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  • Lancet surveys of Iraq War casualties — The Lancet , one of the oldest scientific medical journals in the world, published two peer reviewed studies on the effect of the 2003 invasion of Iraq and subsequent occupation on Iraqi mortality. The first was published in 2004; the second (by… …   Wikipedia

  • SEPHARDIM — (Heb. סְפָרַדִּים, sing. סְפָרַדִּי, Sephardi), descendants of Jews who lived in Spain or Portugal before the expulsion of 1492. (The term Sephardim is often erroneously used for other Jews of non Ashkenazi origin.) sepharad , mentioned in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • TANNA, TANNAIM — (Aram. תַּנָּאִים ,תַּנָּא), the sages from the period of hillel to the compilation of the mishnah , i.e., the first and second centuries C.E. The word tanna (from Aramaic teni, to hand down orally, study, teach ) generally designates a teacher… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Modest Mussorgsky — Mussorgsky redirects here. For other uses, see Mussorgsky (disambiguation). Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, 1870. Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (Russian: Модест Петрович Мýсoргский; 21 March [O.S. 9 March] 1839 – 28 March [O.S. 16 March] 1881) was a… …   Wikipedia

  • EUROPE'S CRUMBLING SOCIAL NETWORK — ▪ 1998 by Birna Helgadottir The European welfare state suffered a year of crisis in 1997. In the years after World War II, generations of Europeans had grown accustomed to levels of social protection that were generous and comprehensive compared… …   Universalium

  • EVIDENCE — Non Evidentiary Proceedings in Biblical Law The revelation of divine law is found not only in legislation but also in adjudication in particular cases (cf. Lev. 24:12–13; Num. 15:32–34; 27:1–8; Deut. 1:17), whether through Moses or judges or… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ITALY — Jews have lived in Italy without interruption from the days of the Maccabees until the present, through a period of 21 centuries. Although they were never subjected to general expulsion, there were frequently partial ones. They often enjoyed good …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …   Universalium

  • Economic Affairs — ▪ 2006 Introduction In 2005 rising U.S. deficits, tight monetary policies, and higher oil prices triggered by hurricane damage in the Gulf of Mexico were moderating influences on the world economy and on U.S. stock markets, but some other… …   Universalium

  • education — /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… …   Universalium

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

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