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of whirling round

  • 1 contortio

    contortĭo, ōnis, f. [contorqueo].
    * I.
    A whirling round:

    dexterae,

    Auct. Her. 4, [p. 452] 19, 26 fin.
    II.
    An intertwining, involving; intricacy, complication; of discourse, in the plur.: contortiones orationis, * Cic. Fat. 9, 17; Aug. Retract. 1, 50.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > contortio

  • 2 rotatus

    rŏtātus, ūs, m. [id.], a turning or whirling round, Stat. Achill. 2, 417; Aus. Idyll. 10, 362.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > rotatus

  • 3 Turbo

    1.
    turbo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. ( fut. perf. turbassit, for turbaverit, Cic. Leg. 3, 4; al. turbassitur) [turba], to disturb, agitate, confuse, disorder; to throw into disorder or confusion (freq. and class.; syn.: confundo, misceo, agito).
    I.
    Lit.:

    ventorum vi agitari atque turbari mare,

    Cic. Clu. 49, 138:

    aequora ventis,

    Lucr. 2, 1:

    hibernum mare,

    Hor. Epod. 15, 8; Ov. M. 7, 154; 14, 545 al.:

    eversae turbant convivia mensae,

    id. ib. 12, 222; cf. in a poet. transf.:

    ancipiti quoniam bello turbatur utrimque,

    Lucr. 6, 377:

    ne comae turbarentur, quas componi vetuit,

    Quint. 11, 3, 148:

    ne turbet toga mota capillos,

    Ov. Am. 3, 2, 75:

    capillos,

    id. M. 8, 859; id. Am. 3, 14, 33; cf.

    in a Greek construction: turbata capillos,

    id. M. 4, 474:

    ceram,

    the seal, Quint. 12, 8, 13:

    uvae recentes alvum turbant,

    Plin. 23, 1, 6, § 10.— Absol.:

    instat, turbatque ruitque,

    Ov. M. 12, 134.—Reflex.:

    cum mare turbaret (sc. se),

    Varr. R. R. 3, 17, 7 Schneid. ad loc. (al. turbaretur).—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Milit. t. t., to throw into disorder, break the line of battle, disorganize:

    equitatus turbaverat ordines,

    Liv. 3, 70, 9:

    aciem peditum,

    id. 30, 18, 10.— Absol.:

    equites eruptione factā in agmen modice primo impetu turbavere,

    Liv. 38, 13, 12:

    turbantibus invicem copiis,

    Flor. 4, 2, 49:

    hic rem Romanam, magno turbante tumultu, sistet,

    Verg. A. 6, 857.—
    2.
    Of water, to trouble, make thick or turbid:

    lacus,

    Ov. M. 6, 364:

    fons quem nulla volucris turbarat,

    id. ib. 3, 410:

    flumen imbre,

    id. ib. 13, 889:

    limo aquam,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 60:

    aquas lacrimis,

    Ov. M. 3, 475; cf.:

    pulvis sputo turbatus,

    Petr. 131.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    non modo illa permiscuit, sed etiam delectum atque ordinem turbavit,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 50, § 123:

    qui omnia inflma summis paria fecit, turbavit, miscuit,

    id. Leg. 3, 9, 19:

    Aristoteles quoque multa turbat, a magistro Platone non dissentiens,

    id. N. D. 1, 13, 33:

    quantas res turbo!

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 1:

    quas meus filius turbas turbet,

    id. Bacch. 4, 9, 1; cf.:

    quae meus filius turbavit,

    id. ib. 5, 1, 5; id. Cas. 5, 2, 6:

    ne quid ille turbet vide,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 7, § 24:

    haec, quae in re publicā turbantur,

    id. ib. 3, 9, 3:

    cum dies alicui nobilium dicta novis semper certaminibus contiones turbaret,

    Liv. 3, 66, 2: ne incertā prole auspicia turbarentur, id. 4, 6, 2:

    milites nihil in commune turbantes,

    Tac. H. 1, 85:

    turbantur (testes),

    Quint. 5, 7, 11; cf. id. 4, 5, 6; 5, 14, 29; 10, 7, 6:

    spem pacis,

    Liv. 2, 16, 5.— Absol.: Ph. Ea nos perturbat. Pa. Dum ne reducam, turbent porro, quam velint, Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 12 (cf. I. B. 1. supra):

    repente turbare Fortuna coepit,

    Tac. A. 4, 1:

    si una alterave civitas turbet,

    id. ib. 3, 47: M. Servilius postquam, ut coeperat, omnibus in rebus turbarat, i. e. had deranged all his affairs, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 8, 2.— Impers. pass.:

    nescio quid absente nobis turbatum'st domi,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 3, 7:

    totis Usque adeo turbatur agris,

    Verg. E. 1, 12:

    si in Hispaniā turbatum esset,

    Cic. Sull. 20, 57.—Hence, turbātus, a, um, P. a., troubled, disturbed, disordered, agitated, excited.
    A.
    Lit.:

    turbatius mare ingressus,

    more stormy, Suet. Calig. 23:

    turbatius caelum,

    id. Tib. 69.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    hostes inopinato malo turbati,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 12:

    oculis simul ac mente turbatus,

    Liv. 7, 26, 5:

    turbatus religione simul ac periculo,

    Suet. Ner. 19; cf.:

    turbatus animi,

    Sil. 14, 678:

    placare voluntates turbatas,

    Cic. Planc. 4, 11: seditionibus omnia turbata sunt, Sall. Or. Phil. contr. Lepid. 1:

    turbata cum Romanis pax,

    Just. 18, 2, 10:

    omnia soluta, turbata atque etiam in contrarium versa,

    Plin. Ep. 8, 14, 7; cf.:

    quae si confusa, turbata, permixta sunt, etc.,

    id. ib. 9, 5, 3.—Hence, adv.: turbātē, confusedly, disorderly:

    aguntur omnia raptim atque turbate,

    in confusion, Caes. B. C. 1, 5, 1.
    2.
    turbo, ĭnis, m. (collat. form tur-ben, ĭnis, n., Tib. 1, 5, 3; id. ap. Charis. p. 118 P.; gen. turbonis, Caes. ib.) [1. turbo], that which spins or twirls round (cf. vertex).
    I.
    A whirlwind, hurricane, tornado: ventus circumactus et eundem ambiens locum et se ipse vertigine concitans turbo est. Qui si pugnacior est ac diutius volutatur, inflammatur, et efficit, quem prêstêra Graeci vocant:

    hic est igneus turbo,

    Sen. Q. N. 5, 13, 3:

    falsum est faces et trabes turbine exprimi,

    id. ib. 7, 5, 1; 2, 22, 2; id. Ep. 109, 18:

    procellae, turbines,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 20, 51; cf.: saevi exsistunt turbines, Pac. ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 39, 157 (Trag. Rel. p. 111 Rib.); Enn. ap. Schol. Vat. ad Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 4 (Ann. v. 553 Vahl.):

    venti vis rapido percurrens turbine campos,

    Lucr. 1, 273; cf. id. 1, 279; 1, 294; 5, 217; Ov. M. 6, 310:

    senatus decrevit, ut Minerva, quam turbo dejecerat, restitueretur,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 25, 1:

    turbo aut subita tempestas,

    id. Cael. 32, 79:

    pulvis collectus turbine,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 31:

    venti rotanti turbine portant,

    Lucr. 1, 294:

    ita turbine nigro Ferret hiemps,

    Verg. G. 1, 320:

    venti ruunt et terras turbine perflant,

    id. A. 1, 83:

    accendi turbine quodam aëris,

    Sen. Q. N. 7, 4, 1.—In apposition with ventus:

    exoritur ventus turbo,

    Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 47:

    circumstabant navem turbines venti,

    id. Trin. 4, 1, 16.—
    B.
    Trop., whirlwind, storm, etc.:

    qui in maximis turbinibus ac fluctibus rei publicae navem gubernassem,

    Cic. Pis. 9, 20:

    tu, procella patriae, turbo ac tempestas pacis atque otii,

    id. Dom. 53, 137:

    ego te in medio versantem turbine leti Eripui,

    Cat. 64, 149:

    cum illi soli essent duo rei publicae turbines,

    Cic. Sest. 11, 25:

    miserae mentis,

    Ov. Am. 2, 9, 28:

    miserarum rerum,

    id. M. 7, 614:

    nescio quo miserae turbine mentis agor,

    id. Am. 2, 9, 28:

    Gradivi,

    i. e. tumult of war, Sil. 11, 101:

    virtutem turbine nullo Fortuna excutiet tibi,

    Luc. 2, 243:

    horum mala, turbo quīs rerum imminet,

    Sen. Agam. 196.—
    II.
    Lit., a spinning-top, whipping-top, Verg. A. 7, 378 sq.; Tib. 1, 5, 3.—
    B.
    Transf., of things that have the shape or whirling motion of a top, as a reel, whirl, spindle, etc., Cic. Fat. 18, 42; Varr. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 449; Hor. Epod. 17, 7; Cat. 64, 315; Ov. M. 1, 336; Plin. 2, 10, 7, § 47; 9, 36, 61, § 130; 27, 4, 5, § 14; 36, 13, 19, § 90; 37, 4, 15, § 56.—
    III.
    A whirling motion, a whirl, twirl, twist, rotation, revolution, a round, circle (mostly poet.):

    cum caeli turbine ferri,

    Lucr. 5, 624:

    lunae,

    id. 5, 632:

    ignium,

    id. 6, 640; cf. Verg. A. 3, 573:

    teli (contorti),

    id. ib. 6, 594; cf. id. ib. 11, 284; Luc. 3, 465; Sil. 4, 542:

    saxi,

    whirling force, circular hurling, Verg. A. 12, 531:

    serpentis,

    i. e. the coiling, Sil. 3, 191:

    Aegaeus,

    whirlpool, vortex, Claud. Laud. Stil. 1, 287; so, rapax, Stat [p. 1918] Th. 4, 813:

    verterit hunc (servum in emancipatione) dominus, momento turbinis exit Marcus Dama,

    i. e. of whirling round, Pers. 5, 78: militiae turbine factus eques, i. e. through the round of military gradation or promotion, Ov. Am. 3, 15, 6:

    vulgi,

    i. e. a throng, crowd, Claud. II. Cons. Stil. 200.
    3.
    Turbo, ōnis, m., the name of a gladiator, Hor. S. 2, 3, 310.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Turbo

  • 4 turbo

    1.
    turbo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. ( fut. perf. turbassit, for turbaverit, Cic. Leg. 3, 4; al. turbassitur) [turba], to disturb, agitate, confuse, disorder; to throw into disorder or confusion (freq. and class.; syn.: confundo, misceo, agito).
    I.
    Lit.:

    ventorum vi agitari atque turbari mare,

    Cic. Clu. 49, 138:

    aequora ventis,

    Lucr. 2, 1:

    hibernum mare,

    Hor. Epod. 15, 8; Ov. M. 7, 154; 14, 545 al.:

    eversae turbant convivia mensae,

    id. ib. 12, 222; cf. in a poet. transf.:

    ancipiti quoniam bello turbatur utrimque,

    Lucr. 6, 377:

    ne comae turbarentur, quas componi vetuit,

    Quint. 11, 3, 148:

    ne turbet toga mota capillos,

    Ov. Am. 3, 2, 75:

    capillos,

    id. M. 8, 859; id. Am. 3, 14, 33; cf.

    in a Greek construction: turbata capillos,

    id. M. 4, 474:

    ceram,

    the seal, Quint. 12, 8, 13:

    uvae recentes alvum turbant,

    Plin. 23, 1, 6, § 10.— Absol.:

    instat, turbatque ruitque,

    Ov. M. 12, 134.—Reflex.:

    cum mare turbaret (sc. se),

    Varr. R. R. 3, 17, 7 Schneid. ad loc. (al. turbaretur).—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Milit. t. t., to throw into disorder, break the line of battle, disorganize:

    equitatus turbaverat ordines,

    Liv. 3, 70, 9:

    aciem peditum,

    id. 30, 18, 10.— Absol.:

    equites eruptione factā in agmen modice primo impetu turbavere,

    Liv. 38, 13, 12:

    turbantibus invicem copiis,

    Flor. 4, 2, 49:

    hic rem Romanam, magno turbante tumultu, sistet,

    Verg. A. 6, 857.—
    2.
    Of water, to trouble, make thick or turbid:

    lacus,

    Ov. M. 6, 364:

    fons quem nulla volucris turbarat,

    id. ib. 3, 410:

    flumen imbre,

    id. ib. 13, 889:

    limo aquam,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 60:

    aquas lacrimis,

    Ov. M. 3, 475; cf.:

    pulvis sputo turbatus,

    Petr. 131.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    non modo illa permiscuit, sed etiam delectum atque ordinem turbavit,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 50, § 123:

    qui omnia inflma summis paria fecit, turbavit, miscuit,

    id. Leg. 3, 9, 19:

    Aristoteles quoque multa turbat, a magistro Platone non dissentiens,

    id. N. D. 1, 13, 33:

    quantas res turbo!

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 1:

    quas meus filius turbas turbet,

    id. Bacch. 4, 9, 1; cf.:

    quae meus filius turbavit,

    id. ib. 5, 1, 5; id. Cas. 5, 2, 6:

    ne quid ille turbet vide,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 7, § 24:

    haec, quae in re publicā turbantur,

    id. ib. 3, 9, 3:

    cum dies alicui nobilium dicta novis semper certaminibus contiones turbaret,

    Liv. 3, 66, 2: ne incertā prole auspicia turbarentur, id. 4, 6, 2:

    milites nihil in commune turbantes,

    Tac. H. 1, 85:

    turbantur (testes),

    Quint. 5, 7, 11; cf. id. 4, 5, 6; 5, 14, 29; 10, 7, 6:

    spem pacis,

    Liv. 2, 16, 5.— Absol.: Ph. Ea nos perturbat. Pa. Dum ne reducam, turbent porro, quam velint, Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 12 (cf. I. B. 1. supra):

    repente turbare Fortuna coepit,

    Tac. A. 4, 1:

    si una alterave civitas turbet,

    id. ib. 3, 47: M. Servilius postquam, ut coeperat, omnibus in rebus turbarat, i. e. had deranged all his affairs, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 8, 2.— Impers. pass.:

    nescio quid absente nobis turbatum'st domi,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 3, 7:

    totis Usque adeo turbatur agris,

    Verg. E. 1, 12:

    si in Hispaniā turbatum esset,

    Cic. Sull. 20, 57.—Hence, turbātus, a, um, P. a., troubled, disturbed, disordered, agitated, excited.
    A.
    Lit.:

    turbatius mare ingressus,

    more stormy, Suet. Calig. 23:

    turbatius caelum,

    id. Tib. 69.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    hostes inopinato malo turbati,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 12:

    oculis simul ac mente turbatus,

    Liv. 7, 26, 5:

    turbatus religione simul ac periculo,

    Suet. Ner. 19; cf.:

    turbatus animi,

    Sil. 14, 678:

    placare voluntates turbatas,

    Cic. Planc. 4, 11: seditionibus omnia turbata sunt, Sall. Or. Phil. contr. Lepid. 1:

    turbata cum Romanis pax,

    Just. 18, 2, 10:

    omnia soluta, turbata atque etiam in contrarium versa,

    Plin. Ep. 8, 14, 7; cf.:

    quae si confusa, turbata, permixta sunt, etc.,

    id. ib. 9, 5, 3.—Hence, adv.: turbātē, confusedly, disorderly:

    aguntur omnia raptim atque turbate,

    in confusion, Caes. B. C. 1, 5, 1.
    2.
    turbo, ĭnis, m. (collat. form tur-ben, ĭnis, n., Tib. 1, 5, 3; id. ap. Charis. p. 118 P.; gen. turbonis, Caes. ib.) [1. turbo], that which spins or twirls round (cf. vertex).
    I.
    A whirlwind, hurricane, tornado: ventus circumactus et eundem ambiens locum et se ipse vertigine concitans turbo est. Qui si pugnacior est ac diutius volutatur, inflammatur, et efficit, quem prêstêra Graeci vocant:

    hic est igneus turbo,

    Sen. Q. N. 5, 13, 3:

    falsum est faces et trabes turbine exprimi,

    id. ib. 7, 5, 1; 2, 22, 2; id. Ep. 109, 18:

    procellae, turbines,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 20, 51; cf.: saevi exsistunt turbines, Pac. ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 39, 157 (Trag. Rel. p. 111 Rib.); Enn. ap. Schol. Vat. ad Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 4 (Ann. v. 553 Vahl.):

    venti vis rapido percurrens turbine campos,

    Lucr. 1, 273; cf. id. 1, 279; 1, 294; 5, 217; Ov. M. 6, 310:

    senatus decrevit, ut Minerva, quam turbo dejecerat, restitueretur,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 25, 1:

    turbo aut subita tempestas,

    id. Cael. 32, 79:

    pulvis collectus turbine,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 31:

    venti rotanti turbine portant,

    Lucr. 1, 294:

    ita turbine nigro Ferret hiemps,

    Verg. G. 1, 320:

    venti ruunt et terras turbine perflant,

    id. A. 1, 83:

    accendi turbine quodam aëris,

    Sen. Q. N. 7, 4, 1.—In apposition with ventus:

    exoritur ventus turbo,

    Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 47:

    circumstabant navem turbines venti,

    id. Trin. 4, 1, 16.—
    B.
    Trop., whirlwind, storm, etc.:

    qui in maximis turbinibus ac fluctibus rei publicae navem gubernassem,

    Cic. Pis. 9, 20:

    tu, procella patriae, turbo ac tempestas pacis atque otii,

    id. Dom. 53, 137:

    ego te in medio versantem turbine leti Eripui,

    Cat. 64, 149:

    cum illi soli essent duo rei publicae turbines,

    Cic. Sest. 11, 25:

    miserae mentis,

    Ov. Am. 2, 9, 28:

    miserarum rerum,

    id. M. 7, 614:

    nescio quo miserae turbine mentis agor,

    id. Am. 2, 9, 28:

    Gradivi,

    i. e. tumult of war, Sil. 11, 101:

    virtutem turbine nullo Fortuna excutiet tibi,

    Luc. 2, 243:

    horum mala, turbo quīs rerum imminet,

    Sen. Agam. 196.—
    II.
    Lit., a spinning-top, whipping-top, Verg. A. 7, 378 sq.; Tib. 1, 5, 3.—
    B.
    Transf., of things that have the shape or whirling motion of a top, as a reel, whirl, spindle, etc., Cic. Fat. 18, 42; Varr. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 449; Hor. Epod. 17, 7; Cat. 64, 315; Ov. M. 1, 336; Plin. 2, 10, 7, § 47; 9, 36, 61, § 130; 27, 4, 5, § 14; 36, 13, 19, § 90; 37, 4, 15, § 56.—
    III.
    A whirling motion, a whirl, twirl, twist, rotation, revolution, a round, circle (mostly poet.):

    cum caeli turbine ferri,

    Lucr. 5, 624:

    lunae,

    id. 5, 632:

    ignium,

    id. 6, 640; cf. Verg. A. 3, 573:

    teli (contorti),

    id. ib. 6, 594; cf. id. ib. 11, 284; Luc. 3, 465; Sil. 4, 542:

    saxi,

    whirling force, circular hurling, Verg. A. 12, 531:

    serpentis,

    i. e. the coiling, Sil. 3, 191:

    Aegaeus,

    whirlpool, vortex, Claud. Laud. Stil. 1, 287; so, rapax, Stat [p. 1918] Th. 4, 813:

    verterit hunc (servum in emancipatione) dominus, momento turbinis exit Marcus Dama,

    i. e. of whirling round, Pers. 5, 78: militiae turbine factus eques, i. e. through the round of military gradation or promotion, Ov. Am. 3, 15, 6:

    vulgi,

    i. e. a throng, crowd, Claud. II. Cons. Stil. 200.
    3.
    Turbo, ōnis, m., the name of a gladiator, Hor. S. 2, 3, 310.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > turbo

  • 5 vertigo

    vertīgo, ĭnis, f. [verto], a turning or whirling round (perh. not ante-Aug.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    assidua caeli,

    Ov. M. 2, 70:

    ponti,

    id. ib. 11, 548:

    venti,

    Sen. Q. N. 5, 13, 3:

    torti fili,

    Luc. 6, 460:

    rotarum,

    Prud. Psych. 414:

    assiduā vertigine rotare aliquem,

    Plin. 8, 40, 61, § 150: quibus una Quiritem Vertigo facit, a turn, twirl of a slave in manumission, Pers. 5, 76.—
    B.
    Transf., a whirling of the head, giddiness, dizziness, vertigo, Liv. 44, 6, 8; Plin. 20, 15, 57, § 161; 20, 17, 73, § 194; 25, 9, 70, § 117; 25, 11, 89, § 139 al.; Macr. S. 7, 9.—Of persons intoxicated, Juv. 6, 304.—
    II.
    Trop., a revolution, change, alteration:

    vertigine rerum Attoniti,

    Luc. 8, 16.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > vertigo

  • 6 turbō

        turbō inis, m    [1 turbo], that which whirls, a whirlwind, hurricane, tornado: saevi exsistunt turbines, Pac. ap. C.: validi venti, O.: turbo aut subita tempestas: pulvis collectus turbine, H.: venti terras turbine perflant, V.— A spinning-top, whip-top: volitans sub verbere, V.— A magic wheel, wheel of fortune: solve turbinem, H.— A whorl, spiral, twist: bucina, in latum quae turbine crescit ab imo, O.: suāpte naturā versari turbinem.— A whirl, round, circle: nubes Turbine fumans piceo, i. e. of black curling smoke, V.— A whirling motion, revolution: teli (contorti), V.: Murranum ingentis turbine saxi Excutit, i. e. with a huge whirling stone, V.: militiae turbine factus eques, i. e. through the round of promotion, O.—Fig., a whirlwind, storm: in maximis turbinibus rei p. navem gubernare: tu, turbo ac tempestas pacis atque oti, disturber: mentis, O.
    * * *
    I
    turbare, turbavi, turbatus V
    disturb, agitate, throw into confusion
    II
    that which whirls; whirlwind, tornado; spinning top; spiral, round, circle
    III
    that which whirls; whirlwind, tornado; spinning top; spiral, round, circle

    Latin-English dictionary > turbō

  • 7 vertīgō

        vertīgō inis, f    [VERT-], a turning round, whirling: adsidua caeli, O.—Fig., a sensation of whirling, giddiness, dizziness, vertigo: oculorum animique, L.; cf. vertigine tectum Ambulat, the ceiling whirls round (of drunken men), Iu.
    * * *
    gyration/rotation, whirling/spinning movement; giddiness, dizziness; changing

    Latin-English dictionary > vertīgō

  • 8 volūbilis

        volūbilis e, adj.    [3 VOL-], that is turned round, turning, spinning, whirling, circling, rolling, revolving: buxum, i. e. a top, V.: caelum: nexus (anguis), O.: deus: (amnis) in omne volubilis aevum, H.: aurum, i. e. the golden apple, O. —Fig., of speech, rapid, fluent, voluble: Appi oratio: homo.—Changeable, fickle: fortuna.
    * * *
    volubilis, volubile ADJ
    winding, twisting

    Latin-English dictionary > volūbilis

  • 9 contorqueo

    con-torquĕo, torsi, tortum (also -torsum, acc. to Prisc. 9, p. 871 P.), 2, v. a., to turn, twist, twirl, swing, whirl or brandish, etc. (class. in prose and poetry).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    Of weapons, arms, etc. (mostly poet.):

    telum contortum validis viribus,

    Lucr. 1, 971; cf.:

    hastam viribus,

    Ov. M. 5, 32:

    lenta spicula lacertis,

    Verg. A. 7, 165:

    hastile adducto lacerto,

    id. ib. 11, 561:

    cuspidem lacerto,

    Ov. M. 8, 345:

    valido sceptrum lacerto,

    id. ib. 5, 422:

    (hastile) certo contorquens dirigit ictu,

    Verg. A. 12, 490:

    sed magnum stridens contorta phalarica venit,

    id. ib. 9, 705:

    hastam In latus, etc.,

    id. ib. 2, 52; Quint. 9, 4, 8:

    telum in eum,

    Curt. 8, 14, 36.—
    B.
    Of other objects:

    gubernaclum quolibet,

    Lucr. 4, 904; cf.:

    membra quocumque volt,

    Cic. Div. 1, 53, 120:

    tantum corpus,

    Lucr. 4, 900:

    globum eā celeritate, etc.,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 10, 24; id. Arat. 61: equum magnā vi, Poët. ap. Quint. 8, 6, 9:

    amnis in alium cursum contortos et deflexos videmus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 19, 38:

    proram ad laevas undas,

    Verg. A. 3, 562:

    silvas insano vortice,

    whirling them round in its raging whirlpool, id. G. 1, 481; cf.
    * Cat.
    64, 107:

    frementes aquas subitis verticibus,

    Luc. 4, 102 Weber; cf. id. 3, 631; Sil. 3, 50:

    an omnis tempestas aeque mare illud contorqueat,

    Sen. Ep. 79, 1 al.:

    vertex est contorta in se aqua,

    Quint. 8, 2, 7:

    nubila fumo,

    Sil. 4, 309.—
    II.
    Trop. (mostly in Cic. and of rhet. matters;

    the metaphor taken from missiles which are brandished, that they may be discharged with greater force): (auditor) tamquam machinatione aliquā tum ad severitatem, tum ad remissionem animi est contorquendus,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 17, 72.—So of discourse that is thrown out violently or forcibly, hurled:

    Demosthenis non tam vibrarent fulmina illa, nisi numeris contorta ferrentur,

    Cic. Or. 70, 234; cf. Quint. 10, 7, 14:

    quam rhetorice! quam copiose! quas sententias colligit! quae verba contorquet! ( = summā vi et impetu profert),

    hurls forth, Cic. Tusc. 3, 26, 63; cf.:

    longas periodos uno spiritu,

    Plin. Ep. 5, 20, 4:

    deinde contorquent et ita concludunt, etc.,

    twist the argument, Cic. Div. 2, 51, 106.— Hence, contortus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to II.), of discourse.
    A.
    Brandished, hurled, full of motion, powerful, vehement, energetic, strong (rare;

    mostly in Cic.): contorta et acris oratio,

    Cic. Or. 20, 66:

    vis (orationis),

    Quint. 10, 7, 14:

    levibus mulcentur et contortis excitantur,

    id. 9, 4, 116.—
    B.
    Involved, intricate, obscure, perplexed, complicated:

    contortae et difficiles res,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 58, 250: contorta et aculeata quaedam sophismata, id. Ac. 2, 24, 75.— Adv.: con-tortē (acc. to II.), intricately, perplexedly:

    dicere,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 20, 29; Auct. Her. 1, 9, 15. —
    * Comp.:

    concluduntur a Stoicis,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 10, 22.— Sup. not in use.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > contorqueo

  • 10 roto

    rŏto, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. and n. [rota].
    I.
    Act., to turn a thing round like a wheel; to swing round, whirl about ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose; cf. torqueo).
    A.
    Lit.:

    Learchum bis terque per auras More rotat fundae,

    Ov. M. 4, 517; cf. id. ib. 9, 217; id. A. A. 2, 374:

    jactare caput et comas excutientem rotare, fanaticum est,

    Quint. 11, 3, 71:

    sanguineos orbes (i. e. oculos),

    to roll about, Val. Fl. 4, 235: ensem fulmineum, to brandish (in order to add force to the blow), Verg. A. 9, 441:

    telum,

    Liv. 42, 65, 10:

    telum in ora loquentis,

    Stat. Th. 9, 802:

    clipeum, Val Fl. 6, 551: saxa,

    Sen. Q. N. 3, 27, 6:

    flammam (venti),

    Lucr. 6, 202; cf.:

    (venti) trudunt res ante rapidique rotanti turbine portant,

    in a whirling tornado, id. 1, 295:

    flammae fumum,

    Hor. C. 4, 11, 11:

    se in vulnus (ursa),

    Luc. 6, 222:

    conreptum rotatumque sternit,

    Plin. 8, 16, 19, § 51.— Mid., to turn or go round in a circle, to roll round, revolve:

    Tyrrheni greges circumque infraque rotantur,

    Stat. Achill. 1, 56:

    circum caput igne rotato,

    Ov. M. 12, 296:

    poterisne rotatis Obvius ire polis?

    id. ib. 2, 74; cf.:

    nivibus rotatis (with glomerari),

    id. ib. 9, 221: sphaerico motu in orbem rotari, Macr Somn. Scip. 2, 14, 31.—
    * B.
    Trop.:

    aut curtum sermone rotato Torqueat enthymema,

    round, compact, concise, Juv. 6, 449:

    sic ordinem fati rerum aeterna series rotat,

    Sen. Q. N. 2, 35, 2.—
    II.
    Neutr., = rotari, to turn or roll round, to revolve (very rare):

    parte ex aliā, quā saxa rotantia late Impulerat torrens,

    Verg. A. 10, 362 Serv. (cf.:

    volventia plaustra,

    id. G. 1, 163);

    so of a peacock spreading its tail out like a wheel,

    Col. 8, 11, 8.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > roto

  • 11 volubilis

    I.
    Lit.:

    buxum,

    i. e. a top, Verg. A. 7, 382:

    caelum,

    Cic. Univ. 6 fin.:

    sol,

    Prud. Cath. 3 praef.:

    nexus (anguis),

    Ov. M. 3, 41:

    volubilis et rotundus deus,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 17, 46:

    figurae aquae,

    Lucr. 3, 190:

    procursus,

    id. 2, 455:

    aquae,

    Hor. C. 4, 1, 40; cf.:

    labitur (sc. amnis), et labetur in omne volubilis aevum,

    id. Ep. 1, 2, 43:

    aurum,

    i. e. the golden apple, Ov. M. 10, 667; cf. id. H. 20, 209:

    electrum,

    Plin. 37, 3, 11, § 42:

    pila,

    App. M. 2, p. 116.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    Of speech, rapid, fluent, voluble (the figure taken from rolling waters):

    vis volubilis orationis,

    Auct. Her. 3, 14, 25:

    oratio,

    Cic. Brut. 28, 108:

    rotunda volubilisque sententia,

    Gell. 11, 13, 4.— Transf., of the speaker:

    homo volubilis quādam praecipiti celeritate dicendi,

    Cic. Fl. 20, 48; id. Brut. 27, 105; id. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 617 P.—
    B.
    Of fate, changeable, mutable:

    vaga volubilisque fortuna,

    Cic. Mil. 26, 69; cf.:

    cum videamus tot varietates tam volubili orbe circumagi,

    Plin. Ep. 4, 24, 6:

    fortunae volubiles casus,

    Amm. 22, 1, 1:

    volubilium casuum diritas,

    id. 26, 1, 3.— Adv.: vŏlūbĭ-lĭter.
    1.
    Swiftly rolling, spinning, Amm. 20, 11, 26; cf. Non. p. 4, 1.—
    2.
    Trop., of speech, rapidly, fluently, volubly:

    funditur numerose et volubiliter oratio,

    Cic. Or. 62, 210.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > volubilis

  • 12 volubilitas

    vŏlūbĭlĭtas, ātis, f. [volubilis], a rapid [p. 2012] whirling motion.
    I.
    Lit.:

    mundi,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 19, 49; id. Fat. 19, 43; id. Univ. 10; Ov. F. 6, 271; App. Asclep. p. 100, 41.—
    II.
    Transf., roundness, round form:

    fracta capitis latissima,

    Ov. M. 12, 434.—
    III.
    Trop.
    A.
    Of speech, rapidity, fluency, volubility:

    linguae volubilitas,

    Cic. Planc. 25, 62:

    flumen aliis verborum volubilitasque cordi est,

    id. Or. 16, 53; id. de Or. 1, 5, 17:

    nimia vocis,

    Quint. 11, 3, 52 (opp. tarditas); 10, 1, 8; Plin. Ep. 5, 20, 4.—
    B.
    Of fate, changeableness, mutability:

    quod temere fit caeco casu et volubilitate fortunae,

    Cic. Div. 2, 6, 15; Plin. 37, 1, 2, § 3.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > volubilitas

  • 13 volubiliter

    I.
    Lit.:

    buxum,

    i. e. a top, Verg. A. 7, 382:

    caelum,

    Cic. Univ. 6 fin.:

    sol,

    Prud. Cath. 3 praef.:

    nexus (anguis),

    Ov. M. 3, 41:

    volubilis et rotundus deus,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 17, 46:

    figurae aquae,

    Lucr. 3, 190:

    procursus,

    id. 2, 455:

    aquae,

    Hor. C. 4, 1, 40; cf.:

    labitur (sc. amnis), et labetur in omne volubilis aevum,

    id. Ep. 1, 2, 43:

    aurum,

    i. e. the golden apple, Ov. M. 10, 667; cf. id. H. 20, 209:

    electrum,

    Plin. 37, 3, 11, § 42:

    pila,

    App. M. 2, p. 116.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    Of speech, rapid, fluent, voluble (the figure taken from rolling waters):

    vis volubilis orationis,

    Auct. Her. 3, 14, 25:

    oratio,

    Cic. Brut. 28, 108:

    rotunda volubilisque sententia,

    Gell. 11, 13, 4.— Transf., of the speaker:

    homo volubilis quādam praecipiti celeritate dicendi,

    Cic. Fl. 20, 48; id. Brut. 27, 105; id. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 617 P.—
    B.
    Of fate, changeable, mutable:

    vaga volubilisque fortuna,

    Cic. Mil. 26, 69; cf.:

    cum videamus tot varietates tam volubili orbe circumagi,

    Plin. Ep. 4, 24, 6:

    fortunae volubiles casus,

    Amm. 22, 1, 1:

    volubilium casuum diritas,

    id. 26, 1, 3.— Adv.: vŏlūbĭ-lĭter.
    1.
    Swiftly rolling, spinning, Amm. 20, 11, 26; cf. Non. p. 4, 1.—
    2.
    Trop., of speech, rapidly, fluently, volubly:

    funditur numerose et volubiliter oratio,

    Cic. Or. 62, 210.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > volubiliter

  • 14 accingō

        accingō nxī, nctus, ere,    to gird to, gird on, bind on, put on with a girdle, gird round: lateri ensem, V.; pass: accingitur ense, girds himself, V.: quo (ense) fuit accinctus, O.—Meton., to arm, equip, furnish, provide: paribusque accingitur armis, V.: gladiis, L. — Fig., accingere se or accingi, to gird oneself, prepare, make ready, be ready: adcingere, make yourself ready, T.: accingere! to your work, O.: accingendum ad eam cogitationem esse, L.: ad consulatum, L.: in hoc discrimen, L. — With Gr. acc.: magicas accingier artīs, to have recourse to, V.: accingar dicere pugnas, V. — Poet.: accingunt omnes operi, address themselves, V.
    * * *
    accingere, accinxi, accinctus V TRANS
    gird on or about, surround; equip, provide (with); get ready, prepare (for)

    Latin-English dictionary > accingō

  • 15 ad-modum

        ad-modum adv.;    prop., to the proper limit, to full measure; hence, with numerals, full, quite, at least, no less than: noctu turres admodum CXX excitantur, full, Cs.: equites, mille admodum, a round thousand, Cu.; no more than, just, only (late), Cu.—Of degree, fully, highly, completely, entirely, altogether, very: admodum antiqui: admodum amplum et excelsum: neque hi admodum sunt multi, N.: admodum pauci: natio admodum dedita religionibus, Cs.—Esp., with words expressing time of life, as puer, adulescens, iuvenis, senex, etc.: admodum tum adulescens, then a mere youth: non admodum grandis natu: puer admodum, L. —With negatives, just, at all, whatever: litterarum admodum nihil scire: equestris pugna nulla admodum fuit, L.—With advv.: raro admodum exclamant.—With verbs: admodum mirabar quam ob rem, etc.: alqm admodum diligere; delectare. — As an emphatic affirmative, yes, certainly, of course: advenis modo? Pa. admodum, T.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-modum

  • 16 amb-, am-, an-

       amb-, am-, an- insepa<*> prep.,    around, round about, only in composition; before vowels usually amb-; ambages, ambedo, etc.; but amicio (for amiicio); once amp-: ampulla; before consonants, am-: amplector, amputo; or amp-: Ampsanctus; but before c, q, h, f, an-: anceps, anfractus, anquiro, etc.

    Latin-English dictionary > amb-, am-, an-

  • 17 ambiō

        ambiō (imperf. ambibat, O., L., Ta.), īvī and iī, ītus, īre    [ambi + eo], to go round, go about: terram lunae cursus: Siculae fundamina terrae, O.—To surround, encircle, encompass: ambitae litora terrae, O.: Thracam ambiat Hebrus, H.: moenia, Quae flammis ambit amnis, V.: vallum armis, Ta. —Fig., to canvass for votes: singulos ex senatu, S.: ambiuntur, rogantur cives.—To secure by canvassing, win by solicitation, entreat, solicit, court: senis amicos, T.: connubiis Latinum, V.: te prece, H.: nuptiis ambiri, to be sought in marriage, Ta.
    * * *
    ambire, ambivi, ambitus V
    go round, visit in rotation, inspect; solicit, canvass; circle, embrace

    Latin-English dictionary > ambiō

  • 18 ambitus

        ambitus ūs, m    [ambio], a going round, moving about, revolution: aquae per amoenos agros, H.: saeculorum, Ta.—Fig., of speech, circumlocution: circa unam rem ambitūs facere, L. —Meton., a circuit, circumference, border: castra lato ambitu, Ta.—In rhet., a period: verborum.— Esp., a suing for office, canvassing for votes (usu. by unlawful means): legem ambitūs flagitasti: accusare alqm ambitūs: ambitūs largitiones, N.
    * * *
    circuit, edge, extent; orbit, cycle; canvass, bribery; circumlocution; show

    Latin-English dictionary > ambitus

  • 19 amb-ūrō

        amb-ūrō ūssī, ūstus, ere    [ambi + uro], to burn round, scorch, singe, consume: hic (Verres) sociorum ambustus incendio: Terret ambustus Phaethon avaras Spes, H.—Jestingly: tribunus ambustus, singed: libris Ambustus propriis, on a funeral pile of his own books, H.: torris, i. e. still burning, V.—Meton., to injure by cold, benumb: ambusti vi frigoris, Ta. — Fig., P. pass., singed, injured, damaged: fortunarum mearum reliquias: damnatione collegae prope ambustus, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > amb-ūrō

  • 20 amfrāctus

        amfrāctus    see anfractus.
    * * *
    bend, curvature; circuit, (annual) round, orbit; spiral, coil; circumlocution

    Latin-English dictionary > amfrāctus

См. также в других словарях:

  • Round — Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See {Rotary}, and cf. {Rotund}, {roundel}, {Rundlet}.] 1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Round bodies — Round Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See {Rotary}, and cf. {Rotund}, {roundel}, {Rundlet}.] 1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Round clam — Round Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See {Rotary}, and cf. {Rotund}, {roundel}, {Rundlet}.] 1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Round dance — Round Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See {Rotary}, and cf. {Rotund}, {roundel}, {Rundlet}.] 1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Round game — Round Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See {Rotary}, and cf. {Rotund}, {roundel}, {Rundlet}.] 1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Round hand — Round Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See {Rotary}, and cf. {Rotund}, {roundel}, {Rundlet}.] 1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Round robin — Round Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See {Rotary}, and cf. {Rotund}, {roundel}, {Rundlet}.] 1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Round shot — Round Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See {Rotary}, and cf. {Rotund}, {roundel}, {Rundlet}.] 1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Round Table — Round Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See {Rotary}, and cf. {Rotund}, {roundel}, {Rundlet}.] 1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Round tower — Round Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See {Rotary}, and cf. {Rotund}, {roundel}, {Rundlet}.] 1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Round trot — Round Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See {Rotary}, and cf. {Rotund}, {roundel}, {Rundlet}.] 1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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