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optical cooling effect

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  • Optical overheating protection — With all solar thermal collector systems there is a potential risk that the solar collector may reach an equilibrium or stagnation temperature higher than the maximum safe operating temperature. Various measures are taken for optical overheating… …   Wikipedia

  • Magneto-optical trap — experimental setup of the MOT A magneto optical trap (abbreviated MOT) is a device that uses both laser cooling with magneto optical trapping in order to produce samples of cold, trapped, neutral atoms at temperatures as low as several… …   Wikipedia

  • Computer cooling — An OEM AMD heatsink mounted onto a motherboard. Computer cooling is required to remove the waste heat produced by computer components, to keep components within their safe operating temperature limits. Various cooling methods help to improve… …   Wikipedia

  • Doppler cooling — is a mechanism that can be used to trap and cool atoms. The term is sometimes used synonymously with laser cooling, though laser cooling includes other techniques. Contents 1 History 2 Brief Explanation 3 Detailed Explanation …   Wikipedia

  • Laser cooling — refers to the number of techniques in which atomic and molecular samples are cooled through the interaction with one or more laser light fields. The first example of laser cooling, and also still the most common method of laser cooling (so much… …   Wikipedia

  • Mathematics and Physical Sciences — ▪ 2003 Introduction Mathematics       Mathematics in 2002 was marked by two discoveries in number theory. The first may have practical implications; the second satisfied a 150 year old curiosity.       Computer scientist Manindra Agrawal of the… …   Universalium

  • Magnetic refrigeration — Gadolinium alloy heats up inside the magnetic field and loses thermal energy to the environment, so it exits the field cooler than when it entered. Magnetic refrigeration is a cooling technology based on the magnetocaloric effect. This technique… …   Wikipedia

  • Global warming controversy — refers to a variety of disputes, significantly more pronounced in the popular media than in the scientific literature,[1][2] regarding the nature, causes, and consequences of global warming. The disputed issues involve the causes of increased… …   Wikipedia

  • Thermal copper pillar bump — The Thermal Copper Pillar Bump, also known as the thermal bump , is a thermoelectric device made from thin film thermoelectric material embedded in flip chip interconnects (in particular copper pillar solder bumps) for use in electronics and… …   Wikipedia

  • Fiber laser — A fiber laser or fibre laser is a laser in which the active gain medium is an optical fiber doped with rare earth elements such as erbium, ytterbium, neodymium, dysprosium, praseodymium, and thulium. They are related to doped fiber amplifiers,… …   Wikipedia

  • Cloud reflectivity modification — Cloud reflectivity enhancement is also known as marine cloud brightening or cloud whitening on low cloud. An opposite scheme exists to reduce the reflectivity of higher, colder cirrus clouds.[1] It is a geoengineering technique that works by… …   Wikipedia


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