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of an uncertain result

  • 1 caecus

        caecus adj. with (once in H.) comp.    [SCA-], not seeing, blind: qui caecus annos multos fuit: corpus, the blind part, back, S. — Prov.: ut si Caecus iter monstrare velit, H.: apparet id quidem etiam caeco, a blind man can see that, L.— Fig., of persons, mentally or morally blind, blinded: non solum ipsa Fortuna caeca est, sed eos efficit caecos, etc.: mater caeca crudelitate: cupidine, S.: amentiā: quem mala stultitia Caecum agit, H.: mens, Ta.: ad has belli artes, L.: Hypsaeā caecior, H.—Of wolves: quos ventris Exegit caecos rabies, blind to danger, V.—Meton., of passions: avaritia: praedae cupido, O.: amor sui, H.: festinatio, L.: timor, Ph. — Praegn., blind, at random, vague, indiscriminate, aimless: caecae suspitionis tormentum: caeca regens filo vestigia, V.: consilium, rash: casus.—Not seen, not discernible, invisible, concealed, hidden, obscure, dark: vallum, Cs.: fores, private, V.: tabes, O.: volnus, in the back, V.: domūs scelus, V.: viae, blind ways, Tb.: res caecae et ab aspectūs iudicio remotae: fata, H.: eventus, V.: tumultus, secret conspiracies, V.: stimuli in pectore, O.: murmur, muffled, V. — Obstructing the sight, dark, gloomy, thick, dense, obscure: nox, Ct.: caligo, V.: in nubibus ignes, i. e. deepening the gloom, V.: domus, without windows: pulvis, V.: acervus, chaotic, O.: quantum mortalia pectora caecae Noctis habent! i. e. dissimulation, O.: exspectatio, i. e. of an uncertain result: crimen, that cannot be proved, L.
    * * *
    I
    caeca -um, caecior -or -us, caecissimus -a -um ADJ
    blind; unseeing; dark, gloomy, hidden, secret; aimless, confused, random; rash
    II

    Latin-English dictionary > caecus

  • 2 īgnōtus

        īgnōtus adj. with comp. and sup.    [in+ (g)notus], unknown, strange, unrecognized, unfamiliar: locus, T.: ignotior gens, L.: adversus ignotos inter se, L.: bella, of uncertain result, V.: favos ignotus adedit Stellio, unnoticed, V.: mortes, inglorious, H.: alter (dies) in volgus ignotus: militibus loca, Cs.: nomen populo.—As subst m.: tamquam ignoto lacrimam daret, a stranger, O.: notum ignotumque discernere, Ta.—As subst n.: Haud ignota loquor, V.: si proferres ignota, unfamiliar themes, H.: Omne ignotum pro magnifico est, Ta.—Unknown, obscure, without repute, mean: hic ignotissimus Phryx: homo.—Of low birth, ignoble, low-born, base, vulgar: ignotā matre inhonestus, H.: naso suspendis adunco Ignotos, H.: Achivi, O.—Unacquainted with, ignorant of: producere ad ignotos (alquem): ignotos fallit, notis est derisui, Ph.: ignoti contemnebant, N.
    * * *
    ignota, ignotum ADJ
    unknown, strange; unacquainted with, ignorant of

    Latin-English dictionary > īgnōtus

  • 3 Caeci

    1.
    caecus (not coecus; sometimes in MSS. cēcus), a, um, adj. [akin to skia, skotos; Sanscr. khāyā, shadow], having no light, devoid of light.
    I.
    Act., not seeing, blind.
    A.
    Lit.:

    Appius, qui caecus annos multos fuit,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 38, 112:

    traditum est enim Homerum caecum fuisse,

    id. ib. 5, 39, 114; Lucr. 5, 839:

    catuli, qui jam dispecturi sunt, caeci aeque et hi qui modo nati,

    Cic. Fin. 4, 23, 64:

    si facie miserabili senis, caeci, infantis,

    Quint. 4, 1, 42:

    caecum corpus,

    the blind part of the body, the back, Sall. J. 107, 1:

    perdices caecae impetu,

    Plin. 10, 33, 51, § 102:

    gigni,

    Vell. 1, 5, 2.—
    2.
    Prov.:

    ut si Caecus iter monstrare velit,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 4:

    apparet id quidem etiam caeco,

    even a blind man can see that, Liv. 32, 34, 3:

    caecis hoc, ut aiunt, satis clarum est,

    Quint. 12, 7, 9.—
    B.
    Trop., mentally or morally blind, blinded (freq. in prose and poetry):

    o pectora caeca!

    Lucr. 2, 14:

    non solum ipsa Fortuna caeca est, sed eos etiam plerumque efficit caecos, quos complexa est,

    Cic. Lael. 15, 54; cf.

    casus,

    id. Div. 2, 6, 15:

    caecus atque amens tribunus,

    id. Sest. 7, 17:

    caecum me et praecipitem ferri,

    id. Planc. 3, 6:

    mater caeca crudelitate et scelere,

    id. Clu. 70, 199:

    cupidine,

    Sall. J. 25, 7:

    amentiā,

    Cic. Har. Resp. 23, 48:

    quem mala stultitia Caecum agit,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 44:

    amatorem amicae Turpia decipiunt caecum vitia,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 39:

    mens,

    Tac. Agr. 43.—With ad:

    caecus ad has belli artes,

    Liv. 21, 54, 3.—With gen.:

    caecus animi,

    Quint. 1, 10, 29; Gell. 12, 13, 4:

    fati futuri,

    ignorant of, Luc. 2, 14; cf. Claud. Rapt. Pros. 1, 138.— Subst.: Caeci, ōrum, m., the blind people, i.e. the people of Chalcedon, according to the oracle at Delphi. Tac. A. 12, 63; cf. Plin. 5, 32, 43, § 149. —
    2.
    Meton. of the passions themselves:

    caeca honorum cupido,

    Lucr. 3, 59; Ov. M. 3, 620:

    ac temeraria dominatrix animi cupiditas,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 2, 2; id. Pis. 24, 57:

    exspectatio,

    id. Agr. 2, 25, 66:

    amor,

    Ov. F. 2, 762:

    amor sui,

    Hor. C. 1, 18, 14:

    festinatio,

    Liv. 22, 39, 22:

    furor,

    Hor. Epod. 7, 13:

    caeca et sopita socordia,

    Quint. 1, 2, 5:

    ambitio,

    Sen. Ben. 7, 26, 4.—
    3.
    Pregn., blind, i.e. at random, vague, indiscriminate, aimless:

    in hac calumniā timoris et caecae suspitionis tormento,

    Cic. Fam. 6, 7, 4:

    caeco quodam timore... quaerebant aliquem ducem,

    id. Lig. 1, 3:

    caecique in nubibus ignes Terrificant animos,

    Verg. A. 4, 209:

    caeca regens filo vestigia,

    id. ib. 6, 30:

    ne sint caecae, pater, exsecrationes tuae,

    Liv. 40, 10, 1:

    et caeco flentque paventque metu,

    Ov. F. 2, 822:

    lymphatis caeco pavore animis,

    Tac. H. 1, 82:

    cervus... Caeco timore proximam villam petit,

    Phaedr. 2, 8, 3:

    timor,

    Ov. Am. 1, 4, 42.—
    C.
    Transf.
    1.
    Of plants, without buds or eyes:

    rami,

    Plin. 16, 30, 54, § 125; cf. caeco and oculus. —
    2.
    Of the large intestine:

    intestinum,

    the cœcum, Cels. 4, 1, 28; 4, 14, 1.—
    II. A.
    Lit.: sunt igitur venti nimirum corpora caeca, winds are accordingly bodies, although invisible, Lucr. 1, 278; 1, 296; 1, 329;

    2, 713: vallum caecum,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 28; cf.: caecum vallum dicitur, in quo praeacuti pali terrae affixi herbis vel frondibus occuluntur, Paul. ex Fest. p. 44 Müll.; so,

    fossae,

    covered, Col. 2, 2, 9; Pall. Mai, 3. 1:

    in vada caeca ferre,

    Verg. A. 1, 536:

    fores,

    private, id. ib. 2, 453:

    spiramenta,

    id. G. 1, 89:

    colubri,

    Col. 10, 231:

    ignis,

    Lucr. 4, 929:

    venenum,

    id. 6, 822:

    tabes,

    Ov. M. 9, 174:

    viae,

    blind ways, Tib. 2, 1, 78:

    insidiae armaque,

    Ov. F 2, 214; cf. Sil. 5, 3:

    saxa,

    Verg. A. 3, 706; 5, 164:

    vulnus,

    a secret wound, Lucr. 4, 1116;

    but also,

    a wound upon the back, Verg. A. 10, 733; cf.

    in the same sense, ictus,

    Liv. 34, 14, 11; Sil. 9, 105 (cf.: caecum corpus, the back, I. A. supra):

    caeca manus, i.e. abscondita,

    Ov. M. 12, 492:

    caecum domūs scelus,

    Verg. A. 1, 356.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    caecas exponere causas,

    Lucr. 3, 317:

    improba navigii ratio, tum caeca jacebat,

    lay still concealed, id. 5, 1004; so,

    venti potestas,

    id. 3, 248; 3, 270: fluctus, Sisenn. ap. Non. p. 449, 10:

    caeca et clandestina natura,

    Lucr. 1, 779:

    res caecae et ab aspectūs judicio remotae,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 87, 357:

    obscurum atque caecum,

    id. Agr. 2, 14, 36:

    fata,

    Hor. C. 2, 13, 16:

    sors,

    id. S. 2, 3, 269:

    tumultus,

    secret conspiracies, Verg. G. 1, 464:

    amor,

    id. ib. 3, 210; cf.:

    stimulos in pectore caecos Condidit,

    Ov. M. 1, 726. In Plaut. once, prob. taken from the vulgar lang.: caecā die emere, upon a concealed ( pay-) day, i.e. to purchase on credit (opp. oculata dies, i.e. for ready money): Ca. Pereo inopiā argentariā. Ba. Emito die caecā hercle olivom, id vendito oculatā die, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 67.—
    2.
    By poet. license, transf. to the hearing:

    murmur,

    Verg. A. 12, 591 (as we, by a similar meton., say a hollow sound; cf. on the other hand, in Gr. tuphlos ta ôta); so,

    clamor,

    Val. Fl. 2, 461:

    mugitusterrae,

    Sen. Troad. 171.—
    III.
    Neutr., that obstructs the sight, or trop., the perception; dark, gloomy, thick, dense, obscure.
    A.
    Lit.:

    nox,

    Cic. Mil. 19, 50; Lucr. 1, 1108; Cat. 68, 44; Ov. M. 10, 476; 11, 521:

    caligo,

    Lucr. 3, 305; 4, 457; Cat. 64, 908; Verg. A. 3, 203; 8, 253:

    tenebrae,

    Lucr. 2, 54; 2, 746; 2, 798; 3, 87; 6, 35;

    3, 87: silentia, i.e. nox,

    Sil. 7, 350:

    latebrae,

    Lucr. 1, 409:

    iter,

    Ov. M. 10, 456:

    loca,

    Prop. 1, 19, 8:

    cavernae,

    Ov. M. 15, 299; Sil. 7, 372:

    latus,

    Verg. A. 2, 19:

    cubiculum si fenestram non habet, dicitur caecum,

    Varr. L. L. 9, § 58 Müll.; so,

    domus,

    without windows, Cic. Or. 67, 224:

    parietes,

    Verg. A. 5, 589:

    pulvis,

    id. ib. 12, 444:

    carcer,

    id. ib. 6, 734:

    sardonyches,

    not transparent, opaque, Plin. 37, 6, 23, § 86:

    smaragdi,

    id. 37, 5, 18, § 68: acervus (of chaos), chaotic, confused, Ov M. 1, 24; Col. 4, 32, 4' chaos, Sen. Med. 741, Sil. 11, 456.—
    B.
    Trop., uncertain, doubtful: obscurā spe et caecā exspectatione pendere, i.e. of an uncertain consequence or result, Cic. Agr. 2, 25, 66:

    quod temere fit caeco casu,

    id. Div. 2, 6, 15. cursus (Fortunae), Luc. 2, 567:

    eventus,

    Verg. A. 6, 157:

    caeci morbi, quorum causas ne medici quidem perspicere queunt,

    Col. 1, 5, 6; so,

    dolores,

    Plin. 29, 2, 10, § 38; 29, 3, 13, § 55:

    crimen,

    that cannot be proved, Liv. 45, 31, 11.— Subst.: caecum, i, n., uncertainty, obscurity ( poet.):

    verum in caeco esse,

    Manil. 4, 304.—
    * Comp., Hor. S. 1, 2, 91.— Sup. and adv. not in. use.
    2.
    Caecus, i, m.; agnomen of Appius Claudius Crassus, as being blind, Cic. Brut. 14, 55; cf. Liv. 9, 29, 11; Cic. Sen. 6, 16.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Caeci

  • 4 caecum

    1.
    caecus (not coecus; sometimes in MSS. cēcus), a, um, adj. [akin to skia, skotos; Sanscr. khāyā, shadow], having no light, devoid of light.
    I.
    Act., not seeing, blind.
    A.
    Lit.:

    Appius, qui caecus annos multos fuit,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 38, 112:

    traditum est enim Homerum caecum fuisse,

    id. ib. 5, 39, 114; Lucr. 5, 839:

    catuli, qui jam dispecturi sunt, caeci aeque et hi qui modo nati,

    Cic. Fin. 4, 23, 64:

    si facie miserabili senis, caeci, infantis,

    Quint. 4, 1, 42:

    caecum corpus,

    the blind part of the body, the back, Sall. J. 107, 1:

    perdices caecae impetu,

    Plin. 10, 33, 51, § 102:

    gigni,

    Vell. 1, 5, 2.—
    2.
    Prov.:

    ut si Caecus iter monstrare velit,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 4:

    apparet id quidem etiam caeco,

    even a blind man can see that, Liv. 32, 34, 3:

    caecis hoc, ut aiunt, satis clarum est,

    Quint. 12, 7, 9.—
    B.
    Trop., mentally or morally blind, blinded (freq. in prose and poetry):

    o pectora caeca!

    Lucr. 2, 14:

    non solum ipsa Fortuna caeca est, sed eos etiam plerumque efficit caecos, quos complexa est,

    Cic. Lael. 15, 54; cf.

    casus,

    id. Div. 2, 6, 15:

    caecus atque amens tribunus,

    id. Sest. 7, 17:

    caecum me et praecipitem ferri,

    id. Planc. 3, 6:

    mater caeca crudelitate et scelere,

    id. Clu. 70, 199:

    cupidine,

    Sall. J. 25, 7:

    amentiā,

    Cic. Har. Resp. 23, 48:

    quem mala stultitia Caecum agit,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 44:

    amatorem amicae Turpia decipiunt caecum vitia,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 39:

    mens,

    Tac. Agr. 43.—With ad:

    caecus ad has belli artes,

    Liv. 21, 54, 3.—With gen.:

    caecus animi,

    Quint. 1, 10, 29; Gell. 12, 13, 4:

    fati futuri,

    ignorant of, Luc. 2, 14; cf. Claud. Rapt. Pros. 1, 138.— Subst.: Caeci, ōrum, m., the blind people, i.e. the people of Chalcedon, according to the oracle at Delphi. Tac. A. 12, 63; cf. Plin. 5, 32, 43, § 149. —
    2.
    Meton. of the passions themselves:

    caeca honorum cupido,

    Lucr. 3, 59; Ov. M. 3, 620:

    ac temeraria dominatrix animi cupiditas,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 2, 2; id. Pis. 24, 57:

    exspectatio,

    id. Agr. 2, 25, 66:

    amor,

    Ov. F. 2, 762:

    amor sui,

    Hor. C. 1, 18, 14:

    festinatio,

    Liv. 22, 39, 22:

    furor,

    Hor. Epod. 7, 13:

    caeca et sopita socordia,

    Quint. 1, 2, 5:

    ambitio,

    Sen. Ben. 7, 26, 4.—
    3.
    Pregn., blind, i.e. at random, vague, indiscriminate, aimless:

    in hac calumniā timoris et caecae suspitionis tormento,

    Cic. Fam. 6, 7, 4:

    caeco quodam timore... quaerebant aliquem ducem,

    id. Lig. 1, 3:

    caecique in nubibus ignes Terrificant animos,

    Verg. A. 4, 209:

    caeca regens filo vestigia,

    id. ib. 6, 30:

    ne sint caecae, pater, exsecrationes tuae,

    Liv. 40, 10, 1:

    et caeco flentque paventque metu,

    Ov. F. 2, 822:

    lymphatis caeco pavore animis,

    Tac. H. 1, 82:

    cervus... Caeco timore proximam villam petit,

    Phaedr. 2, 8, 3:

    timor,

    Ov. Am. 1, 4, 42.—
    C.
    Transf.
    1.
    Of plants, without buds or eyes:

    rami,

    Plin. 16, 30, 54, § 125; cf. caeco and oculus. —
    2.
    Of the large intestine:

    intestinum,

    the cœcum, Cels. 4, 1, 28; 4, 14, 1.—
    II. A.
    Lit.: sunt igitur venti nimirum corpora caeca, winds are accordingly bodies, although invisible, Lucr. 1, 278; 1, 296; 1, 329;

    2, 713: vallum caecum,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 28; cf.: caecum vallum dicitur, in quo praeacuti pali terrae affixi herbis vel frondibus occuluntur, Paul. ex Fest. p. 44 Müll.; so,

    fossae,

    covered, Col. 2, 2, 9; Pall. Mai, 3. 1:

    in vada caeca ferre,

    Verg. A. 1, 536:

    fores,

    private, id. ib. 2, 453:

    spiramenta,

    id. G. 1, 89:

    colubri,

    Col. 10, 231:

    ignis,

    Lucr. 4, 929:

    venenum,

    id. 6, 822:

    tabes,

    Ov. M. 9, 174:

    viae,

    blind ways, Tib. 2, 1, 78:

    insidiae armaque,

    Ov. F 2, 214; cf. Sil. 5, 3:

    saxa,

    Verg. A. 3, 706; 5, 164:

    vulnus,

    a secret wound, Lucr. 4, 1116;

    but also,

    a wound upon the back, Verg. A. 10, 733; cf.

    in the same sense, ictus,

    Liv. 34, 14, 11; Sil. 9, 105 (cf.: caecum corpus, the back, I. A. supra):

    caeca manus, i.e. abscondita,

    Ov. M. 12, 492:

    caecum domūs scelus,

    Verg. A. 1, 356.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    caecas exponere causas,

    Lucr. 3, 317:

    improba navigii ratio, tum caeca jacebat,

    lay still concealed, id. 5, 1004; so,

    venti potestas,

    id. 3, 248; 3, 270: fluctus, Sisenn. ap. Non. p. 449, 10:

    caeca et clandestina natura,

    Lucr. 1, 779:

    res caecae et ab aspectūs judicio remotae,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 87, 357:

    obscurum atque caecum,

    id. Agr. 2, 14, 36:

    fata,

    Hor. C. 2, 13, 16:

    sors,

    id. S. 2, 3, 269:

    tumultus,

    secret conspiracies, Verg. G. 1, 464:

    amor,

    id. ib. 3, 210; cf.:

    stimulos in pectore caecos Condidit,

    Ov. M. 1, 726. In Plaut. once, prob. taken from the vulgar lang.: caecā die emere, upon a concealed ( pay-) day, i.e. to purchase on credit (opp. oculata dies, i.e. for ready money): Ca. Pereo inopiā argentariā. Ba. Emito die caecā hercle olivom, id vendito oculatā die, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 67.—
    2.
    By poet. license, transf. to the hearing:

    murmur,

    Verg. A. 12, 591 (as we, by a similar meton., say a hollow sound; cf. on the other hand, in Gr. tuphlos ta ôta); so,

    clamor,

    Val. Fl. 2, 461:

    mugitusterrae,

    Sen. Troad. 171.—
    III.
    Neutr., that obstructs the sight, or trop., the perception; dark, gloomy, thick, dense, obscure.
    A.
    Lit.:

    nox,

    Cic. Mil. 19, 50; Lucr. 1, 1108; Cat. 68, 44; Ov. M. 10, 476; 11, 521:

    caligo,

    Lucr. 3, 305; 4, 457; Cat. 64, 908; Verg. A. 3, 203; 8, 253:

    tenebrae,

    Lucr. 2, 54; 2, 746; 2, 798; 3, 87; 6, 35;

    3, 87: silentia, i.e. nox,

    Sil. 7, 350:

    latebrae,

    Lucr. 1, 409:

    iter,

    Ov. M. 10, 456:

    loca,

    Prop. 1, 19, 8:

    cavernae,

    Ov. M. 15, 299; Sil. 7, 372:

    latus,

    Verg. A. 2, 19:

    cubiculum si fenestram non habet, dicitur caecum,

    Varr. L. L. 9, § 58 Müll.; so,

    domus,

    without windows, Cic. Or. 67, 224:

    parietes,

    Verg. A. 5, 589:

    pulvis,

    id. ib. 12, 444:

    carcer,

    id. ib. 6, 734:

    sardonyches,

    not transparent, opaque, Plin. 37, 6, 23, § 86:

    smaragdi,

    id. 37, 5, 18, § 68: acervus (of chaos), chaotic, confused, Ov M. 1, 24; Col. 4, 32, 4' chaos, Sen. Med. 741, Sil. 11, 456.—
    B.
    Trop., uncertain, doubtful: obscurā spe et caecā exspectatione pendere, i.e. of an uncertain consequence or result, Cic. Agr. 2, 25, 66:

    quod temere fit caeco casu,

    id. Div. 2, 6, 15. cursus (Fortunae), Luc. 2, 567:

    eventus,

    Verg. A. 6, 157:

    caeci morbi, quorum causas ne medici quidem perspicere queunt,

    Col. 1, 5, 6; so,

    dolores,

    Plin. 29, 2, 10, § 38; 29, 3, 13, § 55:

    crimen,

    that cannot be proved, Liv. 45, 31, 11.— Subst.: caecum, i, n., uncertainty, obscurity ( poet.):

    verum in caeco esse,

    Manil. 4, 304.—
    * Comp., Hor. S. 1, 2, 91.— Sup. and adv. not in. use.
    2.
    Caecus, i, m.; agnomen of Appius Claudius Crassus, as being blind, Cic. Brut. 14, 55; cf. Liv. 9, 29, 11; Cic. Sen. 6, 16.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > caecum

  • 5 Caecus

    1.
    caecus (not coecus; sometimes in MSS. cēcus), a, um, adj. [akin to skia, skotos; Sanscr. khāyā, shadow], having no light, devoid of light.
    I.
    Act., not seeing, blind.
    A.
    Lit.:

    Appius, qui caecus annos multos fuit,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 38, 112:

    traditum est enim Homerum caecum fuisse,

    id. ib. 5, 39, 114; Lucr. 5, 839:

    catuli, qui jam dispecturi sunt, caeci aeque et hi qui modo nati,

    Cic. Fin. 4, 23, 64:

    si facie miserabili senis, caeci, infantis,

    Quint. 4, 1, 42:

    caecum corpus,

    the blind part of the body, the back, Sall. J. 107, 1:

    perdices caecae impetu,

    Plin. 10, 33, 51, § 102:

    gigni,

    Vell. 1, 5, 2.—
    2.
    Prov.:

    ut si Caecus iter monstrare velit,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 4:

    apparet id quidem etiam caeco,

    even a blind man can see that, Liv. 32, 34, 3:

    caecis hoc, ut aiunt, satis clarum est,

    Quint. 12, 7, 9.—
    B.
    Trop., mentally or morally blind, blinded (freq. in prose and poetry):

    o pectora caeca!

    Lucr. 2, 14:

    non solum ipsa Fortuna caeca est, sed eos etiam plerumque efficit caecos, quos complexa est,

    Cic. Lael. 15, 54; cf.

    casus,

    id. Div. 2, 6, 15:

    caecus atque amens tribunus,

    id. Sest. 7, 17:

    caecum me et praecipitem ferri,

    id. Planc. 3, 6:

    mater caeca crudelitate et scelere,

    id. Clu. 70, 199:

    cupidine,

    Sall. J. 25, 7:

    amentiā,

    Cic. Har. Resp. 23, 48:

    quem mala stultitia Caecum agit,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 44:

    amatorem amicae Turpia decipiunt caecum vitia,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 39:

    mens,

    Tac. Agr. 43.—With ad:

    caecus ad has belli artes,

    Liv. 21, 54, 3.—With gen.:

    caecus animi,

    Quint. 1, 10, 29; Gell. 12, 13, 4:

    fati futuri,

    ignorant of, Luc. 2, 14; cf. Claud. Rapt. Pros. 1, 138.— Subst.: Caeci, ōrum, m., the blind people, i.e. the people of Chalcedon, according to the oracle at Delphi. Tac. A. 12, 63; cf. Plin. 5, 32, 43, § 149. —
    2.
    Meton. of the passions themselves:

    caeca honorum cupido,

    Lucr. 3, 59; Ov. M. 3, 620:

    ac temeraria dominatrix animi cupiditas,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 2, 2; id. Pis. 24, 57:

    exspectatio,

    id. Agr. 2, 25, 66:

    amor,

    Ov. F. 2, 762:

    amor sui,

    Hor. C. 1, 18, 14:

    festinatio,

    Liv. 22, 39, 22:

    furor,

    Hor. Epod. 7, 13:

    caeca et sopita socordia,

    Quint. 1, 2, 5:

    ambitio,

    Sen. Ben. 7, 26, 4.—
    3.
    Pregn., blind, i.e. at random, vague, indiscriminate, aimless:

    in hac calumniā timoris et caecae suspitionis tormento,

    Cic. Fam. 6, 7, 4:

    caeco quodam timore... quaerebant aliquem ducem,

    id. Lig. 1, 3:

    caecique in nubibus ignes Terrificant animos,

    Verg. A. 4, 209:

    caeca regens filo vestigia,

    id. ib. 6, 30:

    ne sint caecae, pater, exsecrationes tuae,

    Liv. 40, 10, 1:

    et caeco flentque paventque metu,

    Ov. F. 2, 822:

    lymphatis caeco pavore animis,

    Tac. H. 1, 82:

    cervus... Caeco timore proximam villam petit,

    Phaedr. 2, 8, 3:

    timor,

    Ov. Am. 1, 4, 42.—
    C.
    Transf.
    1.
    Of plants, without buds or eyes:

    rami,

    Plin. 16, 30, 54, § 125; cf. caeco and oculus. —
    2.
    Of the large intestine:

    intestinum,

    the cœcum, Cels. 4, 1, 28; 4, 14, 1.—
    II. A.
    Lit.: sunt igitur venti nimirum corpora caeca, winds are accordingly bodies, although invisible, Lucr. 1, 278; 1, 296; 1, 329;

    2, 713: vallum caecum,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 28; cf.: caecum vallum dicitur, in quo praeacuti pali terrae affixi herbis vel frondibus occuluntur, Paul. ex Fest. p. 44 Müll.; so,

    fossae,

    covered, Col. 2, 2, 9; Pall. Mai, 3. 1:

    in vada caeca ferre,

    Verg. A. 1, 536:

    fores,

    private, id. ib. 2, 453:

    spiramenta,

    id. G. 1, 89:

    colubri,

    Col. 10, 231:

    ignis,

    Lucr. 4, 929:

    venenum,

    id. 6, 822:

    tabes,

    Ov. M. 9, 174:

    viae,

    blind ways, Tib. 2, 1, 78:

    insidiae armaque,

    Ov. F 2, 214; cf. Sil. 5, 3:

    saxa,

    Verg. A. 3, 706; 5, 164:

    vulnus,

    a secret wound, Lucr. 4, 1116;

    but also,

    a wound upon the back, Verg. A. 10, 733; cf.

    in the same sense, ictus,

    Liv. 34, 14, 11; Sil. 9, 105 (cf.: caecum corpus, the back, I. A. supra):

    caeca manus, i.e. abscondita,

    Ov. M. 12, 492:

    caecum domūs scelus,

    Verg. A. 1, 356.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    caecas exponere causas,

    Lucr. 3, 317:

    improba navigii ratio, tum caeca jacebat,

    lay still concealed, id. 5, 1004; so,

    venti potestas,

    id. 3, 248; 3, 270: fluctus, Sisenn. ap. Non. p. 449, 10:

    caeca et clandestina natura,

    Lucr. 1, 779:

    res caecae et ab aspectūs judicio remotae,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 87, 357:

    obscurum atque caecum,

    id. Agr. 2, 14, 36:

    fata,

    Hor. C. 2, 13, 16:

    sors,

    id. S. 2, 3, 269:

    tumultus,

    secret conspiracies, Verg. G. 1, 464:

    amor,

    id. ib. 3, 210; cf.:

    stimulos in pectore caecos Condidit,

    Ov. M. 1, 726. In Plaut. once, prob. taken from the vulgar lang.: caecā die emere, upon a concealed ( pay-) day, i.e. to purchase on credit (opp. oculata dies, i.e. for ready money): Ca. Pereo inopiā argentariā. Ba. Emito die caecā hercle olivom, id vendito oculatā die, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 67.—
    2.
    By poet. license, transf. to the hearing:

    murmur,

    Verg. A. 12, 591 (as we, by a similar meton., say a hollow sound; cf. on the other hand, in Gr. tuphlos ta ôta); so,

    clamor,

    Val. Fl. 2, 461:

    mugitusterrae,

    Sen. Troad. 171.—
    III.
    Neutr., that obstructs the sight, or trop., the perception; dark, gloomy, thick, dense, obscure.
    A.
    Lit.:

    nox,

    Cic. Mil. 19, 50; Lucr. 1, 1108; Cat. 68, 44; Ov. M. 10, 476; 11, 521:

    caligo,

    Lucr. 3, 305; 4, 457; Cat. 64, 908; Verg. A. 3, 203; 8, 253:

    tenebrae,

    Lucr. 2, 54; 2, 746; 2, 798; 3, 87; 6, 35;

    3, 87: silentia, i.e. nox,

    Sil. 7, 350:

    latebrae,

    Lucr. 1, 409:

    iter,

    Ov. M. 10, 456:

    loca,

    Prop. 1, 19, 8:

    cavernae,

    Ov. M. 15, 299; Sil. 7, 372:

    latus,

    Verg. A. 2, 19:

    cubiculum si fenestram non habet, dicitur caecum,

    Varr. L. L. 9, § 58 Müll.; so,

    domus,

    without windows, Cic. Or. 67, 224:

    parietes,

    Verg. A. 5, 589:

    pulvis,

    id. ib. 12, 444:

    carcer,

    id. ib. 6, 734:

    sardonyches,

    not transparent, opaque, Plin. 37, 6, 23, § 86:

    smaragdi,

    id. 37, 5, 18, § 68: acervus (of chaos), chaotic, confused, Ov M. 1, 24; Col. 4, 32, 4' chaos, Sen. Med. 741, Sil. 11, 456.—
    B.
    Trop., uncertain, doubtful: obscurā spe et caecā exspectatione pendere, i.e. of an uncertain consequence or result, Cic. Agr. 2, 25, 66:

    quod temere fit caeco casu,

    id. Div. 2, 6, 15. cursus (Fortunae), Luc. 2, 567:

    eventus,

    Verg. A. 6, 157:

    caeci morbi, quorum causas ne medici quidem perspicere queunt,

    Col. 1, 5, 6; so,

    dolores,

    Plin. 29, 2, 10, § 38; 29, 3, 13, § 55:

    crimen,

    that cannot be proved, Liv. 45, 31, 11.— Subst.: caecum, i, n., uncertainty, obscurity ( poet.):

    verum in caeco esse,

    Manil. 4, 304.—
    * Comp., Hor. S. 1, 2, 91.— Sup. and adv. not in. use.
    2.
    Caecus, i, m.; agnomen of Appius Claudius Crassus, as being blind, Cic. Brut. 14, 55; cf. Liv. 9, 29, 11; Cic. Sen. 6, 16.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Caecus

  • 6 caecus

    1.
    caecus (not coecus; sometimes in MSS. cēcus), a, um, adj. [akin to skia, skotos; Sanscr. khāyā, shadow], having no light, devoid of light.
    I.
    Act., not seeing, blind.
    A.
    Lit.:

    Appius, qui caecus annos multos fuit,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 38, 112:

    traditum est enim Homerum caecum fuisse,

    id. ib. 5, 39, 114; Lucr. 5, 839:

    catuli, qui jam dispecturi sunt, caeci aeque et hi qui modo nati,

    Cic. Fin. 4, 23, 64:

    si facie miserabili senis, caeci, infantis,

    Quint. 4, 1, 42:

    caecum corpus,

    the blind part of the body, the back, Sall. J. 107, 1:

    perdices caecae impetu,

    Plin. 10, 33, 51, § 102:

    gigni,

    Vell. 1, 5, 2.—
    2.
    Prov.:

    ut si Caecus iter monstrare velit,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 4:

    apparet id quidem etiam caeco,

    even a blind man can see that, Liv. 32, 34, 3:

    caecis hoc, ut aiunt, satis clarum est,

    Quint. 12, 7, 9.—
    B.
    Trop., mentally or morally blind, blinded (freq. in prose and poetry):

    o pectora caeca!

    Lucr. 2, 14:

    non solum ipsa Fortuna caeca est, sed eos etiam plerumque efficit caecos, quos complexa est,

    Cic. Lael. 15, 54; cf.

    casus,

    id. Div. 2, 6, 15:

    caecus atque amens tribunus,

    id. Sest. 7, 17:

    caecum me et praecipitem ferri,

    id. Planc. 3, 6:

    mater caeca crudelitate et scelere,

    id. Clu. 70, 199:

    cupidine,

    Sall. J. 25, 7:

    amentiā,

    Cic. Har. Resp. 23, 48:

    quem mala stultitia Caecum agit,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 44:

    amatorem amicae Turpia decipiunt caecum vitia,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 39:

    mens,

    Tac. Agr. 43.—With ad:

    caecus ad has belli artes,

    Liv. 21, 54, 3.—With gen.:

    caecus animi,

    Quint. 1, 10, 29; Gell. 12, 13, 4:

    fati futuri,

    ignorant of, Luc. 2, 14; cf. Claud. Rapt. Pros. 1, 138.— Subst.: Caeci, ōrum, m., the blind people, i.e. the people of Chalcedon, according to the oracle at Delphi. Tac. A. 12, 63; cf. Plin. 5, 32, 43, § 149. —
    2.
    Meton. of the passions themselves:

    caeca honorum cupido,

    Lucr. 3, 59; Ov. M. 3, 620:

    ac temeraria dominatrix animi cupiditas,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 2, 2; id. Pis. 24, 57:

    exspectatio,

    id. Agr. 2, 25, 66:

    amor,

    Ov. F. 2, 762:

    amor sui,

    Hor. C. 1, 18, 14:

    festinatio,

    Liv. 22, 39, 22:

    furor,

    Hor. Epod. 7, 13:

    caeca et sopita socordia,

    Quint. 1, 2, 5:

    ambitio,

    Sen. Ben. 7, 26, 4.—
    3.
    Pregn., blind, i.e. at random, vague, indiscriminate, aimless:

    in hac calumniā timoris et caecae suspitionis tormento,

    Cic. Fam. 6, 7, 4:

    caeco quodam timore... quaerebant aliquem ducem,

    id. Lig. 1, 3:

    caecique in nubibus ignes Terrificant animos,

    Verg. A. 4, 209:

    caeca regens filo vestigia,

    id. ib. 6, 30:

    ne sint caecae, pater, exsecrationes tuae,

    Liv. 40, 10, 1:

    et caeco flentque paventque metu,

    Ov. F. 2, 822:

    lymphatis caeco pavore animis,

    Tac. H. 1, 82:

    cervus... Caeco timore proximam villam petit,

    Phaedr. 2, 8, 3:

    timor,

    Ov. Am. 1, 4, 42.—
    C.
    Transf.
    1.
    Of plants, without buds or eyes:

    rami,

    Plin. 16, 30, 54, § 125; cf. caeco and oculus. —
    2.
    Of the large intestine:

    intestinum,

    the cœcum, Cels. 4, 1, 28; 4, 14, 1.—
    II. A.
    Lit.: sunt igitur venti nimirum corpora caeca, winds are accordingly bodies, although invisible, Lucr. 1, 278; 1, 296; 1, 329;

    2, 713: vallum caecum,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 28; cf.: caecum vallum dicitur, in quo praeacuti pali terrae affixi herbis vel frondibus occuluntur, Paul. ex Fest. p. 44 Müll.; so,

    fossae,

    covered, Col. 2, 2, 9; Pall. Mai, 3. 1:

    in vada caeca ferre,

    Verg. A. 1, 536:

    fores,

    private, id. ib. 2, 453:

    spiramenta,

    id. G. 1, 89:

    colubri,

    Col. 10, 231:

    ignis,

    Lucr. 4, 929:

    venenum,

    id. 6, 822:

    tabes,

    Ov. M. 9, 174:

    viae,

    blind ways, Tib. 2, 1, 78:

    insidiae armaque,

    Ov. F 2, 214; cf. Sil. 5, 3:

    saxa,

    Verg. A. 3, 706; 5, 164:

    vulnus,

    a secret wound, Lucr. 4, 1116;

    but also,

    a wound upon the back, Verg. A. 10, 733; cf.

    in the same sense, ictus,

    Liv. 34, 14, 11; Sil. 9, 105 (cf.: caecum corpus, the back, I. A. supra):

    caeca manus, i.e. abscondita,

    Ov. M. 12, 492:

    caecum domūs scelus,

    Verg. A. 1, 356.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    caecas exponere causas,

    Lucr. 3, 317:

    improba navigii ratio, tum caeca jacebat,

    lay still concealed, id. 5, 1004; so,

    venti potestas,

    id. 3, 248; 3, 270: fluctus, Sisenn. ap. Non. p. 449, 10:

    caeca et clandestina natura,

    Lucr. 1, 779:

    res caecae et ab aspectūs judicio remotae,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 87, 357:

    obscurum atque caecum,

    id. Agr. 2, 14, 36:

    fata,

    Hor. C. 2, 13, 16:

    sors,

    id. S. 2, 3, 269:

    tumultus,

    secret conspiracies, Verg. G. 1, 464:

    amor,

    id. ib. 3, 210; cf.:

    stimulos in pectore caecos Condidit,

    Ov. M. 1, 726. In Plaut. once, prob. taken from the vulgar lang.: caecā die emere, upon a concealed ( pay-) day, i.e. to purchase on credit (opp. oculata dies, i.e. for ready money): Ca. Pereo inopiā argentariā. Ba. Emito die caecā hercle olivom, id vendito oculatā die, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 67.—
    2.
    By poet. license, transf. to the hearing:

    murmur,

    Verg. A. 12, 591 (as we, by a similar meton., say a hollow sound; cf. on the other hand, in Gr. tuphlos ta ôta); so,

    clamor,

    Val. Fl. 2, 461:

    mugitusterrae,

    Sen. Troad. 171.—
    III.
    Neutr., that obstructs the sight, or trop., the perception; dark, gloomy, thick, dense, obscure.
    A.
    Lit.:

    nox,

    Cic. Mil. 19, 50; Lucr. 1, 1108; Cat. 68, 44; Ov. M. 10, 476; 11, 521:

    caligo,

    Lucr. 3, 305; 4, 457; Cat. 64, 908; Verg. A. 3, 203; 8, 253:

    tenebrae,

    Lucr. 2, 54; 2, 746; 2, 798; 3, 87; 6, 35;

    3, 87: silentia, i.e. nox,

    Sil. 7, 350:

    latebrae,

    Lucr. 1, 409:

    iter,

    Ov. M. 10, 456:

    loca,

    Prop. 1, 19, 8:

    cavernae,

    Ov. M. 15, 299; Sil. 7, 372:

    latus,

    Verg. A. 2, 19:

    cubiculum si fenestram non habet, dicitur caecum,

    Varr. L. L. 9, § 58 Müll.; so,

    domus,

    without windows, Cic. Or. 67, 224:

    parietes,

    Verg. A. 5, 589:

    pulvis,

    id. ib. 12, 444:

    carcer,

    id. ib. 6, 734:

    sardonyches,

    not transparent, opaque, Plin. 37, 6, 23, § 86:

    smaragdi,

    id. 37, 5, 18, § 68: acervus (of chaos), chaotic, confused, Ov M. 1, 24; Col. 4, 32, 4' chaos, Sen. Med. 741, Sil. 11, 456.—
    B.
    Trop., uncertain, doubtful: obscurā spe et caecā exspectatione pendere, i.e. of an uncertain consequence or result, Cic. Agr. 2, 25, 66:

    quod temere fit caeco casu,

    id. Div. 2, 6, 15. cursus (Fortunae), Luc. 2, 567:

    eventus,

    Verg. A. 6, 157:

    caeci morbi, quorum causas ne medici quidem perspicere queunt,

    Col. 1, 5, 6; so,

    dolores,

    Plin. 29, 2, 10, § 38; 29, 3, 13, § 55:

    crimen,

    that cannot be proved, Liv. 45, 31, 11.— Subst.: caecum, i, n., uncertainty, obscurity ( poet.):

    verum in caeco esse,

    Manil. 4, 304.—
    * Comp., Hor. S. 1, 2, 91.— Sup. and adv. not in. use.
    2.
    Caecus, i, m.; agnomen of Appius Claudius Crassus, as being blind, Cic. Brut. 14, 55; cf. Liv. 9, 29, 11; Cic. Sen. 6, 16.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > caecus

  • 7 cecus

    1.
    caecus (not coecus; sometimes in MSS. cēcus), a, um, adj. [akin to skia, skotos; Sanscr. khāyā, shadow], having no light, devoid of light.
    I.
    Act., not seeing, blind.
    A.
    Lit.:

    Appius, qui caecus annos multos fuit,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 38, 112:

    traditum est enim Homerum caecum fuisse,

    id. ib. 5, 39, 114; Lucr. 5, 839:

    catuli, qui jam dispecturi sunt, caeci aeque et hi qui modo nati,

    Cic. Fin. 4, 23, 64:

    si facie miserabili senis, caeci, infantis,

    Quint. 4, 1, 42:

    caecum corpus,

    the blind part of the body, the back, Sall. J. 107, 1:

    perdices caecae impetu,

    Plin. 10, 33, 51, § 102:

    gigni,

    Vell. 1, 5, 2.—
    2.
    Prov.:

    ut si Caecus iter monstrare velit,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 4:

    apparet id quidem etiam caeco,

    even a blind man can see that, Liv. 32, 34, 3:

    caecis hoc, ut aiunt, satis clarum est,

    Quint. 12, 7, 9.—
    B.
    Trop., mentally or morally blind, blinded (freq. in prose and poetry):

    o pectora caeca!

    Lucr. 2, 14:

    non solum ipsa Fortuna caeca est, sed eos etiam plerumque efficit caecos, quos complexa est,

    Cic. Lael. 15, 54; cf.

    casus,

    id. Div. 2, 6, 15:

    caecus atque amens tribunus,

    id. Sest. 7, 17:

    caecum me et praecipitem ferri,

    id. Planc. 3, 6:

    mater caeca crudelitate et scelere,

    id. Clu. 70, 199:

    cupidine,

    Sall. J. 25, 7:

    amentiā,

    Cic. Har. Resp. 23, 48:

    quem mala stultitia Caecum agit,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 44:

    amatorem amicae Turpia decipiunt caecum vitia,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 39:

    mens,

    Tac. Agr. 43.—With ad:

    caecus ad has belli artes,

    Liv. 21, 54, 3.—With gen.:

    caecus animi,

    Quint. 1, 10, 29; Gell. 12, 13, 4:

    fati futuri,

    ignorant of, Luc. 2, 14; cf. Claud. Rapt. Pros. 1, 138.— Subst.: Caeci, ōrum, m., the blind people, i.e. the people of Chalcedon, according to the oracle at Delphi. Tac. A. 12, 63; cf. Plin. 5, 32, 43, § 149. —
    2.
    Meton. of the passions themselves:

    caeca honorum cupido,

    Lucr. 3, 59; Ov. M. 3, 620:

    ac temeraria dominatrix animi cupiditas,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 2, 2; id. Pis. 24, 57:

    exspectatio,

    id. Agr. 2, 25, 66:

    amor,

    Ov. F. 2, 762:

    amor sui,

    Hor. C. 1, 18, 14:

    festinatio,

    Liv. 22, 39, 22:

    furor,

    Hor. Epod. 7, 13:

    caeca et sopita socordia,

    Quint. 1, 2, 5:

    ambitio,

    Sen. Ben. 7, 26, 4.—
    3.
    Pregn., blind, i.e. at random, vague, indiscriminate, aimless:

    in hac calumniā timoris et caecae suspitionis tormento,

    Cic. Fam. 6, 7, 4:

    caeco quodam timore... quaerebant aliquem ducem,

    id. Lig. 1, 3:

    caecique in nubibus ignes Terrificant animos,

    Verg. A. 4, 209:

    caeca regens filo vestigia,

    id. ib. 6, 30:

    ne sint caecae, pater, exsecrationes tuae,

    Liv. 40, 10, 1:

    et caeco flentque paventque metu,

    Ov. F. 2, 822:

    lymphatis caeco pavore animis,

    Tac. H. 1, 82:

    cervus... Caeco timore proximam villam petit,

    Phaedr. 2, 8, 3:

    timor,

    Ov. Am. 1, 4, 42.—
    C.
    Transf.
    1.
    Of plants, without buds or eyes:

    rami,

    Plin. 16, 30, 54, § 125; cf. caeco and oculus. —
    2.
    Of the large intestine:

    intestinum,

    the cœcum, Cels. 4, 1, 28; 4, 14, 1.—
    II. A.
    Lit.: sunt igitur venti nimirum corpora caeca, winds are accordingly bodies, although invisible, Lucr. 1, 278; 1, 296; 1, 329;

    2, 713: vallum caecum,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 28; cf.: caecum vallum dicitur, in quo praeacuti pali terrae affixi herbis vel frondibus occuluntur, Paul. ex Fest. p. 44 Müll.; so,

    fossae,

    covered, Col. 2, 2, 9; Pall. Mai, 3. 1:

    in vada caeca ferre,

    Verg. A. 1, 536:

    fores,

    private, id. ib. 2, 453:

    spiramenta,

    id. G. 1, 89:

    colubri,

    Col. 10, 231:

    ignis,

    Lucr. 4, 929:

    venenum,

    id. 6, 822:

    tabes,

    Ov. M. 9, 174:

    viae,

    blind ways, Tib. 2, 1, 78:

    insidiae armaque,

    Ov. F 2, 214; cf. Sil. 5, 3:

    saxa,

    Verg. A. 3, 706; 5, 164:

    vulnus,

    a secret wound, Lucr. 4, 1116;

    but also,

    a wound upon the back, Verg. A. 10, 733; cf.

    in the same sense, ictus,

    Liv. 34, 14, 11; Sil. 9, 105 (cf.: caecum corpus, the back, I. A. supra):

    caeca manus, i.e. abscondita,

    Ov. M. 12, 492:

    caecum domūs scelus,

    Verg. A. 1, 356.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    caecas exponere causas,

    Lucr. 3, 317:

    improba navigii ratio, tum caeca jacebat,

    lay still concealed, id. 5, 1004; so,

    venti potestas,

    id. 3, 248; 3, 270: fluctus, Sisenn. ap. Non. p. 449, 10:

    caeca et clandestina natura,

    Lucr. 1, 779:

    res caecae et ab aspectūs judicio remotae,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 87, 357:

    obscurum atque caecum,

    id. Agr. 2, 14, 36:

    fata,

    Hor. C. 2, 13, 16:

    sors,

    id. S. 2, 3, 269:

    tumultus,

    secret conspiracies, Verg. G. 1, 464:

    amor,

    id. ib. 3, 210; cf.:

    stimulos in pectore caecos Condidit,

    Ov. M. 1, 726. In Plaut. once, prob. taken from the vulgar lang.: caecā die emere, upon a concealed ( pay-) day, i.e. to purchase on credit (opp. oculata dies, i.e. for ready money): Ca. Pereo inopiā argentariā. Ba. Emito die caecā hercle olivom, id vendito oculatā die, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 67.—
    2.
    By poet. license, transf. to the hearing:

    murmur,

    Verg. A. 12, 591 (as we, by a similar meton., say a hollow sound; cf. on the other hand, in Gr. tuphlos ta ôta); so,

    clamor,

    Val. Fl. 2, 461:

    mugitusterrae,

    Sen. Troad. 171.—
    III.
    Neutr., that obstructs the sight, or trop., the perception; dark, gloomy, thick, dense, obscure.
    A.
    Lit.:

    nox,

    Cic. Mil. 19, 50; Lucr. 1, 1108; Cat. 68, 44; Ov. M. 10, 476; 11, 521:

    caligo,

    Lucr. 3, 305; 4, 457; Cat. 64, 908; Verg. A. 3, 203; 8, 253:

    tenebrae,

    Lucr. 2, 54; 2, 746; 2, 798; 3, 87; 6, 35;

    3, 87: silentia, i.e. nox,

    Sil. 7, 350:

    latebrae,

    Lucr. 1, 409:

    iter,

    Ov. M. 10, 456:

    loca,

    Prop. 1, 19, 8:

    cavernae,

    Ov. M. 15, 299; Sil. 7, 372:

    latus,

    Verg. A. 2, 19:

    cubiculum si fenestram non habet, dicitur caecum,

    Varr. L. L. 9, § 58 Müll.; so,

    domus,

    without windows, Cic. Or. 67, 224:

    parietes,

    Verg. A. 5, 589:

    pulvis,

    id. ib. 12, 444:

    carcer,

    id. ib. 6, 734:

    sardonyches,

    not transparent, opaque, Plin. 37, 6, 23, § 86:

    smaragdi,

    id. 37, 5, 18, § 68: acervus (of chaos), chaotic, confused, Ov M. 1, 24; Col. 4, 32, 4' chaos, Sen. Med. 741, Sil. 11, 456.—
    B.
    Trop., uncertain, doubtful: obscurā spe et caecā exspectatione pendere, i.e. of an uncertain consequence or result, Cic. Agr. 2, 25, 66:

    quod temere fit caeco casu,

    id. Div. 2, 6, 15. cursus (Fortunae), Luc. 2, 567:

    eventus,

    Verg. A. 6, 157:

    caeci morbi, quorum causas ne medici quidem perspicere queunt,

    Col. 1, 5, 6; so,

    dolores,

    Plin. 29, 2, 10, § 38; 29, 3, 13, § 55:

    crimen,

    that cannot be proved, Liv. 45, 31, 11.— Subst.: caecum, i, n., uncertainty, obscurity ( poet.):

    verum in caeco esse,

    Manil. 4, 304.—
    * Comp., Hor. S. 1, 2, 91.— Sup. and adv. not in. use.
    2.
    Caecus, i, m.; agnomen of Appius Claudius Crassus, as being blind, Cic. Brut. 14, 55; cf. Liv. 9, 29, 11; Cic. Sen. 6, 16.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > cecus

  • 8 coecus

    1.
    caecus (not coecus; sometimes in MSS. cēcus), a, um, adj. [akin to skia, skotos; Sanscr. khāyā, shadow], having no light, devoid of light.
    I.
    Act., not seeing, blind.
    A.
    Lit.:

    Appius, qui caecus annos multos fuit,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 38, 112:

    traditum est enim Homerum caecum fuisse,

    id. ib. 5, 39, 114; Lucr. 5, 839:

    catuli, qui jam dispecturi sunt, caeci aeque et hi qui modo nati,

    Cic. Fin. 4, 23, 64:

    si facie miserabili senis, caeci, infantis,

    Quint. 4, 1, 42:

    caecum corpus,

    the blind part of the body, the back, Sall. J. 107, 1:

    perdices caecae impetu,

    Plin. 10, 33, 51, § 102:

    gigni,

    Vell. 1, 5, 2.—
    2.
    Prov.:

    ut si Caecus iter monstrare velit,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 4:

    apparet id quidem etiam caeco,

    even a blind man can see that, Liv. 32, 34, 3:

    caecis hoc, ut aiunt, satis clarum est,

    Quint. 12, 7, 9.—
    B.
    Trop., mentally or morally blind, blinded (freq. in prose and poetry):

    o pectora caeca!

    Lucr. 2, 14:

    non solum ipsa Fortuna caeca est, sed eos etiam plerumque efficit caecos, quos complexa est,

    Cic. Lael. 15, 54; cf.

    casus,

    id. Div. 2, 6, 15:

    caecus atque amens tribunus,

    id. Sest. 7, 17:

    caecum me et praecipitem ferri,

    id. Planc. 3, 6:

    mater caeca crudelitate et scelere,

    id. Clu. 70, 199:

    cupidine,

    Sall. J. 25, 7:

    amentiā,

    Cic. Har. Resp. 23, 48:

    quem mala stultitia Caecum agit,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 44:

    amatorem amicae Turpia decipiunt caecum vitia,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 39:

    mens,

    Tac. Agr. 43.—With ad:

    caecus ad has belli artes,

    Liv. 21, 54, 3.—With gen.:

    caecus animi,

    Quint. 1, 10, 29; Gell. 12, 13, 4:

    fati futuri,

    ignorant of, Luc. 2, 14; cf. Claud. Rapt. Pros. 1, 138.— Subst.: Caeci, ōrum, m., the blind people, i.e. the people of Chalcedon, according to the oracle at Delphi. Tac. A. 12, 63; cf. Plin. 5, 32, 43, § 149. —
    2.
    Meton. of the passions themselves:

    caeca honorum cupido,

    Lucr. 3, 59; Ov. M. 3, 620:

    ac temeraria dominatrix animi cupiditas,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 2, 2; id. Pis. 24, 57:

    exspectatio,

    id. Agr. 2, 25, 66:

    amor,

    Ov. F. 2, 762:

    amor sui,

    Hor. C. 1, 18, 14:

    festinatio,

    Liv. 22, 39, 22:

    furor,

    Hor. Epod. 7, 13:

    caeca et sopita socordia,

    Quint. 1, 2, 5:

    ambitio,

    Sen. Ben. 7, 26, 4.—
    3.
    Pregn., blind, i.e. at random, vague, indiscriminate, aimless:

    in hac calumniā timoris et caecae suspitionis tormento,

    Cic. Fam. 6, 7, 4:

    caeco quodam timore... quaerebant aliquem ducem,

    id. Lig. 1, 3:

    caecique in nubibus ignes Terrificant animos,

    Verg. A. 4, 209:

    caeca regens filo vestigia,

    id. ib. 6, 30:

    ne sint caecae, pater, exsecrationes tuae,

    Liv. 40, 10, 1:

    et caeco flentque paventque metu,

    Ov. F. 2, 822:

    lymphatis caeco pavore animis,

    Tac. H. 1, 82:

    cervus... Caeco timore proximam villam petit,

    Phaedr. 2, 8, 3:

    timor,

    Ov. Am. 1, 4, 42.—
    C.
    Transf.
    1.
    Of plants, without buds or eyes:

    rami,

    Plin. 16, 30, 54, § 125; cf. caeco and oculus. —
    2.
    Of the large intestine:

    intestinum,

    the cœcum, Cels. 4, 1, 28; 4, 14, 1.—
    II. A.
    Lit.: sunt igitur venti nimirum corpora caeca, winds are accordingly bodies, although invisible, Lucr. 1, 278; 1, 296; 1, 329;

    2, 713: vallum caecum,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 28; cf.: caecum vallum dicitur, in quo praeacuti pali terrae affixi herbis vel frondibus occuluntur, Paul. ex Fest. p. 44 Müll.; so,

    fossae,

    covered, Col. 2, 2, 9; Pall. Mai, 3. 1:

    in vada caeca ferre,

    Verg. A. 1, 536:

    fores,

    private, id. ib. 2, 453:

    spiramenta,

    id. G. 1, 89:

    colubri,

    Col. 10, 231:

    ignis,

    Lucr. 4, 929:

    venenum,

    id. 6, 822:

    tabes,

    Ov. M. 9, 174:

    viae,

    blind ways, Tib. 2, 1, 78:

    insidiae armaque,

    Ov. F 2, 214; cf. Sil. 5, 3:

    saxa,

    Verg. A. 3, 706; 5, 164:

    vulnus,

    a secret wound, Lucr. 4, 1116;

    but also,

    a wound upon the back, Verg. A. 10, 733; cf.

    in the same sense, ictus,

    Liv. 34, 14, 11; Sil. 9, 105 (cf.: caecum corpus, the back, I. A. supra):

    caeca manus, i.e. abscondita,

    Ov. M. 12, 492:

    caecum domūs scelus,

    Verg. A. 1, 356.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    caecas exponere causas,

    Lucr. 3, 317:

    improba navigii ratio, tum caeca jacebat,

    lay still concealed, id. 5, 1004; so,

    venti potestas,

    id. 3, 248; 3, 270: fluctus, Sisenn. ap. Non. p. 449, 10:

    caeca et clandestina natura,

    Lucr. 1, 779:

    res caecae et ab aspectūs judicio remotae,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 87, 357:

    obscurum atque caecum,

    id. Agr. 2, 14, 36:

    fata,

    Hor. C. 2, 13, 16:

    sors,

    id. S. 2, 3, 269:

    tumultus,

    secret conspiracies, Verg. G. 1, 464:

    amor,

    id. ib. 3, 210; cf.:

    stimulos in pectore caecos Condidit,

    Ov. M. 1, 726. In Plaut. once, prob. taken from the vulgar lang.: caecā die emere, upon a concealed ( pay-) day, i.e. to purchase on credit (opp. oculata dies, i.e. for ready money): Ca. Pereo inopiā argentariā. Ba. Emito die caecā hercle olivom, id vendito oculatā die, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 67.—
    2.
    By poet. license, transf. to the hearing:

    murmur,

    Verg. A. 12, 591 (as we, by a similar meton., say a hollow sound; cf. on the other hand, in Gr. tuphlos ta ôta); so,

    clamor,

    Val. Fl. 2, 461:

    mugitusterrae,

    Sen. Troad. 171.—
    III.
    Neutr., that obstructs the sight, or trop., the perception; dark, gloomy, thick, dense, obscure.
    A.
    Lit.:

    nox,

    Cic. Mil. 19, 50; Lucr. 1, 1108; Cat. 68, 44; Ov. M. 10, 476; 11, 521:

    caligo,

    Lucr. 3, 305; 4, 457; Cat. 64, 908; Verg. A. 3, 203; 8, 253:

    tenebrae,

    Lucr. 2, 54; 2, 746; 2, 798; 3, 87; 6, 35;

    3, 87: silentia, i.e. nox,

    Sil. 7, 350:

    latebrae,

    Lucr. 1, 409:

    iter,

    Ov. M. 10, 456:

    loca,

    Prop. 1, 19, 8:

    cavernae,

    Ov. M. 15, 299; Sil. 7, 372:

    latus,

    Verg. A. 2, 19:

    cubiculum si fenestram non habet, dicitur caecum,

    Varr. L. L. 9, § 58 Müll.; so,

    domus,

    without windows, Cic. Or. 67, 224:

    parietes,

    Verg. A. 5, 589:

    pulvis,

    id. ib. 12, 444:

    carcer,

    id. ib. 6, 734:

    sardonyches,

    not transparent, opaque, Plin. 37, 6, 23, § 86:

    smaragdi,

    id. 37, 5, 18, § 68: acervus (of chaos), chaotic, confused, Ov M. 1, 24; Col. 4, 32, 4' chaos, Sen. Med. 741, Sil. 11, 456.—
    B.
    Trop., uncertain, doubtful: obscurā spe et caecā exspectatione pendere, i.e. of an uncertain consequence or result, Cic. Agr. 2, 25, 66:

    quod temere fit caeco casu,

    id. Div. 2, 6, 15. cursus (Fortunae), Luc. 2, 567:

    eventus,

    Verg. A. 6, 157:

    caeci morbi, quorum causas ne medici quidem perspicere queunt,

    Col. 1, 5, 6; so,

    dolores,

    Plin. 29, 2, 10, § 38; 29, 3, 13, § 55:

    crimen,

    that cannot be proved, Liv. 45, 31, 11.— Subst.: caecum, i, n., uncertainty, obscurity ( poet.):

    verum in caeco esse,

    Manil. 4, 304.—
    * Comp., Hor. S. 1, 2, 91.— Sup. and adv. not in. use.
    2.
    Caecus, i, m.; agnomen of Appius Claudius Crassus, as being blind, Cic. Brut. 14, 55; cf. Liv. 9, 29, 11; Cic. Sen. 6, 16.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > coecus

  • 9 in

    1.
    in (old forms endŏ and indŭ, freq. in ante-class. poets; cf. Enn. ap. Gell. 12, 4; id. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2; Lucil. ap. Lact. 5, 9, 20; Lucr. 2, 1096; 5, 102; 6, 890 et saep.), prep. with abl. and acc. [kindr. with Sanscr. an; Greek en, en-tha, en-then, eis, i. e. en-s, ana; Goth. ana; Germ. in], denotes either rest or motion within or into a place or thing; opp. to ex; in, within, on, upon, among, at; into, to, towards.
    I.
    With abl.
    A.
    In space.
    1.
    Lit., in (with abl. of the place or thing in which):

    aliorum fructus in terra est, aliorum et extra,

    Plin. 19, 4, 22, § 61:

    alii in corde, alii in cerebro dixerunt animi esse sedem et locum,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 9, 19:

    eo in rostris sedente suasit Serviliam legem Crassus,

    id. Brut. 43, 161:

    qui sunt cives in eadem re publica,

    id. Rep. 1, 32 fin.:

    facillimam in ea re publica esse concordiam, in qua idem conducat omnibus,

    id. ib.:

    T. Labienus ex loco superiore, quae res in nostris castris gererentur, conspicatus,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 26, 4:

    quod si in scaena, id est in contione verum valet, etc.,

    Cic. Lael. 26, 97:

    in foro palam Syracusis,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 33, § 81:

    plures in eo loco sine vulnere quam in proelio aut fuga intereunt,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 35:

    tulit de caede, quae in Appia via facta esset,

    Cic. Mil. 6, 15:

    in via fornicata,

    Liv. 22, 36:

    vigebat in illa domo mos patrius et disciplina,

    Cic. de Sen. 11, 37:

    in domo furtum factum ab eo qui domi fuit,

    Quint. 5, 10, 16:

    nupta in domo,

    Liv. 6, 34, 9:

    copias in castris continent,

    in, within, Caes. B. C. 1, 66:

    cum in angusto quodam pulpito stans diceret,

    Quint. 11, 3, 130:

    se ac suos in vehiculo conspici,

    Liv. 5, 40, 10:

    malo in illa tua sedecula sedere, quam in istorum sella curuli,

    Cic. Att. 4, 10:

    sedere in solio,

    id. Fin. 2, 21, 66:

    Albae constiterant, in urbe opportuna,

    id. Phil. 4, 2, 6. —

    Sometimes, also, with names of places: omnes se ultro sectari in Epheso memorat mulieres,

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 182:

    heri aliquot adolescentuli coiimus in Piraeo,

    Ter. Eun. 3, 4, 1:

    navis et in Cajeta est parata nobis et Brundisii,

    Cic. Att. 8, 3, 6:

    complures (naves) in Hispali faciendas curavit,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 18:

    caesos in Marathone ac Salamine,

    Quint. 12, 10, 24:

    in Berenice urbe Troglodytarum,

    Plin. 2, 73, 75, § 183.—
    2.
    In indicating a multitude or number, of, in, or among which a person or thing is, in, among (= gen. part.):

    in his poeta hic nomen profitetur suum,

    Ter. Eun. prol. 3:

    Thales, qui sapientissimus in septem fuit,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 11, 26:

    peto ut eum complectare, diligas, in tuis habeas,

    id. Fam. 13, 78, 2; cf.:

    in perditis et desperatis,

    id. ib. 13, 56, 1:

    omnia quae secundum naturam fiunt, sunt habenda in bonis,

    id. de Sen. 19, 71:

    dolor in maximis malis ducitur,

    id. Leg. 1, 11, 31:

    justissimus unus in Teucris,

    Verg. A. 2, 426:

    cecidere in pugna ad duo milia... in his quatuor Romani centuriones,

    Liv. 27, 12, 16:

    in diis et feminae sunt,

    Lact. 1, 16, 17.—
    3.
    Of analogous relations of place or position:

    sedere in equo,

    on horseback, id. Verr. 2, 5, 10:

    quid legati in equis,

    id. Pis. 25, 60:

    sedere in leone,

    Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 109:

    in eo flumine pons erat,

    on, over, Caes. B. G. 2, 5:

    in herboso Apidano,

    on the banks of, Prop. 1, 3, 6:

    in digitis,

    on tiptoe, Val. Fl. 4, 267:

    castra in limite locat,

    on the rampart, Tac. A. 1, 50:

    ipse coronam habebat unam in capite, alteram in collo,

    on, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 11, § 27:

    oleae in arbore,

    Cels. 2, 24:

    Caesaris in barbaris erat nomen obscurius,

    among, Caes. B. C. 1, 61:

    in ceteris nationibus, Cels. praef. 1: qui in Brutiis praeerat,

    Liv. 25, 16, 7:

    in juvenibus,

    Quint. 11, 1, 32:

    nutus in mutis pro sermone est,

    id. 11, 3, 66.—Of dress, like cum, q. v.:

    in veste candida,

    Liv. 45, 20, 5; 34, 7, 3:

    in calceis,

    id. 24, 38, 2:

    in insignibus,

    id. 5, 41, 2:

    in tunicis albis,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 27, 13:

    in Persico et vulgari habitu,

    Curt. 3, 3, 4:

    in lugubri veste,

    id. 10, 5, 17:

    in Tyriis,

    Ov. A. A. 2, 297:

    in Cois,

    id. ib. v. 298; cf.:

    homines in catenis Romam mittere,

    Liv. 29, 21, 12; 32, 1, 8: quis multa te in rosa urget, etc., Hor C. 1, 5, 1; so, in viola aut in rosa, Cic. Tusc. [p. 912] 5, 26, 73.—So of arms:

    duas legiones in armis,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 11, 6; cf. Verg. A. 3, 395:

    in armis hostis,

    under arms, Ov. M. 12,65:

    quae in ore atque in oculis provinciae gesta sunt (= coram),

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 33, § 81; so,

    in oculis provinciae,

    id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 2:

    in oculis omnium,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 7:

    divitiae, decus, gloria in oculis sita sunt,

    Sall. C. 20, 14; Curt. 4, 13, 1; Liv. 22, 12, 6:

    Julianus in ore ejus (Vitellii) jugulatur,

    Tac. H. 3, 77; Sen. Ben. 7, 19, 7.—Of a passage in any writing (but when the author is named, by meton., for his works, apud is used, Krebs, Antibarb. p. 561):

    in populorum institutis aut legibus,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 15, 42:

    in illis libris qui sunt de natura deorum,

    id. Fat. 1, 1:

    in Timaeo dicit,

    id. N. D. 1, 12, 30:

    epistula, in qua omnia perscripta erant,

    Nep. Pelop. 3, 2:

    perscribit in litteris, hostes ab se discessisse,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 49; but in is also used with an author's name when, not a place in his book, but a feature of his style, etc., is referred to:

    in Thucydide orbem modo orationis desidero,

    Cic. Or. 71, 234:

    in Herodoto omnia leniter fluunt,

    Quint. 9, 4, 18.—Of books:

    libri oratorii diu in manibus fuerunt,

    Cic. Att. 4, 13, 2; id. Lael. 25, 96; but more freq. trop.: in manibus habere, tenere, etc., to be engaged, occupied with, to have under control or within reach:

    philosophi quamcunque rem habent in manibus,

    id. Tusc. 5, 7, 18:

    quam spem nunc habeat in manibus, exponam,

    id. Verr. 1, 6, 16:

    rem habere in manibus,

    id. Att. 6, 3, 1; cf.:

    neque mihi in manu fuit Jugurtha qualis foret,

    in my power, Sall. J. 14, 4:

    postquam nihil esse in manu sua respondebatur,

    Liv. 32, 24, 2:

    quod ipsorum in manu sit,... bellum an pacem malint,

    Tac. A. 2, 46; but, cum tantum belli in manibus esset, was in hand, busied (cf.:

    inter manus),

    Liv. 4, 57, 1; so,

    quorum epistulas in manu teneo,

    Cic. Phil. 12, 4, 9; cf. id. Att. 2, 2, 2:

    in manu poculum tenens,

    id. Tusc. 1, 29, 71:

    coronati et lauream in manu tenentes,

    Liv. 40, 37, 3; Suet. Claud. 15 fin. —Of that which is thought of as existing in the mind, memory, character, etc.:

    in animo esse,

    Cic. Fam. 14, 11:

    in animo habere,

    id. Rosc. Am. 18, 52:

    lex est ratio insita in natura,

    id. Leg. 1, 6, 18:

    in memoria sedere,

    id. de Or. 2, 28, 122; cf.:

    tacito mutos volvunt in pectore questus,

    Luc. 1, 247:

    quanta auctoritas fuit in C. Metello!

    Cic. de Sen. 17, 61. —So freq. of a person's qualities of mind or character:

    erat in eo summa eloquentia, summa fides,

    Cic. Mur. 28, 58; cf.:

    in omni animante est summum aliquid atque optimum, ut in equis,

    id. Fin. 4, 41, 37:

    si quid artis in medicis est,

    Curt. 3, 5, 13; cf.:

    nibil esse in morte timendum,

    Lucr. 3, 866.— Esp., in eo loco, in that state or condition:

    in eo enim loco res sunt nostrae, ut, etc.,

    Liv. 7, 35, 7: si vos in eo loco essetis, quid aliud fecissetis? Cat. ap. Quint. 9, 2, 21; so,

    quo in loco, etc.: cum ex equitum et calonum fuga, quo in loco res essent, cognovissent,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 26:

    videtis, quo in loco res haec siet, Ter Phorm. 2, 4, 6: quod ipse, si in eodem loco esset, facturus fuerit,

    Liv. 37, 14, 5.—Hence, without loco, in eo esse ut, etc., to be in such a condition, etc.:

    non in eo esse Carthaginiensium res, ut Galliam armis obtineant,

    Liv. 30, 19, 3:

    cum res non in eo esset, ut Cyprum tentaret,

    id. 33, 41, 9; 8, 27, 3; 2, 17, 5; Nep. Mil. 7, 3; id. Paus. 5, 1 (cf. I. C. 1. infra).—
    B.
    In time, indicating its duration, in, during, in the course of:

    feci ego istaec itidem in adulescentia,

    in my youth, when I was young, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 6:

    in tempore hoc,

    Ter. And. 4, 5, 24:

    in hoc tempore,

    Tac. A. 13, 47:

    in tali tempore,

    Sall. C. 48, 5; Liv. 22, 35; 24, 28 al.:

    in diebus paucis,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 77:

    in brevi spatio,

    id. Heaut. 5, 2, 2; Suet. Vesp. 4:

    in qua aetate,

    Cic. Brut. 43 fin.:

    in ea aetate,

    Liv. 1, 57:

    in omni aetate,

    Cic. de Sen. 3, 9:

    in aetate, qua jam Alexander orbem terrarum subegisset,

    Suet. Caes. 7:

    qua (sc. Iphigenia) nihil erat in eo quidem anno natum pulchrius,

    in the course of, during the year, Cic. Off. 3, 25, 95 (al. eo quidem anno):

    nihil in vita se simile fecisse,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 91: nihil in vita vidit calamitatis A. Cluentius. id. Clu. 6, 18:

    in tota vita inconstans,

    id. Tusc. 4, 13, 29.—
    b.
    In tempore, at the right or proper time, in time (Cic. uses only tempore; v. tempus): eccum ipsum video in tempore huc se recipere, Ter. Phorm. 2, 4, 24:

    ni pedites equitesque in tempore subvenissent,

    Liv. 33, 5:

    spreta in tempore gloria interdum cumulatior redit,

    id. 2, 47:

    rebellaturi,

    Tac. A. 12, 50:

    atque adeo in ipso tempore eccum ipsum obviam,

    Ter. And. 3, 2, 52: in tempore, opportune. Nos sine praepositione dicimus tempore et tempori, Don. ad Ter. And. 4, 4, 19.—
    c.
    In praesentia and in praesenti, at present, now, at this moment, under these circumstances:

    sic enim mihi in praesentia occurrit,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 8, 14:

    vestrae quidem cenae non solum in praesentia, sed etiam postero die jucundae sunt,

    id. ib. 5, 35, 100:

    id quod unum maxime in praesentia desiderabatur,

    Liv. 21, 37:

    haec ad te in praesenti scripsi, ut, etc.,

    for the present, Cic. Fam. 2, 10, 4.—
    d.
    With gerunds and fut. pass. participles, to indicate duration of time, in:

    fit, ut distrahatur in deliberando animus,

    Cic. Off. 1, 3, 9; id. Fam. 2, 6, 2:

    vitiosum esse in dividendo partem in genere numerare,

    id. Fin. 2, 9, 26:

    quod in litteris dandis praeter consuetudinem proxima nocte vigilarat,

    id. Cat. 3, 3, 6:

    ne in quaerendis suis pugnandi tempus dimitteret,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 21:

    in agris vastandis incendiisque faciendis hostibus,

    in laying waste, id. ib. 5, 19:

    in excidenda Numantia,

    Cic. Off. 1, 22, 76:

    cum in immolanda Iphigenia tristis Calchas esset,

    id. Or. 21, 74.—
    C.
    In other relations, where a person or thing is thought of as in a certain condition, situation, or relation, in:

    qui magno in aere alieno majores etiam possessiones habent,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 8, 18:

    se in insperatis repentinisque pecuniis jactare,

    id. Cat. 2, 9, 20:

    Larinum in summo timore omnium cum armatis advolavit,

    id. Clu. 8, 25.—

    So freq., of qualities or states of mind: summa in sollicitudine ac timore Parthici belli,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 31:

    torpescentne dextrae in amentia illa?

    Liv. 23, 9, 7:

    hunc diem perpetuum in laetitia degere,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 1, 5; Cic. Cat. 4, 1, 2:

    in metu,

    Tac. A. 14, 43:

    in voluptate,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 19, 62:

    alicui in amore esse,

    beloved, id. Verr. 2, 4, 1, § 3:

    alicui in amoribus esse,

    id. Att. 6, 1, 12:

    res in invidia erat,

    Sall. J. 25, 5; Liv. 29, 37, 17: sum in expectatione omnium rerum, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 4, 10:

    num... Diogenem Stoicum coegit in suis studiis obmutescere senectus?

    in his studies, Cic. de Sen. 7, 21:

    mirificam cepi voluptatem ex tua diligentia: quod in summis tuis occupationibus mihi tamen rei publicae statum per te notum esse voluisti,

    even in, notwithstanding your great occupations, id. Fam. 3, 11, 4.—

    So freq., of business, employment, occupations, etc.: in aliqua re versari,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 47, § 105:

    similia iis, quae in consilio dixerat,

    Curt. 5, 5, 23:

    in certamine armorum atque in omni palaestra quid satis recte cavetur,

    Quint. 9, 4, 8:

    agi in judiciis,

    id. 11, 1, 78:

    tum vos mihi essetis in consilio,

    Cic. Rep. 3, 18, 28:

    in actione... dicere,

    Quint. 8, 2, 2.—Of an office, magistracy:

    in quo tum magistratu forte Brutus erat,

    Liv. 1, 59, 7; 4, 17, 1:

    in eo magistratu pari diligentia se praebuit,

    Nep. Han. 7, 5 (cf. B. 1. supra):

    in ea ipsa causa fuit eloquentissimus,

    Cic. Brut, 43, 160:

    qui non defendit nec obsistit, si potest, injuriae, tam est in vitio, quam, etc.,

    is in the wrong, acts wrongly, id. Off. 1, 7, 23:

    etsi hoc quidem est in vitio, dissolutionem naturae tam valde perhorrescere,

    is wrong, id. Fin. 5, 11, 31:

    non sunt in eo genere tantae commoditates corporis,

    id. ib. 4, 12, 29; cf.:

    an omnino nulla sit in eo genere distinctio,

    id. Or. 61, 205:

    Drusus erat de praevaricatione absolutus in summa quatuor sententiis,

    on the whole, Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 16; cf.:

    et in omni summa, ut mones, valde me ad otium pacemque converto,

    id. ib. 3, 5, 5;

    but, in summa, sic maxime judex credit, etc.,

    in a word, in fine, Quint. 9, 2, 72; Auct. B. Alex. 71; Just. 37, 1, 8:

    horum (juvenum) inductio in parte simulacrum decurrentis exercitus erat: ex parte elegantioris exercitii quam militaris artis,

    in part, Liv. 44, 9, 5; cf.:

    quod mihi in parte verum videtur,

    Quint. 2, 8, 6:

    patronorum in parte expeditior, in parte difficilior interrogatio est,

    id. 5, 7, 22:

    hoc facere in eo homine consueverunt,

    in the case of, Caes. B. G. 7, 21:

    in furibus aerarii,

    Sall. C. 52, 12:

    Achilles talis in hoste fuit,

    Verg. A. 2, 540:

    in hoc homine saepe a me quaeris, etc.,

    in the case of, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 3, § 6: in nominibus impiis, Sall. C. 51, 15:

    suspectus et in morte matris fuit,

    Suet. Vit. 14:

    qui praesentes metuunt, in absentia hostes erunt, = absentes,

    Curt. 6, 3, 8 (cf. I. B. c. supra).—Of the meaning of words, etc.:

    non solum in eodem sensu, sed etiam in diverso, eadem verba contra,

    Quint. 9, 3, 36:

    aliter voces aut eaedem in diversa significatione ponuntur,

    id. 9, 3, 69:

    Sallustius in significatione ista non superesse sed superare dicit,

    Gell. 1, 22, 15:

    stips non dicitur in significatione trunci,

    Charis. 1, 18, 39:

    semper in significatione ea hortus,

    Plin. 19, 4, 19, § 50. —
    2.
    In with abl. of adjj. is used with the verbs esse and habere to express quality:

    cum exitus haud in facili essent, i. e. haud faciles,

    Liv. 3, 8, 9:

    adeo moderatio tuendae libertatis in difficili est,

    id. 3, 8, 11; 3, 65, 11; but mostly with adjj. of the first and second declension:

    in obscuro esse, Liv. praef. § 3: in dubio esse,

    id. 2, 3, 1; 3, 19, 8; Ov. H. 19, 174:

    dum in dubiost animus,

    Ter. And. 1, 5, 31; 2, 2, 10:

    in integro esse,

    Cic. Fam. 15, 16, 3; id. Att. 11, 15, 4:

    in incerto esse,

    Liv. 5, 28, 5:

    in obvio esse,

    id. 37, 23, 1:

    in tuto esse,

    id. 38, 4, 10; cf.:

    videre te in tuto,

    Cat. 30, 6:

    in aequo esse,

    Liv. 39, 37, 14; Tac. A. 2, 44:

    in expedito esse,

    Curt. 4, 2, 22:

    in proximo esse,

    Quint. 1, 3, 4:

    in aperto esse,

    Sall. C. 5, 3:

    in promisco esse,

    Liv. 7, 17, 7:

    in augusto esse,

    Cels. 5, 27, 2:

    in incerto haberi,

    Sall. J. 46, 8; Tac. A. 15, 17:

    in levi habitum,

    id. H. 2, 21; cf.:

    in incerto relinquere,

    Liv. 5, 28, 5; Tac. H. 2, 83.
    II.
    With acc.
    A.
    In space, with verbs of motion, into or to a place or thing (rarely with names of towns and small islands;

    v. Zumpt, Gram. § 398): influxit non tenuis quidam e Graecia rivulus in hanc urbem,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 19:

    in Ephesum advenit,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 1, 35:

    in Epirum venire,

    Cic. Att. 13, 25, 3:

    ibo in Piraeeum, visamque, ecquae advenerit in portum ex Epheso navis mercatoria,

    Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 2: venio ad Piraeea, in quo magis reprehendendus sum, quod... Piraeea scripserim, non Piraeeum, quam in quod addiderim;

    non enim hoc ut oppido praeposui, sed ut loco,

    Cic. Att. 7, 3, 10:

    se contulisse Tarquinios, in urbem Etruriae florentissimam,

    id. Rep. 2, 19:

    remigrare in domum veterem e nova,

    id. Ac. 1, 4, 13:

    cum in sua rura venerunt,

    id. Tusc. 5, 35, 102:

    a te ipso missi in ultimas gentes,

    id. Fam. 15, 9:

    in Ubios legatos mittere,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 11:

    dein Thalam pervenit, in oppidum magnum et opulentum,

    Sall. J. 75, 1:

    Regillum antiquam in patriam se contulerat,

    Liv. 3, 58, 1:

    abire in exercitum,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 102.— With nuntio:

    cum id Zmyrnam in contionem nuntiatum est,

    Tac. A. 4, 56:

    nuntiatur in castra,

    Lact. Most. Pers. 46; cf.:

    allatis in castra nuntiis,

    Tac. H. 4, 32: in manus sumere, tradere, etc., into one's hands:

    iste unumquodque vas in manus sumere,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 27, § 63:

    Falerios se in manus Romanis tradidisse,

    Liv. 5, 27, 3.—Rarely with the verbs ponere, collocare, etc. (pregn., i. e. to bring into... and place there):

    in crimen populo ponere,

    Plaut. Trin. 3, 3, 10:

    ut liberos, uxores suaque omnia in silvas deponerent,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 19:

    duplam pecuniam in thesauros reponi,

    Liv. 29, 19, 7:

    prius me collocavi in arborem,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 8, 6:

    sororem et propinquas suas nuptum in alias civitates collocasse,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 18.— Motion in any direction, up to, to, into, down to:

    in caelum ascendere,

    Cic. Lael. 23 fin.:

    filium ipse paene in umeros suos extulisset,

    id. de Or. 1, 53, 228:

    tamquam in aram confugitis ad deum,

    up to the altar, id. Tusc. 3, 10, 25:

    Saturno tenebrosa in Tartara misso,

    Ov. M. 1, 113:

    in flumen deicere,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 25, 70; Nep. Chab. 4, 3.—
    2.
    Denoting mere direction towards a place or thing, and hence sometimes joined with versus, towards:

    quid nunc supina sursum in caelum conspicis,

    Plaut. Cist. 2, 3, 78:

    si in latus aut dextrum aut sinistrum, ut ipsi in usu est, cubat,

    Cels. 2, 3:

    Belgae spectant in septentriones et orientem solem,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 1:

    in orientem Germaniae, in occidentem Hispaniae obtenditur, Gallis in meridiem etiam inspicitur,

    Tac. Agr. 10:

    in laevum prona nixus sedet Inachus urna,

    Stat. Th. 2, 218.—With versus:

    castra ex Biturigibus movet in Arvernos versus,

    towards, Caes. B. G. 7, 8 fin.:

    in Galliam versus movere,

    Sall. C. 56, 4: in [p. 913] ltaliam versus, Front. Strat. 1, 4, 11:

    si in urbem versus venturi erant,

    Plin. Ep. 10, 82. —
    3.
    So of that which is thought of as entering into the mind, memory, etc. (cf. I. A. 2. fin.):

    in memoriam reducere,

    Cic. Inv 1, 52, 98:

    in animum inducere,

    Liv. 27, 9:

    in mentem venire,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 3:

    frequens imitatio transit in mores,

    Quint. 1, 11, 3. —

    Or into a writing or speech: in illam Metellinam orationem addidi quaedam,

    Cic. Att. 1, 13, 5.—
    B.
    In time, into, till, for:

    dormiet in lucem,

    into the daylight, till broad day, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 34:

    statim e somno, quem plerumque in diem extrahunt, lavantur,

    Tac. G. 22: sermonem in multam noctem produximus, deep into the night, Cic. Rep. Fragm. ap. Arus. Mess. p. 239 Lindem.:

    in multam noctem luxit,

    Suet. Tib. 74:

    si febris in noctem augetur,

    Cels. 7, 27:

    dixit in noctem atque etiam nocte illatis lucernis,

    Plin. Ep. 4, 9, 14:

    indutias in triginta annos impetraverunt,

    for thirty years, Liv. 9, 37, 12; 7, 20, 8:

    nisi id verbum in omne tempus perdidissem,

    forever, Cic. Fam. 5, 15, 1:

    ad cenam hominem in hortos invitavit in posterum diem,

    for the following day, id. Off. 3, 14, 58:

    audistis auctionem constitutam in mensem Januarium,

    id. Agr. 1, 2, 4:

    subito reliquit annum suum seque in annum proximum transtulit,

    id. Mil. 9, 24:

    solis defectiones itemque lunae praedicuntur in multos annos,

    for many years, id. Div. 2, 6, 17:

    postero die Romani ab sole orto in multum diei stetere in acie,

    Liv. 27, 2:

    qui ab matutino tempore duraverunt in occasum,

    Plin. 2, 31, 31, § 99:

    seritur (semen lini) a Kalendis Octobribus in ortum aquilae,

    Col. 2, 10, 17.—With usque:

    neque illi didicerunt haec usque in senectutem,

    Quint. 12, 11, 20:

    in illum usque diem servati,

    id. 8, 3, 68:

    in serum usque patente cubiculo,

    Suet. Oth. 11:

    regnum trahat usque in tempora fati,

    Sil. 11, 392: in posterum (posteritatem) or in futurum, in future, for the future: in praesens, for the present: in perpetuum or in aeternum, forever:

    sancit in posterum, ne quis, etc.,

    Cic. Cat. 4, 5, 10:

    res dilata est in posterum,

    id. Fam. 10, 12, 3:

    video quanta tempestas invidiae nobis, si minus in praesens, at in posteritatem impendeat,

    id. Cat. 1, 9, 22:

    id aegre et in praesentia hi passi et in futurum etiam metum ceperunt,

    Liv. 34, 27, 10; cf.:

    ingenti omnium et in praesens laetitia et in futurum spe,

    id. 30, 17, 1:

    effugis in futurum,

    Tac. H. 1, 71:

    quod eum tibi quaestoris in loco constitueras, idcirco tibi amicum in perpetuum fore putasti?

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 30; cf.:

    oppidum omni periculo in perpetuum liberavit,

    id. Fam. 13, 4, 2:

    quae (leges) non in tempus aliquod, sed perpetuae utilitatis causa in aeternum latae sunt,

    Liv. 34, 6, 4: in tempus, for a while, for a short time, for the occasion (postAug.):

    sensit miles in tempus conficta,

    Tac. A. 1, 37:

    ne urbs sine imperio esset, in tempus deligebatur, qui jus redderet,

    id. ib. 6, 11:

    scaena in tempus structa,

    id. ib. 14, 20. —So in diem, for the day, to meet the day's want:

    nihil ex raptis in diem commeatibus superabat,

    Liv. 22, 40, 8:

    rapto in diem frumento,

    id. 4, 10, 1;

    but, cum illa fundum emisset in diem,

    i. e. a fixed day of payment, Nep. Att. 9, 5: in singulos dies, or simply in dies, with comparatives and verbs denoting increase, from day to day, daily:

    vitium in dies crescit,

    Vell. 2, 5, 2:

    in dies singulos breviores litteras ad te mitto,

    Cic. Att. 5, 7:

    qui senescat in dies,

    Liv. 22, 39, 15: in diem, daily:

    nos in diem vivimus,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 11, 33:

    in diem et horam,

    Hor. S. 2, 6, 47;

    and in horas,

    hourly, id. C. 2, 13, 14; id. S. 2, 7, 10.—
    C.
    In other relations, in which an aiming at, an inclining or striving towards a thing, is conceivable, on, about, respecting; towards, against; for, as; in, to; into:

    id, quod apud Platonem est in philosophos dictum,

    about the philosophers, Cic. Off. 1, 9, 28:

    Callimachi epigramma in Ambraciotam Cleombrotum est,

    id. Tusc. 1, 34, 84; cf.:

    cum cenaret Simonides apud Scopam cecinissetque id car men, quod in eum scripsisset, etc.,

    id. de Or. 2, 86, 352:

    quo amore tandem inflammati esse debemus in ejus modi patriam,

    towards, id. ib. 1, 44, 196:

    in liberos nostros indulgentia,

    id. ib. 2, 40, 168:

    de suis meritis in rem publicam aggressus est dicere,

    id. Or. 38, 133: ita ad impietatem in deos, in homines adjunxit injuriam, against, id. N. D. 3, 34 fin.:

    in dominum quaeri,

    to be examined as a witness against, id. Mil. 22, 60:

    in eos impetum facere,

    id. Att. 2, 22, 1:

    invehi in Thebanos,

    Nep. Epam. 6, 1; id. Tim. 5, 3:

    quaecumque est hominis definitio, una in omnes valet,

    id. Leg. 1, 10, 29:

    num etiam in deos immortales inauspicatam legem valuisse?

    Liv. 7, 6, 11:

    vereor coram in os te laudare amplius,

    to your face, Ter. Ad. 2, 4, 5:

    si in me exerciturus (pugnos), quaeso, in parietem ut primum domes,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 168:

    in puppim rediere rates,

    Luc. 3, 545 Burm. (cf.:

    sic equi dicuntur in frena redire, pulsi in terga recedere, Sulp. ad loc.): Cumis eam vidi: venerat enim in funus: cui funeri ego quoque operam dedi,

    to the funeral, to take charge of the funeral, Cic. Att. 15, 1, B:

    se quisque eum optabat, quem fortuna in id certamen legeret,

    Liv. 21, 42, 2:

    quodsi in nullius mercedem negotia eant, pauciora fore,

    Tac. A. 11, 6:

    haec civitas mulieri redimiculum praebeat, haec in collum, haec in crines,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 33:

    Rhegium quondam in praesidium missa legio,

    Liv. 28, 28; so,

    datae in praesidium cohortes,

    Tac. H. 4, 35: hoc idem significat Graecus ille in eam sententiam versus, to this effect or purport, Cic. Div. 2, 10, 25; cf. id. Fam. 9, 15, 4:

    haec et in eam sententiam cum multa dixisset,

    id. Att. 2, 22:

    qui omnia sic exaequaverunt, ut in utramque partem ita paria redderent, uti nulla selectione uterentur,

    id. Fin. 3, 4, 12:

    in utramque partem disputat,

    on both sides, for and against, id. Off. 3, 23, 89: te rogo, me tibi in omnes partes defendendum putes, Vatin. ap. Cic. Fam. 5, 10 fin.:

    facillime et in optimam partem cognoscuntur adulescentes, qui se ad claros et sapientes viros contulerunt,

    id. Off. 2, 13, 46:

    cives Romani servilem in modum cruciati et necati,

    in the manner of slaves, Cic. Verr. 1, 5, 13; cf.:

    miserandum in modum milites populi Romani capti, necati sunt,

    id. Prov. Cons. 3, 5:

    senior quidam Veiens vaticinantis in modum cecinit,

    Liv. 5, 15, 4;

    also: domus et villae in urbium modum aedificatae,

    Sall. C. 12, 3:

    perinde ac si in hanc formulam omnia judicia legitima sint,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 5, 15:

    judicium quin acciperet in ea ipsa verba quae Naevius edebat, non recusasse,

    id. Quint. 20, 63; cf.:

    senatusconsultum in haec verba factum,

    Liv. 30, 43, 9:

    pax data Philippo in has leges est,

    id. 33, 30:

    Gallia omnis divisa est in partes tres,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 1; cf.:

    quae quidem in confirmationem et reprehensionem dividuntur,

    Cic. Part. Or. 9, 33: describebat censores binos in singulas civitates, i. e. for or over each state, id. Verr. 2, 2, 53; cf. id. ib. 2, 4, 26:

    itaque Titurium Tolosae quaternos denarios in singulas vini amphoras portorii nomine exegisse,

    id. Font. 5, 9:

    extulit eum plebs sextantibus collatis in capita,

    a head, for each person, Liv. 2, 33 fin.:

    Macedonibus treceni nummi in capita statutum est pretium,

    id. 32, 17, 2; cf.:

    Thracia in Rhoemetalcen filium... inque liberos Cotyis dividitur (i. e. inter),

    Tac. A. 2, 67.—
    2.
    Of the object or end in view, regarded also as the motive of action or effect:

    non te in me illiberalem, sed me in se neglegentem putabit,

    Cic. Fam. 13, 1, 16:

    neglegentior in patrem,

    Just. 32, 3, 1:

    in quem omnes intenderat curas,

    Curt. 3, 1, 21:

    quos ardere in proelia vidi,

    Verg. A. 2, 347:

    in bellum ardentes,

    Manil. 4, 220:

    nutante in fugam exercitu,

    Flor. 3, 10, 4:

    in hanc tam opimam mercedem agite ( = ut eam vobis paretis, Weissenb. ad loc.),

    Liv. 21, 43, 7:

    certa praemia, in quorum spem pugnarent,

    id. 21, 45, 4:

    in id sors dejecta,

    id. 21, 42, 2:

    in id fide accepta,

    id. 28, 17, 9:

    in spem pacis solutis animis,

    id. 6, 11, 5 et saep.:

    ingrata misero vita ducenda est in hoc, ut, etc.,

    Hor. Epod. 17, 63:

    nec in hoc adhibetur, ut, etc.,

    Sen. Ep. 16, 3:

    alius non in hoc, ut offenderet, facit, id. de Ira, 2, 26, 3: in quod tum missi?

    Just. 38, 3, 4.—So, like ad, with words expressing affections or inclination of the mind:

    in obsequium plus aequo pronus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 10:

    paratus in res novas,

    Tac. H. 4, 32:

    in utrumque paratus,

    Verg. A. 2, 61.—
    3.
    Of the result of an act or effort:

    denique in familiae luctum atque in privignorum funus nupsit,

    Cic. Clu. 66, 188:

    paratusque miles, ut ordo agminis in aciem adsisteret,

    Tac. A. 2, 16: excisum Euboicae latus ingens rupis in antrum, Verg. A. 6, 42:

    portus ab Euroo fluctu curvatus in arcum,

    id. ib. 3, 533:

    populum in obsequia principum formavit,

    Just. 3, 2, 9:

    omnium partium decus in mercedem conruptum erat,

    Sall. H. 1, 13 Dietsch:

    commutari ex veris in falsa,

    Cic. Fat. 9, 17; 9, 18:

    in sollicitudinem versa fiducia est,

    Curt. 3, 8, 20.—
    4.
    Esp. in the phrase: in gratiam or in honorem, alicujus, in kindness, to show favor, out of good feeling, to show honor, etc., to any one (first in Liv.; cf. Weissenb. ad Liv. 28, 21, 4;

    Krebs, Antibarb. p. 562): in gratiam levium sociorum injuriam facere,

    Liv. 39, 26, 12:

    pugnaturi in gratiam ducis,

    id. 28, 21, 4:

    quorum in gratiam Saguntum deleverat Hannibal,

    id. 28, 39, 13; cf. id. 35, 2, 6; 26, 6, 16:

    oratio habita in sexus honorem,

    Quint. 1, 1, 6:

    convivium in honorem victoriae,

    id. 11, 2, 12:

    in honorem Quadratillae,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 24, 7:

    in honorem tuum,

    Sen. Ep. 20, 7; 79, 2; 92, 1; Vell. 2, 41 al.—
    5.
    In the phrase, in rem esse, to be useful, to avail (cf.: e re esse;

    opp.: contra rem esse): ut aequom est, quod in rem esse utrique arbitremur,

    Plaut. Aul. 2, 1, 10:

    si in rem est Bacchidis,

    Ter. Hec. 1, 2, 27; 2, 2, 7:

    hortatur, imperat, quae in rem sunt,

    Liv. 26, 44, 7:

    cetera, quae cognosse in rem erat,

    id. 22, 3, 2; 44, 19, 3:

    in rem fore credens universos adpellare,

    Sall. C. 20, 1; cf.:

    in duas res magnas id usui fore,

    Liv. 37, 15, 7:

    in hos usus,

    Verg. A. 4, 647.—
    6.
    To form adverbial expressions:

    non nominatim, qui Capuae, sed in universum qui usquam coissent, etc.,

    in general, Liv. 9, 26, 8; cf.:

    terra etsi aliquanto specie differt, in universum tamen aut silvis horrida aut paludibus foeda,

    Tac. G. 5:

    in universum aestimanti, etc.,

    id. ib. 6:

    aestate in totum, si fieri potest, abstinendum est (Venere),

    wholly, entirely, Cels. 1, 3 fin.; cf. Col. 2, 1, 2:

    in plenum dici potest, etc.,

    fully, Plin. 16, 40, 79, § 217:

    Marii virtutem in majus celebrare,

    beyond due bounds, Sall. J. 73, 5:

    aliter se corpus habere atque consuevit, neque in pejus tantum, sed etiam in melius,

    for the worse, for the better, Cels. 2, 2:

    in deterius,

    Tac. A. 14, 43:

    in mollius,

    id. ib. 14, 39:

    quid enim est iracundia in supervacuum tumultuante frigidius? Sen. de Ira, 2, 11: civitas saepta muris neque in barbarum corrupta (v. barbarus),

    Tac. A. 6, 42; cf.:

    aucto in barbarum cognomento,

    id. H. 5, 2:

    priusquam id sors cerneret, in incertum, ne quid gratia momenti faceret, in utramque provinciam decerni,

    while the matter was uncertain, Liv. 43, 12, 2:

    nec puer Iliaca quisquam de gente Latinos In tantum spe tollet avos,

    so much, Verg. A. 6, 876:

    in tantum suam felicitatem virtutemque enituisse,

    Liv. 22, 27, 4; cf.:

    quaedam (aquae) fervent in tantum, ut non possint esse usui,

    Sen. Q. N. 3, 24:

    viri in tantum boni, in quantum humana simplicitas intellegi potest,

    Vell. 2, 43, 4:

    quippe pedum digitos, in quantum quaeque secuta est, Traxit,

    Ov. M. 11, 71:

    meliore in omnia ingenio animoque quam fortuna usus,

    in all respects, Vell. 2, 13:

    ut simul in omnia paremur,

    Quint. 11, 3, 25:

    in antecessum dare,

    beforehand, Sen. Ep. 118.—
    7.
    Sometimes with esse, habere, etc., in is followed by the acc. (constr. pregn.), to indicate a direction, aim, purpose, etc. (but v. Madvig. Gram. § 230, obs. 2, note, who regards these accusatives as originating in errors of pronunciation); so, esse in potestatem alicujus, to come into and remain in one ' s power: esse in mentem alicui, to come into and be in one ' s mind: esse in conspectum, to appear to and be in sight: esse in usum, to come into use, be used, etc.:

    quod, qui illam partem urbis tenerent, in eorum potestatem portum futurum intellegebant,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 38:

    ut portus in potestatem Locrensium esset,

    Liv. 24, 1, 13; 2, 14, 4:

    eam optimam rem publicam esse duco, quae sit in potestatem optimorum,

    Cic. Leg. 3, 17:

    neque enim sunt motus in nostram potestatem,

    Quint. 6, 2, 29:

    numero mihi in mentem fuit,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 25; cf.:

    ecquid in mentem est tibi?

    id. Bacch. 1, 2, 53:

    nec prius surrexisse ac militibus in conspectum fuisse, quam, etc.,

    Suet. Aug. 16:

    quod satis in usum fuit, sublato, ceterum omne incensum est,

    Liv. 22, 20, 6: ab hospitibus clientibusque suis, ab exteris nationibus, quae in amicitiam populi Romani dicionemque essent, injurias propulsare, Cic. Div. ap. Caecil. 20, 66: adesse in senatum [p. 914] jussit a. d. XIII. Kal. Octobr., id. Phil. 5, 7, 19.—Less freq. with habere: facito in memoriam habeas tuam majorem filiam mihi te despondisse, call or bring to mind, Plaut. Poen. 5, 4, 108:

    M. Minucium magistrum equitum, ne quid rei bellicae gereret, prope in custodiam habitum,

    put in prison, kept in prison, Liv. 22, 25, 6:

    reliquos in custodiam habitos,

    Tac. H. 1, 87.—So rarely with other verbs:

    pollicetur se provinciam Galliam retenturum in senatus populique Romani potestatem,

    Cic. Phil. 3, 4, 8. —
    III.
    In composition, n regularly becomes assimilated to a foll. l, m, or r, and is changed before the labials into m: illabor, immitto, irrumpo, imbibo, impello.—As to its meaning, according as it is connected with a verb of rest or motion, it conveys the idea of existence in a place or thing, or of motion, direction, or inclination into or to a place or thing: inesse; inhibere, inferre, impellere, etc. See Hand, Turs. III. pp. 243- 356.
    2.
    in (before b and p, im; before l, m, and r, the n assimilates itself to these consonants), an inseparable particle [kindred with Sanscr. a-, an-; Gr. a-, an; Goth. and Germ. un-], which negatives the meaning of the noun or participle with which it is connected; Engl. un-, in-, not: impar, unequal: intolerabilis, unbearable, intolerable: immitis, not mild, rude, etc.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > in

  • 10 ab-eō

        ab-eō iī, itūrus, īre    (abin' for abisne, T.), to go from, go away, go off, go forth, go, depart: ab urbe: ex eorum agris: ex conspectu, out of sight, Cs.: mater abit templo, O.: abire fugā, to flee, V.: in angulum aliquo, T.: unde abii, V.: exsulatum Tusculum abiit, L.: si periturus abis, to your death, V.: sublimis abiit, ascended, L.: telo extracto praeceps in volnus abiit, collapsed, L.: quo tantum mihi dexter abis? whither so far to the right? V.: nemo non donatus abibit, without a gift, V.: abeas parvis aequus alumnis, show yourself favorable as you go, H.: quae dederat abeuntibus, V.: sub iugum abire, L.: abi, nuntia Romanis, etc., L.; of things: cornus sub altum pectus abit, penetrates deeply, V.: sol... abeunte curru, as his chariot departs, H. — In partic., to pass away, disappear, vanish, cease, die: a vitā: illuc quo priores abierunt, Ph.; of time, to pass away, elapse, expire: abiit illud tempus: tota abit hora, H.; of other things: abeunt pallorque situsque, pass away, O.: inopia praeceps abierat, S.: in aera sucus corporis, O.— Of change, to pass over, be transferred: abeunt illuc omnia, unde orta sunt, return: in avi mores atque instituta, i. e. restore, L.; hence, to be changed, be transformed, be metamorphosed (poet.): in villos abeunt vestes, in crura lacerti, O.: comae in silvas abeunt, O. — Fig., to depart from, leave off, turn aside: ut ab iure non abeat: ne longius abeam, wander from the point: ad istas ineptias, have recourse to: illuc, unde abii, redeo, set out, H. —To retire from an office: cum magistratu abisset: abiens magistratu, L.—Of a consequence or result, to turn out, come off (of persons): ab iudicio turpissime victus: neutra acies laeta ex eo certamine abiit, L.: impune, Ph.: ne in ora hominum pro ludibrio abiret, i. e. lest he should be made ridiculous, L.: ne inrito incepto abiretur, L. —To turn out, end, terminate (of things): mirabar hoc si sic abiret, T.—To get off, escape: quem ad modum illinc abieris, vel potius paene non abieris, scimus, how you came off thence, or rather came near not getting off.—In auctions, not to be knocked down (to one): ne res abiret ab Apronio, i. e. that he may purchase.—To be postponed: in diem, T.— The imper. abi is often a simple exclamation or address, friendly or reproachful: abi, virum te iudico, go to, I pronounce you a man, T.: Non es avarus: abi; quid, etc., well, H.: abi, nescis inescare homines, begone, T.; in imprecations: abin hinc in malam rem? (i. e. abisne?), will you go and be hanged? T.: in malam pestem.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-eō

  • 11 accidō

        accidō cidī, —, ere    [ad + cado], to fall upon, fall to, reach by falling: ut tela missa a Gallis gravius acciderent, Cs.: tela ab omni parte accidebant, L.—Of persons, to arrive, come: de inproviso, had come unexpectedly, S.: alqd simulare, quo inprovisus gravior accideret, that his attack might be a surprise, and more formidable, S. — Esp., to fall before, fall at the feet: ad genua accidit Lacrumans, T.: ad pedes omnium.—Of the senses, to strike, reach, come: nihil quod ad oculos animumque acciderit: ad aurīs tuas: unde nec ad nos nomen famaque eius accidere posset, reach, L.: auribus, L.: animo, T.— Absol, to come to the ears, come, be heard, be raised: clamor deinde accidit novus, L.: concitatior accidens clamor ab increscente certamine, L.: ut vox etiam ad hostes accideret (with acc. and inf.), L.—To befit, become, suit (poet.): istuc verbum vere in te accidit, was true of you, T.—Fig., to come to pass, happen, occur, fall out, take place, befall: res eo gravius ferre, quo minus merito accidissent, Cs.: si quid mali accidisset, S.: cum tantum periculi accidisset, Cs.: quae victis acciderent enumeravere, the fate of the conquered, S.: si gravius quid acciderit, if any calamity occur, Cs.: casu accidit ut: sic accidit, uti, etc., thus it happened, that, Cs. — Pleonast. in narrations: accidit ut esset luna plena, Cs.: neque saepe accidit, ut, etc., Cs.—Of what is fortunate or welcome: quid optatius populo R. accidere potuit, quam, etc.? interea aliquid acciderit boni, T.— Esp., si quid cui accidat, or si quid humanitus accidat, if anything should happen to one (euphemist. for die): si quid mihi humanitus accidisset: si quid ei gravius a Caesare accidisset, i. e. if Cœsar should put him to death, Cs.: si quid accidat Romanis, if the Romans are destroyed, Cs.—To end, result, turn out: contra opinionem, disappoint us, Cs.: peius victoribus quam victis accidisse, Cs.
    * * *
    I
    accidere, accidi, - V
    fall upon/down/to/at or near, descend, alight; happen, occur; happen to (DAT)
    II
    accidere, accidi, accisus V TRANS
    cut, cut into/down/up, hack, hew, fell; overthrow, destroy; cut short; weaken

    Latin-English dictionary > accidō

  • 12 ad-dubitō

        ad-dubitō āvī, ātus, āre,    to entertain a doubt, incline to doubt, hesitate, be uncertain: paulisper addubitavit, an, etc., was in doubt whether, etc., L.: illud addubitat, utrum, etc, leaves in doubt, N.: parumper, an, etc., Cu.: re addubitatā, left undecided.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-dubitō

  • 13 ambigō

        ambigō ere, only present stem    [ambi + ago], to go about, go around, avoid: patriam, Ta.—Fig., to hesitate, waver, doubt, be in doubt about: ius. quod ambigitur, of which there is a doubt: Quale quid sit, ambigitur, is uncertain: adspici volucrem, non ambigitur, cannot be doubted, Ta.: ne quis ambigat decus eam habere, Ta.—To argue, dispute, contend, debate: de vero: cum eo: de quo (fundo) nihil ambigebatur, there was no dispute.
    * * *
    ambigere, -, - V
    hesitate, be in doubt; argue, dispute, contend; call in question; be at issue

    Latin-English dictionary > ambigō

  • 14 ambiguē

        ambiguē adv.    [ambiguus], equivocally, doubtfully: loqui: scribere: nec ambigue victus, decisively, L.: certare, Ta.
    * * *
    ambiguously, equivocally; with uncertain meaning/outcome; unreliably

    Latin-English dictionary > ambiguē

  • 15 ambiguus

        ambiguus adj.    [ambi + 1 AG-], going two ways, wavering, uncertain: per ambiguum favorem gratiam victoris spectare, by showing equal favor to both sides, L.: Proteus, assuming different forms, O.: Ambiguam tellure novā Salamina futuram, i. e. the name would be of double application, H.— Fig., wavering, vacillating, uncertain, doubtful: si dudum fuerat ambiguom hoc mihi, T.: haud ambiguus rex, L.: Ambiguum Clymene precibus Phaëthontis, an irā Mota magis, uncertain whether, O.: imperandi, Ta.—Of speech, obscure, dark, ambiguous: verba: oracula. — Of character, uncertain, not trustworthy, doubtful: fides, L.: domus, V. — As subst n., doubt, uncertainty, a dark saying: servet in ambiguo Iuppiter, H.: ambiguorum complura sunt genera.
    * * *
    ambigua, ambiguum ADJ
    changeable, doubtful, ambiguous, wavering, fickle; treacherous, unethical

    Latin-English dictionary > ambiguus

  • 16 anceps

        anceps cipitis, abl. cipitī, adj.    [an- (for ambi-) + CAP-], that has two heads, two-headed: Ianus, O.: acumen, two-peaked, O.—Meton., double, twosided: securis, two-edged, O.: bestiae quasi ancipites in utrāque sede viventes, amphibious: ancipiti contentione districti, on both sides: ancipiti proelio pugnatum est, i. e. both in front and in the rear, Cs.: ancipiti premi periculo, N.: periculum anceps (erat), S.: ancipitem pugnam hostibus facere, i. e. by horse and foot, Ta.: metus, et ab cive et ab hoste, twofold, L.: munimenta, facing both ways, L.—Fig., double, twofold propter ancipitem faciendi dicendique sapientiam: ius, the uncertainty of the law, H.—Wavering, doubtful, uncertain, unfixed, ambiguous, undecided: fortuna belli: oraculum, L.: proelium, L.: Mars, indecisive, L.: bellum ancipiti Marte gestum, L.: fides, Cu.— Ellipt.: sequor hunc, Lucanus an Apulus, anceps (sc. ego), i. e. of uncertain origin, H.—Dangerous, hazardous, perilous, critical: locus: viae, O.: periculum, Ta.: quia revocare eos anceps erat, L.—As subst n., danger, hazard, peril: facilius inter ancipitia clarescunt, Ta.
    * * *
    (gen.), ancipitis ADJ
    two headed/fold/edged/meanings; faces two directions/fronts; doubtful; double

    Latin-English dictionary > anceps

  • 17 bellum

        bellum old and poet. duellum, ī, n    [DVA-, DVI-], war. — Form duellum: agere rem duelli, C. (lex): purum piumque, L. (old record): victoria duelli, L. (oracle): Pacem duello miscuit, H. — Form bellum: Germanicum, against the Germans, Cs.: Sabinum, L.: regium, against kings: civile, Cs.: Helvetiorum, against the H., Cs.: Pyrrhi: cum Iugurthā: cum Samnitibus, L.: adversus Vestinos, L.: contra patriam: in Peloponnesios gerere, N.: in Asia gerere: gerere apud Mutinam, N.: civitati bellum indicere: patriae facere: parare, L.: parare alcui, against, N.: decernere alicui: indicere, L.: facere alicui: sumere, to undertake, S.: facere atque instruere, carry on: difficultates belli gerendi, Cs.: Hannibale duce gerere, L.: trahere, to protract, L.: bellum non inferre, sed defendere, not aggressive but defensive, Cs.: deponere, to discontinue, S.: velut posito bello, L.: positis bellis, V.: componere, to end by treaty, S.: sedare, N.: conficere, to end successfully: finire, to terminate, L.: futura bella delere, make impossible: legere, to read about: consentire, to ratify a declaration of war, L.: ad privatum deferre, to give the command in: mandare alcui, L.: alcui bellum gerendum dare: bello imperatorem praeficere: alqm ad bellum mittere: ad bellum proficisci: bellum in Galliā coortum est, broke out, Cs.: exortum, L.: spargi bellum nequibat, be waged by detachments, Ta. — In expressions of time, manner, etc.—Belli ( loc. case), in war, during war: magnae res belli gerebantur; usu. with domi: belli domique, S.: vel belli vel domi: in bello, in war-time, L.: in civili bello: in Volsco bello, L.: bello Romanorum: res bello gestae, during war, L.: res pace belloque gestae, L.: princeps pace belloque, L.: bello d<*>ique, L.: omnibus Punicis bellis: victor tot intra paucos dies bellis, L.: mos inter bellum natus, L.: iustum, righteous, L.; also, regular warfare (opp. populabundi more), L.: belli eventus, the result: belli exitus: bella incerti exitūs, indecisive, L.: fortuna belli, the chances of war, L.: varia, L.: belli artes, military skill, L.: iura belli, the law of war: genus belli, the character of the war. — Meton., of animals or things, war: parietibus bellum inferre: philosophiae... bellum indicere: ventri Indico bellum, H.: miluo est bellum cum corvo.—A feud, private hostility: cum eo bellum gerere quicum vixeris: hoc tibi iuventus Romana indicimus bellum, L.—Personified (for Ianus): sunt geminae Belli portae, etc., V.: Belli postes portasque, H.— Plur, an army: Nereus Bella non transfert, O. — Battle: bello excedere, S.: laus eius belli, L.: Actia bella, V. — A history of a war: gaudebat Bello suo Punico Naevius.
    * * *
    war, warfare; battle, combat, fight; (at/in) (the) war(s); military force, arms

    Latin-English dictionary > bellum

  • 18 cadō

        cadō cecidī, casūrus, ere    [CAD-], to fall, fall down, descend: lucrumae cadunt gaudio, T.: (apes) praecipites cadunt, V.: caelo ceciderunt sereno Fulgura, V.: a mento cadit manus, O.: de manibus arma cecidissent: vela cadunt, are furled, V.: Altius atque cadant imbres, from a greater height, V.—To fall, fall down, fall prostrate, fall over: ne ille ceciderit, has had a fall, T.: velut si prolapsus cecidisset, L.: prolapsa in volnus moribunda cecidit, L.: in pectus pronus, O.: casura moenia Troum, O.: casurae arces, V.—Of heavenly bodies, to set, go down, fall, sink: iuxta solem cadentem, V.: quā (nocte) Orion cadit, H.: oriens mediusve cadensve Phoebus, O.: primis cadentibus astris, fading, i. e. at dawn, V.—To fall off, fall away, fall out, drop off, be shed: barba, V.: Prima (folia) cadunt, H.: gregibus lanae cadunt, O.: poma ramis, O.: elapsae manibus cecidere tabellae, O.—Of a stream, to fall, empty itself: in sinum maris, L.—Of dice, to be thrown, fall, turn up: illud, quod cecidit forte, T.—Of shadows, to be thrown, fall (poet.): cadunt de montibus umbrae, V.—To fall dead, fall, die, be slain: in acie: Civili acie, O.: pauci de nostris cadunt, Cs.: plures Saguntini cadebant quam Poeni, L.: ante diem, prematurely, V.: suo Marte (i. e. suā manu), O.: iustā Morte, H.: femineo Marte, O.: a tanto viro, O.: a centurione, Ta.: In pio officio, O.: in patriā cadendum est, we must perish.—Of victims, to be slain, be offered, be sacrificed, fall (poet.): Multa tibi cadet hostia, V.: Si tener cadit haedus, H.: Victima vota cadit, O.—Of a woman, to yield, Tb. —Fig., to come, fall under, fall, be subject, be exposed: sub sensum: in conspectum, to become visible: si regnum ad servitia caderet, into servile hands, L.: sub imperium Romanorum: in deliberationem: in suspicionem alicuius, N.—To belong, be in accordance, agree, refer, be suitable, apply, fit, suit, become: non cadit in hos mores ista suspitio: cadit ergo in bonum virum mentiri?: Heu, cadit in quemquam tantum scelus? V.: sub eandem rationem.—Of time, to fall upon: in alienissimum tempus: in hanc aetatem.— To fall due: in eam diem cadere nummos.—To befall, fall to the lot of, happen, come to pass, occur, result, turn out, fall out: mihi peropportune: insperanti mihi cecidit, ut, etc.: Sunt quibus ad portas cecidit custodia sorti, V.: Ut illis... voluptas cadat, H.: verba cadentia, uttered at random, H.: verba si Graeco fonte cadent, be derived from, H.: verebar quorsum id casurum esset, how it would turn out: praeter opinionem, N.: si quid adversi caderet, L.: fortuito in melius casura, Ta.: curare Quo promissa cadent, how fulfilled, H.: Vota cadunt, are fulfilled, Tb.: tibi pro vano benigna cadant, Pr.: Quo res cumque cadent, V.: si non omnia caderent secunda, Cs.: ut inrita promissa eius caderent, L.: libertas in servitutem cadit: in hunc hominem ista suspitio: ad inritum cadens spes, turning out to be vain, L.—To lose strength, fall, perish, be overthrown, drop, decline, vanish, decay, cease: cadentem rem p. fulcire: tua laus pariter cum re p. cecidit: virtute Neronis Armenius cecidit, H.: non tibi ira cecidit, L.: animus, to fail. L.: cadere animis, to lose courage: cecidere illis animi, O.— To fail (in speaking), falter: orator cadet.—Causā cadere, to lose the cause: cadere in iudicio: Ut cecidit fortuna Phrygum, O.— Of the countenance or features: tibi tamen oculi, voltus, verba cecidissent, i. e. expressed terror.— Of words: Multa renascentur, quae iam cecidere, fallen into disuse, H.—Of theatrical representations, to fail, be condemned: cadat an recto stet fabula talo, H.—Of the wind, to abate, subside, die away: cadit Eurus, O.: venti vis omnis cecidit, L.—Of words and clauses, to be terminated, end, close: verba melius in syllabas longiores cadunt: similiter cadentia, having the same endings.
    * * *
    cadere, cecidi, casus V INTRANS
    fall, sink, drop, plummet, topple; be slain, die; end, cease, abate; decay

    Latin-English dictionary > cadō

  • 19 cālīginōsus

        cālīginōsus adj.    [caligo], misty, dark, obscure, gloomy: caelum: stella. — Fig., dark, obscure: nox, H.
    * * *
    caliginosa, caliginosum ADJ
    foggy, misty; covered with mist; obscure, dark, gloomy; uncertain

    Latin-English dictionary > cālīginōsus

  • 20 captus

        captus ī, m    [P. of capio], a prisoner, captive: inludere capto, V.: ex captorum numero, L.: palam captis gravis, H.
    * * *
    I
    capta, captum ADJ
    captured, captive
    II
    capacity/ability/potentiality; comprehension; action/result of taking/grasping

    Latin-English dictionary > captus

См. также в других словарях:

  • uncertain — adj. 1 not certainly knowing or known (uncertain what it means; the result is uncertain). 2 unreliable (his aim is uncertain). 3 changeable, erratic (uncertain weather). Phrases and idioms: in no uncertain terms clearly and forcefully.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Significance arithmetic — is a set of rules (sometimes called significant figure rules) for approximating the propagation of uncertainty in scientific or statistical calculations. These rules can be used to find the appropriate number of significant figures to use to… …   Wikipedia

  • Classification of Saint-Émilion wine — Cheval Blanc, a Premiers grands crus classés A wine. In 1955 the wines of Saint Émilion in the wine growing region of Bordeaux were classified. Unlike the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855 covering wines from the Medoc and Graves… …   Wikipedia

  • Accounting liquidity — (liquidity) is a measure of the ability of a debtor to pay their debts as and when they fall due. It is usually expressed as a ratio or a percentage of current liabilities.Calculating liquidityFor a corporation with a published balance sheet… …   Wikipedia

  • Hazard — Haz ard (h[a^]z [ e]rd), n. [F. hasard, Sp. azar an unforeseen disaster or accident, an unfortunate card or throw at dice, prob. fr. Ar. zahr, z[=a]r, a die, which, with the article al the, would give azzahr, azz[=a]r.] 1. A game of chance played …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hazard table — Hazard Haz ard (h[a^]z [ e]rd), n. [F. hasard, Sp. azar an unforeseen disaster or accident, an unfortunate card or throw at dice, prob. fr. Ar. zahr, z[=a]r, a die, which, with the article al the, would give azzahr, azz[=a]r.] 1. A game of chance …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To run the hazard — Hazard Haz ard (h[a^]z [ e]rd), n. [F. hasard, Sp. azar an unforeseen disaster or accident, an unfortunate card or throw at dice, prob. fr. Ar. zahr, z[=a]r, a die, which, with the article al the, would give azzahr, azz[=a]r.] 1. A game of chance …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sennacherib — (Akkadian Sîn ahhe eriba (moon god) Sîn has replaced (lost) brothers for me ) was the son of Sargon II, whom he succeeded on the throne of Assyria (705 – 681 BC). Rise to power As a crown prince, Sennacherib was placed in charge of the empire… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Two Rivers — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Two Rivers caption= partof=the Pictish Northumbrian conflicts date=671 place=uncertain result=Northumbrian victory combatant1=Picts combatant2=Northumbrians commander1=Drest VI commander2=Ecgfrith… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Cynwit — Part of the Viking Saxon wars Date 878 Location May be Cannington, Somerset, but this is uncertain Result …   Wikipedia

  • run-off — runˈ off noun 1. A race held to resolve a dead heat or other uncertain result (also figurative) 2. Rainwater which drains into rivers, rather than being absorbed into the soil 3. Urination (slang) • • • Main Entry: ↑run …   Useful english dictionary

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