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observable value

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  • Observable — This article is about observables in physics. For the use of the term observable in control theory, see Observability. In physics, particularly in quantum physics, a system observable is a property of the system state that can be determined by… …   Wikipedia

  • Observable universe — For a general discussion of the universe, see Universe. Visualization of the 93 billion light year – or 28 billion parsec – three dimensional observable universe. The scale is such that the fine grains of light represent collections of large… …   Wikipedia

  • Value product — The value product (VP) is an economic concept formulated by Karl Marx in his critique of political economy during the 1860s, and used in Marxian social accounting theory for capitalist economies. Its annual monetary value is approximately equal… …   Wikipedia

  • Law of value — The law of value is a concept in Karl Marx s critique of political economy. Most generally, it refers to a regulative principle of the economic exchange of the products of human work: the relative exchange values of those products in trade,… …   Wikipedia

  • Fair value — Fair value, also called fair price, is a concept used in finance and economics, defined as a rational and unbiased estimate of the potential market price of a good, service, or asset, taking into account such factors as: * relative scarcity *… …   Wikipedia

  • Partially observable Markov decision process — A Partially Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP) is a generalization of a Markov Decision Process. A POMDP models an agent decision process in which it is assumed that the system dynamics are determined by an MDP, but the agent cannot… …   Wikipedia

  • Expectation value (quantum mechanics) — In quantum mechanics, the expectation value is the predicted mean value of the result of an experiment. It is a fundamental concept in all areas of quantum physics. Operational definition Quantum physics shows an inherent statistical behaviour:… …   Wikipedia

  • Return value optimization — Return value optimization, or simply RVO, is a compiler optimization technique that involves eliminating the temporary object created to hold a function s return value.[1] In C++, it is particularly notable for being allowed to change the… …   Wikipedia

  • Vacuum expectation value — Quantum field theory (Feynman diagram) …   Wikipedia

  • Fair market value — (FMV) is a term in both law and accounting that is based on the economics term of market value. It is also a common basis for assessing damages to be awarded for the loss of or damage to the property, generally in a claim under tort or a contract …   Wikipedia

  • Why are certain violins of more value than others? —    In considering this question, several difficulties present themselves to the inquirer. We are all aware of the infinite diversity of tastes in the first instance, and in the next, accurate judgment is a matter which depends on the union of so… …   Violins and Violin Makers. Biographical Dictionary

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