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of lands whether desirable or pestilential

  • 1 invidia

        invidia ae, f    [invidus], envy, grudge, jealousy, ill-will, prejudice: invidiā abducti, Cs.: invidiam sequi, S.: virtus imitatione digna, non invidiā: Sine invidiā laudem invenire, ungrudgingly, T.: invidiā ducum perfidiāque militum Antigono est deditus, N.: nobilium, L.: invidia atque obtrectatio laudis suae, Cs.—Person., Envy, O.—Envy, ill-will, odium, unpopularity: gloriā invidiam vicisti, S.: ullā esse invidiā, to incur: mortis illius: res in invidiā erat, S.: habere, to be hated: in summam invidiam adducere: in eum... invidia quaesita est: Non erit invidiae victoria nostra ferendae, i. e. will bring me intolerable hate, O.: venire in invidiam, N.: cumulare invidiam, L.: invidiae nobis esse: pati, O.: intacta invidiā media sunt, L.: Ciceronis invidiam leniri, unpopularity, S.: absit invidia verbo, be it said without boasting, L.: vita remota a procellis invidiarum. —Fig., envy, an envious man: Invidia infelix metuet, etc., V.: invita fatebitur usque Invidia, etc., will reluctantly confess, H.— A cause of envy: aut invidiae aut pestilentiae possessores, i. e. of lands whether desirable or pestilential: summa invidiae eius, L.: Quae tandem Teucros considere... Invidiae est? i. e. why is it odious, etc., V.
    * * *
    hate/hatred/dislike; envy/jealousy/spite/ill will; use of words/acts to arouse

    Latin-English dictionary > invidia

  • 2 an

       an    conj.    I. Prop., in a disjunctive question introducing the latter clause; in Engl. represented by or and the interrog. form of the clause.—After utrum, in direct questions: utrum has corporis an Pythagorae tibi malis viris ingeni dari?: utrum superbiam prius commemorem an crudelitatem?: utrumne iussi persequemur otium, an, etc., H.—In indirect questions, whether... or: intellegere utrum pudor an timor valeret, Cs.: quaero, utrum clemens an inhumanissimus videatur: agitamus utrumne... an, etc., H.—After enclitic -ne in direct questions: vosne Domitium an vos Domitius deseruit? Cs.: uter... isne, qui... an ille, qui? etc.—Annon (an non) in the latter clause simply negatives the former: hocine agis an non? T.—Indirect, whether... or: agitur liberine vivamus an mortem obeamus: quaeso sitne aliqua actio an nulla.—Rarely annon: Roga velitne an non uxorem, T. — After a clause without correl. interrog. particle, in direct questions: ipse percussit an aliis occidendum dedit?: eloquar an sileam? V.—So with -ne pleonast.: obtrectatum esse, Gabinio dicam anne Pompeio, an utrique?—By ellips. of verb, an becomes simply disjunctive between two words: cum Simonides an quis alius polliceretur: cum id constaret, iure an iniuriā eripiendos esse reos, L.—Indirect: vivat an mortuus sit, quis curat?: hoc quaeramus, verum sit an falsum?— With ellips. of verb: neque, recte an perperam (sc. fiat), interpretor, L.; cf. discrimine recte an perperam facti confuso, L.—The former interrog. clause is often implied in a previous affirmation, and the clause with an expects a negative answer: quid enim actum est? an litteris pepercisti? (was it as I have said?), or did you, etc., i. e. you surely did not, etc.: at Pompeii voluntatem a me abalienabat oratio mea. An ille quemquam plus dilexit? or rather: sive vetabat, ‘an hoc inhonestum... necne sit addubites?’ (where an addubites asks a direct question, and hoc... sit an indirect question dependent on it), H.: quas Kalendas Iunias expectasti? an eas, ad quas, etc.?: an Scipio Gracchum interfecit, Catilinam... nos perferemus? or (if what I have said be questioned) while Scipio slew... are we to tolerate Catiline?—After a question, with num, an introduces a new question, correcting or denying the former, or rather: num iniquom postulo? an ne hoc quidem ego adipiscar...? or rather am I not even to get, etc., T.: num Homerum coegit obmutescere senectus? an studiorum agitatio vitae aequalis fuit? or was not rather? etc.—Sometimes the former interrog. clause, to be supplied, expects a negative answer, and the clause with an is an implied affirmation: a rebus gerendis senectus abstrahit? Quibus? an iis, etc.: unde ordiar? an eadem attingam, quae, etc.—So often annon? or is it not so? hem quo fretus sim... annon dixi, etc., T.: annon sensistis triumphatum hodie de vobis esse? or have you not? etc., L. — Ellipt.: cuium pecus? an Meliboei? Meliboeus's, I suppose, V.—    II. Meton., without disjunctive force.—With expressions of doubt, ignorance, uncertainty, the former interrog. clause is regularly omitted, the latter with an expressing the belief or opinion of the speaker, I know not but, I incline to think, I suspect, perhaps, probably: hau scio an quae dixit sint vera, T.: res nescio an maxima, L.: dubito an Apronio data sit merces: haud sciam an ne opus sit quidem, etc., possibly it may not be desirable: is mortuus est, nescio an antequam, etc.: Qui scis, an, quae iubeam, sine vi faciat, T.—In indirect questions, whether: quaesivi an misisset: quae in discrimine fuerunt, an ulla post hanc diem essent, L.—With an repeated: animo nunc huc nunc fluctuat illuc, an sese mucrone... Induat... Fluctibus an iaciat, V.: temptare an sit Corpus an illud ebur, O.
    * * *
    can it be that (introduces question expecting negative answer/further question); whether; (utrum... an = whether... or); or; either

    Latin-English dictionary > an

  • 3 careo

    căreo, ui, ĭtum (carĭtūrus, Ov. H. 4, 1; id. M. 2, 222; 14, 132; Sen. Ben. 1, 11, 1; Curt. 10, 2, 27; Just. 4, 5, 1; Plin. 20, 21, 84, § 224.— Part. pr. gen. plur. carentum, Lucr. 4, 35; Verg. G. 4, 255; 4, 472), 2 ( pres. subj. carint = careant, Plaut. Most. 4, 1, 1.— Dep. form careor, acc. to Caper ap. Prisc. p. 797 P.), v. n. [cf. keirô, karênai; Germ. scheeren; Engl. shear], to be cut off from, be without, to want, be in want of, not to have, whether in a good or bad sense; but kat exochên, to be devoid of, to want, to be without some good; and with reference to the subjective state of mind, to miss it (accordingly, of a good that is merely desirable, while egere is used of the want of that which is necessary); constr. regularly with abl.; in ante-class. poets also with gen. or acc. (the latter also in late Lat.).
    To be without, devoid of, not to have, to be free from (corresp. with abesse, Cic. Rosc. Am. 20, 55;

    and opp. frui,

    id. Tusc. 3, 18, 40).
    Of living subjects:

    carere culpā,

    Plaut. Most. 4, 1, 1; Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 41:


    Quint. 9, 4, 57:


    Lucr. 2, 4:


    Cic. Lael. 6, 22; id. Fin. 1, 11, 38:


    id. Fam. 16, 15, 1, and by poet. license with an inverted construction:

    caruitne febris te heri?

    Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 17:


    Cic. Ac. 1, 10, 38:


    id. Tusc. 3, 18, 40:


    id. Rosc. Am. 20, 55; Quint. 2, 2, 14:


    Hor. C. 3, 27, 39; Quint. 8, 3, 1; 8, 3, 41:


    Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 42:


    id. ib. 2, 2, 206:


    Quint. 8, 2, 5:

    omnibus his quasi morbis voluit carere sapientem,

    Cic. Ac. 1, 10, 38:


    Quint. 9, 4, 57:

    conspiratione et periculo,

    Suet. Aug. 19:

    stultitiae atque ignorantiae crimine, Auct. B. G. 8 praef.: communi sensu,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 66:


    to be immortal, id. C. 2, 8, 12; Ov. M. 15, 158:

    suis figurā,

    id. ib. 14, 286; cf.

    of virtue, personified: culpāque omni carens praeter se ipsam nihil censet ad se pertinere,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 1, 4.—
    To be without a thing from free-will, i.e. to deprive one ' s self of a thing [p. 292] not to make use of it, to deny one ' s self a thing, to abstain from (syn.: abstineo, absum; hence opp. utor; v. the foll.):


    Plaut. Truc. 4, 3, 59; Cic. Rep. Fragm. ap. Non. p. 5, 18; cf.


    Plaut. As. 4, 1, 57:

    nec Veneris fructu,

    renounces not. Lucr. 4, 1073:


    Sall. C. 13, 5:

    amicorum facultatibus,

    Nep. Epam. 3, 4:

    mulieribus facile,

    id. Phoc. 1, 3; cf. absol.:

    satiatis vero et expletis jucundius est carere quam frui,

    Cic. Sen. 14, 47.—With acc.:

    Tandem non ego illam caream, ei sit opus, vel totum triduom?

    Ter. Eun. 2, 1, 18.— Hence,
    Of localities, to hold one ' s self aloof from, not to go to; or merely, to be absent from (cf. abstineo, II.):

    foro, senatu, publico,

    Cic. Mil. 7, 18; cf.:

    provinciā domoque,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 19, § 41:

    aspectu civium,

    id. Cat. 1, 7, 17:

    declamationibus nostris,

    id. Fam. 7, 33, 1:

    forensi luce,

    id. Brut. 8, 32:


    Nep. Pelop. 1, 4; Tac. A. 4, 58:


    Cic. Att. 9, 19, 1.—
    Of inanimate subjects:

    terra caret vero sensu,

    Lucr. 2, 652; cf. id. 2, 990, and 1, 573:

    haec duo tempora carent crimine,

    Cic. Lig. 2, 4:

    carere omni malo mortem,

    id. Tusc. 1, 12, 26:

    an ulla putatis Dona carere dolis Danaum?

    Verg. A. 2, 44:

    nec lacrimis caruere genae,

    id. ib. 5, 173:

    pars quae peste caret,

    id. ib. 9, 540:

    oratio, quae astu caret,

    Quint. 9, 1, 20:

    oeconomia nomine Latino caret,

    id. 3, 3, 9:

    quae caret ora cruore nostro?

    Hor. C. 2, 1, 36:

    caret Ripa ventis,

    id. ib. 3, 29, 23:

    aditu carentia saxa,

    Ov. M. 3, 226:

    nivibus caritura Rhodope,

    id. ib. 2, 222:

    naturae vero rerum vis atque vis atque majestas in omnibus momentis fide caret,

    Plin. 7, 1, 1, § 7.—
    To be deprived of, to be without, to feel the want of, to want something that is desirable:

    voluptate virtus saepe caret, nunquam indiget,

    Sen. Vit. Beat. 7, 2:


    Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 85:

    quam huic erat miserum carere consuetudine amicorum, societate victus, sermone omnino familiari!

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 22, 63:

    hac luce,

    id. ib. 1, 6, 12:


    id. Sen. 3, 7:

    commodis omnibus,

    id. Rosc. Am. 15, 44:

    provinciis atque oris Italiae maritimis ac portibus nostris,

    id. Imp. Pomp. 18, 55:

    tali munere,

    Verg. A. 5, 651:


    Hor. C. 1, 31, 20:

    vate sacro,

    id. ib. 4, 9, 28:

    patrio sepulcro,

    id. S. 2, 3, 196:


    id. Ep. 1, 10, 40:


    Ov. M. 15, 614:


    Quint. 2, 20, 10 al.:

    caret omni Majorum censu,

    has lost, dissipated, Juv. 1, 59.—
    With gen.:

    tui carendum quod erat,

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 4, 20; so Laev. ap. Gell. 19, 7, 7.—
    With acc.:

    quia Id quod amo careo,

    Plaut. Curc. 1, 2, 49; cf. id. Poen. 4, 1, 4: eos parentes careo, Turp. ap. Non. p. 466, 8:


    Inscr. Grut. 572, 7; so ib. 770, 9;

    hence careri,

    pass., Marc. Emp. 36 med.; cf.:

    virque mihi dempto fine carendus abest,

    Ov. H. 1, 50.—
    With the access. idea of the subjective state of mind or feeling, to feel the want of a thing, to miss: triste enim est nomen ipsum carendi, quia subicitur haec vis; habuit, non habet;

    desiderat, requirit, indiget,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 36, 87; cf.

    the context: carere igitur hoc significat, egere eo quod habere velis,

    id. ib. §

    88: non caret is qui non desiderat,

    id. Sen. 14, 47.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > careo

  • 4 infula

    infŭla, ae, f. [cf. Sanscr. bhāla, brow; Gr. phalos, phalara], a band, bandage.
    In gen.:

    in infulis tantam rem depingere,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 21, 81.—
    In partic., a white and red fillet or band of woollen stuff, worn upon the forehead, as a sign of religious consecration and of inviolability, a sacred fillet; so a priest ' s fillet:

    sacerdotes Cereris cum infulis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 50, § 110:

    Phoebi Triviaeque sacerdos, Infula cui sacrā redimibat tempora vittā,

    Verg. A. 10, 538: cujus sacerdotii (i. e. fratrum arvalium) insigne est spicea corona et infulae albae, Sabin. ap. Gell. 7, 7, 8.—Hence, meton., a priest, Prud. Apoth. 486.—Of the victim ' s fillet (whether beast or man):

    saepe in honore deum medio stans hostia ad aram, Lanea dum niveā circumdatur infula vittā,

    Verg. G. 3, 487:

    infula virgineos circumdata comptus (of Iphigenia),

    Lucr. 1, 87.— Of the fillet worn by a suppliant for protection:

    velata infulis ramisque oleae Carthaginiensium navis,

    Liv. 30, 36, 4:

    velamenta et infulas praeferentes,

    Tac. H. 1, 66:

    hae litterae (philosophy) apud mediocriter malos infularum loco sunt,

    held in awe, Sen. Ep. 14, 10:

    ipsas miserias infularum loco habet,

    i. e. his wretchedness claims reverence, id. ad Helv. 13, 4. —
    Transf., an ornament, mark of distinction, badge of honor:

    his insignibus atque infulis imperii venditis (said of the lands belonging to the state),

    Cic. Agr. 1, 2, 6.— The insignia of an office:


    Cod. Just. 7, 63, 1: infulae imperiales, id. tit. 37 fin. — Hence, for the office itself, Spart. Hadr. 6.— Ornaments of houses and temples, i. e. carved work, etc., Luc. 2, 355.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > infula

  • 5 absēns

        absēns entis, adj.    [P. of absum], absent: quod is non absens reus factus esset: absenti senatui plausus est datus: absentem alqm condemnare: absens perii, away from you, O.: nobis absentibus: illum absens absentem auditque videtque, V.: postulo ut mihi tua domus te praesente absente pateat, i. e. whether you are at home or not, T.: absente nobis turbatumst, in our absence, T.: plebs tribunos plebi absentes Sex. Tempanium M. Asellium fecit, i. e. although they did not appear as competitors, L.—Poet. of places: Romae rus optas, absentem rusticus urbem tollis ad astra, H.—As subst, an absent person: minitari absenti: absentem defendere.
    * * *
    (gen.), absentis ADJ
    absent, missing, away, gone; physically elsewhere (things), non-existent

    Latin-English dictionary > absēns

  • 6 ad-dubitō

        ad-dubitō āvī, ātus, āre,    to entertain a doubt, incline to doubt, hesitate, be uncertain: paulisper addubitavit, an, etc., was in doubt whether, etc., L.: illud addubitat, utrum, etc, leaves in doubt, N.: parumper, an, etc., Cu.: re addubitatā, left undecided.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-dubitō

  • 7 agrārius

        agrārius adj.    [ager], pertaining to land: lex, a law for the division of land, C., L.: largitio, a gratuitous land-grant, L.: agrariam rem tentare, to agitate for a distribution of land by law.—As subst:
    * * *
    agraria, agrarium ADJ
    agrarian; of redistribution of public land; of/connected with land/estate
    those who advocated agrarian reform laws/sought possession of public lands

    Latin-English dictionary > agrārius

  • 8 ambiguus

        ambiguus adj.    [ambi + 1 AG-], going two ways, wavering, uncertain: per ambiguum favorem gratiam victoris spectare, by showing equal favor to both sides, L.: Proteus, assuming different forms, O.: Ambiguam tellure novā Salamina futuram, i. e. the name would be of double application, H.— Fig., wavering, vacillating, uncertain, doubtful: si dudum fuerat ambiguom hoc mihi, T.: haud ambiguus rex, L.: Ambiguum Clymene precibus Phaëthontis, an irā Mota magis, uncertain whether, O.: imperandi, Ta.—Of speech, obscure, dark, ambiguous: verba: oracula. — Of character, uncertain, not trustworthy, doubtful: fides, L.: domus, V. — As subst n., doubt, uncertainty, a dark saying: servet in ambiguo Iuppiter, H.: ambiguorum complura sunt genera.
    * * *
    ambigua, ambiguum ADJ
    changeable, doubtful, ambiguous, wavering, fickle; treacherous, unethical

    Latin-English dictionary > ambiguus

  • 9 antīquus (-īcus)

        antīquus (-īcus) adj. with comp. and sup.    [ante], ancient, former, of old times: tua duritia, former severity, T.: causa antiquior memoriā tuā: patria, L.: urbs, V.: antiquae leges et mortuae. — Plur m. as subst, the ancients, ancient writers: antiquorum auctoritas: traditus ab antiquis mos, H.—Old, long in existence, aged: hospes, T.: genus, N.: Graiorum antiquissima scripta, H.: antiquissimum quodque tempus spectare, i. e. longestablished rights, Cs.: antiquum obtinere, to hold fast an old custom, T.: morem antiquum obtines, T. — Fig., old, venerable, reverend, authoritative: fanum Iunonis: templa deum, H.: longe antiquissimum ratus sacra facere, etc., a most venerable custom, L.: antiquior alia causa (amicitiae), more original.—Old-fashioned: (cives) antiquā virtute, T.: homines: vestigia antiqui officii. — Comp, more desirable, preferable: ne quid vitā existimem antiquius: antiquior ei fuit gloria quam regnum: id antiquius consuli fuit, was of more pressing importance, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > antīquus (-īcus)

  • 10 appellō (ad-p-)

        appellō (ad-p-) pulī, pulsus, ere,    to drive to, move up, bring along, force towards: ad litora iuvencos, O.: (turrīs) ad opera Caesaris, Cs.: postquam paulum appulit unda (sc. corpus), O. — Of vessels, to bring in, land, put in: ad eam ripam navīs: in Italiam classem, L.: classis est Pachynum appulsa: Emporiis classem, L.: appellit ad eum locum, lands, Cs.: huc appelle, bring to here, H.: ad insulam, L. — To drive to, put ashore at: me vestris deus appulit oris, V.: nos tempestas oris, V.: alios ad Siciliam appulsos esse, landed ei qui essent appulsi navigiis: triremis terram appulit, Ta.—Fig.: animum ad scribendum, bring, T.: rationes ad scopulos, dash against: mentem ad philosophiam.

    Latin-English dictionary > appellō (ad-p-)

  • 11 arātor

        arātor ōris, m    [aro], a ploughman, C.: miratur arator tauros, O.: neque gaudet igni, H.: curvus, bending to the plough, V.: taurus arator, O. — A cultivator of public lands: aratorum penuria.
    * * *
    (gen.), aratoris ADJ
    plowing, plow-; (of oxen)
    plowman; farmer (esp. farming on shares); cultivators of public land on tenths

    Latin-English dictionary > arātor

  • 12 Arctos

        Arctos ī (acc. Arcton, V., O.), f    the Great Bear (Ursa Major): geminae, the two Bears, O.: gelidae, V.: Arcton excipere, to be exposed to, look towards, the north, H.
    * * *
    Big/Little Dipper/Bear, region of celestial pole; North lands/people/direction

    Latin-English dictionary > Arctos

  • 13 arctus

        arctus    see artus.
    * * *
    arcta, arctum ADJ
    close, thick, narrow; short; strict; scanty, brief; bow, rainbow (Ecc)
    Big/Little Dipper/Bear, region of celestial pole; North lands/people/direction

    Latin-English dictionary > arctus

  • 14 caelebs

        caelebs (not coel-), libis, adj.,    unmarried, single (whether bachelor or widower): censores: (ego), H.: vita, the life of a bachelor, H.: platanus, i. e. without a vine, H.: sine palmite truncus, O.
    * * *
    (gen.), caelibis ADJ
    unmarried (usu. men), single, widowed, divorced; celibate; not supporting vines
    unmarried man, bachelor, widower; celibate (eccl.)

    Latin-English dictionary > caelebs

  • 15 circumluviō

        circumluviō ōnis, f    [circum + luo], the formation of an island (by floods): circumluvionum iura, the law of title to alluvial lands.
    * * *
    formation of alluvial land (in middle of river); land so formed; right to it

    Latin-English dictionary > circumluviō

  • 16 commodus

        commodus adj. with comp. and sup.    [cum- + modus], with due measure, full, complete, of full weight: cyathis commodis miscentur pocula, H.— Of things, suitable, fit, convenient, opportune, commodious, easy, appropriate, favorable, friendly: curationi omnia commodiora, L.: seges commoda Baccho, V.: hoc meae commodum famae arbitror, T.: lex omnibus, L.: commodissima belli ratio, Cs.: ad cursūs vestis, O.: longius ceterum commodius iter, L.: commodissimus in Britanniam transiectus, Cs.: tempus, opportune, T.: commodiore iudicio.—In the phrase commodum est, it pleases, is agreeable: si id non commodum est, T.: iudices quos commodum ipsi fuit dedit.—Of persons, serving, useful, serviceable, pleasant, agreeable, obliging, neighborly, friendly, polite, affable, gentle: Catone commodior: aliis inhumanus, isti uni commodus: meis sodalibus, H. — Poet., of iambie verse: spondeos in iura paterna recepit Commodus, kindly, H.
    * * *
    commoda -um, commodior -or -us, commodissimus -a -um ADJ
    suitable, convenient, obliging; opportune/timely; favorable/lucky; advantageous; standard, full weight/size/measure; desirable, agreeable; good (health/news)

    Latin-English dictionary > commodus

  • 17 decem virī or decemvirī (xvirī)

       decem virī or decemvirī (xvirī) ūm or (in L.) ōrum, m    I. Plur, a commission of ten men, college of ten magistrates, decemviri, decemvirs.—    1. The composers of the Twelve Tables (chosen B.C. 451): ut xviri maximā potestate sine provocatione crearentur.—    2. A tribunal for deciding causes involving liberty or citizenship, called decem viri stlitibus iudicandis.—    3. A commission for distributing public lands: legibus agrariis curatores constituti sunt... xviri: decemviros agro Samniti creare, L.—    4. A college of priests in charge of the Sibylline books: decemviri sacrorum, L.: sacris faciundis, L.—    II. Sing: decemvir or xvir, a member of a decemviral college: ut is xvir sit: Iulius decemvir, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > decem virī or decemvirī (xvirī)

  • 18 dēsīderābilis

        dēsīderābilis e, adj.    [desidero], wanted, desirable: nihil desiderabile concupiscunt: suis vitiis desiderabilem efficere avum, i. e. missed, L.: princeps, Ta.
    * * *
    desiderabile, desiderabilior -or -us, desiderabilissimus -a -u ADJ
    wanted, desirable, that is to be wished for; missed (dead people); regretted

    Latin-English dictionary > dēsīderābilis

  • 19 dēterius

        dēterius adv.    [deterior], worse, less: scripta: interpretari, unfavorably, Ta.: si placeant spe Deterius, H.: nilo deterius, nevertheless, H.
    * * *
    worse, less; unfavorably; in less desirable manner; less favorably

    Latin-English dictionary > dēterius

  • 20 ec-quandō

        ec-quandō adv.     interrog, ever, at any time: ecquando te rationem redditurum putasti?: quotiens hoc agitur, ecquandone nisi? etc.: quaero ecquando creati sint, etc., whether ever.

    Latin-English dictionary > ec-quandō

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