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present costs

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  • Present value of costs — is a term used in cost benefit analysis and project appraisal that refers to the discounted sum, or Present value, or a stream of costs associated with a project or proposal …   Wikipedia

  • present value — The amount of cash today that is equivalent in value to a payment, or to a stream of payments, to be received in the future. To determine the present value, each future cash flow is multiplied by a present value factor. For example, if the… …   Financial and business terms

  • present value factor — factor used to calculate an estimate of the present value of an amount to be received in a future period. If the opportunity cost ( opportunity costs) of funds is 10% over next year, the factor is [1/(1 + 0.10)]. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary …   Financial and business terms

  • costs — noun pecuniary reimbursement to the winning party for the expenses of litigation • Hypernyms: ↑reimbursement * * * plural of cost present third singular of cost …   Useful english dictionary

  • Opposition to the War in Afghanistan (2001–present) — Foreign troops forcibly breaking into an Afghan home to conduct a house search, with a woman and child in the background. Opposition to the decade long Afghanistan war stems from numerous factors these include the view that the U.S. invasion of… …   Wikipedia

  • Net present value — In finance, the net present value (NPV) or net present worth (NPW)[1] of a time series of cash flows, both incoming and outgoing, is defined as the sum of the present values (PVs) of the individual cash flows of the same entity. In the case when… …   Wikipedia

  • Deferred Acquisition Costs — (DAC) is a term commonly used in the insurance business. It describes the practice of deferring the cost of acquiring a new customer over the duration of the insurance contract. Insurance companies face large upfront costs incurred in issuing new …   Wikipedia

  • Sunk costs — In economics and business decision making, sunk costs are retrospective (past) costs that have already been incurred and cannot be recovered. Sunk costs are sometimes contrasted with prospective costs, which are future costs that may be incurred… …   Wikipedia

  • War in Afghanistan (2001–present) — War in Afghanistan Part of the Afghan civil war and the War on Terror …   Wikipedia

  • net present value — NPV A method of capital budgeting in which the value of an investment is calculated as the total present value of all cash inflows, cash outflows minus the cost of the initial investment. If the net present value is positive the investment should …   Accounting dictionary

  • Relative costs of American wars — The relative costs of American wars has varried greatly from conflict to conflict.Total human lossesThe total estimated human loss of American life in all of its wars combined is roughly 1.3 million people, that is including those who died from… …   Wikipedia


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