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one who establishes or upholds (cult-title of Jupiter)

  • 1 stator

        stator ōris, m    [STA-], an attendant upon a proconsul in his province, messenger, orderly: statores mittere.—As surname of Jupiter, a stay, supporter, protector, L., C., O.
    * * *

    Latin-English dictionary > stator

  • 2 amicalis

    amicalis, amicale ADJ
    friendly; cult-title of Jupiter (of friendship)

    Latin-English dictionary > amicalis

  • 3 Sōspita

        Sōspita ae, f    [sospes], she who saves, deliverer (an epithet of Juno), O.
    * * *

    Latin-English dictionary > Sōspita

  • 4 compagus

    fellow member of a pagus (country district/community); (as a cult-title)

    Latin-English dictionary > compagus

  • 5 jupiter

    Jupiter; (Roman chief/sky god); (supreme being); heavens/sky (poetic)

    Latin-English dictionary > jupiter

  • 6 Jupiter

    Jūppĭter ( Jūpĭter; in all good MSS. double p; v. Wagner, Orthogr. Vergl. s. h. v.), Jŏvis (nom. Jovis, Enn. ap. App. de Deo Socr. p. 42; Ann. v. 64 Vahl.), m. [Jovis-pater; Jovis for Djovis, kindred to Sanscr. dyō, splendere; Gr. Zeus; cf. Bopp. Gloss. p. 177, a], Jupiter or Jove, a son of Saturn, brother and husband of Juno, the chief god among the Romans; corresp. to the Gr. Zeus, Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 89; Cic. N. D. 2, 26, 64; 3, 21, 53: Juppiter pater, old formula ap. Liv. 1, 18 ext.:

    Jovis satelles,

    the eagle, Cic. Div. 1, 47, 106; so,

    Jovis ales,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 420.—As the god of omens, etc.:

    te prodigiali Iovi conprecatam oportuit,

    Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 108.—Prov.: Jovem lapidem jurare, said of one who swore by Jupiter (holding in one hand a knife with which he pierced the sacrificial sow, and in the other hand a stone);

    of gossips: sciunt quod Juno fabulata'st cum Jove,

    Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 171; Paul. ex Fest. s v. lapidem, p. 115 Müll.; Cic. Fam. 7, 12, 2; Gell. 1, 21, 4.—In plur.:

    Varro trecentos Joves (sive Juppiteres dicendum) introducit,

    Tert. Apol. 14;

    and, trop.: repente ut emoriantur humani Joves,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 5, 26:

    Joves quoque plures in priscis Graecorum litteris invenimus,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 16, 42.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    As the god of heaven, his name is freq. used by the poets as i. q. Heaven, sky, air: aspice hoc sublimen candens, quem invocant omnes Jovem, Enn. ap. Cic. N. D. 2, 25, 65:

    Chrysippus disputat, aethera esse eum, quem homines Jovem appellarent,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 15, 40:

    sub Jove frigido,

    Hor. C. 1, 1, 25:

    malus,

    id. ib. 1, 22, 20:

    metuendus, i. e. pluvius,

    Verg. G. 2, 419:

    hibernus,

    Stat. Th. 3, 26:

    sub Jove pars durat,

    in the open air, Ov. F. 3, 527:

    loci,

    the temperature, id. M. 13, 707.—
    B.
    Juppiter Stygius, i. e. Pluto, Verg. A. 4, 638; cf.

    terrestris,

    Plaut. Pers. 1, 3, 20; of the planet Jupiter, Cic. N. D. 2, 20; Luc. 10, 207.—
    C.
    As an exclamation of surprise, i. q. our My heavens! good heavens! Juppiter! estne illic Charinus? Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 24.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Jupiter

  • 7 imperātor (inp-)

        imperātor (inp-) ōris, m    [impero], a commander-in-chief, general: imperatoris virtus, T.: invictus: partes imperatoris, Cs.: id est dominum, non inperatorem esse, S.— Imperator (a title conferred on a victorious general): Pompeius eo proelio Imperator est appellatus, Cs.—A commander, leader, chief, director, ruler, master: (Romani) binos imperatores sibi fecere, i. e. consuls, S.: inperator vitae mortalium animus est, S.— An epithet of Jupiter, C., L.—An emperor, chief of the empire: Traianus, Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > imperātor (inp-)

  • 8 pater

        pater tris, m    [1 PA-], a father, sire: Tuus hercle vero et animo et naturā pater, T.: patre certo nasci: captivā natus, patre nullo, matre servā, i. e. by an unknown father, L.—Of a fosterfather, T.—Poet.: Rexque patrem vicit, i. e. paternal love, O.—Rarely of animals: virque paterque gregis, O.—In the phrase, pater familias or pater familiae, the head of the household, father of a family, householder ; see familia.— Plur, fathers, forefathers, ancestors, progenitors: patrum nostrorum aetas: apud patres nostros.—As a title of reverence or respect: ipse pater Fulmina molitur dextrā, i. e. Jupiter, V.: Lemnius, i. e. Vulcan, V.: Lenaeus, i. e. Bacchus, V.: pater Silvane, H.: Tiberine, L.: pater Aeneas, V.: vel aetate vel curae similitudine patres adpellabantur (senatores), S.: patres ab honore appellati, L.: Zeno, pater Stoicorum: Herodotus historiae: cenae, host, H.: esuritionum (of a starving pauper), Ct.—In the phrase, pater patriae, father of his country: quem patrem patriae nominarant: Roma patrem patriae Ciceronem libera dixit, Iu.—For the phrase, pater patratus, see patratus.—For the phrase, patres conscripti, see conscriptus.
    * * *

    pater familias, patris familias -- head of family/household

    Latin-English dictionary > pater

  • 9 rēx

        rēx rēgis, m    [REG-], an arbitrary ruler, absolute monarch, king: cum penes unum est omnium summa rerum, regem illum vocamus: se inflexit hic rex in dominatum iniustiorem: regem diligere: monumenta regis, H.: Reges in ipsos imperium est Iovis, H.: post exactos reges, L.: clamore orto excitos reges, the royal family, L.: ad Ptolemaeum et Cleopatram reges, legati missi, i. e. king and queen, L.—Poet.: Rex patrem vicit, i. e. public duty overcame paternal love, O.: populum late regem, i. e. supreme, V.—Esp., the king of Persia: In Asiam ad regem militatum abiit, T.: a rege conruptus, N.— A despot, tyrant: qui rex populi R. esse concupiverit (of Caesar).—In the republic, of a priest who performed religious rites which were formerly the king's prerogative: rex sacrorum, high-priest: de rege sacrifico subficiendo contentio, L.—Of a god, esp. of Jupiter, king: omnium deorum et hominum: divom pater atque hominum rex, V.: aquarum, i. e. Neptune, O.: Umbrarum, i. e. Pluto, O.: silentum, O.: infernus rex, V.—Of Æolus, V.—As a title of honor, king, lord, prince, head, chief, leader, master, great man: cum reges tam sint continentes, i. e. Caesar's friends: Rex erat Aeneas nobis, V.: tu regibus alas Eripe, i. e. the queen-bees, V.: rex ipse (privorum) Phanaeus, i. e. the best, V.: Actae non alio rege puertiae, governor, H.: pueri ludentes, ‘rex eris,’ aiunt, H.: gratiam regi referri, i. e. patron, T.: Rex horum, Iu.: sive reges Sive inopes, great men, H.
    * * *

    Latin-English dictionary > rēx

  • 10 Urios (-us)

        Urios (-us) ī, m     a title of Jupiter.

    Latin-English dictionary > Urios (-us)

  • 11 brontes

    Thunderer, title of Jupiter

    Latin-English dictionary > brontes

  • 12 consul

    consul (in the oldest inscrr. CONSOL, COSOL; abbrev. COS., also in plur. COSS., not before the time of the emperors), ŭlis, m. [prob. from root sal- of salio; Sanscr. sar-, go; hence also exsul, praesul, v. Corss. Ausspr. II. p. 71], a consul, one of the two highest magistrates of the Roman state, chosen annually, after the expulsion of the kings; cf. concerning his election, administration, duties, etc., Dict. Antiq., and the authors there cited (freq. in all periods and species of composition): qui recte consulat, consul cluat, Att. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 80 Müll.; Cic. Leg. 3, 3, 8; Quint. 1, 6, 32; Plin. 7, 43, 44, § 136: consul ordinarius, one who entered on his office at the regular time, viz. on the first of January; opp. consul suffectus, one chosen in the course of the year in the place of one who had died, or, after the time of the emperors, as a mere honorary title; v. ordinarius and sufficio: consul designatus, consul elect (so called in the interval between election, at the beginning of August, and entrance on his duties, on the 1st of January), v. designo: consul major, one who had the largest number of votes, or with whom the Fasces were, or one who was oldest (acc. to Nieb., orig. he who was of noble origin); cf. Fest. s. v. majorem consulem, p. 161, 31 Müll.;

    after the Lex Julia,

    who had most children, Gell. 2, 15, 4:

    consulem creare,

    Cic. Att. 9, 9, 3; Caes. B. C. 3, 1 al.:

    dicere,

    Liv. 27, 6, 3:

    facere,

    Cic. Agr. 2, 1, 3; id. de Or. 2, 66, 268:

    sufficere,

    id. Mur. 38, 82 al.:

    declarare,

    id. Agr. 2, 2, 4 al.:

    renuntiare,

    id. Mur. 1, 1 al.:

    aliquem consulem designare,

    Amm. 21, 12, 25:

    esse pro consule,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 91, § 212 al. In reference to the expression bis, iterum, ter, quater, etc.; tertio or tertium, etc, consul, v. the words bis, iterum, etc., and cf. Gell. 10, 1, 3 and 6.—
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    In abl. with the names of the consuls (in the poets usu. of one consul), for the designation of the year: Orgetorix M. Messalá M. Pisone Coss., regni cupiditate inductus, etc., in the consulship of (i. e. in the year of Rome 693), Caes. B. G. 1, 2: is dies erat a. d. V. Kal. Apr. L. Pisone A. Gabinio Coss. (i. e. the 27th of March, 696 of the city), id. ib. 1, 6 fin.:

    Romam venit Mario consule et Catulo,

    Cic. Arch. 3, 5; id. Brut. 43, 161 al.:

    amphora fumum bibere instituta Consule Tullo,

    Hor. C. 3, 8, 12; 3, 14, 28; 3, 21, 1; id. Epod. 13, 6 al.; cf.:

    Bibuli consulis amphora,

    id. C. 3, 28, 8:

    amphora centeno consule facta minor,

    i. e. a hundred years old, Mart. 8, 45, 4.—
    2.
    Sing., as collective term for the magistracy, the consuls, when the office is in view rather than the persons: quod populus in se jus dederit, eo consulem usurum;

    non ipsos (sc. consules) libidinem ac licentiam suam pro lege habituros,

    Liv. 3, 9, 5 Weissenb. ad loc.:

    legatisque ad consulem missis,

    id. 21, 52, 6 Heerw. ad loc.:

    aliter sine populi jussu nullius earum rerum consuli jus est,

    Sall. C. 29, 3.—
    II.
    Meton.
    A.
    A proconsul, Liv. 26, 33, 4 Weissenb. ad loc.; cf. id. § 7; 31, 49, 4; Nep. Cato, 1, 3; Aur. Vict. Vir. Ill. 6, 3, 2; Flor. 2, 14, 5; Eutr. 3, 14.—
    B.
    The highest magistrate in other states:

    consul Tusculanorum,

    Plin. 7, 43, 44, § 136:

    BARCINONENSIS,

    Inscr. Grut. 4, 29, 9:

    COLONLAE ASTIGITANAE,

    ib. 351, 5; Aus. Clar. Urb. 14, 39.—
    C.
    An epithet of Jupiter, Vop. Firm. 3; App. de Mundo, c. 25.—
    * D.
    Poet.:

    est animus tibi... consul non unius anni,

    continually fulfilling the duties of the highest magistracy, Hor. C. 4, 9, 39 Orell. ad loc.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > consul

  • 13 imperator

    impĕrātor ( inp-), ōris (archaic form induperator, Enn. Ann. v. 86; 332; 350; 552 Vahl.; Lucr. 4, 967; 5, 1227; cf. 1. init.; but in Enn. also imperator, Trag. v. 34 Vahl.), m. [id.].
    I.
    Orig., milit. t. t., a commander-in-chief, general, = stratêgos (cf.: dux, ductor).
    A.
    In gen.: si forte quaereretur, quae esset ars imperatoris, constituendum putarem principio, quis esset imperator: qui cum esset constitutus administrator quidam belli gerendi, tum adjungeremus de exercitu, de castris, etc.... de reliquis rebus, quae essent propriae belli administrandi: quarum qui essent animo et scientia compotes, eos esse imperatores dicerem, utererque exemplis Africanorum et Maximorum;

    Epaminondam atque Hannibalem atque ejus generis homines nominarem,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 48, 210:

    aliae sunt legati partes, aliae imperatoris: alter omnia agere ad praescriptum, alter libere ad summam rerum consulere debet,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 51, 4:

    sapiens et callidus imperator,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 34, 58:

    bonus ac fortis,

    id. de Or. 2, 44, 187; cf.:

    egregie fortis et bonus,

    id. ib. 2, 66, 268:

    eosdem labores non aeque esse graves imperatori et militi,

    id. Tusc. 2, 26, 62:

    ego sic existimo in summo imperatore quatuor has res inesse oportere, scientiam rei militaris, virtutem, auctoritatem, felicitatem, etc.,

    id. de Imp. Pomp. 10, 28:

    unum ad id bellum imperatorem deposci,

    id. ib. 2, 5:

    nomen invicti imperatoris,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 38, § 82:

    Themistocles... imperator bello Persico,

    id. Lael. 12, 42:

    cum pro se quisque in conspectu imperatoris... operam navare cuperet,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 25 fin.: insece, Musa, manu Romanorum induperator Quod quisque in bello gessit cum rege Philippo, Enn. ap. Gell. 18, 9, 3 (Ann. v. 332 Vahl.):

    induperatores pugnare ac proelia obire,

    Lucr. 4, 967.—As a title, placed after the name:

    M. Cicero S. D. C. Antonio M. F. Imp.,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 5 inscr.:

    Cn. Pompeio Cn. F. Magno Imperatori,

    id. ib. 5, 7 inscr.:

    Vatinio Imp. S.,

    id. ib. 5, 11 et saep. —
    B.
    In partic., pregn., in the times of the republic, a title of honor conferred on a general after any important victory:

    his rebus gestis Curio se in castra ad Bagradam recepit, atque universi exercitus conclamatione Imperator appellatur,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 26, 1; cf.:

    Pompeius eo proelio Imperator est appellatus,

    id. ib. 3, 71, 3; Cic. Phil. 14, 4, 11; 14, 5, 12; Caes. B. C. 3, 31, 1; Liv. 27, 19, 4; Inscr. Orell. 542; 3417 sq. (cf. also Plin. Pan. 12, 1).—
    II.
    Transf. beyond the milit. sphere.
    A.
    In gen., a commander, leader, chief, director, ruler, master:

    (Romani) immutato more annua imperia, binos imperatores sibi fecere,

    i. e. consuls, Sall. C. 6, 7:

    (vis venti) Induperatorem classis super aequora verrit,

    admiral, Lucr. 5, 1227:

    imperator histricus,

    director, manager, Plaut. Poen. prol. 4:

    di te servassint semper... salus interioris hominis amorisque inperator,

    id. As. 3, 3, 66:

    familiae,

    id. Capt. 2, 2, 57: nolo eundem populum imperatorem et portitorem esse terrarum, Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 24, 22 (Rep. 4, 7 Mos.):

    dux et imperator vitae mortalium animus est,

    Sall. J. 1, 3:

    vitae nostrae necisque,

    Plin. 29, 1, 5, § 11.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    An epithet of Jupiter, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 58, § 129:

    signum Jovis Imperatoris,

    Liv. 6, 29, 8.—
    2.
    The conqueror at a game of chess, Vop. Proc. 13, 2.—
    3.
    The title of the Roman emperors, placed either before or after the name (cf. I.);

    before it,

    Suet. Caes. 76; Claud. 12; 26:

    IMP. CAESARI DIVI IVLI F.,

    Inscr. Orell. 596; so ib. 597; 600; 602; 604 sq.;

    after it,

    Suet. Oth. 2; Plin. 5, 2, 1, § 20; Plin. Ep. 3, 5, 9; 4, 17, 8; 4, 22, 4.—Hence afterwards absol.:

    Imperator,

    a Roman emperor, Tac. A. 3, 74:

    velut praesagium insequentis casus, quo medius inter utriusque filios exstitit Imperator,

    Suet. Galb. 6; id. Claud. 13; 29; id. Galb. 3, 6, 20; id. Vit. 3 et saep.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > imperator

  • 14 inperator

    impĕrātor ( inp-), ōris (archaic form induperator, Enn. Ann. v. 86; 332; 350; 552 Vahl.; Lucr. 4, 967; 5, 1227; cf. 1. init.; but in Enn. also imperator, Trag. v. 34 Vahl.), m. [id.].
    I.
    Orig., milit. t. t., a commander-in-chief, general, = stratêgos (cf.: dux, ductor).
    A.
    In gen.: si forte quaereretur, quae esset ars imperatoris, constituendum putarem principio, quis esset imperator: qui cum esset constitutus administrator quidam belli gerendi, tum adjungeremus de exercitu, de castris, etc.... de reliquis rebus, quae essent propriae belli administrandi: quarum qui essent animo et scientia compotes, eos esse imperatores dicerem, utererque exemplis Africanorum et Maximorum;

    Epaminondam atque Hannibalem atque ejus generis homines nominarem,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 48, 210:

    aliae sunt legati partes, aliae imperatoris: alter omnia agere ad praescriptum, alter libere ad summam rerum consulere debet,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 51, 4:

    sapiens et callidus imperator,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 34, 58:

    bonus ac fortis,

    id. de Or. 2, 44, 187; cf.:

    egregie fortis et bonus,

    id. ib. 2, 66, 268:

    eosdem labores non aeque esse graves imperatori et militi,

    id. Tusc. 2, 26, 62:

    ego sic existimo in summo imperatore quatuor has res inesse oportere, scientiam rei militaris, virtutem, auctoritatem, felicitatem, etc.,

    id. de Imp. Pomp. 10, 28:

    unum ad id bellum imperatorem deposci,

    id. ib. 2, 5:

    nomen invicti imperatoris,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 38, § 82:

    Themistocles... imperator bello Persico,

    id. Lael. 12, 42:

    cum pro se quisque in conspectu imperatoris... operam navare cuperet,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 25 fin.: insece, Musa, manu Romanorum induperator Quod quisque in bello gessit cum rege Philippo, Enn. ap. Gell. 18, 9, 3 (Ann. v. 332 Vahl.):

    induperatores pugnare ac proelia obire,

    Lucr. 4, 967.—As a title, placed after the name:

    M. Cicero S. D. C. Antonio M. F. Imp.,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 5 inscr.:

    Cn. Pompeio Cn. F. Magno Imperatori,

    id. ib. 5, 7 inscr.:

    Vatinio Imp. S.,

    id. ib. 5, 11 et saep. —
    B.
    In partic., pregn., in the times of the republic, a title of honor conferred on a general after any important victory:

    his rebus gestis Curio se in castra ad Bagradam recepit, atque universi exercitus conclamatione Imperator appellatur,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 26, 1; cf.:

    Pompeius eo proelio Imperator est appellatus,

    id. ib. 3, 71, 3; Cic. Phil. 14, 4, 11; 14, 5, 12; Caes. B. C. 3, 31, 1; Liv. 27, 19, 4; Inscr. Orell. 542; 3417 sq. (cf. also Plin. Pan. 12, 1).—
    II.
    Transf. beyond the milit. sphere.
    A.
    In gen., a commander, leader, chief, director, ruler, master:

    (Romani) immutato more annua imperia, binos imperatores sibi fecere,

    i. e. consuls, Sall. C. 6, 7:

    (vis venti) Induperatorem classis super aequora verrit,

    admiral, Lucr. 5, 1227:

    imperator histricus,

    director, manager, Plaut. Poen. prol. 4:

    di te servassint semper... salus interioris hominis amorisque inperator,

    id. As. 3, 3, 66:

    familiae,

    id. Capt. 2, 2, 57: nolo eundem populum imperatorem et portitorem esse terrarum, Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 24, 22 (Rep. 4, 7 Mos.):

    dux et imperator vitae mortalium animus est,

    Sall. J. 1, 3:

    vitae nostrae necisque,

    Plin. 29, 1, 5, § 11.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    An epithet of Jupiter, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 58, § 129:

    signum Jovis Imperatoris,

    Liv. 6, 29, 8.—
    2.
    The conqueror at a game of chess, Vop. Proc. 13, 2.—
    3.
    The title of the Roman emperors, placed either before or after the name (cf. I.);

    before it,

    Suet. Caes. 76; Claud. 12; 26:

    IMP. CAESARI DIVI IVLI F.,

    Inscr. Orell. 596; so ib. 597; 600; 602; 604 sq.;

    after it,

    Suet. Oth. 2; Plin. 5, 2, 1, § 20; Plin. Ep. 3, 5, 9; 4, 17, 8; 4, 22, 4.—Hence afterwards absol.:

    Imperator,

    a Roman emperor, Tac. A. 3, 74:

    velut praesagium insequentis casus, quo medius inter utriusque filios exstitit Imperator,

    Suet. Galb. 6; id. Claud. 13; 29; id. Galb. 3, 6, 20; id. Vit. 3 et saep.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > inperator

  • 15 pater

    păter, tris (old gen PATRVS. Inscr Corp. Lat. 1469; dat PATRE, ib 182), m. [Sanscr. root pā, to nourish, protect; Lat. pasco; hence, Zend, patar, protector; Gr. patêr; Sanscr pitri; Engl. father; Germ. Vater], a father, sire.
    I.
    Lit. Aes. Ehem, pater mi, tu hic eras? De Tuus hercle vero et animo et patura pater, Ter. Ad. 5, 7, 3:

    patre certo nasci,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 16, 46:

    Servius Tullius captivā Corniculanā natus, patre nullo, matre servā,

    i. e. by an unknown father, Liv. 4, 3:

    SI PATER FILIVM TER VENVM DVIT FILIVS A PATRE LIBER ESTO, Lex XII. Tab.: CORNELIVS SCIPIO BARBATVS GNAIVOD PATRE PROGNATVS, Epit. of the Scipios: ego a patre ita eram deductus,

    by my father, Cic. Lael. 1, 1:

    aliquem patris loco colere debere,

    id. Phil. 2, 38, 99.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    The father as head and rep resentative of the household, esp., paterfamilias and paterfamiliae:

    pauci milites patresque familiae recepti,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 44:

    quemeunque patrem familiae arripuissetis,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 43; v. familia.—
    B.
    In plur.: patres, fathers, forefathers:

    patrum nostrorum aetas,

    Cic. Or. 5, 18:

    memoria patrum,

    id. de Or. 1, 40, 181:

    apud patres nostros,

    id. Off. 3, 11, 47:

    patres majoresque nostri,

    id. Div. in Caecil. 21, 69:

    Dominus Deus patrum vestrorum, Vulg Exod 3, 15: descenderunt patres tui in Aegyptum,

    id. Deut. 10, 22.—So in sing (eccl. Lat.): dixitque Jacob;

    Deus patris mei Abraham, etc.,

    Vulg. Gen. 32, 9: quod juravit ad Abra. [p. 1314] ham patrem nostrūm, id. Luc. 1, 73.—
    C.
    PATRES for parentes, parents, Inscr. Grut. 707, 5; 656, 2; 692, 1; 704, 1.—
    D.
    As a title of honor, father. —Of a deity, esp. of Jupiter: divum pater atque hominum rex, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 179 Vahl.); cf.: pater optime Olimpi, id. ap. Oros. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 198 ib.):

    ipse pater mediā nimborum in nocte coruscā Fulmina molitur dextrā,

    Verg. G. 1, 328:

    Gradivumque patrem Geticis qui praesidet arvis,

    id. A. 3, 35:

    pater Lemnius,

    i. e. Vulcan, id. ib. 8, 454:

    Bacche pater,

    Hor. C. 3, 3, 13; cf.

    Lenaeus,

    i. e. Bacchus, Verg. G. 2, 7:

    pater Silvane,

    Hor. Epod. 2, 21: Quirine pater, Enn. ap. Non. 120, 1 (Ann. v. 121 Vahl.): pater Tiberine, id. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 55 ib.); of the Tiber, Liv. 2, 10:

    Apenninus,

    Verg. A. 12, 703 Wagner:

    pater Aeneas,

    id. ib. 1, 699.—Of the creative or generative powers of nature as deities:

    pater Aether,

    Lucr. 1, 250: aequoreus, i. e. Ocean, Col. poët. 10, 200.—As an honorable designation applied to senators:

    principes, qui appellati sunt propter caritatem patres,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 8, 14:

    patres ab honore patriciique progenies eorum appellati,

    Liv. 1, 8.—Hence, patres = patricii, opp. to plebeii:

    quā re ad patres censeo revertare: plebeii quam fuerint importuni, vides,

    Cic. Fam. 9, 21, 3 fin.:

    patres conscripti, v. conscribo: pater patrum, pater sacrorum, pater nomimus, the title given to the high-priest of Mithras,

    Inscr. Grut. 28, 2; 315, 5; 1102, 2; Inscr. Orell. 5059: patratus, v. h. v. under patro, P. a.—Of the founder of a school:

    Zeno, pater Stoicorum,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 9, 23;

    of a teacher, as a source or creator: Isocrates pater eloquentiae,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 3, 10:

    Herodotus pater historiae,

    id. Leg. 1, 1, 5: pater patriae, the father of his country, of Cicero, Cic. Pis. 3, 6:

    quem Q. Catulus, quem multi alii saepe in senatu patrem patriae nominarant,

    id. Sest. 57, 121; cf.:

    Roma patrem patriae Ciceronem libera dixit,

    Juv. 8, 245.—So of Marius:

    C. Marium quem vere patrem patriae... possumus dicere,

    Cic. Rab. Perd. 10, 27;

    of Trajan, and other emperors: at tu etiam nomen patris patriae recusabas,

    Plin. Pan. 21; cf. Sen. Clem. 1, 14, 2; Suet. Caes. 76; id. Tib. 26; id. Ner. 8; cf.

    also: pater senatūs,

    Tac. A. 11, 25; Ov. F. 2, 127; id. Tr. 2, 39; 181; id. P. 1, 1, 36:

    pater orbis,

    id. F. 3, 72; Stat. S. 1, 4, 95; 4, 8, 20.—As a term of respect:

    pater Aeneas,

    Verg. A. 5, 348;

    esp., to an old man,

    Plaut. Most. 4, 2, 36; Verg. A. 5, 521; so id. ib. 533.—
    E.
    In eccl. Lat., the Supreme Being, God:

    sicut enim Pater habet vitam in semet ipso,

    Vulg. Joan. 5, 26:

    confiteor tibi, Pater Domine caeli et terrae,

    id. Luc. 10, 21:

    Pater caelestis,

    id. Matt. 5, 48; 18, 35:

    Pater vester qui in caelis est,

    id. ib. 23, 9:

    Pater noster, qui es in caelis,

    id. ib. 6, 9:

    adorabunt Patrem,

    id. Joan. 4, 23; id. Act. 1, 7 saep.—
    * F.
    Pater cenae, the host, Hor. S. 2, 8, 7:

    misericordiarum,

    Vulg. 2 Cor. 1, 3. —Hence, by way of opposition, *
    G.
    Pater esuritionum, the father of hunger-pains, said of a very poor man who suffers from hunger, Cat. 21, 1.—
    H.
    Of animals, sire:

    virque paterque gregis,

    Ov. A. A. 1, 522; Petr. 133 fin.; Col. 6, 37, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > pater

  • 16 serenum

    1.
    sĕrēnus, a, um, adj. [Sanscr. svar, sky; Gr. Seirios; cf. selas; Lat. sol], clear, fair, bright, serene (class.; esp. freq. in the poets; cf. sudus).
    I.
    Lit.: cum tonuit laevum bene tempestate serenā, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 39, 82 (Ann. v. 517 Vahl.):

    caelo sereno,

    Lucr. 6, 247; Cic. Fam. 16, 9, 2; Verg. G. 1, 260; 1, 487; id. A. 3, 518; Hor. Epod. 15, 1; id. S. 2, 4, 51; Ov. M. 1, 168; 2, 321 et saep.; cf.:

    de parte caeli,

    Lucr. 6, 99:

    in regione caeli,

    Verg. A. 8, 528.— Comp.:

    caelo perfruitur sereniore,

    Mart. 4, 64, 6; cf.

    also: o nimium caelo et pelago confise sereno,

    Verg. A. 5, 870:

    postquam ex tam turbido die serena et tranquilla lux rediit,

    Liv. 1, 16, 2:

    luce,

    Verg. A. 5, 104:

    lumen (solis),

    Lucr. 2, 150:

    nox,

    id. 1, 142; Cic. Rep. 1, 15, 23; Verg. G. 1, 426:

    sidera,

    Lucr. 4, 212:

    facies diei,

    Phaedr. 4, 16, 5:

    species mundi,

    Lucr. 4, 134:

    aër,

    Plin. 17, 24, 37, § 222:

    ver,

    Verg. G. 1, 340:

    aestas,

    id. A. 6, 707:

    stella,

    Ov. F. 6, 718 et saep.:

    color (opp. nubilus),

    bright, clear, Plin. 9, 35, 54, § 107:

    aqua (with candida),

    Mart. 6, 42, 19:

    vox,

    Pers. 1, 19.— Transf., of a wind that clears the sky, that brings fair weather: hic Favonius serenu'st, istic Auster imbricus, * Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 35; hence, also, poet.:

    unde serenas Ventus agat nubes,

    Verg. G. 1, 461.—
    2.
    As subst.: sĕrēnum, i, n., a clear, bright, or serene sky, fair weather (not in Cic.):

    ponito pocillum in sereno noctu,

    during a fine night, Cato, R. R. 156, 3;

    more freq. simply sereno: Priverni sereno per diem totum rubrum solem fuisse,

    Liv. 31, 12, 5; 37, 3, 2:

    quare et sereno tonat,

    Sen. Q. N. 2, 18; Plin. 11, 24, 28, § 84 (opp. nubilo), Pall. 1, 30, 3; Luc. 1, 530:

    liquido ac puro sereno,

    Suet. Aug. 95:

    nitido sereno,

    Sil. 5, 58:

    cottidie serenum cum est,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 10, 4:

    laesique fides reditura sereni,

    Stat. S. 3, 1, 81:

    serenum nitidum micat,

    Mart. 6, 42, 8.— Plur.:

    caeli serena Concutiat sonitu,

    Lucr. 2, 1100:

    soles et aperta serena,

    Verg. G. 1, 393:

    nostra,

    Val. Fl. 1, 332.—
    II.
    Trop.
    1.
    Cheerful, glad, joyous, tranquil, serene (syn.:

    laetus, tranquillus, secundus): vita,

    Lucr. 2, 1094 Lachm.:

    horae (with albus dies),

    Sil. 15, 53: rebus serenis servare modum, in propitious or favorable circumstances, in good fortune, id. 8, 546:

    vultus,

    Lucr. 3, 293; Cat. 55, 8; Hor. C. 1, 37, 26; Ov. Tr. 1, 5, 27:

    frons tranquilla et serena,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 15, 31:

    pectora processu facta serena tuo,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 9, 40:

    animus,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 39:

    oculi,

    Sil. 7, 461:

    Augustus,

    Ov. P. 2, 2, 65:

    laetitia,

    Just. 44, 2, 4:

    imperium,

    Sil. 14, 80:

    res,

    id. 8, 546:

    sereno vitae tempore,

    Auct. Her. 4, 48, 61:

    vita,

    Lucr. 2, 1094:

    temperatus (sanguis) medium quoddam serenum efficit,

    Quint. 11, 3, 78; cf.:

    tandem aliquid, pulsā curarum nube serenum Vidi,

    Ov. P. 2, 1, 5.—
    2.
    SERENVS, an epithet of Jupiter (whose brow was always serene), Inscr. Murat. 1978, 5; cf. Serenator;

    hence, Martial calls Domitian: Jovem serenum,

    Mart. 5, 6, 9; 9, 25, 3.—
    3.
    Serenissimus, a title of the Roman emperors, Cod. Just. 5, 4, 23.
    2.
    Sĕrēnus, i, m.; Sĕrēna, ae, f. [1. serenus], a proper name.
    I.
    Q. Serenus Sammonicus, a physician under Septimius Severus, Spart. Get. 5, 5; Macr. 3, 16, 6.—
    II.
    Q. Serenus Sammonicus, son of the preceding, author of a poem, De Medicina, still extant, Lampr. Alex. 30, 2; cf. Teuffel's Roem. Lit. 379, 4.—
    III.
    Serena, the wife of Stilicho, and mother-in-law of the emperor Honorius, celebrated by Claudian in a special poem (Laus Serenae Reginae).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > serenum

  • 17 Serenus

    1.
    sĕrēnus, a, um, adj. [Sanscr. svar, sky; Gr. Seirios; cf. selas; Lat. sol], clear, fair, bright, serene (class.; esp. freq. in the poets; cf. sudus).
    I.
    Lit.: cum tonuit laevum bene tempestate serenā, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 39, 82 (Ann. v. 517 Vahl.):

    caelo sereno,

    Lucr. 6, 247; Cic. Fam. 16, 9, 2; Verg. G. 1, 260; 1, 487; id. A. 3, 518; Hor. Epod. 15, 1; id. S. 2, 4, 51; Ov. M. 1, 168; 2, 321 et saep.; cf.:

    de parte caeli,

    Lucr. 6, 99:

    in regione caeli,

    Verg. A. 8, 528.— Comp.:

    caelo perfruitur sereniore,

    Mart. 4, 64, 6; cf.

    also: o nimium caelo et pelago confise sereno,

    Verg. A. 5, 870:

    postquam ex tam turbido die serena et tranquilla lux rediit,

    Liv. 1, 16, 2:

    luce,

    Verg. A. 5, 104:

    lumen (solis),

    Lucr. 2, 150:

    nox,

    id. 1, 142; Cic. Rep. 1, 15, 23; Verg. G. 1, 426:

    sidera,

    Lucr. 4, 212:

    facies diei,

    Phaedr. 4, 16, 5:

    species mundi,

    Lucr. 4, 134:

    aër,

    Plin. 17, 24, 37, § 222:

    ver,

    Verg. G. 1, 340:

    aestas,

    id. A. 6, 707:

    stella,

    Ov. F. 6, 718 et saep.:

    color (opp. nubilus),

    bright, clear, Plin. 9, 35, 54, § 107:

    aqua (with candida),

    Mart. 6, 42, 19:

    vox,

    Pers. 1, 19.— Transf., of a wind that clears the sky, that brings fair weather: hic Favonius serenu'st, istic Auster imbricus, * Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 35; hence, also, poet.:

    unde serenas Ventus agat nubes,

    Verg. G. 1, 461.—
    2.
    As subst.: sĕrēnum, i, n., a clear, bright, or serene sky, fair weather (not in Cic.):

    ponito pocillum in sereno noctu,

    during a fine night, Cato, R. R. 156, 3;

    more freq. simply sereno: Priverni sereno per diem totum rubrum solem fuisse,

    Liv. 31, 12, 5; 37, 3, 2:

    quare et sereno tonat,

    Sen. Q. N. 2, 18; Plin. 11, 24, 28, § 84 (opp. nubilo), Pall. 1, 30, 3; Luc. 1, 530:

    liquido ac puro sereno,

    Suet. Aug. 95:

    nitido sereno,

    Sil. 5, 58:

    cottidie serenum cum est,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 10, 4:

    laesique fides reditura sereni,

    Stat. S. 3, 1, 81:

    serenum nitidum micat,

    Mart. 6, 42, 8.— Plur.:

    caeli serena Concutiat sonitu,

    Lucr. 2, 1100:

    soles et aperta serena,

    Verg. G. 1, 393:

    nostra,

    Val. Fl. 1, 332.—
    II.
    Trop.
    1.
    Cheerful, glad, joyous, tranquil, serene (syn.:

    laetus, tranquillus, secundus): vita,

    Lucr. 2, 1094 Lachm.:

    horae (with albus dies),

    Sil. 15, 53: rebus serenis servare modum, in propitious or favorable circumstances, in good fortune, id. 8, 546:

    vultus,

    Lucr. 3, 293; Cat. 55, 8; Hor. C. 1, 37, 26; Ov. Tr. 1, 5, 27:

    frons tranquilla et serena,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 15, 31:

    pectora processu facta serena tuo,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 9, 40:

    animus,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 39:

    oculi,

    Sil. 7, 461:

    Augustus,

    Ov. P. 2, 2, 65:

    laetitia,

    Just. 44, 2, 4:

    imperium,

    Sil. 14, 80:

    res,

    id. 8, 546:

    sereno vitae tempore,

    Auct. Her. 4, 48, 61:

    vita,

    Lucr. 2, 1094:

    temperatus (sanguis) medium quoddam serenum efficit,

    Quint. 11, 3, 78; cf.:

    tandem aliquid, pulsā curarum nube serenum Vidi,

    Ov. P. 2, 1, 5.—
    2.
    SERENVS, an epithet of Jupiter (whose brow was always serene), Inscr. Murat. 1978, 5; cf. Serenator;

    hence, Martial calls Domitian: Jovem serenum,

    Mart. 5, 6, 9; 9, 25, 3.—
    3.
    Serenissimus, a title of the Roman emperors, Cod. Just. 5, 4, 23.
    2.
    Sĕrēnus, i, m.; Sĕrēna, ae, f. [1. serenus], a proper name.
    I.
    Q. Serenus Sammonicus, a physician under Septimius Severus, Spart. Get. 5, 5; Macr. 3, 16, 6.—
    II.
    Q. Serenus Sammonicus, son of the preceding, author of a poem, De Medicina, still extant, Lampr. Alex. 30, 2; cf. Teuffel's Roem. Lit. 379, 4.—
    III.
    Serena, the wife of Stilicho, and mother-in-law of the emperor Honorius, celebrated by Claudian in a special poem (Laus Serenae Reginae).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Serenus

  • 18 serenus

    1.
    sĕrēnus, a, um, adj. [Sanscr. svar, sky; Gr. Seirios; cf. selas; Lat. sol], clear, fair, bright, serene (class.; esp. freq. in the poets; cf. sudus).
    I.
    Lit.: cum tonuit laevum bene tempestate serenā, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 39, 82 (Ann. v. 517 Vahl.):

    caelo sereno,

    Lucr. 6, 247; Cic. Fam. 16, 9, 2; Verg. G. 1, 260; 1, 487; id. A. 3, 518; Hor. Epod. 15, 1; id. S. 2, 4, 51; Ov. M. 1, 168; 2, 321 et saep.; cf.:

    de parte caeli,

    Lucr. 6, 99:

    in regione caeli,

    Verg. A. 8, 528.— Comp.:

    caelo perfruitur sereniore,

    Mart. 4, 64, 6; cf.

    also: o nimium caelo et pelago confise sereno,

    Verg. A. 5, 870:

    postquam ex tam turbido die serena et tranquilla lux rediit,

    Liv. 1, 16, 2:

    luce,

    Verg. A. 5, 104:

    lumen (solis),

    Lucr. 2, 150:

    nox,

    id. 1, 142; Cic. Rep. 1, 15, 23; Verg. G. 1, 426:

    sidera,

    Lucr. 4, 212:

    facies diei,

    Phaedr. 4, 16, 5:

    species mundi,

    Lucr. 4, 134:

    aër,

    Plin. 17, 24, 37, § 222:

    ver,

    Verg. G. 1, 340:

    aestas,

    id. A. 6, 707:

    stella,

    Ov. F. 6, 718 et saep.:

    color (opp. nubilus),

    bright, clear, Plin. 9, 35, 54, § 107:

    aqua (with candida),

    Mart. 6, 42, 19:

    vox,

    Pers. 1, 19.— Transf., of a wind that clears the sky, that brings fair weather: hic Favonius serenu'st, istic Auster imbricus, * Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 35; hence, also, poet.:

    unde serenas Ventus agat nubes,

    Verg. G. 1, 461.—
    2.
    As subst.: sĕrēnum, i, n., a clear, bright, or serene sky, fair weather (not in Cic.):

    ponito pocillum in sereno noctu,

    during a fine night, Cato, R. R. 156, 3;

    more freq. simply sereno: Priverni sereno per diem totum rubrum solem fuisse,

    Liv. 31, 12, 5; 37, 3, 2:

    quare et sereno tonat,

    Sen. Q. N. 2, 18; Plin. 11, 24, 28, § 84 (opp. nubilo), Pall. 1, 30, 3; Luc. 1, 530:

    liquido ac puro sereno,

    Suet. Aug. 95:

    nitido sereno,

    Sil. 5, 58:

    cottidie serenum cum est,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 10, 4:

    laesique fides reditura sereni,

    Stat. S. 3, 1, 81:

    serenum nitidum micat,

    Mart. 6, 42, 8.— Plur.:

    caeli serena Concutiat sonitu,

    Lucr. 2, 1100:

    soles et aperta serena,

    Verg. G. 1, 393:

    nostra,

    Val. Fl. 1, 332.—
    II.
    Trop.
    1.
    Cheerful, glad, joyous, tranquil, serene (syn.:

    laetus, tranquillus, secundus): vita,

    Lucr. 2, 1094 Lachm.:

    horae (with albus dies),

    Sil. 15, 53: rebus serenis servare modum, in propitious or favorable circumstances, in good fortune, id. 8, 546:

    vultus,

    Lucr. 3, 293; Cat. 55, 8; Hor. C. 1, 37, 26; Ov. Tr. 1, 5, 27:

    frons tranquilla et serena,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 15, 31:

    pectora processu facta serena tuo,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 9, 40:

    animus,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 39:

    oculi,

    Sil. 7, 461:

    Augustus,

    Ov. P. 2, 2, 65:

    laetitia,

    Just. 44, 2, 4:

    imperium,

    Sil. 14, 80:

    res,

    id. 8, 546:

    sereno vitae tempore,

    Auct. Her. 4, 48, 61:

    vita,

    Lucr. 2, 1094:

    temperatus (sanguis) medium quoddam serenum efficit,

    Quint. 11, 3, 78; cf.:

    tandem aliquid, pulsā curarum nube serenum Vidi,

    Ov. P. 2, 1, 5.—
    2.
    SERENVS, an epithet of Jupiter (whose brow was always serene), Inscr. Murat. 1978, 5; cf. Serenator;

    hence, Martial calls Domitian: Jovem serenum,

    Mart. 5, 6, 9; 9, 25, 3.—
    3.
    Serenissimus, a title of the Roman emperors, Cod. Just. 5, 4, 23.
    2.
    Sĕrēnus, i, m.; Sĕrēna, ae, f. [1. serenus], a proper name.
    I.
    Q. Serenus Sammonicus, a physician under Septimius Severus, Spart. Get. 5, 5; Macr. 3, 16, 6.—
    II.
    Q. Serenus Sammonicus, son of the preceding, author of a poem, De Medicina, still extant, Lampr. Alex. 30, 2; cf. Teuffel's Roem. Lit. 379, 4.—
    III.
    Serena, the wife of Stilicho, and mother-in-law of the emperor Honorius, celebrated by Claudian in a special poem (Laus Serenae Reginae).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > serenus

  • 19 Urios

    Urĭŏs ( - ŭs), i, m., = Ourios, a title of Jupiter, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 57, § 128.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Urios

  • 20 Urius

    Urĭŏs ( - ŭs), i, m., = Ourios, a title of Jupiter, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 57, § 128.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Urius

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