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nithpa

  • 721 שַׁכְלֵל

    שַׁכְלֵל, שַׁכְלֵילch. sam( Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּכְלֵל, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּכְלֵל to be finished, decorated), 1) to finish, decorate. Targ. Y. Ex. 31:17. Targ. Ez. 27:4; 11; a. fr.Part. pass. מְשַׁכְלַל; f. מְשַׁכְלְלָא perfect. Ib. 3. Ib. 28:12 (ed. Wil. מְשֻׁכְלַל, Hebr.); a. e. 2) to fasten, establish, found. Targ. Is. 42:5 (h. text רקע). Targ. 1 Sam. 2:8 (h. text וישת). Targ. Hab. 2:12 (h. text כונן); a. fr. Ithpa. אִשְׁתַּכְלֵל 1) to be finished, decorated. Targ. O. Gen. 2:1. Targ. 1 Kings 6:38. Targ. Ps. 119:96 דאשתרי וא׳ ed. Lag. (ed. Wil. דאשתדל ואשתכל, corr. acc.) that which was begun and has been finished; a. fr. 2) to be founded. Targ. 1 Kings 6:37 (h. text יסד). Targ. Hag. 2:18; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שַׁכְלֵל

  • 722 שַׁכְלֵיל

    שַׁכְלֵל, שַׁכְלֵילch. sam( Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּכְלֵל, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּכְלֵל to be finished, decorated), 1) to finish, decorate. Targ. Y. Ex. 31:17. Targ. Ez. 27:4; 11; a. fr.Part. pass. מְשַׁכְלַל; f. מְשַׁכְלְלָא perfect. Ib. 3. Ib. 28:12 (ed. Wil. מְשֻׁכְלַל, Hebr.); a. e. 2) to fasten, establish, found. Targ. Is. 42:5 (h. text רקע). Targ. 1 Sam. 2:8 (h. text וישת). Targ. Hab. 2:12 (h. text כונן); a. fr. Ithpa. אִשְׁתַּכְלֵל 1) to be finished, decorated. Targ. O. Gen. 2:1. Targ. 1 Kings 6:38. Targ. Ps. 119:96 דאשתרי וא׳ ed. Lag. (ed. Wil. דאשתדל ואשתכל, corr. acc.) that which was begun and has been finished; a. fr. 2) to be founded. Targ. 1 Kings 6:37 (h. text יסד). Targ. Hag. 2:18; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שַׁכְלֵיל

  • 723 שכר

    שָׁכַר(b. h.; cmp. כָּרָה) to hire, engage; to rent. B. Mets.VI, 1 השׂוֹכֵר אתוכ׳ if one engages artisans (through an agent). Ib. VIII, 2 שאלה … ושְׂכָרָהּוכ׳ if he borrowed the cow for half a day, and hired her for half a day. Tosef. ib. IX, 1, sq. השׂוֹכֵר שדה if one rents a field; a. v. fr.שׂוֹכֵר hirer, employer; tenant. B. Mets. 103a ש׳ מהימן בשבועה the employer is believed on his oath (that he has paid the wages). Ib. 102b כוליה לש׳ the whole (rent for the thirteenth month of the leap year) goes to the tenant, i. e. he need not pay extra rent for the intercalated month; a. v. fr.Esp. שוכר tenant of land for rent payable in money, contrad. to חכיר. Tosef.Dem.VI, 2 ש׳ במעותוכ׳ the sokher pays the rent in cash, the ḥakkir (or ḥokher) in kind; a. fr.Part. pass. שָׂכוּר; f. שְׂכוּרָה. B. Mets.VIII, 2 if the hirer says, ש׳ מתה it is the hired cow that died; ביום שהיתה ש׳ מתה she died on the day when I used her for hire; בשעה … ש׳וכ׳ she died at that time of the day when I used her for hire; a. fr. Hif. הִשְׂכִּיר 1) to lease, let. B. Bath. 110a לעילם וַשְׂכִּיר אדם את עצמווכ׳ a man should hire himself out for, v. עֲבוֹרָה. B. Mets.VIII, 7 המַשְׂכִּיר … המשכירוכ׳ if one lets a house … the landlord has to furnish Ib. 8 ה׳ לי להדשים … למשכיר if he let the house by the month, … the landlord has the benefit of the intercalated month, v. עָבַר. Pes.4a על המ׳ לבדוק the landlord is obliged to search the house for leavened matter; a. fr. 2) (denom. of שָׂכָר) to cause to profit, to benefit. Tanḥ. ed. Bub., Vayesheb 13 צריך … משכיר אותו (not משביר) a man must pray for the welfare of him that benefits him. Nif. נִשְׂכַּר (denom. of שָׂכָר) to be rewarded, benefited; to have the advantage. Yeb.92b אם כן מצינו היטא נִשְׂכָּר if this be the law, then he that sinned would be at an advantage; Keth.11a, a. e. שלא יהא חוטא נ׳ it is done in order that the sinner should not be at an advantage. Pes.50b; Tosef.Yeb.IV, 8, v. זָרִיז; a. fr. Hithpa. הִשְׂתַּכֵּר, Nithpa. נִשְׂתַּכֵּר to profit; to deal in. Tanḥ. l. c. לפי … מִשְׂתַּכֵּר מצאנווכ׳ because jacob was benefited by his flock Pesik. R. s. 40 ונִשְׂתַּכַּרְתִּי, v. נָצַח. Pes. l. c. המשהכר בקניםוכ׳ he that deals in reeds and vessels. Ib. 54b ואין אדם יודע במה משתכר and no man knows which of his enterprises will turn out profitable; Mekh. Bshall., Vayass‘a, s.5. B. Bath.91a אין מִשְׂתַּכְּרִיןבא״יוכ׳ in Palestine you must not be a dealer in provisions, as wine (serve as middleman between producer and consumer); Tosef.Ab. Zar. IV (V), 1; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שכר

  • 724 שָׁכַר

    שָׁכַר(b. h.; cmp. כָּרָה) to hire, engage; to rent. B. Mets.VI, 1 השׂוֹכֵר אתוכ׳ if one engages artisans (through an agent). Ib. VIII, 2 שאלה … ושְׂכָרָהּוכ׳ if he borrowed the cow for half a day, and hired her for half a day. Tosef. ib. IX, 1, sq. השׂוֹכֵר שדה if one rents a field; a. v. fr.שׂוֹכֵר hirer, employer; tenant. B. Mets. 103a ש׳ מהימן בשבועה the employer is believed on his oath (that he has paid the wages). Ib. 102b כוליה לש׳ the whole (rent for the thirteenth month of the leap year) goes to the tenant, i. e. he need not pay extra rent for the intercalated month; a. v. fr.Esp. שוכר tenant of land for rent payable in money, contrad. to חכיר. Tosef.Dem.VI, 2 ש׳ במעותוכ׳ the sokher pays the rent in cash, the ḥakkir (or ḥokher) in kind; a. fr.Part. pass. שָׂכוּר; f. שְׂכוּרָה. B. Mets.VIII, 2 if the hirer says, ש׳ מתה it is the hired cow that died; ביום שהיתה ש׳ מתה she died on the day when I used her for hire; בשעה … ש׳וכ׳ she died at that time of the day when I used her for hire; a. fr. Hif. הִשְׂכִּיר 1) to lease, let. B. Bath. 110a לעילם וַשְׂכִּיר אדם את עצמווכ׳ a man should hire himself out for, v. עֲבוֹרָה. B. Mets.VIII, 7 המַשְׂכִּיר … המשכירוכ׳ if one lets a house … the landlord has to furnish Ib. 8 ה׳ לי להדשים … למשכיר if he let the house by the month, … the landlord has the benefit of the intercalated month, v. עָבַר. Pes.4a על המ׳ לבדוק the landlord is obliged to search the house for leavened matter; a. fr. 2) (denom. of שָׂכָר) to cause to profit, to benefit. Tanḥ. ed. Bub., Vayesheb 13 צריך … משכיר אותו (not משביר) a man must pray for the welfare of him that benefits him. Nif. נִשְׂכַּר (denom. of שָׂכָר) to be rewarded, benefited; to have the advantage. Yeb.92b אם כן מצינו היטא נִשְׂכָּר if this be the law, then he that sinned would be at an advantage; Keth.11a, a. e. שלא יהא חוטא נ׳ it is done in order that the sinner should not be at an advantage. Pes.50b; Tosef.Yeb.IV, 8, v. זָרִיז; a. fr. Hithpa. הִשְׂתַּכֵּר, Nithpa. נִשְׂתַּכֵּר to profit; to deal in. Tanḥ. l. c. לפי … מִשְׂתַּכֵּר מצאנווכ׳ because jacob was benefited by his flock Pesik. R. s. 40 ונִשְׂתַּכַּרְתִּי, v. נָצַח. Pes. l. c. המשהכר בקניםוכ׳ he that deals in reeds and vessels. Ib. 54b ואין אדם יודע במה משתכר and no man knows which of his enterprises will turn out profitable; Mekh. Bshall., Vayass‘a, s.5. B. Bath.91a אין מִשְׂתַּכְּרִיןבא״יוכ׳ in Palestine you must not be a dealer in provisions, as wine (serve as middleman between producer and consumer); Tosef.Ab. Zar. IV (V), 1; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שָׁכַר

  • 725 שכר

    שָׁכַר(b. h.) to fill, saturate; to drink freely.Part. pass. שָׁכוּר; f. שְׁכוּרָה. Taan.22b לא ש׳ ולא צמאהוכ׳ that the soil be neither soaked nor thirsty, but between the two extremes. Midr. Till. to Ps. 35 (ref. to Is. 51:21) וממה את ש׳ מן הצרותוכ׳ and wherefrom art thou drunk? From the troubles, but not from too much wine; a. e. Pi. שִׁכֵּר to make drunk, intoxicate. Erub.64b דרך … מְשַׁכַּרְתּוֹ walking (after drinking) makes him unsteady, and sleep makes him drunk; Taan.17b. Erub. l. c. רביעית … מְשַׁכֵּר one fourth of a Log of Italian wine intoxicates. Cant. R. to I, 4 ועשו … ושִׁכְּרַתּוֹוכ׳ they made a great feast, and she made him drink more than enough; Yalk. Gen. 15; a. e. Hithpa. חִשְׁתַּכֵּר, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּכֵּר to be, become intoxicated. Keth.8b התחילו … ומִשְׁתַּכְּרִיןוכ׳ when they began to drink (at the mourners meals) and get intoxicated Snh.42a אל יִשְׁתַּכְּרוּ, v. רָז Esth. R. to III, 9 אכלו ושתו ונִשְׁתַּכְּרוּוכ׳ they ate and drank, and became drunk, and acted disgracefully. Num. R. s. 108> דברים שלא יִשְׁתַּכֵּר מהם things from which one cannot become intoxicated; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שכר

  • 726 שָׁכַר

    שָׁכַר(b. h.) to fill, saturate; to drink freely.Part. pass. שָׁכוּר; f. שְׁכוּרָה. Taan.22b לא ש׳ ולא צמאהוכ׳ that the soil be neither soaked nor thirsty, but between the two extremes. Midr. Till. to Ps. 35 (ref. to Is. 51:21) וממה את ש׳ מן הצרותוכ׳ and wherefrom art thou drunk? From the troubles, but not from too much wine; a. e. Pi. שִׁכֵּר to make drunk, intoxicate. Erub.64b דרך … מְשַׁכַּרְתּוֹ walking (after drinking) makes him unsteady, and sleep makes him drunk; Taan.17b. Erub. l. c. רביעית … מְשַׁכֵּר one fourth of a Log of Italian wine intoxicates. Cant. R. to I, 4 ועשו … ושִׁכְּרַתּוֹוכ׳ they made a great feast, and she made him drink more than enough; Yalk. Gen. 15; a. e. Hithpa. חִשְׁתַּכֵּר, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּכֵּר to be, become intoxicated. Keth.8b התחילו … ומִשְׁתַּכְּרִיןוכ׳ when they began to drink (at the mourners meals) and get intoxicated Snh.42a אל יִשְׁתַּכְּרוּ, v. רָז Esth. R. to III, 9 אכלו ושתו ונִשְׁתַּכְּרוּוכ׳ they ate and drank, and became drunk, and acted disgracefully. Num. R. s. 108> דברים שלא יִשְׁתַּכֵּר מהם things from which one cannot become intoxicated; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שָׁכַר

  • 727 שלח

    שָׁלַח(b. h.; cmp. שָׁלָה) to draw out; to stretch forth; to send. Erub.III, 2 השוֹלֵחַ ערובווכ׳ if one sends his ‘Erub. (עֵרוּב) forth to be laid by a deaf and dumb person. Ḥull.59b, a. fr. שָׁלְחוּ מתם they sent word from there (from Palestine to Babylonia). Gitt. IV, 1 השולח גטוכ׳ if a man sends a letter of divorce to his wife B. Kam.VI, 4, v. בְּעֵרָה. Ib. ש׳ ביד פיקח (ib. 60a שִׁילֵּחַ) if he sent out fire through a sane person; a. fr.Part. pass. שָׁלוּחַ q. v.ש׳ יד ב־ (to stretch out a hand against,) to make illegitimate use of, to misappropriate (Ex. 22:10). B. Mets. III, 12 השולח יד בפקדון if a person makes use of a trust. Ib. החושב לִשְׁלוֹחַ ידוכ׳ if he declares his intention to use a trust; אינו חייב עד שיִשְׁלַח בו יד he is not responsible (for loss), until he has used it; a. fr. Pi. שִׁלֵּחַ same, to send; to send away, dismiss. Bets.I, 9 אין מְשַׁלְּחִין בי״טוכ׳ on the Holy Day you dare not send (to a friend) anything except portions (of eatables, ready for use); משלחין בהמהוכ׳ you may send cattle … alive or slaughtered. Ḥull.XII, 3 שִׁלְּחָהּ וחזרה if he sent the mother bird away, and she came back. Ib. אמר … ומְשַׁלֵּחַ הבנים if he says, I will take the mother, and send the young away; חייב לשַׁלֵּחַ he is bound to send her away. Gen. R. s. 21 שִׁלְּחוֹ מגן … ושלחווכ׳ he banished him (Adam) from the paradise of this world and from that of the other world; a. fr. Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּלֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּלֵּחַ: to be sent off; to be commissioned. Yoma VI, 2, a. e. המִשְׁתַּלֵּחַ the goat that is to be sent away (Lev. 16:10), the scapegoat. Ib. 1 נשפך … המשתלח if the blood (of the goat designated for sacrifice) was spilt, the scapegoat is to be put to death (cannot be used for the ceremony). Gen. R. s. 49 מעשה באחד שנש׳ לגבותוכ׳ it happened that one was commissioned to tax the inhabitants ; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שלח

  • 728 שָׁלַח

    שָׁלַח(b. h.; cmp. שָׁלָה) to draw out; to stretch forth; to send. Erub.III, 2 השוֹלֵחַ ערובווכ׳ if one sends his ‘Erub. (עֵרוּב) forth to be laid by a deaf and dumb person. Ḥull.59b, a. fr. שָׁלְחוּ מתם they sent word from there (from Palestine to Babylonia). Gitt. IV, 1 השולח גטוכ׳ if a man sends a letter of divorce to his wife B. Kam.VI, 4, v. בְּעֵרָה. Ib. ש׳ ביד פיקח (ib. 60a שִׁילֵּחַ) if he sent out fire through a sane person; a. fr.Part. pass. שָׁלוּחַ q. v.ש׳ יד ב־ (to stretch out a hand against,) to make illegitimate use of, to misappropriate (Ex. 22:10). B. Mets. III, 12 השולח יד בפקדון if a person makes use of a trust. Ib. החושב לִשְׁלוֹחַ ידוכ׳ if he declares his intention to use a trust; אינו חייב עד שיִשְׁלַח בו יד he is not responsible (for loss), until he has used it; a. fr. Pi. שִׁלֵּחַ same, to send; to send away, dismiss. Bets.I, 9 אין מְשַׁלְּחִין בי״טוכ׳ on the Holy Day you dare not send (to a friend) anything except portions (of eatables, ready for use); משלחין בהמהוכ׳ you may send cattle … alive or slaughtered. Ḥull.XII, 3 שִׁלְּחָהּ וחזרה if he sent the mother bird away, and she came back. Ib. אמר … ומְשַׁלֵּחַ הבנים if he says, I will take the mother, and send the young away; חייב לשַׁלֵּחַ he is bound to send her away. Gen. R. s. 21 שִׁלְּחוֹ מגן … ושלחווכ׳ he banished him (Adam) from the paradise of this world and from that of the other world; a. fr. Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּלֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּלֵּחַ: to be sent off; to be commissioned. Yoma VI, 2, a. e. המִשְׁתַּלֵּחַ the goat that is to be sent away (Lev. 16:10), the scapegoat. Ib. 1 נשפך … המשתלח if the blood (of the goat designated for sacrifice) was spilt, the scapegoat is to be put to death (cannot be used for the ceremony). Gen. R. s. 49 מעשה באחד שנש׳ לגבותוכ׳ it happened that one was commissioned to tax the inhabitants ; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שָׁלַח

  • 729 שלט

    שָׁלַט(b. h.) to handle; ש׳ ב־ (cmp. מָשַׁל) to rule, have power over. Y.Ter.VIII, 45d top כאן האור שוֹלֵטוכ׳ here (in the case of bread) the fire comes in direct contact with it (and kills the poison of the serpent), there (in the case of water that has been warmed) the fire does not Y.Maasr.I, 49b top כאן היד שוֹלֶטֶתוכ׳ here (in the case of a vessel into which a boiling dish has been put) the hand can handle it; there (in the case of a vessel taken directly from the fire) the hand cannot handle it; כאן וכאן אין היד שולטת בו in both cases the dish may be too hot for the hand to handle it; Y.Sabb.III, 6b top. Ib. במקום שהיד שולטת in a place (in the stove) which the hand can get at (to handle the dish placed there); ib. 5c מפני שהוא שַׁלִּיט במקום שהיד שולטת because he keeps control (to regulate the temperature of the dish) there where the handling is possible. Y.B. Mets.X, beg.12c ששולטת היד מצר אחד that the hand can reach it from one side. Ḥull.16b; Sabb.82a דבר שהאור שולטת בו a thing over which fire has power (which is combustible). Ib. רוח רעה שולטת בו an evil spirit (smell of the mouth) will seize him; רוח זוהמא ש׳ בו (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 30) the spirit of zohăma (internal decay) will seize him. Gen. R. s. 4 5) שָׁלְטוּ בעצמן they controlled themselves (interrupted their gratification). Y.Ber.IX, 13b top שולט באיפרכיאוכ׳ if he rules over one province, he does not rule over another province. Gen. R. s. 3 ביום אני שולט I want to rule (have the guard) in day time; (Y.Ber.VIII, 12c top משמש). Pesik. R. s. 31 אתם שְׁלַטְתֶּם בעצמיכםוכ׳ (not באצבעותיכם) you had power over yourselves and cut your fingers off; a. v. fr. Pi. שִׁלֵּט same. Y.Naz.IV, 53b במְשַׁלֶּטֶת על נכסיו when she manages her husbands property (has power of attorney). Hif. הִשְׁלִיט to give power to, make a ruler. Gen. R. s. 59 (ref. to Gen. 24:1) שהִשְׁלִיטוֹ ביצרו God made him master over his inclinations; Yalk. ib. 103. Num. R. s. 146> השליטו על ארץוכ׳ the Lord made him governor of the land of Egypt; a. e. Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּלֵּט, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּלֵּט to be given power; to be empowered to manage. Y.Keth.IX, 33a bot. נכסים שנִשְׁתַּלְּטָה בהן בחייוכ׳ property which she had been authorized to manage during her husbands lifetime; ib. b top.

    Jewish literature > שלט

  • 730 שָׁלַט

    שָׁלַט(b. h.) to handle; ש׳ ב־ (cmp. מָשַׁל) to rule, have power over. Y.Ter.VIII, 45d top כאן האור שוֹלֵטוכ׳ here (in the case of bread) the fire comes in direct contact with it (and kills the poison of the serpent), there (in the case of water that has been warmed) the fire does not Y.Maasr.I, 49b top כאן היד שוֹלֶטֶתוכ׳ here (in the case of a vessel into which a boiling dish has been put) the hand can handle it; there (in the case of a vessel taken directly from the fire) the hand cannot handle it; כאן וכאן אין היד שולטת בו in both cases the dish may be too hot for the hand to handle it; Y.Sabb.III, 6b top. Ib. במקום שהיד שולטת in a place (in the stove) which the hand can get at (to handle the dish placed there); ib. 5c מפני שהוא שַׁלִּיט במקום שהיד שולטת because he keeps control (to regulate the temperature of the dish) there where the handling is possible. Y.B. Mets.X, beg.12c ששולטת היד מצר אחד that the hand can reach it from one side. Ḥull.16b; Sabb.82a דבר שהאור שולטת בו a thing over which fire has power (which is combustible). Ib. רוח רעה שולטת בו an evil spirit (smell of the mouth) will seize him; רוח זוהמא ש׳ בו (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 30) the spirit of zohăma (internal decay) will seize him. Gen. R. s. 4 5) שָׁלְטוּ בעצמן they controlled themselves (interrupted their gratification). Y.Ber.IX, 13b top שולט באיפרכיאוכ׳ if he rules over one province, he does not rule over another province. Gen. R. s. 3 ביום אני שולט I want to rule (have the guard) in day time; (Y.Ber.VIII, 12c top משמש). Pesik. R. s. 31 אתם שְׁלַטְתֶּם בעצמיכםוכ׳ (not באצבעותיכם) you had power over yourselves and cut your fingers off; a. v. fr. Pi. שִׁלֵּט same. Y.Naz.IV, 53b במְשַׁלֶּטֶת על נכסיו when she manages her husbands property (has power of attorney). Hif. הִשְׁלִיט to give power to, make a ruler. Gen. R. s. 59 (ref. to Gen. 24:1) שהִשְׁלִיטוֹ ביצרו God made him master over his inclinations; Yalk. ib. 103. Num. R. s. 146> השליטו על ארץוכ׳ the Lord made him governor of the land of Egypt; a. e. Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּלֵּט, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּלֵּט to be given power; to be empowered to manage. Y.Keth.IX, 33a bot. נכסים שנִשְׁתַּלְּטָה בהן בחייוכ׳ property which she had been authorized to manage during her husbands lifetime; ib. b top.

    Jewish literature > שָׁלַט

  • 731 שלש

    שָׁלַשPi. שלֵּש I (b. h.; denom. of שָׁלש) 1) to do or come for the third time. Num. R. s. 420> לא יצאת אותה שנה ולא שינתה ולא שִׁילְּשָׁהוכ׳ not that year passed, nor the second, nor the third, when, i. e. within three years these things occurred; a. e. 2) to go back to the third generation. B. Bath. X, 7 יְשַׁלְּשוּ they should write the grandfathers name in the document. 3) to divide into three parts. Ib. III, 4 מְשַׁלְּשִׁין ביניהס the fine is divided between them (the three sets of witnesses convicted of an alibi); Macc.I, 3. Ib. משלשין בממון ואין מש׳ במכות the monetary fine is divided, but not the punishment (but every one has to undergo the full punishment). Ab. Zar.19b לעולם יְשַׁלִּש אדם שנותיו שלישוכ׳ a man should always divide his years (his time) into three parts, devoting one third to Bible, one to Mishnah ; Kidd.30a יַשְׁלִיש (Hif.). Ex. R. s. 1527> הריני מְשַׁלְּשָׁס I will divide them among us three; a. fr.Part. pass. מְשוּלָּש; f. מְשוּלֶּשֶׁת; pl. מְשוּלָּשִׁים, מְשוּלָּשִׁין; מְשוּלָּשוֹת a) done for the third time. Ab. Zar. l. c., כתוב … ומש׳ בכתובים stated in the Torah, a second time in the Prophets, and a third time in Hagiographa; Meg.31a; a. fr.b) divided into three, arranged in three classes, threefold. Deut. R. s. 233> (ref. to והשלשית, Zech. 13:8) אלו ישראל אנקראו שלישין שהם מש׳וכ׳ that means Israel, who are called ‘thirds, for they are divided into three classes, priests Midr. Prov. to XXII, 20 (ref. to שלשים, ib.) כל מעשי תורה מש׳ היא מש׳ ואותיותיה מש׳ … שבט מש׳וכ׳ all affairs of the Torah are threefold; itself is threefold: Torah, Prophets, and Hagiographa, and its signs are threefold: אמת (Truth); and it was given through a tribe third in order: Reuben, Shimeon, and Levi; משה מש׳ Moses the third born Cant. R. to I, 1 כל מעשיו … מש׳ היו all the events of that mans (Solomons) life were marked by three stages (rise, fall, and rise).B. Bath. X, 7 ואם היו מש׳ and if the names are alike up to the grandfather (v. supra); a. fr.Y.Shebi.I, 33b, v. מְשוּלָּש.c) developed to one third of the full growth, v. מְשוּלָּש. 4) (apocop. of שִׁלְשֵׁל) to let down, v. שִׁלְשֵׁל I. Hif. הִשְׁלִיש 1) to divide into three parts. Kidd. l. c., v. supra. B. Mets.42a לעולם יַשְׁלִיש … שלישוכ׳ a man should always have his capital divided into three parts, one-third invested in land, one in merchandise, and one in ready money; Yalk. Deut. 897; a. e. 2) (v. שָׁלִיש) to deposit. Keth.VI, 7 המַשְׁלִיש מעות לבתו … מה שהוּשְׁלַש בידו if a father deposits money for the benefit of his daughter, and she says, I trust my husband (and want it to be given to him), the trustee must do that with it for which it was deposited with him; ib. 69b המשליש … לחתנווכ׳ if one deposits money with his son-in-law to buy with it ; Tosef. ib. VI, 9; a. e. Hof. הוּשְׁלַש to be deposited, v. supra. Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּלֵּש to have been at a thing for the third time. Num. R. s. 9, v. מוּעָד.

    Jewish literature > שלש

  • 732 שָׁלַש

    שָׁלַשPi. שלֵּש I (b. h.; denom. of שָׁלש) 1) to do or come for the third time. Num. R. s. 420> לא יצאת אותה שנה ולא שינתה ולא שִׁילְּשָׁהוכ׳ not that year passed, nor the second, nor the third, when, i. e. within three years these things occurred; a. e. 2) to go back to the third generation. B. Bath. X, 7 יְשַׁלְּשוּ they should write the grandfathers name in the document. 3) to divide into three parts. Ib. III, 4 מְשַׁלְּשִׁין ביניהס the fine is divided between them (the three sets of witnesses convicted of an alibi); Macc.I, 3. Ib. משלשין בממון ואין מש׳ במכות the monetary fine is divided, but not the punishment (but every one has to undergo the full punishment). Ab. Zar.19b לעולם יְשַׁלִּש אדם שנותיו שלישוכ׳ a man should always divide his years (his time) into three parts, devoting one third to Bible, one to Mishnah ; Kidd.30a יַשְׁלִיש (Hif.). Ex. R. s. 1527> הריני מְשַׁלְּשָׁס I will divide them among us three; a. fr.Part. pass. מְשוּלָּש; f. מְשוּלֶּשֶׁת; pl. מְשוּלָּשִׁים, מְשוּלָּשִׁין; מְשוּלָּשוֹת a) done for the third time. Ab. Zar. l. c., כתוב … ומש׳ בכתובים stated in the Torah, a second time in the Prophets, and a third time in Hagiographa; Meg.31a; a. fr.b) divided into three, arranged in three classes, threefold. Deut. R. s. 233> (ref. to והשלשית, Zech. 13:8) אלו ישראל אנקראו שלישין שהם מש׳וכ׳ that means Israel, who are called ‘thirds, for they are divided into three classes, priests Midr. Prov. to XXII, 20 (ref. to שלשים, ib.) כל מעשי תורה מש׳ היא מש׳ ואותיותיה מש׳ … שבט מש׳וכ׳ all affairs of the Torah are threefold; itself is threefold: Torah, Prophets, and Hagiographa, and its signs are threefold: אמת (Truth); and it was given through a tribe third in order: Reuben, Shimeon, and Levi; משה מש׳ Moses the third born Cant. R. to I, 1 כל מעשיו … מש׳ היו all the events of that mans (Solomons) life were marked by three stages (rise, fall, and rise).B. Bath. X, 7 ואם היו מש׳ and if the names are alike up to the grandfather (v. supra); a. fr.Y.Shebi.I, 33b, v. מְשוּלָּש.c) developed to one third of the full growth, v. מְשוּלָּש. 4) (apocop. of שִׁלְשֵׁל) to let down, v. שִׁלְשֵׁל I. Hif. הִשְׁלִיש 1) to divide into three parts. Kidd. l. c., v. supra. B. Mets.42a לעולם יַשְׁלִיש … שלישוכ׳ a man should always have his capital divided into three parts, one-third invested in land, one in merchandise, and one in ready money; Yalk. Deut. 897; a. e. 2) (v. שָׁלִיש) to deposit. Keth.VI, 7 המַשְׁלִיש מעות לבתו … מה שהוּשְׁלַש בידו if a father deposits money for the benefit of his daughter, and she says, I trust my husband (and want it to be given to him), the trustee must do that with it for which it was deposited with him; ib. 69b המשליש … לחתנווכ׳ if one deposits money with his son-in-law to buy with it ; Tosef. ib. VI, 9; a. e. Hof. הוּשְׁלַש to be deposited, v. supra. Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּלֵּש to have been at a thing for the third time. Num. R. s. 9, v. מוּעָד.

    Jewish literature > שָׁלַש

  • 733 שמד

    שָׁמַד(b. h. Hif.; cmp. שמם, שמת) to be waste. Pi. שִׁימֵּד (to destroy,) to persecute; to force to apostasy. Gen. R. s. 82 ואם לאו הרי אני מְשַׁמֵּד אתכם and if you cannot answer, I will force you to forswear your religion; Yalk. Is. 263 אַשְׁמִיד (Hif.).Part. pass. מְשוּמָּד converted to heathenism, q. v. Hif. הִשְׁמִיד 1) to destroy. Esth. R. to III, 6 אני אמדתי להַשְׁמִידָם … להַשְׁמִידוכ׳ I (the Lord) intended to destroy them, and, as it were, could not … and thou wilt destroy, slay ? Ib. to III, 12; a. e. 2) to force to apostasy, v. supra. Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּמֵּד 1) to be destroyed, cut off. Yalk. Lev. 558 דואג נ׳ מעולםוכ׳ Doeg was cut off from this and from the other world; (Tanḥ. Mtsorʿa 2 נשתרש). 2) to apostatize. Y.Gitt.VII, beg.48c. Y.Hor.I, 45d bot. Y.Succ.V, end, 55c מרים … שנִשְׁתַּמְּדָהוכ׳ Miriam … who renounced her religion, and married a Roman officer; Tosef. ib. IV, 28d; Bab. ib. 56b Ms. M. (ed. שהמירה דתה).

    Jewish literature > שמד

  • 734 שָׁמַד

    שָׁמַד(b. h. Hif.; cmp. שמם, שמת) to be waste. Pi. שִׁימֵּד (to destroy,) to persecute; to force to apostasy. Gen. R. s. 82 ואם לאו הרי אני מְשַׁמֵּד אתכם and if you cannot answer, I will force you to forswear your religion; Yalk. Is. 263 אַשְׁמִיד (Hif.).Part. pass. מְשוּמָּד converted to heathenism, q. v. Hif. הִשְׁמִיד 1) to destroy. Esth. R. to III, 6 אני אמדתי להַשְׁמִידָם … להַשְׁמִידוכ׳ I (the Lord) intended to destroy them, and, as it were, could not … and thou wilt destroy, slay ? Ib. to III, 12; a. e. 2) to force to apostasy, v. supra. Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּמֵּד 1) to be destroyed, cut off. Yalk. Lev. 558 דואג נ׳ מעולםוכ׳ Doeg was cut off from this and from the other world; (Tanḥ. Mtsorʿa 2 נשתרש). 2) to apostatize. Y.Gitt.VII, beg.48c. Y.Hor.I, 45d bot. Y.Succ.V, end, 55c מרים … שנִשְׁתַּמְּדָהוכ׳ Miriam … who renounced her religion, and married a Roman officer; Tosef. ib. IV, 28d; Bab. ib. 56b Ms. M. (ed. שהמירה דתה).

    Jewish literature > שָׁמַד

  • 735 שמד

    שְׁמַדch. sam( Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּמֵּד to be destroyed, cut off). Pa. שַׁמֵּד to force to apostasy. Y.Shebi.IV, 35a bot. לא מתכוון מְשַמַּדְתְּכוֹן he has no intention to make you abandon your religion (to persecute you for your religions sake), but only to collect taxes ; Y.Snh.III, 21b top משמדתהון (corr. acc.). Ib. לא אתכוון מְשַׁמַּדְתְּהוֹןוכ׳ he had no intention to force them to violate their religious laws, but merely wanted to eat fresh bread; Y. Shebi. l. c. מְשַׁמַּדְתּוֹן. Ithpa. אִשְׁתַּמַּד to renounce ones religion, apostatize. Targ. O. Ex. 12:43 (h. text בן נכר).Kidd.72a שמתינהו … ואִישְׁתַּמּוּד R. A. excommunicated them, and they renounced Judaism.

    Jewish literature > שמד

  • 736 שְׁמַד

    שְׁמַדch. sam( Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּמֵּד to be destroyed, cut off). Pa. שַׁמֵּד to force to apostasy. Y.Shebi.IV, 35a bot. לא מתכוון מְשַמַּדְתְּכוֹן he has no intention to make you abandon your religion (to persecute you for your religions sake), but only to collect taxes ; Y.Snh.III, 21b top משמדתהון (corr. acc.). Ib. לא אתכוון מְשַׁמַּדְתְּהוֹןוכ׳ he had no intention to force them to violate their religious laws, but merely wanted to eat fresh bread; Y. Shebi. l. c. מְשַׁמַּדְתּוֹן. Ithpa. אִשְׁתַּמַּד to renounce ones religion, apostatize. Targ. O. Ex. 12:43 (h. text בן נכר).Kidd.72a שמתינהו … ואִישְׁתַּמּוּד R. A. excommunicated them, and they renounced Judaism.

    Jewish literature > שְׁמַד

  • 737 שמש

    שָׁמַשPi. שִׁימֵּש (Shaf. of מוש, משש) 1) (to handle, be busy,) to minister, officiate. Yoma VII, 5 כהן גדול מְשַׁמֵּשוכ׳ the high priest officiates in eight garments, and the common priests in four. Y. ib. 44b bot. מפני מה אינו משמשוכ׳ why does he not officiate (on the Day of Atonement) dressed in gold? Lev. R. s. 21 מקדש ראשוןע״י ששִׁמְּשוּ בווכ׳ during the first Temple, because they ministered in faithfulness, only eighteen high priests officiated in it. Yoma 47a ש׳ תחתיו officiated in his place. Ib. וכולן שמשו בכהונהוכ׳ and all of them performed the functions of high priesthood. Y.Sot.IX, 24a אלו שימשו פרנסות the former served in an administrative capacity (not merely as scholars). Tanḥ. Bo 4 חשך ואפלה שמשו … ולא עתידין לשַׁמֵּש ‘darkness and mist served (as divine agents) in Egypt, but ‘void and waste never served, and never shall serve; Yalk. Is. 360. Gen. R. 8. 33, end לא שמשו מזלותוכ׳ the planets did not perform their functions during all the twelve months (of the flood); שמשו אלא … ניכר they did act, only that their mark was not recognizable. Y.Yoma III, 41a top חמשה … הסגן משמש the Sagan had five functions to perform. Tam.V, 5 שלשה … מְשַׁמֶּשֶׁת it served three purposes. Midd. I, 6 ומה היו מְשַׁמְּשוֹת and what were they used for? R. Hash. 3a כי משמשוכ׳ ki serves for four meanings, v. דִּילְמָא I; a. fr.Euphem. ש׳ מטתו, or only ש׳ to perform the marital duty; in gen. to couple (also of animals). Nidd.17a. Ib. II, 1. Bekh.8a; Gen. R. s. 20; a. fr.Mikv. VIII, 4 שִׁמְּשָׁה את ביתה, v. בַּיִת.Ned.II, 1 קונם שאיני מְשַׁמְּשָׁךְ I vow that I will not have intercourse with thee. Ib. 15b; Keth.71b מְשַׁמַּשְׁתּוֹ she must allow him marital intercourse; a. fr. 2) (denom. of שַׁמָּש) to attend, serve, wait upon. Ab. I, 3 המְשַׁמְּשִׁין את הרב, v. עֶבֶר. Sabb.32b זוכה ומשמשין לווכ׳ he will live to see himself waited upon by two thousand … servants. Kidd.32b מצינו גדול ממנו שש׳ we find that a greater man than he waited (upon his guests); Yalk. Ex. 229; a. fr.Esp. (of students) to be in attendance upon a scholar as a disciple. Ber.47b אפי׳ … ולא ש׳ תלמידיוכ׳ even if one has studied the Bible and the Mishnah, but has failed to wait upon scholars, he is considered an ʿam haarets (v. אֶרֶץ). Sot.47b שלא שִׁימְּשוּ כל צורכן who did not wait upon scholars sufficiently. Y.Sabb.X, 12c bot. שִׁמַּשְׁתִּי את אבאוכ׳, v. יְשִׁיבָה Ib. III, 6a (in Chald. dict.) ילא שי׳, v. סָבוֹרָא; a. fr. Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּמֵּש, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּמֵּש (with ב) to be handled, be used for; (of persons) to make use of, be waited upon. Snh.48b נ׳ בהן קודש אסור להִשְׁתַּמֵּש בהן חול having once been used for a sacred purpose, it is forbidden to use them for a secular purpose. B. Mets.84b כלישנ׳ … יִשְׁתַּמֵּש בו חול shall a vessel that has been used for a sacred purpose, be used for a profane purpose (i. e. shall I marry one inferior to my first husband)? Midr. Till., to Ps. 119:134 כלישנ׳ בו מלךוכ׳ a vessel which the king has used, v. סָגָן. Ḥull.60b שיִשְׁתַּמְּשוּ בכתר אחד, v. כֶּתֶר. Koh. R. to II, 5 ברוחות … מִשְׁתַּמֵשוכ׳ Solomon made use of the spirits, and he sent to India Ber.52b אסור להשתמש בשמשוכ׳ you must not be waited upon by an ignorant waiter. Gen. R. s. 37; Yalk. ib. 62 שהיו מִשְׁתַּמְּשִׁין ברוה״ק (not משמשין) who made use of (acted under) holy inspiration; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שמש

  • 738 שָׁמַש

    שָׁמַשPi. שִׁימֵּש (Shaf. of מוש, משש) 1) (to handle, be busy,) to minister, officiate. Yoma VII, 5 כהן גדול מְשַׁמֵּשוכ׳ the high priest officiates in eight garments, and the common priests in four. Y. ib. 44b bot. מפני מה אינו משמשוכ׳ why does he not officiate (on the Day of Atonement) dressed in gold? Lev. R. s. 21 מקדש ראשוןע״י ששִׁמְּשוּ בווכ׳ during the first Temple, because they ministered in faithfulness, only eighteen high priests officiated in it. Yoma 47a ש׳ תחתיו officiated in his place. Ib. וכולן שמשו בכהונהוכ׳ and all of them performed the functions of high priesthood. Y.Sot.IX, 24a אלו שימשו פרנסות the former served in an administrative capacity (not merely as scholars). Tanḥ. Bo 4 חשך ואפלה שמשו … ולא עתידין לשַׁמֵּש ‘darkness and mist served (as divine agents) in Egypt, but ‘void and waste never served, and never shall serve; Yalk. Is. 360. Gen. R. 8. 33, end לא שמשו מזלותוכ׳ the planets did not perform their functions during all the twelve months (of the flood); שמשו אלא … ניכר they did act, only that their mark was not recognizable. Y.Yoma III, 41a top חמשה … הסגן משמש the Sagan had five functions to perform. Tam.V, 5 שלשה … מְשַׁמֶּשֶׁת it served three purposes. Midd. I, 6 ומה היו מְשַׁמְּשוֹת and what were they used for? R. Hash. 3a כי משמשוכ׳ ki serves for four meanings, v. דִּילְמָא I; a. fr.Euphem. ש׳ מטתו, or only ש׳ to perform the marital duty; in gen. to couple (also of animals). Nidd.17a. Ib. II, 1. Bekh.8a; Gen. R. s. 20; a. fr.Mikv. VIII, 4 שִׁמְּשָׁה את ביתה, v. בַּיִת.Ned.II, 1 קונם שאיני מְשַׁמְּשָׁךְ I vow that I will not have intercourse with thee. Ib. 15b; Keth.71b מְשַׁמַּשְׁתּוֹ she must allow him marital intercourse; a. fr. 2) (denom. of שַׁמָּש) to attend, serve, wait upon. Ab. I, 3 המְשַׁמְּשִׁין את הרב, v. עֶבֶר. Sabb.32b זוכה ומשמשין לווכ׳ he will live to see himself waited upon by two thousand … servants. Kidd.32b מצינו גדול ממנו שש׳ we find that a greater man than he waited (upon his guests); Yalk. Ex. 229; a. fr.Esp. (of students) to be in attendance upon a scholar as a disciple. Ber.47b אפי׳ … ולא ש׳ תלמידיוכ׳ even if one has studied the Bible and the Mishnah, but has failed to wait upon scholars, he is considered an ʿam haarets (v. אֶרֶץ). Sot.47b שלא שִׁימְּשוּ כל צורכן who did not wait upon scholars sufficiently. Y.Sabb.X, 12c bot. שִׁמַּשְׁתִּי את אבאוכ׳, v. יְשִׁיבָה Ib. III, 6a (in Chald. dict.) ילא שי׳, v. סָבוֹרָא; a. fr. Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּמֵּש, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּמֵּש (with ב) to be handled, be used for; (of persons) to make use of, be waited upon. Snh.48b נ׳ בהן קודש אסור להִשְׁתַּמֵּש בהן חול having once been used for a sacred purpose, it is forbidden to use them for a secular purpose. B. Mets.84b כלישנ׳ … יִשְׁתַּמֵּש בו חול shall a vessel that has been used for a sacred purpose, be used for a profane purpose (i. e. shall I marry one inferior to my first husband)? Midr. Till., to Ps. 119:134 כלישנ׳ בו מלךוכ׳ a vessel which the king has used, v. סָגָן. Ḥull.60b שיִשְׁתַּמְּשוּ בכתר אחד, v. כֶּתֶר. Koh. R. to II, 5 ברוחות … מִשְׁתַּמֵשוכ׳ Solomon made use of the spirits, and he sent to India Ber.52b אסור להשתמש בשמשוכ׳ you must not be waited upon by an ignorant waiter. Gen. R. s. 37; Yalk. ib. 62 שהיו מִשְׁתַּמְּשִׁין ברוה״ק (not משמשין) who made use of (acted under) holy inspiration; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שָׁמַש

  • 739 שנא

    שָׂנֵא(b. h.) to hate. Pes.49b גדולה שנאה ששׂוֹ נְאִיןוכ׳ great is the hatred with which the ignorant hate the scholar, even greater than that which gentiles bear towards Israel. Ib. 113b שלשה שׂוֹנְאָן three classes of men does the Lord hate. Ib. שלשה שונאין זהוכ׳ three kinds of creatures hate one another, the dog Ib. מצוה לִשְׂנֹאתוֹ (Var. מותר) it is right (permitted) to hate him. Ib. שִׂנְאוּ את אדניכם hate your masters. Snh.108b the raven said to Noah, רבך שׂוֹנְאֵנִי ואתה שְׂנֵאתַנִי thy master (God) I hates me, and thou hatest me. Ab. I, 10 אהוב … ושְׂנָאוכ׳ love work and hate office; a. fr.Part. pass. שָׂנוּא; f. שְׂנוּאָה Kidd.68a; Yeb.23a (ref. to Deut. 21:15) וכי יש ש׳ לפני המקוםוכ׳ is there before God a hated one and a beloved one (could it be supposed that the law should allow a discrimination between the children of a favored and of a hated wife)? Ib. ש׳ בנישואיה, v. נִישּׂוּאִין; a. e.Sifra Kdoshim, Par. 3, ch. VIII שָׂנְאוּי. Nif. נִשְׂנָא, Nithpa. נִשְׂתַּנֵּא to be hated. Num. R. s. 48> הר ס̇ינ̇י שבו נִשְׂנְאוּוכ׳ it is called Mount Sinai, because on it the gentiles became hateful to the Lord (v. שִׂנְאָה); Yalk. Is. 363 נִשְׂתַּנְּאוּ. Taan.7b (ref. to ישנא, Koh. 8:1) א״ת ישונא אלא יִשָּׂנֵא read not yshunne (shall be changed), but yissane (shall be hated). Pu. שׂוּנָּא same. Pesik. R. s. 14 (ref. to Koh. l. c.) רְשׂוּנֶּא יְסוּנֶּה בסמ״ך read ysunne, with Samekh (v. supra).

    Jewish literature > שנא

  • 740 שָׂנֵא

    שָׂנֵא(b. h.) to hate. Pes.49b גדולה שנאה ששׂוֹ נְאִיןוכ׳ great is the hatred with which the ignorant hate the scholar, even greater than that which gentiles bear towards Israel. Ib. 113b שלשה שׂוֹנְאָן three classes of men does the Lord hate. Ib. שלשה שונאין זהוכ׳ three kinds of creatures hate one another, the dog Ib. מצוה לִשְׂנֹאתוֹ (Var. מותר) it is right (permitted) to hate him. Ib. שִׂנְאוּ את אדניכם hate your masters. Snh.108b the raven said to Noah, רבך שׂוֹנְאֵנִי ואתה שְׂנֵאתַנִי thy master (God) I hates me, and thou hatest me. Ab. I, 10 אהוב … ושְׂנָאוכ׳ love work and hate office; a. fr.Part. pass. שָׂנוּא; f. שְׂנוּאָה Kidd.68a; Yeb.23a (ref. to Deut. 21:15) וכי יש ש׳ לפני המקוםוכ׳ is there before God a hated one and a beloved one (could it be supposed that the law should allow a discrimination between the children of a favored and of a hated wife)? Ib. ש׳ בנישואיה, v. נִישּׂוּאִין; a. e.Sifra Kdoshim, Par. 3, ch. VIII שָׂנְאוּי. Nif. נִשְׂנָא, Nithpa. נִשְׂתַּנֵּא to be hated. Num. R. s. 48> הר ס̇ינ̇י שבו נִשְׂנְאוּוכ׳ it is called Mount Sinai, because on it the gentiles became hateful to the Lord (v. שִׂנְאָה); Yalk. Is. 363 נִשְׂתַּנְּאוּ. Taan.7b (ref. to ישנא, Koh. 8:1) א״ת ישונא אלא יִשָּׂנֵא read not yshunne (shall be changed), but yissane (shall be hated). Pu. שׂוּנָּא same. Pesik. R. s. 14 (ref. to Koh. l. c.) רְשׂוּנֶּא יְסוּנֶּה בסמ״ך read ysunne, with Samekh (v. supra).

    Jewish literature > שָׂנֵא


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