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preposition

  • 1 preposition

    • prepositio
    * * *
    prepə'ziʃən
    (a word put before a noun or pronoun to show how it is related to another word: through the window; in the garden; written by me.) prepositio

    English-Finnish dictionary > preposition

  • 2 via

    (by way of: We went to America via Japan; The news reached me via my aunt.) kautta

    English-Finnish dictionary > via

  • 3 about

    • osapuilleen
    • paikkeilla
    • tilastoida
    • tinkiä
    • noin
    • norkoilla
    • jokseenkin
    • jotakuinkin
    • varoittaa
    • varma
    • esillä
    • arviolta
    • teorioida
    • teoretisoida
    • likipitäen
    • likimain
    • likimäärin
    • liikkeellä
    • likimääräisesti
    • miltei
    • maissa
    • melkein
    • suhteen
    • suunnilleen
    • suunnileen
    • suurin piirtein
    • ympäri
    • ympäriltä
    • ympärillä
    • ympärille
    • ympäriinsä
    • kutakuinkin
    • korvilla
    • läheisyydessä
    * * *
    1. preposition
    (on the subject of: We talked about our plans; What's the book about?)
    2. preposition, adverb
    1) ((sometimes round about) near (in place, time, size etc): about five miles away; (round) about six o'clock; just about big enough.) suunnilleen
    2) (in different directions; here and there: The children ran about (the garden).) ympäriinsä
    3) (in or on some part (of a place etc): You'll find him somewhere about (the office).) jossakin
    4) (around or surrounding: She wore a coat about her shoulders; He lay with his clothes scattered about.) ympärillä
    3. adverb
    ((in military commands etc) in the opposite direction: About turn!) ympäri

    English-Finnish dictionary > about

  • 4 around

    • paikkeilla
    • noin
    • joka puolella
    • huiskia
    • hosua
    • etsiä
    • liepeillä
    • liepeille
    • määräillä
    • piehtaroida
    • maissa
    • takana
    • ympäri
    • yltympäri
    • ympärillä
    • ympäriltä
    • ympärille
    • korvilla
    * * *
    1. preposition, adverb
    1) (on all sides of or in a circle about (a person, thing etc): Flowers grew around the tree; They danced around the fire; There were flowers all around.) ympärillä
    2) (here and there (in a house, room etc): Clothes had been left lying around (the house); I wandered around.) siellä täällä
    2. preposition
    (near to (a time, place etc): around three o'clock.) tienoilla
    3. adverb
    1) (in the opposite direction: Turn around!) ympäri
    2) (near-by: If you need me, I'll be somewhere around.) lähettyvillä

    English-Finnish dictionary > around

  • 5 which

    • joka
    • jota
    • mikä
    • minkä
    • kumpi
    • kuka
    * * *
    wi  1. adjective, pronoun
    (used in questions etc when asking someone to point out, state etc one or more persons, things etc from a particular known group: Which (colour) do you like best?; Which route will you travel by?; At which station should I change trains?; Which of the two girls do you like better?; Tell me which books you would like; Let me know which train you'll be arriving on; I can't decide which to choose.) mikä, kuka, kumpi
    2. relative pronoun
    ((used to refer to a thing or things mentioned previously to distinguish it or them from others: able to be replaced by that except after a preposition: able to be omitted except after a preposition or when the subject of a clause) (the) one(s) that: This is the book which/that was on the table; This is the book (which/that) you wanted; A scalpel is a type of knife which/that is used by surgeons; The chair (which/that) you are sitting on is broken; The documents for which they were searching have been recovered.) joka, mikä
    3. relative adjective, relative pronoun
    (used, after a comma, to introduce a further comment on something: My new car, which I paid several thousand pounds for, is not running well; He said he could speak Russian, which was untrue; My father may have to go into hospital, in which case he won't be going on holiday.)
    - which is which? - which is which

    English-Finnish dictionary > which

  • 6 who

    • joka
    • ken
    • ketä
    • ketkä
    • kenelle
    • kuka
    * * *
    hu: 1. pronoun
    ((used as the subject of a verb) what person(s)(?): Who is that woman in the green hat?; Who did that?; Who won?; Do you know who all these people are?) kuka
    2. relative pronoun
    1) ((used to refer to a person or people mentioned previously to distinguish him or them from others: used as the subject of a verb: usually replaceable by that) (the) one(s) that: The man who/that telephoned was a friend of yours; A doctor is a person who looks after people's health.)
    2) (used, after a comma, to introduce a further comment on a person or people: His mother, who was so proud, gave him a hug.) joka
    3. pronoun
    1) (no matter who: Whoever rings, tell him/them I'm out.)
    2) ((also who ever) used in questions to express surprise etc: Whoever said that?) kuka hyvänsä
    4. relative pronoun
    (used as the object of a verb or preposition but in everyday speech sometimes replaced by who)
    1) ((used to refer to a person or people mentioned previously, to distinguish him or them from others: able to be omitted or replaced by that except when following a preposition) (the) one(s) that: The man (whom/that) you mentioned is here; Today I met some friends (whom/that) I hadn't seen for ages; This is the man to whom I gave it; This is the man (whom/who/that) I gave it to.)
    2) (used, after a comma, to introduce a further comment on a person or people: His mother, who was so proud of him, gave him a hug.) jonka, joita

    English-Finnish dictionary > who

  • 7 aboard

    • vieressä
    • viereen
    • aluksessa
    • alukseen
    • laivassa
    • laivaan
    * * *
    ə'bo:d
    adverb, preposition
    (on(to) or in(to) (a means of transport): We were aboard for several hours; He went aboard the ship/train/aircraft.) johonkin, jossakin

    English-Finnish dictionary > aboard

  • 8 above

    • edellä
    • edellä mainittu
    • päällinen
    • päälle
    • päällä
    • yläpuolelta
    • yläpuolelle
    • yläpuolella
    • yllä
    • yllä mainittu
    • yli
    • ylhäällä
    • ylempänä
    • ylemmä
    • ylläoleva
    * * *
    1. preposition
    1) (in a higher position than: a picture above the fireplace.) yläpuolella
    2) (greater than: The child's intelligence is above average.) yli
    3) (too good for: The police must be above suspicion.) yläpuolella
    2. adverb
    1) (higher up: seen from above.) ylhäällä
    2) ((in a book etc) earlier or higher up on the page: See above.) edellä
    - above all

    English-Finnish dictionary > above

  • 9 across

    • ristiin
    • ristikkäin
    • toisella puolella
    • toiselle puolelle
    • vastapäätä
    • vastaan
    • kautta
    • leveä
    • halki
    • yli (poikki)
    • yli
    • ylitse
    • poikittain
    • poikkipuolin
    • poikki
    * * *
    ə'kros 1. preposition
    1) (to the other side (of); from one side to the other side of: He took her across the road.) yli
    2) (at the other side (of): The butcher's shop is across the street.) toisella puolella
    2. adverb
    (to the other side or to the speaker's side: He dived in off the river-bank and swam across.) toiselle puolelle

    English-Finnish dictionary > across

  • 10 adverb

    • adverbi
    * * *
    'ædvə:b
    (a word used before or after a verb, before an adjective or preposition, or with another adverb to show time, manner, place, degree etc: Yesterday he looked more carefully in the box, and there he found a very small key with a hole right through it.) adverbi
    - adverbially

    English-Finnish dictionary > adverb

  • 11 after

    • jäljestä
    • jäljelle
    • jälkeen
    • jäljessä
    • jälkeenpäin
    • jäljellä
    • sitten kun
    • päästä
    • mukaan
    • myöhempi
    • perään
    • perästäpäin
    • perästä
    • perässä
    • peränpuoleinen
    • perässä (jäljessä)
    • sen jälkeen kun
    • seuraava
    • taakse
    • takana
    • kuluttua
    * * *
    1. preposition
    1) (later in time or place than: After the car came a bus.) jälkeen
    2) (following (often indicating repetition): one thing after another; night after night.) perään, jälkeen
    3) (behind: Shut the door after you!) perässä
    4) (in search or pursuit of: He ran after the bus.) perään
    5) (considering: After all I've done you'd think he'd thank me; It's sad to fail after all that work.) jälkeen
    6) ((American: in telling the time) past: It's a quarter after ten.) yli
    2. adverb
    (later in time or place: They arrived soon after.) sen jälkeen
    3. conjunction
    (later than the time when: After she died we moved house twice.) sen jälkeen kun
    - afterthought
    - afterwards
    - after all
    - be after

    English-Finnish dictionary > after

  • 12 against

    • jonkin varalta
    • turvata
    • huolimatta
    • vasikoida
    medicine, veterinary
    • vastustuskyky
    • vastahakoinen
    • vastainen
    • vastaisesti
    • vastoin
    • vasten
    • vastakkain
    • vastaan
    • epäsuopea
    • epäsuotuisa
    • päin
    • kohtaan
    • määrätä
    • suomia
    * * *
    ə'ɡenst
    1) (in opposition to: They fought against the enemy; Dropping litter is against the law (= illegal).) vastaan
    2) (in contrast to: The trees were black against the evening sky.) vasten
    3) (touching or in contact with: He stood with his back against the wall; The rain beat against the window.) vasten
    4) (in order to protect against: vaccination against tuberculosis.) vastaan

    English-Finnish dictionary > against

  • 13 along

    • varrella
    • editse
    • eteenpäin
    • mukana
    • mukaan
    • myöten
    • myötä
    • pitkin
    • pitkinpäin
    * * *
    ə'loŋ 1. preposition
    1) (from one end to the other: He walked along several streets; The wall runs along the river.) pitkin
    2) (at a point at the end or on the length of: There's a post-box somewhere along this street.) varrella
    2. adverb
    1) (onwards or forward: He ran along beside me; Come along, please!) eteenpäin
    2) (to the place mentioned: I'll come along in five minutes.) sinne
    3) (in company, together: I took a friend along with me.) mukaan

    English-Finnish dictionary > along

  • 14 alongside

    • vieressä
    • vierekkäin
    • myöten
    • kyljittäin
    * * *
    preposition, adverb (beside or close to (the side of a ship, a pier etc): He berthed alongside his friend's boat.) vieressä

    English-Finnish dictionary > alongside

  • 15 amid

    • joukossa
    • keskellä
    • keskuudessa
    * * *
    ə'mid(st)
    (in the middle of; among: Amid all the confusion, the real point of the meeting was lost; amidst the shadows.) keskellä

    English-Finnish dictionary > amid

  • 16 amidst

    • välissä
    • keskiosassa
    • keskuudessa
    • keskuksessa
    • keskellä
    • parissa
    * * *
    ə'mid(st)
    (in the middle of; among: Amid all the confusion, the real point of the meeting was lost; amidst the shadows.) keskellä

    English-Finnish dictionary > amidst

  • 17 among

    • joukossa
    • joukkoon
    • jonkun sekaan
    • jonkin sekaan
    • välissä
    • keskenään
    • keskuudessa
    • kesken
    • parissa
    • seassa
    * * *
    1) (in the middle of: a house among the trees.) keskellä
    2) (in shares or parts to each person (in a group etc): Divide the chocolate amongst you.) keskenään

    English-Finnish dictionary > among

  • 18 amongst

    • joukossa
    • seurassa
    • välissä
    • keskuudessa
    • kesken
    • mukana
    • parissa
    • seassa
    * * *
    1) (in the middle of: a house among the trees.) keskellä
    2) (in shares or parts to each person (in a group etc): Divide the chocolate amongst you.) keskenään

    English-Finnish dictionary > amongst

  • 19 as

    • ampeerisekunti
    * * *
    æz 1. conjunction
    1) (when; while: I met John as I was coming home; We'll be able to talk as we go.) kun
    2) (because: As I am leaving tomorrow, I've bought you a present.) koska
    3) (in the same way that: If you are not sure how to behave, do as I do.) niin kuin
    4) (used to introduce a statement of what the speaker knows or believes to be the case: As you know, I'll be leaving tomorrow.) kuten
    5) (though: Old as I am, I can still fight; Much as I want to, I cannot go.) vaikka
    6) (used to refer to something which has already been stated and apply it to another person: Tom is English, as are Dick and Harry.) kuten
    2. adverb
    (used in comparisons, eg the first as in the following example: The bread was as hard as a brick.) yhtä
    3. preposition
    1) (used in comparisons, eg the second as in the following example: The bread was as hard as a brick.) kuin
    2) (like: He was dressed as a woman.) kuin
    3) (with certain verbs eg regard, treat, describe, accept: I am regarded by some people as a bit of a fool; He treats the children as adults.) kuin
    4) (in the position of: He is greatly respected both as a person and as a politician.)
    - as if / as though
    - as to

    English-Finnish dictionary > as

  • 20 astride

    • jalat harallaan
    • jalat haarallaan
    • jalat leväällään
    • hajalla
    • hajareisin
    • haara-asennossa
    • hajasäärin
    • hajalleen
    • hajallaan
    * * *
    1. preposition
    (with legs on each side of: She sat astride the horse.) hajareisin
    2. adverb
    ((with legs) apart: He stood with legs astride.) hajareisin

    English-Finnish dictionary > astride

См. также в других словарях:

  • Preposition — Préposition Voir « préposition » sur le Wiktionnaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Préposition — Voir « préposition » sur le Wiktionnaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PRÉPOSITION — On appelle «préposition» une des parties du discours, invariable et toujours liée à un syntagme qu’elle régit et précède immédiatement (c’est le cas le plus général et le terme même de pré position l’atteste), qu’elle peut suivre (certains lui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • preposition — 1. A preposition is a word such as after, in, to, and with, which usually stands before a noun or pronoun and establishes its relation to what goes before (the man on the platform / came after dinner / What did you do it for?). The superstition… …   Modern English usage

  • preposition — Preposition. s. f. Une des parties de l Oraison. Particule indeclinable qui se met presque tousjours devant le mot qu elle regit, Preposition de temps. Preposition de lieu. Pour un tel, contre un tel, devant les Juges, sur une table, dans un… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • preposition — abbreviation preposition. preposition [ˌprɛpə zɪʃ(ə)n] noun Grammar a word governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element, as in ‘she arrived after dinner’ and ‘what did you do it for?’… …   English new terms dictionary

  • Preposition — Prep o*si tion, n. [L. praepositio, fr. praeponere to place before; prae before + ponere to put, place: cf. F. pr[ e]position. See {Position}, and cf. {Provost}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Gram.) A word employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • preposition — late 14c., from L. praepositionem (nom. praepositio) a putting before, from praepositus, pp. of praeponere put before, from prae before (see PRE (Cf. pre )) + ponere put, set, place (see POSITION (Cf. position)). In gr …   Etymology dictionary

  • preposition — Preposition, Praepositio …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • preposition — ► NOUN Grammar ▪ a word governing a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element, as in ‘she arrived after dinner’ and ‘what did you do it for?’. DERIVATIVES prepositional adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • preposition — [prep΄ə zish′ən] n. [ME preposicioun < L praepositio (< praepositus, pp. of praeponere < prae , before + ponere, to place: see PRE & POSITION): transl. of Gr prothesis, PROTHESIS] 1. in some languages, a relation or function word, as… …   English World dictionary


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