civili non habes: civile ius evolgavit, a code of procedure, L.: inteream si... novi civilia iura, legal process, H.—Meton., of the state, relating to public life, political, public, state: scientia, political science: mersor civilibus undis, H.— Civil (opp. military): officia: munera, L.: res, L. — Fig., courteous, polite, civil, affable, urbane: quid enim civilius illo? O.: sermo minime, L.: ingenium, Ta.: parum civile, unbecoming a private citizen, L.
    * * *
    civilis, civile ADJ
    of/affecting fellow citizens; civil; legal; public; political; unassuming

    Latin-English dictionary > cīvīlis

  • 11 cīvīliter

        cīvīliter adv.    [civilis], citizen-like, as becomes a private citizen: vivere: vim facere: cenare, with decent hospitality, Iu.: Exercet plus quam civiliter iras, excessively, O.
    * * *
    civilius, civilissime ADV
    in civil sphere, between citizens; as becomes a citizen; civilly, unassumingly

    Latin-English dictionary > cīvīliter

  • 12 commentārius

        commentārius ī, m (sc. liber), or commentarium, ī, n (sc. volumen)    [commentor], a notebook, notes, memorandum: recita commentarium: quod de apparatibus belli fecerat, L.— Plur, memoirs, records: quos scripsit (Caesar) rerum suarum, i. e. the works upon the Gallic and civil wars: rex volvens commentarios Numae, L.
    * * *
    notebook, private/historical journal; register; memo/note; commentary/treatise

    Latin-English dictionary > commentārius

  • 13 domesticus

        domesticus adj.    [domus], of the house: parietes: vestitus, to wear in the house: tempus, spent at home: domesticus otior, i. e. at home, H. — Of the family, domestic, familiar, household: homo: lectus: cum Metellis usus: clades, L.: iudicium, of their own families, Cs.: foedus, family alliance, L.— Plur m. as subst, the members of a family, inmates of a household: Antoni: inter domesticos infida omnia, L.— Domestic, native, private, internal: opes, Cs.: forenses domesticaeque res: bellum, civil, Cs.: malum: facta celebrare, of their own country, H.—Plur. as subst: alienigenas domesticis anteferre. — Proper, personal, one's own: ipsorum incommodum: periculum: Furiae, in himself.
    * * *
    I
    domestica, domesticum ADJ
    domestic, of the house; familiar, native; civil, private, personal
    II III
    domestics (pl.), those of the household

    Latin-English dictionary > domesticus

  • 14 familiāris

        familiāris e, adj. with comp. and sup.    [familia], of a house, of a household, belonging to a family, household, domestic, private: res familiares: suam rem familiarem auxisse, his estate, Cs.: copiae, L.: funus: parricidium, i. e. committed on a member of the same family: Lar.— Plur m. as subst: quidam familiarium, of the slaves, L.— Familiar, intimate, friendly: videmus Papum Luscino familiarem fuisse, etc.: amicitia, S.: voltus ille: conloquium, L.: iura, rights of intimacy, L.: familiarior nobis propter, etc.: homo amantissimus familiarissimus.—As subst m., a friend, intimate acquaintance, companion: est ex meis intimis familiaribus: familiarem suum conloquitur, Cs.: familiarissimi eius.—In augury, one's own (of those parts of the victim which related to the party offering): (haruspices) fissum familiare tractant: ostentum, L.
    * * *
    I
    member of household (family/servant/esp. slave); familiar acquaintance/friend
    II
    familiaris, familiare ADJ
    domestic; of family; intimate; (familiaris res = one's property or fortune)

    Latin-English dictionary > familiāris

  • 15 intus

        intus adv.,    on the inside, within: intus est hostis: estne frater intus? T.: Format natura nos intus, H.: in animis: in aede, L.: extra et intus hostem habere, Cs.: clausi (tauri), in the stalls, V.: intus Digna geri, i. e. in private, H.: adductos intus agere equos, closer to the goal, O.: tali intus templo, V.—Prov.: omnia intus canere, on the inner side (of the cithara), i. e. to oneself: hoc carmen non vobis sed sibi intus canit, i. e. seeks his own interest.—To the inside, into, within, in: ducitur intus, O.—From within: obsera ostium, T.: unde nisi intus Monstratum? i. e. by instinct, H.
    * * *
    within, on the inside, inside; at home

    Latin-English dictionary > intus

  • 16 manus

        manus ūs (dat. manu, Pr.), f    [2 MA-], a hand: puerum in manibus gestare, T.: Vinxerat post terga manūs, V.: Caelo si tuleris manūs, H.: vas in manūs sumere: de manibus deponere, lay down: unde manum continuit? refrained, H.: hominem tibi trado de manu, ut aiunt, in manum, i. e. with great care: manum ferulae subduximus, i. e. outgrew the rod, Iu.: plenā manu, liberally: (Sextius) per manūs tractus servatur, i. e. by careful nursing, Cs.: per manūs servulae, by the assistance: traditae per manūs religiones, from hand to hand, L.: magna Iovis, might, H.: mihi veritas manum inicit, arrests.—The hand, as a symbol of nearness: ut iam in manibus nostris hostes viderentur, close upon us, Cs.: In manibus Mars ipse, at hand, V.: proelium in manibus facere, at close quarters, S.: res ad manūs vocabatur: quod Romanis ad manum domi supplementum esset, within reach, L.: servum habuit ad manum, as private secretary: aliquid paulum prae manu Dare, ready money, T.: est in manibus oratio, accessible: inter manūs sunt omnia vestras, plain and palpable, V.: iudicia mortis manu tenere, palpable proofs: manūs inter parentem Ecce, etc., close to, V.—As a symbol of occupation: habeo opus magnum in manibus, am engaged on: Naevius in manibus non est, is not read, H.: sic in manibus (inimicum) habebant, paid attentions to: agger inter manūs proferebatur, by manual labor, Cs.: inter manūs e convivio auferri, i. e. bodily: (epistulae) tuā manu, by your hand: manu sata, artificially, Cs.—As a symbol of control: Uxor quid faciat, in manu non est meā, under my control, T.: id frustra an ob rem faciam, in manu vostrā situm est, rests with you, S.: neque mihi in manu fuit, Iugurtha qualis foret, I could not determine, S.: (feminas) in manu esse parentium, virorum, subject, L.: hostem ex manibus dimitti, suffered to escape, Cs.: dum occasio in manibus esset, while they had the opportunity, L.: inimicorum in manibus mortuus est.— As a symbol of force: manibus pedibusque omnia Facturus, with might and main, T.: per manūs libertatem retinere, forcibly, S.: aequā manu discedere, a drawn battle, S.: Erymanta manu sternit, a blow, V.: ne manum quidem versuri, turn a hand: cum hoste manūs conserere, try conclusions, L.: manum committere Teucris, fight, V.: manu fortis, brave in battle, N.: urbīs manu ceperat, by force, S.: oppida capta manu, stormed, V.: Ipse manu mortem inveniam, by suicide, V.: usu manuque opinionem fallere, actual fight, Cs.: plura manu agens, compulsion, Ta.: dare manūs, give himself up, Cs.: manūs dedisse, yielded: neque ipse manūs feritate dedisset, consented, V.: manūs ad Caesarem tendere, i. e. to supplicate, Cs.: tendit ad vos virgo manūs.—As a symbol of skill: manus extrema non accessit operibus eius, finish: manus ultima coeptis Inposita, O.: Quale manūs addunt ebori decus, skilled hands, V.—Prov.: manum de tabulā, i. e. the work is finished.—A hand, handwriting, style, work, workmanship: librarii: manum suam cognovit: Artificum manūs inter se Miratur, the comparative skill, V.— A side (cf. pars): Est ad hanc manum sacellum, T.: a laevā conspicienda manu, O.—Of animals, a hand, trunk, claw: manus etiam data elephanto: uncae manūs, claws (of the Harpies), V.—In the phrase, ferreae manūs, grappling-hooks, grappling-irons: manūs ferreas atque harpagones paraverant, Cs.: in hostium navīs ferreas manūs inicere, L.— A body, band, company, host, collection, troop, corps: nova, Cs.: parva, S.: cum manu haudquaquam contemnendā, force, L.: Dolopum, V.: manum facere, copias parare: coniuratorum: bicorpor, i. e. the Centaurs: servilis, H.— Plur, labor, hands, workmen: nos aera, manūs, navalia demus, V.
    * * *
    hand, fist; team; gang, band of soldiers; handwriting; (elephant's) trunk

    Latin-English dictionary > manus

  • 17 mīles

        mīles itis, m and f    [MIL-], a soldier: ut fortīs decet Milites, T.: milites scribere, enlist, S.: ordinare, form into companies, L.: mercede conducere, hire, L.: dimittere, dismiss.—Esp., a footsoldier, infantry: milites equitesque, Cs.— A common soldier, private (i. e. miles gregarius): strenui militis et boni imperatoris officia, S.: volgus militum, L.—Collect., soldiery, army: Macedoniam sine ullo milite reliquisse: loca milite complent, V.: multus, H.— A chessman, pawn: Discolor, O. — Fem., of a woman in her first childbed: rudis ad partūs, O.—Of a nymph of Diana: miles erat Phoebes, O.
    * * *
    soldier; foot soldier; soldiery; knight (medieval) (Bee)

    Latin-English dictionary > mīles

  • 18 necessārius

        necessārius adj.    [necesse], unavoidable, inevitable, indispensable, pressing, needful, requisite, necessary, compulsory: conclusio: leges: causa ad proficiscendum, Cs.: locus huic disputationi necessarius de amicitiā, essential: castra ponere necessarium visum est, L.: necessariā re coactus, by necessity, Cs.: tam necessario tempore, time of need, Cs.: longius necessario procedere, too far, Cs.: ut dilucide narremus necessarium est.— Plur n. as subst: ad necessaria ferenda, the necessaries of life, Cu.— Connected by natural ties, belonging, related, connected, bound: homo (a father-in-law), N.—As subst m. and f a relation, relative, kinsman, connection, friend, client, patron: sui, S.: meus familiaris ac necessarius: virgo huius propinqua et necessaria.
    * * *
    I
    relative; connection, one closely connected by friendship/family/obligation
    II
    necessaria -um, necessarior -or -us, - ADJ
    necessary/needed/essential/indispensable; vital/private (body part); close tied; inevitable, fateful; urgent/critical; unavoidable/compulsory; natural (death)

    Latin-English dictionary > necessārius

  • 19 negōtium

        negōtium ī, n    [nec+otium], a business, employment, occupation, affair: quid istic tibi negotist? T.: nihil habere negoti: forensia negotia: negotium municipi administrare: in negotio versari: ex negotio emergere: datum negotium est consulibus, ut, etc., L.: negotio desistere, Cs.: mirabar, quid hic negoti esset tibi, what business you have here, T.: negotiis amicorum intentus sua neglegere, interests, S.: nostrum otium negoti inopiā constitutum est, affairs of state: suum, private affairs: aes alienum negoti gerendi studio contractum, in trade: negoti gerentes, tradesmen: Bithyna negotia, H.— Difficulty, pains, trouble, labor: satis habeo negoti in sanandis volneribus: tibi negotium facessere, give trouble: refici magno negotio, Cs.: nullo negotio, i. e. easily: quid negoti est haec poëtarum... portenta convincere?— A matter, thing, affair: id quod negotium poscebat, the situation, S.: ineptum: Teucris illa lentum negotium, a slow affair.
    * * *
    pain, trouble, annoyance, distress; work, business, activity, job

    Latin-English dictionary > negōtium

  • 20 obscēnus

        obscēnus (obscaen-, not obscoenus), adj. with comp. and sup.    [1 SAV-], of adverse omen, ill-omened, ill-boding, inauspicious, ominous, portentous: volucres, of ill-omen, V.: animalium fetūs, monstrous, L.: omen: puppis, fatal ship, O.: anūs, H.—Repulsive, offensive, abominable, hateful, disgusting, filthy: frons, V.: volucres pelagi, i. e. the harpies, V.—Immodest, impure, indecent, lewd, obscene: adulterium, O.: id dicere obscenum est: illud Antipatri paulo obscenius: obscenissimi versūs.—As subst m., a lewd person, Iu.—As subst n., sing. and plur, the private parts, O.
    * * *
    I
    obscena -um, obscenior -or -us, obscenissimus -a -um ADJ
    repulsive, detestable; foul; indecent, obscene, lewd; (sexual/excretory things); inauspicious/unpropitious; ill-omened/boding ill; filthy, polluted, disgusting
    II
    sexual pervert; foul-mouthed person

    Latin-English dictionary > obscēnus

См. также в других словарях:

  • private — pri‧vate [ˈpraɪvt] adjective [only before a noun] 1. private property, businesses, activities etc are owned or paid for by people and companies, rather than the government: • They transferred ownership of thousands of companies from the state to …   Financial and business terms

  • private — pri·vate adj 1 a: intended for or restricted to the use of a particular person or group or class of persons: not available to the public a private park b: not related to, controlled by, or deriving from the state a private school 2 a: owned by or …   Law dictionary

  • Private — Media Group  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Private (homonymie).  Private Media Group …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Private — Pri vate (?; 48), a. [L. privatus apart from the state, peculiar to an individual, private, properly p. p. of privare to bereave, deprive, originally, to separate, fr. privus single, private, perhaps originally, put forward (hence, alone, single) …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • private — [prī′vət] adj. [ME pryvat < L privatus, belonging to oneself, not to the state < privare, to separate, deprive < privus, separate, peculiar, prob. akin to OL pri: see PRIME] 1. of, belonging to, or concerning a particular person or… …   English World dictionary

  • Private — can refer to:* Privacy, the ability of a person to control the availability and path of information about himself or herself and exposure of himself or herself. * privately held companies * Private (rank), a military grade * Private (film), a… …   Wikipedia

  • private — ► ADJECTIVE 1) for or belonging to one particular person or group only. 2) (of a service or industry) provided by an individual or commercial company rather than the state. 3) (of thoughts, feelings, etc.) not to be shared or revealed. 4) (of a… …   English terms dictionary

  • Private — Pri vate (pr[imac] v[asl]t), n. 1. A secret message; a personal unofficial communication. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Personal interest; particular business.[Obs.] [1913 Webster] Nor must I be unmindful of my private. B. Jonson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • private — (adj.) late 14c., from L. privatus set apart, belonging to oneself (not to the state), used in contrast to publicus, communis; originally pp. stem of privare to separate, deprive, from privus one s own, individual, from Old L. pri before.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • private — [adj1] personal, intimate behind the scenes*, clandestine, closet*, close to one’s chest*, confidential, discreet, exclusive, hushed, hush hush*, independent, individual, inside, nonpublic, not open, off the record*, own, particular, privy*,… …   New thesaurus

  • private — [[t]pra͟ɪvɪt[/t]] ♦♦ privates 1) ADJ: usu ADJ n Private industries and services are owned or controlled by an individual person or a commercial company, rather than by the state or an official organization. ...a joint venture with private… …   English dictionary

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